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Grace Murray Hopper Collection

Creator:
Hopper, Grace Murray, 1906-1992  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Physical Sciences  Search this
Names:
Remington Rand.  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Cubic feet (7 boxes, 1 map-folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Articles
Technical notes
16mm films
Videotapes
Photographs
Date:
1944-1965
Summary:
Papers and photographs of Grace Murray Hopper (1906-1992) computer and Naval pioneer.
Scope and Contents:
The material includes technical notes, operating instructions and descriptions relating to projects which Hopper participated in at Harvard during and after World War II and later in the private sector. These projects involved the creation of the Navy's Mark I, II and III "mechanical calculators" (the fore runners of today's computers) and the UNIVAC and ENIAC civilian models. The photographs document both equipment and Hopper with her colleagues at work and on social occasions. There are numerous published articles and memoranda by Hopper and others on various technical aspects of computers. Clippings of newspaper and magazine articles relating to computers and their development are also included, as well as periodicals and brochures. A "humor file" contains jokes and anecdotes collected by Hopper.

Much of the material is annotated by Hopper, primarily through notations on 3 x 5 white slips of paper. Some of the annotations by Elizabeth Luebbert, who served as a summer research assistant in the Museum's Computer History Project.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into eleven series.

Series 1: Technical Documents, 1944-1949

Series 2: Photographs of Mark II, 1948

Series 3: Photographs at Harvard, 1944-1945

Series 4: Reports and Articles, 1946-1948

Series 5: Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation, 1949-1965

Series 6: Compiling Routines, 1952-1954

Series 7: Press Clippings, 1944-1953

Series 8: Periodicals and Brochures, 1950-1953

Series 9: Humor file, 1944-1953

Series 10: Machine Tape, undated

Series 11: Audiovisual Materials, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Grace Murray Hopper (1906-1992) obtained her Ph.D. in mathematics from Yale University in 1934. She was an associate professor of mathematics at Vassar College when she joined the Women's Reserve of the United States Navy, Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES) in 1944 and was assigned to the computing project at Harvard University. She served under Commander Howard H. Aiken as a Wave until 1946, and remained at Harvard's Computation Laboratory as a research fellow until 1949. In that year she joined the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation as a senior mathematician. When Eckert-Mauchly became a division of Remington Rand, Hopper remained as senior programmer, a title she retained until 1959. Subsequently, she served as systems engineer and director of automatic programming development (1959-1964) and staff scientist in systems programming (1964-1971) for the UNIVAC division of Sperry Rand Corporation. Hopper retired from UNIVAC in 1972, having returned to active service in the U.S. Navy from which she eventually retired with the rank of Rear Admiral.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center

Computer Oral History Collection (AC0196)

This collection contains five oral history interviews with Grace Murray Hopper conducted on: July 1, 1968; November 1, 1968; January 7, 1969; February 4, 1969; and July 5, 1972.
Provenance:
Grace Murray Hopper donated her materials to the National Museum of American History, Section of Mathematics in 1967 and 1968. The majority of the collection was donated through the Museum's Computer Oral History Project in 1972.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Computer programmers  Search this
Topic:
Computers  Search this
Computer programming  Search this
Computers and women  Search this
Mathematicians  Search this
Systems engineering  Search this
Univac computer  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles -- 20th century
Technical notes
16mm films
Videotapes
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
Grace Murray Hopper Collection, 1944-1965, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0324
See more items in:
Grace Murray Hopper Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a1e4e5a0-fbd1-4ece-ad0c-dd83803a6168
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0324
Online Media:

B.H. Worsley Collection

Author:
Worsley, Beatrice H., Dr. (associate professor)  Search this
Names:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada  Search this
University of Cambridge  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mathematics  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Dissertations
Notebooks
Proceedings
Publications
Promotional literature
Technical notes
Theses
Date:
1946-1959
Scope and Contents:
Dr. Worsley's papers include handwritten notebooks, loose notes, memoranda, reprints from her articles in professional journals, and copies of her theses written in fulfillment of the master's and doctor's degree, from MIT and the University of Cambridge, respectively. All of these papers deal with technical and theoretical problems of computer design. Also included are numerous manuals and descriptive materials about them--current models of computers manufactured by IBM and other producers; and proceedings of several conferences of computer specialists.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into 2 series

Series 1: Notes/meeting announcements, 1946-1959

Series 2: Publications, 1947-1955
Biographical / Historical:
It represents personal papers of Dr. Beatrice H. Worsley and other documents. All are concerned with early development of automatic digital computers, circa 1946-1959.
Provenance:
Collection donated by The Department of Computing and Information Service, Queen's University, through Dr. Beatrice H. Worsley, 1971.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Computers and women  Search this
Computers  Search this
Education and educators: mathematics and computer science  Search this
Women  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Dissertations
Notebooks
Proceedings
Publications
Promotional literature
Technical notes
Theses
Citation:
B.H. Worsley Collection, 1946-1959, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0237
See more items in:
B.H. Worsley Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c957fcee-9e48-4ca1-bc4f-bbe0e4d10a3c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0237

Feminist in a software lab : difference + design / Tara McPherson

Author:
McPherson, Tara  Search this
Physical description:
276 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2018
Topic:
Digital humanities  Search this
Computer software--Development  Search this
Scholarly electronic publishing  Search this
Software engineering--Social aspects  Search this
Computers and women  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1096854

Women and information technology : research on underrepresentation / edited by J. McGrath Cohoon and William Aspray

Author:
Cohoon, J. McGrath  Search this
Aspray, William  Search this
Physical description:
xviii, 500 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2006
C2006
Topic:
Computers and women  Search this
Sex differences in education  Search this
Women computer scientists  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_805632

Women, gender, and technology / edited by Mary Frank Fox, Deborah G. Johnson, and Sue V. Rosser

Author:
Fox, Mary Frank  Search this
Johnson, Deborah G. 1945-  Search this
Rosser, Sue Vilhauer  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 204 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2006
C2006
Topic:
Women--Effect of technological innovations on  Search this
Computers and women  Search this
Information technology--Social aspects  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_798058

Gender codes : why women are leaving computing / edited by Thomas J. Misa

Author:
Misa, Thomas J  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 306 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2010
C2010
Topic:
Women in computer science  Search this
Computer industry  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_964966

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