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Columbian Institute of Educational Credit and Foreign Technical Studies

Container:
Box 1 of 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 06-131, Association for Tropical Biology, Records
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Records
Records / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa06-131-refidd1e237

Folder 2 National Institute: Includes notes on the organization of the National Institute; paper concerning the Columbian Institute; congressional report on the National Institute, 1844.

Container:
Box 28 of 52
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7081, William Jones Rhees Collection
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William Jones Rhees Collection
William Jones Rhees Collection / Series 1: SUBJECT FILES, 1839 - 1945, AND UNDATED / Box 28
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7081-refidd1e2830

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1826-1829
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Samuel F. B. Morse papers, 1826-2009, bulk 1826-1871. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
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Samuel F. B. Morse papers
Samuel F. B. Morse papers / Series 1: Samuel F. B. Morse Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9006dbea5-2730-49a2-aafe-70d351aafe53
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-morsesam-ref40
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The Columbian Institute for the promotion of arts and sciences

Author:
Rathbun, Richard  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
1917
Citation:
Rathbun, Richard. 1917. "The Columbian Institute for the promotion of arts and sciences." Bulletin of the United States National Museum, (101) i–iii, 1-85. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.101.i.
Identifier:
82516
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.101.i
ISSN:
0362-9236
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_82516

An address to the Columbian Institute, on the question : "what ought to be the circulating medium of a nation?"

Author:
Law, Thomas 1756-1834  Search this
Columbian Institute  Search this
Physical description:
39, [1] p. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1830
Topic:
Currency question  Search this
Call number:
330.L
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_301211

An address to the Columbian institute, on a moneyed system. By Thomas Law

Author:
Law, Thomas 1756-1834  Search this
Physical description:
ix, [1], [11]-95 pages 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1828
Topic:
Currency question  Search this
Call number:
330.L
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_301212

Records

Extent:
11.43 cu. ft. (21 document boxes) (2 half document boxes) (1 12 x 17 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1839-1863 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
This collection consists of records, mostly 1840-1844, concerning the founding and operation of the National Institute by Joel Roberts Poinsett, Peter Force, John James Abert, Francis Markoe, Jr., and others, particularly efforts to obtain federal subsidies, to collect specimens of natural history and manufactures, to provide space for housing its collections, and to gather support for its programs from the general scientific community at a special meeting in 1844; correspondence among officers of the Institute about administration of its affairs; much incoming correspondence from members; minutes of meetings and committee reports; records dealing with a part of the collections of the U. S. Exploring Expedition; bills and accounts; and publications of the Institute.

These records display some operational confusion, due in part to John Varden, who worked, often simultaneously, for the National Institute, for Captain Charles Wilkes in the Exploring Expedition collections, and for Henry Leavitt Ellsworth in the National Gallery of the Patent Office, often keeping his records on these different jobs together.

Researchers should consult the Peter Force Papers in the Library of Congress, especially for information on the Institute's share in the Executive Committee, which organized American participation in the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London.
Historical Note:
The National Institute (1840-1862) was first organized as the National Institution for the Promotion of Science at Washington, D.C., in 1840 as a voluntary society interested in promoting study of diverse subjects, particularly natural history and the physical sciences. In 1842 Congress granted the body a federal charter, and it was known as the National Institute for the Promotion of Science thereafter until its dissolution in 1862. In fact, the National Institute could trace its origins to two earlier organizations. The Columbian Institute, founded in 1816, lost its federal charter in 1838 and joined the Institute in 1841, and the American Historical Society, created in 1835, attached itself to the Institute in 1840.

The National Institute was probably formed with a view to gaining control of the bequest of James Smithson, and it certainly pursued that goal until the Smithsonian Institution was created in 1846. However, despite its chronic lack of funds, the Institute did not wait for the Smithson legacy before pursuing its interest in science and the arts. An active program of collecting specimens of natural history and of corresponding with scholars and societies at home and abroad was begun immediately and soon created problems.

Joel Poinsett, the Institute's first president, arranged in 1841 for his organization to act as custodian for the advance collections of the Wilkes Expedition, and many other items were also received. To deal with this flood of specimens, the Institute had only a small space--in the Patent Office--and even less money for preservation, since it could not obtain government appropriations. The government's lack of interest in the Institute was further displayed when, in 1842, custody of the collections of the Wilkes Expedition was transferred from the Navy Department to the Joint Library Committee, which had no sympathy for the Institute's ambitions.

The Institute tried to improve its deteriorating position in 1844 by promoting a gathering of the country's leading men of science at Washington. From the gathering the Institute hoped to obtain resolutions of support which would influence the government to offer it financial aid. The meeting was held and a memorial adopted urging the Institute's claims upon Congress. The Congress remained unmoved and the Institute continued its decline, hastened in good part by the indifference of prominent scientists like Joseph Henry. Even though the Institute was responsible for organizing the American contribution to the Great Exhibition of 1851, its revival was short-lived. Finally, in 1862 the Institute transferred its remaining collections to the Smithsonian Institution and quietly expired.
Topic:
Natural history  Search this
Science -- Societies, etc.  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7058, National Institute, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 7058
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Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7058

Records

Extent:
2.61 cu. ft. (3 document boxes) (1 half document box) (2 12x17 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Place:
Mall, The (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
1816-1841, with related papers, 1791-1800
Descriptive Entry:
This collection consists of records, mostly dated 1816-1830, concerning the founding and operation of the Columbian Institute by Edward Cutbush, Thomas Law, and others. Records document efforts to raise money for a building, publishing projects, and a botanical garden; and to collect natural history specimens. Also included are minutes of meetings and committee reports; treasurer's records; and correspondence of French naturalist Francois de Laporte, Count Castelneau de Laporte.

Researchers should also consult the Peter Force Collection in the Library of Congress, which contains various minutes, papers, and correspondence of the Institute.
Historical Note:
The Columbian Institute (1816-1838) was first organized as the Metropolitan Society, with the professed purpose of reducing the United States' dependence on a purely European cultural heritage. Its principal goal was utilitarian; the society concentrated on encouraging, by correspondence, exchanges, and a program of publication, the diffusion of information about agriculture, manufacturing, and natural resources. Though initially conceived as a local body, the Society soon decided to expand its operations, and so, still in 1816, changed its name to the Columbian Institute for the Promotion of Arts and Sciences, under which name it was incorporated by Congress in 1818.

The Institute led a desultory existence. Its first president, Edward Cutbush, a naval surgeon, was energetic; but the Institute was never able to establish itself on a sound footing. Much of its membership seems to have been only casually interested in the Institute's work. Perhaps for this reason, and certainly because Congress gave no aid, there was always a dearth of money. Nor did an 1818 reorganization which added the fields of the liberal arts to its interests prove useful. In 1820 the Institute obtained a plot of land on the Mall and laid out a small botanical garden, virtually its only concrete accomplishment. A few natural history specimens and a small library were collected. The Institute's charter expired in 1838 and, in 1841, it was absorbed by the National Institute.
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
Botanical gardens  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7051, Columbian Institute, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 7051
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7051

Folder 4: Letter from Thomas Law, stating his inability to attend the meeting of this evening, but enclosing suggestions for a committee to be formed to meet with Congress. Dated January 14 1826. [Image no.

Container:
Box 1 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7051, Columbian Institute, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: CORRESPONDENCE OF THE COLUMBIAN INSTITUTE - FACSIMILES / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7051-refidd1e1257

Folder 4: Envelope from Rebello

Container:
Box 1 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7051, Columbian Institute, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: CORRESPONDENCE OF THE COLUMBIAN INSTITUTE - FACSIMILES / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7051-refidd1e1441

Box 1A

Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7051, Columbian Institute, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: CORRESPONDENCE OF THE COLUMBIAN INSTITUTE - FACSIMILES
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7051-refidd1e1466

Folder 5: Letter from Samuel Southard, acknowleding the receipt of a letter notifying him of his election as a resident member of the Columbian Institute. Dated 9 August 1825. Read 3 September 1825.

Container:
Box 1A of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7051, Columbian Institute, Records
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Records
Records / Series 2: CORRESPONDENCE OF THE COLUMBIAN INSTITUTE - FACSIMILES / Box 1A
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7051-refidd1e1473

Folder 5: Copy of a letter from William Lambert to Asbury Dickens regarding sundry calculations. Dated 27 May 1825. [Image no. SIA2012-2215]

Container:
Box 1A of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7051, Columbian Institute, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: CORRESPONDENCE OF THE COLUMBIAN INSTITUTE - FACSIMILES / Box 1A
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7051-refidd1e1499

Folder 6: Note that accompanied one box of minerals that was to be sent to Asbury Dickins. From New York. Dated 2 April 1823. [Image no. SIA2012-2258]

Container:
Box 1A of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7051, Columbian Institute, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: CORRESPONDENCE OF THE COLUMBIAN INSTITUTE - FACSIMILES / Box 1A
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7051-refidd1e1749

Folder 6: Note from Eugene Vail regarding the receipt from the Secretary of the Columbian Institute of a memoir, and his promise to return it to the Institute's files. Dated 6 June 1831. [Image no. SIA2012-2272]

Container:
Box 1A of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7051, Columbian Institute, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: CORRESPONDENCE OF THE COLUMBIAN INSTITUTE - FACSIMILES / Box 1A
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7051-refidd1e1842

MINUTES AND COMMITTEE REPORTS

Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7051, Columbian Institute, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 7051, Series 1
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7051-refidd1e196

Box 1

Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7051, Columbian Institute, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 1: MINUTES AND COMMITTEE REPORTS
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7051-refidd1e205

Minutes and committee reports of the Columbian Institute, 1816-1839; arranged chronologically; consisting of minutes of meetings and reports of committees, largely ad hoc, appointed by the Institute; and, for 1816-1837, a set of photocopies of minutes ...

Container:
Box 1 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7051, Columbian Institute, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 1: MINUTES AND COMMITTEE REPORTS / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7051-refidd1e212

PAPERS SUBMITTED TO THE INSTITUTE

Type:
Archival materials
Note:
The reports listed are a selection of reports included in this series.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7051, Columbian Institute, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 7051, Series 3
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7051-refidd1e2120

Box 1A

Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7051, Columbian Institute, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: PAPERS SUBMITTED TO THE INSTITUTE
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7051-refidd1e2134

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