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Fellows Gear Shaper Company Records

Creator:
Fellows Gear Shaper Co., Springfield, Vermont  Search this
Regency Savings Bank (Houston, Texas)  Search this
Names:
Bourn & Koch, Inc.  Search this
Colt Manufacturing Company.  Search this
Emhart Corporation.  Search this
Goldman Industrial Group.  Search this
Star-SU, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
31 Cubic feet (62 boxes, 3 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Financial records
Minute books
Photographs
Sales records
Topographic maps
Account books
Administrative records
Business records
Date:
1896-1999
bulk 1915-1970
Summary:
The records document primarily the financial aspects of the Fellows Gear Shaper Company and consist of meticulously maintained journals and ledger books. Fellows Gear Shaper Company was a leader and dominant figure in the manufacturing of precision gear production, gear cutting tools, and optical inspection machines in the first half of the 20th century. The company's contribution to the industry enabled the manufacture of gears for textile, automobiles, factory machinery, and other industries.
Scope and Contents:
The bulk of materials deals with the financial aspects of the Fellows Gear Shaper Company and consists of meticulously kept journals and ledger books (Series 2). Of interest are the photographs and architectural plans regarding the construction of the 1969 North Springfield plant (Series 4), as well as the details of the activities of the Fellows Gear Shaper Foundation which awarded scholarship loans to high school students (Series 5).

Series 1, Executive Records, 1896-1993 This series is composed of a variety of materials including: articles of association, articles of incorporation, by-laws, licenses, contracts, agreements, and annual reports. Of particular interest is a 1953 defense study by the company as part of the Industry Defense Study for Measures to Minimize Loss of and Resume Production after a nuclear war, materials from 1963-1971 related to a contract with Colt Manufacturing Company, and two volumes regarding the Emhart Corporation acquisition of Fellows in 1974.

Series 2, Financial Records, 1896-1973

This series of records form the bulk of the collection and are divided into eleven subseries, Subseries 1, Corporate Summary Ledgers, 1896-1960; Subseries 2, Journals, 1903-1962; Subseries 3, General Financial Ledgers, 1918-1963; Subseries 4, Cash Received/Cash Paid Ledgers, 1896-1919; Subseries 5, Cash Received Ledgers, 1920-1954; Subseries 6, Bills Receivable Ledgers, 1910-1962; Subseries 7, Petty Cash Ledgers, 1910-1951; Subseries 8, Monthly Reports, 1922-1941; Subseries 9, Treasurer's Annual Reports, 1898-1960; Subseries 10, Financial Statements, 1963-1968; and Subseries 11, Machine Sales and Finances, 1920-1961.

The materials in this series provide a thorough financial picture of the company from its founding in 1896 to approximately 1960. The journals and ledgers cover such areas as: profits, sales, payroll, marketing, overhead, depreciation, taxes, liabilities, assets, insurance, cash received and paid, petty cash, and machines purchased. Also included are monthly reports, most likely of the general manager, and the treasurer's annual reports.

Series 3, Stock Records, 1896-1974

These records contain notes indicating the company's initial stockholders, the amount of stockholder investments, minutes of stockholder meetings from 1954-1974, notes and correspondence from 1961-1965 that include lists of company employees who did and did not own stock, a list of the dates of regular and special stockholders meetings, and stock certificates.

Series 4, Property Records, 1898-1999

This set of materials covers the real estate and property owned by the company. Such records include: deeds, oversize topographic maps and architectural plans, and insurance appraisals. Of note are the photographs documenting the construction of the 1969 North Springfield, Vermont, plant and its corresponding building plans.

Series 5, Employee Records, 1915-1999

These records are divided into six subseries: General Employee Records, 1915-1987; Fellows Gear Shaper Foundation, 1954-1977; Events, 1948-1970; Employee Newsletters, 1943-1999; Employee reminiscences (Alice Marchand Tier Emerson), 1944 and undated; and Photographs, 1976-1977.

The General Employee Records include materials on wage rates, bonuses, sales incentives, and union contracts. Of interest are the employee cards of those who were killed in action during World War II. These include a chronology of the positions held by the employee, a brief evaluation statement of performance, wage information, and a short obituary. The materials in the Fellows Gear Shaper Foundation subseries contain information about the Foundation's scholarship loan activities. They include such items as the Secretary's report from 1954-1977, documentation of the application process, and a sample student file. The Events subseries covers the Company Veteran's Dinners that celebrated those employees who had been working for the company for over 25 years, both current and retired. There are programs for the dinners from 1948-1970 as well as photographs from the 1967 and 1970 dinners. NOTE: Social Security Numbers and phone numbers were redacted from materials in this series to protect the privacy of individuals. The employee newsletters are fragmented and include Fellows Cutting Stroke, Fellows Pitchline and NewShaper. The employee reminiscence includes a typescript reminiscence by Alice Marchand Tier Emerson a stenographer in the Stenographic Department, and two original letters. The photographs depict employees at work with various pieces of Fellows equipment.

Series 6, Pension Plan and Trust Records, 1923-1985

This series contains materials regarding a pension plan and trust fund created by Fellows Gear Shaper Company for its employees. It consists of examples of trust agreements and declarations, correspondence, payment ledgers, Internal Revenue Service information returns, audited financial statements, and lists of those employees receiving a pension. NOTE: Social Security Numbers were redacted from materials in this series to protect the privacy of individuals.

Series 7, Publications, 1964-1998, undated

The series contains technical publications copyrighted and published by Fellows Gear Shaper Company.

Series 8, Miscellaneous materials, 1942-1987

The series contains a variety of materials, company history, E.R. Fellows Memoriam, citations and awards given to the company, an engineering department organizational chart, lists of patents awarded to E.R. Fellows and other employees of Fellows Gear, press releases, and product literature.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into eight series.

Series 1, Executive Records, 1896-1993

Series 2, Financial Records, 1896-1973

Subseries 1, Corporate Summary Ledgers, 1896-1960

Subseries 2, Journals, 1903-1962

Subseries 3, General Financial Ledgers, 1918-1963

Subseries 4, Cash Received/Cash Paid Ledgers, 1896-1919

Subseries 5, Cash Received Ledgers, 1920-1954

Subseries 6, Bills Receivable Ledgers, 1910-1962

Subseries 7, Petty Cash Ledgers, 1910-1951

Subseries 8, Monthly Reports, 1922-1941

Subseries 9, Treasurer's Annual Reports, 1898-1960

Subseries 10, Financial Statements, 1963-1968

Subseries 11, Machine Sales and Finances, 1920-1961

Series 3, Stock Records, 1896-1974

Series 4, Property Records, 1898-1999

Series 5, Employee Records, 1915-1999

Subseries 1, General Employee Records, 1915-1987

Subseries 2, Fellows Gear Shaper Foundation, 1954-1977

Subseries 3, Events, 1948-1970

Subseries 4, Newsletters, 1943-1999

Subseries 5, Employee reminiscences (Alice Marchand Tier Emerson), 1944 and undated

Subseries 6, Photographs, 1976-1977

Series 6, Pension Plan And Trust Records, 1923-1985

Series 7, Publications, 1964-1998, undated

Series 8, Miscellaneous materials, 1942-1987
Biographical / Historical:
The Fellows Gear Shaper Company was founded in 1896 by Edwin R. Fellows (1865-1945) in Springfield, Vermont. With only one year of high school education, Fellows was employed as a department store clerk and window dresser before entering the machine tool industry. He got his start in the business after becoming acquainted with James Hartness of the Jones and Lamson Machine Company in 1885. Hartness offered Fellows a job at his company which Fellows eventually accepted, going to work for Hartness in 1889.

While his first few weeks at Jones and Lamson were spent working on a screw machine, Fellows was soon working with Hartness in machine design and Fellows's efforts led to the development of the flat-turret lathe. Immersed in the machine tool industry, Fellows developed an interest in gear-cutting problems. After some time spent at his drafting board, Fellows developed a new principle in gear manufacturing.

His new process was a great improvement upon previous methods of gear cutting. At the time, gears were cut by milling cutters formed to the shape of the desired teeth. A tooth was cut, then a gear blank was indexed and the next tooth was cut at the appropriate distance from the first. To facilitate this, an intermittent indexing mechanism was used, which was prone to slight errors in tooth spacing.

In order to alleviate such problems Fellows invented the Gear Shaper and the Gear Shaper Cutter which was shaped like a gear and was provided with relieved cutting edges. The Gear Shaper utilized the molding-generating principle, the cutter being reciprocated as it rotated in harmony with the gear that was being cut. Since no intermediary devices were used, chances for error were eliminated.

With the encouragement and financial backing of Hartness, Fellows took his idea and started his own company. The first model was the 36-inch Gear Shaper, which when finished was sent to Prentice Brothers at Worcester, Massachusetts; Prentice Brothers became Fellows's first customer. The revolutionary nature of Fellows's concept caused many to shy away from his products, and early troubles in product development added to the difficulty of achieving acceptance. However, slight operating losses in 1898 and 1899 were replaced by profits in subsequent years. In 1899, Fellows was awarded the John Scott Legacy Medal by the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia.

Fellows went on to develop a machine to grind the involute profiles of the cutter teeth. With these machines, cutters could be ground to a high degree of accuracy after hardening. The introduction of the cutter with ground involute profiles and the increasing requirements for accuracy necessitated the development of a dependable method of inspection. Since such instruments for the accurate inspection of involute teeth shapes were unknown, Fellows designed and built the Involute Measuring Machine to fill this void.

The coming of the automobile was fortuitous for the machine tool industry. In 1900, Fellows developed a rack shaper, and in 1902 he developed the 24-inch gear shaper, which was principally created to cut automobile gears. The fortunes of the company came to be interwoven with the automobile industry. As early as 1898, one of Fellows' machines went to the Electric Vehicle Company. Automobile companies such as Packard Motor Car Company, Olds Motor Works, Cadillac Motor Car Company, and Buick Motor Company were among the automobile manufacturers counted as Fellows's customers.

The company was divided into two divisions, the Machine Division and the Cutter Division. The Machine Division was responsible for the manufacture of gear shaping machines, gear shaving machines, gear lapping machines, gear measuring equipment and attachments, masters, and other tools required in conjunction with this equipment. The Cutter Division was responsible for the manufacture of gear shaping cutters, shaving tools, master gears, burnishing gears, form ground cutters, rack cutters, cutters for steering sector worms, and other cutting tools.

For the Fellows Gear Shaper Company, the 1920s was a time of growth and product development, and the 1940s heralded the design and production of nine new kinds of machines, including in 1947 a mammoth rotary gear shaper, the 80,000 pound ten-spindle gear shaper. In 1977 Fellows introduced its new series of Hydrostroke machines and in the early 1980s introduced computer numerical control (CNC) machines.

In 1970, the company changed its name to Fellows Corporation. Four years later, Fellows was acquired by the Emhart Corporation and in 1987 Fellows was acquired by Goldman Industrial Group. Goldman filed for bankruptcy in February 2002. In July 2002, Bourn & Koch, Inc., of Rockford, Illinois, and Star-SU, Inc. of Hoffman Estates, Illinois, acquired the gear shaper machine tool manufacturing assets and the gear shaper cutting tool manufacturing assets respectively.

Reference

Broehl, Wayne G. Precision Valley: The Machine Tool Companies of Springfield, Vermont: Jones and Lamson Machine Company, Fellows Gear Shaper Company, Bryant Chucking Grinder Company. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1959.
Provenance:
Regency Savings Bank of Houston, Texas, donated the records to the Archives Center on March 2, 2004.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Gear industry  Search this
Gear-shaping machines  Search this
Machine-tool industry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Financial records
Minute books
Photographs -- 20th century
Sales records
Topographic maps
Account books
Administrative records
Business records -- 19th century
Business records -- 20th century
Citation:
Fellows Gear Shaper Records, 1896-1970s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0856
See more items in:
Fellows Gear Shaper Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0856
Online Media:

Colt Sport Woodsman Pistol, 2nd Series

Maker:
Colt's Manufacturing Company, Inc.  Search this
Physical Description:
brown (overall color)
metal (overall material)
rubber (overall material)
black (overall color)
Measurements:
overall length: 21.5 cm; x 8 7/16 in
barrel length: 11.2 cm; x 4 7/16 in
overall: 9 in x 4 1/2 in x 1 1/2 in; 22.86 cm x 11.43 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
Pistol
pistol, semiautomatic
Other Terms:
Pistol; Firearms; Center Fire; .22 Lr
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Hartford
Date made:
1938
ID Number:
1993.0214.04
Catalog number:
1993.0214.04
Accession number:
1993.0214
Serial number:
69511-S
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-c408-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1140897
Online Media:

M1917 Revolver issued by US Army during WWI to Charles H. Houston

Created by:
Colt's Manufacturing Company, American, founded 1855  Search this
Owned by:
Charles Hamilton Houston, American, 1895 - 1951  Search this
Issued by:
United States Armed Forces, American, founded 1775  Search this
Medium:
metal and wood
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 5 1/2 × 11 1/4 × 1 1/2 in. (14 × 28.6 × 3.8 cm)
Type:
pistols
Place made:
Hartford, Connecticut, United States, North and Central America
Place used:
France, Europe
Date:
January 1918
Topic:
African American  Search this
Buffalo Soldiers  Search this
Military  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Charles Hamilton Houston, Jr. and Dr. Rosemary Jagus
Object number:
2018.59.3
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Tools and Equipment-Weapons and ammunition
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd51c86c80e-d05b-4eb8-a188-4c3326abcb39
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.59.3
Online Media:

Colt Frontier .45 caliber revolver, belt, and holster

Culture/People:
Non-Indian  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company (Colt's Manufacturing Company), Hartford, Connecticut, 1847-  Search this
Previous owner:
Frederick H. Harvey, Non-Indian, 1896-1936  Search this
Katherine Harvey, Non-Indian, 1892-1962  Search this
Donor:
Katherine Harvey, Non-Indian, 1892-1962  Search this
Object Name:
Colt Frontier .45 caliber revolver, belt, and holster
Media/Materials:
Metal, metal buckle, commercially tanned leather, mother-of-pearl
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured
Dimensions:
26 x 4 x 14 cm
Object Type:
Firearms and accessories
Place:
Hartford; Hartford County; Connecticut; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1878-1905
Catalog Number:
23/2386
Barcode:
232386.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Firearms and accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c54184c4-a640-469a-a223-a8cdb6d69a8e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_247664
Online Media:

Colt Frontier .45 caliber revolvers, belt, and holsters

Culture/People:
Non-Indian  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company (Colt's Manufacturing Company), Hartford, Connecticut, 1847-  Search this
Previous owner:
Frederick H. Harvey, Non-Indian, 1896-1936  Search this
Katherine Harvey, Non-Indian, 1892-1962  Search this
Donor:
Katherine Harvey, Non-Indian, 1892-1962  Search this
Object Name:
Colt Frontier .45 caliber revolvers, belt, and holsters
Media/Materials:
Metal, metal buckle, commercially tanned leather, pine pitch
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured
Dimensions:
32.9 x 13.4 x 4.4 cm
Object Type:
Firearms and accessories
Place:
Hartford; Hartford County; Connecticut; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1878-1905
Catalog Number:
23/2389
Barcode:
232389.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Firearms and accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6ffe45f10-71cd-4527-ace3-1ed8db62f129
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_247671
Online Media:

Colt Frontier .45 caliber revolver

Culture/People:
Non-Indian  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company (Colt's Manufacturing Company), Hartford, Connecticut, 1847-  Search this
Previous owner:
Frederick H. Harvey, Non-Indian, 1896-1936  Search this
Katherine Harvey, Non-Indian, 1892-1962  Search this
Donor:
Katherine Harvey, Non-Indian, 1892-1962  Search this
Object Name:
Colt Frontier .45 caliber revolver
Media/Materials:
Metal buckle, hide
Techniques:
Carved, inlaid
Object Type:
Firearms and accessories
Place:
Connecticut; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1878-1905
Catalog Number:
23/2388
Barcode:
232388.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Firearms and accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6cd52e455-cdbb-40e7-9a9f-8cc1b997011d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_247669
Online Media:

Colt Frontier .44 caliber revolver, holster, and belt

Culture/People:
Non-Indian  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company (Colt's Manufacturing Company), Hartford, Connecticut, 1847-  Search this
Previous owner:
Frederick H. Harvey, Non-Indian, 1896-1936  Search this
Katherine Harvey, Non-Indian, 1892-1962  Search this
Donor:
Katherine Harvey, Non-Indian, 1892-1962  Search this
Object Name:
Colt Frontier .44 caliber revolver, holster, and belt
Media/Materials:
Metal, commercially tanned leather, mother-of-pearl
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured
Dimensions:
26 x 4 x 13.5 cm
Object Type:
Firearms and accessories
Place:
Hartford; Hartford County; Connecticut; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1878-1905
Catalog Number:
23/2384
Barcode:
232384.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Firearms and accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c44da110-257c-439d-b75f-6e0ad2a2488b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_247656
Online Media:

Colt Frontier .44 caliber revolver, belt, and holster

Culture/People:
Non-Indian  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company (Colt's Manufacturing Company), Hartford, Connecticut, 1847-  Search this
Previous owner:
Frederick H. Harvey, Non-Indian, 1896-1936  Search this
Katherine Harvey, Non-Indian, 1892-1962  Search this
Donor:
Katherine Harvey, Non-Indian, 1892-1962  Search this
Object Name:
Colt Frontier .44 caliber revolver, belt, and holster
Media/Materials:
Metal, metal buckle, commercially tanned leather, mother-of-pearl, silver, nickel
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured
Dimensions:
27 x 4.5 x 13 cm
Object Type:
Firearms and accessories
Place:
Hartford; Hartford County; Connecticut; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1878-1905
Catalog Number:
23/2385
Barcode:
232385.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Firearms and accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c41dedb4-4dcb-49b0-ba61-5bdb501ae792
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_247660
Online Media:

Fine Colts : the Dr. Joseph A. Murphy collection / by R.L. Wilson ; photography by G. Allan Brown with Stephen S. Sullivan and Richard S. Ellis ; design by Martin Moskof

Author:
Wilson, R. L (Robert Lawrence) 1939-  Search this
Murphy, Joseph A. Dr  Search this
Subject:
Murphy, Joseph A. Dr Art collections  Search this
Colt Manufacturing Company History  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 248 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1999
C1999
Topic:
Colt revolvers--History  Search this
Colt revolvers--Private collections  Search this
Engraving (Metal-work)--History  Search this
Engraving (Metal-work)--Private collections  Search this
Call number:
NK6903.M87 W55 1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_602219

The Colt Armory : a history of Colt's Manufacturing Company, Inc. / by Ellsworth S. Grant

Author:
Grant, Ellsworth S  Search this
Subject:
Colt, Samuel 1814-1862  Search this
Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company History  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 232 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1995
C1995
Topic:
Colt firearms--History  Search this
Call number:
TS533.2 .G76 1995
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_494246

Colt memorabilia price guide / John Ogle

Author:
Ogle, John 1950-  Search this
Colt Manufacturing Company  Search this
Subject:
Colt Manufacturing Company Collectibles  Search this
Physical description:
256 pages : color illustrations ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Catalogs
Place:
United States
Date:
1998
[1998?]
Topic:
Advertising--Collectibles  Search this
Advertising specialties--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1055826

The official record of the Colt Single Action Army revolver, 1873-1895 / Don Wilkerson and Kathleen Hoyt

Author:
Wilkerson, Don 1938-  Search this
Hoyt, Kathleen  Search this
Wilkerson, Carol K  Search this
Subject:
Colt's Manufacturing Company  Search this
Physical description:
464 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Records and correspondence
Date:
2008
Topic:
Colt revolver--History  Search this
Colt revolver--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_971774

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