8.1 Gigabytes (118 digital image files (RGB TIFF format))
July 5 and July 16, 1969
This collection consists of 118 digital image files created in 2009 by photographer Travis Burgess by scanning original 35 mm black and white photographic negatives which he had made in July 1969. The first series of 112 images feature Apollo 11 astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edward E. "Buzz" Aldrin, Jr. participating in a preflight press conference on July 5, 1969, at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Manned Spacecraft Center, Houston, Texas. The second series consists of 6 images taken at the launch of Apollo 11 on its Saturn V rocket from Launch Pad 39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on the morning of July 16, 1969.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 118 digital image files created in 2009 by photographer Travis Burgess by scanning original 35 mm black and white photographic negatives which he had made in July 1969. The first series of 112 images (NASM 9A13870 through 9A13981) feature astronauts Neil A. Armstrong (Commander), Michael Collins (Command Module Pilot), and Edward E. "Buzz" Aldrin, Jr. (Lunar Module Pilot) participating in a preflight press conference on July 5, 1969, in the Building 1 auditorium of the NASA Manned Spacecraft Center, Houston, Texas; measures designed to reduce the possibility of exposing the crewmen to infectious disease in the preflight period (face masks and a box-like enclosure) can be seen in this series. During the conference the astronauts answer questions from reporters, show off a copy of the stainless steel Apollo 11 plaque to be left behind on the Moon in commemoration of the historic landing, and pose with the Moon plaque and a mission insignia plaque. The second series consists of six images (NASM 9A13982 through 9A13987) taken at the launch of Apollo 11 on its Saturn V rocket from Launch Pad 39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on the morning of July 16, 1969, at 9:32 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time (local time).
Images are presented in their original (chronological) order, and have been divided into two series by event. Burgess' original image filenames have been changed to NASM Archives image reference numbers NASM-9A13870 through NASM-9A13987, retaining their original order.
Biographical / Historical:
The Apollo program began as part of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) long-term plan for lunar exploration. Following President Kennedy's speech of May 25, 1961, which called for a lunar landing by the end of 1969, NASA accelerated its development scheme accordingly. Apollo 11 (July 16-24, 1969) was the fourth manned flight of the program and the first manned landing on the moon. The mission objectives were to "perform a manned lunar landing and return; conduct scientific experiments; [and] collect soil and rock samples for return to Earth." The three-man crew, Neil A. Armstrong (Commander), Michael Collins (Command Module Pilot), and Edward E. "Buzz" Aldrin, Jr. (Lunar Module Pilot) accomplished all mission objectives. Armstrong and Aldrin landed on the moon in the Sea of Tranquility at 3:17pm on July 20, 1969, and, six hours later, Armstrong became the first person to set foot on the moon at 9:55pm. The two men spent two hours outside the lunar module and gathered 21kg of lunar samples before lifting off at 12:54am on July 21, 1969, to rendezvous with Collins.
Travis Burgess, gift, 2009, NASM.2009.0061
No restrictions on access
Hereward Lester Cooke (1916-1975), a curator at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC, was extremely interested in the moon landing as well as in stamp collecting. He acquired over five hundred stamps relating to the 1969 lunar landing from countries including: Afghanistan, Algeria, Belgium, Bhutan, Brazil, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, China, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dahomey, Dubai, Fujeira, Gabon, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Italy, Korea, Liberia, Magyar, Malagasy, Maldives, Mali, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Nicaragua, Niger, Panama, Paraguay, Poland, Ras Al Khaima, Rwanda, El Salvador, Samoa, Seychelles, Sharjah and Dependencies, Togolaise, Trinidad and Tobago, Umm Al Qiwain, The United States, Upper Volta, Uruguay and Venezuela. He donated his collection to the National Air and Space Museum in the early 1970s.
Biographical / Historical:
The first steps by a human on another planetary body were taken by Neil Armstrong of the Apollo 11 mission on July 20, 1969. In order to commemorate this monumental event, many countries created stamps relating to the moon landing. While most of the stamps feature Neil Armstrong descending onto the surface of the moon and other various space scenes, other stamps feature the crew members dressed in civilian clothes along with their families. Along with documenting history, the stamps generated revenue for the issuing countries.
Elizabeth Miles Cooke, Gift, 2002
No restrictions on access.
Papers and recordings relating to a conference held at the National Museum of History and Technology (now called the National Museum of American History) on October 23, 1978. The Conference was a joint effort by the Smithsonian, the Washington, D.C. chapter of the Association for Computing Machinery, the Washington, D.C. chapter of the Data Processing Management Association, and the Washington, D.C.chapter of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. The collection includes: a program signed by participants; photographs taken at the conference; planning documents such as invitations to speakers to participate and responses to them, proposed guest lists, proposed agendas, press releases, minutes of the planning committee for the Conference; documents relating to budgeting for the conference; and audiocassette and reel-to-reel tapes of the conference.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is currently unprocessed.
Biographical / Historical:
The concept for this conference was developed by Sol Rosenthal and Bill LaPlante, both considered pioneers in the field of computing. The conference was planned to honor the upcoming 20th anniversary of the Washington chapter of the Association for Computing Machinery in 1979. An additional impetus was the awareness that many of the original members of the chapter were at advanced ages, and the fear that early computer history would become lost if not recorded. A committee was formed with Rosenthal and Smithsonian Curator Uta Merzbach as chairs, a program was developed, and speakers and participants invited. The conference, held on October 23, 1978 was considered very successful as participants provided a wealth of historical detail. Notable participants include Grace Murray Hopper, former NASA astronaut Michael Collins, and Jacob Rabinow, among others.
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.