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Albert and Marie Sterner letters received

Sterner, Albert, 1863-1946  Search this
Sterner, Marie, 1880-1953  Search this
Barbirolli, John, Sir, 1899-1970  Search this
Barnard, George Grey, 1863-1938  Search this
Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942  Search this
Bellows, George, 1882-1925  Search this
Bigelow, Poultney, b. 1855  Search this
Bourdelle, Emile Antoine, 1861-1929  Search this
Calvé, Emma, 1858-1942  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1849-1916  Search this
Churchill, Winston, Sir, 1874-1965  Search this
Collier, Constance, 1878-1955  Search this
Dewey, John, 1859-1952  Search this
Du Maurier, Gerald, Sir, 1873-1934  Search this
Dunn, James Nicol  Search this
Duveen, Joseph Duveen, Baron, 1869-1939  Search this
Ferguson, Elsie  Search this
Genthe, Arnold, 1869-1942  Search this
Gibson, Charles Dana, 1867-1944  Search this
Hampden, Walter, 1879-1955  Search this
Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923  Search this
Hawthorne, Charles Webster, 1872-1930  Search this
Henri, Robert, 1865-1929  Search this
Herford, Oliver, 1863-1935  Search this
Howard, Leslie, 1893-1943  Search this
Irving, Henry, Sir, 1838-1905  Search this
Le Gallienne, Eva, 1899-  Search this
Marlowe, Julia, 1865-1950  Search this
Merivale, Philip, 1886-1946  Search this
Mozkowski, Maurice  Search this
Nazimova, 1879-1945  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Pompelli, Raphael  Search this
Pyle, Howard, 1853-1911  Search this
Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919  Search this
Sargent, John Singer, 1856-1925  Search this
Shaw, Bernard, 1856-1950  Search this
Tree, Herbert Beerbohm, Sir, 1853-1917  Search this
Ward, Humphry, Mrs., 1851-1920  Search this
Weir, Julian Alden, 1852-1919  Search this
Wharton, Edith, 1862-1937  Search this
Wilson, Francis Vaux, 1874-1938  Search this
Zangwill, Israel, 1864-1926  Search this
87 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Letters to the Sterners, primarily regarding art and cultural matters.
Letters are from: John Barbirolli, George G. Barnard, Cecelia Beaux, George Bellows, Emile Bourdelle, Poultney Bigelow, Emma Calve, William M. Chase, Winston Churchill, Constance Collier, John Dewey, Gerald du Maurier, John Drew, James N. Dunn, Joseph Duveen, Elsie Ferguson, Arnold Genthe, Charles D. Gibson, Warren G. Harding, Charles W. Hawthorne, Robert Henri, Walter Hampden, Oliver Herford, Leslie Howard, Sir Henry Irving, Eva Le Gallienne, Julie Marlow, Philip Merivale, Maurice Mozkowski, Alla Nazimova, Joseph Pennell, Raphael Pompelli, Howard Pyle, Theodore Roosevelt, John S. Sargent, G. Bernard Shaw, Sir Herbert B. Tree, Mary A. Ward, J. Alden Weir, Edith Wharton, Francis Wilson, and Israel Zangwill.
Biographical / Historical:
Illustrator and painter; New York City. Sterner's wife, Marie, was an art dealer.
Microfilmed 1956 by the Archives of American Art with other art-related papers in the Manuscript Division of the New York Public Library. Included in the microfilming project were selected papers of the Art Division and the Prints Division.
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art

Carl Bohnen papers

Bohnen, Carl A., 1872-1951  Search this
Bernhardt, Sarah, 1844-1923  Search this
Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925  Search this
Caruso, Enrico, 1873-1921  Search this
Collier, Constance, 1878-1955  Search this
DuBois, Paul  Search this
Erskine, John, 1879-1951  Search this
Feld, Fritz, 1900-1993  Search this
Ferber, Edna, 1887-1968  Search this
Garden, Mary, 1874-1967  Search this
Hayes, Helen, 1900-1993  Search this
Kellogg, Frank B. (Frank Billings), 1856-1937  Search this
Marr, Carl von, 1858-1936  Search this
Neal, Grace, 1917-  Search this
3.7 Linear feet
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
The papers of portrait painter Carl Bohnen date from 1888-1977, and measure 3.7 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical materials; correspondence among family, clients, and colleagues; scattered business records; a sketchbook and loose sketches; miscellaneous notes and writings; three scrapbooks of clippings and additional printed materials. Photographs are of Bohnen, family members, colleagues, views of Paris in the late 1920s, Native American models, portrait clients, and artwork.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of portrait painter Carl Bohnen date from 1888-1977, and measure 3.7 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical materials; correspondence among family, clients, and colleagues; scattered business records; a sketchbook and loose sketches; miscellaneous notes and writings; three scrapbooks of clippings and additional printed materials. Photographs are of Bohnen, family members, colleagues, views of Paris in the late 1920s, Native American models, portrait clients, and artwork.

Biographical material includes miscellaneous Bohnen family histories and chronologies of Bohnen's career, Bohnen's marriage certificate, school transcripts, and copies of his burial certificate.

Family correspondence consists of letters exchanged between Bohnen, his wife, siblings, and children. General correspondence is with colleagues including Carl Von Marr, and portrait clients including Constance Collier, John Erskine, Edna Ferber, and Frank B. Kellogg. The letters are often emotional and illustrate occasionally volatile relationships between Bohnen, his clients, and his children. Also included are condolence letters received by the family following Bohnen's death.

Business records include a contract for financial backing of artistic activities, insurance records, miscellaneous receipts, and a file concerning the elderly Bohnen's injuries on an American Airlines flight bringing him from California to live with his son in Chicago.

Artwork found within the papers consists of a sketchbook, miscellaneous sketches, hand-lettered signs for Bohnen's portrait business, etchings by Bohnen and others, a bronze plaque displaying a self-portrait of Bohnen, and etching plates. Scattered notes and writings include typescripts of speeches, plays, and poems.

Three scrapbooks of clippings and additional printed material consisting of loose clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, and reproductions of artwork offer a good overview of Bohnen's career.

Photographs are primarily of Bohnen's artwork and protrait clients. Two photograph albums contain scattered photographs of Bohnen, family members, colleagues, and artwork. Other photographs are of Bohnen at his easel, family members, colleagues including sculptor Paul Dubois working in his studio, artist Grace Neal, and views of Paris. There are also photographs of Native American models in ceremonial headdresses. Photographs of clients include Sarah Bernhardt, William Jennings Bryan, Enrico Caruso, Fritz Feld, Mary Garden, and Helen Hayes, among others.
The collection is arranged as 8 series. Each series is arranged chronologically, with the exception of Series 8: Photographs. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1898-1952 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1892-1977 (Box 1; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 3: Business Records, 1914-1952 (Box 1; 10 folders)

Series 4: Artwork, 1900-1935 (Box 1; 8 folders)

Series 5: Notes and Writings, 1917-1974 (Box 1; 8 folders)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, 1904-1962 (Boxes 1-2, OV 5; 15 folders)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1907-1977 (Boxes 2, 4; 19 folders)

Series 8: Photographs, 1888-1951 (Boxes 2-4, 6; 1.5 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Charles "Carl" Bohnen was born in October 1872 (according to the U.S. Census) in Erie, Pennsylvania, to Nicholas and Marie Jochin Bohnen, who had emigrated from Germany. The family moved to Meyer's Grove, Minnesota in the following year.

Carl Bohnen graduated from St. John's University at Collegeville, Minnesota in 1892, earning a diploma in "Bookkeeping and Penmanship." Soon afterwards, he met Jake Hohman who employed him in a business involving drawing portraits from photographs. In 1896, Bohnen established a studio in St. Paul, Minnesota, where he continued creating portraits from photographs. During this time, he met Charlotte Johnson, whom he married in 1898.

Bohnen moved his studio in 1902 and began painting portraits from life. Paul Manship's family were neighbors of the Bohnens at Bald Eagle Lake near St. Paul, Minnesota. Bohnen studied at the Minnesota School of Fine Arts in exchange for cleaning up the classrooms. He later made space available to Manship in his studio.

In 1904, Bohnen completed studies at the St. Paul Art Institute. He also did commercial work, including doing portraits of sports figures for the St. Paul Pioneer Press and Dispatch. Through his newspaper connections, he did portraits of many other celebrities, later selling reproductions of these artworks. Eventually, he was hired as a portrait painter by a variety of prominent sitters, including R. A. Jackson, a railroad executive in St. Paul. An exhibition of Bohnen's portraits organized by Jackson resulted in additional commissions.

Through R. A. Jackson, several lumber millionaires helped finance a European trip for the Bohnen family in 1914. Bohnen studied at the Koenigliche Kunst Academie in Munich under Carl Von Marr and Angelo Jank, and established a studio in that city. Travel constraints resulting from the onset of World War I caused the family to remain in Munich for three years. During this time, Bohnen was a member of the American Artist Club that included E. Martin Hennings, Louis Grell, and Emil Frei.

Bohnen and his family returned to St. Paul, Minnesota in May 1918, where he established a studio. He moved to Chicago in the following year, opening a studio in the Fine Arts building where he remained until the 1930s. Bohnen created thousands of portraits primarily of notable people including Edward the Prince of Wales, Ethel Barrymore, Enrico Caruso, Helen Hayes, Charles Lindbergh, Douglas MacArthur, John McCormack, Cardinal Mundelein, and Lawrence Tibbett.

In 1928, Bohnen established a studio in Paris and worked there sporadically through 1933. In 1933, he returned to St. Paul, Minnesota, setting up his studio in the Ryan Hotel. In 1944, he retired to live in Los Angeles, California, with his son, actor Roman Bohnen. After his son's sudden death in 1949, Bohnen lived with his other son, Arthur, in Chicago.

Carl Bohnen died on December 31, 1951 in Willmette, Illinois.
The Carl Bohnen papers were donated in 1978 by the artist's daughter-in-law, Dorothy Clark Bohnen, and his granddaughter, Blythe Bohnen.
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and not served to researchers.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Portrait painters -- Minnesota  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Carl Bohnen papers, 1888-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
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