Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
66 documents - page 1 of 4

Colgate-Palmolive Company

Collection Creator:
Landor Associates  Search this
Landor, Walter  Search this
Container:
Box 163, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1988-1989
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Landor Design Collection, circa 1862-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Landor Design Collection
Landor Design Collection / Series 4: Landor Archives Project / 4.2: Ed Skubic Files, 1968-1990, undated
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep840ff15bf-440c-4fe9-b7f3-16d5fae328f8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0500-ref2583

Colgate-Palmolive Company, draft package design manual

Collection Creator:
Landor Associates  Search this
Landor, Walter  Search this
Container:
Box 161, Binder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Landor Design Collection, circa 1862-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Landor Design Collection
Landor Design Collection / Series 4: Landor Archives Project / 4.2: Ed Skubic Files, 1968-1990, undated
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a3fee74d-2fe1-40c6-bc5f-753f974517c2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0500-ref2589

Delegate

Published by:
MelPat Associates, American, 1965 - 1986  Search this
Created by:
C. Melvin Patrick, American, died 1985  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 10 13/16 × 8 7/16 × 9/16 in. (27.5 × 21.4 × 1.5 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place made:
Harlem, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Houston, Harris County, Texas, United States, North and Central America
San Francisco, California, United States, North and Central America
Oakland, Alameda County, California, United States, North and Central America
Martha's Vineyard, Oak Bluffs, Dukes County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1984
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Black Press  Search this
Business  Search this
Communities  Search this
Dance  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Fraternities  Search this
Government  Search this
Hollywood (Film)  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Labor  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Men  Search this
Olympics  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
Religion  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Sororities  Search this
Sports  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Urban life  Search this
Women  Search this
Women's organizations  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Anne B. Patrick and the family of Hilda E. Stokely
Object number:
2012.167.18
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5a99826b2-563a-492a-9d22-e03c2c02f99c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.167.18
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View <I>Delegate</I> digital asset number 1

Barton Cummings Papers

Creator:
Ayer (N W) Incorporated.  Search this
Cummings, Barton A., 1914-1994 (advertising executive)  Search this
Brower, Charles H.  Search this
Bolte, Brown  Search this
Bond, Edward L., Jr.  Search this
Bernbach, William  Search this
Ogilvy, David  Search this
O'Toole, John  Search this
Seaman, Alfred J.  Search this
Schultz, Arthur W.  Search this
Matthews, Len  Search this
Marsteller, William  Search this
O'Conner, Neal W.  Search this
Mithun, Raymond O.  Search this
Meyer, Ed  Search this
Harper, Marion, 1916-1989 (advertising executive)  Search this
Healy, Robert  Search this
Hagopian, Lewis T.  Search this
Jacoby, Robert F.  Search this
Fatt, Arthur  Search this
Fitzgerald, Clifford  Search this
Foote, Emerson  Search this
Gilliatt, Neal  Search this
Foley, Paul  Search this
Thiele, Edward  Search this
Tinker, Jack  Search this
Names:
Ad Council  Search this
Advertising Educational Foundation  Search this
American Advertising Federation  Search this
American Association of Advertising Agencies.  Search this
Batten, Barton, Durstine & Osborn, Inc  Search this
Best Foods.  Search this
Colgate-Palmolive Company  Search this
Compton, Inc.  Search this
Dancer Fitzgerald Sample.  Search this
Doyle Dane Bernbach.  Search this
Foote, Cone and Belding.  Search this
Grey Advertising.  Search this
Interpublic.  Search this
Jack Tinker & Associates.  Search this
Leo Burnett Co.  Search this
Marstellar Agency.  Search this
McCann Erickson  Search this
Mithun Advertising.  Search this
Ogilvy & Mather.  Search this
SSC&B/Lintas.  Search this
Saatchi & Saatchi.  Search this
Sullivan Stauffer Colwell & Bayles (SSC&B)  Search this
Ted Bates Worldwide, Inc.  Search this
Young & Rubicam  Search this
Extent:
4.5 Cubic feet (11 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiovisual materials
Speeches
Essays
Interviews
Business records
Clippings
Date:
1938-1991, undated
Summary:
Collection documents Barton Arthur Cummings's career as an advertising industry spokesman, particularly in the areas of advertising education, and advertising in the public interest.
Scope and Contents note:
Collection documents Cummings's professional career as an industry spokesman, particularly in the areas of advertising education, and advertising in the public interest. Materials include manuscripts, interviews, photographs, speeches, awards, magazine articles, interview transcriptions, and newspaper clippings. There is a significant amount of material relating to his book Advertising's Benevolent Dictators published in 1984. Collection is arranged into five series. Series 1, Speeches and publicity, Series 2, Business papers, Series 3, Published and unpublished manuscripts, Series 4, Advertising's Benevolent Dictators, and Series 5, Multi-media materials.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into five series.

Series 1, Speeches and Publicity, 1950-1988, undated

Series 2, Business Papers, 1938-1991

Series 3, Published and Unpublished Manuscripts, 1981-1991, undated

Series 4, Advertising's Benevolent Dictators, undated

Series 5, Multi-Media Materials, undated
Biographical/Historical note:
Barton Arthur Cummings (1914-1994) was a former Chief Executive Officer of Compton Advertising, Incorporated, and Chairman Emeritus of Saatchi & Saatchi Worldwide.

Cummings began his advertising career working during school breaks at his father's advertising agency, the Earl Cummings Advertising Agency (later Cummings Brand McPherson Associates, Incorporated) in Rockford, Illinois. He graduated with a degree in Journalism from the University of Illinois in 1935, where he also played varsity football. Cummings maintained a lifelong interest in football, and in 1959 was awarded the Sports Illustrated Silver Anniversary Award for former college football stars who go on to distinguish themselves in other fields.

After graduation, Cummings took a trainee position with his father's agency, leaving several months later to take a trainee position with Swift & Company. From 1936 until 1942 he was with Benton & Bowles in New York, where he was a copywriter on accounts for Hellmann's Real Mayonnaise and Lord Calvert Whiskey, among others. During World War II, he served in the Offices of War Information and Price Administration in Washington, DC. He resigned in 1943 to join the Navy, and was assigned to the Amphibious Forces, 7th fleet. He saw action in Guinea, Borneo, and the Philippines.

After the War, Cummings joined Maxon, Incorporated as an account executive, and was elected to Vice President a year later. In 1947, he began a long and successful career with Compton Advertising, moving from account executive to President in only eight years. In 1963, Cummings was named chairman and chief executive officer, a position he held for nearly twenty years. When Compton merged with Saatchi & Saatchi in the 1980s, Cummings was named chairman emeritus of that international agency.

Mr. Cummings enjoyed a distinguished career as leader and spokesman for every major advertising industry association. He served as chairman of the American Association of Advertising Agencies (1969-1970); chairman of the American Advertising Federation (1972-1973), Chairman of the Ad Council (1979-1981), chairman of the board of trustees for the James Webb Young Fund at the University of Illinois, and chairman and director of the Advertising Educational Foundation. Other public service included work as the chairman of the advertising division for the New York Heart Association (1963-1973), chairman of the Public Service Advisory Committee for the City of New York, and director of the Better Business Bureau of Metropolitan New York (1954-1977). Throughout his career, Mr. Cummings championed the use of advertising in the public interest, and washas been outspoken on the need for advertising education and industry self-regulation.

Mr. Cummings was preceded in death by his first wife Regina Pugh Cummings when he died in 1994. He was survived by his second wife Margaret K. Cummings, children Ann Haven Cummings Iverson, Peter Barton Cummings, and Susan Cummings, and one grandchild, Haven Cummings Iverson.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Barton Arthur Cummings in November 1991.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Advertising copy  Search this
advertising  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiovisual materials
Speeches
Essays -- 1950-1990
Interviews -- 1950-2000
Business records -- 1950-2000
Clippings -- 1950-2000
Citation:
Barton Cummings Collection, 1938-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0421
See more items in:
Barton Cummings Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8be403418-7f0f-4a8f-bacf-d914c1c85f71
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0421

Charlotte Cramer Sachs Papers

Creator:
Sachs, Charlotte Cramer, 1907-2004  Search this
Names:
Cramanna  Search this
Cramarc  Search this
Crambruck Press  Search this
Cramer Products Company  Search this
Joy Originals  Search this
Joy Products  Search this
Sachs, Alexander  Search this
Samuels, Donald  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (13 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Advertisements
Awards
Business records
Clippings
Correspondence
Notes
Patents
Patent applications
Photographs
Sheet music
Date:
1905-2002
bulk 1940-2002
Summary:
Papers relating to Charlotte Cramer Sachs's life and career as an inventor mainly of food and household-related products: correspondence, photographs, business papers, awards, patents, printed materials, notes, and miscellany. The collection primarily consists of invention-related marketing materials including invention samples and prototypes, notes, clippings, business correspondence, and customer account records.
Scope and Contents:
The records are divided into two series. Series 2 is further divided into eight subseries.

Series 1 documents the inventor's creativity through her artistic, literary, and musical records. Also included are awards and certificates received and materials related to her childhood home. This series contains few photos of Cramer Sachs herself, although a print of one of her paintings, "Portrait of a Lady," circa 1953, seems to be a self-portrait. There are no photos of her husband or daughter in the collection. Also missing is any information related to the inventor's formal education, childhood, the circumstances of her departure from Berlin, marriage, and family life.

Materials in Series 2 constitute the bulk of the collection and are primarily comprised of marketing ephemera, with very few financial and production records. This series gives a broad outline of Cramer Sachs's many inventions documenting Joy Products and wine-related inventions in the most depth.

Series 1: Creative and Artistic Papers, 1933-2002

These records include sheet music, songbooks, stories, and poetry of the inventor's own creation; photographic prints of her artwork; art exhibition materials; publishing company (Crambruck Press) records and published materials; childhood residence ("Haus Cramer") materials, and awards and certificates unrelated to inventions. Artwork and songs make up the bulk of the materials, and are arranged alphabetically by subject. Records in this series provide a context for Cramer Sachs's career as an inventor, although they do not reveal extensive information regarding her personal life or history.

Records relating to artwork include press releases, exhibition photographic prints and negatives, promotional materials, newspaper clippings, notebooks compiled by Cramer Sachs, as well as donation records of artworks given by the inventor to The Cathedral Church of St. John the Divine.

Crambruck Press publishing company is a combined name which incorporates the inventor's surname, Cramer and mother's maiden name, Bruck. These records include a pre-publication notice and order form for a Crambruck Press publication, correspondence from a donor, as well as three Crambruck Press publications: From Boring Dinosaur to Passionate Computer by Livingston Welch, 1968; Poems by Helen H. Shotwell, 1970; and In Search of Harmony by Charlo, 1964.

Haus Cramer materials include photographs, newspaper clippings (many of them in German), correspondence between Cramer Sachs and Stanford University, and floor plans of the house designed in 1912 by German architect Hermann Muthesius. A framed black-and-white photographic print of Haus Cramer is fragile and is housed in a sink matte, box 9.

Poetry materials, songs, and stories are contained in bound books, published songbooks, original sheet music, and copyright records for song words, manuscripts written by Cramer Sachs, as well as correspondence records related to her writings. The song "With Love From New York" was used in the marketing of "Joy New Yorkshire Pudding Mix," and the records contain a vinyl recording which doubles as a marketing piece. Allusions to her husband, Alexander Sachs, and daughter, Eleanor, are found in some of her songs and stories.

Translation materials are comprised of correspondence (mostly in German), as well as Cramer Sachs's complete English translation of the "Stoffel Flies Across the Ocean" story, originally written in German by Erika Mann, circa 1932.

Series 2: Invention Records, 1905-2002

Invention Records contain information related to Cramer Sachs as an inventor and are divided into eight subseries. Materials include: patent related records; samples and prototypes; marketing and advertising materials; newspaper and magazine clippings; business correspondence records; customer account records; Wine Museum materials; and patent searches. These present a broad overview of Cramer Sachs's many inventions, although the majority of information is concentrated in the Household/Office, Food Products, and Wine-related series. Records are arranged chronologically by invention. The final subseries contain patent searches requested by the inventor.

Subseries 2.1: Cramer Products Company and Affiliate Company Records, 1942-2002

Materials include financial records, business correspondence, company awards and certificates, real estate materials, license agreements with outside inventors, a promotion prospectus for the company, and three company stamps (three dimensional). Also included are records of an invention for which Cramer Sachs sought copyright, "Orthodontic Device," 1954, and those having to do with products distributed—not invented—by Cramer Products Company, "Forster Longfresh," 1985. In addition, there are black-and-white photographic prints of an office opening which include images of Cramer Sachs in 1967. These records are arranged chronologically.

Subseries 2.2: Household/Office Records, 1913-1972

These records relate to seven different inventions, each with varying degrees of information. "Combination Key and Flashlight," 1940 was an improvement on previous patents and therefore consists of the earlier patent materials (1913 and 1938), Cramer Sachs's patent application materials, an official, sealed patent application (1940), prototype drawings, correspondence records related to manufacturing and distribution, photographic prints, and a newspaper article. "Cozi-Crib," 1958 and 1968, and "Joy Originals Log Cabin Furniture Set," 1957, records include marketing materials whereas "Holdit," 1972, and "Party Platter," 1962, are minimally represented by one or two photographic prints. "Gaitray" materials consist of four product samples. Materials for "Miracle Knee Tray," circa 1953 include marketing ephemera, a photograph, and two product samples. A prototype for the "Traypron," 1954, is also included. These records are arranged alphabetically by invention name.

Subseries 2.3: Food Products, 1940-1969

Records in this subseries are mostly comprised of Joy Products prepared mix materials. Two exceptions are the small, fragile recipe book, 1940, and the "Caviodka," 1962, records. Business correspondence materials contain those from a food and equipment consultant, the Colgate-Palmolive Company, and Arthur Colton Company, in addition to those relating to the incorporation of Cramer Sachs's "baking mix manufacturing plant" (1945). There are numerous packaging samples of various Joy Products, along with handwritten recipes and notes. An example of early packaging for Joy Products "Early American Muffin Mix" is in flat box 10. This subseries also includes customer surveys and comments, marketing plans and proposals, advertisements, and a marketing portfolio compiled by the inventor. A scrapbook contains Joy Products newspaper clippings, advertisements, marketing ephemera, and photographs of store displays. The scrapbook pages are extremely brittle and are housed in sleeves. Preservation copies are available for research use. These records are arranged chronologically.

Subseries 2.4: Pet Accessories, 1953-1954

This subseries consists of materials relating to three inventions: "Bonnie Stand," circa 1953-1954; "Guidog," 1953; and "Watch-Dog," 1953. Records include photographic prints, marketing materials, printing blocks (for "Bonnie Stand"), as well as a declaration of invention for, and a product sample of, "Watch-Dog." These records are arranged alphabetically by invention name.

Subseries 2.5: Games, 1961-1969

The inventor created two games: "Domi-Notes," circa 1961 and "Musicards," circa 1969. "Domi-Notes" materials include an order form citing the distributor as G. Schirmer, Inc. and the addressee as Walter Kane and Son, Inc., and three games two in cardboard boxes, (fragile) and one housed in the original hard plastic case. Records relating to "Musicards" consist of two game samples including directions for playing.

Subseries 2.6: Wine-Related, 1966-2002

Wine-related records cover twenty distinct inventions and range from specialty cabinets—which make-up the bulk of the materials—to bottle accessories such as the "Bottle Bib" and the "Cramanna Bottle Ring." The type and number of records vary, with the majority concentrated in the "Cool-Safe," "Cramarc Multiple Cabinet," "Modern Wine Cellar," and "Well Tempered Systems" folders. Records in invention-specific folders are arranged alphabetically and include marketing materials, press releases, photographic prints and some negatives, cabinet drawings, brochures, order forms, correspondence, as well as product samples of "Bottle Bibs."

Customer account records are arranged alphabetically and consist of billing statements, invoices, receipts, blueprints, correspondence, cabinet drawings, customer feedback, bills of lading, and memoranda. Letters from David H. Wollins laud Cramer Sachs's cabinet as "the finest home wine storage system in the world." Examples of how the inventor handled an unsatisfied customer can be found in the Col. Charles Langley folder.

Miscellaneous wine-related materials follow the customer account records. Included are advertising ephemera, photographs, and newspaper clippings originally assembled into a binder by Cramer Sachs. Taped to the inside front cover was a cut-out from a magazine advertisement which reads, "If you stick with the herd, you could end up as a lamb chop." Miscellaneous materials also include unlabeled cabinet drawings, photographic prints, competitor materials, photocopies from Grossman's Guide to Wines, Spirits, and Beers, as well as marketing materials and newspaper clippings covering a range of wine-related inventions. These records are arranged alphabetically by subject.

The final section of the wine-related subseries documents the development and eventual dissolution of The Wine Museum of New York. Records are arranged chronologically and include a provisional charter; an extension of the provisional charter; a newspaper clipping; outreach correspondence; a binder of wine museum materials including brochures, event invitations, exhibition opening cards, board member profiles, a press release, and newspaper clippings; wine museum exhibition information; and records related to the dissolution of the museum.

Subseries 2.7: Temperature and/or Humidity Controlled Devices, 1968-2002

This subseries documents the inventor's temperature and/or humidity controlled inventions that do not relate to wine. Cramer Sachs created the "Well Tempered Cabinet" for both wine and musical instruments; it is documented in this and the wine-related subseries. These records cover eight distinct inventions which range from specialty cabinets for musical instruments, furs, and cigars to devices designed to cool the body. Records relate to marketing, invention-specific business correspondence, confidential information and competition agreements, and include photographic negatives and prints. Miscellaneous cabinet drawings, cigar-related materials, and newspaper articles are also included. Records are arranged alphabetically by invention name followed by miscellaneous materials.

Subseries 2.8: Patent Searches, 1905-1980

Records in this subseries include correspondence as well as copies of several patented inventions for which Cramer Sachs requested information.
Arrangement:
Tha collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Creative and Artistic Papers, 1933-2002

Series 2: Invention Records, 1905-2002

Subseries 2.1: Cramer Products Company and Affiliate Company Records, 1942-2002

Subseries 2.2: Household/Office, 1913-1972

Subseries 2.3: Food Products, 1940-1969

Subseries 2.4: Pet Accessories, 1953-1954

Subseries 2.5: Games, 1961-1969

Subseries 2.6: Wine-related, 1966-2002

Subseries 2.7: Temperature and/or Humidity Controlled Devices, 1968-2002

Subseries 2.8: Patent Searches, 1905-1980
Biographical / Historical:
Charlotte Cramer Sachs was born in Berlin, Germany on September 27, 1907. Her father, Hans Siegfried Cramer, worked as a businessman for a successful grain import and export company whose innovative enterprises included the import of soy beans from Eastern Europe. In 1903, Hans married Gertrud Bruck, one of the first women to attain her Abitur, somewhat similar to an American high school diploma, at age eighteen. Bruck's formal education ended there, as her wish to attend university was thwarted by her father Adalbert, a judge who insisted that she remain at home. The couple settled in Berlin and had two children—Frederick H., born March 2, 1906, and Charlotte. From 1913 to 1924 The Cramers lived in the Berlin Dahlem suburb occupying "Haus Cramer," a villa built in 1912 to their specifications by German architect Hermann Muthesius.

On September 12, 1924, Cramer Sachs married Donald Samuels, a top executive of the Manhattan Shirt Company and moved to New York from England where their daughter Eleanor was born on June 11, 1926. Several years later, the couple divorced. Mother and daughter lived together in London for a few years before moving back to New York around 1936. Charlotte's parents relocated to New York at the same time, after a brief stay in London following their flight from Berlin after Hitler's rise to power. In August 1945, Charlotte Cramer married Alexander Sachs, a leading economist who had introduced Albert Einstein to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and acted as advisor to the President.

Although she established her business career in America, Cramer Sachs retained fond memories of the house and extensive grounds in Dahlem. In 1977 she composed the song "A Salute to Berlin" to commemorate the designation of Haus Cramer as one of the city's historic landmarks. In 2000, she donated a painted portrait of herself from the time she had lived in Haus Cramer to the villa's new owner, Stanford University. The house retains additional significance in the context of this collection because Cramer Sachs credited its wine cellar—unusual in that it provided a separate, climate controlled environment for red and white wines—as an inspiration for her line of custom-built, vibration-free wine storage devices, which would later make Cramer Products Company a household name among wine connoisseurs.

While she did not attend university her pursuit of learning continued throughout her life as she studied poetry, musical composition, and the fine arts. Cramer Sachs often told her niece, Lilian Randall, that she wished she had received further education, although her public art exhibitions, poetry awards, numerous original songs, the establishment of Crambruck Press (her own publishing company), as well as language fluency in French, English, and German, are testaments to this inventor's intellectual curiosity and development. Evidence of Cramer Sachs's entrepreneurial spirit surfaced in her early thirties with her first patent: Improvements in Combined Key and Flashlight, July 16, 1940, patent number 2,208,498.

In 1940, Cramer Sachs completed courses from the New York Institute of Dietetics, an effort spurred by the onset of her daughter's diabetes. With financial assistance from her parents in the early 1940s, Cramer Sachs developed Joy Products prepared mixes, marking the beginning of a successful career in inventing. "We were a pioneer in that field," said Cramer Sachs of her baking mix manufacturing company, an operation that consisted of a Bronx neighborhood factory employing ninety workers. The enterprise began with corn muffin and popover mixes and expanded into frostings, puddings, and breads. Newspaper clippings from the time promoted Joy packaged mixes as ideal gifts for "the boys overseas" who were in locations where it was "impossible to get together the makings of a cake." Cramer Sachs refused an early offer to sell her mix formulas which were subsequently copied and exploited by larger, more powerful companies. Joy Products, whose name was chosen to express the inventor's delight in creativity, remained in business as a modest one-woman operation for over twenty years before succumbing to competition.

Cramer Sachs created another highly successful invention, the specialty wine cabinet, more than twenty years after she founded Joy Products. In addition to her memories of visits with her father to the wine cellar in her family's German villa, further motivation came from an interest—though she hardly drank it at all—in wine and recognition that "standard cooling and refrigerating appliances [were] too cold for wines." Reportedly, Cramer Sachs "started looking for [an appropriate device] and could not find one," and thus the impetus to invent took shape. The "Modern Wine Cellar," 1966, was an early example of over twenty wine-related inventions, most of them storage devices. A mention of her product in Grossman's Guide to Wines, Spirits, and Beers, increased demand among wine lovers and may have prompted Cramer Sachs to state that she "should find a good market" for her newest invention line. Testimony from David H. Wollins, a successful New York lawyer and customer of Cramer Sachs, lauded the cabinet as "the finest home wine storage system in the world." She framed his letter and hung it in her office at 381 South Park Avenue, her base operation where she employed one or two part-time helpers from the 1960s until her death in 2004.

The inventor took great joy in music, expressed in her own numerous compositions and her creation of the games "Domi-Notes" and "Musicards" in 1961 and 1969. Her fondness for music also prompted the expansion of her specialty cabinets to include temperature and humidity controlled devices for storing a variety of items, most notably the "Well Tempered Cabinet for Musical Instruments," which Cramer Sachs first designed for legendary violinist Isaac Stern. Soon the inventor began producing similar cabinets for the storage of cigars, furs, and documents.

Described by her niece as "shy with people but a great admirer of talent, intellect, and humanity," Cramer Sachs also "harbored a great love for animals." She invented several pet accessories in the early 1950s, including: "Watch-Dog," a dog collar with a time piece; "Bonnie Stand," a holder fashioned to accommodate disposable food bowls; and "Guidog," an early version of a retractable dog leash.

In 1972, Cramer Sachs suffered the loss of her only child, Eleanor, and in the summer of the next year her husband Alexander passed away. She continued her "business of creating new product ideas" for the remainder of her life. The most recent invention materials represented in the collection are those for the "Conservator" from 2002, a temperature and humidity controlled device with compartments to store a variety of items. In her last telephone conversation with her niece, on March 10, 2004, Cramer Sachs expressed her hope that she would feel "strong enough to get to the office the next day or so." The inventor died the following day at the age of 96.

Patents issued to Charlotte Cramer Sachs:

United States Patent: 2,208,498, "Combined Key and Flashlight," July 16, 1940

United States Patent: 2,509,423, "Wedge Heel Shoe," May 30, 1950

United States Patent: 2,808,191, "Lap Tray," October 1, 1957

United States Patent: Des. 363,618, "Cabinet," October 31, 1995
Related Materials:
Materials in Other Organizations

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum

Related materials on husband Alexander Sachs's political and professional life found in the Papers of Alexander Sachs

Art Gallery of Ontario, E. P. Taylor Research Library and Archives, Toronto Ontario, Canada

Correspondence between Cramer Sachs and Sam and Ayala Zacks dating from the 1970s and relating to Zionist art found in the Sam and Ayala Zacks Fonds.

Columbia University Libraries, Avery Drawings & Archives Collections Haus Cramer architectural records and papers, 1911-2004, (bulk 1911-1955)

This collection primarily contains original and reprographic architectural records, photographs, correspondence and personal and professional records related to the design, construction, and ownership of the Haus Cramer in Dahlem, Berlin, Germany, designed by German architect Hermann Muthesius in 1911-1913 for Hans and Gertrud Cramer, with later additions by Muthesius and other architects. A significant portion of the collection also documents the Cramer family's efforts to obtain restitution after World War II for the seizure of the house in the 1930s. Also included are records documenting the restoration and reuse, an effort led by noted architectural historian Julius Poesner.

Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections

Cramer papers, 1938-1954

Cramer, Frederick Henry, 1906-1954; historian and college teacher. Mount Holyoke College faculty member, 1938-1954. Papers consist of writings, biographical information, and photographs; primarily documenting his scholarly activities and his interest in automobile racing.

German Historical Institute

Charlotte Cramer Sachs in the Immigrant Entrepreneurship: German-American Business Biographies, 1720 to the Present.

The collaborative research project Immigrant Entrepreneurship: German-American Business Biographies, 1720 to the Present sheds new light on the entrepreneurial and economic capacity of immigrants by investigating the German-American example in the United States. It traces the lives, careers and business ventures of eminent German-American business people of roughly the last two hundred and ninety years, integrating the history of German-American immigration into the larger narrative of U.S. economic and business history.
Provenance:
The papers were donated to the Archives Center at the National Museum of American History in the spring of 2005 by Lilian Randall (niece), Erich Cramer (nephew), Aileen Katz (niece), Elisabeth Weissbach (niece), and John Cramer (nephew).
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Baked products  Search this
Food mixes  Search this
Inventors -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Wine -- Storage  Search this
Women inventors  Search this
Women inventors -- 20th century  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements
Awards
Business records -- 20th century
Clippings -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 20th century
Notes
Patents
Patent applications
Photographs -- 20th century
Sheet music
Citation:
Charlotte Cramer Sachs Papers, 1905-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0878
See more items in:
Charlotte Cramer Sachs Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep80e9d7739-dea1-4c9b-82cb-6fcf17e24b00
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0878
Online Media:

token

Referenced:
Colgate-Palmolive Company  Search this
Maker:
Scovill Manufacturing Company  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 3.2 cm; 1 1/4 in
Object Name:
token
Credit Line:
Scovill, Inc.
ID Number:
1981.0296.1616
Accession number:
1981.0296
Catalog number:
1981.0296.1616
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Production and Manufacturing
Advertising
Industry & Manufacturing
Scovill Manufacturing Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-159c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1382648
Online Media:

Stanley Lomas Television Commercial Collection

Collector:
Lomas, Stanley  Search this
Manufacturer:
Coca-Cola Company  Search this
Colgate-Palmolive Company  Search this
DuMont  Search this
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company  Search this
Actor:
Heston, Charlton  Search this
Keith, Brian, 1921-1997  Search this
Moore, Garry, 1915-1993  Search this
Wayne, John, 1907-1979  Search this
Extent:
7 Motion picture films
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion picture films
Commercials
Date:
1947-1990
bulk 1950-1956
Scope and Contents:
The Stanley Lomas Television Commercial Collection consists of 226 television commercials for products including dishwashing soap, beer, cigarettes, soft drinks, and breakfast cereals. The collection also includes a short 1954 film demonstrating the DuMont Electronicam, a camera designed for simultaneous live broadcast and film recording. There is also an oral history interview conducted with Stanley Lomas in 1990. Supporting documentation includes memoranda about the use of television in advertising, photographs, articles by or about Stanley Lomas, and an abstract of the oral history interview.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in two series.

Series 1: Supporting Documentation, 1947-1990

Series 2: Audiovisual, 1950-1990

Subseries 2.1: Television Commercials, 1950-1956

Subsubseries 2.1.1: Reel 1

Subsubseries 2.1.2: Reel 2

Subseries 2.2: Oral History
Biographical / Historical:
Stanley A. Lomas (1913-2003) began working in television in 1948 at the DuMont network. He started his career producing sports broadcasts.. He went on to produce television commercials, first live and then filmed, for William Esty and Company, Inc., an ad agency with major clients including R.J. Reynolds, Coca Cola, and Colgate Palmolive. Around 1949 Lomas became Esty's vice president for televison commercial creation and production. Lomas often used celebrities to promote the products in his commercials. Many of the commercials in the Stanley Lomas Collection feature baseball players, Hollywood actors, and television personalities. Among the most well-known commercials are those that have doctors recommending specific cigarette brands. Lomas left Esty in 1957 and later founded his own agency, Stanley A. Lomas & Associates which specialized in market research. After retiring Lomas embarked on a career as an artist.
Provenance:
Donated by Stanley Lomas, January 18, 1990.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Only reference videos may be used. Reel 1 has been digitized and is available in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management Systen (DAMS).
Rights:
Reproduction fees for commercial use. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Topic:
Baseball players -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Athletes -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Celebrities -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Television advertising -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Broadcast advertising  Search this
Cigarettes -- advertising -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Beer -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Carbonated beverages -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Cereals, prepared -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Television cameras -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Soap -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Commercials
Citation:
Stanley Lomas Television Commercial Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0342
See more items in:
Stanley Lomas Television Commercial Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep88bfec811-6756-4df7-89eb-6913fc8ee008
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0342

Delta Cashmere Bouquet

Maker:
Colgate-Palmolive Company  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 1/4 in x 2 1/4 in x 1 1/4 in; .635 cm x 5.715 cm x 3.175 cm
Object Name:
Soap
personal hygiene product
soap
Other Terms:
Soap; Cosmetics; Patent Medicines; Drugs; Non-Liquid
Subject:
Soap  Search this
ID Number:
ZZ.RSN81514V00
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-4165-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_714958
Online Media:

Palmolive

Maker:
Colgate-Palmolive Company  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1/2 in x 2 1/2 in x 1 1/2 in; 1.27 cm x 6.35 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
Soap
personal hygiene product
soap
Other Terms:
Soap; Cosmetics; Patent Medicines; Drugs; Non-Liquid
Place made:
France
Date made:
after 1953
Subject:
Soap  Search this
Credit Line:
; possibly 1980s
ID Number:
ZZ.RSN81514V05
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-cabc-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_714963
Online Media:

Delta Cashmere Bouquet

Maker:
Colgate-Palmolive Company  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 1/4 in x 2 1/8 in x 1 1/4 in; .635 cm x 5.3975 cm x 3.175 cm
Object Name:
Soap
personal hygiene product
soap
Other Terms:
Soap; Cosmetics; Patent Medicines; Drugs; Non-Liquid
Subject:
Soap  Search this
ID Number:
ZZ.RSN81514V06
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-45df-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_714964
Online Media:

Colgate Chlorophyll Toothpaste

Maker:
Colgate-Palmolive Company  Search this
Physical Description:
cardboard (packaging material)
metal (container material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 5/8 in x 6 7/8 in x 1 1/2 in; 4.1275 cm x 17.4625 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
oral hygiene product
toothpaste
Other Terms:
Toothpaste; Oral Hygiene; Patent Medicines; Drugs; Non-Liquid
Place made:
United States: New Jersey, Jersey City
Date made:
ca late1950s
Patent date ("Oral Preparation for the Inhibition of Dental Caries"):
1954-09-14
ID Number:
MG.314016.013
Catalog number:
314016.013
Accession number:
314016
Patent number:
2,689,170
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Health & Medicine
Beauty and Hygiene Products: Oral Care
Beauty and Health
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-2b67-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_716592
Online Media:

Colgate Chlorophyll Tooth Paste with Gardol

Maker:
Colgate-Palmolive Company  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (packaging material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 5/8 in x 6 3/4 in x 1 3/8 in; 4.1275 cm x 17.145 cm x 3.4925 cm
Object Name:
oral hygiene product
toothpaste
Other Terms:
Tooth Paste; Oral Hygiene; Patent Medicines; Drugs; Non-Liquid
Place made:
United States: New Jersey, Jersey City
Date made:
ca 1950s
Credit Line:
Gift of Robert J. Locurto
ID Number:
1981.0219.044
Accession number:
1981.0219
Catalog number:
1981.0219.044
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Health & Medicine
Beauty and Hygiene Products: Oral Care
Beauty and Health
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-4b16-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_719941
Online Media:

Colgate Fluoride Stannous Flouride Tooth Paste

Maker:
Colgate-Palmolive Company  Search this
Object Name:
Tooth Paste
toothpaste
Other Terms:
Tooth Paste; Oral Hygiene; Patent Medicines; Drugs; Non-Liquid
Credit Line:
Gift of Robert J. Locurto
ID Number:
1981.0219.036
Accession number:
1981.0219
Catalog number:
1981.0219.036
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-4b17-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_719943

Colgate Chlorophyll Tooth Powder

Collection:
Reid Drugstore  Search this
Maker:
Colgate-Palmolive Company  Search this
Physical Description:
tin (container material)
plastic (container material)
Measurements:
overall: 5 1/8 in x 2 5/8 in x 1 1/4 in; 13.0175 cm x 6.6675 cm x 3.175 cm
Object Name:
oral hygiene product
tooth powder
Other Terms:
Tooth Powder; ?; Oral Hygiene; Drugs
Place made:
United States: New Jersey, Jersey City
Date made:
1950s
Subject:
Dental Products  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Blanche E. Reid
ID Number:
1984.0351.253.01
Accession number:
1984.0351
Catalog number:
1984.0351.253.01
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Health & Medicine
Beauty and Hygiene Products: Oral Care
Beauty and Health
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-9016-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_737954
Online Media:

Halo Shampoo

Collection:
Reid Drugstore  Search this
Maker:
Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Company  Search this
Physical Description:
cardboard (packaging material)
glass (container material)
plastic (container material)
paper (container material)
Measurements:
overall, box: 4 1/8 in x 1 3/4 in x 1 in; 10.4775 cm x 4.445 cm x 2.54 cm
overall, bottle: 3 1/2 in x 1 5/8 in x 1 in; 8.89 cm x 4.1275 cm x 2.54 cm
Object Name:
shampoo
hair care product
Other Terms:
Cosmetics; Drugs
Place made:
United States: New Jersey, Jersey City
Date made:
1937-1953
Subject:
Hair Care Products  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Blanche E. Reid
ID Number:
1984.0351.325
Accession number:
1984.0351
Catalog number:
1984.0351.325
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Health & Medicine
Beauty and Hygiene Products: Hair Care and Enhancement
Beauty and Health
Hair Care Products
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-4e91-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_738024
Online Media:

Colgate Lather Shaving Cream

Maker:
Colgate-Palmolive Company  Search this
Physical Description:
cardboard (packaging material)
metal (container material)
plastic (container material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 1/2 in x 6 3/8 in x 1 1/2 in; 3.81 cm x 16.1925 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
shaving cream
personal hygiene product
Place made:
United States: New York, New York
Associated place:
United States: Louisiana, Saint Martinville
Date made:
1950s
Credit Line:
The Fournet Drugstore Collection
ID Number:
1985.0475.606
Accession number:
1985.0475
Catalog number:
1985.0475.606
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Health & Medicine
Beauty and Hygiene Products: Hair Removal
Beauty and Hygiene Products: Marketed to Men
Beauty and Health
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-608e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_835064
Online Media:

Palmolive Lather Shaving Cream

Maker:
Colgate-Palmolive Company  Search this
Physical Description:
cardboard (packaging material)
tin (container material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 7/8 in x 8 5/8 in x 1 1/2 in; 4.7625 cm x 21.9075 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
shaving cream
personal hygiene product
Place made:
United States: New York, New York
Associated place:
United States: Louisiana, Saint Martinville
Date made:
1950s
Credit Line:
The Fournet Drugstore Collection
ID Number:
1985.0475.620
Accession number:
1985.0475
Catalog number:
1985.0475.620
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Health & Medicine
Beauty and Hygiene Products: Hair Removal
Beauty and Hygiene Products: Marketed to Men
Beauty and Health
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-8607-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_835079
Online Media:

Palmolive Brushless Shaving Cream

Maker:
Colgate-Palmolive Company  Search this
Physical Description:
cardboard (packaging material)
glass (container material)
tin (container material)
Measurements:
overall: 2 7/8 in x 3 1/2 in x 3 1/2 in; 7.3025 cm x 8.89 cm x 8.89 cm
Object Name:
shaving cream
personal hygiene product
Place made:
United States: New York, New York
Associated place:
United States: Louisiana, Saint Martinville
Date made:
1950s
Credit Line:
The Fournet Drugstore Collection
ID Number:
1985.0475.621
Accession number:
1985.0475
Catalog number:
1985.0475.621
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Health & Medicine
Beauty and Hygiene Products: Hair Removal
Beauty and Hygiene Products: Marketed to Men
Beauty and Health
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-9019-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_835080
Online Media:

Parami Polvos (Powder)

Maker:
Colgate-Palmolive Company  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 1/8 in x 2 1/2 in x 3 in; .3175 cm x 6.35 cm x 7.62 cm
Object Name:
cosmetic
powder, face
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Credit Line:
Gift of George and Julius Garfield
ID Number:
1979.1144.069
Catalog number:
1979.1144.069
Accession number:
1979.1144
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Health & Medicine
Beauty and Health
Beauty and Hygiene Products: Make-up
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-df6e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1448903
Online Media:

Lustre-Creme Shampoo with Lanolin

Maker:
Colgate-Palmolive Company  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 1 7/8 in x 2 1/8 in; 4.7625 cm x 5.3975 cm
Object Name:
hair care product
shampoo
Place made:
United States: New Jersey, Jersey City
Associated place:
United States: Louisiana, Saint Martinville
Date made:
ca 1955
Product launched:
1944
Credit Line:
The Fournet Drugstore Collection
ID Number:
1985.0475.193
Accession number:
1985.0475
Catalog number:
1985.0475.193
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Health & Medicine
Beauty and Health
Beauty and Hygiene Products: Hair Care and Enhancement
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-ab85-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1448905
Online Media:

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By