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Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs

Collector:
Rumsey, Mary Harriman, 1881-1934.  Search this
Names:
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)  Search this
Photographer:
Averell, William H.  Search this
Coe, Wesley R. (Wesley Roswell), 1869-1960  Search this
Cole, Leon J. (Leon Jacob), 1877-1948  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Devereux, W. B.  Search this
Gilbert, Grove Karl, 1843-1918  Search this
Harriman, Edward Henry, 1848-1909  Search this
Keen, Dora, 1871-  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Pillsbury, Arthur C. (Arthur Clarence)  Search this
Ridgway, Robert, 1850-1929  Search this
Artist:
Schreyvogel, Charles, 1861-1912  Search this
Extent:
396 lantern slides
286 Photographic prints
1 Map
Culture:
Suquamish  Search this
Hopi  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Yakutat Tlingit  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Alaskan Eskimo  Search this
Unangan (Aleut)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Photographic prints
Maps
Place:
British Columbia
Siberia (Russia)
Alaska
Date:
1898-1900
1903
1914
bulk 1899-1899
Summary:
The Mary Harriman Rumsey collection largely consists of photographic prints and lantern slides documenting the Harriman Expedition to Alaska in summer 1899. These depict members of the expedition and Alaskan scenery and people. The collection also includes scenic photographs of Alaska taken by Dora Keen in 1914 and photographs of Blackfeet, Hopi, Apache, and Suquamish Indians made by Edward Curtis in 1900 and 1903.
Scope and Contents:
The bulk of the collection comprises photographic prints, lantern slides, and one map documenting the Harriman Alaska Expedition from May to July of 1899. These photographs were made by members of the expedition, most prominently its official photographer Edward S. Curtis, funder Edward Henry Harriman, and lead scientist C. Hart Merriam. They depict Alaskan scenery, members of the expedition, and Native people and settlements that they encountered. Mary Harriman Rumsey's collection also includes later platinum prints of American Indians made and signed by Curtis (1900, 1903), photographs of glaciers in Alaska by Dora Keen (1914), a photograph of a painting by Charles Schreyvogel (1903), and a photograph of White Pass by Arthur Clarence Pillsbury (1898).
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in three series: photographs relating to the Harriman Expedition; photographs of Alaska that were not made on the Harriman Expedition; and other photographs relating to American Indians. The Harriman series is arranged in a rough chronological order.
Biographical / Historical:
Mary Harriman Rumsey (1881-1934) was an important American philanthropist and the oldest child of railroad tycoon Edward Henry Harriman. In 1901, while studying at Barnard College, she co-founded the Junior League for the Promotion of Settlement Movements (later named the Junior League of the City of New York), which facilitated charitable work by privileged women among New York's impoverished groups. Rumsey's efforts lead to the establishment of the Association of Junior Leagues International Inc. in 1921. Additionally, Rumsey co-founded Today magazine with her brother Averell Harriman and others, and in 1933 she chaired the Consumer Advisory Board of the National Recovery Administration.

In 1899, Mary Harriman was among the Harriman family members who accompanied the Harriman Alaska Expedition. Originally planned as a bear-hunting trip for the family, the expedition, was funded by Edward Henry Harriman and organized with the help of ethnographer and naturalist Clinton Hart Merriam. The party of accomplished scientists, naturalists, photographers, artists, and writers cruised from British Columbia to Siberia and back on a private ship, the SS George W. Elder, in June and July of 1899. The scientists' findings were published in the thirteen-volume Harriman Alaska Series, and Harriman also paid the expedition's official photographer, Edward S. Curtis, to compile souvenir albums from the over 5,000 photographs made during the course of the expedition.
Related Materials:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives, University of Washington Special Collections, and Library of Congress have photo albums relating to the Harriman Alaska Expedition. The SI Archives also holds the Harriman Alaska Expedition Collection and photogravure plates from the Harriman Alaska Series.

NMAI holds photogravure plates and proofs made from Edward Curtis's later photographs and Frederick Dellenbaugh's expedition notes in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records. The National Anthropological Archives also holds Curtis photographs and papers.
Separated Materials:
The following materials were also part of Mary Harriman Rumsey's estate, gifted to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in 1934. Where possible, their current locations have been noted.

33 artifacts, most of which were likely collected in Alaska by the Harriman Alaska Expedition, are now housed in the NMAI object collection (catalog numbers 18/6460 - 18/6494)

A set of Harriman Alaska Expedition books, probably now in the Cornell University Libraries

4 phonograph records

A bundle of botanical specimens
Provenance:
This collection was donated as part of the estate of Mary Harriman Rumsey to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in May 1934.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Mary Harriman Rumsey Collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition Photographs, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.053
See more items in:
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-053
Online Media:

Fish Wheel. Columbia River

Photographer:
Cole, Leon J. (Leon Jacob), 1877-1948  Search this
Collection Collector:
Rumsey, Mary Harriman, 1881-1934.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
1 lantern slide
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Box 10
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Slides
Photographic prints
Lantern slides
Date:
1899 May
Scope and Contents:
Fish or salmon wheel on a raft in the Columbia River, Oregon. Fish wheels were water-powered nets that scooped up migrating salmon and steelhead that were funneled into the "wheel." After netting, the fish were dropped into a holding bin.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Mary Harriman Rumsey Collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition Photographs, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.053, Item P10889, L00698
See more items in:
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs / Series 1: Harriman Alaska Expedition / 1.2: Photographs made during the train ride from New York City to Seattle, including Shoshone Falls and the Columbia River
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-053-ref592

Columbia river in flood

Photographer:
Cole, Leon J. (Leon Jacob), 1877-1948  Search this
Collection Collector:
Rumsey, Mary Harriman, 1881-1934.  Search this
Extent:
1 lantern slide
Container:
Box 10
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Lantern slides
Date:
1899 May
Scope and Contents:
Columbia River in flood, with view of trees and rock formations under water; bluffs and woods on opposite shore in Oregon.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Mary Harriman Rumsey Collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition Photographs, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.053, Item L00697
See more items in:
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs / Series 1: Harriman Alaska Expedition / 1.2: Photographs made during the train ride from New York City to Seattle, including Shoshone Falls and the Columbia River
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-053-ref603

Salmon wheel. Columbia river

Photographer:
Cole, Leon J. (Leon Jacob), 1877-1948  Search this
Collection Collector:
Rumsey, Mary Harriman, 1881-1934.  Search this
Extent:
1 lantern slide
Container:
Box 10
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Lantern slides
Date:
1899 May
Scope and Contents:
Fish or salmon wheel on a raft seen from the side in the Columbia River in Oregon. Fish wheels were water-powered nets that scooped up migrating salmon and steelhead that were funneled into the "wheel." After netting, the fish were dropped into a holding bin. Note the size of this device by locating the man standing on the deck.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Mary Harriman Rumsey Collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition Photographs, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.053, Item L00699
See more items in:
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs
Mary Harriman Rumsey collection of Harriman Alaska Expedition photographs / Series 1: Harriman Alaska Expedition / 1.2: Photographs made during the train ride from New York City to Seattle, including Shoshone Falls and the Columbia River
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-053-ref605

Leon J. Cole Field Book, 1899

Creator:
Cole, Leon J (Leon Jacob) 1877-1948  Search this
Subject:
Cole, Leon J (Leon Jacob) 1877-1948  Search this
Physical description:
0.25 cu. ft. (1 half document box)
Type:
Field notes
Collection descriptions
Date:
1899
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Plants  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 12-010
See more items in:
Field Book Project 1855-2010
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_309746

Leon J. Cole Photograph Collection

Creator::
Cole, Leon J. (Leon Jacob), 1877-1948  Search this
Extent:
0.43 cu. ft. (1 12x17 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1941
Descriptive Entry:
This collection consists of an album of photographs taken by Cole in Alaska in 1941. The album also contains memorabilia collected by Cole. The photographs are in chronological order and are labeled.
Historical Note:
Leon J. Cole (1877-1948) was born in Allegany, New York. He received degrees from the University of Michigan, A.B., 1901, and Harvard University, Ph.D., 1906. In 1906 and 1907, Cole served as Chief of the Division of Animal Breeding and Pathology at the Rhode Island Experiment Station. From 1907 to 1910, he served as an Instructor of Zoology at the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale University. In 1910, he became Associate Professor of Experimental Breeding in the College of Agriculture, University of Wisconsin, and was made Professor in 1914. His title was changed to Professor of Genetics in 1918 and he remained in that capacity until 1947. Cole was a member of the Harriman Alaska Expedition of 1899 and participated in zoological expeditions to Bermuda, 1903; the Yucatan, 1904; Tortugas, Florida, 1906; Europe, 1911 and 1924; and Alaska, 1941. He also served as an investigator for the United States Bureau of Fisheries during the summers from 1901 to 1906.
Topic:
Natural history  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7244, Leon J. Cole Photograph Collection
Identifier:
Record Unit 7244
See more items in:
Leon J. Cole Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7244

Box 1

Collection Creator::
Cole, Leon J. (Leon Jacob), 1877-1948  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7244, Leon J. Cole Photograph Collection
See more items in:
Leon J. Cole Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7244-refidd1e212

Photograph Album

Collection Creator::
Cole, Leon J. (Leon Jacob), 1877-1948  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7244, Leon J. Cole Photograph Collection
See more items in:
Leon J. Cole Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7244-refidd1e220

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