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Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Incorporated Records

Creator:
Hills Bros. Coffee, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
65 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Advertising cards
16mm motion picture film
Annual reports
Artwork
Beverage labels
Blueprints
Business ephemera
Bulletins
Business letters
Business records
Catalogs
Color photographs
Color negatives
Commercial art
Correspondence
Direct mail
Ephemera
Exhibit plans
Financial records
Genealogies
Home movies
Ledger drawings
Office files
Office memoranda
Packaging
Photographic prints
Photographs
Price lists
Proof sheets
Promotional literature
Receipts
Sales records
Scrapbooks
Sound recordings
Television programs
Window displays
Date:
1856-1989, undated
Summary:
Printed advertisements, scrapbooks, correspondence, marketing research, radio commercial scripts, photographs, proof sheets, reports, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, television commercial storyboards, blueprints, legal documents, and audiovisual materials primarily documenting the history, business practices, and advertising campaigns of the Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Incorporated. Collection also documents the professional and private lives of the Hills family; insight into the cultivation, production, and selling of coffee; and construction of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of printed advertisements, scrapbooks, correspondence, marketing research, radio commercial scripts, photographs, proof sheets, reports, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, television commercial storyboards, blueprints, legal documents, and audiovisual materials. These materials primarily document the history, business practices, and advertising campaigns of Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Incorporated. Correspondence, genealogies, and home movies reveal a more domestic and social Hills family while company records document business activities outside of the home. Company records also provide insight into the cultivation, production, and selling of coffee, and the company's technological responses to the changes in the coffee trade, and consumer consumption demands. Of interest is the company's participation in social and cultural events including the Panama Pacific International Exposition in 1915, and the Golden Gate International Exposition in 1939. In addition, the collection includes the company's documentation of the construction of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge in 1936. The collection is arranged into thirteen series.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into thirteen series.

Series 1, Hills Family Papers, 1856-1942, undated

Subseries 1.1, Austin Herbert Hills, Sr. Papers, 1856-1875, undated

Subseries 1.2, Austin Herbert Hills, Jr. Papers, 1875-1923

Subseries 1.3, Herbert Gray Hills Correspondence, 1923-1942

Series 2, Background Materials, 1896-1988, undated

Series 3, Coffee Reference Files, 1921-1980, undated

Subseries 3.1, Hills Bros. Coffee Company Literature, 1921-1976, undated

Subseries 3.2, Coffee Industry Literature, 1924-1980, undated

Series 4, Advertising Materials, circa 1890s-1987, undated

Subseries 4.1, Scrapbooks, 1906-1978, undated

Subseries 4.2, Historical Albums, 1911-1967

Subseries 4.3, Ephemera, 1890s-1987

Subseries 4.4, Portfolios, 1919-1985, undated

Subseries 4.5, Proof sheets, 1922-1968

Subseries 4.6, Advertising Forms, 1922-1971, undated

Subseries 4.7, Newspaper and Magazine Advertising, 1926-1971, undated

Subseries 4.8, Sampling Campaigns, 1928-1941

Subseries 4.9, General Files, 1923-1978, undated

Subseries 4.10, NW Ayer Advertising Agency, 1943, 1958

Subseries 4.11, Foote, Cone & Belding Advertising Agency, 1963-1968, undated

Series 5, Photographs, 1882-1973, undated

Subseries 5.1, Employees, 1882-1961, undated

Subseries 5.2, Division Offices, 1924-1931, undated

Subseries 5.3, Facilities and Vehicles, 1927-1973, undated

Subseries 5.4, Advertising, 1925-1959, undated

Subseries 5.5, Sales, circa 1921-1939, undated

Subseries 5.6, Packaging, 1884-1969, undated

Subseries 5.7, Grocery Store Displays, circa, 1901-1935

Subseries 5.8, Store Tests, 1938

Subseries 5.9, Window and Wall Displays, 1928, 1930, 1934

Subseries 5.10, Publicity, 1933-1936, undated

Subseries 5.11, Miscellaneous, 1898-1949, undated

Subseries 5.12, Coffee and Tea Industry, 1900s-1947,. undated

Series 6, Sales and Marketing Records, 1906-1989, undated

Subseries 6.1, Bulletins for Salesmen, 1912-1969

Subseries 6.2, Division Bulletins and General Letters, 1925-1927

Subseries 6.3, Correspondence, 1919-1989

Subseries 6.4, Conventions and Meetings, 1915-1971

Subseries 6.5, Salesmen Materials, 1906-1973, undated

Subseries 6.6, Reports and Studies, 1941-1978

Subseries 6.7, Marketing Research, 1956-1978, undated

Subseries 6.8, Pricing Information, 1949-1965

Series 7, Employee Records, 1934-1966

Series 8, Accounting and Financial Records, 1903-1960, undated

Series 9, Office Files, 1915-1970, undated

Subseries 9.1, General, 1915-1969, undated

Subseries 9.2, T. Carroll Wilson Correspondence, 1941-1970

Series 10, San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge Materials, 1933-1986, undated

Subseries 10.1, Background Information, 1933-1986, undated

Subseries 10.2, Photographic Materials, 1933-1936, undated

Series 11, Golden Gate International Exposition Materials, 1915-1940, undated

Subseries 11.1, Coffee Theater, circa 1939

Subseries 11.2, Exposition Attendance, 1915-1940

Subseries 11.3, Correspondence, 1937-1940, undated

Subseries 11.4, Construction, 1937-1940, undated

Subseries 11.5, Blueprints, 1937-1939

Subseries 11.6, Behind the Cup, 1937-1940, undated

Subseries 11.7, Newspaper Cooperation, 1939

Subseries 11.8, Solicitations and Replies, 1938-1940

Subseries 11.9, Miscellaneous, 1938-1940

Series 12, World War II Materials, 1939-1949, undated

Subseries 12.1, Production and Quotas, 1942-1946

Subseries 12.2, Rationing, 1939-1946

Subseries 12.3, Containers and Closures, 1942-1949, undated

Subseries 12.4, Appeals, 1948

Subseries 12.5, Advertising Campaigns, 1942, undated

Subseries 12.6, Machinists' Strike Scrapbooks, 1945-1946

Series 13, Audio Visual Materials, 1930-1984, undated

Subseries 13.1, Moving Images, 1930-1966

Subseries 13.1.1, Television Commercials, 1951-1984

Subseries 13.1.2, Television Programs, 1951-1967

Subseries 13.1.3, Promotional Materials, 1939-1977

Subseries 13.1.4, Hills Bros. Activities, 1930-1962

Subseries 13.1.5, Miscellaneous Film and Video, 1938-1966

Subseries 13.2, Sound Recordings, 1934-1967, undated

Subseries 13.2.1, Radio Commercials, 1941-1967, undated

Subseries 13.2.2, Radio Programs and Other Broadcasts, 1934-1956, undated

Subseries 13.2.3, Cardboard Discs, 1941-1960; undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Reuben Hills, on one occasion, stated regarding his company's growth; ...success in business is fifty per cent judgment and fifty per cent propitious circumstances." The rise of Hills Bros. Coffee Incorporated from a retail dairy stall in San Francisco's old Bay City Public Market reflects the reality of Reuben's statement. Aided by brother Austin's three years of experience in the retail dairy business the early success of the brothers was in Reuben's own words both circumstance and hard work. When Reuben and Austin began to produce roasted coffee there were at least twenty-five other companies already engaged in some form of coffee production and distribution in San Francisco including, of course, the well-known Folger Company started by William Bovee (which began in San Francisco thirty years earlier). Most of these coffee businesses were started by family groups which contributed to the growth of San Francisco.

San Francisco in the nineteenth century was ripe for the importing and roasting of coffee. The foundation for commercial production of coffee dated back to the 1820s when English planters brought coffee to Costa Rica. By the early 1840s German and Belgian planters followed with coffee plantations in Guatemala and El Salvador, two of the several Central American countries where Hills Bros. would obtain its mild coffee beans. During the Gold Rush (1849) San Francisco rapidly expanded and grew. Coffee was imported and sold, after roasting, to restaurants and hotels. Yankee gold miners and others without equipment to roast and brew their own coffee, populated "coffee houses." In 1873 two brothers, Austin Herbert and Reuben Wilmarth Hills arrived in San Francisco from their home in Rockland, Maine with their father Austin who had come to California some years earlier. Five years later in 1878 A. H. and R. W. Hills established a retail stall to sell dairy products in the Bay City Market under the name of their new partnership "Hills Bros." Their small business expanded in less than four years with the acquisition of a retail coffee store titled Arabian Coffee & Spice Mills on Fourth Street in San Francisco. In two more years (1884) still larger quarters were occupied at Sacramento and Sansome Streets. Soon after this they disposed of their retail dairy business but continued as wholesale distributors of some dairy products including butter. Their coffee was labeled "Arabian Roast"' supported by the now famous trademark design of a man in turban and beard with a flowing yellow gown. This was created by a San Francisco artist named Briggs and since then (1897) has remained as the official trademark of Hills Bros. Coffee - a lasting symbol of coffee quality. Hills Bros. dairy division was eliminated in 1908 after company destruction by the San Francisco Earthquake and Fire of 1906. By 1924 all miscellaneous products including tea, had been dropped by the company which from then on referred to itself as "coffee only."

Emphasis on the quality of the finished product has long been a major selling point in the history of Hills Bros. advertising and marketing. The company's desire to keep abreast of technological advances in coffee production is a legacy of Austin and Reuben Hills, and is reflected in the company records, in its advertising and its self-perception. It was probably 1898 when Austin Hills and Thomas Hodge, partners who managed the wholesale dairy product operations were looking for a suitable can for exporting butter that could not be manufactured in San Francisco at that time, decided to consult Norton Brothers, a progressive can manufacture company in Chicago. Whether Austin traveled to Chicago or arranged with his brother Reuben to stop off there in route to New York (where he frequently spent time at the New York Green Coffee Exchange) to present the problem to Norton Brothers, which brother made the actual contact with Norton Brothers is not important today, but the results of that visit were real. Norton Brothers had just received patents on a process for packing foods in vacuum and thought it might solve the butter problem. In short order arrangements were made for shipping cans and machinery from Chicago to San Francisco including agreement for exclusive use on the West Coast for a reasonable period. Thus, Hills Bros. butter became the first known food product to ever be packed in vacuum. Once this started Reuben Hills had the idea that what worked well with butter might also be used for coffee. Experimental vacuum-packing of coffee in butter cans supported the theory that taking the air out of coffee would keep the product fresh for indefinite periods. No time was lost in getting new cans and more machinery and in July 1900 Hills Bros. Coffee as "the original vacuum-pack" was placed on the market. With the advent of this technology Hills Bros. changed the product name from "Arabian Roast" to "Hills Bros. Highest Grade Java and Mocha Coffee" and continued with the new trademark that had been started in 1897. Vacuum-packing extended the shelf life and travel ability of the product, thus new markets, national and international, were opened.

A change in the coffee industry of America was on the way. Hills Bros. remained the pioneer of vacuum-packing for thirteen years until a similar process was adopted by M.J.B., another leading coffee company in San Francisco. Other packers on the West Coast soon followed, but it was not until after World War I that East Coast coffee producers turned to vacuum-packaging.

Production and advertising of coffee continued to change with new technology. In the late 1880s San Francisco coffee importers began to "cup test" coffee beans for quality but the majority still depended on sight and smell. Reuben Hills and a few other coffee personalities in San Francisco are credited with the cup test method of appraising coffee quality. In its new home office and plant opened in San Francisco in 1926, Hills Bros. adopted "controlled roasting" in which coffee was roasted a few pounds at a time, but continuously. Developed in 1923 under the direction of Leslie Hills and Lee Maede, company engineer, "controlled roasting" employed the use of instruments to control the temperature and speed of operations, resulting in perfect roasting control that could not be depended on from batch to batch by even the most experienced coffee roasting expert. In 1914 the partnership known as Hills Bros. was incorporated under the same name. In 1928 a sales organization was formed under the name of Hills Bros. Coffee, Incorporated, but within four to five years the parent company absorbed Hills Bros. Coffee, Incorporated and adopted its name. A second plant was built in Edgewater, New Jersey, completed in 1941 to meet the needs of the increasing growth of areas between Chicago and the East Coast.

During World War II Hills Bros. faced conservation rules restricting use of tin for coffee cans. A timely method of high-speed packing in glass jars by Owens Illinois Glass Company made it possible for Hills Bros. as well as other companies in the industry to continue vacuum-packing during this period. Price control and coffee rationing were other war time necessities to which the industry adjusted.

Hills Bros. Coffee, Incorporated passed out of family ownership in 1976 when the company was purchased by a Brazilian corporation named Copersucar. In 1983 a group of local investors in San Francisco brought ownership back to where it had started and sold the business in 1984 to Nestlé Holdings, Incorporated, (effective January 1, 1985) which handled the acquisition of several companies in the United States for Nestlé S. A. Vevey, Switzerland.

Historical note written by T., Carroll Wilson, company historian and archivist, 1993.
Related Materials:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History

NW Ayer Advertising Agency Records, NMAH.AC0059

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, NMAH.AC0060

Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, NMAH.AC0143

General Merchandise Account Book, NMAH.AC0189

Duke Ellington, NMAH.AC0301

Product Cookbooks Collection, NMAH.AC0396

Charles W. Trigg Papers, NMAH.AC0411

Princeton University Posters Collection, NMAH.AC0433

Landor Design Collection, NMAH.AC0500

Industry on Parade Film Collection, NMAH.AC0507

Sandra and Gary Baden Collection of Celebrity Endorsements in Advertising, NMAH.AC0611

Fletcher and Horace Henderson Collection, NMAH.AC0797

Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, NMAH.AC0945

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Records, NMAH.AC1086

Alice Weber Photograph Albums, NMAH.AC1144

Henry "Buddy" Graf and George Cahill Vaudeville and Burlesque Collections, NMAH.AC1484

Division of Cultural History, National Museum of American History

Artifacts include coffee packaging, Golden Gate International Exposition sampling cups and saucers, a bowling shirt, and coffee cans.
Provenance:
These records were donated to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History by Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Incorporated.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the negatives and audiovisual materials are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Coffee  Search this
advertising -- 20th century  Search this
advertising -- 1930-1940 -- California  Search this
advertising -- 1980-1990  Search this
Advertising agencies -- 20th century  Search this
advertising -- 1940-1950  Search this
advertising -- 1970-1980  Search this
advertising -- 1980-1990  Search this
advertising -- Audio-visual materials  Search this
advertising -- Beverages -- 1930-1990  Search this
advertising -- Business ephemera  Search this
Advertising campaigns -- 20th century  Search this
Advertising executives  Search this
Advertising, Direct-mail  Search this
Agricultural crops -- Fields  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertising cards -- 19th century.
16mm motion picture film
Annual reports
Artwork
Beverage labels
Blueprints -- 20th century
Business ephemera
Bulletins
Business letters
Business records -- 20th century
Business records -- 19th century
Catalogs -- 20th century
Color photographs
Color negatives
Commercial art
Correspondence
Correspondence -- 19th-20th century
Direct mail
Ephemera -- 19th century
Ephemera -- 20th century
Exhibit plans
Financial records -- 19th century
Financial records -- 20th century
Genealogies
Home movies
Ledger drawings
Office files
Office memoranda
Packaging -- 20th century
Photographic prints
Photographs -- 19th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Price lists
Proof sheets
Promotional literature
Receipts -- 20th century
Sales records
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Sound recordings
Sound recordings -- Audiotapes -- Open reel
Television programs
Window displays
Citation:
Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Incorporated Records, 1856-1989, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0395
See more items in:
Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Incorporated Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8de2ab00c-0e83-43df-9a02-26cffe43e069
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0395
Online Media:

Morella cerifera (L.) Small

Biogeographical Region:
79 - Mexico Gulf  Search this
Collector:
Michael Harley Nee  Search this
K. Taylor  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Bosque caducifolio. On steep slopes, partly cleared for coffee plantations. Remnants of forest of Liquidambar macrophylla ..  Search this
Place:
Ridge on S side of gorge of Cascada de Texolo, 3 km. SE of Villa Xico [Xico = Jico], Mun. Xico, Veracruz., Jico, Veracruz Llave, Mexico, North America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
18 Mar 1983
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Fagales Myricaceae
Published Name:
Morella cerifera (L.) Small
Myrica cerifera L.
Barcode:
00898483
USNM Number:
3207718
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Edward Palmer Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/394b1735b-987c-4fc9-b591-0476e863b877
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10159366

Urochloa adspersa (Trin.) R.D. Webster

Biogeographical Region:
81 - Caribbean  Search this
Collector:
Emery C. Leonard  Search this
Max. Elevation:
350  Search this
Place:
Coffee Plantations, scarce. Vicinity of Petionville, Haiti, West Indies - Neotropics
Collection Date:
18 Jun 1920
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Poales Poaceae Panicoideae
Published Name:
Urochloa adspersa (Trin.) R.D. Webster
Barcode:
01003888
USNM Number:
1077419
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
West Indies Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3384472c6-a5be-40d5-835b-957433d970b8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10571374

Live Bird Friendly: Drink Bird Friendly® Coffee to Protect Disappearing Habitats

Creator:
National Zoo  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2021-05-03T16:09:28.000Z
YouTube Category:
Pets & Animals  Search this
Topic:
Zoology;Animals;Veterinary medicine;Animal health  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNZP
Data Source:
National Zoo
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNZP
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_my5rAUB0Elg

Sturnira lilium

Collector:
M. E. Thomas  Search this
D. Martin  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
coffee plantation  Search this
Length - Total:
64 mm
Length - Tail:
0 mm
Length - Hind Tarsus:
12 mm
Length - Ear Notch:
16 mm
Length - Forearm:
40 mm
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Male
Stage:
Adult
Place:
2 km S Pance, approx 20 km SW Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia, South America
Collection Date:
28 May 1968
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae, Stenodermatinae
Published Name:
Sturnira lilium
Accession Number:
2056906
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : C203
Other Catalog Number : TU 3912
USNM Number:
598273
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3c9c85628-f2ec-4d06-8b93-e172b4be0d5b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_14064029

Genia de Galberg collection of Rwandan and Congolese paintings

Collector:
de Galberg, Genia, 1899-1967  Search this
Extent:
14 Paintings
Culture:
Tutsi (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Paintings
Works of art
Place:
Rwanda
Congo (Democatic Republic)
Africa, Central
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of fourteen (14) paintings collected by Genia de Galberg while living in Gisenyi, Rwanda. Eleven of the paintings are gouache watercolors on colored paper by Congolese artists. Three of the paintings are by European artists living in Rwanda.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Biographical Note:
Genia de Galberg, also known as Eugenia or Eugenie, (1899-1968) was a hotel operator and translator. Born to German and Georgian parents in Ukraine, she was educated in Italy and France. In the 1930s, she traveled to Butembo, in Eastern Congo to help in the operation of a hotel. She went on to own and operate two hotels on Lake Kivu in Rwanda, as well as chrysanthemum and coffee plantations. She was an avid collector of African art and decorative objects, many of which she used to decorate her hotels. In 1960, she relocated to the United States, working as a Swahili interpreter for the United Nations in New York and later as a translator for the Rwandan Embassy in Washington, D.C. De Galberg died in Washington in 1968.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 414286

USNM Accession 280142
Related Materials:
The Department of Anthropology object collections holds artifacts donated by Galberg in Accession 280142.
Provenance:
The paintings were donated to the Smithsonian as part of a larger collection of African artifacts by Genia de Galberg in 1966 (USNM Accession 280142). The paintings were transferred from the object collections of the Department of Anthropology to the National Anthropological Archives in 1969.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Paintings
Citation:
Genia de Galberg collection of Rwandan and Congolese paintings (MS 414286), National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS414286
See more items in:
Genia de Galberg collection of Rwandan and Congolese paintings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37f23efd8-1db7-4d0a-aa9c-f51fcc6ce4c1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms414286
Online Media:

Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.

Biogeographical Region:
81 - Caribbean  Search this
Collector:
Alain H. Liogier  Search this
M. Perfa Liogier  Search this
S. Medina  Search this
E. Solano  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
In coffee plantation.  Search this
Min. Elevation:
400  Search this
Place:
San Sebastián., San Sebastián, Puerto Rico, West Indies - Neotropics
Collection Date:
1 Apr 1981
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Fabales Fabaceae Papilionoideae
Published Name:
Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.
Barcode:
01123801
USNM Number:
3642187
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
West Indies Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3ebf55adc-6e96-4160-8d91-56c53abd97c3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10876844

Crotalaria stipularia Desv.

Biogeographical Region:
81 - Caribbean  Search this
Collector:
Thomas A. Zanoni  Search this
L. Saracho  Search this
Max. Elevation:
600  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Coffee plantation, roadside  Search this
Min. Elevation:
500  Search this
Place:
By road from Cambita Garabito to Los Cacaos, between Pancholo and Los Jibaros, San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic, West Indies - Neotropics
Collection Date:
3 Oct 1987
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Fabales Fabaceae Papilionoideae
Published Name:
Crotalaria stipularia Desv.
Barcode:
01191797
USNM Number:
3624861
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
West Indies Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/38b15ba17-5e75-4fa1-955b-ac37bb2ef60b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11003435

Lonchocarpus salvadorensis Pittier

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
Alexander F. Skutch  Search this
Min. Elevation:
914  Search this
Place:
Common in coffee plantations with orig. forest shade, Colomba, Quetzaltenango, Guatemala, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
Transcribed d/m/y: 31/12/34
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Fabales Fabaceae Papilionoideae
Published Name:
Lonchocarpus salvadorensis Pittier
Barcode:
02152019
USNM Number:
1644406
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/30fc8a32b-e5bc-4ce5-93f9-98a34d7e6589
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_13866471

Croton draco Schltdl. & Cham.

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
Alexander F. Skutch  Search this
Min. Elevation:
914  Search this
Place:
In coffee plantation with orig. forest trees as shade. Colomba, Quetzaltenango, Guatemala, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
21 Dec 1934
Crowdsourcing:
Transcribed by digital volunteers
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malpighiales Euphorbiaceae
Published Name:
Croton draco Schltdl. & Cham.
Barcode:
01228950
USNM Number:
1644367
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/38064b8df-c389-4227-b7c6-08b6b96a750b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11337217
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
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Online Media:

Croton hirtus L'Hér.

Biogeographical Region:
82 - Northern South America  Search this
Collector:
Henri F. Pittier  Search this
Min. Elevation:
450  Search this
Place:
Iboa, a weed in coffee plantations, Yaracuy, Venezuela, South America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
3 Jan 1929
Crowdsourcing:
Transcribed by digital volunteers
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malpighiales Euphorbiaceae
Published Name:
Croton hirtus L'Hér.
Barcode:
01243590
USNM Number:
1440542
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d09800a9-2cdb-42dd-bef6-fcd944e83f3b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11364154
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  • View Croton hirtus L'Hér. digital asset number 1
Online Media:

Croton lobatus L.

Biogeographical Region:
82 - Northern South America  Search this
Collector:
Henri F. Pittier  Search this
Min. Elevation:
450  Search this
Place:
Iboa, Yaracuy. A weed in coffee plantations., Yaracuy, Venezuela, South America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
3 Jan 1929
Crowdsourcing:
Transcribed by digital volunteers
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malpighiales Euphorbiaceae
Published Name:
Croton lobatus L.
Barcode:
01243680
USNM Number:
1440543
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3a25e37dd-4f3a-4cde-b1eb-53e7bab5e0ce
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11364261
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Online Media:

Alchornea latifolia Sw.

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
John Maurice Tucker  Search this
Max. Elevation:
1420  Search this
Min. Elevation:
1420  Search this
Place:
Finca of General J. t. Calderon, Montes de Cacaguatique. Upper edge of coffee plantation., Morazan, El Salvador, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
17 Jan 1942
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malpighiales Euphorbiaceae
Published Name:
Alchornea latifolia Sw.
Barcode:
01261488
USNM Number:
2088093
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Crowdsourcing Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/38afd9276-81e3-46fc-a45f-0edfee8276fd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11486385
Online Media:

Alchornea latifolia Sw.

Biogeographical Region:
81 - Caribbean  Search this
Collector:
Franklin S. Axelrod  Search this
P. Chavez  Search this
Max. Elevation:
750  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Disturbed wet mountain forest.  Search this
Min. Elevation:
600  Search this
Place:
Ciales: Los Tres Picachos, Rt. 149, km 35.5, dirt road through old coffee plantation., Ciales, Puerto Rico, West Indies - Neotropics
Collection Date:
14 Mar 1992
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malpighiales Euphorbiaceae
Published Name:
Alchornea latifolia Sw.
Barcode:
00656759
USNM Number:
3276988
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
West Indies Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3261f77b6-d486-4f66-9ec3-487ad5f9c9b5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10433442

Phyllanthus urinaria L.

Biogeographical Region:
81 - Caribbean  Search this
Collector:
Alain H. Liogier  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
In coffee plantation  Search this
Min. Elevation:
400  Search this
Place:
Maricao Mts., Maricao, Puerto Rico, West Indies - Neotropics
Collection Date:
26 Jun 1963
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malpighiales Phyllanthaceae
Published Name:
Phyllanthus urinaria L.
Barcode:
00713342
USNM Number:
2482182
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
West Indies Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/38c0ac909-5660-4dbe-87c9-407b3a81bd08
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10438316

Blechnum unilaterale Sw.

Biogeographical Region:
81 - Caribbean  Search this
Collector:
Warren H. Wagner  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Brushy woods, coffee plantation  Search this
Place:
Barrio Robles, Aibonito, Abonito, Puerto Rico, West Indies - Neotropics
Collection Date:
28 Apr 1944
Taxonomy:
Plantae Pteridophyte Polypodiales Blechnaceae
Published Name:
Blechnum unilaterale Sw.
Blechnum polypodioides Raddi
Barcode:
00852640
USNM Number:
1784579
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
West Indies Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/30c260d9f-2354-4a34-b46f-dcf6bbfb117f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10454238

Alchornea latifolia Sw.

Biogeographical Region:
81 - Caribbean  Search this
Collector:
Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez  Search this
P. J. Acevedo  Search this
Place:
Utuado. Bo. Don Alonso Arriba, abandoned coffee plantation., Utuado, Puerto Rico, West Indies - Neotropics
Collection Date:
27 Jan 1996
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malpighiales Euphorbiaceae
Published Name:
Alchornea latifolia Sw.
Barcode:
00520946
USNM Number:
3331539
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
West Indies Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3787d7630-0f50-49db-84e6-17684f8c629e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10459598

Ormosia krugii Urb.

Biogeographical Region:
81 - Caribbean  Search this
Collector:
Alain H. Liogier  Search this
L. F. Martorell  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
In coffee plantation  Search this
Min. Elevation:
600  Search this
Place:
Ciales to Jayuya, Puerto Rico, West Indies - Neotropics
Collection Date:
30 Jan 1986
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Fabales Fabaceae Papilionoideae
Published Name:
Ormosia krugii Urb.
Barcode:
01111646
USNM Number:
3637340
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
West Indies Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/300affb30-43d8-4988-b659-3eae2e9a8e20
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10462860

Ormosia krugii Urb.

Biogeographical Region:
81 - Caribbean  Search this
Collector:
Alain H. Liogier  Search this
L. F. Martorell  Search this
Max. Elevation:
600  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
In coffee plantation  Search this
Min. Elevation:
600  Search this
Place:
Ciales to Jayuya, from, Puerto Rico, West Indies - Neotropics
Collection Date:
30 Jan 1986
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Fabales Fabaceae Papilionoideae
Published Name:
Ormosia krugii Urb.
Barcode:
00710737
USNM Number:
3237579
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
West Indies Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/31ba27319-a235-48a6-8c17-85832a44cf57
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2002197

Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.

Biogeographical Region:
81 - Caribbean  Search this
Collector:
Alain H. Liogier  Search this
M. Perfa Liogier  Search this
S. Medina  Search this
E. Solano  Search this
Place:
San Sebastian. In coffee plantation alt. 400m., Puerto Rico, West Indies - Neotropics
Collection Date:
4 Jan 1981
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Fabales Fabaceae Papilionoideae
Published Name:
Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.
Barcode:
00520571
USNM Number:
2995408
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
West Indies Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/32126be78-c2b9-4e90-8c72-2f1475754fda
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2015334

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