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LeRoy Neiman papers

Creator:
Neiman, LeRoy, 1921-2012  Search this
Names:
ABC Sports  Search this
CBS Sports  Search this
Playboy Enterprises  Search this
Ali, Muhammad, 1942-  Search this
Super Bowl  Search this
Extent:
70.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1938-2005
Summary:
The papers of LeRoy Neiman measure approximately 70.5 linear feet and date from 1938-2005. The collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, project files, printed material and artifacts documenting the career of the American painter LeRoy Neiman.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of LeRoy Neiman measure approximately 70.5 linear feet and date from 1938 to 2005. The collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, project files, printed material and artifacts documenting the career of the American painter LeRoy Neiman.

Biographical material pertains to the artist's family, military service, education and teaching experience and representing galleries and publishers and includes artist biographies, awards, distinctions, and membership information.

Correspondence includes personal and business correspondence as well as collections of cards and literature on other artists, Neiman's notes and jottings, art work by children, and office records.

Project files document specific projects or art events in which Neiman was involved, including commissions, promotions, collaborations, serigraph printings, and publications.

Printed material includes newspapers, magazines, catalogs, fliers, invitations, brochures, press releases, film scripts and small posters.

Artifacts include three-dimensional items, clothing, souvenirs and LeRoy Neiman paraphernalia.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1938-2004, undated (Boxes 1-3, 77; 3.3 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1960s-2004, undated (Boxes 3-19)

Series 3: Project Files, 1949-2005, undated (Boxes 20-39, 78-81)

Series 4: Printed Material, circa 1940s-circa 2005, undated (Boxes 40-61, 82-83, OV 85)

Series 5: Artifacts, 1953-2002, undated (Boxes 69-76, 84)
Biographical Note:
LeRoy Neiman has been described as the most popular living painter in America. While strikingly original, his work reflects the varied influences of Toulouse-Lautrec, Dufy, the New York Social Realists, and the Abstract Expressionists. Probably best known as a portrayer of sporting and social events, he virtually invented the modern genre of sports art and remains its most accomplished and acclaimed practitioner.

Among many other accomplishments, he was the first and only on-camera official artist for ABC-TV at the Olympics in Munich, 1972 and Montreal, 1976, and covered several other winter and summer Olympiads as an official artist. He was the first artist to create live, on-camera computer art while covering the 1978 Super Bowl in New Orleans for CBS-TV. In 1997 he was selected as the first official artist of the Kentucky Derby. But Neiman's interests range far and wide. As a painter, printmaker, and author, his subjects have included Parisian cafés, African safaris, famous bars, five-star restaurants, urban street scenes, the opera, political figures, jazz musicians, entertainers, stage and screen stars, gambling casinos, portraits, international stock exchanges, and much more.

For the past quarter-century, Neiman has created limited-edition serigraphs (silk-screen prints). Published and distributed exclusively by Knoedler Publishing, they are sold in selected galleries throughout the United States. By one estimate, the more than 150,000 Neiman prints that have been purchased to date have an estimated market value exceeding $400 million. Neiman is the author of twelve books: Horses, LeRoy Neiman Posters, Winners, which was also published in Japanese, Big Time Golf, LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris, LeRoy Neiman on Safari, and LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades, all published by Harry N. Abrams, as well as Art and Life Style, Carnaval, Monte Carlo Chase, Casey at the Bat, and the newly-released limited edition LeRoy Neiman Sketchbook: Liston vs. Clay 1964/ Ali vs. Liston 1965, 2004. Knoedler Publishing has published The Prints of LeRoy Neiman, Volumes I-III, a catalogue raisonnes on Neiman's limited edition prints.

Over the years the artist has donated scores of his artworks to dozens of charitable causes and organizations. Through his work with the Good Tidings Foundation, two LeRoy Neiman Art Centers for Youth have been built in elementary schools in California. In 1995, he gave the School of the Arts at Columbia University in New York City an endowment of $6 million to create the LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, dedicated to the study of fine art printmaking and the development of new methods of printmaking, and including a scholarship program. A 1998 donation led to the creation of the LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Culture and Society at UCLA.

Neiman's work is represented in the Art Institute of Chicago, the Whitney Museum, the Minneapolis Museum of Art, the Hermitage of St. Petersburg and numerous other museums and public and private collections worldwide. A past member of the New York City Advisory Commission for Cultural Affairs, Neiman has received five honorary degrees and, among other honors, an Award of Merit from the American Athletic Union, a Gold Plate Award from the American Academy of Achievement, and a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Muscular Dystrophy Association, in addition to being named Boxing Artist of 1966 by Lonsdale, London.

1921 -- Born June 8 in St. Paul, Minnesota.

1942-46 -- Leaves high school to enlist in the army; serves four years in Europe.

1946 -- Studies at the St. Paul Gallery and School of Art with Clement Haupers.

1946-50 -- Student at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago; studies with Boris Anisfeld; studies liberal arts at University of Illinois and De Paul University, Chicago.

1950-60 -- Member of the Faculty, School of the Art Institute of Chicago, teaching figure drawing and fashion drawing.

1952 -- Exhibits in Twin City Show at Minneapolis Institute of Arts; wins Chicago Art Directors Award.

1953 -- Begins using enamel house paints; develops interest in drawing horse racing at Arlington Park; wins First Prize for painting "Idle Boats", a purchase prize, at Twin City Show, Minneapolis Institute of Art.

1954 -- Begins association with Playboy magazine illustrating Charles Beaumont story, which wins Chicago Art Directors Award; exhibits for first time in Chicago Artists and Vicinity Show, where he continues to show for next six years; wins Second Prize, Minnesota State Show; exhibits at Philadelphia Art Alliance.

1955 -- Instructor of painting at Elmwood Park Art League and North Shore Art League; exhibits at the Carnegie Pittsburgh International Exhibition of Contemporary Painting; creates the "Femlin" symbolic character which appears in Playboy for next 47 years; wins New York Art Directors Award.

1956 -- Included in "New Talent in America in 1956", published in Art in America, February 1956; delves deeper into Chicago sports scene, draws Chicago Bears, Blackhawks and boxing.

1957 -- Exhibits in Corcoran Gallery of Art "American 25th Biennial Exhibition", Washington, D.C.; awarded most popular prize out of 3,000 entries as well as the juried Clark Memorial Prize and Vicinity Show; first television appearance on Art Institute of Chicago TV show, "Artist's Choice"; painting instructor at School of the Art Institute of Chicago Summer Session and for two years at Ox-Bow Summer School, Saugatuck, Michigan teaching landscape painting; marries art student Janet Byrne.

1958 -- Exhibits at the "Society of Contemporary American Art Exhibition", Art Institute of Chicago, for three years; begins extensive travels for Playboy magazine, creating a feature on the high life called "Man at His Leisure", which appears regularly for the next 15 years; wins Municipal Art Award at "Chicago Artist and Vicinity Show", and Hamilton & Graham Cash Prize, Ball State Teachers College Drawing Show, Muncie, Indiana.

1959 -- Holds one-man show of racing scenes at Arlington Park Race Track, Chicago; shows in "Jazz Exhibition" and "Social Observation and Comment in Art Show" in Chicago.

1960 -- Paints at Squaw Valley Winter Olympic Games; travels six months through Europe covering sporting and social events, the Grand National Steeplechase, Epsom Derby, Ascot, and the Oxford-Cambridge boat race in England, Maxim's Tour d'Argent, the Lido and Folies Bergere in Paris, the Cannes Film Festival and St. Tropez, Fiesta de San Isidro bullfights in Madrid, the Grand Prix in Monaco auto race.

1960-1970 -- Executes over one hundred paintings and two murals for eighteen Playboy Clubs.

1961 -- Takes studio in Paris; does studies of Deauville social season and sketches the great restaurants of France; sketches Dublin Horse Show and cricket at Lord's in London; wins gold medal for oil painting at the "Salon d'Art Moderne", Paris.

1962 -- Sketches Bordeaux wine country, Paris fashion shows, racing at Longchamp, and Giraglia Yacht Race on Riviera; paints Regatta of the Gondoliers in Venice; does studies of Fellini directing "8 ½" and sketches at Cine Citta studios in Rome; visits U.S. to work on commission for 12 paintings of the Indianapolis 500.

1963 -- Returns from Paris; establishes a studio in New York; teaches painting at Arts and Crafts, Inc., Winston-Salem, North Carolina; holds first one-man exhibition in New York at Hammer Galleries; travels to Mexico with Shel Silverstein; sketches in Mexico City and Acapulco.

1964 -- Starts series of Muhammad Ali sketches and paintings which spans the next 15 years; sketches America's Cup Challenge at Newport, Rhode Island; returns to England to sketch London night life and Prince Phillip playing polo at Windsor; paints the Tour de France in Paris.

1965 -- Commemorates Sugar Ray Robinson with 8' x 6' portrait "Farewell to Boxing" unveiled at Madison Square Garden ceremony; paints portrait of Mae West and poet Marianne Moore.

1966 -- Sketches Kentucky Derby; in London paints personalities and scenes including the Beatles and Carnaby Street, Kenneth Tynan, Sir Ralph Richardson; paints surfing in California; executes mural for Swedish-Lloyd Ship, S. S. Patricia; creates art for film "Casino Royale"; sketches indoor polo for opening of Houston Astrodome.

1967 -- Sketches and paints leading figures in the arts, sports and entertainment world, including Leonard Bernstein, Joe Louis, Frank Sinatra, Brigitte Bardot and ballerina Suzanne Farrell; paints "24 Hours of LeMans", nudist scenes on the Dalmatian Coast of Yugoslavia, the Fiesta at Pamplona, the dolce vita of Rome.

1968 -- Paints the Kirov and Bolshoi ballets in Russia; is named artist-in-residence from the bench of the New York Jets football team; executes critical sketches of the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago; paints Bobby Hull for Time magazine cover; contributed drawings for Harpers magazine articles on Cassius Clay and on Bobby Kennedy and race relations; initiates art class for Atlanta Poverty Program.

1969 -- Sketches civil rights figures and teaches art in Atlanta Poverty Program; creates poster for Kurt Weill Off-Broadway show and program cover for Oh! Calcutta; sketches New York City Ballet; appears regularly on TV as New York Jets artist-in-residence; collaborates with Dave Anderson on book, Countdown to Super Bowl; covers horse racing at Ascot and Longchamp, camel racing in Morocco.

1970 -- Paints backdrop for Broadway play Borstal Boy and does album cover for Fifth Dimension; exhibits in the Time magazine "Covers Show" at the National Portrait Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.; sketches sporting and social events in Dublin, and holds one-man show at the Abbey Theatre; travels with Hugh Hefner in Europe, Greece and Africa; sketches wildlife on safari in Africa; creates poster for Ali-Quarry fight, Ali's return to the ring in Atlanta; paints $100,000 baseball players for book, This Great Game; paints New York Stock Exchange.

1971 -- Has one-man exhibition at Museo de Bellas Artes in Caracas; travels to Monte Carlo, London, Paris and Switzerland; develops interest in printmaking; creates two-part TV program on the art of lithography and produces etchings and lithographs at Atelier Weber in Zurich; creates official poster and draws pre-fight sketches of Ali-Frazier Super Fight I at Madison Square Garden for The New York Times Magazine cover and post-fight sketches for ABC-TV; illustrates Jose Torres' book on Ali, Sting Like a Bee.

1972 -- Covers Fischer-Spasky world champion chess tournament at Reykjavik, Iceland and Munich Olympic Games, both on camera for ABC-TV; covers World Series for NBC-TV; creates serigraph of Knicks-Lakers championship game; paints Super Bowl for Time magazine cover; and cover for Golf Digest.

1973 -- Creates Super Bowl art for CBS-TV; sketches the Masters Golf Tournament for Golf Digest magazine; paints commission for Museum of Jazz; creates serigraph of Triple Crown winner Secretariat; sketches Foreman-Frazier fight in Jamaica; travels on multi-city tour and exhibit of Olympic serigraphs; nineteen serigraphs chosen by the Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, for its permanent collection.

1974 -- Has exhibition in Tokyo and sketches sumo, baseball and horse racing for Japanese TV; covers Stanley Cup hockey playoffs for NBC-TV; creates poster for Newport Jazz Festival and for next 5 years; creates poster for Ali-Foreman fight in Kinshasa, Zaire, and for Frank Sinatra concert at Carnegie Hall; Art and Lifestyle is published.

1975 -- Creates official St. Paul Bicentennial poster; given major retrospective at the Minnesota Museum of Art; creates official program cover for World Series; creates poster for Ali-Frazier III and paints cockfights in Manila; creates first of four annual posters for Robert F. Kennedy Pro-Celebrity Tennis Tournament; book The Artist's Limited Edition of Moby Dick is published.

1976 -- Paints mural on camera as ABC-TV Official Artist at Olympic Games, Montreal; paints on French Riviera; holds one-man show at Knoedler Gallery in London; exhibits in national invitational "Watercolor USA Show" at Springfield Art Museum, Missouri, and "Drawings USA Show" at the Minnesota Museum of Art; paints Harlem scene for Jazzmobile poster; paints Chris Evert for Saturday Evening Post cover.

1977 -- Holds one-man shows in Stockholm and Helsinki; works in Paris; paints NBA All-Star game; creates poster for Lacrosse USA.

1978 -- Performs first live execution of computer art for CBS-TV coverage of Super Bowl, New Orleans; creates poster for Bill Bradley senatorial campaign; creates poster for Ali-Spinks II match in New Orleans.

1979 -- Appointed Grand Marshal with Jesse Owens at The Drake Relays in Des Moines, Iowa; paints the Ginza, Kamakura Buddha, Mount Fuji in Japan, Royal Ascot in London, and Pan-Am Games in Puerto Rico, for CBS-TV; book Horses is published.

1980 -- Appointed Official Artist of the 1980 Lake Placid Winter Olympic Games and Official Artist of the Democratic National Convention, New York; paints commission for Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas; sketches Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro; presents painting commemorating signing of Arab-Israeli peace treaty at Camp David to President Carter at the White House; book Posters is published.

1981 -- Holds two-man exhibition with Andy Warhol at Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art, California; executes 24' x 16' portrait of Sylvester Stallone for Rocky film; creates art and appears as ring announcer in Rocky films II, III, IV and V; book Carnaval is published.

1982 -- Has one-man exhibition at Harrod's, and paints the "The Stock Exchange, London"; creates poster for Kool Jazz Festival; paints and exhibits in Tokyo.

1983 -- Has one-man exhibitions in Los Angeles, San Francisco and New Orleans; executes billboard, television commercial and program for Lido show at the Tropicana, Las Vegas; book Winners is published.

1984 -- Appointed Official Artist, Winter Olympics, Sarajevo, Yugoslavia and Summer Olympics, Los Angeles.

1985 -- Returns to Brazil to paint Gavea Golf and Country Club in Rio de Janeiro and stock exchange in Sao Paulo; named Honorary Marshal at St. Paul Winter Carnival; Japanese version of Winners is published.

1986 -- Appointed Official Artist, Goodwill Games in Moscow for Turner Broadcasting Network; paints America's Cup commission for the New York Yacht Club.

1987 -- Paints and makes video documentaries of Old St. Andrews in Scotland and the Riviera in France; paints Indianapolis 500 auto race commission; presents "Minute Man" poster to President Reagan at the White House.

1988 -- Holds one-man exhibitions in Japan and Moscow; executes mural for Golden Nugget, Las Vegas; paints commission for the Caribbean Classic at Caliente Racetrack in Tijuana, Mexico; paints and makes video documentary of "Napoleon at Waterloo"; book Monte Carlo Chase is published.

1989 -- Paints Frank Sinatra, Liza Minelli and Sammy Davis, Jr. at Royal Albert Hall, London; sketches the World Series at Candlestick Park in San Francisco during earthquake; does sketches and paintings and video documentary of New York's Central Park, and holds exhibition at the boathouse in the park.

1990 -- Executes commemorative painting for 100th anniversary of Los Angeles Dodgers; holds one-man exhibition for inaugural Grand Prix auto race in Denver; paints the Masters Golf Tournament in Augusta, Georgia; travels and sketches in Rome, Paris and Hong Kong.

1991 -- Executes commissioned paintings for 25th anniversary of Spectrum Stadium, Philadelphia, and 10th anniversary of Miami Grand Prix and of Joe Morgan and Jim Palmer for Baseball Hall of Fame induction; travels to Japan to paint geishas, the Ginza and golf; creates Michael Jordan serigraph and poster; works on sketchbooks and paintings in Paris and Berlin.

1992 -- Paints Tom Seaver for Baseball Hall of Fame induction; paints suite of four famous golf courses in conjunction with publication of Big-Time Golf; works on sketchbooks and paintings in Venice, Milan and Rome; honored by the Art Institute of Chicago as an outstanding alumnus; commissioned to paint Bobby Orr by Polaroid.

1993 -- Paints Reggie Jackson for Baseball Hall of Fame induction, Larry Bird for Boston Garden, and Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville; creates poster for CBS-TV film Call of the Wild; holds one-man exhibition at the Kentucky Derby Museum; paints Frank Sinatra for cover of "Duets" album.

1994 -- Paints Pebble Beach Golf Clubhouse; creates poster for CBS-TV film The Yearling, attends and paints Super Bowl XXVIII in Atlanta; paints in Monte Carlo and Venice; goes on to paint safari in Kenya; sketches Luciano Pavarotti at Metropolitan Opera; paints Frank Sinatra for "Duets II" album; book An American in Paris is published.

1995 -- Paints Babe Ruth for the Baseball Hall of Fame, U.S. Open at Shinnecock Golf Course, and Rockefeller Center; creates 40-foot mural on Broadway theater for Tommy Tune's musical, Busker Alley; gives 30-year retrospective exhibition at the Kentucky Derby Museum; appointed a member of the New York City Advisory Commission for Cultural Affairs; honored by Playboy for the 40th anniversary of the Femlin character.

1996 -- Commissioned by United Nations to create six postage stamps for the Centennial Olympic Games in Atlanta; paints Super Bowl XXX in Phoenix, Arizona; honored by Boxing Writers and England's Lonsdale Boxing Club; paints "Hall of Famer" for the Baseball Hall of Fame's permanent art exhibition; creates serigraph of "The 3 Tenors", Placido Domingo, Jose Carreras, Luciano Pavarotti.

1997 -- Inauguration of the LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies at Columbia University, New York; introduction of LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigar; narrates and appears in film documentary on Cuba and cigars, Rhythm and Smoke; creates poster commemorating 50th anniversary of Jackie Robinson's breaking of racial barrier in Major League Baseball; creates first official Kentucky Derby poster; travels to South Africa to present commissioned portrait of President Nelson Mandela; book LeRoy Neiman on Safari is published.

1998 -- Inaugurates LeRoy Neiman Center for Study of American Culture and Society, UCLA, Los Angeles; unveils baccarat painting for Desert Inn, Las Vegas; exhibits and participates in seminar on Frank Sinatra at Hofstra University; paints and creates serigraph of Joe DiMaggio; creates label for Duval-Leroy champagne; creates official poster for Breeders' Cup, Louisville; cover art for Good Will Games New York official program, and for article in The Nation; honored at Ox-Bow Gala at the Art Institute of Chicago, and by Sportscasters.

1999 -- Creates art for Givenchy perfumes; presents portrait of Mark McGwire and creates serigraph edition commemorating record home run hitter. Paints John Elway and creates serigraph celebrating retirement from football; releases serigraph of Mickey Mantle; participates in Olympic Games seminar on Queen Elizabeth II ocean liner crossing; gambling prints installed in Salle Privée at Paris Casino in Las Vegas; creates poster for Taxicab Chronicles Off-Broadway play; visits Havana to sketch Cuban rhythms. Sketches Army-Navy game in Philadelphia for West Point commission.

2000 -- Creates boxing painting for use as poster for Heavyweight Explosion cable TV program; book The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1991-2000 is published; releases serigraphs of Mike Piazza and Cal Ripken, Jr.; the first LeRoy Neiman Art Center for Youth is opened in San Francisco; commissioned to create artwork for 125th Preakness Stakes and 2000 PGA Championship Tournament at Valhalla Golf Course.

2001 -- Salutes Muhammad Ali as "Athlete of the Century" with oversized portrait and limited edition serigraphs. Commissioned to paint Mardi Gras official poster for 2002; commissioned to paint Phoenix Suns star Charles Barkley on retirement of uniform number; commissioned to paint UCLA basketball coach John Wooden; holds retrospective drawing exhibition at the Fairfield Public Gallery, Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin; creates poster for 2001 All-Star Jockey Championship; attends 25th year reunion of ABC-TV coverage of 1976 Munich Olympics. Commissioned by New York City Fire Department to commemorate September 11 terrorist attack for benefit of NYFD Widows and Orphans Fund; creates image of NYFD fireman's helmet and for the first time allows an image to be used and sold on t-shirts; also donates original painting to auction for Widows and Orphans Fund. Honorary Chairman at the annual Bare Walls event at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago; the second LeRoy Neiman Art Center for Youth is opened in Watsonville, California; the largest serigraph yet by artist, "Circus", having image size of 43 ¾" x 65", is completed after 2 years work.

2002 -- Commissioned to paint Wayne Gretzky, Gold Medal winning coach of the Canadian Olympic Hockey Team; commissioned to create official tournament poster for the first U.S. Open to be held at a public golf course, Bethpage on Long Island, New York; illustrates "Casey at the Bat", published as a trade edition by Ecco Press, with Foreword by New York Yankees manager Joe Torre; creates the Tyson/Lewis poster for the boxing heavyweight championship fight in Memphis; creates the official poster and program cover for the Oscar de la Hoya/Fernando Valenzuela championship boxing match in Las Vegas; honored with a tribute dinner at the Friar's Club in New York City; painting of Earvin "Magic" Johnson and Larry Bird is unveiled during Johnson's induction ceremonies at the Basketball Hall of Fame; Gallagher's Steak House in New York City unveils a permanent collection of Neiman artwork portraying the city's greatest athletes; receives Lifetime Achievement Award for contributions to golf and sport art at the Art of Golf Festival at Pinehurst Resort in North Carolina; inducted into the New Jersey Boxing Hall of Fame.

2003 -- Unveiled commissioned painting of the racehorse Funnycide at Saratoga; opens exhibition "LeRoy Neiman on Safari" at the Wildlife Experience museum in Denver, CO; S.T. Dupont releases special edition LeRoy Neiman Golf pen and lighter set; mounts exhibition "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" at the Pratt Institute; paints the Breeders Cup at Santa Anita; publishes book LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades with Harry N. Abrams.

2004 -- Commissioned to paint poster design for the 2005 Special Olympics in Nagano; paints portrait of Secretariat for the Secretariat Museum; paints program cover design for the Newport Jazz Festival and participates in a group exhibition at the festival; receives Medal of Honor at Ellis Island from NECO; paints portraits of Oscar De La Hoya and Bernard Hopkins for their fight program and presents the paintings to the fighters; completes a set of seven jazz lithographs at Columbia's Neiman Center for Print Studies; films a cameo appearance for Sylvester Stallone's television show "The Contender"; produces a set of five limited edition prints of Martha Graham for the Martha Graham Dance Company; publishes limited edition artist's book LeRoy Neiman Sketchbook: Liston vs. Clay 1964/Ali vs. Liston 1965 with powerHouse Books and Meridian Printing.
Appendices:
Appendix A: Notable Correspondents from Series 2: Correspondence

This appendix is an alphabetical listing of notable correspondents primarily from Series 2, but may include references to other series. The numbers following the entry indicate the series number, subseries number if appropriate, and date where the material is filed. For example: Abrams, Judith Ann - 2.1: 1983, 1991 indicates that the correspondence for that person is found in Series 2.1 in the 1983 and 1991 folders.

ABC Sports (American Broadcasting Company) - 2.2: ABC

Abel, Patty Otis - 2.1: 1998

Abraham, Seth - 2.1: 1989

Abrams, Charles - 2.1: 1982

Abrams, Judith Ann - 2.1: 1983, 1991

Abrams, Richard Irwin - 3.1: Montreal Olympics 1976

The Actors' Fund - 2.1: 2000

Adamonis, Richard - 2.1: 1996

Adams, Cindy - 2.1: 1990, 3.1: Royal Doulton Collectible Plates 1974-78

Addison, Bob and Ruth (Betsy) - 2.1: 1978, 1990, 2004

Affronti, Judge Frank - 2.2: Judge Frank Affronti 1990-1999

Ali, Muhammad - 2.1: 1977

Allyson Louis Gallery - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present, 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988

Alzado, Lyle - 2.1: 1984

American Diabetes Association - 2.1: 2001

Andrews, Benny - 2.3

Appel, Marty - 3.1: Thurman Munson 1977-2002

Aretsky, Ken - 2.1: 1989

Arledge, Roone - 2.2: ABC

Arledge, Roone Jr. - 2.1: 2004

Art Aid - 2.1: 1986

Art Institute of Chicago - 2.1: 1990

Ashwood, Donald - 2.1: 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1983

Association du Salon d'Automne - 2.2: Association du Salon d'Automne 1992-99

Athletic Role Model Educational Institute, Inc. - 2.1: 1992

Australia - 2.1: 1981, 1984, 1985

Avers, Jeffrey - 2.1: 2002

BBC Television (British Broadcasting Corporation) - 2.1: 1989

Bailey, Pearl - 2.1: 1990

Baker, Jean -Claude - 3.2.11

Bank of New York - 2.1: 2002

Barletta, Joseph - 2.1: 1993

Baumgartner, Bruce - 2.1: 2001

Baylos, Gene - 2.1: 1991

Behm, Kenneth - 2.1: 1989

Bennet, Chef John - 2.2: Chef John Bennett

Berman, Len - 2.1: Undated 1990s

Bigelow, Vaughn - 2.1: 1984, 1988, see also Chabot Galleries

Bingham, Howard - 2.1: 1993

Binns, James - 2.1: 1989, 2001

Blair, Buckingham - 2.1: undated

Blatnik, Sonny - 2.1: 1986

Blecker, Tom - 2.2: Tom Blecker 1989-99

Bollinger, Lee - 3.1: Columbia University 1995-present

Bowles, Franklin - 1.2: Franklin Bowles Galleries

Boykin - 1.1: Awards, Boxing Writers Association Marvin Kohn "Good Guy Award," 1996

Bradley, Bill - 3.1: Bill Bradley Political Campaigns 1978-2000, 3.2. -- Winners -- , Harry N. Abrams, 1983, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Brown, Keith Henry - 2.1: 2004

Brown, Sally - 2.1: 1997

Buchwald, Art - 3.2: -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence

Bugatti, Charles and Stephanie - 2.1: 1991

Burger King - 2.1: 1976

Bush, President George H. W. and Barbara - 2.1: 1989, 1990

Bush, President George W. - 2.1: 2003, 3.2. 13

Butler Institute of American Art - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-1991

Byrne, Mayor Jane M. - 2.1: 1981

CBS -TV - see Wolf, Warner

CBS Sports - 2.2: CBS Sports

Caine, Michael - 2.1: 1981

Camber Porter, Melinda - 2.3

Carnesale, Chancellor Albert - 3.2.15

Carousel of Hope - 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-2002

Carter, President Jimmy and Rosalynn, and family - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Cass, Hilary Volkman - 2.1: 1992

Chabot Galleries - 2.1: 1983, 1989

Chapin, Dwight ( -- San Francisco Examiner -- ) - 2.1: 1991

Chase, Bob - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Chemical Bank - 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank

The Chicago Board of Trade - 2.1: 1977

Cirillo, John - 1.1: Awards d. Lonsdale International Sporting Club 1996, 2.1: 2001

Cirrincione, Wanda Hightower - 2.1: 1994

Clark, Ed and Jane Forbes - 2.1: 2000

Clinton, Bill - 2.1: 1993, 3.2: -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Clough, Charles - 2.1: 1997

Clough, Susan - 3.2. -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams

Cohen, Jason - 2.1: 2004

Conner, Bart - 2.1: 1981

Cooke, Jack Kent - 2.1: 1986

Cooney, Gerry - 2.1: 2000

Cooper, Pat - 2.1: 1992

Cosell, Howard and Mary Edith - 2.1: 1991

Creative Communications - 2.1: 1976

Cremins, Bobby - 2.1: 1990

Culinary Institute of America - 2.1: 2000

Cunningham, Jeffrey - 2.1: 1994

D., E. (unnamed WWII buddy?) - 2.1: 1997

Dahlgren, Doug - 2.1: 1999

Daley, Robert - 2.1: 1999

Daub, Mayor Hal - 2.1: 1997

Davis, Altavise (wife of Sammy) - 2.1: 1989

Davis, Barbara and Marvin - 2.1: 1985, 2001, 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Davis, Patty - 2.1: 1983

Dawkins, Peter and Judi - 3.1: Senatorial Candidate Pete Dawkins Poster 1988

Dean Day Gallery - 2.1: 1982, 1983, 1989

Edward J. DeBartolo Corporation - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-1991, 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1980-1990, 1991

DeCinces, Doug - 2.1: 1990

Decker, Bob ( -- New York Post -- ) - 2.1: 1991

DeLaVega, James - 2.1: 1998, 1999, 2001, 2.3

Del Greco, Maria - 2.3

Derek, Bo and John - 2.1: 1998

deVarona, Donna - 2.1: 1991

El Diario la Prensa - 2.1: 1987

Diles, Dave - 2.1: 2001

Dill, Bob Jr. - 2.1: 1997

Diller, Phyllis - 2.1: 1992, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999

Dillon, Gregory - 2.1: 2003

Dinkins, Mayor David and Joyce - 2.1: 1990

Drinhaus, Helmut - 2.2: Helmut Drinhaus 1988-2000

Dunphy, Don - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Dyansen Gallery - 2.2: Dyansen Gallery 1989-96

Eaton, Roy - 2.1: 1981

Editions Limited - 2.1: 1986

Edward Fields, Inc. - 3.1: Edward Fields, Inc, Carpet Tapestries 1977

Eger, Joseph - 2.1: 1991

Eisele, Albert - 2.1: 2002

Eiteljorg, Harrison and Sonja - 2.2: Harrison and Sonja Eiteljorg

Elayne Galleries - 2.1: 1979, 1989, 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarke's, 1978, 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard 1981

English, John - 1.1: Military Service

Estefan, Emilio and Gloria - 2.1: 1984

Everson, Cory - 2.1: 1994

Evert, Chris - 2.1: 1999, 2000, 2001

Evert, Colette - 2.1: 1995

Fantasy Productions - see Berman, Len

Feinstein, Mayor Diane - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Felder, Raoul Lionel - 2.1: 1996

Felicie, Inc, - 1.2

Felt, Irving Mitchell and Elaine - 2.1: 1972, 1973, 1974, 1977, 1989

Ferguson, Glenn - 2.1: 1993

Field, Marshall - 2.1: 2004

Fineman, Jodie and Matthew - 2.1: 1999

Fireman, Sheldon - 2.1: 2004

Flynt, Larry - 2.1: 1976

Foley, Ray and Jackie - 2.1: 1995

Folkman, David - 2.1: 1999, 2000

Foot Locker - 2.1: 1990

Foster Harmon Galleries - 2.1: 1975, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993

Fouch-Roseboro Corporation - 2.1: 1976

Fred Dorfman, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Freedman, Ann - 2.1: 2001

French, John - 2.1: 1987

Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys Frito Lay - 2.1: 1991

Fujita family - see Tele Planning International, Tokyo

La Galleria d'Arte - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte

Galleria Ramona - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Gallery Mack - 2.2: Gallery Mack 1975-87, 3.1: Gallery Mack 1974, 3.1: Gaylord Perry 1982

Gallery 100 - 2.1: 1978, 1979

Garnier, Yves - 2.1: 1991

Garvey, Steve and Cyndi - 2.1: 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1989, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Gavea Golf Club - 2.1: 1985

Gere-Suson, Gary - 2.1: 1999

Gilbert, Patti - 2.1: 1992

Giorgio Beverly Hills - 2.1: 1985

Gore, Al - 2.1: 1987, 1993, 3.2: -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Gottlieb, Paul - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Graham, Martha - 2.1: 1989

Graime, Arlene (US Olympic Committee) - 2.1: 1996

Grasso, Richard - 2.1: 1996

Gray, Joel - 2.1: 2003

Green Hills Farm - 2.1: 1987

Green, Tammie - 2.1: 1993

Greentree Stud, Inc. - 2.1: undated

Greenwich Workshop Gallery - 2.1: 1983

Gregory, Jack - 2.2: Jack Gregory 1993-98

Grenon, Robert - 2.2: Franklin Bowles Galleries

Guest, C. Z. - 2.1: 2003

Gwynne Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1978

Hackett, Buddy and Sherry - 2.1: 1985, 1989, 1996, 1998

Halvorsen, Robert - 2.1: 1994

Hammer, Armand - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 1.2: Knoedler & Hammer Correspondence

Hammer, Michael - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, 3.2. -- Casey at the Bat -- , 2000, 1.2: Knoedler & Hammer Correspondence, see also Hammer, Armand Hammer, Victor - see Hammer, Armand

Hanson Art Galleries - 2.2: Hanson Art Galleries 1983-1991, 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, New Orleans 1997, see also exhibitions: Hanson Art Galleries in index for more file references

Harden, Richard - 2.1: 1978, 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Harriman, Ambassador Pamela - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Hartman, David - 2.1: 1981

Harvey, Paul - 2.1: 1987

Haskell, Nikki - 2.1: 1997, 2001, 2002

Harris, Earl - 2.1: 1987

Harris, Franco - 2.1: 1990

Hatton, Pat - 2.1: 1993

Hawkins, Tommy - 3.1: Dodgers Centennial 1990

Healy, Katherine - 2.1: 1986

Hedgecock, Mayor Roger - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Hefner, Christie - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises 1980s, 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars by Don Diego 1997

Hefner, Hugh - 2.1: 1983, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Hefner, Keith - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises

Heit Galleries - 2.1: 1982, 1987, 1988, 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Hentoff, Nat - 2.1: 1992

Hershiser, Orel - 2.1: 1992

Hesburgh, Theodore - 2.1: 1992

Hiebert, Gary - 2.1: 1994

Hilliard, Kent - see Hilliard Gallery

Hilliard Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1978, 1985, 1989, IV: 1986, 1992, 2001

Hilton, Barron - 2.1: 1992, 1999, 3.1: Victor Awards 1981 -1985, 3.2.10

Hinds, Bobby - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990 -2000

Hoelscher, Lydia (Neiman's mother) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Hoffman, Michael - 2.1: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989

Holder, Geoffrey - 2.3

Honolulu Symphony Society - 2.1: 1976

Hoover, Tom - 2.1: 1993

Hunt - 2.1: 1981

Hunt, Lamar - 2.1: 1998

Isbin, Sharon - 2.1: 1996

Ivester, M. Douglas - 2.1: 1994

Izenberg, Jerry - 2.1: 2003

Jackson, Michael - 2.1: 1994

Jackson, Reggie - 2.1: 1992, 1993, 2000, 2001

Jacobs, Loraine and Jim - 2.1: 1992

Jimmy the Greek - 2.1: 1974, 1982

JoAnn Perse Gallery - 2.1: 1979, 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1983-02

Johnson, Bill and Ellenor - 2.1: 1994

Jones, Gene and Jerry - 2.1: 2002

Jones, Tony - 2.1: 1996

Jordan, Mayor Frank - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Jordan, Michael - 2.1: 1991

Kalinsky, George - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1996, 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

Kaufman, Bart - 2.2: Bart Kaufman 1978-89

Kennedy, Ethel - 3.1: Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament 1972-79

Kilroy, Gene - 2.2: Gene Kilroy

King, Don - 2.1: 1978, 1979

King, Congressman Peter - 2.1: 2001

King Graphics - 2.1: 1996, 1997

Kitt, Eartha - 2.1: 1997

Kleiman, Melodie - 2.1: 1991

Knoedler & Co. -

Koch, Mayor Ed - 2.1: 1981, 1989, 3.1: Lady Liberty, 1985

Kosinski, Jerzy - 2.1: 1981

Kravitt, Shirley - 2.1: 1990

Kriendler, Pete - 2.1: 1983, 1991, 1993

Krimstein, Jordie - 2.1: 1997, 2001

Krone, Julie - 2.1: 2003

Kupcinet, Irv "Kup" - 2.1: 1982, 1984, 1992, 1997

Kurzman, Adele - 2.1: 2000

Lake, Cynthia - 2.1: 1994

LaLanne, Jack - 2.1: 1977, 3.2. -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence

Landau, Barry - 2.2: Barry Landau 1993-96

Lang, Jenifer and George - 2.1: 2000, 3.1: "A View from the Table" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 2003

Larson, Glen and Janet - 2.1: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 2003

La Russa, Tony - 2.1: 1993

Latin Recording Academy - 2.1: 2001

The Learning Annex - 2.1: 1989

Leeds, Eric - 2.1: 1991, 1993

LeRoy, Warner - 2.1: 1990, 1991, 1998, 1999

Liberace - 2.1: 1982

Lieber, Marvin - 2.1: 2004

Lombardi, Vince - 2.1: 1980

Lomonaco, Michael - 2.1: 1996

Lone Ranger Television, Inc. - 2.1: 1977

Lorenzi, Henri - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Los Angeles Dodgers - see Hershiser, Orel

Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art (LAICA) - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: Neiman-Warhol 1981

Louie, May - 2.1: 1992

Lownes, Victor and Marilyn - 2.1: 1984, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Lugosi, Bela (Jr. ) - 2.1: 1991

Macalester College - 2.1: 2001

Madison Square Garden - 2.1: 1981

Mahoney, James - 2.1: 1983, 3.1: Pebble Beach Golf 1982-1992

Mann, Perry - 2.1: 1999

Manpower - 2.1: 1977

Manufacturers Hanover Trust - 2.1: 1978, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank

Maples, Marla - 2.2: Trump

March of Dimes - 2.1: 1985

Marketing Communications Magazine - 2.1: 1980

Marlborough Galleries - 3.1: Marlborough Galleries Exhibition, Boston 1987

Marsh, Rita - 2.1: 2000

Maser Fine Art, Maser Galleries - 2.1: 1988, 1989, 3.1: 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont 1983

Matthias, Bob - 2.1: 1998

McCabe, Charles - 2.1: 1988, 1995, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises 1980s, 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

McDougal, Little & Company Publishers - 2.1: 1985

McEneaney, Eamon and Bonnie - 2.1: 2001

McGillicuddy, John F. - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

McMullen, John - 2.1: 1998

Mercante, Arthur - 2.1: 1990

Merchant, Larry - 2.1: 2000

Merrill Chase Galleries - 2.2: Merrill Chase Galleries 1974-89

Michael, Gene - 3.1: Gallagher's Steak House, "The Neiman Collection" 2002

Michaels, Walt - 2.1: 1980

Miles, Sylvia - 2.1: 1994

Minotaur Galleries - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994

Mitchell, Mayer - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977, 1987

Mize, Johnny - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

de Monaco, Prince Albert - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Monmouth Park Charity Ball - 2.1: Charities (all files)

Montevecchi, Lilianne - 2.1: 1997

Moreno, Linda - 2.2: Linda Moreno

Morgenstein, Evan - 2.1: 1995

Morita, Joe Hideo - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Morris, Gary and Elizabeth - 2.1: 1995, 1996

Murcer, Bobby - 2.1: 1993

Murdock, David and Maria - 2.1: 1995

Murphy, Libby - 2.2: Libby Murphy 1992-98

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas - 2.1: 1972, IV: 1972

Museum of Modern Art - 2.1: 2001

Mustang Ranch - 3.1: Mustang Ranch Brothel 1989

Nation -- - 2.1: 1998

Neiman, Earl (Neiman's brother) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Neiman-Marcus - 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88

Newark Public Library - 2.1: 1995

Newman, Eric - 2.1: 1996

New York Athletic Club (NYAC) - 2.1: 2000

New York Post -- - see Adams, Cindy, or Decker, Bob

New York Racing Association (NYRA) - 2.1: 1978

Niagara University - 2.1: 1976

Nicholson, Jack - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Nicholson, John - 2.1: 2000

Nureyev, Rudolph - 2.1: 1983

Oakland Athletics - see La Russa, Tony

Oakland Symphony - 2.1: 1985

Oesch, Claire - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Ono, Yoko - 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

Orr, Bobby - 3.1: Orr for the Defense, 1992

Osti, Nino - 2.1: 1987

O'Sullivan, Thomas (Minnesota Historical Society) - 2.1: 1994

Oxendine, Thomra (Kit) - 1.1: Lynn Quayle

Pallack, Rick - 2.1: 1996, 1999

Palmer, Arnold - 2.1: 1978

Parvin, Al and Phyllis - 2.1: 1991, 1993

Paschke, Ed - 2.3

Patrician Galleries - 2.1: 1987

Payne, Marcus - 2.1: 1982

Pelkey, Joe - 2.2: Joe Pelkey, Editions Limited

Percival Galleries - 2.1: 1972, 1979

Peri-Renneth Gallery, Southampton - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Peri-Reneth Gallery Solo Exhibition 1986

Perry, Gaylord - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Perse, Jo Ann - see Jo Ann Perse Gallery

Petruccio, Joe - 2.1: 2002

Phelps, Digger - 2.1: 1990, 1991

Pick Galleries - 2.1: 1977

Pignatano, Joe - 2.1: 1996

Playboy Enterprizes, Inc. - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises 1980s

Playboy of Brazil - 2.1: 1985

Policy, Carmen - 2.1: 1995

Puck, Wolfgang - 2.1: 1999

Puro Cigar Company - see Sigmond, Aaron

Raphael, James - 2.1: 1991

Reagan, President Ronald and Nancy - 2.1: 1981, 1988, 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-1988

Rechtschaffen, Dr. Joseph - 2.1: 1995

Reed, Rex - 2.1: 1985

Reeve, Christopher - 2.1: 1995

Reid, Senator Harry - 2.1: 1990, 1994

Retton, Mary Lou - 2.1: 1991, 1995

Revelli, Cynthia - 2.1: 1995

Ribbs, Willie T. - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Robinson, Sugar Ray and Millie - 2.1: 1989, 1991

Rockwell, Bill - 2.1: 1995

Rooney, Art - 2.1: 1977

Rosen, Leonard - 2.1: 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987

Rosenbaum Galleries - 2.1: 1976

Royce Carlton, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Royer, Victor - 2.1: 1984, 1986

Rudy, Jeanette Cantrell - 2.1: 1993, 1994, 1996, 1998

Safir, Police Commissioner Howard - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Saltman, Sheldon - 2.1: 1976

San Francisco 49ers - 2.1: 1995, 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-1991

Santaniello, Carmine - 2.3

Sassi, Etienne - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

Scaffidi, Marie - 2.1: 1980s Undated

Scarpa, William and Cathy - 2.2: William and Cathy Scarpa 1991-99

Schmidt, Mike - 2.1: 1980

Schulberg, Budd - 2.1: 1997, 1999, 2000, 2004

Schuman, Rhoda - 2.1: 1992

Schumsky, Felicie - see Felicie, Inc.

Schuster, Gary and family - 2.1: 2000

Scully, Vin - 2.1: 1990, 2000

Schwartz, Louis O. - 1.1: Boxing Writers Association Marvin Kohn "Good Guy Award," 1996

Schwartz, Richard - 2.1: 2000

Schwarzenegger, Arnold - 2.1: 1990

Segal, Erich - 2.1: 1973

Seidman, Jay - 2.1: 2001

Seitz, Nick - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

Serline, Ollie - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only), 2.1: 1970s

Sharp Electronics Corporation - 2.1: 1988

Sherman, Allie - 2.1: 2002

Shula, Coach Donald - 2.1: 1991

Siering, David - 2.1: 1987

Sigmond, Aaron - 2.1: 1994, 1995, 1997

Silverstein, Shel - 2.2: Shel Silverstein

Sinatra, Barbara - 2.2: Sinatra family

Sinatra, Frank - 2.2: Sinatra family, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Sinatra, Nancy - 2.2: Sinatra family

Skelton, Red - 2.1: 1985

Snyder, Jimmy "the Greek" - 2.1: 1982

Solomone, Mickey - 2.1: 1989

Sony - 2.1: 1978

Sorenson, Jackie - 2.1: 1981

Spectrum, Philadephia - 2.1: 1991

Spectrum Fine Art - 2.1: 1978, 1983

Spitz, Mark - 2.1: 1986

Stack, Edward - 2.1: 1996

Staebler, Tom - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises

Stanley, Melvin - 2.1: 1993

Steffens, John L. - 2.1: 1996

Stein, Bill - 2.1: 1982

Steinbrenner, George - 2.1: 2004

Sterling, Donald - 2.1: 1997, 1998

Sugar, Bert - 2.1: 1977

Swoboda, Ron - 2.1: 2002

Symphony for United Nations - 2.1: 1991

TV Guide -- Magazine - 2.1: 1975, 1990, 1993

Talese, Gay - 2.1: 1992

Tate, Evelyn - 2.1: 1976, 1987

Tele Planning International, Tokyo - 2.2: Tele Planning International, Tokyo 1993-98

Tenenbaum, Harold and Judy - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1988, 2.2: Harold and Judy Tenenbaum

Tiefel, William R. - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Tiger Tops Pvt. Ltd. - 2.1: 1982

Tigrett, John and Pat Kerr - 2.1: 1993, 1999, 3.1: Blues Ball 1997 -2001

Torrenzano, Richard - 3.1: Lady Liberty, 1985

Torykian, Richard - 2.1: 1997

Touvell, Audra - 2.1: 2002

Trenchard, Peter - 2.1: 2001

Trovato, Liz - 2.1: 1994

Trump, Donald - 2.2: Trump 1987-96, see also Trump in Index

Twentieth Century Fox Film Corportation - 2.1: 1976

United States Department of State - 2.1: 1984

United States Olympic Committee - 2.1: 1985

Universal Pictures - 2.1: 1991

University of Oklahoma - 2.1: 1982

Upstairs Gallery - 2.2: The Upstairs Gallery 1980-89

Valentine, Bobby and Mary - 2.1: 2002

Vorhaus, Louis - 2.1: 1992

war buddy (unnamed) - 2.1: 1997

Ward, Katherine Lecube - 2.1: 1984, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Warner Brothers Television - 2.1: 1990

Waterhouse, Alma Jones - 2.2: Alma Jones Waterhouse 1977-80

Webster, Jack - 2.1: 1979, 1983, 1990, 1992, 1994, 1995

Wein, George - 2.1: 1991, 1993, 1995, 2000

Weiner, Claire - 2.1: 1970s, 1985, 1987

Weisman, Maria - 2.1: 2002

Welch, Herb and Lisa - 2.1: 1989, 1992

Welzer, Irv - 2.1: 1977

Wenzel, Lee - 2.1: 1985

Whitaker, Jack - 2.1: 1996

The White House - see Harden, Richard or Clough, Susan, or search by name of President

White, Willye - 2.1: 1989

Williams, Ted - 3.1: Williams at Bat, 1980-91

Wilson, Senator Pete - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Winer, Jessica - 2.3

Wirin, R. Michael - 2.1: 1998

Wolf, Warner and Sue - 2.1: 2003

Wood, Jan - 2.1: 1997, 1998

Wrather Corporation (the Lone Ranger), Jack and Bonita G. Wrather - 2.1: 1977, 1988

Yarger, Timothy - 2.2: Franklin Bowles

Yellin, Lou - 2.1: 1991, 1992, 1998

Youngman, Henry - 2.1: 1992

Zabrin, Michael - 2.1: 1989, 1991

Zelaya, Jose - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977

Zeran, Ken - 2.1: 1990, 1991

Zimmer, Don (Coach, New York Yankees) and Soot - 2.1: 1997

Appendix B: History of LeRoy Neiman's Representation: Felicie Schumsky, Hammer Galleries, and Knoedler & Co.

Hammer Galleries, New York, had its first show of LeRoy Neiman works in 1963 and has represented him ever since.

Armand Hammer was the proprietor of Hammer Galleries, which he founded in 1929 upon returning from the Soviet Union with a load of Czarist art. His brother Victor was in charge of running the gallery.

Armand became the chairman of the Occidental Petroleum Corporation in 1957.

Maury Leibowitz became a partner with the Hammers at the gallery around the same time they began representing Mr. Neiman.

Hammer and O.P.C. bought the respected M.K. Knoedler & Co. gallery in New York in 1971 with Leibowitz as a partner. Knoedler merged with Modarco, a Swiss investment firm, during the 1970s after its purchase by O.P.C.

Knoedler-Modarco now has three divisions: M. Knoedler & Co. (founded in 1846), Knoedler Publishing (created for the sole business of publishing and distributing the prints and posters of LeRoy Neiman), and Hammer Galleries.

Felicie Schumsky was LeRoy Neiman's publisher and distributor before Knoedler. Felicie, Inc. is named alone in advertising until 1973, when ads appear naming FKH Editions as publisher (presumably 'Felicie Knoedler Hammer') and Hammer Galleries as gallery/distributor. This continues until 1975, when ads begin naming Knoedler as publisher and Hammer as gallery.

Hammer Graphics Gallery, a part of Hammer Galleries, was started in 1979 for the sole purpose of distributing and exhibiting the graphic work of LeRoy Neiman.

Victor Hammer died in July 1985, and Armand Hammer died in 1990 at age 92 (less than a year after losing his wife Frances), leaving his son Michael Hammer as the chairman and president of The Armand Hammer Foundation. Maury Leibowitz died in 1992.

Appendix C: A Listing of Major Public Collections of LeRoy Neiman WorksAnchorage Historical and Fine Arts Museum, Anchorage, Alaska

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

Baltimore Museum of Fine Art, Baltimore, Maryland

Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, New York

Brooks Memorial Art Gallery, Memphis, Tennessee

Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, Colorado

Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, Delaware

Duke University Museum of Art, Durham, North Carolina

Eiteljorg Museum of American Indian and Western Art, Indianapolis, Indiana

Football Hall of Fame, Canton, Ohio

Grunwald Center, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

Armand Hammer Collection, Los Angeles, California

Harding Museum, Chicago, Illinois

Hayward Museum, Hayward, California

Hermitage Museum, Leningrad, USSR

Illinois State Museum, Springfield, Illinois

Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana

Joslyn Museum, Omaha, Nebraska

Memorial Art Gallery, Rochester, New York

Meridian Museum of Art, Meridian, Mississippi

Michigan State University, Kesage Art Center Gallery, East Lansing, Michigan

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Minnesota Historical Society

Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul, Minnesota

Mobile Art Gallery and Museum, Mobile, Alabama

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela

National Museum of Sport in Art, New York, New York

Niagara University, Niagara, New York

Portland Museum of Art, Portland, Maine

Springfield Museum of Art, Springfield, Massachusetts

Tennis Hall of Fame, Newport, Rhode Island

Tucson Museum of Art, Tucson, Arizona

Tweed Museum of Art, University of Minnesota, Duluth, Minnesota

University Art Gallery, Binghamton, New York

University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois

University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma

University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon

University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida

University of Texas, Austin, Texas

Utah Museum of Fine Arts, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee

Wichita State University, Wichita, Kansas

Whitney Museum. New York, New York

Wodham College, Oxford, England

Yuma Fine Arts Association, Yuma, Arizona

Appendix D: A Listing of LeRoy Neiman Serigraph Releases This list corresponds to newspaper and magazine ads in files 3.3: Felicie Inc. - Advertising and 3.3: Knoedler & Co. - Advertising. This is not a complete inventory. DateSerigraphUnknown -- Bar '21' (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Delacroix Tiger

Unknown -- Elephant Family

Unknown -- Gorilla Family

Unknown -- Kenya Leopard

Unknown -- Lion Pride (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Lion Couple

Unknown -- Polar Bears

Unknown -- Serengeti Leopard

Unknown -- Zebra Family

Unknown -- The Plaza Square

Unknown -- Stock Market (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Neiman Montreal '76 (offset lithograph)

Unknown -- Winter Olympic Skier, Lake Placid 1980

Unknown -- P.J. Clark's

Unknown -- Olympic Slalom

Unknown -- Dublin Bar

Unknown -- Le Grand Cuisine

Unknown -- Little Hitter

Unknown -- Little Fielder

1975 -- Le Grand Escalier de l'Opera, 1969

1975 -- Toots Shor Bar

1975 -- Club House Turn

1975 -- Black Panther

1976 -- Sun Serve

1976 -- Satchmo

1976 -- High Seas Sailing

1976 -- Vegas Blackjack

1976 -- Golf Landscape

1976 -- Elephant Stampede

1976 -- Nadia

1976 -- America's Cup

1977 -- Marlin!

1977 -- High Altitude Skiing

1977 -- Basketball Superstars

1977 -- Café aux Deux Magots

1977 -- The Mallet Men

1977 -- Bengal Tiger

1977 -- Giraffe Family

1977 -- Show Jumper

1977 -- Outrigger Canoe Race

1978 -- Metropolitan Opera

1978 -- Moby Dick Portfolio

1978 -- Bucking Bronc

1978 -- The Wildcats

1979 -- Kentucky Derby

1979 -- Chateau Hunt

1979 -- Stretch Stampede

1979 -- Aegean Sailing

1979 -- American Bald Eagle

1980 -- Lake Placid, Eighty, 1980

1981 -- Stenmark

1981 -- The Race of the Year

1981 -- Tour de France

1981 -- Before the Race

1984 -- Rush Street Bar

1984 -- Regents Park

1984 -- Elephant Nocturne

1985 -- Six Golfers, 1984

1985 -- Lady Skier

1985 -- Harry's Wall Street Bar

1986 -- Nob Hill

1986 -- Buena Vista Bar

1986 -- America's Cup, Australia

1987 -- Great Dane

1987 -- Giants - Broncos Classic

1987 -- 24 Hours of Le Mans

1987 -- Bistro Garden

1987 -- Left Bank Café

1988 -- Diamond Head, Hawaii

1988 -- Napoleon at Waterloo

1988 -- Piazza del Popolo - Rome

1988 -- Monte Carlo Suite

1988 -- Harbor at Monaco

1988 -- Salle Prive - Monte Carlo

1988 -- Borzoi

1988 -- In the Pocket

1988 -- Magic (Johnson)

1988 -- Clubhouse at Old St. Andrew's

1989 -- Polo Lounge

1989 -- Superplay

1989 -- President's Birthday Party

1989 -- Chicago Key Club Bar

1990 -- Secretariat II

1990 -- Chicago Options

1990 -- April at Augusta

1990 -- Gaming Table

1990 -- The '21' Club

1991 -- Homage to Ali

1991 -- Ted Williams

1991 -- Café Rive Gauche

1991 -- Cougar

1991 -- The Bordello

1992 -- Hunt Rendezvous

1992 -- Kilimanjaro Bulls

1992 -- Paddock at Chantilly

1993 -- The Maulers

1993 -- Fouquets

Appendix F: A Listing of "Man at His Leisure" Features in Playboy MagazineDateSubject/Pages1958 April -- Painter of the Urban Scene, p. 49-51

1958 December -- The Pump Room, Ambassadors East, Chicago, p. 60-61

1959 January -- Le Café Chambord, p. 52-53

1959 June -- Romanoff's, p. 62-63

1959 December -- Moore County Hounds (Southern Pines), p. 68-72

1960 February -- Hialeah Race Course, p. 52-54

1960 June -- The Colony, p. 74-75

1960 August -- Forest Hills, p. 76-77

1961 January -- Squaw Valley, p. 84-87

1961 March -- Ernie's, p. 94-95

1961 June -- The S.S. United States, p. 60-61

1961 July -- Longchamp - Auteuil, p. 82-85

1961 September -- La Plaza de Toros, p. 109-111

1961 December -- Maxim's, p. 130-131

1962 January -- The French Riviera, p. 103-105

1962 March -- The Grand National Steeplechase, p. 94-95

1962 May -- The Cambridge-Oxford Boat Race, p. 96-97

1962 August -- Las Vegas, p. 86-89

1963 May -- Monte Carlo, p. 122-125

1963 July -- Air France, p. 102-103

1963 September -- Sardi's, World Billiard Championship, p. 150-151

1963 December -- Madison Square Garden, p. 169-171

1964 April -- Epsom Derby, p. 120-121

1964 August -- St. Tropez, p. 62-65

1964 October -- Chantilly, p. 144-147

1964 December -- The Lido, p. 159-193

1965 March -- The New York Playboy Club, p.116-117

1965 August -- The Girallia Yacht Race, p. 110-111

1965 December -- The Plaza, Manhattan, p. ?

1966 July -- The Royal Ascot, p. 110-113

1966 September -- The America's Cup, p. 168-169

1967 January -- Discotheques, p. 180-181

1967 June -- Surfing, p. 112-115

1967 November -- National Horse Show, p. 143-145

1967 Winter -- VIP Magazine, Assignment London

1968 January -- Rosati's, Via Venito, p.?

1969 January -- The Bolshoi Ballet, p. 199-201

1969 June -- Le Mans, p. 124-125

1969 August -- Yugoslavia, p. 126-129

1970 January -- Morocco, p. 203-207

1970 November -- Can-Am Race, p. 179-181

1971 January -- Jamaica, p. 191-193

1972 January -- Sotheby's Auction Room, p. 171-173

1973 January -- Super Bowl, p. 187-189

1973 July -- Summer of '72 - The Hamptons, p. 152-157

Playboy Magazine's "Neiman Sketchbook" Features

DateSubject/Pages1979 December -- Teofilo Stevenson, p. 221

1980 January -- Senator Ted Kennedy, p. 137

1980 February -- Roller Skating, p. 166 -167

1980 March -- Charles Mingus, p. 179

Appendix E: Exhibitions

Below is a chronological list of Neiman exhibitions. See the index for an alphabetical list of exhibitions (listed by name of venue under the item "exhibitions") and reference to locations of pertinent archive files.

DateSolo ExhibitionsOct. 9-Nov. 6, 1959 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March 3-31, 1961 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

Feb. 9-March 9, 1962 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March 1962 -- O'Hana Gallery, London

Nov. 27-Dec. 11, 1962 -- Galerie O. Bosc, Paris

Oct. 8-19, 1963 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

January-February, 1965 -- "Vie de France," Astor Tower French Center, Chicago

Nov. 23-Dec. 4, 1965 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

March 5-25, 1966 -- Gallery Richelle, St. Louis

1976 -- "LeRoy Neiman Retrospective 1949-75," Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul

Nov. 1967 -- Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art, New York

Sept. 26-Oct. 7, 1967 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Dec. 26-31, 1968 -- New York Jets Sketches, Hammer Galleries, New York

May 1-June 10, 1969 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Paintings and Drawings," Choate School, Wallingford, CT

May 1969 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Impressions of Atlanta," Heath Gallery, Atlanta, GA

Jan. 20-31, 1970 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Oct. 19-Nov. 2, 1971 -- "Recent Graphics and Drawings", The Far Gallery, New York

April-May, 1972 -- Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas

Dec. 1972 -- Circle Gallery, Chicago

Oct. 31-Nov. 11, 1972 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Nov. 22, 1972-Jan. 7, 1973 -- "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Solo Exhibition, Indianapolis Museum of Art

Jan.-Feb. 1973 -- Circle Gallery, Los Angeles

1973 -- Circle Gallery, Dallas

March 24, 1973 -- The Hang -Up Gallery Open House

April-May 1973 -- Circle Gallery, New York

June 2-23, 1973 -- Brentano's Gallery, New York

Jan. 24-Feb. 5, 1974 -- "Ali - Frazier," Circle Gallery, New York

Feb. 3-March 17, 1974 -- Springfield Museum of Art

1974 -- Windsor Gallery, Los Angeles

April 30-May 11, 1974 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

June 22-July 6, 1974 -- Gallery Hawaii, International Market Place, Honolulu

Sept. 1974 -- Abercrombie & Fitch

1974 -- Tobu Gallery, Tokyo

Nov. 1974 -- Gilbert Gallery, San Francisco

Nov. 1974 -- Windsor Gallery, New York

Feb. 1975 -- Carol Condit Galleries, White Plains, NY

March 1975 -- Art Gallery -Studio 53 Ltd., New York

April 1975 -- "The Wide World of LeRoy Neiman," Windsor Gallery, Los Angeles

June-July 1975 -- Moby Dick Traveling Exhibition, Peter Foulger Museum, Nantucket

Aug. 1975 -- Moby Dick Traveling Exhibition, Sag Harbor, Long Island

Sept. 1975 -- Moby Dick Traveling Exhibition, Pittsfield, MA

July 1975 -- Waller's Gallery, Tampa, FL

Sept. 1975 -- Hess's Gallery, Allentown, PA

Nov. 1975 -- Meredith Long & Co., Houston

Dec. 4-26, 1975 -- Thomas Ward Galleries, St. Paul

Dec. 4, 1975-Jan. 24, 1976 -- Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul

Dec. 10, 1975-Jan. 10, 1976 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Jan. 21-March 10, 1976 -- Indianapolis Museum of Art, Downtown Gallery at American Fletcher National Bank

Feb.-May 1976 -- Emerald Art Galleries, Coronado, CA

March 14-28, 1976 -- Jewish Community Center, Bridgeport, CT

June 1976 -- M. Knoedler & Co., London

Aug. 1976 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

Aug. 28-Sept. 27, 1976 -- Gallery Hawaii, Hyatt Recency

Sept. 12-Oct. 6, 1976 -- Niagara Art Center, Niagara Falls

1976 -- Art Gallery-Studio 53 Ltd., New York

Oct. 1976 -- Heit Galleries, Phoenix, AZ

Nov. 16-Dec. 4, 1976 -- "The Olympic Ring," Hammer Galleries, New York

Dec. 12-19, 1976 -- Fahlnaes Konstsalong, Sweden

March 1977 -- Gallery 100, Mishawaka, IN

March 1977 -- Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills

March 1977 -- Galerie Marc, San Francisco

Aug. 31-Sept. 11, 1977 -- Galerie Renee & Victor, Stockholm, Sweden

Sept. 1977 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Sept. 2-23, 1977 -- Casa Grafica, Helsinki, Finland

Oct.-Nov. 1977 -- St. Lawrence National Bank, Ogdensburg NY

May 1978 -- Meredith Long & Co., Houston

June 1978 -- Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

July 1978 -- The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO

Oct. 12-Nov. 12, 1978 -- Elayne Galleries, Minneapolis

Dec. 1978 -- Gallery Mack, Seattle

Jan. 23-Feb. 10, 1979 -- Hammer Graphics Gallery, New York

April 7-May 1, 1979 -- The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO

April 28-May 26, 1979 -- Percival Galleries, Des Moines

May 1979 -- Brentano's Gallery, New York

Dec. 4, 1979-Jan. 5, 1980 -- "Horses," Hammer Galleries, New York

Jan.-Feb. 1980 -- Olympic Benefit Exhibition, Famous -Barr, St. Louis

June 1980 -- Brentano's Gallery, New York

July 1980 -- Nicolas Helion, Paris

July 1-19, 1980 -- Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

Oct.-Nov. 1980 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Dec. 1980 -- Horizon Gallery, Waikiki

April 28-May 16, 1981 -- "LeRoy Neiman Drawings: A Retrospective," Hammer Galleries, New York

Summer 1981 -- Exhibition of Graphic Works 1971-81, Hammer Graphics Gallery, New York

July-Aug. 1981 -- Foster Harmon Gallery, Sarasota, FL

July-Aug. 1981 -- Wichita State University, Ulrich Museum of Art

1981 -- "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman: A Retrospective," Oklahoma Art Center Sheets Gallery

Sept. 1981 -- State National Bank, Tiara Gallery

Oct. 1981 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Nov. 1981 -- Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Miami

1982 -- Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Miami

Feb. 1982 -- Grigsby Galleries One, Scottsdale, AZ

April 1982 -- Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

April 8-24, 1982 -- Dean Day Gallery

May 1982 -- Gallery Mack, Seattle

June 1982 -- Nevada County Arts Council

Summer 1982 -- Hammer Galleries, New York

Oct. 4-16, 1982 -- Harrod's Picture Gallery, London

1983 -- Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Miami

July 1983 -- Tokyo, (Gallery?)

Sept. 13-Oct. 1, 1983 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," Hammer Galleries, New York

October-Nov. 1983 -- Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Oct. 1983 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills

Dec. 1983 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," JoAnn Perse Gallery, Little Rock

Dec. 8-24, 1983 -- Dean Day Gallery

Dec. 2, 1983-Jan. 15, 1984 -- Hanson Galleries, New Orleans

Jan.-Feb. 1984 -- Hanson Galleries, Carmel

July 10-Aug. 10, 1984 -- "The Olympics: Past and Present," Hammer Graphics Gallery, New York

Aug.-Sept. 1984 -- "The Olympic Spirit," Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Nov.-Dec. 1984 -- "LeRoy Neiman Centennial Art Exhibit," Springfield College Babson Library Hastings Gallery, Springfield, MA

Jan. 1985 -- Superbowl XIX Exhibition, Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Feb. 1985 -- Center Art Galleries, Honolulu

March 1985 -- Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills

May 1985 -- The Toy Store, Hartford, CT

Nov. 1985 -- "The LeRoy Neiman Collection," Hammer Galleries, New York

Nov.-Dec. 1985 -- Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills

Feb. 1986 -- Nob Hill Premier and Exhibition, Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

May 1986 -- The Toy Store, Hartford, CT

June 1986 -- Peri -Renneth Gallery, Southampton, NY

July 26-Aug. 17, 1986 -- Hanson Art Galleries, La Jolla, CA

Oct. 1986 -- Buena Vista Premier and Exhibition, Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco

Oct. 1986 -- Krannert School of Management

Nov. 1986 -- Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills

1987 -- Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills

March 24-April 11, 1987 -- "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow," Hammer Galleries, New York

April 1987 -- New York Friars Club

May 1987 -- Marlborough Galleries, Boston

June 1987 -- "Neiman's Neimans," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Oct. 1987 -- Hanson Art Galleries, San Francisco

Oct.-Nov. 1987 -- Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

April-May 1988 -- "Neiman's World" Touring Exhibition, Japan

April-May 1988 -- In the Pocket Superbowl XXII painting premier, Allyson Louis Gallery, Bethesda, MD

May 1988 -- "Monte Carlo Chase," Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas

Sept. 27-Oct. 4, 1988 -- "Monte Carlo Chase," L'art et l'automobile gallery, New York

1988 -- Tretyakov Museum, Moscow

Oct. 1988 -- Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

Nov. 19-Dec. 10, 1988 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Monte Carlo," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Jan. 1989 -- Backstage Gallery, Osaka, Japan

Feb. 1989 -- Surf Club, New York

April 1989 -- "Soft Paintings," Hammer Galleries, New York

April 30-May 15, 1989 -- Polo Lounge Debut, Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

May-June 1989 -- "Select Works by LeRoy Neiman," Midwest Museum of Art, Elkhart, IN

June-July 1989 -- Steiner & Young Fine Arts Gallery, Atlanta, GA

June 6-Sept. 9, 1989 -- L'art et l'automobile gallery, New York

Sept. 1989 -- Hotrod Vintage Car Museum and Dance Club, New York

Aug. 1989 -- Baja, New York

Sept. 26-Oct. 14, 1989 -- "A Salute to Central Park," Hammer Galleries, New York

Nov. 1989 -- Galerie 224, Laguna Beach, CA

May 1989-Feb. 1990 -- "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition, New York, Beverly Hills, Atlantic City, San Francisco, Boston, SoHo

April 1990 -- Exhibition at "The Art Spirit" Event, Butler Institute of American Art

May 1990 -- Merv Griffin Resorts Casino Hotel, Atlantic City

May 12-31, 1990 -- Bay Area Baseball Debut, Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

July-Aug. 1990 -- "LeRoy Neiman: A Series of Sport Serigraphs," Springfield Art Association, Springfield, IL

Aug. 1990 -- Gallery One of Writer Square, Denver

Sept.-Oct. 1990 -- Allyson Louis Gallery

Oct. 1990 -- Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, Beverly Hills

Sept. 1990 -- Base Art Collection

Jan. 1991 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Man at his Leisure," Playboy offices, Chicago

May 1991 -- "The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1980-1990," Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, Beverly Hills

Oct.-Nov. 1991 -- "San Francisco," Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, San Francisco

Feb.-March 1992 -- The Beatles Debut, Dyansen Gallery, Trump Taj Mahal, Atlantic City

Feb. 17-March 13, 1992 -- University of Charleston Art Gallery

March 14-April 12, 1992 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Downtown," Bowles/Sorokko Gallery, SoHo, NY

March 15-April 3, 1992 -- Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

Oct. 9-24, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Hammer Galleries, New York

Oct. 22-Nov. 30, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

Oct. 24-Nov. 30, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Nov. 7-Dec. 1, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, New York

Oct.-Nov. 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas

Nov. 13-Dec. 13, 1992 -- "Big Time Golf," Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago

March-April 1993 -- City by the Bay Debut, Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

April-May 1993 -- "An Exhibition of Equine Art," Kentucky Derby Museum

Oct. 7-31, 1993 -- "Un Américain à Paris," Galerie Marcel Bernheim, Paris

Nov. 1993 -- Minotaur's Forum Gallery, Las Vegas

Dec. 1993 -- La Galleria d'Arte, Newport Beach, CA

April 1994 -- Gateway Gallery, Vail, CO

Sept. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Hammer Galleries, New York

Sept.-Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, New York

Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills

Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Oct. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," La Galleria d'Arte, Newport Beach, CA

Dec. 1994 -- "LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris," Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago and Buffalo Grove

April-June, 1995 -- "Racing Retrospective," Kentucky Derby Museum

March-April 1995 -- Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco

Jan.-Feb. 1996 -- "Superbowl XXX," American Fine Art Editions, Scottsdale, AZ

April 1-May 1, 1996 -- Paterson Museum, Paterson, NJ

July 1996 -- Trump Plaza, Atlantic City

Sept.-Oct. 1996 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Portraits of Our Times, 1946 -96" Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, Beverly Hills and San Francisco

April-June 1997 -- "The Art of Sport," Kentucky Derby Museum

April 3-May 2, 1997 -- "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," Hammer Galleries, New York

April 1997 -- "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," La Galleria D'Arte, Newport Beach, CA

May 23-June 30, 1997 -- "The Safari Suite," Centaur Sculpture Galleries, Las Vegas

1997 -- Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, New Orleans

Oct. 1998 -- "Animals: The Wild and the Tame" Solo Exhibition, Bowles Galleries, San Francisco and Beverly Hills

2000 -- "A Decade of Retrospective Works by LeRoy Neiman," Hanson Gallery, New Orleans, LA

2000 -- "A Thirty -Year Retrospective" Solo Exhibition, Timothy Yarger Fine Art

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," National Art Museum of Sport

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery

2002 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco

2003 -- "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," Solo Exhibition, The Wildlife Experience, Parker, Colorado

Nov. 7-Dec. 11, 2003 -- "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York

DateTwo-Person ExhibitionsOct. 9-Nov. 6, 1959 -- F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

1973 -- Alexander Calder and LeRoy Neiman, Nassau Gallery, Baldwin, NY

1978 -- LeRoy Neiman and Robert Addison, Art Institute of Chicago

1981 -- LeRoy Neiman/Andy Warhol, LAICA, Los Angeles

1988 -- "The Mustache Show," Salvador Dali and LeRoy Neiman, Tunnel Club, New York

DateGroup Exhibitions1948 -- Art Institute of Chicago

Aug. 28-Sept. 6, 1948 -- Minnesota State Fair

1950 -- Student Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago

1951 -- Student Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago

Oct. 10-Nov. 9, 1952 -- Local Artists' Exhibition, Minneapolis Institute of Arts

Oct. 14 -Nov. 15, 1953 -- Local Artists' Exhibition, Minneapolis Institute of Arts

1953 -- Annual Exhibit, Art Directors Club of Chicago

1953 -- "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," Art Institute of Chicago

May 2-30, 1954 -- Exhibitions of Prints and Drawings by Twin City Artists, Minneapolis Institute of Arts

Aug. 28-Sept. 6, 1954 -- Minnesota State Fair

Oct. 29-Nov. 12, 1954 -- Exhibition of Advertising and Editorial Art, Art Directors Club of Chicago

June 2-July 4, 1955 -- Instructors Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago

1955 -- Carnegie International Exhibition, Carnegie Institute of Art, Pittsburgh

Aug. 27-Sept. 5, 1955 -- Minnesota State Fair

March 8-April 12, 1956 -- "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," Art Institute of Chicago

April 22-May 11, 1956 -- Chicago Area Show, North Shore Art League

1957 -- Biennial Exhibition of Contemporary American Oil Paintings, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

Jan. 17-March 3, 1957 -- "American Painting and Sculpture," Art Institute of Chicago

Feb. 12-26, 1957 -- Navy Pier Art Show, Chicago

June-July 1957 -- Chicago Art Institute

Sept. 15, 1957 -- Deer Path Art League Annual Fine Arts Festival

Oct. 7-27, 1957 -- Collectors Club Exhibition

1958 -- Chicago Public Library

Jan. 17-26, 1958 -- Art:USA:58

1958 -- Navy Pier Art Show, Chicago

1958 -- "Brotherhood in Art," Marshall Field & Co. Gallery

July 6-Aug. 16, 1958 -- Ravinia Festival

Sept. 1958 -- Chicago Artists, Anna Werbe Gallery, Detroit, MI

Sept. 6-7, 1958 -- Old Orchard Art Festival, North Shore Art League, Skokie, IL

Dec. 1958 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

June 8, 1959 -- Bal Tabarin Room, Hotel Sherman, Chicago

July 27-Aug. 10, 1959 -- Paintings and Photographs by Playboy Jazz Artists, Sherman Art Gallery

Sept. 12-13, 1959 -- Old Orchard Art Festival, North Shore Art League, Skokie, IL

Nov. 1959 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

Feb. 1960 -- Anshe Emet Cinema Arts Festival

March 31-May 28, 1961 -- "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," Art Institute of Chicago

Dec. 13, 1962-Jan. 26, 1963 -- "Mixed Christmas Exhibition," O'Hana Gallery, London

1964 -- North Mississippi Valley Exhibition

1965 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March-July 1966 -- Aqueduct Gallery, New York

May 23-Aug. 24, 1969 -- "TIME Portraits of American Newsmakers," National Portrait Gallery Traveling Exhibition

May 27, 1969 -- National Art Museum of Sport

Nov. 1969 -- Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

1971 -- "Beyond Illustration: The Art of Playboy," Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago

Spring 1972 -- Odyssey House Art Gallery

Sept.-Oct. 1973 -- Illini Union Art Gallery, Illinois

1974 -- "Group Show of FKH Artists," Hammer Galleries, New York

Dec. 2, 1974-Jan. 4, 1975 -- Holiday Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, New York

Feb. 10-22, 1975 -- "Hammer Galleries Graphics," Hammer Galleries, New York

Sept. 2-Nov. 21, 1975 -- "Drawings USA 75," Minnesota Museum of Art (Traveled Jan. 1976 -Dec. 1977)

May 2-July 4, 1976 -- "Watercolor U.S.A. National Invitational Exhibition," Springfield Art Museum, Springfield, MO

Aug. 2-7, 1976 -- Saratoga Gallery, Saratoga Springs, NY

July 3-Sept. 30, 1977 -- "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," International Tennis Hall of Fame

June-July 1978 -- "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," International Tennis Hall of Fame

1977 -- "Ball, Bat, and Glove," Spectrum Fine Art, New York

Sept. 12-16, 1978 -- Spectrum Fine Art, Royal Orleans Hotel

1979 -- "Ringside: The Fine Art of Boxing," Spectrum Fine Art, New York

May 4-July 8, 1979 -- "Panorama of American Art," Midwest Museum of Art, Elkhart, IN

July 15-20, 1979 -- "Treasures of Island Creek," Louisville, KY

Jan. 2-Feb. 2, 1980 -- "Grand Opening Group Exhibition," Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

April 29-Aug. 31, 1980 -- "That Belmont Look," New -York Historical Society (NYS Museum, Albany, Jan. -March, 1981)

Nov. 1980 -- "Fall Portfolio of International Artists," Calgary Inn, Alberta, Canada

1982 -- "When They Were Very Young," Amherst College Student Art Gallery, Amherst, MA

March 1982 -- Northampton County Area Community College Foundation

March 1983 -- "Showstoppers: Great Moments of the American Musical," Museum of the City of New York

Sept. 25-Oct. 22, 1983 -- "Greenwich Workshop Gallery Miniature Show '83," Greenwich Workshop Gallery

June 1984 -- "Champions: The Olympic Athlete in Art," San Diego Museum of Art

March 1985 -- "Americana," Whitney Museum, New York

April-Aug. 1985 -- "Archives of American Yachting and Boating," Mystic Seaport Museum, Mystic, CT

May 1985 -- "Art," Area Club, New York

Dec. 1985-Jan. 1986 -- "American Masters of the 1940s, 50s, and 60s," Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago

March 15-June 28, 1987 -- "The Horse: Man's Noble Companion," The Monmouth Museum, Lincroft, NJ

April-May 1987 -- "Annual American Masters Exhibition," Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

April 1987 -- "Athletes and Heroes," Bank One, Youngstown, OH

May 1987 -- Hanson Art Galleries, San Diego, CA

Sept. 1987 -- El Paso Museum of Art

Nov. 23-Dec. 18, 1987 -- "Master Prints of the 19th-20th Century," Hammer Galleries, New York

June 1988 -- Mickey Mantle's Sports Art Gallery, New York

June 9-Sept. 24, 1988 -- L'art et L'automobile, automotive artists group exhibition, New York

Aug. 1988 -- "The Famous Show," China Club, New York

Sept. 1988 -- "New Perspectives on Contemporary Art," Tunnel Club, New York

Oct. 1988 -- "Women in Sports," Springfield College, Springfield, MA

Oct.-Nov. 1988 -- "Annual American Masters Exhibition," Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, Sarasota, FL

Dec. 1988 -- "The Most Famous Artist Alive," Tunnel Club, New York

Jan. 1989 -- "Art's As Good An Investment as Bonds," Baja Club, New York

March 1989 -- "The Greatest Hits Vol 1 Show," Tunnel Club, New York

July-Aug. 1989 -- "20/20 Exhibition," Steiner& Young Galleries, Marietta, Georgia

June 1990 -- Amnesty International Exhibition, New York

Summer 1990 -- "Director's Choice," Park Shore Gallery, Naples, FL

Sept. 1991 -- "Expose Yourself to Art," University of Southern Florida

May 1-June 10, 1992 -- "Drawing New Conclusions," Art Institute of Chicago

1993 -- "Salon d'Automne," Grand Palais, Paris

1993 -- "Equine Art" Solo Exhibition, Kentucky Derby Museum

1995 -- "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibition, Kentucky Derby Museum

1994-1995 -- "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy," Queens Museum of Art, New York

June 14, 1996 -- Cig Art, National Arts Club Exhibition and Benefit

1996 -- "Portraits of Our Times 1946-96" Solo Exhibition and Catalog, Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries

Oct. 1998 -- "Animals: The Wild and the Tame" Solo Exhibition, Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery

2001 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco

2002 -- "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco

2003 -- "A View from the Table" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, New York

2005 -- "LeRoy Neiman: The Art of Boxing," Franklin Bowles Galleries

Appendix F: Index to CollectionA

ABC (American Broadcasting Company) - 2.2: ABC Correspondence, 4.1: 1977

ABC's Wide World of Sports - 4.1: 1987, see also Olympic Games

AIMS (Committee to Aid Multiple Sclerosis) - 4.1: 1977, 1978

ASPCA - 3.1: ASPCA 1986-1988

Aaron, Hank - 4.1: 1972

Abdul-Jabbar, Kareem - see Basketball Superstars, 1975-1976, and Johnson, Earvin Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984 - 3.1: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984

Abramowitz, A.N. (Avie) - 2.2: A. N. Abramowitz 1974-1978, 3.2.1

Abrams, Harry N. - see 3.2 - Publications files, 4.1: 1999

Abrams, Judith Ann - 2.1: 1983, 1991

Absolut Vodka - see promotions

Academie Internationale des Arts Contemporains, Belgium - 2.1: 1992

accountant - see Jacobs, Jason

Adams, Joey - 1.1: Friars Club

Adamowski, Benjamin - 4.1: 1960

Addams, Charles - 4.1: 2000

Addison, Robert and Ruth (Betsy) - 2.1: 1978, 1990, 4.1: 1985, 1987, 1991 in two-person exhibition with LeRoy Neiman - 4.1: 1978 and ov

Advanced Materials and Processes -- Magazine - 4.1: 1989

Adventurer, between 1971 and 1977 - see Long, Captain Elgen

Adventuress, 1970s - see Earhart, Amelia

aerobics - 2.1: 1984, see also dance: Jacki Sorenson, 1981

Affronti, Judge Frank - 2.2: Judge Frank Affronti 1990-1999

Africa - see LeRoy Neiman On Safari

Afsary, Cyrus - 2.1: 1978

Air France - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

airlines

American Airlines - 2.1: 1999

Continental Airlines - see Fitzgerald, Ella

Albany, New York - 3.1: Tour de Trump

Alexander Hotel, Miami Beach - see promotions

Ali, Muhammad - see boxing

All - Sports Hall of Fame - 4.1: 1999

Allied Artists Council, Artists and Models Masque Ball, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Allyson Louis Gallery - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present, 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988

Amahl and the Night Visitors, 1978 - 4.1: 1978

Amateur Athletic Association - 4.1: 1998

Amateur Athletic Union - 2.1: 1976

Ambassadors Hotel, East and West, Chicago - 3.1: Ambassadors 1960s, see also restaurants: The Pump Room

America's Cup - see sailing

American Academy of Achievement - see awards

American Beauty Association - 4.1: 1994

American Broadcasting Company - see ABC

American Cancer Society - 4.1: 1986, 1989, 1997, 2004

American Carnival, Japan - 4.1: 1988

American Diabetes Association - 4.1: 1990, see Appendix A

American Embassy, Nairobi, Kenya - 2.1: 1984

American Federation of Television and Radio Artists - 1.1: Name Tags and ID Cards

American Flag, 2002 - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation 1998

American Fine Art Editions, Inc. - 4.1: 2004, see exhibitions

American Heart Association - 4.1: 1991

American in Paris, An - see -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris

American Sport Art Museum - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989

American Sportscasters Association - 1.1: Awards, 4.1: 1986; Hall of Fame Awards Dinner - 3.1: Long Term Projects

American Stock Exchange - see Stock Market

Amnesty International - see exhibitions, group: Blumhelman Gallery

Ampex Video Art - see television

Anderson, Dave - 4.1: 1983, see also Countdown to Superbowl by Dave Anderson

Anheuser-Busch - see promotions, 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard 1989

animals -- - see exhibitions, horse racing, 3.2.12

Animal Fair Magazine - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 2000

Polar Bears - 4.1: 1979, 1984, 1993

birds - see also animals: roosters

Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984 - 3.1: Arkansas Symphony Orchestra and Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984

Fighting Cocks, Manila, 1976 drawing (watercolor) - 4.1: 1976

Manila Cock -Pit, 1976 drawing (watercolor) - 4.1: 1976

Parrots, 1982 - 4.1: 1984

Studies of Fighting Cocks, 1976 drawing (watercolor) - 4.1: 1976

cheetah

Kilimanjaro Cheetah, 1971 - 4.1: 1993

Portrait of the Cheetah, 2004 - 4.1: 2004

Cougar, 1981 painting and 1993 serigraph - 2.1: 1994, 4.1: 1993

cow - see Cow Parade

dog - 4.1: 1998

Black Labrador, 1977 - 4.1: undated 1990s

Borzoi - see also Pelkey, Joe (serigraph)

dog walkers - VC: 1983

The Great Dane, Hamlet, 1986 - 3.1: ASPCA 1986-1988, 4.1: 1986

Hounds of Chantilly - 2.1: 1980, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

Moore County Hounds, Southern Pines, North Carolina - 4.1: 1959, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1960, see Appendix E

eagle, American Bald Eagle, 1978 - 4.1: 1993

elephant

Elephant Charge, 1999 - 4.1: 1999

Elephant Nocturne - 4.1: 1984, 1993

Elephant Stampede - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1976, 1989, 1993, 1995 Shikar, 1980 - 4.1: 1982, 1993

giraffe, Giraffe Family - 4.1: 1978, 1993

gorilla, Gorilla Family - 4.1: 1993

horse - see horses

jaguar, Jaguar Family, 1984 - 4.1: 1993

leopard

Kenya Leopard, 1978 - 4.1: 1993

Leopard, 1971 serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1988 -89, 1993

Serengeti Leopard, 1976 - 4.1: 1993

lion

Lion, 1968 - 4.1: 1993

Lions, date? - 4.1: 1974

Lion Couple - IV: 1984, 1993

Lion Family, 1974 - 2.1: 2004, 4.1: 1993

Lion's Pride II, 1978 - 4.1: 1993

Portrait of the Lion, 2002 - 4.1: 2002

Ocelot - 4.1: 1993

panther, Black Panther, 1975 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975 -76, 4.1: 1975

rescue - see ASPCA, Bide-A-Wee, PAWS/LA, Humane Society of New York, Mount Pleasant Animal Shelter

rooster - Studies of Fighting Cocks, 1975 watercolor - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

safari - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," The Wildlife Experience, Parker, CO, 2003, 3.2.12

tiger

Bengal Tiger - 4.1: 1993

Caspian Tiger, 1985 - 4.1: 1993

Delacroix's Tiger - 4.1: undated, 1993

Tiger, 1985 - 4.1: 1993

Young Tiger - 4.1: 1993

unicorn

The Hunt of The Unicorn, late 1960s mural - 3.1: "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition 1989-90, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s

whale - see Moby Dick

wolf - see Call of the Wild, 1993

zebra, Zebra Family - 3.1: The Art Exchange Solo Exhibitions, Creve Coeur, MO 1978-79, 4.1: 1984, 1993

zoo - 3.2.12d

Anisfeld, Boris - 2.1: 1988

Anthony, Earl - see bowling

Antonacci, Joe - 4.1: 1982

Apollo Theater - 4.1: undated 1990s, 1998

Area nightclub, New York - 3.1: "Art", Group Exhibition at Area, 1985

arenas - see The Spectrum, Madison Square Garden

Arizona Heart Institute - see The Open Heart, 1982

Arizona Landscape, 1979 - 2.1: 1979

Arkansas - 3.1: Arkansas Symphony Orchestra and Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984

Arledge, Roone - 2.2: ABC Correspondence, 3.1: Olympics Munich 1972, 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings," The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971, 3.1: Olympics, Montreal 1976 Roone Arledge, 1972 drawing - 4.1: 2003

Arliss - 4.1: 1996

Armory Art Fair, Washington DC - 4.1: 1977

Armstrong, Louis - see jazz

Army, U.S., service in - 1.1: Military Service

Army vs. Navy 1946, 2000 - 4.1: 2001

Arnstein, Vera Daphne - 4.1: 1990

Arrow shirts - see promotions

Art Aid - 4.1: 1986

L'art et l'automobile - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Corvette 1984, 4.1: 1988, 2002, see also exhibitions

Art Brokerage Inc. - see Rose, Donna

Art Collection House Co., Ltd., Japan - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Art Directors Club of Oklahoma City - 4.1: 1967, VII

Art Expo - 4.1: Undated

Art for Education - 4.1: 1998

The Art of Gaming Through the Ages, by Arthur Flowers and Anthony Curtis, foreword by LeRoy Neiman - 3.1: The Art of Gaming Through the Ages, Huntington Press, 2000

Art Institute of Boston - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1975

Art Institute of Chicago - 1.1: Education and Teaching, 2.1: 1987, 1989, 1996, 3.1: "Drawing New Conclusions," Art Institute of Chicago group exhibition 1992, 4.1: 1978 ov, 2001, 2002, see also exhibitions

Auxiliary Board - 2.1: 1990

Barewalls, 2001 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Reunion 2001

Art and Lifestyle, 1974 - see LeRoy Neiman: Art and LifeStyle, 1974, 3.2.1

ArtExpo New York - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1987, 1998, 2001

Art-o-gram: News of the art world for art dealers only - 4.1: 1977

Arthur Andersen & Co. - 4.1: 1981

Les Arts de France - 2.1: 1988

Arum, Bob and Lovee - 2.1: 1996, 1998, 4.1: 1996

Ascent, 1961 - 4.1: 1961

Ashford, Evelyn - see running

Aspen, CO - 4.1: 1993, 1994

Association for the Help of Retarded Children (AHRC) - 3.1: Thurman Munson and Thurman Munson Awards Dinner 1977-present

Astaire, Fred

Fred Astaire - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation 1998 -, 4.1: 1985

Athens International Festival - 4.1: 1993

Atlanta, GA - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968

Atlanta International Film Festival - 4.1: 1974 and ov, V: 1974

Atlanta Magazine - 4.1: 1969, 1975, 1996

Atlanta's Poor People Art School - 4.1: 1969

Atlantic City, New Jersey - see also casinos, promotions, 3.1: Tour de Trump 1989

attorney - see Shaw, Robert

auction - 4.1: 1978, 1997, 1998, 1999

Augusta National Golf Club, The 16th at Augusta, 1992 - 4.1: 1994

auto racing -- - 4.1: 1982, 1983, 1989, 1999

Andretti, Mario - 4.1: 1975, 1992

Andretti, Michael - 4.1: 1992

Brayton, Scott - 4.1: 1996

Beni Hana Grand Prix - 2.1: 1978

Caesar's Palace Grand Prix, 1981 - 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83

Caesar's Palace Grand Prix, 1982 - 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83

Caesar's Palace Grand Prix, 1983 - 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83

Can-Am Race - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1970, see Appendix E

Dallas Grand Prix, 1984 - 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88, 3.1: Dallas Grand Prix 1984

Denver Grand Prix, 1990 - 3.1: Denver Grand Prix 1990-1991

Denver Grand Prix, 1991 - 3.1: Denver Grand Prix 1990-1991

Ferrari - 4.1: 1989

Fittipaldi, Emerson

Fittipaldi, 1989 - 3.1: Emerson Fittipaldi 1989, 4.1: 1990

Grand Prix Heart Ball - 3.1: Denver Grand Prix 1990-91

Grand Prix de Monaco - 2.1: 1986, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1980, Press and Paraphernalia

Grand Prix de Monaco, 1976 - 4.1: 1993, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1980, Press and Paraphernalia

Indianapolis 500 - 3.1: Indy 500, 1985-87

Pits at Indy, 1968 - 2.1: 1976

Le Mans - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams Notes on Auto Racing and Basketball, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1969, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 2000s, see Appendix E

Miami Grand Prix - 3.1: Miami Grand Prix 1991-92

Toyota Grand Prix of Miami, 1991 (for 1992 race) - 3.1: Miami Grand Prix 1991-92

Penske, Roger - 3.1: Indy 500, 1985-87

Revson, Peter

Peter Revson, Can-Am Race, 1970 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Toyota Monterey Grand Prix, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Laguna Seca Raceway, 1989 - 4.1: 1990

automobiles - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Corvette 1984, 4.1: 1993, 1999, 2001, see also l'Art et l'Automobile, and auto racing

The Robb Report Magazine - 2.1: 1982, 4.1: 1983, 1987

Rolls-Royce - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries Exhibitions 1985, 4.1: undated, 1983

awards - 1.1: Awards

B

Baden Baden - 2.1: 1997

Baghdad of the Midwest, 1975 - see Saint Paul, Minnesota

Bailey, Jim - see golf: Atlanta National Golf Club

Baker, Dusty - 4.1: 1998

Bal de la Mer - 3.1: Monaco 1994, 4.1: 1994

Baldwin, James, James Baldwin, 1961 and 1964 drawings - 2.1: 2002

ballet -- - 4.1: 1987, V: Kathy Healey, 1981, see also dance

Ballet Arkansas - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: undated 1980s

Ballet: The Daring Project, Joyce Theater, 1996 - 4.1: 1996

Ballet Theater Foundation, Inc. - 4.1: 1976

Baryshnikov, Mikhail, Baryshnikov, 1983 - 3.1: Des Moines Ballet Commissions 1983-1986, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Bolshoi Ballet - 4.1: 1968, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1969

Gregory, Cynthia - 2.1: 1986, 2.1: 1990

Nureyev, Rudolph, Nureyev, 1974 drawing - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76, Nureyev, 1986 - 3.1: Des Moines Ballet Commissions 1983-1986

Prima Ballerina 'Assoluta' - 2.1: 1986, 1989, 4.1: 1989

Ballot, Isabelle - 4.1: 1996, 1998, 2001

Barber, Tiki - 4.1: 2001, 2002

Barclays Bank - 4.1: 1993

Bardot, Brigitte - 4.1: 1961

BareWalls - 1.1: Education and Teaching-Art Institute of Chicago after 1959

Barkley, Charles - 4.1: 1999, 2001, V: Photographs

Charles Barkley, 1997 - V: Photographs

Barnet, Will - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1983-02

Barnett, Dick - 4.1: 1990

"Baroque Bravura Today?" undated article by LeRoy Neiman - 4.1: undated

Barrington Enterprises Inc. - see Landau, Barry

bars - see restaurants and bars

Bartender Magazine -- - 2.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- , 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Ultimate Cocktail Book, 1990 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Ultimate Cocktail Book II - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Baryshnikov, Mikhail - see ballet

baseball -- - 3.1: Mickey Mantle 1962-99, 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974 -1994, 3.1: Rusty Staub 1975 -1994, 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th win, 3.1: Willie Stargell 1980, 3.1: Nolan Ryan, 1981, 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter 1985 -87, 3.1: Dodgers Centennial, 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997, 3.1: Mike Piazza 1999, 3.2.13, 4.1: 1992, also search for individual players and coaches by name in Index and Appendix A

All-Stars - 4.1: undated

Baseball Players, 1983 - 4.1: 1983

Baseball Writers Association of America - 4.1: 1990, 1993

Bay Area Baseball, 1990 - 3.1: Bay Area Baseball debut at Bowles/Sorokko, San Francisco 1990, 4.1: 1991

Boston Red Sox - 4.1: 1975, 1982, 1986

Brooklyn Dodgers - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991, 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997, see also Los Angeles Dodgers

Chicago Cubs - 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter Thad Bosley 1985

Cincinnati Reds - 4.1: 1975, 1986

Cleveland Indians - 4.1: 1975

etchings - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Florida Marlins, 1992 - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1992

Hollywood All-Stars - 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings 1962-1999

Home Run Blast, 2002 etching - 3.2.13

Japan - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Kansas City Royals - 4.1: 1990

Los Angeles Dodgers - 2.1: 1992, 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997, 4.1: 1992; Dodgers Centennial, 1990 - 3.1: Dodgers Centennial 1990, 4.1: 1991

National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Cooperstown, NY - 2.1: 1978, 1996, 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 4.1: 1990, 1993 (yearbook), 1994, 1995

New York Giants - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

New York Mets - 3.1: Rusty Staub 1975-1994, 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 4.1: 1979, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2002

New York Yankees - 2.1: 2004, 3.1: Mickey Mantle 1962-99, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 4.1: 1977, 2000

Oakland Athletics - 2.1: 1993, 4.1: 1988 -89, 1993

Oklahoma Redhawks (minor league) - 2.1: 1998

Philadelphia Phillies - 4.1: 1993

Pittsburgh Pirates - 3.1: Willie Stargell 1980, 4.1: 1984; Pittsburgh Pirates, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Saint Louis Cardinals - 4.1: 1999

San Francisco Giants - 4.1: 1988-89

Seattle Mariners - 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th Win file

Sliding Home, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1978, 1988, 1989; team yearbooks - 3.1: Dodgers Centennial 1990, 4.1: 1973, 1977, 1979, 2001

World Series: 1966 - VII; 1972 - 4.1: 1972; 1975 - 4.1: 1975, 1986; 1976 - 2.1: 1976; 1986 - 4.1: 1986; 1989 - 4.1: 1989

basketball

Basketball, 1972 - 4.1: 1992

Basketball Superstars, 1975-76 - 4.1: 1977, 2001

college basketball - 4.1: 1992, 1994

Indiana University Hoosiers; Hoosier Hoopla, 1975 - 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1976, 1978, 1989, VII: Pendants

North Carolina Tar Heels - 4.1: 1977

Oregon State University - 4.1: 1977

University of Kentucky Wildcats; The Wildcats, 1978 - 3.1: The Wildcats 1978

University of Nevada, Las Vegas - 4.1: 1983

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame - 3.1: Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame 1978-91

NBA basketball - 3.1: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984, 3.1: Orlando Magic commission, 1990, 3.1: Larry Bird, 1993, 4.1: 1977, 1979

All-Stars - 4.1: 1977

NBA All -Star Game - 4.1: 1978

Boston Celtics - 3.1: Larry Bird, 1993, 4.1: 1989 ov

Buffalo Braves - 2.1: 1976

Chicago Bulls - 4.1: 1989

Houston Rockets - 4.1: 1975

Los Angeles Clippers - 2.1: 1989

Los Angeles Lakers - 3.1: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1984, 4.1: 1989 ov

Milwaukee Bucks - 4.1: 1977

New York Knicks - 4.1: 1968, 1969, 1974, 1976, 1980, 1989, 1993

Orlando Magic - 3.1: Orlando Magic commission 1990, 4.1: 1989

Philadelphia 76ers - 4.1: 1999

Washington Bullets - 4.1: 1980

Battig, Joseph - 2.1: 1996

Battle of the Bay, serigraph - 4.1: 1989

Baumgartner, Bruce - see wrestling

Beard, James - 3.1: James Beard 1985-2002, 4.1: 1996

The Beatles

The Beatles, 1966, serigraph 1992 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Solo Exhibition, Atlantic City, and The Beatles serigraph 1992

John Lennon, 1990 etching - 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

Beatty, Warren - 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988

beauty pageants

ITMSA Miss Legs Competition - 2.1: 1983

Miss America - 3.1: Miss America Pageant 1983-1984

Miss Asia - 3.1: Miss Asia Pageant 1986

Miss J.A.P. and Miss Purim Pageants - 4.1: 1982

Miss Legs America - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1984

Miss Teen USA - 3.1: Miss Teen USA Pageant 1983

Miss Universe - 3.1: Miss Universe Pageant 1981

Miss USA - 3.1: Miss USA Pageant 1978

Miss World -USA - 3.1: Miss World-USA Beauty Pageant 1975

Mrs. America - 3.1: Mrs. America Pageant 1982

Playboy Bunny of the Year Pageant - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1970s

Beaux Arts, Inc. Award - 1.1: Awards

Begin, Menachem - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Behan, Brendan - see Borstal Boy

Behm, Kenneth - 2.1: 1989

Bench, Johnny - 4.1: 1972

Bench, The Catcher, 1989 - 3.1: Johnny Bench 1989

Bennett, Chef John - 2.2: Chef John Bennett 1998 -2000, 4.1: 2002, John Bennett, 1988 drawing - 4.1: 1988, 1998

Bennett, Tony - 4.1: 1963, 1973, 1985

Berra, Yogi - 4.1: 1985, 1998

Yogi Berra Museum - 3.1: "Viva el Beisbol!" exhibition, Yogi Berra Museum, 2000

Bernstein, Leonard, Leonard Bernstein, 1972 - 4.1: 1972; Leonard Bernstein, undated drawing - 4.1: 1972; Leonard Bernstein, 1967 drawing - 4.1: 1998

Bethany College - 4.1: 1979

Bethesda Fountain; View of Bethesda Fountain, 1989 - 3.1: A Salute to Central Park Exhibition 1989

Better Boys Foundation - 4.1: 1974

Beverly Hills, California - 2.1: 1985, 1989, see exhibitions: Lawrence Ross Galleries

Beverly Hills Hotel - 2.1: 1989

Bide-A-Wee - 4.1: 1992

Big Time Golf, by LeRoy Neiman - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.2:10

billboard - 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981, 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83, 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana, Las Vegas 1983, VC: 1980s

Billboard Magazine International Billie Awards - 3.1: Billboard Magazine First Annual Billie Awards 1993

billiards -- - 4.2: Billiard World Magazine 1963-65

Billiard World Magazine - 4.2: Billiard World Magazine 1963-65

Pool Game, 1966 - 4.1: 1998

Pool Room, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Sardi's World Billiard Championship - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

Bimini, Bahamas - 2.1: 1977, 1979

Bingo, 1973 - 4.1: 1989

Binns, James - 4.1: 1996, 2000

Bird, Larry, Larry Bird, 1992 - 3.1: Larry Bird, 1993, see also Johnson, Earvin "Magic": Magic

birthday - 4.1: 1999

Black Labrador, 1977 - see animals

Black Panther, 1975 - see animals

Blackwood, Glenn - 4.1: 1993

Bland, Bobby Blue - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Blaukmer, Professor Frederika - 4.1: 1979

Blecker, Tom, Kathy, and Barbra - 2.2: Artwork by Children, 2.2: Tom Blecker 1989-99

Bloomberg, Mayor Michael - 1.1: New York Friars Club, 1990s-2000s

Blue Moon Bay Co., Ltd., Japan - 2.1: 1997

bloopers - 4.1: 1978, 1997

Bluebird Café - 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

Blues Ball - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Blum's - 3.1: Early Fashion Illustration 1949-57

B'nai B'rith - 1.1: Awards

Boathouse Restaurant - see Central Park Boathouse

boats - see sailing, or Showboats International; The Cambridge-Oxford Boat Race - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1962, see Appendix E

Bochette, Liston - 2.1: 1981, 1984, 1985

bodybuilding -- - 4.1: 1977, 1982, 1990

Everson, Cory - 4.1: 1990

Schwarzenegger, Arnold - see Schwarzenegger, Arnold

Boek, Louis - 1.1: Military Service

Boggs, Bill - 4.1: 2002 ov., 2004

Bonaventure - see St. Bonaventure University

Bond, Julian - 4.1: 1969

Bonds, Barry - Barry Bonds, 2003 pastel - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation, 1998-present book jacket illustrations - 3.1: folder 1, 3.1: Charlotte Chandler 1978-84, 4.1: 1973, 1982, 1988-89

Book of the Month Club - 3.2.5, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams , Text Drafts

books

by Mr. Neiman - see Publications files in Series 3.2

by others, containing Mr. Neiman's works - see Licensing Art and Design by Cynthia Revelli, Skip Singleton tennis books, see also book jacket illustrations

bookstores - see Publications files in series 3.2 for information on book signings at bookstores

Borg, Bjorn - see tennis

Borstal Boy - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: Borstal Boy 1970

Bosley, Thad - see Skoal Pinch Hitter

Bourgeois, Louise - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

Bourne, Bob - 4.1: 1983

Bowe, Riddick - see boxing

Bowlers Journal - see bowling

Bowles, Franklin - see Bowles Galleries

Bowles Galleries - 1.2: Bowles Galleries, see exhibitions, see also Timothy Yarger Fine Art

bowling -- - 2.1: 1976

Anthony, Earl - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Carter, Don - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Esposito, Frank - 2.1: 1986, 1996, 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Million Dollar Strike, 1982 - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

Varipapa, Andy - 3.1: Million Dollar Strike, 1982

boxing -- - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975, 3.1: Ali vs. Spinks 1978, 3.1: Sportsman's Ball 1978, 3.1: Ali vs. Holmes 1980, 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard I, II, III 1980-89, 3.1: Hearns vs. Leonard 1981, 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks) 1981, 3.1: Holmes vs. Cooney 1982, 3.1: Hagler vs. Hearns 1985, 3.1: Mike Tyson Portraits 1986-1990s, 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.1: McGirt vs. Whitaker 1993, 3.1: Tyson vs. Holyfield 1991-1996, 3.1: Holyfield -Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 1999, 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002, 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002, 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, undated 1990s, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002

Ali, Muhammad - see Ali vs. Frazier, 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002, .2.1: 2001, 3.1: GOAT (Greatest of All Time - A Tribute to Muhammad Ali) Book by Taschen, 2004, 3.2.1, 3.2.16, 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1974, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1985 1991, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s, 4.2: The Ring Magazine as artist - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1970 ov, 1979

Muhammad Ali - Athlete of the Century, 2000 - 3.1: Muhammad Ali - Athlete of the Century, 2000-2002

Muhammad Ali - The Greatest Collector's Edition Magazine, 2002 - 4.1: 2002

Ali vs. Foreman, Zaire poster, 1974 - 4.1: 1974, 2000, 2002

Ali vs. Frazier

Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971

Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 1999 - 3.1: Holyfield -Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1999, 4.1: 2000

Ali vs. Frazier II etchings, 1974 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971, 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier II, 1974, 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975, 4.1: 1990

Fight of the Century poster, 1971 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971

Thrilla in Manila poster, 1975 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975, 4.1: 2000

Ali vs. Holmes, 1980 - 3.1: Ali -Holmes 1980, 4.1: 2000

Ali vs. Spinks, 1978 - 3.1: Ali vs. Spinks 1978, 4.1: 2000

Bobrick - 4.1: 1977

Bowe, Riddick - 4.1: 1993, 1995, 1996, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Boxers Ball - 4.1: 1997

Boxing Beat Magazine - 4.1: 1988

Boxing Illustrated - 4.1: 1993

Boxing at the Ritz - 4.1: 1993

Boxing Writers Association of America - 1.1: Awards, 4.1: 1967, 1985, 2004

Brenner, Teddy - 2.1: 1978, 1979, 4.1: 1978, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Camacho, Hector - 4.1: 1986, 1997

Chavez, Julio Cesar - 4.1: 1993, 1996

Julio Cesar Chavez, pastel - 4.1: 1996

Julio Cesar Chavez, 1996 drawing - 4.1: 1996

Clay, Cassius - see Muhammad Ali

Coetzee - 4.1: 1984

Cooney, Gerry - see Holmes vs. Cooney, 2.1: 1989, 2000, 4.1: 1981, 1987, 2001, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

De La Hoya, Oscar - 3.1: The Fight of the Millennium, 1999, 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002, 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Hopkins 2004, 4.1: 1995, 1997

Oscar De La Hoya, 1995 - 4.1: 1997

De La Hoya vs. Mosely poster 2000 - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Mosley 2000

De La Hoya vs. Whitaker, 1997 - 4.1: 1997

Dundee, Angelo - 3.1: Angelo Dundee Tribute 2002

Duran, Roberto - 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard I, II, III 1980 -1989, 4.1: 1980, 1983, 1984, 1994, 1995, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Ellis, Jimmy - 4.1: 1973 ov

F.I.S.T. - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 2000, 2001

film, documentary - see Win a Few, Lose a Few, 1972

Foreman, George - see Ali vs. Foreman, 2.1: 1989, 4.1: undated, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1993, 1995, 1999, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Foreman Frazier Fight - 4.1: undated

Foreman vs. Holmes, 1999 - 4.1: 1999

Frazier, Joe - see Ali vs. Frazier, 2.1: 1975, 4.1: undated, 1969 ov, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1976, 1981, 1992, 1998, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Golden Gloves Championships - 4.1: 2000, 2001

Golota, Andrew - 4.1: 1996

Grant, Michael - see Lewis vs. Grant, 4.2: The Ring Magazine, 4.1: 2001

Graziano, Rocky - 4.1: 1990, 1991

HBO - 4.1: 2003, 2004

Hagler, Marvin - 3.1: Hagler vs. Hearns 1985, 4.1: 1984, 2000

Hearns, Thomas - 3.1: Hearns vs. Leonard 1981, 3.1: Hagler vs. Hearns 1985, 4.1: 2000, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Thomas Hearns, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

The Heavyweights, vinyl LP recording 1970 - 4.1: 1970, VII: Box 3

Heavyweight Collision - 4.1: 2003

Heavyweight Explosion, 2000 - 3.1: Heavyweight Explosion 2000

Hinds, Bobby - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990-2000

Holmes vs. Coetzee, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Holmes vs. Cooney poster, 1982 - 3.1: Holmes vs. Cooney 1982, 4.1: 2000

Holmes, Larry - see Ali vs. Holmes, Holmes vs. Cooney, 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks) 1981, 4.1: 1984, 1999, 2001, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Holmes vs. Cooney poster, 1982 - 3.1: Holmes vs. Cooney 1982, 4.1: 2000

Holmes vs. Shavers poster, 1979 - 4.1: 1979, 2000

Holmes vs. Spinks, 1985 poster - 4.1: 1985

Holyfield, Evander - see Tyson vs. Holyfield, 3.1: Holyfield-Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1999, 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 2003

Hopkins, Bernard - Bernard Hopkins, 2004 - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Hopkins 2004 Introduction of the Champions of the Ring, 1964-65 (or Ringside Madison Square Garden) - 4.1: 1965, 1983

Jones, Jr., Roy - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 2000; Roy Jones, Jr. - 4.1: 2000

King, Don - 4.1: 1977, 2003

Latin Legends - 4.1: 1992

Leonard, Sugar Ray - 3.1: Hearns vs. Leonard 1981, 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard I, II, III 1980-89, 4.1: 1980 ov, 1997, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Lewis, Lennox - see Lewis vs. Grant, 3.1: Holyfield -Lewis and Ali vs. Frazier I, 1999, 4.1: 1994, 1995, 2001

Lewis vs. Grant poster, 2000 - 4.1: 2000 and ov

Lewis vs. Tyson poster, 2002 - 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002

Liston, Sonny - 3.2.16, 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1974 ov, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s

Louis, Joe - 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks fight) 1981

Joe Louis, 1983 - 3.1: Kayo Joe Louis Boxing Card 1991, 4.1: 1991

Malave, Chu Chu - 4.1: 1973

Mathis, Buster - 4.1: 1971

The Maulers 1993 lithograph - 4.1: 1993

Mayweather, Floyd - 4.1: 2000

McGirt, James "Buddy" - 3.1: McGirt vs. Whitaker 1993

Morrison, Tommy - 4.1: 1993, 1995

Mosely, Shane - see De La Hoya vs. Mosely

North American Boxing Federation - 4.1: 2000

Norton, Ken - 4.1: 1976, 1981, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

New Jersey Boxing Hall of Fame - 1.1: Awards - Inductions, 4.1: 2000

Olympic boxing - see Olympics

Patterson, Floyd - 4.1: 1972

Quarry, Jerry - 4.1: 1969 ov, 1970, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Red Boxers, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Reid, David

David Reid, 1998 - 4.1: 1998

Ring Magazine - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1966, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Ringside and Training Principles, by Goodman and Homansky 2001 - 3.1: Ringside and Training Principles by Goodman and Homansky 2001

Robinson, Sugar Ray - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989, 1994; Sugar Ray Robinson, 1969 - 4.1: 1969, 1998

Rocky - see Rocky films

Salute to Boxing Greats Award - 1.1: Awards

Shavers, Earnie - see Holmes vs. Shavers, 4.1: 1973 ov, 1977, 4.2: The Ring Magazine Spinks, Leon - see Ali vs. Spinks, 3.1: Tribute to Joe Louis (Holmes vs. Spinks) 1981, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Spinks, Michael - 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 4.1: 1987, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Sting Like a Bee by Jose Torres and Bert Sugar - 2.1: 1972

Thornton, Wayne - 4.1: 1966

Toney, James - 4.1: 2003, James Toney, 1994 - 4.1: 2004

Torres, Jose - 4.1: 1966

Trinidad, Felix - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: The Fight of the Millennium, 1999

Tyson, Mike - 3.1: Mike Tyson portraits 1986-90s, 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.1: Lewis vs. Tyson 2002, 4.1: 1986, 1988, 1989, 1995, 1996, 1999 portraits - 4.2: The Ring Magazine, 4.1: 1999, 2001

Tyson vs. Holyfield, 1996 - 3.1: Tyson vs. Holyfield 1991-1996

Vargas, Fernando - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002

Veteran Boxers Association of NY - 4.1: 1993

Whitaker, Pernell "Sweet Pea" - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: McGirt vs. Whitaker 1993, 4.1: 1993, 1995, 1997

Williams, Cleveland - 4.1: 1966, 1967

World Boxing Association Annual Awards Dinner - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000

World Boxing League - 4.1: Undated 2000s

Boy Scouts of America - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989 ov

Boys' Athletic League - 4.1: 1974

Boys and Girls Clubs of America - 4.1: 1977, All Sports Hall of Fame Dinner - 4.1: undated 1970s, 1996, 1997, Legends & Fans Dinner - 4.1: 1990

Boys Town of Italy - 4.1: 1987, 1988, 1992

Bradley, Bill - 3.1: Bill Bradley 1978 -2000, 3.1: Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, 1993, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, 4.1: 1981, 1999

Branca, Ralph - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991, 2.1: 1994, 4.1: 1994

Brayton, Scott - see auto racing

Brazil Stock Exchange, 1985 - 2.1: 1985

Brenner, Teddy - see boxing

Brett, George - 4.1: 1990; George Brett, 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Brice, Bobbie - 4.1: 1982

Bride's Magazine -- - 3.1: Early Fashion Illustration 1949-57

Broadway - see musicals or Times Square, 2001

Brooklyn Bridge, 1995 - 1.1: Honorary Degrees - Saint Francis College, 3.1: Brooklyn Bridge, 1995, 4.1: 1995, 1998

brothel - see Mustang Ranch

Brown, Jim - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Brown, Larry

Larry Brown - 4.1: 1972

Bruce, Lenny - 4.1: 1976

Jeffrey Bryan Fine Art - 4.1: 1989

Bryant, Coach Paul "Bear," Coach Bear Bryant, 1979 - 2.1: 1979, 1983, 1989, 4.1: 1981

Budweiser - see Anheuser-Busch

Buena Vista Bar - 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1987-1992

bull riding - see rodeo

bullfight - 4.1: 1960

Kneeling Matador, 1968 - 2.1: 1976

El Matador, 1965 - 2.1: 1986

Matador, 1967 - 4.1: 1989

La Plaza de Toros - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, see Appendix E

Toreador, 1968 - 4.1: 1984

Burgdorff Cultural Center - 4.1: 1999

Burger King - see promotions

Burns, George - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Burr & Associates (Cameron Burr) - 2.1: 1992, 1993, 3.1: The Texas Longhorns, 1985, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Bush, President George H.W. and Barbara - 1.1: Honorary Degrees c., 2.1: 1989

Bush, President George W. - 2.1: 2003

Bushkin, Joe - 4.1: 1997

Busker Alley - 3.1: "Busker Alley," 1995

Byrams, Gina - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1970

Byrne, Janet - see Neiman, Janet

C

CBS Sports television - 2.1: 1979, 2.2: CBS Sports, 4.1: 1978, 1985

CD ROM - VII

Caesar's Palace - see casinos

Cahill, Very Reverend Joseph - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, St. John's University, Honorary Doctorate, 1980, St. John's University, Gold Medal of Honor, 1985

Caine, Michael - 2.1: 1981

Calder, Alexander - 4.1: 1973 (see exhibitions, two-person)

calendars - 4.1: 1974 ov, 1976, 3.1: Wild Animals and Art of Sport Calendars 1992-94 and ov, 3.1: Golf Courses Calendar 1996

California Cuisine (The Lark Creek Inn), 198? - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 2004

Call of the Wild -- , by Jack London - 3.1: -- Call of the Wild -- 1993

Camacho, Hector - see boxing

Camp David Peace Accords, 1998 - see Carter, President Jimmy

Campbell, Earl - 2.1: 1982

Campbell's Soup - 4.1: 2004

Cannes Film Festival - 3.1: Beauty, the Beach, and the Bizarre 1984

Cape Town, South Africa - 4.1: 1997

Capone, Al, Al Capone - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1972, 1992, 1995

Cappy Productions - 2.1: 2000

Caracas, Venezuela - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977, 1980, see exhibitions: Museo de Bellas Artes

"Caring is Fashionable" - 4.1: 1981

Carlson, Bill - see "Neiman's Cuba"

Carnaval, 1981 - 3.2.6, 3.2 ov., see Haskell, Nikki

Carousel, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

The Carousel of Hope - see also Appendix A, 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Carpenter, Rob - 4.1: 1982

carpet - see tapestry

Carreras, Jose - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

cars - see automobiles

Carter, Don - see bowling

Carter, Lillian - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980, V: 1970s

Carter, President Jimmy -- - 4.1: 1978, 1989

Peace Treaty, 1980 - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Camp David Peace Accords, 1998 - 4.1: 1998

Casey at the Bat, by Ernest L. Thayer, illustrated by LeRoy Neiman - 3.2.13

casinos and gambling -- - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1984, 1997, 1998, see also The Art of Gaming Through the Ages

Baden Baden, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Bally's Park Place, Atlantic City - 2.1: 1999

Bally's, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1999

Le Casino de Monte Carlo, 1969 - 4.1: 1984

Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1998, 3.1: Caesar's Palace 1980, 3.1: Alan King Caesar's Palace Tennis Classic 1980-83, 3.1: Caesar's Palace Grand Prix 1981-83, 3.1: Holmes-Cooney 1982, 4.1: undated 1970s, 1976, 1979, undated 1980s, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1993

Desert Inn - 2.1: 1983, 1984, 1997, 1998, 4.1: 1998

Les Femmes du Caesar's Palace - 4.1: undated 1980s

Chemin de Fer, 1966 (1991 serigraph release) - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.1: 1991, 1998

Craps Kinshasa - 4.1: 1976

Fiesta Casino Hotel - 2.1: 1997

Gambling Times -- Magazine - 4.1: 1984

Gaming Table, 1958 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989

The Golden Nugget, Las Vegas - 3.1: Golden Nugget Casino, Las Vegas 1988

Green Table, 1972 - 4.1: undated, 1984

Harrah's Trump Plaza, Atlantic City - see Trump, Donald

High Stakes, 1974 - 4.1: 1984

The Hustler -- - see -- The Hustler

International Poker, 2004 serigraph of earlier painting - 4.1: 2004

Merv Griffin's Resorts Casino and Hotel, Atlantic City - 3.1: Merv Griffin's Resorts Casino Exhibition 1990

Ocean Club, Atlantic City - see promotions

The Poker Game - 4.1: 1980

Rio Suite Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1997

Roulette, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Roulette, 1970 - 2.1: 1970, 4.1: 1995

Roulette II, 1996 serigraph - 3.2:11, 4.1: 1996, 1997

Sands Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1994, 1997

Slots-change Girl, 1980 - 4.1: 1984

Stud Poker - 4.1: 1984

Tropicana Resort & Casino, Las Vegas - 2.1: 1999, VII: Artifacts

Casino Legends Hall of Fame, LeRoy Neiman Award - 2.1: 1999, 4.1: 1999

Folies Bergere - 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana 1983, 3.1: Folies Bergere Neiman Chips 1999, 4.1: 1999

t.v. commercial - 4.1: 1984

Trump Plaza, Atlantic City - see Trump, Donald

Trump Taj Mahal, Atlantic City - see Trump, Donald

Vegas Blackjack - 4.1: 1984, 1996

catalogue raisonnes - 3.2.5, 3.2.9, 3.2.14

Cavett, Dick - 2.1: 1999

"Celebration 2000" Exhibition - 3.2.14

Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993 - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Centaur Galleries, Las Vegas - see exhibitions

Center Art Galleries, Hawaii - 3.1: Center Art Galleries Exhibition, Hawaii 1985, 4.1: 1984, 1987

Central Park Boathouse - see restaurants

cereal box - see Wheaties

Chabot Galleries - 2.1: 1989

Chamberlain, Wilt - see 3.1: Basketball Superstars, 1975 -76, 3.1: Kareem Abdul -Jabbar, 1984, 3.1: Wilt Chamberlain 2000, 4.1: 1981

champagne - 3.1: Duval LeRoy Champagne 1999-2001

Champagne Taittinger - 3.1: 1993

Champagne...Uncorked! by Rosemary Zraly - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.1: Champagne...Uncorked! by Rosemary Zraly 1996

Champions vs. MS - 2.1: 1977

Champs-Elysses

Le Champs- Elysses, 1992 - 4.1: 1996

The Champs-Elysees, la Voie Triomphale, 1994 - 4.1: 1997

Chandler, Charlotte - 3.1: Charlotte Chandler 1978-84, 3.1: March of Dimes' Gourmet Gala 1985

Channel Thirteen, New York - 2.1: 1984, 4.1: 1983

Charismatic - 4.1: 1999

charity - 2.1: Charities (all files), see also AIMS (Committee to Aid Multiple Sclerosis), American Cancer Society, American Diabetes Association, American Heart Association, Association for the Help of Retarded Children (AHRC), Boys & Girls Clubs of America, Boys Town of Italy, Carousel of Hope (Children's Diabetes Foundation), Champions vs. MS, Children's Hearing Institute, Citymeals-on-Wheels, Concern's Charity of Champions, Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, Doodle for Hunger, Good Tidings Foundation, Hope House Ministries, Hospital Relief Fund of the Caribbean, International Heart Foundation, International Sephardic Education Foundation, Jackie Robinson Foundation (under Robinson, Jackie), Jimmy Fund, Juvenile Diabetes Foundation, Leukemia Society of America, Make-a-Wish Foundation, Monmouth Park Charity Ball, Muscular Dystrophy Association, Myasthenia Gravis Foundation, National Multiple Sclerosis Society, North Shore Child and Family Guidance Association, Race to Erase MS, Rock for the Cure, Ronald McDonald House, Special Olympics, United Cerebral Palsy Association, United Way, 4.1: 1981, 1992, 1999; see also animals: rescue

Charlie Cosmetics - see promotions

Chavez, Julio Cesar - see boxing

chef - 3.1: James Beard 1985-87, see also Bennett, Chef John; Clark, Chef Patrick; Kopf, Stefan; Lomonaco, Chef Michael; food; restaurants; Soltner, Chef Andre

Chemical Bank - 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank, VII: Box 3

Cher - 4.1: 1981

chess - see Fischer, Bobby

Chicago Board of Trade, 1974-75 - 2.1: 1977, 1989, 4.1: 1977

Chicago Public Library - 4.1: 1955-59

Chicago Serigraphic Workshop - 2.1: 1977

children, artwork by - 2.2: Artwork from Children

children, letters from - 2.2: Mrs. Vladimir's Class 1975-85, 2.2: Hutchinson KS, Elementary Schools, 1976-78, 2.2: Mr. Silver's Class 1978-81, see also various letters in 2.1 Fan Mail files

Children at Heart - 4.1: 1996

Childrens Diabetes Foundation - 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Children's Hearing Institute - 4.1: 1994

China - 2.1: 1983

Chinaglia, Georgio - see soccer

Choate School - 4.1: 1969

Christie's - 4.1: 1978

Christina Galice Gallery - 2.1: 1990

churches -- - 4.1: 1964, 1965; The Organ at St. Paul the Apostle, 1965 - 4.1: 1965

cigars -- - 2.1: 1997, 1998, 4.1: 1996, 1997, 1998

Cigar Aficionado -- Magazine - 2.1: 1995, 4.1: 1995, 1997

Components of Fire by (Aaron Sigmond or Jim Mauro) with Foreword by LeRoy Neiman - 2.1: 1997

Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection by Don Diego - 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection by Don Diego, 1997

Puro Cigar Company - see Sigmond, Aaron

Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Video - 3.1: Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Industry Video 1997-1998

Wine, Women and Cigar, 1996 - 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars 1996, 4.1: 1999, 4.2: -- Bartender -- Magazine Cincotti, Peter - 4.1: 2002 ov.

Circle Galleries, Chicago and New York - 2.1: 1979, 1989, 4.1: 1973, 1981, 1989, 1.2: Felicie Correspondence, see exhibitions, solo: Circle Galleries and "Ali-Frazier"

Circus, 2000 - 3.1: Circus 2000, 4.1: 2001

Cirker - Hayes Warehouse - IID: Inventory of Prints Stored in Warehouse 1970s-80s

Cities in Schools - 3.1: Cities in Schools and Harlem Streets, 1981, 4.2: Arts Magazine

City by the Bay, 1993 - see San Francisco

City By The Bay, by Charles Fracchia, cover illustration by LeRoy Neiman - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Citymeals-on-Wheels - see Beard, James

Clark, Chef Patrick Dean - 4.1: 1998

Classic Leather - see promotions

Classic Moments Watches - 3.1: Classic Moments LeRoy Neiman Watch Collection 1989

Classico Postcards - 2.1: 1992

Claude-Jobrack, Madeleine - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Clay, Cassius - see boxing: Ali, Muhammad

Clayton, Derek - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Clemens, Roger, The Rocket - Roger Clemens, 2003 - 3.1: The Rocket - Roger Clemens, 2003

Clemente, Roberto - 4.1: 1992, Roberto Clemente - 4.1: 1973

Clinton, President Bill - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, 4.1: 1992

clothing - VII

clothing stores - see Marshall Fields, Neiman Marcus, Pallack, Rick, and Saks Fifth Avenue, 4.1: 1958

Clough, Charles - 4.1: 1986

Club El Morocco - 4.1: 1979

Clubhouse Turn, 1975 - see horse racing

Coalition for the Homeless - 4.1: 1986

Coca-Cola Company - 2.1: 1994

Coetzee - see boxing

Coghlan, Eamon - see running

Cohen, Mouli - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989

collectibles - see promotions

collectors - 4.1: 1969, 1980, 1981, see Wolfson

college sports - see basketball, football

Columbia Space Shuttle - 4.1: Undated ov

Columbia University - School of the Arts - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University 1995-present; School of General Studies - 2.1: 1977

Comaneci, Nadia - see gymnastics

Comedia dell' Arte - 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78

comic strips - see -- Doonesbury

commercials - see Promotions

Commodities Magazine - see The Chicago Board of Trade, 1974-75

Concern Foundation

Concern's Charity of Champions - 4.1: 1983

conductors - see Bernstein, Leonard; Slatkin, Leonard

Contemporary University - 4.1: 1980

Cooney, Gerry - see boxing

computer art - 4.1: 1975

Conner, Bart - see gymnastics

Converse - 2.1: 1982

Bill Corum Award - 1.1: Awards

Corvette, Limited Edition Neiman - 3.1: Corvette 1984, V: 1980s, Rendezvous a la Corvette, 1984 - 3.1: Corvette 1984

Cosby, Bill - 4.1: 1991, 1997

Cosell, Howard - 4.1: 1987, 1995, V: 1991

cosmetics - see promotions

Cotton Club - 4.1: undated

Countdown to Superbowl, by Dave Anderson - 3.1: Countdown to Superbowl by Dave Anderson 1969

Country Rambler -- Magazine - 2.1: 1976, 4.1: 1976 ov

Couples - 4.1: 1976

Cow Parade, NYC - 3.1: Cow Parade NYC, 2000

cowboys - see The Lone Ranger, National Cowboy Hall of Fame, rodeo

Creative Communications - 2.1: 1976

cricket - 4.1: 1961

Crosby, Bing - 3.1: 43rd Crosby National Pro-Am, 1984

crossword puzzles - 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1995, 1998, 1999

Crozier, William - V: 1995

Csonka, Larry - 4.1: 1973, 1974; Larry Csonka - 4.1: 1972

Cuba - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York, 2003, 4.1: 1979

Cuban Dancers, 1997 - 3.1: Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Video 1997-98

The Culinary Arts exhibition - 3.1: The Culinary Arts exhibition 1998

Culinary Institute of America - 4.1: 2000

Cunningham, Merce - see dance

Current Biography - 4.1: 1996

Curtis, Mike - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973

Curtis, Tony - 2.1: 1988

cycling

3.1: Tour de Trump

Boul Mich Bike Rally, 1978 - 2.1: 1983, 4.1: 1978 ov

Indoor Cycling - 4.1: 2000, 2002

Tour de France - 4.1: 1984

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation - 4.1: 1996

D

Daily Double - see Fran Joswick Therapeutic Riding Center

Dalai Lama - 2.1: 2003

Daley, Robert - 4.1: 1966

Daley, Mayor Richard - 4.1: 1968

Dali, Salvador - 4.1: 1977, 1986, 1991, 2002 (mentioned throughout 1980s and 1990s)

Dan's Papers - 2.1: 1998, 1999, 4.1: 1997 ov

dance -- - see also ballet

Cunningham, Merce

Merce Cunningham Studio - 4.1: 2004

"Fringe TOMAR 2000" Festival Internacional de Danca Contemporanea, 2000 - VII

Graham, Martha - 2.1: 1989

Jacki Sorenson, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Davidson Gallery - 4.1: 1986

Davis, Marvin and Barbara - 2.1: 1985, 3.1: Carousel Ball 1982-present

Davis, Jr. , Sammy - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall 1989, 4.1: 1964, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1991, V: early 1960s, Bojangles, 1984 - 4.1: 1986

Dawkins, Peter - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Peter Dawkins Poster 1988

De la Hoya, Oscar - see boxing

De La Vega, James - 4.1: 1999

Dean Day Gallery - 2.1: 1982, 1983, 1989, see also exhibitions

Dear Muffo, by Harold Conrad - 4.1: 1982

Edward J. DeBartolo Corporation - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91

DeBusschere, Dave - 4.1: 1974

The Dedication - 4.1: 1969

Deer Path Art League - 4.1: 1950s

Defiant, 1987 - see sculpture

Degregorio, Ernie - 2.1: 1976

Dekker, Mary - V: 1980s

Del Coronado Petit Galop, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Del Greco, Maria -2.3: Letters from Artists, 4.1: undated, 1996

Delacroix's Tiger - see animals

Delligatti, Ralph - 4.1: 1992

Denver, CO - see auto racing

Denver, John - 4.1: 1994

Derek, Bo and John - 2.1: 1998, 4.1: 1985

Des Moines, Iowa

Des Moines Ballet - 3.1: Des Moines Ballet Commissions 1983-1986

Des Moines Symphony - 4.1: 1979

Desert Inn, Las Vegas - see casinos: Caesar's

Desert Symphony - see music: classical

designers - 4.1: 1997

Dewar's - 4.1: 1971

Dial-A-Dinner - 4.1: 1994

Diamond, Neil - 4.1: 1984

El Diario la Prensa - 2.1: 1987

A Dictionary of Sporting Artists, by Mary Ann Wingfield - 4.1: 1992

Dill, Bob - 2.1: 1997, 1999

Diller, Phyllis - 2.1: 1995, 1996, 1999

DiMaggio, Joe - 4.1: 1992

Joe DiMaggio: Yankee Clipper, 1998 - 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998-1999, 4.1:1998 Joe DiMaggio: Study for "Yankee Clipper", 1998 - 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998-1999

DiPietro, Marylou - 2.1: 1979, 3.2.3

diving - see swimming and diving

Dixon, Rod - see running

dog - see animals

Dokes, Michael - 4.1: 1993

Domingo, Placido - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

Doodle for Hunger - 3.1: Doodle for Hunger I, II, III, IV, V, 2000-2004

Doonesbury -- - 4.1: 1981

Door County - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery, 2001

Dorfman, Fred - see Fred Dorfman, Inc.

Dorset, Tony - 2.1: 1982

Doubletake Gallery - 4.1: 1999

Douglas, Kirk, Kirk Douglas, 1984 - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: National Cowboy Hall of Fame 1985

dreams - 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana, Las Vegas 1983

Drinhaus, Helmut - 2.2: Helmut Drinhaus 1988-2000

Driscoll, John (President of Iona College) - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, Iona College, Honorary Doctorate, 1985

Dubai - 2.1: 1988

Dublin Bar "The Stag's Head" - see The Stag's Head Bar, 1961

Dufresne, Isabelle - 4.1: 1988

Duguay, Ron - 4.1: 1982

Dundee, Angelo - see boxing

Duneier, Clyde - 4.1: 1993

Dupont, Andre - 4.1: 1974

Dupont pens - see promotions

Duran, Roberto - see boxing

Durocher, Leo - 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994, 4.1: 1968, Leo Durocher - 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94

Duval LeRoy, Carol - 3.1: Duval LeRoy Champagne, 1999

Dyansen Gallery - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1992, 1996, 1997

Van Dyke, Dick - 3.1: Emerald Art Gallery Solo Exhibition, Coronado, CA 1976

Dylan, Bob, Bob Dylan, 2001 - 4.1: 2001

E

Earhart, Amelia - The Adventuress, 1970s - 4.1: 1982

Eaton, Roy, Roy Eaton, 1980 - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Roy Eaton, 1980, 1980-1992, 4.1: 1986

Economic Opportunity Atlanta - 3.1: 1968

Editions Limited - see Pelkey, Joe

education - 1.1: Education and Teaching, 4.1: 1980

Egypt - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

Eiffel Tower - 4.1: 1995 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002

Eight Nation Athletic Games - 4.1: 1978

Einstein, Albert - Albert Einstein, 1992 drawing - 2.1: 1991

Eiteljorg, Harrison and Sonja - 2.2: Harrison and Sonja Eiteljorg, 3.1: "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Solo Exhibition, Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1972-73, 4.1: undated, 1963, 1986, 1994

Elayne Galleries - 2.1: 1979, 1989, 3.1: Elayne Galleries and P.J. Clarke's, 1978, 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981, 4.1: 2001, see also exhibitions

elephant paintings - see animals

Elkins Entertainment - 3.1: Rhythm and Smoke Cigar Video, 1997

Elles & Eux -- Magazine - 4.1: 1961

Ellington, Duke - see jazz

Ellis, Jimmy - 4.1: 1971

Ellis Island Medal of Honor - 1.1: Awards

Elway, John - 3.1: John Elway, 1999

Emerald Art Gallery - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Emerald Art Gallery Solo Exhibition 1976

English, John - 1.1: Military Service

equestrian - see horses

Erte -- - 4.1: 1990, 1980s and 1990s (mentioned throughout)

Erving, Julius - see Basketball Superstars, 1975-76, Julius Erving, 1975 - 3.1: Julius Erving 1975-76

Esposito, Frank - see bowling

Esposito, Phil - 4.1: 1975

Esquire -- Magazine - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: Dewar's Profile 1970 ov, 4.1: 1999

Estefan, Emilio and Gloria - 2.1: 1984

etchings - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Malletmen etching Certificate, 1977, 1.2: Bowles Galleries Correspondence 1970s, see also boxing: Ali vs. Frazier II etchings, 1974, and soccer: Soccer, 1989 etching, The Etchings of LeRoy Neiman, 1976 Knoedler booklet - 3.1: The Etchings of LeRoy Neiman, 1976 booklet (ov)

Eve Models, Ltd. - 4.1: 1971, 1974

Everson, Cory - see bodybuilding

Evert, Chris - see tennis

Ewbank, Weeb - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, 4.1: 1978

exhibitions -- - Note: Solo and group exhibitions are listed alphabetically by the venue name

solo exhibitions

750 Studio, Chicago, 1953 - 3.1: 750 Studio, Chicago, Solo Exhibition 1953

Abercrombie & Fitch, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Allyson Louis Gallery, Bethesda, MD, 1988 - 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988

Allyson Louis Gallery, Bethesda, MD, 1990 - 4.1: 1990, V: 1990

American Fine Art Editions, Inc., "Superbowl XXX," Jan 1996 - 3.1: Superbowl XXX Exhibition 1996

American Fletcher National Bank - see Indianapolis Museum of Art

l'art et l'automobile gallery, "Monte Carlo Chase," New York 1988 - 3.2. Monte Carlo Chase, 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

l'art et l'automobile gallery, New York, 1989 - no materials

The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO, 1978 - 3.1: The Art Exchange Solo Exhibitions, Creve Coeur, MO 1978-79

The Art Exchange, Creve Coeur, MO, 1979 - 3.1: The Art Exchange Solo Exhibitions, Creve Coeur, MO 1978-79

Art Gallery-Studio 53 Ltd., New York 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Art Gallery-Studio 53 Ltd., New York 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Astor Tower French Center, Chicago, "Vie de France," 1965 - 3.1: "Vie de France" Solo Exhibition, Astor Tower, Chicago 1965

Backstage Gallery, Osaka, Japan - 4.1: 1989

Baja - 4.1: 1989

Base Art Collection, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco, 1977 - 3.1: Bowles Hopkins Solo Exhibition, San Francisco, 1977

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco, 1980 - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1980

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, San Francisco 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery show celebrating Winners, 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, "The Olympic Spirit," San Francisco, 1984 - 3.1: 1984 Olympics

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery show celebrating the Superbowl, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, February 1986 - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Bowles/Hopkins Gallery, October 1986 - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "Neiman's Neimans: A Retrospective," San Francisco, 1987 - 3.1: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries Solo Exhibitions, San Francisco ("Neiman's Neimans") and Beverly Hills 1987

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills 1987 - 3.1: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries Exhibition, Beverly Hills 1987

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Monte Carlo," San Francisco 1988 - 3.2. Monte Carlo Chase, 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Polo Lounge Debut, Beverly Hills, April 1989 - 3.1: Polo Lounge debut at Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Beverly Hills 1989

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco, May 1990 - 3.1: Bay Area Baseball debut at Bowles/Sorokko, San Francisco 1990

Bowles/Sorokko, Beverly Hills, October 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1980 -1990," Beverly Hills, 1991 - 3.2. The Prints of LeRoy Neiman, 1980-1990, 1991

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman's San Francisco," San Francisco 1991 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Downtown," New York 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "Big Time Golf," Beverly Hills, San Francisco, and New York, 1992 - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, City by the Bay Debut, San Francisco, 1993 - 3.1: San Francisco Series, 1991-1993

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, "An American in Paris," Beverly Hills, San Francisco, and New York, 1994 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, San Francisco, 1995 - 4.1: 1995

Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, "Portraits of Our Times 1946-1996", Beverly Hills and San Francisco 1996 - 3.1: "Portraits of Our Times 1946-96" Solo Exhibition and Catalog, Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, 1996

Brentano's Gallery, New York, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Brentano's Gallery, New York, 1979 - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1979

Brentano's Gallery, New York, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Butler Institute of American Art, Exhibition at "The Art Spirit" Event, April 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Carol Condit Galleries, White Plains, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Casa Grafica, Helsinki, Finland, 1977 - 3.1: Casa Grafica Solo Exhibition, Helsinki, Finland, 1977

"Celebration 2000," 2000 - 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1991-2000, 2001

Centaur Galleries, Las Vegas, 2000 - 4.1: 2000

Centaur Sculpture Galleries, "The Safari Suite," Las Vegas 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Center Art Galleries, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1985 - 3.1: Center Art Galleries Exhibition, Hawaii, 1985

Chabot Galleries, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Choate School, "LeRoy Neiman: Paintings and Drawings," 1969 - 4.1: 1969

Circle Gallery, Chicago 1972 - 3.1: Circle Gallery Solo Exhibition, Chicago, 1972

Circle Galleries Los Angeles, Dallas, and NYC, 1973 - 3.1: Circle Galleries Los Angeles, Dallas, NYC, 1973

Circle Gallery, New York, "Ali - Frazier," 1974 - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier I, 1971

Dean Day Gallery, 1983 - 4.1: 1982, 1983

Dyansen Gallery, "The Playboy Collection," 1989-90 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989-90

Dyansen Gallery, Trump Taj Mahal, 1992 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Solo Exhibition, Atlantic City, and The Beatles serigraph 1992

Elayne Galleries, Minneapolis, MN, 1978 - 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978

Emerald Art Gallery, Coronado, CA, 1976 - 3.1: Emerald Art Gallery Solo Exhibition, Coronado, CA 1976

Fairfield Gallery, "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," 2001 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman - A Retrospective Exhibition of Works on Paper," Fairfield Gallery, 2001

Fahlnaes Konstsalong, Sweden, 1976 - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

Famous-Barr, St. Louis, MO, 1980 - 3.1: Famous-Barr Olympic Benefit Solo Exhibition, St. Louis 1980

The Far Gallery, "Recent Graphics and Drawings", 1971 - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings," The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971

Fingerhut Gallery, La Jolla, CA, 2003 - 4.1: 2003

Forsyth Gallery, St. Louis, MO, 1970 - 4.1: 1970

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1980 - 4.1: 1980, V: 1980

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Foster Harmon Galleries, Sarasota, 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "Animals: The Wild and the Tame", 1998 - 3.1: "Animals: The Wild and the Tame" Solo Exhibition, Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco, October 1998

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," 2001 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: Master Printmaker," Franklin Bowles Gallery, San Francisco 2001

Frankin Bowles Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," 2002 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: Thirty Years in San Francisco," Franklin Bowles Galleries, San Francisco 2002

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "Looking Back: The Life & Times of America's Artist", Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco, February 2004 - 4.1: 2004

Franklin Bowles Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: The Art of Boxing," San Francisco, February 2005 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: The Art of Boxing," Franklin Bowles Galleries 2005

Friars Club, 1987 - see exhibitions: New York Friars Club

Galerie 224, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Galerie Borjeson, Malmo, Sweden, 1976 - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

Galerie O. Bosc, Paris 1962 - 4.1: 1962

Galerie Marc, San Francisco, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Galerie Marcel Bernheim, "Un Américain à Paris," Paris 1993 - 3.1: "Un Américain à Paris," Solo Exhibition, Galerie Marcel Bernheim, Paris 1993

Galerie Renee & Victor, Stockholm, Sweden, 1977 - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

La Galleria d'Arte, Newport Beach, CA, 1993 - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, 4.1: 1993, V: 1993

La Galleria d'Arte, "An American in Paris," Newport Beach, CA, 1994 - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

La Galleria d'Arte, "LeRoy Neiman On Safari," Newport Beach, CA 1996 - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, 3.2. LeRoy Neiman On Safari, 1996, Related Exhibitions

Gallery One American Design, Aurora, Colorado, August 1990 - 3.1: Gallery One Solo Exhibition, Denver, Colorado, 1990

Gallery One of Writer Square, Denver, August 1990 - 3.1: Emerson Fittipaldi, 1989, 3.1: Gallery One Solo Exhibition, Denver, Colorado, 1990

Gallery 36, New York, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Gallery 100, Mishawaka, IN, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Gallery Hawaii, International Market Place, 1974 - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Gallery Hawaii, Hyatt Regency, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Gallery Mack, Seattle, 1978 - 3.1: Gallery Mack Solo Exhibition, Seattle 1978

Gallery Mack, "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman: A Retrospective," Seattle, 1981 - 3.1: Neiman/Warhol Exhibition at LAICA 1981-82

Gallery Mack, Seattle, 1982 - 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th win 1982

Gallery of Modern Art, Frank Sinatra drawings, New York, 1967 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art 1967

Gallery Richelle, 1966 - 4.1: 1966

Gateway Gallery, Vail, CO, 1994 - 4.1: 1994

Gilbert Gallery, San Francisco, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Grigsby Gallery, Scottsdale, AZ, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Hammer Galleries, 1963 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1963

Hammer Galleries, 1965 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1965

Hammer Galleries, 1967 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1967

Hammer Galleries Exhibition of New York Jets Drawings, 1968 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Exhibition of NY Jets Drawings, 1968

Hammer Galleries, 1970 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1970

Hammer Galleries, 1972 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1972

Hammer Galleries, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," 1975-76 - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Hammer Galleries, "The Olympic Ring," 1976 - 3.1: 1976 Olympics, Montreal

Hammer Galleries, "Horses," 1979-80 - 3.2. Horses, 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Publicity, Reviews, and Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "Drawings: A Retrospective," 1981 - 3.1: "Drawings" A Retrospective" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1981

Hammer Galleries, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: Winners," 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, Publicity and Related Exhibitions; Photos, Proofs, and BLAD

Hammer Galleries, "The Olympics, Past and Present," 1984 - 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles

Hammer Galleries, "The LeRoy Neiman Collection," 1985 - 3.1: "The LeRoy Neiman Collection" Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, 1985

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow," April 1987 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1987

Hammer Galleries, "Soft Paintings," April 1989 - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman: A Salute to Central Park," September 1989 - 3.1: "A Salute to Central Park" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1989

Hammer Galleries, "Big Time Golf," 1992 - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "An American in Paris," 1994 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "LeRoy Neiman On Safari," New York, 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Hammer Galleries, "A View from the Table," Solo Exhibition, New York, 2003 - 3.1: "A View from the Table" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries, New York, 2003

Hammer Graphics Gallery, 1979 - 3.1: Hammer Graphics Gallery Solo Exhibition 1979

Hammer Graphics Gallery exhibition of graphic works 1971-81, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Hanae Mori Building, "Neiman's World - Japan '88," Tokyo, 1988 - 3.1: "Neiman's World" Exhibition, Japan 1988

Hang-Up Gallery, 1973 - 4.1: 1973 and ov

Hanson Art Galleries, New Orleans, 1983-84 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibitions, New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84

Hanson Art Galleries, Carmel, CA, 1984 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibitions, New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84

Hanson Art Galleries, La Jolla, 1986 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, La Jolla, 1986

Hanson Art Galleries, San Francisco, 1987 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, San Francisco Bay Area, 1987

Hanson Art Galleries, New Orleans, 1997 - 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries Solo Exhibition, New Orleans 1997

Hanson Art Galleries, New Orleans, 1998 - 4.1: 1998

Hanson Art Galleries, "A Decade of Retrospective Works by LeRoy Neiman," 2000 - 3.1: "A Decade of Retrospective Works by LeRoy Neiman" 2000

Harrod's, London, 1982 - 3.1: Harrod's Gallery Solo Exhibition, London 1982

Heath Gallery, "LeRoy Neiman: Impressions of Atlanta", Atlanta, GA, 1969 - 4.1: 1969

Heit Galleries, Phoenix, AZ, 1976 - 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Nicholas Helion, Paris, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Hess's Gallery, Allentown, PA, 1975 - 3.1: Hess's Gallery Solo Exhibition, Allentown, PA, 1975

Hilliard Gallery, Kansas City, October 1989 - V: 1989

Hilliard Gallery, "The Safari Suite," Kansas City, MO, 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Horizon Gallery, Kuhio Mall, Waikiki Beach 1980 - 4.1: 1980 and ov

Hotrod Vintage Car Museum and Dance Club, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Indianapolis Museum of Art, "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Miliken Gallery, 1972-73 - 3.1: "Sketches of the XXth Olympiad," Solo Exhibition, Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1972-73

Indianapolis Museum of Art, Downtown Gallery at American Fletcher National Bank, 1976 - 2.1: 1976, 3.1: Indianapolis Museum of Art Solo Exhibition 1976

Japan - see exhibitions: Backstage Gallery, exhibitions: Hanae Mori Building and exhibitions: Tobu Gallery

Jewish Community Center, Bridgeport, CT, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

JoAnn Perse Gallery, Little Rock, 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams

JoAnn Perse Gallery, "Monte Carlo Chase," Little Rock 1988 - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

John Miller Gallery, Carmel, CA 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Kentucky Derby Museum, "An Exhibition of Equine Art," 1993 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Kentucky Derby Museum, "A Racing Retrospective," 1995 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Kentucky Derby Museum, "The Art of Sport," 1997 - 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby and Derby Day Paddock 1997

M. Knoedler & Co., Ltd., London, 1976 - 3.1: Knoedler London Solo Exhibition 1976 Krannert School of Management, 1986 - no materials

Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills, 1985 - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries 1985-88

Lawrence Ross Galleries, Beverly Hills, 1986 - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries 1985-88

Lincoln College, 1953 - 4.1: 1953

Marlborough Galleries, Boston, 1987 - 3.1: Marlborough Galleries Exhibition, Boston 1987

Mayfair Art Gallery, Saratoga Springs, NY, 1977 - 2.1: 1977

Meredith Long & Company, Houston, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Meredith Long & Company, Houston, 1978 - 4.1: 1978

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1978 - 4.1: 1978 and ov

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Merrill Chase Galleries, "Big Time Golf," Chicago 1992 - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Merrill Chase Galleries, "An American in Paris," Chicago 1994 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

Merrill Chase Galleries, "The Safari Suite," Chicago 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Related Exhibitions

Merv Griffin Resorts International Casino Hotel, Atlantic City, 1990 - 3.1: Merv Griffin's Resorts Casino Exhibition 1990

Midwest Museum of Art, "Selected Works by LeRoy Neiman", 1989 - 3.1: Midwest Museum of Art Exhibition, 1989

Minnesota Museum of Art, "LeRoy Neiman Retrospective," St. Paul, 1975-76 - 3.1: St. Paul Bicentennial 1975-76

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1983 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1983

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1984 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1984

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1985 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1985

Minotaur Galleries, Las Vegas 1988 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984 -1994, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Related Exhibitions, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., 4.1: 1988

Minotaur Galleries, "Big Time Golf," Las Vegas 1992 - 3.2. Big Time Golf, 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Minotaur's Forum Gallery, Las Vegas 1993 - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1993

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, 1972 - 2.1: 1972, 4.1: 1972, V: 1970s

Myrtle Todes Gallery, Glencoe, Illinois, 1957 - 3.1: Myrtle Todes Gallery Solo Exhibition, Glencoe, Illinois 1957

National Art Museum of Sport, "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," 2001 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman: Works on Paper," National Art Museum of Sport, 2001

Nevada County Arts Council, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

New York Friars Club, 1987 - 3.1: New York Friars Club Solo Exhibition, 1987

Niagara Art Center, Niagara Falls, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

O'Hana Gallery, London, 1962 - 3.1: O'Hana Gallery Solo Exhibition, London 1962

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago 1959 - 3.1: Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery Solo Exhibition, Chicago 1959

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1961 - 4.1: 1961

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1962 - no material

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Oklahoma Art Center Sheets Gallery, "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman: A Retrospective," 1981 - 3.1: "Drawings by LeRoy Neiman," Oklahoma Art Center 1981

Paterson Museum, Paterson, NJ, 1996 - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1996

Percival Galleries, Des Moines, 1979 - 2.1: 1978, 1979, 4.1: 1979

Peri-Renneth Gallery, Southampton, 1986 - 3.1: Peri-Reneth Gallery Solo Exhibition 1986

Peter Foulger Museum, Nantucket, 1975 - 3.2. -- Moby Dick -- , 1975, The Artist's Limited Edition

Playboy offices, "LeRoy Neiman: Man at his Leisure" 1991 - V: 1991

Pratt Institute, "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba," 2003 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York, 2003

"Profiles: Six Decades of Work" 1996 - 3.1: "Profiles" Exhibition 1996

Purdue University, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Quinn-Pollak Gallery, "Monte Carlo Chase," San Diego 1988 - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

Richelle Gallery, St. Louis, 1966 - see Gallery Richelle

Rosenbaum Galleries, Palm Beach, 1976 - 2.1: 1976, 4.1: 1976

St. Lawrence National Bank, 1977 - 3.1: St. Lawrence National Bank Solo Exhibition, Ogdensburg, NY, 1977

Sher Gallery, Florida, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Springfield Art Association, "LeRoy Neiman: A Series of Sport Serigraphs," Springfield, IL, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Springfield College - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Centennial Art Exhibition, Springfield, MA, 1984

Springfield Museum of Art, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

State National Bank, El Paso, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Steiner & Young Fine Arts Galleries, 1989 - 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Exhib 1989, 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd., Related Exhibitions

Surf Club, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Thomas Ward Galleries, St. Paul, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "The Culinary Arts" 1998 - 3.1: "The Culinary Arts" Solo Exhibition, Timothy Yarger Fine Art, Beverly Hills 1998

Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "A Thirty-Year Retrospective Exhibition" - 3.1: Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "A Thirty -Year Retrospective" Exhibition 2000

Timothy Yarger Fine Art, "LeRoy Neiman: A Fifty-Year Retrospective", Beverly Hills, 2003 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades -- , 2003

The Toy Store, Hartford, CT, 1985 and 1986 - 3.1: The Toy Store 1985-86

Tobu Gallery, Tokyo, 1974 - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Tretyakov Museum, Moscow 1988 - 3.1: Tretyakov Museum Solo Exhibition, Moscow 1988

Trump Plaza, Atlantic City, 1996 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Correspondence

Turnbery Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibition, 1981, 1982, 1983 - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibitions 1981-83

Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art, Wichita State University, 1981 - 2.1: 1981

University of Charleston, West Virginia, Art Gallery, 1992 - 4.1: 1992

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, Exhibition celebrating Winners, 1983 - 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, Publicity and Related Exhibitions

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1986 - 4.1: 1986

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Upstairs Gallery, Beverly Hills, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Waller's Gallery, Tampa, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Wichita State University Ulrich Museum of Art Exhibition 1981 - 4.1: 1981

The Wildlife Experience, "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," 2003 - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman on Safari" Solo Exhibition, The Wildlife Experience, Parker, CO, 2003

Windsor Gallery, Los Angeles, 1974 - 3.1: Windsor Gallery Solo Exhibitions, Los Angeles 1974-75

Windsor Gallery, "The Wide World of LeRoy Neiman," Los Angeles, 1975 - 3.1: Windsor Gallery Solo Exhibitions, Los Angeles 1974-75

two-person exhibitions

LeRoy Neiman and Robert Addison, Art Institute of Chicago, 1978 - 4.1: 1978 and ov

Alexander Calder and LeRoy Neiman, Nassau Gallery, Baldwin, NY 1973 - 4.1: 1973

"The Mustache Show", Salvador Dali and LeRoy Neiman, Tunnel Club, New York, 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

LeRoy Neiman/Andy Warhol, LAICA, Los Angeles 1981 - 3.1: Neiman/ Warhol Exhibition 1981

group exhibitions

Amherst College, "When They Were Very Young," Amherst, MA 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Amnesty International Exhibition and Sale, New York, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Anna Werbe Gallery, Chicago Artists, Detroit 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

Anshe Emet Cinema Arts Festival, 1960 - 4.1: 1960

Aqueduct Art Gallery, New York, 1966 - 4.1: 1966

Area, "Art," New York, 1985 - 3.1: "Art", Group Exhibition at Area, 1985

L'art et L'automobile, automotive artists group exhibition, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

L'art et l'automobile, Ferrari Collection exhibition, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Art Directors Club of Chicago, Exhibition of Advertising and Editorial Art, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Expo - 4.1: Undated

Art Institute of Chicago, Student Exhibition, 1950 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, Student Exhibition, 1951 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," 1953 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, Instructors Exhibition, 1955 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955

Art Institute of Chicago, "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," 1956 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, American Painting and Sculpture, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, Instructors Exhibition, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Art Institute of Chicago, "Artists of Chicago and Vicinity," 1961 - 4.1: 1961

Art Institute of Chicago, "Drawing New Conclusions," 1992 - 3.1: "Drawing New Conclusions," Art Institute of Chicago group exhibition 1992

Baja Club, "Art's As Good An Investment as Bonds," New York, 1989 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions 1988-89

Bal Tabarin Room, Sherman Hotel, Chicago 1959 - 4.1: 1950s

Bank One, "Athletes and Heroes," Youngstown, Ohio, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

"Beyond Illustration - The Art of Playboy," Traveling Exhibition, 1971-74 - 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1970s

Blumhelman Gallery and Germans van Eck Gallery, "Artists for Amnesty," New York, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Butler Institute of American Art, "The Artist at Ringside," 1990 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91, 4.1: 1990

Calgary Inn, "Fall Portfolio of International Artists," Calgary, Alberta, Canada 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Carnegie Institute of Arts, International Exhibition, Pittsburgh, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Chicago Navy Pier, Chicago Artists, 1957 - 4.1: 1957

Chicago Public Library, 1958 - 4.1: 1955-59

China Club, "The Famous Show," New York, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Cig Art

"Cig Art," National Arts Club, New York, 1996 - 4.1: 1996

"Cig Art 2: The Smoke Continues", National Arts Club, New York, 1997 - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

"Cig Art 4: Where There's Smoke", Art Museum of Southern Texas, 2000 - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

Collectors Club Exhibition, 1957 - no materials

Corcoran Gallery of Art, Biennial Exhibition of Contemporary American Oil Paintings, Washington, DC, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

Deer Path Art League Annual Fine Arts Fair, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

El Paso Museum of Art, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, "Grand Opening Group Exhibition," Sarasota, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Foster Harmon Galleries of American Art, "American Masters Exhibition," Sarasota, FL, annual - 4.1: 1981, 1987

Gimbel's, "Playboy's Art of Fashion Exhibition," Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1979 - 4.2: Grand Palais, "Salon d'Automne," Paris, 1993 - 2.2: Association du Salon d'Automne 1992-99, 4.1: 1993

Greenwich Workshop Gallery, "Greenwich Workshop Gallery Miniature Show '83" - 2.1: 1983, 4.1: 1983

Hammer Galleries, "Group Show of FKH Artists," 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Hammer Galleries, Holiday Exhibitions, New York, 1974 - 4.1: 1974

Hammer Galleries, "Hammer Galleries Graphics," New York, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Hammer Galleries, "Master Prints of the 19th -20th Century," 1987 - 4.1: 1987, V: 1987

Hanson Art Galleries, San Diego, CA - 4.1: 1987

Harmon Gallery, "20th Century American Masters," Naples, FL, 1979 - 4.1: 1979

Illini Union Art Gallery, Illinois 1973 - 4.1: 1973

International Tennis Hall of Fame, "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," 1977 - 3.1: International Tennis Hall of Fame Group Exhibitions 1977-78

International Tennis Hall of Fame, "National Exhibition of Tennis Art," 1978 - 3.1: International Tennis Hall of Fame Group Exhibitions 1977-78

Los Angeles County Fair - see group exhibitions: Millard Sheets Gallery

Marshall Field & Co. Gallery, "Brotherhood in Art," 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

Mickey Mantle's, New York - 4.1: 1988

Midwest Museum of American Art, "Panorama of American Art," Elkhart, IN, 1979 - 4.1: 1979

Millard Sheets Gallery, Fairplex, "Art and the Athlete," Los Angeles County Fair, 1996 - 3.1: "Art and the Athlete" Group Exhibition, Los Angeles County Fair 1996

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Local Artists' Exhibition, 1952 - 4.1: 1950s

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Local Artists' Exhibition, 1953 - 4.1: 1950s

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Local Artists' Exhibition, 1954 - 4.1: 1950s

Minnesota Museum of Art, "TIME Portraits of American Newsmakers," 1969 - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and Minnesota Museum of Art 1969

Minnesota Museum of Art, "Drawings USA 75," St. Paul, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Minnesota State Fair, 1954 - 4.1: 1950s

Minnesota State Fair, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

The Monmouth Museum, "The Horse: Man's Noble Companion," Lincroft, NJ 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Museum of the City of New York, "Showstoppers: Great Moments of the American Musical," 1983 - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983

Mystic Seaport Museum, "Archives of American Yachting and Boating," 1985 - 4.1: 1985 National Art Museum of Sport, 1969 - 4.1: 1969

National Portrait Gallery, "TIME Portraits of American Newsmakers," Washington, DC, 1969 - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and Minnesota Museum of Art 1969

Navy Pier Art Show, 1957 - 4.1: 1950s

New Orleans Museum of Art, "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy," 1994-95 - 3.1: "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy" traveling exhibition 1995

New-York Historical Society, "That Belmont Look," 1980 - 4.1: 1980

North Mississippi Valley Exhibition, 1964 - 4.1: 1964

North Shore Art League, Chicago Area Show, 1956 - 4.1: 1950s

North Shore Art League, Old Orchard Art Festival, Skokie, IL, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

North Shore Art League, Old Orchard Art Festival, Skokie, IL, 1959 - 4.1: 1950s ov

Northampton County Area Community College Foundation, 1982 - 4.1: 1982

Odyssey House Art Gallery, New York, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1959 - 4.1: 1950s

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Chicago, 1965 - 4.1: 1965

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, "Twentieth Anniversary Show," Chicago 1969 - 4.1: 1969

F. Oehlschlaeger Gallery, "American Masters of the 1940s, 50s, and 60s," 1985 - 3.1: "American Masters of the 40s, 50s, and 60s", Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, 1985

O'Grady Galleries, "Collectors' Show," 1980 - 4.1: 1980

O'Hana Gallery, "Mixed Christmas Exhibition," London, 1962-63 - 4.1: 1962

Old Orchard Art Festival - see exhibitions: North Shore Art League

Park Shore Gallery, "Director's Choice," Naples, FL, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Queens Museum of Art, "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy," 1994-95 - 3.1: "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy" traveling exhibition 1995

Ravinia Festival, 1958 - 4.1: 1950s

San Diego Museum of Art, "Champions: The Olympic Athlete in Art," 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Saratoga Gallery, Saratoga Springs, New York, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Sherman Art Gallery, Paintings and Photographs by Playboy Jazz Artists, 1959 - 4.1: 1950s

Sherman Hotel, Chicago, 1959 - see Bal Tabarin

Spectrum Fine Art, "Ball, Bat, and Glove," New York, 1977 - 3.1: "Ball, Bat, and Glove," Spectrum Fine Art, New York, 1977

Spectrum Fine Art, "Ringside: The Fine Art of Boxing," New York, 1979 - 2.1: 1978, 4.1: 1979

Springfield Art Museum, "Watercolor U.S.A. National Invitational Exhibition," Springfield, MO, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Springfield College, "Women in Sports," 1988 - 4.1: 1988

Steiner & Young Galleries, "20/20 Exhibition," Marietta, Georgia, 1989 - 4.1: 1989

Treasures of Island Creek, Louisville, KY, 1979 - 4.1: 1979

Tunnel Club, "New Perspectives in Contemporary Art," New York, September 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

Tunnel Club, "The Mustache Show", New York, November 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

Tunnel Club, "The Most Famous Artist Alive", New York, December 1988 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89

Tunnel Club, "The Greatest Hits Vol 1 Show", New York 1989 - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions 1988-89

University of Southern Florida, "Expose Yourself to Art," 1991 - 4.1: 1991

Whitney Museum, "Americana," New York, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Yogi Berra Museum, "Viva el Beisbol!" 2000 - 3.1: "Viva el Beisbol!" exhibition, Yogi Berra Museum 2000

Exotic Erotic Halloween Ball - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989, 1996

F

F.I.S.T. - see boxing

F.X. McRory's Whiskey Bar, Seattle, 1980 - see bars

Fairfield Gallery - see exhibitions

Fairmont Hotel - 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Falstaff, opera by Verdi - 3.1: Falstaff Opera 1993, 4.1: 2002

fan auction - 4.1: 1992

Far Gallery, New York - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings", The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971

fashion - 3.1: Early Fashion Illustration 1949-57, 3.1: Fashion Illustration for The Domino Catalog 1950s -60s, 3.1: Fashion Illustration for Marshall Field 1957-59 (Oversize only), 4.1: 1958, 1971, undated 1990s

F.D.N.Y. (Fire Department of New York)

F.D.N.Y. Painting - 3.1: F.D.N.Y. Painting 2002

F.D.N.Y Pipes and Drums - 2.1: 1984

Felicie, Inc. - IID: Price Lists 1970s, 1.2

Felt, Irving Mitchell and Elaine - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Bill Bradley 1978-2000, see Madison Square Garden

Femlin - see Playboy

Festival Internacioal de Danca Contemporanea - 4.1: 2000

Fields, Edward - see tapestry

The Fifth Dimension - 3.1: Fifth Dimension Album Art 1970-1982

Fight of the Century - see boxing

figure skating -- - 3.1: 1982 U.S. Figure Skating National Championships, V: 1980s, see also Olympic Games

Healey, Kathy - V: Kathy Healey, 1981

Superskates - 2.1: 1981, 4.1: 1981, V: 1980s

United States Figure Skating Association - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: 1982 U.S. Figure Skating National Championships

film -- - 3.1: Beauty, the Beach, and the Bizarre 1984, 3.1: Houston Film Fest 1990, 3.1: Wine Country Film Fest 1990, 4.1: 1972, 1990, see also Screen Actors Guild

"Ali," 2002 film with Will Smith - 2.1: 2001

"American Rider" motorcycle documentary - 2.1: 1991

"Donnie Darko" 2001 film - 2.1: 2000

The Family Man" 2000 film with Nicholas Cage - 2.1: 1999

"The Ice Storm" 1997 film - 2.1: 1996

"Jerry Maguire" 1997 film with Tom Cruise - 2.1: 1996

"The Lone Ranger", 1978 feature film - 3.1: The Lone Ranger, 1977

"Mr. Baseball," Twentieth Century Fox - 2.1: 1991

"My Old Man," 1979 CBS TV movie - 2.1: 1979, 1990

"Quarterback Princess," Twentieth Century Fox - 2.1: 1983, 1992

Rocky films - 3.1: Rocky films 1980-1990

"Rooster," 1981 - 3.1: "Rooster," 1981

1976 documentary, Twentieth Century Fox - 2.1: 1976

finance

Mr. Neiman's own finances - 2.1: 1975, IID: Invoices Paid, see International Management Group, Inc.

represented in art - see investing, Stock Market, Chicago Board of Trade

Finland - IID: Price Lists 1970s, 3.1: Casa Grafica Solo Exhibition, Helsinki, Finland, 1977

Fireman, Shelly - 3.1: Shelly's New York Restaurant 2000

Firestone, Roy - 4.1: 1986

Fischer, Bobby - 4.1: 1972, 1974, 1987

fishing - see Marlin!

Fittipaldi, Emerson - see auto racing

Fitzgerald, Ella - see jazz

Flagg, Special Agent Warren M. - 4.1: 1998

Florida Racing - 4.1: undated

Floyd, Ray - see golf

Flynt, Larry - 2.1: 1976

Focus Midwest Magazine - 4.1: 1964, 1967, 1970, 1980

Foley, Jaclyn - 4.1: 1996, 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1993-2002

Folies Bergere - see casinos

food - 3.1: James Beard 1982-87, 3.1: The Culinary Arts exhibition 1998, 4.1: 1981, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995

Foot Locker - 2.1: 1990

football -- - search for individual players listed alphabetically

college football

Cross-Town Rivalry, 1967, 1993 - 4.1: 1993

Georgia Tech - 4.1: 1983

Iowa vs. Minnesota, 1982 - 4.1: 1983, 1984

Nebraska Football - 2.1: 1976

Northwestern University - 4.1: 1996

Ohio State Buckeyes, Rivalry, 1975 - 4.1: 2001

Penn State University - 4.1: 1996

Pioneer Bowl - 4.1: 1976, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA)

University of Florida, The Gators, 1995 - 3.1: Florida Gators, 1995

Universities of Iowa - see Iowa vs. Minnesota, 1982

University of Michigan, Rivalry, 1975 - 4.1: 2001

University of Southern California - see football: college: Cross-Town Rivalry, 1967, 1993

University of Texas, The Texas Longhorns, 1985 - 3.1: The Texas Longhorns 1985, 4.1: 1986

University of Minnesota - see Iowa vs. Minnesota, 1982

University of Nebraska, The Devaney Era serigraph suite - 2.1: 1997, 4.1: 1974, 1975, 1988, 1992

Football Game, 1960s - 4.1: 1998

Game of the Century, 1983 - 4.1: 1983

Gridiron Football News - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

NFL football - 4.1: 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977 ov, 1978, 1982, 1985, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1996

Buffalo Bills - 3.1: O.J. Simpson, 4.1: 1972, see also football: Superbowl XXVIII

Dallas Cowboys - 2.3: March 1993, 4.1: 1972 and ov, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1982, 1984, 1989, 1994, see also Superbowl XXVIII

Denver Broncos - see Superbowl XXII, 3.1: John Elway, 1999, 4.1: 1972, 1978, 1999

etchings - 4.1: 1976

Giants-Broncos Classic - 4.1: 1988

Green Bay Packers - 4.1: 1992, 1997

In the Pocket, 1988 - see football: Superbowl XXII

Kansas City Chiefs - 4.1: 1997

Legends Magazine - see NFL Alumni

Miami Dolphins - 4.1: 1972 and ov, 1993

Minnesota Vikings - 4.1: 1975, 1977

Mirage Bowl - 4.1: 1978

NFL Alumni - 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1992

Legends Official Magazine of the NFL Alumni - 4.2: Legends NFL Alumni Magazine, 1982-2002

NFL Alumni Player of the Year Awards Dinner - 4.1: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987

Yearbooks - 4.1: 1980

NFL Players Association - 4.1: 1974

New England Patriots - 4.1: 1997, 2004, 2005

New York Giants - 4.1: 1987, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2003

New York Jets - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: New York Jets 1966 -, 3.1: Hammer Galleries Exhibition of NY Jets Drawings, 1968

Oakland Raiders - 4.1: 1977

Pittsburgh Steelers - 4.1: 1975, 1979

San Francisco 49ers - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91, 1.2: Bowles Galleries 1991, 4.1: 1982, 1990

Superbowl, general - 3.1: Countdown to Superbowl by Dave Anderson 1969, 4.1: 1997

Superbowl stamps - see stamps or U.S. Postal Service

Superbowl II, 1969 - 4.1: 1969 and ov

Superbowl V, 1972 - 4.1: 1972 and ov

Superbowl VI, 1973 - 4.1: 1973 and ov, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1973, see Appendix E

Superbowl IX, 1975 - 4.1: 1975 ov

Superbowl X, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Superbowl XI, 1977 - 4.1: 1977

Superbowl XII, 1978 - 3.1: Superbowl XII, 1978, 4.1: 1983

Superbowl XIX, 1985 - 3.1: Superbowl XIX, 1985

Superbowl XXI, 1987 - 4.1: 1988

Superbowl XXII, In the Pocket, 1988 - 3.1: Superbowl XXII painting In the Pocket, at Allyson Louis Gallery 1988, 4.1: 1989 ov

Superbowl XXIII, 1989, Superplay, 1989 - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Superbowl XXIII painting, Superplay, 1989

Superbowl XXIV, Silverdome Superbowl, 1990 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91

Superbowl XXV, 1991 - 4.1: 1991

Superbowl XXVII, 1993 - 2.1: 1993

Superbowl XXVIII, 1994 - 3.1: Superbowl XXVIII, 1994

Superbowl XXX, 1996 - 2.1: 1997, see exhibitions

Superbowl XXXVIII, 2002 - 4.1: 2002

Superbowl XXXIX, 2003 - 4.1: 2003

Superplay - see football: Superbowl XXIII, 1989

Washington Redskins - 4.1: 1972, see also football: Superbowl XXII

foreign language articles, Finnish - 4.1: 1977, Italian - see auto racing

Foreman, George - see boxing

forgery - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries, 4.1: 1989, 1994, 1995 ov, see also theft and vandalism

Forrester, Bruce (event photographer) - see photograph files for Bowles/Sorokko Gallery openings

Foster Harmon Gallery of American Art - 2.1: 1975, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1989, 1992, 1993, 4.1: 1974, see also exhibitions

Fouch-Roseboro Corporation - 2.1: 1976

Fouquet's - see restaurants

Fox, Manheim - 2.1: 1979

Fox, Virgil - 4.1: 1965

Fran Joswick Therapeutic Riding Center - 4.1: 1998

Francis, Emile - 4.1: 1975

Franey Langkop, Dorothy - V: 1990s

Frank, Morris - 4.1: 1975

Franklin Bowles Gallery - see Bowles Galleries

Franklin Pierce College - 1.1: Honorary Degrees

fraud - see forgery

Frazier, Joe - see boxing

Fred Dorfman, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Freeman, Morgan - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Freidman, Joann - 2.1: 1978

French Riviera - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1962, see Appendix E, see also Monaco

Friars' Club - 1.1: New York Friar's Club

Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys, 1.2: Lawsuit Against Felicie, Inc.

Frito Lay - 2.1: 1991

Frost, David - see golf

Fujita family - 2.2: Tele Planning International, Tokyo 1993-98

G

Gable, Dan - 3.1: American Sportscasters Association Hall of Fame Awards Dinner 1984 -present

Galerie Borjeson, Malmo, Sweden - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

Galice, Christina - see Christina Galice Gallery

Gallagher's Steak House - see restaurants

La Galleria d'Arte - 2.2: La Galleria d'Arte, see also exhibitions

Gallery 100 - 2.1: 1979

Gallery Mack, Seattle - 2.1: 1979, 1983, 1985, 1987, 4.1: 1974, 1981, see also exhibitions

Gallery One, Denver, Colorado - see exhibitions

Gallo, Bill - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: Gallagher's Steak House - The Neiman Collection 2002, 4.1: 2002

gambling - see casinos

Game of the Century, 1983 - see football

Ganassi, Cara and Chip - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Gardiner, John - 2.1: 1975, 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Garret, Lesly - 4.1: 1982

Garvey, Steve - 2.1: 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1989, 3.2. Big Time Golf, 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions, 4.1: undated 1980s, 1980, 1988, 1989, VII: Bags

Gene Michael Fund - 4.1: 1994

General Electric - see promotions

General Mills - 3.1: Wheaties 1997

Gere, Gary - see The Taxicab Chronicles

Germany, Baden Baden - 2.1: 1986, 1987, 1988

Gibson Guitars - 2.1: 1997

"Art of Guitars II" exhibition - 3.1: Gibson "Art of Guitars II" 2000

The Gifts of Music, 1994 - 4.1: 1994

Gilbert, Rod -- - 4.1: 1992

Rod Gilbert, 1968 drawing - 4.1: 1992

Rod Gilbert, 1974 drawing - 4.1: 1974

Rod Gilbert, 1976 - 4.1: 1976, 1992

Giorgio Beverly Hills - 2.1: 1985

Giulianni, Mayor Rudy - 3.1: Mayor Giulianni and NYC Advisory Commission for Cultural Affairs, 1994-2001

Givenchy - 3.1: Givenchy 1999

Gleason, Jackie - see -- The Hustler

Goff, Bill - see Spectrum Fine Art

Gold Glove Award - 4.1: 1992

Goldberg, Whoopie - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Golden Apple Awards - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: 1977, 1990, 1995, 1996

Golden Boy - see musicals

golf - 3.1: Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer 1973-74, 4.1: 1973, 1987, 1988-89, 1990, 1993, 1995, 1997, 2000, 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992

16th at Cypress, 1983 - 3.1: 43rd Crosby, 1984, 4.1: 1982

An Queens Cup, Japan - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: 1990 and ov

Atlanta National Golf Club

Atlanta National Golf Club California Merlot - 2.1: 1996, 2000, 4.1: 1996

Augusta

The 16th at Augusta, 1992 - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

April at Augusta, 1990 - 4.1: 1990, 1995

Arnold Palmer and Richard Pack, Augusta Clubhouse Bar, 1973 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

Bethpage Black, The 18th at Bethpage Black - 3.1: U.S. Open at Bethpage Black 2002, 4.1: 2002

caddies - 4.1: 1976

Crosby National Pro-Am Golf Championship - 3.1: Hanson Galleries New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84, 3.1: 43rd Crosby National Pro-Am, 1984

Excalibur Classic, Palm Springs - 2.1: 2001, 3.1: Pebble Beach 1982-1995

Floyd, Ray - 4.1: 1987

Frank Sinatra Celebrity Golf Tournament - 4.1: 1998

Frost, David

David Frost Wines - 3.1: David Frost Wines 1998-2003

Gavea Golf and Country Club, Rio de Janeiro

Gavea Golf and Country Club, Rio de Janeiro, 1985 (also appears as International Golf Foursome) - 2.1: 1985, 4.1: 2001

golf bars - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- , 1993-2002

Golf Courses Calendar 1996 - VII: Artifacts 1996

Golf Digest -- Magazine - 2.1: 1972, 1974, 1976, 4.1: 1976, 2000

Golf Winners, 1984 - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1984, 1986

Golf's Threesome - 3.1: Advertizing Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1979

Harbour Town, 18th at Harbour Town - 4.1: 2000

International Golf Foursome, 1985 - see Gavea Golf and Country Club

International Golfer - 4.1: 1994

International Golf Leisure and Lifestyle Magazine - 4.1: 2001

Joe Pagliei Invitational - 4.1: 1985

Masters - 4.1: 1990

Mystic Rock at Nemacolin Woodlands - 4.1: 1995

Natural Golfer -- Magazine - 4.1: 2000

Nicklaus, Jack - 3.1: Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer 1973 -74, 4.1: 1972, 1983, 1990

The Golden Bear, 1992 painting and serigraph - 4.1: 1993, VII

Oakmont, 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont, 1983 - 3.1: 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont, 1983, 3.1: Hanson Galleries New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84

Robert H. Ogle Invitational - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 1998

Palmer, Arnold - 2.1: 1978, 3.1: Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer 1973-74, 4.1: 1983

Arnie in the Rain, 1973 - 2.1: 1975, 1978, 4.1: 1974

Arnold Palmer and Richard Pack, Augusta Clubhouse Bar, 1973 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

Pebble Beach Golf Club

18th at Pebble Beach - 3.1: Pebble Beach 1982-1995, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1997-2002, 4.1: 1984, 2001, 2002

The Lodge at Pebble Beach, 1995 - 3.1: Pebble Beach 1982-1995, 4.1: 1995

pens - see Promotions - S.T. Dupont LeRoy Neiman Golf Pens

Pinehurst - 4.1: 2002

Piping Rock Golf Club - 4.1: 1993, 2002

Player, Gary

Gary Player, 1971 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Rodriguez, Chi Chi - 4.1: 1973

Royal Golf - Club de Belgique

Chateau de Ravenstein, 1968 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

Sara Lee Classic - 4.1: 1993, 1994

Sarazen, Gene - 3.1: David Frost Wines 1998-2003

Shinnecock Hills - 4.1: 1995

The 18th at Shinnecock or The Home Hole at Shinnecock - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1995, 2002

Six Golfers - see Golf Winners

Snead, Sam

Sam Snead - 3.1: David Frost Wines 1998-2001

Southampton U.S.P.G.A. Open - 4.1: 1984, 1986

Spyglass, #1 at Spyglass - 4.1: 1991, 1999

St. Andrews, Scotland - 4.1: 1987

The Clubhouse at Old St. Andrews, 1988 serigraph - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Exhib 1989, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 1995, 1998, 2002

The Jigger Inn Bar - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002 St. Cloud

Clubhouse Bar at St. Cloud, 1990 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1993-2002

U.S. Open - 4.1: 1977, see also golf: Oakmont

Valhalla - 4.1: 2000

Vintage

Vintage Charities - 4.1: undated 1980s

Vintage Invitational - 2.1: 1986, 4.1: 1986, 1988

Vintage Cove

The Cove at Vintage - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Hanson Art Galleries, 1986, 4.1: undated 1980s, 1989 ov

Vintage Palm Springs, Sam Snead Teeing Off at Vintage Palm Springs - 4.1: 2001

Wall Street Charity Fund Pro-Am Golf Tournament - 4.1: 2002

Westchester - 4.1: 1981, 1989, 1993

Winged Foot Golf Club - 3.2. -- Big Time Golf -- , 1992, Publicity and Related Exhibitions, 4.1: 1997

The 18th at Winged Foot - 4.1: 2002

Winged Foot, 1996 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

The Wonderful World of Professional Golf by Mark H. McCormack, cover illustration by LeRoy Neiman - 4.1: 1973 and ov

Woods, Tiger - 4.1: 1997, 1999, -- Playboy -- 1998

Golota, Andrew - 4.1: 1996

Gone with the Wind, 1989 - 3.1: Gone with the Wind perfume promotion 1989, 4.1: 2004

Gonzalez, Jorge Luis - 4.1: 1995

Gonzmart, Cesar - 2.1: 1991, 1992, 4.1: 1992

Good Tidings Foundation - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation LeRoy Neiman Art Centers, 1998-present, 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998

Gooden, Dwight - 4.1: 2001

Goodman, Dr. Margaret - 3.1: Ringside and Training Principles by Goodman and Homansky 2001

Goodwill Games - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Goodwill Games Moscow 1986, 3.1: Goodwill Games 1998

Gore, Al - 2.1: 1987, 3.2: Big Time Golf, 1992, 4.1: 1992

Gourmet Gala - see March of Dimes

Grady, John - 2.1: 1976

John Grady, Midnight Mass, 1988 drawing - 4.1: 1990

Graham, Martha - see dance

Grand Ballroom, 1987 etching - 4.1: 1987

Le Grand Escalier de L'Opera, 1969 - 1.2: Knoedler: Serigraph Release Ads, 2.1: 1996

grand prix - see auto racing

Grant, Michael - see boxing

Gray, Anthony John - 3.1: Palm Springs Commemorative Coin

Graziano, Rocky - see boxing

Great American Workout - 2.1: 1990

Great Gatsby's Auction House - 4.1: 1998

Great Irish Fair, NY 1982 - 3.1: The Great Irish Fair poster 1982

Green, Rev. Al - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Greene, "Mean Joe" - 2.1: 1981

Greenberg, Hank - 4.1: 1968

Greenspan, Bud - 2.1: 2000

Greenwich Workshop Gallery - see exhibitions: group

Gregory, Cynthia - see ballet

Gregory, Jack - 2.2: Jack Gregory 1993-1998

Gretzky, Wayne

The Great Gretzky, 1981 - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 1981-2002

Wayne Gretzky, 2002 - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 1981-2002

Gridiron Football News - see football

Griese (Miami Dolphins quarterback 1972) - 4.1: 1972

Griffey, Ken - see Skoal Pinch Hitter

Griffin, Merv - see television

Grosset and Dunlap Inc. Publishers - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle -- , 1974, Felicie, Correspondence

Guanzon, Carol - 2.1: 1987, 1988, 1989

Gumbel, Bryant - 4.1: 1997

Gwynne Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1978

gymnastics

Comaneci, Nadia

Nadia Comaneci, 1976 - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: undated 1970s, 1982, 1984, 1987

Conner, Bart - 2.1: 1981

Retton, Mary Lou - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1986

H

HBO - see listing for HBO under boxing

Hagler, Marvin - see boxing

Haifa University - 3.2: 1972 Olympics Munich

Halas, George - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73, George Halas, Jr. Sports Center - 4.1: 1979

Hall, Jim - 4.1: 1997

Hall of Famer, 1996 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 1998

Halle, David - 3.1: UCLA LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture, 1998-present; A Sociological Study of the Artist LeRoy Neiman, and 1000 Neiman Collectors by David Halle and Louis Mirrer - IC: A Sociological Study of the Artist LeRoy Neiman, and 1000 Neiman Collectors by David Halle and Louis Mirrer, 1990

Halmi, Robert - 3.2.12 and 4.1: undated ov

Hammer Galleries - see exhibitions, and Knoedler & Co.

Hammer, Armand - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries, 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001, 3.1: Tretyakov Museum Solo Exhibition, Moscow 1988, 3.1: Tokyo exhibition 1988

Hammer, Michael - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries

Hammer, Victor - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries

Hammond, IN - see Mercantile Bank

Hampton, Kym - 4.1: 2000

The Hamptons, New York - 3.1: Hamptons notes 1972, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1973, see Appendix E handball - see Jacobs, Jim

Hanson Gallery, New Orleans - see exhibitions, 3.1: Rex Proclamation Mardi Gras Painting 2002, 4.1: 1984, 1986, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004

Hanson Gallery, San Diego - 4.1: 1987

Harbor Boat House, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Hardy, Joseph A. - 1.1: Collectors

Harlem Streets, 1981 - 3.1: Cities in Schools and Harlem Streets, 1981

harlequin

Harlequin, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1989

Harlequin and a Nude, 1971 - 4.1: 1991

Harlequin with Sword, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Harlequin's Entry into Venice, 1971 mural - 3.1: "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition 1989-90

Haring, Keith - 4.1: 1997

Harmon Galleries - see Foster Harmon Galleries

Harper's -- Magazine - 4.1: 1964, 1968

Harrod's, London - 4.1: 1982

Harry, Deborah - 2.1: 1978

Harry's Wall Street Bar - see bars

Hartack, Bill - 2.1: 1977

Harvard University - 4.2: Playboy Parodies - Harvard and Yale

Haskell, Nikki -- - 4.1: 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1990, 2002, 2004

Nikki, 1984 (in Carnaval garb) - 4.1: 1985, 1987

Nikki Haskell, 2000 - 4.1: 2000

Nikki Haskell, 2002 - 2.1: 2002, 4.1: 2002

hats - VII

Hawaii - 4.1: 1980 ov

Hayes, Isaac - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Healey, Kathy - see figure skating

Hearns, Thomas - see boxing

Heartland Celebrity Cookbook - 4.1: 1991

Heath Gallery, Atlanta, GA - 4.1: 1969

The Heavyweights, vinyl LP recording 1970 - see boxing

Heavyweight Explosion, 2000 - see boxing

Hebner, Richie

Richie Hebner - 4.1: 1973

Hefner, Christie - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 3.1: Playboy's LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars 1997

Hefner, Hugh - 1.1: Education and Teaching b., 1.1: Friars ov., 2.1: 1996, 1999, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 3.1: Playboy Scrapbook 1961-67, 4.1: 1985, V: -- Playboy -- 1961-63, see also -- Playboy -- Magazine

Heiden, Eric - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

Heit Galleries - 2.1: 1987, 1988, see also exhibitions

helicopter - 3.1: WNBC Traffic Helicopter 1981-1995

Hello, I Must Be Going: Groucho & his Friends - see Chandler, Charlotte

Helsinki, Finland - see exhibitions

"Here's Looking at You, Kid," 1990 - see Wine Country Film Festival

Hernandez, Genaro - 4.1: 1995

Hernquist, Lee - 4.1: 2002

Herrick, Norton - 4.1: 1998

Hershiser, Orel - 2.1: 1992

Heyden, Eric - see Knoedler

High Ball Homer, 1962 - see Mantle, Mickey

High Seas Sailing - see sailing

High Seas Sailing II, 1998 - see sailing

high society - see socialites

Hill, Calvin - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence, 4.1: 1973, Calvin Hill - 4.1: 1979

Hilliard Gallery - 2.1: 1975, 1977, 1978, 1989, 4.1: 1986, 1992, 2001, see exhibitions

Hilliard, Chet - 4.1: 1995

Hilliard, Kent - 4.1: 1990, see Hilliard Gallery

Hilton Hotels - 2.1: 1991

Hinds, Bobby - see boxing

Hines, Jerome and Lucia - see opera

Hispanic Sports Awards Dinner - 2.1: 1991

"History of Sport in Art" film series - 2.1: 1972

HOBY - 4.1: 1997

hockey -- - search for individual players by name, see also Olympic Games

Choate Prep School hockey - 4.1: 1970

The French Connection, 1976 - 4.1: 1978

Hockey etchings - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Hockey Magazine - 2.1: 1977

NHL hockey - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky portraits 1981-2002, 4.1: 1967

Boston Bruins - see Orr, Bobby

Heisman Trophy - 2.1: 1982

Houston Aeros - 4.1: 1975

NHL Challenge Cup (USA All -Stars vs. USSR National) - 4.1: 1979

New Jersey Devils - 4.1: 1998

New York Rangers - 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1976, 1998, 1999, 2000

Phoenix Coyotes - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 2002

Ottawa Senators - 3.1: Wayne Gretzky 2002

Stanley Cup - 4.1: 1974

Hoelscher, Lydia (LeRoy's mother) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Hofstra University - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, 3.1: Hofstra Univ. Frank Sinatra Conference and Exhibition 1998, 4.1: 1996

Hogan, Hulk - see wrestling

Hoglund, William - 2.1: 1983

Holder, Geoffrey - 4.1: 1978

holiday, Christmas - 4.1: 1992, 1995, 1997

Hollywood Women's Press Club - see Golden Apple Awards

Holmes, Larry - see boxing

Holyfield, Evander - see boxing

Holzman, Red - 4.1: 1990

Homage to Boucher - 4.1: 1974

Homansky, Dr. Flip - 3.1: Ringside and Training Principles by Goodman and Homansky 2001

Home Remodeling Magazine - 4.1: 1965

Home Run Blast, 2002 etching - see baseball

honorary degrees - 1.1: Honorary degrees

Hope, Bob - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993, 4.1: 1984, Bob Hope (Playing Golf), 1988 - 3.1: Bob Hope portrait, 1988

Hope House Ministries - 4.1: 1995, 1996

Horizon Gallery - 4.1: 1980

Horse of a Different Color, Ltd. - 4.1: 1963

horses -- - see also polo, rodeo, sculpture

Arabians - 4.1: 1978

Arabians Magazine - 4.1: 1982, 1984, 1985, 1986

Bucking Bronco - 4.1: 1984

Carousel, 195? - 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1950s

Color Horse - 4.1: 1984

Clydesdales - see promotions

Daily Double - 4.1: 1982, 1984

French Hunt, 1965 - V: Early 1960s Photos of Work

Horses, 1979 - 3.2.3

Ladies of the Hunt, 1959 charcoal drawing - 2.1: 1973, 3.1: Knoedler London Exhibition 1976, 4.1: 1950s

horse racing - 4.1: 1997

Aintree - 4.1: 1960

Ascot - see Royal Ascot

Belmont Park - 4.1: 1980, 2003

The Paddock at Belmont - 4.1: 1979

Bellocq, Pierre - 4.1: 1998

The Black Stallion - see television

Breeders' Cup - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 2003

Breeders' Cup Championship poster, 1998 - 3.1: Breeders' Cup Painting 1998

Caliente Race Track, Tijuana, Mexico - 3.1: Caliente Race Track Exhib. and Painting 1989, 4.1: 1991

Chantilly, Backstretch at Chantilly - 4.1: 1969

The Charging Cavalcade, silkscreen - 4.1: 1980

Charismatic - 4.1: 1999

Churchill Downs - 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby 1997, 4.1: 1996, VII: Box 3

Club House Turn, 1975 serigraph - 1.2: Knoedler Serigraph Release Ads, 4.1: 1975, undated 1990s, 1989

Curragh, Ireland, 1976 drawing - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Epsom Derby - 4.1: 1960, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

Equestrianne - 4.1: 1981, 2000

Equestrian, 1974 watercolor - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

The Feria in Seville - 4.1: 1982, 1984, 1985

The Finish - 4.1: undated

Florida Derby - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1993

Four Acres, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1973

Front Runners, 1994 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Funnycide - 4.1: 2003

Grand National Steeplechase, Liverpool - 4.1: 1960 and ov, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1962, see Appendix E

Grand Prairie, Lone Star Park - 3.1: National All-Star Jockey Championships 2001

Hambletonian - 3.1: Cadillac Hambletonian Harness Race Painting 1995

Hialeah Race Track - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Hialeah Race Track, 1959, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1959, see Appendix E

Hong Kong Jockey Club - 4.1: 2004

Hoof Beats Magazine - 4.1: 1975

horse named after LeRoy Neiman - 2.1: 1987

Horse Racing, 1972 watercolor - 4.1: 1998

Horse Racing Suite, 1977 - see sculpture

Horse and Rider, 1971 gouache - 2.1: 1974

Horse Sense: An Inside Look at the Sport of Kings, by Bert Sugar, cover illustration by LeRoy Neiman - 2.1: 2002, 4.1: 2002

In the Stretch, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

International Horse Show - 4.1: 1973

Iroquois Steeplechase, 1993 - 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

jockeys -- - jockeys - see also horse racing, 3.1: "Dress the Jockeys", '21' Club 2001

The Backview of Jockey, 1961 - 4.1: Four Jockeys - 4.1: undated

Hartack, Bill, Bill Hartack, 1959 - 3.1: Hialeah Race Track 1959, 4.1: 1974, 1995

Jockey, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Jockey - 4.1: 1961

Krone, Julie - 2.1: 2003

Solomon, Mickey - 2.1: 1989

Kelso, 1968 drawing - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Kentucky Derby - 2.1: 1982, 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby 1997, 4.1: 1978, VII: Box 3

Derby Day Paddock, 1997 - 3.1: 123rd Kentucky Derby 1997

Kentucky Derby Museum - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Long Island Equestrienne - 4.1: 1982, 1984

Longchamps - 4.1: 1960

Menlo Charity Horse Show - 4.1: 2003

Mission Valley Pony Club - 4.1: 1990

Monmouth Park - 4.1: 1969

Monmouth Park Centennial, 1970 - 4.1: 1970, 1971, 1975

National All -Star Jockey Championships - 3.1: National All-Star Jockey Championships 2001

National Horse Show - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1967, see Appendix E

National Showcase, Louisville, KY - 4.1: 1982

New York Racing Association (NYRA) - 2.1: 1978

Paddock, 1957 painting - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984-98

Paddock, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95 4.1: 1973

Pegasus, 1979 - New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

polo horses - see polo

Pimlico - 3.1: 125th Preakness Stakes 2000, VII: Box 3

Preakness Stakes - 3.1: 125th Preakness Stakes 2000

The Race, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, V: 1970s

Race of the Year, 1979 - 3.1: Race of the Year 1979

Racing, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

The Reinsman - 4.1: 1963

The Rider, pre-1966 - 4.1: 1966

Rotz with Windener Coulours, pre-1966 - 4.1: 1966

Royal Ascot - 4.1: 1960, 1961, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1966, see Appendix E

Ascot Finish - 4.1: 1976

Ascot Paddock - 4.1: undated, 1979

The Queen at Ascot - 3.1: Knoedler London Solo Exhibition 1976, 3.1: Heit Galleries Solo Exhibition, Phoenix 1976

Saratoga Harness, 1969, 1974 - 3.1: Saratoga Harness 1969, 1974

Seattle Slew - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1975

Secretariat, Secretariat at the Lead, 1974 - 2.1: 1990, 1992, 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95, 4.1: 1975, 1981, 1993 ov, VII: Pendants

Secretariat II - 4.1: 1990

Show Jumper - 4.1: undated 1970s, 1978

Sportsman's Park, Chicago - 3.1: Sportsman's Park Mural, Chicago 1976

Steeplechase, 1974 watercolor - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Stretch Stampede, 1975 - 3.1: "Equine Art" and "Racing Retrospective" Solo Exhibitions, Kentucky Derby Museum 1993-95

Study for Gericault Horse without Rider - 4.1: 1982

Tentam - 4.1: 1973

Thoroughbred Times - 4.1: 1993

T.O.B.A. - 2.1: 2000

Wayne Newton's State of the Art September Sale - 4.1: 1985

Hospital Relief Fund of the Caribbean - 4.1: 1984

Hotel des Artistes - 1.1: Residences - Hotel des Artistes

House Beautiful -- Magazine - 4.1: 1965

Houston Astrodome - 4.1: 1971

Houston International Film Festival - 3.1: Houston Film Fest 1990

Howard, Frank, Frank Howard, 1970s - 4.1: 1998

Howe, Gordie - 4.1: 1975

Gordie Howe, 1975 - 4.1: 1975

Hudson Valley Writers Center - 4.1: 1990

Hull, Bobby - 4.1: 1977

Bobby Hull - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and St. Paul Art Center 1969, 4.1: 1968, 1986

Humane Society of New York - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998

Humphrey, President Hubert, Hubert Humphrey, date unknown - 2.1: 1994

Hunt, Lamar

Lamar Hunt, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

The Hunt for the Unicorn, late 1960s mural - see animals: unicorn

The Hustler -- - 4.1: 1985

Hutscnecker, Dr. Arnold A. - 4.1: 1981

I

I Am Third by Gale Sayers - 4.1: 1970, 1975

Ibis Art Productions - 4.1: 1988

Ice Palace, 1985 - see Saint Paul, Minnesota

Iceland - 4.1: 1972

Idle Boat - 4.1: 1950s

Iglesias, Julio

Julio Iglesias, 1984 - 2.1: 2001, 3.1: Julio Iglesias, 1984, 4.1: 1998, 2001

Illinois Art Education Association - 4.1: 1974

imitators - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

In the Pocket, 1988 - see football - Superbowl XXII

income - IID: Invoices Paid

India - 2.1: 1982

Indianapolis 500 - see auto racing

Indianapolis Museum of Art - 2.1: 1976, 4.1: 1977, see also exhibitions

Intelligent Doubles, by Skip Singleton - see tennis

Intelligent Tennis by Skip Singleton - see tennis

International Heart Foundation - see The Open Heart, 1982

International Management Group, Inc. - 2.1: 1977

International Poker, 2004 serigraph and earlier painting - see casinos

International Sephardic Education Foundation - 4.1: 1987

Introduction of the Champions of the Ring, 1964-65 (or Ringside Madison Square Garden) - see boxing

investing, investors - 3.1: L. Roy Papp, 1980, 3.1: Mustang Ranch Brothel 1989

Iona College - 1.1: Honorary Degrees ov., 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover, 3.1: Iona College

Trustee Awards Dinner Dances 1984-95, 4.1: 2000

Irish Fair - see Great Irish Fair

Iron Horse Steak House - 4.1: Undated

Isbin, Sharon - 2.1: 1996, 1997

Israel - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

J

Jackson, Bo - 4.1: 1992

Jackson, Michael - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Jackson, Phil - 4.1: 1994

Jackson, Reggie - 2.1: 1992, 2000, 2001, 4.1: 1978

Reggie Jackson, 1993 - 4.1: 1993

Jacobs, Jason, Accountant - 2.1: 1977, 1984

Jacobs, Jim

Jim Jacobs, 1970 - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1970, 1992

Jamaica - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1971, see Appendix E

Japan - 2.1: 1986, 1987, 2.2: CBS Sports Correspondence, 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974, 3.1: Japan Trip 1977, 3.1: Tokyo Exhibition 1983, 3.1: Tokyo Exhibition 1988, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Correspondence, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1984

jazz

Armstrong, Louis - 3.1: "Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy" traveling exhibition 1995, 4.1: undated 1990s

Louis Armstrong, 1963 - 4.1: 1965

Louis Armstrong, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Louis Armstrong, 1976 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975 -2004, 3.1: Kool Jazz Festival 1976, 4.1: 1979

Satch, 1959 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989

Davis, Miles

Miles Davis, 1985 - 4.1: 1985

Ellington, Duke

Duke, 1978 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004, 4.1: 1979, 1981

"Duke", 1998 - 3.1: UCLA 1998-present

Fitzgerald, Ella

Ella in Flight, 1983 - 3.1: Ella in Flight, 1983

Gillespie, Dizzy

Bird & Diz, 1973 - 4.1: 1973

Holiday, Billie

"Lady", 1979 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Jazz Horns, 2004 painting and serigraph - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004, 4.1: 2004, 2005

Jazzmobile - 2.2: Jazzmobile 1980-84

Jazzmobile, 1975 silkscreen - 2.1: 1975, 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Kenton, Stan

Stan Kenton, 1976 - 2.1: 1975, 4.1: 1985

Kool Jazz Festival - 3.1: Kool Jazz Festival 1976, 4.1: 1981, 1982, 1985, V: 1980s

Newport Jazz Festival - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Newport Jazz, 2004 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Newport Jazz Festival Poster, 1974 - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Orchestra - 4.1: 1964

Parker, Charlie - Bird & Diz, 1973 - 4.1: 1973, Charlie 'Bird' Parker - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Playboy Jazz Festival, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

The Jeanie Johnston, 1998 - 4.1: 1999

Jenner, Bruce - see track and field

The Jennifer, 1981 - 4.1: 1981

Jeopardy! -2.1: 1998

Jimmy Fund - 3.1: Ted Williams and Jimmy Fund 1991

JoAnn Perse Gallery -2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984-98, 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

Jock Magazine - 4.1: 1970

jockeys - see horses: horse racing

Johnson, Cecile Ryden - 4.1: 1975

Johnson, Earvin "Magic" - Magic, 1988 - 2.1: 1992, 4.1: 1989 ov, Magic Johnson, 1991 - 2.1: 1996

Jones, Baird - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89, 4.1: 1987, 1988

Jones, Robert Trent - 4.1: 1995

Jones, Jr., Roy - see boxing

Jones, Tony - 1.1: Education and Teaching b., see AppendixA for correspondence

Jordan, Michael, Michael Jordan - 4.1: undated 1990s, 2000, Michael Jordan, serigraph - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1998

Joyner -Kersee, Jackie - see track and field

J.R. Fine Arts - 4.1: 1998

judo - 4.1: 1977, 1987

Juvenile Diabetes Foundation - 4.1: 1990, 1991, 1995

K

Kabl Citizen of the Day Award - 1.1: Awards

Kalinsky, George - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1996, 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries, George Kalinsky with his Olympus, 1986 drawing - 4.1: 1986

Kaplan, Fred - 2.1: 1960s, 1970s

Kapp, Joe - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, 4.1: 1970

Kaufman, Bart and Judy - 2.2: Bart Kaufman 1978-89, 4.1: 1970s

Kay, Leslie - 3.1: Folies Bergere, Tropicana, Las Vegas 1983

Kelly, Bob - 4.1: 1974

Kennedy Onassis, Jackie, Jackie, 1970 drawing - 4.1: 1970

Kennedy, Robert and Ethel - 3.1: Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament 1972-79, 4.1: 1968, 1971, 1972 see also golf, tennis

Ethel Kennedy - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings," The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971

R.F.K., 1968 watercolor - 4.1: 1968

Robert F. Kennedy, 1971 engraving - 3.1: "Recent Graphics and Drawings", The Far Gallery Solo Exhibition 1971, 4.1: 1972, 1974

Kennedy, Ted

Sen. Ted Kennedy, 1981 drawing on napkin - 4.1: 1981

Kenneth Behm Galleries - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1987, V: 1991

Kenton, Stan - see jazz

Kentucky Derby - see horse racing

Kerner, Otto - 4.1: 1960

Kershaw, Tom - 4.1: 1995

Key Club Bar, 1956 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Kidd, Billy - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Kilroy, Gene - 2.2: Gene Kilroy, 3.1: Golden Nugget Casino, Las Vegas 1988

King, Don - 3.1: Sportsman's Ball 1978, 4.1: 1975

King, Larry - 4.1: 1988 (radio), Larry King, 1996 - 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present

King, Mark - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

King's Palace, 1960 drawing - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Kitt, Eartha - 4.1: 1994

Knight, Bobby, Bobby Knight, 1979 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, Knoedler & Co. - IID: Price Lists, 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries, see also Appendix B, Hammer Galleries - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1987, 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989, 3.1: "A Salute to Central Park" Exhibition 1989, 3.1: Universal Geneve Timepieces Promotion 1995, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries, 4.1: 1972, 1976, 1985, 1989, see also exhibitions

Knoedler Publishing - 3.1: Knoedler London Exhibition 1976, 3.2 Publications, 1.2: Knoedler & Co and Hammer Galleries, 4.1: 1976, 1989

Kohl Galleries - 4.1: 1988

Kool Jazz Festival - see jazz

Koosman, Jerry, Jerry Koosman, 1976 - 4.1: 1977, 2001

Kopf, Chef Stefan - 4.1: 1986

Kozlova, Valentina - V: 1991

Kramer, Paul - 4.1: 1980

Kravtiz, Brenda - 1.1: Friars

Kupcinet, Irv "Kup" - see television, see also Appendix A

Kushner, Cedric - see Heavyweight Explosion

L

La Cuisine Francaise - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994 -1999, 3.1: The Culinary Arts 1998, 4.1: 1995, 1998, Le Grand Cuisine, 1977 - 2.1: 2000, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002, 4.1: 1977, 2001

La Nuit de Paris, 1988 - 4.1: 1988, 1989

Lacrosse - 4.1: 1977, 2005, see also McEneaney, Eamon

U.S.A. Lacrosse Team - 4.1: 1978

Ladies of the Hunt, 1959 charcoal - see horses

Lagerfeld, Karl - 4.1: 1992

Lake Tahoe - VC: 1983

LaLanne, Jack - 2.1: 1977, 3.2. -- Horses -- , 1979, Harry N. Abrams, Correspondence

Landau, Barry - 2.2: Barry Landau 1994-96

Landry, Tom - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-1973, Tom Landry, 1984 - 4.1: 1984 ov., 1989

Lanier Business Products, Inc. - see Stock Market, 1976

Largent, Steve - 4.1: 1994

Lark Creek Inn - 4.1: 1990

Larry Harper Company - 4.1: 1998

LaRussa, Tony - 2.1: 1993, Manager of the Year, 1992 - 4.1: 1993

Larson, Glen and Janet - 2.1: 1985, 1987

Lasorda, Tommy - 4.1: 1993

Las Vegas - see casinos, 1.1: Awards, 3.1: Las Vegas Centennial 2005

Las Vegas Celebrity Cookbook - 2.1: 1984

Latin Legends film - 4.1: Undated 1990s

Latin Recording Academy - see Appendix A

law suits -- - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys, 4.1: 1975, see also forgery, theft

against Felicie Schumsky, by LeRoy Neiman, 1976 - 1.2

against Robert Gold d/b/a Gallery Artists, 1976 - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys

against LeRoy Neiman and Knoedler, Inc. by Emerald Art Gallery, 1977 - 2.1: 1977

Lawrence Ross Galleries - 3.1: Lawrence Ross Galleries 1985-88

lawyers - 2.2: Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson Attorneys

Lazar, Irving "Swifty" - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Leahy, Pat - 4.1: 1992

Learning Annex - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989

Lebow, Fred - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

lectures - 2.2: Royce Carlton Lecture Agents 1978-86, 4.1: 1989, see also Learning Annex

Leibowitz, Maury - 1.2: Knoedler & Co. and Hammer Galleries

Leifer, Neil - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 2003

Leija, James - 4.1: 1995

LeMieux, Mario, Mario LeMieux, 1989 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91

Lendl, Ivan - see tennis

Lennon, John - 2.1: 1999, 2000, see also The Beatles, and Ono, Yoko

John Lennon, pre 1982 drawing - 4.1: 1982

John Lennon, 1990 etching - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984-98, 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990, 4.1: 1990, 1992

Leonard, Sugar Ray - see boxing

LeRoy, Minnesota - 4.1: 1978 and ov, V: 1970s

LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994 - 3.1: Superbowl XXVIII 1994, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994

LeRoy Neiman: Art and Lifestyle, 1974 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle -- , 1974, Felicie, 1.2: Felicie, Inc. Advertising, 1.2: Lawsuit Against Felicie, Inc.

LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University 1995-present

LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture, University of California at Los Angeles - 3.1: UCLA, 1998-present

LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades, 2003 - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: Five Decades -- , 2003

LeRoy Neiman Museum of Art, St. Paul, Minnesota - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Museum of Art, St. Paul, 1997, 4.1: 1997 (ov), 1998

LeRoy Neiman On Safari, 1996 - 1.2: Bowles Galleries 1997-present, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996

LeRoy, Warner - 2.1: 1998, 1999, V: 1991, see also Tavern on the Green

Let's Celebrate - 4.1: undated

Leukemia Society of America - 4.1: 1992

Levin, Meyer - 4.1: 1955-59

Lewis, Carl - see track and field

Lewis, Jerry Lee - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004, The Killer - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Lewis, Lennox - see boxing

Liberace - 4.1: 1988

Licensing Art and Design, by Cynthia Revelli - 2.1: 1995

Lido - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

Lifeline Inc. (fitness equipment) - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990-2000

Lifestyle -- Magazine - 4.1: Undated 1980s

Lilly, Bob, Bob Lilly, 1972 - 4.1: 1972

Limbaugh, Rush - 4.1: 1991

Limoges enamels - 2.1: 1988

Lincoln, Abraham, Abraham Lincoln, 1968 - 2.1: 1988, 1989, 4.1: 1968, 1981, 1987

Lindberg, Elayne - 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981 (photo)

Lipofsky, Mary and Steve - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1995

Liston, Sonny - see boxing

Little, Floyd - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73, 4.1: 1973 ov

Floyd Little - 4.1: 1972

The Littlest Clown - 4.1: undated

Liverpool, England - 4.1: 1960 ov

Lollobrigida, Gina - 4.1: 1981

Loma Linda University - 2.1: 1983

Lombardi, Vince, Vince, 1981 - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1985

Lomonaco, Chef Michael - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1999

London, England - 3.1: O'Hana Gallery Solo Exhibition, London 1962, 3.1: Knoedler London Exhibition 1976, 4.1: 1960 ov, 1961, 1962, 1966, see also Liverpool

The Lone Ranger, 1977 - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: The Lone Ranger, 1977

Long, Captain Elgen, The Adventurer, between 1971 and 1977 - 2.2: Gallery Mack 1975 -87, 4.1: 1982

Lonsdale International Sporting Club - 1.1: Awards

Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art (LAICA) - 3.1: Neiman/Warhol Exhibition at LAICA 1981-82

Louganis, Greg - see swimming and diving

Louis, Allyson - see Allyson Louis Gallery

Louis, Joe - see boxing

Lowery, Nick

Nick Lowery, 1992 - 4.1: 1992, 1997

Lubel, William - 2.1: 1973

Lynch, David - 3.1: "Cig Art" Benefit Exhibitions 1996-2000

M

Maccioni, Sirio - 4.1: 2004

Mack, Barbara - see Gallery Mack

Madison Square Garden - 2.1: 1981, 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1987, 1992, 1994, 1999, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

Madison Square Garden (silkscreen) - 4.1: 1978

Madrid, Spain - 4.1: 1960 ov

A Magic Moment, 1990 - see Orlando Magic under "baseball"

magical creatures - see animals: unicorn

Mahoney, James - 2.1: 1983, 3.1: Pebble Beach Golf 1982-1995

Mailer, Norman - 4.1: 1982

Maitland, Vic - 2.2: NFL Alumni

Make-a-Wish Foundation - 4.1: 2000

Maki, Mary Ann - 2.1: 1993, 1995, 1997

Malave, Chu Chu - see boxing

Malinowski, Mark "Scoop" - 4.1: 2000

Malletmen, 1977 etching - see polo

Manager of the Year, 1992 - see LaRussa, Tony

Mandalay Bay - 3.1: De La Hoya vs. Vargas 2002

Mandela, Nelson - 3.1: Nelson Mandela Tribute 1997

Mangione, Chuck - 4.1: 2004

Manhattan Bride -- Magazine - 4.1: 1999

Manhattan Concert Club - 4.1: 2004

Manhattan Magazine - 1.1: Awards, 2.1: 1989, 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University 1995 - present, 4.1: 1984, 1990, 1997, 1998, 1999 Manila, Phillipines - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975

Mannochia, Adriano - 4.1: 1983

Mantle, Mickey - 2.1: 1998, 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings and Serigraphs, 1962-1999, 4.1: 1968

Mickey Mantle (or) High Ball Homer, 1962 - 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings and Serigraphs, 1962-1999

Mickey Mantle - Switcher, 1967 - 3.1: Mickey Mantle Paintings and Serigraphs, 1962-1999

Manufacturers Hanover Trust Company - 2.1: 1978, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank, 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001, 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995, see also Chemical Bank and McCabe, Charles

marathon - see running

March of Dimes - 2.1: 1981, 1982, 3.1: March of Dimes' Gourmet Gala 1985, 4.1: 1974, 1981, 1983, 1985

Mardi Gras - 3.1: Rex Proclamation Mardi Gras Poster Painting 2002, 4.1: 1987, 2001

Marichal, Juan, Juan Marichal - 4.1: 1995

marionette - 4.1: 1981, 1984

Marketing Communications Magazine - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1980

Marlin!, 1977 serigraph - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1977 ov

Marmel, David - 3.1: Beauty Pageants 1980-84, 3.1: Victor Awards 1981-85

Marquis Who's Who - 1.1: Who's Who

Marshall Field & Company - 3.1: Fashion Illustration for Marshall Field 1957-59 (Oversize only)

Marshall, Leonard, Leonard Marshall, 1991 - 4.1: 1991, 1992

Martin, Billy, Billy Martin, 1990 drawing - 2.1: 1990

Marx, Groucho - 3.1: Charlotte Chandler 1978-84

Maser Galleries, Maser Fine Arts - 2.1: 1988, 1989, 3.1: 1983 U.S. Open, Oakmont, 1983

Mashburn, Jamal - 4.1: 1990

mask auction - 4.1: 1988

Mason, Jackie - 4.1: 1994

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - 1.1: Awards: Citations, 4.1: 1982

matador - see bullfights

Mathis, Buster - see boxing

Matsui, 2004 - 3.1: Special Olympics Nagano Japan 2005

The Maulers -- 1993 lithograph - see boxing

Max, Peter - 4.1: 1994, 1995, 1980s and 1990s (mentioned throughout)

Mayo Clinic - 2.1: 1983

mayoral debate - 4.1: 1989, see also politics

Mays, Willie - 4.1: 1992, Wille Mays - 2.2: 1978, 4.1: 1979, 1982, 2001

Mazeroski, Bill, Bill Mazeroski - 4.1: 1973

Mazzilli, Lee, Lee Mazzilli, 1979 - 2.1: 1979, 2001 4.1: 2001, Lee Mazzilli Celebrity Golf and Tennis Classic - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2001

McCabe, Charles - 2.1: 1995, 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover and Chemical Bank, 3.1: Iona College Trustee Awards Dinner Dances 1984-95, 4.1: 1987, 1997, see also Chemical Bank

McCormack, Mark H. - see The Wonderful World of Professional Golf by Mark H. McCormack under golf

McDonald, Kitt - 4.1: 1986

McDougal, Little & Company - 2.1: 1985

McEneaney, Eamon - 4.1: 2001, 2005

McEnroe, John - see tennis

McFagan, Helen - 2.1: 1993

McGirt, James "Buddy" - see boxing

McGraw-Hill Publishers - 2.1: 1999

McGuire, Al - 4.1: 1980

McGwire, Mark, Mark McGwire, 1998 - 3.1: Mark McGwire 1998-99, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002, 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation, 1998-2002

McHale, Kevin - see Johnson, Earvin "Magic": Magic

McNeely, Peter - 4.1: 1995

McNichol, Kristy - 2.1: 1980

Mead, Margaret, Margaret Mead, 1972 drawing - 4.1: 1977 ov

Meigs, Kris - 2.1: 1981

Melville, Herman - 3.2. -- Moby Dick -- , 1975, The Artist's Limited Edition

Memphis Blues Ball - 4.1: 1998

Men, Boats, and the Sea, 1955 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955

menus - 4.1: 1977, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1999, see also food, restaurants

medical - see The Open Heart, 1982

Mercantile Bank, Chicago and Hammond, IN - 3.1: Mercantile Bank Murals 1966

merchandise - see promotions, product and service, and collectible merchandise

Merrill Chase Galleries, Chicago - 2.2: Merrill Chase Galleries 1974-89, 4.1: 1973, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1982 see exhibitions

Metropolitan Museum of Art - 2.1: 1981

Metropolitan Opera - see opera

Mexico - 3.1: Caliente Race Track Exhibition and Painting 1989

MGM Grand Gallery - 4.1: 1999

Miami Sound Machine - see Estefan, Emilio and Gloria

Michael Zabrin Fine Art - 2.1: 1989

Michaels, Walt - 2.1: 1980, see also football: New York Jets

Midwest Museum of American Art - 4.1: 1979, 1989, see also exhibitions

Miles, Sylvia - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 1991

Minelli, Liza - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall 1989

miniatures - 4.1: 1983

Minnesota Historical Society - 2.1: 1994

Minnesota Museum of Art - 3.1: St. Paul Bicentennial Painting 1975-76, see also exhibitions

Minotaur Galleries - 2.2: Minotaur Galleries 1984-1994, 4.1: 1986, see also exhibitions

John Miles Bonded Travel Agency - 4.1: undated

military - 1.1: Military Service

Million Dollar Strike, 1982 - see bowling

Millionaire Magazine - 3.1: Joe DiMaggio 1998-99

Millrose Games - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995

Milt Gross Fund - 2.1: 2000, 4.1: 2001

Minuteman, 1987 - 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

Mirrer, Louise - IC: A Sociological Study of the Artist LeRoy Neiman, and 1000 Neiman Collectors by David Halle and Louis Mirrer, 1990

Mitchell, Mayer - 2.1: 1972, 1976, 1977, 1987

The Mixologist, 1959 - see bars

Moby Dick -- , 1975 - 2.1: 1993, 3.2.2

models - 3.1: Beauty Pageants 1980-84, see also Eve Models, Inc., search for individual models by name

Monaco - see also Bal de la Mer, Monte Carlo, auto racing, French Riviera

Monaco Rendezvous, 1994 - 3.1: Monaco Trip 1994

Monmouth Park Charity Ball - 2.1: Charities (all dates, 1980s, 1990s)

Monroe, Earl, Earl "The Pearl" Monroe, 1976 - 4.1: 1976

Montana, Joe, Joe Montana, 1982 - 2.2: DeBartolo Corporation and Associated Institutions 1989-91, 4.1: 1982, 1990

Montanez, Willie - 4.1: 1979

Monte Carlo, Monaco - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E, see auto racing, Monaco

Monte Carlo, 1994 - 4.1: 1999

Monte Carlo Chase, 1988 - 2.2: Neiman -Marcus 1983-88, 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Solo Exhibition 1989, 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

Japanese Edition - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Moore, Wayland - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

Moorer, Michael - 4.1: 1994

Morbelli, Jean - 2.1: 1988

Moreno, Linda "Eva" - 2.2: Linda Moreno

Morgan, Joe, Joe Morgan, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Morita, Joe Hideo - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Morley, Malcolm - 4.1: 1984

Morocco - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1970, see Appendix E

Morrel Wines - 4.1: 1984

Morris, Gary and Elizabeth - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

Morrison, Tommy - see boxing

Morton's of Chicago - see restaurants

Moscow - 3.1: Goodwill Games Moscow 1986, 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Moscow" Solo Exhibition, Hammer Galleries 1987, V: 1960s

Tretyakov Museum - 3.1: Tretyakov Museum Solo Exhibition, Moscow 1988

Mosley, Shane - see boxing

Mount Pleasant Animal Shelter - 4.1: 2000

Mozartfest - 4.1: 1998

Mthembu, Nomusa - 2.1: 1992

Mulloy, Gardner - 4.1: 1998

multiple sclerosis - see National Multiple Sclerosis Society, or Race to Erase MS

Munich, Germany - see Olympic Games

Municipal Art League of Chicago Award - 1.1: Awards

Munson, Thurman - 3.1: Thurman Munson and Thurman Munson Awards 1977-2002, Thurman Munson, 1976 - 3.1: Thurman Munson and Thurman Munson Awards 1977-2002

murals - 3.1: Mercantile Bank Murals 1966, 3.1: Sportsman's Park Mural 1976, 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978, 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard 1981, 3.1: "The Playboy Collection," Dyansen Gallery Traveling Exhibition 1989-90

Murphy Brown - see Warner Brothers Television in Appendix A

Murphy, Dale - 2.1: 1993, 1995, 4.1: 1993

Murphy, Libby - 2.2: Libby Murphy 1992-1998, 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993

Murphy, Father Terrence - 4.1: 2004

Muscle Builder & Power Magazine - 4.1: 1977

Muscular Dystrophy Associations of America - 4.1: 1971, 1987

Lifetime Achievement Award - 1.1: Awards

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas - 2.1: 1972 see also exhibitions

Museum of the City of New York, Theater Collection - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983

music -- - 4.1: 1970, 1981, 1983, 1992, see also Gibson Guitars

blues - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997 -2004, see Paul, Les

classical - 4.1: 1964, 1965, 1998, see also Bernstein, Leonard; Eaton, Roy; Fox, Virgil; Grady, John; Raphael, James

Arkansas Symphony Orchestra - 3.1: Arkansas Symphony Orchestra and Arkansas Wild Ducks, 1984

Desert Symphony - 4.1: 1997

Oakland Symphony - 2.1: 1985

The Organ at St. Paul the Apostle, 1965 - 4.1: 1965, 1967

Symphantasy - 3.1: Symphantasy 1988

Symphony for United Nations, 1991 - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1991

country - 4.1: 1994, see Tennessee

jazz - see jazz

opera - see opera

popular - 3.1: Fifth Dimension Album Art 1970-82, 3.1: Billboard Magazine First Annual Billie Awards 1993, 4.1: 1993, see The Beatles; Bennet, Tony; Blues Ball; Davis, Sammy; Iglesias, Julio; Jackson, Michael; Lennon, John; Paul, Les; Sinatra, Frank

musicals - see Times Square, 2001

Angels on Horseback - 4.1: undated 1980s

Golden Boy - 4.1: 1964

My Fair Lady - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983, 4.1: 1983

Oh! Calcutta - 4.1: 1967

Porgy and Bess - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983, 4.1: 1983

West Side Story - 3.1: Showstoppers Group Exhibition, MCNY 1983, 4.1: 1983

Mustang Ranch - 3.1: Mustang Ranch Brothel 1989

Myasthenia Gravis Foundation - 4.1: 1978

Myers, Farlan - 2.1: 1986

Mystic Seaport, CT - 3.2. -- Moby Dick -- , 1975, The Artist's Limited Edition

Mystic Rock, 1995 - 4.1: 1997

N

NAMTA - 4.1: 1984

NBC - see television

NECO (National Ethnic Coalition of Organizations) - 1.1: Awards, Citations and Miscellaneous Prizes

Nabisco - see promotions

Nahan, Kenneth - 4.1: undated

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame - see basketball

Namath, Joe - 3.1: New York Jets 1966-, 4.1: 1968, 1972, 1973, 1982

Napoleon at Waterloo, 1988 serigraph - 4.1: 1988

Nash, Beau - 3.1: The Ambassadors, 1960s

The Nation -- Magazine - 2.1: 1998, 4.1: 1998

National Art Museum of Sport (NAMOS) - 2.1: 1972, 1979, 4.1: 1980, 2003 see also exhibitions

National Arts Club - 4.1: 1994

National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Cooperstown, NY - see baseball

National Bowling Hall of Fame and Museum - see bowling - Million Dollar Strike, 1982

National Cowboy Hall of Fame - 2.1: 1999, 3.1: National Cowboy Hall of Fame 1985

National Fitness Classic - 4.1: 1982, 1983

National Multiple Sclerosis Society - 4.1: 1969, 1976, 1980, 1988

National Sports Collectors Convention - 4.1: 1992 ov.

NBA - see basketball

negative press - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1978, 1979, 1981, 1983

Neiman, Earl - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only)

Neiman, Janet - 1.1: Family, 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955, 4.1: 1985

Neiman News - 3.1: Neiman News 1977-1985

Neiman-Marcus - 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1983, 1984

Neiman, Robert B - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

"Neiman's Cuba" film project - 2.1: 1979, 1982

Neiman's Restaurant & Lounge - see restaurants and bars

Nepal - 2.1: 1982

Nevada County Arts Council - 4.1: 1982

New Jersey State Opera Ball - see opera

New Milford Hospital - 4.1: 1991

New Orleans, Louisiana - 2.1: 1993, 1997, 1998, see also Hanson Art Galleries and Mardi Gras

New School for Social Research, NY - 4.1: 1978

New Times Magazine - 2.1: 1978

New Year's Eve, 1997 - 4.1: 1997 and ov

New York City Marathon - see running

New York Friars Club - 4.1: 1999

New York Giants - see Football

New York and Los Angeles: Politics, Society, and Culture by David Halle - 3.1: UCLA LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture, 1998-present

New York Public Library - 4.1: 2002

New York State Governor's Arts Awards - 4.1: 2000

New York Times Magazine -- - 4.1: 1971

The New Yorker -- Magazine - 4.1: 1994, 1999

Newman, Eric - V: 1975

Newman, Paul - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993, see also -- The Hustler

Newport Jazz Festival - 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004

Newsweek -- Magazine - 4.1: 1972, 1992

Newton, Wayne - 4.1: 1988

NFL - see football

NHL - see hockey

Niarchos, Stavros

Stavros Niarchos, 1969 drawing - 4.1: 1969 ov.

Nicholson, Jack - 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988

Nicklaus, Jack - see golf

Nitschke, Ray - 4.1: 1988

Noah, Yannick - see tennis

Nob Hill, 1986 serigraph - 3.1: Nob Hill and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986

Norman, Greg, Greg Norman - 2.1: 1990

North Shore Art League - 1.1: Education and Teaching, Miscellaneous, undated

North Shore Child and Family Guidance Association - 4.1: 1986, 1987

Northern Indiana Art Association - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1989

Northwest Orient Magazine - 4.1: 1986

Northwest Paper Company - 3.1: 1972 Olympics

Northwestern University - 2.1: 1978

Norton, Ken - see boxing

Norton Herrick Fine Arts Group - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Website 1997-present

Norway - 2.1: 1988

Notre Dame - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002

Nureyev, Rudolph - see ballet

O

Ocean Club, Atlantic City - see promotions

Everett Oehlschlaeger Galleries, Chicago - 2.1: 1960s, 4.1: 1973, 1975

Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, Sarasota, FL - 3.1: "American Masters of the 40s, 50s, and 60s", Frank Oehlschlaeger Gallery, 1985

Oesch, Claire - 2.1: 1994, 1995

Oh! Calcutta - see musicals

Oklahoma - see Bennett, Chef John, and baseball: Oklahoma Redhawks (minor league)

Olin Corporation - see promotions

Olympic Games -- - 4.1: 1984

1972 Olympics, Munich - 3.1: 1972 Olympics, Munich, 4.1: 1987

1976 Olympics, Montreal - 3.1: 1976 Olympics, Montreal, 4.1: 1987

Games of the XXI Olympiad, 1976 - 3.1: Volvo Masters Painting 1983

Olympic Boxers, 1976 - 3.1: 1976 Olympics, Montreal

1980 Winter Olympics, Lake Placid - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

Olympic Figure Skating, 1978 - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

Winter Olympic Skiing, 1980 - 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980

1984 Winter Olympics, Sarajevo - 3.1: Sarajevo Winter Olympics 1984

1984 Olympics, Los Angeles - 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles, 3.1: Center Art Galleries Exhibition, Hawaii, 1985

American Gold, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

Opening Ceremonies - XXIII Olympiad 1984, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

1988 Olympics, Seoul - 2.1: 1988, 4.1: 1988

1988 Winter Olympics, Calgary - 2.1: 1986, 1987

1992 Olympics, Barcelona - 2.1: 1989

1994 Winter Olympics, Lillehammer - 3.1: 1994 Winter Olympics, Lillehammer

1996 Olympics, Atlanta - 3.1: Atlanta Olympics 1996

2000 Olympics - 3.1: 2000 Olympics

2004 Olympic bid - 2.1: 1989

boxing - 3.1: 2000 Olympics

Olympic Boxing - 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Olympics of Tomorrow - 4.1: 1978

U.S. Olympic Fight Night - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1996

Spring Serenade 2004 - 4.1: 2004

OMTI (Opera Music Theatre International) LeRoy Neiman Recital Hall - see opera

On Safari - see LeRoy Neiman On Safari

Onassis, Aristotle, Aristotle Onassis, 1969 drawing - 4.1: 1969 ov.

O'Neal, Shaquille, Shaquille O'Neal, 2000 - 3.1: Shaquille O'Neal, 2000

Ono, Yoko - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984 -98, 3.1: John Lennon Etching 1990

The Open Heart, 1982 - 3.1: The Open Heart, 1982

opera - see also Le Grand Escalier de l'Opera, 1969

Amahl and the Night Visitors, 1978 - 4.1: 1978

Ballroom Scene from 'La Traviata', 1980 - New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

Falstaff, opera by Verdi - 2.1: 2002, 3.1: Falstaff Opera 1993, 4.1: 2002

Hines, Jerome and Lucia - 3.1: New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83, 3.1: OMTI LeRoy Neiman Opera Lab Theater 1995

Jerome Hines as Boris Godunov, 1988 drawing - 4.1: 1988

Metropolitan Opera - 2.1: 2002

Metropolitan Opera - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s

New Jersey State Opera Ball - 3.1: New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

A Night at the Opera, drawing - 4.1: 1989

Opera Music Theater International - 3.1: OMTI LeRoy Neiman Opera Lab Theater 1995, 4.1: 1989, 4.1: 1991

Pagliacci, 1982 - 3.1: New Jersey State Opera Ball Paintings 1979-83

The Three Tenors, 1996 serigraph release - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

organists - see Fox, Virgil; Grady, John

Original Print Collectors' Group, Ltd. - 4.1: 1989

Orr, Bobby - 4.1: 1977

Orr for the Defense, 1992 - 2.1: 1992, 3.1: Orr for the Defense, 1992, 4.1: 1992

Oslo, Norway - 2.1: 1988

Our Lady of Mercy Medical Center - 4.1: 1997

Outrigger Canoe Race, 1976 - 4.1: undated 1970s

Owens, Jesse - see track and field

Ox-Bow, the Summer School of Painting, Saugatuck, Michigan - 1.1: Education and Teaching, 2.1: 2001, 3.1: Ox -Bow 1998

Oxendine, Kit - 1.1: Lynn Quayle, V:1990s

P

P.J. Clarke's, New York - see restaurants

P.O.V. Magazine - 4.1: 1998

Pacino, Al - 2.1: 1983

Paige, Satchel - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Pallack, Rick - 2.1: 1996, 1999, 4.1: 1996

Palm Beach, Florida - V: 1970s

Palm Springs, California - 3.1: Palm Springs Commemorative Coin, 1987-88

Palmer, Arnold - see golf

Palmer, Jim, Jim Palmer, 1990 - 4.1: 1990

Papp, L. Roy - 3.1: L. Roy Papp, 1980

Pappas, Thomas, Thomas A. Pappas, 1969 drawing - 4.1: 1969 ov.

Paris, France - 3.1: "Un Americain à Paris," Solo Exhibition, Galerie Marcel Bernheim, Paris 1993, 4.1: 1963

Paris, 1989 - 3.1: Kentucky Derby 1995-97

Paris Match -- Magazine - 4.1: 1961, 1962

Parker, Charlie - see jazz

Parks Council - 4.1: 1976

Paschke, Ed - 2.1: 1988, 1990, 2.3

Pastorini, Dan - 2.1: 1989

Patrician Galleries - 2.1: 1987

Patrick, John 'Malt Liquor' - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Paterson Museum, Paterson, NJ - 2.1: 1989, 4.1: 1996

Patterson, Floyd - see boxing

Paul, Les - 2.1: 1997

Pavarotti, Luciano - 3.1: The Three Tenors, 1996

PAWS/LA - 2.1: 1999, 4.1: 2000

Payne, Marcus - 2.1: 1982

Pazienza, Vinny - 4.1: 1995

Peaches and Pits Awards - 4.1: 1987, 2000

Pebble Beach - see golf

Pele - see soccer

Pelkey, Joe - 2.1: 1990, 1993, 2.2: Joe Pelkey, Editions Limited

pendant - VII: Painting pendants, undated

Peninsula Sports Club - 4.1: 1973

Penn, Esther - 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 1999

Penske, Roger - see auto racing

Penthouse -- Magazine - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries

Percival Galleries - 2.1: 1979, see also exhibitions

perfume - see promotions

Peri-Renneth Gallery, Southampton - 2.1: 1988, 4.1: 1984

Perkins, Carl - 2.2: Libby Murphy

Perry, Gaylord - 3.1: Gaylord Perry's 300th Win file

Perse, Joanne - 4.1: 1986

PESO - 3.2: LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle 1974

Phelps, Digger - 2.1: 1990

Philadelphia Sports Writers Association - 4.1: 2000

Phillipines - 3.1: Ali vs. Frazier III "The Thrilla in Manila," 1975

pianists - see Eaton, Roy; Raphael, James, see also music: classical

Piazza, Mike, Mike Piazza, 1999 - 3.1: Mike Piazza 1999

Piazza San Marco, 1990 - 3.1: Piazza San Marco, 1990, 2001-2002

Pierrot, drawing - 4.1: 1975

Pierrot, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Pierrot the Juggler, lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

The Pitman Company - 4.1: 1984

Pizza Hut - 2.1: 1991, 4.1: 1992 ov

La Plage de Deauville, 1990 - 2.1: 1990

plates, collectible - see Royal Doulton

Plate Collector Magazine - 2.1: 1980

The Playboy, painting - 4.1: 1990

Playboy Enterprises International - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 4.1: 2001 art auction - 4.1: 1989, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 2000s

New York Playboy Club - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1965, see Appendix E

Playboy Art Collection - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.1: 1975, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 2000s

Playboy Jazz Festival, 1980 - 4.1: 1980

Playboy -- Magazine and Man at His Leisure - see Appendix E, 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s, 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles, 4.1: 1959, 1966, 1999, 4.2: -- Playboy -- Magazine, V: Playboy Clubs 1961-63

Femlin - 2.1: 1985, 4.1: 1995, 2001, 4.2: -- Playboy -- Magazine, 4.2: -- Playboy -- - Femlin Paraphernalia

Playboy of Brazil - 2.1: 1985

Special Editions, Ltd. - 4.1: 1992

Players Hotel, New Orleans - 2.1: 1984

The Plaza Hotel, New York - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1965, see Appendix E

The Plaza Square, 1985 - 4.1: 1985, 1986

tapestry - 2.1: 1990

Poland - 2.1: 1976, 1987

Plunkett, Sherman - 4.1: 1967

Police Athletic League - 2.1: 1981

politics - 3.1: Bill Bradley 1978-2000, 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980, 3.1: Peter Dawkins Poster 1988, 3.1: Rudy Giulianni and Commission on Cultural Affairs 1994-2001, 3.1: Nelson Mandela Tribute 1997, 4.1: 1960, 1968, 1988, 1989, 1992, see also Thurmond, Strom, and The White House

Pollock, Jackson - 4.1: 1984

polo - 4.1: 1966, 1967, 1988

Attack, 1965 - 4.1: 1967

elephant polo - 2.1: 1982

H.R.H. Prince Charles, 1982 - 4.1: 1985

Malletmen, 1977 etching - 3.1: Malletmen Certificate 1977

Polo Player, 1963 - 4.1: 1963

Polo Players, 1964 - 4.1: 1991

Polo Lounge, 1988 - 2.1: 1989, 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 3.1: Polo Lounge debut at Bowles/Sorokko Galleries, Bev Hills 1989, 4.1: 1990, 1995, 1996, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002

The Pope Flies Over New York, detail - 4.1: 1981

Pope, Kerig - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1980s

Porgy and Bess - see musicals

Porter, David - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Portola Valley Classic Equestrian Festival - 4.1: 1999

Portrait of the Lion, 2002 - see animals

portraits -- - 3.1: "Portraits of Our Times 1946-96" Solo Exhibition and Catalog, Bowles/Sorokko/Yarger Galleries, 1996

of LeRoy Neiman, by other artists - 2.1: 1978, 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978, 4.1: 1986 ov

by LeRoy Neiman - search by name of subject

Posner Gallery - 2.1: 1989

posters - 3.2. -- Posters -- , 1980, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1981, 1993

Posters, 1980 - 3.2. -- Posters -- , 1980, Harry N. Abrams, 3.2 ov.

Pratt Institute, New York - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman in Cuba" Solo Exhibition, Pratt Institute, New York, 2003

Preakness Stakes - see horse racing

Prentice - Hall Publishers - 2.1: 1978

President of the United States - see politics, or search by name of President (Carter, Reagan, Bush, Clinton)

President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports - 2.1: 1990, 4.1: 1982, 1983

Presley, Elvis - 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1978 (July)

price lists - IID: Price Lists

Prince Charles, 1984 - 4.1: 1984

prints - 3.1: The Etchings of LeRoy Neiman, 1976 booklet (ov), see also The Prints of LeRoy Neiman below

The Prints of LeRoy Neiman, 1980 - 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1980, Knoedler Publishing

The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1980-1990, 1991 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Solo Exhibition, Atlantic City 1992, 3.2. -- The Prints of LeRoy Neiman -- , 1980-1990, 1991

The Prints of LeRoy Neiman 1991-2000, 2001 - 3.2.14

Professional Picture Framers Association - 4.1: 1984

promotions, product and service, and collectible merchandise

AMF Incorporated (soccer equipment) - 3.1: AMF Soccer Equipment Promotion 1979

Absolut Vodka

Absolut Neiman, 1970 - 3.1: Absolut Vodka ad 1991, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine

Alexander Hotel, Miami Beach, 1985 commercial - 3.1: Alexander Hotel Promotion 1985

Anheuser-Busch - 3.1: Duran vs. Leonard 1989

Clydesdales, 1979 - 4.1: 1979, 1983

World Cup Soccer poster 1990 - 3.1: Anheuser Busch World Cup Soccer poster 1990

Arrow shirts, The Arrow Man, 1986 - 3.1: Arrow shirts promotion 1986

Atomic skis - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Burger King - 3.1: Burger King Promotion 1976

Canadian Club Whiskey - 4.1: 1979

Charlie Cosmetics - 3.1: Charlie Cosmetics promotion 1981

Classic Leather, 1978 catalog - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1978

Corvette - see Corvette

Dewars Scotch Whiskey - 3.1: Dewar's Profile 1970

S.T. DuPont LeRoy Neiman Golf Pen and Lighter set - 3.1: S.T. Dupont LeRoy Neiman Golf Pen and Lighter Set, 2003

Folger's Instant Coffee - 4.1: undated 1960s

Footwear - 2.1: 1989

Fragrances - 4.1: 1985 see promotions: Givenchy

General Electric Cellular Car Phone - 3.1: General Electric Phone Promotion 1984

Givenchy - 3.1: Givenchy 1999

Gone with the Wind perfume - 3.1: Gone with the Wind perfume promotion 1989

Hager hinges - 4.1: 1988

Hanes Hosiery - 2.1: 1980

Merrill Chase - 2.1: 1978

Miller Brewing Company - 4.1: 1984

Nabisco - 2.1: 1988

Ocean Club, Atlantic City - 3.1: Ocean Club, Atlantic City 1982-1990

Olin Corporation, Olin Skier, 1976 - 4.1: 1976 and ov.

PuzzleStix - 3.1: PuzzleStix product idea 1999

Royal Doulton - 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78, 4.1: 1977, 1981, 1986, 2000

Saks Fifth Avenue - see Saks Fifth Avenue

Sharp Color Copier - 3.1: Sharp copier promotion 1986

skis - 2.2: Joe Hideo Morita 1988-90

Skoal chewing tobacco - 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter 1985-1987

Sports Commemorative Satinwood whiskey decanters - 3.1: Sports Commemorative Whiskey Decanter 1979

The Toy Store - see exhibitions

Tropicana Hotel and Casino - see casinos

watches - 2.1: 1986, 3.1: Classic Moments LeRoy Neiman Watch Collection 1989, 3.1: Universal Geneve Timepieces Promotion 1995

Wheaties - see Wheaties

publications - Series 3.2

publicists - 2.2: Barry Landau 1994-96, 2.2: Sterling/Winters Company 1983-84

Puck, Wolfgang - 2.1: 1999

Puerto Rico - 2.1: 1979, 1981, 1984, 1985

Pump Room Bar, 1957 - see bars

Punchinello, 1971 lithograph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78, 4.1: 1973, 1974

Purdue University - 4.1: 1986

puzzles - see promotions, product and service, and collectibles

Q

Quarry, Jerry - see boxing

Quayle, Lynn - 1.1: Lynn Quayle, IIID: Datebooks, 4.1: 1988

Queen Elizabeth of England - 4.1: 1959

The Queen Elizabeth II - 3.1: Queen Elizabeth II Cruise, 1999

R

race car - see auto racing

Race to Erase MS - 2.1: 1993, 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001, 4.1: 2001

>radio -- - 4.1: 1974, 1985, see also American Federation of Television and Radio Artists

King, Larry - see King, Larry

Stern, Howard - 3.1: Howard Stern, 1994

WNBC Radio - 3.1: WNBC Traffic Helicopter 1981

WPRO Radio Providence, RI - 2.1: 1990

Rangers Hockey Magazine - 4.1: 1967

Raphael, James

James Raphael, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Rattiner, Dan - see Dan's Papers

Rawlings Gold Glove Award - 4.1: 1992

Reagan, President Ronald and Nancy -- - 2.1: 1981, 1988, 3.1: Nolan Ryan, 1981, 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

Ronald Reagan, 1988 - 4.1: 1988

real estate - 2.1: 1986

recipe - see Heartland Celebrity Cookbook

Red Square - see Moscow

Redgrave, Vanessa - 4.1: 1994

Regatta of the Gondoliers - 2.1: 1984

Regis & Ann Show - 4.1: 1984

Reiner, Rob - 1.1: Friars

representations of LeRoy Neiman by other artists - 4.1: 1989

restaurants and bars

Al Schacht's Restaurant - 4.1: 1967, 1968 and ov

Alexis Tangier, San Francisco - 4.1: 1958

The Bistro Garden - 3.1: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries Exhibition, Beverly Hills 1987, 4.1: undated

Bruxelles Restaurant - 4.1: 1950s

The Buena Vista Café, San Francisco, 1986 - 3.1: 3.1: Nob Hill, Buena Vista and Bowles Hopkins Gallery 1986, 4.1: 1987

Le Café Chambord - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1959, see Appendix E

Café de Flore, Paris, 1964 - 4.1: 1996

Le Café Lautrec, 1963 - 4.1: 1963

Café de la Paix - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions

California Cuisine (The Lark Creek Inn), 198? - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 2004

Central Park Boathouse - 3.1: Central Park Boathouse Painting 2002-2003

Chumley's - 4.1: 1968

Le Cirque - 3.1: Circus, 2000, 4.1: 2004

Corona Café, Chicago - 4.1: 2001

Duke's Fish & Grill - 4.1: 1985

Ernie's, San Francisco - 4.1: 1958, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, see Appendix E

F.X. McRory's Whiskey Bar, Seattle, 1979 - 3.1: F.X. McRory's Whiskey Bar 1979-80, 4.2: Bartender Magazine 1987-1992 and 1993-2002, 4.1: 1995

Fouquet's - 2.1: 1993

Fouquet's - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Related Exhibitions, 4.1: 1996

Fouquet's, 1977 drawing - 4.1: 1996

Gallagher's Steak House, New York - 3.1: Gallagher's Steak House - The Neiman Collection 2002

Le Grand Vefour - 2.1: 1993

Harry's at Hanover Square - 4.1: 1985

Harry's Bar, 1985 - 4.1: 1995

Harry's Wall Street Bar - 4.1: 2002, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Iron Horse Restaurant - 4.1: undated

Jak-Nicholas Restaurant - 4.1: 1973

Lark Creek Inn - see California Cuisine

Left Bank Café

London House, Chicago - 4.1: undated

Maxim's de Paris - 4.1: 1963, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, see Appendix E

McSorley's Irish Pub, New York - 4.1: 1980

Mister Kelly's - 4.1: undated

The Mixologist, 1959 - 4.1: 1999

Moose's Restaurant, San Francisco - 4.1: 2003, 2004, 2005

Morton's of Chicago - 3.1: Morton's of Chicago 1982-present, 3.2.12, 4.1: 1997, 1998, 2000

Neil De Vaughn's - 4.1: 1987

Neiman's Restaurant and Lounge, Carlsbad, CA - 3.1: Neiman's Restaurant and Lounge 1980s, VII: Neiman's Restaurant, Carlsbad, CA, 1980s

Nello - 4.1: 1999

P.J. Clarke's, New York, 1978 - 3.1: Elayne Galleries Solo Exhibition and P.J. Clarkes, Minneapolis, 1978, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992, 4.1: 1978, 1989, 1995

Peppy's Pomme Soufflee - 4.1: 1973

Pierro's on the Park - 4.1: 1994

Polo Bar, Westbury Hotel - 2.1: 1978

Polo Lounge - see Polo Lounge, 1988

Pump Room - 4.1: 1974, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1958, see Appendix E, see also The Ambassadors Hotel

Pump Room Bar, 1957 - 3.2: LeRoy Neiman Art and Lifestyle 1974, 4.1: 1950s

Rao's - 2.1: 2002

Frank at Rao's, 2005 serigraph of earlier painting - 4.1: 2005

Restaurant Antoine - 4.1: undated

Romanoff's - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1959, see Appendix E

Rosati's, Via Venito - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1968, see Appendix E

Rush Street Bar - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Sardi's, World Billiard Championship - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1963, see Appendix E

Shelly's New York - 3.1: Shelly's New York Restaurant 2000

Spago, Los Angeles - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

The Stag's Head Bar, Dublin, 1961 - 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

Tavern on the Green - 4.1: 1991, 1998

Tavern on the Green, 1990 painting and 1991 serigraph - 2.1: 1990, 1991, 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999, 4.1: 1991, V: 1991

Carriage at Tavern on the Green, 1997 drawing - 4.1: 1997

Toots Shor Bar - 2.1: 1988, 1.2: Knoedler: Serigraph Release Ads

Tratoria del'Arte - 4.1: 1991

'21' Club - 3.1: Dress the Jockeys at '21' Club, New York, 2001

Bar at 21 - 2.3: Imitations and Forgeries, 4.1: undated

'21' Club (exterior), 1990 - 3.1: '21' Club 1990

Two Bar Men, 1965 - 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1987-1992

The Wimbledon - 4.1: 1975

retail prices, list of prints, 1986 - 2.1: 1986

retail stores - see Neiman-Marcus

Revelli, Cynthia - see Licensing Art and Design by Cynthia Revelli

Revlon - 2.1: 1992

Rhino Records - 4.1: 1991

Rhythm & Smoke - see cigars

Rice, Jerry - 4.1: 1995

Riggins, John, John Riggins - 4.1: 1972

Riker, Lyn - V: 1980s

The Ring Magazine - see boxing

Ringside Madison Square Garden, 1964-65 - see boxing - Introduction of the Champions of the Ring, 1964-65

Rivalry, 1975 - see college sports: football: Ohio State Buckeyes

Rivera, Chita - 4.1: 1995

Rizzuto, Phil, The Scooter, 1994 - 3.1: Phil Rizzuto 1994

The Robb Report Magazine - see automobiles

Robinson, Jackie - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Jackie Robinson, 1993 - see Jackie Robinson Foundation

Jackie Robinson, 1997 - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Jackie Robinson Sliding Home, 1997 - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Jackie Robinson Foundation - 3.1: Jackie Robinson Foundation 1993

Robinson, Patrick - 2.1: 1977

Robinson, Sugar Ray - see boxing

Robinson's, Los Angeles - 4.1: undated

Rock for the Cure - 4.1: 2004

Rocky films - 3.1: Rocky films 1980-90

Rocky - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s

rodeo - 4.1: 1977, 2000

Rogers, Kenny - 4.1: 1999

Kenny Rogers, 1982 watercolor - 3.1: Childrens Diabetes Foundation Carousel Ball

Rolling Stone Press - 4.1: 1982

Rolls Royce - see automobiles

Ronald McDonald House - 2.1: 1999, 4.1: 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003

Rooney, Art, Art Rooney, 1972 - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1972

Roosevelt University, Chicago - 1.1: Education and Teaching, Miscellaneous, undated

"Rooster," 1981 film - see film

Roques, Karin Adrian v. - 2.1: 1997, 1999

Rose, Donna - 2.2: Donna Rose and Art Brokerage Inc. Correspondence

Rosen, Leonard - 2.1: 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987

Rosenbaum Galleries - see exhibitions

Rote, Jr., Kyle - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Rotonda Superstars - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Royal Doulton - 3.1: Royal Doulton collectible plates 1974-78, 4.1: 1977, 1981, 1986, 2000

Royce Carlton, Inc. - 2.1: 1978

Royer, Victor - 2.1: 1984, 1986

Rudy, Jeanette Cantrell - 2.1: 1994, 1996, 1998, 4.1: 1994, Jeanette Rudy, 1994 - 2.1: 1994, 4.1: 1996

running -- - see also track and field

Ashford, Evelyn - 4.1: 1987

Barron, Gayle - 2.1: 1983, 1984

Boston Marathon, Boston Marathon, 1979 - 4.1: 1981, 1990

Coghlan, Eamonn, Eamonn Coghlan Winning the 1985 Wanamaker Mile, 1985 - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995

Dixon, Rod - 4.1: 1998

New York City Marathon - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Classic Marathon Finish, 1985 serigraph - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Fred, This Run's For You, 1990 - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

New York City Marathon, 1987 - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Runner's World Magazine - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Shorter, Frank - 2.1: 1973

The Year of the Runner TV series, LeRoy Neiman host - see television

Rush, Rick - 4.1: 1999

Rush Street Bar - see bars

Russell, Bill - 4.1: 1968

Ruth, Babe - 4.1: 1973, 1995

Ryan, Nolan

Nolan Ryan, 1981 - 3.1: Nolan Ryan, 1981, 4.1: 1991

S

Sadat, Anwar - 3.1: Peace Treaty, 1980

safari - see LeRoy Neiman On Safari

sailing -- - 4.1: 1950s, 1964, 1985, 1994, America II, 1986 - 3.1: America II, 1986, 4.1: 1986

America's Cup - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1966, see Appendix E

America's Cup, 1964 - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: undated 1970s, 1978

America's Cup, Australia, 1987 - 2.1: 1986, 4.1: 1986, 1987

America's Cup Stars and Stripes, 1987 - 2.1: 1987

Boat Club, 1956 - 4.1: 1950s

Boats and Boats, 1960 oil on board - 2.1: 1978

Girallia Yacht Race - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1965, see Appendix E

Harbor Boat House, 1955 - 4.1: 1950s

Hawaiian Sailing - 3.1: Advertising Layouts 1980s, 4.1: 1984

High Seas Sailing - 4.1: 1999

High Seas Sailing II, 1998 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

Men, Boats, and the Sea, 1955 - 3.1: Art Institute of Chicago Instructors Exhibition 1955

Sail Boats, 1953 - 4.1: 1998

Sailing - 4.1: 1985

Swell Sailing - 4.1: 1983

Turnberry Isle Yacht Club - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibitions 1982-83

Yawl Sailing, 2001 - 4.1: 2001

St. Bonaventure University - 1.1: Honorary Degrees: St. Bonaventure University 1999

St. Clare's Hopital and Health Center - 4.1: 1995

St. Francis College, Brooklyn Heights, New York - 1.1: Honorary Degrees (ov), 3.1: Brooklyn Bridge, 1995

St. John's University - 1.1: Honorary Degrees, 2.1: 1978, 4.1: 1985

St. Paul, Minnesota, bicentennial painting, Baghdad of the Midwest, 1975-76 - 3.1: St. Paul Bicentennial Painting, Baghdad of the Midwest, 1975-76

St. Paul Area Chamber of Commerce - 2.1: 1976

St. Paul Museum - 4.1: 1997

Winter Carnival painting, Ice Palace, 1985 - 3.1: Ice Palace 1985-86

St. Tropez - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1964, see Appendix E

St. Tropez, 1995 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue Catalog 1994-1999

Saks Fifth Avenue - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue Catalog 1994-1999, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Correspondence

View from Saks, 1995 - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue 1994-1999

Saleski, Don - 4.1: 1974

Salon d'Automne - see exhibitions, group: Grand Palais

Saltman, Sheldon - 2.1: 1976

Salvation Army - 2.1: 1999

San Diego Zoo - 2.1: 1977

San Francisco, CA

Bay Area Baseball, 1990 - 3.1: Bay Area Baseball debut at Bowles/Sorokko, San Francisco 1990

City by the Bay, 1993 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

San Francisco by Day, 1991 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

San Francisco by Night, 1991 - 3.1: San Francisco Series 1991-93

Washington Square (Moose's), 2002 - 4.1: 2003

Sandburg, Carl - V: -- Playboy -- 1961-63

Sandusky, Joe, Joe Sandusky - 4.1: undated 1990s

Santa Claus - 4.1: 1992

Sapir, Judge Eddie - 2.1: 1978, 1979, 1983, 1988

Satchmo - see Armstrong, Louis

Satinwood Whiskey - see promotions and collectibles

Saugatuck - see Ox-Bow

Saviano, Rudy - 2.1: 1999

savings bonds - see U.S. Savings Bonds

Sayers, Gale - see I Am Third, by Gale Sayers

Scaffidi, Phil - 2.1: 1981

Scarpa, William and Cathy - 2.2: William and Cathy Scarpa 1991-99

Schaefer Brewing Company - 2.1: 1976, 1979, 1980, 1981, 4.1: 1976

Schoenfield, Ed - 4.1: 1986

Schmeling, Max - 4.1: 1989

Schmidt, Michael - 2.1: 1980

The Slugger, 1979 - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1990, 1999

Schulberg, Budd, Budd Schulberg, 1970 drawing - 4.1: 2004

Schulz, Axel - 4.1: 1995

Schultz, Charles - 2.2: Playboy Enterprises Inc. 1970s

Schultz, Dave (hockey player) - 4.1: 1974

Schultz, Dave (wrestler) - see wrestling

Schumsky, Felicie - V: 1970s, see also Felicie, Inc.

Screiber, Al - 4.1: 1994

Schwarzenegger, Arnold - 2.1: 1990, 3.1: LongTerm Projects: American Sportscasters Association Hall of Fame Awards Dinners, 4.1: 1977, 1981, Arnold Schwarzenegger, 1977-78, 4.1: 1977, 1985, 2005

The Scooter, 1994 - see Rizzuto, Phil

Scott Foresman & Company Publishers - 2.1: 1985

Screen Actors Guild - 1.1: Name Tags and ID Cards, 3.1: Rocky films 1980-1990, see also American Federation of Television and Radio Artists

sculpture

Horse Racing Suite, 1977 - 3.1: Sculpture 1977-1987, 4.1: 1978

Defiant, 1987 - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1984 -98, 3.1: Sculpture 1977-1987 Seaver, Tom

The Franchise, 1992 - 4.1: 1992, 2001

Segal, Erich - 2.1: 1973

Sehorn, Jason - 4.1: 1999

Seitz, Nick - see golf: -- Golf Digest -- Magazine

Self Portrait (at easel) - 4.1: 2000

Self Portrait (close up with cigar and pen), 1997 - 4.1: 1998

Serline, Ollie (LeRoy's aunt) - 1.1: Family (Neiman Studio Archive only), 2.1: 1970s, 4.1: 1972

Sharp color copier - 4.1: 1986

The Sharper Image - 4.1: 1997

Shavers, Earnie - see boxing

Shaw, Robert - 2.1: 1977, 1978

Shelly's New York - 3.1: Shelly's New York 2000

Shenker, Morris A. - 2.1: 1982, 4.1: 1982

Sher Galleries - 4.1: 1987

Sherman, Nettie - 4.1: 1981

Sherry -Lehmann - 2.1: 1997, 1998, 4.1: 1997 and ov

ship - see The Jennifer

shoes - VII

Shore, Dinah - 3.1: Dinah! (Dinah Shore television show) 1974-77

Shorter, Frank - see running

The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991 - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

Showboats International - 3.1: Monaco Trip 1994

Shula, Don - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Siegfried & Roy - 2.1: 1998, V: 1999

Sigmond, Aaron - 2.1: 1994, 1995, 1997, 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Selection Cigars 1997

Silverstein, Shel - 2.1: 1973

Silverwood Products - 2.1: 1992

Simon Weisenthal Center - 3.1: Jackie Robinson, 1997

Simpson, O.J. - 4.1: undated 1990s, see football: Cross-Town Rivalry 1967, 1993, O.J. Simpson - 4.1: 1972, 1974

Sinatra, Frank -- - 1.1: New York Friars Club, 2.2: Sinatra Family Correspondence, 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1967, 3.1: Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art 1967, 3.1: Leo Durocher 1974-94, 3.1: Frank Sinatra Portraits for Duets and Duets II Albums 1993-1995, 3.1: Hofstra Univ. Frank Sinatra Conference and Exhibition 1998, 3.1: Frank Sinatra Classic Duets Album Cover 2002, 4.1: 1979, 1983, 1989, 1998, see also golf, 4.2: Playboy Ephemera 1960s

Frank at Rao's, 2005 serigraph - 4.1: 2005

Frank Sinatra, 1993 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra Duets and Duets II Album Covers 1993-1995

Frank Sinatra at Carnegie Hall, 1974 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Carnegie Hall Poster 1974

Frank Sinatra as the Detective, 1967 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra Film Drawings Exhibition, Gallery of Modern Art 1967

Frank Sinatra at Madison Square Garden, 1974 drawing for poster - 4.1: 1974

Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall, 1989 - 3.1: Frank Sinatra at Royal Albert Hall 1989

Singleton, Isaiah - 2.1: 1996

Singleton, Skip - see tennis: Intelligent Doubles and Intelligent Tennis

skating - see figure skating

skiing -- - 4.1: 1983, 1995, see also Olympics: skiing

Lady Skier - 4.1: 1998

Little Skier - 4.1: 1974

The Skier, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Skiing, etchings - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972

Slalom, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1973

Squaw Valley - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1961, V: 1960s, see Appendix E

Vail Race to Erase MS painting, 1994 - 4.1: 1995

Skoal Pinch Hitter of the Year Award - 3.1: Skoal Pinch Hitter 1985-1987

Slatkin, Leonard, Leonard Slatkin, 1980? - 4.1: 1980

Sliding Home - see baseball

slot machine - 4.2: Playboy - Femlin Paraphernalia

The Slugger, 1979 - see Schmidt, Michael

Smith, Charley - 1.1: Military Service

Smith, Emmitt

Emmitt Smith, 1994 - 4.1: 1994

Smith, Liz - 3.1: Doodle for Hunger I, II, III, IV, V, 2000-2004

Smith Jones, Nancy - 2.1: 1978, 1979

Smithsonian Institution, The Smithsonian Associate Magazine - 3.1: Piazza San Marco, 1990, 2001-2002

Smothers, Tom and Dick (The Smothers Brothers) - 1.1: New York Friars Club

Snead, Sam - see golf - Frost, David

Snyder, Jimmy "the Greek" - 2.1: 1974, 1991, Jimmy the Greek - 4.1: 1982

soccer -- - 2.1: 1984, 1985, 4.1: 1977, 1979, 1994

AMF soccer equipment - see promotions

Anheuser Busch World Cup poster, 1990 - 3.1: Anheuser Busch World Cup Soccer poster 1990

Chinaglia, Georgio - 3.1: Cosmos soccer 1977, 4.1: 1979, 1998

Cosmos - 3.1: Cosmos soccer 1977

Fairfax Police Youth Club Tournament poster, 1988 - 3.1: Fairfax Police Youth Club Soccer Tournament Poster 1988

Maradona, Diego - 2.1: 1980, Maradona, 1982 - 3.2. Winners, Harry N. Abrams, 1983, Magazines and Catalogs

Pele - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov., 3.1: Tampa Bay Rowdies soccer 1975, 3.1: Cosmos soccer 1977, 4.1: 1988

The Black Pearl, 1975 drawing - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Pele, 1975 - 3.1: Tokyo Exhibition 1988

Pele, watercolor - 2.1: 1983

Soccer, 1989 etching - 4.1: 1990

Tampa Bay Rowdies: Soccer is a Kick in the Grass, 1975 - 3.1: Tampa Bay Rowdies soccer 1975

socialites - 3.1: Notes on Hamptons high society 1972

Society of Illustrators of Los Angeles - 1.1: Awards: Citations

soft paintings - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989, 3.1: Steiner & Young Galleries Exhibition 1989

Solange - 4.1: 1973

Soltner, Chef Andre - 3.1: March of Dimes' Gourmet Gala 1985

Sony - 2.1: 1978, 4.1: 1977

The Sopranos - 4.1: 1999

Sosa, Merqui - 4.1: 1996

Sosa, Sammy, Sammy Sosa, 1999 - 3.1: Good Tidings Foundation 1998-99

Sorenson, Jacki - see dance

Sorokko, Serge - see exhibitions: Bowles/Sorokko Galleries

Sotheby's - see Carousel of Hope, 4.1: 1986, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1972, see Appendix E

souvenirs - see promotions

space shuttle - see Columbia Space Shuttle

Spago - 4.1: 1999

speaking engagements - 4.1: 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1984, 1988

Special Olympics -3.1: Special Olympics Nagano Japan 2005, 4.1: 1986, 1996, Mississippi Special Olympics - 2.1: 1977

The Spectrum, Philadelphia, PA - 2.1: 1991, 1996, 3.1: Philadelphia Spectrum Painting 1991, 4.1: 1992, V: Photographs

Spectrum Fine Art, New York - 3.1: "Ball, Bat, and Glove", Spectrum Fine Art, 1977, 4.1: 1978

Spelling, Aaron - 2.1: 1985

Spinks, Leon - see boxing

Spinks, Michael - see boxing

Spirit Foundation - 2.1: 1999

Spitz, Mark - see swimming and diving

The Sporting Life - 4.1: undated

The Sporting News - 3.1: Iona College Trustee Awards Dinner Dances 1984-95

sports - listed alphabetically by name of sport (i.e. "baseball," "soccer"), with teams listed under heading of appropriate; in some cases college and professional sports are indexed separately. Also search for names of specific athletes.

sports arenas - see Madison Square Garden, Philadelphia Spectrum

sports cards - see trading cards

Sports Collectors Digest - 4.1: 1997

Sports Commemorative Decanters - see promotions and collectibles

sportscasters - see also Cosell, Howard, and Rooney, Art

American Sportscasters Association - 1.1: Awards

Sportsman's Ball - 3.1: Sportsman's Ball 1978

Sportsman's Park, Chicago - 3.1: Sportsman's Park Mural, Chicago 1976

SportsWise Magazine - 2.1: 1980

Springfield Art Association, Illinois - 2.1: 1990

Stadium Tennis, 1981 - see tennis

The Stag's Head Bar, Dublin, 1961 - see bars

Stallone, Sylvester - see Rocky, 4.1: 1987

stamps - 4.1: 1974

"Health in Sports" stamps, 1988 - 3.1: United Nations "Health in Sports" Stamps 1988

"Sport and the Environment" stamps, 1996 - 3.1: United Nations "Sport and the Environment" Stamps 1996

"Superbowl History" Stamps, 1988 - 3.1: U.S. Postal Service Superbowl Stamps 1988

Standard Oil - 4.1: 1974

Stanford University - 3.1: Bill Walsh, 1993

Stanley, Dr. M. Lee - 4.1: undated 1990s, 1996

Stargell, Willie, Willie Stargell, 1980 - 2.1: 1988, 3.1: Willie Stargell 1980, 4.1: 1973, 1987, 1988

Statue of Liberty, Lady Liberty, 1985 - 2.1: 1985, 3.1: Lady Liberty, 1985, 4.1: 1992 Staub, Rusty - 2.2: Manufacturers Hanover

Rusty Staub's Le Grand Orange wine label - 3.1: Rusty Staub 1975-1994, 4.1: 2001 Staubach, Roger - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73, 3.1: Wheaties 1997, 4.1: 1972, 1973, 1982

Roger Staubach, 1982 - 2.1: 1989, 4.2: -- Bartender Magazine -- 1997-2002, 4.1: 1982

Stengel, Casey, Casey Stengel, 1993 - 3.1: Casey Stengel 1996, 4.1: 2001

Sterling, Donald - 2.1: 1997, 1998

Sterling/Winters Company - 2.2: Sterling/Winters Company 1983-84

Stern, Howard - see radio

Stiller, Jerry - 1.1: Friars

Sting Like a Bee by Jose Torres and Bert Sugar - see boxing

Stock Market

American Stock Exchange, 1986 serigraph - 4.1: 1986

New York Stock Exchange, serigraph - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: Winter Olympics Lake Placid, 1980, 4.1: 1974

Stock Exchange, silk tapestry - 4.1: 1990

Stock Exchange, London - 4.1: 1983

Stock Market, 1976 serigraph - 2.1: 1977, 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 4.1: 1976

Stop Cancer - 3.1: New York City Marathon 1984-2001

Stop or My Mom Will Shoot, 1992 film - 2.1: 1991

Strahan, Michael - 4.1: 2002

Strasberg, Lee - 2.1: 1983

Strawberry, Darryl - 4.1: 1990, 2001

Stroh Brewing Company - 2.1: 1988

Stud Poker - see casinos

Studio 54 - 4.1: 1984

Styria Galleries - 4.1: 1988

Sugar, Bert - 2.1: 1972, 1977, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo), 4.1: 1999, see also boxing: Sting Like a Bee

Summer in Saugatuck, 1960 painting - 2.1: 1987

The Summer School of Painting - see Ox-Bow

sumo - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Superbowl - see NFL football

Superstars - see Rotonda Superstars

Supreme Court of the State of New York - 2.1: 1980, 2.2: Judge Frank Affronti 1990 -1999

Supreme Court of the United States - 2.1: 1992

Surfing - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1967, see Appendix E

The Surfer, 1980 - 4.1: 1980 ov

surgery - see The Open Heart, 1982

Swahn Fine Arts - 4.1: 1989, 1991

Sweden - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77

swimming and diving -- - 4.1: 1987, 3.1: Los Angeles Olympics

Chandler, Jennifer - 4.1: 1987

International Swimming Hall of Fame Museum - 4.1: 1988, 1989

Louganis, Greg - 3.2.9, 4.1: 1987

Olympic Swimmer - 4.1: 1986

Spitz, Mark - 2.1: 1986, 3.1: Munich Olympics 1972, Mark Spitz, 1972 - 3.1: Munich Olympics 1972, 4.1: 1973, 1987

United States Swimming Long Course Championships - 4.1: 1982

Switzerland - 2.1: 1985, 1989

Swoboda, Ron - 2.1: 2002

Symphantasy - see music

T

Takamiyama, Jesse - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

James Talcott, Inc. - 3.1: James Talcott, Inc. 1975

tapestry - 3.1: Edward Fields, Inc, Carpet Tapestries 1977

Taschen Publishers - 3.1: GOAT (Greatest of All Time - A Tribute to Muhammad Ali) Book by Taschen, 2004

Tavern on the Green - see restaurants

Taxicab Chronicles - 3.1: Taxicab Chronicles 1999, 4.1: 1999

Taylor, Elizabeth - 3.1: Celebrity Night at Spago, 1993

Taylor, Lawrence - 4.1: 1996

television - 2.1: 1970, 1978, 4.1: 1972, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1985, 1994, 1995, 3.1: Call of the Wild 1993, see also ABC, CBS, American Federation of Television and Radio Artists, The Lone Ranger

ABC Sports - 2.2: ABC Sports

Ampex Video Art - 3.1: Superbowl XII, 1978, 4.1: 1980

Arlene Herson Show - 4.1: 1989

The Black Stallion television show - 2.1: 1990

CBS Sports - 2.2: CBS Sports, 3.1: Superbowl XII, 1978

Channel 13 - 2.1: 1976

Cityscope - 4.1: 1989

Dinah! (Dinah Shore) - 3.1: Dinah! (Dinah Shore television show) 1974-1977

KCTA -TV St. Paul - 2.1: 1976

Larry King - see King, Larry

Kup's Show (Irv Kupcinet) - 4.1: 1972, 1982

Merv Griffin Show - 2.1: 1976, 1983, 4.1: 1980, 1989

NBC - 3.1: Sculpture 1977-87, 3.1: NBC Peacock Project 1997

"The New Odd Couple," ABC TV - 2.1: 1982

Regis and Kathie Lee - 4.1: 1988, 1996

Shukan T.V. Guide, Japan - 2.1: 1996, 3.1: 1984 Olympics, Los Angeles

TV Food Network - 2.1: 1993

TV Gallery with Ron Parris - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1979

T.V. Guide - 2.1: 1975

T.V. Guide Japan - 2.1: 1996, 4.1: 1984

TV Shopper - 2.1: 1979, 4.1: 1973, 1980

Tele Planning International, Tokyo - 2.2: Tele Planning International, Tokyo 1993-98

Today Show - 3.1: WNBC Traffic Helicopter 1981-93

WGBH TV Boston - 2.1: Charities 1994, Charities 1996

Wonderama TV Show - 4.1: undated 1970s

The Year of the Runner TV series, LeRoy Neiman host - 4.1: 1979

Tenenbaum, Judy and Harold - 2.1: 1984, 1986, 1988, 2.2: Harold and Judy Tenenbaum

Tennessee - 3.1: Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, 1993, 3.1: Iroquois Steeplechase, Nashville, TN, 1993, 3.1: Blues Ball 1997 -2004, see also Gregory, Jack; Morris, Gary and Elizabeth; Murphy, Libby; Perkins, Carl; Rudy, Jeanette Cantrell; Tigrett, John and Pat Kerr

tennis -- - 3.1: Nelson Mandela Tribute 1997, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.1: 1975, 1980, 1985, 1988-89, 1997, 1999

Adoption Guild Annual Tennis Tournament, Tennis Country - 3.1: Adoption Guild Tennis Tournament 1980

Alan King Caesar's Palace Tennis Classic - 3.1: Alan King Caesar's Palace Tennis Classic 1980-83

American Airlines Tennis Games - 2.1: 1976

Ashe, Arthur, Arthur Ashe, 1980 - 2.1: 1980, 4.1: 1980, 1984

Association of Tennis Professionals - 4.1: 1984

The Ball is in Your Court - 4.1: 1979

Blanchard, Mike - 4.1: 1975

Blood Tennis, 1980 serigraph - 4.1: 1980

Borg, Bjorn - 4.1: 1977, Bjorn Borg - 3.1: Sweden Exhibitions 1976-77, 4.1: 1980

Casals, Rosey - 4.1: 1975

Center Court, Madison Square Garden - 4.1: 1986

Conner, Bart - see gymnastics

Connors, Jimmy - 4.1: 1977, 1988, 1994

Court, Margaret - 4.1: 1975

Doubles - 4.1: 1973, 1977

Emerson, Roy - 4.1: 1998, see Laver, Rod

Evert, Chris - 4.1: 1976, 1994 and ov, see Appendix A

Back Hand - Chris Evert - 4.1: undated, 1981 ov

Chris, 1973 drawing - 3.1: Hammer Galleries Solo Exhibition 1975-76

Forest Hills - 3.1: RFK Tennis Tournament 1972-1979, 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1960, see Appendix E

Get Shot - 4.1: undated

Gonzales, Richard (Pancho) - 4.1: 1972, 1975, 1977, Pancho Gonzales, 1970 - 4.1: 1970, 1972

I Love New York Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament - 2.1: Charities 1982, 4.1: 1982

Intelligent Doubles, by Skip Singleton - 3.1: Skip Singleton Tennis Books 1988-89

Intelligent Tennis by Skip Singleton - 3.1: Skip Singleton Tennis Books 1988-89

International Tennis Hall of Fame - 3.1: International Tennis Hall of Fame Group Exhibitions 1977-78

Kennedy, Robert F. - see Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament

King, Billie Jean - 4.1: 1973 ov

Laver, Rod

Rod Laver at Wimbledon, 1970 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Rod Laver, 1980 watercolor - 4.1: 1996

Rod Laver and Roy Emerson, 1980 watercolor - 3.1: Adoption Guild Tennis Tournament 1980, 4.1: 1998

Lendl, Ivan - 4.1: 1989

McEnroe, John - 4.1: 1983, 1989, 1994

Men's Doubles - 4.1: 1977

Mixed Doubles - 3.1: Skip Singleton Tennis Books 1988-89, 4.1: 1978, 1981

Mulloy, Gardner - 4.1: 1977

Net Shot, undated - 4.1: undated

Noah, Yannick - 4.1: 1997

Palm Beach Tennis Masters - 4.1: 1973 ov

Racketeers, 1975 silkscreen - 4.1: 1975

Riggs, Bobby - 4.1: 1973 ov

Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament - 3.1: Robert F. Kennedy Pro Celebrity Tennis Tournament 1972-79

Roche, Tony - 4.1: 1973 ov

Rosewall, Ken - 4.1: 1975

Sabatini, Gabriela - 4.1: 1996, 1997

Smash - Stan Smith - 4.1: undated

Stadium Tennis, 1981 - 3.1: Stadium Tennis Billboard, 1981

Tennis - Sudden Death, 1973 - 4.1: 1998

Tennis Magazine - 4.1: 1973, 1975

Tennis Masters (McEnroe and Lendl) - 4.1: 2000

Tennis Players, serigraph - 3.1: Circle Gallery 1972, 3.1: RFK Tennis Tournament 1972-1979

Turnberry Isle Racquet Club - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club Exhibitions 1982-83

Volvo Masters serigraph, 1983 - 3.1: Volvo Masters Painting 1983, VC: 1983

Washington, Malivai - 4.1: 1997

wheelchair tennis - 2.1: 1980

The Wimbledon Restaurant - see restaurants and bars

Texas Is... - 4.1: 1986

textbook (usage of art in) - 2.1: 1998, 2000, 2002, 4.1: undated, undated 1990s, 1992, 1996

theater - 3.1: Borstal Boy 1970, 3.1: "Busker Alley," 1995, 4.1: 1964, 1969, 1981, 1991, 1999, see also musicals

Inherit the Wind - 4.1: 1956 ov

Theater Collection of the Museum of the City of New York - 4.1: 1983

theft - 2.1: 1980, 3.1: Dyansen Gallery Playboy Collection touring exhibition 1989-90, 4.1: 1973, 1981, 1986, 1987, 1990, see also forgery and vandalism

Thomas, Duane - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Thompson, Bobby - see The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

Thornton, Tony - 4.1: 1995

Thornton, Wayne - see boxing

The Three Tenors - see opera

The Thrill of Victory, by Bert Sugar - 2.1: 1977, 4.1: 1978

Thurmond, Strom - 2.1: 1984, 3.1: Miss U.S.A. Pageant 1978

TIME Magazine - 3.1: TIME Magazine Cover Portraits Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery and Minnesota Museum of Art 1969

Times Square, 2001 - 4.1: 2003

Tiger Tops Pvt. Ltd. - 2.1: 1982

Tigrett, John and Pat Kerr - 2.1: 1992, 1993, 1999, 3.1: Blues Ball 1997-2004

Time Out New York Magazine - 4.1: 2000

Timothy Yarger Fine Art - see exhibitions

Timoney, John - 4.1: 1996

To, Bobbie - 4.1: 1984

Toney, James - 4.1: 1994

Top Secret! 1984 film - 4.1: 1984

Topps - see trading cards

Torre, Joe - 3.2. -- Casey at the Bat -- , 2000, 4.1: 2002

Torres, Jose - 4.1: 1966

Tour Eiffel, 1993 - 4.1: 1995

Tour de Trump - 3.1: Tour de Trump

Tour de Trump, 1989 - 3.1: Tour de Trump

The Toy Store - see exhibitions

track and field - see also running, 4.1: 1982, 1987, V: Jesse Owens International Trophy Awards 1983-2000s

Dekker, Mary - V: 1980s

Drake Relays - 3.1: Drake Relays 1979

Jenner, Bruce - 2.1 1977, 3.1: Winter Olympics, Lake Placid 1980, 4.1: 1987

Joyner-Kersee, Jackie - 4.1: 1999, V:1990s, Jackie Joyner-Kersee, 1993 - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-1995

Lewis, Carl - 3.1: Victor Awards 1981-1985

Millrose Games - 3.1: Millrose Games 1986-95

Muhammad Ali Invitational - 4.1: 1977

Off and Running, 1978 - 4.1: undated 1980s

Owens, Jesse -- - 3.1: Drake Relays 1979, 4.1: 1990, 1998, 2000

Jesse Owens, 1983 - 4.1: 1983, 1984, 1986, 2000

Jesse Owens Foundation - 2.2: Jesse Owens Foundation Board of Directors 1990-2000

Jesse Owens International Trophy Awards - 4.1: 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1992, 2000, V: 1990s

Jesse Owens Track Classic - 4.1: 1990

U.S. Olympic Track and Field Trials - 4.1: 1980

trading cards

Kayo - 3.1: Kayo Joe Louis Boxing Card 1991

Topps - 2.1: 1992, 3.1: Topps Celebrity Trading Cards 1992

Upper Deck - 2.1: 1992

travel agency - 4.1: undated

Tretyakov Museum, Moscow - see exhibitions

Trinidad, Felix - see boxing

Tropicana Resort & Casino - see casinos

Trottier, Bryan - 4.1: 1976

Truax - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Trump, Donald -- - 1.1: New York Friars Club c., 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.1: Tour de Trump 1989, 4.1: 1987

Donald Trump, 1986 - 2.2: Trump 1987-96

Trump Plaza - 2.2: Trump 1987-96, 3.1: Tyson vs. Spinks 1988, 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman: An American in Paris -- , 1994, Correspondence, 4.1: 1996

Harrah's Trump Plaza, Atlantic City - 3.1: Harrah's Trump Plaza Opening, Atlantic City 1984

Baccarat at Harrah's - 3.1: Saks Fifth Avenue Catalog 1994-1999, 4.1: 1984

Harrah's Polo - 2.1: 1988, 4.1: 1988

Trump Polo Club - 4.1: 1985

Trump Taj Mahal, Atlantic City - 2.2: Trump 1987-96

Trump, Ivana - 2.2: Trump

A Tribute to the Movies, 1989 - 3.1: Houston Film Fest

Tulane University - 4.1: 1974

Tunnel Club, New York - 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89, 4.1: 1988

Turkey - 2.1: 1975

Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Clubs - 3.1: Turnberry Isle Yacht and Racquet Club, Exhibitions 1982-83

Turner, Tina - 4.1: 1981

Twentieth Century Fox Film Corportation - 2.1: 1976

'21' Club - see restaurants

Two Bar Men, 1965 - see bars

Tyson, Mike - see boxing

U

UCLA LeRoy Neiman Center for the Study of American Society and Culture - 3.1: UCLA, 1998-present

U.S. Army - 1.1: Military Service, see also Army vs. Navy

U.S. Postal Service - 3.1: U.S. Postal Service Superbowl Stamps 1988, 3.1 ov.

U.S. Savings Bonds - 3.1: U.S. Savings Bonds Campaign 1987-88

Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art, Wichita State University - 2.1: 1981

The Ultimate Seduction, by Charlotte Chandler - see Chandler, Charlotte

Ultraviolet - see Dufresne, Isabelle

unicorn - see animals: unicorn

Unitas, Johnny - 3.1: Gridiron Football News 1971-73

Johnny Unitas, 1970 drawing - 3.1: Rotonda Superstars 1973-75

Johnny Unitas, 1997 - 3.1: Wheaties 1997

United Airlines - 4.1: 1983

United Cerebral Palsy Association - 4.1: 1988, 1992

United Nations, U.N. Postal Administration - 3.1: United Nations Stamps 1988-96

United States Sports Academy - 2.1: 1989

United Way - 3.1: The Shot Heard 'Round the World, 1991

Universal Geneve Timepieces - 3.1: Universal Geneve Watch Promotion 1995-96

University of California at Los Angeles - see UCLA

University of Chicago - 1.1: Education and Teaching, Miscellaneous, undated

University of Denver - 2.1: 1979

University of Oklahoma - 2.1: 1982

University of San Francisco - 4.1: 1988

University of Southern California - 3.1: Los Angeles Olympics 1984

University of Texas at Austin - 4.1: 1994

Upstairs Gallery - 2.2: Upstairs Gallery 1980-89, 4.1: 1973, 1985, 1989, see also exhibitions

V

Vail, CO - see skiing

Van Der Marck Editions - 3.2. -- Monte Carlo Chase -- , 1988, Van Der Marck Editions, Ltd.

vandalism - 4.1: 1978, see also theft, forgery

Vanity Fair Magazine - 4.1: 1996

Varga, Alberto - see -- Playboy -- Magazine

Vargas, Fernando - see boxing

Variety Clubs International Distinguished Artist Award - 1.1: Awards

Varipapa, Andy - see bowling

Venice, Italy - 2.2: Helmut Drinhaus 1988-2000

Ventura, Jesse - see wrestling

Vernon, Jackie - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Versace, Gianni - 4.1: 2001

Via Video - 2.1: 1983

Viagem E Tourismo Magazine - 3.1: Brooklyn Bridge, 1995

Victor Awards - 3.1: Victor Awards 1981-1985, 4.1: 2003

Video Magazine - 2.1: undated

Vienna, Austria - 2.1: 1996

Village Nursing Home - 4.1: 1982

W

WNBC - see helicopter

Wajima - 3.1: Hawaii and Japan 1974

Walker, Doug - 3.1: Soft Paintings 1989

Wall Street Journal -- - 4.1: 1969 ov

Walsh, Coach Bill, Bill Walsh, 1993 - 3.1: Bill Walsh, 1993, 4.1: 1993

Ward, Laura - 4.1: 2004, see also Merce Cunningham Studio under "dance"

Warhol, Andy - 3.1: Neiman/Warhol 1981, 3.1: "Art", Group Exhibition at Area, 1985, 3.1: Baird Jones' Group Exhibitions, New York 1988-89, 4.1: undated 1980s, 1986, 1987, 1988

Warwick Hotel - see Players Hotel

Washington, Malivai - see tennis

watch - see Classic Moments Watches or Universal Geneve Timepieces

Watergate hearings - 2.1: 1973

Waterhouse, Alma Jones - 2.2: Alma Jones Waterhouse 1977-80, 4.1: 1979

Wayne, George - 4.1: 1996

Webb, Eugene 'Fat Daddy' - 3.1: Economic Opportunity Atlanta 1968 ov.

Webster, Jack - 2.1: 1990, 1992, 1994, 1995

Weeb - see Ewbank, Weeb

Weiner, Claire - 2.1: 1970s, 1987

Weisberg, Tim - 2.1: 1977

Welles, Orson - 4.1: 1989

Welzer, Irv - 1.1: Friars, 2.1: 1977

Wenzel, Lee - 2.1: 1985

West Side Story - see musicals

Westbury Hotel - 2.1: 1978

Westheimer, Dr. Ruth - 4.1: 1999

Wheaties - 3.1: Wheaties 1997

Whitaker, Pernell "Sweet Pea" - see boxing

White House - 2.1: 1978, 1980, 3.1: Newport Jazz Festival 1975-2004, 4.1: 1978, Easter at the White House - 4.1: 1988

Whitney Museum of American Art, Whitney Biennial - 4.1: 1985, 1989

Who's Who - see Marquis Who's Who

Whores, Wars & Tin Pan Alley - 4.1: 1969

The Wildcats, 1978 - 3.1: The Wildcats, 1978 file

wildlife - see animals, LeRoy Neiman On Safari

The Wildlife Experience - 3.1: "LeRoy Neiman on Safari," The Wildlife Experience, Parker, CO, 2003

Williams, Bernie, Bernie Williams, 2003 - 3.1: Bernie Williams, 2003

Williams, Cleveland - see boxing

Williams, Ted -- - see also television: WGBH

The Splendid Splinter - 3.1: Williams at Bat, 1980-1991, 4.1: 1993, 2002

Williams at Bat, 1980 painting and 1991 serigraph - 3.1: Williams at Bat, 1980-1991, 4.1: 1981, 1991, 2002

Win a Few, Lose a Few, 1972 boxing documentary film - 4.1: 1972

Windsor Gallery - 4.1: undated 1970s

wine -- - 4.1: 1997, see also champagne

labels - 3.1: David Frost Wines 2001, 4.1: 1992, 1996, see also golf: Atlanta National Golf Club California Merlot

Wine Country Film Festival - 3.1: Wine Country Film Festival 1990

Wine, Women, and Cigar, 1996 - see cigars

Winged Foot - see golf

Wingmead - 2.2: JoAnn Perse Gallery 1983-02

Winners, 1983 - 2.2: ABC Correspondence, 2.2: Neiman-Marcus 1983-88, 2.2: Sterling/Winters Company 1983-84, 3.1: Hanson Galleries New Orleans and Carmel, 1983-84, 3.2. -- Winners -- , 1983, Harry N. Abrams, 4.2: The Ring Magazine

Wisconsin - 2.2: Bobby Hinds 1990-2000

Wittnauer International - see Universal Geneve

Wolf, Martin B. - 4.1: 1964

Wolfberg, Lee - 4.1: undated 1980s

Wolfson, Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. - 4.1: 1967, 1980

Women of Excellence - 2.1: 1985

Women's Basketball Hall of Fame - 3.1: Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, 1993

Women's Sports Foundation - 2.1: 1983

Wood, Jan - 2.1: 1991, 1997, 1998

Wooden, John, Coach John Wooden, 1975 - 2.1: 1975, 1985, 4.1: 2001

Woods, Tiger - see golf

Word, Rob - 4.1: 1977

World Biographical Hall of Fame - 2.1: 1991

World War II - 1.1: Military Service, 4.1: 1998

world wide web - 3.1: LeRoy Neiman Website 1997-present

wrestling -- - 4.1: 1973, 1992, 1999

Baumgartner, Bruce - 2.1: 2001, 4.1: 1999

Schultz, Dave, Dave Schultz, 1996 - 3.1: Dave Schultz 1996

Ventura, Jesse - 3.1: Jesse Ventura 1999

Wyeth, Andrew - 4.1: 1987

Wyland - 4.1: 1993

X

Y

YMCA - 4.1: 1992

Yale University - 4.2: Playboy Parodies - Harvard and Yale

Yarger, Timothy - see exhibitions: Timothy Yarger Fine Art, also Bowles Galleries

The Yearling, by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings - 4.1: 1994

Yellin, Lou - 2.1: 1991, 1992, 1998

Young, Trip - 4.1: 1970

Youngman, Henny - 1.1: Friars, 2.1: undated, 1987

Henny Youngman, 1987 - 4.1: 1987

Yugoslavia - 4.2: -- Playboy -- 1969, see Appendix

Z

Zabrin, Michael - see Michael Zabrin Fine Art

Zaire - 4.1: 1974, 2000, 2002

Zelaya, Jose - 2.1: 1972, 1973, 1976, 1977

Zeran, Ken - 2.1: 1990, 1991, 3.1: '21' Club, 1990 (photo)

Ziegenfuss Gallery, Sarasota, FL - 4.1: undated 1990s

zoo - 3.2. -- LeRoy Neiman On Safari -- , 1996, Zoo Tour correspondence
Provenance:
The papers of artist LeRoy Neiman were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2005 by LeRoy Neiman.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility. This collection is publication restricted by the donor.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Olympics in art  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sports artists  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Citation:
LeRoy Neiman papers, 1938-2005. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
AAA.neimlero
See more items in:
LeRoy Neiman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-neimlero
Online Media:

N W Ayer Advertising Agency Records

Creator:
Ayer (N W) Incorporated.  Search this
Names:
American Telephone and Telegraph Company -- Advertisements  Search this
Cunningham & Walsh.  Search this
Hixson & Jorgenson  Search this
United Air Lines, Inc. -- Advertisements  Search this
Ayer, Francis Wayland  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia , 1887-1986  Search this
Extent:
270 Cubic feet (1463 boxes, 33 map-folders, 7 films)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Interviews
Oral history
Print advertising
Proof sheets
Proofs (printed matter)
Scrapbooks
Trade literature
Tear sheets
Advertisements
Date:
1817-1851
1869-2006
Summary:
Collection consists of records documenting one of the oldest advertising agencies created in Philadelphia. The company then moves to New York and expanses to international markets. During its history NW Ayer & Sons acquires a number of other advertising agencies and is eventually purchased. The largest portion of the collection is print advertisements but also includes radio and television. NW Ayer is known for some of the slogans created for major American companies.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists primarily of proof sheets of advertisements created by NW Ayer & Son, Incorporated for their clients. These materials are in series one through thirteen and consist primarily of print advertisements. There are also billboards, radio and television commercials. The advertisements range from consumer to corporate and industrial products. The majority of the advertisements were created for Ayer's New York, Chicago, Los Angeles and international offices. Printed advertisements created by Cunningham & Walsh, Hixson & Jorgensen and Newell-Emmett are also included among these materials. Researchers who are interested in records created by Ayer in the course of operating an advertising agency will find these materials in Series fourteen-nineteen.

Series fourteen consists of advertisements created by NW Ayer & Son to promote their services to potential clients.

Series fifteen are scrapbooks of some of the earliest advertisements created by the company. Series sixteen are publications. Some of the publications were created by Ayer while others were about Ayer or the advertising industry in general. Provides good background materials and puts the company in perspective. Series eighteen are the legal records. Materials relating to employees including photographs, oral histories etc. are found in series nineteen.

Series twenty is one of the smallest amounts of materials and includes information relating to the history of NW Ayer & Son.

The container lists for series one-thirteen are part of a database and are searchable. The list has been printed for the convenience of the researcher and is included in this finding aid. Series fourteen-twenty container lists are also a part of the finding aid but are not in a searchable format.

Series 1, Scrapbooks of Client Advertisements, circa 1870-1920, is arranged into three boxes by chronological date. There are two bound scrapbooks and one box of folders containing loose scrapbook pages. NW Ayer & Son compiled an assortment of their earliest ads and placed them into scrapbooks. Besides the earliest advertisements, the scrapbooks contain requests to run advertisements, reading notices and listings of papers Ayer advertised in. The early advertisements themselves range from medical remedies to jewelry to machines to clothing to education and more. Most of the advertisements in the bound scrapbooks are dated.

Series 2, Proofsheets, circa 1870-1930, NW Ayer was fond of creating scrapbooks containing proofsheets. The series contains proofsheets created between 1892 and 1930, organized into 526 boxes. For convenience of storage, access and arrangement, the scrapbooks were disassembled and the pages placed in original order in flat archival storage boxes. The proofsheets are arranged by book number rather than client name. Usually the boxes contain a listing of the clients and sometimes the dates of the advertisements to be found within the box.

Series 3, Proofsheets, circa 1920-1975, is organized into 532 oversize boxes, and contain proofsheets and tearsheets created between 1920 and 1972. Within this series, materials are arranged alphabetically by company name (occasionally subdivided by brand or product), and thereunder chronologically by date of production. Many major, national advertisers are represented, including American Telephone & Telegraph, Armour Company, Canada Dry, Cannon Mills, Carrier Corporation, Domino Sugar, Caterpillar tractor company, Ford Motor Company, General Electric, Goodyear, Hills Bros. Coffee, Ladies Home Journal, National Dairy, Plymouth (Chrysler Corporation), Steinway, TV Guide, United Airlines and the United States Army. Also contained in this series are three scrapbooks of client advertisements including Canada Dry, Ford Motor, and Victor Talking Machine.

Series 4, 2001 Addendum, circa 1976-2001, is organized into ninety three oversized boxes,one folder and contains proofsheets for select Ayer clients, created between 1975 and 2001. Within this series, materials are arranged alphabetically by client name and there under chronologically by date of production. Major national advertisers represented include American Telephone & Telegraph, Avon, the United States Army, DeBeers Consolidated Diamond Mines, Dupont, TV Guide, Sealtest, Kraft Foods, Gillette, General Motors, Cannon Mills.

Series 5, Billboards, circa 1952-1956, consists of mounted and un-mounted original art/mock-ups. Twenty-two pieces of original art created as mock-ups for Texaco billboards.

Series 6, Film and Video Commercials, 1967-1970,

Series 7, Radio and Television Materials, 1933-1993, undated, is arranged into eight boxes and includes radio scripts, television scripts, and story boards for commercials.

Subseries 7.1, Scripts and storyboards for Radio and Television Commercials, dates Scripts for radio and television commercials includes title, date, length of commercial, advertising agency, client information

NW Ayer's radio and television materials mainly focus on the American Telegraph and Telephone account. Some of Ayer's materials relate to Bell Telephone Hours.

Storyboards are used in television and film to assist the director in working with crew to tell the story. To show the viewer through the use of figures, visual effects and camera angles. When directors first start thinking about their storyboard they create a story in their mind. They think of all the camera angles, visual effects and how the figures will interact in their mind. They try to create an extraordinary story in their head to attract the viewer (YOU) In order for the storyboard to be entirely effective it can't be a passive document. When done properly, a storyboard serves as a central design, meeting the needs of many team members including graphics artists, video personnel and programmers.

Another function of a storyboard is to help the team communicate during the training development process. This communication is very important in working with a large team as in the movie King, produced in 1996. Figures help the director explain to the crew how they are going to record the film and how to present it to the audience. Sometimes the director wants special effects to be added to the film, but his budget might not be that big so the director will have to change the story to fit their budget.

The Visual Effects are an important part in the storyboards it adds a special touch of creativity to your film. Camera angles are an important expects in your film because the camera angles determine where the viewing audience will look. If you want your audience to look at a certain object you must turn their attention to it by focusing on that object and maybe you might try blocking something out. Then you will have your audience's attention and you may do whatever else you have to, it could be scaring them are just surprising them or whatever you do.

Also included is talent information and log sheets relating to the storage of the commercials.

Bell Telephone Hour Program, 1942-[19??], The Bell Telephone Hour, also known as The Telephone Hour, was a five minute musical program which began April 29, 1940 on National Broadcasting Company Radio and was heard on NBC until June 30, 1958. Sponsored by Bell Telephone showcased the best in classical and Broadway music, reaching eight to nine million listeners each week. It continued on television from 1959 to 1968.

Earlier shows featured James Melton and Francia White as soloists. Producer Wallace Magill restructured the format on April 27, 1942 into the "Great Artists Series" of concert and opera performers, beginning with Jascha Heifetz. Records indicate that the list of talents on the program included Marian Anderson, Helen Traubel, Oscar Levant, Lily Pons, Nelson Eddy, Bing Crosby, Margaret Daum, Benny Goodman, José Iturbi, Gladys Swarthout and .The series returned to radio in 1968-1969 as Bell Telephone Hour Encores, also known as Encores from the Bell Telephone Hour, featuring highlights and interviews from the original series.

National Broadcasting television specials sponsored by the Bell System, 1957-1987includes information relating to Science series, Bell system Theshold Series, Bell telephone hour and commercial and public sponsored programs

Series 8, Chicago Office Print Advertisements, 1954-1989, is arranged alphabetically by the name of the client in ninety boxes and six oversize folders. Clients include Illinois Bell Telephone (1955-1989), Microswitch (1969-1989), Teletype (1975-1984), John Deere (1974-1989) and Caterpillar (1966-1972) are particularly well represented. Other clients of interest include Dr. Scholl's shoes (circa 1968-1972), the Girl Scouts (1976-1980), Sunbeam Personal Products Company (1973-1981), Bell and Howell (1974-1983) and Alberto Culver shampoos (1967-1971), Honeywell, Incorporated, Blue Cross and Blue Shield Associations, Kraft, Incorporated, Sears, Roebuck and Company, and YMCA.

Series 9, Los Angeles Office Materials, 1950s-1987, include printed advertisements created by this office and information relating to the employees.

Subseries 9.1, Print Advertisements, 1977-1987, printed advertisements arranged in one box alphabetically by client. There is a sparse sampling of clients from this particular Ayer branch office. The majority of the advertisements contained within this series are from Pizza Hut (1986-1987). Also included are Computer Automation (1977-1978), State of the Art, Incorporated (1982) and Toshiba (1986).

Subseries 9.2, Personnel Files, 1950s-1970s, includes cards of employees who worked in the Los Angeles office. Information on the cards includes name, address, telephone number, birthday, date hired, departure date and why (retired, terminated, resigned, etc) and position. Not all cards have all information. There is also a photograph of the employees on the cards.

Series 10, Foreign Print Advertisements, 1977-1991, undated, NW Ayer maintained partnerships with international companies such as Sloanas Ayer in Argentina, Connaghan & May Paton Ayer in Australia, Moussault Ayer in Belgium, NW Ayer, LTD. in Canada, GMC Ayer in France, Co-Partner Ayer in Germany, Wong Lam Wang in Hong Kong, MacHarman Ayer in New Zealand, Grupo de Diseno Ayer in Spain, Nedeby Ayer in Sweden, and Ayer Barker in United Kingdom. This group of material is a small sampling of advertisements created from these International offices. It is arranged alphabetically by client. There are quite a few automobile advertisements (i.e. Audi, Fiat, General Motors, Mercedes-Benz, and Volkswagen). In addition there are numerous advertisements for various personal items from MacLean's toothpaste to Quick athletic shoes to Labello lip balm, etc. Most of the advertisements have the creator's name printed on the advertisements.

Series 11, Cunningham & Walsh, Incorporated Materials, 1915-1987, undated contains 98 boxes 11 folders materials from the New York advertising agency acquired by NW Ayer in the 1960s. The company began with Newel-Emmett, an agency of nine men which broke up in 1949. Two of the men Fred Walsh and Jack Cunningham formed this agency in bearing their names in 1950. The agency created "let your fingers for the walking campaign for American Telephone & Telegraph, Mother Nature for Chiffon, and Mrs. Olson for Folgers's coffee and let the good times roll for Kawasaki motorcycle. In 1986, NW Ayer Incorporated purchased Cunningham & Walsh Incorporated.

Subseries 11.1, Print Advertisements, 1915-1987, are contained in ninety eight boxes of primarily print advertisements arranged alphabetically by client name. Clients that are particularly well represented are Graybar (electrical implements, circa1926-1937), Johns-Manulle (circa1915-1971), Smith and Corono typewriters (circa 1934-1960), Sunshine Biscuit Company (circa 1925-1961), Texaco Company (circa 1936-1961), Western Electric (circa 1920- 1971) and Yellow Pages (circa 1936-1971). Cunningham and Walsh also represented several travel and tourism industry clients, including Cook Travel Services (circa 1951-1962), Italian Line (circa 1953-1961), Narragansett and Croft (circa 1956-1960) and Northwest Airlines (circa 1946-1955). There are photographs of Texaco advertisements dating from 1913-1962. There is also a scrapbook of advertisements from the Western Electric Company dating from 1920-1922.

Subseries 11.2, Radio and Television Advertisements, 1963-1967, consist of materials created for Western Electric. Materials are arranged in chronological order.

Subseries 11.3, Company Related Materials, 1962-1986, undated include client lists, information relating to NW Ayer purchase and annual report 1962.

Series 12, Hixson & Jorgensen Materials, 1953-1971, a Los Angeles advertising company, merged with Ayer in 1969. This series is housed in one box. Within the box are four scrapbooks and folders with a hodgepodge of materials relating to advertising. Of most interest are the scrapbooks. Two scrapbooks deal with Hixson and Jorgensen's self promotion ad campaign "the right appeal gets action" (1953-1957). The other two scrapbooks contain news clippings about the company and its activities (1959-1971).

Series 13, Newell-Emmet, 1942-1957, founded in 1919 and governed in the 1940s by a partnership of nine men. The partnership broke up in 1949 when the men went their separate ways. The materials consist of print advertisements for one of client, Permutit Company, a water conditioning company. The materials are arranged in one box in chronological order.

Series 14, House Print Advertisements, 1870-1991, 16 boxes consists of advertisements or self-promotion advertisements to campaign for new clients. The series is arranged chronologically by date into fifteen boxes. Within the series are two scrapbooks containing self promotion ads from 1888-1919 and 1892-1895. Numerous house ads relate to Ayer's "Human Contact" campaign. In addition to the self promotion ads, Ayer ran advertisements expounding about particular concepts or themes for example, one month the concept would "understand" while another month would be "teamwork" and yet another would be on "imagination". Some of the self promotion ads target specific groups like Philadelphia businessmen. Other advertisements incorporate the fine arts.

Series 15, Scrapbooks, 1872-1959, relates to company events, records and news clippings about Ayer's history. The six boxes are arranged by chronological date. Two of the boxes focus solely on the death of founder F.W. Ayer (1923). Another box houses a scrapbook that showcases Ayer's annual Typography Exhibition (1931-1959). One box contains a scrapbook that specifically deals with correspondences relating to Ayer's advertising. Yet another box's contents are folders of loose pages from scrapbooks that have newspaper clippings, order forms, correspondences and other company records. In one box, a bound scrapbook houses a variety of materials relating to Ayer and advertising (i.e. newspaper clippings, competitor's advertisements, NW Ayer's advertisements, correspondences for advertisements, clippings regarding the "theory of advertising."

Series 16, Publications, 1849-2006, are housed in thirty four boxes and are arranged into three main categories.

Subseries 16.1, House Publications, 1876-1994, covers diverse topics; some proscriptive works about the Ayer method in advertising, some commemorating people, anniversaries or events in the life of the agency. Materials consist of scattered issues of the employee newsletter The Next Step 1920-1921. The materials are arranged in chronological order by date of publication. Ayer in the News, The Show Windows of an Advertising Agency, 1915, book form of advertisements published on the cover of Printer's Ink, highlighting Ayer's relations with advertisers. The Story of the States, 1916, Reprint in book form of a series of articles published in Printer's Ink for the purpose of adding some pertinent fact, progressive thought and prophetic vision to the Nationalism of Advertising highlights major businesses, manufacturer, natural resources and other qualities or attractions of each state. The Book of the Golden Celebration, 1919, includes welcome address and closing remarks by founder F. Wayland Ayer, The Next Step, 1920 employee newsletter with photographs, employee profiles, in-house jokes, etc., Advertising Advertising: A Series of Fifty-two Advertisements scheduled one time a week. Twenty-seven, thirty and forty inches, a day of the week optional with publisher, 1924

Subseries 16.2, Publications about NW Ayer, 1949-2006, includes a book first published in 1939. Includes articles, documenting events and is arranged chronologically by date of publication.

Subseries 16.3, General Publications about Advertising, 1922-1974, are arranged chronologically by date of publication and relate primarily to the history of advertising.

Subseries 16.4, Publications about Other Subjects, 1948-1964, include four books about the tobacco industry primarily the history of the American Tobacco Company and Lorillard Company from the Cunningham and Walsh library.

Series 17, Business Records, circa 1885-1990s

Subseries 17.1, Contracts, 1885-1908, undated, are arranged alphabetically and span from 1885-1908. The majority of the contracts are with newspaper and magazine publishers from around the country.

Subseries 17.2, General client information, 1911-1999, undated, including active and cancelled lists with dates, client gains, historical client list, (should move this to series 20) Ayer Plan User Guide Strategic Planning for Human Contact, undated

Subseries 17.3, Individual Client Account Information, 1950s-1990s, undated, contain information used by Ayer to create advertisements for some of its clients. American Telephone &Telegraph Corporate Case History, American Telephone &Telegraph Corporate advertisement memo, commissioned artists for DeBeers advertisements, DeBeers information relating to the creative process and photography credits, a case history for DeBeers Consolidated Mines, Ltd., The Diamond Engagement Ring, Managing Communication at all levels, DuPont publications, JC Penny Marketing Communication Plan Recommendation, Leaf, Incorporated, Saturn presentation, and USAREC oral presentation.

Subseries 17.4, Potential Clients, 1993, includes grouping has a questionnaire sent to Ayer by a potential client. Questionnaire response for Prudential Securities, 1993 Prudential Securities advertising account review, 1993.

Subseries 17.5, Financial Records, 1929-1938, includes balance sheet, 1929 May 1 Balance sheet and adjustments Consolidated statement of assets and liabilities, Expenses 191936-37 Business review and expenses, 1937 and 1938 Business review and expenses comparative statement, 1937 and 1938.

Series 18, Legal Records, circa 1911-1982, Ayer's legal records are arranged by twelve subject groupings within four boxes. The twelve groupings are advertising service agreements (circa 1918-1982), bylaws, copyright claims, correspondences, international correspondences, dissolution of trusts, stock information, agreements between partners, incorporation materials, reduction of capital, property information and miscellaneous materials. The bulk of the materials are the advertising service agreements. These agreements are between Ayer and their clients and state the services Ayer will offer and at what cost. The bylaws are Ayer's company bylaws from 1969 and 1972. The copyright claims are certificates stating Ayer's ownership over certain published materials (i.e. "Policy", Media Equalizer Model, and Don Newman's Washington Square Experiment). The correspondences relate to either the voting trust and receipts for agreement or the New York Corporation. The international correspondences are from either Ayer's Canadian office or London office. The dissolutions of trusts contains materials about the dividend trust of Wilfred F. Fry, the investment trust of Winfred W. Fry, the voting trust, and the New York corporation. The stock information has stock certificates and capital stock information. The agreements between partners (1911-1916) specify the terms between F.W. Ayer and his partners. The incorporation materials (circa 1929-1977) deal with Ayer advertising agency becoming incorporated in the state of Delaware. The reduction of capital grouping is a notification that shares of stock have been retired. The property information grouping contains property deeds and insurance policy (circa 1921-1939), a property appraisal (1934), and a bill of sale (1948). The miscellaneous grouping contains a house memo regarding a set of board meeting minutes and a registry of foreign companies in Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (1929-1954).

Subseries 18.1, Advertising Service Agreements, 1918-1982

Subseries 18.2, Bylaw Materials, 1969-1972

Subseries 18.3, Copyright Claims, 1962-1969

Subseries 18.4, Correspondence, 1928-1933

Subseries 18.5, International Office Correspondence, 1947-1948

Subseries 18.6, Dissolution of Trusts, 1934-1937

Subseries 18.7, Stock Information, 1934-1974

Subseries 18.8, Agreements between Partners, 1911-1916

Subseries 18.9, Incorporation Materials, 1929-1977

Subseries 18.10, Certificates of Reduction of Capital, 1937; 1975

Subseries 18.11, Property Information, 1921-1948

Subseries 18.12, Miscellaneous Materials, 1929-1977

Series 19, Personnel Records, circa 1889-2001, are arranged into eight groupings within eight boxes. The groupings are employee card files, photographs, Ayer alumni, biographies, speeches, recollections, oral histories, and miscellaneous. Typed manuscript of book A Copy Writer Speaks by George Cecil, NW Ayer, Incorporated copy head 1920s-1950s

Subseries 19.1, Employee card files, circa 1892-1915; 1929-1963, consists of index cards with the name, age, job title, date and wage increases, date of hire/fire, as well as remarks about the employee's service and/or reasons for seeking or leaving the job. Materials are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the employee within three boxes.

Subseries 19.2, Photographs, circa 1924-1984, undated, are housed in two boxes. The photographs grouped together by subjects i.e. personnel, company events, Ayer buildings, and miscellaneous. This grouping primarily consists of personnel photographs. Includes a glass plate negative dated 1924 of NW Ayer.

Subseries 19.3, Ayer Alumni, circa 1989-98, include employees who have left Ayer. There is a listing of Ayer "graduates" and their current job. Emeritus, Ayer's alumni newsletter 1989-1996, makes up the majority of materials in this grouping. The newsletter keeps the alumni up to date with the happenings of Ayer and what has become of former Ayer employees. Emeritus is a quarterly newsletter devoted to the activities, thoughts and feelings of Ayer alumni a body of people who consists of retirees and former employees.

Subseries 19.4, Biographical Information, circa 1889-1994, undated, prominent members of Ayer's operations had biographical sketches completed of them. This was true for the bio sketches of Robert Ervin, Louis T. Hagopian, and George A. Rink. There is a substantial file on Dorothy Dignam ("Mis Dig"), a leading woman in the advertising world from the 1930s to the 1950s. Also of interest is a video ("The Siano Man") compiled by Ayer employees to commemorate Jerry Siano's retirement from Ayer in 1994. The series is arranged alphabetically by last name.

Subseries 19.5, Speeches, circa 1919-1931; 1975, contains speeches made by Wilfred W. Fry and Neal W. O'Connor. Wilfred W. Fry had various speaking engagements connected with Ayer. Contained in this group is a sampling of his speeches from 1919 to 1931. Neal O'Connor's speech "Advertising: Who Says It's a Young People's Business" was given at the Central Region Convention for the American Association of Advertising Agencies in Chicago on November 6, 1975. The speeches are arranged alphabetically by the speaker's last name.

Subseries 19.6, Recollections, 1954-1984, undated, are arranged alphabetically by last name. These are recollections from Ayer employees about the company and its advertisements. Some recollections are specifically about certain types of advertisements, like farm equipment while others reflect on F. W. Ayer and the company.

Subseries 19.7, Oral History Interview Transcripts, 1983-1985; 1989-1991, include interviews with key NW Ayer personnel, conducted by Ayer alumnae Howard Davis, Brad Lynch and Don Sholl (Vice President creative) for the Oral History Program. The materials are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the interviewee.

Subseries 19.8, Oral History Interview Audio Tapes, 1985-1990, include interviews on audiotape the materials are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the interviewee.

Subseries 19.9, Internal Communications, 1993-1999, includes information sent to employees relating to retirements, management changes, awards won by the company, promotions, potential new accounts, free items, grand opening of Ayer Café, donation events, sponsorship programs, holiday schedules, discounts for employees from clients, Ayer joins MacManus Group.

Subseries 19.10, General Materials, 1940; 1970, includes agency directory entry including a list of the employees, 1970s, annual banquet program for the Curfew Club May 22, 1940 a group formed by the Philadelphia employee in 1938. It sponsored numerous sports, social and educational activities. Groups were formed in public speaking, music appreciation and a series of talks on Monday evenings title the modern woman. The front page was a series of talks for general interest. A list of officers, 1991, Twenty five year club membership, 1973 December 1, List of NW Ayer graduates, 1970, List of Officers, 1991 May 31, Obituary for Leo Lionni, 1999 October 17, List of photographers of advertisements, 2001

Series 20, Background and History Information, 1817-1999, undated includes a chronology, 1817-1990, quick reference timeline, 1848-1923, loose pages from a scrapbook containing examples of correspondence, envelopes, advertisements dating from 1875-1878; slogans coined by NW Ayer & Sons, Incorporated, 1899-1990, history of management, 1909-1923, articles and photographs about the building and art galleries, 1926-1976, publications about the Philadelphia building, 1929, pamphlet relating to memories of NW Ayer & Sons, Incorporated, 1930s-1950s, television history, 1940-1948, Article about the history of the company, 1950 January, pocket guide, 1982, AdWeek reports about standings for advertising agencies, information relating to Human Contact which is NW Ayer's Information relating to Human Contact, undated which is their philosophy on advertising.

Series 21, Materials Created by other Advertising Agencies, 1945-1978, undated, consists of print advertisements collected by Ayer from other major advertising companies. The companies include Doyle Dane Bernback, Incorporated, Leo Burnett Company, Grey Advertising Agency, D'Arcy Ad Agency, Scali, McCabe, Sloves, Incorporated and Erwin Wasey Company. The materials are arranged in alphabetical order by client and include products from Ralston Purina and Van Camp (Chicken of the Sea), Kellogg, American Export Lines and No Nonsense Fashions.

Series 22, 2010 Addendum of Print Advertisements, circa 1879s-1999, undated, includes material given to the Archives Center in 2010. It is organized into seventy one oversized boxes and contains proofsheets of print advertisements for select Ayer clients. These are arranged alphabetically by client name and include substantial quantities of materials from American Telephone &Telegraph (1945-1996), Bahamas Ministry of Tourism (1967-1987), Carrier (1971-1981), Citibank (1973-1991), DeBeers (1940s-1960s and1990s), Electric Companies Advertising Program [ECAP] (1942-1970s), General Motors (1989-1998), J.C. Penney (1983-1986), Newsweek (1966-1975), and Proctor and Gamble (1980s-1890s). There are also numerous other clients represented by smaller quantities of materials.

Subseries 22.1, Print Advertisements, 1930-1990, undated

Subseries 22.2, Print Advertisements on Glass Plate Negatives, 1879-1881, undated, include Cannon towels, Cheny Brothers silks, Cornish & Company organs and pianos, Enterprise Manufacturing Company, 1879 sad iron, an ad from Harper's Weekly 1881 for ladies clothing, Ostermoor & Company mattresses, Pear's soap, Porter's cough balsam, Steinway pianos.

Series 23, Microfilm of Print Advertisements, circa 1908-1985, consists of three boxes of printed advertisements for the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. Some of the same advertisements might also be found in series two, three and four.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into twenty-three series.

Series 1: Scrapbooks of Client Print Advertisements, circa 1870-1920

Series 2: Proofsheets, circa 1870-1930

Series 3: Proofsheets, circa 1920-1975

Series 4: 2001 Addendum, circa 1976-2001

Series 5: Billboards, circa 1952-1956

Series 6: Audiovisual Materials

Series 7: Radio and Television Materials, 1933-1993, undated

Series 8: Chicago Office Print Advertisements, 1954-1989

Series 9: Los Angeles Office Materials, 1950s-1987

Subseries 9.1: Printed Advertisements, 1977-1987

Subseries 9.2: Personnel Files, 1950s-1970s

Series 10: Foreign Print Advertisements, 1977-1991, undated

Series 11: Cunningham & Walsh Incorporated Materials, 1915-1987, undated

Subseries 11.1: Printed Advertisements, 1915-1987

Subseries 11.2: Radio and Television Advertisements, 1963-1967

Subseries 11.3: Company Related Materials, 1962-1986, undated

Series 12: Hixson & Jorgensen Materials, 1953-1971, undated

Series 13: Newell-Emmet, 1942-1957

Series 14: House Print Advertisements, 1870-1991

Series 15: Scrapbooks, 1872-1959

Series 16: Publications, 1849-2006

Subseries 16.1: House Publications, 1876-1994

Subseries 16.2: Publications about NW Ayer, 1949-1995

Subseries 16.3: General Publications about Advertising, 1922-2006

Subseries 16.4: Publications about other Subjects, 1948-1964

Series 17, Business Records, circa 1885-1990s

Subseries 17.1: Contracts, 1885-1908, undated

Subseries 17.2: General Client Information, 1911-1999, undated

Subseries 17.3: Individual Client Account Information, 1950s-1990s, undated

Subseries 17.4: Potential Clients, 1993

Subseries 17.5: Financial Records, 1929-1938

Series 18: Legal Records, circa 1911-1984

Subseries 18.1: Advertising Service Agreements, 1918-1982

Subseries 18.2: Bylaw Materials, 1969-1972

Subseries 18.3, Copyright Claims, 1962-1969

Subseries 18.4: Correspondence, 1928-1933

Subseries 18.5: International Office Correspondence, 1947-1948

Subseries 18.6: Dissolution of Trusts, 1934-1937

Subseries 18.7: Stock Information, 1934-1974

Subseries 18.8: Agreements between Partners, 1911-1916

Subseries 18.9: Incorporation Materials, 1929-1977

Subseries 18.10: Certificates of Reduction of Capital, 1937; 1975

Subseries 18.11: Property Information

Subseries 18.12: Miscellaneous Materials, 1929-1977

Series 19: Employee Materials, circa 1889-2001

Subseries 19.1: Employee Card files, circa 1892-1915; 1929-1963

Subseries 19.2: Photographs, circa 1924-1984, undated

Subseries 19.3: Alumni Publications, circa 1989-1998

Subseries 19.4: Biographical Information, circa 1889-1994

Subseries 19.5: Speeches, circa 1919-1931; 1975

Subseries 19.6: Recollections, 1954-1984, undated

Subseries 19.7: Oral History Interview Transcripts, 1983-1985; 1989-1991

Subseries 19.8: Oral History Audiotapes, 1985-1990

Subseries 19.9: Internal Communications, 1993-1999

Subseries 19.1: General Materials, 1940-2001

Series 20: History and Background Information about the Company, 1817-1999, undated

Series 21: Materials Created by other Advertising Agencies, 1945-1978, undated

Series 22: 2010 Addendum of Print Advertisements, circa 1879s-1990s, undated

Subseries 22.1: Print Advertisements, 1930-1990, undated

Subseries 22.2: Print Advertisements on Glass Plate Negatives, 1879-1881, undated

Series 23: Microfilm of Print Advertisements, circa 1908-1985
Biographical / Historical:
Founded in Philadelphia in 1869, NW Ayer & Son is one of the oldest and largest advertising agencies in America. For most of its history, it was the undisputed leader and innovator in the field of advertising. In 1876, NW Ayer & Son pioneered the "open contract", a revolutionary change in the method of billing for advertising which became the industry standard for the next hundred years. NW Ayer pioneered the use of fine art in advertising and established the industry's first art department. It was the first agency to use a full-time copywriter and the first to institute a copy department. The agency relocated to New York City in 1974. During its long history, the agency's clients included many "blue-chip" clients, including American Telephone & Telegraph, DeBeers Consolidated Diamond Mines, Ford Motor Company, Nabisco, R. J. Reynolds and United Airlines. However, in later years, the Ayer's inherent conservatism left the agency vulnerable to the creative revolution of the 1960s and 1970s, the advertising industry restructuring of the 1980s and the economic recession of the early 1990s. The agency was bought out by a Korean investor in 1993. In 1996, NW Ayer merged with another struggling top twenty United States advertising agency, Darcy, Masius, Benton & Bowles, under the umbrella of the McManus Group. Ayer continues to operate as a separate, full-service agency.

Through a series of buyouts and mergers, Ayer traces its lineage to the first advertising agency founded in the United States, a Philadelphia agency begun by Volney Palmer in 1841. Palmer began his career in advertising as a newspaper agent, acting as middleman between newspaper publishers and advertisers across the country. By 1849, Palmer had founded his own newspaper, V. B. Palmer's Register and Spirit of the Press, and had developed a complete system of advertising which included securing advertising space and placing ads in scores of commercial, political, religious, scientific and agricultural journals across the country. Palmer went one step further than the "space jobbers" of the day when he began offering "advertisements carefully drawn for those who have not the time to prepare an original copy." Always an enthusiastic promoter of advertising as an incentive to trade and American economic growth, Palmer promised advertisers that "every dollar paid for advertising in country newspapers will pay back twenty-fold" and encouraged skeptical consumers that "he who wishes to buy cheap should buy of those who advertise." When Palmer died in 1863, the agency was bought by his bookkeeper, John Joy, who joined with another Philadelphia advertising agency to form Joy, Coe & Sharpe. That agency was bought out again in 1868 and renamed Coe, Wetherill & Company. In 1877, Coe, Wetherill and Company was bought out by the newly formed NW Ayer & Son.

Francis Wayland Ayer was an ambitious young schoolteacher with an entrepreneurial streak. Having worked for a year soliciting advertisements on a commission basis for the publisher of the National Baptist weekly, Francis Ayer saw the potential to turn a profit as an advertising agent. In 1869, Ayer persuaded his father, Nathan Wheeler Ayer, to join him in business, and with an initial investment of only $250.00, NW Ayer & Son was born. Notwithstanding a smallpox epidemic in Philadelphia in 1871 and the general economic depression of the early 1870s, the agency flourished. The senior Ayer died in 1873, leaving his interest in the agency to his wife, but Francis W. Ayer bought her out, consolidating his interest in the company's management. In 1877, with Coe, Wetherill & Company (the successor to Palmer's 1841 agency) on the verge of bankruptcy and heavily indebted to Ayer for advertising it had placed in Ayer publications, Ayer assumed ownership of that agency. Thus did NW Ayer lay claim to being the oldest advertising agency in the country.

Both Nathan Wheeler and Francis Wayland Ayer began their careers as schoolteachers, and one of their legacies was a commitment to the cause of education: correspondence schools and institutions of higher learning were historically well-represented among Ayer clients. Just after World War I, the agency was heralded as "co-founder of more schools than any citizen of this country" for its conspicuous efforts to advertise private schools. Well into the 1960s, an "Education Department" at Ayer prepared advertisements for over three hundred private schools, camps and colleges, representing almost half the regional and national advertising done for such institutions. In fact, to its clients Ayer presented advertising itself as being akin to a system of education. In 1886, Ayer began promoting the virtues of the Ayer way advertising with the slogan, "Keeping Everlastingly at It Brings Success."

The agency's goals were simple: "to make advertising pay the advertiser, to spend the advertiser's money as though it were our own, to develop, magnify and dignify advertising as a business." Initially, Ayer's fortunes were tied to newspapers, and the agency began to make a name for itself as compiler and publisher of a widely used American Newspaper Annual. During the first years, Ayer's singular goal was "to get business, place it [in newspapers] and get money for it"; after several years as an independent space broker, however, Francis Ayer resolved "not to be an order taker any longer." This decision led NW Ayer and Son to a change in its mode of conducting business which would revolutionize the advertising industry: in 1876, Ayer pioneered the "open contract" with Diggee & Conard, Philadelphia raised growers and agricultural suppliers. Prior to the open contract, NW Ayer & Sons and most agencies operated as "space-jobbers," independent wholesalers of advertising space, in which the opportunities for graft and corrupt practices were virtually unlimited. In contrast, the open contract, wherein the advertiser paid a fixed commission based on the volume of advertising placed, aligned the advertising agent firmly on the side of the advertiser and gave advertisers access to the actual rates charged by newspapers and religious journals. The open contract with a fixed commission has been hailed by advertising pioneer Albert Lasker as one of the "three great landmarks in advertising history." (The other two were Lasker's own development of "reason-why" advertising copy and J. Walter Thompson's pioneering of sex appeal in an advertisement for Woodbury's soap.) Although the transition to the open contract did not happen overnight, by 1884, nearly three-quarters of Ayer's advertising billings were on an open contract basis. Since Ayer was, by the 1890s, the largest agency in America, the switch to direct payment by advertisers had a significant impact on the advertising industry, as other agencies were forced to respond to Ayer's higher standard. Just as important, the open contract helped to establish N W Ayer's long-standing reputation for "clean ethics and fair dealing" -- a reputation the agency has guarded jealously for over a century. The open contract also helped to establish Ayer as a full service advertising agency and to regularize the production of advertising in-house. From that point forward, Ayer routinely offered advice and service beyond the mere placement of advertisements. Ayer set another milestone for the industry in 1888, when Jarvis Wood was hired as the industry's first full-time copywriter. Wood was joined by a second full time copywriter four years later, and the Copy Department was formally established in 1900. The industry's first Art Department grew out of the Copy Department when Ayer hired its first commercial artist to assist with copy preparation in 1898; twelve years later Ayer became the first agency to offer the services of a full time art director, whose sole responsibility was the design and illustration of ads.

Ayer's leadership in the use of fine art in advertising has roots in this period, but achieved its highest expression under the guidance of legendary art director Charles Coiner. Coiner joined Ayer in 1924, after graduating from the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts. Despite early resistance from some clients, Coiner was adamant that "the use of outstanding palette and original art forms bring a greater return in readership, in impact and prestige for the advertiser." To this end, Coiner marshaled the talents of notable painters, illustrators and photographers, including N.C. Wyeth and Rockwell Kent (Steinway), Georgia O'Keefe (Dole), Leo Lionni (DuPont), Edward Steichen (Steinway, Cannon Mills), Charles Sheeler (Ford), and Irving Penn (DeBeers). Coiner believed that there was a practical side to the use of fine art in advertising, and his success (and Ayer's) lay in the marriage of research and copywriting with fine art, an arrangement Coiner termed "art for business sake." Coiner's efforts won both awards and attention for a series completed in the 1950s for the Container Corporation of America. Titled "Great Ideas of Western Man" the campaign featured abstract and modern paintings and sculpture by leading U.S. and foreign artists, linked with Western philosophical writings in an early example of advertising designed primarily to bolster corporate image. In 1994, Charles Coiner was posthumously named to the American Advertising Federation's Hall of Fame, the first full time art director ever chosen for that honor.

Coiner and fellow art director Paul Darrow also created legendary advertising with the "A Diamond Is Forever" campaign for DeBeers; ads featured the work of Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali and other modernist painters. The "A Diamond is Forever" tagline was written in 1949 by Frances Gerety, a woman copywriter at Ayer from 1943 to 1970. In 1999, Ad Age magazine cited "A Diamond is Forever" as the most memorable advertising slogan of the twentieth century.

Coiner also earned respect for his volunteer government service during World War II; he designed the armbands for civil defense volunteers and logos for the National Recovery Administration and Community Chest. As a founding member of the Advertising Council in 1945, Ayer has had a long-standing commitment to public service advertising. In the mid-1980s, Ayer became a leading force in the Reagan-era "War on Drugs". Lou Hagopian, Ayer's sixth CEO, brokered the establishment of the Partnership for a Drug-Free America, a media coalition which generated as much as a million dollars a day in donated advertising space and time to prevent the use and abuse of illegal drugs. Famous names appear among NW Ayer's clientele from the very earliest days of the agency. Retailer John Wanamaker, Jay Cooke and Company, and Montgomery Ward's mail-order business were among the first Ayer clients. The agency has represented at least twenty automobile manufacturers, including Cadillac, Chrysler, Ford, General Motors, Plymouth, and Rolls-Royce. Other major, long-term clients through the years have included American Telephone & Telegraph, Canada Dry, Cannon Mills, Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Kellogg's, R. J. Reynolds, Steinway and Sons, United Airlines, and the United States Army. By the time of Ayer's hundredth anniversary in 1969, some of these companies had been Ayer clients for decades if not generations, and the longevity of those relationships was for many years a source of Ayer's strength.

But the advertising industry began to change in the late 1960s and 1970s, due in part to a "creative revolution." Small advertising agencies won attention with provocative copywriting and art direction that more closely resembled art than advertising. Advances in market research allowed clients to more narrowly tailor their advertising messages to distinct groups of consumers, and this led to a rise in targeted marketing which could more readily be doled out to specialized small agencies than to larger, established firms like NW Ayer & Son. The civil rights and anti-war movements also contributed to increasing public skepticism with the values of corporate America, and by extension, with some national advertising campaigns. Older, more conservative firms like Ayer were hard pressed to meet these new challenges.

About 1970, in an effort to meet these challenges and to establish a foothold on the West Coast, Ayer bought out two smaller agencies--Hixson & Jorgenson (Los Angeles) and Frederick E. Baker (Seattle). The agency relocated from Philadelphia to New York City in 1974 in an attempt both to consolidate operations (Ayer had operated a New York office since the 1920s) and to be closer to the historic center of the advertising industry. Riding the wave of mergers that characterized the advertising industry in the late 1980s and 1990s, Ayer continued to grow through the acquisition of Cunningham & Walsh in 1986 and Rink Wells in 19xx.

During this transitional period, Ayer received widespread acclaim for its work for the United States Army, which included the widely recognized slogan "Be All You Can Be". Ayer first acquired the Army recruitment account in 1967 and with help from its direct marketing arm, the agency was widely credited with helping the Army reach its recruitment goals despite an unpopular war and plummeting enlistments after the elimination of the draft in 1973. Ayer held the account for two decades, from the Vietnam War through the Cold War, but lost the account in 1986 amid government charges that an Ayer employee assigned to the account accepted kickbacks from a New York film production house. Despite Ayer's position as the country's 18th largest agency (with billings of $880 million in 1985), the loss of the agency's second largest account hit hard.

NW Ayer made up for the loss of the $100 million dollar a year Army account and made headlines for being on the winning end of the largest account switch in advertising history to date, when fast food giant Burger King moved its $200 million dollar advertising account from arch-rival J. Walter Thompson in 1987. Burger King must have had drive-thru service in mind, however, and Ayer made headlines again when it lost the account just eighteen months later in another record-breaking account switch. Another devastating blow to the agency was the loss of its lead position on the American Telegraph and Telephone account. Ayer pioneered telecommunications advertising in 1908, when the agency was selected to craft advertising for the Bell System's universal telephone service. Despite valiant efforts to keep an account the agency had held for most of the twentieth century, and for which they had written such memorable corporate slogans as American Telephone &Telegraph "The Voice with a Smile" and "Reach Out and Touch Someone", the agency lost the account in 1996.

After a wave of mergers and acquisitions in the late 1980s, the economic recession of the early 1990s hit Madison Avenue hard, and Ayer was particularly vulnerable. Despite the agency's long history and roster of "blue-chip" clients, Ayer was not known for cutting-edge creative work. Moreover, though the agency had offices overseas, Ayer had never built a strong multinational presence, and many of the smaller international offices were sold during the financial turmoil of the 1980s. This left a real void in the new climate of global marketplace consolidation. By about 1990, earnings were declining (although Ayer was still among the top twenty United States agencies in billings), and the agency was suffering from client defections, high management turnover, expensive real estate commitments and deferred executive compensation deals, all fallout of the high-flying 1980s. This was the atmosphere in 1993, when W.Y. Choi, a Korean investor who had already assembled a media and marketing empire in his homeland, began looking for an American partner to form an international advertising network. Jerry Siano, the former creative director who had recently been named Ayer's seventh CEO, was in no position to refuse Choi's offer of $35 million to buy the now floundering agency. The infusion of cash was no magic bullet, however. Choi took a wait-and-see approach, allowing his partner Richard Humphreys to make key decisions about Ayer's future, including the purging of senior executives and the installation of two new CEOs in as many years.

The agency's downward trend continued with the loss of another longtime client, the DeBeers diamond cartel in 1995. Adweek reported that Ayer's billings fell from $892 million in 1990 to less than $850 million in 1995. Several top executives defected abruptly, and the agency failed to attract major new accounts. Ayer was facing the loss not merely of revenue and personnel, but the loss of much of the respect it once commanded. Ayer remained among the twenty largest U.S. agencies, but an aura of uncertainty hung over the agency like a cloud. A new CEO was appointed, and Mary Lou Quinlan became the agency's first woman CEO in 1995. A year later, Ayer and another struggling top twenty agency, D'arcy, Masius, Benton & Bowles, combined as part of the McManus Group of companies. In 1998, the McManus Group had worldwide billings of more than $6.5 billion.

Under the McManus Group, Ayer was able to expand its international operations and begin to rebuild a stronger global presence. Several important new clients were won in 1997 and 1998, including Avon, General Motors, Kitchenaid, several Procter & Gamble brands and, most notably, Continental Airlines worldwide accounts. Born in the nineteenth century, Ayer may be one of a very few advertising agencies to successfully weather the economic and cultural transitions of both the twentieth and twentieth first centuries. Ayer was eventually acquired by the Publicis Groupe based in Paris, France which closed down the N.W. Ayer offices in 2002.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana (AC0060)

Hills Bros. Coffee Incorporated Records (AC0395)
Provenance:
The collection was donated by N W Ayer ABH International, April 15, 1975 and by Ayer & Partners, October 30, 1996.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Physical Access: Researchers must use microfilm copy. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audiovisual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Technical Access: Viewing the film portion of the collection without reference copies requires special appointment, please inquire; listening to audio discs requires special arrangement. Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply. Publication and production quality duplication is restricted due to complex copyright, publicity rights, and right to privacy issues. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff. Potential users must receive written permission from appropriate rights holders prior to obtaining high quality copies.
Topic:
Advertising agencies  Search this
advertising  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records -- 1840-2000
Interviews -- 1980-2000
Oral history -- 1980-1990
Print advertising
Proof sheets
Proofs (printed matter)
Scrapbooks -- 1840-1990
Trade literature
Tear sheets
Advertisements
Citation:
NW Ayer & Sons, incorporated Advertising Agency Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0059
See more items in:
N W Ayer Advertising Agency Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0059
Online Media:

Marine Science in the Morning: Dr. Olivia Rhoades

Creator:
Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce  Search this
Type:
Lectures
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2021-03-26T16:35:22.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Natural History;Marine biology  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianSMS
Data Source:
Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianSMS
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_dHE3WnPBl5s

Fletcher Benton papers

Creator:
Benton, Fletcher, 1931-  Search this
Names:
André Emmerich Gallery  Search this
Galerie Denino  Search this
Bury, Pol, 1922-2005  Search this
De Wilde, Dan  Search this
Finn, David  Search this
Jones, Lillian E.  Search this
Louchheim, Marlene  Search this
Lucie-Smith, Edward  Search this
Marquand, Ed  Search this
Neubert, George W.  Search this
Rickey, George  Search this
Sanders, Pieter  Search this
Tooker, Dan  Search this
Valentine, De Wain, 1936-  Search this
Wilke, Ulfert, 1907-1987  Search this
Extent:
8.7 Linear feet
1.47 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Interviews
Motion pictures (visual works)
Drawings
Video recordings
Transcripts
Sound recordings
Photographs
Christmas cards
Date:
1934-2014
Summary:
The papers of sculptor and painter Fletcher Benton measure 8.2 linear feet and 1.47 GB and date from 1934 to 2014. They document his career as a sculptor with international presence through certificates, personal photographs, legal papers, correspondence, exhibition and commission documentation, clippings, exhibition-related printed materials, broadcast materials, publications about his work, an editioned kinetic Christmas card, and photographs, sound and video recordings, and motion picture film documenting his work and career.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of sculptor and painter Fletcher Benton measure 8.2 linear feet and 1.47 GB and date from 1934 to 2014. They document his career through personal photographs, legal papers, correspondence, exhibition and commission documentation, clippings, exhibition-related printed materials, broadcast materials, publications about his work, an editioned kinetic Christmas card, photographs, sound and video recordings motion picture film, some of which also appears in digitized form.

Biographical Materials include personal photographs, legal documents related to a court case with book designer Ed Marquand, biographical texts, interview transcripts, and a home video made by the artist. Correspondence is with other artists, friends, galleries, museums and other institutions, including George W. Neubert, André Emmerich Gallery, Pieter Sanders, Pol Bury, George Rickey, Ulfert Wilke, Marlene Louchheim, DeWain Valentine, Lillian E. Jones, and Edward Lucie-Smith. Interviews include sound recordings of interviews with Benton by academics and journalists, including Edward Lucie-Smith, Dan Tooker, and Dan De Wilde.

Exhibition and Commission Files consist of correspondence with galleries, museums and commission patrons; financial records; shipping and subcontracting documentation; motion picture film, video, and sound recordings related to exhibitions and installations; and planning and design materials. Series includes a significant amount of oversized drawings and plans for site-specific work. There is a large volume documentation from the Folded Circle-Arc commission by Stanley Consultants, Inc. in Muscatine, Iowa; the California/International Arts Foundation Traveling Sculpture Exhibition; Double Folded Circle Ring in Brussels and Double Circle Folded by Cedars Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Printed Materials include news clippings related to Benton's career, as well as brochures, exhibition catalogs, posters and other printed materials related to exhibitions and commissions. Broadcast materials include television news footage, radio and television interviews, documentaries, and promotional materials made by galleries and other cultural institutions.

Photographic and Moving Image Materials include art-related images showing Benton in his studio and images of exhibitions, installations and inaugurations. Also found are still photographs and motion picture films of artworks, including paintings, sculptures, and kinetic drawings, and a series of photographs of sculptures taken by David Finn.

Artwork consists of an editioned art Christmas card created by Benton for Galeria Bonino in New York from 1969. An American Artist Moving Image Materials consist of 13 videocassettes (VHS) which document the production process of the documentaryFletcher Benton: An American Artist by Morgan Cavett. There is footage from interviews with Benton and with curator George W. Neubert, footage of San Francisco with comments from Benton about his time there, interviews with the artist's studio assistants, images of his studio in Dore street and a couple of almost finished rough versions of the documentary.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as nine series.

Series 1: Biographical Material (0.3 linear feet; boxes 1, 9)

Series 2: Correspondence (1 linear foot; boxes 1, 2, OV 10)

Series 3: Interviews (0.3 linear feet; box 2)

Series 4: Exhibition and Commission Files (2 linear feet, 0.50 GB; boxes 2-4, OV 11-13, RD 14, FC 15, ER01)

Series 5: Printed Materials (2.3 linear feet; boxes 4-6, OV 10)

Series 6: Broadcast Materials (1.1 linear foot; boxes 6-7)

Series 7: Photographic and Moving Image Materials (0.5 linear feet, 0.97 GB; boxes 7, 9, FC 16-17, ER02)

Series 8: Artwork (1 item; box 7)

Series 9: -- An American Artist -- Video Recordings (0.6 linear feet; boxes 7-8)
Biographical / Historical:
Fletcher Benton was born in Jackson, Ohio in 1931 to Fletcher and Nell Cavett Benton and was the oldest of three children. Benton graduated from Jackson High School in 1949. After serving in the Navy he graduated from Miami University (Oxford, Ohio) in 1956 and moved to San Francisco, where he started working as an instructor at the California College of Arts and Crafts in 1959. He was in San Francisco during the flourishing of the Beat generation, where he had a studio in the North beach area and exhibited at coffee house galleries.

After travelling around Europe in 1960, Benton moved to New York City where he tried to make his living through painting and teaching privately. During those years he was supported by Jackson's local arts patron and family friend, Lillian E. Jones. In 1960 he had his first solo exhibition at Gump's gallery in San Francisco, but his work was taken down after one day because it was considered obscene for including female nudes. He returned to San Francisco in late 1961.

In 1966 Fletcher started teaching at the San Francisco Art Institute and established himself as a primary figure of American kinetic art. In 1966, Peter Selz included his work in the exhibition Directions in Kinetic Sculpture at the University Art Gallery in Berkeley, CA. During the exhibition Benton met the artists Pol Bury and George Rickey with whom he became friends. The exhibition, along with an article "The Movement Movement" that appeared in Time magazine the same year, established Benton's reputation as a significant American Kinetic artist. He also started teaching at the California State University in San José in 1967 where he continued working until 1986.

By 1974 Benton abandoned kinetic art to continue exploring sculpture in three dimensions in a style that became known as "new constructivism." The artworks were conceived in the series Folded Circles and Folded Square Alphabets and were produced in bronze, aluminum and steel. It was also during the 1970s that he started doing large-scale commissions such as the 1977 IBM commission.

Between 1981 and 1984 Benton constructed his studio in Dore Street in the Market district of San Francisco where he continues to work today. During the 1980s Benton started his Balanced/Unbalanced series, which introduced the idea of gravity using geometric forms in different formats and sizes.

From 1984 he began to show more work in Europe, especially in Germany, where in 1993 he got a major commission to create a colossal public sculpture in Cologne entitled Steel Watercolor Triangle Ring. It was also in Germany where Benton encountered the work of Wassily Kandinsky and Kazimir Malevich, and he began work on his Construct Relief series in reponse, which he dedicated to Kandinsky. These geometric constructions are flat, canvas-like steel structures that combine features of painting and sculpture. As the series evolved, the work became more like painting, constructed to hang on the wall without a back piece, so they seem to be floating in the space.

Benton continues to live and work in San Francisco and is represented by multiple galleries in the United States and Germany.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Fletcher Benton conducted by Paul J. Karlstrom, 1989 May 2-4 is available on the Archives of American Art website.
Provenance:
Donated 2005-2006 and 2014 by Fletcher Benton. Benton's wife, Bobbie Benton, organized the material by subject matter and date.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of audiovisual material without a duplicate copy requires advanced notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Sculptors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Motion pictures (visual works)
Drawings
Video recordings
Transcripts
Sound recordings
Photographs
Christmas cards
Citation:
Fletcher Benton papers, 1934-2014. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bentflet
See more items in:
Fletcher Benton papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bentflet

Marcel Breuer papers

Creator:
Breuer, Marcel, 1902-  Search this
Names:
Marcel Breuer Associates/Architects and Planners  Search this
Extent:
37.6 Linear feet
0.14 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1920-1986
Summary:
The Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986, contain biographical material, correspondence, business and financial records, interviews, notes, writings, sketches, project files, exhibition files, photographs, and printed material that document the career of architect and designer Marcel Breuer.
Scope and Contents note:
The Marcel Breuer papers span the years 1920 to 1986 and measure 37.6 linear feet and 0.14 gigabytes. They consist of biographical material, correspondence, business and financial records, interviews, notes, writings, sketches, project files, exhibition files, photographs, and printed material that document Breuer's career as an architect and designer. This material reflects the prolificacy and diversity of his creations, from tubular steel chairs to private residences, college campuses, factories, department stores, and international, municipal, and corporate headquarters and complexes.

The Biographical Material Series contains documents that list or certify significant events or associations attained by Breuer during his career, such as résumés, licenses, and certificates. The number of awards contained in this series attest to the esteem in which he was held by his colleagues.

Breuer's Correspondence Series illustrates the interaction of his various colleagues and the operation of his architectural offices in the execution of their projects, many of which were in progress simultaneously. This series includes letters from Joseph Albers, Jean Arp, Herbert Bayer, Alexander Calder, Serge Chermayeff, Naum Gabo, Sigfried Giedion, Walter and Ise Gropius, Louis I. Kahn, György Kepes, László Moholy-Nagy, Henry Moore, Eero Saarinen, and José Luis Sert.

The Business and Financial Records Series contains documents which reflect Breuer's commercial transactions that do not directly relate to one specific project. Two project books pertain to 36 architectural projects and record their basic physical and financial details, such as site measurements and cost projections. There are also miscellaneous invoices and receipts, and one of Breuer's personal income tax returns.

The Interviews Series contains typescripts of interviews. Of particular interest is the audiotape interview of Breuer, who discusses his early years as a student and his first impressions of the Bauhaus. There are also untranscribed audiotape interviews of his colleagues György Kepes and Harry Seidler, and his patrons Mr. A. Elzas, and the Koerfers, who discuss their business relationships with Breuer.

There are address lists of colleagues and patrons and résumés from architects contained within the series on Notes, while the Writings Series contains typescripts of lectures and articles written by Breuer concerning architecture and its history. Writings by others are about Breuer and his work, including typescripts, galleys, and photographs of architectural and design projects used in the publication of the book Marcel Breuer Buildings and Projects, 1921-1961 by Cranston Jones.

The Sketches Series consists of 3 small, hand-drawn depictions of unidentified floor plans.

The largest and most comprehensive series houses the Project Files, which consist of approximately 300 project files containing letters, legal documents, and photographs that record the planning and execution of many of Breuer's most important architectural projects. These include the UNESCO Headquarters Building (Paris, France), St. John's Abbey and University (Collegeville, Minnesota), the IBM Corporation Research Center (La Gaude, France), the HUD Headquarters Building (Washington, D.C.), the De Bijenkorf Department Store (Rotterdam, The Netherlands), and the third power plant and forebay dam for the Grand Coulee Dam (Washington state). The file for the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York contains an interesting set of photographs of Breuer showing Jacqueline Kennedy through the construction site.

Of equal importance are the additional Project Files for the 100 residences designed by Breuer, including prefabricated houses such as Kleinmetalhaus and Yankee Portables, and commissioned residences such as the two Gagarin Houses (Litchfield, Connecticut), the two Harnischmacher Houses (Wiesbaden, Germany), Koerfer House (Moscia, Switzerland), the Neumann House (Croton-on-Hudson, New York), the Saier House (Glanville-Calvados, France), the Staehelin House (Feldmeilen, Switzerland), the Starkey House (Duluth, Minnesota), and the three Rufus Stillman Houses (Litchfield, Connecticut). There are also files concerning the four houses Breuer designed for himself in Lincoln and Wellfleet, Massachusetts, and in New Canaan, Connecticut.

The Project Files for Breuer's furniture designs are not as comprehensive as those for his architectural creations but contain many photographs of his early conceptions for chairs, tables, desks, cabinets, rugs, and tapestries.

The Exhibition Files Series contains primarily photographs of exhibitions in which Breuer participated. The extent of his participation is sometimes difficult to determine, because it ranged from designing a single chair, designing rooms for an apartment or an entire house specifically to be shown in an exhibition, to designing an exhibition building. Breuer was also the subject of a retrospective exhibition sponsored by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. This traveling exhibition was seen in New York City, Chicago, Paris, and Berlin.

Images contained in the Photographs Series are of Breuer, including one of him in Philip Johnson's house, Breuer family members, and colleagues, including Herbert Bayer, Alexander Calder, Serge Chermayeff, Walter and Ise Gropius, and Matta. Three photograph albums in this series contain more than 1,000 photographs of 59 architectural projects.

The Printed Material Series houses general clippings that concern groups of projects, rather than one specific project. There is also a scrapbook of tearsheets concerning architectural projects, exhibition announcements, and catalogs for others, and miscellaneous press releases and brochures.
Arrangement:
The Marcel Breuer papers are arranged into 11 series, based on type of document. Each series, except Project Files, has been arranged chronologically. The Project Files Series has been divided into 19 subseries of related architectual and design project types. The overall arrangement reflects Breuer's original arrangement. Each subseries or file group within is arranged alphabetically according to the surname of an individual, or a location name of a university. The contents of each project file have been arranged according to material type and a chronology that best reflects the progression of the project toward completion.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1920-1981 (Boxes 1, 36; Reel 5708; 0.4 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1923-1986 (Boxes 1-6, OV 47; Reels 5708-5717; 5.3 linear ft.)

Series 3: Business and Financial Records, 1933-1980 (Box 6; Reels 5717-5718; 0.4 linear ft.)

Series 4: Interviews, 1963-1985 (Boxes 6-7; Reel 5718; 0.4 linear ft., ER01; 0.14 GB)

Series 5: Notes, 1934-1976 (Box 7; Reel 5718; 0.4 linear ft.)

Series 6: Writings, 1923-1981 (Boxes 7-8; Reels 5718-5720; 1.0 linear ft.)

Series 7: Sketches, circa 1920s-circa 1980 (Box 8; Reel 5720; 1 folder)

Series 8: Project Files, 1921-1986 (Boxes 8-23, 36-40, OVs 43-57; Reels 5720-5737; 27.6 linear ft.)

Series 9: Exhibition files, 1922-1974 (Box 34, OV 49; Reels 5737-5738; 0.8 linear ft.)

Series 10: Photographs, 1928-1979 (Boxes 34, 41-42; Reel 5738; 0.3 linear ft.)

Series 11: Printed Material, 1925-1984 (Boxes 35, 42; Reels 5738-5739; 1.0 linear ft.)
Biographical/Historical note:
Marcel Lajos Breuer was born on May 21, 1902, in the Danube valley town of Pécs, Hungary, to Jacques Breuer, a physician, and Franciska (Kan) Breuer. His siblings were Hermina and Alexander. Throughout his life, Breuer used his first name only on official documents and preferred that his friends use his middle name, the Hungarian form of "Louis." The diminutive form of this name was usually spelled "Lajkó" and pronounced "Lye-ko."

In 1920, Breuer graduated from the Magyar Királyi Föreáliskola in Pécs. He had received a scholarship to study art in Vienna but took an immediate dislike to the Art Academy there, so searched elsewhere for training. He started working in the studio of a Viennese architect and soon became interested in training in the cabinetmaking shop of the architect's brother. Breuer was not satisfied with this arrangement either, and, upon hearing about the year-old Bauhaus school in Germany, he departed for Weimar in 1921.

Founded and directed by Walter Gropius, the Bauhaus combined the teaching of the pure arts with training in functional technology. Breuer received a master's degree from the Bauhaus in 1924, then studied architecture in Paris, where he first met Le Corbusier.

In 1925, Gropius enticed Breuer to return to the Bauhaus, now relocated in Dessau, by offering him a post as master of the carpentry workshop and a commission to design the interiors of the new Bauhaus buildings. Inspired by his new bicycle's handlebars, Breuer designed his first tubular steel chair, the Wassily chair, named for his friend Wassily Kandinsky. This chair and dozens of other Breuer designs for furnishings were mass-produced by the Thonet Brothers in Germany.

Two years later, in 1928, Breuer left the Bauhaus to begin a private architecture practice in Berlin, emphasizing prefabricated housing and the use of concrete in building. During this time Breuer worked on a designs for the Potsdamer Platz, Spandau-Haselhorst Housing, and a hospital in Elberfeld, and he completed work on the Lewin House and the Harnischmacher Apartment. Due to the deteriorating economic and political conditions in Germany, Breuer closed his Berlin office in 1931 and traveled to Budapest, Zurich, Morocco, Greece, and Spain. Returning to Germany in the following year, he began designing furniture in aluminum. Breuer established his reputation as an architect upon completion of the Harnischmacher House in Wiesbaden, a house notable for the use of contrasting materials and distinctive interiors.

The Nazis closed the Bauhaus in 1933. The following year, Breuer designed the Dolderthal Apartments in Zurich for the Swiss architectural historian Sigfried Giedion. From 1935 to 1937, Breuer settled in London, and became partners with F. R. S. Yorke. During this time he designed for the Isokon ("isometric unit construction") Control Company laminated plywood furniture that became widely imitated.

In 1937, Breuer accepted an invitation from Walter Gropius to join the faculty of the School of Design at Harvard University to teach architecture, and he moved to the United States. Among his students were Edward Larrabee Barnes, Ulrich Franzen, Philip Johnson, I. M. Pei, and Paul Rudolph. Breuer formed a partnership with Gropius in Cambridge, Massachusetts, from 1937 to 1941. Their firm was engaged primarily in the design of private homes.

In 1946, Breuer moved to New York City, where he established an office in an East 88th Street townhouse. The number of his commissions began to grow slowly, and it was during this time he constructed his own notable residence in New Canaan, Connecticut. He developed the bi-nuclear, or "two-center" house, which was designed to meet the living requirements of modern families by creating functional areas for separate activities.

Breuer's architectural reputation was greatly enhanced when, in 1953, he was commissioned to design, in collaboration with Pier Luigi Nervi and Bernard Zehrfuss, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Headquarters in Paris. During this year, he also began work on a series of innovative buildings for St. John's Abbey and University in Collegeville, Minnesota.

Between 1963 and 1964, Breuer began work on what is perhaps his best-known project, the Whitney Museum of American Art, in New York City. He also established an office with the name Marcel Breuer Architecte, in Paris, to better orchestrate his European projects. Also during this time, Herbert Beckhard, Murray Emslie, Hamilton Smith, and Robert F. Gatje became partners in Marcel Breuer and Associates. When Murray Emslie left a year later, he was replaced by Tician Papachristou, who had been recommended by Breuer's former student, I. M. Pei.

After several moves to increasingly larger office space in New York, Breuer established his largest office at 635 Madison Avenue and 59th Street in 1965. After suffering the first of a series of heart attacks, Breuer reduced his travel to Europe, eventually leaving the management of the Paris office in the hands of Mario Jossa.

Between 1965 and 1973, Marcel Breuer and Associates continued to receive many diverse and important commissions, including the Department of Housing and Urban Development Headquarters Building (Washington, D.C.), showrooms for Scarves by Vera (New York City), the IBM Corporation (La Gaude, France), the Baldegg Convent (Lucerne, Switzerland), Bryn Mawr School for Girls (Baltimore, Maryland), a third power plant for the Grand Coulee Dam, the Australian Embassy (Paris, France), the Armstrong Rubber Company (New Haven, Connecticut), and the State University of New York Engineering Complex (Buffalo). Breuer also designed residences including a second Gagarin House (Litchfield, Connecticut), the Saier House (Glanville-Calvados, France), the Soriano House (Greenwich, Connecticut), and a third Rufus Stillman House (Litchfield, Connecticut).

Due to failing health in 1972, Breuer sold his New Canaan house and moved into Manhattan so he could more easily commute to the office. By 1976, Breuer's health had declined further, and he retired from practice. The name of his firm was subtly changed from Marcel Breuer and Associates to Marcel Breuer Associates, and later to MBA/Architects and Planners.

Marcel Breuer died on July 1, 1981, in New York City.

This chronology below is based on evidence found within the Marcel Breuer Papers. The dating of projects reflects the range of dates encompassed by the files for each project, not the project's actual construction time. Most architectural projects have several equally significant dates from which it is difficult to assign a single date. Significant dates for a building may include the date of groundbreaking, the laying of the cornerstone, or the first opening day. When a project's dates are unknown or uncertain, a question mark in brackets appears at the end of the entry.

1902 -- Marcel Lajos Breuer is born on May 21 in Pécs, Hungary.

1920 -- Breuer graduates from Magyar Királyi Föreáliskola (high school) in Pécs. Breuer travels to Vienna to study art.

1921 -- Breuer enrolls at the Bauhaus, Wiemar, Germany. Furniture designs: tea table; wooden cabinet.

1922 -- Furniture designs: poltrana chair; side chairs. Exhibition: Bauhaus Exhibition, Berlin, Germany Haus-am-Horn

1923 -- Architectural project: apartment house (multistory duplex with continuous terrace gardens). Furniture designs: miscellaneous bureaus.

1924 -- Breuer earns a master's degree from the Bauhaus. Breuer studies architecture in Paris, where he meets Le Corbusier. Furniture designs: desk and bookcase.

1925 -- Breuer returns to the Bauhaus, now located in Dessau, and takes post of master of the carpentry workshop. Architectural projects: Canteen, Bauhaus-Dessau, Germany; Kleinmetallhaus (prefabricated house in steel); Gropius House, Dessau, Germany; Wissinger Apartment, Berlin, Germany [1925?]. Furniture designs: Wassily chair; Rückenlehnstuhl ("back-leaning chair"); tubular steel stool; modular system for cabinets.

1926 -- Breuer marries Martha Erps. Architectural projects: Gröte Residence, Dessau, Germany; Moholy-Nagy Apartment and Studio, Berlin, Germany; Muche House, Dessau, Germany; Piscator Apartment, Berlin, Germany; Thost House, Hamburg, Germany. Furniture designs:(modular) system for unit furniture; dining room chair; tubular steel chair; office chair; storage wall unit. Exhibition: Bauhaus Exhibition, Dessau, Germany; table for Kandinsky's Master's Studio.

1927 -- Architectural project: Bambos Houses, Dessau, Germany. Furniture designs: folding chair; theater chairs; tubular steel and wood desks.

1928 -- Breuer leaves the Bauhaus and establishes business in Berlin. Architectural projects: Potsdamer Platz, Berlin, Germany; Spandau-Haselhorst Housing, Spandau, Germany; Elberfeld Hospital, Elberfeld, Germany; Breuer Apartment, Berlin, Germany; Heinersdorff House, Berlin, Germany; Melder House, Mährisch-Ostrau, Czechoslovakia. Furniture designs: folding chair; Cesca dining room chair; tubular steel coffee table; tea wagon

1929 -- Architectural projects: Fuld Factory Competition, Frankfurt, Germany; Kharkov Theater, Kharkov, Ukraine, U.S.S.R.; De Francesco Apartment, Berlin, Germany; Harnischmacher Apartment, Wiesbaden, Germany; Heydt Apartment, Berlin, Germany; Lewin House, Berlin, Germany; Schneider House, Wiesbaden, Germany. Furniture design: armchair.

1930 -- Breuer meets György Kepes in Berlin. Architectural project: Boroschek Apartment, Berlin, Germany. Exhibitions: Bauhaus Exhibition, Berlin-Germany, House for a Sportsman, Cork Industry Display; Paris Werkbund Exhibition, Paris, France, Wohn Hotel, Vitrine and Cabinets, and Klubraum Gropius.

1931 -- Breuer closes the Berlin office and travels in Europe and North Africa. Architectural project: Reidemeister Residence, Berlin, Germany. Furniture design: bookcase. Exhibition: Bauausstellung Exhibition, Berlin, Germany, Mitarbeiter Hassenpflug Apartment.

1932 -- Breuer returns to Germany.

1933 -- Nazis close the Bauhaus. Architectural project: Harnischmacher House I, Wiesbaden, Germany. Furniture designs: aluminum chairs; aluminum tables.

1934 -- Breuer divorces Martha Erps. Architectural project: Dolderthal Apartments, Zurich, Switzerland. Exhibition Building Competition, Budapest Spring Fair, Budapest, Hungary.

1935 -- Breuer moves to London and forms partnership with F. R. S. Yorke. Furniture designs: Isokon chairs; plywood nesting tables; plywood dining table. Exhibition: Heal's "Seven Architects" Exhibition, London, England; Designs for two chairs.

1936 -- Architectural projects: Motley Fashion Shop, London, England; London Theatre Studio, London, England; Clifton House (Crofton Gane House), Bristol, England; Sea Lane House, Angmering-on-Sea, Sussex, England; Ventris Apartment, London, England. Exhibitions: Royal Show, Bristol, England, Gane's Pavilion; British Cement and Concrete Association Exhibition, London, England, Garden City of the Future (civic center).

1937 -- Breuer and Yorke dissolve their partnership. Breuer moves to the United States to teach at Harvard. Breuer and Walter Gropius establish Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer, Associated Architects. Architectural project: Obergurgl Ski Lodge, Obergurgl, Austria.

1938 -- Architectural projects: Wheaton College Competition, Art Center, Norton, Massachusetts; Fischer House and Studio, Newtown, Pennsylvania; Gropius House, Lincoln, Massachusetts; Haggerty House, Cohasset, Massachusetts; Margolius House, Palm Springs, California. Furniture design: cabinet with hinged drawers. Exhibition: "Marcel Breuer and the American Tradition in Architecture," Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1939 -- Architectural projects: Black Mountain College, Black Mountain, North Carolina; Breuer House, Lincoln, Massachusetts; Ford House, Lincoln, Massachusetts; Frank House, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Exhibition: New York World's Fair, Flushing Meadows, New York; Pennsylvania Pavilion.

1940 -- Breuer marries Constance Crocker Leighton. Architectural projects: Chamberlain Cottage, Wayland, Massachusetts; Weizenblatt House, Asheville, North Carolina.

1941 -- Breuer and Gropius dissolve their partnership. Architectural project: New Kensington Defense Housing, New Kensington, Pennsylvania.

1942 -- Architectural projects: Plas-2-Point Demountable Houses; Yankee Portables.

1943 -- Architectural projects: South Boston Redevelopment Project, Boston, Massachusetts; Stuyvesant Six (housing development), New York, New York; Wellfleet Housing Development, Bi-Nuclear "H" House, Wellfleet, Massachusetts.

1944 -- Architectural projects: Van Leer Vatenfabrieken N.V., Office Building, Amstelveen, The Netherlands; 1200 Square Foot House, Florida; Geller House I, Lawrence, Long Island, New York; East River Apartments, New York, New York; Long Beach Nurses' Residence, Long Beach, Long Island, New York.

1945 -- Architectural projects: Eastern Airlines Ticket Office, Boston, Massachusetts; Smith College Competition, Dormitories, Northampton, Massachusetts; Unidentified Memorial, [location unknown]; Cambridge War Memorial, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Florida House, Miami Heights, Florida; Tompkins House, Hewlett Harbor Village, Long Island, New York.

1946 -- Breuer and family move to New York City. Breuer establishes an office on East 88th Street. Architectural projects: Small House Competition; Martine House, Stamford, Connecticut; Preston Robinson House, Williamstown, Massachusetts.

1947 -- Architectural projects: Breuer House I, New Canaan, Connecticut; Scott House, Dennis, Massachusetts; Thompson House, Ligonier, Pennsylvania.

1948 -- Architectural projects: Ariston Club, Mar del Plata, Argentina; Breuer Cottage, Wellfleet, Massachusetts; Kniffin House, New Canaan, Connecticut; Witalis House, Saddle Rock, Kings Point, New York; Wise Cottage, Wellfleet, Massachusetts. Exhibition: Low Cost Furniture Competition, Museum of Modern Art, New York, Cutout plywood chair.

1949 -- Publication of book, Marcel Breuer: Architect and Designer, by Peter Blake. Architectural projects: United States Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); Headquarters, Paris, France; Clark House, Orange, Connecticut; Herrick House, Canajoharie, New York; Hooper Residence Additions, Baltimore, Maryland; Marshad House, Croton-on-Hudson, New York; Smith House, Aspen, Colorado; Tilley House, Middletown, New Jersey; Wolfson Trailer House, Pleasant Valley, New York. Exhibition: Museum of Modern Art Exhibition, New York, New York, House in museum garden.

1950 -- Breuer moves his office to East 37th Street, New York. Architectural projects: Alaska Air Terminal, Anchorage, Alaska [1950?]; Sarah Lawrence College, Arts Center, Bronxville, New York; Vassar College, Dwight Ferry House (a cooperative dormitory), Poughkeepsie, New York; Aspen House, Aspen, Colorado; Englund House, Pleasantville, New York; Hanson House, Lloyd Harbor, Huntington, Long Island, New York; Lauck House, Princeton, New Jersey; McComb House, Poughkeepsie, New York; Mills House, New Canaan, Connecticut; Pack House, Scarsdale, New York; Rufus Stillman House I, Litchfield, Connecticut.

1951 -- Architectural projects: Grosse Pointe Public Library, Grosse Pointe, Michigan; Aufricht House Addition, Mamaroneck, New York; Breuer House II, New Canaan, Connecticut; Caesar House, Lakeville, Connecticut. Furniture design: Canaan desk.

1952 -- Architectural projects: Scarves by Vera, Showroom, New York, New York; Levy House, Princeton, New Jersey; George Robinson House, Redding Ridge, Connecticut; Tibby House, Port Washington, New York.

1953 -- Architectural projects: Bantam Elementary School, Litchfield, Connecticut; Litchfield High School, Litchfield, Connecticut; Northfield Elementary School, Litchfield, Connecticut; St. John's Abbey and University, Monastery Wing, Abbey Church and Bell Banner, Collegeville, Minnesota; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Oakville, Ontario, Canada; De Bijenkorf Department Store and Garage, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Calabi House, Lagrangeville, New York; Crall House, Gates Mills, Ohio; Gagarin House I, Litchfield, Connecticut; Neumann House, Croton-on-Hudson, New York; Snower House, Kansas City, Missouri; Edgar Stillman House, Wellfleet, Massachusetts. Exhibition: Tile Council of America Exhibition, New York, New York, Patio-Bathroom.

1954 -- Architectural projects: New London Railroad Station, New London, Connecticut; Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey; Grieco House, Andover, Massachusetts; Harnischmacher House II, Wiesbaden, Germany; Karsten House, Owings Mills, Maryland; Starkey House (formerly Alworth House), Duluth, Minnesota.

1955 -- Publication of book, Sun and Shadow: The Philosophy of an Architect, edited by Peter Blake. Architectural projects: New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad, Train "X," Budd "Hot Rod," Budd "Flying Cloud," and ACF Talgo Locomotives and Passenger Cars, Rye Railroad Station, Rye, New York [1955?]; Connecticut Junior Republic Association Dormitory, Litchfield, Connecticut; Torrington High School, Torrington, Connecticut; Hunter College, Library, Classrooms, and Administration Building, Bronx, New York; Annunciation Priory, Bismarck, North Dakota; O. E. McIntyre, Inc. Plant, Westbury, Long Island, New York; Laaff House, Andover, Massachusetts; McGinnis Apartment, Biltmore, New York, New York; McGinnis House, Charlmont, Massachusetts. Exhibition: Good Design Exhibition, Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, Hyperbolic Paraboloid.

1956 -- Breuer moves his office to Third Avenue and 57th Street, New York. Breuer is the first recipient of La Rinascente's Compasso d'Oro Prize. Architectural projects: U.S. Embassy, The Hague, The Netherlands; Boston and Maine Railroad, North Station Industrial Building; Boston and Maine Railroad, Fairbanks Morse Locomotive and Passenger Cars; New Haven Railroad Station, New Haven, Connecticut; New York University, University Heights Campus, Bronx, New York; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Van Nuys, California; Wohnbedarf Furniture Showroom, Zurich, Switzerland; Hooper House, Baltimore, Maryland; Krieger House, Bethesda, Maryland; Staehelin House, Feldmeilen, Switzerland.

1957 -- Breuer receives an honorary doctorate from the University of Budapest. Architectural project: Westchester Reform Temple, Scarsdale, New York. Exhibitions: International Autumn Fair, Vienna, Austria, U.S. Pavilion; "Amerika Baut" ("America Builds"), Marshall House, Berlin, Germany.

1958 -- Breuer becomes a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects. Architectural projects: El Recreo Urban Center, Caracas, Venezuela; St. John's Abbey and University, St. Thomas Aquinas Residence Hall, Collegeville, Minnesota; Halvorson House, Dryberry Lake Area, Kenora, Ontario, Canada; Recreational Apartments, Tanaguarena, Venezuela. Exhibitions: "Ars Sacra" Exhibition, Louvain, France; Concrete Industries Exposition, Cleveland, Ohio, The Pavilion.

1959 -- Architectural projects: Whitby Elementary School, Greenwich, Connecticut; Ustinov House, Vevey, Switzerland. Exhibitions: "U.S. Architecture in Moscow," Moscow, U.S.S.R.; "1960 National Gold Medal Exhibition of the Building Arts," Museum of Contemporary Crafts, New York, New York, Photographic Displays of Various Breuer Projects; "Form Givers at Mid-Century" (traveling exhibition), Photographic Displays of Various Breuer Projects.

1960 -- Architectural projects: Flaine Ski Resort Town, Haute-Savoie, France; St. John's Abbey and University, Library, Collegeville, Minnesota; Brookhaven National Laboratory (for Nuclear Research), Upton, Long Island, New York; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Rochester, Indiana; Abraham & Straus Department Store, Facade, Hempstead, Long Island, New York; McMullen Beach House, Mantoloking, New Jersey.

1961 -- Architectural projects: St. Francis de Sales Church, Church and Rectory, Muskegon, Michigan; Temple B'Nai Jeshurun, Short Hills, Millburn Township, New Jersey; One Charles Center, Baltimore, Maryland; International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), Research Center, La Gaude, France; Fairview Heights Apartments, Ithaca, New York. Exhibitions: "Bauhaus" [location unknown]; "New Forms in Concrete," American Federation of Arts (traveling exhibition).

1962 -- Publication of book, Marcel Breuer Buildings and Projects, 1921-1961, by Cranston Jones. Architectural projects: Torrington Manufacturing Company, Machine Division, Torrington, Connecticut; Scarves by Vera, Showroom, Los Angeles, California; Kacmarcik House, St. Paul, Minnesota. Exhibition: "Fourth Biennale of Present-Day Christian Art," Salzburg Dome, Salzburg, Austria.

1963 -- Herbert Beckhard, Murray Emslie, and Hamilton Smith become partners in Marcel Breuer and Associates. Architectural projects: Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Headquarters Building, Washington, D.C.; Hoboken Terminal Building, Hoboken, New Jersey; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York; Grand Central Air Rights Building, 175 Park Avenue, New York, New York; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Nivelles, Belgium; Koerfer House, Moscia, Tessin, Switzerland; Van der Wal House, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Exhibitions: "Recent American Synagogue Architecture," The Jewish Museum, New York, New York; "Churches and Temples: Postwar Architecture," American Institute of Architects, Pepsi Cola Gallery, New York, New York; "On Campus: Recent Buildings," American Federation of Arts (traveling exhibition).

1964 -- Breuer establishes an office near the Parc des Expositions, Paris, France. Robert F. Gatje becomes a partner in Marcel Breuer and Associates. Murray Emslie leaves, and Tician Papachristou joins Marcel Breuer and Associates. Architectural projects: Boston Redevelopment Parcel 8 Competition, Boston, Massachusetts; ZUP (Zone à Urbaniser par Priorité/"Zone Designated for Priority Urbanization") Community, Bayonne, France; New York University, University Heights Campus, Technology Building II, Bronx, New York; St. John's Abbey and University, Science Hall, and Auditorium, Collegeville, Minnesota; Yale University, Becton Center for Engineering and Applied Science, New Haven, Connecticut; St. Luke's Church, Fairport, New York; Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, Washington, D.C.; Scarves by Vera, Showroom and Offices, 417 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York; De Gunzburg Houses, Megève, Haute-Savoie, France; Rufus Stillman House II, Litchfield, Connecticut. Exhibition: "Art in the United States" Part III, ("Architecture in the U.S.A."), Brearley School, New York, New York.

1965 -- Breuer's Paris office (Marcel Breuer Architecte) moves to 48 rue Chapon in the third arrondissement. Breuer's New York office moves to 635 Madison Avenue and 59th Street. Breuer suffers the first of a series of heart attacks while in New York in August. Architectural projects: Interama (Community for Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay), Miami, Fla.; Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) Headquarters, Washington, D.C.; State School for the Mentally Retarded, Nassau County, New York; Cardinal Stritch College (Tri-Arts Center), Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Mary College, Bismarck, North Dakota; University of Massachusetts, Murray Lincoln Campus Center and Parking Structure, Amherst, Massachusetts; Laboratoires Sarget, Corporate Headquarters and Pharmaceutical Plant, Bordeaux, France; Purdue Frederick Company, Corporate Headquarters, Bordeaux, France; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Swindon, England; Torrington Manufacturing Company, Administration Building, Torrington, Connecticut. Exhibition: "Architecture of Industry," Architectural League of New York, (traveling exhibition).

1966 -- Breuer and Robert F. Gatje move back to the New York office. Eric Cercler and Mario Jossa are left in charge of the Paris office. Architectural projects: Sports Park, Corona-Flushing Meadow Park, Queens, New York; Charlotte Hungersford Hospital, Torrington, Connecticut; Stables Competition, Central Park, New York, New York; St. John's Abbey and University, Student Residence Hall II and Student Center and Swimming Pavilion, Collegeville, Minnesota. Furniture design: Tapestries. Exhibitions: Svoboda & Company Furniture Exhibition," Selection 66," Vienna, Austria; School of Architecture Exhibition, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma; "Rugs," Stephen Radich Gallery, New York, New York; "Bauhaus: A Teaching Idea," Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1967 -- Architectural projects: Campus High School, Secondary Education Complex, Madison Park Urban Renewal Area, Boston, Massachusetts; Kent School, Girls' Chapel, Kent, Connecticut; St. John's Abbey and University, Ecumenical and Cultural Research Center, Collegeville, Minnesota; Cleveland Museum of Art, Education Wing, Cleveland, Ohio; Baldegg Convent, Mother House Institute, near Lucerne, Switzerland; Cleveland Trust Company, Bank and Office Building, Cleveland, Ohio; Grand Coulee Dam, Columbia Basin Project Third Power Plant and Forebay Dam, Douglas County, Washington; Geller House II, Lawrence, Long Island, New York; Kreizel House Addition, [location unknown]; Soriano House, Greenwich, Connecticut.

1968 -- Breuer is awarded the Gold Medal of the American Institute of Architects. Breuer is awarded the Jefferson Foundation Medal in Architecture from the University of Virginia. Architectural projects: Olgiata Parish Church, Rome, Italy; Harrison-State Development Corporation, Office Building, Bristol Center, Syracuse, New York; Armstrong Rubber Company, New Haven, Connecticut; International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), Expansion of Headquarters Facility, Armonk, New York; International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), Offices, Laboratories, and Manufacturing Facility, Boca Raton, Florida; Scarves by Vera, Showroom, 1411 Broadway, New York, New York; Rosenberg House, [location unknown].

1969 -- Mario Jossa is made sole director of the Paris office. Architectural projects: West Queens High School, Long Island City, Queens, New York; Harvard University, Bio-Chemistry Building, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Boston Office Building, 60 State Street, Boston, Massachusetts. Exhibition: "Le Bauhaus: 1919-1969," Musée National d'Art Moderne et Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France.

1970 -- Breuer receives an honorary doctorate from Harvard University. Publication of book, Marcel Breuer New Buildings and Projects, by Tician Papachristou. Architectural projects: Australian Embassy, Paris, France; Bryn Mawr School for Girls, Baltimore, Maryland; State University of New York at Buffalo, Engineering and Applied Science Complex, Buffalo, New York; University of Virginia, Physics Building, Charlottesville, Virginia. Exhibition: ["Marcel Breuer"?], Szépmuvészeti Múzeum (Museum of Fine Arts), Budapest, Hungary.

1971 -- Architectural projects: Acquitaine Coast Resort, Port Contis, France; Atlanta Central Library, Atlanta, Georgia; Pine Ridge High School, Pine Ridge, South Dakota; Marlborough-Gerson Gallery, New York, New York; European Investment Bank, Kirchberg Plateau, Luxembourg; Torin Corporation, Tech Center, Building 1, Torrington, Connecticut.

1972 -- Breuer suffers another heart attack in Kabul, Afghanistan. Breuer sells his house in New Canaan and moves to 63rd Street, New York. Architectural projects: Clarksburg Public Library, Clarksburg, West Virginia; Southern New England Telephone Company (SNET), Traffic Service Position; Systems Building, Torrington, Connecticut; American Press Institute, Conference Center, Reston, Virginia; Afghanistan Hotels, Kabul and Bamyan, Afghanistan; Picker House, Lake Carmel, New York; Saier House, Glanville-Calvados, France. Exhibitions: "Breuer en France," Knoll International, Paris, France; "Marcel Breuer at the Metropolitan Museum of Art" (traveling exhibition), Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York.

1973 -- Architectural projects: Heckscher Museum, Expansion Project, Huntington, New York; Defendon Pharma, Limburg an der Lahn, Germany; Torin Corporation, Sculpture, Torrington, Connecticut; Torin Corporation, Assembly Plant, Lawton, Oklahoma; Gagarin House II, Litchfield, Connecticut; Rufus Stillman House III, Litchfield, Connecticut. Exhibition: "Marcel Breuer at the Metropolitan Museum of Art" (traveling exhibition), Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois.

1974 -- Architectural projects: Strom Thurmond Courthouse and Federal Office Building, Columbia, South Carolina; Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority, Red Line Subway Expansion, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Exhibitions: "The Flowering of American Folk Art," Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York, Installation designed by Breuer and Hamilton Smith; "Marcel Breuer at the Metropolitan Museum of Art" (traveling exhibition), Centre de Création Industrielle, Pavillon de Marsan, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, France.

1975 -- Architectural projects: Lawton Community, Lawton, Oklahoma; Mundipharma, Limburg, Germany; Andrew Geller Shoes, Inc., Showroom, New York, New York; Mt. Tochal Hotel, Tehran, Iran. Exhibition: "Marcel Breuer at the Metropolitan Museum of Art" (traveling exhibition), Bauhaus-Archiv, Berlin-Charlottenburg, Germany.

1976 -- Breuer retires from practice. Marcel Breuer and Associates becomes Marcel Breuer Associates and later MBA/Architects and Planners. Architectural projects: Sadat City Ministries Complex, Cairo, Egypt; National Museum of American Amusement, [location unknown]; Torin Corporation, Penrith, Australia; Mideast Market (fish, meat, and vegetable market), Kuwait; Cairo Airport Hotel, Cairo, Egypt; Bratti House, New Canaan, Connecticut.

1977 -- Mario Jossa becomes a partner in MBA/Architects and Planners. Architectural projects: BAFO Warehouse, Springfield, Virginia; ITT Palm Coast Condominiums, Flagler Beach, Florida. Exhibition: "Art and Contemporary Architecture," David Findlay Galleries, New York, New York.

1978 -- Breuer receives the Grand Médaille d'Or from the Academy of Architecture, France. Architectural projects: Litchfield County Courthouse, Litchfield, Connecticut; Grand Coulee Dam, Columbia River Basin Project, Visitors Arrival Center, Douglas County, Washington.

1979 -- Architectural project: Boyarsky House, Lawrence, New York.

1980 -- Breuer receives an honorary doctorate from the Parsons School of Design. MBA/Architects and Planners moves to 26th Street, New York. MBA/Architects and Planners sells the Paris practice to Mario Jossa. Architectural projects: Pall Corporation, Headquarters and Parking Structure, Glen Cove, New York; Philip Morris, Inc., Manufacturing Facility, Cabarrus County, North Carolina; Pittsburgh Convention Center Hotel, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

1981 -- Marcel Breuer dies on July 1 in New York City. Architectural projects: N F & M Corporation, Jericho, New York; Garces House, Cali, Colombia.

1982 -- Herbert Beckhard leaves the partnership in November. Architectural projects: Xerox Corporation, [location unknown]; General Electric Company, Waldorf Towers Apartment, New York, New York; General Electric Company, Chairman's Office Competition, New York, New York; General Electric Company, Corporate Guest Facility and Helipad, Lewisboro, New York.

1983 -- Partnership now called Gatje Papachristou Smith, and is located in offices on lower Fifth Avenue, New York. Architectural project: 44th Street Precinct House, Bronx, New York.

1986 -- Partnership of Gatje Papachristou Smith dissolved.
Related Archival Materials note:
Additional blueprints and drawings by Breuer are located at Syracuse University.

A presentation book for the IBM Research Center in La Gaude, France, is located in the Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art in five installments, 1985-1999, by Constance Breuer, widow of Marcel Breuer.
Restrictions:
The microfilm for this collection has been digitized and is available online via the Archives of American Art website.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Architecture, German  Search this
Architecture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Architectural drawing -- 20th century -- Germany  Search this
Architectural drawing -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Architects -- United States  Search this
Architectural design  Search this
Architects -- Germany  Search this
Design -- Germany -- Munich  Search this
Bauhaus  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.breumarc
See more items in:
Marcel Breuer papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-breumarc
Online Media:

Dorr Bothwell papers

Creator:
Bothwell, Dorr  Search this
Names:
Pollock-Krasner Foundation  Search this
Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984  Search this
Adams, Virginia Best  Search this
Adnan, Etel  Search this
Chinn, Benjamen, 1921-2009  Search this
Falkenstein, Claire, 1908-1997  Search this
Howard, Charles, 1899-1978  Search this
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Packard, Emmy Lou, 1914-1998  Search this
Extent:
10.6 Linear feet
1.72 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Visitors' books
Interviews
Travel diaries
Scrapbooks
Collages
Sketches
Contracts
Awards
Diaries
Lecture notes
Date:
1900-2006
Summary:
The papers of California painter, printmaker, and art instructor Dorr Bothwell date from 1900-2006, and measure 10.6 linear feet and 1.72 GB. Found within the papers are biographical material, correspondence, personal business records, notes and writings, five diaries, art work and 19 sketchbooks, three scrapbooks, printed material, and print and digital photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of California painter, printmaker, and art instructor Dorr Bothwell date from 1900-2006, and measure 10.6 linear feet and 1.72 GB. Found within the papers are biographical material, correspondence, personal business records, notes and writings, five diaries, art work and 19 sketchbooks, three scrapbooks, printed material, and print and digital photographs.

Biographical material consists of biographical sketches, resumés, identity cards, award certificates, typescripts of autobiographical interviews, address books, and a file concerning UFOs, spirituality, and philosophy.

Correspondence consists of letters exchanged between Bothwell and her colleagues and friends discussing their art-related activities, travel, and birthday greetings. There are scattered letters from Ansel and Virginia Adams, Etel Adnan, Benjamin Chinn, Claire Falkenstein, and Emmy Lou Packard.

Personal business records include teaching contracts, contracts and royalty statements for the publication of Bothwell's book Notan, insurance records, income tax records, records concerning a grant from the Pollock-Krasner Foundation, estate records, card files, lists of art work, price lists, exhibition entry cards, receipts for the sale of art work, travel receipts, medical receipts, and consignment/sales records.

Notes and writings include three diaries, two travel journals, guest books, miscellaneous lists, schedules of classes for various organizations and art schools including the Ansel Adams Yosemite Workshop, typescripts of lecture notes, and miscellaneous notes. There are also scattered writings by Bothwell and others.

Seventeen sketchbooks, including several completed during Bothwell's travels, and one dated 1942 illustrated with daily drawings of her activities while preparing for World War II, are found within the papers. There are also miscellaneous drawings, collages, a serigraph It's Time for a Change, an etching by Martha Jackson, and a drawing by Charles Howard.

Three scrapbooks contain clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, programs, and photographs of art work. Scrapbook 3 contains materials concerning spiritualism and mysticism. Additional printed material consists of clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, press releases, brochures for art classes, the sale of art work, travel, and camera equipment, reproductions of art work, picture postcards, programs, books, and miscellaneous commercial business cards.

Photographs are of Bothwell, her mother and brother, her studio/residences, miscellaneous friends and colleagues including her former husband, sculptor Donal Hord, miscellaneous events, and art classes conducted by Bothwell. There are also photographs of art work by Bothwell and others, as well as numerous photographs and slides of travel various forms in nature that Bothwell would incorporate into her art work.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1939-2001 (Box 1, 11, 13, 15; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1942-2002 (Box 1-3, 13; 2.3 linear feet)

Series 3: Personal Business Records, 1925-2006 (Box 3-4; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 4: Notes and Writings, 1949-1998 (Box 4, 11, 14, 15; 0.8 linear feet.)

Series 5: Art Work, 1920-1994 (Box 4-5, 11, 13, 16, 17; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, 1926-1979 (Box 5, 11, 12; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1923-2000 (Box 5-7, 12, 13; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs, 1900-2001 (Box 7-9, 10; 2.4 linear feet, ER01-ER04; 1.72 GB)
Biographical Note:
Dorr Bothwell (1902-2000) worked primarily in California as a painter, printmaker, and art instructor.

Doris Bothwell was born on May 3, 1902 in San Francisco, and later changed her first name to Dorr in order to more easily enter the art business. Bothwell began her art studies in 1916 with her parents' friend Anna Valentien, a student of Rodin. Between 1921 and 1922, she studied at the California School of Fine Art, and continued her studies at the University of Oregon at Eugene. After attending the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in 1924, she established her own studio in San Francisco from 1924 to 1927. Also during this time Bothwell, with eight other artists opened the Modern Gallery on Montgomery Street, mounting her first solo exhibition there in 1927.

Between 1928 and 1929, Bothwell traveled to American Samoa, where she created paintings and drawings, and documented tapa (barkcloth) drawings for the Bishop Museum of Honolulu. She then spent a year of study in Europe, returning to San Diego, California in 1931 and marrying sculptor Donal Hord. Four years later, they divorced and she moved to Los Angeles where she worked for the pottery manufacturer Gladding McBean, joined the post-surrealist group around Lorser Feitelson and Helen Lundeberg and opened the Bothwell-Cooke Gallery.

Between 1936 and 1939, Bothwell worked in the mural division of the Federal Arts Project of Los Angeles, and learned the art of serigraph printing. She designed dioramas and mechanized exhibitions for the Los Angeles County Museum. In 1940 she also created murals in the Manning Coffee Restaurant in San Francisco.

After teaching color and design at the California School of Fine Art in San Francisco from 1944 to 1948, Bothwell was awarded the Abraham Rosenberg Traveling Scholarship that financed study in Paris from 1949 to the fall of 1951. In 1952 she taught textile design for mass production at the Parsons School of Design in New York City.

Returning to San Francisco, Bothwell taught again at the California School of Fine Art from 1953 to 1958, and at the San Francisco Art Institute from 1959 to 1960. From 1960 to 1961 she took a sabbatical in England and France, creating paintings for an exhibition. In 1962 she was asked to teach at the new Mendocino Art Center and she taught there until 1983. She was also asked by Ansel Adams to teach design and composition for photographers at his Yosemite Workshop summer sessions, which she did from 1964 to 1977.

From 1966 to 1967, Bothwell documented indigo dying techniques, strip weaving, and pottery in Western Nigeria and Tunisia. In 1968, she published her book, co-authored with Marlys Frey, NOTAN The Principle of Dark-Light Design. The book was reissued in 1991. Bothwell continued her travels from 1970 to 1971, when she studied 12th century enamels in England, France, and Holland, and conducted a symposium, "Notan Design," for the London Educational Authority. In 1974, she traveled to Bali, Java, and Sumatra, making a slide documentary on batik, woodcarving, and folk design.

In 1977 Bothwell moved to Joshua Tree, California, from Mendocino in Northern California, but moved back and forth between the two studio/residences until 1992 when she moved to her last residence on the desert at Apache Junction, Arizona. From 1979 to 1980, she taught composition at the Victor School of Photography in Colorado and a design course at the Women's Art Guild in Kauai, Hawaii. Following a tour of China with a watercolor artists' group in 1982, Bothwell conducted workshops at the Mendocino Art Center. In 1985, she traveled to Japan.

Dorr Bothwell died on September 24, 2000 in Fort Bragg, California.
Provenance:
The Dorr Bothwell papers were donated in 1978 by the artist, and in 2002, 2009, and 2012 by the Dorr Bothwell Trust.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- California  Search this
Painters -- California  Search this
Topic:
Women artists -- California  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Surrealism  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Visitors' books
Interviews
Travel diaries
Scrapbooks
Collages
Sketches
Contracts
Awards
Diaries
Lecture notes
Citation:
Dorr Bothwell papers, 1900-2006. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bothdorr
See more items in:
Dorr Bothwell papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bothdorr

Southern Agriculture Oral History Project Records

Director:
Daniel, Pete  Search this
Interviewee:
Accardo, Paul  Search this
Aguirre, Gloria Olmos  Search this
Allen, David  Search this
Anderson, Adra  Search this
Anderson, Walter  Search this
Andrews, John William  Search this
Ardoin, Leslie  Search this
Bailey, Charles  Search this
Bailey, Howard Taft  Search this
Baird, George E., Jr.  Search this
Baronet, Joe  Search this
Bell, Walter M.  Search this
Bennett, Novella  Search this
Bennett, W.J.  Search this
Benson, Dick  Search this
Benton, Aubrey  Search this
Benton, Ina Belle  Search this
Blackstock, Tom  Search this
Blackstock, Velva  Search this
Blanchard, J.F.  Search this
Booth, Mrs. N.J.  Search this
Booth, N.J.  Search this
Bosselman, Willie  Search this
Bossleman, Norman  Search this
Bowman, Wilbert A.  Search this
Bradford, Nara N.  Search this
Bradford, Norwood)  Search this
Brantley, L.D.  Search this
Breaux, Jessie Al., Sr.  Search this
Brinkley, Johnnie  Search this
Brinkley, Lucile  Search this
Broussard, Sam  Search this
Brown, Gordon  Search this
Brown, Mamie  Search this
Bunting, Benny  Search this
Bunting, Joe  Search this
Burkett, Ben  Search this
Burkett, Bennie F.  Search this
Bush, Miller  Search this
Byers, Ruby  Search this
Byers, Sanford  Search this
Caesar, Clarence  Search this
Carline, Herman C.  Search this
Carnahan, Cotton  Search this
Carter, Ethel H.  Search this
Castleberry, Guy W.  Search this
Caughron, Kermit  Search this
Caughron, Rex  Search this
Caughron, Roy  Search this
Cazer, Garland  Search this
Ceras, Delfino  Search this
Claffery, Clegg, Sr.  Search this
Clapp, Clyde  Search this
Clark, Fletcher Talmadge  Search this
Clayton, WIlliam P.  Search this
Cockerham, Lester  Search this
Cockerham, Marie  Search this
Cole, Buster  Search this
Coleman, Harold  Search this
Coleman, Mrs. Harold  Search this
Colvin, R.C.  Search this
Comeaux, Lewis  Search this
Connell, Alton  Search this
Cromertie, John L.  Search this
Crosby, Ruth  Search this
Crosby, Victor  Search this
Cummins, Mary Lee  Search this
Cummins, W.R.  Search this
Cunningham, Tom  Search this
Daniel, Florentine  Search this
Davies, W. J. K.  Search this
Davis, Fredda  Search this
Davis, Otto  Search this
Davis, Pauline  Search this
Delasbour, Anna  Search this
Derbigney, Durrell  Search this
Dillard, John T.  Search this
Dorminy, Henry Clayton  Search this
Dove, Dorothy  Search this
Ducrest, Jesse  Search this
Dulaney, T.W.  Search this
Elam, Edward  Search this
Feilke, Mabel  Search this
Felknor, Jessie F.  Search this
Finchum, Amos  Search this
Finchum, Eva  Search this
Fleming, Arthur B.  Search this
Fletcher, Mrs. Merle Ford  Search this
Flores, Roque Olmos  Search this
Foster, Jim  Search this
Foster, Vergie  Search this
Friesen, Viola Liechty  Search this
Gardner, C.E.  Search this
Garrich, Carl  Search this
Gay, Andrew  Search this
George, Leler  Search this
Gosney, Jessie  Search this
Gosney, Kenneth  Search this
Gray, Leonard  Search this
Gray, Wardell  Search this
Green, Alone  Search this
Green, Clarence  Search this
Griffin, A.C.  Search this
Griffin, Grace  Search this
Hahn, E.L.  Search this
Hall, Joe  Search this
Haransky, Charlotte  Search this
Harper, Woodrow, Sr.  Search this
Harrington, A.M.  Search this
Harris, Edna  Search this
Harris, John, Rev.  Search this
Harris, Robert B.  Search this
Hawkins, Charlie  Search this
Hemphill, Elvin  Search this
Hemphill, Mattie  Search this
Hill, Frank  Search this
Jefcoat, Laz  Search this
Jensen, Olga B.  Search this
Johnson, Herbert  Search this
Kilby, T.H.  Search this
Knight, Martin  Search this
Koen, Eulah  Search this
Lamson, Alfred Ellis  Search this
Landry, Steve  Search this
Lane, Clyde D.  Search this
Laney, John B.  Search this
Langley, Nellie  Search this
Latoilas, Donald  Search this
Lawrimore, Rufus B.  Search this
Leary, Mrs. Stillman  Search this
Leary, Stillman  Search this
Legnon, Hilton  Search this
Legnon, Lena Porrier  Search this
Lenius, Jane  Search this
Lewis, Bobby  Search this
Lewis, Dorothy  Search this
Lewis, Ralph  Search this
Littlejohn, Andrew  Search this
Loewer, Arthur  Search this
Long, Welchel  Search this
Lowder, Clayton  Search this
Lowder, Kathy R.  Search this
Mangum, O.L.  Search this
Martin, Lillian  Search this
McBrayer, Loomis  Search this
McCarty, Ben  Search this
McGee, Dean  Search this
Mercer, Midi  Search this
Minchew, Edna  Search this
Mire, John  Search this
Mohamed, Ethel Wright  Search this
Moody, Edgar  Search this
Morris, Edward  Search this
Murphree, Leo  Search this
Murray, Lurline S.  Search this
Nacquin, Leo  Search this
Nix, Agnes  Search this
Nix, Joe  Search this
Parker, Jonah  Search this
Patout, William A.  Search this
Patterson, Vanona  Search this
Pender, Bessie  Search this
Petticrew, Donald  Search this
Player, C.B., Jr.  Search this
Porter, Virginia  Search this
Proffitt, Harry, Jr.  Search this
Purvis, Clyde  Search this
Redmond, Virgie  Search this
Reed, Bunice  Search this
Reed, Howard  Search this
Rice, Frank  Search this
Richardson, Rosetta  Search this
Rivers, Marion  Search this
Roberts, Gerti  Search this
Roberts, James  Search this
Rodriguez, Ignacio  Search this
Rountree, G. Emory  Search this
Rucker, William  Search this
Salas, Maria  Search this
Sarten, Della  Search this
Scoggins, Lillie  Search this
Scroggins, Alma M.  Search this
Seidenschwarz, Rosie  Search this
Seidenstricker, L.F.  Search this
Seidenstricker, Laverne  Search this
Serrano, Adolofo  Search this
Serrano, Edith  Search this
Serrano, Lidia  Search this
Shannon, Jack  Search this
Shepherd, Grady  Search this
Sims, Lavana  Search this
Sizemore, Martiel  Search this
Skinner, Annie  Search this
Skinner, Jarvis  Search this
Smith, Ethel  Search this
Smith, George  Search this
Soileau, Rouseb  Search this
Spicer, J.M.  Search this
Spivey, Wayland  Search this
Starke, Granville  Search this
Steen, Albert  Search this
Stowers, J.W.  Search this
Strange, Fred  Search this
Strohl, Carl  Search this
Strohl, Mary  Search this
Sumner, Ruby C.  Search this
Temple, Effie  Search this
Thomas, Lottie  Search this
Thompson, Mioma  Search this
Thresto, Chuck  Search this
Tomlinson, Clifton  Search this
Turner, Mrs. O.C.  Search this
Van Houten, Rosetta  Search this
Van Houten, Rudy  Search this
Vickers, Lloyd  Search this
Vidrine, Levie A.  Search this
Walton, W.W.  Search this
Watson, Mary  Search this
Welborn, S.L.  Search this
Wells, Arnalee  Search this
Wells, Homer, Dr.  Search this
White, Wallace  Search this
Wigley, Mabry  Search this
Willey, Gretchen  Search this
Willey, John F.  Search this
Winskie, Dent  Search this
Woodard, Henry  Search this
Yohe, Alma M.  Search this
Yohe, Perry  Search this
Young, Walter  Search this
Interviewer:
Jones, Lu Ann  Search this
Extent:
25 Cubic feet (79 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Project files
Questionnaires
Photographs
Place:
Arkansas -- Agriculture
Mississippi -- Agriculture
Georgia -- Agriculture
South Carolina -- Agriculture
Tennessee -- Agriculture
Virginia -- Agriculture
North Carolina -- Agriculture
Louisiana -- Agriculture
Date:
1986-1991
Scope and Contents note:
The collection is divided into four series. Series 1: Oral History Transcripts, 1982-1991 are transcribed versions of the oral interviews. Correspondence and/or notes pertaining to the interviewed individual collected or written by the interviewer are filed in this series following the transcription. The majority of the oral histories were done by Lu Ann Jones between1985-1991. There are a few interviews done by Pete Daniel in the early 1980s and some reference copies of oral histories done elsewhere. This series is divided into eight sub-series: Sub-series 1.1: Arkansas, Sub-series 1.2: Georgia, Sub-series 1.3: Louisiana, Sub-series 1.4: Mississippi, Sub-series 1.5: North Carolina (including transcripts of the Mexican Workers Project in English and Spanish), Sub-series 1.6: South Carolina, Sub-series 1.7: Tennessee, and Sub-series 1.8: Virginia. Files are arranged alphabetically by state and there under by name; within the file materials are arranged chronologically. Interview files may contain transcribed copies of the oral history interviews and subsequent draft copies with corrections by the interviewer or subject. The file also may contain distillations or edited versions of the interview done by the researcher for possible publication. Correspondence and notes files may include Life History Forms, correspondence, newspaper articles, interviewer's notes, business cards, and paper copies of photographs. Signed releases are on file in the registrar's office, NMAH, with copies in the control file of the Archives Center.

Series 2: Project Files and Reference Materials, 1928-2004 contain notes and correspondence kept by Jones in support of the oral history project. This series is divided into four sub-series: Sub-series 2.1: State Files, Sub-series 2.2: Project and Reference Files, 1985-1991, Sub-series 2.3: Reference Publications, Pamphlets and Articles, 1928-2004 and Sub-series 2d: Computer Floppy Disks, 1985 and undated. This series include bills, receipts, photo orders, travel brochures, reference materials, articles, correspondence, fundraising proposals and materials, USDA Extension Service bulletins, product cookbooks, and ephemera. These materials are valuable in documenting the methodology of the oral history project. They are also valuable in detailing the funding and maintenance of the project over its five-year lifespan. There is also a great deal of information on black farmers. This series is arranged alphabetically by state and county or by article/publication title and within the file chronologically.

Series 3: Photographic Prints and Slides, 1987-1991 documenting the individuals interviewed, their homes and businesses, and geographic locations that were studied as part of the oral history project. The series is arranged numerically then chronologically by year. This series is followed by detailed photographic descriptions arranged alphabetically by state then subject. Photograph files contain photographs taken by a Smithsonian photographer or Jones and any copies of photographs supplied by the subject. Most of the photographs are black and white.

Series 4: Original Interview Tapes and Reference Compact Discs (CD), 1986-1991 are the original tapes of the individual interviews conducted by Jones. This series is divided into eight sub-series. Reference numbers for CDs matching the original tapes are noted after the tapes. CDs 495-497 are for the Smithsonian Photographer's Show: Sub-series 4.1: Arkansas, Sub-series 4.2: Georgia, Sub-series 4.3: Louisiana, Sub-series 4.4: Mississippi, Sub-series 4.5: North Carolina (within this sub-series are the transcripts of the Mexican Workers Project there may be an English language transcription as well as one in Spanish), Sub-series 4.6: South Carolina, Sub-series 4.7: Tennessee and Sub-series 4.8: Virginia and Sub-series 4.9: Miscellaneous and Duplicates, within the sub-series tapes are arranged alphabetically by subject.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into four series:

Series 1, Oral History Transcript

Series 2, Project Files

Series 3, Photographic Prints and Slides

Series 4, Original Oral History Interview Tapes and Reference Compact Discs (CDs) are the original interview tapes and the accompanying reference copy cds.
History:
The history of the American South is intricately entwined with the history of agriculture in North America. Until very recently, post 1950, the South was predominately rural and agricultural in both its production and culture. By the 1980s American agriculture, and particularly agriculture in the south, was under attack on various fronts especially cultural, financial, and technological. This assault threatened the very existence of the small and family farm. Many small farming operations went bankrupt and the face of American agriculture was becoming more corporate. It was amidst these troubling times that the Agricultural Division of the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History undertook a massive project to document southern agriculture through oral history.

Through the efforts of NMAH staff, Pete Daniel, curator and project director, LuAnn Jones, researcher, and with countless support from staff photographers and personnel, Jones conducted approximately 159 interviews of individual persons, couples and sometimes small groups, in eight southern states over a five year period, 1986-1991. The project was funded by a series of grants from various sources. Not only were oral histories taken but also substantial documentary photographs and slides of the many interviewees. The interviews ranged from individual farmers to individuals at companies and corporations involved with agriculture. The range of crops discussed included tobacco, cotton and rice. The project interviewed a wide range of subjects: male, female, black, white, and Mexican. The project has contributed to at least two books, Mama Learned Us to Work: Farm Women in the New South by LuAnn Jones and Like a Family: The Making of a Southern Cotton Mill World by Jacquelyn Dowd Hall and others of which Jones was a contributing author.
Related Collections:
#60 Warshaw Collection

#149 Kulp Collection of Account Books, 1755-1904

#475 Robinson and Via Family Papers

#481 William C. Kost Farm Records

#767 Timothy B. Bladen, Southern Maryland Photoprints
Provenance:
A transfer from the Division of History of Technology (Agriculture), NMAH, July 2001
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Farm life -- 20th century  Search this
Farmers -- Arkansas  Search this
Agricultural laborers  Search this
Agriculture -- History  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Farmers -- Georgia  Search this
Farmers -- Louisiana  Search this
Farmers -- Mexico  Search this
Farmers -- Mississippi  Search this
Farmers -- North Carolina  Search this
Farmers -- South Carolina  Search this
Farmers -- Tennessee  Search this
Farmers -- Virginia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Project files
Questionnaires
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1950-2000
Citation:
Southern Agriculture Oral History Project Records, 1985-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0773
See more items in:
Southern Agriculture Oral History Project Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0773
Online Media:

Audio Log Sheets

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1980 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1980 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1980 Festival of American Folklife / Series 4: Community Activities and Food Preservation / 4.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1980-ref987
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Clippings

Collection Creator:
Milling, Thomas DeWitt, 1887-1960  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1911-1939
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Thomas DeWitt Milling Collection, NASM.XXXX.0133, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Thomas DeWitt Milling Collection
Thomas DeWitt Milling Collection / Series 1: Personal
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0133-ref21
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Newspaper articles

Collection Creator:
Knabenshue, A. Roy (Augustus Roy), 1876-1960  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1939 - 1965
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
A. Roy Knabenshue Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0136, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
A. Roy Knabenshue Collection
A. Roy Knabenshue Collection / Series 1: Personal / 1.2: Articles and Manuscripts
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0136-ref41
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Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Knabenshue, A. Roy (Augustus Roy), 1876-1960  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1941-08 - 1941-12
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
A. Roy Knabenshue Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0136, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
A. Roy Knabenshue Collection
A. Roy Knabenshue Collection / Series 2: Career / 2.2: National Park Service
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0136-ref58
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Fausto Bocanegra Oral History Interviews

Creator::
Bocanegra, Fausto, 1926- , interviewee  Search this
Extent:
0.5 cu. ft. (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Transcripts
Place:
Panama
Buenavista (Boyacá, Colombia)
Date:
1988
Introduction:
The Oral History Project is part of the Smithsonian Institution Archives. The purpose of the project is to conduct and collect interviews with current and retired members of the Smithsonian staff who have made significant contributions, administrative and scholarly, to the Institution. The project's goal is to supplement the published record and manuscript collections in the Archives, focusing on the history of the Institution and contributions to the increase and diffusion of knowledge made by its scholars.

The Bocanegra interviews were added to the Oral History Collection because of their rich documentation of Barro Colorado Island and the people who lived and worked there. Additional information about the Canal Zone Biological Area can be found in the Records relating to the Canal Zone Biological Area, Office of the Secretary, 1912-1965, and the Canal Zone Biological Area, Records, 1918-1964, which are also housed in Smithsonian Archives. The Oral History Collection also contains several other sets of interviews on the history of the research station.
Descriptive Entry:
The Fausto Bocanegra Interviews were conducted in August of 1988 by Giselle Mora. The original transcript is in Spanish. An English translation was also prepared by Maureen Fern with comments by George Angehr, Jorge Ventocilla, and Georgina De Alba. The interviews discuss Bocanegra's youth, over thirty years work on BCI, and reminiscences of fellow workers and scientists such as Martin Humphrey Moynihan, Oscar Dean Kidd, Carl B. Koford, James Zetek, Adela Gomez, and Francisco Vitola, c. 1952-1988. There are 75 pages of Spanish transcript and 89 pages of English translation.

The interviewer, Giselle Mora provided the following introduction to the interviews: History is made by men and historical events have diverse protagonists. Historic events and circumstances are lived out in different ways by the different groups mentioned, and it's common that the history that is printed and recorded represents only one part of the historical process under consideration. It is also common that the voices of the most humble and their vision of history are those that are ignored or actively silenced. This manuscript attempts to contribute in part to the recognition of the role the workers of "el monte" or "the bush"--to use the words of Bocanegra--have had in the establishment, growth and consolidation of the biological station on Barro Colorado Island, Panama, which today is one of the most important centers of investigation in natural sciences in the tropics.

These transcripts record the words of Fausto Bocanegra one week before his retirement and present, in general, his version of life on the island and changes that occurred on it between 1952 and 1988. All of the interviews were carried out on the balcony of a bedroom at the station, where Bocanegra and I shared many cups of coffee. Fausto Bocanegra--"Boca" like we all call him--dedicated thirty-eight years of work to Barro Colorado Island and carried out every task imaginable: game-keeper, guide, research assistant, electrician, sailor, carpenter, and retired as a trash collector. For those of us who lived on the island, Boca was an institution unto himself. But Boca was, first and foremost, a trustworthy man, a diligent worker, and a generous friend.

The final manuscript is the result of six hours of taped interviews and the reader should always take into account that what he is reading is a transcription of the spoken word. I decided to leave intact colloquial language, incorporating sounds and casual expressions; nevertheless, the text has been edited to eliminate contractions and phonetic errors that make reading difficult. The interviews were very slightly structured, and I am conscious of the fact that they do not clearly record the richness of Boca's knowledge; nevertheless, the reader will find in these pages accounts of island life at the end of the fifties, information about life in the Canal Zone during that era, and perhaps most importantly will be able to know a little about Bocanegra and how he evaluated his thirty-eight years of service on Barro Colorado Island.

The realization of these interviews has been a privilege and a pleasure for me. I want to thank Mr. Fausto Bocanegra for having shared with me these and many other pleasant conversations. My thanks also to Dr. Joseph Wright who has supported and been a driving force behind this project since its beginning. Giselle Mora, Barro Colorado Island, October 24, 1988.
Historical Note:
Fausto Bocanegra (1926- ), mechanical assistant, carpenter, guide, patrol, general laborer, and animal caretaker, worked on Barro Colorado Island (BCI) from the early 1950s to 1988. Born on November 6, 1926 in Buenaventura, Colombia, Bocanegra arrived on BCI on October 7, 1952 at the age of twenty-six. He first came to the island as a temporary construction worker, building the new laboratory building. Due to his excellent work he was requested back by the foreman, Francisco "Chi Chi" Vitola.

Over the years, Bocanegra's versatility served him well. He became the principal caretaker for director Martin Humphrey Moynihan's large collection of monkeys and other animals. He also served as a very knowledgeable guide to the island, not only for visitors but for scientists who wished to study the flora and fauna of the area. As a member of an unarmed anti-poacher patrol, Bocanegra captured poachers in a number of instances. In addition, he operated the launches carrying messages and transporting materials and visitors between Frijoles Station and the Island, cleared trails for general use, and attended to general maintenance of the Island. Bocanegra retired in 1988 after thirty-seven years on Barro Colorado Island.

The Canal Zone Biological Area (CZBA) was established in 1923 on Barro Colorado Island (BCI) in the Panama Canal as a reserve for scientific study of the tropics. Originally designed as a consortium of universities and government agencies by Thomas Barbour, William Morton Wheeler, James Zetek, and others, CZBA was transferred to the Smithsonian Institution in 1946 and in 1966 was renamed the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI).
Rights:
Restricted. Contact SIHistory@si.edu to request permission.
Topic:
Tropical biology  Search this
Zoology  Search this
African Americans -- History  Search this
Hispanic Americans -- History  Search this
Monkeys  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes
Transcripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9561, Fausto Bocanegra Oral History Interviews
Identifier:
Record Unit 9561
See more items in:
Fausto Bocanegra Oral History Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9561

Why Automakers Flock to This Small Swedish Town Every Winter

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Fri, 12 Mar 2021 13:57:28 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_3a4eb75439fa394c19937eebe3f600f3

William J. Hammer Collection

Source:
Electricity and Modern Physics, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Hammer, William J. (William Joseph), 1858-1934 (electrical engineer)  Search this
Former owner:
Electricity and Modern Physics, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Names:
Batchelor, George  Search this
Bell, Alexander Graham, 1847-1922  Search this
Berliner, Emile, 1851-1929  Search this
Curie, Marie  Search this
Curie, Pierre  Search this
Edison, Thomas A. (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931  Search this
Jehl, Francis  Search this
Johnson, Edward H.  Search this
Sprague, Frank J.  Search this
Tesla, Nikola, 1857-1943  Search this
Upton, Francis R.  Search this
Extent:
36 Cubic feet (124 boxes, 3 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Date:
circa 1847-1989
Summary:
Original documents and papers generated by William J. Hammer and by various companies and individuals with whom he was associated. Includes material related to the research and inventions of Edison, Bell, Tesla, the Curies, etc.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes original documents and papers generated by Hammer and by various companies and individuals and various secondary sources assembled by Hammer between 1874 and 1934. Hammer's lifelong association with the foremost scientists of his day -- Edison, Bell, Maxim, the Curies, the Wright brothers, and others - afforded him a unique opportunity to collect materials about the development of science along many lines.

This collection, which includes rare historical, scientific, and research materials, was donated by the International Business Machine Corporation to the Museum of History and Technology in 1962 and held by the Division of Electricity. In 1983 it was transferred to the -Archives Center. The collection was badly disorganized when received and contained many fragile documents in poor condition. The collection was organized and arranged as reflected in this register.

The collection documents in photographs, manuscripts, notes, books, pamphlets, and excerpts, the beginnings of electrical technology. In its present state, it comprises four series: Series 1 contains twenty-two boxes of the William J. Hammer Papers, containing both biographical and autobiographical material; Series 2 has twenty boxes of material on Edison; Series 3 consists of thirty-three boxes of reference material; and Series 4 holds twenty-one boxes of photographs and portraits. See the container list beginning on page 39 for more detailed information on the contents of the collection.

Most of the material in the collection is chronologically arranged. However, in some cases alphabetical arrangement has been employed, for example, in the arrangement of portraits of eminent men of electrical science (Series 4, Boxes 78-80, 100-101), and the arrangement of publications (by authors' last names).

Hammer did original laboratory work upon selenium, radium, cathode rays, x-rays, ultra-violet rays, phosphorescence, fluorescence, cold light, and wireless. These aspects of his career are reflected in many parts of the collection: in Series 1 there are articles, notes, diagrams, sketches, graphs,, and correspondence; in Series 3 articles, magazines, news clippings, and bound pamphlets. Tie contributed many technical writings, some of which are found in Series 1.

Papers detailing Hammer's aeronautical activities were transferred to the National Air and Space Museum. They consist of two scrapbooks and one cubic foot of aeronautical photographs of balloons, airplanes, and gliders and one-half cubic foot of correspondence. For further information contact the National Air and Space Museum Archives at (202) 357-3133.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into four series.

Series 1: William J. Hammer Papers, 1851-1957

Series 2: Edisonia, 1847-1960

Series 3: Reference Materials, 1870-1989

Series 4: Photographs, 1880-1925
Biography of William J. Hammer:
William Joseph Hammer, assistant to Thomas Edison and a consulting electrical engineer, was born at Cressona, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, February 26, 1858, and died March 24, 1934. His parents were Martha Augusta Bech (1827-1861) and William Alexander Hammer (1827-1895). He attended private and public schools in Newark, New Jersey, and university and technical school lectures abroad.

On January 3, 1894, Hammer married Alice Maud White in Cleveland, Ohio. They had one daughter, Mabel (Mrs. Thomas Cleveland Asheton). Alice Hammer died in 1906.

In 1878 Hammer became an assistant to Edward Weston of the Weston Malleable Nickel Company. In December 1879 he began his duties as laboratory assistant to Thomas Edison at Menlo Park, New Jersey. He assisted in experiments on the telephone, phonograph, electric railway, ore separator, electric lighting, and other developing inventions. However, he worked primarily on the incandescent electric lamp and was put in charge of tests and records on that device. In 1880 he was appointed Chief Engineer of the Edison Lamp Works. In this first year, the plant under general manager Francis Upton, turned out 50,000 lamps. According to Edison, Hammer was "a pioneer of Incandescent Electric Lighting"! (Hammer's memoranda and notes, Series 2).

In 1881 Edison sent Hammer to London as Chief Engineer of the English Electric Light Co. In association with E. H. Johnson, general manager, Hammer constructed the Holborn Viaduct Central Electric Light Station in London. This plant included three, thirty-ton "Jumbo" steam-powered dynamos (generators), and operated 3,000 incandescent lamps. Holborn was the first central station ever constructed for incandescent electric lighting. Hammer began its operation on January 12, 1882, by lighting the Holborn Viaduct.

In 1882 Hammer also installed a large isolated lighting plant containing twelve Edison dynamos at the Crystal Palace Electric Exposition and the Edison Exhibit at the Paris Electrical Exposition.

At this time Hammer also designed and built the first electric sign. The sign spelled the name "Edison" in electric lights, and was operated by a hand controlled commutator and a large lever snap switch. It was erected over the organ in the Crystal Palace concert hall.

In 1883 Hammer became Chief Engineer for the German Edison Company (Deutsche Edison Gesellschaft), later known as Allegemeine Elektricitaets Gesellschaft. Hammer laid out and supervised the installations of all Edison plants in Germany. While in Berlin he invented the automatic motor-driven "flashing" electric lamp sign. The sign, which flashed "Edison" letter by letter and as a whole, was placed on the Edison Pavilion at the Berlin Health Exposition in 1883.

On his return to the United States in 1884, Hammer took charge of some of Edison's exhibits, including Edison's personal exhibit, at the International Electrical Exhibition held under the authority of the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia. There he built the first flashing "Column of Light." He also became confidential assistant to E. R. Johnson, president of the parent Edison Electric Light Company. Together with Johnson and Frank J. Sprague, he became an incorporator of the Sprague Electric Railway and Motor company. He also was elected a trustee and the company's first secretary.

Hammer installed an all-electric house at Newark, New Jersey in 1884 and he devised various electrical devices and contrivances for an unusual party for friends and colleagues. (See "Electrical Diablerie" beginning on page 6).

At the end of 1884 Hammer became chief inspector of central stations of the parent Edison Electric Light Company. For over two years he made financial, mechanical, and electrical reports on the various stations throughout the United States. During 1886-87 he was chief engineer and general manager of the Boston Edison Electric Illuminating Company. He also acted as contractor for the company. He laid $140,000 of underground tubing and installed Sprague Electric Motors.

In 1888, acting as an independent engineer, he was placed in charge of completing the 8,000 light plant of the Ponce de Leon Hotel in St.Augustine Florida. At the time this was the largest isolated incandescent lighting plant ever constructed. Also in 1888 Hammer was appointed consulting electrical engineer to the Cincinati Centennial Expostition, and as a contractor designed and installed over $40,000 worth of electrical effects.

Hammer was appointed Edison's personal representative remarked, "There are a lot of crowned heads in the Edison business. How many of them am I subservient to?" Mr. Edison answered "You take no instructions except from Thomas A. Edison." Hammer asked "What are your instructions?" Mr. Edison replied, 'Hammer, I haven't any. Go and make a success of it.' In Paris he set up and operated all of Edison's inventions, which embraced nineteen departments and covered 9,800 square feet of space. He also built a huge Edison lamp forty-five feet high employing 20,000 lamps. Edison remarked, 'He had entire charge of my exhibit at the Paris Exposition, which was very successful." This was the largest individual exhibit at the Exposition, costing $100,000. Mr. Edison replied, "I want you to go right out and have a card engraved William J. Hammer, Representative of Thomas A. Edison. You are the only representative I have here," and he complimented him on his work adding, "The French government will do something handsome for you for your work." Hammer replied that he would not raise his hand to get it and did not believe in giving such honors to people who seek them. Mr. Edison said, "You are wrong. You are a young man and such things are valuable. At any rate if there's anyone in this exhibition who deserves recognition, you do, and I'm going to see you get it' (Hammer's memoranda and notes, Series 2). Thirty-four years later, in 1925, through the personal influence of Edison, Hammer was made Chevalier of the Legion of Honor by the French government.

In 1890 Hammer returned to the United States and opened an office as a consulting electrical engineer. He was in private practice until 1925, making reports, conducting tests, and giving expert testimony in patent suits.

On January 31, 1890, Hammer formed the Franklin Experimental Club of Newark where boys could come and carry on experiments, build apparatus, and listen to lectures. Hammer equipped the laboratory at his own expense. One side was an electrical laboratory and the other a chemical laboratory. About forty-five boys joined. Each boy had a key to the club and a section of a bench with his own drawer for keeping notes, tools, and other equipment. In 1892 the structure was destroyed by fire from a saloon next door, ending Hammer's plans for a large and useful institution.

In 1896 Hammer was elected president of the National Conference of Standard Electrical Rules, which prepared and promulgated the "National Electric Code."

In 1902 in Paris, Hammer visited Pierre and Marie Curie, the discoverers of radium and polonium. They gave him nine tubes of radium and one of polonium to bring back to the United States. He also acquired some sulphide of zinc, with which he mixed radium carbonates, producing a beautifully luminous powder. This was the first radium-luminous material ever made. By mixing the powder with Damar varnish he produced the first radium-luminous paint. He was also the first person to make colored (and white) luminous materials. In 1907 he invented and patented a process for producing colored phosphorescent materials by combining phosphorescent and fluorescent substances.

Back in the United States in the fall of 1902 and into 1903, Hammer applied his radium-luminous materials to thirty different objects: luminous dials for clocks and watches, toys, artificial flowers, radium luminous gun sights, taps and pulls for lamp sockets, switches, keyholes, push buttons, telephone transmitters, poison bottle labels, a small plaster figure, push pins, and writing implements among others. He did not patent the invention due to the scarcity and high cost of radium, but later in an important suit involving foreign and American patents of radium-luminous materials, his testimony and that of other noted scientists and professionals of the day who had visited his home and laboratory proved that his work completely anticipated that of all inventors both in the United States and abroad. In 1902 he was one of the first persons to be burned with radium.

Hammer gave eighty-eight lectures on the Curies' work and on radium and radioactive substances. He wrote the first book published on radium, Radium and other Radioactive Substances, 1903. Hammer proposed and used radium for cancer and tumor treatment, successfully treating and curing a tumor on his own hand in July 1903. Tie also supplied several hospitals with radioactive water he had made and conducted extensive experiments with x-rays, cathode-rays, radium-rays, ultraviolet lights, phosphorescence, fluorescence, and cold-light. He was probably the first to suggest many wartime uses for radium-luminous materials, such as airplanes, instruments, markers, barbed-wire, and landing fields.

Hammer also did important work with selenium, a nonmetallic element that resembles sulphur and tellurium chemically. It is obtained chiefly as a by-product in copper refining, and occurs in allotropic forms. A grey stable form varies in electrical conductivity depending on the intensity of its illumination and is used in electronic devices. Hammer invented selenium cells and apparatus, and suggested industrial uses for selenium and other light-sensitive cells.

In 1886 Hammer devised a system for automatically controlling street and other lights by use of a selenium cell. In 1892 he designed a torpedo that could be steered by searchlight and selenium cell. In the early 1900s he suggested many other uses for "light" cells, including burglar alarms, dynamo control, buoy, railroad signaling, automatic gun firing, transmission of music, stethoscope recorder, automatic operating shutters, automatic boiler feed, snow recorder, and electric motor control.

At the St. Louis Exposition of 1904 Hammer was Chairman of the Jury for Telegraphy, Telephony, and Wireless. He was also a member of the "Departmental" Jury ("Applied Science: Electricity") and of the committee appointed to organize the International Electrical Congress at St. Louis in 1904.

In 1906 Hammer received the "Elliott Cresson" gold medal from the Franklin Institute for his "Historical Collection of Incandescent Electric Lamps," accumulated over thirty-four years. This collection received a special silver medal at the International Electrical Exposition at the Crystal Palace, London, England, in 1882, and "the Grand Prize" at the St. Louis Exposition of 1904.

During the First World war Hammer served as a major on the General Staff of the, Army War College, Washington, D.C., where he was attached to the Inventions Section of the War Plans Division and later to the operations Division at the war Department in charge of electrical and aeronautical war inventions. He did special work at the U.S. Patent office, marking and delaying patents that might be useful to the enemy and served on the Advisory Board of Experts attached to the Alien Property Commission. He was elected Historian general of the Military order of the World War (1926-1928) and was a member of the Society of American Military Engineers.

Hammer was an early aeronautics enthusiast and became the owner of one of the first airplanes sold in the United States to an individual. Even in his last few years of his life, Hammer's interest in airplanes did not wane. In 1931, by the permission of the Secretary of the -Navy, Hammer made a twelve-hour flight in the Los Angeles dirigible from the Lakehurst, New Jersey airdrome along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean to New York, flying over New York City at night.

Hammer served on numerous committees. In 1916 he was a member of a special committee, appointed by the Aeronautical Society of America. one of his responsibilities on this committee was to recommend methods for the formation of a reserve force of civilian aviators for the Army. At the start of World War I, Hammer was appointed chairman of a committee on camouflage by the Aeronautical Society. During the war, he flew airplanes and tested sound devices and was also among the first five selected out of thousands for the dissemination of propaganda into many countries. He also examined documents and papers captured from spies and prisoners of war to see if these material contained any technical matter of value to the U. S. Army.

Hammer traveled extensively as a delegate of the Military Order of World War I. For example, in 1922 he attended the aeronautical Congress and Flying Meet in Detroit, Michigan. In the same year he also attended Immigration Conferences of the National Civic Federation in New York.

Between 1922 and 1928 Hammer intensified his efforts in collecting and organizing autographed portraits of eminent scientific men, a project he had been working on for over forty-five years. Tie displayed many of these portraits with his Historical Collection of Incandescent Electrical Lamps in -his New York home. At this time he also prepared an elaborate bibliography on selenium and its industrial and scientific applications.

Major William Joseph Hammer, described by Edison as "my most valuable assistant at Menlo Park" died of pneumonia March 24, 1934.
'Electrical Diablerie':
"ELECTRICAL DIABLERIE"

N.Y. World, January 3, 1885 and Newark, N.J. Daily Advertiser and Journal, January 3, 1885

Some years ago, (1884) on New Year's eve, an entertainment was given at the home of Mr. William J. Hammer, in Newark, N.J., which, for the display of the powers of electricity has seldom, if ever, been equaled. Mr. Hammer, who has for years been associated with Mr. Edison, both in this country and in Europe, desiring to give his old classmates, the "Society of Seventy-Seven," a lively and interesting time, invited them to "an electrical dinner"at his home.

The invitations which were sent out were written upon Western Union telegram blanks with an Edison electric pen. When the guests arrived and entered the gate, the house appeared dark, but as they placed foot upon the lower step of the veranda a row of tiny electric lights over the door blazed out, and the number of the house appeared in bright relief. The next step taken rang the front door bell automatically, the third threw open the door, and at the same time made a connection which lit the gas in the hall by electricity.

Upon entering the house the visitor was invited to divest himself of his coat and hat, and by placing his foot upon an odd little foot-rest near the door, and pressing a pear-shaped pendant hanging from the wall by a silken cord, revolving brushes attached to an electric motor brushed the mud and snow from his shoes and polished them by electricity. As he was about to let go of the switch or button, a contact in it connected with a shocking coil, caused him to drop it like a hot potato. Up-stairs was a bedroom which would be a fortune to a lazy man; he had only to step on the door sill and the gas was instantly lighted. The ceiling was found to be covered with luminous stars, arranged to represent the principal constellations in the heavens-while comets, moons, etc., shone beautifully in the dark. By placing one's head on the pillow, the gas, fifteen feet away, would be extinguished and the phosphorescent stars on the ceiling would shine forth weirdly, and a phosphorescent moon rose from behind a cloud over the mantel and slowly describing a huge arch disappeared behind a bank of phosphorescent clouds on the other side of the room; by pressing the toe to the foot-board of the bed the gas could again be relit.

Pouring a teacup of water into the water clock on the mantel and setting the indicator would assure the awakening of the sleeper at whatever hour he might desire. There was also in the hall outside the room a large drum, which could be set to beat by electricity at the hour when the family wished to arise. The whole house was fitted throughout with electric bells, burglar alarms, fire alarms, telephones, electric cigar lighters, medical coils, phonographs, electric fans, thermostats, heat regulating devices, some seven musical instruments, operated by electricity, etc.

Upon the evening referred to nearly every. piece of furniture in the parlor was arranged to play its part. Sit on one chair and out went the gas, take another seat and it would light again; sitting on an ottoman produced a mysterious rapping under the floor; pressure on some chairs started off drums, triangles, tambourines, cymbals, chimes and other musical instruments; in fact, it seemed unsafe to sit down anywhere. The quests stood about in groups and whispered, each hoping to see his neighbor or a new comer caught napping.

One visitor (Brown) secured an apparently safe seat, and was telling a funny story--he had left electricity far behind--but just as he reached the climax, a pretty funnel-shaped Japanese affair like a big dunce cap, that seemed but a ceiling ornament which was held in place by an electromagnet, dropped from overhead and quietly covered him up, thus silently extinguishing the story and the story-teller.

A big easy chair placed invitingly between the folding doors joining the double, parlors sent the unwary sitter flying out of its recesses by the sudden deafening clamor of twenty-one electric bells hidden in the folds of the draperies hanging in the doorway. In a convenient position stood the silver lemonade pitcher and cup, the former was filled with the tempting beverage, but no matter how much a guest might desire to imbibe one touch convinced him that the pitcher and cup were so heavily charged with electricity as to render it impossible for him to pour out a drink or even to let go until the electricity was switched off from the hidden induction coil.

Some one proposed music, and half a selection had been enjoyed when something seemed to give way inside the piano, and suddenly there emanated from that bewitched instrument a conglomeration of sounds that drowned the voices of the singers, and the keys seemed to beat upon a horrible jangle of drums, gongs and various noise-producing implements which were fastened inside of and underneath the piano.

After the guest were treated to a beautiful display of electrical experiments, under the direction of Mr. Hammer, and Professor George C. Sonn, they were escorted to the dining-room, where an electrical dinner had been prepared and was presided over by 'Jupiter," who was in full dress, and sat at the head of the table, where by means of a small phonograph inside of his anatomy he shouted, "Welcome, society of Seventy-Seven and their friends to Jove's festive board." The menu was as follows: "Electric Toast," "Wizard Pie," "Sheol Pudding," "Magnetic Cake," "Telegraph Cake," "Telephone Pie," "Ohm-made Electric Current Pie," "Menlo Park Fruit," "Incandescent Lemonade," "'Electric Coffee" and "Cigars," etc., and music by Prof. Mephistopheles' Electric Orchestra.

About the table were pretty bouquets, and among the flowers shone tiny incandescent lamps, while near the center of the table was placed an electric fan which kept the air cool and pure, and at each end was a tiny Christmas tree lighted with small incandescent lamps, planted in a huge dish of assorted nuts and raisins. Each lamp had a dainty piece of ribbon attached to it upon which the initials of the Society and the date were printed, and each guest received a lamp to take away with him as a souvenir of the occasion. Plates of iced cakes made in the form of telephones, switches, bells, electric lamps, batteries, etc., stood on each side of the center piece.

Promptly at 12 o'clock, as the chimes of the distant churches came softly to the ears of the assembled quests, pandemonium seemed to change places with the modest dining-room. A cannon on the porch, just outside the door, and another inside the chimney, were unexpectedly discharged; and at this sudden roar, every man sprang back from the table; the lights disappeared; huge fire-gongs, under each chair beat a tattoo. The concussion produced by the cannon in the fireplace caused several bricks to come crashing down the chimney, and as the year of 1884 faded away, the table seemed bewitched. The "Sheol Pudding" blazed forth green and red flames illuminating the room, tiny tin boxes containing 'Greek" fire which had been placed over each window and door were electrically ignited by spirals of platinum iridium wire heated by a storage battery and blazed up suddenly; the "Telegraph Cake" clicked forth messages said to be press reports of the proceedings (it was also utilized to count the guests and click off the answers to various questions put to it); bells rang inside the pastry; incandescent lamps burned underneath the colored lemonade; the thunderbolt pudding discharged its long black bolts all over the room (long steel spiral springs covered with black cloth) and loud spirit rapping occurred under the table. The silver knives, forks and spoons were charged with electricity from a shocking coil and could not be touched, while the coffee and toast (made by electricity) were made rapidly absorbed; the "Magnetic Cake' disappeared; the "Wizard" and "Current Pies' vanished, and 'Jupiter" raising a glass to his lips began to imbibe.

The effect was astonishing! The gas instantly went out, a gigantic skeleton painted with luminous paint appeared and paraded about the room, while Jupiter's nose assumed the color of a genuine toper! His green eyes twinkled, the electric diamonds in his shirt front (tiny lamps) blazed forth and twinkled like stars, as he phonographically shouted "Happy New Year'. Happy New Year!" This "Master of Cererionies' now becoming more gentle, the guests turned their attention to the beautiful fruit piece, over four feet high, that stood in the center of the table. From the fruit hung tiny electric lamps, and the whole was surmounted by a bronze figure of Bartholdils "Statue of Liberty;" uplifted in "Miss Liberty's" right hand burned an Edison lamp no larger than a bean.

The dinner finished, and there was much that was good to eat, notwithstanding the "magical" dishes which they were first invited to partake of, speeches were delivered by Messrs. Hammer, Rutan, McDougall, 'Brown, Duneka, and Dawson, and an original poem was read by Mr. Van Wyck. Upon repairing to the parlors the guest saw Mr. Hammer's little sister, May, dressed in white and mounted upon a pedestal, representing the "Goddess of Electricity:" tiny electric lamps hung in her hair, and were also suspended as earrings, while she held a wand surmounted by a star, and containing a very small electric lamp.

Not the least interesting display of electricity took place in front of the house, where a fine display of bombs, rockets, Roman candles, Greek fire and other fireworks were set off by electricity, which was by the way, the first time this had been accomplished. The guests were requested to press button switches ranged along the front veranda railing thus causing electricity from a storage battery to heat to a red heat tiny platinum iridium spirals attached to each fuse of the various pieces of fireworks thus sending up rocket after rocket, as well as igniting the other pieces which had been placed in the roadway in front of the house.

An attempt was made to send up a large hot air balloon to which was attached a tiny storage battery and an incandescent signal lamp but a sudden gust of wind caused the ballon to take fire as it rose fr(xn the ground. This constituted the only experiment made during the evening which was not an unqualified success. The innumerable electrical devices shown during the progress of the dinner were all operated by Mr. Hammer, who controlled various switches fastened to the under side of the table and attached to a switchboard, which rested on his lap, while the two cannons were fired by lever switches on the floor, which he operated by the pressure of the foot. Electricity was supplied by primary and storage batteries placed under the table. After an exhibition of electrical apparatus and experiments with a large phonograph, the guests departed with a bewildered feeling that somehow they had been living half a century ahead of the new year."
Expositions and Exhibitions:
The many Expositions held at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries were important for the Edison Electric Company's future business. In particular the Paris Electrical Exposition, 1881, and the Crystal Palace Exposition in London in 1892 were introductions for the company's international business enterprises. Edison, therefore, sent his ablest men from the Menlo Park staff (Batchelor, Hammer, Jehl, Johnson) to Europe to oversee the installation and promotion of the company's exhibits.

THE INTERNATIONAL PARIS EXPOSITION OF 1881

The International Paris Electrical Exposition was held during the summer of 1881. Many of Edison's electric lighting systems, ranging from arc lights to incandescent devices, were exhibited. A model of the Edison central-station lighting system showed an arrangement of incandescent lights within a complete electrical distributing system, including novel appliances and controls of the Edison system. "The completeness of its conception made a profound impression on the foremost European electrical engineers of that era." (Josephson, Matthew. Edison, A Biography. p. 252). Edison also exhibited his first "Jumbon generator. It was "direct-connected" to its driving engine, another area in which Edison pioneered. Edison improved upon the original design of William Wallace's "Telemachon' - a generator coupled to a water-powered turbine. Wallace had earlier in the decade produced the first dynamo in America.

Charles Batchelor headed the Edison exhibits within Paris. Edison received many gold medals and diplomas and was awarded the ribbon of the Legion of Honor.

The William J. Hammer Collection contains various reports and catalogues exhibited at the International Exposition of Electricity. (Series 3, Box 44, Folders 1-4)

THE CRYSTAL PALACE EXHIBITION OF 1882

At the Crystal Palace Exhibition of 1882 in London, Edison displayed a great many of his inventions, including: the steam dynamo; specimens of street pipes and service boxes used in the Edison underground system of conductors, and the system of house conductors with devices for preventing abnormal increase of energy in house circuits; apparatus for measuring the resistance of his lamps, for measuring the energy consumed in lamps, and rheostats for restoring currents; also thermogalvano-meters, carbon rheostats, dynamometers, photometers, carbon regulators, Weber meters,, current regulators, and circuit breakers for controlling electric light circuits; the carbon relay, the pressure relay, and the expansion relay; the telegraph system in Morse characters; and the Roman character automatic telegraph.

Thomas Edison also exhibited the carbon telephone, the musical telephonograph, telephone repeater, and numerous apparatus for demonstrating the method of varying the resistance of a closed circuit by contact with carbon, illustrative of the experimental factors of the Edison carbon transmitter. Incandescent lamps, the process of the manufacture of lamps, and various designs of electric light chandeliers were also on display.

Hammer won the silver medal at the exposition for the first complete development of the incandescent electric lamp from its initial stages to date. At the exhibition the first hand-operated flashing electric lamp sign was displayed, which was invented and built by Hammer.

The collection contains photographs of the Edison dynamo, and the Edison Electric Lighting Plant of 1882 erected by Hammer. The official Catalogue of the International Electric and Gas Exhibition, and various articles from the Daily Telegraph, Daily Chronicle, and Daily News are also included within the collection (Series 4, Box 99 and Series 3, Box 42, Folder 1-2).

THE BERLIN EXPOSITION OF 1883.

The Berlin Exposition of 1883 had the first motored flashing electric sign designed, built and operated by Hammer. The electric sign spelled out the word "Edison" letter by letter and was used on the Edison pavilion in the Health Exposition. It has most features of today's flashing sign.

The collection contains two photographs of the first flashing sign (Series 4, Box 99).

THE FRANKLIN INSTITUTE INTERNATIONAL ELECTRICAL EXHIBITION OF 1884

The Franklin Institute International Electrical Exhibition was held in Philadelphia from September 2 to October 14, 1884. Many of Edison's companies had display booths at the exhibition. The Edison Electric Light Company showed in operation their system of house lighting as supplied from a central station. The Edison Company for Isolated Lighting exhibited their system of lighting factories, hotels, hospitals, and other places situated beyond the reach of a central lighting station. A full assortment of Edison lamps and dynamos also made up parts of other exhibits. Also displayed at the exhibition was the first flashing column of light, which Hammer designed and built.

Included within the collection are a variety of photographs of the exhibitions. Four pamphlets also are contained in the collection (Series 3, Box 1, Folder 3), (Series 4, Box 99).

THE EXPOSITION OF THE OHIO VALLEY AND THE CENTRAL STATES OF 1888

The Exposition of the Ohio Valley and Central States, in Cincinnati from July 4 to October 27, was in honor of the one hundredth anniversary of the settlement of Cincinnati. The exposition showed the progress and ramifications of the first hundred years of this settlement.

The space occupied by permanent buildings was greater than that covered by any building for exhibiting purposes on the Western continent. T',ie exposition developed the Electric Light Plant to make a special feature of electric lighting in the evening. Several companies used this opportunity to make exhibits of their apparatus and for their equipment to be used for illumination. The Edison Lamps were used for displays in showcases and pavilions of exhibitors of the Park Building.

The collection contains photographs of the halls of the exposition and a poster which is a souvenir of the electrical display of the exposition. An official Guide of the Centennial Exposition of the Ohio Valley and Central States is included within the collection. (Series 4, Box 99), (Series 3, Box 42, Folder 4).

THE SUMMER CARNIVAL AND ELECTRICAL EXHIBITION, ST. JOHN, NEW BRUNSWICK, 1889

The Summer Carnival and Electric Exhibition held at St. John, New Brunswick, Canada was to celebrate the opening of the Canadian Pacific Short Line to St. John and Portland. The Electrical Exhibition was the most popular of the displays present, containing the Monster Edison Lanm, the Mysterious Electric Fountain, and many other inventions.

The William J. Hammer Collection contains a poster that illustrates some of the leading exhibits at the Electrical Exhibition (Series 4, Box 99).

PARIS UNIVERSAL EXPOSITION OF 1889

The Universal Exposition of 1889 held in Paris was larger than all previous expositions held there. The famous Eiffel Tower was its principal attraction.

A large portion of the exhibit hall within the Palace of Mechanical Industries contained Thomas Edison's electrical inventions, including various electric lamps for use in houses. Variations of the telephone also were shown. During the Paris Exposition Europeans were exposed to the phonograph for the first time. Hammer represented Edison's interests at the Paris Exhibition.

The collection contains articles from New York World, New York Herald and Electrical World on Edison's exhibits at the Paris Exposition (Series 3, Box 44, folder 6). A scrapbook of photographs from the exhibition showing exhibit buildings and halls and loose photographs showing Edison's exhibits are included in the collection (Series 4, Box 98).

THE CRYSTAL PALACE EXHIBITION OF 1892

The Crystal Palace Exhibition of 1892 was held in London. Hammer displayed a great variety of products in the machine room of the Electrical Exhibition. Sockets for controlling individual incandescent lamps on alternating currents and the Ward Arc Lamp for use on incandescent circuits were just a few of the items displayed. Edison's companies displayed specimens of all types of incandescent electric lamps for public and private illumination. They also displayed primary batteries for use in telegraphy, telephony, household work, and engines.

The William, J. Hammer Collection contains a variety of photographs of the electrical exhibition. The Official Catalogue and Guide of the Electrical Exhibition is also contained within the collection (Series 4, Box 99), (Series 3, Folder 2, Box 42).

LOUISIANA PURCHASE EXPOSITION, 1904

The Louisiana Purchase Expostition of 1904, held in St. Louis, Missouri from April 30 to December 1, celebrated the centennial of the Louisiana Purchase. The nineteen million people who attended made it the largest exposition ever. The year 1904 marked the twenty-fifth anniversary of Edison's invention of the carbon filament lamp and central power station system.

F.J.V. Skiff, the exhibits classifier for the fair, developed a twofold classificatory arrangement. He organized exhibits in a sequential synopsis corresponding to the sixteen different departments of the exposition. The principal exhibition buildings were built in the shape of a fan. The departments of education, art, liberal arts, and applied sciences-including electricity - headed the classification, Skiff noted, because they "equip man for the battle and prepare him for the enjoyments of life.' Departments devoted to displays of raw materials such as agriculture, horticulture, !inning, forestry, fish and game came next. Anthropology, social economy, and physical culture concluded the classification.

The Hammer collection contains photographs of Hammer with other Chairmen of Domestic and Foreign Jurors of the Electricity Section of the International Jury of Awards of the Louisiana Exposition and Hammer as chairman of the jury on telegraphy, telephony, and wireless. (Series 4, Box 102). A pamphlet by the American Telephone and Telegraph Company on the exhibit of the Radiophone at the Department of Applied Science is also part of the collection (Series 3, Box 42, Folder 5).

THE PANAMA-PACIFIC EXPOSITION OF 1915

The Panama Pacific Exposition celebrated the opening of the Panama Canal and the four hundredth anniversary of the European discovery of the Pacific Ocean. It was held in San Francisco from February 20 to December 4, 1915. Approximately nineteen million people attended the exposition.

The eleven main buildings of the exposition were grouped around a central court of the Sun and Stars at the entrance of which was the famous Tower of Jewels. The main group of exhibits comprised the Palaces of Education, Liberal Arts, Manufactures, Varied Industries, Mines,

Transportation, Agriculture, Horticulture and all kinds of food products. During the exposition special days were set aside to honor industrialists Henry Ford and Thomas Edison. The Pacific Gas and Electric Company provided a large searchlight to flash out a Morse code greeting on the nighttime sky for their arrival.

The William J. Hammer Collection contains a pamphlet on the "Illumination of the Panama-Pacific International Exposition." The pamphlet describes the lighting of the exposition, and the use of arc lamps ' searchlights, incandescent electric lamps, and gas lamps (Series 4, Box 99), (Series 3, Box 43).
Provenance:
Collection donated by IBM, 1962.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Fluorescence  Search this
Electrical engineering  Search this
Incandescent lamps  Search this
Phosphorescence  Search this
Selenium cells  Search this
Cathode rays  Search this
X-rays  Search this
Radium  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Photographs -- 1850-1900
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
William J. Hammer Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0069
See more items in:
William J. Hammer Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0069
Online Media:

Joseph Cornell Study Center Collection

Artist:
Cornell, Joseph  Search this
Names:
Benton, Elizabeth Cornell  Search this
Cornell, Robert  Search this
Extent:
196.8 Linear feet
186 Nitrate negatives
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Nitrate negatives
Photographs
Place:
New York, New York
Date:
1750-1980, bulk 1930-1972
Summary:
The Joseph Cornell Study Center collection measures 196.8 linear feet and dates from 1750 to 1980, with the bulk of the material dating from 1930 to 1972. Documenting the artistic career and personal life of assemblage artist Joseph Cornell (1903-1972), the collection is primarily made up of two- and three-dimensional source material, the contents of the artists' studio, his record album collection, and his book collection and personal library. The collection also includes diaries and notes, financial and estate papers, exhibition materials, collected artifacts and ephemera, photographs, correspondence, and the papers of Robert Cornell (1910-1965) and Helen Storms Cornell (1882-1966), the artist's brother and mother.
Scope and Contents:
The Joseph Cornell Study Center collection measures 196.8 linear feet and dates from 1750 to 1980, with the bulk of the material dating from 1930 to 1972. Documenting the artistic career and personal life of assemblage artist Joseph Cornell (1903-1972), the collection is primarily made up of two- and three-dimensional source material, the contents of the artists' studio, his record album collection, and his book collection and personal library. The collection also includes diaries and notes, financial and estate papers, exhibition materials, collected artifacts and ephemera, photographs, correspondence, and the papers of Robert Cornell (1910-1965) and Helen Storms Cornell (1882-1966), the artist's brother and mother.

Correspondence is with collectors, museums, galleries, artists, friends, family, charity organizations, admirers and those admired by Cornell, and World War II European pen pals. Discussions about the appreciation, donation, sale, purchase, and exhibition of Cornell's works are frequent, with the inclusion of shipping and loan documentation or notices of payment installments. Galleries and museums frequently request that Cornell agree to an exhibition, which he often declines, and fans request free works be mailed or affordable works be sold to them. With friends, artists, and those he admired, Cornell discussed topics that fascinate him, included bits of poetry or philosophical musings, sent clippings or a collaged letter, and occasionally discussed a project or work in process. After World War II, when so many were displaced by the war in Europe, Cornell answered ads for pen pals in the "Christian Science Monitor," often responding to requests for clothing or other goods, and sometimes exchanging many letters over several years. Family correspondence is with his mother, sisters, brother, and others, and often notes activities of the day, foods eaten, and general musings, as well as occasionally mentioning a project or artwork. Correspondents of note include Stan Brakhage, Betty Freeman, Charles Henri Ford, Allegra Kent, Yayoi Kusama, Roberto Matta, Marianne Moore, Octavio Paz, Sonia Sekula, Pavel Tchelitchew, Parker Tyler, Dorothea Tanning, and Betsy von Furstenberg, among others.

Cornell was often preoccupied with his thoughts, feelings, memories, a project or thematic "exploration," and jotted notes on seemingly any surface available. Notes and musings are on napkins, the backs of envelopes, newspaper clippings, and paper bags from record and magazine stores. Frequently, an observation would trigger a lengthy nostalgic moment, or a "feé," fairy-like child or girl, would capture his imagination and lead him to thoughts of 18th-century ballerinas and silent film stars. Cornell wrote longer diary notes, sometimes expanding on an earlier notation or emotion, and often wrote when he experienced trouble sleeping or woke early. Drafted letters to imaginary muses or admired individuals are interspersed among diaries, often revealing Cornell's yearnings to find emotional intimacy and human connection. Over time, Cornell revisited his notes and occasionally made further notations about renewed thoughts on a topic, dating the note with "revisited" or "reviewed." Notes are often written in a stream-of-consciousness style, for example, jumping from the mention of a record album or composer, to a ballerina of the same period, a note about a French poet, the memory of childhood, or an observation made earlier in the day, all in the space of a few lines. Notes about artistic processes or meanings behind works or images do occasionally emerge from the tangled, poetic notations. Notes also often provide insights into Cornell's internal emotional state and give clues about his intentions behind an artwork or a particular thematic fixation.

Financial materials document Cornell's professional and personal business activities, including the sale of artworks, annual expenses for supplies and household incidentals, payments and schedules for personal assistants, receipts for donations to charities and nonprofits, and tax documents. There is also information about who worked as assistants, or "helpers," in his later years and where Cornell purchased art supplies. Additionally, specific details are documented through receipts and invoices, such as what kind of paint he purchased. Estate records include preparations made for Cornell's artworks after his death, and clippings about other deceased artist's estates show that he thought often about such arrangements in his later years.

Exhibition files highlight several select solo exhibitions for Cornell, as well as preparations and planning for the "Robert Cornell: Memorial Exhibition" in honor of his brother in 1966. Also included are several early exhibition catalogs and announcements, including "Surréalisme" (January 9-29, 1932) and "Exhibition of Objects (Bibloquet) by Joseph Cornell" (December 6-31, 1939) at the Julien Levy Gallery, and "Romantic Museum: Portraits of Women, Constructions and Arrangements by Joseph Cornell" (December 1946) at the Hugo Gallery.

Film projects and collected film materials consist of files related to Cornell's various experimental film projects: "Aviary," "Cappuccino," "Centuries of June," "Fable for Fountains," "Nymphlight," "Serafina's Garden," and unrealized film scenario "Monsieur Phot." Files include film-making notes, correspondence, and photographs. Cornell's interest in film also led him to collect film-related materials, such as film stills, film posters, and screening programs. Scattered correspondence documents the interest other institutions and individuals had in purchasing and viewing his collection. Though most of his collected film stills and movie posters were donated to the Anthology Film Archives, film stills from "Escape Me Never" (1935) and "The Passion of Joan of Arc" (1928) are still within the collection, as well as film-screening programs for Cornell's collection of films.

Writing and design projects document Cornell's work authoring articles and designing issues of specialty dance magazine "Dance Index," and his layouts for popular magazines like "Good Housekeeping," "House and Garden," and "Mademoiselle." Other writing projects include brochures dedicated to opera singers Maria Malibran and Giulia Grisi, "Maria" and "Bel Canto Pet." Materials used for these brochures, such as copper photo engraving plates, are also found. Design work includes a series of Christmas cards created with The Museum of Modern Art as well as traced patterns ("textile tracings") and design clippings from Cornell's time working as a "textile designer" for Traphagen Commercial Textile Studio.

Cornell acquired troves of source material from bookstalls, antique stores, sporting good and department stores, hardware stores, and magazine and record shops. He kept boxes and files of material on admired individuals, such as actresses, artists, dancers, and singers, as well as on art projects or thematic "explorations." Files are on general topics such as American history, scientific phenomena, animals, plants, and humankind, as well as on series of artworks, such as "Castles," "Homage to the Romantic Ballet," and "Medici Slot Machines." Focused "exploration" projects include "Celestial Theatre," "Colombier," "GC 44," and "Switzerland," among others. Materials include photographs, photostats, maps, book fragments, autographed letters, notes, collage clippings and cutouts, collected prints and engravings, box and collage fragments, and scattered artifacts.

Collected ephemera includes large amounts of blank postcards and greeting cards, stamps, collected bus and train tickets, food labels and packaging, decals, and other materials. Artifacts are three-dimensional collected objects and source objects, which include found objects from the streets, dried flowers, and pieces of nature gathered from walks around his neighborhood. Cornell may have gathered materials because they inspired a memory or nostalgic feeling, or because they fit with a bin of other similar objects to select from for an artwork in progress.

Photographs found within the collection are of Cornell at work and as a child with family. Also found are assorted personal and family photographs, photographs of Cornell's attic and garage storage, and photographs of his Utopia Parkway house. Photographs of artwork include few installation photographs, in addition to photographs of Cornell's boxes and collages. Collected photographic materials include vintage photographs, such as tintypes, a cyanotype, stereoscopic glass slides, albumen prints, cabinet cards, and cartes-de-visite. Cornell also collected cased photographs, such as daguerreotypes, ambrotypes, and one opalotype. Negatives and photostats were often produced from various prints and even other photographs and used in Cornell's boxes and collages. Images are of men and women, actors, authors, dancers, performers, well-known men and women, royalty, places, and artwork. Photographs of note include those by Hans Namuth of Willem and Lisa de Kooning and of Edward Hopper's bedroom; photographs by Henri Cartier-Bresson; a photograph by Julia Margaret Cameron; photographs by Brassai; and a photogravure by Alfred Stieglitz from "Camerawork."

Also found in the collection are works of art by others, including a sketch by Pavel Tchelitchew, as well as artwork by Cornell, such as unfinished collages, Rorschach drawings or ink blots, and childhood artwork. Printed material includes assorted bulletins, flyers, exhibition materials for other artists, journals, and sent printed membership and charity materials. Magazines, including "View," are also included, and often have annotations by Cornell or a note to "cut" or "review" with page numbers. A large amount of magazine and newspaper clippings are in the collection, sometimes collected with a group of like material by Cornell, and at other times simply gathered in heaps. Occasional annotations are also found on the clippings.

Cornell's personal library and book collection includes over 2500 titles, ranging from fiction, poetry, and cinema, to history, science, and travel. Notable among the titles are "Baedeker's" travel guides that Cornell often sourced for his "Hotel" box series, as well as an influential publication by Max Ernst, "La Femme 100 têtes," which includes a typed letter and exhibition flyer tucked within. Books often have annotations, some fairly extensive, by Cornell, and assorted collected items, notes, and correspondence tucked between pages. Pages were often cut by Cornell, either to make photostats and use in a box, or to file with other thematic "explorations." A wide range of authors and topics provide insight into Cornell's interests and to ideas behind artwork and diary notes. Cornell's collection of record albums includes over 145 records. These contain inserted notes and clippings and are often referenced in diary notes Cornell made, noting a recent album or song listened to while at work in his studio.

The papers of Cornell's mother, Helen Storms Cornell, and his brother, Robert Cornell, are also included in the collection. Both lived with Cornell his whole life, spending the most time with him at their home at 3708 Utopia Parkway. Financial materials document shared responsibilities for billing, utilities, household fixes and chores, and expenditures, and Helen kept detailed financial records in a series of ledgers. Robert notes when he borrowed money from Cornell, or when he means to pay Cornell back for the purchase of a typewriter. Activities documented in diaries also occasionally cross paths with Cornell, noting his visitors or an exchange of letters continued after introductions through Cornell. Personal activities, such as Robert's interest in his train collection and his drawing projects and cartoon series, are also documented.
Arrangement:
The Joseph Cornell Study Center Collection is arranged into 15 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1917-1972 (Boxes 1, 98, OV118; 0.9 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1813, 1934-circa 1973 (Boxes 1-8, 86; 6.5 linear feet)

Series 3: Diaries and Notes, 1940-1976 (Boxes 8-10, 98-99, 135, OV108, OV119; 3.5 linear feet)

Series 4: Personal Business and Estate Records, 1950-1978 (Boxes 10-14; 4.1 linear feet)

Series 5: Exhibition Files, 1932-1973 (Box 14; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 6: Film Projects and Collected Film Materials, circa 1924-1972 (Boxes 14-16, 100, 133; 1.6 linear feet)

Series 7: Writing and Design Projects, circa 1910s, 1936-1962 (Boxes 16-18, 86, 100, 131-132, OV109-OV111, OV120-OV122; 3.6 linear feet)

Series 8: Source Material, 1750-circa 1911, 1926-1972 (Boxes 19-49, 86-92, 96, 100-105, 126-130, 132-137, OV112-OV115, OV125; 42.2 linear feet)

Series 9: Artifacts and Ephemera, 1768, circa 1839-1972 (Boxes 49-52; 3.2 linear feet)

Series 10: Photographic Material, circa 1800s-1972 (Boxes 52-56, 80-86, 93, 106, 128, 133, OV116, OV123-OV124; 7.5 linear feet)

Series 11: Artwork, circa 1810-1972 (Boxes 56-57, 107, OV117; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 12: Printed Material, 1855-1972 (Boxes 57-76, 94-96, 107; 16 linear feet)

Series 13: Book Collection and Personal Library, 1722-1980 (99.8 linear feet)

Series 14: Record Album Collection, circa 1925-1974 (3.2 linear feet)

Series 15: Cornell Family Papers, 1910-1980 (Boxes 77-79, 97, 107; 3.2 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Joseph Cornell (1903-1972) was a self-taught assemblage and collage artist, and filmmaker, active in New York City. He was born in Nyack, New York on December 24, 1903, and died of heart failure at his home in Queens, New York on December 29, 1972. The oldest of four children, he was born Joseph I. Cornell to his mother, Helen Storms Cornell (1882-1966), and his father, Joseph I. Cornell (1875-1917). Cornell had two younger sisters, Elizabeth ("Betty") Cornell Benton (1905-2000) and Helen ("Sissy") Cornell Jagger (1906-2001), as well as one brother, Robert Cornell (1910-1965), who had cerebral palsy.

Cornell attended the Phillips Academy, a preparatory boarding school in Andover, Massachusetts, beginning shortly after his father's death in 1917. He attended for four years but did not receive a diploma, and soon began work as a textile salesman for the William Whitman Company in Manhattan. His work took him, by foot, through the city, visiting secondhand bookshops on Fourth Avenue, browsing music stores and magazine shops, and catching early shows at the Metropolitan Opera House. He would occasionally wait outside the stage doors for favorite singers and dancers to emerge, requesting signatures on photographs or bits of costumes.

Around 1926, Cornell joined the Christian Science Church, joined by his brother Robert shortly thereafter, and both continued to be lifelong members. Cornell kept a number of books in his personal library on Christian Science teachings and regularly subscribed to "The Christian Science Monitor."

After living in several rental houses in Bayside, New York, Cornell's mother purchased a house for the family in 1929 in Flushing, Queens. Cornell, along with his mother and brother, would live at 3708 Utopia Parkway, for the rest of their lives. His two sisters soon married and moved away, eventually settling in Westhampton, Long Island and in the poultry-farming business.

With no formal art training to speak of, Cornell's first work was a Max Ernst-inspired collage, "Untitled (Schooner)," created in 1931. He was especially inspired by Ernst's collage novel, "La Femme 100 têtes," published in 1929. French artist Odilon Redon was also among the few artists Cornell named as an influence on his art. His first sculptural works were small, cardboard pill boxes with bits of ephemera, costume adornments, and nature hidden inside. Cornell also created a series of glass bell jar works, placing small trinkets and Victorian-era-like compositions within. It was these early collages and bell jar works that were included in Cornell's debut exhibition, "Surréalisme" (January 9-29, 1932), a group show at the Julien Levy Gallery. Cornell designed the announcement for the show and exhibited alongside Max Ernst, Man Ray, Pierre Roy, Pablo Picasso, Marcel Duchamp, Eugène Atget, George Platt Lynes, Jean Cocteau, and Salvador Dalí. Months later, Cornell was invited to have his first solo show, "Objects by Joseph Cornell: Minutiae, Glass Bells, Shadow Boxes, Coups d'Oeil, Jouets Surréalistes" (November 26-December 30, 1932), also at the Julien Levy Gallery.

In 1932, after eleven years of work, Cornell was laid off from the William Whitman Company due to the Great Depression. Soon after, he took on more responsibility in the church, working part-time as an attendant in the Christian Science Reading Room in Great Neck, New York. Beginning in 1933, he taught Sunday school classes for three years and in 1935, became the Sunday school librarian. However, his religious activities and artistic ventures continued to remain separate.

In the early 1930s, Cornell progressed from movie lover to filmmaker. When Julien Levy began his New York Film Society in 1933, holding screenings of various experimental films in the gallery, Cornell began buying and collecting films and film stills in earnest. He set up a 16-millimeter projector in his home to screen favorites, such as those by Georges Méliès, D.W. Griffith, and Louis Feuillade. His collection quickly grew to over 2,500 film stills and several hundred films, and included silent era films, such as nature documentaries, goofy newsreels, travelogues, early cartoons, and slapstick comedies, as well as several feature films. In 1933, Cornell wrote a screenplay, or "scenario," entitled "Monsieur Phot." Between 1935 and 1937, Cornell also occasionally created publicity photomontages for Universal and Columbia studios. Of the nearly thirty films Cornell created, periods of activity can generally be separated into two areas: collage films of the late 1930s, consisting of combined elements from films in his own collection, and films he directed in the 1950s, which were collaborations with other filmmakers set in New York City. "Rose Hobart," Cornell's most celebrated collage film, was created and shown in the Julien Levy Gallery in 1936 and includes clipped footage from "East of Borneo." Later films were directed and filmed with cinematographers Stan Brakhage, Rudy Burckhardt, and Larry Jordan.

In 1934, Cornell began a job at the Traphagen Commercial Textile Studio as a "textile designer," a job he held for six years. Continuing to work at his kitchen table in the evenings, Cornell completed his first assemblage box construction, "Untitled (Soap Bubble Set)," in 1936. It was first exhibited at The Museum of Modern Art's show, "Fantastic Art, Dada and Surrealism" (December 9, 1936-January 17, 1937). This work was also the first to be acquired by a museum, purchased for $60.00 by the Wadsworth Atheneum in Massachusetts in 1938. Cornell's European debut was also in 1938, as one of three Americans represented in the "Exposition Internationale du Surréalisme" (January 17-Febuary 24, 1938) at the Galerie Beaux-Arts in Paris, alongside Man Ray and Anne Clark.

At the end of 1939, Cornell began corresponding with poet Charles Henri Ford, founder of avant-garde magazine "View," Pavel Tchelitchew, and Parker Tyler. After his "Soap Bubble Sets," this period saw the development of Cornell's homages to singers and actresses, including "Untitled (Fortune-Telling Parrot for Carmen Miranda)," the destroyed "Garbo (Greta Garbo in the Legendary Film 'The Crystal Mask,' c. 1845)," and "Dressing Room for Gilles." He also began using photostats of art reproduction prints, as with the print of Jean Antoine-Watteau's painting, "Pierrot" (circa 1719), used in his "Gilles" box.

In the 1940s, the Romantic ballet emerged as Cornell's new topic of interest. Through his friend Pavel Tchelitchew, Cornell was introduced to the School of American Ballet and New York City Ballet founders, Lincoln Kirstein and George Balanchine. Cornell collected dance memorabilia and had a great love of the Romantic ballet. His favorite dancers were primarily ballerinas of the nineteenth century, including Fanny Cerrito, Marie Taglioni, Fanny Elssler, Lucille Grahn, and Carlotta Grisi. Cornell's "Homage to the Romantic Ballet" works largely took the shape of jewel-box style wooden boxes with glass overlays and included bits of velvet, tulle, sequins, crystals, and chiffon, occasionally collected from dancers themselves. His most well-known work of this series is "Taglioni's Jewel Casket" (1940). Cornell also admired several living ballet dancers, including Tamara Toumanova, Zizi Jeanmaire, and Allegra Kent, who would all make their way into Cornell's box works and/or collages. Collecting for the "exploration," "Portrait of Ondine," Cornell's cased portfolio dedication to Fanny Cerrito and her role in the ballet "Ondine," began in the 1940s, though not completed until around 1960.

In late 1940, Cornell quit his job at Traphagen to concentrate on freelance commercial magazine design and editorial work during the day and his artwork at night. That same year, Charles Henri Ford started "View" magazine to promote Surrealists and Neo-Romantics in New York City and often asked Cornell to contribute. Published in the December 1941-January 1942 issue, one of his early contributions was a collage dedication to stage actress Hedy Lamarr: "Enchanted Wanderer: Excerpt from a Journey Album for Hedy Lamarr" (1941). Along with writing the accompanying text, he created a photomontage of Lamarr with her face overlaying the painted portrait of a Renaissance boy by Italian painter Giorgione. Peggy Guggenheim, at the advice of Marcel Duchamp, purchased multiple Cornell works prior to opening her new gallery, Art of This Century. Cornell also befriended Roberto Matta Echaurren, another Surrealist living in exile, who introduced him to Robert Motherwell.

After deciding to fully dedicate his time to his art in early 1940, he set up a studio in his basement. Complete with floor-to-ceiling wooden shelving, he kept his large collection of boxed source material stacked with handwritten labels in cardboard boxes. Themed folders of materials such as "Stamps" or "Maps" were kept in stacks and works in progress and finished works were stored in the basement, garage, and attic. Entering a renewed period of productivity, Cornell embarked on many new and important box projects in 1942. One of the first boxes created in his new basement studio, and the first of the "Penny Arcade" or "Medici Slot Machine" series, was "Medici Slot Machine" (1942), which includes a photostat of "Portrait of Marquess Massimiliano Stampa" (1557) by Sofonisba Anguissola. Another work from this time is the first of his "Castle" or "Palace" series, "Setting for a Fairy Tale" (1942), which uses a photostat of a French building from Jacques Androuet du Cerceau's book, "Les Plus excellents bastiments de France" (1576). "Untitled (Pharmacy)" (circa 1942) was the first of his "Pharmacy" series and included twenty-two apothecary jars. Cornell tended to work in series and created thirteen "Palace" boxes between 1942 and 1951, and ultimately created six "Pharmacy" works.

In 1943, Cornell began working at an electronics company, the Allied Control Company, Inc., to do his part to contribute to the defense effort during the war. He also sent correspondence and care packages to displaced Europeans, who listed their needs in "The Christian Science Monitor." Influenced by World War II, one of his strongest works to emerge in 1943 was "Habitat Group for a Shooting Gallery." Another notable work to come out of this period, "The Crystal Cage (Portrait of Berenice)," was an excerpt from one of his album "explorations" that was published in the January 1943 issue of "View."

Cornell left his job at Allied Control in 1944, but soon began working at the Garden Centre in Flushing, owned by a fellow Christian Scientist. Cornell was often nostalgic for this time in his life, devoting an entire "exploration" of material fondly remembered as "GC 44." He rode a bicycle to work and enjoyed collecting trips gathering dried grasses, driftwood, shells, and other relics of nature on the same bicycle as he rode through the streets of Queens. During this time, he continued to tend to his projects for "Dance Index," a magazine founded in 1942 by Lincoln Kirstein, but taken over by Donald Windham in 1944. Cornell designed several covers for the magazine and was given control of the entire summer 1944 issue, which he devoted to the Romantic ballet. He also devoted a special 1945 issue to Hans Christian Andersen, making great use of the New York Public Library Picture Collection.

Throughout the 1940s, Cornell continued to support himself with commercial design work for magazines like "Vogue," "Good Housekeeping," "Harper's Bazaar," "Town & Country," and "Mademoiselle." In 1946, after thirteen years at the Julien Levy Gallery, he joined the Hugo Gallery. In December 1946, Cornell's solo exhibition, "Romantic Museum at the Hugo Gallery: Portraits of Women by Joseph Cornell," celebrated his favorite movie stars, singers, and ballet dancers, and included his work created for the show, "Untitled (Penny Arcade Portrait of Lauren Bacall)." Cornell's "Greta Garbo" box, as well as "Souvenir for Singleton," an homage to Jennifer Jones and her role in the film "Love Letters," were also included in the show. In late 1948, his West Coast debut was in the exhibition, "Objects by Joseph Cornell," held at the Copley Gallery. The end of the 1940s saw the final issue of "View" magazine in 1947, the closure of the Julien Levy Gallery in April 1949, and Cornell's departure from the Hugo Gallery after his last show in November 1949.

In late 1949, Cornell joined the Charles Egan Gallery, known primarily for showing Abstract Expressionists. At this time, Cornell was working on a new series of boxes known as his "Aviary" works, most of which include a white-painted box with cutouts of birds mounted on wood. Though he had worked on bird-related boxes before, including an "Owl" series in the mid-1940s, his "Fortune Telling Parrot" (1939), and "Object 1941" (1941), these newer works were stripped of French elements and left "clean and abstract" by design. His first show at the Egan Gallery, "Aviary by Joseph Cornell" (December 7, 1949-January 7, 1950), included twenty-six "Aviary" works, nearly all created in 1949. Donald Windham agreed to write the foreword for the exhibition catalog, a single folded sheet, and Cornell gave him one of the boxes in the show, "Cockatoo: Keepsake Parakeet," in appreciation. Through the Egan Gallery, Cornell became friends with a new group of artists, including Franz Kline, Jack Tworkov, and Willem de Kooning. Cornell also held two screenings of a selection of his collected films at Subjects of the Artist, an art school founded by Robert Motherwell, Mark Rothko, David Hare, and William Baziotes.

In 1950, Cornell's second show at the Egan Gallery, "Night Songs and Other New Work" (December 1, 1950-January 13, 1951), introduced his new "Observatory" series. These works are largely defined by stark, whitewashed spaces with astronomical charts and constellations replacing colorful birds. The Museum of Modern Art purchased its first Cornell work from this show in early 1951, "Central Park Carrousel, in Memoriam" (1950).

For three months in 1951, Cornell was beset by various ailments and had trouble finding the energy to create new work. He worried more for his aging mother and the health of his brother. After a monthlong vacation with his sisters in Westhampton, he returned with renewed interest in Emily Dickinson's poetry. His whitewashed boxes took on a new form in his newest "Dovecote" series, using grids and circular cutouts. The works then transformed into homages to Dickinson, notably "Toward the Blue Peninsula: For Emily Dickinson" (circa 1953), and then to his "Hotel" series. Cornell's "Hotel" boxes include photostats of vintage European ads for hotels collected from vintage travel guides, especially "Baedeker's," adhered to the back walls of the boxes. Another new series of work, his "Juan Gris" series, was dedicated to Cubist artist Juan Gris. Between 1953 and the mid-1960s, Cornell created at least fifteen "Juan Gris" boxes, which often include a cutout of a white cockatoo in a Cubist-collage habitat. Cornell's third and last show at Egan Gallery, "Night Voyage" (February 10-March 28, 1953), included some of these newest works. After leaving Egan Gallery, his work was introduced to Chicago collectors in a solo show at the Frumkin Gallery, "Joseph Cornell: 10 Years of His Art" (April 10-May 7, 1953), which included nearly thirty pieces. Cornell's first museum retrospective was this same show held at the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis (July 12-August 30, 1953).

As New York City continued to change, Cornell grew more nostalgic for the city he had explored since the 1920s. The impending closure of the Third Avenue El train prompted him to dream up a film project to capture its last days, resulting in "Gnir Rednow," a reworking of Stan Brakhage's 1955, "Wonder Ring." During this time, Cornell joined the Stable Gallery, run by Eleanor Ward, interacting often with Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, and Joan Mitchell, remaining there until the end of the 1950s. His astronomy-themed exhibition, "Winter Night Skies" (December 12, 1955-January 13, 1956), included his "Night Skies" series of work with celestial chart fragments, Greek mythological figures, and paint-splattered "windows" representative of star-filled night skies. In 1956, he became aware of ballerina Allegra Kent, and began a series of work devoted to her, the first of which was "Via Parmigianino (Villa Allegra)" (1956), which included a photostat of a painting by Parmigianino, "The Madonna of the Long Neck" (circa 1540). In late 1957, after two years, Cornell had his last show at Stable Gallery, "Joseph Cornell: Selected Works" (December 2-31, 1957), consisting of a series of "Sand Fountain" boxes and "Space Object" or "Celestial Navigation" works. The "Sand Fountain" boxes included different colors of sand meant to flow within, often from the tops into cordial glasses. His "Celestial Navigations" included galaxy-like compositions set within the boxes, with rolling, painted cork balls, metal rings, and constellation charts, sometimes hovering over cordial glasses or clay pipes. This last Stable Gallery show earned him his first published profile, written by Howard Griffin for the December 1957 issue of "Art News." Also in 1957, he won the Kohnstamm Prize for Construction at the Art Institute of Chicago's 62rd Annual Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture.

Towards the end of the 1950s, Cornell spent less time creating new bodies of work, and focused more on revisiting previous series and reviewing piles of collected source material. In 1959, Cornell returned to making collages, frequently sourcing popular magazines. In December 1959, Cornell was awarded $1,500 for his "Orion" collage, entered in the Art Institute of Chicago's "63rd American Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture." Also in December, he was offered a show at Bennington College in Vermont, which he titled, "Bonitas Solstitialis: Selected Works by Joseph Cornell and an exploration of the Colombier" (November 20-December 15, 1959). The show included one of his newest "explorations" of collected material related to "colombier," or pigeon houses.

By 1962, Cornell was working diligently on new collages, using Masonite boards and colorful magazine clippings. He also began creating collages using nude images interspersed with constellation clippings or hazy blue dyes. As in previous decades and art movements, Cornell became acquainted with new artists, spending less time in the city and more time hosting visitors at his Utopia Parkway home. Visitors included artists Walter De Maria, Robert Whitman, Andy Warhol, James Rosenquist, and Robert Indiana. Tony Curtis also became a frequent visitor and friend, introduced by Richard Feigen in 1964. The early 1960s was also the first time Cornell put out an advertisement for assistants in the "Long Island Star-Journal," employing a number of young men and women who helped organize clippings and run errands. Cornell also met Joyce Hunter, a young runaway waitress at a city coffee shop, who would occupy his thoughts and diary notes for the next several years. When she was murdered at the end of 1964, Cornell paid for her funeral. He went on to make several "Penny Arcade" collages in memoriam to her, including, "Penny Arcade (re-autumnal)" (1964).

In 1964, Cornell began friendships with several women including artist Carolee Schneeman, who was his first assistant in the early 1960s. He also met artist Yayoi Kusama through art dealer Gertrude Stein. After becoming friends, she visited him often and they exchanged letters and notes. As he did with other artist friends, Cornell supported her by purchasing several of her early watercolor paintings, and they stayed connected until his death in 1972.

Cornell's life greatly changed in 1965 with the death of his brother, Robert. By this time, his mother lived with his sister in Long Island, and Cornell was alone in the Utopia Parkway house for the first time. He exchanged frequent letters and phone calls with his mother and devoted much time to thinking about Robert and Joyce, often aligning them in his diary notations. Cornell also created a series of collages dedicated to his brother's memory, incorporating photostats of Robert's hundreds of drawings into Cornell's work, as with the later collage, "The Heart on the Sleeve" (1972). Cornell's "Time Transfixed" series of collages were also dedications to Robert's memory, referencing Magritte and Robert's love of trains. He mounted an exhibition, "Robert Cornell: Memorial Exhibition" (January 4-29, 1966), at the Robert Schoelkopf Gallery, where he showed Robert's artwork alongside his newly created collage dedications.

After Robert's death, Cornell relied more heavily on assistants, going through many part-time "helpers." In October 1966, Cornell's mother died, adding her to his constant thoughts and diaries. Though he was still grieving, he was given two major retrospectives in 1967. The first was at the Pasadena Art Museum, put on by James Demetrion and Walter Hopps, "An Exhibiton of Works by Joseph Cornell" (January 9-February 11, 1967). The second retrospective was at the Guggenheim Museum just three months later, "Joseph Cornell" (May 4-June 35, 1967), organized by Diane Waldman. After these shows, he was highlighted in the December 15, 1967 issue of "Life" in the article, "The Enigmatic Bachelor of Utopia Parkway."

In 1968, Cornell was given an "award of merit," which included a medal and $1,000, by the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. He was also given a medal and $1,000 by the Brandeis University Creative Arts Awards in the painting category, along with an exhibition. Days later, "The New York Times" announced Cornell the winner, along with Donald Judd, of India's first Triennale of Contemporary World Art. The Brandeis exhibition, "Boxes and Collages by Joseph Cornell" (May 20-June 23, 1968), was organized by William Seitz and concentrated on Cornell's more recent 1960s collages. Cornell was also included in the Metropolitan Museum of Art's hundredth anniversary show, "New York Painting and Sculpture: 1940 to 1970" (October 18, 1969-February 1, 1970), where twenty-two of Cornell's boxes were shown in their own gallery. At the end of 1970, Cornell was given a solo show at the Metropolitan, "Collages by Joseph Cornell" (December 10, 1970-January 24, 1971), which included forty-five of his newest collages.

Now preferring to stay closer to his home in Flushing, Cornell was more interested in sharing his art with young adults and children, than an adult audience. He hosted a group of high school students, sponsored by the Metropolitan Museum of Art's education department, at his home in conjunction with his collage show (1970-1971). He also showed his work in the art department of Queens College of the City University of New York. Cornell still hosted visitors on occasion, having Yoko Ono and John Lennon at his home at least once. Leila Hadley, Betsy von Furstenberg, and Anne Jackson also made frequent visits. With his deteriorating health, Cornell worried about what would happen to his work after his death and hired lawyer Harry Torczyner to help him plan his estate and get his affairs in order.

In 1972, Cornell had a show at the Cooper Union, a college in New York, specifically for children. He displayed his boxes and collages at child-height and had cherry soda and brownies at the opening reception on February 10. He then held a show at the Albright-Knox Art Gallery in Buffalo, also for children: "Children's Preview of the Exhibition of Joseph Cornell – Collages and Boxes (April 18-June 17, 1972). In the winter of 1972, at the request of the Phoenix House drug treatment and prevention program, Cornell contributed to a charity project compiling limited-edition lithographic prints for a portfolio, which included artists like David Hockney, James Rosenquist, and Ellsworth Kelly.

On December 29, 1972, a week after turning sixty-nine, Cornell died of heart failure at his home. He was cremated and interred near the graves of his mother, father, and brother, overlooking the Hudson River in Nyack, New York.

Works Cited:

1. Hartigan, Lynda Roscoe. "Joseph Cornell: Navigating the Imagination." New Haven, Connecticut and London: Yale University Press, 2007. Exhibition Catalog.

2. McShine, Kynaston. "Joseph Cornell." New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1980.

3. San Francisco Cinematheque and The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. "Joseph Cornell: Films." 2007. Exhibition Program. (Presented in conjunction with SFMOMA's exhibition of "Joseph Cornell: Navigating the Imagination").

4. Schaffner, Ingrid and Lisa Jacobs. "Julien Levy: Portrait of an Art Gallery." Cambridge, Massachusetts and London: The MIT Press, 1998.

5. Solomon, Deborah. "Utopia Parkway: The Life and Work of Joseph Cornell." New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1997.
Separated Materials:
The Smithsonian Archives of American Art houses the Joseph Cornell papers, 1804-1986, bulk 1939-1972.
Provenance:
The Joseph Cornell Study Center collection was donated to the Smithsonian American Art Museum by Joseph Cornell's sister and brother-in-law, Elizabeth Cornell Benton and John A. Benton, in 1978, which prompted the creation of the Joseph Cornell Study Center. Additional materials were donated in installments by the artist's estate, the Joseph and Robert Cornell Memorial Foundation, from 1985 to 1997. Elizabeth and John A. Benton originally donated 66 linear feet of three-dimensional and non-textual source material and 50 linear feet of books to the Smithsonian Archives of American Art, which were subsequently transferred to the Smithsonian American Art Museum's Joseph Cornell Study Center in 1994 and 1995.
Restrictions:
Access to the collection requires an advanced appointment. Contact collection staff at least two weeks prior to preferred date, at AmericanArtCornellStudy@si.edu.

Series 9: Artifacts and Ephemera, Series 13: Personal Library and Book Collection, and Series 14: Record Album Collection, are still undergoing processing and preservation and may not be available for research use. Record albums are unavailable for playback. Contact collection staff for full lists of publications and record albums.
Rights:
Unpublished materials are protected by copyright. Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository and the copyright holder.
Occupation:
Collagists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Assemblage (Art)  Search this
Assemblage artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Found objects (Art)  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Celebrities  Search this
Filmmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1950 -- Photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Photographs -- 1860-1870 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver albumen -- Cartes-de-visite
Photographs -- Daguerreotypes -- 1840-1860
Citation:
Joseph Cornell Study Center collection, 1750-1980, bulk 1930-1972. Joseph Cornell Study Center, Smithsonian American Art Museum.
Identifier:
SAAM.JCSC.1
See more items in:
Joseph Cornell Study Center Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Research and Scholars Center
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-saam-jcsc-1

Wood Beads, Multicolored, in Coffee Can

Collection Artist:
Cornell, Joseph  Search this
Extent:
Coffee can measures 5 1/2 inches high x 4 inches in diameter.
Container:
Box OBJ
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Includes coffee can covered with white felt containing wood beads of various colors and sizes.
Series Restrictions:
This series is still undergoing processing. Contact collection repository for more information about materials not yet described here.
Collection Rights:
Unpublished materials are protected by copyright. Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository and the copyright holder.
Collection Citation:
Joseph Cornell Study Center collection, 1750-1980, bulk 1930-1972. Joseph Cornell Study Center, Smithsonian American Art Museum.
See more items in:
Joseph Cornell Study Center Collection
Joseph Cornell Study Center Collection / Series 9: Artifacts and Ephemera
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Research and Scholars Center
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-saam-jcsc-1-ref4664

Dossiers

Collection Artist:
Cornell, Joseph  Search this
Extent:
4 Linear feet (Boxes 19-22, 86-87, 100, 129; OBJ)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1810-1972
Scope and Contents:
Often referred to by Cornell as "dossiers," files gathered topically by an individual person include a range of materials: diaries about the person and personal letters to and from Cornell; photographs and magazine clippings depicting the person; and clipped articles and postcards of other imagery or ideas that Cornell associated with that individual. Files range from individuals Cornell knew personally, including Yayoi Kusama, Lee Miller, Allegra Kent, Joyce Hunter, Roberto Matta, and Trudy Goodman; to those admired from afar, including Lauren Bacall, Rosemary Carver, Patty Duke, Jeanne Eagels, Grace Hartigan, Jennifer Jones, Jackie Lane, Marilyn Monroe, Shirley MacLaine, Sheree North, Lois Smith, Susan Sontag, Tamara Toumanova, and Judy Tyler. He also kept files on individuals admired from long ago, including Hector Berlioz, Lucienne Boyer, Emily Dickinson, Paul Dukas, Eleanora Duse, Geraldine Farrar, Loie Fuller, Artemisia Gentileschi, Lucille Grahn, Tilly Losch, Maria Malibran, Guiditta Pasta, and Supervia Conchita, among others.

Among the files, significant photographic materials include photographs of Rosemary Carver by Man Ray and George Platt Lynes, a signed photograph by Loie Fuller, photographs of Yayoi Kusama, personal snapshots of Roberto Matta, photographs by Lee Miller, film stills from Jean Cocteau's film, "Le Sang d'un poète" (1931), and a signed photograph of Tamara Toumanova sent to Cornell with costume pieces. Other notable materials include a signed letter by Hector Berlioz, a calling card from Paul Dukas, a letter by Max Ernst, a collage by Grace Hartigan sent to Cornell, a signed note by Christina Rosetti, and a signed letter by Clara Schumann. Included throughout the files are letters and diary notes, box sketches and unfinished or drafted collages, source clippings and images for a number of finished Cornell collages and boxes, references to record albums, playbills and collected ephemera.

Larger groups of files for those admired from afar include Marilyn Monroe, Patty Duke, Giuditta Pasta, and Judy Tyler. Marilyn Monroe files are largely made up of diary notes and magazine and newspaper clippings about Marilyn, as well as correspondence and exhibition catalog from the Sidney Janis Gallery. Patty Duke files, also noted by Cornell as "Isle of Children" and "Penny Arcade" files, include notes and ephemera, playbills for "Isle of Children," paint-stained newspapers, and assorted clippings about Patty. Giuditta Pasta files were housed in a paint-labeled box Cornell titled "Pasta." Within the box, Cornell further arranged material into the folders: "Arches of the Sky," "Diary," and "Sentimentalia," while he also kept material loose in the box. Materials include notes and diaries referencing a number of other topics, including Fanny Cerrito and "Aviary" boxes, "Dance Index," Lauren Bacall, and Maria Malibran. Files for Judy Tyler include photographs and diary notes, among other materials. See also Series 2.1: General Correspondence, Lorelei Hess, for correspondence with Judy's mother and father. After the deaths of his brother and mother in 1965 and 1966, Cornell shared his grief with Judy Tyler's parents, who lost her in a car accident in 1957.

Numerous files were kept for Allegra Kent and Joyce Hunter, two women Cornell knew well. Though Cornell first met Allegra Kent, principal ballet dancer in the New York City Ballet, in 1956, they did not become friends until 1969. Files document their friendship and Cornell's appreciation for her, through diaries and correspondence; gifts of drawings and cards from her children and Allegra; photographs of the dancer, including one series of photographs with Cornell, Allegra, and her children in one print; a sent bit of silky fabric and a handmade paper hat, noted by Cornell as items commemorating a recent visit from Allegra and her children; and two collages by Cornell.

Extensive files are dedicated to Joyce Hunter, a young, runaway-turned-waitress working at the Strand Food Shop, a coffee shop on Sixth Avenue. He first met her in 1962, and soon learned she was an aspiring actress from Kentucky. She had a daughter, Sharon, and a husband she left in Philadelphia. Cornell admired her as one of his muses, fairy-like and "feé," often referring to her as "Tina," a name he assigned to various muses of this kind, but especially to Joyce. She often spoke with him of her troubles on his visits to the coffee shop, and he would sit and jot notes about his observations and their talks when she was busy. She visited his Utopia Parkway home and met his family, and he gave her several gifts, including one of his boxes, going so far as to offer her a position as his part-time assistant. She often asked for money from Cornell, lamenting how difficult a time she had making rent, and so on. After seeing her infrequently for several months, she reappeared with a friend to ask for more boxes, which Cornell refused. Then, in 1964, Joyce and her boyfriend stole nine of Cornell's box works from his garage, which Cornell was not aware of until art dealers notified him that two teenaged girls were trying to sell his artwork. With reluctance, Cornell filed charges against Joyce, her boyfriend, and friend Patricia Lewis. Unable to withdraw the charges, Cornell posted her bail for $1000, paid for her lawyer, and refused to testify against her at the trial in October. The charges were eventually dropped, and Cornell could withdraw his complaint against them. He continued to see Joyce afterwards, and she frequently visited his home. In mid-December, Joyce was found murdered in her apartment. When her body was not claimed, Cornell paid for her funeral and burial in Flushing Cemetery, and asked detectives to try to find her daughter, Sharon, thinking he could care for her. Though Sharon was never tracked down, Cornell would continue to think about Joyce and imagine Sharon for years to come. He dedicated collages to them both, wrote diary notes about Joyce, and drafted letters to Sharon.

Files on Joyce Hunter include correspondence with Joyce, Patricia Lewis, and art galleries aware of the theft of boxes; diary notes from the time of meeting Joyce to lamenting her after her death, as well as diary notes to Sharon; collected ephemera and artifacts; programs and planning materials for Joyce's funeral and burial; legal documents and notes related to the theft and trial; photographs of Joyce and Sharon; and collages and collage materials dedicated to Joyce and Sharon. With the death of Robert in 1965, Cornell often combined his grief for Joyce and Robert in the same diary notations, occasionally drafting notes or letters to them both.
Arrangement:
Files are arranged alphabetically by individual's last name.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to the collection requires an advanced appointment. Contact collection staff at least two weeks prior to preferred date, at AmericanArtCornellStudy@si.edu.

Series 9: Artifacts and Ephemera, Series 13: Personal Library and Book Collection, and Series 14: Record Album Collection, are still undergoing processing and preservation and may not be available for research use. Record albums are unavailable for playback. Contact collection staff for full lists of publications and record albums.
Collection Rights:
Unpublished materials are protected by copyright. Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository and the copyright holder.
Collection Citation:
Joseph Cornell Study Center collection, 1750-1980, bulk 1930-1972. Joseph Cornell Study Center, Smithsonian American Art Museum.
Identifier:
SAAM.JCSC.1, Subseries 8.1
See more items in:
Joseph Cornell Study Center Collection
Joseph Cornell Study Center Collection / Series 8: Source Material
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Research and Scholars Center
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-saam-jcsc-1-ref1740

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: World Expositions

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
9.09 Cubic feet (consisting of 17.5 boxes, 1 folder, 19 oversize folders, 12 map case folders, 3 flat boxes (1 full, 2 partial), plus digital images of some collection material.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Date:
1851-1965
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: World Expositions forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This material consists primarily of guide books, souvenir books, catalogs, brochures, maps, general images, lithographs, advertising cards, postcards, commemorative stamps, tickets and correspondence created for the World's Fairs. A few trade catalogs (Chicago, 1893), magazines, bubble gum cards (Chicago, 1933-1934) and photographs are also included in the materials. One remarkable item in the world exposition's material is a "peephole" paper toy viewer from the New York 1939-1940 fair.

The amount of material for each fair varies widely. Most of the fairs including Paris 1855, Lausanne 1857, Boston 1883-1884, Bordeaux 1895, Philadelphia 1899, Milan 1906, Albuquerque 1908 and Seattle 1962 have very little information. The Philadelphia 1876 and Chicago 1893 expositions, however, contain a substantial amount of material. A number of expositions are not included among the materials. The container list indicates which fairs the Archives Center has information on in this collection.

A number of the expositions were given a nickname, mostly as a result of the architecture dominating the fair. Examples of those nicknames include the White City (Chicago 1893), the Magic City (Omaha 1898), the Rainbow City (Buffalo 1901), the Ivory City (St. Louis 1904), the Jewel City (San Francisco 1915), and Treasure Island San Francisco 1939-1940).

The World Expositions tend to have a theme or celebrate a special event. "The Age of Steam" was the theme for the first world exposition, held in London in 1851. In 1876, the Philadelphia exposition celebrated a century of American independence. The common name was the "Philadelphia Centennial." The Chicago 1893 fair celebrated the 400th anniversary of Columbus' discovery of America and was referred to as the "World's Columbian Exposition." The Omaha exposition in 1898 is known as the "Invitation to Renewed Expansion of the West." Buffalo's theme in 1901 was "All Americas Exposition", demonstrating the cultural, commercial and technical progress of the Western Hemisphere. Expanding the West was the theme for the St. Louis fair in 1904 to celebrate the lOOth anniversary of the purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France. In 1915, San Francisco celebrated the opening of the Panama Canal. American independence was celebrated again in Philadelphia in 1926 marking 150 years. Chicago's fair in 1933-1934 was called "A Century of Progress" it was incorporated as a city in 1833. The exposition in New York in 1939-1940 had two themes: "Building a World for Tomorrow" in 1939 and "For Peace and Freedom" in 1940. San Francisco's world's fair in 1939-1940 also had two themes: "Dawn of a New Day" in 1939 and "Fun in the Fourties" in 1940. The theme for New York's exposition in 1964-1965, "Peace Through Understanding", celebrated the 300th anniversary of the naming of New York by the British and the 15th anniversary of the United Nations in New York City.

Researchers interested in women's history will find little information on that subject. Most of the expositions had a Women's building, however, there are only a few items referring to them in this collection. Such materials include a book from the Philadelphia 1876 fair which discusses women's work. Another book from the Chicago 1893 fair examines the art and handicraft in the Women's building. A pamphlet also from the Chicago fair contains the official minutes of the Board of Lady Managers.

The materials in boxes one through seventeen are organized in chronological order by the name of the location of the fair. A number of manufacturers and distributors of various products created advertising for the expositions. Such materials remain with those created about the fair. A photocopy of product advertising has been filed in the appropriate subject category in the Warshaw Collection. Box eighteen contains miscellaneous items that could not be identified with a particular exposition. Such materials include photographs, advertising cards and souvenir books.

Other collections in the Archives that relate to world expositions are the Orth and Zimm collections. The Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the New York World's Fair 1939-1940 primarily documents the general organization of the New York fair and specific national or corporate pavilions. Holdings include advertising and promotional literature, press kits, maps and official guides, photographs and brochures. Additional material includes scrapbooks, photo album, diaries, postcards and posters. Among the personal papers of Mr. Orth are correspondence and copies of the newsletter, Exposition Collectors and Historians Organization (ECHO). ECHO was organized by Mr. Orth in 1976 for collectors and historians of world's fairs and disbanded upon his death. This collection is stored off site. Researchers are requested to make an appointment to use the materials. The Zimm Collection contains materials from a number of the world's fairs. These materials are also stored off site and researchers will need to make an appointment.

Materials in the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History that relate to the world's fairs can also be found in its Library. The Library has both primary and secondary sources. All of the primary materials have been microfilmed. The library also contains a comprehensive collection of secondary sources on the expositions. Among the secondary sources is a publication The Book Fairs, Materials about World's Fairs, 1834-1916, in the Smithsonian Institution Libraries (1992).

Special collections (Dibner Library) contains about thirty very rare items from various world expositions mostly dating from the 1851 fair and those occurring in the 1880s. Such items are mostly coffee table books created about the fairs. All items can be searched in SIRIS (Smithsonian Institution Research Information Service.) located in the library or the Archives Center's reference room. Researchers will need to contact the Dibner library to make an appointment to see original materials.

The Museum's curatorial divisions hold a number of three dimensional objects relating to the fairs. For information on the objects researchers should contact the divisions.
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
World Expositions is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: World Expositions, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.World
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: World Expositions
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-world
Online Media:

Turkish Coffee

Collection Collector:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Container:
Box 469, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
score, 1pp
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Duke Ellington Collection / Series 1: Music Manuscripts / 1.4: Partially Identified Music
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0301-ref60571

Saloons [albumen stereograph]

Collector:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Container:
Box 6
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographs
Stereographs
Date:
ca. 1870s
Scope and Contents:
G. A. Keyes Oyster Saloon (front exterior with sign, plus additional sign: "Oysters / hot coffee / cold meats / &c"), on unidentified street, by an unidentified photographer. In front of the "saloon" a young African American boy (or man) sits on a cart hitched to a bull, who is also resting. Other figures nearby include several wearing top hats, and two other African American figures are sitting on a doorstep. Orange mount, pink on verso. Pencil on verso: "Polatka Express."
Local Numbers:
04006088.tif (AC Scan No. for Keyes' Oyster Bar)
Related Materials:
Forms part of the photographs division of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site. Photographs must be handled with white cotton gloves, unless protected by plastic sleeves.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Restaurants -- 1870-1880  Search this
Oysters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1870-1880 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver albumen
Stereographs -- 1880-1900
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series 2: Other Collection Divisions
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series 2: Other Collection Divisions / 2.6: Stereographs / Saloons
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s02-ref2824

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