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Jean Crotti papers

Creator:
Crotti, Jean, 1878-1958  Search this
Names:
Blancpain, Paul  Search this
Braque, Georges, 1882-1963  Search this
Christian, 1895-1969  Search this
Cocteau, Jean, 1889-1963  Search this
Coudour, Henri  Search this
Crotti, Andre  Search this
Duchamp, Marcel, 1887-1968  Search this
Duchamp, Suzanne, 1889-1963  Search this
Dufy, Raoul, 1877-1953  Search this
Everling, Germaine  Search this
Gleizes, Albert, 1881-1953  Search this
Guillaume, Paul, 1891-1934  Search this
Matisse, Henri, 1869-1954  Search this
Nokache, Armand  Search this
Ozenfant, Amédée, 1886-1966  Search this
Pach, Walter, 1883-1958  Search this
Picabia, Francis, 1879-1953  Search this
Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973 -- Photographs  Search this
Renoir, Pierre, 1885-1952  Search this
Reynolds, Mary, 1891-1950  Search this
Salmon, André, 1881-1969  Search this
Seuphor, Michel, 1901-1999  Search this
Severini, Gino, 1883-1966  Search this
Varese, Louise  Search this
Varèse, Edgard, 1883-1965  Search this
Villon, Jacques, 1875-1963  Search this
Waldemar George, 1893-  Search this
Extent:
1.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Poems
Essays
Sound recordings
Photographs
Interviews
Date:
1913-1973
bulk 1913-1961
Summary:
The scattered papers of French Dada painter Jean Crotti measure 1.7 linear feet and date from 1913-1973, with the bulk of the material dated 1913-1961. Found within the papers are autobiographical notes and essays; correspondence with family and colleagues, among them Jean Cocteau, Andre Crotti, Suzanne Duchamp, Marcel Duchamp, Albert Gleizes, Christian a.k.a. Georges Herbiet, Henri Matisse, Francis Picabia, and Jacques Villon; notes and writings by Crotti and others; art work by Crotti and Paul Guillaume; a scrapbook; and additional printed material. Photographs are of Crotti, Suzanne Duchamp, Georges Braque, Pablo Picasso, and other family and friends; and of Crotti's art work. There are audio recordings on phonograph records of three interviews with Crotti and one with Mr. and Mrs. Paul Blancpain.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of French Dada painter Jean Crotti measure 1.7 linear feet and date from 1913 to 1973, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1913-1961. Among the papers are autobiographical essays, correspondence with friends and family, including many letters from Marcel Duchamp, notes and writings by and about Crotti, printed materials, one scrapbook, drawings by Crotti and others, photographs of Crotti and his family and friends, photographs of artwork, and three audio recordings of interviews with Crotti.

Biographical material consists of autobiographical notes and an autobiographical manuscript Ma Vie.

Correspondence is with family members and colleagues. Correspondents include his brother Andr?©, wife Suzanne Duchamp, and other family members. There are eleven folders of correspondence between Suzanne's brother Marcel Duchamp and the Crotti family. A 1918 letter from Duchamp to Crotti is illustrated by Duchamp. Additional letters to Jean Crotti are from Jean Cocteau, Albert Gleizes, Georges Herbiet a.k.a. "Christian", Henri Matisse, Francis Picabia, and Jacques Villon. Three folders of letters from Georges Herbiet a.k.a. "Christian" include references to Francis Picabia and Germaine Everling and discussions of art criticism and Picabia's role in avant-garde art movements. Herbiet also describes a new painting procedure that he claims to have invented using a product that is impervious to acids, water, oil, or alcohol. There is a single letter from Jean Crotti to Pablo Picasso following their meeting in Cannes in which Crotti discusses a design with spheres and includes a sketch of his idea. There are also single letters to Crotti from Raoul Dufy, Walter Pach, and actor Pierre Renoir.

Notes and writings include poems, a script, and miscellaneous writings by Crotti concerning his art theories including "Tabu" and gemmail. Writings about Crotti are by miscellaneous authors including writers Waldemar George, Andr?© Salmon, and artists Armand Nakache, Am?©d?© Ozenfant, and Michel Seuphor.

Art work includes seven folders of drawings and an etching plate by Crotti, 83 drawings by Paul Guillaume, and portrait drawings of Crotti by Henri Coudour and Francis Picabia.

A scrapbook contains clippings, a letter from Paul Guillaume and a letter to Elizabeth Crotti from a friend describing a 1932 Jean Crotti exhibition in the Balzac Galleries in New York City, and a typescript "Una Collezione a Parigi" by Gino Severini.

Additional printed material includes clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs for Crotti and others, reproductions of art work, and books Jean Crotti (1930) and Jean Crotti et la Primaut?© du Spirituel (1959) by Waldemar George.

Photographs are of Crotti, his family, friends, colleagues, and art work by Crotti and by Suzanne Duchamp. Of particular interest are photographs of composer Edgard Var?¨se and his wife Louise with Suzanne Duchamp, Jean Crotti, and art advocate Mary Reynolds in 1924, photographs of Crotti and Georges Braque examining a gemmail art work, and photographs of Crotti and Suzanne Duchamp talking with Pablo Picasso at Cannes and at the home of Bertrande Blancpain in 1957.

Sound recordings include two phonograph records of interviews with Jean Crotti, including topics "Assignment Switzerland" and "Assignment World." A third phonograph record contains an instantatneous disk recording of correspondence between Mr. and Mrs. Paul Blancpain as well as an additional interview with Crotti.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1954-1955 (Box 1; 3 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1916-1961 (Box 1; 43 folders)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, 1924-1958 (Box 1; 27 folders)

Series 4: Art Work, 1913-1925 (Box 1, 3; 12 folders)

Series 5: Scrapbook, 1931-1935 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1921-1973 (Box 1, 2, 3; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Photographs, 1920-1957 (Box 2; 25 folders)

Series 8: Sound Recordings, 1955 (Box 3; 1 folder)
Biographical Note:
Jean Crotti (1870-1958) was a Dadist painter who worked primarily in Paris, France and New York. He was married to Suzanne Duchamp, Marcel Duchamp's sister, and friends with notable avant-garde and Dada European and American painters of the period. He is also known for creating the "Gemmail" technique of layering colored glass that produced unique color combinations when illuminated.

Jean Crotti was born April 24, 1878 in Bulle, near Fribourg, Switzerland, the son of a painting contractor. The family moved to Fribourg in 1887.

Beginning in 1898, Crotti struggled with questions of a religious and spiritual nature while at the School of Decorative Arts in Munich. Dissatisfied there, he moved to Paris in 1901, where he spent a year studying at the Acad?©mie Julian under Tony-Robert Fleury and Jules Lefebvre. Still dissatisfied in 1902, he established a small independent studio in the Rue Fontaine.

Crotti exhibited a canvas at the Salon des Ind?©pendants in 1907, and was accepted as a member of the Salon d'Automne in 1909. From 1910 to 1912, he was influenced by Cubism and its offshoot, Orphism.

To escape from wartime Paris in 1914, Crotti and his first wife, Yvonne Chastel, moved to New York City where Crotti had his first solo exhibition at the Bourgeois Gallery. In 1915, Crotti met Francis Picabia and also shared a studio with Marcel Duchamp who was a major influence. Crotti began his Dada period and was included in an exhibition of French paintings at the Montross Gallery in New York, with Duchamp, Albert Gleizes, and Jean Metzinger.

Crotti separated from his first wife, Yvonne Chastel, in 1916 and returned to Paris alone. By 1917, Crotti's marriage had dissolved and he married Suzanne Duchamp in 1919. Crotti met Suzanne Duchamp, also a painter, through his friendship with her brother Marcel Duchamp. During this time, Crotti completed and exhibited paintings associated with the Dada movement. One of his more notable works was entitled Explacatif, bearing the word "Tabu" that expressed Crotti's concepts of mystery and infinity with spiritual overtones.

In 1935 Crotti began to research a new technique using layers of colored glass, referred to as "gemmail." The term is a contraction of "gem" referring to the colored glass and "enamel" referring to the method of affixing the pieces of glass to each other. After much experimentation, an "enamel" fixative was found that would permanently hold the glass pieces in place while still allowing light to shine through all the layers. Several prominent artists including Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso became interested in using this medium. Crotti had the process patented, but in 1955 ceded the rights to Roger Malherbe who adapted it to commercial uses.

Jean Crotti died on January 30, 1958 in Paris, France.
Separated Material:
Two sketches and a print were also lent by Andr?© Buckles in 1981 for microfilming on reels 2394-2395 and returned. This material is not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
The Jean Crotti papers were donated in two installments in 1981 by Andr?© Buckles and Alice Buckles Brown, Crotti's great-nephew and great-niece.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Jean Crotti papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painting -- Technique  Search this
Art criticism  Search this
Dadaism  Search this
Avant-garde (Aesthetics)  Search this
Painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters -- France -- Paris -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Poems
Essays
Sound recordings
Photographs
Interviews
Citation:
Jean Crotti papers, 1913-1973, bulk 1913-1961. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.crotjean
See more items in:
Jean Crotti papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-crotjean
Online Media:

L'autre monde / Jean Cocteau

Author:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Physical description:
10 unnumbered leaves ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Postcards
Poetry
Date:
1958
20th century
Topic:
French poetry  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1028506

(No Title Given: Man in a Room) [drawing] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Architecture interior--Domestic  Search this
Figure male  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0023847
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_23848

Monroe Wheeler [drawing] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Subject:
Wheeler, Monroe  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1927
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0111974
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_111975

Mary Butts [drawing] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Subject:
Butts, Mary  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Portrait female--Bust  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0124316
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_124317

La voix humaine, piece en un acte [sound recording]

Author:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Type:
Musical sound recordings
Date:
1956
Topic:
Spoken word  Search this
Literature  Search this
Local number:
FW-ASCH-LP-3456
London 91102
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, 1939-1986 228428
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_316399

La chapelle Saint Pierre, Villefranche sur Mer / Jean Cocteau

Author:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Former owner:
Fitzgerald, Ella DSI  Search this
Inscriber:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963 DSI  Search this
Associated name:
Abdy, Iya DSI  Search this
Photographer:
Gasiglia, J.  Search this
Printer:
Imprimerie E. Pigelet  Search this
Publisher:
Éditions du Rocher  Search this
Subject:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Chapelle Saint Pierre (Villefranche-sur-Mer, France)  Search this
Physical description:
[8] pages, [29] pages of plates : chiefly illustrations ; 27 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Place:
France
Villefranche-sur-Mer
Date:
1957
©1957
Topic:
Christian art and symbolism  Search this
Call number:
ND553.C73 A43 1957X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1087010

Visual poetry : a retrospective exhibition of the visual art of Jean Cocteau / [Text by Melinda Wortz and Stephen F. Baker]

Author:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Wortz, Melinda  Search this
University of California, Irvine Art Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Physical description:
1 folded sheet (6 p.) : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1989
Call number:
N6853.C714 A4 1989
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_808589

Cocteau : catalogue de l'exposition "Jean Cocteau sur le fil du siècle."

Title:
Catalogue de l'exposition "Jean Cocteau sur le fil du siècle"
Jean Cocteau sur le fil du siècle
Author:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Centre Georges Pompidou  Search this
Musée des beaux-arts de Montréal  Search this
Subject:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Physical description:
413 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
2003
C2003
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_829797

Picasso / Jean Cocteau

Author:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Subject:
Picasso, Pablo 1881-1973  Search this
Physical description:
32 p., [16] leaves of plates : ill. ; 15 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1923
Call number:
ND.553.P5.C6
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_657088

L'art decoratif de Léon Bakst; essai critique par Arséne [i.e. Arsène] Alexandre; notes sur les ballets par Jean Cocteau

Title:
Art de Léon Bakst
Léon Bakst
Author:
Alexandre, Arsène 1859-1937  Search this
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Former owner:
Cooper Union Library DSI  Search this
Subject:
Bakst, Léon 1866-1924  Search this
Ballets russes  Search this
Physical description:
[4], 49, [8] p., 77 leaves of plates (some folded). Port., facsim. illus. (part col.). 41 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1913
Topic:
Ballet--Costume  Search this
Ballet--Stage-setting and scenery  Search this
Set designers  Search this
Call number:
ND699.B3 A613 1913
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_663594

Modigliani. [Texte] par Jean Cocteau

Author:
Modigliani, Amedeo 1884-1920  Search this
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Physical description:
[21] p. 24 col. plates. 18 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1950
[1950]
Call number:
ND623.M67 C6
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_669175

A day with Picasso : twenty-four photographs by Jean Cocteau / Billy Klüver

Author:
Klüver, Billy 1927-2004  Search this
Subject:
Picasso, Pablo 1881-1973 Pictorial works  Search this
Picasso, Pablo 1881-1973 Friends and associates Pictorial works  Search this
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963 Contributions in photography  Search this
Physical description:
99 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1997
C1997
Call number:
N40.1.P58 K58 E1997
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_525498

Drôle de ménage. Textes et dessins de Jean Cocteau

Author:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Physical description:
[56] p. col. illus. 32 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1948
[1948]
20th century
Topic:
Children's literature, French  Search this
Illustrated children's books  Search this
Call number:
PQ2605.O15 D7 1948
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_588471

Cocteau on the film, a conversation recorded by André Fraigneau; translated by Vera Traill

Author:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Fraigneau, André  Search this
Physical description:
140 p. illus. 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1954
[1954]
Topic:
Motion pictures  Search this
Call number:
PN1994.C543 1954aX
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_401285

The visual art of Jean Cocteau / text by William Emboden ; introduction by Tony Clark ; edited, designed, and produced by Marshall Lee

Author:
Emboden, William A  Search this
Lee, Marshall 1921-  Search this
Subject:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Physical description:
219 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1989
C1989
Call number:
N40.1.C648 E53 1989
N40.1.C648E53 1989
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_412575

Jean Cocteau : the mirror and the mask : a photo-biography / edited & compiled by Julie Saul ; with an essay by Francis Steegmuller

Author:
Saul, Julie  Search this
Steegmuller, Francis 1906-1994  Search this
Subject:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963 Portraits  Search this
Physical description:
112 p. : chiefly ports. ; 23 x 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1992
Call number:
N40.1.C648 S2 1992
N40.1.C648S2 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_450744

Le mystére laïc (Giorgio de Chirico) essai d'étude indirecte, avec cinq dessins de Giorgio de Chirico

Author:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Subject:
De Chirico, Giorgio 1888-1978  Search this
Physical description:
80, [1] p., 2 leaves ; 20 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1928
C1928
Call number:
N40.1.C54 C66 1928
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_494373

The blood of a poet, a film by Jean Cocteau; translated from the French by Lily Pons

Author:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Pons, Lily 1898-1976  Search this
Physical description:
53 p. : illus. 21 x 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1949
C1949
Call number:
N40.1.C648 P78 E1949
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_494590

Le livre blanc. [Illustrations de Jean Cocteau.]

Author:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963  Search this
Subject:
Cocteau, Jean 1889-1963 Biography  Search this
Physical description:
86 p., [6] leaves of plates : col. ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
1900
1986
[19--]
20th century
Topic:
Authors, French  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.C648 A1
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_494594

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