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Pinback button for the Southern Student Organizing Committee

Illustrated by:
Claude Weaver, American  Search this
Manufactured by:
Olympic Button & Emblem Co., American  Search this
Subject of:
Southern Student Organizing Committee, founded 1964  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with metal and plastic
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 1 5/16 × 1 5/16 × 1/4 in. (3.3 × 3.3 × 0.6 cm)
Type:
buttons (information artifacts)
Place depicted:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1964-1969
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
American South  Search this
Education  Search this
Race relations  Search this
U.S. History, 1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of T. Rasul Murray
Object number:
2013.68.119
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5a5991622-4a84-42ec-9606-f54a52faf5aa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.68.119
Online Media:

Delegate

Published by:
MelPat Associates, American, 1965 - 1986  Search this
Created by:
C. Melvin Patrick, American, died 1985  Search this
Subject of:
Crispus Attucks, American, 1723 - 1770  Search this
Sojourner Truth, American, 1797 - 1883  Search this
Harriet Tubman, American, 1822 - 1913  Search this
Sarah C. Roberts, American, born 1844  Search this
Susan McKinney Steward, American, 1847 - 1918  Search this
Dred Scott, American, ca 1800 - 1858  Search this
Frederick Douglass, American, 1818 - 1895  Search this
Booker T. Washington, American, 1856 - 1915  Search this
George Washington Carver, American, 1860s - 1943  Search this
W.E.B. Du Bois, American, 1868 - 1963  Search this
Scott Joplin, American, 1867 - 1917  Search this
Marcus Garvey, Jamaican, 1887 - 1940  Search this
James Weldon Johnson, American, 1871 - 1938  Search this
Father Divine, American, ca. 1876 - 1965  Search this
A. Philip Randolph, American, 1889 - 1979  Search this
Adam Clayton Powell Jr., American, 1908 - 1972  Search this
Rosa Parks, American, 1913 - 2005  Search this
Medgar Evers, American, 1925 - 1963  Search this
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., American, 1929 - 1968  Search this
President Lyndon Baines Johnson, American, 1908 - 1973  Search this
Mary McLeod Bethune, American, 1875 - 1955  Search this
National Association of Black Social Workers, American, founded 1968  Search this
Congressional Black Caucus, American, founded 1971  Search this
Prince Hall Freemasonry, founded 1784  Search this
National Newspaper Publishers Association, American, founded 1827  Search this
Chi Delta Mu Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1913  Search this
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909  Search this
Lambda Kappa Mu Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1937  Search this
Shriners International, American, founded 1870  Search this
National Pan-Hellenic Council, American, founded 1930  Search this
National Dental Association, American, founded 1913  Search this
Improved Benevolent and Protective Order of the Elks of the World, American, founded 1898  Search this
Democratic Party, American, founded 1828  Search this
Republican Party, American, founded 1854  Search this
Chi Eta Phi Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1932  Search this
Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, American, founded 1920  Search this
National Association of Negro Business and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc., American, founded 1935  Search this
National United Church Ushers Association of America, Inc., American, founded 1919  Search this
Eta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1943  Search this
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1906  Search this
National Urban League, American, founded 1910  Search this
Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc., founded 1922  Search this
National Medical Association, American, founded 1895  Search this
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1911  Search this
National Council of Negro Women, founded 1935  Search this
Daughters of Isis, American, founded 1910  Search this
Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1911  Search this
369th Veterans Association, American  Search this
Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, American, founded 1914  Search this
Langston Hughes, American, 1902 - 1967  Search this
Paul Robeson, American, 1898 - 1976  Search this
Ezzard Mack Charles, American, 1921 - 1975  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 10 13/16 × 8 7/16 × 3/8 in. (27.5 × 21.4 × 1 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place made:
Harlem, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1976
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Business  Search this
Communities  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Fraternities  Search this
Government  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Labor  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Men  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
Religious groups  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Sororities  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
U.S. History, Colonial period, 1600-1775  Search this
United States History  Search this
Urban life  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Anne B. Patrick and the family of Hilda E. Stokely
Object number:
2012.167.10
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5e57ffdd9-2ab1-46da-b6e7-10757007351f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.167.10
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  • View <I>Delegate</I> digital asset number 1

Delegate

Published by:
MelPat Associates, American, 1965 - 1986  Search this
Created by:
C. Melvin Patrick, American, died 1985  Search this
Subject of:
United Negro College Fund, American, founded 1944  Search this
Billy Dee Williams, American, born 1937  Search this
National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education, American, founded 1969  Search this
National Urban Affairs Council, American, founded 1971  Search this
National Association of Market Developers, American, founded 1953  Search this
Prince Hall Freemasonry, founded 1784  Search this
Opportunities Industrialization Center of America, Inc., American, founded 1964  Search this
Harold Washington, American, 1922 - 1987  Search this
National Newspaper Publishers Association, American, founded 1827  Search this
Top Ladies of Distinction, Inc., American, founded 1964  Search this
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909  Search this
Lambda Kappa Mu Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1937  Search this
Iota Phi Lambda Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1929  Search this
Chi Eta Phi Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1932  Search this
National Medical Association, American, founded 1895  Search this
National United Church Ushers Association of America, Inc., American, founded 1919  Search this
Morehouse College, American, founded 1867  Search this
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1906  Search this
Carats, Inc., American, founded 1959  Search this
National Bar Association, American, founded 1925  Search this
National Urban League, American, founded 1910  Search this
African Methodist Episcopal Church, American, founded 1816  Search this
National Association of Negro Business and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc., American, founded 1935  Search this
Shriners International, American, founded 1870  Search this
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, American, founded 1913  Search this
Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1911  Search this
National Pharmaceutical Association, American, founded 1947  Search this
National Sorority of Phi Delta Kappa, Inc., American, founded 1906  Search this
One Hundred Black Men, Inc., American, founded 1963  Search this
Arthur Ashe Jr., American, 1943 - 1993  Search this
Association for the Study of African American Life and History, American, founded 1915  Search this
People United to Save Humanity, American, founded 1971  Search this
369th Veterans Association, American  Search this
Eubie Blake, American, 1887 - 1983  Search this
Dance Theatre of Harlem, American, founded 1969  Search this
National Coalition of 100 Black Women, American, founded 1981  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 10 13/16 × 8 7/16 × 1/2 in. (27.5 × 21.4 × 1.3 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place made:
Harlem, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Martha's Vineyard, Oak Bluffs, Dukes County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Bahamas, Caribbean, North and Central America
Houston, Harris County, Texas, United States, North and Central America
Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1983
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Business  Search this
Communities  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Fraternities  Search this
Government  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Labor  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Men  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
Religious groups  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Sororities  Search this
Travel  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Urban life  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Anne B. Patrick and the family of Hilda E. Stokely
Object number:
2012.167.17
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd516419a20-d7d3-4570-a5c9-78bd4c89cfee
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.167.17
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  • View <I>Delegate</I> digital asset number 1

The Freedom Summer Murders

Published by:
Grolier, American, founded 1909  Search this
Subject of:
Andrew Goodman, American, 1943 - 1964  Search this
James Chaney, American, 1943 - 1964  Search this
Michael Schwerner, American, 1939 - 1964  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 4 3/8 x 6 1/8 in. (11.1 x 15.6 cm)
Type:
portraits
collecting cards
Place depicted:
Philadelphia, Neshoba County, Mississippi, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1997
Topic:
African American  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Education  Search this
Hate crimes  Search this
U.S. History, 1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Elmer J. Whiting, III
Object number:
2011.17.169
Restrictions & Rights:
© 1997 Grolier, Inc . Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ae103dbb-675c-4901-a1e3-16712ed76dc7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.17.169
Online Media:

Hicks Family Oral History Interview

Created by:
Civil Rights History Project, American, founded 2009  Search this
Interviewed by:
Joseph Mosnier Ph. D.  Search this
Subject of:
Robert Hicks, American, 1929 - 2010  Search this
F. W. Woolworth Company, American, 1879 - 1997  Search this
Bill Yates, American  Search this
Steve Miller, American  Search this
Medium:
digital
Dimensions:
Duration: 02:34:42
Type:
video recordings
oral histories
digital media - born digital
Place collected:
Bogalusa, Washington Parish, Louisiana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
June 4, 2011
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
American South  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Law  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Social reform  Search this
U.S. History, 1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture in partnership with the American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Object number:
2011.174.17.1a-i
Restrictions & Rights:
© Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture and The American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Civil Rights History Project
Classification:
Media Arts-Film and Video
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5b8460ee5-5cf7-4503-b860-8efa6b939f6e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.174.17.1a-i

Coretta Scott King is being protected by police officers and civil rights workers as she leaves Ebenezer Baptist Church

Photograph by:
Horace C. Henry, American, born 1948  Search this
Subject of:
Coretta Scott King, American, 1927 - 2006  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Ebenezer Baptist Church, American, founded 1886  Search this
Printed by:
Unidentified  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 11 x 14 in. (27.9 x 35.6 cm)
Type:
inkjet prints
Place captured:
Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
January 15, 1969; printed 2011
Topic:
African American  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Photography  Search this
Religion  Search this
U.S. History, 1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Horace C. Henry
Object number:
2011.94.32
Restrictions & Rights:
© Horace Henry
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
One Day in January: A Collection of Images Taken at Dr. King’s First Memorial Service
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5d8992832-b913-4d37-a8d6-85607206f041
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.94.32
Online Media:

Septima Clark

Creator:
Lanker, Brian, 1947 - 2011  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (gelatin silver, 36 7/8 x 36 3/8 inches.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1985
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist at ACMarchives@si.edu.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Portraits -- African American women  Search this
African American educators  Search this
African American women civil rights workers  Search this
Citation:
Anacostia Community Museum, Smithsonian Institution, gift from the Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Betsy Karel).
See more items in:
Brian Lanker Photograph
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-124-18-ref1

John Brantley Wilder papers

Creator:
Wilder, John Brantley  Search this
Names:
Sioux Nation  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Date:
1937-circa 1979
Summary:
The papers of painter, journalist, and civil rights activist John Brantley Wilder measure 1.5 linear feet and date from 1937 to circa 1979. The papers include correspondence; clippings; invoices; photographs; reproductions of some of Wilder's pen and ink sketches; as well as a scrapbook, which includes clippings, photographs, and printed material. Also included in the collection is a diorama representing a Sioux family.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter, journalist, and civil rights activist John Brantley Wilder measure 1.5 linear feet and date from 1937 to circa 1979. The papers include correspondence; invoices for paintings and materials; clippings of Wilder's articles and sketches that appeared in newspapers; a scrapbook of clippings, photographs, and printed materials; photographs and slides, primarily of artwork; and reproductions of Wilder's pen and ink sketches for the Philadelphia Tribune. The collection also includes a diorama representing a Sioux family. This is one of eighteen "Miniature Indian Dioramas" produced for the Works Progress Administration's Pennsylvania Museum Extension Project.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection, the papers are arranged as one series.

Series 1: John Brantley Wilder papers, 1937-circa 1979 (Boxes 1-2; 1.5 linear feet, OV 3)
Biographical / Historical:
John Brantley Wilder (1909?-1990) was a painter, journalist, and civil rights activist. He worked for the Federal Art Project of the Works Progress Administration (later the Work Projects Administration, WPA) through the early 1940s and worked for the Philadelphia Tribune in a variety of capacities from the 1960s to the 1970s, including producing pen and ink sketches for Negro History Week, circa 1961. In addition to his art and journalism work, in the late 1940s Wilder led a campaign urging Hollywood to expand the portrayal of African Americans in film beyond maids and servants.
Provenance:
The papers were donated by John Brantley Wilder in 1979.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Journalists -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Civil rights workers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Citation:
John Brantley Wilder papers, 1937-circa 1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.wildjohb
See more items in:
John Brantley Wilder papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wildjohb

Catherine Burt vertical file on black women

Creator:
Burt, Catherine  Search this
Names:
Alexander, Sadie Tanner Mossell, 1898-1989  Search this
Bethune, Mary McLeod, 1875-1955  Search this
Brooks, Gwendolyn, 1917-2000  Search this
Cobb, Jewel Plummer, 1924-  Search this
Coppin, Fanny Jackson  Search this
Davis, Angela Y. (Angela Yvonne), 1944-  Search this
Dunham, Katherine  Search this
Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins, 1825-1911  Search this
Lee, Jarena, b. 1783  Search this
Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005  Search this
Parsons, Lucy E. (Lucy Eldine), 1853-1942  Search this
Powers, Harriet, 1837-1911  Search this
Rudolph, Wilma, 1940-  Search this
Smith, Bessie, 1894-1937  Search this
Truth, Sojourner, d. 1883  Search this
Tubman, Harriet, 1820?-1913  Search this
Walker, Alice, 1944-  Search this
Walker, Maggie  Search this
Wells-Barnett, Ida B., 1862-1931  Search this
Wright, Jane Cooke., Dr., 1919-  Search this
Extent:
1.42 Linear feet ((2 boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Articles
Photocopies
Correspondence
Pamphlets
Brochures
Clippings
Date:
circa 1980s
Summary:
The collection, which dates from the 1980s and measures 1.42 linear feet, was compiled in the course of preparations for the "Black Women: Achievements Against the Odds" exhibit, which was staged at the Anacostia Museum from February 1976 to December 1976. This collection documents the lives and achievements of African American women in a variety of fields, including law, medicine, education, politics, science and the arts. The collection is comprised of documents, magazine and newspaper clippings, correspondence, photocopies, brochures and pamphlets.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
African American women educators  Search this
African American women jazz singers  Search this
African American women executives  Search this
African American women journalists  Search this
African American clergy  Search this
African American abolitionists  Search this
African American women artists  Search this
African American women athletes  Search this
African American women authors  Search this
African American women civil rights workers  Search this
African American women scientists  Search this
African American women political activists  Search this
African American women poets  Search this
African American women physicians  Search this
African American women librarians  Search this
African American women legislators  Search this
African American women lawyers  Search this
African American women judges  Search this
African American women singers  Search this
African American women social reformers  Search this
Women clergy  Search this
African American soldiers  Search this
African American women  Search this
African American women entertainers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles
Photocopies
Correspondence
Pamphlets
Brochures
Clippings
Citation:
Catherine Burt vertical file on Black women, circa 1980s, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Catherine Burt.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-065
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-065

Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection

Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Names:
Freedom Singers  Search this
Abernathy, Ralph, 1926-1990  Search this
Anderson, Marian, 1897-1993  Search this
Baez, Joan  Search this
Baker, Ella, 1903-1986  Search this
Baker, Josephine, 1906-1975  Search this
Baldwin, James, 1924-1987  Search this
Barry, Marion, 1936-  Search this
Bikel, Theodore  Search this
Carawan, Guy  Search this
Conyers, John, 1929-  Search this
Donaldson, Ivanhoe  Search this
Dylan, Bob, 1941-  Search this
Ferebee, Dorothy Boulding , 1898?-1980  Search this
Forman, James, 1928-2005  Search this
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Guyot, Lawrence, 1939-  Search this
Hamer, Fannie Lou  Search this
Height , Dorothy I. (Dorothy Irene), 1912-2010  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968  Search this
Lewis, John  Search this
Moses, Robert  Search this
Moses, Robert Parris  Search this
Odetta, 1930-2008  Search this
Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Reagon, Cordell  Search this
Robinson , Amelia Boynton, 1911-2015  Search this
Robinson, Jackie  Search this
Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987  Search this
Seeger, Pete, 1919-2014  Search this
Sherrod, Charles, 1937-  Search this
Shuttlesworth, Fred L., 1922-2011  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (18 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Sound recordings
Date:
1963-1964
Summary:
Recorded by Moses Moon (known at the time as Alan Ribback) and assisted by Norris McNamara during 1963 and 1964, the collection includes audio recordings of interviews with civil rights leaders and participants as well as free-style recordings of mass meetings, voter registration events, and other gatherings organized by Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). This collection provides a mostly unfiltered documentation of significant moments in the civil rights movement.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 115 reel to reel audio recordings containing interviews, mass meetings, demonstrations, and conversations concerning the civil rights movement, and in particular the voter registration drives organized by SNCC in Alabama and Mississippi in 1963 and 1964. Mass meetings were recorded in Greenwood, Mississippi; Americus, Georgia; Selma, Alabama; Jackson, Mississippi; Danville, Virginia; Washington, D.C.; Hattiesburg, Mississippi; and Indianola, Mississippi. Major demonstrations recorded include the March on Washington in August of 1963, Freedom Day in Selma, Alabama in October of 1963, and Freedom Day in Hattiesburg, Mississippi in January of 1964. Interviews with SNCC workers include Julian Bond, John Lewis, James Forman, Bruce Gordon, Prathia Hall, Ivanhoe Donaldson, Bob Moses, Avery Williams, Willie Peacock, Bruce Boynton and his mother, as well as dozens of others involved in the movement, who are named in the collection inventory. Many of those interviewed were actively involved in strategizing and carrying out SNCC demonstrations and political actions, and many were victims of death threats, beatings, unlawful arrest, police brutality, and torture and abuse in prison. These interviews contain detailed eyewitness accounts and personal testimony regarding these experiences, as well as personal history and thoughts about the movement, the South, and the future.

It is clear from what we know of the dates and locations of these recordings, as well as from documentation of these events in other sources, that many of these recordings are unique documents of important events in American history, which may also contain the commentary of important political and cultural figures who were involved in the movement. For example, an article by Howard Zinn recounts how an unidentified man recorded James Baldwin on October 7, 1963, Freedom Day in Selma, on the steps of the courthouse. Baldwin was furious at the lack of support from nearby federal agents as state troopers advanced on peaceful demonstrators. One of the tapes dated October 7, 1963, originally labeled "courthouse interviews," appears to be this recoding, although Baldwin is not named. The same article (available in The Howard Zinn Reader) recounts the mass meetings which led up to that demonstration, at which actor Dick Gregory gave a rousing sermon as his wife sat in jail for demonstrating in Selma. The Moses Moon Collection may be the only existing audio recording of that sermon as well as many other sermons and speeches.

Moses Moon changed his name after these recordings were made. He is referred to in the finding aid as Alan Ribback because that name is used on the recordings.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in two series.Series 1 is in chronological order to the degree recording dates can be determined, and is based on the locations and dates provided by Moon in his description or gleaned from the recordings themselves and other secondary sources. Series 1 contains 17 groups of recordings.

Moon's original numbers are recorded in the column next to the descriptions. Following the first four Greenwood tapes, which are numbered sequentially, Moon's numbering system took the first two letters of the town in which the recordings were made, a one (1), a decimal, and then a tape number. Numbers preceding the town code refer to the recording day. "N" numbers were later assigned by Moon to the 7" reels only, after the original recordings were made, possibly during editing or when the tapes were made available to the Program in African American Culture.

Series 1, Original Tapes

1. Greenwood, Mississippi; Spring 1963; 4 7" reels

2. Chicago, Illinois; August 9, 12, 1963; 2 5" reels

3. Americus, Georgia; August 17, 1963; 5 5" reels, 1 7" reel

4. Atlanta, Georgia; August 21, 1963; 1 5" reel

5. Washington, D.C.; August 26-28, 1963; 6 5", 8 7" reels

6. Atlanta, Georgia; September 8, 1963; 4 5" reels

7. Selma, Alabama; September 29-October 7, 1963; 11 5" reels, 16 7" reels

8. Gadsden, Alabama; October 23, 1963; 2 5" reels

9. Jackson, Mississippi; Fall/Winter 1963; 11 7" reels

10. Greenwood, Mississippi; c. November 3, 1963; 3 5" reels, 4 7" reels

11. Danville, Virginia; 1963; 6 7" reels

12. Washington, D.C.; soon after November 22, 1963; 6 7" reels

13. Washington, D.C.; late 1963, or possibly during MOW; 10 7" reels

14. Hattiesburg, Mississippi; January 1964; 9 7" reels

15. Indianola, Mississippi; Summer 1964; 2 7" reels

16. Monroe County, Mississippi; August 1, 1964; 4 5" reels

17. Milton, Mississippi; August 16, 1964; 3 5" reels

Series 2, Preservation Masters consists of data DVDs for a portion of the collection.
Biographical / Historical:
Moses Moon was born Alan Ribback in 1928. During the 1950s until 1962, Ribback was the proprietor of the Gate of Horn, Chicago's premier folk music club, which featured performers including Bob Gibson, Odetta, Judy Collins, Joan Baez, Jo Mapes, Peter, Paul and Mary, Lenny Bruce, and Shelley Berman. On December 5, 1962, Lenny Bruce was arrested during a performance at the Gate of Horn along with Ribback, George Carlin, and others. As a result of the arrest and Bruce's subsequent conviction for obscenity, the club was closed by the City of Chicago, and Ribback left Chicago with Norris McNamara, an audio technician, to record folk concerts taking place in the South as part of the growing civil rights movement. From the spring of 1963 until the summer of 1964, Ribback and McNamara recorded demonstrations and mass meetings and interviewed civil rights activists, primarily those involved in the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Later, Ribback moved to New York and edited his recordings into an album called Movement Soul. Ribback married Delia Moon in 1971, took her last name and changed his first name to Moses. In 1979, Bernice Reagon Johnson, working with the Program on African American Culture at the Smithsonian, contacted Moon and borrowed the recordings of mass meetings for a 1980 program on the voices of the civil rights movement. In the late 1980s, Moon was stricken with a severe case of Guillain-Barre syndrome, which left him paralyzed. Moon donated the entire collection of original recordings shortly before his death in 1993.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

The papers of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee are held by the King Library and Archives in Atlanta, Georgia; archives@thekingcenter.org.
Provenance:
Donated by Moses and Delia Moon in 1995.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American civil rights workers.  Search this
African American preaching.  Search this
Mississippi Freedom Project  Search this
Civil rights movements  Search this
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Voter registration  Search this
African Americans -- Civil rights  Search this
African American student movements.  Search this
Folk music  Search this
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Washington, D.C., 1963  Search this
Gospel music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes -- Open reel
Sound recordings
Audiotapes
Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0556
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0556

Website Records

Topic:
Tumblr (Electronic resource)
Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Asian Pacific American Center  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Electronic records
Date:
2015
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of a Tumblr blog created by the Asian Pacific American Center to celebrate the 100th birthday of Grace Lee Boggs, civil rights activist, community organizer, philosopher, and icon. The blog includes 100 quotations by Boggs, all of which were posted in June 2015. The blog was crawled on July 17, 2015. Materials are in electronic format.
Topic:
Web sites  Search this
Blogs  Search this
Museums -- Public relations  Search this
Civil rights workers  Search this
Asian Americans  Search this
Genre/Form:
Electronic records
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 15-337, Smithsonian Institution. Asian Pacific American Center, Website Records
Identifier:
Accession 15-337
See more items in:
Website Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa15-337

Website Records

Topic:
Tumblr (Electronic resource)
BookDragon (Blog)
Creator::
Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Electronic records
Date:
2009-2016
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of two blogs and one section of a website maintained by the Asian Pacific American Center.

The "BookDragon" blog, crawled on October 23, 2015, reviews books which predominantly highlight the contributions of Asian and Pacific Islander Americans to the American experience and world cultures. The blog was opened in March 2009 but was also populated with older reviews from other sources which were back-dated. The blog was last updated on May 9, 2014.

A Tumblr blog celebrating the 100th birthday of Grace Lee Boggs, civil rights activist, community organizer, philosopher, and icon, was crawled on October 19, 2015. The blog includes 100 quotations by Boggs, all of which were posted in June 2015. The introduction was updated after her death on October 5, 2015.

A section of the Asian Pacific American Center website dedicated to the Lunar New Year was crawled on February 11, 2016. It includes information about Lunar New Year traditions and the Year of the Monkey. Materials are in electronic format.
Topic:
Web sites  Search this
Blogs  Search this
Museums -- Public relations  Search this
Asian Americans  Search this
Pacific Islanders  Search this
Civil rights workers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Electronic records
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 16-198, Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center, Website Records
Identifier:
Accession 16-198
See more items in:
Website Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa16-198

Joan and Robert K. Morrison Collection

Creator:
Morrison, Joan, -2010  Search this
Morrison, Robert K.  Search this
Beirne, Barbara T.  Search this
Names:
Gold Star Mothers, Inc.  Search this
Peace Corps (U.S.) -- 1960-1970  Search this
Moore, Harold (Gold Star parent)  Search this
Moore, Irma (Gold Star parent)  Search this
Extent:
6 Cubic feet (20 boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiocassettes
Transcripts
Photographs
Oral history
Audiotapes
Date:
1985 - 1987
Scope and Contents:
The collection is comprised of 139 audiocassettes (original copies only), 80 transcripts and tape summaries, and photographs (including some negatives). The transcripts and photographs also exist in single copies only, but they may be used with care by researchers.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in four series.

Series 1: Original Audio Cassette Tapes, 1983-1986

Series 2: Transcripts/Tape Summaries, 1984-1986

Series 3: Photographs, 1984-1986

Series 4: Reference Tapes and CDs, undated
Biographical / Historical:
In 1985, Joan and Robert Morrison conducted approximately 100 oral history interviews with a wide variety of Americans about their experiences during the 1960s. They also collected photographs of each of their interviewees—one taken during the 1960s and the other taken at the time of the interview. Portions of fifty-nine of those interviews were published in their 1987 book, From Camelot to Kent State: The Sixties Experience in the Words of Those Who Lived It (Times Books). Some of the new photographs, which were taken by Barbara Beirne, also were exhibited at The New School in 1989.

The interviewees include civil rights activists, anti-war activists, Vietnam War soldiers, Gold Star mothers, Peace Corps members, Weathermen, black leaders, and counter culture figures. Some of the narrators are members of the rank-and-file, others played leading roles. The in-depth interviews focus on three main questions: 1) What motivated you to act as you did in the Sixties? 2) What actions did you take and what were the results? 3) How did your experiences in the Sixties affect the way your life has developed since then?

Source Information taken from memo to National Museum of American History Collections Committee.
Provenance:
The Morrison's donated this collection of audiocassettes, transcripts, and photographs to the National Museum of American History Archives Center in 1989.
Restrictions:
Tape recordings not available for playback until researcher copies are made; researchers must use transcripts until then.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Some original interviews have restrictions; these have been withheld by the Morrisons' until they can get clearances from the interviewees.
Topic:
African Americans -- Civil rights  Search this
United States -- History -- 1960-1990  Search this
Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975 -- Protest Movements  Search this
Peace movements -- 1960-1970  Search this
Soldiers -- 1960-1970  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Portraits -- 1960-1970  Search this
Civil rights workers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiocassettes
Transcripts
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1950-2000
Oral history
Audiotapes
Citation:
Joan and Robert K. Morrison Collection, 1983-1987, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0359
See more items in:
Joan and Robert K. Morrison Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0359
Online Media:

Mrs. Mary Church Terrell [from negative] [black-and-white cellulose acetate photonegative]

Photographer:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Creator:
Defender (film manufacturer)  Search this
Names:
Terrell, Mary Church, 1863-1954  Search this
Subseries Creator:
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on cellulose acetate film sheet., 8" x 10".)
Culture:
African Americans -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Retouching
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.) -- African Americans
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Portrait of African American woman, seated on bench in studio. Retouching pencil and ink on negative: "41666 Mrs. Mary Church Terrell." Defender Safety Base edge imprint.
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Series 8: Business Records, Subseries 8.1: Studio Session Registers are restricted. Digital copies available for research. See repository for details.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Portraits -- African American women  Search this
African American women  Search this
Civil rights workers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Retouching -- Pencil
Photographs -- 1930-1960 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.5: Black and white negatives in cold storage arranged by job number
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.5: Black and white negatives in cold storage arranged by job number / Scurlock client negatives: T - Tyson / Terrell, Mary Church, (Mrs.)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-05-ref82758

From the 'Sidedoor' Podcast: How a Woman-Led Record Label Spread Songs of Protest and Revolution

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Interviews
Blog posts
Published Date:
Fri, 29 Jan 2021 20:43:57 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_6e0a52d65c1b806291ea2a7cd1a02da9

A New Film Details the FBI's Relentless Pursuit of Martin Luther King Jr.

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Conversations and talks
Blog posts
Published Date:
Fri, 15 Jan 2021 18:59:58 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_9b456b30d24baa89a5acb944c1e85616

A little taste of freedom the Black freedom struggle in Claiborne County, Mississippi Emilye Crosby

Author:
Crosby, Emilye  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (xv, 354 pages) illustrations
Type:
Biography
Electronic books
Biographies
History
Place:
Mississippi
Claiborne County
Claiborne County (Miss.)
Date:
2005
20th century
Topic:
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
Whites--History  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Oral history  Search this
POLITICAL SCIENCE--Political Freedom & Security--Civil Rights  Search this
POLITICAL SCIENCE--Political Freedom & Security--Human Rights  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights  Search this
Civil rights movements  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Whites  Search this
Call number:
F347.C5 C76 2005 (Internet)
Restrictions & Rights:
Use copy Restrictions unspecified
Unlimited
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1145565

Agent of change Adela Sloss-Vento, Mexican American civil rights activist and Texas feminist Cynthia E. Orozco

Author:
Orozco, Cynthia E  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (267 pages)
Type:
Biography
Electronic books
Biographies
History
Place:
Texas
Date:
2020
20th century
Topic:
Women political activists  Search this
Mexican American women authors  Search this
Mexican Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Women civil rights workers  Search this
Mexican Americans--Civil rights  Search this
Call number:
F391.4.S56 O76 2020 (Internet)
Restrictions & Rights:
1-user
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1145670

Looking for Lorraine : the radiant and radical life of Lorraine Hansberry / Imani Perry

Title:
Radiant and radical life of Lorraine Hansberry
Author:
Perry, Imani 1972-  Search this
Physical description:
237 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Biographies
Date:
2018
20th century
Topic:
Dramatists, American  Search this
African American dramatists  Search this
African American women civil rights workers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1105220

American experience. Freedom riders / American Experience Films presents ; a film by Stanley Nelson ; produced by Laurens Grant ; A production of Firelight Films ; WGBH Educational Foundation ; written, produced and directed by Stanley Nelson

Title:
Freedom riders
Author:
Nelson, Stanley 1955-  Search this
Grant, Laurens  Search this
Arsenault, Raymond  Search this
Phillips, Tom 1952-  Search this
Shepherd, Robert (Robert R.)  Search this
Erskine, Lewis  Search this
Firelight Media  Search this
PBS Distribution (Firm)  Search this
WGBH (Television station : Boston, Mass.)  Search this
WGBH Educational Foundation  Search this
Physical description:
1 videodisc (120 min.) : sound, color with black and white sequences ; 4 3/4 in. + 1 book (xiv, 306 pages : map ; 24 cm)
Type:
Personal narratives
Documentary films
Feature films
Film adaptations
Historical films
History
Nonfiction films
Video recordings for the hearing impaired
Place:
United States
Date:
2011
©2011
20th century
Topic:
Freedom Rides, 1961  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
Civil rights workers  Search this
Racism--History  Search this
Race discrimination--History  Search this
Civil rights demonstrations  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Call number:
video 001700
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1093039

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