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Frederick Hammersley papers

Creator:
Hammersley, Frederick, 1919-2009  Search this
Names:
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Hoshour Gallery  Search this
L.A. Louver Gallery  Search this
Modernism (Gallery)  Search this
Pomona College (Claremont, Calif.)  Search this
Benjamin, Karl  Search this
Brice, William, 1921-2008  Search this
Chuey, Robert  Search this
Hammersley, Anna Westberg  Search this
Hammersley, Harold  Search this
Lebrun, Rico, 1900-1964  Search this
McLaughlin, John, 1898-  Search this
Nowells, Lu  Search this
Stone, Susie  Search this
Extent:
34.75 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Drawings
Greeting cards
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Interviews
Photographs
Lectures
Prints
Essays
Sketchbooks
Lecture notes
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Designs
Visitors' books
Awards
Place:
Europe -- Description and Travel -- Photographs
Date:
circa 1860-2009
bulk 1940-2009
Summary:
The papers of Los Angeles Abstract Classicist painter and educator Frederick Hammersley measure 34.75 linear feet and date from circa 1860-2009, bulk 1940-2009. The papers contain biographical materials, 32 diaries, family and professional correspondence, personal business and financial records, estate records, writings, graphic design projects, teaching files, printed materials, scrapbooks, photographs, and works of art.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Los Angeles Abstract Classicist painter and educator Frederick Hammersley measure 34.75 linear feet and date from circa 1860-2009, bulk 1940-2009. The papers contain biographical materials, 32 diaries, family and professional correspondence, personal business and financial records, estate records, writings, graphic design projects, teaching files, printed materials, scrapbooks, photographs, and works of art. 2015 and 2018 additions include a diary possibly written by Hammersley's mother, photograph albums and photographs, sketches and block prints, computer printouts, and hand painted grid color boxes used by Hammersley in teaching color theory.

Biographical materials include resumes and biographies, calendars, military records, family genealogies, school records, high school and college yearbooks, and awards. There are also sound and video recordings of talks, interviews, and television appearances. Scattered materials relating to Hammersley's parents, Anna Westberg Hammersley and Harold Hammersley, are also found in the series.

Correspondence consists of letters from family and close friends as well as business correspondence with collectors and professional art associations. Family correspondents include Hammersley's immediate family and aunts and cousins. Additional noteworthy correspondents include fellow artists Karl Benjamin, William Brice, Robert Chuey, Rico Lebrun, and John McLaughlin, among others.

There are 23 diaries written by Frederick Hammersley dating from 1935-2008, with a gap spanning 1954-1972. Also found are six diaries written by Harold Hammersley dating from 1940-1959 and three by Anna Hammersley from 1909-1965.

Hammersley's writings include college class notes, essays, poetry, lecture notes, grant applications, and proposals. There are also sound recordings of lectures and talks as well as drafts and a final copy of an article published in the journal Leonardo in 1970.

Teaching files consist of class lecture notes, student evaluations, and grade books for classes likely taught at Pomona University and the Chouinard Art Institute.

Graphic design projects contain materials from Hammersley's company Handsome Cards for which he designed greeting and holiday cards. Also included are various freelance designs and draft designs for exhibition catalogs. General financial and business records focus on Hammersley business relationships and transactions with galleries and museums and his efforts to promote his art. Galleries and museums represented in the files include Modernism Gallery (San Francisco), L.A. Louver Gallery (Venice, California), and Hoshour Gallery (Albuquerque). This series also contains tax returns and expense ledgers. Also found are scattered materials from the household of Anna and Harold Hammersley.

Estate records are found for Frederick Hammersley, Susie Hammersley Stone, Anna and Harold Hammersley, Frederick Hammersley Sr., Mrs. E. Hammersley, Maude Eliza Hammersley, Dorothy Hutchinson Hammersley, and Basil Edward Pratt. These files include wills and yearly financial reports.

Printed material consists of newspaper and magazine clippings, exhibition catalogs and announcements, and printed copies of Hammersley's graphic designs. The series is extensive and contains clippings and exhibition material that represents Hammersley's entire career as an artist. Also found are packets of printed materials created by Hammersley to represent the careers of his friends and colleagues.

Scrapbooks consist of eleven "scrapfiles," postcard albums, and clippings scrapbooks created by Frederick Hammersley and Anna Hammersley. Scrapfiles refers to the original title created by the Hammersleys. Frederick's scrapbooks contain clippings of art, criticisms of his work, and news mentions of his career. Anna's scrapbooks contain one postcard album and 4 scrapbooks and scrapfiles of news clippings relating to subjects of her personal interest.

Photographs include snapshots of Hammersley; images of Hammersley with family and friends; travel photographs, many of them taken in Europe during World War II; photographs of exhibitions; and photographs of Hammersley's artwork. Most of the photographs were labeled and dated by Hammersley. There are six photo albums created by Frederick Hammersley and four albums compiled by his parents Harold and Anna Hammersley.

Artwork consists of Hammersley's sketchbooks, drawings, and paintings from high school and college classes, designs for exhibition catalogs, and cards and printouts for his computer drawings series. Also included are geometric color studies on panel and artwork for a bank mural proposal from 1977. Drawings and design work by Susie Stone, Hammersley's sister are also included, as well as two works by Lu Nowels.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 12 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1919-2008 (2.5 linear feet; Box 1-3, 31, 33, 37)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1900-2009 (3.1 linear feet; Box 3-6, 37)

Series 3: Diaries, 1909-2008 (2.1 linear feet; Box 6-8, 37)

Series 4: Writings, Lectures, and Notes, circa 1940-2009 (0.6 linear feet; Box 8-9, 37)

Series 5: Teaching Files, circa 1950-1993 (0.2 linear feet; Box 9)

Series 6: Graphic Design Projects, circa 1945-1980 (0.4 linear feet; Box 9-10, 31)

Series 7: Personal Business and Financial Records, 1897-2008 (3.2 linear feet; Box 10-13, 24, 33, 35, 37)

Series 8: Estate Records, 1898-2001 (0.7 linear feet; Box 13, 24, 37)

Series 9: Printed Material, 1945, 2011 (3.6 linear feet; Box 13-17, 31, 37, 42, OV45)

Series 10: Scrapbooks, circa 1890-1960s (3.3 linear feet; Box 17-18, 25-29)

Series 11: Photographs, circa 1860s-2007 (10.7 linear feet; Box 18-23, 29-31, 37-43)

Series 12: Artwork and Artifacts, 1934-2009 (3.2 linear feet; Box 22, 31-32, 35, 38, 42, 44, OV46-56)
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, graphic designer, and educator Frederick Hammersley (1919-2009) spent most of his career in Los Angeles and New Mexico. He is closely associated with the hard-edge abstraction painting style of the Abstract Classicists of Southern California.

Hammersley was born on January 5, 1919 to Anna Westberg and Harold Hammersley in Salt Lake City, where his father worked for the U.S. Department of the Interior. The family lived in Utah and Idaho before finally settling in San Francisco. Hammersley attended the University of Idaho and later enrolled in the Academy of Advertising Art in San Francisco. In 1940, Hammersley began taking classes at the Chouinard Art Institution in Los Angeles.

Hammersley's studies were interrupted by World War II military service from 1942 to 1946. He was stationed first in Paris as a draftsman in the Signal Corp and was eventually promoted to Army sargeant in the Office of Military Government in Berlin. While in Paris, he visited Picasso's studio several times and also took classes at the Ècole des Beaux Arts at the end of the war. When he returned home in 1946, the GI Bill subsidized his final year of study at Chouinard, now the California Institute of Arts, and three years at the Jepson Art Institute in Los Angeles.

Hammersley made his living as an art professor in California for twenty years, where he taught at the Jepson Art Institute and Pomona College in Claremont. He moved to Albuquerque after accepting a teaching position at the University of New Mexico in 1968. In 1971, Hammersley resigned his teaching position and devoted himself to painting.

Hammersley's reputaton as a painter began in 1948 when one of his small paintings was accepted in an annual exhibition at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. In 1958, several of his works were included in the seminal exhibition Four Abstract Classicists, organized by Jules Langsner and Peter Selz and shown at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Hammersley, and fellow painters Lorser Feitelson, Karl Benjamin, and John McLaughlin, were dubbed the "hard-edged painters," whose style consisted of flat, colored geometric shapes that were a sharp contrast to the more popular Abstract Expressionism. The label stuck and in the mid 1970s, Hammersley submitted several works of art for a show called L.A. Hard Edge, a show that featured art from the 1950s and 1970s.

During the late 1970s and 1980s, Hammersley exhibited in several one-man shows, including at L.A. Louver in Venice, California, the Hoshour Gallery in Albuquerque, and the Corcoran in Washington, D.C. In 2000, the Laguna Art Museum presented a traveling exhibition organized by the Museum of Fine Arts in Sante Fe, and the Pomona College Museum of Art organized a retrospective in 2007. His work is in museum collections across the country, including the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the Santa Barbara Museum of Art, the Albright-Knox Art Gallery in Buffalo, and the Corcoran Gallery of Art. Hammersley died in 2009 at the age of 90. He was survived by his sister, Susie Hammersley Stone.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds the Tamara Webster papers relating to Frederick Hammersley.
Provenance:
Frederick Hammersley donated his papers to the Archives of American Art in nine accessions from 1974 to 2008. The Frederick Hammersley Foundation donated additional papers in 2012, 2015, and 2018 via Executive Director Kathleen Shields.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Frederick Hammersley papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painters -- New Mexico  Search this
Color in art  Search this
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Art teachers -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Painting, Abstract  Search this
Computer Art  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Drawings
Greeting cards
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Interviews
Photographs
Lectures
Prints
Essays
Sketchbooks
Lecture notes
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Designs
Visitors' books
Awards
Citation:
Frederick Hammersley papers, circa 1860-2009, bulk 1940-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.hammfred
See more items in:
Frederick Hammersley papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hammfred
Online Media:

Robert Perine research material on the Chouinard Art Institute, circa 1923-circa 1985

Creator:
Perine, Robert, 1922-2004  Search this
Subject:
Chouinard, Nelbert  Search this
Chouinard Art Institute  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
California Institute of the Arts  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9602
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211806
AAA_collcode_perirobe
Theme:
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211806
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Emerson Woelffer

Interviewee:
Woelffer, Emerson, 1914-2003  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Creator:
Art Schools in California Oral History Project  Search this
Names:
Art Schools in California Oral History Project  Search this
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center  Search this
Institute of Design (Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Otis Art Institute  Search this
Extent:
55 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1999 March 26
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Emerson Woelffer conducted 1999 March 26, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art's Art Schools in California Project, in Woelffer's studio/home, Los Angeles, California.
Woelffer briefly discusses his own student experience at the Art Institute of Chicago (1933-1937), and focuses more on his teaching at Moholy Nagy's Institute of Design in Chicago, Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center (1954-1960) where he was head of the fine arts department, and the many years in Los Angeles as an educator at Chouinard Art School (now California Art Institute) and Otis Art Institute (now Otis College of Art and Design). Woelffer recalls Chouinard students who were the most "far out," among them Larry Bell, Joe Goode, and Ed Ruscha. He credited the free-wheeling stimulation of Los Angeles itself as the source for these experimental artists who were different from those in Chicago. In his final remarks, Woelffer emphasized the importance of drawing to the training of an artist.
Biographical / Historical:
Emerson Woelffer (1914-2003) was a painter and educator from Los Angeles, California. One of the leading senior modernists working in Los Angeles, Woelffer was invited in 1960, by Mitch Wilder, to head the fine arts department at Chouinard Art Institute where he taught until it was moved to Valencia and transformed into California Institute of the Arts (CalArts).
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 4 digital wav files. Duration is 1 hr., 50 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Other interviewees in the Art Schools in California Oral History Project include: Leo Holub, Charles Linder, Paul Carey (1993), and Paul Carey and Stephanie Caloia (1997), with funding provided by the Bente and Gerald E. Buck Collection.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Art teachers -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- California  Search this
Function:
Art Schools -- California -- Los Angeles
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.woelff99
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-woelff99

Oral history interview with Norton Wisdom

Interviewee:
Wisdom, Norton, 1947-  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.) -- Students  Search this
Altoon, John, 1925-  Search this
Extent:
19 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2000 April 27
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Norton Wisdom conducted 2000 April 27, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art, in a restaurant in Beverly Hills, California.
Wisdom discusses his art school experiences, including the life class he took as a teenager at Chouinard Art Institute from John Altoon.
Biographical / Historical:
Norton Wisdom (1947- )is a painter and performance artist of Malibu, California.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound cassette. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 48 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Artists' models  Search this
Topic:
Performance art  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.wisdom00
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wisdom00

Oral history interview with Michelle Stuart

Interviewee:
Stuart, Michelle, 1933-  Search this
Interviewer:
Leddy, Annette  Search this
Names:
Alfred Schmela Galerie  Search this
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.) -- Students  Search this
Fluxus  Search this
Heresies Collective, Inc.  Search this
New School for Social Research (New York, N.Y.) -- Students  Search this
Alloway, Lawrence, 1926-1990  Search this
Bartoli, Joseph  Search this
Cook, James, 1728-1779  Search this
Lippard, Lucy R.  Search this
Munro, Eleanor, 1928-  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Extent:
7 Items (Sound recording: 7 sound files (5 hr., 9 min.), digital, wav)
154 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Place:
France -- Paris -- Description and Travel
Pacific Ocean
Date:
2015 November 3-2017 May 23
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Michelle Stuart, conducted 2015 November 3 and 13, and 2017 May 23 by Annette Leddy, for the Archives of American Art at Stuart's studio in New York, New York.
Stuart speaks of her Los Angeles childhood with a Swiss mother and Australian father; her paternal and maternal grandparents; her early interest in history, travel, and art; her schooling; her father's enlistment in the U.S. military during World War II and being raised during her teenage years by her mother; her fascination with Captain Cook; art classes at Chouinard Institute of Art; her work with Diego Rivera in Mexico City; her marriage to Spanish painter Joseph Bartoli and their home life in Paris, France; her return to the U.S. in the late 1950s and life in New York City's West Village; courses at the New School; early exhibitions of her work in New York City gallery group shows; her breakthrough Art Park piece; her relationship to the "Land" artists; Lucy Lippard; Eleanor Munro; the influence of Fluxus; Lawrence Alloway's early essay on her scroll pieces; how she was brought into Galerie Schmela; the founding of Heresies; site specific work in the American Southwest; the enduring impact of the Pacific Ocean on her imagination and art; her use of rocks and other natural materials; her transition to photographic collage; commissions in Sweden, Japan, Alaska, and New York City.
Biographical / Historical:
Michelle Stuart (1933- ) is a visual artist in New York, New York. Annette Leddy is a collector for the Archives of American Art.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Sound recording: ACCESS RESRICTED; use requires an appointment.
Topic:
Collage  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Women artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.stuart15
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-stuart15

Oral history interview with Millard Sheets

Interviewee:
Sheets, Millard, 1907-1989  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Chamberlin, F. Tolles (Frank Tolles), 1873-1961  Search this
Feitelson, Lorser, 1898-1978  Search this
Hatfield, Dalzell, 1893-1963  Search this
Lebrun, Rico, 1900-1964  Search this
Modra, Theodore B., 1873-1930  Search this
Extent:
167 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1986 October-1988 July
Scope and Contents:
An interview with Millard Sheets conducted 1986 October-1988 July, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art.
Sheets speaks of his childhood and early education; attending Chouinard Art Institute and being influenced by instructor F. Tolles Chamberlin; teaching at Scripps College Foundation of Art from 1931 to 1955; the beginnings of the California Watercolor Society; his painting career; his thoughts on Southern California Modernism; the growth and development of California art; artists including Lorser Feitelson and Rico Lebrun; designing forty buildings for Howard Ahmanson from the 1950s through the 1970s; his relationships with art critics; his involvement with architecture and design; and his philosophy as an art teacher. He recalls Theodore Modra and Dalzell Hatfield.
Biographical / Historical:
Millard Sheets (1907-1989) was a painter, educator, designer, and mural painter from California.
General:
Originally recorded on 8 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 16 digital wav files. Duration is 8 hr., 13 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- California  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- California  Search this
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Designers -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Educators -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Muralists -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Watercolorists -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.sheets86
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sheets86

Oral history interview with Peter Shire

Interviewee:
Shire, Peter  Search this
Interviewer:
Lauria, Jo  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.) -- Students  Search this
Los Angeles City College -- Students  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Bennett, Garry Knox, 1934-  Search this
Cibic, Aldo, 1955-  Search this
Duran, Gonzalo  Search this
Jiminez, Juanita  Search this
Kashalek, Robert  Search this
Maruyama, Wendy, 1952-  Search this
Saxe, Adrian Anthony, 1943-  Search this
Scaccia, Anthony  Search this
Sheets, Millard, 1907-1989  Search this
Thun, Matteo  Search this
Westermann, H. C. (Horace Clifford), 1922-  Search this
Zanini, Marco  Search this
Extent:
77 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2007 September 18-19
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Peter Shire conducted 2007 September 18-19, by Jo Lauria, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, at Shire's studio, in Los Angeles, California.
Shire speaks of being a native Californian; his childhood growing up in the Los Angeles community of Echo Park; his parents' socialist political ideas; memories of FBI surveillance of his home and parents; defining the term kitsch as "the substitution of spurious values for real ones," using plastic flowers as an example; the essence of the craft movement as the handmade, the real; attending Saturday classes at Chouinard Art Institute while in high school; clothing fashion in his neighborhood during the late 1960s; the influence of high school teacher Anthony Scaccia; attending Los Angeles City College for one semester; discovering Domus magazine in the school library; receiving his B.F.A. from Chouinard in 1970; teaching at InterPace; being inspired by H.C. Westermann's work; traveling to Milan, Italy and visiting Ettore Sottsass; his interest in a humanistic, personal expression in art; encountering resistance to his "art furniture"; his 2007 show at Frank Lloyd Gallery, "Peter Shire Chairs"; the desire to create a total spatial experience of his work by charging the everyday function of objects with an emotional impact; and his public art commissions. Shire also recalls Gonzalo Duran, Juanita Jiminez, Millard Sheets, Adrian Saxe, Wendy Maruyama, Gary Knox Bennett, Marco Zanini, Matteo Thun, Aldo Cibic, Robert Koshalek, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Peter Shire (1947- ) is a sculptor from Los Angeles, California. Jo Lauria is a curator and arts writer also from Los Angeles, California.
General:
Originally recorded as 13 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hr., 8 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Sculptors -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.shire07
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-shire07

Oral history interview with John Mason

Interviewee:
Mason, John, 1927-2019  Search this
Interviewer:
Smith, Paul J.  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.) -- Students  Search this
Ferus Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Otis Art Institute -- Students  Search this
Ballard, Richard  Search this
Coplans, John  Search this
Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster), 1895-1983  Search this
Hopps, Walter  Search this
Kienholz, Edward, 1927-  Search this
Koshalek, Richard  Search this
Marer, Fred  Search this
McClain, Mac  Search this
Melchert, Jim, 1930-  Search this
Peterson, Susan, 1925-2009  Search this
Price, Kenneth, 1935-2012  Search this
Sheets, Millard, 1907-1989  Search this
Soldner, Paul  Search this
Sullivan, Louis H., 1856-1924  Search this
Voulkos, Peter, 1924-2002  Search this
Wright, Frank Lloyd, 1867-1959  Search this
Extent:
47 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2006 August 28
Scope and Contents:
An interview of John Mason conducted 2006 August 28, by Paul Smith, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, in Smith's office, in New York, N.Y.
Mason speaks of his childhood in rural Nevada; early interests in photography and jazz; moving to Los Angeles to attend the Los Angeles County Art Institute, now Otis College of Art and Design; attending Chouinard Art Institute; experiences working at Vernon Kilns and with the head designer Elliot House; opening Glendale Boulevard Studio with Peter Voulkos; his association with Ferus Gallery; and teaching experiences at Pomona College, University of California at Berkeley, University of California at Irvine, and Hunter College. He also discusses the development of the Hudson River series exhibition; solo exhibitions at Los Angeles County Museum of Art, LA Louver Gallery, Pasadena Art Museum, now Norton Simon Museum of Art, and others; participation in group exhibitions such as, "Sculpture Off the Pedestal" at Grand Rapids Museum of Art; imagery found in his work including the orbit, the figure, the torque, the spear form, the vertical form, the cross or X form, symmetry and the monolith; an interest in Frank Lloyd Wright and Louis Sullivan; the architectural qualities in his work; the foresight of Buckminster Fuller; and the accelerating change in technology that has taken place over the course of his career. Mason recalls Susan Peterson, Kenneth Price, Paul Soldner, Mac McClain, Fred Marer, Millard Sheets, Edward Kienholz, Walter Hopps, James Melchert, John Coplans, Richard Ballard, Richard Koshalek, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
John Mason (1927-2019 ) was a ceramicist of Los Angeles, California. Paul Smith (1931- ) is Director Emeritus, American Craft Museum of New York City, N.Y.
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 5 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hrs., 26 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
This transcript is open for research. Access to the entire audio recording is restricted. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Ceramicists -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.mason06
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-mason06

Oral history interview with Guy Dill

Interviewee:
Dill, Guy, 1946-  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound cassette (Sound recording (60 min.), analog)
24 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2000 August 29
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Guy Dill conducted 2000 August 29, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art, in Dill's studio, Venice Beach, California.
The interview focuses on Dill's art school experience at the Chouinard Art Institute, especially his introduction to nude life drawing classes. Dill describs how he drew the model from inside a cardboard refrigerator box at Stephan von Huene's instruction; the art school situation of the time as "sexually charged," a product of 1960s social behavior; models from the standpoint of the "energy" brought to class; being stimulated by the subject, whether nude female or landscape; the effect that a pose can have on his creativity; the model as the "primal method of getting the art motors going"; drawing now clarifies for him a relationship, providing a point of reference for understanding; and the difficulty of drawing his wife, whose presence is complicated by their long married history together and the important place a spouse occupies in one's life.
Biographical / Historical:
Guy Dill (1946- ) is a sculptor from Venice Beach, California.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav file. Duration is 1 hr., 6 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Funding for this interview provided by Bente and Gerald E. Buck Collection.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Artists' models  Search this
Topic:
Sculptors -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.dill00
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dill00

Oral history interview with Ralph Bacerra

Interviewee:
Bacerra, Ralph, 1938-2008  Search this
Interviewer:
Lloyd, Frank, 1951-  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.) -- Faculty  Search this
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.) -- Students  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Andreson, Laura  Search this
Hamada, Shōji, 1894-1978  Search this
Heino, Otto, 1915-2009  Search this
Heino, Vivika, 1910-1995  Search this
Kester, Bernard  Search this
Maloof, Sam  Search this
Peterson, Susan, 1925-2009  Search this
Rady, Elsa, 1943-  Search this
Saxe, Adrian Anthony, 1943-  Search this
Voulkos, Peter, 1924-2002  Search this
Extent:
45 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2004 April 7-19
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Ralph Bacerra conducted 2004 April 7-19, by Frank Lloyd, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, in Los Angeles, California.
Bacerra speaks of his family background; his high school art teachers; attending Chouinard Art Institute and his friendship with his ceramics instructor Vivika Heino and her husband Otto; the interaction among ceramicists in Los Angeles around 1960; attending a workshop taught by Shoji Hamada; teaching at Chouinard Art Institute; building a studio; teaching a workshop at Arrowmont School of Arts and Crafts; traveling to Japan and Taiwan and the influence of Asian ceramics on his artwork. Bacerra also speaks of his daily work routine; the importance of glaze technology; changes in ceramic education and the market for ceramics in the last 50 years; exhibiting works at American Hand, Garth Clark Galleries, and Frank Lloyd Gallery; taking part in pivotal exhibitions including "Objects: USA"; attending National Council for the Education of Ceramic Arts conferences and the current sense of community among early ceramic artists; the importance of craft publications and critical writing; commissions completed throughout his career; attending museums for ideas and inspiration; teaching and the careers of his former students; and how reviews impact his work. Bacerra recalls Susan Peterson, Peter Voulkos, Bernard Kester, Laura Andreson, Sam Maloof, Elsa Rady, Adrian Saxe, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Ralph Bacerra (1938-2008) was a ceramicist of Los Angeles, California. Frank Lloyd is a gallery owner from Santa Monica, California.
General:
Originally recorded 2 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 9 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 23 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Ceramicists -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Ceramics. -- Economic aspects  Search this
Ceramics -- Study and teaching  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.bacerr04
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bacerr04

Oral history interview with Terry Allen

Interviewee:
Allen, Terry, 1943-  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Extent:
64 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1998 April 22
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Terry Allen conducted by Paul Karlstrom, 1998 April 22, in Allen's home/studio, Sante Fe, New Mexico, for the Archives of American Art.
Allen discusses his experiences at Chouinard Art Institute, Los Angeles, as opening up possibilities first glimpsed in high school in Lubbock, Texas; cultural influences on him, such as rock 'n roll, Elvis, Chuck Berry, David Byrne's "Buck Naked," and the importance of cars; the influence of John Cage on his "Juarez" and the role of his wife, Jo Harvey Allen's experiences to "Juarez" and "Ring;" and his views on the meaning of art and his work.
Biographical / Historical:
Terry Allen (1943- ) is a conceptual artist and musician from Santa Fe, New Mexico and Lubbock, Texas.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav file. Duration is 54 minutes.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for the transcription of this interview provided by Pasadena Art Alliance.
Restrictions:
Use requires an appointment.
Topic:
Art and music  Search this
Artists -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.allen98
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-allen98

Palmer Schoppe papers

Creator:
Schoppe, Palmer, 1912-2001  Search this
Names:
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
University of California, Los Angeles  Search this
Extent:
7.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
[ca. 1920]-2001
Scope and Contents:
Exhibition catalogs which include Schoppe from the E. Weyhe Galleries, 1936, Los Angeles Art Association, 1941 and the Denver Art Museum 49th annual, 1943; printed material on the Chouinard Art Institute, including a summer bulletin, 1940, 3 catalogs, ca. 1940s, and 1 for the Chouinard School of Motion Picture Arts;a publicity book, published material, professional and personal correspondence, lecture notes, personal photographs and photographs of works of art, printed material, notes on the conservation of paintings, art gallery correspondence and invoices, and sketches for murals.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, art instructor; Los Angeles, Calif. Palmer Schoppe (1912-2001) was a prominent Southern California figurative painter who taught at Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles from 1935 to 1942.
Provenance:
Donated 1990 by Palmer Schoppe and 2001 by Marie Schoppe.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Art teachers -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Art schools -- California -- Los Angeles -- Catalogs  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.schopalm
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-schopalm

Robert Perine research material on the Chouinard Art Institute

Creator:
Perine, Robert  Search this
Names:
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Chouinard, Nelbert, 1879-1967  Search this
Extent:
1.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
circa 1923-circa 1985
Summary:
The Robert Perine research material on the Chouinard Art Institute measures 1.8 linear feet and date from circa 1923 to circa 1985. Documents consist of research material used in Perine's book Chouinard: An Art Vision Betrayed (1985) including catalogs for the Chouinard Institute and California Institute of the Arts; notes and preliminary writings for the book, including an annotated table of contents and a bibliography; floor plans of the Institute; material concerning the lawsuit brought against the board of trustees in an attempt to prevent the closing of the school; 158 photographs of Nelbert Chouinard, classes, students and buildings; and 27 sound cassettes of interviews of 52 artists and staff, some with partial transcripts.
Scope and Contents:
The Robert Perine research material on the Chouinard Art Institute measures 1.8 linear feet and date from circa 1923 to circa 1985. Documents consist of research material used in Perine's book Chouinard: An Art Vision Betrayed (1985) including catalogs for the Chouinard Institute and California Institute of the Arts; notes and preliminary writings for the book, including an annotated table of contents and a bibliography; floor plans of the Institute; material concerning the lawsuit brought against the board of trustees in an attempt to prevent the closing of the school; 158 photographs of Nelbert Chouinard, classes, students and buildings; and 27 sound cassettes of interviews of 52 artists and staff, some with partial transcripts.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as four series.

Series 1: Writings, 1930, 1962, circa 1980-circa 1985 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Printed Material, 1931-1984 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Photographs, circa 1923-1977 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 4: Interviews, circa 1979 (0.9 linear feet; Box 1-3)
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, educator, and author Robert Perine (1922-2004), was a student and later a professor at the Chouinard Art Institute. The Chouinard Art Institute was founded in Los Angeles, California, by Ms. Nelbert M. Chouinard in 1921. The Institute received financial support from Walt Disney who also oversaw its merger with the Los Angeles Conservatory of Music to form the Californian Institute of the Arts in 1961. The Chouinard Art Institute continued to operate as its own entity within the California Institute of the Arts until it was completely absorbed by the California Institute of the Arts in 1972.
Provenance:
The research material was donated to the Archives of American Art by Robert Perine in 1987.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Educators -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Authors -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
California Institute of the Arts  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Robert Perine research material on the Chouinard Art Institute, circa 1923-circa 1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.perirobe
See more items in:
Robert Perine research material on the Chouinard Art Institute
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-perirobe

Ben Messick papers

Creator:
Messick, Benjamin Newton, 1901-1981  Search this
Names:
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet ((on 2 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1934-1965
Scope and Contents:
Scrapbooks; photographs; and publications.
REEL 1: Scrapbook of newspaper and other clippings; 60 photographs, ca. 1940's-1960, of Messick, his paintings and Messick instructing at the Chouninard Art Institute, Los Angeles, CA.; and 39 publications containing articles about him or advertising his appearances or classes.
REEL LA 9: Scrapbook, 1934-1965, including clippings, publicity, and illustrations.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, instructor; Long Beach, California. Full name Benjamin Newton Messick.
Provenance:
Material on reel 1 donated 1962 by Ben Messick; material on reel LA9 lent for microfilming 1965 by Messick.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California  Search this
Art teachers -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.messbenj
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-messbenj

Janice Lovoos papers

Creator:
Lovoos, Janice  Search this
Names:
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Moure, Nancy Dustin Wall  Search this
Penney, Edmund F.  Search this
Sheets, Millard, 1907-1989  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1870-1991
Scope and Contents:
Writings from newspapers, periodicals, photographs, catalogs and books on art, relating to Lovoos' close involvement with California art and artists; photographs of family and other photographs; a 4 p. essay about Lovoos by Nancy Moure, and information on her son, documentary filmmaker Edmund Penney.
Family photographs include Lovoos' parents, ca. 1870s; family portraits in Montana, ca. 1910; Lovoos in Los Angeles, ca. 1920s; Chouinard School of Art students, ca. 1920s; and other family shots from the mid-1920s to the 1980s, including her husband, painter Frederic Penney with Millard Sheets and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Writer, painter, designer; California. Born 1903. Lovoos received formal art training at Chouinard School of Art in Los Angeles where she learned to design rugs, textiles, murals, and illustrate children's books. As a writer and art historian, Lovoos has contributed richly to documenting Southern California art.
Provenance:
Donated 1991-1993 by Janice Lovoos.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Artists -- California  Search this
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- California  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.lovojani
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lovojani

Leo Holub papers

Creator:
Holub, Leo, 1916-2010  Search this
Names:
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984  Search this
Held, John, 1947- -- Photographs  Search this
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Ruscha, Edward -- Photographs  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Linear feet
1 Linear foot (Addition)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1936-2001
Scope and Contents:
Biographical material, letters, postcards, notebooks, photographs, and printed material, document Holub's career as a photographer and his association with Ansel Adams.
125 study/work prints related to the book "Leo Holub: Photographer," 1981 and printed material, including a review of the book, and biographical information on Holub; two Chouinard Art Institute Catalogs (c. 1936-1939), four black and white photographs, one color photograph of Ed Ruscha, Paul Karlstrom, and John Held, Jr. (b. 1947) in Tom Marioni's studio (2001).
ADDITION: Seven notebooks of letters, postcards, and photographs (1960s-1980) from Ansel Adams and others and those concerning Adams' exhibition Elequent Light at the M.H. de Young Museum, San Francisco (1963) and book, "An Introduction to Hawaii," by Adams and Edward Joesting (1964). Found are photographs taken by Holub, including b&w (8"x10") photographs of the Adams' opening of the de Young exhibition, and ten packets of photographs of Adams at various sites and venues from the 1960s to 1982, and one packet of photos and cards from his wife, Virginia Best Adams (1904-2000).
Biographical / Historical:
Photographer, educator; San Francisco, Calif. Leo Holub (b. 1916) began his studies at the Art Institute of Chicago (1936-1937) and at the California School of Fine Arts (now San Francisco Art Institute) (1938-1940). From 1946-1956, he worked with the San Francisco Redevelopment Agency, the Planning Department, and the Housing Authority, and with the regional study for the Bay Area Rapid Transit. He returned to the CSFA to teach objective drawing (1956-1958). By 1960 he joined the Stanford University Planning Office as a senior planner and in 1969 created the studio photography courses for the Art Department. His work as a professional photographer began that year, over twenty years after his first encounter with Ansel Adams (1902-1984) at his Yosemite workshop in 1948. He attended another of Adams' Yosemite workshop in 1955 and also studied with photographer Imogen Cunningham (1883-1976), a personal advisor and friend for over forty years.
Provenance:
Donated 2001-2003 by Leo Holub. Additions are expected.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Photographers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.holuleo
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-holuleo

Mrs. Von Hagen and Walt Disney look at rendering of Hollywood Bowl site for Cal Arts

Subject:
Disney, Walt  Search this
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1964
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)22721
See more items in:
Robert Perine research material on the Chouinard Art Institute, circa 1923-circa 1985
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_22721
Online Media:

Interview with Dave Constable

Creator:
Constable, Dave  Search this
Perine, Robert, 1922-2004  Search this
Subject:
Murphy, Lawrence M.  Search this
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Type:
Sound Recording
Date:
not after 1985
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)20753
See more items in:
Robert Perine research material on the Chouinard Art Institute, circa 1923-circa 1985
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_20753

Interview with Nelbert Chouinard and Eva Dickstein Roberts

Creator:
Chouinard, Nelbert, 1879-1967  Search this
Perine, Robert, 1922-2004  Search this
Subject:
Roberts, Eva Dickstein  Search this
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Type:
Sound Recording
Date:
not after 1967
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)20755
See more items in:
Robert Perine research material on the Chouinard Art Institute, circa 1923-circa 1985
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_20755

Interview with Mentor Huebner

Creator:
Huebner, Mentor, 1917-1917  Search this
Perine, Robert, 1922-2004  Search this
Subject:
Chouinard Art Institute (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Type:
Sound Recording
Date:
not after 1985
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)20916
See more items in:
Robert Perine research material on the Chouinard Art Institute, circa 1923-circa 1985
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_20916

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