Photographs relating to Native Americans or frontier themes, including portraits, expedition photographs, landscapes, and other images of dwellings, transportation, totem poles, ceremonies, infants and children in cradleboards, camps and towns, hunting and fishing, wild west shows, food preparation, funeral customs, the US Army and army posts, cliff dwellings, and grave mounds and excavations. The collection also includes images of prisoners at Fort Marion in 1875, Sioux Indians involved in the Great Sioux Uprising in Minnesota, the Fort Laramie Peace Commission of 1868, Sitting Bull and his followers after the Battle of the Little Bighorn, and the aftermath of the Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890.
There are studio portraits of well-known Native Americans, including American Horse, Big Bow, Four Bears, Iron Bull, Ouray, Red Cloud, Red Dog, Red Shirt, Sitting Bull, Spotted Tail, Three Bears, and Two Guns White Calf. Depicted delegations include a Sauk and Fox meeting in Washington, DC, with Lewis V. Bogy and Charles E. Mix in 1867; Kiowas and Cheyennes at the White House in 1863; and Dakotas and Crows who visited President Warren G. Harding in 1921. Images of schools show Worcester Academy in Vinita, Oklahoma; Chilocco Indian School; Carlisle Indian Industrial School; Haskell Instittue, and Albuquerque Indian School.
Some photographs relate to the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, 1876; World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893; Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, 1903; and Centennial Exposition of the Baltimore and Ohio Railraod, 1876. Expedition photographs show the Crook expedition of 1876, the Sanderson expedition to the Custer Battlefield in 1877, the Wheeler Survey of the 1870s, Powell's surveys of the Rocky Mountain region during the 1860s and 1870s, and the Hayden Surveys.
Outstanding single views include the party of Zuni group led to the sea by Frank Hamilton Cushing; Episcopal Church Rectory and School Building, Yankton Agency; Matilda Coxe Stevenson and a companion taking a photographs of a Zuni ceremony; John Moran sketching at Acoma; Ben H. Gurnsey's studio with Indian patrons; Quapaw Mission; baptism of a group of Paiutes at Coeur d'Alene Mission; court-martial commission involved in the trial of Colonel Joseph J. Reynolds, 1877; President Harding at Sitka, Alaska; Walter Hough at Hopi in 1902; and Mrs. Jesse Walter Fewkes at Hopi in 1897.
George V. Allen was an attorney in Lawrence, Kansas and an early member of the National Stereoscope Association. Between the 1950s and 1980s, Allen made an extensive collection of photographs of the American West, mostly in stereographs, but also including cartes-de-visite and other styles of mounted prints, photogravures, lantern slides, autochromes, and glass negatives.
This series contains 12 postcards and 1 cabinet card. The images include depictions of Native youth as well as exterior views of buildings at the following Indian Boarding Schools: Carlisle Indian School, PA; Chemawa Indian School, OR; Chilocco Indian Agricultural School, OK; Fort Simcoe Indian School, WA; Fort Totten Indian Industrial School, ND; Phoenix Indian School, AZ; Pipestone Indian School, MN.
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Dale Jenkins postcard and photograph collection, NMAI.AC.069, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
The collection contains letters, photographs, and artwork received by Mary Constance Kloss from Acee Blue Eagle, as well as newspaper clippings about Blue Eagle collected by Kloss.
The collection is arranged into two series: (1) Papers; and (2) Artwork.
Biographical / Historical:
Born in 1911, Mary Constance "Connie" Kloss grew up in Oklahoma as an only child. She attended the University of Oklahoma and around 1931 met Acee Blue Eagle; the two dated for a time. When Kloss's father was killed in an accident, she left college to live with her mother. Kloss married Meyer Dorf around 1971. She died in 2004.
Born Alex McIntosh in 1907, Acee Blue Eagle was a celebrated Muskogee-Creek-Pawnee-Wichita artist, dancer, and teacher. Blue Eagle attended Haskell Indian Industrial Training Institute (Now Haskell Indian Nations University) as well as the Chilocco Indian Agricultural School, graduating high school in 1928. He then entered Bacone Indian College and the University of Oklahoma, where his art took shape under Oscar B. Jacobson, director of UO's School of Art, and earned a BFA in 1932.
In 1934 Blue Eagle painted murals for the Works Progress Administration. In 1935 he lectured at Oxford, after which he helped to establish the art program at Bacone, teaching there for several years. In 1938, his work was shown at the Grand Central art galleries in New York City, which afforded him national recognition. Many exhibits followed over the years. During World War II Blue Eagle served in the Air Force. After the war, he joined the art faculty of the Oklahoma State University Technological School, a post he kept until his death. Blue Eagle died in 1959.
The National Anthropological Archives holds NAA.1973-51, the Acee Blue Eagle papers and artwork.
The collection was donated by Adrienne Dorf, stepdaughter of Mary Constance Kloss, in 2019.