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The Liberator, Vol. XXIII, No. 7

Created by:
The Liberator, American, 1831 - 1865  Search this
Edited by:
William Lloyd Garrison, American, 1805 - 1879  Search this
Published by:
Isaac Knapp, American, 1808 - 1858  Search this
Printed by:
J.B. Yerrington & Son, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (closed): 24 3/4 × 17 7/8 in. (62.9 × 45.4 cm)
Type:
newspapers
Place printed:
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
February 18, 1853
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Antislavery  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Resistance  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Social reform  Search this
Societies  Search this
United States--History--1815-1861  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift from the Liljenquist Family Collection
Object number:
2016.166.41.1
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Liljenquist Family Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd510e39fba-e97d-4109-b93d-6ea8cd0593e3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.166.41.1
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Kahn Family Film Collection

Creator:
Bergman, Harry M.  Search this
Kahn family  Search this
Kahn, Kimberly  Search this
Names:
Chrysler Building (New York, N.Y.) -- Pictorial works  Search this
Godwin Construction Company.  Search this
Bergman family  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (5 document boxes

)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Home movies
Motion pictures (visual works)
Travelogs
Videotapes
Place:
New York (N.Y.)
Date:
1926-1957
Scope and Contents:
The Kahn Family Films document the activities of the Godwin Construction Co. of New York City from 1928-1934. The films also document more than twenty-five years of the Bergman and Kahn family life and travel. The films are silent, 16mm black and white reversal and Kodachrome. Unless otherwise noted, films were arranged in the Archives Center on compilation reels by subject. Some images are deteriorated because of age and film conditions, most noticeably on 722.39. A detailed description of each reel is included under each film title. The collection is divided into five series and arranged in chronological order; Series 1, Godwin Construction Company, 1927-1934; documents the digging, structural support and daily site activities at various Godwin construction jobs around New York City. In the footage taken at the Chrysler Building site, Bergman documented many of the workers who worked on the job as well as the secretaries in the main offices with filmed portrait shots. While the films are primarily focused on documenting construction practices and procedures at the sites, there is also footage of workmen and machinery. The films also document the company=s annual ABeefsteak@ that eventually moved from a banquet hall to one of the islands in Jamaica Bay.

Series 2, Rockaway Park Yacht Club, 1927-1929; documents many of Bergman's yachting activities on the yacht Thora and events at the Rockaway Park Yacht Club (RPYC) from family related activities to some of the Godwin Company's Beefsteaks.

Series 3, Travel and Leisure, 1926-1957, undated; documents many of the Bergman and Kahn family trips to various locations in the United States and Europe. The 1927 trip to Canada and the American West has footage of Hollywood, then just on the verge of adding sound to motion pictures. The 1929 trip to Europe occurred not only during the first year of the Great Depression but is a wonderful travelogue of Europe in the years before WWII. On reel 722.27 there is an interesting shot of a poster, "Ethel et Julius Rosenberg Que Les Assassins, Soient Maudits A Jamais" [trans: Ethel and Julius Rosenberg let the assassins be cursed/condemned forever.] showing a young boy throwing mud on the poster - presumably in protest.

Series 4, Family and Home Life, 1928-1958; Titles of the footage are taken directly from the original film containers. There is footage of many family members and gatherings. There is footage shot at Bergman's onetime home at 120-18 Newport Ave., Rockaway Park, Long Island. There is footage of tennis great Bill Tilden giving a small exhibition match in Florida in 1946 on 722.25.

Series 5, Papers, 1927-1958; are selections of the original paper containers for some of the films with the original notes and identifications written on them. This series also contains a copy of Bergman's 1907 thesis and related papers and architectural drawings.
Arrangement:
5 series.
Biographical / Historical:
Harry Montefiore Bergman (1885-1971) was born on August 3, 1885 in Elmira, New York. He graduated from college in 1907 with a degree in Applied Science from Columbia University's School of Engineering. After graduation, he went to work for Godwin Construction Co. He specialized in structural foundations and was an authority on the soil and bedrock of Manhattan Island, New York. Beginning his employment as a superintendent, he rose to the position of Secretary and General Superintendent of Civil Engineering in June, 1927. In January 1932, Bergman was elevated to Vice-President and finally attained the presidency of the company in 1957. Bergman retired from the company in 1967. He was a member of the Association of American Society of Civil Engineers.

Godwin Construction Company was founded by Philander Hanford Godwin (1877-1936) in the early 20th century. Godwin was one of the pre-eminent civil engineering firms in New York City primarily involved in constructing foundations for large public building projects. The company was responsible for digging and construction of the foundations for the Chrysler Building, 176th St. Telephone Building, the old New York Port Authority Truck Terminal, the old Madison Square Garden at 8th Ave. and 50th St., the Hudson River Bridge, New York Hospital, Knickerbocker Village and others. Godwin Construction Co. was located in New York City, through the years at various locations: by 1915 at 251 4th Ave., by 1932 at 370 Lexington Ave., Rm. 1201 and later at 130 East 44th St.

Bergman, a lifelong bachelor, developed a love of motion picture photography and pursued this hobby with great enthusiasm. He photographed not only Godwin's construction work and work sites at various foundation projects throughout New York City in the 1920s and 1930s but filmed the company picnics, called "Beefsteaks", family leisure time activities and vacations as well. Bergman was also an avid yachtsman and filmed many hours of footage while sailing on Samuel Lauterbach's yachtThora , (the Thora may also have been owned in a partnership between Lauterbach and Bergman) and at the Rockaway Park Yacht Club (RPYC) in Rockaway Park, New York. Bergman, along with Lauterbach, was one of the founders of the RPYC and it was reportedly founded because Jews were not allowed membership in any of the "exclusive" yacht clubs surrounding Manhattan. The yacht club was destroyed during the hurricane of 1938. Many films feature Ruth Perl who was Bergman's favorite niece. They took numerous trips to California, Canada, and Europe. Perl seems to also have taken an interest in motion picture photography as well, often operating the camera herself. Perl married Irving Kahn and had three sons, Donald Kahn, Alan R. Kahn and Thomas G. Kahn, who figure prominently in the later films. Bergman was a lifelong resident of New York. As of 1916, his address was 615 W. 143rd St., New York, NY. For a time he lived at 120-18 Newport Ave. in Rockaway Park, NY. In 1951 he bought a home at 143-17 Cronston Avenue in Belle Harbor. At the end of his life, Bergman is noted as living at 1 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. Bergman died on August 3, 1971. At the time of his death Bergman was staying at the Florence Nightingale Nursing Home, 175 East 96th St. in New York, New York.

Bergman's employer and the founder of Godwin Construction Co., Philander H. Godwin, was born on September 30, 1877 in New York City, NY. Godwin graduated from Columbia University's School of Engineering with a degree in Applied Science in 1899. After graduation, he married Carrie L. Pye and they had two children. Godwin founded the Godwin Construction Co. in the early 20th century and was the company's president until his death in 1936. As of 1916, his residence address was Cedar and Arch Avenues in Larchmont, NY and by the time of his death he was living at 26 Willow Avenue in Larchmont. He was a member of the Larchmont Yacht Club and perhaps had a great influence on Bergman's taking up the sport. He was an active member of St. John's Episcopal Church, Larchmont and a member of the Union League. Godwin died on March 27, 1936 in Larchmont.

Sources: Records of Columbia University, New York, New York "City Sells 2 Plots for Factory Sites", New York Times, June 6th, 1951, pg. 64. Newspaper Obituary of Harry N. Bergman, Archives Center Control File Conversation and correspondence with Alan and Kimberly Kahn My Life: Edward du Moulin
Provenance:
Donated to the National Museum of American History, Archives Center in 2000 by Kimberly R. Kahn, great-great niece of Harry M. Bergman.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Researchers may use videotape reference copies only.
Rights:
The National Museum of American History may not authorize publication, reproduction, or distribution by a commercial, for-profit publisher, distributor, media producer, or film maker without the express permission of the Donors.

The term of the requirement for written authorization prior to third party, for-profit, commercial use will last 50 (fifty) years unless agreed to in writing by both the National Museum of American History and the Donors.
Topic:
Travel photography  Search this
Travelogues (Motion pictures)  Search this
Family -- 20th century  Search this
Travel -- Europe  Search this
Construction  Search this
Architecture -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Amateur films  Search this
Genre/Form:
Home movies
Motion pictures (visual works)
Travelogs
Videotapes
Citation:
Kahn Family Film Collection, 1920s-1930s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0722
See more items in:
Kahn Family Film Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0722
Online Media:

Ross and Dorothy Lake Gregory Moffett papers

Creator:
Moffett, Ross  Search this
Names:
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Federal Art Project (U.S.)  Search this
Provincetown Art Association  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim, 1893-1967  Search this
Del Deo, Josephine Couch  Search this
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969 -- Portraits  Search this
Moffett, Dorothy Lake Gregory, 1893-1975  Search this
Moffett, Ross (Art in narrow streets)  Search this
Rehn, Frank Knox Morton, 1848-1914  Search this
Extent:
7.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Cape Cod National Seashore (Mass.)
Florida -- Pictorial works
Provincetown (Mass.)
Date:
circa 1870-1992
Summary:
This collection measures 7.7 linear feet, dates from circa 1870 to 1992, and documents the life and career of painter Ross Moffett and, to a lesser extent, the life and career of his wife, painter, lithographer, etcher, and illustrator, Dorothy Lake Gregory Moffett. The collection includes correspondence, photographs, artwork including sketchbooks, and printed material including published writings, newspaper clippings, press releases, and exhibition catalogs.
Scope and Content Note:
The Ross and Dorothy Lake Gregory Moffett papers measure 7.7 linear feet and date from circa 1870 to 1992. Because Dorothy Moffett's papers were received separately they are filed together in Series 13. Series 1-12 deal primarily with the life and career of Ross Moffett. The collection documents Ross Moffett's participation in the Provincetown community as an artist and resident through correspondence, photographs, sketchbooks and printed material, including published writings, news clippings, press releases, and exhibition catalogs. The papers of Dorothy Moffett include family letters, photographs, a journal and original artwork providing scattered documentation of her life and career as an a printmaker and illustrator.

General correspondence primarily focuses on news and financial affairs of the Moffett family farm in Iowa. Also included are letters from Provincetown artist, Edwin Dickinson, and a small amount of correspondence with other artists, collectors and dealers.

Files documenting specific projects that Ross Moffett was involved with are arranged separately and include correspondence, printed material and photographs. Project files have been established for the following projects: the publication of Art in Narrow Streets, the Eisenhower mural, the Cape Cod National Seashore Park and the renovation of the Center Methodist Church.

The series of printed material, 1918-1992, relates to Ross Moffett's career as an artist and his general interest in art. Photographs primarily focus on scenes of Provincetown and include photographs of works of art by Provincetown artists. Also included are photographs of artwork by Moffett arranged chronologically, Moffett's studio in Provincetown, and installations at the Provincetown Art Association Galleries.

Artwork found in Series 10 and 11 includes drawings by Ross Moffett and 85 annotated sketchbooks, including four by Dorothy Moffett.

The collection also houses research notes and files written by Josephine Couch Del Deo in preparation of a biography of Ross Moffett. These annotations provide useful additional information about Moffett's life.

Papers of Dorothy Lake Gregory Moffett include Gregory family letters, Dorothy's correspondence with her father, and letters from other family and friends. Also found are drawings, lithographs and etchings by Dorothy and photographs of her family and friends.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into thirteen series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1888-1965 (box 1; 1 folder)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1915-1972 (box 1; 0.6 linear ft)

Series 3: Financial Material, 1933-1971 (box 1; 2 folders)

Series 4: Notebook/Notes, undated (box 1; 2 folders)

Series 5: Projects, 1880-1969, undated (boxes 1-2; 1.2 linear ft.)

Series 6: Subject File, 1960-1968 (box 2; 1 folder)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1916-1992, undated (boxes 2-4, 7; 1.5 linear ft.)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1900-1975, undated (box 4; 15 folders)

Series 9: Slides of Art Association, Iowa Farmland and the Chrysler Museum, circa 1960, undated (box 4; 1 folder)

Series 10: Drawings, circa 1929-1934 (box 5; 1 folder)

Series 11: Sketchbooks, 1913-1969 (boxes 5-8; 2.5 linear ft.)

Series 12: Annotations/Item Descriptions by Josephine Couch Del Deo, undated (box 6; 2 folders)

Series 13: Dorothy Lake Gregory Moffett Papers, circa 1870-1975 (boxes 9-11; 0.7 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Ross Moffett (1888-1971) was an important figure in the development of modernism in American Art after World War I. His paintings primarily depict the life and landscapes of the Provincetown, Massachusetts area. Dorothy Lake Gregory Moffett is perhaps best known as a printmaker and illustrator of children's books and magazines.

Born in Iowa in 1888, Moffett trained at the Art Institute in Chicago and studied with Charles Hawthorne during the summer of 1913, in Provincetown, Massachusetts. Moffett then studied at the Art Students League and returned to Provincetown in 1915, to establish himself as an artist. He was one of the founders of the Provincetown Art Association and a leading figure in the art colony for many years. In 1920, Moffett married artist Dorothy Lake Gregory in Brooklyn, New York. Dorothy studied at the Pratt Institute and with Robert Henri and George Bellows in New York, and then went to Provincetown to study with Hawthorne as well.

During the 1920's and 1930's, Ross Moffett's success increased steadily and he had his first one-man show at the Frank Rehn Gallery in New York and also at The Art Institute of Chicago in 1928. He served on several exhibition juries around the country during this time. Between 1936 and 1938, Moffett painted four murals in two Massachusetts post offices for the Federal Works Progress Administration (WPA). Moffett received full membership to the National Academy of Design in 1942.

While Moffett's painting slowed somewhat during World War II he continued his involvement in the arts by maintaining the Provincetown Art Association. He taught briefly at the University of Miami in Ohio from 1932 to 1933, and returned to Provincetown to pursue painting full-time. In the 1950's, Moffett became interested in archaeology and even delivered a few lectures on the subject. During this time he continued to paint and his art reflected his preoccupation with the science of archaeology. In 1954, Moffett was one of two artists selected by the National Academy of Design to paint murals depicting President Dwight D. Eisenhower's life for the Eisenhower Memorial Museum in Abilene, Kansas. Moffett was chosen to portray Eisenhower's civilian life.

In 1960, Moffett became active in the movement to establish the 1400 acres known as the Province Lands as part of the Cape Cod National Seashore Park. After the park was established Moffett wrote and published a history of the first thirty-three years of the Provincetown Art Association in a book titled Art in Narrow Streets, 1964. He continued to serve as a juror for the Provincetown Art Association and was artist-in-residence for the Provincetown Fine Arts Work Center in 1970.

Dorothy Moffett also pursued a successful career in art, and publishers such as Rand McNally used her illustrations for youth magazines and childrens books, such as the classic Green Fairy Book. Her work was exhibited in the Metropolitan Museum, the National Academy, and the Brooklyn Museum, and her Alice in Wonderland series of lithographs was purchased for the permanent collection of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. Though best known as a printmaker, Moffett also worked in oil.

Ross Moffett died of cancer on March 13, 1971.
Related Material:
Related resources in the Archives of American Art include a sound recording of a transcribed interview with Ross Moffett by Dorothy Seckler, August 27, 1962; and a sound recording of an untranscribed interview with Dorothy Lake Gregory Moffett by Robert F. Brown, September 22, 1972.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reel D80) including 150 letters relating to art organizations, museums, and government art projects, news clippings, records of the Provincetown Art Association, and the Emergency Committee for the Protection of Province Lands, and miscellaneous publications. Lent materials were returned to Ross Moffett and are now housed at Syracuse University in Syracuse, New York. This material is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Ross Moffett initally lent the Archives of American Art material for microfilming in 1962. The remainder of the collection was donated in 1974 by his widow, Dorothy Lake Gregory Moffett (died 1975), via Ross Moffett's biographer, Josephine Del Deo, who turned the papers over in installments. Archaeological material and artifacts received with the papers were donated to the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology, Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Rights:
A portion of the Ross and Dorothy Lake Gregory Moffett papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Muralists -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Landscape painters -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Women artists -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art students -- New York N.Y. -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Ross and Dorothy Lake Gregory Moffett papers, circa 1870-1992. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.moffross
See more items in:
Ross and Dorothy Lake Gregory Moffett papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-moffross

Greeting Card Collection

Source:
Graphic Arts, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Creator:
Conn, Nat  Search this
Tolman, Sarah  Search this
Tolman, Ruel P. (Ruel Pardee), 1878-1954  Search this
Former owner:
Graphic Arts, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (11 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Christmas cards
Date:
1920 - 1980
Summary:
The collection consists of greeting cards, over 95% of them Christmas cards, received from the 1920s-1980s by two Washington, D.C. families, those of Ruel Tolman and Nat Conn.
A collection of greeting cards, over 95% of them Christmas cards, received from the 1920s-1970s by two Washington, D.C. families, those of Ruel Tolman and Nat Conn. Pictorial subject matter includes the categories listed below.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of greeting cards, over 95% of them Christmas cards, received from the 1920s-1980s by two Washington, D.C. families, those of Ruel Tolman and Nat Conn. The Christmas cards are rich in imagery and contain the following subjects: angels, bells, birds, candles, cats, dogs, carolers, carriages, churches, children, deer, family photographs (black and white and color), hearths/fireplaces, holly, houses/barns, hunting dogs, mailboxes, music, packages, ornaments, pine cones, poinsettia, politics, religious scenes (Three Wise Men, Madonna and Child, manager scenes), Santa Claus, ships/boats, snowmen, trees, and wreaths. Other occasions and holidays include anniversary, birthday, Easter, father's day, get well, Jewish holidays (Passover and Hanukah), military, mother's day, thank you's, and valentines day. There are some Christmas letters/messages that were either sent alone or were inserted into greeting cards. Many of the cards are printed with greetings such as "Holiday Greetings," "Happy Holidays," "New Year's Greetings," "Season's Greetings," "Noel," and "Peace". The foreign greeting cards consist of cards sent to the Tolman and Conn families from family and friends residing outside the United States. There are several empty envelopes lined with paper depicting Christmas images and the miscellaneous folder contains parts of greeting cards, many of which are missing photographs. The collection is arranged into two series: Series 1: Christmas and Series 2; Other occasions.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into one series.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Christmas  Search this
Candles  Search this
Deer  Search this
Angels  Search this
Birds -- Pictorial works  Search this
Bells  Search this
Greeting cards  Search this
Holidays  Search this
Genre/Form:
Christmas cards
Citation:
Greeting Card Collection, 1920-1980, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0579
See more items in:
Greeting Card Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0579
Online Media:

Charles Rivers Photographs

Creator:
Rivers, Charles, 1904-1993  Search this
Names:
Chrysler Building (New York, N.Y.) -- Pictorial works  Search this
Empire State Building (New York, N.Y.) -- Construction--1929-1930  Search this
Pathe News  Search this
Bates, Ruby  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet (4 boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Albums
Place:
New York (N.Y.) -- 1920-1930
Washington (D.C.) -- 1960-1970
Date:
1929-1963
bulk 1929-1930
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains: twenty-nine silver gelatin photoprints mounted on Fome-Core, Masonite, and cardboard, ranging in size from 5-1/2" x 9-1/4" to 10-11/16" x 13-13/16"; three 5" x 7" unmounted silver gelatin photoprints; a scrapbook which originally contained 56 silver gelatin photoprints, ranging in size from 2" x 3" to 7-1/2" x 9-1/2"; and silver gelatin film negatives (presumably acetate) for the prints. The scrapbook includes a New York Daily News clipping about Rivers: "Builds a Bridge to Students" by Anthony Burton (dated May 12, 1970 by Rivers) with a photograph showing him speaking to a crowd, Most of the photographs depict the construction of the Chrysler and Empire State Buildings--iron workers on the job and relaxing during breaks, and pictures of the buildings at various stages of completion. Other subjects are: a demonstration to prevent World War II (1935), a color photoprint of the Civil Rights March and Demonstration in Washington, D.C. (1963), and two magazine clippings from a Soviet publication, New Times, in which Rivers's prize-winning "Self Portrait" (1930) was reproduced.

Most of these prints were made by Charles Rivers many years after the creation of the original negatives, probably ca.1970s 1980s. The collection is in generally good condition, except that many of the print surfaces are scratched.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Rivers created a certain amount of confusion about his origins, whether accidentally or intentionally. Born Constantinos Kapornaros[1] (or Kostandinos Kapernaros)[2] in the small town of Vahos in Mani, an isolated area in the southern Peloponnesian region of Greece, on May 20, 1904, he emigrated to the United States as a child of five or six with his parents. His school record showed that he was enrolled in 1911 at the age of seven.[3] The family lived in Maine or New Hampshire, then Massachusetts, and later other locations in New York state. It is believed that his new name was derived from the Charles River in Boston.[4] The change may have been occasioned by a need to conceal his deep involvement in left-wing political and union activities.[5] Mr. Rivers settled in New York City in 1950 and resided there until 1993.[6] He sometimes identified his birthplace as Denver, Colorado,[7] but this may have been a fabrication or simplification, based on the fact that Greek church baptismal records were kept in Denver.[8] His sons James and Ronald believe that he never became an official American citizen. Late in life, in order to visit his birthplace, he was issued a passport, based on his school records, which stated that he was born in Denver. Rivers photographed the construction of the Chrysler Building (1929) and the Empire State Building (1930) in New York City. He was inspired to take up photography by seeing the work of the influential documentary photographer Lewis Hine, whose famous images of working children helped win passage of protective child labor laws. Rivers and Hine both photographed the Empire State Building and the men building it, yet Rivers apparently was unaware until years later that his idol had been present. Employed as an iron worker, Rivers traded his pail of tools for a Zeiss Ikon[9] camera during his lunch hour or when photographic opportunities arose. While the workers depicted in some of the photographs clearly are aware of the photographer's presence, Rivers's project presumably was conducted more or less surreptitiously. It is not known for certain if the paths of Rivers and Hine ever crossed, but his son Ron considers it unlikely: Hine photographed only the Empire State Building in connection with his "Men at Work" project,[10] not the earlier Chrysler Building, and Rivers did not work on the Empire State Building for a very long period. His self-portrait on the Empire State Building, "The Bolter-Up," may have been intended as a memento during one of his last days on that job.[11]

Rivers became unemployed in the Depression and consequently became involved in national efforts to create Social Security, unemployment insurance, and housing programs. These experiences apparently encouraged his active participation in politically leftist activities, as coverage about him in Soviet publications attests. A pacifist, in 1935 he was involved in demonstrations aimed at preventing World War II, and in the 1960s he took part in anti-Vietnam demonstrations and encouraged young people to continue such resistance.

In the 1950s Rivers worked in steel fabrication, in a chemistry lab as a technician, and briefly as a legislative aide for a New York state senator.

In 1986 Rivers submitted his 1930 self-portrait, posed on the Chrysler Building, to the International Year of Peace art contest sponsored by the New Times, published in Moscow: it was awarded a prize and diploma.

Mr. Rivers died in 1993, only two weeks after moving to Arlington, Texas to enter a nursing home near his sons' homes.

1. The page on Rivers in New York University=s Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives web site (http://laborarts.org/collections/item.cfm?itemid=82) --noted 5 June 2002), claims Rivers was born in 1905 and changed his name Ato resemble those of the Mohawk Indians working on the high steel of New York City=s skyscrapers and bridges".

2. This spelling is given in an e-mail from James Rivers to Helen Plummer, Aug. 19, 2002.

3. Ibid.

4. Telephone conversation between Ron Rivers and the author, 6 June 2002. Additional information was provided by Ron Rivers in electronic mail messages, 5 June and 12 June 2002.

5. James Rivers, op. cit.

6. Telephone conversation with Ron Rivers, 6 June 2002.

7. In a biographical statement for the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art (copy supplied by Helen Plummer), Charles Rivers called Denver his birthplace. The George Eastman House photographer database also included this apparently erroneous information, probably derived from the Amon Carter statement (telephone conversation with Helen Plummer, 3 June 2002).

8. Ron Rivers, telephone conversation, 6 June 2002.

9. Identified by Charles Rivers as the camera used in the skyscraper photographs: interview by Carol Sewell, "Photographer looked at U.S. from high view," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, Dec. 27, 1986. Rivers also used a Rolleiflex, according to Ron Rivers (see note above), but the folding Zeiss Ikon camera would have been a more convenient addition to a lunchbox than the bulkier Rolleiflex. The collection negatives are not in the Rolleiflex square format, moreover.

10. See Judith Mara Gutman, Lewis W. Hine and the American social conscience. New York: Walker, 1967.

11. Ron Rivers, telephone conversation, 6 June 2002.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Smithsonian Institution

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden

Included Rivers's self-portrait, "The Bolter Up," in its summer 2002 exhibition, "Metropolis in the Machine Age," in the form of a new print made from a digital copy of the Archives Center's original negative. The author discussed the new print from the Rivers negative and other photographs in this exhibition in an invited gallery lecture, "The Skyscraper Photographs of Lewis Hine and Charles Rivers," Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, June 6, 2002.

Materials at Other Organizations

Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, Texas

See Barbara McCandless and John Rohrbach, Singular moments: photographs from the Amon Carter Museum, with select entries by Helen Plummer. Reproduction of a Rivers photograph, with description and analysis, p. 30. Additional information has been generously supplied by Ms. Plummer, curatorial associate, and Barbara McCandless, curator of photography, Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, Fort Worth Texas.

Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives at New York University

Museum of the City of New York

Some of his photographs were included in the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art exhibition, "Looking at America: Documentary Photographs of the 1930s and 1940s," December 1986.
Provenance:
The collection is a gift from Mr. Charles Rivers, 1989.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Archives Center claims copyright. Rights were conveyed to the Archives Center through a Deed of Gift signed by the donor.
Topic:
Self-portraits, American  Search this
Iron and steel workers -- 1920-1930 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Construction workers -- 1900-1950 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Structural steel workers -- 1920-1930 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Labor unions  Search this
Civil rights demonstrations -- 1960-1970  Search this
Skyscrapers -- 1920-1930 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Peace movements -- 1960-1970  Search this
Peace movements -- 1930-1940  Search this
Scottsoro boys case  Search this
Fires  Search this
Scottsboro Trial, Scottsboro, Ala., 1931  Search this
Self-portraits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Albums
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1970-1990
Citation:
Charles Rivers Photographs, 1929-1963, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0360
See more items in:
Charles Rivers Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0360
Online Media:

Sky Fighters of France Exhibit Program (Farré)

Creator:
Farré, Henry  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Programs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the Washington, DC program for the exhibit, "Sky Fighters of France." Displayed in the galleries of the Ladies of the Washington Club, the exhibit was shown in Washington from April 24 to April 29 (year unknown, but not prior to 1917). This program includes an introduction, nineteen black and white images of Farré's paintings and portraits, a description of 176 of his works, photographic images of some of the sky fighters of France, and an article entitled, "With the Sky Fighters of France" by Farré.
Biographical / Historical:
"Sky Fighters of France" was an exhibit of works by Lieutenant Henri Farré. It consisted of paintings portraying air battles that Farré actually observed or took part in during World War I. Prior to the war, Farré had been a painter, exhibiting his work at the Salon every year from 1896 to the outbreak of the first World War. At that time, he offered his services to France and was eventually promoted to the rank of Observer-Bombardier, a role which provided him with the subject matter of his paintings. An exhibit, "Sky Fighters of France," was sent to the United States by the French government with the intention of showing it in all of the large cities of this country; the proceeds of the exhibition went to the children of French aviators killed in action.
Provenance:
Sue McLaughlin, Gift, 2002
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Painters -- France  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Pictorial works  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- France  Search this
Genre/Form:
Programs
Citation:
Sky Fighters of France Exhibit Program (Farré), Accession 2002-0048, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2002.0048
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2002-0048

Double trouble for Anna Hibiscus! / Atinuke & Lauren Tobia

Author:
Atinuke  Search this
Illustrator:
Tobia, Lauren  Search this
Physical description:
1 volume (unpaged) : color illustrations ; 28 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Juvenile fiction
Fiction
Illustrated works
Picture books
Place:
Africa, West
Date:
2015
Topic:
Hibiscus, Anna (Fictitious character)  Search this
Twins  Search this
Sibling rivalry  Search this
Children's stories  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1083844

Bintou's braids by Sylviane A. Diouf ; illustrated by Shane W. Evans

Author:
Diouf, Sylviane A (Sylviane Anna) 1952- http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n98042742 http://viaf.org/viaf/95649081/  Search this
Illustrator:
Evans, Shane http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n98106142 http://viaf.org/viaf/46084662/  Search this
Physical description:
1 volume (unpaged) color illustrations 28 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Juvenile fiction
Fiction
Children's stories
Easy books
Juvenile works
Place:
Africa, West
West Africa
Afrika
Date:
2001
Topic:
Children's stories  Search this
Self-acceptance  Search this
Braids (Hairdressing)  Search this
Hair  Search this
Manners and customs  Search this
Akzeptanz  Search this
Aussehen  Search this
Bilderbuch  Search this
Ich-Stärke  Search this
Mädchen  Search this
Schönheit  Search this
Haar  Search this
Wunsch  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1117504

Bilder von Dogon-Masken Buntstifzeichnungen aus Ambigou Dolos "Cahier de dessin de masque" Karl Heinz Striedter

Author:
Striedter, Karl Heinz http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n83216915 http://viaf.org/viaf/112595943/  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Dolo, Ambigou  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Mali
Date:
2002
Topic:
Masks, Dogon--Pictorial works  Search this
Dogon masquerade drawings  Search this
Dogon costume drawings  Search this
Children's drawings  Search this
Call number:
CB3 .P142
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1117651

Scrapbook: [compiled by] Mary Ann Staples, Stroudsburg, Monroe Co., Pennsylvania

Creator:
Staples, Mary Ann.  Search this
Names:
Pan-American Exposition (1901: Buffalo, N.Y.) -- Pictorial works  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (27 leaves , all ill. (some col.), 35 cm.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Scrapbooks
Date:
[circa 1902]
Summary:
Scrapbook containing images (mostly color lithographs) excised from contemporary greeting cards, periodicals, trade cards, advertisements, and other kinds of ephemera. Images are mounted on both sides of the leaves.
General note:
Some of the companies and brands represented in the scrapbook include: Bridgeport Organ Co., Hood's Sarsaparilla; Bromangelon; Bush & Bull Drygoods; Uneeda Biscuit; Home Insurance Co. of N.Y.; Pease Piano; Fairy Soap (N.K. Fairbank Co.); J. & P. Coats' Spool Cotton; Stuylers bonbons; Gold Dust Washing Powder; White Sewing Machine; Palmer; Bee Soap; National Biscuit Co.
Some of the main themes featured in the scrapbook are: children; fashion; seashells; the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, N.Y.; animals; flowers; seasons; American patriotism; greeting cards; and ethnic caricatures.
Date of scrapbook based on copyright date appearing on some of the images.
Local Notes:
CHMRB copy 39088016106957 is the gift of Brooke Alexander.

CHMRB copy has the original, commercially-produced black- and silver-embossed red cloth binding, with cover title: Scrap book.
Topic:
Animals -- Pictorial works  Search this
Children -- Pictorial works  Search this
Decoration and ornament -- Pictorial works  Search this
Caricatures and cartoons -- Pictorial works  Search this
advertising -- United States -- Pictorial works  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
SIL-CH.MSS001774B
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sil-ch-mss001774b

Victorian fashions and costumes from Harper's bazar, 1867-1898 edited and with an introduction by Stella Blum

Title:
Victorian fashions & costumes from Harper's bazaar, 1867-1898
Compiler:
Blum, Stella http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79059525 http://viaf.org/viaf/91263591/  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 294 pages illustrations 32 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Periodicals
Bildband
Illustrated works
History
Place:
United States
Date:
1974
19th century
Topic:
Women--History  Search this
Fashion--History  Search this
Clothing and dress--History  Search this
Fashion  Search this
SOCIAL SCIENCE--Customs & Traditions  Search this
Women  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Modezeichnung  Search this
American women's costume, 1867-1898  Search this
Call number:
GT595 .B56 1974X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_49360

American Victorian costume in early photographs by Priscilla Harris Dalrymple

Author:
Dalrymple, Priscilla Harris http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n90708815 http://viaf.org/viaf/118103606/  Search this
Physical description:
108 pages chiefly illustrations 31 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Illustrated works
History
Place:
United States
Date:
1991
19th century
Topic:
Clothing and dress--History  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Indumentaria (colecoes em museus)  Search this
Costume--History  Search this
United States  Search this
Call number:
GT610.D35 1991X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_424569

The child's picture scrap book : containing upwards of four hundred illustrations / by John Gilbert, J.D. Watson, Wolf, Coleman, etc

Author:
Gilbert, John Sir 1817-1897  Search this
Watson, John Dawson 1832-1892  Search this
Wolf, Joseph 1820-1899  Search this
Coleman, W. S (William Stephen) 1829-1904  Search this
Physical description:
96 p. : ill. ; 33 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Juvenile literature
Date:
1865
Topic:
Children's stories  Search this
Children's poetry  Search this
Nature  Search this
Amusements  Search this
Call number:
PZ7 .C45 1865
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_723823

Illustrations of ornithology / by Sir William Jardine and Prideaux John Selby ; with the cooperation of J.E. Bicheno, J. G. Children, T. Hardwicke, T. Horsfield, R. Jameson, Sir T. Stamford Raffles, [and] N.A. Vigors

Illustrator:
Jardine, William 1800-1874  Search this
Selby, Prideaux John 1788-1867  Search this
Lear, Edward 1812-1888  Search this
Mitford, R. C. W (Reginald Colville William) 1839-  Search this
Donor:
Hewitt, Eleanor 1864-1924 DSI  Search this
Hewitt, Sarah 1859-1930 DSI  Search this
Former owner:
Lenox Library DSI  Search this
Binder:
Bailer Bros. (Firm) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
3 volumes, 151 [that is, 308] leaves of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 32 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Date:
1826
1835
[1826-1835]
Topic:
Birds  Search this
Birds--Collection and preservation  Search this
Arsenic compounds  Search this
Call number:
QL674 .J37 1826
QL674.J37 1826
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_434661

Bilderbuch für Kinder : enthaltend eine angenehme Sammlung von Thieren, Pflanzen, Blumen, Früchten, Mineralien, Trachten und allerhand andern unterrichtenden Gegenständen aus dem Reiche der Natur, der Künste und Wissenschaften : alle nach den besten Originalen gewählt, gestochen, und mit einer kurzen wissenschaftenlichen, und den Verstandes-Kräften eines Kindes angemessenen Erklärung begleitet / von F.J. Bertuch

Title:
Bertuch's Bilderbuch für Kinder
Porte-feuille des enfans
Portefeuille des enfans
Author:
Bertuch, Friedrich Justin 1747-1822  Search this
Bertuch, Carl 1777-1815  Search this
Binder:
Bailer Bros. (Firm) DSI  Search this
Former owner:
Cooper Union Library DSI  Search this
Physical description:
12 v., leaves of plates : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Juvenile literature
Pictorial works
Date:
1798
1830
1798-1830
Topic:
Natural history  Search this
Animals  Search this
Plants  Search this
Children's encyclopedias and dictionaries  Search this
Call number:
QH48 .B537X G1798
QH48.B537X G1798
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_406550

Maternités aus dem Pays Lobi / Petra and Stephan Herkenhoff

Editor:
Herkenhoff, Petra  Search this
Herkenhoff, Stephan  Search this
Translator:
Cooke, Henry  Search this
Physical description:
256 pages : chiefly illustrations (black and white) ; 31 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Pictorial works
Date:
2017
Topic:
Wood sculpture, Lobi  Search this
Wood-carving, Lobi  Search this
Maternity in art  Search this
Figure sculpture, African  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1105499

The art & tradition of beadwork / Marsha C. Bol

Title:
Art and tradition of beadwork
Author:
Bol, Marsha  Search this
Physical description:
256 pages : color illustrations ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
History
Pictorial works
Illustrated works
Date:
2018
Topic:
Beadwork  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1108940

Parker looks up : an extraordinary moment / by Parker Curry & Jessica Curry ; illustrated by Brittany Jackson

Author:
Curry, Parker  Search this
Curry, Jessica  Search this
Artist:
Jackson, Bea 1986-  Search this
Subject:
Curry, Parker  Search this
Obama, Michelle 1964-  Search this
National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
Physical description:
1 volume (unpaged) : color illustrations ; 29 cm
Type:
Juvenile fiction
Pictorial works
Autobiographical fiction
Fiction
Juvenile works
Picture books
Children's stories
Date:
2019
Topic:
Museums  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1109996

Obama : an intimate portrait / Pete Souza ; foreword by Barack Obama

Photographer:
Souza, Pete  Search this
Writer of foreword:
Obama, Barack  Search this
Subject:
Obama, Barack  Search this
Obama, Barack  Search this
Obama, Barack Family  Search this
Obama family  Search this
Physical description:
349 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 26 x 32 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Portraits
Illustrated works
Place:
United States
Date:
2017
Topic:
Presidents  Search this
Presidents--Family  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1106161

Outside the dream : child poverty in America : photographs / by Stephen Shames ; introduction by Jonathan Kozol ; afterword by Marian Wright Edelman

Author:
Shames, Stephen  Search this
Children's Defense Fund (U.S.)  Search this
Aperture Foundation  Search this
Physical description:
87 p. : chiefly ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1991
C1991
Topic:
Poor children  Search this
Poor children--Pictorial works  Search this
Children--Portraits  Search this
Call number:
TR647.S516 S52 1991
TR647.S516S52 1991
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_413287

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