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MIT/Charles Stark Draper Laboratory. Stubbs, G., A. Penchuk, and R. Schlundt. "A Digital Autopilot for Thrust Vector Control of Apollo CSM and CSM/LM Vehicles." Report R-670

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
November 1969
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref13

Hamilton, Margaret. Charles Stark Draper Laboratory. Software Shuttle Memo #29. Management of APOLLO Programming and its Application to the Shuttle. [Note from Margaret Hamilton]

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
May 20, 1971
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref20

The Charles Stark Draper Laboratory [promotional material]

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Item 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1971
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref22

Hamilton, Margaret. Charles Stark Draper Laboratory. Shuttle Management Note #14. First Draft of a Report on the Analysis of Apollo System Problems During Flight.

Collection Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
October 23, 1972
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1986-0158-ref23

Charles Stark Draper Collection

Former owner:
Draper, Charles Stark, 1901-1987  Search this
Extent:
1.36 Cubic feet (3 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1941-1978
Summary:
Charles Stark Draper was the leading figure behind the use of inertial navigation in aircraft, spacecraft, ballistic missiles, and submarines. This collection of memorabilia largely relates to Draper's career at the MIT Instrumentation Laboratory, his contributions to the military, and to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
Scope and Contents:
This collection of memorabilia consists of certificates, diplomas, citations, and awards bestowed upon Charles Stark Draper, as well as several photographs, and a photographic copy of a filed patent for a lead angle computer for gunsights. These materials relate to Draper's career at the MIT Instrumentation Laboratory, his contributions to the military, and to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Also included are certificates awarded to him by the Arthur Murray Studio for his performances in dance.
Arrangement:
The materials in this collection are arranged by type and chronologically. During processing, the various oversized materials have been placed in appropriately sized boxes. They are organized in each box by organization or institution granting the honor (citation, diploma, certificate) and then chronologically.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Stark Draper was the leading figure behind the use of inertial navigation in aircraft, spacecraft, ballistic missiles, and submarines. He was born in Windsor, Missouri, in 1901. He earned a B.A. in psychology from Stanford University in 1922. He went on to earn a B.S. in electrochemical engineering and a Ph.D. in physics in 1938 from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). One year later, Draper joined the faculty at MIT and helped establish the school's Instrumentation Laboratory. During the next thirty years, he performed research and directed the Instrumentation Laboratory, developing systems such as the gyroscopic shoebox gunsight that led to the derivative Mark 14 gunsight used by U.S. Navy shipboard antiaircraft weaponry in World War II. Draper also developed inertial guidance systems utilized in the Polaris, Poseidon, Trident I and II submarine launched missiles, as well as the Atlas and Titan launch vehicles. During the 1960s, he and the Laboratory created the inertial navigation system employed by the Moon-bound spacecraft of the Apollo program. In 1969, at the height of student protests over military contracts and university research, the politically conservative Draper was asked to step down from his position as director of the Instrumentation Laboratory. Four years after his departure, the Instrumentation Laboratory split away from MIT and formed the non-profit Charles Stark Draper Laboratory.

Draper served in the U.S. Air Corps Reserve from 1926 to 1942, resigning as a first lieutenant. Throughout his career, Draper was the recipient of numerous medals, awards, and distinctions, including the National Medal of Science and induction into the Inventor's Hall of Fame. He was also an avid amateur ballroom dancer. For years, he studied and trained with the Arthur Murray Studio. Draper died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1987.
Provenance:
Charles Stark Draper, Gift to Astronautics Department, 1975

Space History Department, Transfer, 2001
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Astronautics  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Citation:
Charles Stark Draper Collection, Acc. 2001-0019, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2001.0019
See more items in:
Charles Stark Draper Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2001-0019
Online Media:

Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]

Creator:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Names:
Hamilton, Margaret Heafield, 1936-  Search this
Extent:
1.22 Cubic Feet (2 legal document boxes; 1 slim legal document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1965-1986
bulk 1965-1972
Summary:
The Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton] consists of reports, memoranda, and related material documenting the Apollo flight guidance software developed by Margaret Hamilton's team at the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory (CSDL) in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The collection also includes Hamilton's 1986 handwritten notes on selected documents.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of reports, memoranda, and related material documenting the Apollo flight guidance software developed by Margaret Hamilton's team at the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory (CSDL) in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Documents include a printout from an Apollo guidance computer software simulation; software program change routing slips; reports from Apollo Guidance, Navigation, and Control (formerly Apollo Guidance and Navigation); a preliminary flight plan for Apollo 7; memoranda for the submission of MIT/IL Software Development Plan, critiquing each new official version of the flight system; guidance system documents using assorted programs, including Sundisk, Skylark, and Luminary; and an oversized Charles Start Draper Laboratory brochure. When she donated the collection in 1986, Hamilton composed handwritten notes on the history of selected documents, which are included with each document and identified in the finding aid as "[Note from Margaret Hamilton]."
Arrangement:
The materials are arranged chronologically.
Biographical Note:
Margaret H. Hamilton (b. 1936) was the Director of Software Engineering Division at Charles Stark Draper Laboratory (CSDL), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and was responsible for the onboard flight software for NASA's Apollo and Skylab missions. She became known as the "Rope Mother," an apt description for her role and referred to the unusual way that computer programs were stored on the Apollo guidance computers.

Hamilton received a BA in Mathematics from Earlham College in Richmond, Indiana, and postponed her Ph.D. work when she was offered the opportunity to work on the Apollo project. She has published over 130 papers and reports on her areas of expertise in system design and software development. In 1986, she became the founder and CEO of Hamilton Technologies, Inc. in Cambridge, Massachusetts. On November 22, 2016, President Barack Obama awarded Hamilton the Presidential Medal of Freedom for her contribution that led to Apollo 11's successful landing.
Provenance:
Donated by Margaret Hamilton, gift, 1986-1987.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
Project Apollo (U.S.)  Search this
Space vehicles -- Guidance systems  Search this
Charles Stark Draper Laboratory  Search this
Citation:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], Accession 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1986.0158
See more items in:
Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton]
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1986-0158
Online Media:

Edward Teller

Artist:
Una Hanbury, 1904 - 9 Feb 1990  Search this
Sitter:
Edward Teller, 15 Jan 1908 - 9 Sep 2003  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
50cm x 37cm x 29cm (19 11/16" x 14 9/16" x 11 7/16"), Accurate
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1993 cast after 1981 original
Topic:
Edward Teller: Male  Search this
Edward Teller: Science and Technology\Scientist\Physicist  Search this
Edward Teller: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California; the Fannie and John Hertz Foundation; and the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Inc.
Object number:
NPG.93.138
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm40aa94a71-d36d-433c-bd2a-af0a09aa91b7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.93.138

Blanket, Thermal, Upper, Lunar Traverse Gravimeter

Manufacturer:
MIT Instrumentation Laboratory  Search this
Materials:
Cloth of unknown material
Dimensions:
Approximate: 60.96 x 30.48 x 30.48cm (2ft x 1ft x 1ft)
Type:
EQUIPMENT-Lunar
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Gift of the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Inc.
Inventory Number:
A20020364000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9567cd4b2-a163-4c75-b5e6-6d9b87f7eeba
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20020364000

Thermal Blanket and Cover, Lower, Lunar Traverse Gravimeter, Apollo

Manufacturer:
MIT Instrumentation Laboratory  Search this
Materials:
Synthetic Fabric
Kapton
Synthetic Mesh
Copper Alloy
Nickel Plating
Dimensions:
Approximate (Cover): 24.8 × 24.1 × 27.3cm (9 3/4 × 9 1/2 × 10 3/4 in.)
Storage (Current Storage): 61.6 × 46.7 × 32.4cm (24 1/4 × 18 3/8 × 12 3/4 in.)
Type:
EQUIPMENT-Lunar
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Inc.
Inventory Number:
A20020364001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv949f4412d-d69d-402b-ab26-5ff12e4533c9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20020364001

Gyroscope, Pendulous Integrating

Manufacturer:
AC Spark Plug Division, General Motors Corporation  Search this
Materials:
Housing: metal, probably aluminum.
Gyro wheel is a heavier material.
Fluid: a fluourocarbon.
Dimensions:
3-D: 10.2 x 5.1cm (4 x 2 in.)
Type:
INSTRUMENTS-Navigational
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Gift of the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory
Inventory Number:
A20040206000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Exhibit Station:
Rockets & Missiles
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9e62a6883-c028-46e7-aff5-d8db89caa2b5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20040206000

Gyroscope, Pendulous Integrating

Manufacturer:
AC Spark Plug Division, General Motors Corporation  Search this
Materials:
Aluminum
Nickel Alloy
Plastic
Adhesive
Synthetic Fabric
Interior parts may be made of beryllium, but this has not been determined.
Dimensions:
3-D: 10.5 x 6.4cm (4 1/8 x 2 1/2 in.)
Type:
EQUIPMENT-Scientific Devices
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Gift of the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory
Inventory Number:
A20040207000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv96e704acc-33f5-47d7-8a0e-ec49414c8f6d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20040207000

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