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Big Beautiful Black History, A: Stories of the Rise and Spread of Black Culture in Africa and America

Producer:
Lomax, Alan, 1915-2002  Search this
Performer:
Charles, Ray, 1930-2004  Search this
Collection Creator:
Rinzler, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Phonograph record (analog, 33 1/3 rpm, 12 in.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Phonograph records
Track Information:
101 Ray Charles / Piano.

102 Pop.

103 Chicago.

104 Blues.

105 Big Continent.

106 First Africans.

107 Medicine.

108 Aesop.

109 Bilal.

110 Sisters with Spears.

111 Lullabies.

112 Woman Power.

113 Timbuctoo.

114 Orchestras.

115 Brothers.

116 Polynesia.

201 Everybody Leads.

202 Overlap.

203 Explorers.

204 Liberator.

205 Napoleon.

206 Bolivar.

207 Argentina.

204 Liberator.

205 Napoleon.

206 Bolivar.

207 Argentina.

208 Cuba.

209 Song Signatures.

210 Bad Men.

211 The Real McCoy.

212 Crazy Horns.

213 Edison's Collaborator.

214 Heart Surgeon.

215 I am Not You.
Local Numbers:
FP-RINZ-LP-0367

Atlantic.154
Publication, Distribution, Etc. (Imprint):
New York Atlantic
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Copyright restrictions apply. Contact archives staff for information.
Topic:
Blues (Music)  Search this
World music  Search this
Piano  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ralph Rinzler papers and audio recordings, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.RINZ, Item FP-RINZ-LP-0367
See more items in:
Ralph Rinzler papers and audio recordings
Ralph Rinzler papers and audio recordings / Series 9: Audio / Commercial / LPs
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5c634a65b-e612-4abc-8e71-e506cf7a31f1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-rinz-ref5536

The Ray Charles Story, Vol. 1

Performer:
Charles, Ray, 1930-2004  Search this
Collection Creator:
Rinzler, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Phonograph record (analog, 33 1/3 rpm, 12 in.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Phonograph records
Place:
United States
California
Date:
1962
Contents:
The sun's gonna shine (2:37) --Losing hand (3:10) --Mess around (2:39) --It should've been me (2:39) --Don't you know (2:50) --Come back baby (3:00) --I've got a woman (2:50) --A fool for you (2:59) --This little girl of mine (2:30) --Mary Ann (2:40) --Hallelujah I love her so (2:34) --Lonely avenue (2:42) --Doodlin' (5:49) --Sweet sixteen bars (2:50) --Ain't that love (2:50).
Track Information:
101 The Sun's Gonna Shine Again / Piano.

102 Losing Hand / Piano.

103 Mess Around / Piano.

104 It Should Have Been Me / Piano.

105 Don't You Know / Piano.

106 Come Back Baby / Piano.

107 I've Got a Woman / Piano.

108 A Fool for You / Piano.

201 This Little Girl of Mine / Piano.

202 Mary Ann / Piano.

203 Hallelujah I Love Her So / Piano.

204 Lonely Avenue / Piano.

205 Doodlin' / Piano.

206 Sweet Sixteen Bars / Piano.

207 Ain't That Love / Piano.
Local Numbers:
FP-RINZ-LP-0007

Atlantic.8063
Publication, Distribution, Etc. (Imprint):
Atlantic 1962
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Copyright restrictions apply. Contact archives staff for information.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
Rhythm and blues music  Search this
Piano  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ralph Rinzler papers and audio recordings, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.RINZ, Item FP-RINZ-LP-0007
See more items in:
Ralph Rinzler papers and audio recordings
Ralph Rinzler papers and audio recordings / Series 9: Audio / Commercial / LPs
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5abb80c9a-4023-42c3-a59d-72f587532d14
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-rinz-ref5539

Rock and Roll Forever

Performer:
Walker, T-Bone, 1910-1975  Search this
Turner, Joe, 1911-1985  Search this
Baker, LaVern  Search this
McPhatter, Clyde  Search this
Charles, Ray, 1930-2004  Search this
Brown, Ruth, 1928-2006  Search this
Clovers (Musical group)  Search this
Drifters (Musical group)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Phonograph record (analog, 33 1/3 rpm, 12 in.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Phonograph records
Place:
Missouri
United States
Kansas City (Mo.)
Texas
Track Information:
101 Shake, Rattle and Roll / Joe Turner.

102 Tweedle Dee / LaVern Baker.

103 One Mint Julep / Clovers (Musical group).

104 Money Honey / Drifters (Musical group), Clyde McPhatter.

105 It Should Have Been Me / Ray Charles. Piano.

106 5-10-15 Hours / Ruth Brown.

107 T-Bone Shuffle / T-Bone Walker. Guitar.

201 Mama, He Treats Your Daughter Mean / Ruth Brown.

202 I've Got a Woman / Ray Charles. Piano.

203 Good Lovin' / Clovers (Musical group).

204 Hide and Seek / Joe Turner.

205 Bop Ting-a-Ling / LaVern Baker.

206 Honey Love / Drifters (Musical group), Clyde McPhatter.

207 Flip, Flop and Fly / Joe Turner.
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-LP-0658

Atlantic.1239
Publication, Distribution, Etc. (Imprint):
New York Atlantic
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Copyright restrictions apply. Contact archives staff for additional information.
Topic:
Rock music  Search this
Blues (Music)  Search this
Rhythm and blues music  Search this
Piano  Search this
Guitar  Search this
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-LP-0658
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / LP
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5f20cc98b-422d-4fd6-a106-93493c57d0a0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref16413

The Greatest Rock and Roll

Performer:
Hunter, Ivory Joe, 1914-1974  Search this
Baker, LaVern  Search this
Charles, Ray, 1930-2004  Search this
Harris, Bill, 1925-1988  Search this
McPhatter, Clyde  Search this
Brown, Ruth, 1928-2006  Search this
Turner, Joe, 1911-1985  Search this
Clovers (Musical group)  Search this
Drifters (Musical group)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Phonograph record (analog, 33 1/3 rpm, 12 in.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Phonograph records
Date:
1957
Contents:
Hallelujah I love her so --Jim Dandy --From the bottom of my heart --Thirty days --I want to do more --It's too late --Corrine Corrina --Smooth operator --Steamboat --Treasure of love --I can't love you enough --Since I met you baby --Mary Ann.
Track Information:
102 Jim Dandy / LaVern Baker.

101 Hallelujah, I Love Her So / Ray Charles. Piano.

103 From the Bottom of My Heart / Clovers (Musical group), Bill Harris.

104 Thirty Days / Clyde McPhatter.

105 I Want to Do More / Ruth Brown.

106 It's Too Late / Clovers (Musical group), Bill Harris.

107 The Chicken and the Hawk / Joe Turner.

201 Corrine, Corrina / Joe Turner.

202 Smooth Operator / Ruth Brown.

203 Steamboat / Drifters (Musical group).

204 Treasure of Love / Clyde McPhatter.

205 I Can't Love You Enough / LaVern Baker.

206 Since I Met You Baby / Ivory Joe Hunter.

207 Mary Ann / Ray Charles. Piano.
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-LP-3049

Atlantic.8001
Publication, Distribution, Etc. (Imprint):
New York Atlantic 1957
General:
Program notes by Norman Orleck on container. Performer(s): Rhythm and blues songs; Ray Charles, LaVern Baker, the Clovers, Clyde McPhatter, Ruth Brown, Chuck Willis, Joe Turner, the Drifters, and Ivory Joe Hunter
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Copyright restrictions apply. Contact archives staff for additional information.
Topic:
Rhythm and blues music  Search this
Rock music  Search this
Piano  Search this
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-LP-3049
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / LP
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk52ca09367-1ac1-47ae-8876-bb4e0dfc2682
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref17595

Ain't That Love/I Want to Know

Artist:
Charles, Ray, 1930-2004  Search this
Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Phonograph record (analog, 78 rpm, 10 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Phonograph records
Contents:
Ain't That Love/I Want to Know
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-78-3039

Atlantic.1124
Publication, Distribution, Etc. (Imprint):
Atlantic
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Copyright restrictions apply. Contact archives staff for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-78-3039
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / 78 RPM
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk559da3c28-5083-448d-8eac-980cad5b2c4b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref23871

Oral history interview with Frank S. Okada

Interviewee:
Okada, Frank S. (Frank Sumio), 1931-2000  Search this
Interviewer:
Johns, Barbara  Search this
Names:
Cornish School of Allied Arts (Seattle, Wash.)  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art -- Students  Search this
Northwest Asian American Project  Search this
University of Oregon -- Faculty  Search this
Bunce, Louis, 1907-1983  Search this
Charles, Ray, 1930-2004  Search this
Chin, Frank, 1940-  Search this
Davis, Sammy, 1925-  Search this
Derbyshire, Leon  Search this
Dusanne, Zoe, 1884-1977  Search this
Horiuchi, Paul, 1906-  Search this
Inada, Lawson Fusao  Search this
Ivey, William, 1919-1992  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Kusama, Yayoi, 1929-  Search this
Martin, David Stone  Search this
Nomura, Kenjiro, 1896-1956  Search this
Okada, John  Search this
Peck, James Edward, 1907-  Search this
Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969  Search this
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Tsutakawa, George  Search this
Extent:
87 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1990 Aug. 16-17
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Frank Okada conducted 1990 Aug. 16-17, in Seattle, Wash., by Barbara Johns, for the Archives of American Art Northwest Asian American Project. Okada discusses his parents' background; his family including his brothers, John, author of "No-No Boy," and Charlie, a graphic designer; traveling to Japan for the Pacific Northwest Artists and Japan exhibition; being in an internment camp; painting in Eugene, Ore. and Seattle, Wash.; his painting techniques; studying under Leon Derbyshire; his connection with the jazz scene in Seattle in the late 1940s and 1950s including musicians Sammy Davis, Ray Charles, and Quincy Jones; attending Cornish School of Art, Seattle; meeting Mark Tobey; comparision of his painting style to Tobey's; his stint in the Army; attending Cranbrook Academy of Art and studying with painter Fred Mitchell; his Whitney fellowship in New York; study of Japanese, Chinese, and Zen paintings; working for Boeings in the early 1960s; traveling to France on a Guggenheim; teaching at University of Oregon in Eugene; his minimalist work; influence of Japanese art in his painting. Okada mentions Lawson Inada (Asian American poet), Frank Chin (Asian American playwright), artists David Stone Martin, James Edward Peck, Yayoi Kusama, George Tsutakawa, Paul Horiuchi, Ben Shahn, Kenjiro Nomura, Louis Bunce, Bill Ivey, and art gallery owner Zoe Dusanne.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank S. Okada (1931-2000) was a Japanese American painter based in Seattle, Washington. He taught at University of Oregon from 1969-1999.
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 9 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hrs., 38 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- United States  Search this
Painters -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Topic:
Asian American art  Search this
Asian American artists  Search this
Japanese American art  Search this
Japanese American artists  Search this
Painting, Japanese  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Painting, Chinese  Search this
Asian American painters  Search this
Asian American sculptors  Search this
Japanese Americans -- Forced removal and internment, 1942-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.okada90
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ff6868c7-38fd-4e50-9323-474b69e03b8e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-okada90
Online Media:

Frenesi [music]

Composer:
Dominguez, Alberto  Search this
Lyricist:
Charles, Ray, 1930-2004  Search this
Russell, S. K.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (conductor score and/or parts (Published sheet music), 28 cm.)
1 Item (manuscript, 31 cm.)
Container:
Box 125 (Series 1), Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Conductor scores
Music
Piano vocal scores
Sheet music
Date:
1939
Scope and Contents:
see also OS
2 scores.
Frenesi is contained in one folder consisting of 1 published four-page piano vocal score and 1 three-page conductor score in Ab Major concert -- in ink and pencil -- in unidentified hand (Whaley?).
Lyrics for piano vocal score begin "Sometime ago I wandered down into old Mexico ...". Conductor score indicates parts for 4 saxes - 1, 2, 3, 4; 3 trumpets - 1, 2, 3; 3 trombones - 1, 2, unidentified; guitar; bass; drums. -- from the Duke Ellington Library.
Biographical / Historical:
There appears to be a number from the Duke Ellington Band Book: 24.
General:
Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Publication:
New York, N.Y., Southern Music Publishing Co. Inc., 1939
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the original and master audiovisual materials are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts -- Music -- 20th century
Conductor scores
Music
Piano vocal scores
Sheet music -- 20th century
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Duke Ellington Collection / Series 1: Music Manuscripts / 1.1: Music Manuscripts / 1.1.7: F
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a5af8ddb-6b5f-4f8d-92f9-38af8e2e4116
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0301-ref39828

Hard times [music]

Composer:
Charles, Ray, 1930-2004  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (manuscript, 32 cm.)
Container:
Box 138 (Series 1), Folder 17
Type:
Archival materials
Lead sheet
Music
Scope and Contents:
see also OS
1 part.
Hard times is contained in one folder consisting of 1 lead sheet in c minor concert -- in pencil -- in unidentified hand.
Lead sheet for voice. Lyrics begin "I'm a striver from up on striver's row ...". -- from the Duke Ellington Library.
Biographical / Historical:
Statement of responsibility taken from Popualr Music, 1920-1979, ed. Nat Shapiro.
General:
A short score for an untitled piece is noted on the verso of this lead sheet. Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Condition: fair, brittle.
Unsigned Strayhorn composition.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the original and master audiovisual materials are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lead sheet
Music
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Duke Ellington Collection / Series 1: Music Manuscripts / 1.1: Music Manuscripts / 1.1.9: H
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep85797e137-edd4-4510-abc3-fe2baf9501ed
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0301-ref40298

Joe Adams Papers

Creator:
Adams, Joe, 1922-  Search this
Morehead, Howard, 1926-2003  Search this
Names:
Charles, Ray, 1930-2004  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (3 boxes and 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Letters (correspondence)
Scrapbooks
Date:
1948-1980
Summary:
Photographs, scrapbooks, and other materials documenting the career of Joe Adams, a Los Angeles radio announcer and movie and television actor, who later became Ray Charles's manager.
Scope and Contents:
The collection is comprised of photographs, correspondence, certificates, magazines and scrapbooks of newspaper clippings dating from 1947-1980. The materials document Adams's career in radio and film, as well as touching upon his military experience with the Tuskegee Airmen. Various documents and newspaper features depict Adams's relationship with a multitude of local and national celebrities; of particular note is the long list of musicians represented, such as Ella Fitzgerald and Frank Sinatra. Public figures, including several former mayors of Los Angeles and members of law enforcement, also appear.

The collection also includes magazines featuring articles on Adams and other celebrities and public figures. Adams appears in many advertisements for a variety of products that sponsored his radio shows. There are photographs, programs and advertisements for the movies, shows and plays in which Joe Adams appeared, including Disc Jockey and Carmen Jones. There is correspondence from public relations employees during the Ray Charles tour and from other radio personalities and journalists. There are also several certificates given in appreciation for Adams's community service. Newspaper articles and photographs feature "Joe Adams Day," declared by the mayor of Los Angeles, and document Adams's overseas USO tour to entertain the men and women of the Armed Forces, which was also broadcasted on Armed Forces Radio.

Series 1, Photographs, circa 1947-1980; undated, documents Joe Adams's personal and professional life. The photographs are arranged by subject, including Adams's work in radio and film, his public appearances, celebrities, Joe Adams Day, his work with the military and his later years. There is some overlap among the subject categories. The majority of the photographs cannot be dated. Featured programs, places, organizations and celebrities include the 7th United States Infantry Division, Emma Adams, Jim Ameche, Armed Forces Radio, Milton Berle, Eugene Biscailuz, Ruth Bowen, Fletcher Bowron, Tom Bradley, Tommy Butler, California Artichoke Foundation, Ray Charles, Nat King Cole, Paul Compton, Billy Daniels, Disc Jockey, the movie, Egyptian Shriners, Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, Suzette Gomez, Amos Green, Lionel Hampton, Eddie Harbin, Shirley Haven, Hollywood Foreign Correspondents Association, Lena Horne, Jamaica, the Broadway play, Joe Adams Day, Danny Kaye, KDAY radio, Korea, KOWL Radio, Joe Lewis, Julie London, Nellie Lutcher, Will Martin, Clarence Metcalf, Husky Miller, MGM Studios, Roy Milton, David "Fathead" Newman, One Night Stand radio program, Pantages Nightclub, Pigalle Nightclub, Pub of Pittsburg, Pa., Lillian Randolph, Willis Reed, "Sugar Ray" Robinson, Kenny Rogers, Timmie Rogers, Ruth Bowen Agency, Wylie "Captain Death" Seldon Jr., Lionel "Chico" Sesma, George "Geo" Shearing, Frank Sinatra, "Star of Stars" Charity Show, Barry Sullivan, The Trenier Twins, The Tuskegee Airmen, USO, Viscount Airlines, Ches Washington, Dinah Washington, and Ben Webster.

Series 2, Scrapbooks, circa 1947-1954; undated, consists of newspaper articles, photographs, advertisements, and playbills. The scrapbooks document Adams's start in radio, his permanent appointment to KOWL, his service in the military and the inner-city community, his unique perspective and his philanthropy. They contain newspaper advertisements for Adams's radio shows on KOWL and the Armed Forces Radio Broadcasts. The scrapbooks include advertisements for his television shows as well as events and benefits where Adams was the featured emcee. Ink drawings of Adams used to advertise various products also appear in the newspaper articles. There are news stories on Joe Adams Day, a bus accident involving Lionel Hampton, the release of Ray Charles's song "Georgia" (1979), and advertisements for the movies Carmen Jones and The Manchurian Candidate. Numerous photographs document Adams's broadcasts and musical performances domestically and abroad as well as his interactions with many celebrities in the musical world. Aside from some newspaper clippings that include the date of publication, the contents of the scrapbooks are not dated. Featured programs, places, organizations and figures include Emma Adams, Ira Adams, Don Allen, Armed Forces Radio, Pearl Bailey, George A. Baron, Count Basie, Harry Belafonte, Irvin Berman, Eugene Biscailuz, Manny Borun, Fletcher Bowron, Charley Browning, Carmen Jones, the movie, Ray Charles, Club de Lisa, Arthur Croghan, Clay Cunningham, Dorothy Dandridge, Sammy Davis Jr., Warren Dorn, Billy Eckstine, Egyptian Shriners, Bob Ellis, Kay Francis, Robert D. Funk, Georgia (by Ray Charles), Lee Gillette, Golden Grooves radio show, Curley Hamner, Lionel Hampton, Hunter Hancock, Addie Hansen, Leon Helflin, Billie Holiday, H. Claude Hudson, Jamaica, the Broadway play, Al Jarvis, Herb Jeffries, Joe Adams Day, Leon King, KOWL Radio, June Kristy, Chuck Landis, Mauri Lyn, The Manchurian Candidate, MGM Studios, Husky Miller, Lucky Millinder, Tim Moor, Otto Preminger, Paul Price, Lillian Randolph, Leonard J. Roach, Caesar Romero, Nina Russell, Lionel "Chico" Sesma, Jerry Simons, Mike Thompson, Sonny Tufts, Sarah Vaughan, T-Bone Walker, Dinah Washington, Leon H. Washington Jr. and Artie Wayne.

Series 3, Other Materials, 1948-1980; undated, includes magazines, correspondence, certificates and newspaper articles. The magazine cover stories are dedicated to fashion or to public figures such as John F. Kennedy, but they each contain a feature on Joe Adams and his involvement in the broadcast industry and the jazz music scene. There are fashion photographic spreads using musical stars that Adams knew well such as Nat King Cole. Two certificates thank Adams for community service to the Hollywood Canteen and the Hollywood Junior Chamber of Commerce (the "Out of this World series" celebrity baseball game). The correspondence is from other members of the broadcasting industry and pertains to matters in and outside of the business realm. The series also contains publicity concerning Ray Charles's tour through South Africa and the story of how Adams came to be his manager. Aside from magazines and newspaper clippings where the date of publication is featured, the majority of these materials are not dated. Featured programs, places, organizations and figures include Ami Artzi, Eddie Chamblee, Ray Charles, The Ray Charles Band, Nat King Cole, Madi Comfort, The Cotton Club, Arthur Croghan, Hilary Falkow, Roberta Flack, Joe Greene, Hollywood Canteen, Hollywood Junior Chamber of Commerce, Lena Horne, Charlotte Moton Hubbard, Karen Hutchinson, Jamaica, the Broadway play, Lyndon B. Johnson, James Earl Jones, Danny Kaye, John F. Kennedy, Lew Lauria, Robert Lewis, Sonny Liston, Paul R. McClure, Ricardo Montalban, Willa Moultrie, Lee Harvey Oswald, Breau Palmer, and Jack Ruby.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1, Photographs, circa 1947-1980

Series 2, Scrapbooks, circa 1947-1954; undated

Series 3, Other Materials, 1948-1980; undated
Biographical / Historical:
Joe Adams was born on April 11, 1924. A native of Los Angeles, California, he wanted to work in radio at a very young age. Despite the racial discrimination that existed in the radio and television industry, Adams pressed on, practicing public speaking in vacant lots. He also gained confidence serving domestically as a pilot with the 332nd Tuskegee Airmen Fighter Group during World War II. After his time in the service, Adams was able to get occasional radio work at Hollywood stations such as KFWB, KPAS, KFOX, and KGFJ. In 1946, Adams got the chance to host a fifteen minute radio show at KOWL. He also married his wife, Emma Millhouse, that year.

Within two years, Joe Adams was hosting the number one-rated live radio show in Los Angeles, and the show had expanded from fifteen minutes to five hours. Adams was also able to sign on fifty-six sponsors for his show, a number previously unheard of. This was the beginning of a career that would last for more than twenty years.

During the 1940s and 1950s, Adams garnered success both on the radio, the small screen, and the big screen. He had two television shows, Adams Alley and Joe Adams Presents, made famous for the many music and film stars that Adams featured. Some of the celebrities Adams hosted included Jerry Lewis, Duke Ellington, The Trenier Twins, Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday and Count Basie. Ellington played two themes for Adams's shows, "Take the 'A' Train" and "Smada" ("Adams" backwards). Both songs were written by jazz great, Billy Strayhorn. In 1954, Adams fronted a band that was part of the first USO tour to entertain troops stationed in Korea. Among the band members was actress-turned-singer, Shirley Haven.

Adams opened a nightclub, Pigalle, which was wildly popular in Los Angeles. In addition to being one of the first radio personalities to do a simulcast radio and live show by appearing live at the Paramount Theater in downtown Los Angeles, Adams was the first African American to be featured in an on-air, West Ccoast network radio show.

Adams appeared in nearly thirty movies, including the hit Carmen Jones (1954), where he played Husky Miller, and the original version of The Manchurian Candidate (1962). In 1958, Adams became the first African American to receive the Foreign Correspondents Award for Outstanding New Actors from the Hollywood Foreign Correspondents Association. The Foreign Correspondents Award would later be called The Golden Globe. In 1957, Adams retired from radio and television to star in the Broadway play, Jamaica, with Lena Horne and Ricardo Montalban.

Adams made many famous friends during his career in broadcasting and film; one of the best known was Ray Charles. After inviting Adams on tour in 1959, Charles asked Adams to become his manager. Adams agreed (although to date, Adams humorously claims, he was never formally hired), and he managed Charles until the musician's death in 2004. Adams helped position Charles for fame through such venues as a long line of Pepsi commercials and the creation of both a Ray Charles studio and a company. Adams even arranged for Charles to tour in South Africa, and he served as both the producer of the Ray Charles Show and the wardrobe designer for Charles and his backup singers, the Raelettes.

Adams also acquired expertise outside the broadcasting and music business. He became a licensed commercial pilot and an authority in law. His philanthropy and his tireless work for African Americans and inner-city communities have been recognized by many organizations, from the Egyptian Shriners to the Urban League. Even his home town of Los Angeles has recognized Adams's efforts, making March 14th the official "Joe Adams Day."

Sources

The National Visionary Leadership Project. "Joe Adams." http://www.visionaryproject. org/adamsjoe (accessed June 20, 2008).

Ray Charles Official Website. "Joe Adams." http://www.raycharles.com/the_legacy_ joe_adams.html (accessed June 28, 2008).
Separated Materials:
The Division of Culture and the Arts (now Division of Cultural and Community Life) holds artifacts related to this collection, including three jackets and one blue tuxedo worn by Joe Adams during his onstage career with Ray Charles and two scripts from the movie The Manchurian Candidate (1962) and the Broadway musical, Jamaica. See accession number 2005.3098.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Joe Adams.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Radio broadcasting  Search this
African American radio stations  Search this
Broadcasting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 20th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Citation:
Joe Adams Papers, 1948-1980, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0908
See more items in:
Joe Adams Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a1f68ff1-dd98-4bda-b939-cb868246f73e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0908
Online Media:

William Claxton Photographs

Creator:
Claxton, William  Search this
Names:
George Williams Brass Band.  Search this
Stan Kenton Band.  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Baker, Chet  Search this
Baker, Halima  Search this
Charles, Ray, 1930-2004  Search this
Charles, Roosevelt  Search this
Coleman, Ornette  Search this
Coltrane, John, 1926-1967  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Evans, Bill, 1929-1980  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-1993  Search this
Jones, Elvin  Search this
Kenton, Stan  Search this
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Parker, Charlie, 1920-1955  Search this
Rollins, Sonny  Search this
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Washington, Dinah, 1924-1963  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Williams, Cootie, 1911-1985  Search this
Williams, Joe, 1918-  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (28 items)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1955-1960.
Summary:
Photographs consist of 16 x 20 inch silver gelatin; selenium-toned archival photographic prints of jazz musicians performing and recording music throughout the United States.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of 16 x 20-inch silver gelatin; selenium- toned archival photographic prints. It is divided into two series.

Series 1, Duke Ellington, 1955-1960, consists of Duke Ellington performing and recording music in Hollywood and Monterey, California and Las Vegas, Nevada, between 1955 and 1960. The photographs are arranged chronologically by date.

Series 2, Other Jazz Musicians and Singers, 1955-1970, consists of photographs of musicians and singers such as Charlie Parker, Sonny Rollins, John Coltrane, Chet Baker, Stan Kenton, Miles Davis, Dinah Washington, Cootie Williams, Thelonious Monk, Dizzy Gilliespie and Ray Charles. The performers are all photographed with their instruments. Photographs are arranged in chronological order.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series.

Series 1: Duke Ellington, 1955-1960

Series 2: Other Jazz Musicians and Singers, 1955-1970
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History:
Duke Ellington Collection, 1928-1988 (AC0301)

Herman Leonard Photoprints, 1948-1993 (AC0445)

Frank Driggs Collection of Duke Ellington Photographic Reference Prints [copy prints], 1923-1972 (AC389)

W. Royal Stokes Collection of Music Publicity Photoprints, Interviews and Posters circa 1970-2003 (AC0766)

Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie, 1940s-1993 (AC0979)
Provenance:
Collection purchased on March 31, 1999.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves required with unprotected photographs.
Rights:
Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Topic:
Musicians -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Music -- West coast -- 1950-1960  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1950-2000
Citation:
William Claxton Photographs, 1951-1971, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0695
See more items in:
William Claxton Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f806c04e-a0d9-46c4-8765-417e8e2084e0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0695
Online Media:

Curatorial Records, 1997-2017

Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Culture and the Arts  Search this
Subject:
Hasse, John Edward 1948-  Search this
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella  Search this
Sinatra, Frank 1915-1998  Search this
Charles, Ray 1930-2004  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Cultural History  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Music, Sports, and Entertainment  Search this
Smithsonian Jazz Masterworks Orchestra  Search this
Type:
Electronic mail
Collection descriptions
Electronic records
Date:
1997
1997-2017
Topic:
Museum curators  Search this
Music--History  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Museums--Public relations  Search this
Jazz--History and criticism  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Musicologists  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Music trade  Search this
Sound recording industry  Search this
International Jazz Appreciation Month  Search this
Museums--Acquisitions  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 21-023
Restrictions & Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2033. Records may contain personally identifiable information (PII) that is permanently restricted; Transferring office; 5/9/2007 memorandum, Johnstone to Hoover; Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Curatorial Records 1933-2017 [National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Culture and the Arts]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404537

150th Anniversary Program Records, 1996

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary  Search this
Subject:
Charles, Ray 1930-2004  Search this
Heyman, Ira Michael 1930-2011  Search this
O'Connor, J. Dennis  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Anniversaries, etc  Search this
Smithsonian Institution 150th Anniversary Program Committee  Search this
Smithsonian Institution 150th Anniversary Program  Search this
America's Smithsonian (Traveling exhibition) (1995-1998)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution 150th Birthday Party on the National Mall (1996: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
0.5 cu. ft. (1 document box)
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Collection descriptions
Color photographs
Date:
1996
Topic:
Anniversaries  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Traveling exhibitions  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 97-074
See more items in:
150th Anniversary Program Records 1992-1997 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_251981

Ray Charles : man and music / Michael Lydon

Author:
Lydon, Michael  Search this
Subject:
Charles, Ray 1930-2004  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 436 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1998
Topic:
Singers  Search this
Call number:
CT275.C47 L93 1998
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_559648

Brother Ray : Ray Charles' own story / Ray Charles and David Ritz

Author:
Charles, Ray 1930-2004  Search this
Ritz, David  Search this
Subject:
Charles, Ray 1930-2004  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 348 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1992
Topic:
Singers  Search this
Call number:
ML420.C46A3 1992X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_433663

Ray : a tribute to the movie, the music, and the man / preface by Jamie Foxx ; foreword by Taylor Hackford ; screenplay by James L. White ; story by Taylor Hackford and James L. White ; edited by Linda Sunshine ; designed by Timothy Shaner ; unit photography by Nicola Goode

Author:
White, James L  Search this
Hackford, Taylor 1945-  Search this
Sunshine, Linda  Search this
Subject:
Charles, Ray 1930-2004  Search this
Physical description:
208 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2004
C2004
Topic:
Singers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_931835

Brother Ray : Ray Charles' own story / Ray Charles and David Ritz

Author:
Charles, Ray 1930-2004  Search this
Ritz, David  Search this
Subject:
Charles, Ray 1930-2004  Search this
Physical description:
366 p. ; 18 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1979
1979, c1978
Topic:
Jazz musicians  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_980348

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