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Blanche Lazzell papers

Creator:
Lazzell, Blanche, 1878-1956  Search this
Names:
Chaffee, Oliver Newberry, 1881-1944  Search this
Dasburg, Andrew, 1887-1979  Search this
Gleizes, Albert, 1881-1953  Search this
Henri, Robert, 1865-1929  Search this
O'Connor, John  Search this
Pearson, Ralph M., 1883-1958  Search this
Extent:
4.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketches
Photographs
Visitors' books
Drawings
Diaries
Date:
1893-1986
bulk 1901-1940
Summary:
The papers of printmaker, etcher, and painter Blanche Lazzell (1878-1956) measure 4.6 linear feet and date from 1893 to 1986, with the bulk of the material dating from 1901 to 1940. Found within the papers are biographical materials; correspondence with family, friends, and colleagues; writings; five diaries; scattered personal business records; printed material; artwork; photographs; and artifacts.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of printmaker, etcher, and painter Blanche Lazzell (1878-1956) measure 4.6 linear feet and date from 1893 to 1986, with the bulk of the material dating from 1901 to 1940. Found within the papers are biographical materials; correspondence with family, friends, and colleagues; writings; five diaries; scattered personal business records; printed material; artwork; photographs; and artifacts.

Biographical material includes school report cards, address books, obituaries, membership certificates, and travel documents from Blanche Lazzell's travels abroad in Europe.

Correspondence is with family, friends, and colleagues. Family correspondence is predominately with Lazzell's sisters, and a lesser amount with her brother Rufus and other relatives. Well over one-half of the correspondence is with friends and colleagues, including Arthur Lee Post and John O' Connor, and one or more letters from Oliver Chaffee, Andrew Dasburg, Robert Henri, and Ralph M. Pearson, among others.

Writings include notebooks, essays, and notes. Notebooks are primarily class notes, including one from Lazzells's studies in France during her second trip to Europe, and another maintained as a record of artwork. Also found are essays,including one about Provincetown; notes; biographical sketches; and lists of exhibitions and artwork. Five diaries document the late 1890s and Lazzell's trips to Europe in 1912-1913 and 1923-1924.

Scattered personal business records consist of 3 expense account ledgers and one sales ledger. Printed Material includes guest books, news clippings, exhibition catalogs, exhibition announcements, magazines, brochures, and newsletters. Artwork includes pencil drawings and sketches, mostly from studies with the artist Albert Gleizes in Paris. Photographic material consists of photographs, slides, and one lantern slide. The photographs are of Blanche Lazzell with artists and friends, her studio and the harbor in Provincetown, artwork, and travels in Italy.

Artifacts include 2 metal signs and 1 paint palette in a metal case.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 9 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1894-1970 (0.3 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1897-1965 (1.2 linear feet; Box 1-2)

Series 3: Writings, 1893-1969 (1.2 linear feet; Box 2-3)

Series 4: Diaries, 1896-1924 (0.1 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 5: Personal Business Records, 1894-1916 (0.1 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1899-1986 (1 linear feet; Box 3-4)

Series 7: Artwork, 1924-circa 1940 (0.1 linear feet; Box 4)

Series 8: Photographic Material, 1897-1956 (0.5 linear feet; Box 5-6)

Series 9: Artifacts, circa 1910-1956 (0.1 linear feet; Box 6)
Biographical / Historical:
Blanche Lazzell (1878-1956) was a printmaker, etcher, painter, and rug designer who worked primarily in Provincetown, Massachusetts and Morgantwon, West Virginia.

Nettie Blanche Lazzell was born in Maidsville, West Virginia, in 1878, the daughter of Mary Prudence Pope and Cornelius Carhart Lazzell. At some point during her childhood, Lazzell became partially deaf. When Lazzell was fifteen, she enrolled in the West Virginia Conference Seminary, now West Virginia Wesleyan College and graduated in 1898.

In 1899, Lazzell continued her studies at the South Carolina Co-educational Institute and graduated that same year. She later matriculated into the West Virginia University (1901-1905) where she took drawing and art history classes with William J. Leonard and earned a degree in fine arts. After graduation, Lazzell periodically studied at the university until 1909. Lazzell moved to New York City in 1907 and enrolled in the Art Students League of New York in 1908 where she studied under William Merritt Chase.

Lazzell travelled to Europe during the summer of 1912. After visiting several cities, Lazzell went to Paris and stayed beyond the tour to attend classes at the Académie Julian and the Académie Moderne where she studied with painter Charles Guérin. Lazzell returned to the United States in the fall of 1913 and stayed in West Virginia with her sister Bessie. She held a solo exhibition of her sketches and paintings in 1914. Lazzell moved to the thriving art colony at Provincetown, Massachusetts in 1915. There, she studied with Charles Webster Hawthorne, who founded the Cape Cod School of Art, and Oliver Chaffee, who taught her the technique for white-line woodcuts. Lazzell quickly adopted and excelled at making white-line woodblock prints, joined the Provincetown Printers, an art collective, and regularly exhibited with them.

n 1918, Lazzell converted an "old fish house" overlooking the Provincetown harbor into her studio and summer home. She planted a lush garden that became a tourist attraction where she often hosted teas and taught classes on painting and woodblock printing. The studio became her primary summer residence, though she often returned to Morgantown, West Virginia. Lazzell also visited other artist colonies during this time, including one in Woodstock, New York where she studied with Andrew Dasburg.

In 1919 Lazzell was featured in an exhibition at Touchstone Gallery in New York City. Later that year, the Provincetown Printers were featured at the Detroit Institute of Arts exhibition "Wood Block Prints in Color by American Artists". That show included Lazzell's depiction of the Monongahela River in Morgantown.

From 1923 to 1924, Lazzell travelled again to Europe and studied with Fernand Legér, André Lhote, and Albert Gleizes in Paris. Lazzell studied Cubism and took a class with Gleizes and her work became more abstract. When she returned to Provincetown, she had her studio rebuilt so it was more comfortable during the winter. She continued to teach art at her studio and participate in exhibitions.

In addition to her woodblock prints, Lazzell also worked with batik, rug design, and hand-painted china. She was a member of numerous arts organizations such as the Société Anonyme, New York Society of Women Artists, Provincetown Art Association, the Sail Loft Club (a Provincetown women's art club), and the Society of Independent Artists. In 1934, Lazzell received a Federal Art Project grant through the Works Progress Administration and created a mural titled Justice for the Morgantown courthouse.

Lazzell died in Morgantown, West Virginia in 1956.
Separated Materials:
The papers were originally loaned for microfilming on reels 2988-2991 and most of them, but not all, were included in a later donation. The papers not included in the later donation are only available on microfilm.
Portions of the microfilmed material were retained by the donor.
Provenance:
The Blanche Lazzell papers were anonymously donated to the Archives of American Art in 1987, including most of the materials that had been earlier loaned for microfilming in 1983.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Etchers  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Painting -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Etching -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketches
Photographs
Visitors' books
Drawings
Diaries
Citation:
Blanche Lazzell papers, 1893-1986, bulk 1901-1940. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.lazzblan
See more items in:
Blanche Lazzell papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lazzblan
Online Media:

Solveiga Rush research material concerning Oliver Chaffee, circa 1975-2005

Creator:
Rush, Solveiga, 1930-2020  Search this
Chaffee, Oliver Newberry, 1881-1944  Search this
Rush, Solveiga, 1930-2020  Search this
Subject:
Chaffee, Oliver Newberry  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)22058
AAA_collcode_rushsolv
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_22058

Solveiga Rush research material concerning Oliver Chaffee

Creator:
Rush, Solveiga  Search this
Names:
Chaffee, Oliver Newberry, 1881-1944  Search this
Extent:
3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Date:
circa 1975-2005
Scope and Contents:
The Solveiga Rush research material concerning Oliver Chaffee measure 3.0 linear feet and date from circa 1975-2005. Included are inventory cards for works of art; photographs and slides of works of art; drafts of writings; interview with Helen Baltz, 1980; notebooks containing documentation/inventory of works of art; exhibition files; correspondence; grant files; project files; lectures; publicity; and printed material.
Biographical / Historical:
Solveiga Rush (1930-2020) was an art historian and professor at the University of Cincinnati who researched and wrote about painter Oliver Chaffee (1881-1944).
Provenance:
Donated in 2021 by the Solveiga Rush Trust, via Buce Favret, Trust representative.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art historians -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Educators -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.rushsolv
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rushsolv

James C. Nichols scrapbooks

Creator:
Nichols, James C.  Search this
Names:
Chaffee, Oliver Newberry, 1881-1944  Search this
Currier, J. Frank (Joseph Frank), 1843-1909  Search this
Duveneck, Frank, 1848-1919  Search this
Homer, Winslow, 1836-1910  Search this
Juergens, Alfred, 1866-1934  Search this
Sargent, John Singer, 1856-1925  Search this
Twachtman, John Henry, 1853-1902  Search this
Whistler, James McNeill, 1834-1903  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Linear feet ((on 2 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
1885-1975
Scope and Contents:
Scrapbooks containing printed material, photographs and correspondence relating to Oliver Newberry Chaffee and Alfred Juergens.
REEL 991: Two scrapbooks compiled by Nichols on Alfred Juergens including correspondence between Nichols and Juergens concerning his work, and between Nichols and Francis Tikalsky, Juergens' biographer and friend, mentioning Frank Currier, Frank Duveneck, Winslow Homer, John Singer Sargent and James McNeill Whistler, and letters to Juergens from A. Chatain and J.H. Guest; biographical information; photographs of Juergens, his wife, his work, of Currier and his work and of Duveneck's portrait of Currier; sketches from Munich and Rothenberg (not all microfilmed); lists of works in exhibitions and collections; and clippings and obituaries.
REEL 2299: A scrapbook compiled by Nichols in 1975 on Oliver Newberry Chaffee containing mainly photocopies of: letters to Chaffee and Nichols; exhibition catalogs and clippings; biographical material; 3 photographs of paintings by Chaffee; and a list of paintings.
Biographical / Historical:
Art dealer; Kalamazoo, Michigan.
Provenance:
The two Juergens scrapbooks were lent for microfilming by Nichols in 1975. He later donated it with the Chaffee scrapbook in 1979. The Juergens scrapboook was assembled in preparation for an exhibition. [Some of the Juergens sketches were not microfilmed.]
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art dealers -- Michigan -- Kalamazoo  Search this
Painters -- Germany -- Munich  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.nichjame
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-nichjame

Oliver Newberry Chaffee, 1881-1944 / by Solveiga Rush

Author:
Rush, Solveiga  Search this
Chaffee, Oliver Newberry 1881-1944  Search this
Taft Museum  Search this
Subject:
Chaffee, Oliver Newberry 1881-1944 Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
47 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1991
C1991
Call number:
N40.1.C4386 R9 1991
N40.1.C4386R9 1991
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_421097

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