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Hobart E. Cowles papers

Creator:
Cowles, Hobart E., 1923-1980  Search this
Names:
Rochester Institute of Technology  Search this
School for American Crafts  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Interviews
Date:
1924-1980
Summary:
The papers of ceramicist and educator Hobart E. Cowles measure 2.5 linear feet and date from 1924-1980. The collection sheds light on Cowles's career through personal papers, writings and notebooks, professional files, printed material, photographs, artwork, and one video recording.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of ceramicist and educator Hobart E. Cowles measure 2.5 linear feet and date from 1924-1980. The collection sheds light on Cowles's career through personal papers, writings and notebooks, professional files, printed material, photographs, artwork, and one video recording.

Personal papers include resumes, an interview transcript, a video recording of a documentary on Cowles, and correspondence. Writings and notebooks include course notebooks, papers, and more pertaining to Cowles's undergraduate and graduate work, and an annotated outline for a slide presentation given by Cowles.

Professional files primarily deal with exhibitions, Cowles's years teaching at R.I.T., and his involvement with professional organizations.

Printed materials consist of articles and newspaper clippings, book excerpts, exhibition ephemera from solo and group shows, and an advertisement for a workshop conducted at R.I.T. Photographs are of Cowles and his family, his artwork, and events including organizational gatherings, exhibitions, and teaching at R.I.T.

Artwork consists of 5 sketchbooks as well as loose sketches and designs for various projects.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 6 series.

Series 1: Personal Papers, 1924-1980 (Box 1; 11 folders)

Series 2: Writings and Notebooks, 1947-1980 (Box 1-2; .8 linear feet)

Series 3: Professional Files, 1948-1980 (Box 2; .5 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1947-1980 (Box 2; 10 folders)

Series 5: Photographs, 1924-1980 (Box 2-3; 9 folders)

Series 6: Artwork, 1947-1980 (Box 3, OV 4; 6 folders)
Biographical / Historical:
Hobart E. Cowles (1923-1980) was a ceramicist and educator in Rochester, New York. He was an early experimenter with the firing of clay and is credited with playing an important role in the introduction of chemistry to clay processes.

Cowles, who was originally from Madison, Ohio, earned a BFA in ceramics from Wesleyan Conservatory in Macon, Georgia, in 1949, and completed his MFA at Ohio University in 1950. Cowles subsequently began teaching at Rochester Institute of Technology's School for American Crafts, working alongside Frans Wildenhain. He taught courses in glaze chemistry and ceramic history at R.I.T up until his death in 1980.

Cowles began showing his work, predominantly boxes, lidded jars, and sculptures decorated with self-designed glazes, almost immediately upon his arrival in Rochester. Although he went on to have his work featured in group exhibitions around the world, including at the Museum of Contemporary Crafts in New York and at the Brussels Worlds Fair, he focused primarily on his craft and his teaching throughout his career.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Barbara Cowles, Hobart Cowles's widow, between 1981-1982.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Educators -- New York (State) -- Rochester  Search this
Ceramicists -- New York (State) -- Rochester  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Hobart E. Cowles papers, 1924-1980. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.cowlhoba
See more items in:
Hobart E. Cowles papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c62d8c6c-2e20-48e9-9dfa-dbddd1667d68
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cowlhoba

Otto and Vivika Heino papers

Creator:
Heino, Otto, 1915-2009  Search this
Heino, Vivika, 1910-1995  Search this
Names:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Extent:
2.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Video recordings
Date:
1895-2000
bulk 1940s-2000
Summary:
The papers of ceramicists and educators Otto and Vivika Heino measure 2.3 linear feet and date from 1895 to 2002, with the bulk of the records dating from the 1940s to 2000. The material documents the lives and careers of Otto and Vivika Heino through a mix of personal and professional papers, printed material, a video recording of a documentary, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of ceramicists and educators Otto and Vivika Heino measure 2.3 linear feet and date from 1895 to 2002, with the bulk of the records dating from the 1940s to 2000. The material documents the lives and careers of Otto and Vivika Heino through a mix of personal and professional papers, printed material, a video recording of a documentary, and photographs.

Personal and professional papers consist of correspondence, personal business records, exhibition papers, scant financial records, resumes, writings, and a video recording of a documentary titled "You Are the Miracle: Exploring the Creative Process."

Printed material includes newspaper and magazine clippings, mailings and advertisements from The Pottery, announcements, advertisements, and some catalogs from Heino exhibitions, studio events, and sales. Printed material can also be found in two scrapbooks.

Photographs depict Otto and Vivika working and teaching in their studios, exhibitions, professional events, family and friends and friendly gatherings, marionette shows, pets, and properties.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as three series.

Series 1: Personal and Professional Papers, 1942-2000 (Box 1; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 2: Printed Material, 1933-2000 (Box 1, 3; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Photographs, 1895-2000, bulk 1940s-1990s (Box 1-3; 0.8 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Vivika and Otto Heino were ceramicists and educators active primarily in California, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island.

Vivika Heino (1910-1995) was born Vivika Place in Caledonia, New York. She attended Rochester Normal School and took a sculpture class, a drawing class at the Memorial Art Gallery, and a design class at the University of Rochester Extension. She then attended Colorado College of Education where she received her BA and became involved with puppeteering. By 1934 she had moved to California, where she apprenticed with a bookbinder, Mr. Bitteroff, making candlesticks, tin trays, and other small crafts. She also apprenticed with wood carver Charlie Sayers in Carmel, carving picture frames and furniture for about seven months, before learning weaving at Swedish Applied Arts in San Francisco.

While at Swedish Applied Arts, Place worked and became friends with Harry Dixon, Armank Harranian, Margaret Gravandar, and Bill Saroyan. She also found time to work as a puppeteer with Ralph Chesse and the Works Progress Administration. She also began studying pottery with Manuel Eugene Jalanivich at California University of Fine Arts, and subsequently focused primarily on pottery for the rest of her career.

Place began working with Glen Lukens at the University of Southern California in 1940. Lukens and Dr. Morley, director of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, recommended her for a scholarship at New York State College of Ceramics in Alfred, New York, from which she graduated in 1944. She subsequently took a teaching position at the League of New Hampshire Arts and Crafts where she met Otto Heino.

One of twelve siblings, Otto Heino (1915-2009) was born in East Hampton, Connecticut, to a market gardening family of Finnish descent. The family moved to New Hampshire to sell milk when Otto was 12, and around that time he began apprenticing as a wood turner for Louie Harr. Heino was then drafted into the military and became a gunner in the United States Air Force. Between flying twenty-five missions in Europe, Heino took classes in England, made jewelry, did wood working, traveled to museums, and met individual potters and silversmiths. After visiting Leach's Pottery in Cornwall, and investigating pottery in other parts of Europe, Otto was determined to study pottery on the GI Bill on his return to the United States.

Otto and Vivika met while Otto was a student at the League of New Hampshire Arts and Crafts, where Vivian was an instructor. They married in 1950 and went on to establish their reputations as artists and educators by widely exhibiting their work, leading workshops, conducting studio open houses, consulting on film productions, and teaching at various schools and institutions. They both taught at the University of Southern California, the Chouinard Art Institute, and Rhode Island School of Design; Vivika also taught at the Sheridan School of Design in Ontario, Canada, and New England College in Henniker, New Hampshire. They operated The Potter, a studio and retail store in Ojai, California, from 1973 to 1995.

The work of Otto and Vivika Heino can be found in the collections of many museums, including the Smithsonian's Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, the Long Beach Museum of Art, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and the Ariana Museum, in Geneva, Switzerland.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 2003 and 2004 by Otto Heino as part of the Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Ceramicists -- California  Search this
Ceramicists -- New Hampshire  Search this
Ceramicists -- Rhode Island  Search this
Educators -- California  Search this
Educators -- Rhode Island -- Providence  Search this
Educators -- New Hampshire  Search this
Topic:
Pottery craft  Search this
Women potters  Search this
Women art teachers  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women ceramicists  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Video recordings
Citation:
Otto and Vivika Heino Papers, 1895-2002. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.heinotto
See more items in:
Otto and Vivika Heino papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw94ba3af3b-8bc0-4722-9051-e04e20e5bd73
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-heinotto

Frans Wildenhain papers

Creator:
Wildenhain, Frans, 1905-1980  Search this
Names:
School for American Crafts  Search this
Herzger, Walter, 1901-1985  Search this
Wildenhain, Marguerite  Search this
Extent:
8.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Interviews
Date:
circa 1890-1991
Summary:
The papers of ceramicist, sculptor, and educator Frans Wildenhain measure 8.2 linear feet and date from circa 1890 to 1991. The papers document his career in Europe and the United States through biographical material, correspondence, diaries and notebooks, writings and notes, subject files, project files, printed material, three mixed media scrapbooks, artwork and sketchbooks, and photographic materials.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of ceramicist, sculptor, and educator Frans Wildenhain measure 8.2 linear feet and date from circa 1890 to 1991. The papers document his career in Europe and the United States through biographical material, correspondence, diaries and notebooks, writings and notes, subject files, project files, printed material, three mixed media scrapbooks, artwork and sketchbooks, and photographic materials.

The bulk of Wildenhain's correspondence is from family and friends including Walter Herzger and Marguerite Wildenhain. Twelve diaries and notebooks include general diary entries but may include notes on art, sketches, kiln logs, and designs. Of note is a diary kepy by Wildenhain during his drive from New York City to Guerneville, California upon his arrival in the United States in 1937. Project files contain records relating to four murals completed by Wildenhain on the east coast. Three scrapbooks contain clippings, exhibition materials, and photographs concerning his teaching career at the School for American Craftsmen and exhibitions. Eleven sketchbooks date from the 1930s to 1979 and mostly contain pencil sketches. Photographs depict Wildenhain, family, his wives Marguerite, Marjorie, and Lili, homes, studios, exhibitions, and works of art by Wildenhain and others.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 10 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1930-circa 1980 (Box 1; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1895-1981 (Box 1; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 3: Diaries and Notebooks, 1930-1978 (Box 1-2; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 4: Writings and Notes, 1940-1980 (Box 2-3; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 5: Subject Files, 1951-1985 (Box 3; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 6: Project Files, 1950-1975 (Box 3, 10; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1930-1991 (Box 3-4; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 8: Scrapbooks, 1934-1965 (Box 4; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 9: Artwork and Sketchbooks, 1930-1979 (Box 4-5, 11; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 10: Photographs, circa 1890-1979 (Box 5-11; 3.1 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Frans Wildenhain (1905-1980) was a German-born ceramicist, sculptor, and educator active in Rochester, New York.

Wildenhain was born in Leipzig, Germany to a family of craftsmen. He began his study of art with drawing and design. For formal training, he enrolled at the Bauhaus where he studied in the pottery studio with Gerhard Marcks, Max Krehan, and his future wife, Marguerite Friedlaender Wildenhain. The Wildenhains moved to Burg Giebichenstein, Halle, Germany to teach at the State School of Applied Art.

In 1933, due to Marguerite's Jewish ancestry, they moved to the Netherlands and set up a studio called Het Kruikje (Little Jug). Marguerite later emigrated to the United States however Frans was unable to follow. He moved to Amsterdam but was drafted into the German Army which he deserted. He followed Marguerite to the United States in 1947 after a seven year separation.

Upon his arrival in the United States, Frans drove from New York City to Geurneville, California where Marguerite had settled at an artist colony, Pond Farm. Their marriage did not last and Frans Wildenhain accepted a position at the School for American Craftsmen at the Rochester Institute of Technology in Rochester, New York. He stayed in that position for over twenty years. He co-founded a cooperative gallery called Shop One, in Rochester, New York.

In 1952, he married Marjorie McIlroy and after her death, married Elisabeth (Lili) Brockkardt.

Franz Wildenhain was a Guggenheim Fellow and exhibited his works around Europe and the United States. His pottery is included in the collections of the Rochester Institute of Technology, Smithsonian Institution, Luther College, and Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds an oral history interview of Frans Wildenhain conducted 1978 April 10-1979 July 28, by Robert Brown for the Archives of American Art; the Marguerite Wildenhain papers, 1930-1982; a Frans Wildenhain grant application, 1974 for the National Endowment for the Arts; Letters from Frans Wildenhain to Virginia Cartwright Katz, 1968-1979; Robert Johnson slides of works by Frans Wildenhain, circa 1978; the Kitty C. L. Fischer papers relating to Frans Wildenhain, 1940-1981; and an interview with Elisabeth (Lili) Wildenhain conducted 1995 August 22, by Robert F. Brown. Also found are the Ron Meyers papers relating to Frans Wildenhain, circa 1967-1979; the Roy Cartwright letters from Frans Wildenhain, 1966-1979; and the Gerhard Marcks letters from Frans Wildenhain, 1950-1979 on reel 2435.
Provenance:
Elisabeth Wildenhain donated her husband's papers in 1989 and 1998.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Occupation:
Ceramicists -- New York (State) -- Rochester  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- Rochester  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- Rochester  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Interviews
Citation:
Frans Wildenhain papers, circa 1890-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.wildfran
See more items in:
Frans Wildenhain papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b4547616-3e1c-46e1-ab19-a3fa682e557c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wildfran

Frans Wildenhain grant application

Creator:
Wildenhain, Frans, 1905-1980  Search this
Extent:
1 Item ((13 p. on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1974
Scope and Contents:
Wildenhain's application for a National Endowment for the Arts grant, 1974, in which he asks for support to work in a new medium, porcelain. A 12-page resume which lists training, exhibitions, prizes and awards, and other activities is included.
Biographical / Historical:
Ceramist, sculptor; Rochester, N.Y. Died 1985.
Provenance:
Donated 1981 by Mrs. Hobart Cowles.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Ceramicists -- New York (State) -- Rochester  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- Rochester  Search this
Topic:
Pottery -- United States  Search this
Porcelain -- United States  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- History -- United States  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.wildfrga
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9a693e04b-d30d-4026-863f-0394f6ab4e8e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wildfrga

Letters from Frans Wildenhain to Virginia Cartwright Katz

Creator:
Katz, Virginia Cartwright  Search this
Wildenhain, Frans, 1905-1980  Search this
Extent:
19 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1968-1979
Scope and Contents:
Letters, 1968-69 and 1975-79, from Wildenhain to his former student Virginia Cartwright Katz. Wildenhain discusses his pottery, classes and personal matters.
Biographical / Historical:
Franz Wildenhain (1905-1980) was a sculptor, painter, ceramic craftsman, and teacher from Rochester, N.Y. Wildenhain was born in Leipzig, Germany and studied at the Bauhaus, with Walter Gropius, Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Josef Albers and others.
Other Title:
This collection is identified as the Frans Wildenhaim Papers on the microfilm.
Provenance:
Katz was a former student of Wildenhain.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Ceramicists -- New York (State)  Search this
Topic:
Decorative arts  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.katzvirg
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw98ccf8076-7aa8-4362-b7dd-8cf0c457aa79
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-katzvirg

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