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Ontario: Six Nations/Grand River (Naticoke, Mohawk, Cayuga, Mahican, Tutelo), Oneida Nation

Collection Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
50 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Nanticoke [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Mohawk [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Mahican  Search this
Munsee Delaware  Search this
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Oneida Nation of the Thames [Southwold, Ontario]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1914-1937
Scope and Contents:
This series includes negatives that Frank Speck made in Ontario among various Six Nations/Grand River communities between 1914 and 1937. The photographs, mostly shot in Brant County, feature portraits of Naticoke, Mohawk, Cayuga, Mahican and Tutelo community members.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Speck photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.032, Series 4
See more items in:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv42e5dcb37-1ec7-41be-8a13-1f56dd8cb8d8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-032-ref513

Stirring paddle

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Chief Jake Thomas (Ha-da-jib-ghen-ta [Descending Cloud]/Jacob Ezra Thomas), Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)], 1922-1998  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
DOI Indian Craft Shop (Department of the Interior Indian Craft Shop)  Search this
Object Name:
Stirring paddle
Media/Materials:
Maple, commercial leather thong, wood stain
Techniques:
Carved, stained
Dimensions:
32.5 x 7 x 4 cm
Object Type:
Food Gathering and Preparation
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Date created:
1972
Catalog Number:
25/8244
Barcode:
258244.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Food Gathering and Preparation
On View:
NMAI, Washington DC: Outside Mitsitam Café, Containers and Utensils
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68325dd3c-3adc-43aa-adeb-27d3b2856787
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_274176
Online Media:

Spoon/Ladle

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Chief Jake Thomas (Ha-da-jib-ghen-ta [Descending Cloud]/Jacob Ezra Thomas), Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)], 1922-1998  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Duffy Wilson (Wilmer Francis Wilson/Segwoi-Don-Kwe), Tuscarora/Cayuga, 1925-2002  Search this
Object Name:
Spoon/Ladle
Media/Materials:
Maple
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
25.6 x 7.3 x 5.6 cm
Object Type:
Food/Beverage Serving
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Date created:
1971
Catalog Number:
25/8245
Barcode:
258245.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Food/Beverage Serving
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f59e08bd-c4d7-4f01-b7a5-92a4f5f2d50b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_274177
Online Media:

Cane/walking stick

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Chief Jake Thomas (Ha-da-jib-ghen-ta [Descending Cloud]/Jacob Ezra Thomas), Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)], 1922-1998  Search this
IACB source:
Duffy Wilson (Wilmer Francis Wilson/Segwoi-Don-Kwe), Tuscarora/Cayuga, 1925-2002  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Cane/walking stick
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved, etched
Dimensions:
94.8 x 17.3 x 2.5 cm
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Date created:
1971
Catalog Number:
25/8275
Barcode:
258275.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c6578fde-4d3e-42c7-9611-a31a44140236
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_274207
Online Media:

Stirring paddle

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Chief Jake Thomas (Ha-da-jib-ghen-ta [Descending Cloud]/Jacob Ezra Thomas), Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)], 1922-1998  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
DOI Indian Craft Shop (Department of the Interior Indian Craft Shop)  Search this
Object Name:
Stirring paddle
Media/Materials:
Maple, commercial leather thong
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
46 x 14.6 x 2.8 cm
Object Type:
Food Gathering and Preparation
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Date created:
1971
Catalog Number:
25/8276
Barcode:
258276.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Food Gathering and Preparation
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68dc445dd-fecd-41cf-84de-1ae76c0472bc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_274208
Online Media:

Stirring paddle

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Chief Jake Thomas (Ha-da-jib-ghen-ta [Descending Cloud]/Jacob Ezra Thomas), Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)], 1922-1998  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
DOI Indian Craft Shop (Department of the Interior Indian Craft Shop)  Search this
Object Name:
Stirring paddle
Media/Materials:
Maple, commercial leather thong
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
49 x 11.3 x 2.3 cm
Object Type:
Food Gathering and Preparation
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Date created:
1971
Catalog Number:
25/8277
Barcode:
258277.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Food Gathering and Preparation
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d17ff13c-690b-4aac-8c74-3dee2fb31c2d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_274209
Online Media:

Stirring paddle

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Chief Jake Thomas (Ha-da-jib-ghen-ta [Descending Cloud]/Jacob Ezra Thomas), Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)], 1922-1998  Search this
IACB source:
Duffy Wilson (Wilmer Francis Wilson/Segwoi-Don-Kwe), Tuscarora/Cayuga, 1925-2002  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Stirring paddle
Media/Materials:
Maple
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
41.9 x 5.5 x 4.9 cm
Object Type:
Food Gathering and Preparation
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Date created:
1971
Catalog Number:
25/8286
Barcode:
258286.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Food Gathering and Preparation
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws639abe079-9be6-475b-9e81-a4d1c82fda62
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_274218
Online Media:

Stirring paddle

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Chief Jake Thomas (Ha-da-jib-ghen-ta [Descending Cloud]/Jacob Ezra Thomas), Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)], 1922-1998  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
DOI Indian Craft Shop (Department of the Interior Indian Craft Shop)  Search this
Object Name:
Stirring paddle
Media/Materials:
Maple
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
46 x 9 x 3.5 cm
Object Type:
Food Gathering and Preparation
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Date created:
1976
Catalog Number:
25/8287
Barcode:
258287.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Food Gathering and Preparation
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws65b1d2b81-bf7f-4cc3-99a7-36925a8df6bf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_274219
Online Media:

Sculpture (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Joseph Jacobs, Cayuga, b. 1934  Search this
Donor:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Previous owner:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Object Name:
Sculpture (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Steatite/soapstone
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
27 x 16.4 x 7.6 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada (inferred)
Date created:
1994
Catalog Number:
26/4307
Barcode:
264307.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b2dcc030-4c27-42ee-a900-b34727579df6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_280508

Gary Farmer in Deadman

Culture/People:
Onondaga  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Frank Buffalo Hyde, Onondaga/Niimíipuu (Nez Perce), b. 1974  Search this
Seller:
Legends Santa Fe (Legends)  Search this
Subject:
Gary Farmer (Gary Dale Farmer), Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)], b. 1953  Search this
Title:
Gary Farmer in Deadman
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Canvas, acrylic paint, wood
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
61.0 x 45.6 x 3.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Santa Fe; Santa Fe County; New Mexico; USA
Date created:
2012
Catalog Number:
26/9153
Barcode:
269153.000
See related items:
Onondaga
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws665aed305-0f0e-4725-8349-18588a4fadd2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_408056
Online Media:

Woman's leggings

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Previous owner:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Lender:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Seller:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Object Name:
Woman's leggings
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, ribbon, glass bead/beads, thread
Techniques:
Sewn, ribbonwork appliqué, edge beaded
Dimensions:
25 x 42 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Catalog Number:
6/1095
Barcode:
061095.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws66fca7ddf-1929-4a77-aed5-22e682314c7c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_65801
Online Media:

Club

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Previous owner:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Seller:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Object Name:
Club
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved, chip carved, incised
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare: Warfare
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Date created:
1850-1880
Catalog Number:
8288
Barcode:
008288.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare: Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws62c0d7407-3abb-4f28-930a-1cf9b4ca1e32
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_8714
Online Media:

Pike part/fragment

Culture/People:
Non-Indian (archaeological)  Search this
Collector:
James Jamieson (James Jamison), Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
MAI agent:
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Pike part/fragment
Media/Materials:
Copper
Techniques:
Cast
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare: Warfare
Place:
Banks of the Grand River; Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Date created:
AD 1–1000
Catalog Number:
11/273
Barcode:
110273.000
See related items:
Non-Indian (archaeological)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare: Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws67efbe3f5-8a9d-4e65-aa2d-278d5886c813
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_118876
Online Media:

Cradleboard

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Collector:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Seller:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Object Name:
Cradleboard
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Incised
Object Type:
Transportation Items: Baby carriers
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Catalog Number:
1/1242
Barcode:
011242.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Transportation Items: Baby carriers
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6292bc8c3-9bd5-4b05-829f-be8d8f497980
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_12055
Online Media:

Tomahawk/Axe

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Previous owner:
Mr. Henry, Non-Indian  Search this
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Seller:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Object Name:
Tomahawk/Axe
Media/Materials:
Wood, metal head, hair
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Catalog Number:
1/1243
Barcode:
011243.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws66bc1c635-14fd-485f-9ce8-7dfa032d60c3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_12056
Online Media:

Husking peg

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Collector:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Seller:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Object Name:
Husking peg
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Food Gathering and Preparation
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Catalog Number:
1/1248
Barcode:
011248.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Food Gathering and Preparation
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws685e5ca34-1776-4d72-bfc7-ae65d458aa01
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_12061
Online Media:

Moccasins

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Collector:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Seller:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Object Name:
Moccasins
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Sewn, raised beadwork, lazy/lane stitch beadwork, overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Catalog Number:
1/1731
Barcode:
011731.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63a4b7a9c-1af8-43c2-9b13-2b252a8d4ab2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_12443
Online Media:

Sash/Belt

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Collector:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Seller:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Object Name:
Sash/Belt
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, glass bead/beads, thread
Techniques:
Sewn, overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Catalog Number:
1/1732
Barcode:
011732.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6ef19c63c-a568-495a-bbec-89553e58d233
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_12444
Online Media:

Man's coat/jacket

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Collector:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Seller:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Object Name:
Man's coat/jacket
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Sewn, raised beadwork, overlay beadwork
Dimensions:
120 x 94 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Catalog Number:
1/1734
Barcode:
011734.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws675901c28-e86f-4110-b8a2-71bcc736ad5d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_12446
Online Media:

Knee rattles (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Collector:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Seller:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Object Name:
Knee rattles (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Hide, animal hoof/hooves
Techniques:
Strung
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
Six Nations Grand River Reserve; Brant County, Haldimand County; Ontario; Canada
Catalog Number:
1/1737
Barcode:
011737.000
See related items:
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws64998110b-b5c3-4288-8f30-d0d72d98b22d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_12449

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