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Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Wagons

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
3.25 Cubic feet (consisting of 7 boxes, 1 folder, 2 oversize folders, 2 map case folders.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sales letters
Ephemera
Trade literature
Trade catalogs
Illustrations
Legal documents
Publications
Printed ephemera
Printed material
Trade cards
Commercial catalogs
Business records
Manufacturers' catalogs
Sales catalogs
Advertising
Advertising cards
Advertising fliers
Advertising mail
Print advertising
Business cards
Advertisements
Letterheads
Invoices
Printed materials
Receipts
Photographs
Mail order catalogs
Business letters
Instructional materials
Commercial correspondence
Catalogs
Correspondence
Sales records
Catalogues
Business ephemera
Date:
1818-1919
bulk 1840-1910
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Accounting and Bookkeeping forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
Contains materials relating to the manufacture and sale of wheeled and ski-based vehicles, primarily horse drawn, but in some cases human powered such as wagons, carriages, buggies, sleds, and sleighs used for transportation of goods and person. Includes information about a variety of wagon types runners, cutters, coaches, trucks, surreys, and phartons. Accessories include harnesses, reins, metal wheels, axles, spokes, tops, aprons, ornaments. There is one example of a baby carriage.

Businesses include general merchants, specialty dealers, service, parts and accessories, and repair.

Materials represent a sampling of daily transactions such as receipts and invoices for purchases. Marketing materials consists of price lists, ads, and brochures. There are several illustrated catalogues which provide good coverage on product lines. The images files provide good visual content of wagons used for work and leisure.

No extensive runs or complete records exist for any single company, brand, and no particular depth is present for any singular subtopic though some publications may provide general and historical overviews of a person, company, or facet of industry.
Arrangement:
Wagons is arranged in three subseries.

Business Records and Marketing Material

Genre

Subject
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Wagons is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Farm equipment  Search this
Trade associations  Search this
Patents  Search this
Carriages and carts  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Carriages and carts -- Design  Search this
Carriages  Search this
Licenses  Search this
Carriage and wagon making -- 1880-1910 -- Maryland  Search this
Horse-drawn vehicles  Search this
Wagon manufacturing  Search this
Carriage and wagon making  Search this
Wagon wheels  Search this
Carriage industry  Search this
Wheels  Search this
Road vehicles  Search this
Wagons  Search this
Consumer goods -- Catalogs  Search this
Sleds  Search this
Sleds (animal-powered)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sales letters
Ephemera
Trade literature
Trade catalogs
Illustrations
Legal documents
Publications -- Business
Printed ephemera
Printed material
Trade cards
Commercial catalogs
Business records
Manufacturers' catalogs
Sales catalogs
Advertising
Advertising cards
Advertising fliers
Advertising mail
Print advertising
Business cards
Advertisements
Letterheads
Publications
Invoices
Printed materials
Receipts
Photographs
Mail order catalogs
Business letters
Instructional materials
Commercial correspondence
Catalogs
Correspondence
Sales records
Catalogues
Business ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Wagons, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Wagons
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Wagons
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-wagons

Hagan Brothers Carriage Works Records

Creator:
Hagan, Henry  Search this
Hagan Brothers Carriage and Wagonmakers (Frederick, Md.).  Search this
Carmen D. Valentino, American Historical Manuscripts.  Search this
Hagan, Charles  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Cubic feet (9 boxes, 21 volumes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Daybooks
Account books
Ledgers (account books)
Date:
1882-1903
Summary:
In 1882, brothers Charles and Henry Hagan established a carriage, coach, and wagon business in Frederick, Maryland. This collection represents approximately two decades of business transactions through 21 volumes of daybooks and ledgers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of twenty-one manuscript account books documenting the company's carriage, wagon and horseshoeing business. Three volumes are ledgers, the rest are daybooks. Volumes often contain overlapping dates or missing periods of time, and ledgers have varying dates for each customer. In some instances, the weather for Christmas Day is recorded.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.

Series 1, Account Books, 1882-1903
Biographical / Historical:
In 1882, brothers Charles and Henry Hagan founded the Hagan Brothers, Carriage & Wagonmakers and Horseshoers Company with Charles A. Hagan as president.

Horse-drawn vehicles were crucial to American transportation before railroads, and the industry that supplied these vehicles was a major factor in the economy. Most of these firms were never vertically integrated, although some later developed into the "accessory industry," or specialized production of components. Major sources of revenue for businesses like the Hagan Brothers included general blacksmithing work, carriage and wagon repair, and manufacturing carriages to the customer's specifications.

The later history of the company is not known. There are no directories for Frederick County between 1911 and 1922, and there is no listing for Hagan Brothers in the 1923 directory.
Related Materials:
One account book covering the period from April 16, 1908 to November 23, 1908 is held at the Historical Society of Frederick County, Maryland. See website at: http://www.hsfcinfo.org/ .
Provenance:
This collection was purchased from Carmen D. Valentino, a Philadelphia, Pennsylvania rare books and manuscripts dealer, by Craig Orr, archivist in April 2009.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Carriage industry -- Maryland  Search this
Carriage and wagon making -- 1880-1910 -- Maryland  Search this
Family-owned business enterprises -- 1880-1910 -- Maryland  Search this
Horse-drawn vehicles -- Maryland  Search this
Horseshoeing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Daybooks -- 1880-1910
Account books -- 19th century
Ledgers (account books) -- 1880-1910
Citation:
Hagan Brothers Carriage Works Account Books, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1154
See more items in:
Hagan Brothers Carriage Works Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1154

James Cunningham, Son and Company Photographs

Creator:
James Cunningham, Son and Company (Rochester, New York)  Search this
Extent:
10 Cubic feet (18 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Rochester (N.Y.)
Date:
1908-1964
bulk 1908-1929
Summary:
The collection consists of glass plate negatives and photographic prints of the glass plate negatives depicting horse-drawn hearses (funeral wagons), carriages, and ambulances and motorized vehicles produced by James Cunningham, Son and Company from approximately 1908 to 1929. The majority of the glass plates and photographic prints depict horse-drawn hearses, but there are some motorized vehicles.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of glass plate negatives and photographic prints of the glass plate negatives depicting horse-drawn hearses (funeral wagons), carriages, and ambulances and motorized vehicles produced by James Cunningham, Son and Company from approximately 1908 to 1929. The majority of the glass plates and photographic prints depict horse-drawn hearses, but there are some motorized vehicles.

There are approximately 335 glass plate negatives and the same number of photographic prints. It is unknown who created the photographic prints, but some of the glass plates were originally held at the Free Library of Philadelphia.

The glass plates are in three sizes: 5" x 7" 8" x 10" and 11" x 14". The glass plates and the photographic prints are arranged by an alpha-numeric system that was presumably developed by the company. In some instances, J.L. Hill is identified as a photographer.

In some instances, the model number, style and date are provided. Most images are side views, although there are some rear and interior views. Some glass plates are unidentified or missing. Some of the descriptions include lamp number information. Many carriages had mounted lamps or lanterns that were oil or battery powered. if a carriage was built for a specific person or company, such as W. H. Graham Company, this information is listed.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into six series.

Series 1, Glass Plates, A1 to A55, 1908-1929 and undated

Series 2, Glass Plates, B1 to B159, [1913?] and undated

Series 3, Glass Plates, C1 to C50, undated

Series 4, Glass Plates, D1 to D64, undated

Series 5, Glass Plates, E1 to E8, undated

Series 6, Photographic Prints, undated

Series 7: Background Materials, 1930s-1964
Biographical / Historical:
James Cunningham (1815-1886) was born in County Down, Ireland to Arthur and Ann Cunningham. He came to the United States in 1833 from Canada seeking work in the New York City area, where he had an uncle practicing architecture. In Canada, Cunningham had worked in woodwork design in a carpenter's shop east of Toronto in Cobourg, Ontario. Cunningham returned to Canada via Rochester, New York. While in Rochester, he was introduced to George Hanford and J.H. Whitbeck, entrepreneurs who set up the first coach-making shop in Rochester in 1834.

From 1834 to 1838 Cunningham worked as an apprentice and journeyman for George Hanford and J.H. Whitbeck. He formed a partnership with two of his fellow-workers, James Kerr and Blanchard Dean. Together they bought out Hanford and Whitbeck and made cutters, known as one-horse open sleighs and buggies. In 1842 Kerr and Blanchard resigned, and James Cunningham assumed full responsibility.

Cunningham married Bridget Jennings in 1838, and they had three children: Augustine, Joseph, and Margaretta. Cunningham's son, Joseph (1842?-1914) joined his father in the company and as a result, the company reorganized in 1866 as James Cunningham and Son. Joseph Cunningham became a full partner in 1868. Rufus Dryer (1846-1937) became a partner in 1875 when he married Margaretta Cunningham in the same year. There were branch offices with display rooms in Louisville, Nashville, Memphis, New Orleans, Chicago, Des Moines, Kansas City, Topeka, Denver, and San Francisco. In 1876, Cunningham carriages and a hearse won prizes at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition.

In 1882, the firm was incorporated as James Cunningham, Son and Company. It was the largest industrial enterprise in Rochester, New York, both in its plant area and in capital. The firm continued to make carriages until 1915. Joseph Cunningham and Rufus Dryer retired in 1909, and the company, which had become a partnership, was reincorporated. Augustine Cunningham, son of Joseph Cunningham, was president, James Dryer (son of Rufus Dryer) vice-president, and Francis Cunningham (son of Joseph Cunningham) was secretary and general manager.

In 1908 the company began automobile production, not for the popular market, but for the type of customer that bought its carriages. The company did not mass-produce their automobiles. Intially, it made only automobile bodies and assembled the rest of the car from engines, transmissions, axles, and radiators made by proprietary companies. By 1910 it produced the entire automobile. In 1916 Cunningham produced a V-8 engine, and the Cunningham car became outstanding for its clean, classic lines. It was the first car to not have running-boards, using instead steps of brass-framed aluminum.

In the late 1920s Cunningham entered the aviation business and created a subsidiary, the Cunningham-Hall Aircraft Corporation. The primary aim of the corporation was to build an airplane that would combine stability with speed. The first Cunningham-Hall plane designed with these requirements was a modified biplane: the lower wing was considerably larger than the upper and slotted, so that a current of air could be made to flow between its surfaces. This enabled the plane to land at low speeds. It was first tested in the small town of LeRoy, New York. Cunningham-Hall continued to make aircraft until 1938. Its X-14324, produced in 1934, was a low-wing monoplane made entirely of metal. The company also produced primary trainers, a six-place cabin plane, other passenger and cargo craft, and experimental planes for the Army and Navy. By the early 1930s the company had ceased to produce automobiles and funeral carriages/hearses.

Over the years Cunningham made a wide variety of products. During World War II, Cunningham found a temporary role in defense production. Prior to the war the compaay had produced a variety of odd products: safety belts for aircraft, diving helmets, even belt buckles for Boy Scout uniforms. During the Civil War the company made carriages for the Union armies, and the First World War, ambulances and automotive windlasses for observation balloons. More significant had been its experience of producing armored and tracked vehicles. In March 1928, Cunningham's first tank was tested at Aberdeen, Maryland. Equipped with a revolving turret and armed with a 37 millimeter cannon and a .30 caliber machine gun, it traveled twenty miles an hour, faster than any tank produced up to that time. In 1933, Cunningham developed a tank track, with light-weight rubber-block treads that allowed for even greater speeds. Cunningham also developed experimental half-tracks, cargo carriers, armored cars, and a weapons carrier for a 75 millimeter Howitzer.

In 1940 James Dryer retired. The corporation was dissolved in 1941 and replaced by a partnership, with Augustine and Francis Cunningham as co-partners. After World War II, the firm produced small farm and garden machines such as sickle-bar mowers, tractors, and rotary tillers. Cunningham also designed and produced a complete line of plumbing fixtures for house trailers in a constant effort to retool and redefine itself in the post-war years.

By 1952, the firm met Andrew W. Vincent, an electrical engineer with Stromberg-Carlson in Rochester. Vincent devoted himself to perfecting a small dial telephone system. The heart of this system was the crossbar switch. The company acquired Vincent's initial designs and patent applications and hired him as a consultant. The company restricted its production to creating prototypes of switching devices. The Cunningham crossbar was versatile. It had the ability to switch electrical information from low-level DC signals to 100 megacycles, reliably and at high speeds.

In 1968, Peter F. Cunningham, then president of the company, sold controlling interest to the Gleason Works, a Rochester-based manufacturer of machine tools. Under Gleason Works, the company was renamed Cunningham Corporation. In 1977, all Cunningham-related activities ended.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Smithsonian Institution

National Museum of American History, Division of Work & Industry

1929 Cunningham touring car. See accession #:310671.

National Air and Space Museum Archives

Cunningham-Hall Collection, 1917-1940 (bulk 1928-1930)

Smithsonian Institution Libraries, Trade Literature Collection

Trade catalogs from James Cunningham Son & Company (See SILNMAHTL_12462)

Materials in Other Organizations

Long Island Museum of American Art, History and Carriages

Includes drawings, a trade catalog, a cart, and a buggy from James Cunningham and Sons.

Detroit Public Library

Papers of the James Cunningham Company, 1902-1964 (bulk 1909-1946)

Includes notebooks of G. Carson Baker, chief designer and David Fergusson, chief engineer, patent applications, correspondence, drawings and blueprints related to Fergusson's work, parts and instruction books for early automobiles (including electric automobiles), photographs of Cunningham factories, military vehicles and motor trucks.

Rochester Museum and Science Center, Libraries and Collections Department

Local Business History vertical files hold items related to James Cunningham, Son and Company as well as books.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 1973 by the Cunningham Company to the National Museum of American History, Division of Transportation.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Horse-drawn vehicles  Search this
Hearses (Vehicles)  Search this
Family-owned business enterprises  Search this
Automobile industry and trade  Search this
Carriage industry  Search this
Automobiles -- Design and construction  Search this
Carriage and wagon making  Search this
Ambulances  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 1900-1950
Citation:
James Cunningham, Son and Company Photonegatives, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1193
See more items in:
James Cunningham, Son and Company Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1193

The New York coach-maker's magazine

Author:
Stratton, Ezra M. 1809-1883  Search this
Houghton, G. W. W (George Washington Wright) 1850-1891  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill., ports. ; 29 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1858
1871
1858-
Topic:
Carriage and wagon making  Search this
Carriage industry  Search this
Call number:
TS2001 .N48
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_552805

The Coach-makers' magazine

Title:
Coachmakers' magazine
Coach-makers' illustrated monthly magazine
American coach-makers' illustrated monthly magazine
American coach-makers' magazine
Physical description:
volumes : illustrations ; 31 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
1855
18uu
1855-
Topic:
Carriage industry  Search this
Call number:
TS2001 .A513
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_552770

Central Park’s Horse-Drawn Carriages Could Be Replaced With Old-Timey Electric Cars

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 31 Dec 2013 14:30:35 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_7ab57d701978b8cbe1798e3f34da07f3

The carriage trade : making horse-drawn vehicles in America / Thomas A. Kinney

Author:
Kinney, Thomas A. 1968-  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 381 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2004
©2004
Topic:
Carriage industry--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_812625

Horse clothing, lap robes and fine harness, price list

Author:
John Moore (Firm)  Search this
Subject:
John Moore (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
48 p. : ill. ; 14 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1890
[1890]
Topic:
Horse blankets  Search this
Carriage industry  Search this
Horses--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Harnesses  Search this
Call number:
051904
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_672702

Horse blankets and lap robes, price list

Author:
John Moore (Firm)  Search this
Subject:
John Moore (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
24 p. : ill. ; 15 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1888
[1888]
Topic:
Horse blankets  Search this
Carriage industry  Search this
Horses--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Call number:
051903
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_672703

Elegant light pleasure and business carriages for the coming driving season

Title:
Joubert & White, Glen Falls, N.Y., manufacturers of high-grade buckboards
Author:
Joubert & White  Search this
Subject:
Joubert & White  Search this
Physical description:
32 p. : ill. ; 15 x 20 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1880
1889
[188-?]
Topic:
Carriages and carts  Search this
Wagons  Search this
Carriage industry  Search this
Call number:
051479
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_672704

Columbus Buggy Co. : [manufacturers] for the trade of strictly first class vehicles

Author:
Columbus Buggy Co  Search this
Subject:
Columbus Buggy Co  Search this
Physical description:
40 p. : ill. ; 12 x 18 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1883
[1883]
Topic:
Carriages and carts  Search this
Carriage industry  Search this
Wagons  Search this
Call number:
051477
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_673558

The Hub

Title:
Hub and New York coachmakers' magazine v. 13-
Physical description:
61 v. : ill. plates, ports., diagrs. ; 32-41 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1859
1919
Topic:
Carriage and wagon making--Periodicals  Search this
Carriage industry--Periodicals  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Call number:
TS2001 .H833
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_542401

The Carriage monthly [microform]

Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 32 cm
Type:
Microforms
Periodicals
Date:
1873
1915
1873-1915
Topic:
Carriage and wagon making--Periodicals  Search this
Carriage industry--Periodicals  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Call number:
mfm 003125
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_563630

The Vehicle monthly [microform]

Title:
Carriage monthly
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 33 cm
Type:
Microforms
Periodicals
Date:
1916
1921
1916-1921
Topic:
Carriage and wagon making--Periodicals  Search this
Carriage industry--Periodicals  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Call number:
mfm 003125
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_563631

Coach-makers' international journal

Title:
Coach makers' international journal
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 32 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
1865
1873
Topic:
Carriage and wagon making  Search this
Carriage industry--Periodicals  Search this
Call number:
TS2001 .C662
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_485889

The Vehicle monthly

Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 33 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1916
1921
1916-
Topic:
Carriage and wagon making--Periodicals  Search this
Carriage industry--Periodicals  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Call number:
TS2001 .C662
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_488711

The Carriage monthly

Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 32 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1873
1915
Topic:
Carriage and wagon making--Periodicals  Search this
Carriage industry--Periodicals  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Call number:
TS2001 .C662
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_488714

19th century American carriages : their manufacture, decoration, and use

Title:
Nineteenth century American carriages
American carriages
Author:
Museums at Stony Brook  Search this
Physical description:
174 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
1987
19th century
Topic:
Carriages and carts--History  Search this
Carriage industry--History  Search this
Call number:
TS2010.A13 1987X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_332829

Census of manufactures, 1905 : carriages and wagons and the steam and street railroad car industry

Author:
United States Bureau of the Census  Search this
Physical description:
75 p. ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1907
Topic:
Carriage and wagon making--Statistics  Search this
Railroads--Cars--Statistics  Search this
Carriage industry--Statistics  Search this
Call number:
Z7914.C32 U58 1907
Z7914.C32U58 1907
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_389218

The Hub almanac

Author:
Hub Publishing Co  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
18uu
Topic:
Carriage industry--Periodicals  Search this
Carriage and wagon making  Search this
Almanacs, American  Search this
Call number:
TS2001 .H875
TS2001.H875
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_212483

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