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Henry Bacon papers

Bacon, Henry, 1839-1912  Search this
Bacon, Lee Andrews, 1861-  Search this
Beaumont  Search this
Berne-Bellecourt, E.  Search this
Carolus-Duran, 1837 or 8-1917  Search this
Chevillard, Vincent  Search this
Chialiva, Luigi, 1841-1914  Search this
Clairin, Georges, 1843-1919  Search this
Dupain, Edmond-Louis, 1847-1933  Search this
Gonzales, Antonio  Search this
Heilbuth, Ferdinand  Search this
Lemaire, Madeleine-Jeanne Coll, 1845-1928  Search this
Merson, Luc Olivier, 1846-1920  Search this
Olivie, Leon  Search this
1.9 Linear feet
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Egypt -- description and travel
The papers of painter and writer Henry Bacon date from 1849-1931 and measure 1.9 linear feet. The collection documents Bacon's career and travels through France and Egypt. Included are biographical materials, correspondence, writings by Bacon and others, scattered business records, printed material, scrapbooks, photographs, eight sketchbooks and additional sketches.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter and writer Henry Bacon date from 1849-1931 and measure 1.9 linear feet. The collection documents Bacon's career and travels through France and Egypt. Included are biographical materials, correspondence, writings by Bacon and others, scattered business records, printed material, scrapbooks, photographs, eight sketchbooks and additional sketches.

Scattered biographical materials include an address book, a photo identification card, genealogical material, and autobiographical notes and resumes. The bulk of correspondence is in French written by French artists included in Bacon's book Parisian Art and Artists, including Beaumont, E. Berne-Bellecourt, Vincent Chevillard, Luigi Chialiva, Georges Clairin, Edmond Dupain, Carolus Duran, Antonio Gonzalez, Ferdinand Heilbuth, Madeleine Lemaire, Luc Oliver Merson, and Leon Olivie. Also found is correspondence between Louisa Lee Bacon with museums and institutions concerning her husband's art.

Writings and notes contain short stories, personal accounts, and poems by Henry Bacon, as well as a biographical work on Bacon by Louisa Bacon, and unsigned poems in French. Manuscripts of Bacon's books are not found.

Scattered personal business records include a sales record notebook, an expense journal, and a lease. Printed materials consist primarily of clippings, a few exhibition catalogs, a copy of Bacon's book Étretat: Hamlet of the Setting Sun, and printed images of works of art. Two scrapbooks document Bacon's career as an artist through clippings, photos, exhibition catalogs, and announcements.

Photographs include portraits and snapshots of Bacon and his wife, travel photos used as reference, and photos of works of art. Artwork by Bacon includes eight sketchbooks, watercolor sketches, and pen and ink sketches.
This collection is arranged as 8 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1864-circa 1930 (Box 1; 0.1 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1849-1931 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, 1875-circa 1912 (Box 1-2, 5; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 4: Personal Business and Financial records, 1864-1871 (Box 2; 2 folders)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1882-1931 (Box 2; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, 1866-1923 (Box 3; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 7: Photographs, circa 1862-circa 1930 (Box 3-5; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 8: Artwork and Sketchbooks, 1864-1912 (Box 4-5; 0.4 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Painter and writer, Henry Bacon (1839-1912) spent much of his career and life in France and Egypt. He is best known for his watercolor depictions of Egyptian desert scenes.

Henry Bacon was born in Haverhill, Massachusetts in 1839. During the Civil War, ee enlisted in the Union Army and served as corporal in Company D, 4th Battalion of Rifles of the 13th Massachusetts Regiment. Also during the war, he worked as a field artist for Leslie's Weekly. He suffered an injury at the Second Battle of Bull Run and was discharged in 1864. That same year, he married Lizzie Lord and moved to France. The couple settled in Paris where Bacon studied at the École des Beaux-Arts under Alexandre Cabanel. He spent many summers in Étretat, France--a subject he painted and wrote about in his bookÉtretat: Hamlet of the Setting Sun.

After the death of Lizzie Lord, Bacon married Louisa Lee Andrews. In the 1890s, Henry and Louisa spent their time split between London and Egypt. It was during this time that Bacon produced his many watercolor scenes of the desert, the Nile River, and of the Egyptian people. Henry Bacon died in Cairo in 1912.
Separated Materials:
Also found in the Archives are three sketchbooks lent by Nancy C. Brecht for microfilming on reels 4040-4041. The scrapbooks are not described in the container listing of this finding aid but are available for viewing in Archives of American Art offices and via interlibrary loan.
The collection was donated in 1987 by Nancy N. Brecht, the grandniece of Henry Bacon and granddaughter of Bacon's brother, Earle.
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Artists -- France -- Paris  Search this
Authors -- France -- Paris  Search this
Landscape painters  Search this
Painters -- United States  Search this
Henry Bacon papers, 1849-1931. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
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Henry Bacon papers
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Archives of American Art
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Photographs of artists in their Paris studios

George Walter Vincent Smith Museum  Search this
Abbéma, Louise, 1858-1927  Search this
Aublet, Albert, 1851-1938  Search this
Bellcourt, Riene  Search this
Benjamin-Constant, 1845-1902  Search this
Besnard, Paul Albert  Search this
Bompard, Maurice  Search this
Bonnat, Léon Joseph Florentin, 1833-1922  Search this
Bouguereau, William Adolphe, 1825-1905  Search this
Boulanger, Gustave Clarence Rodolphe, 1824-1888  Search this
Bridgman, Frederick Arthur, 1847-1928  Search this
Béraud, Jean, 1849-1935  Search this
Cabanel, Alexandre, 1823-1889  Search this
Carolus-Duran, 1837 or 8-1917  Search this
Clairin, Georges, 1843-1919  Search this
Collin, Louis Joseph Rapheal  Search this
Cormon, Fernand  Search this
Courtois, Gustave, 1852-1923  Search this
Dagnan, Pascal Adolphe Jean  Search this
Detaille, Jean Baptiste Edouard  Search this
Duez, Ernest-Ange, 1843-1896  Search this
Falguiére, Jean-Alexandre-Joseph, 1831-1900  Search this
Fleury, T. R.  Search this
Frappa, J.  Search this
Gay, Walter, 1856-1937  Search this
Gervex, Henri, 1852-1929  Search this
Gérôme, Jean Léon, 1824-1904  Search this
Healy, G. P. A. (George Peter Alexander), 1813-1894  Search this
Hebert, Antoine Auguste Ernest  Search this
Henner, Jean-Jacques, 1829-1905  Search this
Jacques, Charles  Search this
Laurens, Jean-Paul, 1838-1921  Search this
Lefebvre, Jules, 1836-1911  Search this
Maignan, Albert  Search this
Merson, Luc Olivier, 1846-1920  Search this
Morot, Aime Nicolas  Search this
Munkácsy, Mihály, 1844-1900  Search this
Puvis de Chavannes, Pierre, 1824-1898  Search this
Rochegrosse, Georges, 1859-1938  Search this
Roll, Alfred Philippe, 1846-1919  Search this
Sargent, John Singer, 1856-1925  Search this
Smith, George Walter Vincent, 1832-1923  Search this
Stevens, Alfred  Search this
Storey, G. A. (George Adolphus), 1834-1919  Search this
de Neuville, Alphonse Wane  Search this
47 Items
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
47 photographs of 43 artists in their Paris studios. Artists include: Louise Abbema, Albert Aublet, Riene Bellcourt, Jean Beraud, Paul Albert Besnard, Maurice Bompard, Leon Joseph Florentin Bonnat, Gustave Rodolphe Clarence Boulanger, William Adolphe Bouguereau, Frederick Arthur Bridgman, Alexandre Cabanel, Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, Georges Jules Victor Clairin, Louis Joseph Rapheal Collin, Jean-Joseph Benjamin Constant, Fernand Cormon, Gustave Courtois, Pascal Adolphe Jean Dagnan, Jean Baptiste Edouard Detaille, Ernest Ange Duez, Carolus Duran, Jean Alexandre Joseph Falguiere, T. R. Fleury, J. Frappa, Walter Gay, Jean Leon Gerome, Henri Gervex, George Peter Alexander Healy, Antoine Auguste Ernest Hebert, Jean Jacques Henner, Charles Jacques, Jean Paul Laurens, Jules Lefebvre, Albert Maignan, Luc Olivier Merson, Aime Nicolas Morot, Mihaly Munkacsy, Alphonse Wane de Neuville, Georges Rochegrosse, Alfred Philippe Roll, John Singer Sargent, Alfred Stevens, and George Adolphus Storey.
The studios show mainly a strong Moorish influence.
Donated by the George Walter Vincent Smith Museum, Springfield, Massachusetts, 1971, which had received them from a Mrs. Kirkham?, a painter who probably purchased them while studying in Paris.
Artists -- United States  Search this
Artists -- France -- Paris -- Photographs  Search this
Expatriate artists -- France -- Paris -- Photographs  Search this
Artists' studios
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art

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