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Challenging Science as Usual: Women's Participation in American Natural History Museum Work, 1870-1950

Author:
Madsen-Brooks, Leslie  Search this
Subject:
Rathbun, Mary Jane 1860-1943  Search this
Eastwood, Alice  Search this
Chase, Agnes 1869-1963  Search this
Maxwell, Martha  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
United States Dept. of Agriculture Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 29; Page numbers: 11-38
Place:
United States
Date:
Summer 2009
Topic:
Carcinology  Search this
Women Scientists  Search this
Women--Employees  Search this
Women  Search this
Women--History  Search this
Museums--History  Search this
Museums  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_13527

Dr. Leonhard Stejneger and Dr. Paul Bartsch

Author:
Tolman, Ruel P (Ruel Pardee) 1878-1954  Search this
Subject:
Bartsch, Paul  Search this
Stejneger, Leonhard 1851-1943  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Reptiles and Amphibians  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mollusks  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Biology  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 2.25w x 2.25h; Type of Image: Group, candid; Medium: Photograpic print
Type:
Photographic print
Group, candid
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
May 1937
Topic:
Zoologists  Search this
Malacologists  Search this
Ornithologists  Search this
Herpetologists  Search this
Ornithology  Search this
Herpetology  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Reptiles  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2011-0255 or 32906-3
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_13632

Fenner A. (Albert) Chace, Jr

Author:
Sandved, Kjell Bloch 1922-  Search this
Subject:
Chace, Fenner Albert  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Invertebrate Zoology  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Color; Size: 1w x 1 3/8h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Slide
Type:
Person, candid
Slide
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1975
Topic:
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Invertebrate Zoologists  Search this
Invertebrates  Search this
Maps  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2013-03874
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14144

Fenner A. (Albert) Chace, Jr

Author:
Sandved, Kjell Bloch 1922-  Search this
Subject:
Chace, Fenner Albert  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Invertebrate Zoology  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Color; Size: 1w x 1 3/8h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Slide
Type:
Person, candid
Slide
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1975
Topic:
Zoologists  Search this
Invertebrate Zoologists  Search this
Invertebrates  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Maps  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2013-03875
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14145

Fenner A. (Albert) Chace, Jr

Author:
Sandved, Kjell Bloch 1922-  Search this
Subject:
Chace, Fenner Albert  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Invertebrate Zoology  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Color; Size: 1w x 1 3/8h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Slide
Type:
Person, candid
Slide
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1975
Topic:
Zoologists  Search this
Invertebrate Zoologists  Search this
Invertebrates  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Scientific apparatus and instruments  Search this
Microscopes  Search this
Research--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Maps  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2013-03876
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14146

Dr. Horton H. Hobbs, Jr

Author:
Sandved, Kjell Bloch 1922-  Search this
Subject:
Hobbs, Horton Holcombe 1914-1994  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Invertebrate Zoology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Color; Size: 1w x 1 3.7h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Slide
Type:
Person, candid
Slide
Date:
1975
Topic:
Carcinologists  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Collection storage areas  Search this
Crayfish  Search this
Decapoda (Crustacea)  Search this
Invertebrate biology  Search this
Invertebrates  Search this
Invertebrate Zoology  Search this
Invertebrate Zoologists  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Museum storage facilities  Search this
National Collections  Search this
Storage  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Taxonomists  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2013-03972
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14482

Mary Jane Rathbun at Woods Hole

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Katherine J  Search this
Rathbun, Mary Jane 1860-1943  Search this
Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.)  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and white; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Group, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Group, candid
Place:
Woods Hole (Mass.)
Date:
1890
Topic:
Bush, Charlotte  Search this
Edwards, Eloise  Search this
Field Work  Search this
Invertebrate Zoology  Search this
Marine biology  Search this
Women--History  Search this
Women  Search this
Standard number:
78-10629
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9215

Mary Jane Rathbun Working with Specimens

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Rathbun, Mary Jane 1860-1943  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Natural History Building  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 4 1/2w x 3 3/8h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Date:
c. 1930s?
Topic:
Carcinology  Search this
Invertebrate Zoology  Search this
Specimens  Search this
Women--Employees  Search this
Women--History  Search this
Women Scientists  Search this
Employees  Search this
Scientists  Search this
Invertebrates  Search this
Women  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2009-0710 or 97-3497
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9848

SI Scientists in Their Labs

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Boardman, Richard S  Search this
McCain, John C  Search this
Bowman, Thomas E  Search this
Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Physical description:
120mm;
Type:
Black-and-white negatives
Date:
1966
November 8, 1966
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-008 [OPA-946R1]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_371912

Portrait of Clarence R. Shoemaker (1874-1958)

Creator:
Washington Biologists' Field Club  Search this
Subject:
Shoemaker, Clarence R. 1874-1958  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 5 x 4;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Plummers Island (Md.)
Date:
1930
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Scientists  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27E_063]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Undetermined
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404203
Online Media:

Diminutive but Determined: Mary Jane Rathbun

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Archives  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Thu, 06 Mar 2014 12:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Archive  Search this
See more posts:
The Bigger Picture | Smithsonian Institution Archives
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_eff7f74ce8863b6354c9250ed0fe72a1

Aspects récents de la biologie des crustacés / 10e Réunion des carcinologistes de langue française, Concarneau, 6-9 juin 1987 ; sous la direction de Yves Le Gal, Alain Van Wormhoudt

Author:
Réunion des carcinologistes de langua française (10th : 1987 : Concarneau, France)  Search this
Le Gal, Yves  Search this
Van Wormhoudt, Alain  Search this
Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer  Search this
Physical description:
254 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Congresses
Date:
1988
C1988
Topic:
Crustacea  Search this
Call number:
QL435.A1R48 1987X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_419262

General Correspondence, 1907-1977

Type:
Archival materials
Note:
This series consists of correspondence documenting the professional career and personal life of Waldo LaSalle Schmitt. A prolific letter writer, Schmitt maintained an extensive correspondence with domestic and foreign carcinologists and workers in all fields of the biological sciences. Correspondents also include officers and staff of the Smithsonian and United States National Museum, educators, government officials, business associates, family members, and friends. Correspondence concerns the administration of the Division of Marine Invertebrates and the Departments of Biology and Zoology; carcinological research; field work and collecting trips; foreign and domestic scientific affairs; and personal matters. A few manuscripts are also found in this series and are indicated in the folder listing. Correspondence and other files relating to scientific societies, universities, government agencies, and other organizations can be found in Series 2-6. The expedition files (Series 15) contain correspondence documenting Schmitt's many collecting excursions.

Arranged alphabetically.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7231, Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7231, Series 1
See more items in:
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7231-refidd1e863

Fenner Albert Chace Oral History Interviews

Creator::
Chace, Fenner Albert, interviewee  Search this
Extent:
3 audiotapes (Reference copies).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Transcripts
Date:
1977
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also interviews conducted by researchers or students on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

Chace was interviewed for the Oral History Collection because of his long association with the NMNH and outstanding research career.
Descriptive Entry:
Chace was interviewed by Pamela M. Henson on October 6 and 11, 1977. The interviews cover Chace's youth and education, curatorial career at the MCZ and NMNH, research interests in decapod Crustacea, service during World War II, and reminiscences about colleagues.
Historical Note:
Fenner Albert Chace, (1908-2004) was a carcinologist and Research Associate of the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), specializing in the taxonomy, morphology, and distribution of decapod Crustacea. He was born in Fall River, Massachusetts, in 1908, where he grew up. His summers were spent in the countryside of Tiverton, Rhode Island, and there he developed an early interest in natural history. Chace majored in biology at Harvard University, receiving the A.B. in 1930, the A.M. in 1931, and the Ph.D. in 1934. From 1934 to 1946, Chace curated the crustacean collection at the Museum of Comparative Zoology (MCZ), as Assistant Curator, Marine Invertebrates, from 1934 to 1942 and as Curator of Crustacea from 1942 to 1946. Chace held the Agassiz fellowship at the MCZ from 1935 to 1939. After serving in the army during World War II, Chace was appointed Curator of the Division of Marine Invertebrates of the United States National Museum (USNM) in 1946. During his years as Curator, Chace oversaw the growth of the division, the move into the West Wing of the Natural History Building, and the planning of exhibits. In 1963, Chace was appointed the first Senior Scientist in the NMNH, a position devoted entirely to research. During his long career, Chace named over 200 taxa in the Decapoda and Stomatopoda. Chace retired from the position as Senior Zoologist, Department of Invertebrate Zoology in September of 1978, but continued as a Zoologist Emeritus and Research Associate of the NMNH until his death in 2004.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Invertebrate zoology  Search this
Museum curators -- Interviews  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes
Transcripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9514, Fenner Albert Chace Oral History Interviews
Identifier:
Record Unit 9514
See more items in:
Fenner Albert Chace Oral History Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9514

National Systematics Laboratory Records

Creator::
United States. National Marine Fisheries Service  Search this
Extent:
4 cu. ft. (4 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Date:
1955-1994
Descriptive Entry:
Isabel C. Pérez Farfante (married name Canet) was born in Havana, Cuba on July 24, 1916. She received her Ph.D. from Radcliffe College in 1948. She was a professor and researcher at the University of Havana; director of the Cuban Centro de Investigaciones Pesqueras; and associate in Invertebrate Zoology, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University. She worked at the United States National Marine Fisheries Service, National Systematics Laboratory until her retirement in 1986 when she became Carcinologist Emeritus. She has authored zoology textbooks and numerous papers on the systematics of penaeoid shrimps. This accession consists of her correspondence and subject files while working at the National Systematics Laboratory. Materials include black and white photographs, color photographs, color slides, correspondence, and newspaper clippings.
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Penaeus  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 07-134, United States, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Systematics Laboratory Records
Identifier:
Accession 07-134
See more items in:
National Systematics Laboratory Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa07-134

Patsy A. McLaughlin Papers

Extent:
2 cu. ft. (2 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Picture postcards
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Date:
1954-1995
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of the professional correspondence of carcinologist Patsy A. McLaughlin (1932-2011). Over her career, she worked as a Fishery Biologist at the Seattle Biological Laboratory, Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, 1957-1960; Assistant Zoologist at the Department of Oceanography, University of Washington, 1960-1963; Supervisor of Invertebrates at the Smithsonian Oceanographic Sorting Center (SOSC), Smithsonian Institution, 1965-1968; Research Assistant Professor and Research Associate at the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, 1969-1973; Research Scientist and Courtesy Professor at the Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, 1975-1989; and Resident Scientist with the Shannon Point Marine Center, Western Washington University. The majority of this correspondence is from after her time at SOSC. Materials also include postcards, photographs, and slides.
Topic:
Invertebrates  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Crustacea  Search this
Carcinologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Picture postcards
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 14-302, Patsy A. McLaughlin Papers
Identifier:
Accession 14-302
See more items in:
Patsy A. McLaughlin Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa14-302

Curatorial Records

Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Department of Invertebrate Zoology  Search this
Extent:
0.25 cu. ft. (1 half document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Place:
Aldabra Islands (Seychelles)
Florida
Date:
1982-1983, 1987
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of field notes of Janice Clark (1948- ), carcinologist and collections manager at the Smithsonian Oceanographic Sorting Center and the National Museum of Natural History, 1973-2003. These notes document specimens in Florida and the Aldabra Islands.
Topic:
Carcinologists  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Research  Search this
Fieldwork  Search this
Scientific surveys  Search this
Invertebrates  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 17-121, National Museum of Natural History. Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Curatorial Records
Identifier:
Accession 17-121
See more items in:
Curatorial Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa17-121

Steve A. Glassell Papers

Creator::
Glassell, Steve A.  Search this
Extent:
1 cu. ft. (2 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1932-1949 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
This collection consists mostly of correspondence between Glassell and fellow carcinologists concerning his research on American pinnotherid crabs and other crustacea. Also included is correspondence from United States National Museum (USNM) administrators concerning the transmission of specimens for study and USNM shipping invoices. The correspondence is arranged alphabetically by correspondent.
Historical Note:
Steve A. Glassell ( - 1949) was a California businessman and a vocational carcinologist. His primary research interest was the study of American pinnotherid crabs.
Topic:
Invertebrate zoology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7257, Steve A. Glassell Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7257
See more items in:
Steve A. Glassell Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7257

Mary Jane Rathbun Papers

Creator::
Rathbun, Mary Jane, 1860-1943  Search this
Extent:
3.5 cu. ft. (7 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Picture postcards
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1886-1938 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
The papers of Mary Jane Rathbun document her career as a carcinologist and consist of correspondence, 1894-1938; manuscripts; research material; photographs; and an autobiographical memoir.
Historical Note:
Mary Jane Rathbun (1860-1943) was born in Buffalo, New York. Educated in the public schools of Buffalo, she became interested in zoology through her brother Richard. A staff member of the United States Fish Commission (and later an assistant secretary of the Smithsonian Institution), Richard Rathbun introduced his sister to the Commission and its work at Woods Hole, Massachusetts. She worked for the Fish Commission, on a voluntary basis, during the summers from 1881 to 1884. In 1884, she was appointed to a salaried position as clerk with the Fish Commission, where she remained until 1886, when she joined the staff of the United States National Museum (USNM) as copyist in the Department of Marine Invertebrates. Rathbun was promoted to aid in 1893, second assistant curator in 1894, and assistant curator in 1907. She resigned in 1914 so that her salary could be used to hire another assistant curator. After her resignation, she was given the honorary title associate in zoology and continued her work on the invertebrate collections in the USNM. In 1916, Rathbun received an honorary M.A. degree from the University of Pittsburgh and the following year received an honorary doctorate from the George Washington University.

Rathbun's primary zoological interest was the study of crustacea, particularly the crabs, both recent and fossil. Her bibliography numbered 158 titles, with her most important works being four monographs on the grapsoid, spider, cancroid, and oxystomatous crabs of America, published as Bulletins of the United States National Museum between 1918 and 1939.
Topic:
Invertebrate zoology  Search this
Crustacea  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Carcinologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Picture postcards
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7256, Mary Jane Rathbun Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7256
See more items in:
Mary Jane Rathbun Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7256

Determined Rathbun Woman Was World-Famous Scientist

Editor:
Rathbun, Frank H  Search this
Subject:
Schmitt, Waldo L (Waldo Lasalle) 1887-1977  Search this
Rathbun, Mary Jane 1860-1943  Search this
Rathbun, Richard 1852-1918  Search this
United States Fish Commission  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 2 Page numbers: 35 & 46
Date:
July 1983
Topic:
Marine biology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Biography  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Crustacea  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Crabs  Search this
Publisher:
Fairfax VA: Rathbun Family Association
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_3899

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