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Perls Galleries records

Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Names:
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Fujikawa Gallery  Search this
Galerie Maeght  Search this
James Corcoran Gallery  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Pierre Matisse Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Austin, Darrel, 1907-  Search this
Cafritz, Gwendolyn  Search this
Cafritz, Morris, 1886?-1964  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Canaday, John, 1907-1985  Search this
De Menil, Adelaide  Search this
Dudensing, F. Valentine, 1892-1967  Search this
Ford, Henry, 1917-1987  Search this
Garbo, Greta, 1905-1990  Search this
Hitchcock, Alfred, 1899-  Search this
Luce, Claire  Search this
Luce, Henry, III, 1925-2005  Search this
Miró, Joan, 1893-  Search this
Perls, Klaus  Search this
Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973  Search this
Priebe, Karl J., 1914-1976  Search this
Streisand, Barbra  Search this
Extent:
79.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Date:
1937-1997
Summary:
The records of the Perls Galleries measure 79.6 linear feet and date from 1937 to 1997. Founded by Klaus Perls in 1937 and operating until 1997, the gallery dealt primarily in modern French art and the artwork of Alexander Calder. Found within the records are extensive correspondence (circa 44 linear feet) with artists, dealers, galleries, museums, and collectors; photographs and negatives of inventory and other artwork; exhibition files, scattered financial records; and exhibition catalogs and clippings.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the Perls Galleries measure 79.6 linear feet and date from 1937 to 1997. Founded by Klaus Perls in 1937 and operating until 1997, the gallery dealt primarily in modern French art and the artwork of Alexander Calder. Found within the records are extensive correspondence (circa 44 linear feet) with artists, dealers, galleries, museums, and collectors; photographs and negatives of inventory and other artwork; exhibition files, scattered financial records; and exhibition catalogs and clippings.

Correspondence primarily discusses sales (and includes invoices), loans, and exhibitions, as well as more routine activities such as gallery maintenance, the printing of exhibition catalogs and letterhead, and the shipment, framing, or restoration of artwork. Many letters enclose photographs, negatives, or slides of artwork, and clippings. A few letters contain oversize architectural or engineering drawings, and a small handful of letters are illustrated.

Correspondents include artists such as Darrell Austin, Joan Mir, Pablo Picasso, and Karl Priebe; galleries such as the Corcoran Gallery, Fujikawa Galleries, Galerie Maeght, and the Pierre Matisse Gallery; museums such as the Art Institute of Chicago, the Museum of Modern Art, the National Gallery of Art, and the Whitney Museum of Modern Art; collectors such as Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz, Adelaide de Mnil, Valentine Dudensing, and Henry Ford, II; and celebrity clients such as Greta Garbo, Alfred Hitchcock, Henry and Clare Booth Luce, and Barbra Streisand.

The records contain nearly thirty-two linear feet of photographs and negatives. Photographs are of artists and the inventory of the gallery's artwork. Additional photographs represent artwork either by artists not represented by the gallery or not included in the gallery's inventory. Most of the photographs are black and white. Over fifteen linear feet of negatives are of gallery stock. Photographs are also found in the exhibition files.

There is a relatively small amount of records relating to exhibitions, loans, and sales. Found are exhibition lists, schedules, invitations and announcements, photographs of exhibition installations, press releases, and records of loans to other institutions and galleries. Sales records include artist lists, inventory lists, invoices, pick up and delivery receipts, and price lists.

Printed materials include a large number of clippings and an incomplete run of catalogs from Perls Galleries exhibitions between 1939 and 1980.

The collection also includes ten original pencil drawings from John Canaday's series entitled My Beautiful Girls and a reproduction of eight drawings from the same series
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1937-1995 (Boxes 1-44, OV 81-83; 43.6 linear feet)

Series 2: Negatives, circa 1937-1995 (Boxes 44-59; 15.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Photographs, circa 1937-1995 (Boxes 60-75, OV 84; 16.1 linear feet)

Series 4: Exhibition, Loan, and Sales Records, 1937-1995 (Boxes 76-78; 2.1 linear feet)

Series 5: Clippings Files, 1943-1989 (Box 78; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Exhibition Catalogs, 1939-1980 (Boxes 78-79; 1.4 linear feet)

Series 7: Drawings by John Canaday, circa 1967-1972 (Box 80; 0.3 linear feet)
Historical Note:
Klaus Perls (b. 1912, d. 2008) formally opened Perls Galleries in New York in 1937, and ran it with his wife Amelia until its closing in 1997. The gallery dealt in contemporary French artists of the School of Paris, such as Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso, but also acted as the primary representative of Alexander Calder beginning in 1954. In the 1970s Mr. Perls developed an interest in art from Benin and built an important collection of African sculpture, some of which was later donated to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Amelia Perls died in 2002, and Klaus Perls died in 2008.

Klaus Perls was born in 1912 in Berlin in a house Mies van der Rohe designed for his parents, who owned an art gallery specializing in Impressionists, post-Impressionists, Old Master paintings, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and African sculpture. Perls studied Art History in Hamburg and Munich but completed his PhD in Basel, Switzerland in 1933 after the Nazi government stopped awarding degrees to Jews. His dissertation covered the complete works of 15th-century French painter Jean Fouquet.

Before moving to New York in 1935, Perls worked for his mother, Kaethe Perls, in her Paris gallery that she opened in 1932 after splitting up with Klaus' father Hugo. He spent his first two years in New York selling paintings through other art dealers, primarily paintings shipped or recommended to him by his mother from Paris that were not selling well in the Depression-era French art market. These were primarily the work of Maurice Utrillo, Marie Laurencin, Raoul Dufy and Maurice de Vlaminck. In 1937 he formally established his own gallery, the Perls Galleries, on East 58th Street and continued to specialize in French and European contemporary art. Around the same time, his older brother Frank opened a gallery in Beverly Hills, California.

Klaus Perls was familiar with other New York dealers specializing in modern European art such as Valentine Dudensing and Pierre Matisse, but he tried to distinguish himself by catering to young collectors. When the war restricted the international art trade and his mother was forced to flee France during the Occupation, Perls began dealing in contemporary American artists such as Darrel Austin and Karl Priebe.

Perls married Amelia Blumenthal, fondly known as "Dolly," in 1940, and she became his business partner.

After the war, the international art market exploded, and the Perls made frequent buying trips to Europe. The Perls Galleries continued to sell primarily contemporary French art and gained an early reputation as a staunch defender of modern art by European artists such as Picasso, Modigliani, Braque, Lger, Soutine and Pascin. Perls prepared catalogues raisonns on Soutine and Pascin.

Klaus Perls was one of the founding members of the Art Dealer's Association, whose initial mission was to clean up the reputation of the art market following a series scandals involving fake antiquities that flourished in the 1960's. Perls was the Association's second president, after Pierre Matisse.

In 1954 Perls Galleries moved to 1016 Madison Avenue, a building that served as both gallery and home for the Perls. The same year Perls became Alexander Calder's dealer after the death of Calder's previous dealer, Curt Valentin. Perls explained his inclusion of Calder, a rare American among his stable of European artists, by saying that Calder's roots lay in France and that Calder bridged Europe and America the way Perls felt he did himself. In 1970, Calder designed the terrazzo sidewalk in front of the gallery and often resided in the Perls' home during long visits to New York City. Perls Galleries later handled Calder's estate and functioned as a quasi-archives of Calder's works, holding more than 7,000 negatives depicting Calder's art and preparing a Calder catalogue raisonn.

Klaus was named as a third-party defendant in the 1969 World War II looted art case Menzel v. List. When Erna Menzel sued Albert List for ownership of a Chagall painting confiscated from Menzel by the Nazis, List in turn sued Perls, who had sold him the painting in 1955, having purchased it himself from a Paris art dealer. The court awarded the Chagall painting to Menzel and ordered Perls to pay List the appreciated value of the painting.

Perls began building an important collection of African artwork and fell in love with art from Benin in the 1970's. In 1991 he donated more than 150 pieces of royal art from Benin to the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

The Perls closed their gallery in 1997; Amelia Perls died in 2002, and Klaus Perls died in 2008.
Related Material:
Among the resources relating to the Perls Galleries in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Klaus Perls done by Mona Hadler on January 19, 1993.
Provenance:
The records were donated in 1997 by Douglas Mayhew, associate and legal representive of Klaus G. and Amelia B. Perls.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York
Genre/Form:
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.perlgall
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-perlgall
Online Media:

Cafritz, Gwendolyn

Collection Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Container:
Box 6, Folder 47
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1951-1952, 1964-1966
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Perls Galleries records / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-perlgall-ref303

Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997

Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Austin, Darrel  Search this
Miró, Joan  Search this
Luce, Henry, III  Search this
Luce, Claire  Search this
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
Streisand, Barbra  Search this
Priebe, Karl J.  Search this
De Menil, Adelaide  Search this
Cafritz, Gwendolyn  Search this
Canaday, John  Search this
Perls, Klaus  Search this
Hitchcock, Alfred  Search this
Garbo, Greta  Search this
Ford, Henry  Search this
Dudensing, F. Valentine  Search this
Cafritz, Morris  Search this
Calder, Alexander  Search this
James Corcoran Gallery  Search this
Galerie Maeght  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Fujikawa Gallery  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Pierre Matisse Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6120
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216333
AAA_collcode_perlgall
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216333
Online Media:

Mrs. Morris Cafritz (Gwendolyn Detre de Surrey) [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Boutet de Monvel, Bernard 1884-1949  Search this
Subject:
Cafritz, Gwendolyn  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Portrait female--Full length  Search this
Occupation--Monetary--Philanthropist  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0074160
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_74161

Dedication Ceremony for Alexander Calder Stabile "Gwenfritz"

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Ripley, S. Dillon (Sidney Dillon) 1913-2001  Search this
Calder, Alexander 1898-1976  Search this
Cafritz, Gwendolyn  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Physical description:
35mm;
Type:
Black-and-white negatives
Date:
1969
June 3, 1969
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-008 [OPA-1510]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_372525

Presentation of a Model of the Alexander Calder Stabile "Gwenfritz"

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Ripley, S. Dillon (Sidney Dillon) 1913-2001  Search this
Cafritz, Gwendolyn  Search this
Calder, Alexander 1898-1976  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Physical description:
35mm;
Type:
Black-and-white negatives
Date:
1968
May 13, 1968
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-008 [OPA-1260]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_372257

Gwendolyn Cafritz

Artist:
Bernard Boutet De Monvel, 1884 - 1949  Search this
Sitter:
Gwendolyn Cafritz, 1884 - 1949  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Frame: 137.8 x 80.6cm (54 1/4 x 31 3/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1948
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower\Flowers  Search this
Container\Vase  Search this
Interior\Domestic  Search this
Baggage & Luggage\Bag\Purse  Search this
Gwendolyn Cafritz: Female  Search this
Gwendolyn Cafritz: Society and Social Change\Socialite  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Private collection
Object number:
EXH.CP.85
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© 2010 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris.
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm43072fb95-380c-4adc-9e89-89a2db538e47
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_EXH.CP.85

Gwenfritz, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Calder, Alexander 1898-1976  Search this
Medium:
Iron
Type:
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Sculptures-Stabile
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
On loan to Smithsonian Institution National Museum of American History 14th Street & Constitution Avenue, N.W Washington District of Columbia 20560
Lent by Smithsonian American Art Museum 8th & G Streets, N.W Washington District of Columbia 20560 Accession Number: 1969.116
Date:
Ca. 1968. Dedicated June 2, 1969
Topic:
Abstract--Geometric  Search this
Homage--Cafritz, Gwendolyn  Search this
Control number:
IAS 08580204
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_31003

Model of Alexander Calder stabile

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Cafritz, Gwendolyn  Search this
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)  Search this
Cafritz Foundation  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Model; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Model
Date:
1967
Topic:
Sculpture  Search this
Gifts  Search this
Models and modelmaking  Search this
Standard number:
94-8302
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9462

Calder Stabile

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Cafritz, Gwendolyn  Search this
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Object; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Object
Date:
1968
Topic:
Sculpture  Search this
Gifts  Search this
Standard number:
94-8300
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9464

Eugene Schoen : furniture from the Morris & Gwendolyn Cafritz Estate

Title:
Furniture from the Morris & Gwendolyn Cafritz Estate
Author:
Schoen, Eugene 1880-1957  Search this
Donzella (Firm)  Search this
Subject:
Schoen, Eugene 1880-1957  Search this
Cafritz, Morris 1886?-1964 Art collections  Search this
Cafritz, Gwendolyn Art collections  Search this
Physical description:
60 p. : ill., ports. ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
2000
[c2000]
20th century
Topic:
Furniture--History  Search this
Interior decoration--History  Search this
Architect-designed furniture--History  Search this
Call number:
NK2439.S36 A4 2000
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_735077

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