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Cabinet card of an unidentified man

Photograph by:
Zimmerman and Whitstruck, American, 1879 - 1889  Search this
Subject of:
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Medium:
albumen and silver nitrocellulose on cardboard paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 4 3/4 x 3 9/16 in. (12 x 9 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 5 9/16 x 4 1/16 in. (14.2 x 10.3 cm)
H x W (Mount): 6 7/16 x 4 3/16 in. (16.4 x 10.6 cm)
Type:
cabinet photographs
albumen prints
portraits
Place captured:
Saint Paul, Ramsey County, Minnesota, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1885
Topic:
African American  Search this
American West  Search this
Photography  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.244.14
Restrictions & Rights:
Public Domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd520d20513-3676-4547-886d-80403ff24fbb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.244.14
Online Media:

Cabinet card of a Buffalo Soldier, John Baker

Photograph by:
Alseen & Company, American  Search this
Subject of:
John Baker, American, 1881 - 1928  Search this
24th Infantry Regiment, American, 1869 - 1951  Search this
United States Army, American, founded 1775  Search this
Medium:
albumen and silver nitrocellulose on paper (fiber product) cardboard
Dimensions:
H x W (Image and Sheet): 5 1/2 x 4 3/16 in. (13.9 x 10.7 cm)
H x W (Mount): 6 1/2 x 4 5/8 in. (16.5 x 11.8 cm)
Type:
cabinet photographs
albumen prints
portraits
Place captured:
Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1896-1899
Topic:
African American  Search this
American West  Search this
Buffalo Soldiers  Search this
Military  Search this
Photography  Search this
U.S. History, 1865-1921  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.244.37
Restrictions & Rights:
Public Domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd557d19b1d-d77c-4114-8bca-6b3a6bb626c8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.244.37
Online Media:

Cabinet card portrait of Corporal John McDonald

Photograph by:
McCormick, American, active 1870s  Search this
Subject of:
Colonel John McDonald, American  Search this
9th Cavalry Regiment, American, founded 1866  Search this
Medium:
albumen and silver nitrocellulose on paper cardboard
Dimensions:
H x W (Image and Sheet): 5 7/8 x 4 1/16 in. (15 x 10.3 cm)
H x W (Mount): 6 7/16 x 4 3/16 in. (16.3 x 10.6 cm)
Type:
cabinet photographs
albumen prints
portraits
Place captured:
Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1875
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Buffalo Soldiers  Search this
Military  Search this
Photography  Search this
U.S. History, 1865-1921  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.244.4
Restrictions & Rights:
Public Domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd574d2a2ac-7919-492b-8a4a-c016c99ee3f7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.244.4
Online Media:

Photograph of Edward Lee Baker, Jr. of the 10th US Cavalry

Photograph by:
Orlando Scott Goff, American, 1843 - 1916  Search this
Subject of:
10th Cavalry Regiment, American, founded 1866  Search this
Capt. Edward L. Baker Jr., American, 1865 - 1913  Search this
Medium:
photographic gelatin and silver on photographic paper on card mount
Dimensions:
H x W (card): 6 7/16 × 4 3/16 in. (16.3 × 10.7 cm)
H x W (image): 5 9/16 × 3 7/8 in. (14.2 × 9.8 cm)
Type:
cabinet photographs
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place captured:
Dickinson, Stark County, North Dakota, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1889
Topic:
African American  Search this
American West  Search this
Buffalo Soldiers  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Military  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Photography  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2016.5.2.36
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd565238847-a540-42a4-a1ec-18e7f099fe14
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.5.2.36
Online Media:

Senegal photographs

Collector:
National Museum of African Art (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
14 Photographic prints (Cartes-de-Vista (1 box), black & white)
46 Photographic prints (dupe prints, black & white, 8 x 10 in. or smaller )
8 Photographic prints ((1 box), black & white, 18.5 x 40 cm. or smaller )
32 Photographic prints (cabinet cards (1 box), black & white, 4 x 5.5 in. )
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Cabinet photographs
Place:
Africa
Senegal
Date:
between 1880-1913
Summary:
Photographs and cabinet cards from Senegal collected by the staff of the National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution, during the 1980s. Popular from the mid-1860s through the 1900s, cabinet cards were commercially produced 4" x 5 1/2" photoprints mounted on card stock measuring 4 1/4" x 6 1/2", often with an embossed studio name in the corner. Frequently sold as collectors' items, these cards often contained images of attractive women or royalty of various nationalities. Images include cabinet cards from the Bonnevide Photographic Studio and from J. Barbier.
Arrangement:
Images indexed by negative number.
Provenance:
NMAfA: National Museum of African Art,, Smithsonian Institution, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, 950 Independence Ave, S.W. Washington, DC 20560-0708;, Transfer;, 1989;, 1989-0003
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Cabinet photographs
Identifier:
EEPA.1989-003
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7903f39b4-463a-48c3-9067-a4a9fba0308d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-1989-003

William Page and Page Family papers

Creator:
Page, William, 1811-1885  Search this
Names:
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Beecher, Henry Ward, 1813-1887  Search this
Beecher, Thomas Kinnicut, 1824-1900  Search this
Briggs, Charles F. (Charles Frederick), 1804-1877  Search this
Curtis, George William, 1824-1892  Search this
Cushman, Charlotte, 1816-1876  Search this
Fenton, Rueben  Search this
Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879  Search this
Hicks, Thomas, 1823-1890  Search this
Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891  Search this
O'Donovan, William Rudolph, 1844-1920  Search this
Olmstead, Bertha  Search this
Olmstead, Mary  Search this
Page, Sophia Stevens, 1827-1892  Search this
Page, William, 1811-1885  Search this
Perry, E. W. (Enoch Wood), 1831-1915  Search this
Phillips, Wendell, 1811-1884  Search this
Scranton, William Walker  Search this
Shaw, Francis George, 1809-1882  Search this
Stark, William, 1825-1873  Search this
Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874  Search this
Tilton, Theodore, 1835-1907  Search this
Wilmarth, Lemuel Everett, 1835-1918  Search this
Extent:
11.06 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Poems
Drawings
Diaries
Date:
1815-1947
bulk 1843-1892
Summary:
The papers of the portraitist and art theorist William Page and the Page family measure 11.06 linear feet and date from 1815 to 1947, bulk 1843-1892. In addition to the papers of William Page, the papers include documents related to Page's wife's career as a writer and records documenting their personal lives and the lives of their family members. Types of documents found include personal documents and artifacts, correspondence, essays, lectures, diaries, poems, notes and notebooks, financial records, legal records, published works, clippings, catalogs, photographs, and artwork.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of the painter William Page and the Page family measure 11.06 linear feet and date from 1815 to 1947, with the bulk of papers dating from 1843 to 1892. Papers contain records related to the life and career of William Page, president of the National Academy of Design from 1871 to 1873 and prominent portraitist and art theorist of his day. Also found are records related to his wife's career as a writer and records documenting their personal lives and the lives of their family members. Types of documents found include personal documents and artifacts, correspondence, essays, lectures, diaries, poems, notes and notebooks, financial records, legal records, published works, clippings, catalogs, photographs, and artwork.

Correspondence includes the personal and professional correspondence of William and Sophia Page, and their parents, siblings, and children. Significant correspondents include Thomas Hicks, Enoch Wood Perry, William Stark, Theodore Tilton, Lemuel Wilmarth, Wendell Phillips, William Walker Scranton, Francis G. Shaw; James Russell Lowell, Charles Frederick Briggs, George W. Curtis, Charlotte Cushman, Thomas K. Beecher, Mary Olmsted, and Bertha Olmsted.

Writings include the essays and lectures of William Page, as written by him and revised by Sophia Page in the late 1870s, as well as Sophia's writings as a columnist in Europe in the 1850s. Notes, notebooks, diaries, and poems are also found. Personal Business Records include business records related to the sale and exhibition of artwork as well as financial and legal documents. A small number of memoranda and documents related to Page's work at the National Academy of Design are also found. Printed Materials include exhibition catalogs, published works by William and Sophia Page, and clippings and articles about Page.

Photographs consist mainly of portraits, most of them mounted cabinet photographs or cartes-des-visites, some of which appear to have been used as studies for Page's painted portraits. Among those pictured are William Page, James Russell Lowell, Henry Ward Beecher, Reuben Fenton, Wendell Phillips, Charles Sumner, William R. O'Donovan, and William Lloyd Garrison. Many of the photographic portraits are unidentified. Artwork includes sketches, drawings, prints, and a small number of notes made by Page in the course of painting portraits.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 7 series. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Materials and Artifacts, 1847-1917 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1815-1942 (Boxes 1-4, 9-10; 3.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, 1839-1888, 1949 (Boxes 4-5, OV 10; 1.3 linear feet)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, 1848-1932 (Boxes 5 and 9; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Printed Materials, 1845-1938 (Boxes 5-7, 9, OV 11; 1.6 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, 1845-1947 (Boxes 7-9, OV 12, MGP 5-6; 1.4 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, 1856-1874 (Box 8, OV 13-16, rolled documents 17-19; 0.6 linear feet and 3 rolled documents)
Biographical Note:
The painter William Page was born in 1811 in Albany, NY. He attended public schools in New York City, and after working briefly in the law firm of Frederick de Peyster, was placed in the studio of the painter/engraver James Herring in 1825, where he received his first formal art training. He took classes at the National Academy of Design the year it was formed, in 1826, under Samuel F.B. Morse, and in 1827 he was awarded one of the National Academy's first annual student prizes.

Page joined the Presbyterian church and attended Phillips Academy and Amherst with the intention of becoming a minister, but his artistic ability won out, and by 1830 he was painting commissioned portraits in Albany, Rochester, and New York. He married Lavinia Twibill in 1833, and they had three daughters between 1834 and 1839. He joined the American Academy and served on its board of directors in 1835. He exhibited at the American Academy, the National Academy of Design, the Boston Athenaeum, and other venues throughout the 1830s. Favorable reviews brought steady portrait commissions, including John Quincy Adams and the New York governor William L. Marcy. He was made a full member of the National Academy in 1837.

In the 1840s, Page's reputation and maturity as a painter grew. His first wife left him around 1840, and in 1843 he married Sarah Dougherty. The couple moved to Albany, Boston, and back to New York seeking portrait commissions and patronage. He became friends with the poet James Russell Lowell and the writer and publisher Charles Frederick Briggs, two writers and editors who helped to promote his artwork in Boston and New York and published his theoretical writings. In 1844, Lowell dedicated his first published book of poetry to Page, and the following year, Briggs published a series of articles by Page in the Broadway Journal, entitled "The Art of the Use of Color in Imitation in Painting." The series described Page's arduous experiments with color and glazes, and his ideas about correspondences between spirituality and the natural world as expressed in art.

In 1850, Page traveled to Florence, Italy, where he painted several copies of the works of Titian in the galleries of the Uffizi and Pitti palaces, studying his use of color and further developing his own experimental techniques. He became friends with the sculptor Hiram Powers, who introduced him to the writings of Emmanuel Swedenborg, a Christian metaphysician whose ideas fueled Page's interest in the spiritual aspects of art. In 1852, Page moved to Rome, a city with an international artists' community and a strong market for art. Page found a loyal following in Rome's large circle of American ex-patriates, including the sculptors Thomas Crawford and Harriet Hosmer, the actress Charlotte Cushman, and the poets Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, all of whom sat for portraits by Page.

In 1854, Page's second wife left him amidst public scandal, and he sank deep in debt to his bankers at Packenham and Hooker, an English firm that by 1856 had a lien on all the paintings in his studio. That same year Page met Sophia Stevens Hitchcock, an American widow traveling in Rome with Bertha Olmsted, Frederick Law Olmsted's sister. Hitchcock was from Barnet, Vermont and came to Europe after her first husband died in 1852 after only a year of marriage. She traveled to England and Paris, where she wrote regular columns on local customs and events for the New York Tribune that were published under the by-line "An American Woman in Paris." She and Page met in Rome in 1856, and in October 1857, after Page traveled back the United States to obtain a divorce from Sarah Dougherty, he and Sophia married.

The couple stayed in Rome until 1860. His wife's three brothers, all businessmen, helped to promote his artwork in Europe and America. Page's paintings of this period include several Venus subjects, one of which was championed by his most loyal patrons, who raised $3000 by subscription to buy the painting for the Boston Athenaeum. A later Venus painting was rejected from the Paris salon for indecency, a controversy that was later leveraged for publicity in a touring exhibition in the United States.

The Pages returned to the United States in 1860 and settled in Tottenville, New York. They had six children between 1858 and 1870. Page had a studio at Eagleswood, NJ, and later in the Studio Building on 10th Street in Manhattan, where he held a large exhibition in 1867. In the 1860s, he painted a self-portrait and a companion portrait of Sophia set in Rome, as well as a series of civil war heroes including Robert Gould Shaw, Winfield Scott, and David Farragut. Photographs played a consistent part in Page's technique of portraiture, and he is known to have worked with the photographer Matthew Brady, who attended art classes early on with Page, as well as the photographers Sarony and Charles Williamson, who taught classes on drawing from enlarged photo-transparencies. Brady photographs taken for Page include David Farragut and Reuben Fenton.

Page lectured frequently on Titian and Venetian art, a subject in which he was considered an expert, and on painting technique and his philosophical ideas about nature, art, and spirituality. In 1871, Page was elected the president of the National Academy of Design, a post he held until 1873, but his poor health following a collapse in 1872 limited his accomplishments in office. Despite these limitations, he continued to paint, including portraits of General Grant, an idealized portrait of the president based on early photographs and Charles Sumner. He also became interested in portraiture of William Shakespeare around this time, and his studies resulted in a book, Shakespeare's Portraits, a bust based on existing portraiture, and a full-length portrait entitled "Shakespeare Reading," based on Page's measurements of a supposed death mask in Darmstadt, Germany, which he went to inspect against the advice of his doctor in 1874.

In 1877, another collapse left Page incapacitated for the remainder of his life. Sophia Page tried editing and publishing his writings and lectures, but with little success. Page died in 1885. A life marked by personal scandal ended the same, when two of his daughters from his first marriage contested his will, tying up his estate in a lengthy and public probate trial. Their suit was dismissed in 1889, and Sophia Page died in 1892.

This biography relies heavily on Joshua Taylor's William Page: The American Titian (1957).
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds materials lent for microfilming (reel 1091) including letters from Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning, Lydia Maria Child, Charlotte Cushman, James Russell Lowell, Charles A. Dana, and others. Lent material was returned to the donor and is This material is not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
A portion of the collection was donated to the Archives of American Art by Mrs. Lesslie S. (Pauline Page) Howell, William Page's grandaughter, in 1963. William S. Page, Pauline Page Howell's nephew, donated additional papers in 1964 and 1973. Pauline Page Howell and William S. Page also loaned a group of letters to the Archives in 1964 which were microfilmed on reel 1091 and then returned to the donors. Mrs. Howell's son, William Page Howell, donated material in 1980.

Letters of Charles F. Briggs to James Russell Lowell (Series 2.2) were a part of Pauline Page Howell's 1963 donation to the Archives of American Art. They had been given to Mrs. Howell by Charlotte Briggs, daughter of Charles F. Briggs, because of her father's lifelong friendship with William Page. Letters from Lowell to Briggs are in the James Russell Lowell papers in Houghton Library at Harvard University.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Portrait painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Portrait painting -- 19th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Poems
Drawings
Diaries
Citation:
William Page and Page Family papers, 1815-1947, bulk 1843-1892. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.pagewill
See more items in:
William Page and Page Family papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw98de7b472-afbe-4b16-bbf1-c573fb9dcac6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pagewill
Online Media:

Patent Office - North Hall

Artist:
E. & H. T. Anthony & Company, active 1852 - 1901  Search this
Associated Institution:
U.S. Patent Office  Search this
Medium:
Stereoscopic albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet (each): 7.8 × 15.5 cm (3 1/16 × 6 1/8")
Mount: 8.3 × 17.1 cm (3 1/4 × 6 3/4")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
c. 1870
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Stool  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Cabinets  Search this
Home Furnishings\Dishes\Bowl  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Photographic format\Stereograph  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.POB61
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm44a978e46-2495-4622-a658-01f67f699789
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.POB61

Cabinet card of two unidentified newlywed couples by Ball & Sons

Photograph by:
J. P. Ball & Son, American, 1845 - 1904  Search this
Subject of:
Unidentified Woman or Women  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Medium:
photographic gelatin and silver on photographic paper on card mount
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 5 7/16 × 3 7/8 in. (13.8 × 9.9 cm)
H x W (Overall): 7 1/4 × 5 1/16 in. (18.4 × 12.8 cm)
Type:
cabinet photographs
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place captured:
Seattle, King County, Washington, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1898
Topic:
African American  Search this
American West  Search this
Business  Search this
Marriage customs and rites  Search this
Photography  Search this
Religious rituals and ceremonies  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2014.37.28.1
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5656037aa-f348-4b45-8ef9-948bb5b0b611
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2014.37.28.1
Online Media:

Cabinet card of Rev. G.H.S. Bell

Photograph by:
C. M. Bell Studio, American, 1873 - 1916  Search this
Subject of:
Rev. G. H. S. Bell, Bermudian American, born 1838  Search this
Medium:
silver and collodion on printing-out paper on card mount
Dimensions:
H x W: 6 9/16 x 4 1/4 in. (16.7 x 10.8 cm)
Type:
cabinet photographs
collodion prints
portraits
Place made:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
February-March 5, 1894
Topic:
African American  Search this
Christianity  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Photography  Search this
Religion  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Family of Keith M. Jones in honor of Lonnie Bunch
Object number:
2009.31.7
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd51259a08e-d6fa-4933-b7d2-fd4b4f370d72
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.31.7
Online Media:

No. 18, Upper Broad Street

Photograph by:
A. W. Möller, British American, 1867 - 1922  Search this
Medium:
albumen and silver on paper mounted on cardboard
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 4 1/4 x 6 5/16 in. (10.8 x 16 cm)
H x W (Card): 5 1/8 x 7 1/4 in. (13 x 18.4 cm)
Type:
cabinet photographs
albumen prints
Place depicted:
Thomasville, Thomas County, Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1895
Topic:
African American  Search this
Methodist  Search this
Photography  Search this
Religion  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Norman and Sandra Lindley
Object number:
2013.117.3
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
Views of Thomasville and Vicinity
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd56c8e1596-4908-46fb-b96a-9fd399d2206e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.117.3
Online Media:

Cabinet card of two unidentified children in communion dress by J. P. Ball & Son

Photograph by:
J. P. Ball & Son, American, 1845 - 1904  Search this
Subject of:
Unidentified Child or Children  Search this
Medium:
photographic gelatin and silver on photographic paper on card mount
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 5 1/2 × 3 7/8 in. (14 × 9.9 cm)
H x W (Overall): 6 7/16 × 4 1/4 in. (16.4 × 10.8 cm)
Type:
cabinet photographs
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place captured:
Helena, Lewis and Clark County, Montana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1887-1900
Topic:
African American  Search this
American West  Search this
Business  Search this
Catholicism  Search this
Children  Search this
Photography  Search this
Religion  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2014.37.28.49
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd50f41163c-d413-4f56-a55b-7d86385c2919
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2014.37.28.49
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Hair

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
1.45 Cubic feet (consisting of 2.5 boxes, 1 folder, 7 oversized folders, 3 map case folders, 1 flat box (partial), plus digital images of some collection material. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Black-and-white photographs
Posters
Business cards
Business records
Ephemera
Publications
Invoices
Business ephemera
Advertising mail
Patents
Illustrations
Mail order catalogs
Trade catalogs
Receipts
Catalogues
Sales catalogs
Periodicals
Printed ephemera
Photographs
Commercial correspondence
Letterheads
Manufacturers' catalogs
Business letters
Print advertising
Advertising
Advertising cards
Printed material
Commercial catalogs
Printed materials
Cabinet photographs
Samples
Catalogs
Advertisements
Advertising fliers
Correspondence
Price lists
Date:
1772-1948
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Hair forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
The subject category Hair contains material pertaining to the manufacturing and distribution of hair-related products, including shampoos, wigs, hair dyes and tints, hair preservatives, hair oils, straighteners, combs, pressers, hair nets, and veils. Hair also contains material pertaining to hair-related services, including haircuts, hair removal, wigmaking, facial hair shaping, and hair styling. The material is not exclusively marketed to a single gender, but material marketed toward women is more prevalent.

The bulk of the subject category comprises business records, advertisements, import and export records, catalogues, and posters. Companies represented include Dr. J.C. Ayer and Company and Reuben P. Hall and Company.

Additional material includes images and poems related to hair. Portraits of people with long hair or certain hairstyles, images of salons, and caricatures. Realia in the collection consists of a black net veil. Subject- related material provides brief overviews of general hair care and maintenance, in-depth treatments for hair and scalp related problems, and samples of hair provided from people and correspondence describing them.

No particular depth is present for any singular subtopic within the collection, though images of hair styles, product advertisements and posters, and literature related to medical aspects of hair treatment are particular strengths of the collection. It contains a small amount of French, German, Japanese, and Latin language material, which is is within the collection and is indicated in folder-level descriptions when present.
Arrangement:
Hair is arranged in three subseries.

Business Records and Marketing Material

Genre

Subject
Brand Name Index:
The following is a list of brand names for various hair and related names that appear on this list is a compilation of those found on materials in the vertical document boxes. The list is intended to assist researchers locate desired materials when only the brand name is known.

Brand Name Index

Brand Name -- Manufacturer

American Girl -- R. Ginsburg & Bros.

Blue Grass -- Elizabeth Arden

Buckingham's -- R.P. Hall & Co.

Capillaris -- T. Hill Mansfield's

Capillina -- Wood & Sons

Cell-Life -- Susanna Cocroft Laboratories

Cupid -- Richardson & De Long Bros.

Fedora -- Silverberg Import Co.

Follicula -- Anglo-American Electric Ass.

Grace Darling -- The Fair

Jo-Cur -- Curran Labs

Kreml -- R.B.

Revivum -- C.N. Crittenton

Venida -- Rieser Co.

Vigorol -- J.B. Weis

Wear Rite -- R. Ginsberg & Bros.
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Hair is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, and it was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Women -- Health and hygiene  Search this
Hairstyles  Search this
Shampoos -- advertising  Search this
Consumer goods -- Catalogs  Search this
Hair -- Shampooing  Search this
Exports -- 19th century  Search this
Hygiene  Search this
Importers  Search this
Hair  Search this
Hairdressing  Search this
Hair art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Posters
Business cards
Business records
Ephemera
Publications
Invoices
Business ephemera
Advertising mail
Patents
Illustrations
Mail order catalogs
Trade catalogs
Receipts
Catalogues
Sales catalogs
Periodicals
Printed ephemera
Photographs
Commercial correspondence
Letterheads
Manufacturers' catalogs
Business letters
Print advertising
Advertising
Advertising cards
Printed material
Commercial catalogs
Printed materials
Cabinet photographs
Samples
Catalogs
Advertisements
Advertising fliers
Correspondence
Price lists
Publications -- Business
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Hair, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Hair
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Hair
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep83dd8c657-61b7-48c9-8624-47d69ab5b1db
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-hair
Online Media:

Hiram Abiff. / The "Widow's Son--Grand Master of Ancient Masonry. [Silver albumen cabinet print, copy of drawing]

Photographer:
Shew, William  Search this
Publisher:
Pacific Art Union  Search this
Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver albumen on paper., 6-1/2" x 4-1/4".)
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Photographs
Cabinet photographs
Date:
[19th century.]
Scope and Contents:
On verso: "WM. SHEW'S / NEW / PHOTOGRAPHIC ESTABLISHMENT. / 145 Kearny Street, / SAN FRANCISCO." On recto under photograph: "Photographic copy of the Original Life-size Pencil painted Portrait, executed by those celebrated Spirit Artists, WELLA and / PET ANDERSON, when in the unconscious 'trance' condition. Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1874, ... by the PACIFIC ART UNION of San Francisco, Cal. inc. [sic] March 1874."
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with cotton gloves.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Freemasonry  Search this
Friendly societies  Search this
Masons (Secret order)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albumen prints -- 19th century
Photographs -- 1870-1880 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver albumen
Cabinet photographs
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Fraternal Orders, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Fraternal Orders
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Fraternal Orders / Business Records, Keepsakes, and Other
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e415ac3b-9c8f-432e-bc6c-83e6fb7bb7de
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-fraternal-ref525

John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle School students

Creator:
Choate, J. N. (John N.), 1848-1902  Search this
Names:
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.)  Search this
Photographer:
Truscott, Charles  Search this
Extent:
30 Mounted prints (albumen (includes boudoir cards, cabinet cards, and cartes de visite))
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Omaha  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Cabinet photographs
Cartes-de-visite
Photographs
Studio portraits
Date:
circa 1879-1902
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting students in the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania, many with handwritten notation identifying pictured individuals. Included are individual and group portraits showing Crow, Gros Ventre, Iowa, Omaha, Pawnee, Ponca, and San Felipe students. There are also some images of Carlisle School buildings, and one of a parade, made by Philadelphia photographer Charles Truscott.
Biographical/Historical note:
John N. Choate (1848-1902) was a commercial photographer in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. The United States opened its first non-reservation government-supported school there in 1879 under the supervision of Lt. Richard Henry Pratt. From the opening of the Carlisle Indian School, Choate began photographing almost every student upon arrival and during their school career, as well as school activities, staff, and visiting chiefs and families. Choate remained the primary photographer for the Carlisle Indian School until his death in 1902.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 73-8, NAA MS 4778
Location of Other Archival Materials:
MS 4778, previously filed in Photo Lot 24, has been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 73-8. These photographs were also donated by Mrs. James Bradford Ritter and form part of this collection.
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the original John N. Choate Negatives (Photo Lot 81-12)
Additional Choate photographs from the Carlisle School can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4241, MS 4537, MS 4544, MS 4574, MS 4988, and Photo Lot 90-1.
See others in:
John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle School students, circa 1879-1902
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Schools -- American Indian  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cabinet photographs
Cartes-de-visite
Photographs
Studio portraits
Citation:
Photo lot 73-8, John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle School students, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.73-8
See more items in:
John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle School students
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e6733d3f-7e6c-42a6-b5de-0f3df84e7dac
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-73-8

Benjamin Layton collection

Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Names:
Agnew, Spiro T., 1918-1996  Search this
Ford, Gerald R., 1913-2006  Search this
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993  Search this
Nixon, Pat, 1912-1993  Search this
Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994  Search this
Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979  Search this
Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915  Search this
Wright, Richard, 1908-1960  Search this
Extent:
3.45 Linear feet (5 boxes; 1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cartes-de-visite
Postage stamps
Programs
Tintypes
Correspondence
Newsletters
Cabinet photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Portraits
Photographic prints
Pamphlets
Photographs
Etchings
Copy prints
Date:
circa 1865-1977
Summary:
The Benjamin Layton collection documents the life, family history, and interests of Benjamin T. Layton. Items date from circa 1865 to 1977. The collection measures 3.45 linear feet and is composed of newsletters, clippings, pamphlets, newspapers, correspondence, certificates, photographs, memorabilia, books, stamps, etchings, and programs.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the life, family history, and collecting interests of World War II veteran and federal employee Benjamin T. Layton. Layton grew up in Virginia and settled in Kensington, Maryland. Notable aspects of the collection include nineteenth-century photographs of African Americans, photographs of Layton's family, 1970s political photographs, and first editions of Richard Wright's Black Boy and Booker T. Washington's Up from Slavery and Working with the Hands. Family photographs and memorabilia reflects the family's roots in Virginia and the Washington, D.C., area. Layton's historical photograph collection draws from photographers in the Mid-Atlantic and New England.

Items date from circa 1865 to 1977. The collection measures 3.45 linear feet and is composed of newsletters, clippings, pamphlets, newspapers, correspondence, certificates, photographs, memorabilia, books, stamps, etchings, and programs. It has been arranged in three series: Series I: Biographical Files, 1913-1977, Series II: Photographs, circa 1865-1977, and Series III: Printed Material, 1901-circa 1976. Some items in Series II and Series III are oversized.
Biographical / Historical:
Benjamin Thomas Layton was born on December 24, 1917, in Hanover, Virginia, to a prominent Virginia family. His maternal great-grandfather, Ballard Trent Edwards, was a freeborn African American man who opened a school for formerly enslaved people and served for eight years in the Virginia House of Delegates. His father, William Brown Layton, was the superintendent of the Negro Reformatory of Virginia (later the Virginia Manual Labor School), a reform school for African American boys located in Hanover County.

Layton was an athlete and scholar, playing varsity tennis and attending Virginia Union University in Richmond, Virginia. He did graduate work in social sciences at the University of Chicago and Howard University, but his studies were interrupted by the draft in 1941.

Layton served with distinction in the U.S. Army during World War II, leading truck convoys carrying soldiers, supplies, weapons, and prisoners of war during the Battle of the Bulge. He also worked in military intelligence. His last active duty assignment was commanding a military detachment in Baumholder, Germany. His decorations included the Bronze Star, which he was awarded in 1977. He attained the rank of lieutenant colonel before retiring from the Army in 1963.

From 1963 to 1966 he worked in Europe, then returned to the United States in 1966, where he was an ROTC instructor at Chamberlain Vocational High School in Washington, D.C. He left in 1967 to become an equal-opportunity specialist at the United States Department of Agriculture, from which he retired in 1985. His brother William W. Layton also lived and worked in the Washington, D.C., area.

Layton had a passion for collecting and donated coins, paper money, and military artifacts to the Smithsonian National Museum of American History. He also donated objects relating to clubs and fraternities to the Anacostia Community Museum. He was a member of numerous organizations, including the Retired Officers Association, the Reserve Officers Association of the United States, the American Legion, the Prince Hall Masons, the Kiwanis Club of Wheaton, and the Federation Nationale des Anciens Combattants, a French veterans group.

Layton was married twice, his first marriage to Irma Goode ending in divorce. He lived in Kensington, Maryland, with his second wife Marguerite, with whom he had two daughters. He died on February 15, 2001, at age 83 and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Related Materials:
The Anacostia Community Museum houses more items in the Benjamin Layton Collection, including buttons, fraternity paddles, lapel pins, and medals.

Order to Report for Induction, 1941. 1993.3172.04. The Price of Freedom: Americans at War, National Museum of American History.

Notice to Appear for Physical Exam, 1940. 1993.3172.03. The Price of Freedom: Americans at War, National Museum of American History.

Layton Family Collection, 228 THL, Stewart Bell Jr. Archives, Handley Regional Library, Winchester, VA, USA.
Provenance:
The Benjamin Layton collection was donated to the Anacostia Community Museum in two accretions in 1976 and 1978 by Benjamin Layton.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (U.S.)  Search this
African American newspapers  Search this
African American veterans  Search this
African American military personnel  Search this
Bronze Star Medal (U.S.)  Search this
African American families  Search this
Politicians -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cartes-de-visite
Postage stamps
Programs
Tintypes
Correspondence
Newsletters
Cabinet photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Portraits
Photographic prints
Pamphlets
Photographs
Etchings
Copy prints
Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-031
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa7a7a31ca3-471d-4043-b1cf-deb28306f0b1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-031
Online Media:

Historical Photograph Collection

Collection Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1865-circa 1890
Scope and Contents:
The 58 black-and-white photographs in this subseries are grouped by photographic process or format and by subject. Photographs include portraits of African American men, women and children in cabinet photographs, cartes-de-visite (card photographs), copy prints, and tintypes. Photographers represented are from New York, Massachusetts, Virginia, and New Jersey. 24 photographs of African Americans from this subseries appear in a digital exhibit available through SOVA. This subseries includes two pieces of ephemera: a small note and an artist's depiction of the birth of Jesus.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-031, Subseries 2.1
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Benjamin Layton collection / Series 2: Photographs
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa7ea63038f-5259-49e6-92ec-2100bff4867f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-031-ref16

Portrait of African American woman

Collection Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (photographic print on cabinet card , albumen, 17 x 11 cm. (6 1/2 x 4 in.))
Type:
Archival materials
Cabinet photographs
Photographs
Portraits
Place:
New York
Date:
circa 1870s - 1890s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cabinet photographs
Photographs
Portraits -- African American women
Collection Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-031, Item ACMA PH2004.7007.18
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa7c842f951-2aad-47b3-877e-9256efaeb9bb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-031-ref567

Full-length portrait of African American infant

Creator:
Langhorne Studio  Search this
Collection Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (photographic print , albumen, 6 1/2 x 4 in. (16.5 x 10.2 cm))
Type:
Archival materials
Cabinet photographs
Photographs
Portraits
Place:
New Jersey
Date:
circa 1880-1900
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African American children  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cabinet photographs
Photographs
Portraits -- Children
Collection Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-031, Item ACMA PH2004.7007.27
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa724909a0d-a1b7-45ea-b00c-330d7cc997bb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-031-ref568

Portrait of African American man holding hat

Collection Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (photographic print , albumen, 6 1/2 x 4 in. (16.5 x 10.2 cm))
Type:
Archival materials
Cabinet photographs
Photographs
Portraits
Date:
circa 1880
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cabinet photographs
Photographs
Portraits -- African American men
Collection Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-031, Item ACMA PH2004.7007.29
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa79adc2a10-c609-49c6-aea5-99871cbe65d1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-031-ref569

Portrait of African American man holding a walking cane

Creator:
Davis Studio  Search this
Collection Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (photographic print , albumen, 6 1/2 x 4 in. (16.5 x 10.2 cm))
Type:
Archival materials
Cabinet photographs
Photographs
Portraits
Place:
New York
Date:
circa 1880s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cabinet photographs
Photographs
Portraits -- African American men
Collection Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-031, Item ACMA PH2004.7007.30
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa7ab88816c-ccd8-40aa-b324-e3400e8d073c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-031-ref570

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