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Philip Leslie Hale papers

Creator:
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Names:
Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915: San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Butler, Theodore Earl, 1861-1936  Search this
Cox, Kenyon, 1856-1919  Search this
Hale, Nancy, 1908-  Search this
Hart, William H., b. 1863  Search this
Kennedy, Albert J. (Albert Joseph), 1879-1968  Search this
Tarbell, Edmund Charles, 1862-1938  Search this
Extent:
7.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Date:
1818-1962
bulk 1877-1939
Summary:
The papers of Boston painter, teacher, critic, and writer Philip Leslie Hale measure 7.4 linear feet and date from 1818 to 1962, with the bulk of the material dating from 1877 to 1939. Biographical information; correspondence with family, friends, and colleagues, including many artists; sketches and 9 sketchbooks; writings; printed material; and photographs document the artist's career and personal life. The collection also includes research materials and catalogs compiled by Albert J. Kennedy for a never-published Philip Leslie Hale memorial volume.
Scope and Contents note:
The papers of Boston painter, teacher, critic, and writer Philip Leslie Hale measure 7.4 linear feet and date from 1818 to 1962, with the bulk of the material dating from 1877 to 1939. Biographical information; correspondence with family, friends, and colleagues, including many artists; sketches and 9 sketchbooks; writings; printed material; and photographs document the artist's career and personal life. The collection also includes research materials and catalogs compiled by Albert J. Kennedy for a never-published Philip Leslie Hale memorial volume.

Biographical materials include financial and legal records; personal documents, such as educational records and biographical notes; printed material; and notes concerning art classes and teaching. Also included are scattered letters, invitations, schoolwork, and notebooks from his youth. Ten notebooks contain sketches, along with some class notes and essays.

Family, general, and business correspondence document the personal and professional life of Philip Leslie Hale and, to a lesser extent, several of his relatives. Family correspondence includes Hale's exchanges with various relatives, and some of their correspondence with others. General correspondence with friends, colleagues, and other artists is both personal and professional in nature. Correspondents include Theodore Butler, Kenyon Cox, Nancy Hale, William H. Hart, and Edmund C. Tarbell. Business correspondence concerns many aspects of Hale's career. Correspondents include students, arts institutions, models, and publishers.

Writings by Philip L. Hale consist of lectures on anatomy, art history, and various art topics; miscellaneous articles; notes on artists, esthetics and philosophy either for classroom use or his writings; character sketches, a play, poems, and political writings.

Artwork consists of 9 sketchbooks and loose sketches in pencil and ink of heads, figures, anatomical studies, landscapes, and miscellaneous subjects. A much smaller number of pastels, prints, and oil sketches are included. This series also includes a few items by other artists.

Research files and catalogs, compiled from 1932 to 1939 by Hale's friend Albert J. Kennedy for a never-published memorial volume, include extensive correspondence and notes of interviews with friends, relatives, colleagues, former students, and models recording their reminiscences of Hale. Kennedy collected exhibition catalogs and a variety of other printed material, along with biographical and genealogical information, and photographs of Hale's work. Many of his research notes consist of handwritten transcriptions of published articles by and about Hale.

Printed material about Philip L. Hale includes articles, reviews, and miscellaneous newspaper clippings mentioning him or containing reproductions of his work. Printed items by Hale consist of art reviews, miscellaneous articles on art topics, copies of his columns that appeared in Arcadia: A Journal Devoted to Music, Art and Literature, and the text of a speech.

The majority of photographs record works of art, mainly by Philip L. Hale, and also by Lilian Westcott Hale, Robert Payne, and Edmund C. Tarbell. Personal photographs include images of Hale, his relatives, and friends. There are also several group portraits of the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exhibition Jury, a group portrait with students, views of Hale at work in his studio and in the classroom, pictures of a summer house, and landscapes.
Arrangement note:
The collecion is arranged as 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1875-1939 (0.4 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1818-1944 (2 linear feet; Boxes 1-3)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1910-1930 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 3-4)

Series 4: Artwork, circa 1870-1930 (0.4 linear feet; Box 4)

Series 5: Memorial Book, circa 1862-1962 (2.8 linear feet; Boxes 4-8, OV 9)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1883-1951 (8 folders; Box 7)

Series 7: Photographic Material, 1868-1931 (12 folders; Box 7)
Biographical/Historical note:
Philip Leslie Hale (1865-1931) was the son of prominent Unitarian minister and well-known author, Edward Everett Hale. Members of this distinguished old Boston family included such ancestors as Revolutionary War hero Nathan Hale, influential preacher Lyman Beecher, educator Catherine Beecher, and Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin. From a young age Philip's talent and interest in drawing was encouraged by his parents, especially his mother. An older artist sister, Ellen Day Hale (1855-1940) and an aunt, Susan Hale (1834-1910), a trained painter, provided Philip with his first art lessons.

Family tradition and expectations decreed that after completing studies at the Boston Latin School and Roxbury Latin School, Hale would attend Harvard. After passing Harvard's entrance examination, as required by his father, Philip was free to pursue art. He enrolled in the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, in the fall of 1883, where he was an early pupil of Edmund C. Tarbell. The following year he continued his studies in New York at the Art Students League under J. Alden Weir and Kenyon Cox.

In early 1887, Hale went to Paris, adopted a bohemian lifestyle, and studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and the Académie Julian. He became friends with fellow students Theodore Butler and William Howard ("Peggy") Hart. In the summer of 1888, the three made their first trip to Giverny, where they were among the first Americans to experiment with Impressionism. They met other American artists, including Theodore Robinson, John Leslie Breck, and Theodore Wendel, who also had been drawn to Giverny by the presence of Claude Monet. Hale returned to Boston in the summer of 1890, but was soon drawn back to Paris to be with his sweetheart Katharine Kinsella. He spent the summers of 1891-1893 continuing his experiment with Impressionism in Giverny, and during that period traveled to London, Paris, and Spain, periodically returning home and to the family's Rhode Island summer place.

In 1893 Hale began teaching cast drawing at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, where he remained on the faculty until his death in 1931. Eventually he became the chief instructor of drawing, and also offered courses in life drawing, artistic anatomy, and art history. Hale also taught at the Worcester Art Museum (1898-1910), the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (1913-1928), and Boston University (1926-1928).

Hale's first solo exhibition, held in 1899 at Durand-Ruel Galleries in New York City, consisted of Impressionist paintings and pastels that received mixed reviews. In subsequent years his work became increasingly academic and focused on figure paintings and portraits. He exhibited frequently in national and international shows, won numerous medals and prizes, and was elected an Associate National Academician of the National Academy of Design in 1917.

In 1902, Hale married former student, Lilian Westcott, a painter and portraitist whose success during some periods eclipsed that of her husband.

Philip Leslie Hale, like many of his relatives, was a noted writer and speaker. His column "Art in Paris" appeared regularly in the Canadian-based periodical Arcadia: A Journal Devoted to Music, Art and Literature between 1892 and 1893 and discussed Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, and Symbolism. Hale regularly contributed art columns, reviews, and miscellaneous articles to the Boston Daily Advertiser, Boston Commonwealth, Boston Herald, and Boston Evening Transcript during the first decade of the twentieth century.

Hale's teaching stressed the importance of learning Old Master's techniques. He had a life-long interest in Vermeer, and as a writer and critic he generated quite a bit of enthusiasm for that artist among the figurative painters of the Boston School, his own students, and others. Jan Vermeer of Delft, a highly regarded monograph by Philip Leslie Hale - the first on the subject published in the United States - appeared in 1913. He wrote several other books on art subjects, and his services as a lecturer on art topics were sought after by a variety of organizations both locally and nationally.

Philip Leslie Hale died following emergency surgery in Dedham, Massachusetts, on February 2, 1931.
Related Archival Materials note:
The Archives of American Art also holds a separately cataloged collection of Philip Leslie Hale drawings on microfilm reel 3766 and two collections related to the Hale family, including the Ellen Hale and Hale family papers and the Edward Everett Hale letter to an unidentified person.
Provenance:
The Philip Leslie Hale papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in 1962 by the artist's daughter, Nancy Hale Bowers. Additionally, notes written by Mrs. Nathan Hale were donated by Lilian Westcott Hale in 1963.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Philip Leslie Hale papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Art critics -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Topic:
Art -- History  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Art teachers -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Authors -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Artists' studios -- Massachusetts -- Boston -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Citation:
Philip Leslie Hale papers, 1818-1962, bulk 1877-1939. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.halephil
See more items in:
Philip Leslie Hale papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-halephil
Online Media:

Brooklyn Bridge, (painting)

Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1900
Topic:
Architecture--Bridge  Search this
Cityscape--New York--New York City  Search this
Control number:
IAP 71064580
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_141107

Brooklyn Bridge, (painting)

Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1900
Topic:
Cityscape--New York--New York City  Search this
Architecture--Bridge  Search this
Waterscape--Harbor  Search this
Control number:
IAP 97170002
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_243156

Poplars, Giverny, (painting)

Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1897
Topic:
Landscape--Tree--Poplar Tree  Search this
Landscape--France--Giverny  Search this
Control number:
IAP 8A350003
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_395253

Flags, (painting)

Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1918
Topic:
Object--Other--Flag  Search this
Cityscape--Street  Search this
Control number:
IAP 8A350004
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_395254

Mill In The Flood, Giverny, (painting)

Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1910
Topic:
Landscape--France--Giverny  Search this
Landscape--Town  Search this
Architecture exterior--Industry--Mill  Search this
Disaster--Flood  Search this
Control number:
IAP 71062206
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_138757

Theodore Earl Butler, 1860-1936, American impressionist / Maxwell Galleries Ltd. ; [text and photography, Harold M. Rowe]

Author:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Rowe, Harold M  Search this
Maxwell Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Physical description:
77 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 22 x 26 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1972
[1972?]
Call number:
ND237.B965 A4 1972
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_777850

Theodore Earl Butler : emergence from Monet's shadow / Richard H. Love

Author:
Love, Richard H  Search this
Subject:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 457 p., [58] p. of col. plates : ill. (some col.), ports. ; 27 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
France
United States
Date:
1985
C1985
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.B983 L8
N40.1.B983L8
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_256907

Sunset, Veules-les-Roses, (painting)

Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
University of New Mexico University Art Museum Albuquerque New Mexico 87131 Accession Number: 79.34
Date:
1909
Topic:
Landscape--Time--Sunset  Search this
Landscape--France--Veules-les-Roses  Search this
Control number:
IAP 32610007
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_422125

Late Afternoon at the Butler House, Giverny, (painting)

Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Date:
Ca. 1907
Topic:
Figure group  Search this
Architecture interior--Domestic--House  Search this
Recreation--Leisure--Eating & Drinking  Search this
Control number:
IAP 8D490023
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_429070

Manhattan, (painting)

Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Cincinnati Art Galleries 635 Main Street Cincinnati Ohio 45202
Date:
1919
Topic:
Cityscape--New York--New York City  Search this
Cityscape--River  Search this
Control number:
IAP 67920482
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_444282

Train in Flood, (painting)

Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Crocker Art Museum 216 O Street Sacramento California 95814
Date:
1910
Topic:
Disaster--Flood  Search this
Landscape--River  Search this
Architecture--Vehicle--Train  Search this
Travel--Land--Train  Search this
Control number:
IAP 03830310
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_444862

Landscape, (painting)

Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Crocker Art Museum 216 O Street Sacramento California 95814
Topic:
Landscape--River  Search this
Architecture--Bridge--Footbridge  Search this
Control number:
IAP 03830311
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_444863

Fountain, Central Park, (painting)

Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Columbus Museum of Art 480 East Broad Street Columbus Ohio 43215 Accession Number: 79.10
Date:
1915
Topic:
Cityscape--New York--New York City  Search this
Landscape--Park--Central Park  Search this
Architecture--Monument--Fountain  Search this
Control number:
IAP 41140311
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_309713

The Artist's Children, James and Lili, (painting)

Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Subject:
Butler, James  Search this
Butler, Lili  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Terra Foundation for American Art 980 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 1315 Chicago Illinois 60611 Accession Number: 1987.2
Date:
1896
Topic:
Portrait group--Family--Siblings  Search this
Portrait male  Search this
Portrait female  Search this
Control number:
IAP 66030012
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_310610

Le Dejeuner, (painting)

Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Terra Foundation for American Art 980 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 1315 Chicago Illinois 60611 Accession Number: 1987.3
Date:
1897
Topic:
Recreation--Leisure--Eating & Drinking  Search this
Control number:
IAP 66030013
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_310611

The Card Players, (painting)

Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Terra Foundation for American Art 980 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 1315 Chicago Illinois 60611 Accession Number: 1992.21
Date:
1896?
Topic:
Recreation--Sport & Play--Cards  Search this
Control number:
IAP 66030090
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_310688

Lili Butler Reading at the Butler House, Giverny, (painting)

Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Subject:
Butler, Lili  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Terra Foundation for American Art 980 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 1315 Chicago Illinois 60611 Accession Number: 1993.8
Date:
1908
Topic:
Portrait female  Search this
Recreation--Leisure--Reading  Search this
Architecture--Domestic--Butler  Search this
Architecture--Domestic--House  Search this
Landscape--France--Giverny  Search this
Control number:
IAP 66030148
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_311095

Bridge at Vernon, (painting)

Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Brigham Young University Museum of Fine Arts Harris Fine Arts Center Provo Utah 84602 Accession Number: 820017700
Date:
1905
Topic:
Architecture--Bridge  Search this
Landscape--River  Search this
Landscape--France--Vernon  Search this
Control number:
IAP 53140052
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_312991

L'Hiver a Giverny, (painting)

Title:
Winter in Giverny, (painting)
Painter:
Butler, Theodore Earl 1861-1936  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Brigham Young University Museum of Fine Arts Harris Fine Arts Center Provo Utah 84602 Accession Number: 820035600
Date:
1910
Topic:
Landscape--Season--Winter  Search this
Landscape--France--Giverny  Search this
Control number:
IAP 53140053
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_312992

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