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Marilyn E. Jackler Memorial Collection of Tobacco Advertisements

Collector:
Jackler, Robert K.  Search this
Extent:
20 Cubic feet (40 boxes, 1 map-folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1898-2017
undated
Summary:
The collection documents the history of tobacco advertising in America through print advertisements (magazine and newspaper), emphasizing the deceptive advertising practices employed by the tobacco industry to lure and keep smokers. Many of the advertisements contain images of celebrities, athletes, and other notable persons who endorsed tobacco products as well as ethinic imagery.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of advertisements collected by Dr. Robert Jackler for his "Not a Cough in a Carload: Images from the Tobacco Industry Campaign to Hide the Hazards of Smoking" exhibition. The heart of the collection consists of paper advertisements from national magazines and newspapers dating from 1898-2017. The bulk of these materials are for cigarettes but also include cigars and tobacco. A smaller amount of material are advertisements for holders, lighters and matches, pipes, smokers' drops, and toothpaste. Included among these materials are also some point of purchase displays and ephemera from major tobacco companies.

The material emphasizes the deceptive advertising practices intended to convince people that tobacco use was safe, and the use of doctors, dentists, athletes, opera singers, actors, and others to endorse them. Actresses and actors that appeard in some of these advertisements included Lucille Ball, Madge Bellamy, Constance Bennett, Sam Bernard, Billie Burke, Eddie Cantor, Richard Carle, Sue Carol, Madeleine Carroll, Boake Carter, Charlie Chan, Charlie Chaplin, Ina Claire, George M. Cohan, Claudette Colbert, June Collyer, Betty Compson, Gary Cooper, Clifton Crawford, Myrna J. Darby, Marlene Dietrich, Dolores Del Rio, Sally Eilers, Clifton Fadiman, Douglas Fairbanks, William Faversham, W.C. Fields, Muriel Finley, Sidney Fox, Kay Francis, Janet Gaynor, Bill Haines, Jean Harlow, Miriam Hopkins, Jack Holt, Leslie Howard, Edmund Lowe, Al Jolson, Harry Lauder, Carole Lombard, Myrna Loy, Dorothy Mackaill, Herbert Marshall, Groucho Marx, Norina Matchabella, Philip Merivale, Robert Montgomery, Catherine Moylan, Ramon Novarro, Maureen O'Sullivan, Barbara Stanwyck, Margaret Sullavan, Norma Talmadge, Lawrence Tibbett, William T. Tilden, Spencer Tracy, Helen Twelvetrees, Lenore Ulric, Lupe Velez and David Warfield. Some of the athletes that endorsed tobacco products included Ty Cobb, James J. Corbett, Johnny Farrell, Lou Gehrig, Walter Hagen, Willie Hoppe, Matt McGrath, Vincent Richards, Damon Runyon, Babe Ruth, Earl Sande, Martin Sheridan, Fred Spencer, Jr., Gaston Strobino and Ted Williams. Musicians that appeared in some of the advertisements included Frances Alda, Carl Gantvoort, George Gershwin, Dinh Gilly, Nanette Guilford, Jack Henderson, Helen Jepson, Karl Jörn, Lauritz Melchior, Dick Powell, John Philip Sousa, and Leo Slezak. Other note worthy celebrities included Robert Lee, Amelia Earhart, Georges Fontana, Rube Goldberg, Martin Johnson, Alice Roosevelt Longworth, Marjorie Moss, Robert Taylor, Rudy Vallée, Amy Vanderbilt, King Vidor, George White, Florenz Ziegfeld, and Elsie de Wolfe.

To appeal to even wider audiences, advertisements incorporated iconic images such as Mount Rushmore, the American flag, the Statue of Liberty, and Santa Claus. Other advertisements used images of happy times and personal milestones, such as weddings, graduation day, Father's Day, etc., which smokers were told were incomplete without the aid of a cigarette.

Dr. Jackler later donated additional material which includes updated advertisements on modern themes, such as the economy (advertising touting bargain prices); technological changes (hard pack, improved filter, "light" cigarettes); and include more images of minorities. The initial donation had a series of advertisements with images of African Americans, but these additional ads allow researchers access to an even larger and more diverse set of examples of how tobacco was marketed to minorities. Dr. Jackler also expanded his research into much older magazines and newspapers. The addendum features advertisements from defunct, obscure, and short lived brands, in addition to the most popular and familiar ones. This enables researchers to study such themes as why the more successful companies' advertisements succeeded. These materials were integrated with the rest of the collection.

The collection is arranged into twelve series. Series one is cigarette advertisements dating from 1903-2017 and is divided by the media where it appeared in. Series two, contains advertisements for cigars dating from 1901-2017 and is also divided by media. Series three is chewing tobacco advertisements dating from 1898-2010 and is arranged into two subseries magazines and newspapers. Series four through series nine are advertisements marketing non-tobacco products and accessories for smokers. In addition, series ten contains point of purchase displays. Series eleven is born digital content. And finally, series twelve contains other forms of advertising and ephemera created by tobacco companies to assist in the sale of their products.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into twelve series.

Series 1, Cigarette Advertisements, 1903-2017, undated

Subseries 1.1, Magazine Advertisements, 1910-2017, undated

Subseries 1.2, Newspaper Advertisements, 1903-2004, undated

Series 2, Cigar Advertisements, 1901-2017, undated

Subseries 2.1, Magazine Advertisements, 1910-2017, undated

Subseries 2.2, Newspaper Advertisements, 1901-1958, undated

Series 3, Chewing Tobacco Advertisements, 1898-2010, undated

Subseries 3.1, Magazine Advertisements, 1898-2010, undated

Subseries 3.2, Newspaper Advertisements, 1907-1981, undated

Series 4, Holder Advertisements, 1923-1957, undated

Series 5, Lighters and Accessories Advertisements, 1934-1977, undated

Series 6, Matches Advertisements, 1949, undated

Series 7, Pipes Advertisements, 1920-1971, undated

Series 8, Smokers' Drops Advertisements, 1958

Series 9, Toothpaste Advertisements, 1920, undated

Series 10, Point of Purchase Displays, undated

Series 11, Born Digital Content, undated

Series 12, Ephemera, 1960-2013, undated

Series 13: 2017 Addenda
Biographical / Historical:
Dr. Robert K. Jackler was born on January 29, 1954 to Dr. Jacob Marlowe Jackler and Marilyn Epstein. He was raised in Waterville, Maine, and attended college and medical school in Boston, Massachusetts. He moved to California for a residency in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. In 1985, Dr. Jackler accepted a Neuroethology fellowship at the House Ear Clinic and joined the faculty at the University of California, San Francisco where he remained until 2003. Later that year he became the Sewall Professor and Chair of the Department at OHNS and professor in the Ddepartments of Neurosurgery and Surgery at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Dr. Jackler's medical work exposed him to numerous patients suffering from tobacco-related health problems. In addition, his mother, Marilyn Jackler, died of cancer in 2007. That year he and his wife Laurie founded the research group SRITA (Stanford Research into the Impact of Tobacco Advertising). The purpose of SRITA was to use an interdisciplinary approach to examine the ways in which the tobacco industry targeted minority groups. SRITA also wanted to examine how the industry marketed new products. During this time Dr. Jackler and his wife also began to amass a collection of advertisements and artifacts relating to tobacco products. These effors cumulated in an exhibition of advertising imagery tracing how tobacco companies used deceptive and often patently false claims in an effort to reassure the public of the safety of their products. "Not a Cough in a Carload: Images from the Tobacco Industry Campaign to Hide the Hazards of Smoking" was dedicated to his mother, Marilyn Jackler, who started smoking as a young woman because "it was the sophisticated thing to do" and later was unable to quit. Dr. Jackler received support from Stanford's Lane Medical Library, where the exhibit opened with an accompanying website (http://lane.stanford.edu/tobacco/index.html). Dr. Jackler has authored numerous papers, textbook chapters, editorials, and books in addition to his teaching, medical practice, and collecting.
Related Materials:
There are several collections relating to the advertising and marketing of tobacco in the Archives Center. The Warshaw collection's series on "Tobacco Trade" consists of nine cubic feet of business ephemera, circa 1850-1950. The N W Ayer Advertising Agency Records contain complete advertising campaigns for over 130 tobacco brands, 1899-1951, for companies such as Fatima, Murad, Pall Mall, Philip Morris, and R.J. Reynolds. The Marlboro Oral History and Documentation Collection documents the development of the Marlboro Man advertising campaign, 1940-1986. The Virgil Johnson Collection of Cigarette Packages, circa 1890-1997, contains over six thousand packages arranged into albums. The Cornelius and Horne Collection of Cigarette Packages consists of seventy three labels collected by a United States Navy captain in the Pacific theatre in 1945.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Robert K. Jackler in 2011.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Citation:
Marilyn E. Jackler Memorial Collection of Tobacco Advertisements circa 1890-2013, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1224
See more items in:
Marilyn E. Jackler Memorial Collection of Tobacco Advertisements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep830b9ab52-e44e-4a1a-907b-d4f1f35e47a2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1224
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Cosmetics

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
2.98 Cubic feet (consisting of 6 boxes, 3 folders, 9 oversize folders, 2 map case folders, plus digital images of some collection material. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Date:
1813-1940
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Cosmetics forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a great variety of materials, including business correspondence, bills and receipts, advertisements, order forms, business and advertising cards, labels, bookmarks, calendars, formulas, handbooks, pamphlets, price lists, leaflets, display cards, postcards, circulars, packaging, toilet albums, and labels. Many of the products are perfumes or colognes; others include shaving creams, hair preparations, manicure supplies, soaps, creams and lotions, powders, makeup, and bath products. Foot preparations, dental care products, deodorants, medications, starch, oils and spices, and brushes are also present. Most of these products are for the use of female consumers. Trade materials are directed toward scalp specialists, hairdressers, dermatologists, beauty culturist and manicurists. There are a number of materials from female-owned establishments. Other materials include publications, such as catalogues produced by manufacturers for consumers, and publications for the trade. Cosmetic appliances, formulas, labels, trademarks and patents, and import/export documents are also present. Most of this material dates from the late 19th to the early 20th century.

Images of women and of flowers predominate in this collection. Most of the women are Anglo American with a few others such as Turkish, Asian, Scots, Brazilian, Swiss, Egyptian and African American.
Arrangement:
Arranged into three subseries

Subseries 1: Manufacturers, Distributors, and Retailers, circa 1830-1960

Subseries 2: Publications, circa 1850-1940

Subseries 3: Related Materials, circa 1890-1934
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Cosmetics is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
advertising -- Cosmetics  Search this
Cosmetics  Search this
Cosmetics industry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Cosmetics
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Cosmetics
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep82935e08b-fe06-440e-809c-6fb8b33d6174
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-cosmetics
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Telephone

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
3.55 Cubic feet (consisting of 7 boxes, 1 folder, 3 oversized folders, 1 map case folder, 1 flat box (partial), plus digital images of some collection material.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Publications
Illustrations
Receipts
Business cards
Almanacs
Invoices
Correspondence
Business letters
Business ephemera
Sales letters
Manuals
Advertising fliers
Bills of sale
Commercial correspondence
Print advertising
Advertising mail
Sales records
Advertisements
Business records
Technical literature
Realia
Advertising
Signs (declaratory or advertising artifacts)
Advertising cards
Technical documents
Periodicals
Legal documents
Patents
Letterheads
Printed ephemera
Ephemera
Date:
1819-1974
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Accounting and Bookkeeping forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
The subject category Telephone largely represents business records and advertisements created by telephone companies. Additional materials include telephone design patents, documentation about legal cases involving telephone companies, material concerning the technical functions of telephones, phone call etiquette, and the history and development of the telephone.

No expansive business documentation exists for any single telephone company within the records. Material concerning specific subject areas within the topic of telephones provide a diverse historical overview of the telephone's global implementation, as well as snapshots of every day attitudes towards the telephone. Patents and other legal documents are strongly represented in the collection, in addition to business records.
Arrangement:
Telephone is arranged in three subseries.

Business Records and Marketing Material

Genre

Subject
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Telephone is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
telephone -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Telephone communications  Search this
telephone  Search this
Telephone answering and recording equipment industry  Search this
Telecommunication  Search this
Communications  Search this
telephone -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Publications -- Business
Illustrations
Receipts
Business cards
Almanacs
Invoices
Correspondence
Business letters
Business ephemera
Sales letters
Manuals
Advertising fliers
Bills of sale
Commercial correspondence
Print advertising
Advertising mail
Sales records
Advertisements
Business records
Technical literature
Realia
Advertising
Signs (declaratory or advertising artifacts)
Advertising cards
Technical documents
Periodicals
Legal documents
Patents
Letterheads
Printed ephemera
Publications
Ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Telephone, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Telephone
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Telephone
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep866e398a2-b285-4ec6-b3a1-5022d4d4465a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-telephone
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Thread

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
2.23 Cubic feet (consisting of 4.5 boxes, 6 folders, 2 oversize folders, 2 map case folders, plus digital images of some collection material.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Date:
undated
circa 1834-1923
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Thread forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists primarily of materials produced for and by manufacturers of cotton, silk, and wool threads and yarns. The bulk of the material consists of advertising or "trade" cards; advertisements, bills, receipts, and publications are also present. A number of samples of threads and yarns are included. Most of the material is undated.

Of particular interest may be the great variety of colorful illustrations found on the advertising trade cards. Babies, children, and adults are featured as well as numerous comic characters, celebrities, and royalty. Flowers, birds, animals, and scenic views are also used. A small group of articles ca. 1870 details the then current techniques of thread manufacturing as well as a history of the industry. Series 1, Manufacturers of Thread and Yarns, circa 1834-1923; undated, is arranged alphabetically by name of manufacturer. The greatest part consists of trade cards produced for Clark and Company and J. & P. Coats. The cards are arranged by the subjects depicted and are so listed. Trade cards from several other companies are also found in smaller quantities. A small amount of business materials is present for some of the companies.

Series 2, Related Materials, circa 1837-1898; undated, is arranged as follows: Thread Retailers, Thread Samples, and Articles about Thread. These are followed by: Images, Miscellaneous materials, and Import /Export documents.
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Thread is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Thread, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Thread
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Thread
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c6295843-ad63-4ea0-a036-90c72fc139ac
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-thread
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Photography

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
6.79 Cubic feet (consisting of 11 boxes, 2 folders, 10 oversize folders, 3 map case folders, 1 flat box, plus digital images of some collection material. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Date:
circa 1871-1925
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Photography forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This material consists primarily of catalogs, printed advertisements scattered correspondence on letterhead stationery, price lists, bills/receipts, addresses, envelopes, advertising cards both for products and photographers, reports, photographs, descriptive circulars, leaflets, sales contracts, product manuals, periodicals, books, handbooks, guides, patents and order forms from manufacturers and dealers of photographic supplies and equipment. The different types of products include film, burnishing tools, cameras, camera lenses, magazine plate holders, photographic chemicals, magic lanterns, stereopticons and slides, photographic paper, daguerreotype apparatus', pressing machines and dry plates. Many of the companies sold other products such as photograph albums, books, views, photograph cards, reproductions and other photographic outfits.

There are numerous illustrations throughout this collection. A number of these images are of photographic products. These product illustrations are found primarily in trade catalogs, as well as on advertisements and price lists. Various images are of world sites and cities. There are numerous images of women, children, flowers and birds on photographer advertising cards and some catalogs from some of the manufacturers and dealers.

Researchers interested in material from photographic societies, organizations and associations will also find information in this collection. Such organizations include the Photographers Association of America, The Association of Heliographers, and various other groups formed on the state level. Most of the information relates to exhibits and conventions.

Publications pertaining to photography for the amateur and novice are in a variety of articles, reports, bulletins, periodicals, journals and handbooks. Instructional guides on using photographic products are also included, as well as discussions on many aspects of photography.

Most of the material found in this collection was published in English, however, several articles, books and reports were printed in German and French.

Manufacturers and dealers of photographic materials are in boxes one through seven and are arranged in alphabetical order by name of company. Box seven also includes photographers, instructors/schools and printing, developing, enlarging and copying houses. Box eight through nine is a continuation of the developing houses, general works, patents, import/export documents and related publications. Related publication s are organized by type and then alphabetically by name of publication.
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Photography is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Photography, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Photography
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Photography
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8be317b50-52a2-449f-847d-d7f0f8a43aaf
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-photography
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Civil War

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
2.33 Cubic feet (consisting of 5 boxes, 1 folder, 4 oversize folders, 1 map case folder, plus digital images of some collection material. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Date:
1889
undated
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Civil War forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Civil War is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.CivilWar
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Civil War
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep87490c91c-f2d4-4213-bc07-d53ad62c59f6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-civilwar
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Hotels

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
9.59 Cubic feet (consisting of 21 boxes, 2 folder, 4 oversize folder, 1 map case folder, plus digital images of some collection material. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Date:
1869-1959
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Hotels forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This subject category- Hotels consists primarily of scattered correspondence on letterhead stationery, printed advertisements, information includes prices of rooms, amenities (ladies dining room, room services, heat, bathrooms, Turkish and Electric baths ) offered by the hotel, places of amusements, points of interest for American and foreign hotels. Other documents include bills, receipts, business cards, printed advertisements and invoices from arranged in alphabetical order by name of hotel. International establishments are arranged in alphabetical order by country. Image material includes lithographs, photographs, and engravings of hotels that could not be identified. Some of the images of hotels are on postcards.
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Hotels is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Hotels, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Hotels
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Hotels
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep831f37b9d-6e4c-4347-9c4f-bb9c12ba2642
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-hotels
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Men's Clothing

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
9.47 Cubic feet (consisting of 16 boxes, 1 folder, 13 oversize folders, 5 map case folders, 3 flat boxes (2 full, 1 partial), plus digital images of some collection material. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Date:
circa 1818-1973
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Men's Clothing forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This subject category-Men's Clothing consists primarily of advertisements, price lists, receipts, correspondence on letterhead stationary, invoices, brochures, trade catalogs, patents, import and export documents, fabric samples, sample books, images and publications. The materials relate primarily to the production and sale of clothing for both men and boys in the United States. There are also some materials from England, Ireland, Canada, Japan, and France. The materials were created for the consumer market. Clothing items include shirts, collars, neckties, vests, suspenders, pants, overcoats, and hats. There are also fabric swatches included with the some illustrations of the clothing items, along with detailed descriptions. Oversize materials are comprised of printed advertisements, brochures, catalogs, displays, price lists, related publications and images that are primarily from periodicals.
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Men's Clothing is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Men's clothing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Men's Clothing, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Men
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Men's Clothing
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep88bd628ab-4acb-49fc-a593-3c20c0a7a98c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-men
Online Media:

Business Ephemera, 1946-1948; undated

Collection Creator:
Moore, Harry T., 1905-1951  Search this
Moore, Harriette V., 1902-1952  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Collection Restrictions:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Rights:
The copyright law of the United States (title 17, United States Code) governs the making reproductions of copyrighted material. Any reproductions of these materials are not to be used for any purpose other than research or educational use.
Collection Citation:
Harry T. And Harriette V. Moore Archival Collection, 1942-1949. National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
The Harry T. and Harriette V. Moore Archival Collection
The Harry T. and Harriette V. Moore Archival Collection / Series 1: The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, 1944-1948; undated / 3: NAACP Business Correspondence, 1946-1948; undated
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/io33dbc66ed-f381-4607-b391-25b583411fa7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2018-12-ref28

Business Ephemera, 1944-1948; undated

Collection Creator:
Moore, Harry T., 1905-1951  Search this
Moore, Harriette V., 1902-1952  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 17
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Collection Restrictions:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Rights:
The copyright law of the United States (title 17, United States Code) governs the making reproductions of copyrighted material. Any reproductions of these materials are not to be used for any purpose other than research or educational use.
Collection Citation:
Harry T. And Harriette V. Moore Archival Collection, 1942-1949. National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
The Harry T. and Harriette V. Moore Archival Collection
The Harry T. and Harriette V. Moore Archival Collection / Series 2: Progressive Voters League of Florida, 1944-1948; undated / 1: Business Records and Ephemera, 1944-1947; undated
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/io303cc732b-13e2-4be8-9b2c-3880b2844d8d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2018-12-ref41

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Children

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
2.56 Cubic feet (6 boxes, 1 folders, 2 oversize folders, plus digital images of some collection material)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Children's books
Date:
1828-1961
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Children forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents note:
The Children subject category consists primarily of publications, images, ephemera, and business memorabilia relating to children. Much of the material is geared for children, but there are also materials for parents and the general public. While there are items in the collection that are from the 20th century, the bulk of the materials are from the late 19th century.
Arrangement:
Children is arranged in four subseries:

Subseries 1: Publications for Children, 1828-1961

Subseries 2: Images of Children, 1874-1930

Subseries 3: Miscellaneous Materials Relating to Children, 1883-1931

Subseries 4: Companies, 1846-1933
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Children is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Children  Search this
Children's furniture  Search this
Children's clothing  Search this
Children's literature  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Children's books
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Children
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Children
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep85b79a00f-6ce3-4f91-a7b5-72201ea24ac4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-children
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Temperance

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Names:
Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924  Search this
Extent:
3.66 Cubic feet (consisting of 5.5 boxes, 1 folder, 9 oversize folders.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lectures
Fliers (printed matter)
Booklets
Advertisements
Broadsides
Fans
Realia
Poems
Clippings
Printed ephemera
Songs
Pamphlets
Correspondence
Ephemera
Newsclippings
Poetry
Programs
Posters
Newspaper clippings
Date:
1811-1937
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Accounting and Bookkeeping forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
Temperance contains material documenting perspectives on alcohol use and regulation as well as the impact of various temperance movements on society and the government. The collection covers the issues related to these movements through multiple eras and social lenses, and addresses both pro and anti-temperance perspectives though there is significantly more material that supports the temperance and prohibition movements.

Materials represent a sampling of newsclippings, realia (ribbons, fans, and pendants), artwork in various mediums, and educational resources. No extensive records of any particular group or region exist, and no particular depth is present for any singular subtopic. The subject of temperance often overlaps with news and developments about the women's suffrage movement, elections, and wars.

While newsclippings are divided into specific subject categories, there may be significant overlap between regional issues and files pertaining to legislation and elections due to newsclippings frequently addressing multiple issues.
Arrangement:
Temperance is arranged in four subseries.

Perspectives

Organizations

Regional Issues

Political Parties

Individuals

Genre

Cigarette and Tobacco Documentation

Event Documentation

Images, Writings, and Music

Realia

Serial Publications

Subject

Medicinal Uses

Temperance and Government

Temperance and Religion

Temperance and Society

Temperance and War

Oversize

Miscellaneous
Related Materials:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Temperance is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
War  Search this
Women's suffrage -- United States  Search this
Clergy  Search this
Suffragists  Search this
Women -- Suffrage  Search this
Government and politics  Search this
Presidential campaigns  Search this
Presidents -- United States  Search this
Elections  Search this
Political literature  Search this
Political cartoons  Search this
Political activists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Political activists  Search this
Cigarette industry -- 20th century  Search this
Temperance  Search this
Political clubs  Search this
Tobacco  Search this
Alcohol  Search this
Alcoholism  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Drinking of alcoholic beverages -- Law and legislation  Search this
Politics -- New York (N.Y.)  Search this
Legal History, U.S.  Search this
Tobacco -- 20th century  Search this
Cigarettes -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lectures
Fliers (printed matter)
Booklets
Advertisements
Broadsides
Fans
Realia
Poems
Clippings
Printed ephemera
Songs
Pamphlets
Correspondence
Ephemera
Newsclippings
Poetry
Programs
Posters
Newspaper clippings
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Temperance, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Temperance
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Temperance
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a5453985-1d66-4fe8-9049-a58dbd598ecb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-temperance
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Women

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
1.45 Cubic feet (consisting of 3 boxes, 2 folders, 2 oversize folders, 1 map case folder, plus digital images of some collection material.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Speeches
Monographs
Newsclippings
Fliers (printed matter)
Clippings
Newspaper clippings
Books
Realia
Magazines (periodicals)
Plates (illustrations)
Programs
Application forms
Illustrations
Concert programs
Signs (declaratory or advertising artifacts)
Booklets
Publications
Transcriptions
Certificates
Pamphlets
Date:
1787-1964
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Accounting and Bookkeeping forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
The subject category Women documents the Suffrage Movement within the United States, as well as aspects of women's lives and societal contributions. This includes information about women's social lives, fashion, health, occupations, as well as commentary about the roles and expectations of many women in society. There is a notable shortage of material related to women of color.

Women includes newslippings, and material related to pro and anti-Suffrage efforts such as fliers, speeches, monographs, and realia. Outside of Suffrage-related topics, Women also includes artistic prints and images of women, poems about women, and serial publications related to women's issues or oriented towards an audience of women.

Women includes a span of subject materials related to more specfic aspects of women's lives and social commentary. This includes historical overviews of notable women's lives, guides to aspects of womanhood, fashion documentation, literature to promote good health, and background about the role of women in varied trades.

No single subtopic is explored in particular depth, though Women offers general information about various aspects of women's lives and varied social and political environments.
Arrangement:
Women is arranged in three subseries.

Missing Title

Suffrage Movement

Genre

Subject
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Women is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, and it was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published since Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Composers  Search this
Composers -- 20th century  Search this
Topic:
Fashion -- United States -- History -- 20th century  Search this
Women iron and steel workers  Search this
Fashion -- 20th century  Search this
Women laborers  Search this
United States-Social life and customs  Search this
Health  Search this
Suffragists  Search this
Religion  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Women -- Social life and customs -- 19th century  Search this
Children  Search this
Industry  Search this
Labor  Search this
Childbirth  Search this
Dress  Search this
Fashion design  Search this
Marriages  Search this
Steel industry and trade  Search this
Women -- Political activity  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Social interaction  Search this
Industry -- U.S.  Search this
Women -- Employment  Search this
Women -- Civil rights  Search this
Women -- Health and hygiene  Search this
Children and childbirth  Search this
Clubs  Search this
Women's music  Search this
Social norms  Search this
Women -- Organizations  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Women  Search this
Women's suffrage -- United States  Search this
Women's rights  Search this
Child rearing  Search this
Musical performances  Search this
Women employees  Search this
Women's rights -- United States  Search this
Marriage and family -- women, status of  Search this
Marriage  Search this
Women -- Suffrage  Search this
Mental health  Search this
Banking  Search this
Women in music  Search this
Marriage and family  Search this
Women -- Societies and clubs  Search this
Hygiene  Search this
Fashion  Search this
War  Search this
Banks and banking, American -- 19th century  Search this
Music  Search this
Health education  Search this
Women -- Education  Search this
Journalists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Speeches
Monographs
Newsclippings
Fliers (printed matter)
Clippings
Newspaper clippings
Books
Realia
Magazines (periodicals)
Plates (illustrations)
Programs
Application forms
Illustrations
Concert programs
Signs (declaratory or advertising artifacts)
Booklets
Publications
Transcriptions
Certificates
Pamphlets
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Women, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Women
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Women
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep82872300c-a4e2-4b50-bc09-a07880235215
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-women
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Dry Goods

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
37.8 Cubic feet (consisting of 76 boxes (including 12 off-site), 12 folders, 16 oversize folders, 7 flat boxes (6 full, 1 partial), plus digital images of some collection material. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Date:
1768-1973
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Dry Goods forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This material consists primarily of scattered correspondence on letterhead stationery, bills/receipts, printed advertisements, trade catalogs, handbills, pamphlets, advertising cards , photographs, cloth samples , leaflets, books, prospectus, order forms, chromolithographs, magazine advertisements, seals, postcards, business cards, children's books, greeting cards, almanacs, calendars, cardboard standups, fans, paper bag samples and import/export documents from businesses referred to loosely as department or variety stores. A number of these stores are still in business and tend to have a substantial amount of material . Such companies include I. Magnin, R. H. Macy, Woodward & Lothrop, F. H. Woolworth's, Sears, Roebuck & Company , Montgomery Wards, Wanamaker, etc. There are a few references to businesses who imported English, French, German, Indian, Chinese, Japanese, Egyptian, Sudanese, Persian and Moorish articles.

Generally the stores included among these materials sold a variety of products consisting of clothing and clothing accessories, home furnishings, home construction kits, novelties, stationery , groceries and a number of other products sold in contemporary department and variety stores. There are also companies that specialized in a particular product or type of product. Researchers interested in these businesses should also consult the same subject category if it is included on the listing of vertical document boxes. It is also possible that if the company produced oversize catalogs these would be listed with the Warshaw Collection oversize materials. For example, there are a number of Montgomery Wards, Butler Brothers, Bellas Hess and Company and Sears, Roebuck and Company catalogs found among the oversize materials.

There are a number of images that appear on these materials. Most of these images tend to be illustrations of the exterior or interior departments of the stores . Product illustrations also appear throughout the catalogues, printed advertisements and price lists. Ethnic images particularly in French advertisements also appear regularly. Dry goods stores relied heavily on advertisements directed toward children especially during the Christmas/holiday season. Books for children illustrating characters from favorite stories or Christmas scenes are common among the larger stores namely Woodward & Lothrop.

Materials in boxes one through thirty-nine are organized by name of company. Publications that discuss the history of a particular company are included with the company related materials. Catalogues , calendars , almanacs and price lists are generally listed under the company name in the finding aid with dates . This is due to the fact that these materials are often requested by researchers in this manner. This does not imply that these are the only materials for that particular company in the folders .

Box thirty-nine is also partially arranged by type including patents, stocks , general images, associations and miscellaneous items. A few related publications such as a chain store bibliography and a book on the history of chain stores are also included.

Boxes forty and forty-one contain periodicals created by W. A. Spelman in New York. Published as a trade journal devoted to the interests of the retail merchants, it was primarily meant to aid the subscriber in meeting the increasing competition in the dry goods trade. It was also meant to guide merchants in the purchase of goods. Referred to as The Fancy Goods Graphic or Spelman's Fancy Goods Graphic, these publications date from 1881-1890 .

Import and export documents are found in boxes forty-one, through forty-three.

The processing of additional materials in 2017 integrated a significant volume of material, most notably the Jermain Business and Family papers and to a lesser extent, the Trimble Family Business records. Both offer insight to the operations of 19th Century family businesses. Also added was significant manuscript on the history of Montgomery Ward is also available.

Catalogues, especially thinner circular type editions have not been consolidated and may be found throughout the material in this collection. However there are several groupings listed in the Catalogue series, especially for regular issue bulky catalogues published by Montgomery Ward and Sears Roebuck and Company. See note regarding some items that have been microfilmed or transferred off-site.
Arrangement:
Dry Goods is arranged in two subseries.

Business Records and Marketing Material

General, including Accounting Books and Ledgers

Companies and Proprietors

Companies and Proprietors, Oversize Material

Trade Literature and Other

Export/Import Records

Jermain Business and Family Papers; plus associated Albany Records

Montgomery Ward History Manuscripts

Trimble Family Business Records

General, Marketing Material

Catalogues

General and Mail Order

Montgomery Ward

Sears, Roebuck and Company

Assorted [Off-Site, including Montgomery Ward and Sears, Roebuck and Company]
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Dry Goods is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the Sears, Roebuck & Co. catalogs are stored off-site and are restricted due to fragile condition. Researchers should consult microfilm in NMAH library for 1880-1983 editions, drawer 692. Some additional items may be restricted due to fragile condition. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Dry-goods  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Dry Goods, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Dry
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Dry Goods
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep81e1746bc-55a5-45b1-b0f3-04621bd43e6c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-dry
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Laundry Machinery and Accessories

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
1.47 Cubic feet (consisting of 3 boxes, 1 folder, 5 oversize folders, plus digital images of some collection material. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Date:
circa 1865-1933
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Laundry Machinery and Accessories forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This material consists primarily of advertising cards, envelopes, scattered correspondence on letterhead stationery, bills, receipts, price lists, books, and printed advertisements from manufacturers and distributors of laundry machinery and accessories. Washing machines, wringers, dryers, mangles, irons, ironing boards, clothes pins, and hampers are among the items found in this subject area. The material dates from [1865?] – 1933, but the bulk of the material is late nineteenth and early twentieth century.

Materials are organized by name of company. There are three folders of materials grouped by type: Patent and trademarks, related publications, and miscellaneous items.
Brand Name Index:
Brand Name :: Company Name :: Type of Product

A.B.C. :: Altorfer Bros. Co. Washer & :: Wringer

American :: George C. Paine :: Ironing Table

Anchor :: Lovell Mfg. Co. :: Wringer

Anchor :: Metropolitan Mfg. Co. :: Wringer

Atlantic :: M. A. Caldwell :: Washer

Bay State :: John C. Clapp :: Wringer

Boss :: Foley & William Mfg. Co. :: Washer

Boss :: Keystone Mfg. Co. :: Wringer

Brass King :: National Washboard Co. :: Wringer

Challenge :: S. W. Palmer & Co. :: Washer

Conqueror :: Oliver Ames & Sons :: Wringer

Conqueror :: Charles W. Bassett :: Wringer

Crescent :: Saginsaw Mfg. Co. :: Washboard

Crown :: American Machine Co. :: Iron

Crown :: George Starrett :: Iron

Doty's :: Metropolitan Mfg. Co. :: Wringer

Eagle :: Sterling Mfg. Co. :: Wringer

Easy :: Syracuse Washing Machine Co. :: Washer

Eclipse :: Aetna Iron Co. :: Iron

Eclipse :: Metropolitan Mfg. Co. :: Wringer

Elite :: Ellerman's :: Washer

Favorite :: R. M. Ball :: Washer

Metropolitan :: American Wringer Co. :: Mangles

Mitchell Improved :: E. R. Florence :: Washer

Modern :: Home Devices Corp. :: Washer

Mrs. Potts :: American Machine Co. :: Iron

North Star :: Pfanschmidt, Dodge :: Washboard

Northern Queen :: Fuller Bros. :: Washboard

Novelty :: Bailey Wringing Machine Co. :: Wringer

Ojoy :: Ellerman's :: Washer

Our Home :: Keystone Mfg. Co. :: Wringer

Pioneer :: W. W. Babcock Co. :: Ironing Board

Queen :: Knoll & Althouse :: Washer

Rightway :: American Gas Machine Co. :: Washer

Sprung Washer :: American Mfg. Co. :: Washer

Standard :: E. H. Huenefeld :: Washer

Star :: Knoll & Althouse :: Washer

Sterling :: Farwell, Ozmun, Kirk, & Co. :: Washer

Thor :: Hurley Machine Co. :: Electric Ironer

Thor :: Hurley Machine Co. :: Washer

Troy :: Nichols Mfg. Co. :: Iron

Union :: John Benker & Co. :: Washer

Universal :: American Wringer Co. :: Mangles

Universal :: Eclipse Wringer Co.

Universal :: Robert C. Reeves :: Wringer

Victor :: Robinson & Marriner :: Washer

Welcome :: Bailey Wringing Machine Co. :: Wringer

Western Star :: Anthony Wayne Mfg. Co. :: Washer

White Wire :: Hudson River Wire Mills:: Clothes Line

Wyandotte :: J. B. Ford Co. :: Cleaner
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Laundry Machinery and Accessories is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Laundry  Search this
Dryers  Search this
Irons (Pressing)  Search this
Ironing boards  Search this
Washing machines  Search this
Dry-goods  Search this
Clothespins  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Laundry Machinery and Accessories, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Laundry
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Laundry Machinery and Accessories
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e48fb981-4fb0-4f74-88eb-bfaeb3260b1b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-laundry
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: World Expositions

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
9.09 Cubic feet (consisting of 17.5 boxes, 1 folder, 19 oversize folders, 12 map case folders, 3 flat boxes (1 full, 2 partial), plus digital images of some collection material.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Date:
1851-1965
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: World Expositions forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This material consists primarily of guide books, souvenir books, catalogs, brochures, maps, general images, lithographs, advertising cards, postcards, commemorative stamps, tickets and correspondence created for the World's Fairs. A few trade catalogs (Chicago, 1893), magazines, bubble gum cards (Chicago, 1933-1934) and photographs are also included in the materials. One remarkable item in the world exposition's material is a "peephole" paper toy viewer from the New York 1939-1940 fair.

The amount of material for each fair varies widely. Most of the fairs including Paris 1855, Lausanne 1857, Boston 1883-1884, Bordeaux 1895, Philadelphia 1899, Milan 1906, Albuquerque 1908 and Seattle 1962 have very little information. The Philadelphia 1876 and Chicago 1893 expositions, however, contain a substantial amount of material. A number of expositions are not included among the materials. The container list indicates which fairs the Archives Center has information on in this collection.

A number of the expositions were given a nickname, mostly as a result of the architecture dominating the fair. Examples of those nicknames include the White City (Chicago 1893), the Magic City (Omaha 1898), the Rainbow City (Buffalo 1901), the Ivory City (St. Louis 1904), the Jewel City (San Francisco 1915), and Treasure Island San Francisco 1939-1940).

The World Expositions tend to have a theme or celebrate a special event. "The Age of Steam" was the theme for the first world exposition, held in London in 1851. In 1876, the Philadelphia exposition celebrated a century of American independence. The common name was the "Philadelphia Centennial." The Chicago 1893 fair celebrated the 400th anniversary of Columbus' discovery of America and was referred to as the "World's Columbian Exposition." The Omaha exposition in 1898 is known as the "Invitation to Renewed Expansion of the West." Buffalo's theme in 1901 was "All Americas Exposition", demonstrating the cultural, commercial and technical progress of the Western Hemisphere. Expanding the West was the theme for the St. Louis fair in 1904 to celebrate the lOOth anniversary of the purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France. In 1915, San Francisco celebrated the opening of the Panama Canal. American independence was celebrated again in Philadelphia in 1926 marking 150 years. Chicago's fair in 1933-1934 was called "A Century of Progress" it was incorporated as a city in 1833. The exposition in New York in 1939-1940 had two themes: "Building a World for Tomorrow" in 1939 and "For Peace and Freedom" in 1940. San Francisco's world's fair in 1939-1940 also had two themes: "Dawn of a New Day" in 1939 and "Fun in the Fourties" in 1940. The theme for New York's exposition in 1964-1965, "Peace Through Understanding", celebrated the 300th anniversary of the naming of New York by the British and the 15th anniversary of the United Nations in New York City.

Researchers interested in women's history will find little information on that subject. Most of the expositions had a Women's building, however, there are only a few items referring to them in this collection. Such materials include a book from the Philadelphia 1876 fair which discusses women's work. Another book from the Chicago 1893 fair examines the art and handicraft in the Women's building. A pamphlet also from the Chicago fair contains the official minutes of the Board of Lady Managers.

The materials in boxes one through seventeen are organized in chronological order by the name of the location of the fair. A number of manufacturers and distributors of various products created advertising for the expositions. Such materials remain with those created about the fair. A photocopy of product advertising has been filed in the appropriate subject category in the Warshaw Collection. Box eighteen contains miscellaneous items that could not be identified with a particular exposition. Such materials include photographs, advertising cards and souvenir books.

Other collections in the Archives that relate to world expositions are the Orth and Zimm collections. The Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the New York World's Fair 1939-1940 primarily documents the general organization of the New York fair and specific national or corporate pavilions. Holdings include advertising and promotional literature, press kits, maps and official guides, photographs and brochures. Additional material includes scrapbooks, photo album, diaries, postcards and posters. Among the personal papers of Mr. Orth are correspondence and copies of the newsletter, Exposition Collectors and Historians Organization (ECHO). ECHO was organized by Mr. Orth in 1976 for collectors and historians of world's fairs and disbanded upon his death. This collection is stored off site. Researchers are requested to make an appointment to use the materials. The Zim Collection contains materials from a number of the world's fairs. These materials are also stored off site and researchers will need to make an appointment.

Materials in the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History that relate to the world's fairs can also be found in its Library. The Library has both primary and secondary sources. All of the primary materials have been microfilmed. The library also contains a comprehensive collection of secondary sources on the expositions. Among the secondary sources is a publication The Book Fairs, Materials about World's Fairs, 1834-1916, in the Smithsonian Institution Libraries (1992).

Special collections (Dibner Library) contains about thirty very rare items from various world expositions mostly dating from the 1851 fair and those occurring in the 1880s. Such items are mostly coffee table books created about the fairs. Researchers will need to contact the Dibner library to make an appointment to see original materials.

The Museum's curatorial divisions hold a number of three dimensional objects relating to the fairs. For information on the objects researchers should contact the divisions.
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
World Expositions is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: World Expositions, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.World
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: World Expositions
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep870647d5c-3d16-42f8-a26f-ca22d461978f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-world
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Inks

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
0.98 Cubic feet (consisting of 2 boxes, 1 folder, 1 oversize folder, 1 map case folder.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Date:
undated
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Inks forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Inks is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Inks, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Inks
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Inks
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep877fa64a8-a3ee-4bc2-8f83-10bb001fdfb0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-inks
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tobacco Trade and Industry

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
11.35 Cubic feet (consisting of 20 boxes, 8 folder, 30 oversize folders, 17 map case folders, 3 flat boxes (partial), plus digital images of some collection material.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Date:
1750-1965
undated
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Tobacco Trade and Industry forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This subject category, "Tobacco Trade and Industry," consists of materials related to the tobacco trade and industry. This subject category provides an extensive record of the late nineteenth to mid-twentieth century tobacco industry with materials for consumers, traders, and distributors. It forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Collection Division I: Business Ephemera and Division II: Oversize Materials.

Series 1, Tobacco and Tobacco Related Product Ephemera, 1781-1965, undated, is the largest portion of the tobacco related materials. This series is arranged alphabetically by manufacturer and distributor name. The materials consist of advertising cards, scraps, trade catalogs, price lists, pamphlets, labels, correspondence on letterhead stationery, bills, receipts, illustrations from periodicals, printed advertisements, periodicals, newspaper clippings, broadsides, shipping documents, handbills, premiums, promotional items, announcements, and business cards. The majority of materials are from the late nineteenth to the early twentieth- century and were created primarily for consumers, traders and distributors. Most of the materials are from the East Coast and there is a large amount of undated material. Ethnic imagery and images of women and children are prominently featured in this series. The location of the company is given when known.

Series 2, Patents and Trademarks, 1875-1904, is arranged alphabetically by patent and trademark applicants. With illustrations and descriptions, many patent and trademark documents come from East Coast patent offices during the 1870s. While this series is limited in scope, it provides numerous examples of the patenting of tobacco brand names and other related products. Additionally, it contains many images of minorities, women, and a variety of ethnic imagery.

Series 3, Bills of Lading, 1833-1925, is arranged alphabetically by location with foreign locations comprising one folder. The materials date from the late nineteenth century, and the majority is from the port of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This series not only tells a great deal about shipping and importing, but it also provides detailed information about the parties, countries, and people involved in the process of shipping tobacco around the world. Although the collection is somewhat varied, the majority of the bills of lading have date stamps, detailed port information, and information about the imported tobacco itself. Other locations include Maryland, New York, Cuba, and foreign locales.

Series 4, Lithographs, undated, is a series of labels for packages and products arranged alphabetically. It is a great resource for the study of early American advertising. Although most of the product labels are undated, they are probably of the late nineteenth to early twentieth- century. The majority of companies were based in New York, New York.

Series 5, Ephemera and Photographs, 1750-1957, undated, is arranged and organized by type of material. This series is comprised of general images, cigar store Indian images, auction lists, packing for tobacco products, and advertising cards, and contains a wealth of documentation of the American tobacco market. One of the best resources of this series is its collection of cigar bands. There are two photographs within this series, one depicting the exterior of a tobacco shop and another photograph of ladies working with shade grown tobacco, most likely in Connecticut. This series contains a copy of the Burr McIntosh photograph, "Leaves of Desire".

Series 6, Publications, 1742-1962, undated, consist of articles, books, pamphlets, magazines, and periodicals. One of the most useful portions of this series is the anti-tobacco related publications. The series contains tobacco-related articles. In addition to a few articles about tobacco companies, there are publications that contemplate the issues behind smoking. This series also contains tobacco related clippings from magazines and periodicals. Directories are also included in this series. The sheer variety of the material is vast, including essays from The Farm Quarterly and United States government documents. Tobacco is the only unifying factor. Researchers may be interested in La Santa Yerba, a late nineteenth-century book containing verses and other reflections on the tobacco plant itself.
Brand Name Index:
The following is a list of brand names for various tobacco products and related names that appear on this list is a compilation of those found on materials in the vertical document boxes. It is not a complete list of all the brand names for tobacco. The list is intended to assist researchers locate desired materials when only the brand name is known.

Brand Name -- Manufacturer/Dealer

Adonis -- Waldorf-Astoria Sugar Company

A. Hussey -- Leaf Tobacco Company

All Red Scrap -- Spaulding & Merrick

Alligator -- Pierre Lorillard

Almighty Dollar -- Roig & Langsdorf, LTD.

American Eagle -- Barker, K.C. & Company

Anglo-Egyptian -- Anderson, John & Company

Ante Fine (Cut) -- Pierre Lorillard

Apollo Egyptian -- Crescent Tobacco Company

Ateshian Bagdad -- Ateshian Company

Bagdad -- Pierre Lorillard

Bag Pipe -- Pierre Lorillard

Banner -- Banner Company

Banner -- American Tobacco Company

Bay State -- Brewer, Clarks & Sons

Bee -- Pierre Lorillard

Beech-Nut -- Pierre Lorillard

Belle of Turkey -- Pierre Lorillard

Between the Acts -- Pierre Lorillard

Between the Acts -- Thomas Hall Company

Bibber Cigarettes -- American Tobacco Company

Bijou -- S. Busnitz & Company

Birdseye -- British-American Company

Birdseye -- Akhbar Shah

B & L -- S. Busnitz & Company

Black Bird -- Baumann-Ashley Company

Black Joe Dark Plug -- American Tobacco Company

Black & Tan -- Pierre Lorillard

Black & Tan -- Annen Tobacco Company

Blended Stock -- American Tobacco Company

Blot -- Pierre Lorillard

Blue Peter -- Blue Peter Company

Bock y Ca -- Benson & Hedges

Boot Jack -- John Finzer

Boss Bite -- Pierre Lorillard

Brand M -- S. Monday & Son

Briar -- Spaulding & Merrick

Bright Sweet Emerald -- Pierre Lorillard

Briggs -- Pierre Lorillard

Brotherhood -- Pierre Lorillard

Buffalo Head -- Bland Tobacco Company

Bull Durham -- American Tobacco Company Smoking Tobacco

Bull's Eye -- Pierre Lorillard

Bull's Eye -- Peerless (Kimball)

Buzz Long -- Pierre Lorillard

Cabana -- Brewer, Clark & Sons

Cabanas -- Benson & Hedges

Cabarga -- Brewer, Clark & Sons

Cameo -- W. Duke & Son

Canada -- American Tobacco Company

Canoe -- Spence

Cap Sheaf -- Pierre Lorillard

Capadura -- R.C. Brown & Company

Capadura De La Reina -- R.C. Brown & Company

Capadura Olivette -- R.C. Brown & Company

Capadura Patience -- R.C. Brown & Company

Capital -- G.W. Gail

Captive -- Pierre Lorillard

Catlin's Twin Sisters -- American Tobacco Company

Cavendish -- Pierre Lorillard

Century -- Peter Lorillard

Challenge -- Pierre Lorillard

Chesterfield -- Ligget & Myers

Circassian Girls -- Pierre Lorillard

Clay, Henry -- Benson & Hedges

Climax -- Peter Lorillard

Clipper -- American Tobacco Company

Coca -- Drummond

Comet -- Pierre Lorillard

Common Sense -- American Tobacco Company

Conchas -- Brewer, Clark & Sons

Consols -- Consolidated Co.

Continental Cubes -- Continental Tobacco Company

Cools -- Brown & Williams Company

Cork (Number 1) -- Benson & Hedges

Cork Tip #2 -- Benson & Hedges

Cornucopia -- American Tobacco Company

Corona -- Brewer, Clark & Sons

Crown -- Benson & Hedges

Cute -- Merchants Cigar Factory

Dainties -- Allen & Ginter

Dainties -- American Tobacco Company

Defiance -- D. Hirsch

Derby -- Felener, F.W. Company

Diamond -- Allen & Ellis

Dixie -- Dixie Allen & Ginter

Dogtail -- Peter Lorillard

Drawing Room -- Pierre Lorillard

Dubec -- Allen & Ginter

Dubec -- American Tobacco Company

Duke of Durham -- American Tobacco Company

Duke's Best -- American Tobacco Company

Duke's Cameo -- American Tobacco Company

Duke's Mixture -- American Tobacco Company

Eagle Principe -- Brewer, Clark & Sons

Egyptian -- Pierre Lorillard

Egyptian Deities -- American Tobacco Company

Egyptian Dreams -- Rappaport

Egyptian Luxury -- American Tobacco Company

Egyptian Temple Lorillard, Peter -- Pierre Lorillard

Egyptian Straights -- American Tobacco Company

El Muezzin #1 -- Benson & Hedges

El Muezzin #2 -- Benson & Hedges

Embassy -- Pierre Lorillard

Emerald -- Pierre Lorillard

Etc., Etc. -- Brewer, Clark & Sons

Eureka -- Peter Lorillard

Excelsior -- American Tobacco Company

Extra Eagle -- B. Leidersdorf & Company

Excelsior #1 -- American Tobacco Company

Extra Mild #3 -- Benson & Hedges

Extra Mild Mild #4 -- Benson & Hedges

Fair Play -- American Tobacco Company

Favorite -- Cameron & Cameron

Felgner's Mohawk -- American Tobacco Company

Fine Brother -- Finzer, John

Flagman -- American Tobacco Company

Fontica -- Brewer, Clark & Sons

Forget-Me-Not -- Pierre Lorillard

Fortunato Bianco -- American Tobacco Company

Fragrant Vanity Fair -- American Tobacco Company

Friends -- Pierre Lorillard

Full Dress -- American Tobacco Company

Gaiety -- Bland Tobacco Co.

Gail & Ax's Navy -- American Tobacco Co.

Genuine Durham -- Blackwell, W.T. & Co.

Globe -- McGraw, Walker

Gold Extra Fine #1 -- Benson & Hedges

Gold #2 -- Benson & Hedges

Gold Rope -- Wilson & McNally

Golden Back -- Pioneer Tobacco Co.

Golden Bell -- Pierre Lorillard

Golden Bright -- Pierre Lorillard

Golden Culprit -- Peter Lorillard

Golden Light -- American Tobacco Co.

Golden Light -- Kimball & Co.

[Golden S?] -- [Unknown]

Golden Thread -- American Tobacco Co.

Good Luck -- Cotterill & Fenner Co.

Good Luck -- Drummond

Good Smoke -- Pierre Lorillard

Gondola -- Pierre Lorillard

Greek Slave -- Commonwealth Tobacco Co.

Green Turtle -- Pierre Lorillard

Greenback -- American Tobacco Co.

Greenback -- Marburg Brothers

Grizzly -- Pierre Lorillard

Gypsy Queen -- Goodwin

Happy Thought -- Pierre Lorillard

Happy Thought -- Wilson McNally

Hard A Port -- Thompson & C. Moors

Hard Plan -- H.M. Ferguson

Hard Tack -- American Tobacco Co.

Havana Consul Penete -- Pierre Lorillard

Havana Mixture -- Allen & Ginter

Havana Segar -- Waldorf-Astoria Segar Co.

Havannah -- Amber & Co.

Hazel Nut -- John J. Bagley

Helma -- Pierre Lorillard

Helmar Turkish -- American Tobacco Company

His Majesty's -- Benson & Hedges

Hoffman House Magnum -- Pierre Lorillard

Honest -- American Tobacco Co.

Honey Dew -- John Anderson & Co.

Horse Shoe -- Cotterill & Fenner

Horse Shoe -- Drummond

Hoyt's Medium -- American Tobacco Co

Hunki-Dori -- Chapin Stuart & Co.

Hunter -- H.M. Ferguson

Ideal -- Pierre Lorillard

Imperial Cavendish -- Allen & Ginter

Imperialette -- S. Monday

Imported -- Benson & Hedges

Improved Shorts -- Pierre Lorillard

India House -- Pierre Lorillard

Indian -- Amber & Company

Ivanhoe -- American Tobacco Co.

I. X.L. -- American Tobacco Co.

Jack & Jill -- American Tobacco Co.

Jack Rose -- Pierre Lorillard

John Dew -- Kaufmann, A.G

Jolly Tar -- Continental Tobacco Co.

Just Suits -- Pierre Lorillard

Kaiser (Gold Tip) -- A.B.C. Importation Co.

Karam -- Aslan Brothers

Kensington -- Brucker & Boghein

Kismen -- Strater Brothers

Kool -- Kool Brown & Williamson Co.

La Corona (Plain) -- A.B.C. Importation Co.

La Corona -- Benson & Hedges

La Flor de Cuba -- Benson & Hedges

La Marquise -- American Tobacco Co.

La Rosa -- Clark Brewer & Sons

Latest English -- American Tobacco & Sons

Leather Stocking -- C. Bickel

Level Head -- Pierre Lorillard

Libertad -- Clark Brewer & Sons

Lime Kiln Club -- Bagley & Company

Little Drummer -- Drummond

Little Joker -- American Tobacco Co.

Little Joker -- G.W. Gail

Little Rhody -- Pierre Lorillard

Little Sparks -- F.W. Felener

London Life -- American Tobacco Co.

Londres -- Clark Brewer & Sons

Long Cut -- W. & Son Duke

Lorillard's Stripped -- Pierre Lorillard

Louisiana Perique -- Allen & Ginter

Lucky Strike -- American Tobacco Co.

Lucky Strike -- R.A. Petterson

Luscious Luxury -- Pierre Lorillard

Luxury -- American Tobacco Co.

Lyceum -- Duke & Son

Mail Pouch -- Block Brothers

Manilla -- Amber & Company

Matinee -- Oliver & Robinson

Match -- Bland Tobacco Co.

Mecca -- American Tobacco Co.

Mechanic's Delight -- Pierre Lorillard

Melachrino -- L. Melachrino

Mellowleaf -- Commonwealth Tobacco Co.

Melrose -- British-American Co.

Melrose -- Marburg Brothers

Mercedes (Gold Tip) -- A.B.C. Importation Co.

Mexican -- Amber & Co.

Mild Number 2 -- Pierre Lorillard

Miner's Stript -- Pierre Lorillard

Mogul Egyptian -- American Tobacco Co.

Moon Spot -- Van Slyke & Horton

Mule Ear -- Wellman & Dwire Co.

Murad -- American Tobacco Co.

Myrtle Navy -- American Tobacco Co.

Napoleons -- Allen & Ginter

Navy -- G.W. Gail

Nebo -- Pierre Lorillard

Neptune -- Adams, J.L.

Neptune -- Buchanan & Lyalls

New Cross Bar -- Drummond

Nigger Head -- American Tobacco Co.

Night Watch -- Banner Co.

Night Watch -- American Tobacco Co.

Number 1 -- Benson & Hedges

Number 1 -- Pierre Lorillard

Old Egypt -- Pierre Lorillard

Old English -- American Tobacco Co.

Old Fashion -- American Tobacco Co.

Old Gold -- American Tobacco Co.

Old Gold -- British American Co.

Old Gold -- Kimball & Co.

Old Gold -- Pierre Lorillard

Old Guebeck -- Benson & Hedges

Old Guebeck Gold -- Benson & Hedges

Old Honesty -- American Tobacco Co.

Old Honesty -- John Finzer

Old Judge -- British-American Co.

Old Judge -- Kimball & Co.

Old Judge -- Goodwin Co.

Old Judge -- Allen & Ginter

Old Nut -- Pierre Lorillard

Old Rip -- British-American Co.

Old Rip -- Allen & Ginter

Old Sledge -- Edel

Old Tom -- Pierre Lorillard

Old Virginia Cheroots -- American Tobacco Co.

Old Virginia Cheroots -- Whitlock Co.

Olympia -- Gail, G.W.

Omar Turkish -- American Tobacco Co.

Omega Kentucky -- Pierre Lorillard

Opera -- Kerbs, Werthim & Schiffer

Opera Puff -- Allen & Ginter

Oronoko -- Pierre Lorillard

Our Country's Pride -- Collins Cigar Co.

Our game -- Alex Cameron

Our Little Beauties -- Allen & Ginter

Our Pet Nave -- Goddard Co.

Owl -- Straitron & Storm

Pall Mall -- American Tobacco Co.

Panetelas -- S. Monday & Son

Parliament -- Benson & Hedges

Parole -- Pierre Lorillard

Pastime -- John Finzer Co.

Pearl -- Pierre Lorillard

Peerless -- Kimball & Co.

Pedro -- American Tobacco Co.

Pedro Murias -- Benson & Hedges

Perfection -- Allen & Ginter

Perfection Mixture -- Pierre Lorillard

Perique Mixture -- Allen & Ginter

Pet -- Allen & Ginter

Peter Schuyler -- Van Slyke & Horton

Pink -- Pierre Lorillard

Pioneer Crown -- Allen & Ellis

Piper Heidsieck -- American Tobacco Co.

Pippin -- Banner Company

Pippins -- H. Traisser & Co.

Plain Light -- Pierre Lorillard

Planet -- Buchannan & Lyalls

Polar Bear -- Pierre Lorillard

Preferred Stock -- American Tobacco Co.

Prince Albert -- R.J. Reynolds

Princess Charlotte -- A.B.C. Importation Co.

Pure Virginia -- Pierre Lorillard

Purity -- Cameron & Cameron

Quality Puffs -- S. Monday & Sons

Queen of the Seas -- Alex Cameron & Co.

Raleigh -- Brown & Williamson Co.

Red Cross -- Pierre Lorillard

Regalia -- Clark Brewer & Sons

Richmond Cavendish -- Allen & Ginter

Richmond Gem Mild -- Allen & Ginter

Richmond Gem Mixture -- Allen & Ginter

Richmond Mixture #1 -- Allen & Ginter

Richmond Mixture #2 -- Allen & Ginter

Richmond Straight -- Allen & Ginter

Richmond Straight #1 -- Allen & Ginter

Right Bower -- Allen & Ginter

Ripple Navy -- Pierre Lorillard

Robert Burns -- Straiton & Storm

Rose Leaf -- Pierre Lorillard

Royal Bengals -- Pierre Lorillard

Royal Bengals -- Pierre Lorillard

Russian #1 -- Benson & Hedges

Russian Gold -- Benson & Hedges

Russian Gold #3 -- Benson & Hedges

Russian Mouthpiece #1 -- Benson & Hedges

Russian Mouthpiece #1 -- Benson & Hedges

Russian Mouthpiece #3 -- Benson & Hedges

Rustic -- George Bell

Sailor's Delight -- Pierre Lorillard

Sailor's Pride -- Bland Tobacco Co.

Satins -- American Tobacco Co.

Seal of North Carolina -- American Tobacco Co.

Seal Skin -- Commonwealth Tobacco

Sensation -- Peter Lorillard

Siesta -- Pierre Lorillard

Silk -- Strasser Co.

Si Peu Que Rein -- Benson & Hedges

Snow Flake -- American Tobacco Co.

Solace -- John Anderson & Co.

Something Good -- James Butler Co.

Sovereign -- Butler & Butler

Spanish Puffs -- American Tobacco Co.

Spear Head -- American Tobacco Co.

Special -- American Tobacco Co.

Special Favours -- American Tobacco Co.

Splendid -- Pierre Lorillard

Sport -- H.M. Lockrow

Sporting Extra -- American Tobacco Co.

Spot Cash -- H.P. Brewster

Stag -- Pierre Lorillard

St. Ledger -- Pierre Lorillard

Straw #1 -- Benson & Hedges

Straw Extra Mild #4 -- Benson & Hedges

Straw Tip #2 -- Pierre Lorillard

Stripped -- Pierre Lorillard

Sub-Rosa -- Pierre Lorillard

Sunny South -- Allen & Ginter

Sunnyside -- American Tobacco Co.

Suwanee River -- Van Slyke & Co.

Sweet Banner -- American Tobacco Co.

Sweet Caporal -- American Tobacco Co.

Sweet Caporal -- Kinny Co.

Sweet Conqueror -- Pierre Lorillard

Sweet Golden Seal -- Buchner & Co.

Sweet Lavender -- American Tobacco Co.

Sweet Maple -- Bland Tobacco Co.

Tareyton -- American Tobacco Co.

Ten Minute -- Marburg Brothers

Three Black Cows -- Pierre Lorillard

Three Kings -- William S. Kimball Co.

Tiger -- Pierre Lorillard

Tin Tag -- Pierre Lorillard

Toko -- Bland Tobacco Co.

Tolstoi -- American Tobacco Co.

Troy -- American Tobacco Co.

Tuberose -- Pierre Lorillard

Turkey Red -- Pierre Lorillard

Turkish Cross Cut -- American Tobacco Co.

Turkish Mixture -- Allen & Ginter

Tuxedo -- American Tobacco Co.

Uncle Sam -- Nall & Williams

Union Leader -- Pierre Lorillard

Upper Cut -- L. Miller & Son

Vafiadis -- Ligget & Myers

Van Bibber -- American Tobacco Co.

Vanity Fair -- Kimballs

Velvet -- Ligget & Myers

Venable's Cockade -- S.W. Venable Tobacco Co.

Veteran -- American Tobacco Co.

Victory -- Buchner & Co.

Victory -- American Tobacco Co.

Villar y Villar -- Benson & Hedges

Virginia Brights -- Allen & Ginter

Virginia Brights -- American Tobacco Co.

Virginia Cheroots -- Pierre Lorillard

Virginia's Choice -- [Unknown]

Virginia Leaf -- John Cornish Co.

Wandering Jew -- Clark Brewer & Sons

Welcome -- Goodwin

West Virginia Mail Pouch -- Block Brothers Co.

Wings -- Brown & Williamson Co.

Winner -- H.M. Ferguson

White Puff -- Pierre Lorillard

Wild Rose Chipped -- Pierre Lorillard

XX Navy Clipping -- Pierre Lorillard

Yacht Club -- Pierre Lorillard

Yasoa -- S. Monday & Son

Yellow Jacket -- Pierre Lorillard

Yellow Kid -- National Tobacco Co.

Zira -- Pierre Lorillard

Zoo Zoo -- Wilson & McNally Co.

Zubelda -- Pierre Lorillard
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Tobacco Trade and Industry is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tobacco Trade and Industry, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Tobacco
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tobacco Trade and Industry
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8aa758c12-720c-4606-8406-fb057828e1ae
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-tobacco
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
55 Boxes (approximately.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1850-1957
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years.

Series 2 materials include cinema lobby cards, fire insurance maps, photographs and scrapbooks of liquor and wine labels.

An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.
Scope and Contents note:
This portion of the collection represents a significant accumulation of one type of material rather than a mix of various types of ephemera. The bulk of this material is Cinema Lobby Cards, Fire Insurance Maps and Sheet Music.
Arrangement note:
Arranged in 8 subseries.

2.1: Business Records [obsolete]

2.2: Cinema Lobby Cards

2.3: Fire Insurance Maps

2.4: Liquor and Wine Labels and Advertisements

2.5: Photographs

2.6: Stereographs

2.7: Sheet Music

2.8: Rewards and Wanted Posters
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Series 2: Other Collection Divisions forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana .

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060, was purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Sears, Roebuck & Co. catalogs restricted due to fragile condition. Researchers should consult microfilm in NMAH library for 1880-1983 editions, drawer 692.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S02
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series 2: Other Collection Divisions
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep81f48cffa-16fa-4c91-a3ad-2d2fddd371b0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s02
Online Media:

Business Records

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Sears, Roebuck & Co. catalogs restricted due to fragile condition. Researchers should consult microfilm in NMAH library for 1880-1983 editions, drawer 692.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S02, Subseries 2.1
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series 2: Other Collection Divisions
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep86a143fa8-29f9-4fe3-8a23-54b208087a15
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s02-ref13

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