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MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers

Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Riggs, Stephen Return, 1812-1883  Search this
Extent:
30 Linear feet (70 boxes, 1 oversized box, 20 manuscript envelopes, 4 rolled maps, and 23 map folders)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Tutelo  Search this
Iowa  Search this
Chiwere  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Osage  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Dhegiha Indians  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Tututni (Tutuni)  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Siletz  Search this
Coos (Kusan)  Search this
Yaquina (Yakwina)  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Takelma (Rogue River Indians)  Search this
Klikitat  Search this
Chasta Costa (Chastacosta)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Drawings
Vocabulary
Folklore
Sermons
Manuscripts
Obituaries
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Place:
Siletz Indian Reservation (Or.)
Date:
circa 1870-1956
bulk 1870-1895
Summary:
Reverend James Owen Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary and Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist who conducted extensive research on Siouan tribes and languages.The papers of James Owen Dorsey comprise mostly ethnographic and linguistic materials on various tribes of the Siouan language family as well as tribes from Siletz Reservation in Oregon. These materials include texts and letters with interlineal translations; grammar notes; dictionaries; drawings; and his manuscripts. In addition, the collection contains Dorsey's correspondence, newspaper clippings, his obituaries, and reprints.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains James O. Dorsey's research and writings as a BAE ethnologist, as well as his earlier work as a missionary among the Ponca. The vast majority of the collection pertains to his research on Siouan-Catawban languages, including the Dakota and Dhegiha languages, Chiwere, Winnebago, Mandan, Hidatsa, Tutelo, Biloxi, and Catawba. His research on Athapascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan languages from his field work at Siletz Reservation are also present, as well as some notes on the Caddoan languages. Dorsey's research files include linguistic and ethnological field notes, reading notes, stories and myths, vocabularies, drawings, and unpublished and published manuscripts. The collection also contains Omaha, Ponca, Quapaw, and Biloxi dictionaries that he compiled and materials relating to his work editing Steven Riggs' Dakota-English Dictionary. Additional noteworthy materials in the collection are Teton texts and drawings from George Bushotter and drawings by Stephen Stubbs (Kansa), Pahaule-gagli (Kansa), and George Miller (Omaha). The collection also contains Dorsey's correspondence, newspaper clippings, obituaries, and his collection of reprints.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 6 series: 1) Siouan; 2) Siletz Reservation; 3) Caddoan; 4) General Correspondence; 5) Personal Papers; 6) Miscellaneous & Reprints.
Biographical Note:
Reverend James Owen Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary and Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist who conducted extensive research on Siouan tribes and languages.

Dorsey was born on October 31, 1848 in Baltimore, Maryland. He exhibited a talent for languages at an early age. At age 6 he learned the Hebrew alphabet and was able to read the language at age 10. In 1867 Dorsey attended the Theological Seminary of Virginia and was ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1871. In May of that year, Dorsey traveled to the Dakota Territory to serve as a missionary among the Ponca. Plagued by ill health, Dorsey was forced to end his missionary work in August 1873. By that time, however, he had learned the Ponca language well enough to converse with members of the tribe without an interpreter.

Dorsey returned to Maryland and engaged in parish work while continuing his studies of Siouan languages. His linguistic talents and knowledge of these languages attracted the attention of Major John Wesley Powell. Powell arranged for Dorsey to work among the Omaha in Nebraska from 1878 to 1880 to collect linguistic and ethnological notes. When the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) was established in 1879, Powell recruited Dorsey to join the staff.

As an ethnologist for the BAE, Dorsey continued his research on Siouan tribes. His studies focused on languages but also included Siouan personal names, folklore, social organization, religion, beliefs, and customs. He conducted fieldwork among the Tutelo at Six Nations on Grand River in Upper Canada (1882); the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw in Indian Territory (1883-1884); the Biloxi at Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana (1892); and again with the Quapaw at the Quapaw Mission (1894). He also worked with Native Americans that visited DC, including George Bushotter (Teton), Philip Longtail (Winnebago), Samuel Fremont (Omaha), and Little Standing Buffalo (Ponca). He also spent time at Siletz Reservation in 1884 to collect linguistic notes on the Athapascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan stocks.

In addition to his research, Dorsey helped found the American Folklore Society and served as the first vice-president of the association. He also served as vice-president of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

At the age of 47, Dorsey died of typhoid fever on February 4, 1895.

Sources Consulted

1st-16th Annual Reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology. 1881-1897.

Hewitt, J.N.B. 1895. "James Owen Dorsey" American Anthropologist A8, 180-183.

McGee, W.J. 1895. "In Memoriam." Journal of American Folklore 8(28): 79-80.

1848 -- Born on October 31 in Baltimore, Maryland.

1871 -- Ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

1871-1873 -- Served as a missionary among the Ponca in Dakota Territory.

1878-1880 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Omaha in Nebraska.

1879 -- Joined the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology.

1882 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Tutelo at Six Nations on Grand River in Upper Canada.

1883-1884 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw in Indian Territory.

1887 -- Worked with George Bushotter to record information regarding the language and culture of the Dakota.

1884 -- Conducted fieldwork at Siletz Reservation.

1892 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Biloxi at Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana.

1894 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Quapaw at the Quapaw Mission in Indian Territory.

1895 -- Died of typhoid fever on February 4th at the age of 47.
Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Social structure  Search this
Kinship  Search this
Manners and customs  Search this
Shahaptian languages  Search this
Yakonan languages  Search this
Athapascan languages  Search this
Kusan languages  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Siouan languages  Search this
Dhegiha language  Search this
Siuslaw Indians  Search this
Hidatsa language  Search this
Omaha language  Search this
Dakota language  Search this
Catawba language  Search this
Biloxi language  Search this
Caddoan languages  Search this
Osage language  Search this
Alsea language  Search this
Kansa language  Search this
Mandan language  Search this
Chastacosta language  Search this
Coquille language  Search this
Tutelo language  Search this
Winnebago language  Search this
Siuslaw language  Search this
Takelma language  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Drawings
Vocabulary
Folklore
Sermons
Manuscripts
Obituaries
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4800
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3261ab492-5f9d-4be7-b1f4-c24d3f5da29b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4800
Online Media:

Lakota texts by George Bushotter

Translator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Bruyier, John  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
Pages (ca. 3,500 pages)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Pages
Folklore
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
259 texts; numbers 189 and 253, as well as parts of 223 and 224 are by John Bruyier, 1888. Interlinear translations by Dorsey, aided by Bushotter and Bruyier.

Lakota text contents: 1. Sword Keeper and his brother. The latter meets Two Faces, a mythic giant. 8 pages and 3 pages (notes) and 1 page partial translation. 2. The Mythic Buffalo. 10 pages. 3. Two Faces. Explains the origin of arrows, pipes, axes, knife-sharpeners, beads, etc. 14 pages. 4. Three brothers who had a witch sister. 17 pages. (incomplete) 5. Children, a bad old woman cannibal, and Spider (the Mythic Trickster). 12 pages. 6. Spider, animals, and women. 15 pages and 6 pages. 7. A man and his ghost wife. 9 and 5 pages. 8. Two against one: a ghost story with a song. 10 pages. 9. A man, a female ghost, and a male ghost who wrestled with the man. 15 pages. 10. Ghost on the hill, who could not be hit by arrows. 8 pages. 11. Treatment of the sick, burial customs. 22 pages and 4 pages (notes) and 2 pages and 1 sketch. 12. The man who came to life again. 14 and 2 (translation) pages. Note by Bruyier at end. 13. The man and woman in the moon. 6 pages. 14. Man, two in the lodge, female ghost, and the friendly wolf. 8 pages. 15. The man who spared the wolf cubs. 11 pages. 16. The Thunder Being and the Unkcegila (a mastadon ?) 12 pages. 17. Waziya, the northern giant who brings snow. 4 pages. 18. Buffalo people who attacked the Indian people. 10 pages. 19. Spider and the land turtle. 29 pages. 20. The man and his two sons. 18 pages and 2 pages (notes). 21. The turtle who wished to fly. 10 pages. 22. The man who could become a grizzly bear. 6 pages. 23. How the Indians cured the sun. 3 pages. 24. Spider and the horned water monster. 7 pages. 25. The strange lake with large subaquatic animals. 6 pages. 26. The warrior surrounded by a serpent. 4 pages. 27. The one-eyed serpent with short legs and large body. 3 pages. 28. Why they pray to stones, the sun, etc. 9 pages.

29. The mountain in which was a large serpent.. 6 pages. 30. Adventures of a man and his wife.. 8 pages. 31. Spider and the Prairie Chicken. 6 pages. 32. Adventure of RAbbit Carrier. 6 pages. 33. The woman who turned to a fish from her waist down. 22 pages. 34. Spider and the Rabbit; how the latter made snow. 5 pages. 35. The male ghost and his living wife. 8 pages. 36. The man with the magic sword, and the one with the powerful breath. 6 pages. 37. Swift Runner (he who tied stones to his legs). 10 pages. 38. The man who was rescued by eaglets. 10 pages. 39. The Double-woman. 5 pages. 40. Spider and the mice. 14 pages. 41. Spider and the ducks--how they got red eyes. 13 pages and 1 sketch. 42. Spider and the Rabbit; how the latter lost his long tail. 11 pages. 43. The man who ressembled the man in the moon. 11 pages. 44. The young lover who was rescued by the girl. 12 pages. 45. The warriors who met Heyoka (Sunflower) who was singing and dancing. 2 pages. 46. The flying Santee (a ghoul). 8 pages. 47. How the Santees first saw buffalo. 8 pages. 48. How the Lakotas went against the Rees. 5 pages. 49. Adventures of the Short Man. 8 pages. 50. Smoke Maker's adventures: a war story. 7 pages. 51. Fight between the Lakota and the Blackfeet. 4 pages (incomplete) 52. Fight between two unarmed men and a grizzly bear. 8 pages. 53. Treatment of an Omaha spy caught by the Lakotas. 6 pages. 54. The wild man, a nude cannibal. 4 pages. 55. He who uses the earth as an ear. 7 pages. 56. Why horses are called, in Lakota, "mysterious dogs." 7 ages. 57. The man who could understand ravens. 5 pages. 58. Of the two small stones that were servants of the people. 6 pages. (Brief note at the end appears to be in Swanton's hand.) 59. The Wahanksica, a strange animal. 3 pages. 60. The animal in the Missouri River which breaks up the ice in the spring of the year. 4 pages.

61. How thw wind brought sickness to Medicine Butte Creek. 6 pages. 62. Beliefs about day and night. 6 pages. 63. The man in the forest and his contest with ghosts. 8 pages. 64. The feast in honor of the Anti-Natural God. 18 pages. 65. Of the Heyoka man who dreamed of his death by lightening. 13 pages. 66. Fight between the Lakota and the Blackfeet. 6 pages. 67. Of the mysteriousman who knew about the distant war party, 5 pages. 68. Of the wise man who caught his eloping wife. 8 pages. 69. How the Rees or Blackfeet came against the Lakotas. 5 pages. 70. Origin of the buffalo. 5 pages. 71. The Sun Dance. A. 98 pages and 3 figures. B. 9 pages. C. 4 pages. D. 7 pages and 1 diagram. E. 6 pages. F. 4 pages. G. 14 pages. H. 3 pages and 2 diagrams. I. 3 pages. 72. The man who could lengthen his arm at will. 7 pages. 73. What a young man must do before he can marry. 11 pages. 74. How the Crows surrounded some Lakotas. 12 pages. 75. A raid on a Lakota camp. 4 pages. 76. Story of a warrior who was not wounded. 9 pages. 77. Fight between the Lakota and white soldiers. 20 pages. 78. Of the Santees, and their fondness for certain foods. 4 pages. 79. What the Lakota thought of the first white people whom they saw. 13 pages. 80. Belief respecting lakes. 6 pages. 81. Belief about this world. 7 pages. 82. The calumet dance. 39 pages and 2 diagrams. 83. How they honor the dead (the Ghost Feast). 15 and 2 and 18 pages. 84. Men who are arrow and bullet proof. 8 pages. 85. Of love potions, etc. 5 pages. 86. The acts of a wounded warrior. 7 pages. 87. Actors clothed in buffalo robes with the hair out detect wrongdoers. 11 pages. 88. Those who imitate the elk. 14 pages. 89. Why a man may not speak to his mother in law. 11 pages. 90. Rules for feasting, smoking, and visiting. 11 pages. 91. Of certain boyish customs. 8 pages. 92. A ghost story. 7 pages. 93. Origin of the white people. 10 pages. 94. Games and their seasons. 10 pages. 95. Education of a boy. 10 pages. 96. Of youth killed in battle, and of his faithful horse. 12 pages. 97. The people who lived in the north. 7 pages and 2 sketches. 98. The ghost woman and the robin. 9 pages. Note at end by Bruyier. 99. The Flying serpent whose touch was fatal. 5 pages. 100. Origin of twins. 5 pages. 101. George Bushotter's autobiography. 117 pages. 102. Belief concerning a loved one who has been called by a ghost. 7 pages. 103. Fight between two gamblers near Chamberlain, Dakota. 7 pages.

104. The singing elk. 7 pages. 105. Belief about Spider. 9 pages. 106. War of the Lakota against the Omaha. 7 pages. 107. Narrow escape of Bark Bird's Tail (a Lakota). 5 pages. 108. Busnotter's cousin's war adventure. 11 pages. 109. How certain men (doctors, priests, etc.) have become mysterious. 16 pages. 110. How the Lakota fought the Cheyennes and Black Men (Commanches ?). 22 pages. 111. Rules of etiquette for brothers, sisters, cousins. 21 pages. 112. Ghost story. 5 pages. 113. The habits of beavers. 8 pages. 114. Spider and the old woman who fed all the animals. 24 pages. 115. The handsome man who was rescued from a pit by a wolf. 32 pages. 116. Trick of a myth-teller. 9 pages. 117. Of thistles. 4 pages. 118. How Indians regard the past and their ancestors. 22 pages. 119. The grass dance. 12 pages. 120. The Big Belly Society. 6 pages. 121. The Mandan Society. 10 pages. 122. "Following one another," a Lakota game. 7 pages. 123. "They make it run by pushing," a Lakota game. 46 pages and 2 (colored) diagrams. 124. Horse racing. 5 pages. 125. Hitting the moccasin, a game. 9 pages. 126. Shooting at the cactus, a gane. 5 pages. 127. Hitting the bow, a game. 5 pages. 128. Shooting at bunches of grass, a game. 5 pages. 129. Shooting at the lights of an animal, a game. 6 pages. 130. Taking captives from one another, a game. 9 pages. 131. Trampling on the beaver, a game. 6 pages. 132. "Howi ! Howi !" a ring game for boys or youths. 12 pages. 133. "They touch not one another," a game. 6 pages. 134. Game with a long grass which has a long, sharp beard. 6 pages. 135. The old woman accuses them," a game. 8 pages. 136. A game with slings. 5 pages. 137. "Goose and her children," a game. 10 pages. 138. Buffalo horn game. 7 and 1 page. 139. A stick which is hurled. 5 and 1 page and 2 figures. 140. "Making the wood dance by hitting it," a game. 8 pages. 41. "Making the wood jump by hitting it," a game. 8 pages. 142. "Making the bow glide by throwing," a game. 6 pages. 143. Coasting. 8 pages. 144. Game of ball. 12 pages. 145. "Shotting at an arrow set up," a game. 7 pages. 146. Grizzly bear game. 12 pages. 147. Deer game. 10 pages. 148. "Running towards one another," a game. 9 pages. 149. "They cause one another to carry packs on their backs," a game. 10 pages. 150. "They hit one another with mud," a game. 10 pages. 151. Hitting the ball, a game. 11 pages. 152. A game with a rawhide hoop. 43 pages and 2 figures. 153. Game of earthen horses. 8 pages. 154. "They slide by pushing," a game. 14 pages. 155. "They kick at one another," a game. 14 pages.

156. "The hoop is made to roll in the wind," a game. 9 pages. 157. [Popgun game.] Missing July, 1966. (not on microfilm made 1958) 1 page illustration found July, 1968. 158. Wrestling. 8 pages. 159. Courting the girls. 9 pages. 160. Game with bow and small wood-pointed arrows. 10 pages. 161. Swinging. 10 pages. 162. "Taking Places from one another," a game. 9 pages. 163. "Playing with small things," a game. 18 pages. 164. Pinching the backs of hands, a game. 11 pages. 165. "Scattering them," a game. 9 pages. 166. "Who shall get threr first," a game. 10 pages. 167. Hopping. 9 pages. 168. Throwing arrows by hand, at a target. 6 pages. 169. Ghost game. 21 pages. 170. Hide and seek. 13 pages. 171. Jumping down from a high object. 12 pages. 172. Plumstone game. 18 pages. 173. Odd or even ? A game with sticks. 12 pages. 174. Throwing chewed leaves into the eyes, a game. 7 pages. 175. Game with the ankle-bones of a deer. 12 pages. 176. Native wooden harminicon, played by boys. 14 pages and 5 figures. 177. Mysterious game. 17 pages. 178. Playing doctor. 10 pages. 179. Pretending to be dead, a game. 10 pages. 180. Hunting young birds in summer. 12 pages. 181. Hunting eggs in spring. 10 pages. 182. Going to make a grass lodge. 11 pages. 183. Scrambling for presents. 11 pages. 184. Sitting on wooden horses, a game. 8 pages. 185. Making a bone turn and hum by twisting a cord. 15 pages and 2 figures. 186. "String twisted in and out among the fingers." 8 pages. 187. Tumbling and somersault. 7 pages. 188. "Game with large things." 17 pages. 189. About two young men who were friends. 51 pages. By Bruyier. 190. A bird that foretells cold weather. 14 pages. 191. Cause of scrofulous sore on the neck. 10 pages. 192. Meaning of ringing sounds in the ears. 10 pages. 193. The Brave and Fox societies. 18 pages and 4 sketches. 194. Dog Society. 31 pages and 2 sketches and 1 page drawing.

195. "Killing by Hitting," or "Taking the Buffalo paunch," a society of women. 12 pages. 196. Scalpdance society. 16 pages and 1 sketch. 197. Night dance. 18 pages. 198. Mysterious society. 16 pages. 199. Grizzly Bear dance. 19 pages. 200. Belief about the Kildeer. 13 pages. 201. The acts of a leader. 17 pages. 202. Return of the night hawk in the spring. 7 pages. 203. Belief concerning the Ski-bi-bi-la, a small grey bird which says Gli Hunwo ?" ("Coming home ?). 16 pages. Also earlier version of the same, with mistakes. 10 pages. 204. About hanging the "tablo" ("shoulder blade") at the door of the lodge. 7 pages. 205. Trying to excell others. 12 pages. 206. Scolding or whipping a woman. 12 pages. 207. How Indian paints are made. 18 pagrs. 208. Acting like the buffalo bull. 9 pages and 1 page drawing. 209. Law about bowls. 9 pages. 210. Meaning of a rooster's crowing. 8 pages. 211. The taking apart of fetishes. 24 pages. 212. How one man drowned another. 21 pages. 213. Concerning warts. 8 pages. 214. Of a woman who qas killed by mosquitoes. 32 pages. 215. Concerning hermaphrodites. 22 pages. 216. Belief concerning the grebe or dabchick. 10 pages. 217. Rules for eating dogs. 8 pages. 218. Bushotter's recollections of a certain famine. 219. Why Lakota men should not wear women's moccasins. 16 pages. 220. Customs relating to bowls. 10 pages. 221. Meanings of various kinds of twitchings. 10 pages. 222. "Kicking out his elder brother's teeth." 10 pages. 223. How a boy wounded his grandfather in the scrotum. 13 pages. Bruyier's revision of the same. 13 pages. 224. Legend of the nude Spider woman. 12 pages. About the woman who was deceived by the grizzly bear, with an account of the prairie hen. 20 pages. By Bruyier. 225. "Punishment of the prairie." 19 pages.

226. Part of the punishment of a murderer. 12 pages. 227. About a foolish wife. 42 pages. 228. How a ghost stunned Bushotter's father. 21 pages. 229. Occasions for scolding wives. 12 pages. Half-page corrected sentence at end by Buyier. 230. Setting out food, etc. for ghosts. 16 pages. 231. Concerning widows and widowers. 30 pages. 232. About a newborn child. 9 pages. 233. Tatala, a humorist. 6 pages. 234. Vegetal lore. 16 pages. 235. About the year when the stars fell (1833). 18 pages. 236. Concerning shells used as necklaces. 8 pages and 2 sketches. 237. Game with a ball of mud. 8 pages. 238. "Throwing fire at one another." 11 pages. 239. Punishment of a liar. 8 pages. 240. Invocation of the Thunder. 13 pages. 241. About spiders. 15 pages. 242. The mysterious imitation of ghosts. 14 pages. 243. What they carry when they migrate. 20 pages. 244. What happened when the Lower Brules went to a mountain. 24 pages. 245. Concerning guardian spirits. 16 pages. 246. About the Thunderers (People dwelling in the clouds.) 25 pages. 247. About lizards, frogs, etc. rained from the sky. 11 pages. 248. Deer Women. 28 pages. 249. Bird societies. 31 pages. 250. Ways od dancing. 26 pages. 251. About gashing the limbs when mourning. 7 pages. 252. On Fellowhood. 16 pages. 253. Ceremonies at birth. 8 pages. Bruyier's revision. 5 pages. 254. Bushotter's stepfather's prophetic gifts. 15 pages. 255. The recovery of Bushotter's younger brother. 14 pages. 256. Why a son or daughter acts in a childish manner. 9 pages. 257. Giving birth to one child while still nursing another. 13 pages. 258. Courting. 48 pages and 3 page color folding drawing and 1 page drawing. 259. Heyoka woman. 8 pages.
Biographical / Historical:
Historical data on the Bushotter texts. 1927: May 24. Stories 102-189 sent to Franz Boas, at Columbia. 1928: March 15. Stories 137-189 returned. April 17. 16 miscellaneous sheets sent to Boas. May 14. All the remaining Bushotter material returned. 1936: June 26. All the Bushotter texts sent to Boas. 1939: July 11. Stories 102-259 returned. 1942: April 16. Stories 1-101 returned. 1966: Survey by R. J. DeMallie showed all stories present with the exception of last part of Number 4, last part of Number 51, and all of Number 157. A few illustrations are also missing.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS.4800: (3.1.1.3) [103]
Local Note:
Old number 2632 (Parts 1-3)
autograph document signed
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Lakota dialect  Search this
Genre/Form:
Folklore
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a9ec836e-eaf4-41da-8dc1-8cc89ae21490
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref1779

George Bushotter drawings to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons

Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Collector:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
10 Drawings ((9 leaves), graphite and colored pencil, 21 x 22 cm.-29 x 46 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
Ten drawings on nine leaves. Illustrations of figures and materials relating to the Sun Dance, Ghost Lodge, and Heyoka.
Biographical / Historical:
George Bushotter (1864-1892), or Oteri, was a Teton Lakota born in Dakota Territory to a Yankton man and his wife Grey Whirlwind, a Minneconjou Lakota. Raised to be a warrior, Bushotter nevertheless left to study at the Hampton Institute in Virginia from 1878-1881. He entered the Theological Seminary of Virginia in 1885 to become a minister, but his inadequate knowledge of English made the study of Latin and Greek incredibly difficult for him. At the advice of the faculty, Bushotter left the seminary in 1887. While at Hampton, he met Rev. James Owen Dorsey and recognized the potential in working with him to complete ethnographic studies, and worked with the BAE for approximately ten months in 1887. His primary contributions were in the comparative linguistics of Teton Lakota, writing myths and other texts in Lakota, and assisting Dorsey in creating the synonomy of Lakota tribal names that formed a major part of what was to become the Handbook of North American Indians North of Mexico. For more information on George Bushotter, see American Indian Intellectuals, ed. Margot Liberty, 1978.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS.4800: (3.1.1.3) [105]
Funding note:
Digitization and preparation of these materials for online access has been funded through generous support from the Arcadia Fund.
Local Note:
Old number 932 (part), changed to 1466
Album Information:
MS 4800-105 000
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota / Drawings by George Bushotter to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ce865717-2bc0-4fe9-92d2-1920a95e87f2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref1780
Online Media:

George Bushotter drawing of male and female ghosts

Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Collector:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite on paper, mounted on backing, 21 x 22 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
Inscriptions read: "Ghost pictures," "male ghost," and "female ghost."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.08729400

NAA MS.4800: 105
Funding note:
Digitization and preparation of these materials for online access has been funded through generous support from the Arcadia Fund.
Album Information:
MS 4800-105 002
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota / Drawings by George Bushotter to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons / George Bushotter drawings to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3aaa0aa96-5e38-4e4a-ac64-c2ae0a59b85c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref1830

George Bushotter drawing of female Heyoka dreamer

Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Collector:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite and colored pencil on paper, mounted on backing, 21 x 22 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
Drawing depicts woman in dress and breechclout holding a pipe. Inscription reads: "The female Heyoka dreamer."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.08729500

NAA MS.4800: 105
Funding note:
Digitization and preparation of these materials for online access has been funded through generous support from the Arcadia Fund.
Album Information:
MS 4800-105 003
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota / Drawings by George Bushotter to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons / George Bushotter drawings to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3cc9f4683-2dcf-4411-bae6-51ae422f6084
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref1831

George Bushotter elevation drawing and ground plan of Ghost Lodge

Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Collector:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
2 Drawings ((1 leaf), graphite and colored pencil on paper, mounted on backing, 21 x 22 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
Inscriptions read "The Ghost Lodge (elevation), Wanagi Tipi" and "Ground plan of the Ghost Lodge, as drawn by Bushotter." Recto and verso of leaf were given separate inventory numbers. Drawing on verso depicts circular diagram of interior of tipi with south entry marked at top, with arrows indicating path of ritual movement.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.08729600

NAA INV.08729700

NAA MS.4800: 105
Funding note:
Digitization and preparation of these materials for online access has been funded through generous support from the Arcadia Fund.
Album Information:
MS 4800-105 004-005
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota / Drawings by George Bushotter to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons / George Bushotter drawings to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c3b56b31-91b6-4da2-8712-6a5e5d3128a8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref1832
Online Media:

George Bushotter drawing of exposure ritual objects of the deceased before the Ghost Lodge

Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Collector:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (colored pencil on paper, mounted on backing, 21 x 22 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
Drawing depicts crooked lance, painted shields, and warbonnet with long feather trailer. Inscription reads: "Exposure of the war dress, etc of the deceased before the Ghost Lodge."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.08729800

NAA MS.4800: 105
Funding note:
Digitization and preparation of these materials for online access has been funded through generous support from the Arcadia Fund.
Album Information:
MS 4800-105 006
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota / Drawings by George Bushotter to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons / George Bushotter drawings to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3212d69e5-56a9-4b2d-a13e-0abe4878828f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref1833

George Bushotter drawing of The Ghost's horse

Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Collector:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite and colored pencil on paper, mounted on backing, 21 x 22 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
Drawing depicts saddled riderless horse. Inscription reads: "The Ghost's horse."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.08729900

NAA MS.4800: 105
Funding note:
Digitization and preparation of these materials for online access has been funded through generous support from the Arcadia Fund.
Album Information:
MS 4800-105 007
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota / Drawings by George Bushotter to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons / George Bushotter drawings to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a7a83bdb-7b8c-46c6-a456-ac03075ddeca
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref1834

George Bushotter drawing of tree to be cut for form center pole of the Sun Dance lodge

Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Collector:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite and colored pencil on paper, mounted on backing, 23 x 29 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
Drawing also depicts 8 people shown at base, two groups of people on either side. Inscriptions read "Sketched by Bushotter" and "Felling the Mystery Tree."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.08730000

NAA MS.4800: 105
Funding note:
Digitization and preparation of these materials for online access has been funded through generous support from the Arcadia Fund.
Album Information:
MS 4800-105 008
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota / Drawings by George Bushotter to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons / George Bushotter drawings to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3eba224ba-162f-4159-92a6-65d4cef69495
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref1835

George Bushotter drawing of center pole for Sun Dance lodge shown in four positions from lying on ground to standing upright

Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Collector:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite and colored pencil on paper, mounted on backing, 23 x 29 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
Inscriptions read "Sketched by Bushotter" and "The Raising of the Sun-Pole."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.08730100

NAA MS.4800: 105
Funding note:
Digitization and preparation of these materials for online access has been funded through generous support from the Arcadia Fund.
Album Information:
MS 4800-105 009
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota / Drawings by George Bushotter to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons / George Bushotter drawings to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw35f20c883-9d2b-4b47-b17f-5647e35e43b9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref1836

George Bushotter drawing of tent of preparation and Sun Dance lodge

Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Collector:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite and colored pencil on paper, mounted on backing, 29 x 46 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
Inscriptions read "(Sketched by Bushotter") and "The Tent of preparation and the Dancing Lodge."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.08730200

NAA MS.4800: 105
Funding note:
Digitization and preparation of these materials for online access has been funded through generous support from the Arcadia Fund.
Album Information:
MS 4800-105 010
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota / Drawings by George Bushotter to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons / George Bushotter drawings to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d0cfcd0b-2726-407e-a2f5-98d3e10d5bb5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref1837

Lakota texts by George Bushotter, Stories 1-55

Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Bruyier, John  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
555 Pages ((10 folders))
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Pages
Manuscripts
Folklore
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
These 55 stories form a portion of Lakota texts by George Bushotter collected by James Dorsey in Manuscript 4800: (3.1.1.3) [103]. Interlinear translations are by Dorsey, aided by Bushotter and Bruyier. Each story is numbered. 1.) Sword Keeper and his brother. The latter meets Two Faces, a mythic giant. Includes 1 page partial translation. 2.) The Mythic Buffalo. 3.) Two Faces. Explains the origin of arrows, pipes, axes, knife-sharpeners, beads, etc. 4.) Three brothers who had a witch sister. (incomplete) 5.) Children, a bad old woman cannibal, and Spider (the Mythic Trickster). 6.) Spider, animals, and women. 7.) A man and his ghost wife. 8.) Two against one: a ghost story with a song. 9.) A man, a female ghost, and a male ghost who wrestled with the man. 10.) Ghost on the hill, who could not be hit by arrows. 11.) Treatment of the sick, burial customs. Includes a sketch. 12.) The man who came to life again. Includes translation and note by Bruyier at end. 13.) The man and woman in the moon. 14.) Man, two in the lodge, female ghost, and the friendly wolf. 15.) The man who spared the wolf cubs. 16.) The Thunder Being and the Unkcegila (a mastadon ?) 17.) Waziya, the northern giant who brings snow. 18.) Buffalo people who attacked the Indian people. 19.) Spider and the land turtle. 20.) The man and his two sons. 21.) The turtle who wished to fly. 22.) The man who could become a grizzly bear. 23.) How the Indians cured the sun. 24.) Spider and the horned water monster. 25.) The strange lake with large subaquatic animals. 26.) The warrior surrounded by a serpent. 27.) The one-eyed serpent with short legs and large body. 28.) Why they pray to stones, the sun, etc. 29.) The mountain in which was a large serpent. 30.) Adventures of a man and his wife. 31.) Spider and the Prairie Chicken. 32.) Adventure of Rabbit Carrier. 33.) The woman who turned to a fish from her waist down. 34.) Spider and the Rabbit; how the latter made snow. 35.) The male ghost and his living wife. 36.) The man with the magic sword, and the one with the powerful breath. 37.) Swift Runner (he who tied stones to his legs). 38.) The man who was rescued by eaglets. 39.) The Double-woman. 40.) Spider and the mice. 41.) Spider and the ducks--how they got red eyes. Includes a sketch. 42.) Spider and the Rabbit; how the latter lost his long tail. 43.) The man who ressembled the man in the moon. 44.) The young lover who was rescued by the girl. 45.) The warriors who met Heyoka (Sunflower) who was singing and dancing. 46.) The flying Santee (a ghoul). 47.) How the Santees first saw buffalo. 48.) How the Lakotas went against the Rees. 49.) Adventures of the Short Man. 50.) Smoke Maker's adventures: a war story. 51.) Fight between the Lakota and the Blackfeet. (incomplete) 52.) Fight between two unarmed men and a grizzly bear. 53.) Treatment of an Omaha spy caught by the Lakotas. 54.) The wild man, a nude cannibal. 55.) He who uses the earth as an ear.
Arrangement:
The stories are organized in folders in the following manner: 1-5; 6-10; 11-15; 16-20; 21-30; 31-35; 36-40; 41-45; 46-50; 51-55.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS.4800: (3.1.1.3) [103, 1-55]
Local Note:
MS 4800: (3.1.1.3) [103] was arbitrarily broken up into multiple records to facilitate accessibility of digital slideshows.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Lakota dialect  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Folklore
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota / Lakota texts by George Bushotter
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c9e516ee-3460-4e6c-a50d-04ae9da21916
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref2264

Lakota texts by George Bushotter, Stories 56-110 and 1513

Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Bruyier, John  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
793 Pages ((11 folders))
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Pages
Manuscripts
Folklore
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
These 55 stories form a portion of Lakota texts by George Bushotter collected by James Dorsey in Manuscript 4800: (3.1.1.3) [103]. Interlinear translations are by Dorsey, aided by Bushotter and Bruyier. Each story is numbered. 56.) Why horses are called, in Lakota, "mysterious dogs." 57.) The man who could understand ravens. 58.) Of the two small stones that were servants of the people. (Brief note at the end appears to be in Swanton's hand.) 59.) The Wahanksica, a strange animal. 60.) The animal in the Missouri River which breaks up the ice in the spring of the year. 61.) How the wind brought sickness to Medicine Butte Creek. 62.) Beliefs about day and night. 63.) The man in the forest and his contest with ghosts. 64.) The feast in honor of the Anti-Natural God. 65.) Of the Heyoka man who dreamed of his death by lightening. 66.) Fight between the Lakota and the Blackfeet. 67.) Of the mysteriousman who knew about the distant war party. 68.) Of the wise man who caught his eloping wife. 69.) How the Rees or Blackfeet came against the Lakotas. 70.) Origin of the buffalo. 71.) The Sun Dance. Includes figures and diagrams. 72.) The man who could lengthen his arm at will. 73.) What a young man must do before he can marry. 74.) How the Crows surrounded some Lakotas. 75.) A raid on a Lakota camp. 76.) Story of a warrior who was not wounded. 77.) Fight between the Lakota and white soldiers. 78.) Of the Santees, and their fondness for certain foods. 79.) What the Lakota thought of the first white people whom they saw. 80.) Belief respecting lakes. 81.) Belief about this world. 82.) The calumet dance. Includes 2 diagrams. 83. How they honor the dead (the Ghost Feast). 84.) Men who are arrow and bullet proof. 85.) Of love potions, etc. 86.) The acts of a wounded warrior. 87.) Actors clothed in buffalo robes with the hair out detect wrongdoers. 88.) Those who imitate the elk. 89.) Why a man may not speak to his mother in law. 90.) Rules for feasting, smoking, and visiting. 91.) Of certain boyish customs. 92.) A ghost story. 93.) Origin of the white people. 94.) Games and their seasons. 95.) Education of a boy. 96.) Of youth killed in battle, and of his faithful horse. 97.) The people who lived in the north. Includes 2 sketches. 98.) The ghost woman and the robin. 9 pages. Note at end by Bruyier. 99.) The Flying serpent whose touch was fatal. 100.) Origin of twins. 101.) George Bushotter's autobiography. 102.) Belief concerning a loved one who has been called by a ghost. 103.) Fight between two gamblers near Chamberlain, Dakota. 104.) The singing elk. 105.) Belief about Spider. 106.) War of the Lakota against the Omaha. 107.) Narrow escape of Bark Bird's Tail (a Lakota). 108.) Busnotter's cousin's war adventure. 109.) How certain men (doctors, priests, etc.) have become mysterious. 110.) How the Lakota fought the Cheyennes and Black Men (Commanches ?). 1513) Transcription of beginning of text 109. Also note from W. H. Holmes to J. N. B. Hewitt requesting the latter to identify the manuscript. Formerly MS 1513.
Arrangement:
The stories are organized in folders in the following manner: 56-60; 61-65; 66-70; 71; 72-79; 80-84; 85-91; 92-100; 101; 102-110.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS.4800: (3.1.1.3) [103, 56-110 & 1513]
Local Note:
MS 4800: (3.1.1.3) [103] was arbitrarily broken up into multiple records to facilitate accessibility of digital slideshows.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Lakota dialect  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Folklore
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota / Lakota texts by George Bushotter
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b1b1f7d2-f591-4693-b75a-357cbc9cea01
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref2265

Lakota texts by George Bushotter, Stories 111-189

Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Bruyier, John  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
880 Pages ((10 folders))
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Pages
Manuscripts
Folklore
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
These 79 stories form a portion of Lakota texts by George Bushotter collected by James Dorsey in Manuscript 4800: (3.1.1.3) [103]. Interlinear translations are by Dorsey, aided by Bushotter and Bruyier. Each story is numbered. 111.) Rules of etiquette for brothers, sisters, cousins. 112.) Ghost story. 113.) The habits of beavers. 114.) Spider and the old woman who fed all the animals. 115.) The handsome man who was rescued from a pit by a wolf. 116.) Trick of a myth-teller. 117.) Of thistles. 118.) How Indians regard the past and their ancestors. 119.) The grass dance. 120.) The Big Belly Society. 121.) The Mandan Society. 122.) "Following one another," a Lakota game. 123.) "They make it run by pushing," a Lakota game. Includes 2 (colored) diagrams. 124.) Horse racing. 125.) Hitting the moccasin, a game. 9 pages. 126. Shooting at the cactus, a gane. 5 pages. 127. Hitting the bow, a game. 5 pages. 128. Shooting at bunches of grass, a game. 129.) Shooting at the lights of an animal, a game. 130.) Taking captives from one another, a game. 131.) Trampling on the beaver, a game. 132.) "Howi ! Howi !" a ring game for boys or youths. 133.) "They touch not one another," a game. 134.) Game with a long grass which has a long, sharp beard. 135.) The old woman accuses them," a game. 136.) A game with slings. 5 pages. 137.) "Goose and her children," a game. 138.) Buffalo horn game. 139.) A stick which is hurled. Includes 2 figures. 140.) "Making the wood dance by hitting it," a game. 141.) "Making the wood jump by hitting it," a game. 142.) "Making the bow glide by throwing," a game. 143.) Coasting. 144.) Game of ball. 145.) "Shotting at an arrow set up," a game. 146.) Grizzly bear game. 147.) Deer game. 148.) "Running towards one another," a game. 149.) "They cause one another to carry packs on their backs," a game. 150.) "They hit one another with mud," a game. =151.) Hitting the ball, a game. 152.) A game with a rawhide hoop. Includes 2 figures. 153.) Game of earthen horses. 154.) "They slide by pushing," a game. 155.) "They kick at one another," a game. 156.) "The hoop is made to roll in the wind," a game. 9 pages. 157. [Popgun game.] Missing July, 1966. (not on microfilm made 1958) 1 page illustration found July, 1968. 158. Wrestling. 159.) Courting the girls. 160.) Game with bow and small wood-pointed arrows. 161.) Swinging. 162.) "Taking Places from one another," a game. 163.) "Playing with small things," a game. 164.) Pinching the backs of hands, a game. 165.) "Scattering them," a game. 166.) "Who shall get threr first," a game. 167.) Hopping. 168.) Throwing arrows by hand, at a target. 169.) Ghost game. 170.) Hide and seek. 171.)Jumping down from a high object. 172.) Plumstone game. 173. Odd or even ? A game with sticks. 174.) Throwing chewed leaves into the eyes, a game. 175.) Game with the ankle-bones of a deer. 176.) Native wooden harminicon, played by boys. Includes 5 figures. 177.) Mysterious game. 178.) Playing doctor. 179.) Pretending to be dead, a game. 180.) Hunting young birds in summer. 181.) Hunting eggs in spring. 182.) Going to make a grass lodge. 183.) Scrambling for presents. 184.) Sitting on wooden horses, a game. 185.) Making a bone turn and hum by twisting a cord. Includes 2 figures. 186.) "String twisted in and out among the fingers." 187.) Tumbling and somersault. 188.) "Game with large things." 189.) About two young men who were friends. By Bruyier.
Arrangement:
The stories are organized in folders in the following manner: 111-115; 116-123; 124-133; 134-145; 146-152; 153-163; 164-172; 173-179; 180-185; 186-189.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS.4800: (3.1.1.3) [103, 111-189]
Local Note:
MS 4800: (3.1.1.3) [103] was arbitrarily broken up into multiple records to facilitate accessibility of digital slideshows.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Lakota dialect  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Folklore
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota / Lakota texts by George Bushotter
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c0dfec78-6bc9-4070-91eb-987ef5977703
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref2266

Lakota texts by George Bushotter, Stories 190-240

Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
798 Pages ((10 folders))
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Pages
Folklore
Manuscripts
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
These 51 stories form a portion of Lakota texts by George Bushotter collected by James Dorsey in Manuscript 4800: (3.1.1.3) [103]. Interlinear translations are by Dorsey, aided by Bushotter and Bruyier. Each story is numbered. 190.) A bird that foretells cold weather. 191.) Cause of scrofulous sore on the neck. 192.) Meaning of ringing sounds in the ears. 193.) The Brave and Fox societies. Includes 4 sketches. 194.) Dog Society. Includes 2 sketches and 1 page drawing. 195.) "Killing by Hitting," or "Taking the Buffalo paunch," a society of women. 196.) Scalpdance society. Includes 1 sketch. 197.) Night dance. 198.) Mysterious society. 199.) Grizzly Bear dance. 200.) Belief about the Kildeer. 201.) The acts of a leader. 202.) Return of the night hawk in the spring. 203.) Belief concerning the Ski-bi-bi-la, a small grey bird which says Gli Hunwo ?" ("Coming home ?). Also earlier version of the same, with mistakes. 204.) About hanging the "tablo" ("shoulder blade") at the door of the lodge. 205.) Trying to excell others. 206.) Scolding or whipping a woman. 207.) How Indian paints are made. 208.) Acting like the buffalo bull. Includes 1 drawing. 209.) Law about bowls. 210.) Meaning of a rooster's crowing. 211.) The taking apart of fetishes. 212.) How one man drowned another. 213.) Concerning warts. 214.) Of a woman who was killed by mosquitoes. 215.) Concerning hermaphrodites. 216.) Belief concerning the grebe or dabchick. 217.) Rules for eating dogs. 218.) Bushotter's recollections of a certain famine. 219.) Why Lakota men should not wear women's moccasins. 220.) Customs relating to bowls. 221.) Meanings of various kinds of twitchings. 222.) "Kicking out his elder brother's teeth." 223.) How a boy wounded his grandfather in the scrotum. Bruyier's revision of the same. 224.) Legend of the nude Spider woman. 12 pages. About the woman who was deceived by the grizzly bear, with an account of the prairie hen. 20 pages. By Bruyier. 225.) "Punishment of the prairie." 226.) Part of the punishment of a murderer. 227.) About a foolish wife. 228.) How a ghost stunned Bushotter's father. 229.) Occasions for scolding wives. Half-page corrected sentence at end by Buyier. 230.) Setting out food, etc. for ghosts. 231.) Concerning widows and widowers. 232.) About a newborn child. 233.) Tatala, a humorist. 234.) Vegetal lore. 235.) About the year when the stars fell (1833). 236.) Concerning shells used as necklaces. Includes 2 sketches. 237.) Game with a ball of mud. 238.) "Throwing fire at one another." 239.) Punishment of a liar. 240.) Invocation of the Thunder.
Arrangement:
The stories are organized in folders in the following manner: 190-194; 195-199; 200-205; 206-211; 212-215; 216-222; 223-225; 226-229; 230-235; 236-240.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS.4800: (3.1.1.3) [130, 190-240]
Local Note:
MS 4800: (3.1.1.3) [103, 190-240] was arbitrarily broken up into multiple records to facilitate accessibility of digital slideshows.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Lakota dialect  Search this
Genre/Form:
Folklore
Manuscripts
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota / Lakota texts by George Bushotter
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b055c1b3-92e5-4194-a8a5-8098b23398d3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref2267

Lakota texts by George Bushotter, Stories 241-259

Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Bruyier, John  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
376 Pages ((5 folders))
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Pages
Folklore
Manuscripts
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
These 30 stories form a portion of Lakota texts by George Bushotter collected by James Dorsey in Manuscript 4800: (3.1.1.3) [103]. Interlinear translations are by Dorsey, aided by Bushotter and Bruyier. Each story is numbered. 241.) About spiders. 242.) The mysterious imitation of ghosts. 243.) What they carry when they migrate. 244.) What happened when the Lower Brules went to a mountain. 245.) Concerning guardian spirits. 246.) About the Thunderers (People dwelling in the clouds.) 247.) About lizards, frogs, etc. rained from the sky. 248.) Deer Women. 249.) Bird societies. 250.) Ways of dancing. 251.) About gashing the limbs when mourning. 252.) On Fellowhood. 253.) Ceremonies at birth. Bruyier's revision. 254.) Bushotter's stepfather's prophetic gifts. 255.) The recovery of Bushotter's younger brother. 256.) Why a son or daughter acts in a childish manner. 257.) Giving birth to one child while still nursing another. 258.) Courting. Includes 3 page color folding drawing and 1 page drawing. 259.) Heyoka woman.
Arrangement:
The stories are organized in folders in the following manner: 241-244; 245-249; 250-254; 255-259.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS.4800: (3.1.1.3) [103, 241-259]
Local Note:
MS 4800: (3.1.1.3) [103] was arbitrarily broken up into multiple records to facilitate accessibility of digital slideshows.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Lakota dialect  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Folklore
Manuscripts
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota / Lakota texts by George Bushotter
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3560c6285-a8d5-481b-82a2-fc5531ede1cd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref2268
Online Media:

Fragments of Lakota texts by George Bushotter

Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
17 Pages ((1 folders))
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Pages
Folklore
Manuscripts
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
These materials form a portion of Lakota texts by George Bushotter collected by James Dorsey in Manuscript 4800: (3.1.1.3) [103]. They consist of typescript fragments of the following stories: 258.) Courting, 231.) Concerning widows and widowers, 209.) Law about bowls, 208.) Acting like the buffalo bull, and 111.) Rules of etiquette for brothers, sisters, cousins in Lakota with handwritten interlineal translations in English. Includes two pages of sketches.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS.4800: (3.1.1.3) [103, 2632]
Local Note:
MS 4800: (3.1.1.3) [103] was arbitrarily broken up into multiple records to facilitate accessibility of digital slideshows.
These files appear to have once been filed with Manuscript 2632, which contains copies of some of Bushotter's texts made at Rosebud Reservation, South Dakota, by John R. Swanton in 1899-1900.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Lakota dialect  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Folklore
Manuscripts
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota / Lakota texts by George Bushotter
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw366caa721-262d-4cef-ae93-6744847c5521
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref2269

George Bushotter drawing of male Heyoka dreamer

Creator:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892.  Search this
Collector:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite and colored pencil on paper, mounted on backing, 21 x 22 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1887
Scope and Contents:
Drawing depicts man on horseback holding a pipe. Inscription reads: "The male Heyoka dreamer."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.08729300

NAA MS.4800: 105
Funding note:
Digitization and preparation of these materials for online access has been funded through generous support from the Arcadia Fund.
Album Information:
MS 4800-105 001
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.2: Dakota / Drawings by George Bushotter to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons / George Bushotter drawings to accompany his work on Lakota Tetons
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31c063e95-435a-4f15-98ba-480b9c41eb75
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref2271

MS 2006-11 Melvin R. Gilmore papers

Creator:
Gilmore, Melvin R. (Melvin Randolph), 1868-1940  Search this
Names:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Extent:
5 Boxes
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1918
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ethnobotany  Search this
Identifier:
NAA.MS2006-11
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw308069d44-e521-4017-8eb0-b3b72d04ddb8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2006-11

MS 4810 Note on the translation of George Bushotter's Lakota texts 141-159 concerning games

Creator:
Deloria, Ella Cara  Search this
Names:
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Extent:
1 Page
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4810
Local Note:
Bushotter's texts are SOA Manuscript number 4800 Teton: 1.
Typescript and autograph document
Topic:
Games and toys -- Dakota  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4810, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4810
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38facf1c6-ea8c-4f6a-87a5-2ea52f1f0013
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4810

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