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Interview with Clare Bushman

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2018-07-10T15:59:40.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
OFI_Smithsonian
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution
YouTube Channel:
OFI_Smithsonian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_T8pS8mINs3k

Mucuna coriacea Baker

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
Charles H. Stirton  Search this
Place:
Regio Transvaal, Bushman Rock Hotel., South Africa, Africa
Collection Date:
25 Apr 1981
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Fabales Fabaceae Papilionoideae
Published Name:
Mucuna coriacea Baker
Barcode:
02340717
USNM Number:
3139153
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/30088a34d-12c8-4201-8c93-28ec416a8b46
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_13641917

Myth and meaning San-Bushman folklore in global context J.D. Lewis-Williams

Author:
Lewis-Williams, J. David  Search this
Physical description:
1 volume illustrations (black and white, and colour) 23 cm
Type:
Books
Folklore
Place:
Africa, Southern
Afrique australe
Southern Africa
Date:
2021
2015
Topic:
San (African people)--Folklore  Search this
Mythology, San  Search this
Cosmology, San  Search this
Shamanism  Search this
San (Peuple d'Afrique)--Folklore  Search this
Chamanisme  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Call number:
GR358.2.B83 L49 2021
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1156049

Howard University

Subseries Creator:
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Container:
Box 41
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1951 August
Scope and Contents note:
Subject/Sitter: Mr. Francis A. Bushman
General note:
Notes: IV, page 6
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.6: Black and white negatives in cold storage arranged by client
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.6: Black and white negatives in cold storage arranged by client / 4.6.1: Black and White Negatives Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8bef5cfdf-700b-423c-a44c-14c6d035bb09
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-06-ref12197

Captain Alfred Friendly photographs of Africa

Creator:
Friendly, Alfred, Captain  Search this
Extent:
59 Color negatives
19 Negatives (acetate, 35 mm)
293 Color negatives (acetate, 35 mm)
12 Prints (silver gelatin)
52 Color prints
20 Color slides
Culture:
Mbuti (African people)  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Color negatives
Negatives
Prints
Color prints
Color slides
Photographs
Place:
Kenya
Zimbabwe
South Africa
Guinea
Uganda
Dakar (Senegal)
Kivu, Lake (Congo and Rwanda)
Albert, Lake (Congo and Uganda)
Chivero, Lake (Zimbabwe)
Rhodes Matopos National Park (Zimbabwe)
Djenné (Mali)
Lagos (Nigeria)
Kinshasa (Congo)
Brazzaville (Congo)
Date:
1958
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs by Captain Alfred Friendly depicting rock paintings, people, cities, Kariba Dam, and scenery in Africa. Friendly made the photographs in Nairobi National Park, Nyeri, Kenya; Uganda; Lake Albert; Lake Kivu; Lake McIlwaine (now Lake Chivero); Nswatugi Cave and Silozwane Cave in Matopos National Park, Zimbabwe; Cape Town and Johannesburg, Brotherton, Mushroom Hill, Sigubudu, and Olivier's Hoek, South Africa; Guinea; Dakar, Senegal; Lagos, Nigeria; Djenne, Mali; Leopoldville (now Kinshasa), Democratic Republic of the Congo; and Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo. Some photographs may have been used in Alfred Friendly's illustrated lecture on "Bushman Paintings" at the Freer Gallery of Art in 1961.
Biographical/Historical note:
Captain Alfred Friendly (1911-1983) graduated from Amherst College in 1933 and began work for the US Department of Commerce. From 1935 to 1936, he traveled around the United States with his friend Chalmers M. Roberts, which he described in a book entitled "The Trek: or, Adventures in Depression America." Friendly was hired as a reporter for the Washington Daily News (later the Washington Post) until World War II, when he served in the Military Intelligence Service. He helped to transform The Washington Post into a national publication while serving as its managing editor (1955-1965). From his retirement as managing editor until 1971, Friendly worked as a roving reporter for the Post and won a Pulitzer Prize in journalism for his coverage of the 1967 Arab-Israeli War.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 99-39
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The Amherst College Archives and Special Collections holds the Alfred Friendly (AC 1933) Papers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Rock paintings  Search this
Cities and towns  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 99-39, Captain Alfred Friendly photographs of Africa, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.99-39
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b3a6ddf4-eee6-4c0e-a4fa-0282dd0e9e75
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-99-39

John Marshall Ju/'hoan Bushman film and video collection

Collaborator:
McElwee, Ross  Search this
Blitz, Daniel  Search this
Bishop, John Melville  Search this
Baker, Peter  Search this
Ritchie, Claire  Search this
Young, Robert  Search this
Terry, John  Search this
Galvin, Frank  Search this
Bestall, Clifford  Search this
Gardner, Robert  Search this
Asch, Timothy, 1932-1994  Search this
Marshall, Lorna  Search this
Creator:
Marshall, John, 1932-2005 (ethnographic filmmaker)  Search this
Extent:
2 Boxes (map drawers)
3 Video recordings (published videos or video series)
99 Linear feet (714,405 feet (332 hours) 16mm film, 435 hours video tape, 309 hours audio tape, 21 published film and video titles, 29 unpublished film and video titles, 14 linear feet paper records)
Culture:
San (African people)  Search this
Bushman  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Video recordings
Documentary films
Place:
Namibia
Date:
1950-2000
Summary:
The John Marshall Ju/'hoan Bushman Film and Video Collection contains full film and video projects (outtake material), film production elements and edited films and videos, audio tapes, still photographs, negatives, transparencies, slides, published and unpublished writing by John Marshall and others, study guides for edited films, Nyae Nyae Development Foundation and Advocacy files, maps, and production files that include letters, shot logs, translations, transcriptions, editing logs, treatments, and proposals spanning from 1950-2000. This material comprises Marshall's long-term documentary record of the Ju/'hoansi of the Nyae Nyae region of the Kalahari Desert in northeastern Namibia. A great deal of the film and video footage focuses on one particular extended family, that of Toma Tsamko, whose ancestral home is at /Gautcha, an area with a large salt pan and a permanent waterhole. The life stories of some family members are captured in the footage; appearing as children in the 1950's, middle-aged parents in the 1980's, and pensioners in the final years of visual documentation. The Marshall Collection also documents other Ju/'hoansi living in Nyae Nyae and elsewhere, their relationships with neighboring ethnic groups, and national politics that affected Ju/'hoansi. Marshall also documented the local political body (the Nyae Nyae Farmers' Cooperative, or NNFC), the foundation he started (the Nyae Nyae Development Foundation of Namibia, or NNDFN), and the ways in which both groups worked with and were affected by international development organizations and foreign aid during the 1990's.
Scope and Contents:
The John Marshall Ju/'hoan Bushman Film and Video Collection contains full film and video projects (outtake material), film production elements and edited films and videos, audio tapes, still photographs, negatives, transparencies, slides, published and unpublished writing by John Marshall and others, study guides for edited films, Nyae Nyae Development Foundation and Advocacy files, maps, and production files that include letters, shot logs, translations, transcriptions, editing logs, treatments, and proposals spanning from 1950-2000.

This material comprises Marshall's long-term documentary record of the Ju/'hoansi of the Nyae Nyae region of the Kalahari Desert in northeastern Namibia. A great deal of the film and video footage focuses on one particular extended family, that of Toma Tsamko, whose ancestral home is at /Gautcha, an area with a large salt pan and a permanent waterhole. The life stories of some family members are captured in the footage; appearing as children in the 1950's, middle-aged parents in the 1980's, and pensioners in the final years of visual documentation. Beginning in 1978, Marshall often conducted lengthy and in depth interviews with many family members, in which they reflect on past, present, and future, and often comment on specific film footage from earlier years which was shown to them during the interviews. The collection is not limited to the /Gautcha family, however; it also documents other Ju/'hoansi living in Nyae Nyae and elsewhere, their relationships with neighboring ethnic groups, and national politics that affected Ju/'hoansi. Marshall also documented the local political body (the Nyae Nyae Farmers' Cooperative, or NNFC), the foundation he started (the Nyae Nyae Development Foundation of Namibia, or NNDFN), and the ways in which both groups worked with and were affected by international development organizations and foreign aid during the 1990's. The collection also documents changes to the landscape and wildlife of the Nyae Nyae region.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 13 series: (1) Unedited Film and Video Projects, 1950-1978, 1981-2003; (2) Published Films and Videos, 1952-2002; (3) Unpublished Films and Videos, 1959-1962, circa 1965; (4) Audio, 1950s, 1978-1990; (5) Field Notes, Shot Logs, Translations, 1951-2000; (6) Production Files, 1952-2004; (7) Correspondence, 1968-2003 [bulk 1993-2000]; (8) Nyae Nyae Development Foundation & Advocacy Files, 1975-2003 [bulk 1984-2003]; (9) Published and Unpublished Writing, 1957-1958, 1980-1999, 2007; (10) Study Guides, 1974, 1982; (11) Writings by Others & Press, 1952-1953, 1965-2005; (12) Photographs, 1930s, 1946-2003; (13) Maps, 1872, 1879, 1914, 1933-1989.
Biographical / Historical:
John Marshall, filmmaker and activist, was born on November 12, 1932 in Boston, Massachusetts. He grew up in Cambridge, Massachusetts and on his family's farm in Peterborough, New Hampshire. Marshall first picked up a camera in 1950, at the age of 18, during the first of several expeditions to the Kalahari organized by his father, Laurence Marshall, the founding president of the Raytheon Corporation. The whole Marshall family - including John's mother, Lorna, and sister, Elizabeth Marshall Thomas - became engaged in a multi-disciplinary study of the Ju/'hoansi. Marshall's father assigned him the task of making a documentary film record of Ju/'hoan life and culture. Between 1950 and 1958, he shot over 300,000 feet of 16mm film (157 hours).

Marshall formed a close bond with many of his Ju/'hoan subjects, particularly with Toma "Stumpy" Tsamko, leader of the /Gautcha band. Amongst Ju/'hoansi, Marshall was known as Toma Xhosi, Toma "Longface". Probably because of this close relationship, he was forced to leave South West Africa in 1958 after his visa expired, and was not allowed back for twenty years.

During the 1960's and 1970's, Marshall became well-established as a cinema vérité filmmaker. After leaving the Film Study Center at Harvard, which he had co-directed with Robert Gardner, he worked briefly with Robert Drew and D.A. Pennebaker, and later collaborated with Fredrick Wiseman on Titicut Follies (1967). He forged friendships with leading documentary and ethnographic filmmakers, including Timothy Asch, Ricky Leacock, and Jean Rouch.

Throughout these years, Marshall continued to work with his extensive footage of Ju/'hoansi. He completed 15 short films, as well as the award-winning Bitter Melons. In 1968, Marshall partnered with Tim Asch to found Documentary Educational Resources (DER), to distribute and support the creation of ethnographic and educational film.

In 1978 Marshall was allowed to return to Nyae Nyae to shoot N!ai, the Story of a !Kung Woman. Finding his Ju/'hoan friends beset by illness, poverty, and growing social ills, John turned his attentions to development and advocacy work. Virtually abandoning his filmmaking career, Marshall started a foundation to assist Ju/'hoansi and spent most of the 1980's helping them establish water access, subsistence farming, and a local government. He began using film as an advocacy tool, and released several urgent, issuefocused videos to raise awareness of the Ju/'hoan struggle for self-determination.

Marshall continued his documentary record of Ju/'hoansi, directing his final shoot in 2000. A Kalahari Family (2002), his epic six-hour series, tells the story of the Ju/'hoansi from 1950-2000 and charts Marshall 's evolution from filmmaker to activist. He made his final visit to Nyae Nyae in 2004, and continued his advocacy work right up to his final days. John Marshall died due to complications from lung cancer on April 22, 2005.

John Marshall Chronology

1932 -- Born in Boston, Massachusetts

1950-1958 -- Marshall Family expeditions to study the Ju/'hoansi of Nyae Nyae

1957 -- Awarded B.A. in Anthropology from Harvard University The Hunters released

1958-1960 -- Associate Director (with Robert Gardner) of the Film Study Center, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1960 -- Awarded G.S.A.S. in Anthropology from Yale University

1960-1963 -- Director, Bushmen Film Unit, Harvard University

1962 -- Sha//ge Curing Ceremony (early version of A Curing Ceremony), A Group of Women and Joking Relationship screened at Flaherty Seminar

1964-1965 -- Cameraman for NBC covering civil war in Cyprus

1966 -- Awarded M.A. in Anthropology from Harvard University

1967 -- Cameraman and Co-Director of Fredrick Wiseman's Titicut Follies

1968 -- Founded Documentary Educational Resources (DER) with Timothy Asch (first known as CDA, Center for Documentary Anthropology)

1968-1969 -- Cameraman and Director of film shoots for the Pittsburgh Police series, produced through the Center for Violence Studies at Brandeis University

1970-1974 -- Edited and released numerous short films, from both Ju/'hoan (!Kung) and Pittsburgh Police series

1972 -- Collaborated with Nicholas England (musicologist) on a film project documenting a family of drummers in Ghana (this film was never completed)

1972-1973 -- Travel to Botswana to film National Geographic's Bushmen of the Kalahari, produced by Wolper Productions

1974 -- If It Fits, documentary on failing shoe industry in Haverhill, MA, released

1976 -- Director and cameraman of film shoots for Smithsonian Festival of American Folklife

1978 -- Film shoot in Nyae Nyae for N!ai, The Story of a !Kung Woman

1980 -- N!ai, The Story of a !Kung Woman released and broadcast on PBS as partof the Odyssey series

1980-1982 -- Conducted genealogical survey in Nyae Nyae with Claire Ritchie

1982 -- Founded the Ju/wa Cattle Fund (later known as the Nyae Nyae Development Foundation of Namibia)

1985 -- Pull Ourselves Up or Die Out, Marshall's first "field report" edited on video, released

1989 -- Returns to Boston after Namibian independence

1991 -- To Hold Our Ground, another "field report" is aired on Namibian television shortly before a national Land Rights Conference

1993 -- The Cinema of John Marshall published

1995 -- Awarded Honorary M.F.A. from Rhode Island School of Design

2000 -- Final video shoot in Nyae Nyae

2002 -- A Kalahari Family premieres at the Margaret Mead Film Festival in New York City; released for general distribution in 2003

2004 -- Makes final visit to Nyae Nyae; presents proposal for water point protections

2005 -- Dies in Boston, Massachusetts
Orthography Note:
Ju/'hoansi are the speakers of the Ju/'hoan language. Various cultural descriptors used over the years include !Kung which is a language group containing three dialect groups, one of which is the Ju/'hoansi; San, which is now regarded by the Ju/'hoansi to have negative connotations; and Bushman, which ironically (given the derogatory history of this term) is now preferred by the Ju/'hoansi as a term of dignity. (Orthography information provided by Dr. Polly Wiessner, University of Utah anthropologist and longtime field worker among and researcher of the Ju/'hoansi.)

The orthography of the Ju/'hoan language has changed many times, though an official orthography was agreed upon and accepted by the Namibian government in 1991. The finding aid, cataloging records, and shot logs for the Marshall collection at Human Studies Film Archives continue to use the orthography used by the Marshall family beginning in 1950. These spellings are usually anglicized versions of the official orthography. For example, the name ≠Oma was usually rendered by the Marshalls as Toma; the place name /Aotcha as /Gautcha or Gautscha.

The majority of the footage was shot in a region of Namibia (formerly South West Africa) known as Nyae Nyae. In the 1960's, a portion of the Nyae Nyae area was officially established as a homeland for Ju/'hoansi by the South West African administration. This area, once called Eastern Bushmanland, is now known as Eastern Otjozondjupa, however it is still referred to as Nyae Nyae by Ju/'hoansi and others. The Nyae Nyae Conservancy, which encompasses a large portion of Eastern Otjozondjupa, was established in 1996.
Filmography:
JU/'HOAN BUSHMAN FILM SERIES

1952 -- First Film [also known as !Kung Bushmen of the Kalahari] (by Lorna Marshall)

1957 -- The Hunters

1959 -- A Curing Ceremony

1961 -- A Group Of Women

1962 -- A Joking Relationship

1966 -- !Kung Bushmen Hunting Equipment (directed by Lorna Marshall)

1969 -- N/um Tchai: The Ceremonial Dance of the !Kung Bushmen

1969 -- An Argument About A Marriage

1970 -- The Lion Game

1970 -- The Melon Tossing Game

1971 -- Bitter Melons

1972 -- Debe's Tantrum

1972 -- Men Bathing

1972 -- Playing With Scorpions

1972 -- A Rite of Passage

1972 -- The Wasp Nest

1974 -- Baobab Play

1974 -- Children Throw Toy Assegais

1974 -- The Meat Fight

1974 -- Tug-Of-War

1980 -- N!ai, the Story of a !Kung Woman

1985 -- Pull Ourselves Up Or Die Out

1990 -- To Hold Our Ground: A Field Report

1991 -- Peabody Museum !Kung San Exhibit Video

2002 -- A Kalahari Family

In addition to Marshall's many published films on the Ju/'hoansi, he was also involved in a variety of other film projects. He shot and co-directed Titicut Follies, a film by Fredrick Wiseman. Working in association with the Lemburg Center for Violence Studies at Brandeis University, he shot and directed a series of short films about a police squad in Pittsburgh, PA, known as the Pittsburgh Police series. He also shot and directed If It Fits, a film about the failing shoe industry in Haverhill, MA. Marshall was also the subject of two television programs: Bushmen of the Kalahari, a National Geographic special which aired in the United States, and a Japanese program called Forty Years in the Kalahari, part of the television series, Our Wonderful World. All of these, as well as Marshall's Ju/'hoan films, are included in this filmography.

PITTSBURGH POLICE SERIES

1970 -- Inside/Outside Station 9

1971 -- Three Domestics

1971 -- Vagrant Woman

1972 -- 901/904

1972 -- Investigation of a Hit and Run

1973 -- After the Game

1973 -- The 4th, 5th, & Exclusionary Rule

1973 -- A Forty Dollar Misunderstanding

1973 -- Henry Is Drunk

1973 -- The Informant

1973 -- A Legal Discussion of a Hit and Run

1973 -- Manifold Controversy

1973 -- Nothing Hurt But My Pride

1973 -- Two Brothers

1973 -- $21 or 21 Days

1973 -- Wrong Kid

1973 -- You Wasn't Loitering

OTHER FILMS

1967 -- Titicut Follies (Co-Director, Cinematographer; film by Fredrick Wiseman)

1972 -- Ghana Drumming (uncompleted; collaboration with Nicholas England)

1974 -- Bushmen of the Kalahari (by Wolper Productions for National Geographic)

1975 -- Vermont Kids (series of short films; released in 2007)

1976 -- Festival of American Folklife (uncompleted; shot for Smithsonian Institution)

1978 -- If It Fits

1988 -- Our Wonderful World: Forty Years in the Kalahari (by Nippon A-V Productions)
Related Materials:
The Human Studies Film Archives holds several related collections, including:

• The Nicholas England Collection, which consists of audio recordings from 1951-1961. This collection contains both originals and duplicates of audio tapes recorded during the Marshall Expeditions. (2005.9) • The Journal of Robert Gesteland, kept during the Marshall !Kung Expedition VI, 1957-58. (2007.17) • Master copies of the full film record of Bushmen of the Kalahari (1974), a television program featuring John Marshall's 1973 visit to the /Gwi San of Botswana, produced by Wolper Productions for National Geographic. (2008.12) • Reference copies of the full video record of Our Wonderful World: Forty Years in the Desert, Nippon A-V's 1988 Japanese television program about John Marshall and the Ju/Wa Bushman Development Foundation. (2009.2.1) • Master copies of the videotape "library" kept by John Marshall for reference and stock footage purposes. Compiled from various sources, the videos include news programs, documentaries, and raw footage of Ju/'hoansi and other San peoples from the 1920's --1990's, as well as interviews with John Marshall and his mother, Lorna Marshall. (2009.2) • Additional audio recordings, including interviews with Ju/'hoansi made by John Marshall and others. (2009.3) • Full film record of [Ghana Drumming, 1972], an uncompleted project undertaken by John Marshall and Nicholas England, which documents a family of musicians. (2008.11)

The Papers of Timothy Asch, held at the National Anthropological Archives, contain information on Asch's work with John Marshall at Harvard University from 1959-1963, their collaboration in founding DER, and details on the use of Marshall's Ju/'hoan footage in the development of MACOS (Man, A Course of Study).

There are also several closely related collections held at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University. These collections relate to the 1950's Marshall Expeditions and include: Expeditionary Notebooks and Journals of Lorna and Laurence Marshall; Journal of Elizabeth Marshall Thomas; the Marshall Family Photograph Collection; and the Records of the South West Africa Expeditions, 1950- 1959. The Harvard Film Archive, Harvard University, holds film prints of several of Marshall's published films on the Ju/'hoansi, including The Hunters.
Provenance:
The John Marshall Ju/'hoan Bushman Film and Video Collection was received over several years of accessioning from different parties.
Restrictions:
The John Marshall Ju/'hoan Bushman Film and Video Collection is open for research. Please contact the Archives for availabilty of access copies of audio visual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played. Materials relating to Series 6 Production Files are restricted and not available for research until 2048, 2063, 2072. Kinship diagrams in Series 13 are restricted due to privacy concerns. Various copyrights and restrictions on commercial use apply to the reproduction or publication of film, video, audio, photographs, and maps.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. Information on reproduction and fees available from repository.
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Documentary films
Citation:
The John Marshall Ju/'hoan Bushman Film and Video Collection, 1950-2000, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
HSFA.1983.11
See more items in:
John Marshall Ju/'hoan Bushman film and video collection
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc9837628c2-5993-4cb8-8a98-9d1139f46452
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-hsfa-1983-11
Online Media:

Bushman of the Kalahari

Collection Creator:
University of California (System). Extension Media Center  Search this
Extent:
Film reels (color sound; 450 feet)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1967
Scope and Contents:
Television broadcast segment from AFRICA produced by ABC News is narrated by anthropologist George Silberman. Film documents daily life among the /Gwi Bushmen of the Kalahari Desert, South Africa. Shown are root gathering and camp life as well as extended hunting scenes.

Legacy Keywords: Africa
General:
Local Number: HSFA 1993.24.6
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
University of California Extension Media Center (EMC) film collection, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
University of California Extension Media Center (EMC) film collection
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc935fd9f26-d541-4693-b6d0-d2af9ada8403
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-1993-24-ref20

The Bushman Nomads of the Desert

Collection Producer:
Ushiyama, Jun'ichi, 1930-1997  Search this
Extent:
1 Film reel (50 minutes, color sound; 1800 feet, 16mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1972-1976
Scope and Contents:
A band of Bushman in the Kalahari Desert, Botswana, were filmed over a ten month period. Filmed are making poison arrows; killing a giraffe; trapping antelopes, hawks, hares, kites and pythons; water collection from wild melons and hollow trees; introduction of a horse for hunting which causes discord among the band; games played by boys and girls which prepare them for their gender roles; a coming of age ceremony for girls; and boys and girls singing a song to pray for rain.

Legacy Keywords: Hunting ; Games ; Rites and ceremonies ; Rites of passage manhood ; Puberty rites ; Giraffe ; Antelopes ; Language and culture ; Africa ; Botswana
General:
Local Number: HSFA 2004.10.5
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Man TV, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Man TV
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc9ec863b0c-7f10-4d6d-a022-6cdfa3477278
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-2004-10-ref5

Bushman Folk Tales

Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (sound-tape reel, analog, 7 in.)
Culture:
San (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-7RR-4267
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-7RR-4267
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / RR
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5640ce704-7ca9-410f-a7c1-bfc270325f42
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref25952

Sounds of Africa : from the ABC News television production Africa

Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Phonograph record (analog, 33 1/3 rpm, 12 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Phonograph records
Date:
1967
Contents:
Nigeria. Folk opera ; Egungun (3:50) -- Nigeria. Ibo dance ; Lagos police band (1:57) -- Mali. 3-string lute ; 1-string fiddle ; Upper Volta. Song with lutes (2:39) -- Senegal. Kora (2:35) -- Ghana. Stand up for Jesus ; Mammy wagon (2:35) -- Cameroon. Fon's flutes and drum (1:50) -- Congo (Kinshasa). Swahili plainsong ; Two mbrias (2:55) -- Congo (Kinshasa). Ayilongo ; Afro-Mogambo (:55) -- Mocambique. Chibudu (2:46) -- Uganda. Endongo (2:46) -- Uganda. Bwola (2:05) -- Uganda. Amadinda ; Ganga (2:55) -- Ethiopia. 1-string fiddle ; Kenya. Kamba drummers (3:13) -- Tanzania. Stilt dance (2:27) -- South Africa. Bombing ; Losotho. Lesiba (2:34) -- Botswana. Bushman mbira ; Bushman dance (2:46).
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-LP-4980

Verve Forecast.3021
Publication, Distribution, Etc. (Imprint):
New York Verve/Forecast 1967
Participant or Performer Note:
Folk music from various parts of Africa, performed by native musicians.
General:
Folk music from various parts of Africa, performed by native musicians. Background information by Andrew Tracey on the television production on container, and program notes ([2] p.)--inserted in container.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Listening only. No Duplication Allowed.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
World music anthologies  Search this
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-LP-4980
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / LP
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk56a0f0080-e2a1-40d6-921a-468b42cbedf3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref27578

Mary S. Agnew Taylor

Artist:
Bushman, born early-mid 19th century  Search this
Sitter:
Mary S. Agnew Taylor, 1830 - Dec 1850  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor on ivory
Dimensions:
9.2cm x 6.9cm (3 5/8" x 2 11/16"), Sight
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1860-70
Topic:
Miniature  Search this
Mary S. Agnew Taylor: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Chester County Historical Society
Object number:
PTG 280
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm478c75a3c-f098-422b-a13b-2013dfe4f699
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_PTG_280

Punctelia borreri (Sm.) Krog

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
Mason E. Hale Jr.  Search this
Max. Elevation:
2100  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
On , along road.  Search this
Min. Elevation:
2100  Search this
Place:
Bushmans pass (east of maseru and roma)., Lesotho, Africa
Collection Date:
31 Jan 1986
Taxonomy:
Fungi Ascomycota Lecanoromycetes Lecanorales Parmeliaceae
Published Name:
Punctelia borreri (Sm.) Krog
Barcode:
00348528
See more items in:
Botany
Bryophytes and Lichens
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3bf2c52b8-7df0-4fb0-9c13-7f5afac13875
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2603285

Punctelia punctilla (Hale) Krog

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
Mason E. Hale Jr.  Search this
Max. Elevation:
1900  Search this
Min. Elevation:
1900  Search this
Place:
Bushmans cave, trail around; giants castle game reserve, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, Africa
Collection Date:
9 Apr 1986
Taxonomy:
Fungi Ascomycota Lecanoromycetes Lecanorales Parmeliaceae
Published Name:
Punctelia punctilla (Hale) Krog
Barcode:
00352698
See more items in:
Botany
Bryophytes and Lichens
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/377e728dc-91c0-4170-889e-242cc46a1cdb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2608755

Rimelia atherata

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
Mason E. Hale Jr.  Search this
Min. Elevation:
2200  Search this
Place:
Natal. Bushman's Nek: Trail to Langalibalele Cave. Grid 2929 CC., KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, Africa
Collection Date:
3 Oct 1986
Taxonomy:
Fungi Ascomycota Lecanoromycetes Lecanorales Parmeliaceae
Published Name:
Rimelia atherata
Barcode:
04551938
See more items in:
Botany
Bryophytes and Lichens
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/301726b53-12e7-488b-987d-5f7d6e065dbb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_16692525

Rimelia atherata

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
Mason E. Hale Jr.  Search this
Min. Elevation:
2200  Search this
Place:
Natal. Bushman's Nek: Trail to Langalibalele Cave. Grid 2929 CC., KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, Africa
Collection Date:
3 Oct 1986
Taxonomy:
Fungi Ascomycota Lecanoromycetes Lecanorales Parmeliaceae
Published Name:
Rimelia atherata
Barcode:
04551937
See more items in:
Botany
Bryophytes and Lichens
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/36199312c-e52c-4e85-a798-75f89ac08154
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_16693352

Rimelia atherata

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
Mason E. Hale Jr.  Search this
Min. Elevation:
1900  Search this
Place:
Natal. Giants Castle Game Reserve: Trails around Bushmans Cave. Grid: 2929 BC., KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, Africa
Collection Date:
9 Apr 1986
Taxonomy:
Fungi Ascomycota Lecanoromycetes Lecanorales Parmeliaceae
Published Name:
Rimelia atherata
Barcode:
04551945
See more items in:
Botany
Bryophytes and Lichens
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3ff55e38a-e210-46ee-9c86-41bbe08b43a9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_16693496

Punctelia punctilla (Hale) Krog

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
Mason E. Hale Jr.  Search this
Max. Elevation:
2200  Search this
Min. Elevation:
2200  Search this
Place:
Bushman's nek; trail to langalibalele cave, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, Africa
Collection Date:
3 Oct 1986
Taxonomy:
Fungi Ascomycota Lecanoromycetes Lecanorales Parmeliaceae
Published Name:
Punctelia punctilla (Hale) Krog
Barcode:
00352688
See more items in:
Botany
Bryophytes and Lichens
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/36861d525-b007-4d86-9ad4-534cde47964d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2641384

Dermatiscum viride Zahlbr.

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
S. Garside  Search this
Place:
Bushman Kop, Tulbagh Kloof, Steynburg., South Africa, Africa
Collection Date:
17 Aug 1943
Taxonomy:
Fungi Ascomycota Lecanoromycetes Caliciales Caliciaceae
Published Name:
Dermatiscum viride Zahlbr.
Barcode:
01146034
See more items in:
Botany
Bryophytes and Lichens
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3b6151be3-86fa-4020-98c7-90302af8a1b5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11119209

Ranunculus multifidus Forssk.

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
Erich Werdermann  Search this
H. D. Oberdieck  Search this
Max. Elevation:
2300  Search this
Min. Elevation:
2000  Search this
Place:
Basutoland. Bushmans-Pass., Lesotho, Africa
Collection Date:
25 Dec 1958
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Ranunculoideae
Published Name:
Ranunculus multifidus Forssk.
Barcode:
03573226
USNM Number:
2582721
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/39e6f3677-00e3-4826-a0c9-a5c24f98569c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_15129814

Bulbothrix decurtata (Kurok.) Hale

Biogeographical Region:
27 - Southern Africa  Search this
Collector:
Mason E. Hale Jr.  Search this
Min. Elevation:
2200  Search this
Place:
Natal. Bushman's Nek: Trail to Langalibalele Cave. Grid 2929 CC., KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, Africa
Collection Date:
3 Oct 1986
Taxonomy:
Fungi Ascomycota Lecanoromycetes Lecanorales Parmeliaceae
Published Name:
Bulbothrix decurtata (Kurok.) Hale
Barcode:
04402106
See more items in:
Botany
Bryophytes and Lichens
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3714307a1-cf4a-4661-9216-fb079918fe02
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_16661711

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