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Clement Greenberg papers

Creator:
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Names:
American Committee for Cultural Freedom  Search this
Avedisian, Edward, 1936-2007  Search this
Bannard, Walter Darby, 1934-  Search this
Baziotes, Ethel  Search this
Bush, Jack, 1909-  Search this
Caro, Anthony, 1924-  Search this
Connolly, Cyril, 1903-1974  Search this
Davis, Gene, 1920-1985  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard, 1922-1993  Search this
Dorazio, Piero, 1927-  Search this
Dzubas, Friedel, 1915-  Search this
Emmerich, André  Search this
Feeley, Paul, 1910-1966  Search this
Francis, Sam, 1923-1994  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Fuller, Peter, 1947-1990  Search this
Goodnough, Robert, 1917-  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph, 1903-1974  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Hosaisson, Philippe  Search this
Kainen, Jacob  Search this
Krauss, Rosalind E.  Search this
Moffett, Kenworth  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Newman, Barnett, 1905-1970  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-  Search this
O'Faolin, Nuala  Search this
Olitski, Jules, 1922-2007  Search this
Pepper, Beverly  Search this
Rothko, Mark, 1903-1970  Search this
Sander, Ludwig, 1906-  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Smith, Kimber, 1922-1981  Search this
Solomon, Deborah  Search this
Still, Clyfford, 1904-  Search this
Truitt, Anne, 1921-2004  Search this
Waddington, Leslie  Search this
Wisenski, Kurt  Search this
Extent:
8.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Transcripts
Interviews
Etchings
Photographs
Reports
Date:
1937-1983
Summary:
The papers of art critic, author, and lecturer Clement Greenberg measure 8.6 linear feet and date from 1937 to 1983. The bulk of the collection consists of letters from art critics, artists, family, friends, galleries, and museums. Notable correspondents include Jack Bush, Anthony Caro, Richard Diebenkorn, Friedel Dzubas, Helen Frankenthaler, Adolph Gottlieb, Hans Hofmann, Morris Louis, Robert Motherwell, Charles Pollock, Jules Olitski, David Smith, and Anne Truitt among others. Also found are biograpical materials, personal business and financial records, an etching by Kurt Wisneski, printed materials, and two reports by Greenberg concerning his travels.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of influential New York art critic Clement Greenberg measure 8.6 linear feet and date from 1937 to 1983. The bulk of the papers (7 feet) consists of letters from art critics, artists, family, friends, galleries, and museums, with some letters from Greenberg. Correspondents include Edward Avedisian, Darby Bannard, Ethel Baziotes, Jack Bush, Anthony Caro, Gene Davis, Richard Diebenkorn, Piero Dorazio, Friedel Dzubas, Andre Emmerich, Paul Feeley, Sam Francis, Helen Frankenthaler, Robert Goodnough, Adolf Gottleib, Hans Hofmann, Philippe Hosiasson, Jacob Kainen, Rosalind Krauss, Robert Motherwell, Ken Moffett, Barnett Newman, Kenneth Noland, Jules Olitski, Beverly Pepper, Ludwig Sander, David Smith, Kimber Smith, Clyfford Still, Anne Truitt, and Leslie Waddington.

Biographical materials include a transcript of an interview with Greenberg conducted by Deborah Solomon in 1983. Greenberg's personal business and financial records include correspondence regarding his lectures and seminars, requests for his writings, student queries, documents regarding his television and radio appearances, royalty statements, and receipts for gifts of works of art. Also found within business records are documents relating to Greenberg's testimony at the Mark Rothko Trial in 1974.

Artwork consists of one etching by Kurt Wisenski entitled "Spring." The papers contain very few of Greenberg's writings about art. Found are lists of artists, and reports written by Greenberg on the state of art in Japan and India in 1967, likely related to his membership in the American Committee for Cultural Freedom. Printed material includes scattered clippings concerning art and exhibition announcements.

One series of ACCESS RESTRICTED papers contains documents relating to Greenberg's role as a trustee in the David Smith estate; correspondence between Greenberg with Andre Emmerich and Peter Fuller, Nuala O'Faolain, and the Greenberg family; and some financial materials regarding the sale and loan of Greenberg's art collection.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Information, circa 1950s-1983 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 2: Business and Financial Records, 1940-1983 (Box 1; 12 folders)

Series 3: Correspondence, 1937-1983 (Boxes 1-8; 7 linear feet)

Series 4: Artwork, 1973 (Box 8; 1 folder)

Series 5: Writings and Notes, 1967-1983 (Box 8; 3 folders)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1950-1982 (Box 8; 2 folders)

Series 7: Restricted Material, 1963-1983 (Boxes 9-11; 1.2 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Clement Greenberg was a highly influential art critic working in New York City from the 1940s through the 1960s. He was an advocate of modern art, particulary the abstract expressionist movement, and one of the first critics to recognize the significance of Jackson Pollock's work.

Greenberg was born in 1909 to Russian immigrants in Bronx, New York. After graduating from Syracuse University in 1930, he married and had a child, David. He settled in New York City while working at the United States Customs Department as an appraiser.

In the late 1930s, Clement Greenberg attended a meeting of the U.S. Works Progress Administration and heard Hans Hofmann speak of avant-garde art. In 1939, he wrote one of his first important critical pieces "Avant-Garde and Kitsch" for the Partisan Review. Greenberg argued that the avant-garde art movement rose out of the need to defend and maintain high art standards against the decline in taste brought about by America's consumerism and capitalist culture.

In 1940, Greenberg joined Partisan Review as an editor. He became art critic for the Nation in 1942, and was associate editor of Commentary from 1945 until 1957. In December 1950, he joined the CIA-fronted American Committee for Cultural Freedom.

Throughout the 1940s through the 1960s Greenberg continued to write and, in his essays and articles, he promoted the work of Abstract Expressionists, among them Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Hans Hofmann, Barnett Newman, and Clyfford Still. He particularly championed Jackson Pollock. Greenberg wrote several seminal essays that defined his views on art history in the 20th century. "Greenberg on Collage" was one one of his most important.

Greenberg's views on pop art were mixed. He also became less enamored with Abstract Impressionism, particularly the second generation. However, he became very interested in the Color-Field and Hard-Edge painters.

Through the 1960s Greenberg's views informed a younger generation of art critics including Michael Fried and Rosalind E. Krauss. Some writers maintain that Greenberg's views were so well-respected that he had too much of an influence on the world of art. In time, Greenberg's antagonism to Postmodernist theories and other modern art movements caused him to lose much of his credibility among both artists and art critics.

Greenberg died at the age of eighty-five in 1994.

Since his death, letters edited by his widow, Janice Van Horne and a re-evaluation of his writings have helped to restore his reputation within the art world.
Related Material:
The Portland Art Museum holds Clement Greenberg's private art collection as well as a library of exhibition catalogs.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels N69-91, N70-7, and N737). Most, but not all, of these papers were later donated by Greenberg. Loaned materials not donated at a later date remain with the lender and are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
Clement Greenberg initally lent material for microfilming in 1968-1969. He donated most of this material with additional papers in several accretions between 1984 to 1991.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Some of the collection is ACCESS RESTRICTED: documents relating to the estate of David Smith; some correspondence with Peter Fuller, Nuala O'Faolain, and the Greenberg family; and sale and loan agreements. Contact the reference staff for more information about permission to use this portion of the collection.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art critics -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art criticism -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Japan  Search this
Art -- India  Search this
Modernism (Art)  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcripts
Interviews
Etchings
Photographs
Reports
Citation:
The Clement Greenberg papers, 1937-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.greeclep
See more items in:
Clement Greenberg papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-greeclep
Online Media:

Henkel Die Kunstsammlung edited by Isabelle Malz ; introduction by Marion Ackermann ; curated by Gabriele Henkel

Organizer:
Henkel, Gabriele  Search this
Editor:
Malz, Isabelle 1971-  Search this
Writer of introduction:
Ackermann, Marion  Search this
Author:
Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen (Germany)  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Jack (1909-1977) Catalogues d'exposition  Search this
Physical description:
30 pages colour illustrations 22 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Expositions
Exhibition catalogs
Place:
Allemagne
Date:
2016
1990-...
Topic:
Art, Abstract  Search this
Art abstrait  Search this
Art--Private collections  Search this
Art abstrait--Catalogues d'exposition  Search this
Call number:
N5267.H46 H46 2016
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1112539

Jack Bush : a retrospective exhibition, November 1-28, 1989, Grace Borgenicht Gallery

Author:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Grace Borgenicht Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Physical description:
[8] p. : ill. (some col.) ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1989
[1989]
Call number:
ND249.B8 A4 1989
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_635957

Jack Bush : paintings 1965 to 1976 : an exhibition in honor of the publication of The Life and Art of Jack Bush

Author:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
André Emmerich Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Physical description:
[24] p. : col. ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1984
C1984
Call number:
ND249.B8 A4 1984
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_639128

Jack Bush, paintings 1973 to 1976, February 5-28, 1981

Author:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
André Emmerich Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Bush, Jack 1909- Expositions  Search this
Physical description:
[24] p. : col. ill. ; 14 x 21 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1981
C1981
Call number:
ND249.B8 A4 1981
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_642823

Jack Bush, paintings, 1959-1974 / [Exhibition] October 7-25, 1978

Author:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
André Emmerich Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Physical description:
[20] p. : ill. (some col.), port. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1978
Call number:
ND249.B8 A4 1978
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_642946

São Paulo: o Canadá em São Paulo; le Canada à São Paulo; Canada at São Paulo, IX biennial 1967. [Jacques Hurtubise and Jack Bush] Exhibition co-ordinator: Jean-René Ostiguy

Author:
Ostiguy, Jean René  Search this
Subject:
Hurtubise, Jacques 1939-  Search this
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Physical description:
[20] p. illus. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1967
1967]
20th century
Topic:
Painting, Canadian  Search this
Call number:
ND245 .S2
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_653458

Jack Bush / contributing editor, Karen Wilkin

Author:
Wilkin, Karen 1940-  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Physical description:
215 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 33 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1984
[1984?]
Call number:
ND249.B8 J33 1984
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_653585

Jack Bush, paintings and drawings, 1955-1976

Author:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Talbot Rice Art Centre  Search this
Serpentine Gallery  Search this
Ikon Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Physical description:
24 p., [36] p. of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 20 x 21 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1980
C1980
Call number:
N6549.B87 A4 1980
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_656357

The heritage of Jack Bush : a tribute / by Ken Carpenter

Author:
Carpenter, Ken  Search this
Robert McLaughlin Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Physical description:
66 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1981
[c1981]
20th century
Topic:
Painting, Canadian  Search this
Call number:
N6549.B87.A4.1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_658052

Jack Bush : a survey, 1959-1976

Author:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Gallery One (Toronto, Ont.)  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Physical description:
[12] p. (incl. covers) : col. ill. ; 16 x 22 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1983
Gallery One
C1983
Call number:
ND249.B8 A4 1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_675802

Jack Bush : selected works 1930-1976 : March 9-April 2, 1988, Grace Borgenicht Gallery

Author:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Carpenter, Ken  Search this
Grace Borgenicht Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Physical description:
[8] p. : ill. (some col.) ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1988
[1988]
Call number:
ND249.B8 A4 1988
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_675805

Jack Bush : works on paper, 1958-1962 : exhibition, March 18 to April 9, 1981

Title:
Works on paper, 1958-1962
Author:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Theo Waddington Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Physical description:
[12] p. : all col. ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1981
[1981]
Call number:
ND249.B8 A4 1981b
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_675806

Jack Bush : a selection : 1961-65, October 11-November 19, 1980

Author:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Greenberg, Clement 1909-1994  Search this
Robert Elkon Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Physical description:
[10] p. : col. ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1980
Call number:
ND249.B8 A4 1980
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_676803

Jack Bush : [Exhibition] Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, February 17-March 26, 1972

Author:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Moffett, Kenworth  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Physical description:
[12] p. : ill. (some col.) ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1972
Topic:
Color-field painting  Search this
Call number:
ND249.B8 A4 1972
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_676804

Jack Bush : early work / Christine Boyanoski

Author:
Boyanoski, Christine 1955-  Search this
Art Gallery of Ontario  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Physical description:
87 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1985
C1985
Call number:
N40.1.B976 B7
N40.1.B976B7
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_300455

Jack Bush / contributing editor, Karen Wilkin

Author:
Wilkin, Karen 1940-  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Physical description:
215 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 33 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1984
[1984?]
Call number:
N40.1.B976 J12
N40.1.B976J12
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_235033

Jack Bush, paintings and drawings 1955-1976 : [exhibition / selected by Duncan Macmillan] ; Edinburgh, 15 August to 13 September 1980, Talbot Rice Art Center, University of Edinburgh in association with the Edinburgh Festival, London, 11 October to 16 November 1980, Serpentine Gallery, London, Birmingham, 21 November to 23 December 1980, Ikon Gallery Birmingham

Author:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Macmillan, Duncan 1939-  Search this
Talbot Rice Art Centre  Search this
Arts Council of Great Britain  Search this
Serpentine Gallery  Search this
Ikon Gallery  Search this
Physical description:
24 p., 36 p. of plates : ill. (some col), port. ; 20 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Canada
Date:
1980
C1980
Topic:
Artists--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.B976 T14
N40.1.B976T14
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_138090

Jack Bush : paintings 1973 to 1976 : [exhibition] February 5-28, 1981, André Emmerich Gallery, Inc

Author:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
André Emmerich Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Physical description:
[23] p. : col. ill. ; 14 x 21 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1981
C1981
Call number:
N40.1.B976 A5
ND249.B8 A4 1981
N40.1.B976A5
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_148555

Jack Bush, a retrospective = Rétrospective, Jack Bush / [Exhibition catalog] by Terry Fenton

Author:
Bush, Jack 1909-1977  Search this
Fenton, Terry  Search this
Art Gallery of Ontario  Search this
Physical description:
[108] p. : ill. (some col.) ports. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1976
Call number:
N40.1.B976 O5
N40.1.B976O5
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_85494

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