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Forging: The Blacksmith’s Tools

Creator:
National Museum of African Art  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2019-04-05T16:30:20.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Art, African  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianAfricanAr
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianAfricanAr
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_Hd4k6lb3O4E

Images d'Afrique et sciences sociales : les pays lobi, birifor et dagara (Burkina Faso, Côte-d'Ivoire et Ghana) : actes du colloque de Ouagadougou, 10-15 décembre 1990 / sous la direction de Michèle Fiéloux, Jacques Lombard, avec Jeanne-Marie Kambou-Ferrand

Author:
Fiéloux, Michèle  Search this
Lombard, Jacques 1926-  Search this
Kambou-Ferrand, Jeanne-Marie  Search this
Physical description:
567 p. : ill., maps ; 25 cm
Type:
Congresses
Date:
1993
C1993
Topic:
Lobi (African people)  Search this
Dagaaba (African people)  Search this
Birifor (African people)  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_463820

Découvertes du Burkina : annales des conférences / organisées par le Centre culturel français Georges Méliès de Ouagadougou, 1992-1993

Author:
Centre culturel français Georges Méliès de Ouagadougou  Search this
Association "Découvertes du Burkina."  Search this
Physical description:
v. <t. 1, 237 p., t. 2, 240 p.> : ill., maps ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Congresses
Place:
Burkina Faso
Date:
1993
1993-
Topic:
Civilization  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_461767

Pearl Bowser Audiovisual Collection

Names:
Andrade-Watkins, Claire  Search this
Bambara, Toni Cade  Search this
Dash, Julie  Search this
Gerima, Haile  Search this
Gunn, Bill, 1934-1989  Search this
Jafa, Arthur  Search this
Jones, Robert Earl, 1904-2006  Search this
Massiah, Louis  Search this
Micheaux, Oscar, 1884-1951  Search this
Moses, Ethel  Search this
Robeson, Paul, 1898-1976  Search this
Sanchez, Sonia, 1934- (poet, reader)  Search this
Snead, James A., 1953-1989  Search this
Spence, Louise, 1945-  Search this
Tucker, Lorenzo  Search this
Donor:
Bowser, Pearl, 1931-  Search this
Extent:
approximately 100 Motion picture films
213 Sound cassettes (7 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion picture films
Sound cassettes
Sound cassette
Oral histories (document genres)
16mm motion picture film
Vhs (videotape format)
Place:
England
Harlem (New York, N.Y.)
Roanoke (Va.)
Memphis (Tenn.)
Date:
bulk 1920-2001
Biographical / Historical:
Pearl Bowser is a filmmaker, producer, author, lecturer, and highly acclaimed scholar of African American film who is recognized as an authority on the works of Oscar Micheaux, a noted writer, director, and producer of race films from 1919 to 1948.

Born Pearl Johnson on June 25, 1931, in Sugar Hill, Harlem, New York, she was named after her mother (also Pearl Johnson), a domestic worker who had been raised in a Catholic nunnery. On occasional Saturdays, the younger Pearl would accompany her mother to work in apartments in lower Manhattan, where she would assist her by folding handkerchiefs for a small allowance. After moving to a lower part of Harlem when she was about four years old, she met Harlem entrepreneur "Bumpy" Johnson, for whom she and other children in the neighborhood did odd jobs such as counting coins or attending to his ice-cream stand. Johnson, who would sometimes give the children joy rides in his Cadillac, occasionally allowed Pearl and the other children to borrow books from his extensive library, provided that they read them and submitted to a quiz.

As a child, Bowser had several racist encounters. For example, one of her white kindergarten teachers at her elementary school wore gloves in the classroom as to not touch Black pupils. She was also occasionally teased for having a gap between her teeth but felt insulated from sustained bullying because she had several older brothers who sometimes protected her. On a separate occasion, when she was about nine years old, her mother sent her on a trip from New York to the South to visit relatives. Although her mother had purchased tickets for her to be in a Pullman car, when she changed trains in Washington, DC., she was forced to ride in the car behind the engine, which left her covered in soot.

An avid reader, Pearl excelled in elementary and high school and received a scholarship to attend Brooklyn College, where she majored in biology. She supplemented her income by recording the numbers in one of Bumpy Johnson's shops. Disappointed with the quality of the education she was receiving, Bowser withdrew from Brooklyn College, eventually landing a job at CBS where she worked on a team that analyzed Nielsen ratings.

In 1955, Pearl married fellow New Yorker LeRoy Bowser. By the mid-1960s, although Pearl and LeRoy Bowser had separate interests, they both were working simultaneously in the civil rights movement. While LeRoy was active in Brooklyn CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) and went to the South in the summer to teach for what was the beginning of HeadStart, Pearl, along with other production activists, took to the streets documenting African American culture and issues—working to bring these films to schools. Additionally, Bowser wanted to write a cookbook to earn funds for Brooklyn's CORE organization. She was approached by David Davis, the editor of Tuesday Magazine. Tuesday had distribution in the Herald Tribune across the country as a Sunday supplement. As the urban-world magazine exploded in Black communities, "Joan" Bowser's two-page pictorials on Southern cooking with a set of recipes became very popular in the five years she wrote them. Bowser retained copyrights to the articles, and easily completed her cookbook a short time later.

Bowser's colleague at ABC, Charles Hobson, found a used book written by Peter Noble about Black films and Oscar Micheaux. The volume was slim and contained what little information contained in the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) files. Hobson and his colleagues wanted to write a book about the topic, and they assigned Bowser to begin the research. As part of the project, Bowser went to California to interview actors who may have been in early Black films or may have worked with Micheaux. What she learned began her intensive scholarship into Micheaux and his fellow filmmakers.

In 1971, she organized her first film festival, the Black Film History Series. In 1979, she organized the nation's first American women's film festival in New York City. She also presented a major retrospective, Independent Black American Cinema 1920-1980, which toured the country during 1981 and 1982. She also directed the Journey Across Three Continents film and lecture series, which toured the country from 1983-1985. Bowser also served as president of the prestigious Flaherty Film Seminar in 1987. In 1989, she, alongside Grant Munro, programmed the 35th Flaherty Film Seminar, which featured films such as Finzan, Zajota and the Boogie Spirit, Daughters of the Dust, and many more. She has also been a judge at the world-renown Pan-African Film and Television Festival of Ouagadougou (FESCPACO) in Burkina Faso (formerly known as Upper Volta).

In the 1980s Bowser was awarded an independent artists grant by the Ford Foundation to travel west and collect oral histories from individuals in Oscar Micheaux's orbit, loosely following the route he would have travelled decades earlier. Stopping in cities such as Roanoke, Virginia; Memphis, Tennessee; and Jackson, Mississippi, she collected dozens of oral histories from actors, actresses etc. that knew Oscar Micheaux. Through this research she became an eminent figure in the Black independent film industry. Working as a programmer, she travelled around the United States and the world showing films by domestic and Black filmmakers within the Diaspora.

Despite her wealth of experience working as a programmer, it wasn't until the 1990s that Bowser made her directorial debut with the documentary film Midnight Ramble. Funded by American Experience, the film looks at African Americans and Hollywood movies from 1910 through the 1950s. In 2000, she, along with Louise Spence, co-authored Writing Himself into History: Oscar Micheaux, His Silent Films and His Audiences, a book about the pioneering filmmaker. Additionally, she is founder and director of Chamba Educational Film Services, a film distribution company that specialized in distributing films by African American filmmakers. In the early 1980s, she renamed her company/collection as African Diaspora Images, a collection of historical and contemporary films documenting Black film history. She subsequently joined Third World Newsreel, where she was director of their theater department.

In 2012, Pearl Bowser donated her extensive collection of books, sound cassettes, films, film memorabilia, and papers to the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.

Sources:

1940 United States Federal Census; New York, New York, New York, population schedule, p. 61B, house number 1486, family 195, Pearl Bowser; Ancestry.com. 1940 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012 accessed: 10 Sept 2022); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm: m-t0627-02665

Bowser, Pearl. Pearl Bowser Oral History. Interview by Tuliza Fleming and Jennifer Lyon, July 21, 2011.
Provenance:
Acquired as a donation from Pearl Bowser in 2012.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Occupation:
Filmmakers  Search this
Actors -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Documentary films  Search this
Film festivals  Search this
African American actors  Search this
African American actresses  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Race films  Search this
African American motion picture producers and directors  Search this
African American women authors  Search this
Meetings  Search this
Conferences  Search this
Lectures and lecturing  Search this
Amateur films  Search this
Motion picture soundtracks  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Radio broadcasts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound cassette
Oral histories (document genres)
16mm motion picture film
VHS (videotape format)
Citation:
Pearl Bowser Collection, National Museum of African American History and Culture
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2012.79.AV
See more items in:
Pearl Bowser Audiovisual Collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/io3209e9c6d-3045-4a0a-941e-6519385b18d5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmaahc-a2012-79-av

French Sub-Sahara

Collection Creator:
Davies, R. E. G. (Ronald Edward George)  Search this
Container:
Box 74, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1936-2009
Scope and Contents:
Air Afrique, Air Afrique 1960, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo (Brazzaville), Gabon, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Senegal
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
R. E. G. (Ron) Davies Air Transport Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0604, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
R. E. G. (Ron) Davies Air Transport Collection
R. E. G. (Ron) Davies Air Transport Collection / Series 1: Dossiers / Airlines - Africa
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg256817fab-8865-46ee-92a6-16a962be15af
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0604-ref961

Eliot Elisofon Field collection

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
14000 Negatives (photographic) (b&w, 35mm)
30000 Slides (photographs) (color)
80,000 Photographic prints (b&w, 25 x 20 cm. or smaller.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Slides (photographs)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Color slides
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Mali
Ghana
Côte d'Ivoire
Benin
Burkina Faso
Egypt
Kenya
Liberia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
Senegal
South Africa
Sudan
Tanzania
Togo
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Central African Republic
Date:
circa 1935-1978
Summary:
This collection is comprised of photographic and manuscript materials, primarily created by Eliot Elisofon to document his travels and work. The images portray many aspects of African life and culture including agriculture, wildlife, archaeology, architecture, art and artisans, children, cityscapes and landscapes, leaders, markets, medicine, recreation, ritual and celebration, and transportation. The manuscript materials include correspondence, essays, clippings, puobligations, notes, research, and itineraries.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of circa 14,000 negatives, 30, 0000 slides, 8,000 photographic prints, and 14 boxes of manuscript materials that date from circa 1945-1978.

The photographs document Eliot Elisofon's travels and work in Africa. The images portray many aspects of African life and culture including agriculture, wildlife, archaeology, architecture, art and artisans, children, cityscapes and landscapes, leaders, markets, medicine, recreation, ritual and celebration, and transportation. Artisans shown include an Asante weaver making kente cloth in Ghana; a Dogon carver in Mali making a kanaga mask; an Ebrie goldsmith in Cote d'Ivoire; Hausa dyers in Kano, Nigeria; and Nupe beadmakers in Nigeria; as well as artists at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Kinshasa, Congo. Portraits of leaders include the Asante court at Kumase in Ghana; Ebrie chiefs and notables in Cote d'Ivoire; the timi (king) of Ede, a Yourba town, Nigeria; the emir of Katsina, Nigeria; and the Kuba king and his court in the Congo. There are informal portraits showing children of the Kuba royal court dancing, Fulbe women with gold earrings in Mali, Mangbetu women in the Congo, and Maasai elders in Kenya. Masked dances documented include a Dogon dama festival celebration in Mali, an Igbo festival in Nigeria, and Kuba and Pende masked dancers in the Congo. There are also images of Yoruba gelede (men's association) masks in Nigeria. Non-masked dancers shown include Dan professional acrobatic dancers in Cote d'Ivoire, Irigwe dancers in Nigeria, Mangbetu dancers in the Congo, Mbuti dancers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Wodaabe men dancing in Nigeria. Events shown include Hausa riders in chain mail during the Independence Day celebration in Katsina, Nigeria. Images of art in situ include ancestral altars in the King of Benin's palace in Nigeria; Dogon rock paintings in Mali; and Yoruba Shango shrine sculptures in the palace courtyard of timi (king) of Ede in Nigeria. Landscapes include views of mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Animals shown include birds, buffalos, elephants and giraffes. Traditional architecture shown includes Asante shrine houses with raised wall decorations in Ghana, Dogon villages in Mali and mosques in Mopti.

The manuscript materials include correspondence, essays, clippings, puobligations, notes, research, and itineraries.
Biographical/Historical note:
A photographer best known for his work in Life magazine. Elisofon worked as a free-lance magazine photographer from 1933 to 1937, as a staff photographer for Life from 1933 to 1937 and on photographic assignments for various magazines, including the Smithsonian magazine, from 1942 to 1945. Elisofon traveled extensively in Africa, Asia, Europe and South America documenting the peoples of these lands as well as their arts and environments. A founding member and curatorial associate of the private Museum of African Art, which in 1981 became the National Museum of African Art (NMAfA), Elisofon bequeathed his collection of African photographs to the museum when he died in 1973. To honor Elisofon's contribution to the understanding of African art and culture, NMAfA named its archives after him.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Body arts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographic prints
Color slides
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo763575c19-5f10-470a-af8b-75ebd1c82664
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-1973-001
Online Media:

Marli Shamir collection

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
33 Negatives (photographic) (color, 35mm)
1790 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
1,519 Color slides (35mm)
Culture:
San (African people)  Search this
Dogon (African people)  Search this
Fulani  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Color slides
Photographic print
Place:
Djenné (Mali)
Mali
Ivory Coast
Burkina Faso
Timbuktu (Mali)
Mali, -- Bamako
Niger
Mopti (Mali)
Israel
Date:
1966-1976
Summary:
Collection dates from 1966 to 1976 and includes 1,817 black and white negatives, 1,519 35mm color slides, several hundred prints, and manuscript materials. Locations include Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Gabon, Israel, Mali, and Niger and depict agriculture, architecture, especially mosques, landscapes, marketplaces, masquerade and musical performances, sculptures, and textiles. Peoples depicted include the Bambara, Bella, Bozo, Dogon, Fulani, Gao, Mandingo, San, Songhai, and Tuarag peoples.
Scope and Contents:
This collection dates from 1966 to 1976 and includes 1,817 black and white negatives, 1,519 35mm color slides, several hundred prints, and manuscript materials. Images were taken in Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Gabon, Israel, Mali, and Niger and depict agriculture, architecture, especially mosques, landscapes, marketplaces, masquerade and musical performances, sculptures, textiles. Peoples depicted include the Bambara, Bella, Bozo, Dogon, Fulani, Gao, Mandingo, San, Songhai, and Tuarag peoples.
Arrangement:
Arranged in four series, according to format.

Series 1: Negatives

Series 2: Slides

Series 3: Photographic Prints

Series 4: Manuscript Materials
Biographical / Historical:
Marli Shamir (1919-2016) was an Israeli photographer known for her extensive work in Mali, the Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso from 1966-1973. Born and raised in Berlin, Shamir started studying photography during her teenage years and took photography classes at the Contempora Lehrateliers für neue Werkkunst (1934-1937).

In 1938, she was forced to immigrate to Israel where she initially lived in a kibbutz. From 1941-1943, she worked at the mineralogy department of the Weizmann Institute in Rehovot, and then opened her own studio in Jerusalem in 1945. In 1953, she married Meir Shamir, a former Israeli Diplomat-Ambassador, and from 1966-1973 she lived successively in Mali, Gabon and Cote d'Ivoire. She held a particular fascination with architecture, monuments, mosques, arts and habitants.

During her stay in Mali, she met Pascal James Imperato with whom she wrote the article "Bokolanfini Mud Cloth of the Bamana of Mali" (African Arts, 1970). In 1976, she produced the exhibition Sahel at the Israeli museum in Jerusalem, which focused on the rural and urban architecture and people of the Sahel. The exhibition toured in Europe later that year. From 1977-1981, she lived in Strasbourg, where she focused on documenting the new style of architecture in Mali. Her work on this project is stored at the Center of Documentation in Strasbourg.

In 2005, a book devoted to her photographs from Mali was published by the Grandvaux French Edition House. The National Poet of Mali, Albakaye Ousmane Kounta, collaborated with Shamir on a book of poetry, Djenney-Ferey –La terre habitee (published by Grandaux, 2007), which is illustrated with Shamir's photographs. Shamir passed away in 2016 at the age of 93.
Related Materials:
The Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives also holds another collection of Shamir's photographs, EEPA 1995-025.
Provenance:
Purchased, 2013
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Slides (Photography)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic print
Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7c5155d06-bf33-40ad-a358-bc1731c83cfe
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-2013-009
Online Media:

African Postcard Collection

Collector:
National Museum of African Art (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
61 Volumes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Postcards
Place:
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Côte d'Ivoire
Mozambique
Morocco
Mali
Namibia
Rwanda
Niger
Nigeria
Somalia
South Africa
Sierra Leone
Sudan
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Zimbabwe
Zambia
Uganda
Senegal
Kenya
Liberia
Ghana
Guinea
Mauritania
Madagascar
Malawi
Djibouti
Ethiopia
Gabon
Egypt
Eritrea
Africa
Date:
1898-[ongoing]
Summary:
This collection includes postcards from 45 African countries. Subjects include agriculture; animals; artists; body arts; cityscapes; cultural landscapes; dance; education; expeditions; flora; industry; leaders; marketplaces; medicine; military; missionaries; music; portraits; recreation; rites and ceremonies; and transportation, among many other topics.
Arrangement note:
Arranged by country and topic
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7db935b22-d87f-4afd-95bb-b2f1180fcf9d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-1985-014
Online Media:

Priscilla Reining papers

Creator:
Reining, Priscilla  Search this
Extent:
2 Flat boxes
60.25 Linear feet (145 boxes)
23 Computer storage devices (floppy discs, zip discs, data tapes, and magnetic tape)
6 Sound recordings
2 Map drawers
Culture:
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Kikuyu (African people)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Haya (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Computer storage devices
Sound recordings
Map drawers
Correspondence
Photographs
Electronic records
Place:
Tanganyika
Tanzania
Kenya
Uganda
Niger
Burkina Faso
Bukoba District (Tanzania)
Date:
1916-2007
bulk 1934-2007
Summary:
The Priscilla Reining papers, 1916-2007, primarily document the professional life of Reining, a social anthropologist and Africanist who worked for the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) from 1974 to 1989. Her area of specialty was sub-Saharan Africa, specializing in desertification, land tenure, land use, kinship, population, fertility, and HIV/AIDS. During the 1970s, she pioneered the use of satellite imagery in conjunction with ethnographic data. She is also known for her ground-breaking research in the late 1980s that showed that uncircumcised men were more susceptible to contracting HIV/AIDS than circumcised men.

The collection contains correspondence, field research, research files, writings, day planners, teaching files, student files, photographs, maps, sound recordings, and electronic records. Reining's research files, particularly on the Red Lake Ojibwa, the Haya, HIV/AIDS, and satellite imagery, form a significant portion of the collection.
Scope and Contents:
These papers primarily document the professional life of Priscilla Reining. The collection contains correspondence, field research, research files, writings, day planners, teaching files, student files, photographs, maps, sound recordings, and electronic records.

Reining's research files, particularly on the Red Lake Ojibwa, the Haya, HIV/AIDS, and satellite imagery, form a significant portion of the collection. Her consultancy work is also well-represented, as well as her involvement in a large number of professional organizations. The collection also contains a great deal of material relating to her work on different programs and projects at AAAS, including the Committee on Arid Lands, Ethnography of Reproduction Project, and Cultural Factors in Population Programs. Also present in the collection are materials from her time as Urgent Anthropology Program Coordinator at the Smithsonian Institution, her files as an instructor and professor, and her files as a student at University of Chicago. Materials from her personal life can also be found in the collection, such as correspondence and childhood mementos.
Arrangement:
The Priscilla Reining papers are organized in 13 series: 1. Correspondence, 1944-2007; 2. Research, 1955-1970; 3. AAAS, 1971-1990; 4. Professional Activities, 5. 1957-2007; Daily Planners and Notebooks, 1960-2002; 6. Writings, 1952-1996; 7. Smithsonian Institution, 1964-1971; 8. University, 1958-1994; 9. Student, 1937-1975; 10. Biographical and Personal Files, 1934-2004; 11. Maps, 1916-1989, undated; 12. Photographs, circa 1950-1987, undated; 13. Electronic records.
Biographical / Historical:
Priscilla Copeland Reining was a social anthropologist and Africanist who worked for the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) from 1974 to 1989. Her area of specialty was sub-Saharan Africa, specializing in desertification, land tenure, land use, kinship, population, fertility, and HIV/AIDS. During the 1970s, she pioneered the use of satellite imagery in conjunction with ethnographic data. She is also known for her ground-breaking research in the late 1980s that showed that uncircumcised men were more susceptible to contracting HIV/AIDS than circumcised men.

Reining was born on March 11, 1923 in Chicago, Illinois. She studied anthropology at University of Chicago, where she earned both her A.B. (1945) and Ph.D. (1967) in anthropology. During her graduate studies, she studied peer group relations among the Ojibwa of the Red Lake Indian Reservation in Minnesota (1947, 1950-51). Her husband, Conrad Reining, accompanied her to the field, an experience that inspired him to also become an anthropologist.

In 1951-53 and 1954-55, Reining conducted fieldwork among the Haya of Bukoba District, Tanganyika (now known as Tanzania) as a Fellow of the East African Institute of Social Research. While research for her dissertation focused on the agrarian system of the Haya, Reining also conducted fertility surveys for the East African Medical Survey, studying the relationship between STDs and fertility in Buhaya and Buganda. During the 1980s, Reining became interested in AIDS when she observed that the Haya were dying from the disease at a much higher rate than neighboring groups. When she learned of a possible link between circumcision and the spread of HIV, she drew a map of circumcision practice among the ethnic groups of Africa and found that uncircumcised men were 86% more likely to contract HIV than circumcised men. These results were published in "The Relationship Between Male Circumcision and HIV Infection in African Populations" (1989), which she coauthored with John Bongaarts, Peter Way, and Francis Conant.

Beginning in the 1970s, Reining began exploring the use of satellite imagery in ethnographic research. In 1973, she used Landsat data to identify individual Mali villages, the first use of satellite data in anthropology (Morán 1990). That same year, as a consultant for USAID, she also used ERTS-1 imagery to estimate carrying capacity in Niger and Upper Volta (now known as Burkino Faso). She continued to apply satellite data in her research throughout her career, including in 1993, when she returned to Tanzania to study the environmental consequence of population growth and HIV/AIDS among the Haya.

In 1974, Reining joined the Office of International Science of AAAS as a research associate. She stayed on to become Project Director for the Cultural Factors in Population Programs and to direct a number of projects under the Committee on Arid Lands. She also served as Project Director of the Ethnography of Reproduction project, for which she conducted fieldwork in Kenya in 1976. In 1990, she left AAAS for an appointment as Courtesy Professor of African Studies at University of Florida.

Prior to working for AAAS, Reining worked at the Smithsonian Institution (1966, 1968-70), during which she was the coordinator for the Urgent Anthropology Program in the now defunct Center for the Study of Man. She also taught at University of Minnesota (1956-59), American University (1959-60), and Howard University (1960-64). In addition, she worked as a consultant for various organizations, including Department of Justice, Peace Corps, International Bank for Reconstruction & Development (IBRD), Food and Agriculture Organization, and Carrying Capacity Network.

Reining was also actively involved in various organizations. She served as Secretary of the AAAS Section H (Anthropology) and was a founding member of the American Anthropological Association (AAA) Task Force on AIDS. She was also a fellow of the African Studies Association, AAA, AAAS, East African Academy, Society for Applied Anthropology, and Washington Academy of Science. In 1990, she was honored with a Distinguished Service Award from AAA.

Reining died of lung cancer at the age of 84 on July 19, 2007.

Sources Consulted

PR Vita. Series 10. Biographical and Personal Files. Priscilla Reining Papers. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Morán, Emilio F. 2000. The Ecosystem Approach in Anthropology: From Concept to Practice. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan. Page 359

Schudel, Matt. 2007. Anthropologist Broke Ground on AIDS, Satellite Mapping. Washington Post, July 29. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/07/28/AR2007072801190.html (accessed December 8, 2011).

1923 -- Born March 11 in Chicago, Illinois

1944 -- Marries Conrad C. Reining

1945 -- Earns A.B. from University of Chicago

1947, 1950-51 -- Conducts field research on the Ojibwa of Red Lake Indian Reservation in Minnesota.

1949 -- Earns A.M. from University of Chicago

1951-1953, 1954-1955 -- Field research on Haya of Tanzania

1967 -- Earns Ph.D. from University of Chicago

1972 -- Returns to Tanzania for IBRD consultancy work

1974 -- Begins working at AAAS as a research associate in the Office of International Science

1975 -- Project Director, AAAS

1976 -- Field research on Kikuyu of Kenya for Ethnography of Reproduction

1986-89 -- Program Director, AAAS

1990 -- Courtesy Professor of African Studies at University of Florida Receives Distinguished Service Award from AAA

1993 -- Field research in Tanzania studying environmental consequences of population growth and HIV/AIDS among the Haya

2007 -- Dies of lung cancer at the age of 84 on July 19
Related Materials:
Additional materials at the NAA relating to Priscilla Reining can be found in the papers of Gordon Gibson and John Murra, as well as in the records of the Center for the Study of Man and the records of the Department of Anthropology. Photo Lot 97 contains two Haya photos taken by Reining that are not duplicated in this collection. The papers of her husband, Conrad Reining, are also at the NAA.

The archives of the American Association for the Advancement of Science also holds Reining's papers relating to her work for the organization.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Priscilla Reining's sons, Robert Reining and Conrad Reining, in 2009.
Restrictions:
The Priscilla Reining papers are open for research.

Some materials from the East African Medical Survey and Ethnography of Reproduction project contain personal medical history and are thus restricted. Grant applications sent to Reining to review are also restricted as well as her students' grades, and recommendation letters Reining wrote for her students. Electronic records are also restricted.

A small portion of the materials relating to Reining's Haya research, Ethnography of Reproduction project, and IBRD ujamaa research suffered severe mold damage. These materials have been cleaned and may be accessed. The legibility of some of the documents, however, is limited due to water and mold stains. Mold odor is also still present.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
AIDS (Disease)  Search this
Human ecology  Search this
Fertility, Human  Search this
Kinship  Search this
population  Search this
Landsat satellites  Search this
Remote sensing  Search this
Desertification  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Sound recordings
Photographs
Electronic records
Citation:
Priscilla Reining Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2009-25
See more items in:
Priscilla Reining papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34d98c2cd-c075-443f-b007-9dd7cea86fe2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2009-25

Enid Schildkrout and John A. Van Couvering Collection

Photographer:
Schildkrout, Enid  Search this
Van Couvering, John A.  Search this
Extent:
5320 Slides (photographs) (35 mm)
120 Slides (photographs) (120 mm)
1407 Negatives (photographic) (35 mm)
91 Negatives (photographic) (120 mm)
3 Negatives (photographic) (5 x 7 inches)
10 Negatives (photographic) (4 x 5 inches)
2 Negatives (photographic) (8 x 10 inches)
136 Photographic prints (8 x 10 inches or smaller)
4 Contact sheets
1 USB flash drive (64 GB)
Culture:
Asante (African people)  Search this
Fulani  Search this
Lobi (African people)  Search this
Mossi (African people)  Search this
Senufo (African people)  Search this
Wolof (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Contact sheets
Usb flash drive
Place:
Ivory Coast
Namibia
Central African Republic
Mali
Nigeria
Senegal
Date:
1964-2010
Summary:
This collection documents the Asante, Baka, Baule, Berber, Dogomba, Dogon, Fulani, Gurunsi, Gonja, Hausa, Lobi, Mamprusi, Mossi, Senufo, Serer, Tsonga, Tuareg, Wolof, and Yoruba peoples; architecture, animals, artwork, celebrations, ceremonies, landscapes, masquerades, markets, mosques, portraits, shrines, and street scenes in Ghana, the Ivory Coast, Mali, Nigeria, Morocco, Republic of Benin, Central African Republic, Namibia, and Senegal.
Scope and Contents:
This collection was created during field work by Enid Schildkrout and John A. Van Couvering in several countries, including Ghana, the Ivory Coast, Mali, Nigeria, Morocco, Republic of Benin, Central African Republic, Namibia, and Senegal. Peoples depicted include the Asante, Baka, Baule, Berber, Dogomba, Dogon, Fulani, Gurunsi, Gonja, Hausa, Lobi, Mamprusi, Mossi, Senufo, Serer, Tsonga, Tuareg, Wolof, and Yoruba peoples. Many of the images depict architecture, animals, artwork, celebrations, ceremonies, landscapes, masquerades, markets, mosques, portraits, shrines, and street scenes.
Biographical / Historical:
Enid Schildkrout is an American anthropologist, professor, and Curator Emerita of African Ethnology, Division of Anthropology, at the American Museum of Natural History. She earned her BA from Sarah Lawrence College (1963), and a B.A., M.A. and Ph.D. from Cambridge University (1965, 1967, 1970). Schildkrout performed field research in numerous countries including Ghana and Burkina Faso (1960s); Kano, Nigeria (late 1970s and early 1980s); and in Mali, Senegal, Côte d'Ivoire and Namibia. She has worked extensively with museum collections and conducted an in-depth study of the history of the art of the Mangbetu people (Democratic Republic of Congo). Among the exhibitions that Schildkrout has curated are: African Reflections: Art from Northeastern Zaire; Body Art: Marks of Identity; Dynasty and Divinity: Ife Art in Ancient Nigeria; and Grass Roots: African Origins of an American Art. She has lectured and taught classes at Columbia University, Yale University, McGill University, and the University of Illinois, among others. She has published articles in African Arts and authored numerous books.

John A. Van Couvering is a professor, editor and geologist. He earned his Ph.D. in Geology from the University of Cambridge (1973) and specializes in the principles and practices in stratigraphic geology; age and environments of Cenozoic mammal faunas of Africa and southern Eurasia; and the Neogene time scale and chronostratigraphic boundaries. He spent five years doing fieldwork with Louis Leakey in East Africa and served as Micropaleontology Press's editor-in-chief from 1978 to its dissolution in 2004. He currently serves on international and national working groups concerned with the stratigraphic code, and participates in regional studies of such problems as the Messinian desiccation event and the beginning of the Pleistocene. He has published in the Journal of Human Evolution and the Journal of Geological Society and co-authored and edited numerous books.
Provenance:
Donated by Enid Schildkrout and John A. Van Couvering, 2018.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Ghana  Search this
Republic of Benin -- Photographs  Search this
Morocco  Search this
Hausa (African people)  Search this
Tuaregs  Search this
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Citation:
Enid Schildkrout and John A. Van Couvering Collection, EEPA 2018-005, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2018-005
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo75002f916-05a9-447d-8770-756cef7bd8b0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-2018-005

Marli Shamir photographs

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of African Art (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
229 Gelatin silver prints (black and white, 8 x 10 in. or smaller)
89 Photographic prints ((1 v.), black and white, 23 x 18 cm. or smaller)
Container:
Volume 4
Culture:
Dogon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gelatin silver prints
Photographic prints
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Djenné (Mali)
Mali
Africa
Timbuktu (Mali)
San (Mali)
Gao (Mali)
Date:
1971
Summary:
Photographs taken by Marli Shamir in Mali, in 1971. The majority of the images show architecture in Djenne, Mali. Other images depict architecture of the Dogon in Timbuktu, Gao and San.

Photographs from this collection were featured by Labelle Prussin's thesis entitled, "The Architecture of Djenne; African Synthesis and Transformation," (Yale University, 1974) and in her book entitled, "Hatumere: Islamic Design in West Africa," (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986). The images have also been displayed in an exhibition entitled, "Marli Shamir Photographs from the Sahel," held in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, in 1976.
Arrangement note:
Images indexed by negative number.
Biographical / Historical:
Marli Shamir (1919-2016) was an Israeli photographer known for her extensive work in Mali, the Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso from 1966-1973. Born and raised in Berlin, Shamir started studying photography during her teenage years and took photography classes at the Contempora Lehrateliers für neue Werkkunst (1934-1937). In 1938, she was forced to immigrate to Israel where she initially lived in a kibbutz. From 1941-1943, she worked at the mineralogy department of the Weizmann Institute in Rehovot, and then opened her own studio in Jerusalem in 1945. In 1953, she married Meir Shamir, a former Israeli Diplomat-Ambassador, and from 1966-1973 she lived successively in Mali, Gabon and Cote d'Ivoire. She held a particular fascination with architecture, monuments, mosques, arts and habitants. During her stay in Mali, she met Pascal James Imperato with whom she wrote the article Bokolanfini Mud Cloth of the Bamana of Mali, (African Arts, 1970). In 1976, she produced the exhibition Sahel at the Israeli museum in Jerusalem, which focused on the rural and urban architecture and people of the Sahel. The exhibition toured in Europe later that year. From 1977-1981, she lived in Strasbourg, where she focused on documenting the new style of architecture in Mali. Her work on this project is stored at the Center of Documentation in Strasbourg. In 2005, a book devoted to her photographs from Mali was published by the Grandvaux French Edition House. The National Poet of Mali, Albakaye Ousmane Kounta, collaborated with Shamir on the book of poetry Djenney-Ferey –La terre habitee (published by Grandaux, 2007), which is illustrated with Shamir's photographs. Shamir passed away in 2016 at the age of 93.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Earth Architecture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Black-and-white photographs
Identifier:
EEPA.1995-025
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo70c376be1-6246-4dcc-af65-9969cc0a67e1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-1995-025

"L'Afrique Occidentale Française" photographs

Extent:
22 Photographic prints ((1 box), black & white, 15.5 x 24.5 cm.)
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Mauritania
Burkina Faso
Togo
Sudan
Côte d'Ivoire
Dakar (Senegal)
Africa
Niger
Guinea
Date:
1934
Summary:
Twenty-two of thirty photographs published in the picture book entitled, L'Afrique Occidentale Française, by Librairie de l'enseignement, Paris, 1934. The book was the twenty-first book in a series of thirty-six picture books. The images are numbered 601 through 530. Missing image numbers are 604, 606, 607, 608, 609, 612, 613 and 625.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Photographic prints
Identifier:
EEPA.2002-003
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo74a180408-9146-4f33-aaf7-ed5215eb98d5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-2002-003

Carl Purcell photographs

Photographer:
Purcell, Carl M.  Search this
Extent:
70 Slides (photographs) (color, 35 mm.)
Container:
Binder Small collections binder 1
Volume 1
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Place:
Senegal
Ghana
Chad
Africa
Mauritania
Burkina Faso
Ethiopia
Gabon
Tanzania
Date:
circa 1970
Summary:
Photographs taken by Carl M. Purcell during his travels through East Africa and West Africa to include Ethiopia, Senegal, Chad, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Tanzania, Gabon and Ghana. Images are mostly portraits of individuals, circa 1970.
Arrangement note:
Images indexed by negative number.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Identifier:
EEPA.1976-002
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7d175e7b3-3f14-4dbd-9e93-e2a9c3ed5e60
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-1976-002

Peace Corps Volunteers collection

Names:
Peace Corps (U.S.)  Search this
Ballendorf, Dirk  Search this
Riesenberg, Saul H.  Search this
Viola, Herman J. (1938-)  Search this
Extent:
25 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Manuscripts
Letters
Photographs
Printed material
Processed materials
Audiotapes
Administrative records
Place:
Costa Rica
Oman
Dahomey
Swaziland
Tanzania
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Togo
Upper Volta
El Salvador
Turkey
Ethiopia
Tunisia
Gabon
Ghana
Guatemala
Guinea
Thailand
Honduras
Burkina Faso
Kenya
Jamaica
Iran
Indonesia
Korea
Malaysia
Malawi
Liberia
Marshall Islands
Ceylon
Ivory Coast
Morocco
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Nepal
Niger
Brazil
Botswana
Bolivia
Nigeria
Afghanistan
Micronesia
Antigua
Pakistan
Philippines
Peru
Panama
China
Somalia
Sierra Leone
Senegal
Colombia
India
Chad
Chile
Date:
1920-1984
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes contributions from 101 former volunteers or administrators who served in such countries and regions as Afghanistan, Antigua, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ceylon, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dahomey, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, Korea, Liberia, Malawi, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Morocco, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Swaziland,Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey and Upper Volta.

The volunteers were involved in diverse assignments such as education, community development, agriculture, health work, and service through such special skills as art, surveying, mechanics, and photography. Two additional collections are including materials of missionaries that were offered to the archives as the result of the program to collect Peace Corps materials. Included are diaries, correspondence, writings, printed and processed material, sound recordings, and administrative materials. There are also photographic materials that show such subjects as traditional and modern agriculture, architecture, body scarification, ceremonies, dance, dress, fishing, food preparation and other domestic activities, industry, medicine, and transportation.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
Arranged numerically, with indexes based upon creator names and subject of materials.
Historical note:
In 1975, Herman Joseph Viola, the director of the National Anthropological Archives; Saul Herbert Riesenberg, the curator for Oceania Ethnology in the Smithsonianʹs Department of Anthropology; and Dirk Ballendorf, assistant chief of programs and training for Peace Corps operations in North Africa, the Near East, Asia, and the Pacific, worked out a program whereby the archives would collect materials of former Peace Corps volunteers. In addition to photographic and other materials of potential use to many researchers, the collection was intended to document the impact of the volunteers on host countries and the experiences of the volunteers in working in foreign cultures.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. In some cases, copyright or literary property rights have been retained by the donor.
Topic:
Cookery  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Dance  Search this
Fishing  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Industry  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Body scarification  Search this
Dress  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Manuscripts
Letters
Photographs
Printed material
Processed materials
Audiotapes
Administrative records
Citation:
Peace Corps Volunteers collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1975-43
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw36b879838-37b2-42bc-be41-d91ace56fcd9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1975-43

Allan L. Pitcher photographs

Extent:
178 Slides (photographs) (color)
Container:
Item 178
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Cameroon
Africa
Liberia
Ghana
Burkina Faso
Date:
between 1958-1972
Summary:
Photographs taken by Allan L. Pitcher, a Foreign Service officer working and traveling in Nigeria, Cameroon, Liberia, Ghana and Upper Volta. Images include individual and group portraits of men, women and children, leaders and village elders. There are numerous images of markets to include close-ups of market stalls and street views. Also included are images of rites, ceremonies and various dance performances in Liberia, among the boys about to enter the initiation camp, women of Sande society and dances performed in conjunction with government ceremonies. Another focus of the photography are industry and economic activities. Slides show rubber production in Firestone Rubber plantation (Liberia), mining and dam construction. Among the most important images are architectural shots, which include African residences as well as official buildings. Pitcher also photographed the Esso station with the screens by Adebisi Akanji and a shrine in Oshogbo.
Arrangement note:
postcards:organized in one volume
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2003-003
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7386bd876-b878-47a3-bbae-e77066c4cfd8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-2003-003

James Lee photographs

Photographer:
Lee, James  Search this
Extent:
323 Slides (photographs) (1 volume, color, 35 mm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Place:
Kenya
Côte d'Ivoire
Cameroon
Ghana
Africa
Zimbabwe
Tanzania
Burkina Faso
Mali
Nigeria
Date:
1963-1970
Summary:
Photographs taken by James Lee in Cameroon, Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire, Kenya, Mali, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, and Zimbabwe between 1963 and 1970. The images reflect a variety of themes.
Scope and Contents:
Photographs taken by James Lee in Cameroon, Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire, Kenya, Mali, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, and Zimbabwe between 1963 and 1970. The photographs document cultures, landscapes, and peoples of the African countries of Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, the Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mali, Nigeria, and Zambia. Nigerian cities and villages illustrated include Asaba, Calabar, Enugu, Funtua, Ibadan, Kano, Katsina, Lagos, Okigwi, Onitsha, Opobo, Oshogbo, Uyo, Wudil, and Zaria. People portrayed include the emir of Katsina, leopard society members at Uyo, and a weaver, Activities documented include a Bobo masquerade in Burkina Faso; a celebration at the court of the emir of Kano; a contest of traditional dance groups in Enugu stadium, Nigeria; and a Mossi dance in Burkina Faso. Architectural images show government colleges and schools, a house under construction outside Uyo, a mosque in Kano, a painted house in Wudil, ruins of a wall at Zaria, and a shrine to a river god in Oshogbo. Art works reproduced include funerary sculpture and sculptures made of concrete in southeastern Nigeria, mostly at Oshogbo. Images of the natural environment show cattle, egrets, the Niger river crossing in the town of Jebba, the riverside at Opobo, and Victoria Falls.
Arrangement note:
Images indexed by negative number.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-006
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo71aaf23ee-7e45-4368-8922-05fbfc27e699
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-1985-006

Philip M. Abram photographs

Extent:
358 Slides (photographs) (+22 postcards, color)
10 Photographic prints ((dupe prints), color, 8 x 10 in. or smaller)
Container:
Volume 1
Culture:
Dogon (African people)  Search this
Vai (African people)  Search this
Grebo (African people)  Search this
Bassa (Liberian and Sierra Leone people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Photographic prints
Color slides
Postcards
Place:
Liberia
Mali
Guinea
Côte d'Ivoire
Cameroon
Burkina Faso
Africa
Date:
1957-1973
bulk 1970-1973
Summary:
Photographs taken and postcards gathered by Philip M. Abrams during his travels through Liberia, Mali, Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire, Cameroon and Burkina Faso, 1970-1973. Activities documented in the images include a Bundu sande women's society performance with Sowei (female guardian spirit) masks in Liberia; a Dogon dama (festival) masquerade staged for tourists in Sangha, Mali; a Grebo war dance in Krutown, Monrovia, Liberia; young Vai boys during initiation into the poro male secret society; and masked Vai dancers performing on Providence Island, Monrovia.
Arrangement note:
Slides:organized in one volume;.arranged numerically by image number.

Dupe prints:organized in one volume;arranged numerically by image number.
Biographical/Historical note:
U.S. Foreign Service Official.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Photographic prints
Postcards
Identifier:
EEPA.1986-002
See more items in:
Philip M. Abram photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7ca0ad1dc-01ae-4f89-8a53-e2b53cf0403c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-1986-002

Robert and Barbara Pringle photographs

Photographer:
Pringle, Robert, 1936-  Search this
Names:
Roy, Christopher D.  Search this
Extent:
2136 Slides (photographs) (color , 35mm.)
829 Negatives (photographic) (color , 35mm.)
Culture:
Maasai (African people)  Search this
Fula (African people)  Search this
Lobi (African people)  Search this
Bobo (African people)  Search this
Dogon (African people)  Search this
Mossi (African people)  Search this
Tuaregs  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Negatives (photographic)
Negatives
Portraits
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Burkina Faso
Kenya
Mali
Date:
circa 1980-1989
Summary:
The collection contains 2136 color 35mm slides and 829 color 35mm negatives taken by Robert Pringle, former Ambassador to Mali, between 1980-1989. The images were taken in Mali, Burkina Faso and Kenya, and depict masquerades, vernacular architecture (including Dogon doors and granaries), mosques, marketplace scenes, pottery, masks (including plank and leaf masks), weaving, art in situ, animals and landscapes. Culture groups represented in the collection include the Tuareg, Lobi, Maasai, Mossi, Dogon, Fula and Bobo (Bwa) peoples. Ambassador Pringle traveled with photographer Christopher Roy and some of Pringle's images depict Roy at work with his own camera.
Arrangement note:
Arranged geographically by country and chronologically therein. Arrangement reflects the original order established by the photographer.
Biographical/Historical note:
Robert Pringle is a retired U.S. Foreign Service Officer and historian specializing in interethnic relations, economic development, and the role of culture. He served as U.S. Ambassador to Mali from 1987 to 1990. His other official postings included Indonesia, the Philippines, Burkina Faso, Papua New Guinea, and South Africa. He has written three books on Southeast Asian history and politics, of which the most recent is A Short History of Bali: Indonesia's Hindu Realm (2004).
General note:
Title provided by EEPA staff.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Pottery  Search this
Fairs  Search this
Masks  Search this
Masks, African  Search this
Markets  Search this
Art in situ -- Photographs  Search this
Animals  Search this
Masquerades  Search this
Mosques  Search this
Natural landscapes  Search this
Vernacular architecture  Search this
Weaving  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Portraits
Color slides
Citation:
Robert and Barbara Pringle photographs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2006-006
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo74eb0656d-6ccb-4359-b980-87543747ac55
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-2006-006

The Grand Mosque of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Place:
Burkina Faso
Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso)
Date:
1969
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Burkina Faso, Bobo-Dioulasso (Haute Volta) today Mosque; 734-1
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-1302
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.1: Burkina Faso / Bobo-Dioulasso
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo77982aa18-b767-496c-b2cc-73850ff275a1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref2015

The Grand Mosque of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Place:
Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso)
Burkina Faso
Date:
1969
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Burkina Faso, Bobo-Dioulasso (Haute Volta) today Mosque; 734-2
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-1303
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.1: Burkina Faso / Bobo-Dioulasso
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7e2dc3122-5653-4ac3-b3f6-02bb2f694d8b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref2016

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