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Diary

Collection Collector:
Robinson, Franklin A., Jr., 1959- (actor)  Search this
Container:
Box 39, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1950
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but negatives and audiovisuial materials are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Some papers of living persons are restricted. Access to restricted portions may be arranged by request to the donor. Gloves required for unprotected photographs. Viewing film portions of the collection and listening to LP recording requires special appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own exclusive rights to these materials. Copyright for all materials is retained by the donor, Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.; permission for commercial use and/or publication may be requested from the donor through the Archives Center. Military Records for Franklin A. Robinson (b. 1932) and correspondence from Richard I. Damalouji (1961-2014) are restricted; written permission is needed to research these files. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
The Robinson and Via Family Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Robinson and Via Family Papers
Robinson and Via Family Papers / Series 2: Robinson Family / 2.6: Robinson, Franklin A. / 2.6.1: Correspondence, diaries, personal ephemera
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c69fd212-5fa6-426e-8f82-ac71a4266346
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0475-ref167

Longboat Key -- Sands Point Condominium

Garden designer:
Hansen, Barbara  Search this
Architect:
Carl A. Vollmer & Earl J. Draeger  Search this
Provenance:
Founders Garden Club of Sarasota  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Sands Point Condominium (Longboat Key, Florida)
United States of America -- Florida -- Sarasota -- Longboat Key
Scope and Contents:
The file includes worksheets, copy of article, and other documentation.
General:
Designed and built as a rental property on a barrier island in the mid-1960s, then converted to condominiums in 1976, the three-story horseshoe-shaped buildings had minimalist landscaping, just palm trees and St. Augustine grass. Later, one of the condominium owners with a long association with the Garden Club of America developed landscaping designs that were approved by the board of directors of the condominium association. The property is located between the Gulf of Mexico and a lagoon with differing exposures to wind, sunlight, salt spray and hurricanes within its 7.5 acres. The plant selections are tropical with low maintenance requirements and low water usage.
A deep sea-grape hedge next to the beach helps control flooding from storm surges and is heavily pruned twice each year to keep it from blocking views of the sea. Color was added to the original landscape as gardenias, hibiscus, oleander, geraniums, begonias, croton, birds of paradise and flowering trees including magnolias were planted. Individual owners of ground level condominiums have added patios with foundation plantings and the central carport has been spruced up with plantings between the pods. Beds under the palm trees at the entrance to the condominium, outside the office and recreation building, outside the maintenance building and marina along the lagoon, and along the walkways that lead to the swimming pool and the Gulf have added color with tropical ground covers and shrubs.
Persons associated with the garden include Arvida Corporation (land owners, 1965); Carl A. Vollmer and Earl J. Draeger (architects, 1966); Barbara Hansen (garden designer, 1980- ).
Related Materials:
Sands Point Condominium related holdings consist of 2 folders (1 photographic print; 13 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Florida -- Sarasota  Search this
Condominiums  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File FL257
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Florida
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6d524c8e5-e260-4005-9e9a-a820ba4ba06e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11966

Sarasota -- Casa del Carnevale

Provenance:
Founders Garden Club of Sarasota  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Casa del Carnevale (Sarasota, Florida)
United States of America -- Florida -- Sarasota County -- Sarasota
Scope and Contents:
1 folder and 36 digital images. The folder includes worksheets and historic information about land development in the Florida Keys.
General:
The Italianate Revival house built in 1937 has been expanded by the current owners who are descended from the original owners, on a property of approximately one acre. Many specimen plants that were collected between 1950 and 1990 have been retained and rearranged to accommodate expansions to the house. With new plantings added the gardens emphasize the colors, specimen variety and textures in subtropical trees, shrubs, vines and flowering plants. There are eleven different varieties of palms, including the mature royal palms that tower over the street front of the property, and shorter pygmy date palms used as foundation plants under balconies. Bromeliads grow in enormous urns on either side of the original front door. Flowering vines that add color year round include Mexican flame vine, bougainvillea, stephanotis, Confederate jasmine and angel's trumpet. Dense growth for a jungle-like effect is encouraged and minimizes water usage.
The property was purchased from the John Ringling Estates, and references to the involvement of family members in the circus and carnivals is found in garden features. A mobile sculpture "Circus" by Frederick Prescott is sited outside the dining room window. A mosaic on the wall of one of the additions depicts Ringling Brothers clown Emmet Kelly and family member, plant collector, puppeteer and previous owner Marion McKennon. Her husband Joseph McKennon initiated the grassroots campaign Save Our Bays to prevent dredging to create more building sites in the Florida Keys. A park and bird sanctuary was established on some of the new ground rather than housing. In 1991 this property was designated a historic landmark by the City of Sarasota.
Persons associated with the garden include John Ringling and Owen Burns of John Ringling Estates (former owners 1917-1927); Mr. and Mrs. Charles Leigh (former owners, 1927-1969); Mr. and Mrs. Joseph McKennon (former owners, 1969-2002); Dwayne Henderson (former owner, 2002-2003); Paul Bergman (builder, 1936-1937); Wm. Thorning Little (architect for renovation and additions, 2004-2007 and 2003-2008); Daniel Patrick Ball (builder, 2003-2008); Michael L. Gilkey, Jr. (landscape architect, 2005-2007); Brian K. Desormier (landscape installation and maintenance (2005- ); Frederick Prescott (sculptor); Dimitar Kasabov (mosaic artist).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Florida -- Sarasota  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File FL264
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Florida
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6a069e618-64eb-43f5-88ea-60fdb0a5580d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12028

[Sands Point Condominium]: the maintenance building, outdoor seating and the marina at the lagoon.

Photographer:
Salas, Marianne  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (TIFF file, col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Sands Point Condominium (Longboat Key, Florida)
United States of America -- Florida -- Sarasota -- Longboat Key
Date:
2015 Mar.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Florida -- Sarasota  Search this
Palms  Search this
Driveways  Search this
Lagoons  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Hibiscus  Search this
Condominiums  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item FL257004
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Florida / FL257: Longboat Key -- Sands Point Condominium
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6e31d5ec0-c212-4168-8985-d4649b8df947
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12118

Troy -- Julia & William Hobart Garden

Landscape architect:
Child, Susan F.  Search this
Reed, Douglas  Search this
Child Associates, Inc.  Search this
Provenance:
The Garden Club of Dayton  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Julia & William Hobart Garden (Troy, Ohio)
United States of America -- Ohio -- Miami County -- Troy
Scope and Contents:
The folders include worksheets, site plans, a narrative description of the garden with plant names, and plant lists.
General:
Designed by Child Associates, this garden complements the late 18th century French "Bois de Boulogne" style house on the five-acre site. What began as an idea for a garden with swimming pool developed into a comprehensive plan that transformed the site to meet the needs of a large family and to connect the formal house to its rural landscape. The site, which adjoined family farmland, had areas of woodland, open lawns, and remnants of an old apple orchard. Low maintenance, opportunities to introduce bulbs, wildflowers and other native plants to the woodland areas, and a pool that would complement the garden, rather than detract from it, were all priorities for the owners. The formal tradition of the slate-roofed dwelling has been respected by using bluestone walkways and terraces. The terrace paving continues around the edge of the symmetrical pool, which is painted black to double as a reflecting pool and is surrounded at each end by sinuous mixed borders. Behind the borders and lawn to the east are a meadow garden and more woodland, which serve as a screen from neighboring houses. Zumi crabapples serve as a reminder of the apple orchard that once covered the site, while two small garden buildings and other structures were designed to reinforce the French style of the house. A transition to the wilder landscape begins across the graveled upper drive. The land dips down into a shallow ravine and this natural rocky swale provides "movement" to the front garden and is lined with wet-loving plants. It descends to a lily pond that attracts a wide variety of wildlife. Over the nearly 20 years since its design, adjustments have been made to the original plan. Overgrown Bradford pears hiding the front of the house were replaced with more compact columnar oaks, while clipped boxwood hedges edging the front walk gave way to looser, more diverse compositions of box and perennials. A collection of David Austin shrub roses has been added to the perennial beds near the back terrace. The garden continues to evolve.
Persons and firms associated with the garden include: Susan F. Child (landscape architect, 1985-1987); Douglas Reed (landscape architect, 1987 to date); and Child Associates, Inc. (landscape architects, 1985-1987).
Related Materials:
Julia & William Hobart Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (31 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Ohio -- Troy  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OH182
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Ohio
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb649477ca2-8ea7-4d97-b9d3-1df74cdd0add
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref15567

Devon -- Brook View Farm

Landscape architect:
Sears, Thomas Warren, 1880-1966  Search this
Provenance:
The Weeders  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Brook View Farm (Devon, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Chester County -- Devon
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a work sheet, narrative description of the garden and its history, and an abbreviated garden plan.
Former Titles:
Kemble/Wood Garden and Brookside Garden.
General:
The ca. 1758 stone house was part of a dairy farm during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Former owners, Francis and Emily Kemble, hired Thomas Sears to terrace the hillside with stone walls and steps. English boxwood marked the corners, and narrow grass paths defined rectangular beds lined with hosta and centered with matching clusters of peonies and phlox. Sears planted masses of "Congo" lilacs and an American elm in order to provide a canopy for the garden. A small orchard of apple and pear trees were planted to screen the house from the road. A meadow area was set aside for a large vegetable garden, cold frames and a hot frame. Sears converted several out-buildings into garden "follies" for tea parties and relaxing. The foundation of one of the buildings became a rose garden with a stepping stone path down the center. When the present owners purchased the property, invasive weeds overtook the garden beds and vegetable garden. Most of the boxwood succumbed to disease and many of the fruit trees were dead. The owners wished to adapt an old high maintenance garden to contemporary interests and a reasonable budget. Azaleas became the foundation of the woody plantings. They revived the vegetable garden and offered plots to friends. The garden is currently used as a laboratory to learn more about growing and combining various plants while overcoming problems, such as deer.
Persons and firms associated with the garden include: William Wood (former owner, 1700s); Emily and Francis Kemble (former owners, 1920-1975); Thomas Sears (landscape architect, 1927-1930); and Brognard Okie (architect, 1928-1929).
Related Materials:
Brookside Farm related holdings consist of 1 folder (14 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Devon  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA451
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6d044beda-74fe-4d55-98ce-ada2b94c4c54
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16453

Gladstone -- Christina's Garden

Former owner:
Turnbull, William, d. 2002  Search this
Turnbull, Elizabeth (Betty) Howe  Search this
Turnbull Family  Search this
Landscape architect:
Spicer, Frederick  Search this
Landscaper:
Enyingi, Ron  Search this
Lambert, Steve  Search this
Rustic arbors:
Romancing the Woods  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Somerset Hills  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Christina's Garden (Gladstone, New Jersey)
United States of America -- New Jersey -- Somerset -- Gladstone
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and an article.
General:
The two-acre garden with rustic features was built beginning in 1996 on a site with many challenges: wetlands restrictions on most of their entire 23-1/3 acre property; compacted soil and fill dirt with a high pH around their newly constructed Arts and Crafts style house; a steep difference in elevation between the building and the ground; and surrounding woodlands populated by deer, fox and wild fowl that would feast on whatever native and other ornamentals the owners planted. The owners wanted a low maintenance naturalistic style garden with minimal walls and terraces that would sustain the local ecology and conservation value of their property. The resulting garden with seven different defined rooms evolved over the next twelve years. Deer fencing was installed around one acre with rustic arbors and gates. Maple, boxwood and a crabapple allée where planted at the entry court. Next the meadow along the drive to the house was planted with a wildflower mix; deer ate most of the flowers and left the grasses which, with the addition of 1000 daffodil bulbs, provide three seasons of interest. The deer garden and shade garden has eight-foot tall fencing disguised by ornamental screens, low boxwood hedges, perennials beds and ferns. The courtyard and lilac terrace with a water feature has low shrubs planted along the walls, and hardscape built for the transition from the higher elevation of the house to the landscape. Viburnum under planted with liriope softens the staircase from the house while stachys and heucheras soften rough stone walls. In addition to the tank style water feature there is a small greenhouse with a butterfly, herb and small vegetable garden close to the house. Below the two terraces a rockery was installed on the steep slope that was paved with boulders and stepping stones leaving space for stabilizing plants including miniature forsythia, Japanese maple, hemlock, bearberry, lady's mantle and columbine. The Zen garden has stacked stones on a bed of grass shaded by tupelo and surrounded by red twig dogwood and hydrangea that screen the deer fence.
There is a moonlight garden below the lower terrace planted with trees and shrubs that have white flowers or gray foliage to capture the shimmer of lights from the moon and the pool. Elms that did not survive were replaced by oak trees and the perennials, grasses and ground covers planted between rough stones have included white Echinacea, liatris, nicotiana, nigella, phlox and thyme that thrive depending on the increasing level of shade and depredations by groundhogs. The raised beds in the cottage garden were intended for cutting flowers and some vegetables but after the groundhogs invaded they were planted with peonies and raspberry brambles, shaded by ironwood. The trees in the native shrub border were planted to create habitat and include buckeye, pepperbush, winterberry, dogwood, and redwood. Another allée of redbud leads out of the garden towards the fire pit that overlooks the woodlands, wetlands and one of the streams on the property. The owner's hand has not stopped here as the woodlands also have been restored by removing invasive vines and shrubs and planting more native shrubs and trees. Wetlands plantings included sycamore, alder, and river birch to help stabilize storm water runoff. Ornamental oat grass was planted to compete with invasive stilt grass, while a grove of native paw paw has yet to fruit.
Persons associated with the garden include William and Betty Turnbull and Turnbull family members (former owners, 1800's-); Fred Spicer (landscape architect, 1996-1997); Ron Enyingi (landscaper, 1997-2001); Romancing the Woods (rustic arbors, 1998-2001); Steve Lambert (landscaper, 2004-2010).
Related Materials:
Christina's Garden related holdings consist of 1 folders (62 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- New Jersey -- Gladstone  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NJ671
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New Jersey
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb63d7a967c-0f19-4e7e-8d68-ec706a70b6b6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref20084

Millburn -- Henry P. and Susan I. Johnson Garden

Former owner:
Halbach, Ernest K.  Search this
Wodell, Helen Page  Search this
Landscape designer:
Wodell, Helen Page  Search this
Provenance:
Short Hills Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Halbach Garden No. 1 (Short Hills, New Jersey)
United States of America -- New Jersey -- Essex County -- Millburn -- Short Hills
Scope and Contents:
The folders include worksheets and additional information.
General:
The restoration of the circa 1905 house recovered its original design but the gardens of this 2.6- acre property have a modern design, implemented over ten years. The owners consulted with experts at the New York Botanical Garden on plants and trees most appropriate for their location and least appealing to the local deer population. They sought out a landscape architect who would take a modern approach yet also reference the past of this location. The owners were involved in every step: drainage modification, construction, choosing hardscape materials, lighting, and finally the selection of trees, shrubs, bulbs and all the other plants. The straight driveway to the house was reconfigured into a meandering approach lined with green giant arborvitae, daffodils, and French iris surrounded by alliums and chives to deter deer. A deer deterring metal fence encloses the side and back yards to enable more varied plantings.

A short allée of lindens were planted to be pleached after they had grown at least three years. There is a garden for the relocated swimming pool and small utility building. Another garden within the enclosed space is for cutting. Outside the screened porch the garden emphasizes scent with white lilac and hydrangea, and variegated foliage for visual effect at night. Plantings throughout the property include more than thirty varieties of daffodils for an extended display, five magnolia and seven dogwood varieties, and seven varieties of boxwood in addition to the older extant trees.

The modern gardens were conceived and designed by the previous owners Henry and Susan Johnson along with landscape architect Ben Young and installation and maintenance crews. Previous owners Ernest K. Halbach and landscape designer Helen Page Wodell were responsible for a redesign in the 1940's that incorporated flagstone terraces, brick walls and an ornamental iron gate with a lily pond and wall fountain.
Persons associated with the garden include: Ernest K. Halbach (former owner); and Helen Page Wodell [Halbach] (former owner and landscape designer); Ben Young, BYLA Landscape Architects (landscape architect, 2008-2019); Michael Todd, The Todd Group (landscape installation, 2008-2019); John Rivell, Tewksbury Construction (general contractor, 2008-2019); Alexander Antonelli, Antonelli Architects (architect, 2008-2019; George Rickey (sculptor).
Varying Form:
Formerly known as Halbach Garden No. 1.
Related Materials:
Holdings consist of 2 folders including 3 glass lantern slides (001-003), 7 35 mm. slides (004-010), and 40 digital images (001-040).
See others in:
Lois Poinier slide collection, circa 1920-1999.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- New Jersey -- Short Hills  Search this
Gardening in the shade  Search this
Moon garden  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NJ025
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New Jersey
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb67d671127-bcd0-4d22-9818-c25f0749ca1f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref20116

Red Bank -- Middletown Farm

Landscape architect:
Hutcheson, Martha Brookes  Search this
Former owner:
Straus, Herbert  Search this
Provenance:
Rumson Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Middletown Farm (Red Bank, New Jersey)
United States of America -- New Jersey -- Monmouth County -- Red Bank
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and copy of b&W aerial view.
General:
Inspired by a French country estate, this property ws originally the "working part" of Mr. Straus' estate. The cluster of buildings were built for maintenance equipment, animals, and employees. Besides the vegetable and cutting gardens, there are little gardens, ground covers, vines, and fruit and flowering trees.
Persons and firms associated with the property include: Herbert and Theresa Kuhn Straus (former owners, 1929-1949); Hopkins and Associates (architect, 1929); and Martha Brookes Hutcheson (landscape architect, 1929).
Related Materials:
Middletown Farm related holdings consist of 1 folder (17 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Vegetable gardening  Search this
Gardens -- New Jersey -- Red Bank  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NJ498
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New Jersey
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6130443a9-c05b-4851-a152-be7132bf7b82
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref20206

Fishers Island -- The Oakes-Howard Garden on Fishers Island

Former owner:
Oakes, Elinor R.  Search this
Architect:
Righter, James Volney  Search this
Garden design:
Race Rock Garden Company  Search this
House and deck maintenance:
Z & S Construction  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Hartford  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Oakes-Howard Garden on Fishers Island (Fishers Island, New York)
United States of America -- New York -- Suffolk -- Fishers Island
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, historical information and images of Fishers Island, and photocopies of garden and building plans.
General:
The 5.27 acre island property has been owned by one family since the mid-1960s, the clapboard beach house was finished for occupancy in 1972, and since then the house and garden have been modified and expanded. The original flower garden had four sections of perennials and annuals enclosed by a wire fence to keep out rabbits. Red poppies grew wherever the seeds landed. When a bedroom wing was added to the square house the flower beds were relocated to two large raised beds now planted each year with colorful annuals. Foundation plantings include trimmed boxwood, hydrangeas, butterfly bush, beach rose, day lilies, rose of Sharon, and ornamental grasses that are suited to the island's climate. Garden work is kept to a minimum because the house is rented during the summer and the island has water use restrictions. When a house was built nearby that could have spoiled the view a berm was built and planted, and West Harbor of Long Island Sound can still be seen from the decks and from a cupola on the house that has a 360 degree view.
Persons associated with the garden include Elinor Righter Oakes (former owner, 1965-2001); James Volney Righter (architect, 1971-1999); Race Rock Garden Company (garden design, planting and maintenance, 1971- ); Z&S Construction (house and deck maintenance, 1971- ).
Related Materials:
The Oakes-Howard Garden on Fishers Island related holdings consist of 1 folder (17 digital images; 19 photographic prints)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- New York -- Fishers Island  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NY118
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New York
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb65481f265-c29d-444a-a76c-2a6d6c2fa8a3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref26777

Mount Desert -- Long Pond Garden

Architect:
McHenry, William  Search this
Former owner:
Johnson, Edward C., Mrs., III  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Mount Desert  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Maine -- Hancock County -- Mount Desert
Gardens -- Maine -- Mount Desert
Long Pond Garden (Mount Desert, Maine)
Scope and Contents:
59 digital images (2017) and 1 file folder.
General:
Situated along the shores of a large inland Mt. Desert lake called Long Pond. This 20 acre property was once a family summer "camp." The Asian style house and "The Japanese House" was designed by architect william McHenry in 1997. The family's collection of antiques is displayed both inside and outside these houses and the landscape was designed with an Asian landscape aesthetic. Other buildings on the property include the original camp, a small boat house, a garage/office, two staff houses, maintenance outbuildings and a tennis court. The landscaping blends the natural beauty of native plants and Maine woods, with an Asian aesthetic of carefully groomed mosses, small neat streams, natural paths of pine needles and patterned flat stones, and the lovely lagoon. The garden areas are designed more as kitchen and cutting gardens than decorative gardens.
At the entrance of the property along the driveway through the woods on the right side there is a wet area that has been turned into a lagoon with little islands planted with fir trees. Designed by the current owner, the lagoon and its islands are neatly edged with moss covered stones. Plantings include water lilies, lilies, iris, and other water plants. A pine needle path meanders around the edge of the lagoon. There are lush groupings of ferns on the islands and on the edges of the path. "The Japanese House" which contains a meeting space and guest rooms, frames the view at the far end of the lagoon. The driveway splits at the "The Japanese House." On the left there is a circle with apple trees in the center. There is a small office building, the main house, and the original camp. An access path of pine needles at the back of the main house leads to a small "boat house" and dock. Turning to the right at "The Japanese House," the driveway continues along the side of the house to a parking area on the right, and a large vegetable and flower garden on the left. The drive then continues uphill, through the woods past a tennis court, to a staff house with a second vegetable garden for large crops. A building set into a hill on three sides is planted with a berry garden on its roof. The road continues to the top of the hill and a turnaround circle. There are two small additional garden areas on the property: one outside the master bedroom at the main house and the other behind the office/garage. Both of these areas are enclosed in a handmade fence of twigs and branches designed by Pat O'Grady. Scarlet bee balm planted in both gardens attract humming birds.
Persons associated with the garden include: William McHenry (architect, 1997); Edward C. Johnson, III (landscaper); Shelly Marsh (gardener); Darcy Davenport (gardener); Whitney Grandholm (gardener); Pat O'Grady (fencer).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File ME190
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Maine
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6e002ba85-4c51-42e9-a211-380a570ce2fd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32763

Hartland -- Rosecrest

Provenance:
Kettle Moraine Garden Club  Search this
Landscape architect:
Bushey, Donald John  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Waukesha County -- Hartland
Rosecrest (Hartland, Wisconsin)
Scope and Contents:
16 digital images (2017-2018) and 1 file folder with historical images and other information.
General:
The first residence on this property was a log cabin built circa 1840 by a Swedish settler; there is local lore that remnants of his building were found when the sunken garden was installed in the 1920's. This ten-acre property established in 1926 was part of a larger farm followed by a family compound on Pine Lake. Donald John Bushey designed the sunken garden, which required extensive excavation, with a long pergola and a row of seven large arches. In 1995 the garden was redesigned and refurbished and the owners kept the historic, formal elements in situ, had the gardens replanted in time for a family wedding, then finished their new house. Rosecrest now includes the sunken garden with a 110-foot long pergola, one new and one restored pond with fountains, elaborately patterned parterres and statuary with deep mixed borders and towering trees around the perimeter of the lawn. Additional historic features that were retained are stone pillars and several stone benches.

Roses, for which the garden was named, were a prominent part of the landscape until depredations by local deer necessitated changes to the plant material. Knockout and David Austin shrub roses are grown still. In 2018 existing shrubs included several vibernums, winterberry, boxwood, hemlock and sumac; existing trees included several varieties of cedar, pine, spruce and maple, also crabapple, gingko, linden and plum. Dozens of perennials and annuals fill the grid of parterres and the deep borders. The sunken garden has been opened for many charity fundraisers, three garden tours, wedding photo shoots, and many family events.

Persons associated with the garden include: Gustaf Unionius (former owner, 1840-1841); Albert Chapman (former owner, 1841-1895); the Mayer family (former owners, 1895-1991); Donald John Bushey (1896-1966) (landscape architect, designer of sunken garden, 1925-1926)(Hawks Landscape Co. (garden design, 1995); Janet Gamble, Meg Miller, Al Holt, Steve Wege, Joe Pauley (gardeners and landscapers, no dates available); Lee Kaster (gardener,1977-1984), Liban's Landscaping (landscape maintenance, 2018- ); Judith Stark Landscape Architects (patio landscape, no dates available); Wachtel Tree Science (arborists, 2018- ).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Formal gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI057
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb632db5a50-c35f-41dc-9c40-b1a784b443b7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32876

Wilmington -- Frog Hollow Garden

Former owner:
Lawrence, William J.  Search this
Lawrence, Lesley D.  Search this
Sculptor:
Simple  Search this
Heise, Bill  Search this
Bullwinkle, Mark  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Wilmington  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Frog Hollow Garden (Wilmington, Delaware)
United States of America -- Delaware -- New Castle County -- Wilmington
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet, garden plans, photocopies of articles about the garden, and additional narrative description of the garden and slides, including plant names.
General:
This 2.25 acre suburban garden is situated on a sloping site and has been under development since the early 1980s. It is an outdoor living space reflecting the owners' passion for collecting unusual perennials and woodies and incorporating them into a series of gardens utilizing stonework, water features, and playful statuary. As of 2002 there were 1588 different species growing in the garden of which 992 were perennials, 185 trees, 271 shrubs, 32 vines, and 108 bulbs. The landscape design includes: a shady terrace with one pool surrounded by a moss garden plus another pool with goldfish and a formal fountain; a sunny terrace by a conservatory with a stand of hardy pitcher plants as well as approximately 100 non-hardy succulents in containers; a hillside rock garden including a collection of Japanese maples and dwarf conifers, two pools with frog fountains, and an artificial bog; a newly created desert garden for hardy agave, yucca and cacti; a walled knot garden along with a traditional herb garden and "dipping" pool; cozy sitting spaces; a gazebo overlooking a woodland pond with spouting frogs; and an octagonal vegetable garden. In the gardens, blooms, berries and lilypads cater to butterflies, birds and frogs. In a newly built conservatory attached to the house is a collection of tropical plants, in ground as well as in containers, and a horticultural library. Aside from heavy excavation and building of terrace areas, the design, planting, and maintenance of the garden are entirely the work of the owners.
Persons associated with the site and garden include: Holsinger (former owner, ca. 1949); Bruce (former owner, before 1978); Sodeburg (former owner, before 1978); William J. and Lesley D. Lawrence (former owners, 1978-1979); Simple (sculptor); Bill Heise (sculptor); and Mark Bullwinkle (sculptor).
Related Materials:
Frog Hollow Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (17 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Delaware -- Wilmington  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File DE039
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Delaware
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6e852c5de-1c89-45c6-90c7-3b4457bd8db3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6089

Lockheed P-38J-10-LO Lightning

Manufacturer:
Lockheed Aircraft Company  Search this
Materials:
All-metal
Dimensions:
Overall: 390 x 1170cm, 6345kg, 1580cm (12ft 9 9/16in. x 38ft 4 5/8in., 13988.2lb., 51ft 10 1/16in.)
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1943
Credit Line:
Transferred from the U.S. Air Force
Inventory Number:
A19600295000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Exhibit Station:
World War II Aviation (UHC)
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9f8c73f98-d611-4493-a62b-0c7b0d79a9e9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19600295000
Online Media:

Career Dives: Live Conversations in Marine Science with Woody Lee

Creator:
Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2020-07-30T16:36:20.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Natural History;Marine biology  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianSMS
Data Source:
Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianSMS
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_DfdGYRh8NO0

Installation of Kenneth Snelson's "Needle Tower"

Creator:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2010-04-08T15:19:40.000Z
YouTube Category:
Nonprofits & Activism  Search this
Topic:
Art, modern  Search this
See more by:
hirshhornmuseum
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
YouTube Channel:
hirshhornmuseum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_xDNohDRWTvU

Dale-Patterson Family collection

Creator:
Dale, Dianne  Search this
Polk, P. H., 1898-1985  Search this
Names:
Barry, Marion, 1936-2014  Search this
Dale, Almore M., 1911-1984  Search this
Dale, Dianne  Search this
Dale, John Henry, Jr., 1888-1973  Search this
Dale, Lucille Emma Patterson, 1889-1973  Search this
Dale, Marie Howard, 1914-2011  Search this
Dale, Norman Edward, 1908-1991  Search this
Garner, Araminta Dale, 1913-1987  Search this
Patterson, Frederick D. (Frederick Douglass), 1901-1988  Search this
Patterson, Wilhelmina Bessie, 1888-1962  Search this
Extent:
6 Linear feet (9 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Programs
Clippings
Correspondence
Ephemera
Postcards
Place:
Anacostia (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
1866 - 1990.
Summary:
The Dale-Patterson family papers, which date from 1866 to 2010 and measure 6 linear feet, document the personal and professional lives of the Dale-Patterson family who came to live in Hillsdale, Anacostia, area of Washington, D.C., in 1892.
Scope and Contents note:
The Dale-Patterson family papers, which date from 1866 to 1990 and measure 6 linear feet, document the personal and professional lives of the Dale-Patterson family who came to live in Hillsdale, Anacostia, area of Washington, D.C., in 1892. The collection is comprised of correspondence, photographs, clippings, and ephemera.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged in four series:

Series 1: Dale-Patterson Family papers Series 2: Charles Qualls papers Series 3: Community Organizations Series 4: Subject Files
Biographical/Historical note:
The Dale family came to Washington, DC in 1886 when John Henry Dale, Sr., a gifted self-taught man, obtained a position as clerk in the newly contracted Pension Bureau building at 5th and G Streets, NW. First they lived near 13th Street and Florida Avenue, NW, then moved to Howard Road in Anacostia. Dale built a house at 2619 Nichols Avenue, now Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue, drawing the plans and supervising the construction. The Dales and only one other family lived in this solidly built house for 100 years before it was sold to a church group and demolished.
General Note:
Finding Aid Note: This finding aid is associated with a MARC collection-level record.361883
Provenance:
The Dale-Patterson Family collection was donated to the Anacostia Community Museum on April 07, 2013.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Rights:
The Dale-Patterson Family collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
African American families  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Programs
Clippings
Correspondence
Ephemera
Postcards
Citation:
Dale-Patterson Family collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Dianne Dale.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-074
See more items in:
Dale-Patterson Family collection
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa7c29572e9-2bd6-4b2a-8982-b527693b7885
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-074
Online Media:

Perls Galleries records

Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Names:
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Fujikawa Gallery  Search this
Galerie Maeght  Search this
James Corcoran Gallery  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Pierre Matisse Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Austin, Darrel, 1907-  Search this
Cafritz, Gwendolyn  Search this
Cafritz, Morris, 1886?-1964  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Canaday, John, 1907-1985  Search this
De Menil, Adelaide  Search this
Dudensing, F. Valentine, 1892-1967  Search this
Ford, Henry, 1917-1987  Search this
Garbo, Greta, 1905-1990  Search this
Hitchcock, Alfred, 1899-  Search this
Luce, Claire  Search this
Luce, Henry, III, 1925-2005  Search this
Miró, Joan, 1893-  Search this
Perls, Klaus  Search this
Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973  Search this
Priebe, Karl J., 1914-1976  Search this
Streisand, Barbra  Search this
Extent:
79.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Date:
1937-1997
Summary:
The records of the Perls Galleries measure 79.6 linear feet and date from 1937 to 1997. Founded by Klaus Perls in 1937 and operating until 1997, the gallery dealt primarily in modern French art and the artwork of Alexander Calder. Found within the records are extensive correspondence (circa 44 linear feet) with artists, dealers, galleries, museums, and collectors; photographs and negatives of inventory and other artwork; exhibition files, scattered financial records; and exhibition catalogs and clippings.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the Perls Galleries measure 79.6 linear feet and date from 1937 to 1997. Founded by Klaus Perls in 1937 and operating until 1997, the gallery dealt primarily in modern French art and the artwork of Alexander Calder. Found within the records are extensive correspondence (circa 44 linear feet) with artists, dealers, galleries, museums, and collectors; photographs and negatives of inventory and other artwork; exhibition files, scattered financial records; and exhibition catalogs and clippings.

Correspondence primarily discusses sales (and includes invoices), loans, and exhibitions, as well as more routine activities such as gallery maintenance, the printing of exhibition catalogs and letterhead, and the shipment, framing, or restoration of artwork. Many letters enclose photographs, negatives, or slides of artwork, and clippings. A few letters contain oversize architectural or engineering drawings, and a small handful of letters are illustrated.

Correspondents include artists such as Darrell Austin, Joan Mir, Pablo Picasso, and Karl Priebe; galleries such as the Corcoran Gallery, Fujikawa Galleries, Galerie Maeght, and the Pierre Matisse Gallery; museums such as the Art Institute of Chicago, the Museum of Modern Art, the National Gallery of Art, and the Whitney Museum of Modern Art; collectors such as Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz, Adelaide de Mnil, Valentine Dudensing, and Henry Ford, II; and celebrity clients such as Greta Garbo, Alfred Hitchcock, Henry and Clare Booth Luce, and Barbra Streisand.

The records contain nearly thirty-two linear feet of photographs and negatives. Photographs are of artists and the inventory of the gallery's artwork. Additional photographs represent artwork either by artists not represented by the gallery or not included in the gallery's inventory. Most of the photographs are black and white. Over fifteen linear feet of negatives are of gallery stock. Photographs are also found in the exhibition files.

There is a relatively small amount of records relating to exhibitions, loans, and sales. Found are exhibition lists, schedules, invitations and announcements, photographs of exhibition installations, press releases, and records of loans to other institutions and galleries. Sales records include artist lists, inventory lists, invoices, pick up and delivery receipts, and price lists.

Printed materials include a large number of clippings and an incomplete run of catalogs from Perls Galleries exhibitions between 1939 and 1980.

The collection also includes ten original pencil drawings from John Canaday's series entitled My Beautiful Girls and a reproduction of eight drawings from the same series
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Correspondence, 1937-1995 (Boxes 1-44, OV 81-83; 43.6 linear feet)

Series 2: Negatives, circa 1937-1995 (Boxes 44-59; 15.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Photographs, circa 1937-1995 (Boxes 60-75, OV 84; 16.1 linear feet)

Series 4: Exhibition, Loan, and Sales Records, 1937-1995 (Boxes 76-78; 2.1 linear feet)

Series 5: Clippings Files, 1943-1989 (Box 78; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Exhibition Catalogs, 1939-1980 (Boxes 78-79; 1.4 linear feet)

Series 7: Drawings by John Canaday, circa 1967-1972 (Box 80; 0.3 linear feet)
Historical Note:
Klaus Perls (b. 1912, d. 2008) formally opened Perls Galleries in New York in 1937, and ran it with his wife Amelia until its closing in 1997. The gallery dealt in contemporary French artists of the School of Paris, such as Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso, but also acted as the primary representative of Alexander Calder beginning in 1954. In the 1970s Mr. Perls developed an interest in art from Benin and built an important collection of African sculpture, some of which was later donated to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Amelia Perls died in 2002, and Klaus Perls died in 2008.

Klaus Perls was born in 1912 in Berlin in a house Mies van der Rohe designed for his parents, who owned an art gallery specializing in Impressionists, post-Impressionists, Old Master paintings, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and African sculpture. Perls studied Art History in Hamburg and Munich but completed his PhD in Basel, Switzerland in 1933 after the Nazi government stopped awarding degrees to Jews. His dissertation covered the complete works of 15th-century French painter Jean Fouquet.

Before moving to New York in 1935, Perls worked for his mother, Kaethe Perls, in her Paris gallery that she opened in 1932 after splitting up with Klaus' father Hugo. He spent his first two years in New York selling paintings through other art dealers, primarily paintings shipped or recommended to him by his mother from Paris that were not selling well in the Depression-era French art market. These were primarily the work of Maurice Utrillo, Marie Laurencin, Raoul Dufy and Maurice de Vlaminck. In 1937 he formally established his own gallery, the Perls Galleries, on East 58th Street and continued to specialize in French and European contemporary art. Around the same time, his older brother Frank opened a gallery in Beverly Hills, California.

Klaus Perls was familiar with other New York dealers specializing in modern European art such as Valentine Dudensing and Pierre Matisse, but he tried to distinguish himself by catering to young collectors. When the war restricted the international art trade and his mother was forced to flee France during the Occupation, Perls began dealing in contemporary American artists such as Darrel Austin and Karl Priebe.

Perls married Amelia Blumenthal, fondly known as "Dolly," in 1940, and she became his business partner.

After the war, the international art market exploded, and the Perls made frequent buying trips to Europe. The Perls Galleries continued to sell primarily contemporary French art and gained an early reputation as a staunch defender of modern art by European artists such as Picasso, Modigliani, Braque, Lger, Soutine and Pascin. Perls prepared catalogues raisonns on Soutine and Pascin.

Klaus Perls was one of the founding members of the Art Dealer's Association, whose initial mission was to clean up the reputation of the art market following a series scandals involving fake antiquities that flourished in the 1960's. Perls was the Association's second president, after Pierre Matisse.

In 1954 Perls Galleries moved to 1016 Madison Avenue, a building that served as both gallery and home for the Perls. The same year Perls became Alexander Calder's dealer after the death of Calder's previous dealer, Curt Valentin. Perls explained his inclusion of Calder, a rare American among his stable of European artists, by saying that Calder's roots lay in France and that Calder bridged Europe and America the way Perls felt he did himself. In 1970, Calder designed the terrazzo sidewalk in front of the gallery and often resided in the Perls' home during long visits to New York City. Perls Galleries later handled Calder's estate and functioned as a quasi-archives of Calder's works, holding more than 7,000 negatives depicting Calder's art and preparing a Calder catalogue raisonn.

Klaus was named as a third-party defendant in the 1969 World War II looted art case Menzel v. List. When Erna Menzel sued Albert List for ownership of a Chagall painting confiscated from Menzel by the Nazis, List in turn sued Perls, who had sold him the painting in 1955, having purchased it himself from a Paris art dealer. The court awarded the Chagall painting to Menzel and ordered Perls to pay List the appreciated value of the painting.

Perls began building an important collection of African artwork and fell in love with art from Benin in the 1970's. In 1991 he donated more than 150 pieces of royal art from Benin to the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

The Perls closed their gallery in 1997; Amelia Perls died in 2002, and Klaus Perls died in 2008.
Related Material:
Among the resources relating to the Perls Galleries in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Klaus Perls done by Mona Hadler on January 19, 1993.
Provenance:
The records were donated in 1997 by Douglas Mayhew, associate and legal representive of Klaus G. and Amelia B. Perls.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State)
Genre/Form:
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.perlgall
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9adaab16b-4838-4b64-9ff6-0cf04fa2f3fa
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-perlgall
Online Media:

Nakajima J1N1-S Gekko (Moonlight) IRVING

Manufacturer:
Nakajima Hikoki K. K.  Search this
Materials:
All-metal, monocoque construction airplane
Dimensions:
Overall: 15ft 1 1/8in. x 41ft 11 15/16in., 10670.3lb., 55ft 9 5/16in. (460 x 1280cm, 4840kg, 1700cm)
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
Japan
Date:
1942
Credit Line:
Transferred from the U.S. Air Force
Inventory Number:
A19600338000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Exhibit Station:
World War II Aviation (UHC)
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv994731147-8cef-407c-a254-370813428261
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19600338000

Delegate

Published by:
MelPat Associates, American, 1965 - 1986  Search this
Created by:
C. Melvin Patrick, American, died 1985  Search this
Subject of:
Universal Network Television, American, founded 1950  Search this
Alex Haley, American, 1921 - 1992  Search this
Percy Ellis Sutton, American, 1920 - 2009  Search this
Columbia Records, American, founded 1888  Search this
Brown & Williamson, American, born 1894  Search this
Lambda Kappa Mu Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1937  Search this
Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry  Search this
National Association of Market Developers, American, founded 1953  Search this
National Medical Association, American, founded 1895  Search this
Prince Hall Freemasonry, founded 1784  Search this
Chi Delta Mu Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1913  Search this
National Newspaper Publishers Association, American, founded 1827  Search this
Roy Wilkins, American, 1901 - 1981  Search this
National Association of Negro Business and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc., American, founded 1935  Search this
National Association of Black Social Workers, American, founded 1968  Search this
National Pan-Hellenic Council, American, founded 1930  Search this
Chi Eta Phi Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1932  Search this
Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, American, founded 1914  Search this
National Medical Association, American, founded 1895  Search this
Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, American, founded 1914  Search this
National Sorority of Phi Delta Kappa, Inc., American, founded 1923  Search this
National Urban League, American, founded 1910  Search this
National Dental Association, American, founded 1913  Search this
National United Church Ushers Association of America, Inc., American, founded 1919  Search this
Eta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1943  Search this
National Medical Association, American, founded 1895  Search this
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, American, founded 1913  Search this
President Jimmy Carter, American, born 1924  Search this
Shriners International, American, founded 1870  Search this
Daughters of Isis, American, founded 1910  Search this
Opportunities Industrialization Center of America, Inc., American, founded 1964  Search this
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1906  Search this
National Urban League Guild, American, founded 1946  Search this
Tuskegee Airmen, 1941 - 1946  Search this
Congressional Black Caucus, American, founded 1971  Search this
Improved Benevolent and Protective Order of the Elks of the World, American, founded 1898  Search this
National Council of Negro Women, founded 1935  Search this
Muhammad Ali, American, 1942 - 2016  Search this
369th Veterans Association, American  Search this
Southern Christian Leadership Conference, American, founded 1957  Search this
Prince Hall Freemasonry, founded 1784  Search this
National Association of Negro Business and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc., American, founded 1935  Search this
Northside Center for Child Development, Inc., founded 1946  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 10 13/16 × 8 7/16 × 5/16 in. (27.5 × 21.4 × 0.8 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place made:
Harlem, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Martha's Vineyard, Oak Bluffs, Dukes County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1977
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Black Press  Search this
Business  Search this
Communities  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Fraternities  Search this
Government  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Labor  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Men  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
Religion  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Sororities  Search this
Sports  Search this
Tennis  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Urban life  Search this
Women  Search this
Women's organizations  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Anne B. Patrick and the family of Hilda E. Stokely
Object number:
2012.167.11
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5a191f832-64ab-4d62-81fe-a2bc53493bea
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.167.11
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