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James Bogardus

Creator:
National Museum of American History  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2016-12-12T19:46:29.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
American History  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianAmHistory
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianAmHistory
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_cMSJYqmk5jw

Living Earth Festival Symposium: Tribal ecoAmbassadors

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Symposia
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2013-07-24T17:56:36.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_A9CLOpzKxio

Pittsburgh -- Garden Dreams Urban Farm and Nursery

Former owner:
Schwartz, Mindy J.  Search this
Nicholas, Barbara K.  Search this
Allegheny City vacant property program  Search this
Production manager:
Reiff, Hannah  Search this
Outreach manager:
Madden, Robert  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Allegheny County  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Garden Dreams Urban Farm and Nursery (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Allegheny -- Pittsburgh
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles.
General:
Three previously vacant city lots comprise this one-third acre urban farm and nursery garden focused on growing organically, providing a community gathering place, and teaching about sustainable land use. Ecologically sound practices are their main feature. The farm keeps bees for pollination and chickens for their eggs and to provide manure for the compost. Garden structures are fabricated from found or re-used objects and discarded building materials, such as PVC pipes that are too old to be used for their intended purpose but can serve as hoops for floating row covers. The business is recognized for its ingenuity, craftiness and thrift, as well as for creating a green space in a struggling neighborhood. They grow 100 varieties of tomatoes including heirlooms, dozens of sweet and hot peppers, many kinds of eggplants, greens and herbs. Flowers that are grown may be edible or are attractive to pollinating bees and other beneficial insects, including sunflowers, alyssum, coneflowers and native asters.
Since the urban lots contained detritus from demolished buildings and other debris, they had to be excavated, leaving craters that were filled with leaf mulch courtesy of the local public works agency. The organic matter decomposed into the degraded soil creating an excellent growing medium. Subsequent testing showed that the produce grown there was not contaminated and safe.
Persons associated with the garden include: Allegheny City vacant property program (former owners, 1996); Mindy J. Schwartz and Barbara K. Nicholas (former owners, 1996); Hannah Reiff (production manager, 2010- ); Robert Madden (outreach manager, 2008- ).
Related Materials:
Garden Dreams Urban Farm and Nursery related holdings consist of 1 folder (8 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA740
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6a58dea07-06f2-4a77-baff-9a7846ba4f36
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16554

[Garden Dreams Urban Farm and Nursery]: Vegetables growing in raised beds and seeding trays on re-used building materials.

Photographer:
Foster, Sally  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., TIFF)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Garden Dreams Urban Farm and Nursery (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Allegheny -- Pittsburgh
Date:
2014 Jun
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh  Search this
Seedlings  Search this
Vegetable gardening  Search this
Garden structures  Search this
Concrete blocks  Search this
Raised bed gardening  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA740002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA740: Pittsburgh -- Garden Dreams Urban Farm and Nursery
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb667c9e556-943b-4de3-ab4b-e0f1d1a3929f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17234

Honolulu -- Dowsett Garden

Landscape designer:
Nottage, Lois  Search this
Thomas, Jean  Search this
Provenance:
The Garden Club of Honolulu  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Dowsett Garden (Honolulu, Hawaii)
United States of America -- Hawaii -- Honolulu County -- Honolulu
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets.
General:
Although it is less than one-quarter acre the Dowsett Garden combines aspects of a 19th century plantation garden and Asian influences and artifacts, particularly from Bali. Behind eight-foot tall hau hedges there is a small plantation-style house and cottage, tropical trees and plants that were used for food, medicine, and building materials by early Hawaiians, and ornamental beds with traditional lava rock edging. The garden is designed for outdoor entertaining and relaxation with features including an outdoor shower, a small Hindu temple, heads of Bodhisattvas on a fence, ceramic food storage jars containing plants, ornamental spheres, carved screens partially enclosing the back porch, gongs, and unusual rocks.
Some of the native plants in the Dowsett Garden had spiritual significance for the early Hawaiians, including the kukui tree, whose polished nuts were worn only by chiefs and the red tiplant whose leaves could be worn only by chiefs and high priests. Every plant had a practical use as well: the silk from hapu'u tree fern was used to embalm royalty and to stuff mattresses; kukui nut oil was used for lamps, waterproofing and to treat skin conditions including baldness; and leaves from the red tiplant are still used for skirts and leis, to bring good luck and to mark property lines. Breadfruit, brought originally from the Marquesas, exudes latex that was used to catch birds. Hau brought from Polynesia provided wood for canoes, fishing implements and tools, and bast fibers for netting, ropes and sewing. The buds and flowers had medicinal uses. Laua'e ferns were used for leis, while the hala tree provided food, wood and weaving material for hats, mats and roofs.
Persons associated with the garden include: Lois Nottage and Jean Thomas (garden designers).
Related Materials:
Dowsett Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (11 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Hawaii -- Honolulu  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File HI039
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Hawaii
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb671a9cfd5-529e-4aeb-b862-a2d008ecada1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6379

Culture and development in Africa proceedings of an international conference held at the World Bank, Washington, D.C., April 2 and 3, 1992 Ismail Serageldin, June Taboroff, editors ; sponsors, Government of Norway [and others]

Author:
Serageldin, Ismail 1944-  Search this
Taboroff, June 1949-  Search this
Norway  Search this
World Bank  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 568 pages illustrations 28 cm
Type:
Congresses
Congrès
Conference papers and proceedings
Place:
Africa, Sub-Saharan
Afrique subsaharienne
Africa
Afrique
Afrika
Date:
1994
Topic:
Economic development--Social aspects  Search this
Economic development  Search this
Culture  Search this
Culture et développement  Search this
Développement économique  Search this
Economic policy  Search this
Social policy  Search this
Sozialpolitik  Search this
Wirtschaftspolitik  Search this
Cultuur  Search this
Cultural policy  Search this
Civilization  Search this
Politique économique  Search this
Politique culturelle  Search this
Civilisation  Search this
Politique sociale  Search this
Restrictions & Rights:
Access may be restricted to World Bank Group staff
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_466183

Richard Artschwager papers

Creator:
Artschwager, Richard, 1923-  Search this
Names:
Adair Margo Gallery  Search this
Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts  Search this
Cornell University  Search this
Gagosian Gallery  Search this
Galerie Franck + Schulte  Search this
Harvard University  Search this
Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art  Search this
Leo Castelli Gallery  Search this
Lorence-Monk Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Museum Ludwig  Search this
Museum of Contemporary Art (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture  Search this
University of Wisconsin  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Alloway, Lawrence, 1926-1990  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Copley, William Nelson, 1919-1996  Search this
Fischl, Eric, 1948-  Search this
Johnson, Ray, 1927-  Search this
Karp, Ivan C., 1926-2012  Search this
Katz, Alex, 1927-  Search this
Kimmelman, Michael  Search this
Lawler, Louise  Search this
LeWitt, Sol, 1928-2007  Search this
Murray, Elizabeth, 1940-  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Neuendorf, Hans  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Schaffner, Ingrid  Search this
Schjeldahl, Peter  Search this
Waters, John, 1946-  Search this
Woodman, Betty, 1930-  Search this
Extent:
5.6 Linear feet
9.33 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Illustrated letters
Transcripts
Sketches
Photographs
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Date:
1959-2013
Summary:
The papers of New York painter and sculptor Richard Artschwager measure 5.6 linear feet and 9.33 GB and date from 1959-2013. The papers include extensive correspondence, recorded talks and a lecture, exhibition files, printed and digital material, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of New York painter and sculptor Richard Artschwager measure 5.6 linear feet and 9.33 GB and date from 1959-2013. The papers include extensive correspondence, recorded talks and a lecture, exhibition files, printed and digital material, and photographs.

Artschwager's correspondence is with museums, galleries, artists, art historians, academic institutions, and publishers and concerns exhibitions, speaking engagements, and teaching. Frequent correspondents include Lawrence Alloway, Leo Castelli Gallery, Gagosian Gallery, Galerie Franck + Schulte, Herbert F. Johnson Museum, Ivan Karp, Museum Ludwig, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, Ingrid Schaffner, and the Whitney Museum of American Art. Also found are letters from fellow artists, including William Copley, Eric Fischl, Ray Johnson, Louise Lawler, Sol Lewitt, Ed Ruscha, John Waters, and Betty Woodman. Some letters are annotated or illustrated with sketches by Artschwager.

The collection includes a lecture and recorded talks by Richard Artschwager held at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, Skowhegan School of Painting & Sculpture, and the Carpenter Center of the Visual Arts, Harvard University, and other venues. One of the recordings is from the "Conversations with Contemporary Artists" series of the Museum of Modern Art. Also included in this series is a recorded discussion with artists Alex Katz and Elizabeth Murray and art critics Michael Kimmelman and Peter Schjeldahl.

Exhibition files are found for exhibitions held at Adair Margo Gallery, Lorence Monk Gallery, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Cornell University, and numerous others, including many in Europe. Files typically contain correspondence, price lists, announcements, printed material, photographs, and a few sound and video recordings.

Printed material includes invitations and announcements as well as posters, reproductions, and brochures, mostly related to Richard Artschwager's exhibitions. Newspaper and magazine clippings document exhibition openings and the critical reception of his work.

There are also a few photographs including images of Leo Castelli by Hans Namuth used by Artschwager in preparing for his portrait of Castelli.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Correspondence, circa 1970-2013 (Boxes 1-3; 3.0 linear feet, ER01-ER02; 0.555 GB)

Series 2: Talks and Lecture, 1985-2009 (Box 4; 0.8 linear feet, ER03-ER10; 8.77 GB)

Series 3: Exhibition Files, 1973-2007 (Boxes 4-5; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1959-2012 (Boxes 5-6, OV 7; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 5: Photographs, circa 1973, 2007 (Box 6, OV 8; 0.1 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Richard Artschwager (1923-2013) lived and worked in New York City and Hudson, New York and was known primarily for his paintings and sculptures. Artschwager was born in Washington, D.C. and grew up in New Mexico. As a youth, Artschwager showed a talent for drawing. He studied chemistry and mathematics at Cornell University. In 1944, Artschwager interrupted his studies to enlist in the U.S. Army. After the war, he returned to Cornell to complete his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1948. Encouraged by his first wife, Elfriede Wejmelka to develop his interest in art, Artschwager moved to New York to study at the Studio School of Amédée Ozenfant. His paintings and drawings from this period were featured in two group shows at the Terrain Gallery in 1957 and at the Art Directions Gallery on Madison Avenue in 1959, where they were recognized by Donald Judd.

In the 1950s, in order to support his family, Artschwager turned to designing and manufacturing modern furniture. His woodworking skills inspired him to create sculptures from utilitarian objects such as tables, chairs, and mirrors. He is best known for the use of building materials Celotex and Formica in his work and for inventing an abstract form he called "blps" reliefs, stencils or decals that were installed randomly in museum, gallery and public spaces. From the mid-1980s to late 1990s, Artschwager designed large scale projects, though he continued to incorporate everyday domestic objects in his sculptures and paintings.

In 1965, Artschwager was given his first one-man exhibition at the Castelli Gallery and he remained with the Gallery for thirty years. He was also represented by Mary Boone, David Nolan, and the Gagosian Gallery. In the 1980s, Artschwager served on the Visual Arts Policy Committee at the National Endowment of the Arts. He was elected to the American Academy of Arts in 1992. He was a visiting artist at New Mexico State University, Soka University, Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, and the University of Arizona. Artschwager's work was the subject of a major surveys, including the Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Neues Museum, and Serpentine Gallery. He participated in numerous international group shows including the Venice Biennale and Documenta in Kassel, Germany. The Whitney Museum of American Art honored Artschwager with two travelling retrospective exhibitions in 1988 and 2012. In late 2012, Artschwager had one-man shows at the Gagosian Gallery and David Nolan Gallery.

Richard Artschwager died at the age of 89 years in 2013. He is survived by his wife, Ann Sebring Artschwager and three children from previous marriages.
Related Materials:
Also found among the resources at the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Artschwager, March 3-28, 1972, conducted by Paul Cummings.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Richard Artschwager and his wife Ann Artschwager in 2013.
Restrictions:
Use of original material requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art critics  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Illustrated letters
Transcripts
Sketches
Photographs
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Citation:
Richard Artschwager papers, 1959-2013. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.artsrich
See more items in:
Richard Artschwager papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b1669278-fbd8-48b5-832c-ad4b93ec08bd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-artsrich
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Concrete

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
0.72 Cubic feet (consisting of 1.5 boxes, 1 folder, 1 oversize folder.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Date:
circa 1891-1959
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Concrete forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This material consists primarily of trade catalogs, manuals, reference books, primers, handbooks, pamphlets, printed advertisements, caricatures, scattered correspondence on letterhead stationery, articles, instruction books and bulletins from manufacturers of cement and products made of concrete.

Most of the products produced by these companies are for home, industrial and public use. Concrete home products include garden furniture, porches, terraces, garages, walls, gateways, steps, walkways, driveways, pools and bird baths. Industrial and public concrete products include pipes, roads, highways, bridges, septic tanks, sewers and tennis courts. A number of the companies manufactured other products such as plates for reinforced concrete construction of roofs, floors and siding; collapsible steel forms; culverts; lime and plaster.

There are a number of publications included in the materials. Most of these are organized alphabetically by name of company and are found with the rest of the company related materials. Topics include concrete construction about the home and on the farm, concrete highway construction, design and control of concrete mixtures and concrete building frames. Many of these publications include a variety of photographs, diagrams and building specifications. Literature that is not an official publication of a manufacturing company is found at the end of company related materials.

The bulk of the material dates from the twentieth century. Box one is organized alphabetically by name of company. Materials in box two are also organized by company name. There are four folders arranged by type: related publications including bulletins, periodicals, pamphlets and books. There also is a folder of miscellaneous materials.
Arrangement:
Arranged into 2 subseries:

Subseries 1: Manufacturers and Distributors, circa 1891-1952

Subseries 2: Related Publications, circa 1907-1959
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Concrete is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Cement  Search this
Building materials  Search this
Concrete  Search this
garden furniture  Search this
Roofing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Concrete
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Concrete
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a64bea57-483b-46bc-a470-28593ca54cc3
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-concrete

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Commission Merchants

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
1.15 Cubic feet (consisting of 2.5 boxes, 1 folder. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Date:
1811-1923
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Commission Merchants forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This material consists primarily of receipts, invoices, custom documents, legal documents, advertisements relating to companies involved in the commission merchant trade. A number of these companies were located in Albany, Bangor, Boston, Chicago, New York City, Philadelphia, Providence, St. Louis and other cities primarily in the Eastern United States. Merchant documents include bills, receipts, business cards, printed advertisements and invoices, dissolution of partnerships notices, from companies involved in the trade of dry goods, food, livestock, building materials, dyes, clothing, spices, oil and lubricants direct to the consumer. Some of the merchants indicate that they deal in goods on consignment and some serve as commercial agents in the United States for European manufacturers.
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Commission Merchants is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Commission
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Commission Merchants
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep86d9cbbbe-23a9-4371-bedf-72536415c6ff
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-commission

[Trade catalogs from Arthur Todhunter]

Company Name:
Arthur Todhunter  Search this
Related companies:
Todhunter Inc.  Search this
Notes content:
Early English & Georgian mantlepieces ; fireplace equipment ; colonial & English hardware ; lanterns and lighting fixtures ; hand wrought decorative metalwork
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
4 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
New York, New York, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Architectural designs and building materials  Search this
Furniture and furnishings  Search this
Lighting (electric; gas; candle; oil; etc.)  Search this
Metalwork products (architectural and ornamental)  Search this
Topic:
"Decoration and ornament, Architectural"  Search this
Architectural design  Search this
Architectural metal-work  Search this
Art metal-work  Search this
Building materials  Search this
Candles  Search this
Furniture industry and trade  Search this
House furnishings  Search this
Interior decoration  Search this
Lamps  Search this
Lighting  Search this
Metal-work  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_25487
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_25487

[Trade catalogs from Ray H. Bennett Lumber Co., Inc.]

Company Name:
Ray H. Bennett Lumber Co., Inc.  Search this
Notes content:
1920 catalog reprint ; ready-cut houses ; doors ; windows ; interior trim ; mill work ; building materials ; furniture
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
2 pieces; 2 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
North Tonawanda, New York, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Architectural designs and building materials  Search this
Furniture and furnishings  Search this
Lumber; logging; timber and forestry  Search this
Mills and milling supplies  Search this
Topic:
"Decoration and ornament, Architectural"  Search this
Architectural design  Search this
Building materials  Search this
Forests and forestry  Search this
Furniture industry and trade  Search this
House furnishings  Search this
Interior decoration  Search this
Lumber  Search this
Milling machinery  Search this
Timber  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_45285
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_45285

[Trade catalogs from McKenna-Horix Mfg. Co.]

Variant company name:
Est. 1856  Search this
Company Name:
McKenna-Horix Mfg. Co.  Search this
Notes content:
architectural bronze and grille work ; railings ; dumb waiters ; bronze signs and tablets ; bronze letters for exterior signs ; poster frames and easels ; bronze posts and railings ; ticket office and theater railings ; brass railings and gates ; portable brass posts ; cast bronze and brass letters ; cast and drawn bronze grilles and doors ; brass grilles ; brass guard rails for windows ; railing fittings ; brass posts and fittings ; brass floor and wall flanges ; brass toilet partition posts ; drawn brass thresholds ; hat and coat rack ; swimming pool ladders ; brass cuspidors ; rubber cuspidor mats ; cast bronze cuspidors
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Architectural designs and building materials  Search this
Brass; bronze and specialty metals  Search this
Hotel; bar and restaurant supplies  Search this
Materials handling equipment (includes barrels; bottling and filling; casters; chains; etc.)  Search this
Retailers equipment and supplies  Search this
Theatre and entertainment supplies  Search this
Topic:
"Decoration and ornament, Architectural"  Search this
"Hotels -- Furniture, equipment, etc."  Search this
Amusements  Search this
Architectural design  Search this
Barrels  Search this
Bars (Drinking establishments)  Search this
Bottling  Search this
Brass  Search this
Bronze  Search this
Building materials  Search this
Entertaining  Search this
Industrial equipment  Search this
Metals  Search this
Restaurants  Search this
Retail trade equipment industry  Search this
Theaters  Search this
Theatrical paraphernalia  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_45286
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_45286

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Records

Author:
Garrett, John W. (John Work), 1820-1884  Search this
Latrobe, Benj. H. (Benjamin Henry), 1807-1878  Search this
Creator:
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of History of Technology  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Extent:
33 Cubic feet (76 boxes, 46 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Tracings
Correspondence
Drawings
Date:
1827-1987
Summary:
The collection consists of correspondence, invoices, drawings, photographs, and negatives and other printed literature documenting the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad from its inception in 1827 to its merger with the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad in the 1960s.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of correspondence, engineering drawings, notes, photographs, transparencies, negatives, glass plate negatives, printed materials, and newspaper clippings documenting the Baltimore and Ohio railroad from its inception in 1827 to its merger with the Chesapeake and Ohio in the 1960s.
Arrangement:
The records are arranged into ten series.

Series 1, Historical Background, 1827-1987

Series 2, Bridge Histories, 1867-1966

Series 3, President's Office, 1826-1880

Series 4, Correspondence, 1826-1859

Series 5, Business Records, 1894-1914, and undated

Series 6, Agreement, 1870

Series 7, Drawings, 1858-1957, and undated

Subseries 7.1, Indices and Lists, 1924-1943, undated

Subseries 7.2, Bailey's Station, 1887; 1899; 1901

Subseries 7.3, Baltimore Belt Railroad, 1895, undated

Subseries 7.4, Bay View and Canton Bridges, 1884-1885

Subseries 7.5, Big Seneca Creek Viaduct, 1905

Subseries 7.6, Bollman Bridges, undated

Subseries 7.7, Boyds, Maryland Station, 1886; 1927

Subseries 7.8, Bridewell Station, undated

Subseries 7.9, Bridges (general), 1893-1917

Subseries 7.10, Brunswick, Maryland, 1890-1907

Subseries 7.11, Building Materials List, undated

Subseries 7.12, Building Signs, 1911-1912

Subseries 7.13, Camden Station, 1881-1942 (not inclusive)

Subseries 7.14, Camden Station (related), 1881-1915

Subseries 7.15, Centenary Bridge Models, 1927

Subseries 7.16, Central Office Building, undated

Subseries 7.17, Chestnut Street Station, 1925-1952

Subseries 7.18, Coaling facilities, water tanks, turntables, and miscellaneous structures, 1888-1912

Subseries 7.19, Cumberland Station, 1910-1955

Subseries 7.20, Curtis Bay Branch, 1900-1911

Subseries 7.21, Frederick Station, 1908-1915

Subseries 7.22, Hyattsville Station, 1913

Subseries 7.23, Keedysville Station, undated

Subseries 7.24, Laurel Station, undated

Subseries 7.25, Ledger, undated

Subseries 7.26, Lieperville Station, 1889

Subseries 7.27, Locust Point, 1881-1957

Subseries 7.28, Maps, 1862; 1918

Subseries 7.29, Martinsburg, West Virginia, 1913-1927

Subseries 7.30, Miscellaneous Buildings, 1875-1956

Subseries 7.31, Miscellaneous Large Photographs, undated

Subseries 7.32, Miscellaneous Structures, 1890-1916

Subseries 7.33: Mt. Clare (general)

Subseries 7.34, Mt. Clare New Blue Line Stable, 1899; 1905

Subseries 7.35, Mt. Clare New Car Shops, undated

Subseries 7.36, Mt. Royal Station, undated

Subseries 7.37, Newton Falls and Fairpoint, Ohio, 1909

Subseries 7.38, Patapsco River Bridge, 1883

Subseries 7.39, Plans for house no. 1846 (N. Gay Street, Baltimore, Maryland), undated

Subseries 7.40, Point of Rocks Station, 1951

Subseries 7.41, Scales, 1903

Subseries 7.42, Signal towers, 1900-1908

Subseries 7.43, Stations (general), 1866-1907

Subseries 7.44, Sykesville Station, undated

Subseries 7.45, Untitled, undated

Subseries 7.46, Warnings, 1894-1911

Subseries 7.47, Woodstock Station, undated

Subseries 7.48, Miscellaneous (rolled), 1858-1930 (not inclusive)

Series 8, Photographs and Copy Prints, 1872-1980s (not inclusive)

Subseries 8.1, Photographs, 1872-1980s

Subseries 8.2, Copy prints, 1901-1931, undated

Subseries 8.3, Indices and Lists, 1909-1920

Series 9, Negatives, 1850-1983 (bulk 1920s-1930s)

Subseries 9.1, Glass plate negatives (unidentified), undated

Subseries 9.2, Glass plate negatives (numbered), 1850-1957 (bulk 1920s-1930s)

Subseries 9.3, Negatives by number, undated

Subseries 9.4, Negatives by location, 1870; 1978-1983

Subseries 9.5, Negatives by subject, 1922-1930s, undated

Series 10, Stations and Buildings, 1884-1982
Biographical / Historical:
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) was the nation's first extensive steam powered railroad. It was founded by Baltimore merchants in 1827 as a means of promoting trade and making Baltimore competitive with other east coast ports. The original intent of the founders was to provide direct and fast access to the Ohio River, and the markets that the river reached. The railroad, however, went beyond the Ohio River and its lines went as far west as St. Louis and Chicago. The B&O was also known for its use of an electric locomotive in the mid 1890s. It also had a completely air conditioned train, and it was a forerunner in the use of diesel-electric locomotives. Company activities paralleled those of other American railroads and over the course of its life included expansion, near bankruptcy, innovations, regulations, and finally buy out. In February 1963, the Chesapeake and Ohio (C&O) completed its purchase of the B&O. Today, B&O is part of the CSX Transportation (CSX) network.

John Work Garrett president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 1858-1884, was born in Baltimore, Maryland July 31, 1820. He was the second son of Elizabeth Stouffer and Robert Garrett. He married Rachel Ann Harrison, the daughter of Thomas Harrison, a Baltimore merchant. They had one daughter, Mary and two sons Robert and Thomas Harrison Garrett.

After attending Lafayette College (Pennsylvania) for two years John W. Garrett left in 1836 to become associated with his father's commission business in Baltimore. The commission house which dealt in wholesale groceries, produce, forwarding and a commission business expanded to establish direct connections with Latin America, seek outlets in Europe and develop its own banking operations. In time its financial operations overshadowed the commission and shipping business.

When John W. Garrett began to invest heavily in Baltimore and Ohio Railroad stock, the road was in competition with the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the stock was not popular. Its value rose steadily over the years. Mr. Garrett was elected a director of the railroad in 1855. His report as chairman of a subcommittee on the need for additional funds to complete the line to the Ohio River led to his election to the presidency of the road on November 17, 1858, a position he held for 26 years. New policies with emphasis on economy, personal supervision and gradual expansion were inaugurated and consistently maintained, in spite of a general financial crisis, Mr. Garrett's first year in office showed a net gain in earnings.

Sympathetic to his southern friends during the Civil War, Mr. Garrett nevertheless supported the Union. He recognized the inevitability of Confederate defeat by superior northern resources. Confederate leaders blamed him for their inability to seize Washington and he received warm appreciation for his services to the Union cause from President Lincoln. The railroad stretched along the theater of war and twice crossed Confederate territory. It was, therefore, a main objective for southern attack. Branches were frequently damaged by Confederate raids, but the main line to Washington became important for the transport of troops and supplies. The Baltimore and Ohio carried out the first military rail transport in history and the transfer of 20,000 men from the Potomac to Chattanooga in 1863 was a major triumph for its president.

With the advent of peace Mr. Garrett turned to rebuilding and strengthening the railroad. He replaced equipment and track damaged by the war, then extended the system by securing direct routes to Pittsburgh and Chicago and arranging an independent line into New York. Wharves were built at Locust Point for ocean liners and a system of elevators erected. The B&O. built its own sleeping and dining cars, established hotels in the mountains and created its own express company. By 1880, after battles over rates with other trunk lines, a costly rivalry with the Pennsylvania Railroad over the eastern route and charges of discrimination against local shippers Mr. Garrett was at the height of his success. He cooperated in establishing the B. and 0. Employees Relief Association for accident and life insurance, a hospital system, saving and building funds, and arrangements for improving sanitation in the work place. He was on friendly terms with Johns Hopkins, a trustee of John Hopkins Hospital, and with George Peabody, founder of the Peabody institute of which he was also a trustee. Garrett County, Maryland was named in his honor.

John W. Garrett died on September 26, 1884 within a year of his wife's death in a carriage accident. During his connection with the railroad the stock increased from $57 to $200; at the outbreak of the Civil War the railroad was operating 514 miles of rail, gross earnings were $4,000,097 and net per mile was $4246.1 By 1864 gross earnings were $10,138,876 and net per mile, $7113.2 By the end of his presidency mileage had increased to 1711 miles and net earnings were $4535 per mile.3

References

1 -- National Cyclopedia of American Biography -- Vol. 18:3

2 -- National Cyclopedia of American Biography -- Vol. 18:3

3 -- National Cyclopedia of American Biography -- Vol. 18:3
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

Maryland Historical Society

Baltimore and Ohio Museum
Provenance:
This collection was donated to the National Museum of American History by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in the 1960s.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs and glass plate negatives with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads  Search this
Engineering -- 19th century  Search this
Repairing -- Railroads  Search this
Railway engineering -- 1860-1890  Search this
Bridges  Search this
Construction  Search this
Genre/Form:
Tracings
Correspondence -- 19th century
Drawings -- 1860-1890
Citation:
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1086
See more items in:
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e652d903-bb57-46a8-a205-c7cbfe89f444
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1086
Online Media:

Hints on public architecture: containing, among other illustrations, views and plans of the Smithsonian Institution: together with an appendix relative to building materials

Author:
Owen, Robert Dale  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
1849
Citation:
Owen, Robert Dale. 1849. Hints on public architecture: containing, among other illustrations, views and plans of the Smithsonian Institution: together with an appendix relative to building materials. New York: G. P. Putnam. In Smithsonian Institution Publications, P.
Identifier:
132975
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_132975

Hints on public architecture, containing, among other illustrations, views and plans of the Smithsonian Institution : together with an appendix relative to building materials

Author:
Owen, Robert Dale  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
1849
Citation:
Owen, Robert Dale. 1849. Hints on public architecture, containing, among other illustrations, views and plans of the Smithsonian Institution : together with an appendix relative to building materials. New York; London: George P. Putnam and Smithsonian Institution Building Committee.
Identifier:
158716
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_158716

London Building Material Exhibit

Collection Creator:
Landor Associates  Search this
Landor, Walter  Search this
Container:
Box 187, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1937
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Landor Design Collection, circa 1862-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Landor Design Collection
Landor Design Collection / Series 3: Photographic Materials / 3.1: Photographic Prints
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep827bc81d1-05f9-490a-9e0d-4a6834e0d62f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0500-ref2392

Henry Clay and Helen Frick

Artist:
Edmund Charles Tarbell, 26 Apr 1862 - 1 Aug 1938  Search this
Sitter:
Henry Clay Frick, 19 Dec 1849 - 2 Dec 1919  Search this
Helen Clay Frick, 2 Sep 1888 - Nov 1984  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 78.7 x 59.1 x 2.5cm (31 x 23 1/4 x 1")
Frame: 90.5 x 70.2 x 3.8cm (35 5/8 x 27 5/8 x 1 1/2")
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1910
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Exterior\Landscape  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Feather  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Bowtie  Search this
Henry Clay Frick: Male  Search this
Henry Clay Frick: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist\Patron of the arts  Search this
Henry Clay Frick: Visual Arts\Art collector  Search this
Henry Clay Frick: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist  Search this
Henry Clay Frick: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Steel  Search this
Helen Clay Frick: Female  Search this
Helen Clay Frick: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist\Patron of the arts  Search this
Helen Clay Frick: Visual Arts\Art collector  Search this
Helen Clay Frick: Visual Arts\Visual arts administrator\Art museum administrator\Art museum trustee  Search this
Helen Clay Frick: Education and Scholarship\Founder\Library  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.81.121
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
2022 Rehang of Out of Many: Portraits from 1600 to 1900
On View:
NPG, East Gallery 131
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm44d8c7fd2-a60d-486f-9209-98a36ed814bb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.81.121

Journals: Leaves of Wesley Heights

Collection Creator:
Junkin, Hattie Meyers, 1896-1985  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
See more items in:
Hattie Meyers Junkin Papers
Hattie Meyers Junkin Papers / Series 3: General materials of Hattie Meyers Junkin
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg286c383c8-f28a-4af6-b59e-5e952f5fae8b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0171-ref139
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Journals: Leaves of Wesley Heights digital asset number 1

Newspaper and Journal Articles: General

Collection Creator:
Junkin, Hattie Meyers, 1896-1985  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
See more items in:
Hattie Meyers Junkin Papers
Hattie Meyers Junkin Papers / Series 3: General materials of Hattie Meyers Junkin
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2f9c2563e-5c4a-47d6-abbb-276111be86a4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0171-ref141
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Newspaper and Journal Articles: General digital asset number 1

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1901-1916, 1923. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY.

Type:
Archival materials
Note:
This collection division consists of the main correspondence file of Richard Rathbun, as the Smithsonian official charged with overseeing the construction of the new museum building. The correspondence documents the day-to-day planning and construction of the building. Material of particular interest includes correspondence regarding the design and construction of foreign museums, and the role of the Smithsonian's Board of Regents and of the United States Congress in the planning and construction of the building. Correspondents include Bernard Richard Green; the architects Joseph C. Hornblower and John R. Marshall; Samuel P. Langley; Charles D. Walcott, Acting Secretary; Cyrus Adler; William deC. Ravenel, Administrative Assistant; Frederick William True, Head Curator, Department of Biology; George P. Merrill, Head Curator, Department of Geology; and James S. Goldsmith, Superintendent of Construction and Labor.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 79, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum, National Museum Building Construction Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 79, Series 1
See more items in:
National Museum Building Construction Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0079-refidd1e215

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