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Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Records

Author:
Garrett, John W. (John Work), 1820-1884  Search this
Latrobe, Benj. H. (Benjamin Henry), 1807-1878  Search this
Creator:
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of History of Technology  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Extent:
33 Cubic feet (76 boxes, 46 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Tracings
Correspondence
Drawings
Date:
1827-1987
Summary:
The collection consists of correspondence, invoices, drawings, photographs, and negatives and other printed literature documenting the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad from its inception in 1827 to its merger with the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad in the 1960s.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of correspondence, engineering drawings, notes, photographs, transparencies, negatives, glass plate negatives, printed materials, and newspaper clippings documenting the Baltimore and Ohio railroad from its inception in 1827 to its merger with the Chesapeake and Ohio in the 1960s.
Arrangement:
The records are arranged into ten series.

Series 1, Historical Background, 1827-1987

Series 2, Bridge Histories, 1867-1966

Series 3, President's Office, 1826-1880

Series 4, Correspondence, 1826-1859

Series 5, Business Records, 1894-1914, and undated

Series 6, Agreement, 1870

Series 7, Drawings, 1858-1957, and undated

Subseries 7.1, Indices and Lists, 1924-1943, undated

Subseries 7.2, Bailey's Station, 1887; 1899; 1901

Subseries 7.3, Baltimore Belt Railroad, 1895, undated

Subseries 7.4, Bay View and Canton Bridges, 1884-1885

Subseries 7.5, Big Seneca Creek Viaduct, 1905

Subseries 7.6, Bollman Bridges, undated

Subseries 7.7, Boyds, Maryland Station, 1886; 1927

Subseries 7.8, Bridewell Station, undated

Subseries 7.9, Bridges (general), 1893-1917

Subseries 7.10, Brunswick, Maryland, 1890-1907

Subseries 7.11, Building Materials List, undated

Subseries 7.12, Building Signs, 1911-1912

Subseries 7.13, Camden Station, 1881-1942 (not inclusive)

Subseries 7.14, Camden Station (related), 1881-1915

Subseries 7.15, Centenary Bridge Models, 1927

Subseries 7.16, Central Office Building, undated

Subseries 7.17, Chestnut Street Station, 1925-1952

Subseries 7.18, Coaling facilities, water tanks, turntables, and miscellaneous structures, 1888-1912

Subseries 7.19, Cumberland Station, 1910-1955

Subseries 7.20, Curtis Bay Branch, 1900-1911

Subseries 7.21, Frederick Station, 1908-1915

Subseries 7.22, Hyattsville Station, 1913

Subseries 7.23, Keedysville Station, undated

Subseries 7.24, Laurel Station, undated

Subseries 7.25, Ledger, undated

Subseries 7.26, Lieperville Station, 1889

Subseries 7.27, Locust Point, 1881-1957

Subseries 7.28, Maps, 1862; 1918

Subseries 7.29, Martinsburg, West Virginia, 1913-1927

Subseries 7.30, Miscellaneous Buildings, 1875-1956

Subseries 7.31, Miscellaneous Large Photographs, undated

Subseries 7.32, Miscellaneous Structures, 1890-1916

Subseries 7.33: Mt. Clare (general)

Subseries 7.34, Mt. Clare New Blue Line Stable, 1899; 1905

Subseries 7.35, Mt. Clare New Car Shops, undated

Subseries 7.36, Mt. Royal Station, undated

Subseries 7.37, Newton Falls and Fairpoint, Ohio, 1909

Subseries 7.38, Patapsco River Bridge, 1883

Subseries 7.39, Plans for house no. 1846 (N. Gay Street, Baltimore, Maryland), undated

Subseries 7.40, Point of Rocks Station, 1951

Subseries 7.41, Scales, 1903

Subseries 7.42, Signal towers, 1900-1908

Subseries 7.43, Stations (general), 1866-1907

Subseries 7.44, Sykesville Station, undated

Subseries 7.45, Untitled, undated

Subseries 7.46, Warnings, 1894-1911

Subseries 7.47, Woodstock Station, undated

Subseries 7.48, Miscellaneous (rolled), 1858-1930 (not inclusive)

Series 8, Photographs and Copy Prints, 1872-1980s (not inclusive)

Subseries 8.1, Photographs, 1872-1980s

Subseries 8.2, Copy prints, 1901-1931, undated

Subseries 8.3, Indices and Lists, 1909-1920

Series 9, Negatives, 1850-1983 (bulk 1920s-1930s)

Subseries 9.1, Glass plate negatives (unidentified), undated

Subseries 9.2, Glass plate negatives (numbered), 1850-1957 (bulk 1920s-1930s)

Subseries 9.3, Negatives by number, undated

Subseries 9.4, Negatives by location, 1870; 1978-1983

Subseries 9.5, Negatives by subject, 1922-1930s, undated

Series 10, Stations and Buildings, 1884-1982
Biographical / Historical:
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) was the nation's first extensive steam powered railroad. It was founded by Baltimore merchants in 1827 as a means of promoting trade and making Baltimore competitive with other east coast ports. The original intent of the founders was to provide direct and fast access to the Ohio River, and the markets that the river reached. The railroad, however, went beyond the Ohio River and its lines went as far west as St. Louis and Chicago. The B&O was also known for its use of an electric locomotive in the mid 1890s. It also had a completely air conditioned train, and it was a forerunner in the use of diesel-electric locomotives. Company activities paralleled those of other American railroads and over the course of its life included expansion, near bankruptcy, innovations, regulations, and finally buy out. In February 1963, the Chesapeake and Ohio (C&O) completed its purchase of the B&O. Today, B&O is part of the CSX Transportation (CSX) network.

John Work Garrett president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 1858-1884, was born in Baltimore, Maryland July 31, 1820. He was the second son of Elizabeth Stouffer and Robert Garrett. He married Rachel Ann Harrison, the daughter of Thomas Harrison, a Baltimore merchant. They had one daughter, Mary and two sons Robert and Thomas Harrison Garrett.

After attending Lafayette College (Pennsylvania) for two years John W. Garrett left in 1836 to become associated with his father's commission business in Baltimore. The commission house which dealt in wholesale groceries, produce, forwarding and a commission business expanded to establish direct connections with Latin America, seek outlets in Europe and develop its own banking operations. In time its financial operations overshadowed the commission and shipping business.

When John W. Garrett began to invest heavily in Baltimore and Ohio Railroad stock, the road was in competition with the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the stock was not popular. Its value rose steadily over the years. Mr. Garrett was elected a director of the railroad in 1855. His report as chairman of a subcommittee on the need for additional funds to complete the line to the Ohio River led to his election to the presidency of the road on November 17, 1858, a position he held for 26 years. New policies with emphasis on economy, personal supervision and gradual expansion were inaugurated and consistently maintained, in spite of a general financial crisis, Mr. Garrett's first year in office showed a net gain in earnings.

Sympathetic to his southern friends during the Civil War, Mr. Garrett nevertheless supported the Union. He recognized the inevitability of Confederate defeat by superior northern resources. Confederate leaders blamed him for their inability to seize Washington and he received warm appreciation for his services to the Union cause from President Lincoln. The railroad stretched along the theater of war and twice crossed Confederate territory. It was, therefore, a main objective for southern attack. Branches were frequently damaged by Confederate raids, but the main line to Washington became important for the transport of troops and supplies. The Baltimore and Ohio carried out the first military rail transport in history and the transfer of 20,000 men from the Potomac to Chattanooga in 1863 was a major triumph for its president.

With the advent of peace Mr. Garrett turned to rebuilding and strengthening the railroad. He replaced equipment and track damaged by the war, then extended the system by securing direct routes to Pittsburgh and Chicago and arranging an independent line into New York. Wharves were built at Locust Point for ocean liners and a system of elevators erected. The B&O. built its own sleeping and dining cars, established hotels in the mountains and created its own express company. By 1880, after battles over rates with other trunk lines, a costly rivalry with the Pennsylvania Railroad over the eastern route and charges of discrimination against local shippers Mr. Garrett was at the height of his success. He cooperated in establishing the B. and 0. Employees Relief Association for accident and life insurance, a hospital system, saving and building funds, and arrangements for improving sanitation in the work place. He was on friendly terms with Johns Hopkins, a trustee of John Hopkins Hospital, and with George Peabody, founder of the Peabody institute of which he was also a trustee. Garrett County, Maryland was named in his honor.

John W. Garrett died on September 26, 1884 within a year of his wife's death in a carriage accident. During his connection with the railroad the stock increased from $57 to $200; at the outbreak of the Civil War the railroad was operating 514 miles of rail, gross earnings were $4,000,097 and net per mile was $4246.1 By 1864 gross earnings were $10,138,876 and net per mile, $7113.2 By the end of his presidency mileage had increased to 1711 miles and net earnings were $4535 per mile.3

References

1 -- National Cyclopedia of American Biography -- Vol. 18:3

2 -- National Cyclopedia of American Biography -- Vol. 18:3

3 -- National Cyclopedia of American Biography -- Vol. 18:3
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

Maryland Historical Society

Baltimore and Ohio Museum
Provenance:
This collection was donated to the National Museum of American History by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in the 1960s.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs and glass plate negatives with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads  Search this
Engineering -- 19th century  Search this
Repairing -- Railroads  Search this
Railway engineering -- 1860-1890  Search this
Bridges  Search this
Construction  Search this
Genre/Form:
Tracings
Correspondence -- 19th century
Drawings -- 1860-1890
Citation:
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1086
See more items in:
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e652d903-bb57-46a8-a205-c7cbfe89f444
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1086
Online Media:

James Bogardus

Creator:
National Museum of American History  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2016-12-12T19:46:29.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
American History  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianAmHistory
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianAmHistory
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_cMSJYqmk5jw

[Trade catalogs from Remington Rand]

Variant company name:
Buffalo, NY  Search this
Company Name:
Remington Rand  Search this
Related companies:
Remington Standard Typewriter Mfg. Co ; Remington Typewriter Co. Inc. ; Sperry Rand Co. ; E. Remington & Sons (Ilion, NY ; Louisville, KY) ; Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict ; Powers Accounting Machines (Buffalo, NY) ; Dexigraph Div. ; Remington Rand of India Ltd. (Calcutta, India ; New Delhi, India) ; Remington Sewing Machine Co. ; Safe-Cabinet Div.  Search this
Notes content:
One envelope OVERSIZE ; Some pieces in Hindi ; electric typewriters ; "Travel-riter" portable typewriter ; photos of 1950's women at typewriters ; "Remington Standard" ; Electric portable typewriter ; "Office-riter" ; "Keyboard Margin Control" ("KMC") ; unique illustration of 1873 Remington typewriter with foot-pedal carriage return, and cover engraving of late 1800's parlour with woman at typewriter ; history of the typewriter ; "Manual of Typewriting and Exercises for Practice" (1889) ; "Kardex" visible records for library ; adding machines ; steel filing cabinets ; loose leaf binders ; "Film-A-Record" 35mm all-purpose planetary camera ; "portagraph" for engineering tracing and office copying ; office furniture ; electric razors ; photos of women in the workplace ; heat-resistant filing cases ; "Univac" system data processing and scientific computing ; "Whiz-Kardex" filing systems ; "film-a-record" ; "Remington Notes" publication (vol. 3, no. 2 ; vol. 4, no. 7) ; "Safe-Cabinet" ; safes
Includes:
Trade catalog, price lists, manual, samples and histories
Black and white images
Color images
Types of samples:
filing card ; reinforced folder ;
Physical description:
134 pieces; 9 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
New York City, New York, United States
Date range:
1800s-1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Architectural designs and building materials  Search this
Computers and computer equipment  Search this
Furniture and furnishings  Search this
Library equipment and supplies  Search this
Locks and safes (including alarm and security systems)  Search this
Office equipment and supplies  Search this
Photographic equipment and supplies  Search this
Scientific and optical instruments  Search this
Topic:
"Decoration and ornament, Architectural"  Search this
Architectural design  Search this
Building materials  Search this
Cameras  Search this
Computers  Search this
Furniture industry and trade  Search this
House furnishings  Search this
Interior decoration  Search this
Libraries  Search this
Library fittings and supplies  Search this
Locks and keys  Search this
Office equipment and supplies industry  Search this
Optical equipment  Search this
Optical instruments  Search this
Photographic industry  Search this
Safes  Search this
Scientific apparatus and instruments  Search this
Security systems  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_10493
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_10493

Living Earth Festival Symposium: Tribal ecoAmbassadors

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Symposia
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2013-07-24T17:56:36.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_A9CLOpzKxio

Hints on public architecture: containing, among other illustrations, views and plans of the Smithsonian Institution: together with an appendix relative to building materials

Author:
Owen, Robert Dale  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
1849
Citation:
Owen, Robert Dale. 1849. Hints on public architecture: containing, among other illustrations, views and plans of the Smithsonian Institution: together with an appendix relative to building materials. New York: G. P. Putnam. In Smithsonian Institution Publications, P.
Identifier:
132975
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_132975

Hints on public architecture, containing, among other illustrations, views and plans of the Smithsonian Institution : together with an appendix relative to building materials

Author:
Owen, Robert Dale  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
1849
Citation:
Owen, Robert Dale. 1849. Hints on public architecture, containing, among other illustrations, views and plans of the Smithsonian Institution : together with an appendix relative to building materials. New York; London: George P. Putnam and Smithsonian Institution Building Committee.
Identifier:
158716
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_158716

Building Materials

Measurements:
overall in box: 2 in x 16 5/8 in x 11 1/4 in; 5.08 cm x 42.2275 cm x 28.575 cm
Object Name:
building materials (anchors, dowels and bolts)
Subject:
Swedish Americans  Search this
ID Number:
1984.0125.01
Catalog number:
1984.0125.01
Accession number:
1984.0125
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-07ad-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1167400
Online Media:

Pittsburgh -- Garden Dreams Urban Farm and Nursery

Former owner:
Schwartz, Mindy J.  Search this
Nicholas, Barbara K.  Search this
Allegheny City vacant property program  Search this
Production manager:
Reiff, Hannah  Search this
Outreach manager:
Madden, Robert  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Allegheny County  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Garden Dreams Urban Farm and Nursery (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Allegheny -- Pittsburgh
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles.
General:
Three previously vacant city lots comprise this one-third acre urban farm and nursery garden focused on growing organically, providing a community gathering place, and teaching about sustainable land use. Ecologically sound practices are their main feature. The farm keeps bees for pollination and chickens for their eggs and to provide manure for the compost. Garden structures are fabricated from found or re-used objects and discarded building materials, such as PVC pipes that are too old to be used for their intended purpose but can serve as hoops for floating row covers. The business is recognized for its ingenuity, craftiness and thrift, as well as for creating a green space in a struggling neighborhood. They grow 100 varieties of tomatoes including heirlooms, dozens of sweet and hot peppers, many kinds of eggplants, greens and herbs. Flowers that are grown may be edible or are attractive to pollinating bees and other beneficial insects, including sunflowers, alyssum, coneflowers and native asters.
Since the urban lots contained detritus from demolished buildings and other debris, they had to be excavated, leaving craters that were filled with leaf mulch courtesy of the local public works agency. The organic matter decomposed into the degraded soil creating an excellent growing medium. Subsequent testing showed that the produce grown there was not contaminated and safe.
Persons associated with the garden include: Allegheny City vacant property program (former owners, 1996); Mindy J. Schwartz and Barbara K. Nicholas (former owners, 1996); Hannah Reiff (production manager, 2010- ); Robert Madden (outreach manager, 2008- ).
Related Materials:
Garden Dreams Urban Farm and Nursery related holdings consist of 1 folder (8 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA740
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6a58dea07-06f2-4a77-baff-9a7846ba4f36
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16554

[Garden Dreams Urban Farm and Nursery]: Vegetables growing in raised beds and seeding trays on re-used building materials.

Photographer:
Foster, Sally  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., TIFF)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Garden Dreams Urban Farm and Nursery (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Allegheny -- Pittsburgh
Date:
2014 Jun
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh  Search this
Seedlings  Search this
Vegetable gardening  Search this
Garden structures  Search this
Concrete blocks  Search this
Raised bed gardening  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA740002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA740: Pittsburgh -- Garden Dreams Urban Farm and Nursery
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb667c9e556-943b-4de3-ab4b-e0f1d1a3929f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17234

Anna Walinska papers

Creator:
Walinska, Anna  Search this
Names:
Guild Art Gallery  Search this
Avery, Milton, 1885-1965  Search this
Beata, Welsing  Search this
Hacohen, Bracha  Search this
Littlefield, William Horace, 1902-1969  Search this
Nevelson, Louise, 1899-1988  Search this
Walinsky, Louis Joseph, 1908-2001  Search this
Extent:
2.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Interviews
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Transcripts
Travel diaries
Place:
Europe -- description and travel
Israel -- Description and Travel
Date:
1927-2002
bulk 1935-1980
Summary:
The papers of New York-based painter, teacher and art director Anna Walinska measure 2.1 linear feet and date from 1927 to 2002, with the bulk of material from 1935 to 1980. The papers include biographical material, correspondence, writings, travel diaries, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork, sketchbooks, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of New York-based painter, teacher and art director Anna Walinska measure 2.1 linear feet and date from 1927 to 2002, with the bulk of material from 1935 to 1980. The papers include biographical material, correspondence, writings, travel diaries, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork, sketchbooks, and photographs.

Biographical material consists of awards, certificates, curriculum vitae, biographical outlines, exhibition lists, passports and other material. There is a partial transcript from a radio interview of Anna Walinska. Also included are limited financial records.

Correspondence includes Anna Walinska's letters to her family from her 1954-1955 trip abroad to multiple countries in Asia, the Middle East, and Europe. There is personal and professional correspondence with friends, artists and art institutions. Notable correspondents include Milton Avery, Louise Nevelson, Beata Welsing, Bracha Hacohen, William Littlefield, and Walinska's brother Louis Walinsky.

Writings consist of Walinska's notes, notebooks, lectures, essays, and a handwritten prospectus for Guild Art Gallery. There is one folder of writings by others about Walinska at the end of the series. There are four travel diaries that describe Walinska's trip around the world from 1954-1955, during which she traveled to many countries, and later trips to locations such as Israel and Trinidad.

Printed Material include clippings about Anna Walinska, group and solo exhibition catalogs, announcements, event invitations, and course catalogs for the Master Institute of United Art in New York City, where Walinska taught painting and drawing classes.

There are three scrapbooks: one scrapbook is about Guild Art Gallery, the second scrapbook is about the Holocaust exhibition, the third oversized scrapbook documents Walinska's career and activities overall.

Artwork consists of two bound sketchbooks as well as drawings and sketches in a variety of mediums from pencil and ink to watercolors and oils.

Photographs are of Walinska, friends, family, artists, artwork, exhibition installations, and other subjects. One album includes photos of Anna Walinska and her travels, along with images of friends and colleagues. The second album includes photographs of Walinska's solo exhibition at Sunken Meadow Gallery (1959). There is also one folder of photocopies of photos of assorted artwork by Walinska.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1927-2002 (Box 1; 11 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1949-1995 (Box 1; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1935-circa 1983 (Box 1; 8 folders)

Series 4: Travel Diaries, 1954-1973 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1942-2002 (Boxes 1-2; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, circa 1929-1980 (Boxes 2, 4; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1929-1963 (Box 3; 5 folders)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1932-1980 (Box 3; 0.3 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Anna Walinska (1906-1997) was a New York artist, teacher and gallery director who traveled widely and is most well known for her paintings related to the subject of the Holocaust.

Anna Walinska was born in London, England in 1906 to labor organization leader Ossip Walinsky and poet Rosa Newman Walinska. She had two siblings, Emily and Louis. The family immigrated to New York City in 1914, and Anna Walinska began studying at the Art Students League in 1918. In 1926, she travelled to Paris and studied art at the Academie de Grande Chaumier with Andre L'Hote. France was her primary residence until 1930.

In 1935, Walinska and artist Margaret Lefranc co-founded the Guild Art Gallery at West 57th Street in New York and gave Arshile Gorky his first solo exhibition in the city. The gallery closed its doors in 1937. In 1939, Walinska was the Assistant Creative Director of the Contemporary Art Pavilion at the New York World's Fair. During this time, Walinska also pursued her own art and exhibited work in numerous group shows.

From 1954 to 1955, Walinska traveled around the world, visiting the capitals and major cities of many countries in Asia, the Middle East and Europe. Places she went included Japan, Burma (now known as Myanmar), Pakistan, Greece, Italy, France and Spain. During her four month stay in Burma, she painted a portrait of Prime Minister U Nu and she later became a highly respected portrait artist who painted numerous illustrious subjects such as First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, artists Louise Nevelson and Mark Rothko, and many others.

In 1957, Walinska became the artist-in-residence at the Riverside Museum where she also taught and exhibited with other artists. That same year, she had her first retrospective at the Jewish Museum in New York City.

Walinska exhibited widely and often. Holocaust: Paintings and Drawings, 1953-1978, which opened at the Museum of Religious Art at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City, is probably the most well-known of her exhibitions and it traveled across the country to several other sites such as the War Memorial Building in Baltimore and Mercy College of Detroit. Works from this exhibition were acquired by multiple museums to become part of their permanent collections.

Walinkska died on December 19, 1997 at the age of 91 in New York City. In 1999, there was a retrospective of her work titled Echoes of the Holocaust: Paintings, Drawings, and Collage, 1940-1989 held at Clark University's Center for Holocaust Studies. The Onisaburo Gallery at New York's Interfaith Center also held a solo exhibition titled Portraits of Faith (2000). Her art is part of the collections at the Denver Art Museum, National Portrait Gallery, National Museum of Women in the Arts, the Rose Art Museum, and other museums.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also has the Guild Art Gallery records, which consists of material related to the gallery that was co-founded by Anna Walinska.
Provenance:
The papers were donated by Anna Walinska in two installations in 1976 and 1981. Rosina Rubin, Anna Walinska's niece, made a third donation of material in 2017.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., research center.
Occupation:
Gallery directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Drawing--Study and teaching  Search this
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945), in art  Search this
Painting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Asia--Description and travel  Search this
Middle East--Description and travel  Search this
Trinidad and Tobago--Description and travel  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Interviews
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Transcripts
Travel diaries
Citation:
Anna Walinska papers, 1927-2002, bulk 1935-1980. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.walianna
See more items in:
Anna Walinska papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9995d1f6a-668f-4e1e-8abe-bb24edfb016b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-walianna
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Online Media:

[Trade catalogs from Schult Trailers, Inc.]

Variant company name:
Middlebury, IN ; Elkton, MD ; Ironwood, MI ; Plainville, KS ; Galion, OH ; Guthrie, KY ; Sarasota, FL ; Navasota, TX ; Middlebury West, IN ; Wadesboro, NC ; Buckeye, AZ ; Redwood Falls, MN  Search this
Company Name:
Schult Trailers, Inc.  Search this
Related companies:
Schult Corp. ; Beach-Schult, Ltd. (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada) ; Moore-Schult (Christchurch, New Zealand) ; Sportsman Trailer Co. ; Scholz Homes, Inc. (Toledo, OH) ; Inland Steel Co. (Chicago, IL) ; Schult Mobile Home Corp.  Search this
Notes content:
house trailers ; trailer homes ; mobile homes ; giant truck bodies for hauling war materials to shipping points during World War II ; trailer-type construction for sectional housing during World War II ; fold-up homes ; multi-wide homes
Includes:
Trade catalog, price lists and histories
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
24 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Elkhart, Indiana, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Architectural designs and building materials  Search this
Automobiles and automotive equipment (including trucks and buses)  Search this
Camping equipment  Search this
Military equipment and supplies (including uniforms)  Search this
Topic:
"Decoration and ornament, Architectural"  Search this
Architectural design  Search this
Armed Forces -- Equipment  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Building materials  Search this
Camping equipment industry  Search this
Military supplies  Search this
Military uniforms  Search this
Motor vehicles  Search this
Outdoor recreation  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_17705
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_17705

Fi-Fz

Designer:
Henry Dreyfuss , American, 1904 – 1972  Search this
Medium:
B&W Printed Material
Type:
archive
Archive folder
Object Name:
Archive folder
Date:
1968-1972
Credit Line:
Henry Dreyfuss Archive, gift of Various Donors
Accession Number:
Dreyfuss Symbol Sourcebook Working Papers Folder 034
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Archives Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq46bd33693-aa7a-4da0-a2d2-5dcc6514046f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_Dreyfuss_Symbol_Sourcebook_Working_Papers_Folder_034

Letterpress book. Volume 18, 1905 August 24 - December 30

Collection Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Container:
Box 46, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Charles Lang Freer Papers. FSA A.01. National Museum of Asian Art Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of the estate of Charles Lang Freer.
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers
Charles Lang Freer Papers / Series 2: Correspondence / 2.2: Charles Lang Freer Letterpress Books, 1892-1910
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc341cd29c2-3bd2-4786-8764-7519218dab79
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-01-ref658
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  • View Letterpress book. Volume 18, 1905 August 24 - December 30 digital asset number 1

General

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1982 June-December
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
George Nakashima papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw97b410418-515a-41c6-bb15-d09f2b99aebf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref32
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  • View General digital asset number 1

[Trade catalogs from International Mill & Timber Co.]

Company Name:
International Mill & Timber Co.  Search this
Notes content:
Sterling Homes ; "Selecting Your Home" (Summer 1919 catalog of Sterling Cut-to-Fit homes) ; includes floorplans
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
7 pieces; 2 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Bay City, Michigan, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Architectural designs and building materials  Search this
Topic:
"Decoration and ornament, Architectural"  Search this
Architectural design  Search this
Building materials  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_36871
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_36871

Animal architecture Mike Hansell

Author:
Hansell, Michael H (Michael Henry) 1940-  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (xii, 322 pages) illustrations
Type:
Electronic resources
Date:
2005
Topic:
Animals--Habitations  Search this
Animal behavior  Search this
Architecture as Topic  Search this
Behavior, Animal  Search this
Animaux--Habitations  Search this
Animaux--Mœurs et comportement  Search this
SCIENCE--Life Sciences--Zoology--General  Search this
Diergedrag  Search this
Bouwconstructies  Search this
Call number:
QL756 .H347 2005 (Internet)
Restrictions & Rights:
Use copy Restrictions unspecified
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1160623

[Scrapbook 1]

Collection Creator:
Bell, Alexander Graham, 1847-1922  Search this
Beals, Jessie Tarbox  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Binder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
November 7-December 31, 1906
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Early Aeronautical Newsclippings (Alexander Graham Bell) Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0086, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Early Aeronautical News Clippings (Alexander Graham Bell) Collection
Early Aeronautical News Clippings (Alexander Graham Bell) Collection / Series 1: Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg23a27eb2f-8c7e-499b-8d87-7d0040e10807
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0086-ref507
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  • View [Scrapbook 1] digital asset number 1

Victor Gruen Associates Architecture

Collection Creator:
Sklarek, Norma Merrick, 1926-2012  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
c. 1960-1980
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Collection Citation:
Norma Merrick Sklarek Archival Collection, 1944-2008. National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Norma Merrick Sklarek Archival Collection
Norma Merrick Sklarek Archival Collection / Series 4: Professional Ephemera and Business Records, 1969-2002; undated
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/io3f77f0a0f-a4b2-4a18-9724-2c890f317427
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-a2018-23-ref25
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  • View Victor Gruen Associates Architecture digital asset number 1

L. D. Edwards & Co. Building Materials

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 38
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1885
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Saws, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Saws
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Saws / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c8b6411a-fbdb-4d11-b93f-dcfbbaebfbe6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-saws-ref577

Honolulu -- Dowsett Garden

Landscape designer:
Nottage, Lois  Search this
Thomas, Jean  Search this
Provenance:
The Garden Club of Honolulu  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Dowsett Garden (Honolulu, Hawaii)
United States of America -- Hawaii -- Honolulu County -- Honolulu
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets.
General:
Although it is less than one-quarter acre the Dowsett Garden combines aspects of a 19th century plantation garden and Asian influences and artifacts, particularly from Bali. Behind eight-foot tall hau hedges there is a small plantation-style house and cottage, tropical trees and plants that were used for food, medicine, and building materials by early Hawaiians, and ornamental beds with traditional lava rock edging. The garden is designed for outdoor entertaining and relaxation with features including an outdoor shower, a small Hindu temple, heads of Bodhisattvas on a fence, ceramic food storage jars containing plants, ornamental spheres, carved screens partially enclosing the back porch, gongs, and unusual rocks.
Some of the native plants in the Dowsett Garden had spiritual significance for the early Hawaiians, including the kukui tree, whose polished nuts were worn only by chiefs and the red tiplant whose leaves could be worn only by chiefs and high priests. Every plant had a practical use as well: the silk from hapu'u tree fern was used to embalm royalty and to stuff mattresses; kukui nut oil was used for lamps, waterproofing and to treat skin conditions including baldness; and leaves from the red tiplant are still used for skirts and leis, to bring good luck and to mark property lines. Breadfruit, brought originally from the Marquesas, exudes latex that was used to catch birds. Hau brought from Polynesia provided wood for canoes, fishing implements and tools, and bast fibers for netting, ropes and sewing. The buds and flowers had medicinal uses. Laua'e ferns were used for leis, while the hala tree provided food, wood and weaving material for hats, mats and roofs.
Persons associated with the garden include: Lois Nottage and Jean Thomas (garden designers).
Related Materials:
Dowsett Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (11 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Hawaii -- Honolulu  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File HI039
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Hawaii
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb671a9cfd5-529e-4aeb-b862-a2d008ecada1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6379

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