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Thomas Cole papers

Creator:
Cole, Thomas, 1801-1848  Search this
Names:
Adams, William Althorpe, 1797-1878  Search this
Ainsley, Samuel James, 1806-1874  Search this
Alexander, Francis, 1800-1880  Search this
Allen, Theodore, fl. 1800-1850  Search this
Allston, Washington, 1779-1843  Search this
Ashton, Thomas B., fl. 1835-1850  Search this
Bennet, Edwin Thomas  Search this
Bloodgood, S. DeWitt (Simeon DeWitt), 1799-1866  Search this
Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878  Search this
Carey, Edward L., 1806-1845  Search this
Childs, Cephas Grier, 1793-1871  Search this
Clark, Lewis Gaylord, 1808-1873  Search this
Cummings, Thomas Seir, 1804-1894  Search this
Dexter, Franklin, 1793-1857  Search this
Dunlap, William, 1766-1839  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Gilmor, Robert, 1774-1848  Search this
Greene, George Washington, 1811-1883  Search this
Ingham, Charles Cromwell, 1796-1863  Search this
Leslie, Charles Robert, 1794-1859  Search this
Mason, Jonathan, 1795-1884  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Morton, John Ludlow, 1792-1871  Search this
Pratt, Henry Cheever, 1803-1880  Search this
Reed, Luman, d. 1836  Search this
Ridner, John P.  Search this
Spencer, Mark  Search this
Sturges, Jonathan, 1802-1874  Search this
Town, Ithiel, 1784-1844  Search this
Townsend, Isaiah  Search this
Trego, Charles B., 1794-1874  Search this
Van Rensselaer, William P.  Search this
Ver Bryck, Cornelius, 1813-1844  Search this
Wadsworth, Daniel, 1771-1848  Search this
Ward, Samuel Gray  Search this
Weir, Robert Walter, 1803-1889  Search this
Wright, Ambrose  Search this
Extent:
7 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Sketchbooks
Date:
1821-1863
Scope and Contents:
Notebooks; sketchbooks; drawings; letters; manuscript poems; catalogs; paintbrushes.
REEL D40: ca. 575 drawings.
REEL D6: Letters, manuscript poems, catalogs and a sketchbook dated March 10, 1832.
REEL D39: 2 v. of notebooks; 1825, and 18 v. of sketchbooks, 1827-1847. Cole sketches mainly in New York State, The White Mountains, England, Italy, and Catskill, N.Y.
REELS ALC 1- ALC 4: Correspondence with Cole, including letters from friends, family, artists, and others; journals; notes; essays; lectures; poetry; clippings; and financial records.
Correspondents include: William Althorpe Adams, Samuel James Ainsley, Francis Alexander, Theodore Allen, Washington Allston, Thomas B. Ashton, Edwin T. Bennet, Simeon D. Bloodgood, William C. Bryant, Edward L. Carey, Cephas G. Childs, Lewis G. Clark, Thomas S. Cummings, Franklin Dexter, William Dunlap, Asher B. Durand, Robert Gilmor, George W. Greene, Charles C. Ingham, Charles R. Leslie, Jonathan Mason, Samuel F. B. Morse, John L. Morton, Henry C. Pratt, Luman Reed, John P. Ridner, Jonathan Sturges, Ithiel Town, Isaiah Townsend, Charles B. Trego, William P. Van Rensselaer, Cornelius Ver Bryck, Daniel Wadsworth, Samuel Ward, Robert W. Weir, Ambrose Wright, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; Catskill, N.Y. Cole lived most of his life in New York City even though he studied abroad. He was elected member of National Academy in 1826.
Provenance:
Material on reels D6, D39, D40 lent for microfilming 1961 by the Detroit Institute of Art. Material on reels ALC 1-ALC 4 lent for microfilming 1964 by the New York State Library. Paintbrushes were discovered 1964 by S.J. Fishburne, Albany Institute restorer, in basement of Cole's house. He turned them over to the Institute's director, Janet MacFarlane, who donated them to AAA, 1965.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Topic:
Landscape painting -- New York (State)  Search this
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Identifier:
AAA.colethom
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-colethom

William Cullen Bryant and Parke Godwin papers

Creator:
Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878  Search this
Godwin, Parke, 1816-1904  Search this
Names:
Adams, Herbert, 1858-1945  Search this
Alexander, John White, 1856-1915  Search this
Beard, W. H. (William Holbrook), 1824-1900  Search this
Benson, Eugene, 1837-1908  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Bispham, William  Search this
Brackett, Edward Augustus, 1818-1908  Search this
Brown, George Loring, 1814-1889  Search this
Brown, Henry Kirke, 1814-1886  Search this
Brown, John George, 1831-1913  Search this
Chapman, J. G. (John Gadsby), 1808-1889  Search this
Coffin, William A. (William Anderson), 1855-1925  Search this
Cozzens, Frederic S. (Frederic Swartwout), 1818-1869  Search this
Cranch, Christopher Pearse, 1813-1892  Search this
Dix, Charles Temple, 1840-1873  Search this
Edmonds, Francis William, 1806-1863  Search this
Ehninger, John Whetten, 1827-1889  Search this
Gignoux, Régis François, 1816-1882  Search this
Greenough, Horatio, 1805-1852  Search this
Hall, George Henry, 1825-1913  Search this
Hicks, Thomas, 1823-1890  Search this
Howland, Alfred Cornelius, 1838-1909  Search this
Huntington, Daniel, 1816-1906  Search this
Hutton, Lawrence  Search this
Jefferson, Joseph, 1829-1905  Search this
Johnson, Eastman, 1824-1906  Search this
La Farge, John, 1835-1910  Search this
Lang, Louis, 1814-1893  Search this
Laurence, Samuel, 1812-1884  Search this
Lippincott, William H. (William Henry), 1849-1920  Search this
Mayer, Frank Blackwell, 1827-1899  Search this
McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891  Search this
Miller, Charles Henry, 1842-1922  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Noble, Louis L.  Search this
Noble, Thomas Satterwhite, 1835-1907  Search this
O'Donovan, William Rudolph, 1844-1920  Search this
Oertel, Johannes Adam Simon, 1823-1909  Search this
Richards, T. Addison (Thomas Addison), 1820-1900  Search this
Robbins, Horace Wolcott, 1842-1904  Search this
Rogers, John, 1829-1904  Search this
Rossiter, Thomas Prichard, 1818-1871  Search this
Rowse, Samuel Worcester, 1822-1901  Search this
Sarony, Napoleon, 1821-1896  Search this
Smillie, James David, 1833-1909  Search this
Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878  Search this
Thompson, Cephas Giovanni, 1809-1888  Search this
Thompson, Launt, 1833-1894  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Weir, John F. (John Ferguson), b. 1841  Search this
Weir, Robert Walter, 1803-1889  Search this
White, Edwin D., 1817-1877  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Wood, Thomas Waterman, 1823-1903  Search this
Extent:
200 Items ((on 2 partial microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1821-1901
Scope and Contents:
Letters and printed material.
Reel N5: Correspondence of Bryant and Godwin.
Correspondents include: John White Alexander, William H. Beard, Eugene Benson, Albert Bierstadt, William Bispham, Edward A. Brackett, George L. Brown, Henry Kirke Brown, John G. Brown, John G. Chapman, William A. Coffin, Frederick S. Cozzens, Christopher P. Cranch, Charles T. Dix, Francis W. Edmonds, John W. Ehninger, Regis F. Gignoux, Horatio Greenough, George H. Hall, Thomas Hicks, Alfred C. Howland, Daniel P. Huntington, Laurence Hutton, Joseph Jefferson, Eastman Johnson, John LaFarge, Louis Lang, Samuel Laurence, William H. Lippincott, Jervis McEntee, Frank B. Mayer, Charles H. Miller, Samuel F. B. Morse, Louis L. Noble, Thomas S. Noble, William R. O'Donovan, Johannes A. S. Oertel, Thomas A. Richards, Horace W. Robbins, John Rogers, Thomas P. Rossiter, Samuel W. Rowse, Napoleon Sarony, James D. Smillie, Bayard Taylor, Cephas G. Thompson, Launt A. Thompson, John Q. A. Ward, John F. Weir, Robert W. Weir, Edwin D. White, Worthington Whittredge, and Thomas W. Wood.
Reel N25: A calling card of Herbert Adams; a letter to Mrs. Frederic N. Goddard from Adams, returning photographs of Bryant; and a letter to Bryant from F. Tabbot about his painting of a forest.
Biographical / Historical:
Poet; New York City. Bryant's son-in-law, Parke Godwin, was an author, one of whose books was a biography of Bryant, THE LIFE AND WORKS OF WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT, 1883.
Other Title:
Bryant-Godwin collection (NYPL microfilm title)
Provenance:
Microfilmed 1956 by the Archives of American Art with other art-related papers in the Manuscript Division of the New York Public Library. Included in the microfilming project were selected papers of the Art Division and the Prints Division.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Poets -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.bryawill
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bryawill

Hiram Powers papers

Creator:
Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873  Search this
Names:
Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848  Search this
Astor, William B. (William Backhouse), 1792-1875  Search this
Atlee, Samuel Yorke, b. 1808  Search this
Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, 1806-1861  Search this
Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878  Search this
Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850  Search this
Crawford, Thomas, 1813 or 14-1857  Search this
Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Everett, Edward, 1794-1865  Search this
Fuller, Charles Francis  Search this
Gray, Henry Peters, 1819-1877  Search this
Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872  Search this
Healy, G.P.A. (George Peter Alexander), 1813-1894  Search this
Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845  Search this
Kinney, E. Clementine  Search this
Kinney, William  Search this
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882  Search this
Marsh, George Perkins, 1801-1882  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872  Search this
Peabody, George, 1795-1869  Search this
Powers, Longworth, 1835-1904  Search this
Powers, Preston, 1842 or 1843-1904  Search this
Sartain, John, 1808-1897  Search this
Story, William Wetmore, 1819-1895  Search this
Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878  Search this
Trollope, Francis  Search this
Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852  Search this
Extent:
12.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Writings
Drawings
Poetry
Date:
1819-1953
bulk 1835-1883
Summary:
The papers of sculptor Hiram Powers measure 12.4 linear feet and date from 1819 to 1953, with the bulk of the material dating from 1835 to 1883. Over two-thirds of the collection consists of Powers' correspondence with business associates, purchasers of his artwork, and numerous friends in the United States and Florence, Italy. Of note is Powers' "Studio Memorandum," from 1841 to 1845, which contains dated notations of letters written, receipts and expenditures, business contacts, works in progress, commissions and price quotations for work, comments on problems encountered during studio work, and other notes. Additional papers include scattered biographical material, financial and legal records, printed materials, photographs of Powers, his family, artwork, as well as an extensive collection of carte de visite and cabinet card portraits of many notable figures. Also found is a small amount of artwork by Powers and others, a scrapbook, and two autograph and memorabilia albums.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of sculptor Hiram Powers measure 12.4 linear feet and date from 1819 to 1953, with the bulk of the material dating from 1835 to 1883. Over two-thirds of the collection consists of Powers' correspondence, which is particularly rich in documenting his artwork, methodology, and his interaction with business associates, purchasers of his artwork, and his numerous friends in the United States and Florence, Italy. Other papers include scattered biographical material, writings by Powers and others, financial and legal records, news clippings and printed items, photographs of Powers, his family, artwork, as well as an extensive collection of carte de visite and cabinet card portraits of many notable figures. Also found is a small amount of artwork by Powers and others, a scrapbook, and two autograph and memorabilia albums.

Biographical material consists of documents for honors conferred on Powers, price lists and inventories of his artwork, papers regarding his death, including a translation of his will, and ephemera, such as his studio cap.

The bulk of the collection consists of Powers' correspondence with family, friends, business associates, and others, documenting his career as an artist and his personal life after he and his family moved to Florence, Italy, in 1837. Almost all of the letters have typed unconfirmed transcriptions completed by volunteers at the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Besides details of his studio work and business dealings, his letters often discuss his views on aesthetics, American politics, slavery and the Civil War, and Spiritualism. Notable correspondence is with William B. Astor, Edward Everett, Samuel York Atlee, William and E. Clementine Kinney, George P. Marsh, George Peabody, Presidents Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams, William Cullen Bryant, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, John C. Calhoun, Thomas Crawford, John A. Dix, Asher Durand, Charles Francis Fuller, Henry Peters Gray, Horace Greeley, George P. A. Healy, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Samuel F. B. Morse, W. W. Story, John Sartain, Frances Trollope, and Daniel Webster.

Writings by Powers include his "Studio Memorandum," a journal-type notebook he kept from 1841 to 1845, which contains dated notations of letters written, receipts and expenditures, business contacts, works in progress, commissions and price quotations for work, comments on problems encountered during studio work, and other notes. Additional writings include poetry and autobiographical essays and instructions for handling his sculptures. Writings by others include poetry, most of which was written in praise of Powers' artwork. Of note are handwritten transcripts of poems by Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Bayard Taylor, and John Quincy Adams. Also found here are short writings about Powers and his artwork.

Scattered financial and legal records in this collection include patent documents for tools invented by Powers, legal agreements, account statements, and bills and receipts. Printed material consists of news clippings, two booklets, an art association brochure, and an exhibition catalog for works by Powers.

This collection contains photographs of Hiram Powers, his family, friends, notable public figures, and artwork. Many of the photographs were taken by his son, Longworth Powers, who had a private photography studio in Florence. Included are portraits of Powers and his family, as well as a collection of 267 carte de visite and cabinet card portraits of artists, performers, politicians, writers, scientists, and other public figures, many of whom were friends with the Powers family. Other photographs depict Woodstock, Vermont, the marble quarry at Carrara, Italy, and artwork by Hiram and Preston Powers. Also found here is a photograph album kept by Louisa Powers.

Artwork consists of three drawings by Hiram Powers, including a caricature of Miner Kellogg. Also found in this collection is a scrapbook containing news clippings regarding the American tour of the sculpture Greek Slave, an autograph album belonging to Louisa Powers, and an album containing pencil drawings by Preston Powers and dried flowers collected on travels.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 8 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1841-1927 (Box 1, 15; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1819-1883 (Box 1-10; 9.0 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1827-1887 (Box 10; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 4: Financial and Legal Records, circa 1840s-1892, 1915 (Box 10, OV 17; 8 folders)

Series 5: Printed Material, circa 1845-1953 (Box 10; 5 folders)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1860s-1900, 1927, 1932, early 1950s (Box 10-13, 16, OV 17; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, 1860, mid-1800s (Box 11; 4 folders)

Series 8: Scrapbooks and Albums, 1847-1876 (Box 14; 3 folders)
Biographical Note:
American sculptor Hiram Powers (1805-1873) was born in Woodstock, Vermont, and lived and worked briefly in Washington, D.C. and Boston, before settling permanently in Florence, Italy. Powers is known for portrait busts of prominent American politicians and his idealized neo-classical sculptures, most notably the Greek Slave.

The second youngest of nine children, Powers moved with his family to Cincinnati, Ohio in 1817. When he was 18 he began working in a factory that repaired watches and organs, and he later worked in the mechanical department of Dorfeuille's Western Museum. There, he developed his interest in sculpture and received a commission to create wax figures for a tableau of Dante's Inferno. In 1825 he studied with the Prussian sculptor Frederick Eckstein, who taught him how to model clay and make plaster casts. His early commissions for portrait busts caught the attention of Nicholas Longworth, who became his first patron and funded his travel to Washington, DC, in 1834. While in Washington, Powers completed portrait busts of several prominent politicians, including President Andrew Jackson. He also briefly worked on several commissions in Boston. In 1837, thanks to the patronage of Colonel John S. Preston, he and his family moved to Florence, Italy. He intended to live there for only a few years, but remained there for the rest of his life.

Powers set up a studio in Florence with several assistants, and continued to work on portrait bust commissions. He and his family were active members of the intellectual community of American and English émigrés, such as Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Horatio Greenough, the Trollope family, and many others. His studio was also a frequent stop on tourists' visits to Florence. In 1839 Powers began working on idealized sculptures in the Neo-classical style, based on history, mythology, and religion. Perhaps most famous of these are Greek Slave and Fisher Boy. Completed in 1845, Greek Slave was exhibited in London and toured the United States. The sculpture received wide attention from the press for its depiction of female nudity and its philosophical significance, and established Powers' international success as a sculptor.

During his career Powers received private and government commissions for portrait busts and ideal sculptures, and sold many replicas of his work. He also invented improved tools for use in his studio, which were patented in the United States, and he developed a special finishing process for marble from the Carrara quarry. He maintained friendships with many Americans through extensive correspondence, and openly expressed his views on the Civil War and the abolition of slavery. Powers' son Longworth had a photography and sculpture studio nearby, and his son Preston, also a sculptor, took over many of Hiram Powers' remaining projects at the time of his death in 1873.
Related Material:
Additional Hiram Powers papers are available at the Winterthur Museum.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds materials lent for microfilming. Reel D117 contains "The Sculpture of Hiram Powers," by Paul B. Metzler. Reels 815-818 includes a "Collection of Letters from Old Residents of Cincinnati to Hiram Powers," compiled by Clara Louise Dentler. Reels 1102-1103 are comprised of an unpublished manuscript entitled "White Marble: The Life and Letters of Hiram Powers, Sculptor," by Clara Louise Dentler. Lent materials were returned to the lenders and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Hiram Powers papers were purchased by the Smithsonian American Art Museum in 1967 from Christina Seeber, great-granddaughter of Hiram Powers which was subsequenlty transferred to the Archives of American Art in 1984. The Cincinnati Historical Society and Ohio State University also lent the Archives omaterials for microfilming in 1974.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Sculptors -- Italy -- Florence  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Writings
Drawings
Poetry
Citation:
Hiram Powers papers, 1819-1953, bulk 1835-1883. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.powehira
See more items in:
Hiram Powers papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-powehira
Online Media:

William Cullen Bryant and Parke Godwin papers, 1821-1901

Creator:
Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878  Search this
Godwin, Parke, 1816-1904  Search this
Subject:
Adams, Herbert  Search this
Alexander, John White  Search this
Beard, W. H. (William Holbrook)  Search this
Benson, Eugene  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert  Search this
Bispham, William  Search this
Brackett, Edward Augustus  Search this
Brown, George Loring  Search this
Brown, Henry Kirke  Search this
Brown, John George  Search this
Chapman, J. G. (John Gadsby)  Search this
Coffin, William A. (William Anderson)  Search this
Cozzens, Frederic S. (Frederic Swartwout)  Search this
Cranch, Christopher Pearse  Search this
Dix, Charles Temple  Search this
Edmonds, Francis William  Search this
Ehninger, John Whetten  Search this
Gignoux, Régis François  Search this
Greenough, Horatio  Search this
Hall, George Henry  Search this
Hicks, Thomas  Search this
Howland, Alfred Cornelius  Search this
Huntington, Daniel  Search this
Hutton, Lawrence  Search this
Jefferson, Joseph  Search this
Johnson, Eastman  Search this
La Farge, John  Search this
Lang, Louis  Search this
Laurence, Samuel  Search this
Lippincott, William H. (William Henry)  Search this
McEntee, Jervis  Search this
Mayer, Frank Blackwell  Search this
Miller, Charles Henry  Search this
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese  Search this
Noble, Louis L.  Search this
Noble, Thomas Satterwhite  Search this
O'Donovan, William Rudolph  Search this
Oertel, Johannes Adam Simon  Search this
Richards, T. Addison (Thomas Addison)  Search this
Robbins, Horace Wolcott  Search this
Rogers, John  Search this
Rossiter, Thomas Prichard  Search this
Rowse, Samuel Worcester  Search this
Sarony, Napoleon  Search this
Smillie, James David  Search this
Taylor, Bayard  Search this
Thompson, Cephas Giovanni  Search this
Thompson, Launt  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams  Search this
Weir, John F. (John Ferguson)  Search this
Weir, Robert Walter  Search this
White, Edwin D.  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington  Search this
Wood, Thomas Waterman  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9868
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212369
AAA_collcode_bryawill
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212369

Picturesque America, or, the land we live in A delineation by pen and pencil of the mountains, rivers, lakes, forests, water-falls, shores, cañons, valleys, cities, and other picturesque features of our country With illustrations on steel and wood, by eminent American artists. Edited by William Cullen Bryant

Title:
Land we live in
Author:
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878  Search this
Bunce, Oliver Bell 1828-1890  Search this
Physical description:
2 volume, [47] leaves of plates fronts., illustrations 34 cm
Type:
Books
Pictorial works
Illustrated works
Place:
Québec (Province)
United States
âEtats-Unis
Quâebec (Province)
Québec
Date:
1872
1874
Topic:
Travel  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Descriptions et voyages  Search this
Call number:
E168 .P53 1872
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1020836

Minutes

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents  Search this
Extent:
8.70 cu. ft. (9 document boxes) (7 12x17 boxes) (1 16x20 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1846-1995
Descriptive Entry:
These records are the official minutes of the Board. They are compiled at the direction of the Secretary of the Smithsonian, who is also secretary to the Board, after approval by the Regents' Executive Committee and by the Regents themselves. The minutes are edited, not a verbatim account of proceedings. For reasons unknown, there are no manuscript minutes for the period from 1857 through 1890; and researchers must rely on printed minutes published in the Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution instead. Minutes are transferred regularly from the Secretary's Office to the Archives. Minutes less than 15 years old are closed to researchers. Indexes exist for the period from 1907 to 1946 and can be useful.
Historical Note:
The Smithsonian Institution was created by authority of an Act of Congress approved August 10, 1846. The Act entrusted direction of the Smithsonian to a body called the Establishment, composed of the President; the Vice President; the Chief Justice of the United States; the secretaries of State, War, Navy, Interior, and Agriculture; the Attorney General; and the Postmaster General. In fact, however, the Establishment last met in 1877, and control of the Smithsonian has always been exercised by its Board of Regents. The membership of the Regents consists of the Vice President and the Chief Justice of the United States; three members each of the Senate and House of Representatives; two citizens of the District of Columbia; and seven citizens of the several states, no two from the same state. (Prior to 1970 the category of Citizen Regents not residents of Washington consisted of four members). By custom the Chief Justice is Chancellor. The office was at first held by the Vice President. However, when Millard Fillmore succeeded to the presidency on the death of Zachary Taylor in 1851, Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney was chosen in his stead. The office has always been filled by the Chief Justice since that time.

The Regents of the Smithsonian have included distinguished Americans from many walks of life. Ex officio members (Vice President) have been: Spiro T. Agnew, Chester A. Arthur, Allen W. Barkley, John C. Breckenridge, George Bush, Schuyler Colfax, Calvin Coolidge, Charles Curtis, George M. Dallas, Charles G. Dawes, Charles W. Fairbanks, Millard Fillmore, Gerald R. Ford, John N. Garner, Hannibal Hamlin, Thomas A. Hendricks, Garret A. Hobart, Hubert H. Humphrey, Andrew Johnson, Lyndon B. Johnson, William R. King, Thomas R. Marshall, Walter F. Mondale, Levi P. Morton, Richard M. Nixon, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Theodore Roosevelt, James S. Sherman, Adlai E. Stevenson, Harry S. Truman, Henry A. Wallace, William A. Wheeler, Henry Wilson.

Ex officio members (Chief Justice) have been: Roger B. Taney, Salmon P. Chase, Nathan Clifford, Morrison R. Waite, Samuel F. Miller, Melville W. Fuller, Edward D. White, William Howard Taft, Charles Evans Hughes, Harlan F. Stone, Fred M. Vinson, Earl Warren, Warren E. Burger.

Regents on the part of the Senate have been: Clinton P. Anderson, Newton Booth, Sidney Breese, Lewis Cass, Robert Milledge Charlton, Bennet Champ Clark, Francis M. Cockrell, Shelby Moore Cullom, Garrett Davis, Jefferson Davis, George Franklin Edmunds, George Evans, Edwin J. Garn, Walter F. George, Barry Goldwater, George Gray, Hannibal Hamlin, Nathaniel Peter Hill, George Frisbie Hoar, Henry French Hollis, Henry M. Jackson, William Lindsay, Henry Cabot Lodge, Medill McCormick, James Murray Mason, Samuel Bell Maxey, Robert B. Morgan, Frank E. Moss, Claiborne Pell, George Wharton Pepper, David A. Reed, Leverett Saltonstall, Hugh Scott, Alexander H. Smith, Robert A. Taft, Lyman Trumbull, Wallace H. White, Jr., Robert Enoch Withers.

Regents on the part of the House of Representatives have included: Edward P. Boland, Frank T. Bow, William Campbell Breckenridge, Overton Brooks, Benjamin Butterworth, Clarence Cannon, Lucius Cartrell, Hiester Clymer, William Colcock, William P. Cole, Jr., Maurice Connolly, Silvio O. Conte, Edward E. Cox, Edward H. Crump, John Dalzell, Nathaniel Deering, Hugh A. Dinsmore, William English, John Farnsworth, Scott Ferris, Graham Fitch, James Garfield, Charles L. Gifford, T. Alan Goldsborough, Frank L. Greene, Gerry Hazleton, Benjamin Hill, Henry Hilliard, Ebenezer Hoar, William Hough, William M. Howard, Albert Johnson, Leroy Johnson, Joseph Johnston, Michael Kirwan, James T. Lloyd, Robert Luce, Robert McClelland, Samuel K. McConnell, Jr., George H. Mahon, George McCrary, Edward McPherson, James R. Mann, George Perkins Marsh, Norman Y. Mineta, A. J. Monteague, R. Walton Moore, Walter H. Newton, Robert Dale Owen, James Patterson, William Phelps, Luke Poland, John Van Schaick Lansing Pruyn, B. Carroll Reece, Ernest W. Roberts, Otho Robards Singleton, Frank Thompson, Jr., John M. Vorys, Hiram Warner, Joseph Wheeler.

Citizen Regents have been: David C. Acheson, Louis Agassiz, James B. Angell, Anne L. Armstrong, William Backhouse Astor, J. Paul Austin, Alexander Dallas Bache, George Edmund Badger, George Bancroft, Alexander Graham Bell, James Gabriel Berrett, John McPherson Berrien, Robert W. Bingham, Sayles Jenks Bowen, William G. Bowen, Robert S. Brookings, John Nicholas Brown, William A. M. Burden, Vannevar Bush, Charles F. Choate, Jr., Rufus Choate, Arthur H. Compton, Henry David Cooke, Henry Coppee, Samuel Sullivan Cox, Edward H. Crump, James Dwight Dana, Harvey N. Davis, William Lewis Dayton, Everette Lee Degolyer, Richard Delafield, Frederic A. Delano, Charles Devens, Matthew Gault Emery, Cornelius Conway Felton, Robert V. Fleming, Murray Gell-Mann, Robert F. Goheen, Asa Gray, George Gray, Crawford Hallock Greenwalt, Nancy Hanks, Caryl Parker Haskins, Gideon Hawley, John B. Henderson, John B. Henderson, Jr., A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., Gardner Greene Hubbard, Charles Evans Hughes, Carlisle H. Humelsine, Jerome C. Hunsaker, William Preston Johnston, Irwin B. Laughlin, Walter Lenox, Augustus P. Loring, John Maclean, William Beans Magruder, John Walker Maury, Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, John C. Merriam, R. Walton Moore, Roland S. Morris, Dwight W. Morrow, Richard Olney, Peter Parker, Noah Porter, William Campbell Preston, Owen Josephus Roberts, Richard Rush, William Winston Seaton, Alexander Roby Shepherd, William Tecumseh Sherman, Otho Robards Singleton, Joseph Gilbert Totten, John Thomas Towers, Frederic C. Walcott, Richard Wallach, Thomas J. Watson, Jr., James E. Webb, James Clarke Welling, Andrew Dickson White, Henry White, Theodore Dwight Woolsey.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Museum trustees  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 1, Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents, Minutes
Identifier:
Record Unit 1
See more items in:
Minutes
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0001
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Online Media:

Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, east and west Florida, the Cherokee country, the extensive territories of the Muscogulges, or Creek confederacy, and the country of the Chactaws : containing an account of the soil and natural productions of those regions : together with observations on the manners of the Indians : embellished with copper-plates / by William Bartram

Title:
Travels in North America
Travels through Carolina, Georgia & Florida DSI
Author:
Bartram, William 1739-1823  Search this
Bartram, William 1739-1823 Account of the persons, manners, customs, and government, of the Muscogulges, or Creeks, Cherokees, Chactaws, &c  Search this
Publisher:
Johnson, Joseph 1738-1809  Search this
Engraver:
Holloway, Thomas 1748-1827  Search this
Conder, Thomas 1746 or 7-1831  Search this
Barlow, Inigo DSI  Search this
Former owner:
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878 DSI  Search this
Binder:
Bayntun, George 1873-1940 DSI  Search this
Donor:
Lubrecht, Harry 1908-1997 DSI  Search this
Bookseller:
Arthur H. Clark Company DSI  Search this
Physical description:
xxiv, 520, [8] p., [9] leaves of plates (2 folded) : ill., map, port. ; 22 cm. (8vo)
Type:
Early works to 1800
Place:
Southern States
Date:
1794
1791
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
F213 .B29 1794
F213.B29 1794
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_370054

The letters of William Cullen Bryant / edited by William Cullen Bryant II and Thomas G. Voss

Author:
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878  Search this
Bryant, William Cullen 1908-1999  Search this
Voss, Thomas G  Search this
Subject:
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878  Search this
Physical description:
6 volumes : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Correspondence
Records and correspondence
Date:
1975
1992
1975-1992
19th century
Topic:
Poets, American  Search this
Call number:
CT275.B894 A1
CT275.B894A1
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_211303

A funeral oration, occasioned by the death of Thomas Cole, delivered before the National academy of design, New-York, May 4, 1848. Pub. by order of the Council of the academy

Author:
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878  Search this
Subject:
Cole, Thomas 1801-1848  Search this
Physical description:
42 p. 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1848
Call number:
N40.1.C68 B9 1980
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_42182

The song of the sower. By William Cullen Bryant. Illustrated with forty-two engravings on wood

Author:
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878  Search this
Hennessy, William John 1839-1917  Search this
Fenn, Harry 1838-1911  Search this
Linton, W. J (William James) 1812-1897  Search this
Physical description:
48 p. illus. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1871
Call number:
PS1164 .A1 1871
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_722476

Memorial of James Fenimore Cooper

Author:
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878  Search this
Putnam, George Palmer 1814-1872  Search this
Former owner:
Comegys Library DSI  Search this
Subject:
Cooper, James Fenimore 1789-1851  Search this
Physical description:
106, [4] p., [2] leaves of plates : ill., port. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1852
Call number:
PS1435 .M53 1852
PS1435.M53 1852
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_402274

Picturesque America; or, The land we live in. A delineation by pen and pencil of the mountains, rivers, lakes, water-falls, shores, cañons, valleys, cities, and other picturesque features of our country. With illus. on steel and wood, by eminent American artists. Ed. by William Cullen Bryant

Author:
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878  Search this
Bunce, Oliver Bell 1828-1890  Search this
Physical description:
720 p. front., illus., plates. 34 cm
Type:
Books
Pictorial works
Aerial views
Place:
United States
Québec (Province)
Date:
1894
C1894, 1872
19th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Call number:
E168 .B915 1894
E168.B915 1894
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_415543

Thirty poems / by William Cullen Bryant

Author:
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878  Search this
Former owner:
Comegys Library DSI  Search this
Physical description:
[2], 222, [2] p. ; 20 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1864
Call number:
PS1169 .T44 1864
PS1169.T44 1864
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_399227

A discourse on the life, character and writings of Gulian Crommelin Verplanck, delivered before the New York Historical Society, May 17th, 1870, by William Cullen Bryant

Author:
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878  Search this
New-York Historical Society  Search this
Subject:
Verplanck, Gulian C (Gulian Crommelin) 1786-1870  Search this
Physical description:
60 p. 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1870
Call number:
PS3123.B7X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_256595

The Bryant festival at "The Century."

Author:
Century Association (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878 Centennial celebrations, etc  Search this
Physical description:
88 p. illus., ports. (some mounted) 31 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1865
1865, [c1864]
19th century
Topic:
Portraits, American  Search this
American poetry  Search this
Call number:
CT275.B894C3 1864
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_103890

William Cullen Bryant and the Hudson River school of landscape painting, May 19-July 19, 1981 : [catalog of exhibition]

Author:
Nassau County Museum of Fine Art (N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878 Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
61 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1981
[c1981]
19th century
Topic:
Hudson River school of landscape painting  Search this
Landscape painting, American  Search this
Call number:
ND1351.5 .W54X
ND1351.5.W54X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_145008

William Cullen Bryant, the Weirs, and American impressionism : April 24, 1983-July 31, 1983 / Holly Joan Pinto

Author:
Pinto, Holly Joan  Search this
Nassau County Museum of Fine Art (N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Weir family Exhibitions  Search this
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878 Friends and associates  Search this
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878 Influence  Search this
Physical description:
63 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 22 x 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1983
[c1983]
Topic:
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.W417 P6
N40.1.W417P6
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_167599

The Talisman for ..

Author:
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878  Search this
Sands, Robert Charles 1799-1832  Search this
Verplanck, Gulian C (Gulian Crommelin) 1786-1870  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. ; 16 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1928
1930
18 -1829
Topic:
Gift books  Search this
Call number:
AY11 .T146
AY11.T146
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_168327

The New-York review, and Atheneum magazine [microform]

Title:
New York review, and Atheneum magazine
New York review
New-York review
Atheneum magazine
Author:
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. ; 23 cm
Type:
Microforms
Date:
1825
1826
1825-1826
Call number:
AP1 .A546 no.166
mfm 000145n
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_168856

William Cullen Bryant, by Albert F. McLean, Jr

Author:
McLean, Albert F  Search this
Subject:
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878  Search this
Physical description:
159 p. 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1964
[1964]
Call number:
CT275.B894 M2
CT275.B894M2
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_10304

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