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Richard Carver Wood Photographs

Photographer:
Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964  Search this
Wood, Richard Carver  Search this
Donor:
Asch, Patsy  Search this
Names:
Abbott, George, 1887-1995  Search this
Baragwanath, Jack  Search this
Barrett, Edith  Search this
Barrymore, Ethel  Search this
Borge, Victor  Search this
Bowman, Patricia  Search this
Brown, John Mason, 1900-1969  Search this
Cassini, Igor, 1915-  Search this
Castle, Irene, 1893-1969  Search this
Cornell, Katharine, 1893-1974  Search this
Coward, Noel, 1899-1973  Search this
Dowling, Eddie  Search this
Eckstein, Gustave  Search this
Edmonds, Walter Dumaux, 1903-1998  Search this
Fleischmann, Raoul L.  Search this
Fontanne, Lynn  Search this
Frost, Robert, 1874-1963  Search this
Gordon, Ruth, 1896-  Search this
Hart, Moss, 1904-1961  Search this
Keller, Helen, 1880-1968  Search this
Leigh, Vivien, 1913-1967  Search this
Lunt, Alfred  Search this
Martin, Mary, 1913-  Search this
Marx, Harpo  Search this
McMein, Neysa  Search this
Meade, Donald  Search this
Miller, Alice Duer, 1874-1942  Search this
Olivier, Laurence, 1907-1989  Search this
Onassis, Jacqueline Kennedy, 1929-1994  Search this
Parker, Dorothy, 1893-1967  Search this
Radziwill, Lee Bouvier, 1933-  Search this
Rice, Grantland, 1880-1954  Search this
Skinner, Cornelia Otis, 1901-  Search this
Swope, Herbert Bayard, 1882-1958  Search this
Woollcott, Alexander, 1887-1943  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (11 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Vermont
Date:
1935-1978, undated
Summary:
Photographs taken by Wood including persons prominent in the New York City social, literary, and theatrical fields. Other subjects include architecture, landscapes, still life, dunes, military, and theater in the United States and other countries.
Scope and Contents:
Photographs, in both print and negative form, by Richard Carver Wood, including architectural photographs; art photographs, including landscapes and still life's; portrait and family photographs; photographs of persons prominent in the New York City social, literary, and theatrical fields. Many of these were taken at theater critic Alexander Woollcott's property at Lake Bomoseen in Vermont, and include Dorothy Parker, Vivien Leigh, Ethel Barrymore, and numerous others. Materials were maintained in the three series that Wood created: Series 1, People, Series 2, Places and Series 3, Subjects. The materials in each series are arranged in alphabetical order by Wood's folder titles.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into three series.

Series 1: People, 1935-1960, undated

Series 2: Places, 1939-1978, undated

Series 3: Subjects, 1941, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Richard Carver Wood was born in 1902 in Binghamton, New York to Frank Hoyt and Eva Wood. He studied at Hamilton College then the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) from 1922-1929 where he graduated with a degree in architecture. In the 1930s, Wood struggled to find work in his field and turned his attention to photography. His adopted father, a professor at Hamilton College, put him in contact with a former student, Alexander Woollcott, by then a theater critic with The New Yorker. It was through Woollcott that Wood met many of the famous people he photographed, many on Woollcott's Lake Bomoseen, Vermont, property, though Wood also photographed places, buildings, and subjects like the Perkins School for the Blind.

When America became involved in World War II, Wood was stationed in Hawaii as part of the Army Signal Corps. It was there that he turned to film, and after the end of World War II he worked first with a small dental company for a few years, and then began freelancing. His film work culminated with the 1954 Academy Award winning documentary The Unconquered, a biography of his one-time photography subject Helen Keller.

It was around the time of the Keller documentary that Wood again found work as an architect with an East Hampton firm. He would remain in architecture from then on, rarely taking photographs. Wood died on November 23, 1989 at the age of eighty-seven years old.
Provenance:
Donated by Wood's daughter, Patsy Asch, to the Archives Center in 2007.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Celebrities -- 20th century  Search this
Photographers -- New York  Search this
Citation:
Richard Carver Wood Photographs, 1935-1978, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Patsy Asch.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0964
See more items in:
Richard Carver Wood Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0964
Online Media:

Al Hirschfeld papers

Creator:
Hirschfeld, Al  Search this
Names:
Atkinson, Brooks, 1894-  Search this
Brown, John Mason, 1900-1969  Search this
Chodorov, Edward, 1904-1988  Search this
Delany, Beauford, 1901-  Search this
Fruse, Roger K.  Search this
Lowe, Charles  Search this
Extent:
0.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Writings
Sketches
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Place:
Japan -- Description and Travel
Date:
1931-1983
Summary:
The papers of caricaturist Al Hirschfeld measure 0.9 linear feet and date from 1931-1983. Found within the papers are letters to Hirschfeld, business records, writings, artwork, printed material, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The collection measures 0.9 linear feet, dates from 1931-1983, and documents the career of caricaturist Al Hirschfeld. Found within the papers are letters, business records, writings, artwork, printed material, and photographs.

Letters are from friends and colleagues, and the subjects of Hirschfeld's drawings. A small majority of letters are from Brooks Atkinson, John Mason Brown, Edward Chodorov, Beauford Delaney, Roger K. Fruse, and Charles F. Lowe. Additional correspondents for which there are one or two letters are listed in the series description that follows.

Business records include a receipt for artwork delivered, a notice of probate on the will of Billy Rose, a loan agreement from the Studio Museum in Harlem for a work by Beauford Delaney, and a contract from The Franklin Library for a portrait of Mencken. Writings by Hirschfeld consist of brief typescripts of film and theater critiques.

Artwork consists of a sketchbook of caricatures of theater performers, a sketchbook of images from travel to Japan, loose sketches, and drawings by children inspired by a visit to see Hirschfeld.

Also found within the papers are 11 folders of clippings, posters, and miscellaneous printed material. Photographs are of Hirschfeld, his wife, and a drawing.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 6 series. All series are arranged chronologically.

Series 1: Letters, 1931-1983 (Boxes 1-2; 1.75 linear feet)

Series 2: Business Records, 1932-1979 (Box 2; 1 folder)

Series 3: Writings, 1937-1973 (Box 2; 3 folders)

Series 4: Art Work, 1967-1977 (Box 2; 4 folders)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1953-1983 (Box 2, OV 3; 11 folders)

Series 6: Photographs, 1965 (Box 2; 1 folder)
Biographical Note:
Albert Hirschfeld was born on June 21, 1903 in St. Louis, Missouri, the youngest of the three sons of Isaac Hirschfeld and his Russian-born wife Rebecca.

Al Hirschfeld studied art in St. Louis and moved with his family to New York City in 1915. He studied at the National Academy of Art and Design and at the Art Students League, but due to financial difficulties in 1919, he took a job at Selznick Pictures where he was given his first art assignments designing advertisements. He was soon made art director, a position he held for several years, until the company went bankrupt. Because the company could not pay him what they owed, Hirschfeld worked for an entire year to earn enough to pay his artists what he, in turn, owed them.

By 1924, Hirschfeld was able to travel to Paris and London, where he studied painting, drawing, and sculpture, and began to grow his distinctive beard. By mid-1925, he had returned to New York City planning to begin a career as a painter, but on December 26, 1926, a sketch he had done of French actor Sacha Guitry was published in the New York Herald Tribune. Within two years his theatrical drawings were appearing in five different New York newspapers, including the New York Times, for which he worked on a freelance basis until the newspaper offered him a contract in 1990. Hirschfeld's caricatures have also appeared in The New Yorker, Playbill, TV Guide, New Masses, Time, Life, Reader's Digest, Rolling Stone, and many other publications.

Beginning in the late 1920s, Hirschfeld was assigned to capture the essence of each new Broadway play through his line drawings that were published prior to the play's opening night. Performers and the public alike were captivated with the accuracy of his seemingly effortless caricatures. During this time, Hirschfeld also co-edited a satirical journal, Americana, with Alexander King.

Divorced from his first wife, Florence Ruth Hobby, Hirschfeld met German-born film actress Dolly Haas when he was assigned to do a caricature of her. They were married in May 1943. Two years later, to celebrate the birth of his daughter Nina, Hirschfeld concealed her name in the background of his drawing for the play Are You With It? Finding the "Ninas" in his caricatures soon became an American ritual. During World War II, the Department of Defense trained bomber pilots the techniques of camouflage and target-spotting by having them search for the "Ninas" in Hirschfeld's drawings.

For forty years, Hirschfeld collaborated with S. J. Perelman in illustrating and writing books, including Westward Ha!, Listen to the Mockingbird, and The Swiss Family Perelman. Hirschfeld also provided illustrations for the 1986 memoir of Perelman, And Did You Once See Sidney Plain? Other books published by Hirschfeld include The Speakeasies of 1932, Harlem as Seen by Hirschfeld, Show Business is No Business, and Hirschfeld on Line.

Hirschfeld also had solo art exhibitions at the Heller Gallery, Hammer Gallery and at the Lincoln Center Museum of the Performing Arts. He received a Special Tony Award "for 50 years of theatrical cartoons" in 1975.

In 1991 and 1994, the United States Postal Service commissioned Hirschfeld to design a series of stamps commemorating comedians and silent film stars respectively. He was not only allowed to be the first artist to put his name on a U. S. postage stamp, but was allowed to include Nina's name within the caricatures as well.

In 1996, an Academy Award-nominated documentary film about Hirschfeld's life, The Line King, was released.

Hirschfeld's wife Dolly passed away in September 1994. Three years later, in October 1997, he married Louise Kerz, widow of Broadway producer and designer Leo Kerz. Al Hirschfeld died on January 20, 2003 in New York City.
Provenance:
The Al Hirschfeld papers were donated in 1983 by Al Hirschfeld and his dealer, George J. Goodstadt.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Al Hirschfeld papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Caricaturists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Writings
Sketches
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Citation:
Al Hirschfeld papers, 1931-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.hirsal
See more items in:
Al Hirschfeld papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hirsal
Online Media:

The ladies, God bless 'em! / by Helen E. Hokinson ; with a memoir by James Reid Parker and an appreciation by John Mason Brown

Author:
Hokinson, Helen E (Helen Elna) 1893-1949  Search this
Parker, James Reid 1909-1984  Search this
Brown, John Mason 1900-1969  Search this
Bookseller:
Smith, Ray DSI  Search this
Physical description:
[88] p. : chiefly ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Caricatures and cartoons
Date:
1950
C1950
Topic:
American wit and humor, Pictorial  Search this
Women  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.H7408 H7l 1950
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_513525

To all hands, an amphibious adventure. Foreword by Rear Admiral Alan G. Kirk, USN

Author:
Brown, John Mason 1900-1969  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 236 p., incl. front., illus., plates, ports. 24 cm
Type:
Personal narratives
Place:
Italy
Sicily
Date:
1943
[1943]
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Call number:
D763.S5B7X 1943
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_335562

The American theatre as seen by its critics, 1752-1934, edited by Montrose J. Moses and John Mason Brown

Author:
Moses, Montrose Jonas 1878-1934  Search this
Brown, John Mason 1900-1969  Search this
Physical description:
391 p. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1967
1967 [c1934]
Topic:
Theater  Search this
American drama--History and criticism  Search this
Call number:
PN2221 .M911 1967
PN2221.M911 1967
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_16406

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