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Jesse Brown Photographs

Creator:
Jones, Phillip  Search this
Names:
United States. Navy -- Aviation  Search this
United States. Navy. Fighter Squadron 32  Search this
Brown, Jesse L., 1926-1950  Search this
Jones, Phillip  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Snapshots
Place:
Naval Air Station Pensacola (Fla.)
United States -- Armed Forces -- Afro-Americans
Date:
bulk 1947
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of twenty-two snapshots taken by Phillip Jones, many of which include images of his friend Jesse Brown, as well as friends John Brannon, Sam Clauzel, and Rex Vannoy, during their Pensacola training. They are shown posing in front of a North American SNJ Texan. There are also a few shots of Pensacola training facilities as well as Sikorsky R-4s and other various training aircraft.
Biographical / Historical:
Jesse L. Brown (1926-1950) was the first African-American Navy pilot. Born in Hattiesburg, Mississippi to sharecroppers, Brown attended Ohio State University and enlisted in the US Naval Reserve on 8 July 1946. That following spring, he accepted an appointment as a midshipman in the US Navy. Brown attended the Navy preflight school in Ottumwa, Iowa, followed by flight training at Pensacola, where he was one of only six (out of 100) to complete the training. In 1948, Brown began a tour of duty with VF-32 at Quonset Point, RI, and was commissioned an ensign on April 15th of that year. In June 1950, VF-32 was operating from USS Leyte in the Mediterranean on a routine cruise when it was diverted to the Korean War. By October 1950, Brown was flying F4U-4 Corsair missions from USS Leyte. Brown became a section leader and received the Air Medal for daring attacks against the enemy before getting shot down by enemy fire and perishing in the wreckage of his aircraft. Brown was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and on March 18, 1972, the Navy christened the USS Jesse L. Brown (DE-1098) the first time that a Naval vessel had been named for an African-American.
Provenance:
Joan B. Jones, Gift, 2003
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
African American air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Korean War, 1950-1953  Search this
Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Medals -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Snapshots
Citation:
Jesse Brown Photographs, Accession 2003-0049, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2003.0049
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2003-0049

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