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Drawing of warfare scene, with warrior attacking man and woman

Depicted:
Brotherton, D. H.  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite and colored pencil, 26 x 24 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
n.d
Scope and Contents:
Verso has picture of Army officer identified as Brotherton meeting with Indian man identified as Wetcohu.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 384177

NAA INV 384177_02
Place:
United States Dakota Territory.
Album Information:
MS 384177 002
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 384177, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Plains Indian drawings in book made from Ration Lists
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39048e07c-5161-4467-9c3d-e879cc06b020
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms384177-ref2

Drawing of horse

Collection Collector:
Brotherton, D. H.  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, 21 x 26 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
n.d
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08528001

NAA MS 384176
Album Information:
MS 384176 001
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 384,176, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Plains Indian drawings of horses in book made of forms
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw365f98922-887f-4007-b937-59995b00d52b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms384176-ref1

Drawing of horse

Collection Collector:
Brotherton, D. H.  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, 21 x 26 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
n.d
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08528002

NAA MS 384176
Album Information:
MS 384176 002
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 384,176, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Plains Indian drawings of horses in book made of forms
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32ce875f6-c3d7-45a8-8a24-dd59d67a634f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms384176-ref2

Drawing of two horses

Collection Collector:
Brotherton, D. H.  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, 21 x 26 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
n.d
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08528004

NAA MS 384176
Album Information:
MS 384176 004
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 384,176, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Plains Indian drawings of horses in book made of forms
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34ab0b64d-5660-4d32-b25a-f83c66c7fbd1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms384176-ref4

Drawing of two horses

Collection Collector:
Brotherton, D. H.  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, 21 x 26 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
n.d
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08528005

NAA MS 384176
Album Information:
MS 384176 005
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 384,176, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Plains Indian drawings of horses in book made of forms
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw345603bb9-68a5-414d-8898-0e6aa1b048d6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms384176-ref5

Drawing of two horses

Collection Collector:
Brotherton, D. H.  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, 21 x 26 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
n.d
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08528006

NAA MS 384176
Album Information:
MS 384176 006
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 384,176, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Plains Indian drawings of horses in book made of forms
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3350a3df4-2472-4293-bb7c-4377102a03c3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms384176-ref6

Drawing of two horses, one connected by lead to small drawing of courting couple

Collection Collector:
Brotherton, D. H.  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, 21 x 26 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
n.d
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08528003

NAA MS 384176
Album Information:
MS 384176 003
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 384,176, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Plains Indian drawings of horses in book made of forms
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38bfb5d0d-9efe-41fa-a0b1-72bbb91aa5bd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms384176-ref3

Plains Indian drawings of horses in book made of forms

Collector:
Brotherton, D. H.  Search this
Extent:
6 Drawings (4 leaves, graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, 21 x 26 cm.)
Culture:
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1880-1884
Scope and Contents:
Plains Indian drawings on the leaves of a book created by stitching together two folded sheets of printed forms, yielding four leaves. Two leaves with drawings on both sides, for a total of six drawings executed in graphite and colored pencil. The paper is unused forms for reports of Quartermaster's Stores with the printed dated 18__.

Drawings are all of horses, with faint figures of a courting couple in one image. The authorship of the drawings is unknown. They appear to be by two hands, one of whose work also appears in MS384,177 and MS28804. The original identification as "Sioux," subsequently changed to the more specific Lakota, may be in error as noted in the record for MS384,177. Other possible tribal origins include Assiniboine, Arikara, and Crow, the latter two groups a source of Army scouts. The drawings likely date to 1880-1884, the period of Brotherton's western service.

Pictures of horses drawn on printed forms: "Monthly Return of Quartermaster's Stores." Probably collected 1880-84.
Biographical / Historical:
A chronology of D.H. Brotherton's military career, was provided by Major General Edward F. Witsell of the War Department in a letter to John Ewers, SI, dated August 29, 1946: "Brotherton who was on duty at Ft Snelling, Minn from 4 February 1880 to 13 July 1880 assumed command of Ft Buford, Dakota Territory 20 July 1880 and relinquished command of that post 30 August, 1881. He assumed command of Ft Stevenson, D.T. 7 September 1881 and relinquished command of the post 20 October 1881." War Dept Archives states: Ft Snelling 12 June 1882 - 16 Jan 1884. Retired 14 April 1884. Died 17 September 1889. D.H. Brotherton accepted the surrender of Sitting Bull at Ft Buford, N. Dakota on July 17, 1881.
Local Numbers:
USNM ACC 173,740

NAA MS 384,176
Place:
United States Dakota Territory.
Album Information:
MS 384176 000
Provenance:
Brown, T. T. Mrs
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 384,176, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS384176
See more items in:
Plains Indian drawings of horses in book made of forms
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e2499de9-4e87-4681-b489-4155c67a2999
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms384176

Plains Indian drawings in book made from Ration Lists

Depicted:
Brotherton, D. H.  Search this
Extent:
9 Drawings (8 leaves, graphite and colored pencil, 26 x 24 cm.)
Culture:
Central Plains  Search this
Northern Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1880-1884
Scope and Contents:
Plains Indian drawings on the leaves of a book created by stitching together four folded sheets of printed forms, yielding eight leaves. One leaf with drawings on both sides, for a total of nine drawings executed in graphite and colored pencil. The paper is unused forms for ration issue at Fort Peck, Montana, with the printed dated 1888_. Some leaves are printed with the names of family heads to receive rations, rendered in both Native language (not identified) and English.

Drawings are of intertribal warfare, capture of horses, and a meeting between Brotherton and an Indian leader, identified in an inscription as Wetcohu or Wetcohee.

The authorship of the drawings is unknown. They appear to be by a single hand, whose work also appears in MS384176 and MS28804 "Anonymous Plains Indian Drawings, n.d." . The original identification as "Sioux," subsequently changed to the more specific Lakota, may be in error as the hair and attire of the Native man in the Brotherton image as well as other drawings is inconsistent with that tribe. Other possible tribal origins include Assiniboine, Arikara, and Crow, the latter two groups a source of Army scouts. The drawings can be dated to 1880-1884, the period of Brotherton's western service, based on the depiction of him in one image (384,177_2), and the printed date of 188_. While the forms are from Fort Peck, Montana, Brotherton never served there. However, bands from several tribes once at Ft. Peck, including Assiniboine, Yanktonai, and Hunkpapa, subsequently passed through Ft. Buford during Brotherton's service there (Miller et al 2008).

References cited: Miller, David Reed, and Fort Peck Community College, eds. 2008 The History of the Fort Peck Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes, 1800 - 2000. Poplar, Mont. : Helena, Mont: Fort Peck Community College ; Montana Historical Society Press.
Biographical / Historical:
A chronology of D.H. Brotherton's military career, was provided by Major General Edward F. Witsell of the War Department in a letter to John Ewers, SI, dated August 29, 1946: "Brotherton who was on duty at Ft Snelling, Minn from 4 February 1880 to 13 July 1880 assumed command of Ft Buford, Dakota Territory 20 July 1880 and relinquished command of that post 30 August, 1881. He assumed command of Ft Stevenson, D.T. 7 September 1881 and relinquished command of the post 20 October 1881." War Dept Archives states: Ft Snelling 12 June 1882 - 16 Jan 1884. Retired 14 April 1884. Died 17 September 1889. D.H. Brotherton accepted the surrender of Sitting Bull at Ft Buford, N. Dakota on July 17, 1881.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 384177
Place:
United States Dakota Territory.
Album Information:
MS 384177 000
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 384177, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS384177
See more items in:
Plains Indian drawings in book made from Ration Lists
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3456dfa0e-bb1b-420f-9738-20d5c8a221c7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms384177

Portrait of Crow King

Creator:
Brotherton, D. H.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 006 in mounted on 004 in x 007 in)
Culture:
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00615600
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plains Dakota NM 173740 00615600, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plains / Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref7648

Portrait of Crow King

Creator:
Brotherton, D. H.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 006 in mounted on 004 in x 007 in)
Culture:
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00615700

OPPS NEG.BAE 3190B
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plains Dakota NM 173740 00615700, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plains / Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref7649

Portrait of Low Dog in Native Dress

Creator:
Brotherton, D. H.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 006 in mounted on 004 in x 007 in)
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00615800
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plains Dakota NM 173740 00615800, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plains / Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref7650

Portrait of Low Dog in Native Dress

Creator:
Brotherton, D. H.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 006 in mounted on 004 in x 007 in)
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00615900

OPPS NEG.BAE 3671D
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plains Dakota NM 173740 00615900, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plains / Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref7651

Camp of Surrendered Dakota, Possibly Sitting Bull's Camp?

Creator:
Brotherton, D. H.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (006 in x 004 in mounted on 007 in x 004 in)
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1881
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00616000

OPPS NEG.BAE 44821H
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
North Dakota ? -- Fort Buford (Near)
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plains Dakota NM 173740 00616000, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plains / Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref7652

Camp of Surrendered Dakota, Possibly Sitting Bull's Camp?

Creator:
Brotherton, D. H.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (006 in x 004 in mounted on 007 in x 004 in)
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1881
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00616100

OPPS NEG.BAE 44821J
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
North Dakota ? -- Fort Buford (Near)
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plains Dakota NM 173740 00616100, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plains / Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref7653

Topographical Sketch of Battlefield of Bear Paw Mountains, Mt, Sept 30, 1877, Showing Nez Perce Camp and Placement of US Troops

Creator:
Brotherton, D. H.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (009 in x 007 in mounted on 010 in x 008 in)
Container:
Box VIII:2, Folder 15
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00942600
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plateau Nez Perce NM 173740 00942600, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plateau / Nez Perce
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref11266

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