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Meyer Schapiro papers

Creator:
Schapiro, Meyer, 1904-  Search this
Names:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Brodie, Gandy, 1925-1975  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 2 partial microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1949-1982
Scope and Contents:
Material relating to painters Gandy Brodie and Forrest Bess.
REEL 3458: Letters from Bess, some illustrated with sketches, diagrams, clippings, or black and white snapshots. Some of the later letters relate to Bess's life in Bay City, Texas, his work, his dealings with gallery owner Betty Parsons, and his stays in a state mental ward and a Veterans' Administration hospital. Also includes copies of letters from Bess to other correspondents, and a copy of a letter from Schapiro to Bess; an exhibition catalog; and a photocopy of a list of letters from Bess lent by Schapiro to the Whitney Museum of American Art.
REEL 3475: A letter from Bess to Schapiro and his wife Lillian; a letter to Bess from ART NEWS rejecting his article; photocopies of letters, notes and diagrams by Bess.
UNMICROFILMED: Materials relating to Gandy Brodie, including 68 letters and postcards, some illustrated, from Brodie; a poem by Brodie; a list of Brodie exhibitions; and a catalog for an exhibition at Durlacher Bros., 1955.
Biographical / Historical:
Art historian, New York, N.Y. Died March 4, 1996. Schapiro met Gandy Brodie in 1946. He wrote a catalog introduction for a Brodie exhibition, 1967, eulogy for his memorial service, 1975, and a catalog introduction for a Forrest Bess retrospective at the Betty Parsons Gallery, 1962.
Related Materials:
Meyer Schapiro papers, 1923-1991, are located at Columbia University Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
Provenance:
Donated 1982-1985 by Meyer Schapiro.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art historians  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.schameye
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-schameye

Nathan Halper business records

Creator:
Halper, Nathan  Search this
Names:
H.C. Gallery (Provincetown, Mass.)  Search this
H.C.E. Gallery (Provincetown, Mass.)  Search this
Kootz Gallery (N.Y.)  Search this
National Association of Women Artists (U.S.)  Search this
Sun Gallery (Provincetown, Mass.)  Search this
Avery, Milton, 1885-1965  Search this
Botkin, Henry, 1896-1983  Search this
Brodie, Gandy, 1925-1975  Search this
Caro, Anthony, 1924-  Search this
Cuddihy, John Murray  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph, 1903-1974  Search this
Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Kootz, Samuel Melvin, 1898-1982  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Stankiewicz, Richard, 1922-1983  Search this
Extent:
4.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Gallery records
Visitors' books
Date:
1952-1979
Summary:
Records of four of Nathan Halper's Provincetown galleries measure 4.2 linear feet and date from 1952-1979. The records relate to Kootz Gallery, H-C Gallery, HCE Gallery, and Sun Gallery - all based in Provincetown. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence with artists, estate executors, collectors, galleries, and museums. There are also scattered business and financial records documenting operations and sales, photographs and slides, printed materials, and one poem. Correspondents include Milton Avery, Anthony Caro, John Murray Cuddihy, Marsden Hartley, Hans Hoffman, Samuel Kootz, Robert Motherwell, David Smith, Richard Stankeiwicz, and many others.
Scope and Contents note:
Records of four of Nathan Halper's Provincetown galleries measure 4.2 linear feet and date from 1952-1979. The records relate to Kootz Gallery, H-C Gallery, HCE Gallery, and Sun Gallery - all based in Provincetown. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence with artists, estate executors, collectors, galleries, and museums. There are also scattered business and financial records documenting operations and sales, photographs and slides, printed materials, and one poem. Correspondents include Milton Avery, Anthony Caro, John Murray Cuddihy, Marsden Hartley, Hans Hoffman, Samuel Kootz, Robert Motherwell, David Smith, Richard Stankeiwicz, and many others.

Biographical material consists of one literary poem.

The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence with many artists, estate executors, gallery partners, collectors, galleries, and museums regarding works of art, sales, account balances, requests for information, and general updates.

Scattered business records are found for all four galleries and include a Kootz Gallery guest register, address books, corporation and partnership agreements for the Kootz, H-C, HCE, and Sun galleries, insurance policies, and a Kootz Gallery employee file. Both the guest register and address books were also used as general business related notebooks.

Financial material consists of inventory stock books, price lists and sales, checkbook registers, and general expense invoices/receipts for the four galleries. The undated stock books list artists' names, general artwork identification information, and prices. Additional sales information is found in price lists, correspondence, sales notebooks, and checkbook registers. Invoices and receipts also document general operating expenses.

Printed material includes newspaper clippings on the Provincetown art scene and major artists represented by Halper, three exhibition catalogs, and an event calendar from the National Association of Women Artists.

Photographic material consists of prints and slides of the Kootz, H-C, and HCE galleries; black and white and color prints of exhibitions by Harry Botkin, Adolph Gottlieb, Robert Motherwell, and Hans Hofmann; and black and white prints, color slides, and transparencies of select works of art shown at the galleries.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged as 6 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1953-1970 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1952-1979 (Boxes 1-2; 1.3 linear feet)

Series 3: Business Records, 1953-1970 (Box 2; .7 linear feet)

Series 4: Financial Material, 1953-1970 (Boxes 3-4; 2 linear feet)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1952-1976 (Box 5; 3 folders)

Series 6: Photographic Material, 1953-1969 (Box 5; 11 folders)
Biographical/Historical note:
Nathan Halper (1907-1983) worked in Provincetown, Massachusetts as a contemporary American art dealer, writer, and James Joyce scholar.

Nathan Halper first moved to Provincetown, Massachusetts in 1936 where he met and eventually married his wife, Helen Marjorie Windust Halper. During the late 1940s and early 1950s, their circle of friends included artists, writers, and academics drawn to the Provincetown art colony. Through friendships with Adolph Gottlieb and Fritz Bultman, Halper was introduced to Hans Hofmann, his students, and other abstract expressionist artists.

In 1949, Halper was invited to give a talk on James Joyce at Forum 49, a Provincetown summer lecture series on the future of art organized by Weldon Kees and held in a gallery at 200 Commercial Street. Speakers ranged from Jackson Pollock to poet laureate Howard Nemerov, and the series also presented one of the first major exhibitions of abstract expressionism in America. In 1952, Halper became the treasurer of the Provincetown Art Association (est. 1914), an influential social nexus that connected artists, galleries, patrons, and the public through memberships and annual events.

In 1953, he entered into a partnership with New York art dealer Sam Kootz and helped establish the Kootz Gallery in Provincetown. Their stable initially consisted of abstract expressionists Kootz represented in New York: Robert Motherwell, Hans Hofmann, Adolph Gottlieb, Fritz Bultman, and William Baziotes. Halper and Kootz mutually agreed to dissolve their partnership in 1954 and Halper opened the H-C Gallery with John Murray Cuddihy in 1955. After Cuddihy's departure at the end of the 1956 season, Halper opened the HCE Gallery (1957-1967), a name inspired by Joyce's Finnegan's Wake. In 1962, Halper entered into a one year partnership with Noah Goldowsky to help finance and run the Sun Gallery.

After the dissolution of the Kootz Gallery, Halper continued to represent Motherwell and, for a short time, Gottlieb in the Provincetown area, but quickly added other artists to the HCE stable. Through its relationship with New York dealers, such as Martha Jackson Gallery, Andre Emmerich Gallery, and Waddington Galleries, HCE was able to exhibit and sell works by Milton Avery, Gandy Brodie, Anthony Caro, Edwin Dickinson, Marsden Hartley, Hans Hoffman, Wolf Kahn, William King, Jan Muller, Elie Nadelman, David Smith, Richard Stankiewicz, Tal Streeter, and Anthony Vevers, among others.
Related Archival Materials note:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are the Kootz Gallery records and oral history interviews with Nathan Halper conducted by Dorothy Seckler, July 17, 1963 and by Robert Brown, July 8-August 14, 1980. Columbia University also holds Nathan Halper's papers concerning his literary scholarly work.
Provenance:
The Nathan Halper business records were donated by Nathan Halper in 1979. Additional materials were donated in 1983 and 1984 by his wife Helen Marjorie Windust Halper.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art dealers  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Gallery directors  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Gallery records
Visitors' books
Citation:
Nathan Halper business records, 1952-1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.halpnath
See more items in:
Nathan Halper business records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-halpnath
Online Media:

Oral history interview with George Earl Ortman

Interviewee:
Ortman, George, 1926-  Search this
Interviewer:
Baker, Richard Brown  Search this
Names:
Brodie, Gandy, 1925-1975  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Hayter, Stanley William, 1901-1988  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Mitchell, Joan, 1926-1992  Search this
Oliveira, Nathan, 1928-2010  Search this
Ward, Eleanor, 1912-1984  Search this
Wise, Howard  Search this
Extent:
211 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1963 Sept. 19-Nov. 5
Scope and Contents:
An interview of George Earl Ortman conducted 1963 Sept. 19-Nov. 5, by Richard Brown Baker, for the Archives of American Art.
Ortman speaks of critics' reviews of his work; his reactions to the early abstract expressionists; his family background and early experiences; his education; the California environment and its influence on him; his U.S. Navy service; the art scene in San Francisco in the 1940s; other artists he was acquainted with; coming to New York; influences on contemporary artists; pop art; establishing a reputation as a printmaker; studying under William Hayter; his time spent in France; development of his style; problems of making a living in art; his work in theatrical design; realism versus abstraction; his teaching career; exhibits he has had. He recalls Eleanor Ward, Howard Wise, Willem de Kooning, Nathan Oliveira, Gandy Brodie, Hans Hofmann, and Joan Mitchell.
Biographical / Historical:
George Earl Ortman (1926- ) is a painter, sculptor, and printmaker from Bloomfield Hills, Mich.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 52 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript: Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Michigan -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Printmakers -- Michigan -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- Michigan -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.ortman63
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ortman63

Gandy Brodie papers

Creator:
Brodie, Gandy, 1925-1975  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1954-1983
Scope and Contents:
A biographical sketch; a résumé; correspondence with friends and colleagues, including condolence letters sent to his wife; receipts for art supplies, Durlacher Bros. sales receipts for paintings, an undated and unsigned lease for a studio; three notes; a press release; clippings; exhibition announcements and catalogs; and eight reproductions of works of art.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; West Townsend, Vermont. Birthdate also listed as 1924.
Provenance:
Donated 1983 by Gandy Brodie's widow.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.brodgand
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-brodgand

Daniel Sherry writings

Creator:
Sherry, Daniel  Search this
Names:
Brodie, Gandy, 1925-1975  Search this
Extent:
2 Items ((9 p. on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1983
Scope and Contents:
Typescripts containing Sherry's recollections of Gandy Brodie as a teacher and of his school in Newfane, Vermont.
Biographical / Historical:
Student of Vermont painter Gandy Brodie; Westminister, Vt.
Provenance:
Donated 1983 by Daniel Sherry.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Vermont  Search this
Topic:
Painting -- Vermont  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.sherdani
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sherdani

Fred R. and Shirley Sherry papers

Creator:
Sherry, Fred R.  Search this
Sherry, Shirley  Search this
Names:
Brodie, Gandy, 1925-1975  Search this
Extent:
12 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1955-1957
Scope and Contents:
11 letters from Gandy Brodie sent to Fred and Shirley Sherry. The letters were sent from Florence, Italy and New York City and describe the progress of his work, upcoming exhibitions, and family activities. Two of the letters are written on exhibition catalogs that include some of Brodie's, or his wife's, Jocelyn, paintings. Also included is a receipt for a Brodie painting sold to the Sherry's.
Biographical / Historical:
Friends and patrons of artist Gandy Brodie; Vermont. Brodie was a Vermont painter.
Provenance:
Donated, 1983, by Fred and Shirley Sherry.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art patrons  Search this
Painters -- Vermont  Search this
Topic:
Painting -- Vermont  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Vermont  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.sherfred
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sherfred

Oral history interview with Gandy Brodie

Interviewee:
Brodie, Gandy, 1925-1975  Search this
Interviewer:
Seckler, Dorothy Gees, 1910-1994  Search this
Extent:
24 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1965 September 6
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Gandy Brodie conducted 1965 September 6, by Dorothy Seckler, for the Archives of American Art. Brodie speaks of his childhood; trips to Paris and Florence; the European reaction to American Art in the 1950's; his paintings, including "City Anguish" and "Demolition"; the influence of Billie Holliday; his early works; Meyer Schapiro's support; and his techniques and intentions.
Biographical / Historical:
Gandy Brodie (1925-1975) was a painter from West Townshend, Vermont.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 1 hr., 5 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Painters -- Vermont -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.brodie65
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-brodie65

Gandy Brodie

Title:
Retrospective exhibition of paintings by Gandy Brodie
Author:
Brodie, Gandy 1925-1975  Search this
Sidney Janis Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Brodie, Gandy 1925-1975  Search this
Physical description:
[8] p. : chiefly ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1983
1983]
Call number:
ND237.B86874 A4 1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_904168

Gandy Brodie : January 29th-February 23rd, 1963

Author:
Durlacher Bros  Search this
Subject:
Brodie, Gandy 1925-1975  Search this
Physical description:
1 folded sheet
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1963
[1963]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_904170

Gandy Brodie (1925-1975) : October 15-November 4, 1980

Author:
Brodie, Gandy 1925-1975  Search this
M. Knoedler & Co  Search this
Subject:
Brodie, Gandy 1925-1975  Search this
Physical description:
1 folded sheet ([8] p.) : ill. (1 col.) ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1980
[1980]
Call number:
ND237.B86874 A4 1980
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_916004

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