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Miami -- Vizcaya

Former owner:
Deering, James, 1859-1925)  Search this
Architect:
Hoffman, Francis Burrell, 1882-1980)  Search this
Landscape architect:
Suarez, Diego, 1888-1974  Search this
Sculptor:
Calder, Alexander Stirling, 1870-1945  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
5 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
Vizcaya estate (Florida)
United States of America -- Florida -- Miami-Dade County -- Miami
General:
The Vizcaya gardens span over ten acres surrounding the former winter home of the wealthy industrialist and patron of the arts, James Deering (1859-1925). The Vizcaya estate, located in the Coconut Grove area of Miami, was conceived of by Deering and artist and designer Paul Chalfin (1874-1959). Together they traveled extensively through Europe, particularly Italy, to inspire the design for Deering's South Florida retreat. Vizcaya which means "an elevated place" in Basque, was built in the years 1914 to 1916, and transformed a jungle tract of land into one of the most celebrated houses on the Eastern Seaboard. Diego Suarez (1888-1974), a Columbia-born landscape architect trained in Florence, Italy, was commissioned to create a modern, subtropical interpretation of classical, European Renaissance and Baroque landscape design suited to Miami's climate and terrain. Suarez' extensive knowledge of Italian gardens was combined with a consciousness of architectural design to create a setting for the house.

The garden scheme was divided into various terraces and areas, including a completely walled secret garden, a maze garden, theater garden, pergola garden, and the fountain garden, which features a fountain from the town square of Sutri, Italy. Plants were chosen for their ability to withstand south Florida's climate and pests and combined with native soil and plant materials in designs inspired by gardens seen by Deering and Chalfin on their tours of Italy and France. Varieties of bougainvillea, roses, water lilies, and jasmine were among the flowers found throughout the gardens, along with potted pines and podocarpus, some carefully trimmed in the art of topiary. The gardens were trimmed with hedges and trees and feature decorative walls, balustrades, urns, and sculpture. The areas were supplied with water through designed elements meant to compliment the garden such as pools, cascades, a frescoed grotto pool, fountains, and a system of canals, which invokes scenes on the waterways of Venice.

Unique among country estates, the gardens of Vizcaya integrated statues, busts, vases and urns that ranged from antiquity to the Renaissance and Baroque periods, as well as modern art from Deering's time into the lush vegetation. As the artistic advisor of the property, Paul Chalfin, acquired artifacts as decoration rather than to create a collection. Garden artworks ranged from antique elements to new sculptural decorations by contemporary artists. The gardens also featured several structures including a Baroque casino (garden house), decorative bridges, a large boathouse with a rooftop garden, and a domed garden house called the Casba. The most celebrated outdoor feature was the Barge by artist Alexander Stirling Calder (1870–1945), located in the water in front of the house. In addition to the house and gardens, the grounds also housed a swimming pool and tennis courts. Over two-thirds of the estate, originally 180 acres of subtropical forest along the shores of Biscayne Bay, remains in its natural state. The untouched hammock, shoreline, and pineland serves as a background for the more formal main gardens and along the drive up to the house. The Vizcaya property was surrounded by a wall with decorative paintings on stone and wrought-iron grills.

The house was designed to take advantage of its location on west shore of Biscayne Bay and each side of the house had a unique relationship with the surrounding grounds with loggias, terraces, arcades, and a partially enclosed swimming pool and, from some rooms, views of the gardens and bay. Architect F. Burrell Hoffman Jr. (1884-1980) was commissioned to design the house in the manner of an Italian Renaissance-style villa. Hoffman adapted traditional Mediterranean architectural elements to the subtropical climate in the palatial 70-room mansion. The beautifully planned interior was designed around an airy garden courtyard with a peripheral gallery, originally open to the sky, that was the heart and primary living space of the home. The house embraced modern conveniences and employed the latest technology of the period with an automated telephone switch board, a central vacuum-cleaning system, central heating, several elevators, generators and a water filtration system. The house also included a billiard room, bowling alley, and smoking room. The interiors were designed by the artistic advisor Paul Chalfin around objects acquired on Deering's travels in period rooms ranging in style from the Renaissance through the Neoclassical. The villa housed entire ceilings, mural paintings, chimney pieces, carved paneling, and doorways removed from foreign palaces along with rare rugs, tapestries, and antique furnishings. A working farm called the "Village" with eleven outbuildings was also located on the estate. These buildings were designed to look like an Italian village by Hoffman to compliment the architecture of the house. The Village included barns, stables, chicken houses, mechanical shops, housing for the staff, and the gate lodge making it nearly self-sufficient. A pumphouse provided water for the flower and vegetable gardens, groves for citrus, pineapple, and other fruits, greenhouses, and a large shade house for delicate plants grown at the Village to supply the mansion.

The estate, mansion, and its interiors were celebrated in magazines of the time. Deering occupied the house for four months each winter season beginning at Christmas in 1916.The whole complex was created for entertaining and recreation and Deering frequently invited family, visitors, and houseguests to the enjoy his estate. After Deering's death in 1925, the estate passed to his brother's children. Some of the acreage was sold off, and in 1952 Dade County purchased the remaining land and house. With donations of art and furniture from the family, the Vizcaya estate, became a decorative arts museum operated by Dade County Park and Recreation Department. The property, including the house, gardens, hammock forest, and Vizcaya Village, was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1994.

Other notable artists who contributed to the house and grounds were: Alexander Stirling Calder (1870-1945), Gaston Lachaise (1882-1935), Robert Chanler (1872-1930), Charles Gary Rumsey (1879-1922), Ettore Pellagatta (1881-1966), Paul Thevenez (1891-1921), and Samuel Yellin (1885-1940).

Persons associated include: James Deering (former owner), F. Burrall Hoffman, Jr. (architect), Paul Chalfin (architect of interiors), Diego Suarez (landscape architect), and Alexander Stirling Calder (sculptor), and Metro Dade County Park & Recreation Department (owner).

National Register of Historic Places, Vizcaya, Miami, Dade County, Florida, National Register #70000181.
Postcards circa 1915-1930.
Varying Form:
Also known as Villa Vizcaya, Vizcaya Palace, Vizcaya Museum and Gardens, and the James Deering Estate.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Seaside gardening  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File FL083
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Florida
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1329

Negative Log Book Number 13, (80-20261 to 82-531)

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Archives Smithsonian Photographic Services  Search this
Physical description:
Ink on paper
Type:
Logs (records)
Collection descriptions
Date:
1980
1980-1982
Topic:
Photography--History  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 10-001 [SIA_10-001_NLB13]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_367110
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Natchez -- Longwood Plantation

Architect:
Sloan, Samuel  Search this
Owner:
Pilgrimage Garden Club  Search this
Nutt, Haller  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
1 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
United States of America -- Mississippi -- Adams County -- Natchez
Longwood Plantation (Natchez, Mississippi)
General:
Longwood Plantation was located on eighty-six acres south of Natchez, Mississippi. The property was purchased in 1850 by Haller Nutt (1816-1864), who earned his fortune farming sugar and cotton in Louisiana and Mississippi. The purchase of Longwood was inspired by his wife Julia, who had always been fond of Natchez. From 1860 to 1873, Longwood was the site of geometrically-patterned gardens, trees and allées following the drive, and vast rose gardens. The gardens once covered fifteen acres of the land surrounding the house, with a full ten of the acres planted in roses. Anecdotes state that the gardens were so large that Julia Nutt had to take a horse and carriage out whenever she wanted to pick flowers. The grounds also included a small bowling alley for the family's amusement and large peach and pear tree orchards and vegetable gardens, which Julia used to feed her family when they had fallen on hard times. Surviving records suggest that Mark Kyle, a Philadelphia gardener and landscape architect had a hand in the creation of the gardens at Longwood. When the home was designed, it included four verandas overlooking the gardens and shaded by the ancient oak trees that grew on the plantation.

The house on Longwood Plantation, also known as the Octagon House or Nutt's Folly, was designed by the Philadelphia architect Samuel Sloan beginning in 1859. The octagonal house design was popular during the 1850's throughout the United States, and the form was praised for its utility and cheapness. Longwood is the largest and grandest of the octagon houses built in the United States. The Oriental Revival style residence uniquely combines both Moslem and Italianate architecture with the eclecticism and exotic romanticism, which flourished in mid-nineteenth-century American architecture. Constructed from 1860 to 1862, the palatial structure is an eight-sided, two and one-half story, brick house over a full basement and topped with a large onion-shaped "Moorish" dome. The scale of the house is immense, spanning 30,000 feet, and including thirty-two rooms, eight verandas, four porches, 115 doors, twenty-six fireplaces, twenty-four closets, twenty-six coal-burning fireplaces, and a rotunda that opens to the cupola. Construction was halted in 1861 when the Civil War broke out, with only the exterior and nine rooms on the basement level completed. In 1862, Nutt finished the basement level, and the family moved into this completed section of the mansion. The estate also included several planned outbuildings, many of which were never used for their intended purpose. These structures, still standing today, include the kitchen, necessary (privy), slave's quarters, carriage house, and stables. The Nutt family's cemetery was also kept on the grounds at a considerable distance to the southwest of the mansion.

From the first floor up through the third, the house remained an incomplete, empty shell due to the severe financial losses caused by the Civil War. By the time of his death in 1864, Nutt was deeply in debt and his unfinished home came to be known as Nutt's Folly, a symbol of his financial fall. Haller Nutt died in the home in 1864, and his wife, Julia, remained in residence until her death in 1897. The property remained in the possession of the Nutt family until 1968, when it was purchased by Mr. and Mrs. Kelly McAdams, who in turn sold it to the Pilgrimage Garden Club of Natchez. In 1969, Longwood was added to the National Register of Historic Places as a National Historic Landmark. Sadly, during this time the once spacious and well-tended gardens fell into a state of disrepair, with only the path of the driveway remaining from the original garden plan. When the Pilgrimage Garden Club began restorations there were no visible surface signs of the former gardens of Longwood Plantation. The Pilgrimage Garden Club still owns Longwood today and operates it as a historic house museum and offers tours. Despite the fact that Longwood was never completed on the interior above the basement level, the exterior detailing has survived in an amazing state of preservation. The vast upper stories remain just as the workmen left them in 1861, which provides an opportunity to see a mid-19th-century house under construction. Together with the papers of the owner, Haller Nutt, and the architect, Samuel Sloan, Longwood offers a comprehensive view of the creative process and architectural theory of the period.

Persons associated include: Haller Nutt (former owner), Samuel Sloan (architect), Mark Kyle (possibly landscape architect), Mr. and Mrs. Kelly McAdams (former owner), and the Pilgrimage Garden Club (owner).
Postcard circa 1915-1950.
Varying Form:
Also known as Nutt's Folly and the Octagon House.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Mississippi -- Natchez  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Spanish moss  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Rose gardens  Search this
Architecture, Moorish Revival  Search this
Domes  Search this
Plantations  Search this
Live oak  Search this
Porches  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File MS030
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Mississippi
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1455

Elkins -- Graceland Mansion

Former owner:
Davis, Henry Gassaway  Search this
Architect:
Baldwin and Pennington  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
1 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
Halliehurst (Elkins, West Virginia)
United States of America -- West Virginia -- Randolph County -- Elkins
General:
Graceland Mansion was situated on a 360-acre estate in Elkins, West Virginia. The estate was home to the US senator, railroad builder, industrialist, and candidate for vice president in 1904, Henry Gassaway Davis. Graceland was named for his daughter Grace, and was located just west of Halliehurst, the home and namesake of Senator Davis' daughter Hallie Davis Elkins. The grounds housed gardens, a nine-hole golf course, two tennis courts, stables, and a bowling alley for amusement. Orchards, greenhouses, livestock, a dairy, and an icehouse stocked with ice from its own pond made the estate practically self-sufficient. Graceland Mansion was prominently positioned high on a hill overlooking Gassaway's railroad yards, allowing the Senator to oversee his enterprises and contemplate future developments. The mansion was designed by architects, Baldwin and Pennington, of Baltimore, Maryland, with whom Davis had an association through their works, which included depots of the B&O railroad. Construction began in 1891 and was completed in 1893. Graceland mansion exemplifies the late Victorian Queen Anne style with its contrasting materials of locally sourced sandstone and timbers, picturesque massing, and varied forms including projecting bays, steeply pitched hipped roofs, dormers, gables, turrets, and broad porches. House has a total of thirty-five rooms for family use, including thirteen master bedrooms, ten master bathrooms, in addition spaces for the servants use and storage. Porches around the home overlooked the town of Elkins, and featured palms and rare orchids that were kept in the two greenhouses during the winter. In front of the home was once a heart-shaped driveway, that has since been paved over for a parking lot.

Graceland was enjoyed by two generations of the Davis family, until it was acquired by the West Virginia Presbyterian Educational Fund in 1941. In 1945, the mansion and immediate grounds were presented to Davis & Elkins College and used for student housing. Graceland was listed individually on the National Register of Historic Landmarks in 1970, at which point the mansion was completely restored and is now operated as an inn on the college campus. In 1996, Graceland was incorporated into the Davis & Elkins National Historic Landmark District, a discontinuous district comprised of four separate historic buildings on the campus of Davis and Elkins College.

Persons associated include: Henry Gassaway Davis (former owner), Baldwin and Pennington (architect), West Virginia Presbyterian Educational Fund (former owner), and Davis & Elkins College (owner).

National Register of Historic Places, Davis & Elkins National Historic Landmark District, Elkins, Randolph County, West Virginia, National Register #70000666 and #96001129.
See also Elkins -- Halliehurst (AAG# WV022). Graceland Masion is also pictured in postcard WV022_MAR003.
Postcard was published by F.S. Johnston Drug Co. circa 1900-1930.
Varying Form:
Also known as Graceland Inn and Mansion of Senator Henry Gassaway Davis.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- West Virginia -- Elkins  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Driveways  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File WV009
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / West Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1823

Stevens, B.A., Company. Manufacturers of Five-Pin Bowling Alley, Toledo, Ohio

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Sports, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Sports
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Sports / 1: Manufacturers and Distributors of Sporting Goods
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-sports-ref930

Ten-Pinnet Company. Owners and Controllers of Automatic Bowling Alleys, Indianapolis, Indiana

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Sports, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Sports
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Sports / 1: Manufacturers and Distributors of Sporting Goods
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-sports-ref934

match safe

Maker:
Whitehead & Hoag Company  Search this
Physical Description:
cellulose nitrate (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 5.8 cm x 3.5 cm x .8 cm; 2 5/16 in x 1 3/8 in x 5/16 in
overall: 2 1/4 in x 1 1/2 in x 15/32 in; 5.715 cm x 3.81 cm x 1.2065 cm
Object Name:
Match Safe
Place made:
United States: New Jersey, Newark
Date made:
ca 1900
ID Number:
2006.0098.0922
Accession number:
2006.0098
Catalog number:
2006.0098.0922
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Chemistry
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-665a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1329780
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Betty Cooke, 2004 July 1-2

Interviewee:
Cooke, Betty, 1924-  Search this
Interviewer:
Yager, Jan, 1951-  Search this
Subject:
Beene, Geoffrey  Search this
Bertoia, Harry  Search this
De Patta, Margaret  Search this
Morton, Philip  Search this
Nakashima, George  Search this
Steinmetz, Bill  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
Maryland Institute, College of Art  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Decorative arts  Search this
Jewelers -- Interviews  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11731
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)248744
AAA_collcode_cooke04
Theme:
Craft
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_248744
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Betty Cooke

Interviewee:
Cooke, Betty, 1924-  Search this
Interviewer:
Yager, Jan, 1951-  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
Cranbrook Academy of Art -- Students  Search this
Maryland Institute, College of Art -- Faculty  Search this
Maryland Institute, College of Art -- Students  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Beene, Geoffrey  Search this
Bertoia, Harry  Search this
De Patta, Margaret, 1903-1964  Search this
Morton, Philip  Search this
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Steinmetz, Bill  Search this
Extent:
132 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2004 July 1-2
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Betty Cooke conducted 2004 July 1-2, by Jan Yager, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, in Baltimore, Maryland.
Cooke speaks of her family and growing up in Baltimore, Maryland; taking art classes in high school; attending the Maryland Institute, College of Art; apprenticing in a jeweler's studio; teaching design at the Maryland Institute; buying a house and setting up a studio and shop in it; showing her work in the MoMA "Good Design" Exhibition; marrying fellow artist Bill Steinmetz; working as a design consultant; designing interiors for bowling alleys and restaurants; early jewelry designs; studying one summer at Cranbrook Academy of Art; selling works in various galleries; her interest in folk art; using wood and stones in her pieces; creating a wall mural for a school; working with the Rouse Company; opening The Store Ltd. at Cross Keys and designing the modern interior; her trademark designs; making jewelry on commission; and showing her work in exhibitions. Cooke also speaks of her current studio space and routine; sketching designs; documenting her work; traveling to Mexico, China, Morocco, and London; her current involvement with the Maryland Institute, College of Art; renovating a barn for a new studio; the function and wearability of her jewelry; having a retrospective show in 1995; designing for Geoffrey Beene; her interest in painting and sculpture; defining design versus craft; the market for jewelry; how her work has changed over time; sources of inspiration; collecting objects; deciding to go into retail; choosing metals and tools; masculine and feminine jewelry; and being a female artist. Cooke also recalls Margaret De Patta, Harry Bertoia, Philip Morton, George Nakashima, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Betty Cooke (1924- ) is a jeweler and metalsmith of Baltimore, Maryland. Jan Yager is a jeweler from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 8 digital wav files. Duration is 6 hr., 2 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Topic:
Decorative arts  Search this
Jewelers -- Interviews  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Function:
Artists' studios
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.cooke04
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cooke04

California, Texas and Florida Emerge as COVID-19 Hotspots

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Thu, 16 Jul 2020 15:29:24 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_d4bca09278627504cf23255fb111c14e

AMF Automatic Pinspotter Records

Creator:
American Machine & Foundry Company. (Buffalo, New York)  Search this
Martin, Frank J.  Search this
Woodruff, Raymond R.  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Books
Newsletters
Manuals
Date:
1947-1996
Scope and Contents:
A service manual in two volumes, on the maintenance and repair of automatic pinspotters for bowling alleys; two photographs; photocopies of the company newsletter The AMF Pinspotter, and newspaper clippings and articles on the introduction of the automatic pinspotter to bowling alleys; and other items including a letter and resume relating to the retirement of Raymond Woodruff, who developed the pinspotter for AMF.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged topically.
Biographical / Historical:
At the time of the publication of this manual, AMF was just starting large-scale production of automatic pinspotters, which eliminated the need for manual resetting of pins and increased the popularity of ten-pin bowling.
Provenance:
Collection donated Frank J. Martin in 2002 and Raymond R. Woodruff in 2005.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may aply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bowling  Search this
Bowling alleys  Search this
Bowling alleys -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Books -- 1950-1960
Newsletters
Manuals
Citation:
AMF Automatic Pinspotter Records, 1947-1996, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0823
See more items in:
AMF Automatic Pinspotter Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0823
Online Media:

Bola-Jokoa (Basque Bowling)

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2016-07-01T14:17:30Z
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
Youtube Category:
People & Blogs  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolklife
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolklife
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_tsjFXjz4sm4

Snurfer manufacturing blank created by Sherman Poppen

Inventor:
Poppen, Sherman R.  Search this
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 46 in x 6 1/2 in x 4 1/2 in; 116.84 cm x 16.51 cm x 11.43 cm
Object Name:
manufacturing blank
manufacturing blank, snowboarding
Subject:
Sports  Search this
Snowboarding  Search this
recreational  Search this
Invention  Search this
ID Number:
2009.0092.03
Accession number:
2009.0092
Catalog number:
2009.0092.03
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Sport and Leisure
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-0d70-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1359398

Phyllis Diller’s Gag File

Manufacturer:
Art Steel Company, Inc.  Search this
Maker:
Diller, Phyllis  Search this
Art Steel Company, Inc.  Search this
Physical Description:
steel (overall material)
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
adhesive (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 48 in x 40 in x 17 1/4 in; 121.92 cm x 101.6 cm x 43.815 cm
Object Name:
file
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
ca 1962 - 1994
Subject:
Humor  Search this
Comedians  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Phyllis Diller
ID Number:
2003.0289.01.01
Accession number:
2003.0289
Catalog number:
2003.0289.01.01
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Popular Entertainment
Phyllis Diller
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-40b6-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1218385
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Polish Daily Z.goda, bowling alley

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood Illustration Studios  Search this
Physical Description:
glass plate (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 5 in x 4 in; 12.7 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
glass plate negative
Place made:
United States: Illinois, Chicago
Subject:
Bowling  Search this
Sports and Recreation, general  Search this
ID Number:
PG.67.88.00015
Catalog number:
67.88.00015
Accession number:
270586
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Sports & Leisure
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-b319-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_755700

Harold M. Anderson Black Wall Street Film

Creator:
Anderson, Harold M.  Search this
Names:
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969  Search this
Nixon, Pat, 1912-  Search this
Nixon, Richard M.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (1 reel.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Place:
Oklahoma -- Tulsa
Date:
1948-1952
Summary:
Black Wall Street was a vibrant African American community in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Filmed between 1948 and 1952 Reverend Harold Anderson's Black Wall Street Film documents many of the neighborhood's businesses including barber shops, bakers, taxi companies, jewelers, and other stores. Reverand Andserson also captured its citizens in church, at school, participating in parades, and walking around the area. The film includes footage Richard and Pat Nixon as they campaigned in Black Wall Street, the first vice-presidential candidate to visit the African American neighborhood.
Scope and Contents:
A black and white, silent 16mm film documenting the people and businesses of the Black Wall Street section of Tulsa, Oklahoma from 1948-1952.
Arrangement:
Arranged in one series.

Series 1, Harold M. Anderson Black Wall Street Film
Biographical / Historical:
Black Wall Street was a vibrant African American community that was destroyed during a race riot that broke out in 1921. Its businesses were burned to the ground and the residents were displaced. Against the odds, Black Wall Street was reborn and by the 1940s was once again a center for African American life in Tulsa.

Reverend Harold Mose Anderson's film titled Reverend Harold Anderson's Black Wall Street documents evidence of this resurgance. Although Anderson was only a year old when the riots occurred, he grew up hearing stories about life in Black Wall Street before the riot. He was both a witness to and participant in the rebuilding and revival of the community. And, he documented the resulting renewal with his 16mm motion picture camera.

Filmed between 1948 and 1952 Reverend Harold Anderson's Black Wall Street does just that. A successful businessman, Anderson managed and then owned two neighborhood movie theaters, a skating rink, bowling alley, and shopping strip, among other enterprises. He also brought the Golden Gloves boxing tournament to the area, making it accessible to African American fans. Anderson felt that it was critical that Black Wall Street sustain independent African American business, ensuring resident dollars would stay in the community and guarantee its vibrancy.

Almost lost in a devastating house fire, Reverend Anderson's film recognizes the efforts and successes of the community. With his camera he documented many of Black Wall Street's businesses including barber shops, bakers, taxi companies, jewelers, and other stores. He also captured its citizens in church, at school, participating in parades, and walking around the area. The film includes footage Richard and Pat Nixon as they campaigned in Black Wall Street, the first vice-presidential candidate to visit the African American neighborhood.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center by Patricia Sanders on behalf of the heirs of Harold M. Anderson in 2009.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Reference copy in Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS) must be used.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. All third party requests to use the film for other than standard museum purposes are to be direced to GettyImages. See repository for information.
Topic:
African American neighborhoods  Search this
African American churches  Search this
Parades -- United States  Search this
Riots -- 1920-1930 -- Oklahoma -- Tulsa  Search this
African American businesspeople  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Citation:
Harold M. Anderson Black Wall Street Film, 1948-1952, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1197
See more items in:
Harold M. Anderson Black Wall Street Film
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1197

Sherman Poppen Papers

Donor:
Poppen, Sherman, 1930-  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Videocassettes
Business records
Correspondence
Scrapbooks
Advertisements
Clippings
Newsletters
Patents
Negatives
Date:
1966 - 2008
Summary:
The Sherman Poppen Papers document the snurfer, the predecessor of the snowboard that he invented in 1965. The snurfer, a sled that was ridden while standing up, originally consisted of two skis bound together. Snurfer competitions fueled the development of the snowboard as a piece of sporting equipment. This collection contains material describing the snurfer's place in snowboarding history, and the associated business and legal aspects.
Scope and Contents:
The Sherman Poppen Papers document the invention of the snurfer and its distribution. The collection is arranged into two series. The collection consists of correspondence, product literature, photographs, books, notes, a scrapbook, newsletters, newspaper and magazine articles, and VHS videocassettes documenting the snurfer. The business and legal materials, 1966-2006, contains correspondence, notes, and legal documents.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series.

Series 1, History, 1966-2008

Series 2, Business and Legal Materials, 1966-2006
Biographical / Historical:
Sherman Poppen (1930-2019) was born in Muskegon, Michigan. He graduated from Northwestern University in 1952 and served in the United States Navy as a supply office at sea from 1952-1956. He owned an industrial business, Lake Welding Supply Company, which sold gases and welding supplies in Muskegon, Michigan. On December 25, 1965, Poppen created the snurfer, a predecessor of the snowboard, by binding two children's skis together. His wife, Nancy, was pregnant with their third child and his two restless daughters, Wendy and Laurie, wanted to play on Christmas day. Poppen entertained them by playing outside in the snow. The girls' desire to stand up while riding on a sled and Poppen's vision of snow drifts as waves collided, and the idea for the snurfer was born. Nancy coined "snurf" by combining the words snow and surf. Neighborhood children soon began asking for snurfers of their own. Poppen decided to patent his creation (US Patent #: 3,378,274 --Surf-Type Snow Ski) and trademarked the words snurf and snurfer (US Trademark #: 1,518,101). It was also patented in Canada (Patent #: 819,596). In 1966, he licensed the product to the Brunswick Corporation and worked with them to create a board from the laminated wood used for bowling alley gutters. Brunswick manufactured the snurfer and sold it as a novelty item, not sports equipment, and it gained popularity. From 1968 through the late 1970s, snurfer racing competitions were held in Muskegon at Blockhouse Hill. In 1972, Brunswick discontinued production of the snurfer, but JEM Corporation continued manufacture until the early 1980s. By 1977, Jake Burton Carpenter, an avid competitive snurfer, began developing an improved model without a rope handle and with the addition of rigid bindings for ski boots to the board. As more resorts began allowing snowboards on their ski lifts, the popularity of the snurfer waned.

Poppen took up snowboarding at the age of 67. He received recognition from the snowboarding community as the grandfather of the sport and was inducted into the Snowboarding Hall of Fame in Banff, Canada in 1995 and the Muskegon Area Sports Hall of Fame in 2001.
Related Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

The Division of Culture and the Arts holds artifacts related to this collection. See accession #: 2009.0092.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Sherman Poppen on June 22, 2009.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Toys -- 20th century  Search this
Dolls  Search this
Paper dolls  Search this
Sports  Search this
Snowboarding  Search this
Patents  Search this
Winter sports  Search this
Sporting goods industry  Search this
Inventions -- 20th century  Search this
Snurfer  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videocassettes
Business records -- 1950-2000
Correspondence -- 20th century
Business records -- 21st century
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Advertisements -- 20th century
Clippings -- 20th century
Newsletters -- 20th century
Patents -- 20th century
Negatives
Citation:
Sherman Poppen Papers, 1966-2008, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1159
See more items in:
Sherman Poppen Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1159
Online Media:

Memoir

Collection Creator:
Craton, Forman H., 1902-1983  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1-2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1902-1933; 1934-1940
Scope and Contents:
An account of Mr. Craton's life from his birth on June 23, 1902 to January 1, 1924. Written in 1972, from old letters, genealogical materials collected by Mr. Craton's mother and memory.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Forman H. Craton Collection, 1902-1983, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Forman H. Craton Papers
Forman H. Craton Papers / Series 1: Memoirs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0454-ref253
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Handwritten diary

Collection Creator:
Craton, Forman H., 1902-1983  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4-5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1939
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Forman H. Craton Collection, 1902-1983, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Forman H. Craton Papers
Forman H. Craton Papers / Series 1: Memoirs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0454-ref263
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Handwritten Diary

Collection Creator:
Craton, Forman H., 1902-1983  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 6-8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1940
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Forman H. Craton Collection, 1902-1983, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Forman H. Craton Papers
Forman H. Craton Papers / Series 1: Memoirs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0454-ref265
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