2,000 Items (circa 2000 paintings, drawings, and photographs)
Scope and Contents note:
Artwork and some photographs used to illustrate articles published in the annual reports and bulletins of the Bureau of American Ethnology and the United States National Museum. The material includes artwork by Mary Beth Chapman, Mary Wright Gill, Mary M. Hildebrant, Spencer Baird Nichols, and Antonio Zeno Shindler. Also included are unidentified illustrations of Near Eastern costumes, prayer positions and Mexican funerary vessels, perhaps sketched by Walter Hough, and a drawing, signed "J. T. G.", of a memorial to the daughter of Chief Spotted Tail.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 133
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional illustrations are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 78-51, the records of the Bureau of American Ethnology, and the Manuscript and Pamphlet File in the Department of Anthropology records.
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Photo lot 133, Illustrations used in Bureau of American Ethnology and United States National Museum publications, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Most of Stevenson's scientific notes are included as separate items in the series of numbered manuscript and the papers of John Peabody Harrington. This particular set of materials is made up of papers that passed into the hands of the executor of her estate. It consists of a miscellany of letters, notes, legal documents, cartographic materials, genealogical materials, photographs, newspaper clippsing, other printed material, and other types of documents. Although tehc ollection largely concerns Stevenson, it also includes some material of her husband, James Stevenson, and members of her family, especially her father, Alexander H. Evans, a Washington, D.C. attorney.
Many of the documents concern Stevenson's field work among the Pueblo Indians and other official duties with the Smithsonian. some material relates to her activities with the World's Columbian Exposition and the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. A few items concern her membership in scientific organizations. Still other documents are of a personal nature, and some are mementoes, especially of James Stevenson. A significant group of documents concern Matilda CoxeStevenson's friendly and, later, very difficult relationship with Clara True.
The photographs include some items of ethnographic interest but it consists largely of portraits of James andMatilda Stevensonand Mrs. Stevenson's relatives. Also included are images in albums apparently gathered by Stevenson as a collector of photographs. They include images of Kit Carson, Charles Darwin, Charles Dickens, Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and William Tecumseh Shermn. In the albums are also a nubmer of photographic portraits with unidentified subjects, many of whom appear to be actors and actresses.
A letter to ethnologist John Gregory Bourke, September 16, 1894, describing his experiences in the Southwest, his painting SNAKE DANCE, and commenting on Bourke's work.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; illustrator, Santa Barbara, Calif. and Toledo, Ohio; b. Nov. 13, 1859, Hagerstown, Md.; d. Nov. 9, 1932. Birth date also cited as 1857.
Donated 1969 by the Joslyn Art Museum.
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Four drawings of warfare on two loose pages torn from a ledger book. Other drawings from the same ledger were pasted into the donor's diary, which is now in the Special Collections Library at the US Military Academy at West Point. Bourke records there that the book was captured in June 1876 from a camp then believed to be Sioux. This encounter is now known as the Battle of the Rosebud, and the camp identified as Northern Cheyenne, not Sioux.
Biographical / Historical:
Col. John Gregory Bourke (1846-1896), a graduate of West Point, spent most of his military career in the Northern Plains under Brigadier General George Crook. After serving in these campaigns from 1869-1888, Bourke was given some time off from his military duties to study Indian people where he compiled ethnological accounts of the Apache and several other tribes in the Southwest. For more information on Bourke, see "John Gregory Bourke, Victorian Soldier-Scientist, the Western Apprenticeship, 1869-1886" by Joseph Charles Porter, PhD dissertation, University of Texas, Austin.
NAA MS 176,622
Catalog number 176,622-E was identified by Mrs. Karen D. Peterson as a drawing by Cheyenne artist Howling Wolf; and was exchanged with Mrs. A.B. Richardson (who owned the notebook to which this sketch belonged) through the Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, Nebraska, September 28, 1966, for a drawing by Yellow Nose (USNM catalog Number 409,978). Catalog Numbers 176,622-F,-G are Numbers designated by R. Elder to cover two of the "seven pictographs" called for in the accession papers, when this set of drawings was separated and individually catalogued (1966); these last two drawings have not been located (1969).
MS 176622 000
Bourke, John G. Capt
Manuscript 176,622, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Single leaf of thin, tracing paper laminated to a supporting board. The drawing shows a mounted warrior facing fire from a group of enemies represented only partially by their firearms. A pictorial name glyph is labeled "Gellow [sic] Nose," probably intended as Yellow Nose. Inscription on top left reads "McKenzie's fight with Cheyenne on hd Powder Riv."
This is a tracing rather than an original drawing. Bourke assembled a substantial series of tracings and copies of Plains drawings. A number are now in the collection of the National Museum of the American Indian (23/4251-4599), and five are in the collection of the National Museum of American History (GA08109-8113). Scholars have matched several of these copies to works in different Cheyenne books of drawings, demonstrating that Bourke's materials are from various sources to which he had access over time. The NMAI records indicate that these copies were collected 1880-81; they originally attributed them to "Chief Yellow Nose," subsequently changed to "probably non-Indian."
Biographical / Historical:
Col. John Gregory Bourke (1846-1896), a graduate of West Point, spent most of his military career participating in the Indian Wars in the Northern Plains under Brigadier General George Crook, 1869-1888. He subsequently compiled ethnological accounts of the Apache and several other tribes in the Southwest as well as collections of Indian objects and ledger books. For more information on John Gregoy Bourke, see "John Gregory Bourke, Victorian Soldier-Scientist, the Western Apprenticeship, 1869-1886" by Joseph Charles Porter, PhD dissertation, University of Texas, Austin.
NAA INV 08602500
NAA MS 409978
Media was changed from watercolor to crayon due to smudging and impressions in wax caused by lamination process.
Other,original Plains drawings collected by Bourke are cataloged in the NAA as MS176622, and several accessions from Bourke are cataloged in the general Anthropology collections (Acccession numbers 001136, 021242 and others).
Richardson, A. H. Mrs
Manuscript 409978, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The snake-dance of the Moquis of Arizona : being a narrative of a journey from Santa Fé, New Mexico, to the villages of the Moqui Indians of Arizona, with a description of the manners and customs of this peculiar people, and especially of the revolting religious rite, the snake-dance ; to which is added a brief dissertation upon serpent-worship in general, with an account of the tablet dance of the pueblo of Santo Domingo, New Mexico, etc. / by John G. Bourke ..
Vocabulary of the Apache or 'Indé⁺ language of Arizona & New Mexico / collected by John Gregory Bourke in the 1870s and 1880s ; edited by Carole J. Condie ; with an appendix, John Gregory Bourke, biographical notes by Joseph C. Porter