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C. Earle Smith Jr. papers

Creator:
Smith, C. Earle (Claude Earle), 1922-1987  Search this
Names:
University of Alabama  Search this
Extent:
7.72 Linear feet (20 document boxes and 1 restricted box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Guilá Naquitz Cave (Mexico)
Oaxaca (Mexico : State)
Tehuacán (Mexico)
Peru
Date:
1942-1998
bulk 1960-1987
Summary:
C. Earle Smith Jr. (1922-1987) was one of the founders of the modern field of paleobotany. This collection documents his research and professional activities through correspondence, research notes, data, manuscripts, publications, and photographs. Represented in the collection is his fieldwork in Mexico, Peru, Venezuela, and Costa Rica.
Scope and Contents:
This collection documents the research and professional activities of C. Earle Smith Jr. through correspondence, research notes, data, manuscripts, publications, and photographs. Represented in the collection is his fieldwork in Mexico, Peru, Venezuela, and Costa Rica. The only materials pertaining to his early work in Bat Cave are a few pages of notes and articles about his discovery of early corn remains. Most of the collection dates from the 1960s up to his death in 1987. There is, however, some correspondence dated after his death regarding the return of specimens that he had been analyzing for others. The collection also contains his files as a professor at the University of Alabama; papers he presented; talks that he gave; and photographs of plant remains. His correspondence makes up the bulk of collection and can be found throughout the series. He corresponded with eminent figures in the fields of anthropology and botany, including Kent V. Flannery, Richard MacNeish, Paul Mangelsdorf, and other colleagues.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 8 series: (1) Correspondence, 1962-1998; (2) Research, 1942-1991; (3) Writings, 1956-1987; (4) Professional Activities, 1971-1987; (5) University of Alabama, 1964-1987; (6) Writings by Others, 1960-1984; (7) Personal Files, 1950-1953, 1964-1987; (8) Photographs, circa 1960s-1982
Biographical Note:
Claude Earle Smith Jr. was one of the founders of the modern field of archaeobotany. Known as "Smitty" to his friends, he was born on March 8, 1922, in Boston, Massachusetts, and raised in Orlando, Florida. He was trained as an economic botanist at Harvard University, where he earned his bachelor's (1949), master's (1951), and doctorate (1953) in botany.

As an undergraduate student at Harvard in 1941, Smith assisted Richard Evans Schultes in collecting plants in the Colombian Amazon. While in the field, news reached Smith of the bombing of Pearl Harbor and he decided to return home to enlist in the Navy. After the war, he continued his studies at Harvard and, in 1948, he was sent by Paul C. Manglesdorf to excavate Bat Cave, New Mexico, where he and Herbert Dick, another Harvard student, discovered the earliest remains of corn. Smith coauthored with Mangelsdorf "A Discovery of Remains of Prehistoric Maize in New Mexico" (1949). Throughout his career, Smith continued to study the early domestication and distribution of corn and other plants including cotton, avocado, and beans.

With his research focused on archaeologically-recovered plant remains and their usage by humans, Smith served as botanist at various archaeological sites in Latin America, working with Richard MacNeish in Tehuacán Valley; Kent Flannery in Oaxaca Valley; Paul Tolstoy in the Basin of Mexico; Ronald Spores in Nochixtlan; Terence Grieder in La Galgada, Peru; Thomas Lynch in Callejón de Huaylas, Peru; Joyce Marcus in Cañeta Valley, Peru; Anna Roosevelt in the Middle Orinoco area of Venezuela; and Michael J. Snarkis in Costa Rica. He also conducted ethnobotanical fieldwork in the Yucatán, Panama, the United States, Europe, Southeast Asia, Africa, the Pacific, and Australia.

From 1953 to 1958, Smith served as assistant curator of botany at the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia and as acting director of the Taylor Memorial Arboretum. He was also a curator of botany at the Field Museum of Natural History (1959-1961) and Senior Research Botanist for the Agricultural Research Service at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (1962-1969). In 1970, Smith took a faculty position in the anthropology and biology departments at the University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa and was acting chair of the anthropology department between 1981 and 1986. He served as president of the Society for Economic Botany in 1979.

At the age of 65, Smith was killed in an automobile accident on October 19, 1987.

Sources Consulted

Lentz, David L. "C. Earle Smith, Jr. 1922-1987." Economic Botany 42, no. 2 (1988): 284-285.

Schultes, Richard Evans. "How I Met C. Earle Smith." Journal of Ethnobiology 10, no. 2 (1990): 119-121.

Chronology

1922 -- Born on March 8 in Boston, Massachusetts

1940-1941 -- Studies at Harvard University

1941 -- Assists Richard Evans Schultes in ethnobotanical collection in Colombian Amazons

1942-1946 -- Serves in Navy

1946 -- Returns to Harvard to continue his studies

1948 -- Excavates Bat Cave in New Mexico and discovers earliest remains of corn

1949 -- Earns A.B. cum laude at Harvard

1951 -- Earns A.M. at Harvard

1953 -- Earns Ph.D. at Harvard University

1953-1958 -- Consultant for Smith, Kline and French Acting Director at Taylor Memorial Arboretum Assistant Curator in the Department of Botany at Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia

1959-1961 -- Associate Curator in Department of Botany at Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago

1962-1969 -- Senior Research Botanist at Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

1970-1987 -- Professor of Anthropology and Botany, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa

1979-1980 -- President of Society for Economic Botany

1987 -- Killed in automobile accident on October 19
Related Materials:
Photographs from C. Earle Smith Jr.'s excavation of Bat Cave can be found in Photo Lot R86-67 Copies of Herbert W. Dick photographs of excavations at Bat Cave, 1948-1950, https://sova.si.edu/record/NAA.PhotoLot.R86-67.
Provenance:
At his death, C. Earle Smith Jr.'s papers were left with the Department of Anthropology at the University of Alabama. They were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Smith's widow, Roberta Smith Largin.
Restrictions:
Grant proposal reviews in Series 4: Professional Activities and materials with student grades in Series 5: University of Alabama have been restricted.

Access to the C. Earle Smith Jr. papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Plant remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Botany, Economic  Search this
Citation:
C. Earle Smith Jr. papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2006-24
See more items in:
C. Earle Smith Jr. papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2006-24

The uses of plants : a manual of economic botany with special reference to vegetable products introduced during the last fifty years by G. S. Boulger

Author:
Boulger, George Simonds 1853-1922  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 224 pages 19 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1889
Topic:
Botany, Economic  Search this
Botany--economics  Search this
Call number:
SB107 .B76 1889
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_278022

Some additional observations on the method of preserving seeds from foreign parts for the benefit of our American colonies : with an account of the garden at St. Vincent, under the care of Dr. George Young by John Ellis, F.R.S

Title:
Ellis on seeds DSI
Author:
Ellis, John 1710?-1776  Search this
Author:
Ellis, John 1710?-1776 Directions for bringing over seeds and plants from the East Indies  Search this
Young, George -1803  Search this
Publisher:
W. Bowyer and J. Nichols (London, England),)  Search this
Subject:
St. Vincent Botanic Garden  Search this
Physical description:
15, [1] pages 25 cm (4to)
Type:
Early works to 1800
Early works
Place:
America
Date:
1773
Topic:
Botanical specimens--Collection and preservation  Search this
Botany, Economic  Search this
Seeds  Search this
Seeds--Storage  Search this
Seeds--Viability  Search this
Call number:
QK61 .E457 1773
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1030520

Burkart's Sammlung der wichtigsten europäischen Nutzhölzer in characteristischen Schnitten ausgeführt von F.M. Podany in Wien. Mit einem erläuternden Text ... Mit Erlass des hohen K.k. Ministerium für Cultus und Unterricht ddto. 30 Mai 1880 Z. 7284 für Mittel- und gewerbliche Fachschulen approbirt und empfohlen; von hohen K.k. Handels-Ministerium als Lehrmittel an den ihm unterstehenden Fachschulen eingeführt. Jeder Carton ist mit dem Approbations-Stempel des Technologischen Gewerbe-Museums in Wien versehen

Title:
Lehrmittel, herausgegeben durch das Technologische Gewerbe-Museum in Wien
Sammlung der wichtigsten europäischen Nutzhölzer in characteristischen Schnitten
Author:
Burkart, W  Search this
Author:
Exner, Wilhelm Franz 1840-  Search this
Podany, F. M  Search this
Technologisches Gewerbe-Museum (Wien)  Search this
Former owner:
Haubach, G., DSI  Search this
Physical description:
75, [1] p 24 cm. + 120 samples (40 plates)
Type:
Identification
Specimens
Place:
Europe
Date:
1880
Topic:
Botany, Economic  Search this
Timber  Search this
Wood  Search this
Call number:
SD536 .B87 1880
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1013990

Les plantes utiles du Sénégal plantes indigénes--plantes exotiques par A. Sébire

Author:
Sébire, A  Search this
Physical description:
lxx, 341 pages, [6] leaves of plates illustrations 19 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Senegal
Date:
1899
Topic:
Botany, Economic  Search this
Plants, Useful  Search this
Call number:
QK408 .S44 1899
QK408.S44 1899
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_284629

Rodney Beecher Harvey (1890-1945)

Subject:
Harvey, Rodney Beecher 1890-  Search this
University of Minnesota  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Topic:
Plant physiology  Search this
Botany, Economic  Search this
Horticulture  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-3371]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_393416

Harvey Monroe Hall (1874-1932)

Subject:
Hall, Harvey Monroe 1874-1932  Search this
University of California (1868-1952)  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Topic:
Botany, Economic  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-2196]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_385221

Agricultural and botanical explorations in Palestine. By Aaron Aaronsohn ..

Author:
Aaronsohn, Aaron 1876-1919  Search this
Physical description:
64 p. illus., IX pl. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Palestine
Date:
1910
Topic:
Botany, Economic  Search this
Plant introduction  Search this
Call number:
SB99.P15 A113
SB99.P15A113
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_141280

Kulturpflanzen der weltwirtschaft : unter mitwirkung erster fachleute / hrsg. von Otto Warburg und J. E. van Someren Brand

Author:
Warburg, Otto 1859-1938  Search this
Someren Brand, J. E. van  Search this
Kokke, C. S  Search this
Tsoe-Meiren, Eduard van  Search this
Morren, F. W  Search this
Nicolas, Pierre  Search this
Resink, A. J  Search this
Physical description:
xiv p., 411 p., [12] leaves of plates : ill. (some col.), ; 29 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Date:
1908
[1908?]
Topic:
Botany, Economic  Search this
Cacao  Search this
Coffee  Search this
Cotton  Search this
Corn  Search this
Rice  Search this
Sugar  Search this
Tea  Search this
Tobacco  Search this
Viticulture  Search this
Wheat  Search this
Call number:
SB107 .W37 1908
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_566639

Useful plants every child should know / by Julia Ellen Rogers

Author:
Rogers, Julia Ellen b. 1866  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 374 p., 11 leaves of plates : ill. ; 19 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Date:
1913
Topic:
Botany, Economic--Juvenile literature  Search this
Call number:
SB107 .R72 1913
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_492496

Bulletin - New York State Museum

Title:
Bulletin of the New York State Museum
Author:
New York State Museum  Search this
New York State Museum  Search this
Physical description:
118 no. fronts., ill., plates, maps, plans, diagrs. 23-30 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Date:
1887
1908
Topic:
Science  Search this
Call number:
Q11.N82X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_310594

Flora oeconomica : quam, ex consensu ampliss. Facult. medicae in illustri ad Salam Lyceo, praeside, viro experientissimo et celeberrimo, Dom. Doct. Carolo Linnaeo ... / speciminis academici loco, placidae disquisitioni modeste submittit alumnus regius, Elias Aspelin, Smolandus ; in audit. Carol. Maj. die XXV Junii anni MDCCXLIIX, horis, ante meridiem, consuetis

Title:
Q.D.B.V
Praeses:
Linné, Carl von 1707-1778  Search this
Respondent:
Aspelin, Elias 1721-1795  Search this
Former owner:
Bibliothec̀a Arosiensis DSI  Search this
Physical description:
[8], 30 pages ; 20 cm (4to)
Type:
Early works to 1800
Date:
1748
Topic:
Botany, Economic  Search this
Call number:
SB107.5 .L56 1748
QK91.F6325 1748
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_236206

Manuel économique des plantes, ou, Traité de toutes les plantes qui peuvent être utiles aux arts ... / par J.P. Buc'hoz ..

Author:
Buc'hoz, Pierre-Joseph 1731-1807  Search this
Physical description:
XVI, 356, [2] p. ; 21 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Date:
1800
An 8, 1800
Topic:
Botany, Economic  Search this
Call number:
SB107 .B92
SB107.B92
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_148298

Economic plants of Porto Rico, by O.F. Cook and G.N. Collins

Author:
Cook, O. F (Orator Fuller) 1867-1949  Search this
Collins, G. N.. (Guy N.) 1872-1938  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 57-269 p. illus., XIII-LX pl. (incl. front.) 23 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Puerto Rico
Date:
1903
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Botany, Economic  Search this
Call number:
SB108.P9 C77
SB108.P9C77
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_136419

The useful plants of the Island of Guam; with an introductory account of the physical features and natural history of the island, of the character and history of its people, and of their agriculture. By William Edwin Safford

Author:
Safford, William Edwin 1859-1926  Search this
Physical description:
1 p. l., 416 p. LXX pl. (incl. front., and fold map) 24 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Guam
Date:
1905
Topic:
Botany, Economic  Search this
Tropical plants  Search this
Call number:
QK473. G88S12
QK473.G88S12
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_106802

Native names and uses of some plants of eastern Guatemala and Honduras. By S.F. Blake

Author:
Blake, S. F (Sidney Fay) 1892-1959  Search this
Physical description:
v, 87-100 p., 1 l. pl. 29-33 on 3 l. 25 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Guatemala
Honduras
Date:
1922
Topic:
Botany, Economic  Search this
Botany  Search this
Call number:
QK218 .B63
QK218.B63
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_118176

An arrangement of British plants : according to the latest improvements of the Linnean system : with an easy introduction to the study of botany : illustrated by copper plates / by William Withering

Title:
Arrangement of British plants in four volumes
Withering's British plants DSI
Author:
Withering, William 1741-1799  Search this
Editor:
Withering, William 1775-1832  Search this
Illustrator:
Withering, William 1775-1832  Search this
Printer:
Baldwin, Charles 1774-1865  Search this
Former owner:
Burt, P. J. DSI  Search this
Reichert, Philip 1897-1985 DSI  Search this
Mowbray DSI  Search this
Donor:
Lubrecht, Harry 1908-1997 DSI  Search this
Burndy Library DSI  Search this
Publisher:
C.J.G. & F. Rivington  Search this
Physical description:
4 volumes, XXXV leaves of plates : illustrations (engravings) ; 24 cm
Type:
Dictionaries
Place:
Great Britain
Date:
1830
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Botany, Economic  Search this
Call number:
QK306 .W82 1830
QK306.W82 1830
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_61921

120 Hölzer in Natur / Herausgeber Georg Heider

Title:
12 Echtholz-Mustertafeln der Fa. Georg Heider, Fürth i. B
Publisher:
Georg Heider (Firm)  Search this
Associated name:
Bembé-Parkett (Firm) DSI  Search this
Subject:
Georg Heider (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
120 items on 12 leaves of plates : all wood samples ; 27 cm
Type:
Identification
Catalogs
Specimens
Date:
19uu
Topic:
Timber  Search this
Wood  Search this
Botany, Economic  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1087009

Cultivating commerce : cultures of botany in Britain and France, 1760-1815 / Sarah Easterby-Smith (University of St Andrews, Scotland)

Author:
Easterby-Smith, Sarah  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 239 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Great Britain
France
Date:
2018
18th century
19th century
Topic:
Botany--History  Search this
Botany, Economic--History  Search this
Wild plant trade--History  Search this
Botany--Social aspects--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1101532

An arrangement of British plants : according to the latest improvements of the Linnaean system, to which is prefixed, an easy introduction to the study of botany : illustrated by copper plates / by William Withering

Author:
Withering, William 1741-1799  Search this
Printer:
Swinney, Myles  Search this
Former owner:
Hitchcock, A. S (Albert Spear) 1865-1935 DSI  Search this
Chase, Agnes 1869-1963 DSI  Search this
Bookseller:
G. G. and J. Robinson (Paternoster Row, London, England)  Search this
B. and J. White  Search this
Physical description:
4 volumes, XXXI leaves of plates : illustrations (engravings) ; 23 cm (8vo)
Type:
Early works to 1800
Dictionaries
Place:
Great Britain
Ireland
Date:
1796
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Botany, Economic  Search this
Call number:
QK306 .W82 1796
QK306.W82 1796
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_382346

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