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An outdoor class of the St. Paul School of Fine Arts

Subject:
Bailey, Minnie K.  Search this
Bohm, Zella Newcomb  Search this
Brack, Helen  Search this
Byard, Ella Nabersberg  Search this
Clum, K. Maud  Search this
Harwood, Burt  Search this
Okerberg, Verna Ayer  Search this
Parsons, Antoinette DeForest  Search this
Sanders, Edith Kendrick  Search this
St. Paul School of Fine Arts  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Mendota, Minn.
Date:
1896
Topic:
Art students  Search this
Art--Study and teaching  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)2723
See more items in:
Miriam Lesley collection of photographs pertaining to the St. Paul School of Fine Arts, circa 1900
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_2723
Online Media:

Max Bohm letter to Zella Newcomb Bohm

Creator:
Bohm, Max, 1868-1923  Search this
Bohm, Zella Newcomb  Search this
Bohm, Max, 1868-1923  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1912 Apr. 23
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)8760
See more items in:
Max Bohm papers, 1873-1970, bulk 1880-1959
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_8760
Online Media:

Zella Bohm holding her son Max Bohm

Subject:
Bohm, Zella Newcomb  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Etaples, France
Date:
1903 Aug.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9540
See more items in:
Max Bohm papers, 1873-1970, bulk 1880-1959
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9540
Online Media:

Miriam Lesley collection of photographs pertaining to the St. Paul School of Fine Arts, circa 1900

Creator:
Lesley, Miriam L. (Lucker)  Search this
Lesley, Miriam L. (Lucker)  Search this
Subject:
Bailey, Minnie K.  Search this
Bohm, Zella Newcomb  Search this
Byard, Ella Nabersberg  Search this
Clum, K. Maud  Search this
Harwood, Burt  Search this
McIntosh, Harrison  Search this
Okerberg, Verna Ayer  Search this
Parsons, Antoinette DeForest  Search this
Sanders, Edith Kendrick  Search this
St. Paul School of Fine Arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15933
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215306
AAA_collcode_leslmiri2
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_215306

Max Bohm papers, 1873-1970, bulk 1880-1959

Creator:
Bohm, Max, 1868-1923  Search this
Bohm, Max, 1868-1923  Search this
Subject:
Macbeth, Robert W. (Robert Walker)  Search this
Hunt, Clyde du Vernet  Search this
Longyear, Mary Beecher  Search this
Locke, Esther Bohm  Search this
Bohm, Zella Newcomb  Search this
Macbeth, William  Search this
Beachcombers (Organization)  Search this
Salmagundi Club  Search this
Type:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Paintings
Photographs
Drawings
Diaries
Place:
France -- description and travel
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Christian Scientists  Search this
Painting, American -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8893
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211078
AAA_collcode_bohmmax
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211078
Online Media:

Miriam Lesley collection of photographs pertaining to the St. Paul School of Fine Arts

Creator:
Lesley, Miriam L.  Search this
Names:
St. Paul School of Fine Arts  Search this
Bailey, Minnie K.  Search this
Bohm, Zella Newcomb  Search this
Byard, Ella Nabersberg  Search this
Clum, K. Maud  Search this
Harwood, Burt  Search this
McIntosh, Harrison  Search this
Okerberg, Verna Ayer  Search this
Parsons, Antoinette DeForest, b. 1861  Search this
Sanders, Edith Kendrick  Search this
Extent:
9 Items (photographic prints, b&w, 21 x 26 cm. or smaller.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1900
Scope and Contents:
Photos of art students at the St Paul School of Fine Arts' summer classes, Mendota, Minn. Pictured in some or all are: Minnie K. Bailey, Zella Newcomb Bohm, Helen Brack, Ella Nabersbery Byard, Maud K. Clum, Verna Ayer Okerberg, Antoinette DeForest Parsons and Edith Kendrick Sanders. Teacher Burt Harwood is also pictured in two photographs, one a formal portrait and one showing him planing a plank of wood. Several photos have Ink stamp on reverse: "St. Paul News." Most of the photographs have labels with descriptive information on reverse.
Biographical / Historical:
St. Paul School of Fine Arts, St. Paul, Minnestota, existed ca. 1900. Burt Harwood ran the school and taught classes. Summer classes were held in Mendota, Minn.
Provenance:
Donated 1960 by Miriam L. Lesley, whose relationship to the School is unclear. Assistance in identifying the photographs was provided by the Minnesota Historical Society. Microfilmed 1973 with Photographs of Artists Collection I and scanned in 2003.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art students  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.leslmiri2
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-leslmiri2

Max Bohm papers

Creator:
Bohm, Max, 1868-1923  Search this
Names:
Beachcombers (Organization)  Search this
Salmagundi Club  Search this
Bohm, Zella Newcomb  Search this
Hunt, Clyde du Vernet  Search this
Locke, Esther Bohm, d. 1913  Search this
Longyear, Mary Beecher, 1851-1931  Search this
Macbeth, Robert W. (Robert Walker), 1884-1940  Search this
Macbeth, William, 1851-1917  Search this
Extent:
5.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Paintings
Photographs
Drawings
Diaries
Place:
France -- description and travel
Date:
1873-1970
bulk 1880-1959
Summary:
The papers of painter Max Bohm measure 5.6 linear feet and date from 1873-1970, with the bulk of the material dating from 1880-1959. Biographical material includes a file concerning the Provincetown artist's club The Beachcombers. Also found is detailed family correspondence, as well as general correspondence that includes exchanges with patron Mary Beecher Longyear and dealer William Macbeth. The papers contain scattered business records; five diaries written by Bohm's wife Zella; other notes and writings; art work including fifteen sketchbooks, loose drawings, and oil paintings; printed material; and photographs of Bohm, his family, and colleagues including artists attending a Salmagundi dinner. There is also a motion picture film Six Foot Art, in Which Max Bohm, Member of the National Academy Tells How He Does It.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter Max Bohm measure 5.6 linear feet and date from 1873-1970, with the bulk of the material dating from 1880-1959. Biographical material includes a file concerning the Provincetown artist's club The Beachcombers. Also found within the papers is detailed family correspondence, as well as general correspondence that includes exchanges with patron Mary Beecher Longyear and dealer William Macbeth. Also found are scattered business records; five diaries written by Bohm's wife Zella; other notes and writings; art work including sketchbooks, loose drawings, and oil paintings; printed material; and photographs of Bohm, his family, and colleagues including artists attending a Salmagundi dinner. There is also a motion picture film Six Foot Art, in Which Max Bohm, Member of the National Academy Tells How He Does It.

Family correspondence consists of letters exchanged between various Bohm family members during their long periods of separation. Decades of almost daily exchanges of letters offer detailed descriptions of Bohm's activities in pursuit of notoriety as an artist including his frequent travels in Europe and the United States, attendance of art-related and other cultural events, and his thoughts about art, philosophy, and his strong opposition to German aggression in World War I. The often affectionate letters from Bohm's wife Zella describe her concerns over finances and raising the children during Bohm's frequent absences, but also include descriptions of their summers in coastal France.

Professional correspondence consists of scattered letters discussing art-related business with colleagues including Bohm's longtime patron and Christian Science advocate, Mary Beecher Longyear, and Macbeth Gallery owners Robert and William Macbeth.

Scattered business records include price lists for art work, banking records, and miscellaneous receipts.

Five diaries and loose diary pages written by Bohm's wife Zella contain detailed descriptions of daily activities and her observations and thoughts, some drawings, notes, and financial notations. Some of the diaries contain annotations by her daughter, Esther.

Notes and writings include notebooks containing original short stories and miscellaneous sketches by Bohm, lists of art work, miscellaneous notes including several written by Esther Bohm, and miscellaneous writings by and about Bohm including his typescript "An Artist's Philosophy."

Art work consists of fifteen sketchbooks, miscellaneous drawings including a self-portrait, and oil paintings on board and on unstretched canvases including Bohm's studies of works by Titian and Van Dyke, and a painting of a young Esther Bohm looking at the sea. Works by others include a batik design on silk by Zella Bohm, a watercolor by Bohm's aunt, Anna Stuhr Weitz, and an oil portrait of Zella by her granddaughter.

Printed material primarily consists of clippings generated by Bohm's participation in the Paris Salons, in addition to several exhibition announcements and catalogs for Bohm and for others, and reproductions of art work by Bohm and others. There are also 2 copies of a silent, black and white Pathé newsreel titled Six Foot Art, in Which Max Bohm, Member of the National Academy Tells How He Does It on 16mm and 35mm film reels.

Photographs are of Bohm and his family, colleagues including Clyde du Vernet Hunt in his studio and a Salmagundi Club "Get Together" dinner, views of the town of Etaples, France, and of works of art by Bohm and others.
Arrangement:
The papers have been organized into 8 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1898-1970 (0.1 linear feet; Box 1, OV 8)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1880-1955 (3.3 linear feet; Boxes 1-4, 7)

Series 3: Business Records, 1910-1930 (0.2 linear feet; Box 4)

Series 4: Diaries, 1887-1916 (0.2 linear feet; Box 4)

Series 5: Notes and Writings, 1882-circa 1970 (0.2 linear feet; Boxes 4, 7)

Series 6: Art Work, 1873-1951 (0.6 linear feet; Boxes 4-5, 7, OVs 8-10)

Series 7: Printed Material and Motion Picture Film, 1886-1957 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 5-7, FC 11-12)

Series 8: Photographs, 1886-1959 (0.2 linear feet; Boxes 6-7)
Biographical / Historical:
Max Bohm was born on January 21, 1868, in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of Henry and Emilie Bohm.

Bohm began his study of art in 1887 when he accompanied his aunt, Anna Stuhr, on the first of several voyages to France. He studied in artist communities in Brittany and in Paris at the Académie Julian with Boulanger, Lefebvre, and Benjamin Constant. He also traveled to Belgium, The Netherlands, and Germany.

In 1895, Bohm attended an open school of painting in Etaples on the coast of France, and during the winter months he taught painting at a school in London, England. His painting En Mer was awarded the Gold Medal by the Paris Salon of 1897.

While teaching in Etaples in 1898, Bohm married one of his pupils, Zella Newcomb, an art teacher from Carlton College in Minnesota. In 1900, the Bohms traveled to Italy for several months before returning to Minneapolis, Minnesota, where Bohm established a studio. After trying to find affordable studio and living space in New York City, Bohm moved his family back to France in 1902. Bohm established a studio in Paris for two years and during the summer months his wife and children moved to the less expensive and cooler coastal towns of France. Bohm continued to display his work in the annual Paris Salons.

From 1905 until the summer of 1908, the Bohm family lived primarily in England. In 1909, Bohm entered and won the Cleveland Court House mural competition, prompting the family to return to the United States for several months. They returned to Paris the following year, where Bohm established a studio and worked on the Cleveland Court House mural. Again, Bohm's wife and children would live in French coastal towns, while Bohm was on extended visits to Paris, London, or the United States.

Sometime around 1911, Bohm became acquainted with Mrs. Mary Beecher Longyear, a wealthy follower of Mary Baker Eddy and Christian Science. Over the next decade, Mrs. Longyear commissioned many works by Bohm and supported his career. In May of 1912 Bohm's mural, First New England Town Meeting, was installed in the new Cleveland Court House and arrangements were made with Macbeth Galleries to exhibit Bohm's work. Late in 1913, Bohm became involved with the Pan-Pacific International Exposition where his painting Promenade won the Gold Medal in 1915.

During World War I, the Bohm family fled France and temporarily settled in Tuckahoe, New York, and Bohm made frequent visits to his patron, Mrs. Longyear, in Boston. In 1916, the Knoedler Gallery exhibited Bohm's murals for Mrs. Longyear's music room. Also during this time, the family enjoyed spending summers in Provincetown, where Bohm joined The Beachcombers, an organization of artists.

In 1919, the Bohms built a house in Bronxville, New York, for easy access to New York City, while simultaneously purchasing a cottage in Provincetown. While the house was being constructed, Zella and the children became boarders in the home of painter Spencer Nichols, who also lived in Bronxville. During this year, Max Bohm, Jr., entered Harvard University while Mrs. Longyear continued to provide commissions for Max Bohm's art work.

Between 1922 and 1923, Bohm had exhibitions in Greenwich, Connecticut, Washington, D.C., and at the Grand Central Galleries, with his painting En Mer being exhibited at the National Academy of Design.

Max Bohm died on September 19, 1923 in Provincetown, Massachusetts.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels 420-421) including biographical material, scattered letters, notes and writings, drawings, clippings, exhibition catalogs, booklets, a scrapbooks, and photographs of Bohm, his family, colleagues, and residences. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.

The original Six Foot Art film was also transferred to 16mm and 35mm film reels in the 1970s, but is not in the collection.
Provenance:
Kathryn Esther Locke and Elizabeth Schwarz, the artist's daughters, lent the material on microfilm reels 420-421 and donated papers in 1972.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Christian Scientists  Search this
Painting, American -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Paintings
Photographs
Drawings
Diaries
Citation:
Max Bohm papers, 1873-1970, bulk 1880-1959. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bohmmax
See more items in:
Max Bohm papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bohmmax
Online Media:

Portrait of Mrs. Bohm (Zella Newcomb Bohm) [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Bohm, Max 1862-1923  Search this
Subject:
Bohm, Zella Newcomb  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
After 1898
Topic:
Portrait female--Knee length  Search this
Landscape--Beach  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0109462
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_109463

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