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Roots of Virginia Culture: The Past is Present

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Introduction:
Today's Virginians include people whose ancestors have always been here, descendants of the original Jamestown settlers, the progeny of the first West Africans, and more recent immigrants from Africa, Southeast Asia, and Central America. They live and work from Virginia's Atlantic coast to its Appalachian Mountains, from remote coal-mining towns in the southwest to bustling suburbs in the north. But no matter how deep their roots, Virginians strive with dedication and innovation to document and present their cultural heritage, adapting tradition to change and using the past to inform the present and future.

The 2007 Festival explored three "roots" of Virginia's culture: Native American, English, and African American. These groups supported the growth of a diverse, yet unified society in what would become Virginia. At the Festival, present-day Virginians were joined by delegations from Kent County, England (one of the counties from which the original settlers came and the burial place of Pocahontas) and West Africa (an area from which many enslaved Africans came to Virginia). By demonstrating and performing many parallel cultural traditions side by side, craftspeople, musicians, cooks, agriculturalists, and maritime experts demonstrated that different cultures can have much in common and can borrow from each other to forge a nation. Festival presentations were organized around three themes:

Continuing the Past. -- Many traditions in Virginia; Kent County, England; and West Africa remain "unbroken" within families and communities. A number of crafts, such as pottery, blacksmithing, wood carving, and needlework, span the generations; craftspeople interpret and produce them according to their own tastes and market demand. Festival visitors could interact with contemporary adherents of these ancient traditions.

Transforming the Past. -- While tracing the roots of Virginia culture, historians find many tradition bearers who, by necessity or desire, refashion their skills. For example, in Virginia, as well as in Kent County, England, fruit farmers find it hard to keep their businesses profitable because of cheaper imports; many have quit farming and have sold their land to developers. Growers have responded and now gourmet cooks can find heirloom varieties of Virginia apples at farmers' markets. The growers bring the taste of Virginia's past to the present and make it profitable and sustainable.

Researching and Interpreting the Past. -- The ability to research and interpret the past requires years of study, determination, and "learning by doing." Digging up the past is the professional passion of archaeologists at sites such as Historic Jamestowne. Family and community researchers collect oral histories and search for clues in archives and databases. Festival visitors could listen as they explained their work, and could pose questions about adapting such skills to their own lives.

Betty J. Belanus was Curator of the program, and Diana N'Diaye was Curator of African/African American Roots. Dorey Butter was Program Coordinator and Beverly Simons was Program Assistant. For Jamestown 2007, Jeanne Zeidler was Executive Director and Amy Ritchie was Manager of Statewide Programs and Smithsonian Project Manager. For Kent, England, Rebecca Casson was Head of Kent Virginia Development; Hollie Snelson was Smithsonian Project Manager; and Leila Maggs was Smithsonian Project Coordinator.

The program was produced in partnership with Jamestown 2007: America's 400th Anniversary and the Kent County Council. The Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of African American History and Culture was the Smithsonian Institution partner. Lead supporters of Jamestown 2007 included the Norfolk Southern Corporation, the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Verizon, and Anheuser-Busch Companies. Other supporters included AirTran Airways, Dominion, James City County, Philip Morris USA, SunTrust, and Wolseley PLC/Ferguson Enterprises Inc.
Researchers:
Advisors

Howard Bass, Ann Bay, Mary Briggs, Lonnie Bunch, George Carter, Rex Ellis, Anthony Gualtieri, Portia James, Gail Lowe, Helen Schierbeck, Gabriella Tayac, Esther Washington, C. Brian Williams, Chris Williams, CiCi Williamson

Virginia fieldworkers

Harold Anderson, Olivia Cadaval, Mary Eckstein, Roland Freeman, Ywonne Edwards Ingram, Jon Lohman, Kip Lornell, Roddy Moore, Jennifer Neely, Vanessa Thaxton-Ward, Richard Vidutis, Vaughan Webb, Karenne Wood

Senegal fieldworkers

Abdoulaye Camera, Gorgui N'Diaye

Kent, England fieldworkers

Teri Brewer, Paul Cowdell, Hannah McNorton, George Monger
Presenters:
Harold Anderson, Olivia Cadaval, Paul Cowdell, Marjorie Hunt, Paula Johnson, Jon Lohman, Kip Lornell, Hannah McNorton, George Monger, Roddy Moore, Jeff Place, Mark Puryear, Gabriella Tayac, Vaughan Webb, Chris Williams, CiCi Williamson, Karenne Wood
Participants:
AGRICULTURE AND ENTERPRISE

Fruit Growing

Tom Burford, 1935-, Monroe, Amherst County, Virginia

Margaret Burns, 1941-, Herne Bay, Kent, England

Philip Johnson "PJ" Haynie III, 1977-, Hague, Northumberland County, Virginia

Paul Saunder, Piney River, Nelson County, Virginia

Saunders Brothers, Piney River, Nelson County, Virginia

Charlotte Shelton, 1936-, Vintage Virginia Apples, Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia

Virginia Wineries Association, Alexandria, Virginia

Ham, Peanuts, and Cattle

Babacar Bâ, Ndjilasséme, Senegal

Ciré Bâ, Ndjilasséme, Senegal

Dee Dee Darden, Smithfield, Isle of Wight County, Virginia

Tommy Darden, Smithfield, Isle of Wight County, Virginia

Sam Edwards, 1956-, Edwards and Sons, Surry, Surry County, Virginia

Stuart Gibbons, 1952-, Canterbury, Kent, England

Henry Goodrich, 1965-, Wakefield, Suffolk County, Virginia

Virginia-Carolina Peanut Promotions, Nashville, Nash County, North Carolina -- Virginia-Carolina Peanut Promotions, Nashville, Nash County, North CarolinaWilliam Bain, Wayne Barnes, Dell Cotton, Melissa Everett, Natalie Everett, Randy Everett, Fred Felts, Martha Felts, Linda Hass, Gail Moody Milteer, Brad Monahan, Drew Monahan, Janet Monahan, Kevin Monahan, Betsy Owens, Donna Pittman, John Pittman

Horse Crafts

Marc Stevenson, rocking horse maker, Bethersden, Kent, England

Tony Stevenson, 1956-, rocking horse maker, Bethersden, Kent, England

Theresa Trussell, 1952-, horse trainer, Kent, England

Danny Wingate, 1951-, saddle & harness maker, Elk Creek, Grayson County, Virginia

Outdoor Crafts

Norman Amos, 1925-, snake cane carver, Callands, Pittsylvania County, Virginia

Susan Bridges, 1954-, forager, food processor, Meadows of Dan, Patrick County, Virginia

Grayson Chesser, 1942-, decoy carver, Sanford, Accomack County, Virginia

Salla Diagne, basket maker, Diama Thiendou, Tivawon, Senegal

Pat Harrison, 1957-, birdcall maker, Covington, Alleghany County, Virginia

John Arthur Leonard, 1964-, decoy carver, Chincoteague, Accomack County, Virginia

Metal Crafts

Mbaye Fall, blacksmith, Ndjilasseme, Senegal

Billy Phelps, 1950-, blacksmith, Woodlawn, Carroll County, Virginia

Kelly Smyth, 1953-, marine blacksmith, Chadds Ford, Delaware County, Pennsylvania

Godfrey South, 1960-, blacksmith, Eynsford, Kent, England

Rural Crafts

Clyde Jenkins, 1954-, split-oak basket maker, Stanley, Page County, Virginia

Yoro Kébé, woodcarver, Ndjilasseme, Senegal

John Waller, 1971-, woodcarver, basket weaver, Blackham, Kent, England

Robert M. Watson, Jr., woodworker, Williamsburg, Virginia

Tobacco and Hops

Bob Cage, 1923-, tobacco auctioneer, South Boston, Halifax County, Virginia

Jim Crawford, 1951-, tobacco auctioneer, Roanoke, Virginia

Colin Felton, 1945-, hop picker, Kent, England

Derek Hitcham, 1942-, beer brewer, Kent, England

Kevin Owen, 1970-, tobacco farmer, Chatham, Pittsylvania County, Virginia

Bobby Wilkerson, 1941-, tobacco farmer, Ringgold, Pittsylvania County, Virginia

Working Dogs

Debbie Johnson, 1956-, dog trainer, Gladys, Campbell County, Virginia

Roy Johnson, 1935-, dog trainer, Gladys, Campbell County, Virginia

BUILDING ARTS

Jimmy Price, 1952-, mason, restorer, Monroe, Amherst County, Virginia

Peter Massey, master carpenter, house mover, Ashford, Kent, England

Colin McGhee, thatcher, Staunton, Virginia

Charles McRaven, 1935-, restorer, Free Union, Virginia

Linda McRaven, 1945-, restorer, Free Union, Virginia

Judy Hill, glass painter, Rochester, Kent, England

Keith Hill, stained glass conservator, Rochester, Kent, England

DECORATIVE CRAFTS

Car Culture

Larry Rathburn, 1948-, car builder, Catawba, Roanoke County, Virginia

Tom Van Nortwick, 1955-, designer, pinstriper, Ferrum, Franklin County, Virginia

Pottery

Fatou Wade, potter, Ndjilasséme, Senegal

Quilting Stories

54-40 African American Quilters Guild, Hampton, Virginia

Virginia Quilt Museum, Harrisonburg, Virginia -- Virginia Quilt Museum, Harrisonburg, VirginiaJoan Knight, 1945-, Harrisonburg, VirginiaJulia Renken, 1951-, Fairfax, VirginiaLoretta Shinol, 1940-, Springfield, VirginiaHelen L. Spittle, 1942-, Springfield, Virginia

Virginia Tribal Crafts

Lee Lovelace, 1987-, tribal artist, Mechanicsville, Hanover County, Virginia

Mildred Gentle Rain Moore, 1934-, blackware potter, Pamunkey Indian Reservation, King William County, Virginia

Debora Littlewing Moore, 1967-, blackware potter, dancer, West Point, King William County, Virginia

Randy Robinson, 1982-, scratchboard artist, Southampton County, Virginia

George Whitewolf, 1942-, basket weaver, Lynchburg, Virginia

Karenne Wood, 1960-, linguist, beader, poet, dancer, Charles City, Charles City County, Virginia

FOODWAYS AND GARDENS

Cooking

Janice Canaday, 1957-, cook, caterer, Williamsburg, Virginia

Dawn Chesser, 1947-, cook, Saxis, Accomack County, Virginia

Amanda Cottrell, 1941-, cook, Ashford, Kent, England

Frances Davis, 1949-, cook, Rocky Mount, Franklin County, Virginia

Maïmouna Diène, cook, Ndjilasséme, Senegal

Mo Joslin, 1948-, cook, Tilmanstone, Kent, England

Patrice Olivon, 1957-, cook, Arlington County, Virginia

Clevie H. Wingate, 1951-, cook, Elk Creek, Grayson County, Virginia

Brunswick Stew

John D. Clary and The Proclamation Stew Crew, Lawrenceville, Brunswick County, Virginia -- John D. Clary and The Proclamation Stew Crew, Lawrenceville, Brunswick County, VirginiaJames P. Batchelor, Lawrenceville, VirginiaTim Bendall, Petersburg, VirginiaChiles Cridlin, Richmond, VirginiaRodney Elmore, Bracey, VirginiaLonnie Moore, Lawrenceville, Virginia

Gardening

George Carter, formal gardener, North Elmham, Norfolk, England

Sophia Sidney, formal gardener, Tonbridge, Kent, England

Michael Twitty, 1977-, provision gardener, Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland

Tyrone Mangum, 1983-, school gardener, Hampton, Virginia

MARITIME TRADITIONS

Boat Building

Raynell Smith, 1948-, Deltaville Boat Builders, Deltaville, Middlesex County, Virginia

Steve Smith, 1945-, Deltaville Boat Builders, Deltaville, Middlesex County, Virginia

Jamie Smith, Smith's Marine Railway, Dare, York County, Virginia

Tim Smith, 1954-, Smith's Marine Railway, Dare, York County, Virginia

Alan Staley, 1945-, wooden boat builder, Faversham, Kent, England

Harbor Crafts and Activities

Ted Boscana, carpenter, Williamsburg, Virginia

Linda Benson, rope maker, Chatham Historic Dockyard, Chatham, Kent, England

Brenda O'Donovan, 1954-, rope maker, Chatham Historic Dockyard, Chatham, Kent, England

Marshall Scheetz, cooper, Williamsburg, Virginia

Historic Maritime Projects

Alexandria Seaport/Thomas Jefferson High School Project, Alexandria, Virginia

Reedville Fishermen's Museum/John Smith Boat Project, Reedville, Northumberland County, Virginia -- Reedville Fishermen's Museum/John Smith Boat Project, Reedville, Northumberland County, VirginiaRichard W. Bradt, Midlothian, VirginiaGordon Burgess, Reedville, VirginiaBill Rogers, Heathsville, VirginiaLionel Whitcomb, Reedville, Virginia

Sultana Shipyard/John Smith Boat Project, Chestertown, Kent County, Maryland

Working the Water

Danny K. Bowden, 1956-, gill-netter, crabber, guide, Chincoteague, Accomack County, Virginia

Marie Hill, oystering, Hobson Village, Suffolk County, Virginia

Mary Hill, 1960-, oystering, Hobson Village, Suffolk County, Virginia

Andy Riches, oystering, Whitstable, Kent, England

Ken Thomas, 1952-, gill-netter, fisher, Dungeness, Kent, England

Virginia Institute for Marine Science (VIMS), Gloucester Point, Gloucester County, Virginia -- Virginia Institute for Marine Science (VIMS), Gloucester Point, Gloucester County, VirginiaWyatt Vaughan, Farmville, VirginiaLester Vincent Williams, Prospect, Virginia

MUSIC AND PERFORMANCE

Anansegromma -- AnansegrommaKofi Denis, 1959-, Burke, VirginiaKwame Ansah-Brew, 1967-, Laurel, Maryland

Gerald Anderson, 1953-, instrument-maker, Troutdale, Grayson County, Virginia

Dave Arthur, 1942-, musician, singer, Towbridge Wells, Kent, England

Husnu Aydogdu, 1948-, instrument maker, singer, Arlington County, Virginia

"Big Day Out" Powwow

Gretchen Bulova and dancers, Gadsby's Tavern Museum, Alexandria, Virginia

John Cephas, 1930-, guitarist, singer, Bowling Green, Caroline County, Virginia

La Chanchona de los Hermanos Lobo, Northern Virginia -- La Chanchona de los Hermanos Lobo, Northern VirginiaEfrain Lobo, 1967-, violin, Leesburg, VirginiaEliseo Lobo, vihuelaOsmar Lobo, conga, guïroOsmin Lobo, bassTrinidad Lobo, violin, Arlington, Virginia

The Church of God and Saints of Christ, Alexandria, Virginia

Cheikh Hamala Diabaté and Ensemble, Bambare, Mali -- Cheikh Hamala Diabaté and Ensemble, Bambare, MaliCheick Hamala Diabate, ngoni, Adelphi, MarylandFamouro Diabate, New York, New YorkMakany Kouyate, New York, New YorkBala Tounkara, New York, New York

Rex M. Ellis, 1951-, historian, Williamsburg, Virginia

Brien Fain, singer, banjoist, Stuart, Patrick County, Virginia

Scott Fore, guitarist, Radford, Virginia

Gospel Traveliers, Junior Traveliers, and Gospel Travelettes, Farmville, Prince Edward County, Virginia

Wayne Henderson and Friends, 1947-, Mouth of Wilson, Grayson County, Virginia

Lao Heritage Foundation, Springfield, Virginia -- Lao Heritage Foundation, Springfield, VirginiaBounchanh MouangkhamPatricia PennPhongsee PennNiphasone Souphom, Alexandria, VirginiaXayxana SouphomSengchanh SouvannaphanhThongtanh Souvannaphanh, saw player, Springfield, Virginia

Lined-out Hymn Singers, Dillwyn, Buckingham County, Virginia

Linda Lay and Springfield Exit -- Linda Lay and Springfield ExitDavid Lay, Winchester, VirginiaLinda Lay, 1962-, Winchester, VirginiaSammy ShelorRicky Simpkins, Laurel, Maryland

Madison Hummingbirds, shout band, Portsmouth, Virginia

Jim Marshall, singer-songwriter, Hillsville, Carroll County, Virginia

The Midnight Ramblers, bluegrass band -- The Midnight Ramblers, bluegrass bandCherise Bates, 1990-, Wise, VirginiaPaula Bates, 1961-, Wise, VirginiaTony Bates, 1947-, Wise, VirginiaAustin Boggs, 1989-, Wise, VirginiaMarcus Johnson, 1989-, St. Paul, VirginiaAbe Mullins, 1988-, Dungannon, Virginia

The Millen Family, glee club harmony -- The Millen Family, glee club harmonyDonald Brian Levett, 1936-, Smarden, Ashford, Kent County, EnglandGerald Millen, 1926-, Bethersden, Ashford, Kent County, EnglandHilary David Millen, 1955-, Bethersden, Ashford, Kent County, EnglandHoward Batt Millen, 1928-, Bethersden, Ashford, Kent County, EnglandNeil Barrington Thrift Ridley, 1948-, Bethersden, Ashford, Kent County, England

Lucky Moyo, 1966-, Music for Change, Canterbury, Kent, England

Lonesome Will Mullins & The Virginia Playboys, Clintwood, Dickenson County, Virginia -- Lonesome Will Mullins & The Virginia Playboys, Clintwood, Dickenson County, VirginiaJarrod ChurchDuran DuttonRandy DuttonTom IsaacsWill Mullins, Clintwood, VirginiaKody Norris

Bou Counta Ndiaye Ensemble, Senegal -- Bou Counta Ndiaye Ensemble, SenegalBou Counta Ndiaye, Pikine, Daker, SenegalMamadou Ngoma Ndiaye, Pikine, Dakar, SenegalSidy Ndiaye, Department of Thies, SenegalBassirou Seck, Department of Diourbel, Senegal

New Ballard's Branch Bogtrotters, Galax, Virginia -- New Ballard's Branch Bogtrotters, Galax, VirginiaEddie Bond, 1971-, fiddle, Fries, VirginiaJosh Eller, mandolin, Galax, VirginiaLeon Frost, banjo, Galax, VirginiaDennis Hall, guitar, Galax, VirginiaJesse Morris, bass, Abingdon, Virginia

Reverend Frank Newsome, 1942-, Regular Baptist hymn-singer, Haysi, Dickenson County, Virginia

No Speed Limit, Galax, Virginia -- No Speed Limit, Galax, VirginiaStevie Barr, Galax, VirginiaRyan BlevinsAmber CollinsJacob Eller, Galax, VirginiaJosh Pickett

Vera Oye Yaa-Anna, 1949-, storyteller, Washington, D.C.

The Paschall Brothers, a cappella religious singers, Chesapeake, Virginia -- The Paschall Brothers, a cappella religious singers, Chesapeake, VirginiaTarrence Paschall, Sr., 1959-, Chesapeake, VirginiaTarrence Paschall, Jr., 1984-, Chesapeake, VirginiaFrank Paschall, Jr., 1953-, Chesapeake, VirginiaWilliam Paschall, 1963-, Norfolk, VirginiaRenard Freeman Sr., 1964-, Chesapeake, VirginiaRenard Freeman, Jr., 1987-, Chesapeake, VirginiaJohnny Lewis, 1949-, Virginia Beach, Virginia

Buddy Pendleton, 1935-, fiddle, Basset, Henry County, Virginia -- Buddy Pendleton, 1935-, fiddle, Basset, Henry County, VirginiaRobin Kauffman, 1979-, fiddle, Basset, Henry County, Virginia

Tim Laycock, 1952-, playwright, Kent, England

Sonia Ritter, 1958-, playwright, Kent, England

Kinney Rorrer and The New North Carolina Ramblers, old-time string band, Danville, Virginia -- Kinney Rorrer and The New North Carolina Ramblers, old-time string band, Danville, VirginiaDarren Moore, 1976-, guitar, autoharp, Keeling, VirginiaKinney Rorrer, 1946-, banjo, Danville, VirginiaJeremy Stephens, 1984-, guitar, fiddle, Danville, VirginiaKirk Sutphin, 1968-, fiddle, Walkertown, North Carolina

The Sama Ensemble, Persian music, Vienna, Fairfax County, Virginia -- The Sama Ensemble, Persian music, Vienna, Fairfax County, VirginiaGiti AbrishamiBahman AmeenAli Analouei, 1954-, drumsSofi BastaniBehzan BibizadehSteve BloomAudrey ElizabethHayedeh EradatArjan GanjiNeda HosseiniPuneh HosseiniNaser KhorasaniMohsen SalehiNeema ShabestariNazanin Zolriyasatein

Ubaldo Sánchez Hernández, 1981-, -- alfombra -- carpet maker, Arlington, Virginia

Jeffrey Scott, 1965-, Piedmont blues guitarist, Culpeper, Culpeper County, Virginia

La Sensual, salsa band, Northern Virginia -- La Sensual, salsa band, Northern VirginiaBrenda Lee Bonano, maracas, Woodbridge, VirginiaRolando Marcos, keyboards,Woodbridge, Virginia

Ron Short, 1965-, guitar, singer-songwriter, Big Stone Gap, Wise County, Virginia

Spencer Strickland, mandolin maker, Troutdale, Grayson County, Virginia

Los Tecuanis, tiger dancer, Manassas, Virginia

Speedy Tolliver, fiddler, Arlington County, Virginia -- Speedy Tolliver, fiddler, Arlington County, VirginiaAndrew Acosta, Falls Church, VirginiaJohn Kaparakis, Arlington, VirginiaWilliam Patrick McCauley, Front Royal, Virginia

Larnell Starkey and the Spiritual Seven, gospel singers, Wirtz, Franklin County, Virginia -- Larnell Starkey and the Spiritual Seven, gospel singers, Wirtz, Franklin County, VirginiaDarledia Alexander, 1959-, Wirtz, VirginiaTravis Moore, 1996-Danny Starkey, 1954-Eric Starkey, 1980-Larnell Starkey, 1948-Tim Starkey, 1970-Walter Starkey, 1951-, Wirtz, VirginiaOtario Wells, 1995-Coleman Wright, 1956-

Virginia Tribal Dancers -- Virginia Tribal DancersPowhatan Red Cloud-Owen, 1948-, dancer, Charles City, Charles City County, VirginiaTara Danielle Bradby, 1984-, Providence Forge, VirginiaRufus Elliott, 1984-, Monroe, VirginiaDebora Littlewing Moore, 1967-, West Point, VirginiaQuinton Talbott, 1995-, Big Island, VirginiaKarenne Wood, 1960-, Charles City, Virginia

Whitetop Mountain Band -- Whitetop Mountain BandThornton Spencer, fiddle, Mouth of Wilson, Grayson County, VirginiaEmily Spencer, 1952-, banjo, Mouth of Wilson, Grayson County, VirginiaMartha Spencer, 1985-, guitar, fiddle, banjo, Mouth of Wilson, Grayson County, VirginiaDeborah Bramer, bass, Fancy Gap, VirginiaJackson Cunningham, 1977-, mandolin, Christiansburg, VirginiaSpencer Pennington, 1934-, guitar, Warrensville, North Carolina

Phil Wiggins, 1954-, harmonica player, Takoma Park, Montgomery County, Maryland

Wuoxinkan, Dancing Folkloric -- Wuoxinkan, Dancing FolkloricJulia CabreraVinicio Cabrera, Arlington, VirginiaLuisa LópezMiguel Angel LópezUbaldo Sánchez, 1981-, Arlington, VirginiaJulia Victoria Sánchez Hernández, 1977-, Arlington, Virginia

Yarawi, Spanish and Andean music, Sterling, Fairfax County, Virginia -- Yarawi, Spanish and Andean music, Sterling, Fairfax County, VirginiaDiego Azuga, Sterling, VirginiaGustavo Azuga, 1960-, Sterling, VirginiaDirk Bayer, 1963-, Sterling, VirginiaFelipe Ugalde, 1978-, McLean, VirginiaLuis Velasco

RESEARCHING HISTORY

Community and Family History

The Alexandria Black History Museum, Alexandria, Virginia

Arlington African American Heritage Museum, Arlington County, Virginia

Char McCargo Bah, 1957-, genealogist, Fredericksburg, Virginia

Harvey Bakari, director of African American interpretation, Colonial Williamsburg, Williamsburg, Virginia

Abdoulaye Camara, 1950-, historian, archaeologist, Dakar, Senegal

Colonial Williamsburg, Williamsburg, Virginia -- Colonial Williamsburg, Williamsburg, VirginiaTed Boscana, Williamsburg, VirginiaMarshall Scheetz, Williamsburg, VirginiaTerry ThonRobert Watson, Williamsburg, Virginia

Liz Finn, archivist, Kent Archives, Canterbury, Kent, England

Julius Fuller, fraternity historian, Hampton, Virginia

Historic Jamestowne, Jamestown, James City County, Virginia

Jamestown Settlement, Jamestown, James City County, Virginia

Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier, Petersburg, Virginia -- Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier, Petersburg, VirginiaDaniel Beasley, 1978-, Petersburg, VirginiaAaron Bradford, 1983-, Petersburg, VirginiaJeffrey Dean, 1950-, Petersburg, VirginiaBrian Musselwhite, 1972-, Petersburg, VirginiaAl Neale, Petersburg, VirginiaWisteria Perry, 1975-, Petersburg, VirginiaAndrew Talkov, 1972-, Petersburg, Virginia

Virginia Raye, 1974-, sorority historian, Alexandria, Virginia

Paula Royster, 1966-, genealogist, Fredericksburg, Virginia

Smithsonian Anacostia Community Museum, Sperryville and Richmond Virginia Projects

Historic Archaeology

Enid Allison, 1957-, environmental archaeologist, Kent, England

Amanda Danning, sculptor, painter, woodcarver, Bay City, Texas

Marion Green, 1952-, archaeologist, Kent, England

Jamestown 2007 Community Program, Jamestown, James City County, Virginia

Mariner's Museum, Newport News, Virginia -- Mariner's Museum, Newport News, VirginiaPedro Goncalves, 1971-, Newport News, VirginiaSusanne Grieve, 1981-, Norfolk, VirginiaCarson Hudson, 1952-, Surry, VirginiaDave Krop, 1978-, Newport News, VirginiaAl Mitchell, 1947-, Yorktown, VirginiaJuliette MitchellEric Nordgren, 1971-, Newport News, VirginiaMarcie Renner, 1958-, Newport News, Virginia
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 2007 Smithsonian Folklife Festival, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.2007, Series 4
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 2007 Smithsonian Folklife Festival
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5c669f3d0-879c-43eb-a60c-1038985ee720
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-2007-ref33

John W. S. and Arthur D. Foster world travel films collection

Creator:
Foster, John W. S.  Search this
Foster, Arthur D.  Search this
Extent:
6 Film reels (63 minutes, black-and-white silent; 2,386 feet, 35mm; 16mm)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Film reels
Travelogues (motion pictures)
Silent films
Place:
Africa, Central
Southeast Asia
Congo
India
Angkor Wat (Cambodia)
Date:
circa 1927
Scope and Contents:
Incomplete amateur edited film documenting an around-the world trip. The Fosters travel through southern Sudan and the Belgian Congo (Republic of Congo), Africa; Iraq; Thailand; Cambodia; and Calcutta, India. In Africa film records steamship voyage up unidentified tributary of the White Nile through marshy vegetation to British border post of Rejaf and an overland hunting trip from village of Irumu through the Ituri forest. Included are scenes of daily life on barges being pushed upriver by the steamer (men playing cards, head shaving and man playing stringed instrument); aspects of the steamer (wheelhouse, first class bunkhouse on upper deck, and white hunter shooting crocodile from deck); boys swimming in river; Irumu post house; loading expedition equipment on truck; truck crossing river on ferry made from dugout canoes; hunters being carried in primitive "sedan chairs" and workers clearing forest for road through the Ituri forest. Footage of Iraq is consists mostly of film aerial views shot out the window during airplane trip from Basra to Baghdad. Thailand footage includes the birthday celebration of King Rama III with scenes in the royal compound (including guards, nobelmen, children of noble families, King's children, and King and Queen), kite fighting tournament attended by the Royal family and extracting snake venom to make anti-toxins. Cambodian footage includes Angkor Wat.

Legacy keywords: Aerial photography ; Kites ; Royal houses ; Ruins ; Boats ; Crocodiles Africa ; Aerial views ; Tourism ; Palace Thailand ; Hunting Belgian Congo ; Travel ; Language and culture

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or Anthropology Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Local Numbers:
HSFA 1996.8.1
Provenance:
Received from John W. S. Foster, III in 1996 and 2000.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Travelogues (Motion pictures)
silent films
Citation:
John W. S. and Arthur D. Foster world travel films collection, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
HSFA.1996.08
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc94819a411-80cf-4b48-bfa9-57acb67dab98
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-hsfa-1996-08
Online Media:

Merriman World Travel Footage

Collection Creator:
Merriman, Milton E.  Search this
Extent:
1 Film reel (16mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
circa 1927-1960
Scope and Contents:
Footage taken by Milton E. Merriman, 1920s-1952. Most of the footage is of China, Japan, India, and Southeast Asia. The remainder features the Middle East; Europe & Great Bitain; Mexico, Puerto Rico, & South America; and the United States. The edited footage was used by Mr. Merriman in his travel lectures presented during the 1950s. ; Roll 6 consists of footage of China documenting Bei Hai Park on Qiong Hua Island, Beijing, including the White Dagoba and footage of visitors to the park. Also documents activity on boats and in the streets of the port city of Shanghai.
General:
Local Numbers: HSFA 1976.4.1-6
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Milton E. Merriman travel films, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Milton E. Merriman travel films
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc959514c70-57b0-40c3-9d0f-c7f8a73d1f35
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-1976-04-ref7

[Sturtevant SR 83]

Collection Creator:
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Container:
Box 516
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1971
Scope and Contents note:
Ekholm, Gordon; Oral History; abt 6 hours, winter-spring 1971
Collection Restrictions:
Files containing Sturtevant's students' grades have been restricted, as have his students' and colleagues' grant and fellowships applications. Restricted files were separated and placed at the end of their respective series in boxes 87, 264, 322, 389-394, 435-436, 448, 468, and 483. For preservation reasons, his computer files are also restricted. Seminole sound recordings are restricted. Access to the William C. Sturtevant Papers requires an apointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
William C. Sturtevant papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William C. Sturtevant papers
William C. Sturtevant papers / Series 13: Sound Recordings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38d5e4b58-2de2-4d8e-b12c-3714e4c1b845
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2008-24-ref15330
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Online Media:

Dorothy West Pelzer papers

Creator:
Pelzer, Dorothy West, -1972  Search this
Extent:
38.5 Linear feet
Culture:
Indonesians  Search this
Balinese (Indonesian people)  Search this
Javanese (Indonesian people)  Search this
Niasese (Indonesian people)  Search this
Bontoks (Philippine people)  Search this
Ifugao (Philippine people)  Search this
Kalinga (Philippine people)  Search this
Yao (Southeast Asian people)  Search this
Burmese  Search this
Chin (Southeast Asian people)  Search this
Dusun (Bornean people)  Search this
Iban (Bornean people)  Search this
Murut (Bornean people)  Search this
Rungus (Malaysian people)  Search this
Thai Dam  Search this
Taungthu (Southeast Asian people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Southeast Asia
Date:
1961-1970
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of notes and photographs, both black and white negatives with prints and color slides. The notes comprise both reading notes and those made in the field.

For many of the buildings, the photographs show facades, structual and decorative details, and, often, interior views. For some structures, the photographs also show surroundings. There are also a few aerial photographs of settlements, photographs of models of Southeast Asian houses, and illustrations from books on houses. A few photographs show the construction of buildings and the use of tools for preparing building materials.

In addition to photographs of buildings, there are also portraits, some of natives and some of friends, and views of village scenes, markets, street vendors, processions and ceremonies, carts, food processing and preparation, burden bearing, water wheels, oxen, musicians and musical instruments, and such crafts as bronze casting, spinning, weaving, and the preparation of lacquer.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Biographical Note:
Dorothy Pelzer (1915-1972) was educated at Cornell University and Principia College in Elsah, Illinois. She also studied at the Institute of Design ("New Bauhaus") in Chicago under Laszlo Moholy-Nagy and Walter Gropius and took a M.Arch. degree from the Massachusetts Institution of Technology in 1950. After this she was engaged in various activities, including teaching at Wellesley College. During the late 1950s, she toured rural Japan and and visited several Asian countries. Between 1962 and 1970, she traveled in Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Laos, Malaya, Philippines, Sarawak, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam documenting through photographs and drawings traditional building forms, including houses, granaries, temples, boats, and graves. Most of her work was self-financed, but in 1968 and 1971 she received support for her work from the J.D. Rockefeller III Foundation.
Provenance:
Received from the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore in 1989 and 1993 and the estate of Dorothy West Pelzer in 1997.
Restrictions:
The Dorothy West Pelzer papers is open for research.

Access to the Dorothy West Pelzer papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Dayak (Indonesian people)  Search this
Meo (Indic people)  Search this
Kachin (Asian people)  Search this
Khmer (Asian people)  Search this
Citation:
Dorothy West Pelzer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1989-07
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3edf7cc49-9a86-4ac4-8161-87f33a344f65
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1989-07

Scrapbook: Return Surplus Lands to Indian People

Collection Creator:
Thorpe, Grace F.  Search this
Extent:
38 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 12
Box 2, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Date:
1971
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook includes articles, newspaper clippings, letters and photographs from various events and marches Grace participated in regarding the fight for returning surplus lands to Native peoples. These events and materials include--Fishing Rights March (1970) in Yelm, Washington with the McCloud family; Fort Lawton "Surplus" March (1970) in Seattle, Washington; Pit River versus P.G..E. (1970) in Big Bend, California; DQU, Deganawidah Quetzalcoatl University founding (1971) in Davis, California; and documentation as National Commitee Director for the "Return Surplus Lands to Indian People".
Separated Materials:
The cover and back of the scrapbook binder are in Box 12 since they are oversized.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace F. Thorpe Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Grace F. Thorpe Collection
Grace F. Thorpe Collection / Series 4: Working on Behalf of Native Americans and Activism
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv488f38056-777d-4178-98b4-90af44699a74
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-085-ref108
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Boy of Southeast Asia

Extent:
1 Film reel (color sound; 576 feet, 16mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1967
Scope and Contents:
Edited film shows life in Southeast Asia (country unspecified) through Geng and his brother. Shown are views of the countryside, school (science class and classmates playing games), girls fishing in the rivers, river boats with cargo and passengers and ancient temples.

Legacy Keywords: Children Asia ; Schools Asian ; Transportation Asian ; Temples
General:
Local Numbers: HSFA 1994.21.83
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
REMC 2 educational film collection, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
REMC 2 educational film collection
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc96f2f9923-65e9-460d-812c-0537edcd8827
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-1994-21-ref77

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Steamboats [Ships, Boats, and Vessels]

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
10.22 Cubic feet (consisting of 20 boxes, 2 folders, 9 oversize folders, 3 map case folders, 3 flat boxes (2 full, 1 partial.))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Menus
Bills
Ships' passenger lists
Patents
Legislative documents
Photographs
Advertisements
Advertising mail
Advertising
Illustrations
Contracts
Trademarks
Inspections
Programs
Advertising cards
Advertising fliers
Print advertising
Legal documents
Travelogs
Souvenir programs
Business cards
Concert programs
Publications
Commercial correspondence
Correspondence
Receipts
Theater programs
Business records
Legal records
Business ephemera
Invoices
Bills of sale
Ships' logs
Technical reports
Reports
Letterheads
Ephemera
Design patents
Travel brochures
Legislation (legal concepts)
Business letters
Timetables
Travel diaries
Printed ephemera
Place:
New York (N.Y.) -- Transportation
Hudson River
Date:
1777-1965
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Accounting and Bookkeeping forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
Minimally covers the terminus of the wind-powered (sail) era and more fully documents the peak of the engine (steam) era of commercial cargo and passenger vesselsk, including freight and dockage services, maintenance and provisioning, ferry service, navigation (tug and tow) assistance, plus leisure cruising and touring. There is not a significant amount of material on battle or war ships. Includes both short distance routes such as lakes, rivers, and islets, and longer trans-oceanic crossings.

Documents within the collection consist of handbills, broadsides, leaflets, books, business cards, advertisements, insurance forms, wreck reports, passenger lists, baggage tags, freight manifests, rate cards, correspondence on letterhead stationery, booklets, newspaper clippings, postcards, menus, periodicals, manuals, photographs, engravings, woodcuts, sketches, bills of lading, receipts, catalogues, ledgers, journals, purchase orders, broadsides, brochures, custom forms, schedules, shipping and receiving documents, early steam guides, timetables, lithographs, announcements, etc. There are no navigational nautical maps. There is very little in the way of international import/export records. However, domestic and North American freight services are well-covered through invoices, bills of lading, manifests, and receipts for goods and services.

Some materials cover the history and development of steamships, particularly in the latter half of the nineteenth century with the iron screw replacing the wooden paddle steamer in the 1850s. The late 1860s brought the compound engine, which led to the steamship, previously used for the conveyance of mails and passengers, to compete with the sailing vessel in the carriage of cargo for long voyages. The 1870s brought improvements in accommodation for the passenger, with the midship saloon, conveniences in state-rooms, and covered access to smoke rooms and ladies cabins.

Ownership of specific lines and vessels was very fluid throughout shipping history, including the renaming of vessels. Mergers, dissolution, and absorption of fleets were frequent. Thus, researchers should independently seek out a more detailed history for any entity of particular interest.

The general maritime business series focuses on good and services related to maritime operations such as repair, shipbuilding, parts, ticket agents, chandlers, groceries, coal supply, dockage, wharfs/marinas, etc.

Operation records of named vessels contains primarily bills of lading and similar receipts for the movement of material goods or in-water services such as tow and tug assistance.

The largest series covering shipping lines and conglomerates offers a wide assortment of miscellaneous, nonexhaustive operation records for cargo and passenger lines and corporations, typically those with multiple holdings. These documents may include receipts, bills of lading, correspondence, and financial ledgers, plus promotional material for services and routes offered. Passenger sailings and luxury cruise documentation may contain menus, passenger lists, itineraries, shore excursion information, souveniers such as luggage tags, ticket stubs, and postcards. See also the subject category Menus, for additional examples of passenger and cruise ship menus.

When not associated with any of the above, general examples of materials related to the industry have been by arranged by their material type such as images, reports, and serial publications. More formal documentation, especially legal and reports, can be found here.

Narrative type materials related to lore, history, and building and design specifications have been sorted by subject. A scarce amount of material covers ships used for military service. Likewise, there are a few examples of maritime related material from the art world, mostly in the form of catalogues for exhibits or auction of paintings and scale models.

A note on vessel names: those used as contract carriers of mail and when in service, were entitled to unique prefix designations such as Royal Mail Ship (RMS.), otherwise, the ship name may be preceded by the more generic S.S. for single-screw steamer or steamship, SV for sailing vessel, PS for paddle steamer, RV for research vessel or similar type prefix. USS is the standard for the United States Navy commissioned ships while in commission, with HMS used for His/Her Majesty's Ship of the British Royal Navy.

Some of the major lines/companies represented in the collection include: American Line, American Steamship Company, Anchor Line, Compagnie Générale Transatlantique, Cunard-Anchor Line, Cunard Line, Cunard Steam Ship Company, Limited, Cunard White Star Line, Eastern Steamship Lines, Furness, Withy & Company, Hamburg American Line (HAPAG) / Hamburg Amerika Linie, Holland America Line (N.A.S.M. / HAL), Inman Line, International Mercantile Marine Company (IMM), International Navigation Company, North German Lloyd (Norddeutscher Lloyd Bremen), Panama Pacific Line, Peninsular and Oriental, Red Star Line, Royal Mail Steam Packet, U.S. Mail Steamship Company, United States Lines, White Star Line.
Arrangement:
Ships, Boats, and Vessels is arranged in three subseries.

Business Records and Marketing Material

General Maritime Businesses



Operation Records of Named Vessels



Shipping Lines/Conglomerates

Miscellaneous Business Records and Marketing Material

Genre

Keepsakes

Images

Ledger

Legal

News Clippings

Regulatory

Reports

Serial Publications

Stamps/Cigarette Cards

Associations and Societies

Images, Artwork, Racing, Technical Literature

Subject

Battleships, Warships

Destination Guides

Employment and Licensing

Insurance

Maritime History

Maritime Models and Art

Revue Generale Des Sciences

Warshaw Administrative Records
Related Materials:
Several other Warshaw Subject Categories may have closely related material such as Submarines and Transportation. For casual and recreational boating see Boats and Boating Equipment and Yachts. Other subject categories that may have related materials include: Canals, Dredging, Engines, Menus, Railroads (point of common transportation transfer), and Tours. .
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Steamboats [Ships, Boats, and Vessels] is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Passenger ships  Search this
Marine machinery  Search this
Ships  Search this
Shipbuilding industry  Search this
Ferries  Search this
Transportation -- Japan  Search this
River boats  Search this
Marine engines  Search this
Boats  Search this
Transportation -- Far Eastern  Search this
Ships -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Merchant Marine -- Manning of vessels -- United States  Search this
Docks  Search this
Health  Search this
Ocean liners  Search this
Merchant Marine -- United States  Search this
Ships -- Far Eastern  Search this
Rivers  Search this
Transportation -- river boat  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Merchant Marine  Search this
Harbors  Search this
Trade associations  Search this
Transportation -- 1900-1910  Search this
Boats and boating  Search this
Water transport -- 18th century  Search this
Boats -- Southeast Asia  Search this
Cargo  Search this
Local transit -- New York (N.Y.)  Search this
Sailboats  Search this
Waterways  Search this
Sailing  Search this
Transportation -- New York (N.Y.)  Search this
Local transit  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Water transfer  Search this
Transportation -- History  Search this
Wharves  Search this
Steamboats  Search this
Boats -- New York (N.Y.)  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Public health  Search this
Marine engineers  Search this
Ocean travel  Search this
Seamen -- 1910-1920  Search this
Musical performances  Search this
Transportation -- Law and legislation -- United States  Search this
Merchant seamen  Search this
Marine engineering  Search this
Models and modelmaking  Search this
Navigation  Search this
Seamen -- 1940-1950  Search this
Travel  Search this
Importers  Search this
Shipping  Search this
Cruise ships  Search this
Ships -- New York (N.Y.)  Search this
Flags  Search this
Exports -- 19th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Menus -- Ships -- 1940-1950
Menus
Bills
Ships' passenger lists
Patents
Legislative documents
Photographs
Advertisements
Advertising mail
Advertising
Illustrations
Contracts
Trademarks
Inspections
Programs
Advertising cards
Advertising fliers
Print advertising
Legal documents
Travelogs
Souvenir programs
Business cards
Concert programs
Publications
Commercial correspondence
Correspondence
Receipts
Theater programs
Publications -- Business
Business records
Legal records
Business ephemera
Invoices
Bills of sale
Ships' logs
Technical reports
Reports
Letterheads
Ephemera
Design patents
Travel brochures
Legislation (legal concepts)
Business letters
Timetables
Travel diaries
Printed ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Ships, Boats, and Vessels, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Steamboats
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Steamboats [Ships, Boats, and Vessels]
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8cc542278-2f59-4b3b-9008-a8b7679a46b5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-steamboats

Halong Bay

Artist:
Lois Conner (United States, born 1951)  Search this
Medium:
Platinum print on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 20.5 x 47.6 cm (8 1/16 x 18 3/4 in)
Type:
Photograph
Origin:
United States
Date:
1993
Topic:
landscape  Search this
boat  Search this
Vietnam  Search this
United States  Search this
American Art  Search this
Contemporary Art  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Smithsonian Unrestricted Trust Funds
Accession Number:
S1995.3
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
F|S Southeast Asia
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3a6e05faf-e26c-4b25-92f2-78f6d37992a6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S1995.3

The sea nomads; a study based on the literature of the maritime boat people of Southeast Asia, by David E. Sopher

Author:
Sopher, David Edward  Search this
Physical description:
x, 422 p. illus., maps (2 fold.) 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Southeast Asia
Date:
1965
1965]
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Maritime anthropology  Search this
Nomads  Search this
Call number:
DS595 .S712
DS595.S712
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_559

The design of planked boats of the Moluccas / by G. Adrian Horridge

Author:
Horridge, G. Adrian  Search this
Physical description:
iii, 54 p. : ill., map ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Southeast Asia
Date:
1978
C1978
Topic:
Boats and boating  Search this
Call number:
GN440.1 .H816d 1978
GN440.1.H816d 1978
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_288624

The Oxford handbook of migration crises / edited by Cecilia Menjivar, Marie Ruiz, and Immanuel Ness

Editor:
Menjívar, Cecilia  Search this
Ruiz, Marie  Search this
Ness, Immanuel  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
History
Date:
2019
21st century
Topic:
Emigration and immigration--History  Search this
Population geography--History  Search this
Refugees--History  Search this
Emigration and immigration  Search this
Population geography  Search this
Refugees  Search this
Call number:
JV6033 .O94 2019 (Internet)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1153002

The Oxford handbook of migration crises / edited by Cecilia Menjivar, Marie Ruiz, and Immanuel Ness

Editor:
Menjívar, Cecilia  Search this
Ruiz, Marie  Search this
Ness, Immanuel  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
History
Date:
2018
21st century
Topic:
Emigration and immigration--History  Search this
Population geography--History  Search this
Refugees--History  Search this
Emigration and immigration  Search this
Population geography  Search this
Refugees  Search this
Call number:
JV6033 .O94 2018 (Internet)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1152694

The war for the seas a maritime history of World War II Evan Mawdsley

Title:
Maritime history of World War II
Maritime history of World War 2
Author:
Mawdsley, Evan 1945-  Search this
Physical description:
xlii, 557 pages, 32 unnumbered pages of plates illustrations, maps 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2019
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Naval operations  Search this
Military operations, Naval  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1114528

Boat Model

Donor Name:
Dr. Donald J. Pletsch  Search this
Culture:
Yami (Tao)  Search this
Object Type:
Boat Model
Place:
Southeast, Taiwan, China, Asia
Accession Date:
26 Jun 1962
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
242950
USNM Number:
E399881-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/310747e16-4679-4726-a02b-5e389267e3ed
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8428533
Online Media:

Eastern Wind: The Asian-American Community Newsletter of Washington, D.C. Vol. 4, No. 1

Collection Designer:
Eng, Miu, 1955-  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1975 September-October
Scope and Contents:
This issue of Eastern Wind includes cover art designed by Miu Eng, organizational news, and an essay on Asians and the Women's Movement.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist at ACMarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Miu Eng Eastern Wind collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Miu Eng.
See more items in:
Miu Eng Eastern Wind Collection
Miu Eng Eastern Wind Collection / Series 2: Newsletters
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa70e7d559a-63e4-4706-9500-478e5dcacbda
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-102-ref6
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  • View Eastern Wind: The Asian-American Community Newsletter of Washington, D.C. Vol. 4, No. 1 digital asset number 1

Minutes

Extent:
8.70 cu. ft. (9 document boxes) (7 12x17 boxes) (1 16x20 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1846-1995
Descriptive Entry:
These records are the official minutes of the Board. They are compiled at the direction of the Secretary of the Smithsonian, who is also secretary to the Board, after approval by the Regents' Executive Committee and by the Regents themselves. The minutes are edited, not a verbatim account of proceedings. For reasons unknown, there are no manuscript minutes for the period from 1857 through 1890; and researchers must rely on printed minutes published in the Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution instead. Minutes are transferred regularly from the Secretary's Office to the Archives. Minutes less than 15 years old are closed to researchers. Indexes exist for the period from 1907 to 1946 and can be useful.
Historical Note:
The Smithsonian Institution was created by authority of an Act of Congress approved August 10, 1846. The Act entrusted direction of the Smithsonian to a body called the Establishment, composed of the President; the Vice President; the Chief Justice of the United States; the secretaries of State, War, Navy, Interior, and Agriculture; the Attorney General; and the Postmaster General. In fact, however, the Establishment last met in 1877, and control of the Smithsonian has always been exercised by its Board of Regents. The membership of the Regents consists of the Vice President and the Chief Justice of the United States; three members each of the Senate and House of Representatives; two citizens of the District of Columbia; and seven citizens of the several states, no two from the same state. (Prior to 1970 the category of Citizen Regents not residents of Washington consisted of four members). By custom the Chief Justice is Chancellor. The office was at first held by the Vice President. However, when Millard Fillmore succeeded to the presidency on the death of Zachary Taylor in 1851, Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney was chosen in his stead. The office has always been filled by the Chief Justice since that time.

The Regents of the Smithsonian have included distinguished Americans from many walks of life. Ex officio members (Vice President) have been: Spiro T. Agnew, Chester A. Arthur, Allen W. Barkley, John C. Breckenridge, George Bush, Schuyler Colfax, Calvin Coolidge, Charles Curtis, George M. Dallas, Charles G. Dawes, Charles W. Fairbanks, Millard Fillmore, Gerald R. Ford, John N. Garner, Hannibal Hamlin, Thomas A. Hendricks, Garret A. Hobart, Hubert H. Humphrey, Andrew Johnson, Lyndon B. Johnson, William R. King, Thomas R. Marshall, Walter F. Mondale, Levi P. Morton, Richard M. Nixon, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Theodore Roosevelt, James S. Sherman, Adlai E. Stevenson, Harry S. Truman, Henry A. Wallace, William A. Wheeler, Henry Wilson.

Ex officio members (Chief Justice) have been: Roger B. Taney, Salmon P. Chase, Nathan Clifford, Morrison R. Waite, Samuel F. Miller, Melville W. Fuller, Edward D. White, William Howard Taft, Charles Evans Hughes, Harlan F. Stone, Fred M. Vinson, Earl Warren, Warren E. Burger.

Regents on the part of the Senate have been: Clinton P. Anderson, Newton Booth, Sidney Breese, Lewis Cass, Robert Milledge Charlton, Bennet Champ Clark, Francis M. Cockrell, Shelby Moore Cullom, Garrett Davis, Jefferson Davis, George Franklin Edmunds, George Evans, Edwin J. Garn, Walter F. George, Barry Goldwater, George Gray, Hannibal Hamlin, Nathaniel Peter Hill, George Frisbie Hoar, Henry French Hollis, Henry M. Jackson, William Lindsay, Henry Cabot Lodge, Medill McCormick, James Murray Mason, Samuel Bell Maxey, Robert B. Morgan, Frank E. Moss, Claiborne Pell, George Wharton Pepper, David A. Reed, Leverett Saltonstall, Hugh Scott, Alexander H. Smith, Robert A. Taft, Lyman Trumbull, Wallace H. White, Jr., Robert Enoch Withers.

Regents on the part of the House of Representatives have included: Edward P. Boland, Frank T. Bow, William Campbell Breckenridge, Overton Brooks, Benjamin Butterworth, Clarence Cannon, Lucius Cartrell, Hiester Clymer, William Colcock, William P. Cole, Jr., Maurice Connolly, Silvio O. Conte, Edward E. Cox, Edward H. Crump, John Dalzell, Nathaniel Deering, Hugh A. Dinsmore, William English, John Farnsworth, Scott Ferris, Graham Fitch, James Garfield, Charles L. Gifford, T. Alan Goldsborough, Frank L. Greene, Gerry Hazleton, Benjamin Hill, Henry Hilliard, Ebenezer Hoar, William Hough, William M. Howard, Albert Johnson, Leroy Johnson, Joseph Johnston, Michael Kirwan, James T. Lloyd, Robert Luce, Robert McClelland, Samuel K. McConnell, Jr., George H. Mahon, George McCrary, Edward McPherson, James R. Mann, George Perkins Marsh, Norman Y. Mineta, A. J. Monteague, R. Walton Moore, Walter H. Newton, Robert Dale Owen, James Patterson, William Phelps, Luke Poland, John Van Schaick Lansing Pruyn, B. Carroll Reece, Ernest W. Roberts, Otho Robards Singleton, Frank Thompson, Jr., John M. Vorys, Hiram Warner, Joseph Wheeler.

Citizen Regents have been: David C. Acheson, Louis Agassiz, James B. Angell, Anne L. Armstrong, William Backhouse Astor, J. Paul Austin, Alexander Dallas Bache, George Edmund Badger, George Bancroft, Alexander Graham Bell, James Gabriel Berrett, John McPherson Berrien, Robert W. Bingham, Sayles Jenks Bowen, William G. Bowen, Robert S. Brookings, John Nicholas Brown, William A. M. Burden, Vannevar Bush, Charles F. Choate, Jr., Rufus Choate, Arthur H. Compton, Henry David Cooke, Henry Coppee, Samuel Sullivan Cox, Edward H. Crump, James Dwight Dana, Harvey N. Davis, William Lewis Dayton, Everette Lee Degolyer, Richard Delafield, Frederic A. Delano, Charles Devens, Matthew Gault Emery, Cornelius Conway Felton, Robert V. Fleming, Murray Gell-Mann, Robert F. Goheen, Asa Gray, George Gray, Crawford Hallock Greenwalt, Nancy Hanks, Caryl Parker Haskins, Gideon Hawley, John B. Henderson, John B. Henderson, Jr., A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., Gardner Greene Hubbard, Charles Evans Hughes, Carlisle H. Humelsine, Jerome C. Hunsaker, William Preston Johnston, Irwin B. Laughlin, Walter Lenox, Augustus P. Loring, John Maclean, William Beans Magruder, John Walker Maury, Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, John C. Merriam, R. Walton Moore, Roland S. Morris, Dwight W. Morrow, Richard Olney, Peter Parker, Noah Porter, William Campbell Preston, Owen Josephus Roberts, Richard Rush, William Winston Seaton, Alexander Roby Shepherd, William Tecumseh Sherman, Otho Robards Singleton, Joseph Gilbert Totten, John Thomas Towers, Frederic C. Walcott, Richard Wallach, Thomas J. Watson, Jr., James E. Webb, James Clarke Welling, Andrew Dickson White, Henry White, Theodore Dwight Woolsey.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Museum trustees  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 1, Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents, Minutes
Identifier:
Record Unit 1
See more items in:
Minutes
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0001
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  • View Minutes digital asset number 1

Delegate

Subject of:
MelPat Associates, American, 1965 - 1986  Search this
Lou Rawls, American, 1933 - 2006  Search this
United Negro College Fund, American, founded 1944  Search this
President Jimmy Carter, American, born 1924  Search this
Wilma Rudolph, American, 1940 - 1994  Search this
National Urban League, American, founded 1910  Search this
American Association of Blacks in Energy, American, founded 1977  Search this
One Hundred Black Men, Inc., American, founded 1963  Search this
National Association of Black Social Workers, American, founded 1968  Search this
Interracial Council for Business Opportunity, American, founded 1963  Search this
National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education, American, founded 1969  Search this
American Bridge Association, American, founded 1932  Search this
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, American, founded 1821  Search this
National Association of Market Developers, American, founded 1953  Search this
The Girl Friends, Inc., American, founded 1927  Search this
Prince Hall Freemasonry, founded 1784  Search this
Sears, Roebuck & Co., American, founded 1893  Search this
Morehouse College, American, founded 1867  Search this
Opportunities Industrialization Center of America, Inc., American, founded 1964  Search this
National Newspaper Publishers Association, American, founded 1827  Search this
National Pharmaceutical Association, American, founded 1947  Search this
Chi Delta Mu Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1913  Search this
Chi Eta Phi Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1932  Search this
Top Ladies of Distinction, Inc., American, founded 1964  Search this
National Association of Negro Musicians, Inc., founded 1919  Search this
The Links, Incorporated, American, founded 1946  Search this
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909  Search this
Lambda Kappa Mu Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1937  Search this
Republican Party, American, founded 1854  Search this
Charms, Inc., American, founded 1952  Search this
Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Incorporated, founded 1908  Search this
National United Church Ushers Association of America, Inc., American, founded 1919  Search this
Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, American, founded 1920  Search this
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1906  Search this
Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc., founded 1922  Search this
Eta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1943  Search this
National Pharmaceutical Association, American, founded 1947  Search this
National Medical Association, American, founded 1895  Search this
National Association of Negro Musicians, Inc., founded 1919  Search this
National Association of University Women, American, founded 1910  Search this
Shriners International, American, founded 1870  Search this
Daughters of Isis, American, founded 1910  Search this
American Tennis Association, American, founded 1916  Search this
Democratic Party, American, founded 1828  Search this
CBS Broadcasting, Inc., American, founded 1927  Search this
A. Philip Randolph, American, 1889 - 1979  Search this
Iota Phi Lambda Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1929  Search this
Congressional Black Caucus, American, founded 1971  Search this
369th Veterans Association, American  Search this
Benjamin Hooks, American, 1925 - 2010  Search this
National Bankers Association, American, founded 1927  Search this
Association for the Study of African American Life and History, American, founded 1915  Search this
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1911  Search this
Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, American, founded 1914  Search this
Alliance for Women in Media, American, founded 1951  Search this
Created by:
C. Melvin Patrick, American, died 1985  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 10 13/16 × 8 7/16 × 7/16 in. (27.5 × 21.4 × 1.1 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place made:
Harlem, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1980
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Black Press  Search this
Business  Search this
Communities  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Fraternities  Search this
Government  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Labor  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Men  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
Religious groups  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Sororities  Search this
Television  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Urban life  Search this
Women  Search this
Women's organizations  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Anne B. Patrick and the family of Hilda E. Stokely
Object number:
2012.167.14
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd533a4aa5f-52b1-4ee7-8dd0-1df51498bd61
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.167.14
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  • View <I>Delegate</I> digital asset number 1

Covers his role as Chairman of the Department of Entomology, temporary move of the department to Lamont Street, and collecting trips to Micronesia, the Caribbean, and South America, c. 1956-1965, including: Role as Chairman of Department of Entomology;...

Collection Creator::
Clarke, J. F. Gates (John Frederick Gates), 1905-1990, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9555, J. F. Gates Clarke Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
J. F. Gates Clarke Oral History Interviews
J. F. Gates Clarke Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9555-refidd1e661
Online Media:

A Submerged 7,000-Year-Old Discovery Shows the Great Potential of Underwater Archaeology

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Conversations and talks
Blog posts
Published Date:
Wed, 01 Jul 2020 18:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_41b5f4f22c0314ea3c35b68addb021d3

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