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Vantage Point : Rosalie Favell - If only you could love me ...

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2011-02-08T20:39:17.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
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Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
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EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_8Cei1pJsGbY

Strong Women/Strong Nations 10: Closing Remarks

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Symposia
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2016-03-25T16:26:45.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
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Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
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Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
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edanmdm:yt_AileF_FyyZs

Native Knowledge 360˚ Teacher Workshop Series ǀ Indigenous Women: Artists and Activists (Session 3)

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2022-03-18T13:46:46.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
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Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
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edanmdm:yt_O2w23Trwkzc

Strong Women/Strong Nations 2: Brenda Child

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Symposia
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2016-04-19T15:07:09.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
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SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_QXwTj2nT-lo

Sousa on the Rez: Native American Brass Bands and Beyond

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2019-07-19T21:19:03.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
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SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_cTZ7Oa01HuY

Wahzhazhe: An Osage Ballet

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2013-03-26T21:00:33.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
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SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_ipwe0Jluhpo

Strong Women/Strong Nations 2: Brenda Child

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Symposia
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2016-03-25T16:26:44.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
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SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_rB15d10VSPI

In Dialogue: Smithsonian Objects and Social Justice with the National Museum of the American Indian

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Conversations and talks
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2021-04-19T18:51:16.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
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NatlPortraitGallery
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National Portrait Gallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
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edanmdm:yt_ola51RVzM2s

Lillian Hellman. The Children's Hour

Container:
Box 4, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1934, 1961
Scope and Contents:
Reproduction of a play script first performed in 1934 about a young boarding school student who lies about her teachers having a lesbian affair. The play was performed on Broadway, but when it later moved to other theaters (particularly in Boston) it faced censorship due to its mention of lesbian relationships. This play has been referred to as the "precursor" to Arthur Miller's The Crucible (1953).
Restrictions:
Book is in fragile condition: binding has split into two in the middle.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. Portions of this collection are extremely fragile; any photocopying must first be approved by the on-site reference archivist.
Collection Citation:
Archives Center Lesbian Pulp Fiction Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Archives Center Lesbian Pulp Fiction Collection
Archives Center Lesbian Pulp Fiction Collection / Series 1: Lesbian Pulp Fiction
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep89c3ed710-65f8-4449-9bc7-a88207cf9116
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1513-ref55

Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection

Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Department of the Interior  Search this
Extent:
3,710 Photographic prints (29 photograph albums)
3 Linear feet
1430 Negatives (photographic) (acetate)
325 Lantern slides (colored)
Culture:
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Osage  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oklahoma Seminole  Search this
Quapaw  Search this
Miami [Oklahoma]  Search this
Wyandotte [Oklahoma]  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma]  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Pechanga Band Luiseño  Search this
Rincon Band Luiseño  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Pala Band Luiseño (Agua Caliente)  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Bering Strait Inupiaq  Search this
Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Lantern slides
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
Utah
Alaska
Oklahoma
Washington
Florida
Montana
Arizona
Arkansas
Missouri
North Carolina
Minnesota
New Mexico
California
Date:
1880-1928
bulk 1899-1909
Summary:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes photographic negatives, photo albums, lantern slides, journals, scrapbooks and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909. Initially assigned as a revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation and later as an Indian Inspector reviewing boarding schools, Frank's assignments took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities shooting photographs and taking notes.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes 1430 photographic negatives, 29 photo albums containing 3710 photographic prints, 325 lantern slides, and 3 linear feet of journals, scrapbooks, and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909.

Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903, includes 11 photo albums and 357 negatives from Frank Churchill's original assignment as revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation. Locations include Indian Territory (Oklahoma) [bulk], Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota, Arkansas, and Missouri. The Native communities visited and photographed in this series include— Oklahoma Cherokee, Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek), Quapaw, Osage, Miami, Wyandotte [Oklahoma], Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), Winnebago [Nebraska], Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma], Ponca, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Oto, Sioux [Crow Creek], Kaw (Kansa), Chickasaw, Modoc, Kiowa, Choctaw.

Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1903-1907, includes 9 photo albums and 832 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment as an Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in this series, though there are two photo albums with Southwest photographs included in Series 4. Locations in this series includes Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Native Communities visited and photographed in this series include—A:shiwi (Zuni), Diné (Navajo), Acoma Pueblo, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Cochiti Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Kumeyaay (Diegueño), Laguna Pueblo, Luiseño (Luiseno), Mescalero Apache, Mojave (Mohave), Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), Picuris Pueblo, Piipaash (Maricopa), Puye Pueblo, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), San Carlos Apache, Taos Pueblo, Tohono O'odham (Papago).

Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905), includes four photograph albums and 71 negatives from Frank Churchill's appointment as special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska in the summer and fall of 1905. Two of the albums were not made by the Churchills. The first of these (Box 20) includes photographs by William Hamilton and the second (Box 21) includes photographs by W. T. Lopp. Locations in Alaska include St. Lawrence Island, Nuwukmiut/Point Barrow, Teller, Diomedes Islands, Nome, Kotzebue, Wrangell, Port Clarence Bay, Unalaska Island and Baranof Island. There are a number of photographs aboard the U.S. Cutter "Bear" and aboard the mailboat "Georgia." Native communities photographed include—Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik), Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo), Bering Strait Inupiaq [Diomedes], Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo), Tlingit.

Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909, includes five photograph albums and 163 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment at Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations in the Southwest (Arizona and Utah) on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in Series 3. Locations include Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota and Florida. Native communities visited and photographed include-Diné (Navajo), Hopi Pueblo, Kaibab Paiute, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Eastern Band of Cherokee, Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan), Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe], Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Seminole. There is restricted material in Box 23 (Album P23380).

Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vacation, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials, 1898-1913, includes four photograph albums from vacations and other visits made by the Churchills unrelated to Frank's activities as Indian Inspector.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928 (bulk 1899-1909), includes three linear feet of materials arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1, Clara Churchill, includes 16 journals, 12 scrapbooks and various other manuscript materials written and accumulated by Clara Churchill during their travels. Many of the journals include personal writings as well as several photographs that are duplicated in the photograph albums. The journals and scrapbooks encompass the full range of the Churchills' travels and include notes from Indian Territory, Southwest, Midwest, Southeast, Plains and Alaska. Subseries 6.2, Colonel Frank C. Churchill, includes official documents around Churchill's assignments as well as the reports Frank submitted back to the Secretary of the Interior (Box 41 and 42). Subseries 6.3, Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous, includes catalogs and other notes related to the large collection of Native American objects amassed by Frank and Clara. Clara also collected other items such as shells, minerals, and sand.

Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, includes 325 hand colored glass lantern slides. These were made by the Churchills from existing negatives and used for lectures. Lantern slides #1-#121 include views photographed in Alaska in 1905. Sldes #122-#325 include an assortment of views from Oklahoma (Indian Territory), Nebraska, Montana, Minnesota, California, Arizona and New Mexico photographed between 1900 and 1909.
Arrangement:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection has been arranged in seven series by material type and then chronologically. The first five series are then divided into subseries by "Photo Albums" and "Negatives." These include--Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903; Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1907-1907; Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905-1905); Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909; Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vaction, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928, is arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1: Clara G. Churchill, Subseries 6.2: Frank C. Churchill, and Subseries 6.3: Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous. Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, is arranged in orginal number order from the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Carroll Churchill was born August 2, 1850 to Benjamin P. Churchill and Susanna Thompson in West Fairlee, Vermont. Frank was educated at Thetford Academy in Thetford, VT and worked as a clerk for D.C. Churchill & Co. in Lyme, NH between 1869-1870. Between 1870 and 1877, Churchill was employed by H.W. Carter as a wholesale merchant in Lebanon, New Hampshire. During this time, Churchill met Clara Corser Turner and they were married on June 11, 1874.

Clara G. (Turner) Churchill was born December 16, 1851, to Colonel Francis H. Corser and Sarah Hook (Perkins) Corser. Colonel Corser and his wife died young, and Clara was adopted by George and Abby H. Turner of Concord, New Hampshire. In 1877, in association with William S. Carter, Frank Churchill opened the business "Carter & Churchill" which was in this business for 21 years. Churchill held various political offices from 1879-91. He served as chairman of the Republican town committee of Lebanon and of the Republican State committee in 1890 and 1891. He served on the staff of Governor Natt Head in 1879 and 1880, with the rank of Colonel. He was chairman of the New Hampshire delegation at the Republican National Convention which nominated President Harrison and represented the Fourth District in the Executive Council in 1889-1890 during the administration of Governor David. H. Goodell.

In 1899 Frank was appointed revenue inspector for the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory and was later appointed a special agent for the Interior Department to formulate a system of public schools in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and across the Southwest. In 1905, he was appointed special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska and was reappointed Indian Inspector between 1905-1909. In 1909, Churchill resigned due to failing health and died November 5, 1912. Clara accompanied Frank on all his travels between 1899 and 1909 (see below chronology for full details) maintaining journals and writing articles for publication in "WHAT." Clara was also a painter, producing watercolors and hand-painting many of the photographs she and Frank made on their travels. Following Frank's death, Clara maintained their collection of Native artifacts and photographs in their home in Lebanon, New Hampshire. Clara died April 16, 1945, bequeathing the full collection to Dartmouth College.
Frank Churchill's assignments as Special agent and Indian Inspector from 1899-1909 took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities. For more details, see the chronology below.

Travels in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and other assignments, 1899-1903

1899, June 29 -- Churchills arrive in Muskogee, Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

1899, July-October -- Visit to Fort Gibson, Tahlequah, Sallisaw, and Vinita (Indian Territory/Oklahoma). Visit to Noel and South west City, Missouri. Visit to Chelsea and Coffeyville, Kansas. Visit to Fort Smith, Arkansas.

1899, November -- Visit Tahlequah while the Cherokee Nation legislature was in session.

1899, December -- Travel in Colorado.

1900, March -- Return to Muskogee and Fort Gibson.

1900, Sept 17-Oct 5 -- Dawes Commission in Vinita.

1901, Mar-Apr 3 -- Visit to the Quapaw Agency, Wyandotte Reservation and school, Modoc reservation and the town of Miami.

1901, April -- Visit to Denison, Texas. Visit to Checotah, Eufaula, South McAlester (Choctaw nation).

1901, Summer -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1901, October -- Visit to Tishomingo, seat of government of the Chickasaws.

1902, January -- Trip to the Chickasaw Nation Visit to Anadarko, Indian Agency of the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache, Fort Sill, Wichita Mountains, and Lawton.

1902, May -- Frank is dispatched to Sioux City, Iowa.

1902, May-June -- Visit to Winnebago Agency, Omaha Agency, Santee Agency.

1902, July -- Visit to St. Paul, Minnesota and Eau Claire, Wisconsin, (Chippewa Falls). Frank is sent to Sulphur Springs, Texas, to author a report.

1902, August -- Churchills return to Muskogee, IT.

1902, September-October -- Trip to White Eagle, Ponca Agency for a month. Visit to Otoe school, Pawnee School, Shawnee, Sac and Fox reservations.

1902, November-December -- Visit to Crow Creek Agency.

1903, January -- Return to Sulpher Springs, Texas.

1903, March -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1903, April -- Visit to Colorado.

1903, May-October -- Visit to 23 towns in Oklahoma (IT) with the Secretary of the Interior.

Travels in New Mexico, Arizona and California, 1903-1905

1903, November -- Frank receives orders to proceed to Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico.

1903, December 9 -- Visit to Zuni, followed by Canyon de Chelly, Hubbell's Ranch, Keams Canyon.

1903, December 21 -- Visit to Hopi Pueblo. Walpi, Polacca Day School, Oraibi, Shumopavi (Shungopavi/Songoopavi), Shipaulovi (Supawlavi) and Mishongnovi (Musungnuvi).

1903, December 28 -- Visit to Fort Defiance.

1904, January -- Travel in New Mexico. Visit to Gallup, Laguna Pueblo, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Albuquerque, Isleta Pueblo, Santa Fe, Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo).

1904, February -- Visit to Sacaton, Akimel O'odham (Pima) Reservation and Casa Grande ruins in Arizona.

1904, March -- Visit to Lehi Day School, Salt River Day School, Phoenix Indian School, Gila River Crossing Day School and Maricopa Day School, Arizona.

1904, March 10-26 -- Visit to Fort Mojave and Chemehuevi.

1904, March 30-April -- Visit to Riverside, California, Sherman Institute and Perris School. Side trip to Yuma, Arizona.

1905, January-February -- Visit to Sulphur, IT.

1905, March -- Visit to Mescalero Apache Agency, San Carlos Apache Agency, Geronimo Settlement, Rice Station School at Talkalai.

1905, April 10-20 -- Return to Sherman Institute in Riverside, California. Visit to San Jacinto, Perris, Saboba, Cahuilla, San Manuella (Band of Mission Indians), Coachella, Torres Reservation, Martinez Reservation Day School, Cabazon Reservation, Protrero Reservation and Day School.

1905, April 22-May -- Visit to Temecula, Pechanga Day School, Pala Mission, Campo Reservation, Mission of San Luis Rey, Rincon Day School, Mesa Grande School, Santa Ysabel (Diegueno), Volcan Mountain Day School.

Travels in Alaska, 1905

1905, June -- Frank receives an assignment in Alaska.

1905, July -- Board the U.S. Revenue Cutter "Bear" in Nome. Visit to Reindeer Station in Teller, Cape Prince of Wales, Kotzebue Sound, Cape Thompson, Point Hope and Point Barrow.

1905, August -- Visit to Wainwright Inlet, return to Nome. Visit to Anvil Creek, Gologin (Golovin) Bay, St. Lawrence Island, Pribilof Islands (Seal Islands), St. George, Dutch Harbor and Unalaska.

1905, September -- Board the "Dora" anchored near Belkofski, Cold Bay, Karluk, Afgonak, and Kodiak. Stop in Homer, Seldovia and Seward. Visit to Sitka.

1905, September 28 -- Board the steamer "Georgia" to Juneau and Skagway via Hoonah.

1905, October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in Arizona, New Mexico, Minnesota, Wisconsin, California and Utah, 1906-1907

1906, March-April -- Re-assigned to Southwest and arrive in Tucson, Arizona. Visit to San Xavier Mission, Tohono O'odham (Papago) reservation, Casa Grande, Sacaton, Maricopa, Gila Crossing, Salt River and Phoenix schools.

1906, May -- Return to New Mexico to visit Gallup and Zuni Day School.

1906, June -- Visit to St, Paul, Minnesota and the White Earth (Ojibwe) reservation and Wild Rice River School in Boliere.

1906, July -- Visit to Ashland, Wisconsin, Lac Courte Oreilles, Hayward, and Lac de Flambeau (La Pointe Agency.

1906, July-September -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1906, September -- Visit to Fond du Lac (Winnebago Lake), Wabeno, and Carter, Wisconsin.

1906, October -- Visit to Phlox, Wausau, Minocqua, Star Lake, Bark River and Wausaukee, Wisconsin.

1906, November-December -- Visit to Keshena (Green Bay Indian School), Menominee Reservation and Ashland, Wisconsin.

1906, December-January -- Stay in Washington, DC.

1907, February -- Return to Albuquerque, New Mexico.

1907, March -- Visit to Santa Fe and various Pueblos (Cochiti, Tesuque, San Ildefonso, Ohkay Owingeh [San Juan], Toas and Picuris).

1907, April -- Return to Albuquerque, visit to Pueblos (Isleta, Laguna, Mesita, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Seama).

1907, April -- Visit to Phoenix, Arizona (Phoenix Indian School), Fort McDowell and Salt River Day School.

1907, May -- Visit to Sacaton, Maricopa, Casa Grande, and Yuma, Arizona.

1907, June -- Visit to Riverside (Sherman Institute), and Pomona, California.

1907, June-July -- Travel to Salt Lake City, Utah. Visit Panguitch, Orton, Kanab, Escalante and Marysvale, Utah.

1907, July-August -- Return to Arizona. Visit Flagstaff, Tuba Indian School, as well as Hopi Pueblo (Walpi, Moencopi, and Oraibi).

1907, September-October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in North Carolina, Montana and Florida, 1907-1909

1907, October 22 -- Assigned to Cherokee, North Carolina, to make a new roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee.

1907, November -- Arrive in Cherokee, North Caolina.

1908, February -- Visit to Robbinsville and Big Cove

1908, April -- Cherokee council meeting regarding Churchill's new roll.

1908, May -- Completes assignment in North Carolina.

1908, June-September -- Return to Washington, DC and Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1908, September-October -- Trip to Montana. Visit to Browning, Blackfeet Reservation, Harlem, Fort Belknap and Fort Peck.

1908, November -- Visit to Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) and Wahpeton, and Fort Totten, North Dakota.

1908, December -- Visit to Morris, Minnesota.

1909, January -- Trip to Washington, DC for the inauguration of President Taft.

1909, February -- Visit to Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

1909, March-April -- Trip to Florida. Visit to Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Tampa Bay, St. Petersburg, Gainesville, and St. Augustine.

1909, May -- Visit to Soco Creek and Cherokee, North Carolina.

1909, July -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1909, August -- Resignation as Indian Inspector.
Related Materials:
A large collection of Native American cultural objects and archaeology bequeathed by Clara Churchill can still be found at the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Provenance:
Frederick Dockstader, former director of the Museum of the American Indian (MAI), Heye Foundation, illegally removed the majority of the photographs (photo albums, negatives) and manuscript material (journals, reports) from the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College in 1955, before depositing them at the MAI. Those materials were officially gifted to NMAI in 2018 by the Hood Museum. Additional materials from the Churchill collection that remained at the Hood Museum (lantern slides, photographs, scrapbooks, journals) were donated in 2020. These materials have been noted in the finding aid.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Boarding schools  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Negatives (photographic)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45e31a2d8-afd7-4320-96c7-1f596f51c142
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-058
Online Media:

Zuni, Hopi, Navajo (Dine), Various Pueblos and Other Views in New Mexico and Arizona

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph album
190 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 9
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Hopi  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photograph albums
Photographic prints
Date:
1903 December-1904 March
Scope and Contents:
This album contains 190 photographic prints taken by Frank Churchill between December 1903 and March 1904 and later compiled and captioned by Clara Churchill. Some of the photographs were also later hand colored by Clara Churchill. The majority of the photographs were taken among the A:shiwi (Zuni), Hopi, Navajo (Dine), Akimel O'odham (Pima) and Pueblo peoples of New Mexico during the first four months Frank Churchill was assigned as U.S. Indian Inspector to visit Indian day schools and boarding schools in Arizona and New Mexico. See album P23376 for additional photographs taken at the same locations during this time.

Photographs at Zuni include—General Pueblo views; houses; ovens; children; women firing pottery; and a mother with her child on a cradleboard. There are also photographs of bead maker "Zuni Dick" (Tsinahe/Tsanahe), Zuni Governer Lazaleo [sp?], School Superintendent D.D. Graham with Mrs. Churchill and field matron Miss Julie Palen. Photographs in Arizona and among the Navajo include—Hay Stacks and the U.S. Indian School at Fort Defiance; Father Haile (Franciscan Friar) at St. Michael's school; Hubbells Ranch in Ganado; U.S. Indian School in Keams Canyon (at Christmas); Navajo visitors on horseback; views of the Grand Canyon and various desert views.

Additional photographs in and around Phoenix, AZ include—The Phoenix Indian School; Lehi Day School; Salt River Day School; an irrigation ditch being worked on near Sacaton (Akimel O'odham); and Gila Crossing. The majority of the Akimel O'odham photographs taken in Sacaton during this time period are in albums P23352 and P23371. Photographs in Hopi were taken in in Oraibi, Walpi, and other villages. Oraibi photographs include—the Oraibi day school; school students; field matron Miss Keith; School superintendent Charles E. Burton; a family near the school; wicker basket weavers; and views of the Village. Additional Hopi photographs include—building a house in Walpi; the Toreva Day School; and various village views.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, File P23360
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin / 2.1: Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4489822c4-9339-4b8a-a919-b0cdd35bc920
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref42

Sacaton (Akimel O'odham/Pima) and Fort Mojave (Arizona), Zuni (New Mexico), Riverside (California), White Earth Agency (Minnesota), and Other views in Arizona, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph album
207 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 11
Culture:
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa [White Earth, Minnesota]  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photograph albums
Photographic prints
Place:
Riverside (Calif.)
Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation (Wis.)
Date:
1904 February-March
1906 March-July
Scope and Contents:
This album contains 207 photographic prints taken by Frank Churchill in February-March 1904 and March-July 1906, with the bulk being taken in 1903 and 1904. The album was later compiled and captioned by Clara Churchill. Some of the photographs were also later hand colored by Clara Churchill. The majority of the photographs were taken in Sacaton (Arizona) among the Akimel O'Odham (Pima), Fort Mojave Indian Reservation (Arizona), Riverside (California), White Earth Agency (Minnesota) and several locations in Wisconsin during Frank Churchill's assignment as U.S. Indian Inspector to visit Indian day schools and boarding schools. There are also a small amount of photographs at other locations in Arizona, New Mexico and California.

The photographs taken in and around Sacaton, on the Gila River Indian Reservation, were made in February 1904 and March 1906 on two different visits. The 1904 photographs include—Images from Issue Day; Indian Agency Building; Kee's (Ki) Tohono O'odham homes; giant cacti; Sawtooth Mountain views; Mrs. Churchill and Mrs. Alexander in a Pima grain basket; School Superintendent J.B. Alexander and wife and Gila Crossing Day School; Casa Blanca petroglyphs; Sacaton water supply. The 1906 photographs include—Superintendent J.B. Alexander with S.M. McCowan and Frank Churchill; Williams and Dr. Marden; Girls' dormitory and girl students at the "Indian Trading School," the boarding school in Sacaton; boys at the school and outdoor classes; M. Scott Smith; Mr. Crouse (trader); Superintendent Alexander, Mr. McCowan, Miss Chingian, Miss Squier and Mrs. Chuchill; Indian Agency offices; views on issue day; Gila River during floods; Bapchule church; fake petroglyphs made by Frank Churchill; and additional views of Sacaton and its surrounding area. Additional views around Phoenix include—an Apache camp outside of Phoenix; Salt River Day School; and the Mission at Gila Crossing.

Photographs from the Fort Mojave (Mohave) reservation and its surrounding area include—Class in gardening at the Fort Mojave Indian School; views of the reservation; views of the Indian School; Gold Road Mine (25 miles east of Fort Mojave); and Needles, California, across the Colorado River. There are also photographs of a trip to the Chemehuevi camp in California with Claude Compton (Trader). Photographs from Riverside, California and the surrounding area include—Views at the Sherman Institute (the Indian School on Magnolia Avenue); morning inspection; students on parade; views of the Perris school (before it was closed); and orange groves and rose gardens. There are also photographs in Banning, California. Additional photographs in Arizona include—views in Yuma; San Xavier Mission and ruins on the Santa Cruz River near Tucson; and Needle Rock near Prescott. There are a small amount of A:shiwi (Zuni) photographs from 1906 which include—Building of the Zuni dam; view of the Zuni school and several Pueblo views.

Photographs from Minnesota, taken among the Minnesota Chippewa include— White Earth Agency buildings; White Earth Indian School; and bark tipis; and the Wild Rice Indian School with condemned property. There are many photographs of the 38th annual June 14th celebration which include dancers, drummers, a barbecue and Chief Wadena (Minnesota Chippewa). Photographs from Wisconsin include—Ashland, Lac Courte Oreilles (Lake Superior Chippewa); Grind Stone Lake; Bad River Reservation; Logging and lumber facilities; Lac du Flambeau; Mr. Ferry's Farm and Island near Carter, Wisconsin.

Many photographs in this album do not have corresponding negatives.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, File P23352
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin / 2.1: Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv46c7fc27f-f5ab-48f9-9cdf-fd42c9cae87f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref43

Zuni, Hopi, Navajo (Dine), Various Pueblos and Other Views in New Mexico and Arizona

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph album
85 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 10
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photograph albums
Photographic prints
Date:
1903-1907
1903 December
Scope and Contents:
This album contains 85 photographic prints taken by Frank Churchill between December 1903 and 1906, with the bulk being taken in 1903 and 1904. The album was later compiled and captioned by Clara Churchill. Some of the photographs were also later hand colored by Clara Churchill. The majority of the photographs were taken among the A:shiwi (Zuni), Hopi, Navajo (Dine), and Pueblo peoples of New Mexico during Frank Churchill's assignment as U.S. Indian Inspector to visit Indian day schools and boarding schools in Arizona and New Mexico. See album P23360 for additional photographs taken at the same locations during this time.

Zuni photographs were taken in December 1903 and May 1906 include—Frank Cushing house; Mrs. Churchill sketching; School Superintendent D.D. Graham's office; Graham selling/buying beads and surrounded by children; bead maker "Zuni Dick" (Tsinahe/Tsanahe) making beads; new Zuni school (built in 1905); women carrying water; Navajo visitors for the Shaliko dance; various views of the pueblo including ovens, houses, waffle gardens, church ruins and sheep corrals. Additional views of Zuni include Toyalone Mountain in the background. Photographs in Arizona and among the Navajo include—Hubbells ranch in Ganado; Charles Watchman and his wife in Fort Defiance; Keams Canyon Indian School on Christmas Day (1903). Photographs in Hopi were taken in Oraibi, Walpi, and other villages. Oraibi photographs include—Hopi man spinning cotton; Basket weavers; children putting on their shoes; woman with children. Additional Hopi photographs include—Woman carrying a bundle of clay for pottery; views of children and houses in Walpi; a young woman with "butterfly whorl" hairdressing.

Photographs in Isleta Pueblo include—Chili peppers drying; women with pottery; old mission church; Isleta Indian School children; Miss Turner (teacher) with boy pupils; Mary Maruja (Isleta Pueblo); Mary Chiwiwii (Isleta Pueblo), a pottery maker; and Pueblo game "Tash-a-le-way." Additional Pueblo photographs include—views in Acoma, Chemita and Jemez Pueblos; Pedro Cajete and his daughter in K'apovi (Santa Clara); and corn grinding in Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, File P23376
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin / 2.1: Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv444856ee3-44e8-42de-9455-123f73622c63
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref44

Sacaton (Akimel O'odham/Pima) and Fort Mojave (Arizona), Santa Clara and San Juan (New Mexico), Riverside and Other Views in California

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
93 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 12
Culture:
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Place:
Riverside (Calif.)
Date:
1904 February-April
Scope and Contents:
This album contains 93 photographic prints taken by Frank Churchill in February-March 1904 in Arizona, New Mexico and Southern California. The album was later compiled and captioned by Clara Churchill. Some of the photographs were also later hand colored by Clara Churchill. The photographs were taken in K'apovi (Santa Clara) and Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan) Pueblos in New Mexico; Sacaton among the Akimel O'Odham (Pima) and Fort Mojave Indian Reservation in Arizona; and Chemehuevi, Riverside, and Redlands in California, during Frank Churchill's assignment as U.S. Indian Inspector to visit Indian day schools and boarding schools.

The photographs taken at the K'apovi (Santa Clara) and Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan) Pueblos in New Mexico include—Governor Francisco Naranjo, his wife and their home (where Mr. Churchill and Mr. Crandall stayed during their visit to Santa Clara); an elderly man showing beads to Mrs. Churchill; a young girl with a water jar; Antonio (no last name) and Joseph Eldodt (son of trader Sam Eldodt). The photographs taken in and around Sacaton, on the Gila River Indian Reservation include—Cacti and desert views; Brush shelters and houses; Inscription rocks; an Akimel O'odham (Pima) arrow maker and pottery maker; and an Akimel O'odham woman on the banks of the Gila River. Photographs taken in and around the Fort Mojave Indian Reservation in Arizona and California include—Views of Fort Mojave; Women selling beads in Needles (CA); Mary (bead maker) wife of Washerman Bill; Grain storage baskets made of arrow weed; Gold Roads Mine; Mr. Walker's Camp; Trading post (former military canteen); Girls at the U.S. Indian School; and a view of the Chemehuevi Camp in San Bernadino County (CA).

Photographs taken in and around Riverside, California, include—Views of the Sherman Institute (U.S. Indian School); School Superintendent Harwood Hall's residence; C.F. Lummis and Harwood Hall; Perris School, including Mr. Churchill and H. Hall; Orange groves with Mrs. Churchill and Mrs. Hall; Portraits of the Hall family including Lylah Hall (daughter); Rubidoux Hill; views of date palms, lemon trees and roses. Additional photographs from southern California include views from La Casa Loma and Smiley Heights in Redlands. Many of the California photographs do not have corresponding negatives in this collection. An additional two photographs are at the end of this album, most likely not taken by Frank or Clara Churchill. These are of the Crandall collection in Santa Fe and of a Taos man (date unknown).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, File P23371
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin / 2.1: Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4f9ff116d-30c3-43ce-b678-49e48cb7990c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref45

San Diego County Reservations (California)

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
79 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 15
Culture:
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Pala Band Luiseño (Agua Caliente)  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Pechanga Band Luiseño  Search this
Rincon Band Luiseño  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1905 April-May
Scope and Contents:
This album contains 79 photographic prints taken by Frank Churchill from April to May 1905 on various reservations in San Diego County, California. The album was later compiled and captioned by Clara Churchill. Some of the photographs were also later hand colored by Clara Churchill. The majority of photographs were taken among the Kumeyaay (Diegueño) and Luiseño (Luiseno) communities at the Pala, Pechanga, Campo, Capitan Grande, La Posta, Manzanita, Mesa Grande, Santa Ysabel (Volcan), La Jolla and Rincon reservations during Frank Churchill's assignment as U.S. Indian Inspector to visit Indian day schools and boarding schools.

These photographs include—Pala Indian Village (forcibly moved from Warm Spring Ranch); Pechanga School; Rincon School; La Jolla School; views and people in La Posta, Manzanita, and Capitan Grande. Photographs in Mesa Grande include—House of Edward H. Davis; Narcico Lachapa; the Mesa Grande council (junta); and a child and grandmother. Photographs in Santa Ysabel (Volcan) include—Woman grinding acorns; Volcan school and pupils; Santa Ysabel chapel and bells; Old mission bells (dating from 1768 and 1793). Photographs from Campo include—Store and trading post; group of people; field matron's house and clinic; Campo girls; "Capitan" of Campo; and the Campo hotel. Additional photographs in this album include—Mission San Luis Ray and the Mission and bell tower at San Antonio de Pala; a panoramic view of Monserrata Ranch, the original spot chosen for the Warm Springs Indians; and Tule houses on the Morongo reservation in Banning.

The majority of photographs in this album have corresponding negatives.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, File P23381
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin / 2.1: Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv49ca80a62-4714-4e4f-ae90-ae6b8213e6a8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref63

Riverside County Reservations (California), Sacaton (Akimel O'odham/Pima) and Other Views in Arizona, Oregon and Wisconsin

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
126 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 16
Culture:
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1905-1906
Scope and Contents:
This album contains 126 photographic prints taken by Frank Churchill in April 1905 on various reservations in Riverside County, California, March-April 1906 in Arizona, 1905 in Crater Lake, Oregon and September-November 1906 in Wisconsin during Frank Churchill's assignment as U.S. Indian Inspector to visit Indian day schools and boarding schools. The album was later compiled and captioned by Clara Churchill. Some of the photographs were also later hand colored by Clara Churchill. The majority of photographs were taken among the Cahuilla communities at the Torres Martinez, Cabazon and San Manuel reservations in San Jacinto Valley, California; the Akimel O'odham (Pima), Tohono O'odham (Papago) and Maricopa in Arizona; and the Potawatomi and Menominee in Wisconsin.

Photographs in California include—Cahuilla Indian School and graveyard; the original "Ramona" and son Condino Diego; Tule houses; Saboba School; and views of San Jacinto Valley including orange groves near Banning. Torres Martinez photographs include—Wells and barley in the desert; Indian Agent Dr. L.A. Wright; Martinez Indian School, Home of Captain Joaquim Alamos; Frank Churchill with L.A. Wright; and an Old woman with tools. Cabazon photographs include—Captain Poncho Romero; Judge Bob Mullin's House; and views of "Old Cabazon".

Photographs in an around Sacaton among the Akimel O'odham and Maricopa include—Women making baskets; School girls peeling vegetables; Pima houses; Agency views; girls' school; "Lish Bechard's" trading post; Irrigation ditch; and a series of images on Issue day of groups coming to Sacaton for rations. Individuals photographed include—Sepia Banks; Reverend C.H. Cook; Melissa Jones and her mother Mary; Florence Babel; Mr. and Mrs. Churchill; Miss Maud Squier; and Jack McCoy (US Mail). There are a few photographs on the Salt River Pima-Maricopa reservation of a grist mill and women making pottery with Clara Churchill. Additional photographs in Arizona include—San Xavier Mission; John M. Berger and W.S. Sturges "Chuck Wagon is Tucson; Tohono O'odham (Papago) Kee's; Mojave Apache camp outside of Phoenix.

Photographs in Crater Lake, Oregon include—Annie Creek Canyon; Girls' School; and the Superintendent of the Phoenix Indian School at Crater Lake. Photographs in Wisconsin include—Potawatomi Indians and the depot in Wabeno; A hotel; railroad station, Mr. Morstad's home and family in Carter; Wausaukee; Menominee Agent's office, Green Bay Indian School, Thanksgiving Day and Spirit Rock in Keshena; and views of Keshena falls. There is an additional photograph of Christmas dinner in 1909 from the Keshena Indian School which was most likely not taken by the Churchills. Many of the photographs in this album, particularly those from Oregon and Wisconsin, do not have corresponding negatives.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, File P23370
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin / 2.1: Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4f202a905-efa0-4e28-8c47-3bd300eb5e64
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref67

Various Pueblos, Santa Fe, Albuquerque and Other Views in New Mexico, Arizona and North Dakota

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
195 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 17
Culture:
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Tesuque Pueblo  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1907 March-April
1908
Scope and Contents:
This album contains 195 photographic prints taken by Frank Churchill in March-April 1907 at various Pueblos and locations in New Mexico and Arizona during Frank Churchill's assignment as U.S. Indian Inspector to visit Indian day schools and boarding schools. There are also a small amount of photographs from North Dakota in 1908 that have been inserted amongst the New Mexico photographs. The album was later compiled and captioned by Clara Churchill. Some of the photographs were also later hand colored by Clara Churchill. Pueblos visited include—Cochiti, Tesuque, San Ildenfonso, Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan), Taos, Picuris, Laguna (Paraje, Mesita, Paguate, Seama) and Acoma (Acomita).

Photographs from Cochiti include—Cochiti Day School; Old Church; Estufa or Kiva; Women carrying water; Christmas dance (not taken by Churchill); winnowing wheat; and Vivan Perez. Taos photographs include—Pueblo views; church ruins; goat herding; Kiva entrance; Kit Carson's house and grave with Smith Simpson; Pablo Suaso (Captain of War); and 107 year old woman. Photographs from Laguna include—Women washing clothes in Seama; Paguate (Pahuate) day school with students and Miss Mary Disette (teacher); Daisy Shumann (Zuni) at the Paguate school; Howyce Seonia and other women; Mesita day school and young girl; and various views of Paguate, Paraje and Mesita. Photographs from Acoma and Acomita include—Men plowing; houses and families; Mrs. Churchill with Acoma woman; pottery firing kilns; Government farmer Allen; Edward Hunt (merchant); and McCarty's Station. Additional Pueblo views include—Tesuque with Superintendent Crandall; San Ildefonso pueblo and school; Governor Cota with Juan Baptiste, Talache (ex-governer), Superintendent Crandall, Sam Eldodt and Joseph Eldodt in San Juan; and Ancient ruins, Santiango Martinez and wife Caramalita Barqus in Picuris. Photographs from Santa Fe include—Plaza; Governers palace; Palace Hotel; Soldiers monument; U.S. Indian School; and J.B. Harper, C.J. Crandall, H.F. Robinson and Frank Churchill. Photographs from Albuquerque include—Birthplace of Mrs. (General) Phil Sheridan; San Felipe Indians with Superintendent Custer; Edna Custer; Dormitories at the University in Albuquerque. Additional scenes in New Mexico include—Fording the Rio Grande with Mr. and Mrs. C.J. Crandall; Canyon near Embado; and Penitentes Moradas during lent including the Morada chapel of the penitents. Photographs in Arizona include—Ash Fork Hotel; Fort McDowell; Lunch at Camel Back Mountain; Verde River; and Phoenix Indian School teachers Miss Ridenhour, Miss Gould, Miss F. Harrey and Mrs. Snyder.

The photographs from North Dakota include views of Wahpetonwan Dakota (Sioux) men and women on horseback at Devils Lake and Fort Totten. There are some additional photographs at the album that appeared to have been added later and are not in any particular order and most likely not take by the Churchill. The majority of the photographs from Arizona and many of the New Mexico photographs do not have corresponding negatives.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, File P23363
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin / 2.1: Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4553b5436-3190-40f2-b428-79a60429dc52
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref69

Utah

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
53 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 22
Culture:
Kaibab Paiute  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1907 June-July
Scope and Contents:
This album contains 53 photographic prints taken by Frank Churchill in June-July 1907 at various locations in Utah during Frank Churchill's assignment as U.S. Indian Inspector to visit Indian day schools and boarding schools. The album was later compiled and captioned by Clara Churchill. Some of the photographs were also later hand colored by Clara Churchill. Many of the photographs were taken at Panguitch Indian school and around Kanab, Utah as well as many scenic views in between. Photographs taken at Panguitch School include—Kaibab (Paiute) school children; mothers visiting their children; a Kaibab (Paiute) camp outside of the school; sheep and rock formations. Photographs taken in and around Kanab, Utah include—Kaibab (Paiute) camp; Heber Robinson's Ranch; Johnson's Canyon and Glazier Ranch; Views of a Mormon church with Mormon men E. D. Wooley and J. Heaton; Moccasin Ranch; Boundary Monuments. Other scenic views in the album include images taken in Red Canyon, Escalante, Sevier Valley, Great Divide, Adair's, as well as various views of sage brush and wildflowers.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, File P23366
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous / 4.1: Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a67763e8-8c93-469c-892a-c9fd036192b3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref698

Hopi Pueblo, Diné (Navajo), Views in Utah, and Cherokee (North Carolina) [RESTRICTED]

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
213 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 23
Culture:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Kaibab Paiute  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
July 1907-May 1908
Scope and Contents:
This album contains 213 photographic prints taken by Frank Churchill in July 1907-May 1908 in New Mexico, Arizona, Utah and North Carolina during Frank Churchill's assignment as U.S. Indian Inspector to visit Indian day schools and boarding schools. The album was later compiled and captioned by Clara Churchill. Some of the photographs were also later hand colored by Clara Churchill.

Photographs in Arizona include images made in Flagstaff, Red Rock and Tuba. Photographs in Tuba City include—Views of the U.S. Indian School in Tuba; Mormon houses; Hopi, Dine (Navajo), and Paiute men and women; S.S. Preston's Trading Store; M.M. Murphy (Western Navajo Agent); Paiute Council; Mormon men J.T. Hall, H.N. Cowles with Paiute men Joda and Mike. Additional views near Tuba include Red Lake, the Needle and the Idol.

Photographs in Utah include—images in Oljato; Wetherill Trading Post; Anvil Rock; Cliff dwelling near Wetherill Trading Post; Batatakin ruins near Marsh Pass. Photographs in Navajo Country include—A sheep herd; young Diné (Navajo) girl with dog and Frank Churchill on horseback.

Photographs among the Hopi include (many of these images are RESTRICTED)—Views of Moencopi Pueblo; Hopi women and children winnowing wheat; Clara Churchill with women and children; Walpi Pueblo views; Diné (Navajo) arriving for the Snake Dance in Walpi; Snake Dance (RESTRICTED); The Butterfly Dance on August 16 at Tewa Pueblo (RESTRICTED); Hopi boys playing in Oraibi; Flute Dance in Oraibi (RESTRICTED).

Photographs on the Eastern Cherokee Reservation in North Carolina were made between October 1907 and May 1908 and include—Scenic views of the Occonaluftee River, Rattlesnake Mountains and Soco Creek; images of the U.S. Indian school, school superintendent's cottage, employee buildings, dormitories and commissary; Lambert's grist mill and Will West's chair shop; Cherokee Council; two different ball games. People photographed include—Sally Catolster, Eve Catolster, Etta Hill, David Owl (and grandson), M. Roberts, K. Norton, Lydia Jessen, Amos (Ammons) Runningwolf, Will West, Dora Johnson (and children), Frank Russell Theodore Johnson, Bird Salolamietz, John Shell (Saluh), Suate Martin, George Martin, William Talala, Waldsutte, Ben Talala, John Talala, Stacy Welch (and baby), David Crow, Lorenzo Dow Swayney, James Blythe, John Gooings, Superintendent D.S. Harris, L. Dow Cornsilk, Joseph Saunooke, F. Kyselka, Sampson Owl (and wife), Frank and Clara Churchill. Additional locations photographed in North Carolina include Culberson, Murphy, Mountain Day school, and the railroad station at Whittier.
Restrictions:
Restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, File P23380
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous / 4.1: Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv43a828c06-da56-41b4-8c97-80622169472c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref699

Native American Women's Action Council (NAWAC)/National Indian Women's Action Corps (NIWAC)

Collection Creator:
Thorpe, Grace F.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Box 1, Folder 21
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Date:
1970-1971
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace F. Thorpe Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Grace F. Thorpe Collection
Grace F. Thorpe Collection / Series 4: Working on Behalf of Native Americans and Activism
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv47b20251d-3315-4fa8-adb3-9c7939903487
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-085-ref106
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