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Indianapolis -- Holliday Park

Creator:
Holliday, John H.  Search this
Holliday House  Search this
Landscape designer:
Clude, William  Search this
Landscape architect:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Artist:
Taflinger, Elmer  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Indiana -- Indianapolis
United States of America -- Indiana -- Marion County -- Indianapolis
General:
Further sources of information include: 1. Maloney, Michael and Remenschneider, Kenneth J. Indianapolis Landscape Architecture. Landscape Architecture Foundation, Washington, D. C. 2. Indianapolis Star Newspaper, 1958.
Related Materials:
Holliday Park related holdings consist of 1 slide (col.)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Follies (Architecture)  Search this
Treillage  Search this
Artificial ruins  Search this
Fountains  Search this
Publications  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File IN017
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Indiana
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb689d6acd2-3c81-465b-88a7-e399d0e410fb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref7220

Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977

Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Subject:
French, Daniel Chester  Search this
Bitter, Marie  Search this
Bitter, Francis  Search this
Bitter, Marietta  Search this
Stollson, Blanche  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Medals
Diaries
Prints
Photographs
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Place:
Austria -- description and travel
Italy -- description and travel
France -- description and travel
Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Sculptors -- Austria -- Vienna  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Sculptors -- United States  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Architecture & Design  Search this
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8889
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211074
AAA_collcode_bittkarl
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Architecture & Design
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211074
Online Media:

Players Club letters

Creator:
Players (Club)  Search this
Names:
Beckwith, J. Carroll (James Carroll), 1852-1917  Search this
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Blum, Robert Frederick, 1857-1903  Search this
Booth, Edwin, 1833-1893  Search this
Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941  Search this
Brunner, Arnold W. (Arnold William), 1857-1925  Search this
Buel, Clarence Clough, 1850-1933  Search this
Burgess, Gelett, 1866-1951  Search this
Coleman, Charles Caryl, 1840-1928  Search this
Cortissoz, Royal, 1869-1948  Search this
Geddes, Norman Bel, 1893-1958  Search this
Hutton, Lawrence  Search this
Mansfield, Richard, 1857-1907  Search this
Nast, Thomas, 1840-1902  Search this
Parrish, Maxfield, 1870-1966  Search this
Pyle, Howard, 1853-1911  Search this
Smith, Francis Hopkinson, 1838-1915  Search this
Weir, Julian Alden, 1852-1919  Search this
White, Stanford, 1853-1906  Search this
Extent:
1 Reel (ca. 50 items (on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Reels
Date:
1848-1941
Scope and Contents:
Letters, mostly from distinguished club members in behalf of candidates for membership, and some membership forms.
Correspondents are: James C. Beckwith, Norman Bel Geddes, Karl Bitter, Robert Blum, Gutzon Borglum, Arnold W. Brunner, Clarence C. Buel, Gelett Burgess, Charles C. Coleman, Royal Cortissoz, Lawrence Hutton, Richard Mansfield, Thomas Nast, Maxfield Parrish, Howard Pyle, F. Hopkinson, J. Alden Weir, and Stanford White.
Biographical / Historical:
New York City. Founded by Edwin Booth in 1888, the club had among its members many prominent actors, artists and writers.
Provenance:
Microfilmed 1956 by the Archives of American Art with other art-related papers in the Manuscript Division of the New York Public Library. Included in the microfilming project were selected papers of the Art Division and the Prints Division.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Function:
Arts organizations -- New York (State)
Identifier:
AAA.players
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw94772f310-59a5-4b3a-a235-b9f88938c118
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-players

Artists' biographical questionnaires

Creator:
Art League Publishing Co. (Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Names:
Ballin, Hugo, 1879-1956  Search this
Bartlett, Frederick Eugene, 1852-1911  Search this
Beckwith, J. Carroll (James Carroll), 1852-1917  Search this
Birney, William Verplanck, 1858-1909  Search this
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Blashfield, Albert Dodd, 1860-1920  Search this
Blenner, Carle Joan, 1864-1952  Search this
Bridgman, Frederick Arthur, 1847-1928  Search this
Brown, Bolton, 1864-1936  Search this
Brown, Ray, 1865-1944  Search this
Browne, George Elmer, 1871-1946  Search this
Brush, George de Forest, 1855-1941  Search this
Bush-Brown, Henry Kirke, 1857-1935  Search this
Clark, Walter Appleton, 1876-1906  Search this
Cox, Kenyon, 1856-1919  Search this
De Forest, Lockwood, 1850-1932  Search this
Fenn, Harry, 1838-1911  Search this
Fraser, James Earle, 1876-1953  Search this
Granville-Smith, Walter, 1870-1938  Search this
Guérin, Jules Vallée, 1866-1946  Search this
Harrison, Birge, 1854-1929  Search this
Harrison, Thomas Alexander, 1853-1930  Search this
Haskell, Ernest, 1876-1925  Search this
Herter, Albert, 1871-1950  Search this
Hitchcock, George, 1850-1913  Search this
Hitchcock, Lucius Wolcott, 1868-1942  Search this
Hosking, Arthur Nicholas, b. 1874  Search this
Kemeys, Edward, 1843-1907  Search this
Kendall, William Sergeant, 1869-1938  Search this
Kimball, Alonzo M., 1874-1923  Search this
MacCord, Charles William, 1852-1923  Search this
Manley, Thomas R., 1853-1938  Search this
Maynard, Richard Field, 1875-1964  Search this
McCord, George Herbert, 1848-1909  Search this
Meteyard, Thomas Buford, 1865-1928  Search this
Millet, Francis Davis, 1846-1912  Search this
Mills, John Harrison, 1842-1916  Search this
Moran, Percy, 1862-1935  Search this
Mosler, Henry, 1841-1920  Search this
Murphy, Hermann Dudley, 1867-1945  Search this
Ochtman, Leonard, 1854-1934  Search this
Opper, Frederick Burr, 1857-1937  Search this
Pape, Eric, b. 1870  Search this
Peixotto, Ernest, b. 1869  Search this
Penfield, Edward, 1866-1925  Search this
Potter, Louis McClellan, 1873-1912  Search this
Redfield, Edward Willis, 1869-1965  Search this
Reuterdahl, Henry, 1871-1925  Search this
Rhead, Louis, 1857-1926  Search this
Sandham, Henry, 1842-1910  Search this
Sartain, William, 1843-1924  Search this
Shepperson, Claude Allin, 1867-1921  Search this
Shinn, Florence Scovel, d. 1940  Search this
Smillie, George H. (George Henry), 1840-1921  Search this
Smillie, James David, 1833-1909  Search this
Steele, Frederic Dorr, 1873-1944  Search this
Story, Julian, 1857-1919  Search this
Taft, Lorado, 1860-1936  Search this
Tanner, Henry Ossawa, 1859-1937  Search this
Taylor, F. Walter (Frank Walter), 1874-1921  Search this
Tryon, Dwight William, 1849-1925  Search this
Turner, Charles Henry, 1848-1908  Search this
Turner, Charles Yardley, 1850-1918  Search this
Turner, Ross, 1847-1915  Search this
Vedder, Simon Harmon, 1866-  Search this
Wiggins, Carleton, 1848-1932  Search this
Wiles, Irving Ramsay, 1861-1948  Search this
Wolf, Henry, 1852-1916  Search this
Woodbury, Charles H. (Charles Herbert), 1864-1940  Search this
Zogbaum, Rufus Fairchild, 1849-1925  Search this
Zolnay, George Julian, 1862 or 1863-1949  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet ((68 items on 3 partial microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1905
Scope and Contents:
Biographical forms completed by artists and illustrators for the Art League Publishing Company's ARTISTS YEAR BOOK. Each contains details written by the artist concerning parentage, exhibitions and collections containing his work, books illustrated, memberships in clubs, etc.
Included are forms from: Hugo Ballin, Frederick E. Bartlett, James C. Beckwith, William V. Birney, Karl Bitter, Albert D. Blashfield, Carle Joan Blenner, Frederick A. Bridgman, Bolton Brown, Ray Brown, George Elmer Browne, George De Forest Brush, Henry Kirke Bush-Brown, Walter A. Clark, Kenyon Cox, Lockwood De Forest, Harry Fenn, James E. Fraser, Walter Granville-Smith, Jules Guerin, Birge Harrison, Thomas A. Harrison, Ernest Haskell, Albert Herter, George Hitchcock, Lucius Wolcott Hitchcock, Edward Kemeys, William S. Kendall, Alonzo Kimball, Charles MacCord, Thomas R. Manley, Richard F. Maynard, George H. McCord, Thomas Meteyard, Francis D. Millet, John H. Mills, Edward P. Moran, Henry Mosler,
Herman D. Murphy, Leonard Ochtman, Frederick B. Opper, Eric Pape, Ernest Peixotto, Edward Penfield, Louis M. Potter, Edward W. Redfield, Henry Reuterdahl, Louis J. Rhead, Henry Sandham, William Sartain, Claude A. Shepperson, Florence Scovel Shinn, George H. Smillie, James D. Smillie, Frederic D. Steele, Julian Story, Lorado Taft, Henry O. Tanner, Frank W. Taylor, Dwight W. Tryon, Charles Henry Turner, Charles Yardley Turner, Ross S. Turner, Simon H. Vedder, Carleton Wiggins, Irving R. Wiles, Henry Wolf, Charles H. Woodbury, Rufus F. Zogbaum, and George J. Zolnay.
Biographical / Historical:
Art publishing house; Chicago, Ill. Published, THE ARTISTS YEAR BOOK: A HANDY REFERENCE BOOK WHEREIN MAY BE FOUND INTERESTING DATA PERTAINING TO ARTISTS, AND THEIR STUDIO, HOME, AND SUMMER ADDRESSES, FOR 1905-1906. Arthur Hosking was the editor.
Provenance:
Donated 1958.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Artists -- United States  Search this
Illustrators -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Art publishing -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.artleag
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw979bc5637-bb32-441f-bf21-12e66785db46
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-artleag

Olaf Brauner letters

Creator:
Brauner, Olaf M., 1869-1947  Search this
Names:
Cornell University -- Faculty  Search this
Beal, Gifford, 1879-1956  Search this
Bellows, George, 1882-1925  Search this
Benson, Frank Weston, 1862-1951  Search this
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Burroughs, Edith Woodman, 1871-1916  Search this
Caffin, Charles Henry, 1854-1918  Search this
Carlsen, Emil, 1853-1932  Search this
Carlson, John F., 1874-1945  Search this
Crisp, Arthur, 1881-1974  Search this
Davey, Randall, 1887-1964  Search this
Dougherty, Paul, 1877-1947  Search this
Garber, Daniel, 1880-  Search this
Genth, Lillian Mathilde, 1876-1953  Search this
Glackens, William J., 1870-1938  Search this
Hassam, Childe, 1859-1935  Search this
Henri, Robert, 1865-1929  Search this
Hopkinson, Charles, 1869-1962  Search this
Hubbell, Henry Salem, 1870-1938  Search this
Johansen, John C. (John Christen), 1876-1964  Search this
Kendall, William Sergeant, 1869-1938  Search this
Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974  Search this
Lie, Jonas, 1880-1940  Search this
Macbeth, William, 1851-1917  Search this
Mason, William, 1829-1908  Search this
Melchers, Gari, 1860-1932  Search this
Metcalf, Willard Leroy, 1858-1925  Search this
Ochtman, Leonard, 1854-1934  Search this
Pratt, Bela Lyon, 1867-1917  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil, 1858-1924  Search this
Proctor, Alexander Phimister, 1862-1950  Search this
Redfield, Edward Willis, 1869-1965  Search this
Ritschel, William, 1864-1949  Search this
Sargent, Walter, b. 1868  Search this
Speicher, Eugene Edward, 1883-1962  Search this
Spencer, Robert, 1879-1931  Search this
Tryon, Dwight William, 1849-1925  Search this
Walker, C. Howard (Charles Howard), 1857-1936  Search this
Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915  Search this
Waugh, Frederick Judd, 1861-1940  Search this
Extent:
200 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1895-1938
Scope and Contents:
Letters to Brauner, mainly from artists invited to participate in exhibitions arranged by Brauner at Cornell University. Prominent correspondents include: Giffford Beal, George Bellows, Frank Benson, Karl Bitter, Edith Burroughs, Emil Carlson, John Carlson, Charles Caffin, Arthur Crisp, Randall Davey, Paul Dougherty, Daniel Garber, Lillian Genth, William Glackens, Childe Hassam, Robert Henri, Charles Hopkinson, Henry Hubbell, John Johansen, William Sargent Kendall; Leon Kroll, Jonas Lie, William Macbeth, William Mason, Gari Melchers, Willard Metcalf, Leonard Ochtman, Bela Lyon Pratt, Maurice Prendergast, A. Phimister Proctor, Edward Redfield, William Ritschel, Walter Sargent, Eugene Speicher, Robert Spencer, D. W. Tryon, C. Howard Walker, Booker T. Washington, Frederick Judd Waugh, and others.
Arrangement:
Arranged chronologically.
Biographical / Historical:
Olaf Brauner (1869-1947) was a portrait painter, occasional sculptor, and first professor of art at Cornell University.
Provenance:
The donor, Erling Brauner, is Olaf Brauner's son.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Exhibitions  Search this
Function:
Art museums, University and college -- New York (State) -- Ithaca
Identifier:
AAA.brauolaf
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw91cefe275-d9a4-4690-910d-57c29748a23d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-brauolaf

Pencil and ink figure sketches

Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
19--
Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter. Pencil and ink figure sketches, 19--. Photographs of Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and Gustave Gerlach, circa 1892-circa 1915. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)22294
See more items in:
Photographs of Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and Gustave Gerlach, circa 1892-circa 1915
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_22294

Photographs of Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and Gustave Gerlach

Creator:
Gerlach, Margarett  Search this
Names:
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Pan-American Exposition (1901: Buffalo, N.Y.)  Search this
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Calder, Alexander Stirling, 1870-1945  Search this
Gerlach, Gustave, b. 1866  Search this
Konti, Isidore, 1862-1938  Search this
McGuigan, John F., Jr. (John Fuller)  Search this
McGuigan, Mary K.  Search this
Weinman, Adolph A. (Adolph Alexander), 1870-1952  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1892-circa 1915
Summary:
The photographs and papers of sculptor Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and his pupil and colleague Gustave Gerlach measure 0.8 linear feet and date from circa 1892-circa 1915. The collection documents the work and studio practice of Bitter and Gerlach primarily through photographs and a photograph album, in addition to paper records including a proposal and lists of work completed for two international expositions, news clippings, and two drawings by Bitter on his personal stationary.
Scope and Contents:
The photographs and papers of sculptor Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and his pupil and colleague Gustave Gerlach measure 0.8 linear feet and date from circa 1892-circa 1915. The collection documents the work and studio practice of Bitter and Gerlach primarily through photographs and a photograph album, in addition to paper records including a proposal and lists of work completed for two international expositions, news clippings, and two drawings by Bitter on his personal stationary.

Papers include lists of artwork for the 1901 Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, and the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition, in St. Louis, Missouri.

Photographs number approximately 250 and document the studio practice and work of Karl Bitter and Gustave Gerlach during Gerlach's tenure in Bitter's studio. Photos include images of Bitter, Gerlach, Isidore Konti, Joseph Sibbel, and other sculptors and studio assistants, and depict important works in progress such as Bitter's Alexander Hamilton and monumental sculpture for the 1901, 1904, and 1915 expositions, including Bitter's Standard Bearer (1901) and Adolph Weinman's Destiny of the Red Man (1904).

As a child Gerlach's daughter, Margarett, evidently spent time watching her father at work. She compiled this collection of photographs and papers and provided historical context in notes on the versos of some of the items.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as two series.

Series 1: Papers, circa 1892-circa 1915 (7 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Photographs, circa 1895-circa 1915 (0.7 linear feet Boxes 1-2, OVs 3-4)
Biographical / Historical:
Austrian born sculptor Karl Bitter (1867-1915) was active in New York City, New York. He exhibited his works at worldwide expositions and examples of his sculpture and memorials can be found throughout the United States. Sculptor Gustave Gerlach (b. 1866) was a pupil and colleague of Bitter's and was also active in New York City.

Karl Theodore Francis Bitter was born in Vienna, Austria, where he trained as a sculptor. While serving in the Austrian military in 1889, Bitter immigrated to the United States and applied for citizenship. Ultimately, Bitter settled in New York City and worked as an assistant in a home decorating firm while establishing his reputation as a sculptor. After working as a sculptor at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893 and as director at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, in 1901, Bitter was named head of the sculpture programs at both the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri, and the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco, California. Bitter was awarded the silver medal of the Paris Exposition, 1900; the gold medal of the Pan-American Exposition, 1901; and the gold medal at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, 1904.

Bitter offered work to sculptor Gustave Gerlach after seeing some of his sculpture. Gerlach subsequently assisted Bitter at the 1901 Pan-American Exposition as superintendent of sculpture, and at the 1904 and 1915 expositions. Following Bitter's sudden death in 1915, Gerlach proposed the execution of a memorial fountain for him in Weehawken, New Jersey, based on an original design by Bitter. However, due to anti-German sentiment in the United States at that time, Gerlach was unable to proceed with the memorial and ultimately returned the money he had raised for the fountain.

Bitter and Gerlach worked with many prominent sculptors of the day, including Isidore Konti, Adolph Weinman, and Alexander Stirling Calder who was named acting-chief of the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition. Bitter and Calder both employed the services of renowned model Audrey Munson.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds the Karl Theodore Francis Bitter Papers, 1887-circa 1977.
Provenance:
The papers were donated in 2019 by Mary K. McGuigan and John F. McGuigan Jr., art historians and collectors in Milford, Pennsylvania, who purchased the collection at auction. The collection was originally complied by Gustave's daughter, Margarett.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Citation:
Photographs of Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and Gustave Gerlach, circa 1892-circa 1915. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.gerlmarg
See more items in:
Photographs of Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and Gustave Gerlach
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b3c4b532-de8e-46c4-a5c9-cc0ec3be06f5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gerlmarg
Online Media:

All Angels Church, New York City

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 22-23
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1910
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 5: Photographic Materials / Works of Art / New York
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9da20d570-7061-462e-b6c4-80cad649b2ac
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref50

Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers

Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Names:
Bitter, Francis, 1902-1967  Search this
Bitter, Marie  Search this
Bitter, Marietta  Search this
French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931  Search this
Stollson, Blanche  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Medals
Diaries
Prints
Photographs
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Place:
Austria -- description and travel
Italy -- description and travel
France -- description and travel
Date:
1887-circa 1977
Summary:
The papers of sculptor Karl Bitter date from 1887 to 1977 and measure 2.5 linear feet. The bulk of the collection consists of photographs of works of art and commemorative medals from expositions. Also found are scattered biographical information, family correspondence, two diaries, printed materials, sketchbooks, and sketches.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of sculptor Karl Bitter date from 1887 to 1977 and measure 2.5 linear feet. The bulk of the collection consists of photographs of works of art and commemorative medals from expositions. Also found are scattered biographical information, family correspondence, two diaries, printed materials, sketches, and sketchbooks.

Biographical material consists of one short biography of Karl Bitter. The bulk of the correspondence is to Bitter's children, Marietta (Mrs. Walter Abel) and Francis Bitter, and relates to the relocation of Bitter's caryatid sculptures on the St. Paul Building in New York City. There are typescripts of letters from Karl Bitter to sculptor Daniel C. French and from Marie Bitter to her children.

Two diaries from 1901 and 1909 kept by Bitter describe his trips abroad. The 1901 diary is similar to a scrapbook and was kept during his honeymoon with Marie Schevill. Their travels through France and Italy are vividly described through prose, sketches, maps, postcards, and a photo of Bitter and Marie. A 1909 diary is from Bitter's first trip back to Austria since he left for the United States. Written in the form of letters to his wife, he describes his reactions to being back in Europe, seeing his family, and sightseeing.

Scattered printed material includes a clipping, an exhibition announcement, a postcard, and reproductions of works of art by Bitter.

Photographs are of Bitter, his family and friends, studios, and sculpture. Also found are two photo albums containing many images of Bitter's sculptures throughout the country.

There are two sketchbooks and a print by Blanche Stollson. Also found are Bitter's commemorative medals from various international expositions.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 6 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1927 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 2: Family Correspondence, 1915-1958 (Box 1, 3 folders)

Series 3: Diaries, 1901-1909 (Box 1, 3; 0.1 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1912-circa 1977 (Box 1, OV 7; 4 folders)

Series 5: Photographic Materials, 1887-circa 1960s (Box 1-5, OV 7; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 6: Artwork and Artifacts, circa 1890-1915 (Box 1, 3, 6; 1 linear foot)
Biographical / Historical:
Austrian-born sculptor Karl Bitter (1867-1915) was active in New York City, New York. He exhibited his works at worldwide expositions and examples of his sculpture and memorials can be found throughout the United States.

Karl Theodore Francis Bitter was born in Vienna, Austria, where he trained as a sculptor. While serving in the Austrian military in 1889, Bitter immigrated to the United States and applied for citizenship. Ultimately, Bitter settled in New York City and worked as an assistant in a home decorating firm while establishing his reputation as a sculptor. After winning a 1930 competition to design the Astor memorial bronze gates at Trinity Church, he used the funds to establish a small studio on 13th Street, which he shared with fellow sculptor Giuseppe Moretti. Bitter quickly established himself as a world-famous scuptor who also specialized in private memorials and works for public buildings.

After working as a sculptor at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893 and as director at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York in 1901, Bitter was named head of the sculpture programs at both the 1904 St. Louis Exposition and the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition held in San Francisco, California.

Bitter was awarded the silver medal of the Paris Exposition, 1900; the gold medal of the Pan-American Exposition, 1901; and the gold medal at the St. Louis Exposition, 1904. He was a member of the National Institute of Arts and Sciences, National Academy of Design, American Academy of Arts and Letters, Players' Club, Century Club, and the Architectural League.

Karl Bitter married Marie Schevill with whom he had three children. He died suddenly in 1915 after being struck by a car.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels N70-8 and N70-35) including biographical material, correspondence, and photographs. While most of these materials were later donated, the photographs remain with the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Portions of the Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers were lent for microfilming by Bitter's daughter, Marietta Bitter Abel, in 1969. Marietta Bitter Abel, Mr. Michael Abel, and Lt. Col. Jonathon F. Abel donated most of the loaned material excluding the photographs along with additional items in several increments from 1970-2010. The commemorative medals were gifted in 1975 by Walter Hancock, a friend of Bitter's son Francis.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Sculptors -- Austria -- Vienna  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Sculptors -- United States  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Medals
Diaries
Prints
Photographs
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bittkarl
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e1b224ab-448f-4969-821e-72d422a95f35
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bittkarl
Online Media:

Bitter, Karl

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1915
Scope and Contents:
Copy of a letter to Daniel C. French.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 2: Family Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw955f9becc-38c0-4804-be8f-c846bfd4f220
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref10

Diary

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1901
Scope and Contents:
Oversized material housed in Box 3, Folder 1.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 3: Diaries
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9671ffd76-37c8-4693-b370-450f8d032418
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref12

Diary

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1909
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 3: Diaries
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9af27f391-75c7-44ba-9165-c2fee7c09813
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref15

Clipping

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1912
Scope and Contents:
Oversized material housed in OV 7.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 4: Printed Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw94292e093-4de6-4fb5-bc12-09c55c33dded
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref16

Exhibition Announcement

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1958
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 4: Printed Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9abf927a4-e084-41c2-9ca4-1df668653d95
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref19

Postcards

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1977
Scope and Contents:
One post card depicts the transferred St. Paul Building caryatids in Holiday Park, Indiana.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 4: Printed Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9fdbce985-6626-43bd-8b5d-29dc730e9491
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref20

Reproductions of Works of Art

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1930
Scope and Contents:
Excerpted from Ferdinand Schevill's book.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 4: Printed Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9449775ed-d1b5-43f9-bec1-8bfaeb990475
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref22

Photo Album #1

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1897-1914
Scope and Contents:
Oversized materials housed in Box 3, Folder 5 and Box 4.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 5: Photographic Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9eac0c786-8ced-4152-a1f4-c9bf610a21c2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref25

Loose Materials from Photo Album #1

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1897-1914
Scope and Contents:
Oversized materials housed in Box 3, Folder 4.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 5: Photographic Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9610aab7e-bafb-4430-81cb-23ad2849e28b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref26

Photo Album #2

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1887-1914
Scope and Contents:
Oversized material housed in Box 5.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 5: Photographic Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw952561adc-7383-47df-b771-7ec852a1cc4b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref30

Loose Materials from Photo Album #2

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1887-1914
Scope and Contents:
Oversized material housed in Box 3, Folder 3.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 5: Photographic Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b54a1e77-1888-4123-a232-3b78c413832b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref32

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