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National Sculpture Society records

Creator:
National Sculpture Society (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
Architectural League of New York  Search this
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Extent:
20.3 Linear feet ( (partially microfilmed on 10 reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Place:
New York N.Y. -- Photographs
Date:
1883-1962
Scope and Contents:
Photographs, scrapbooks, printed material, correspondence and business records.
UNMICROFILMED MATERIAL: 4 photograph albums, glass negatives and photographs of works of art by society members; exhibition records; bank records and check stubs; scrapbooks and clippings on the New York Architectural League; and books on Karl Bitter and John Quincy Adams Ward.
REEL D132: 414 photographs and reproductions of sculpture by society members. Information on the back of photographs includes artist, title, location, dimensions, date, price and material.
REEL NJ1: Complete run of National Sculpture Review, the quarterly publication put out by the National Sculpture Society from Dec. 1951 to Spring 1962.
REELS 488-494: Financial and general correspondence; financial records, ledgers, cash books, tax records and check books; a catalog distribution book; publications and clippings; War Memorials Project material; a constitution, membership lists, minutes and an exhibitors' roster.
REEL 3097: Lantern slides of the work of 262 sculptors and views of New York City.
REEL 3161: Mimeographed copies of minutes of the Council of the National Sculpture Society, 1951-1952, kept by Katherine Lane Weems, Chairman of the Library and Research Committee, 1951, and Recording Secretary, 1952.
Biographical / Historical:
Founded in 1893 The society works with architects, art councils, and sponsoring committees in selecting sculptors to execute new works. Assists governmemt art councils with advice on rules for competitions and in preparing exhibitions. Conducts research, maintains an archives and library, and sponsors exhibitions and competitions.
Provenance:
Material on reel D132 lent for microfilming by the National Sculpture Society, 1964. All other material was donated by the society, 1964-1972.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Societies, etc.  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
War memorials -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.natiscul
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-natiscul

Olaf Brauner letters

Creator:
Brauner, Olaf M., 1869-1947  Search this
Names:
Cornell University. -- Faculty  Search this
Beal, Gifford, 1879-1956  Search this
Bellows, George, 1882-1925  Search this
Benson, Frank Weston, 1862-1951  Search this
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Burroughs, Edith Woodman, 1871-1916  Search this
Caffin, Charles Henry, 1854-1918  Search this
Carlsen, Emil, 1853-1932  Search this
Carlson, John F., 1874-1945  Search this
Crisp, Arthur, 1881-1974  Search this
Davey, Randall, 1887-1964  Search this
Dougherty, Paul, 1877-1947  Search this
Garber, Daniel, 1880-  Search this
Genth, Lillian Mathilde, 1876-1953  Search this
Glackens, William J., 1870-1938  Search this
Hassam, Childe, 1859-1935  Search this
Henri, Robert, 1865-1929  Search this
Hopkinson, Charles, 1869-1962  Search this
Hubbell, Henry Salem, 1870-1938  Search this
Johansen, John C. (John Christen), 1876-1964  Search this
Kendall, William Sergeant, 1869-1938  Search this
Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974  Search this
Lie, Jonas, 1880-1940  Search this
Macbeth, William, 1851-1917  Search this
Mason, William, 1829-1908  Search this
Melchers, Gari, 1860-1932  Search this
Metcalf, Willard Leroy, 1858-1925  Search this
Ochtman, Leonard, 1854-1934  Search this
Pratt, Bela Lyon, 1867-1917  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil, 1858-1924  Search this
Proctor, Alexander Phimister, 1862-1950  Search this
Redfield, Edward Willis, 1869-1965  Search this
Ritschel, William, 1864-1949  Search this
Sargent, Walter, b. 1868  Search this
Speicher, Eugene Edward, 1883-1962  Search this
Spencer, Robert, 1879-1931  Search this
Tryon, Dwight William, 1849-1925  Search this
Walker, C. Howard (Charles Howard), 1857-1936  Search this
Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915  Search this
Waugh, Frederick Judd, 1861-1940  Search this
Extent:
200 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1895-1938
Scope and Contents:
Letters to Brauner, mainly from artists invited to participate in exhibitions arranged by Brauner at Cornell University. Prominent correspondents include: Giffford Beal, George Bellows, Frank Benson, Karl Bitter, Edith Burroughs, Emil Carlson, John Carlson, Charles Caffin, Arthur Crisp, Randall Davey, Paul Dougherty, Daniel Garber, Lillian Genth, William Glackens, Childe Hassam, Robert Henri, Charles Hopkinson, Henry Hubbell, John Johansen, William Sargent Kendall; Leon Kroll, Jonas Lie, William Macbeth, William Mason, Gari Melchers, Willard Metcalf, Leonard Ochtman, Bela Lyon Pratt, Maurice Prendergast, A. Phimister Proctor, Edward Redfield, William Ritschel, Walter Sargent, Eugene Speicher, Robert Spencer, D. W. Tryon, C. Howard Walker, Booker T. Washington, Frederick Judd Waugh, and others.
Arrangement:
Arranged chronologically.
Biographical / Historical:
Olaf Brauner (1869-1947) was a portrait painter, occasional sculptor, and first professor of art at Cornell University.
Provenance:
The donor, Erling Brauner, is Olaf Brauner's son.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Exhibitions  Search this
Function:
Art museums, University and college -- New York (State) -- Ithaca
Identifier:
AAA.brauolaf
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-brauolaf

Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977

Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Subject:
French, Daniel Chester  Search this
Bitter, Marie  Search this
Bitter, Francis  Search this
Bitter, Marietta  Search this
Stollson, Blanche  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Medals
Diaries
Prints
Photographs
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Place:
Austria -- description and travel
Italy -- description and travel
France -- description and travel
Topic:
Sculptors -- Austria -- Vienna  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Sculptors -- United States  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8889
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211074
AAA_collcode_bittkarl
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Audio - Visual
Architecture & Design
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211074
Online Media:

Isidore Konti papers

Creator:
Konti, Isidore, 1862-1938  Search this
Names:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Daingerfield, Elliott, 1859-1932  Search this
Eickemeyer, Rudolf, 1862-1932  Search this
French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931  Search this
Keck, Charles, 1875-1951  Search this
MacNeil, Hermon Atkins, 1866-1947  Search this
Manship, Paul, 1885-1966  Search this
Roth, Frederick George Richard, 1872-1944  Search this
Weinman, Adolph A. (Adolph Alexander), 1870-1952  Search this
Extent:
1.8 Linear feet ((on 3 microfilm reels))
1.3 Linear feet (Addition)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Date:
1879-1956
Scope and Contents:
Letters, award certificates, contracts, drawings, clippings, printed material, 2 scrapbooks, and photographs document Konti's sculpture projects.
Reel 1208: Photographs (1904-1936) show Konti, his family and his works of art. A scrapbook (1908-1928) contains photographs of works of art, clippings, and a letter to Konti's niece, Malvina Kaeyer, from Thomas Green requesting information about a Konti bronze he owns. Another scrapbook (1908-1956) contains a 1929 blueprint of Memorial Park, clippings, photographs of the Kelahan Memorial and the Spanish-American War Monument, and 2 exhibition catalogs (1938-1947).
Reels 1210-1211: Letters (1894-1949) concern sculpture projects and were written primarily by Konti's colleagues, including Karl Bitter, Elliott Daingerfield, Rudolf Eickemeyer, Daniel Chester French, Charles Keck, Hermon MacNeil, Paul Manship, Frederick G. R. Roth, and Adolph Weinman. Business materials include award certificates (1879-1956), contracts (1900-1929), copyright cards (1907-1911), receipts (1905-1926) from the Roman Bronze Works and records of sales (1913-1926). Art works consist of 92 drawings and a sketchbook. Printed materials include clippings (1928-1946), brochures on the Yonkers Art Association (1940) and exhibition and auction catalogs (1898-1940).
Unmicrofilmed: A 1902 letter from Karl Bitter concerns the fall exhibition. Other materials include account statements and receipts from the Gorham Company (1921-1937), the constitution and by-laws (1951) and a bulletin (1954) from the Hudson River Museum, a 1926 catalog on "Small Bronzes by Great Sculptors as Prizes" and six negatives of the Estelle Weaks Reilly Memorial.
Addition Unmicrofilmed Correspondence, certificates, photographs of works of art and people, newspaper clippings, three-dimensional sculpture of a profile 2" X 2", works of art on canvas board and photo albums, letters of condolence, biographical material [c. 1901- 1974].
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor. Born July 9, 1862 in Vienna, Austria, emigrated to New York City in 1892, eventually settling in Yonkers, N.Y., where he lived the rest of his life. Konti had studied in Vienna, under Edmund Von Hellmer and Karl Kundmann, and in Rome. Konti worked in the Beaux Arts tradition. In New York, he became an associate of Philip Martiny, a former student of Saint-Gaudens, who sent him to work on decorative models at the World's Columbia Exposition in Chicago. In 1904, Konti created the fountains of the Atlantic and Pacific for the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis. During the following decades, he established his reputation, befriending many of the significant sculptors of the early 20th century. Died Jan. 11, 1938, Etaples, France.
Provenance:
The papers, originally lent for filming by the Hudson River Museum, were subsequently given by Konti's grandnephew, Richard E. Kaeyer. Loan material which was not part of the gift includes 2 oversize award certificates (Reel 1208:692 and Reel 1210:1351) and a biographical account (Reel 1211:570).
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Decoration and ornament, Architectural -- United States  Search this
Eclecticism in architecture -- United States  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Identifier:
AAA.kontisid
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kontisid

Artists' biographical questionnaires

Creator:
Art League Publishing Co. (Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Names:
Ballin, Hugo, 1879-1956  Search this
Bartlett, Frederick Eugene, 1852-1911  Search this
Beckwith, J. Carroll (James Carroll), 1852-1917  Search this
Birney, William Verplanck, 1858-1909  Search this
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Blashfield, Albert Dodd, 1860-1920  Search this
Blenner, Carle Joan, 1864-1952  Search this
Bridgman, Frederick Arthur, 1847-1928  Search this
Brown, Bolton, 1864-1936  Search this
Brown, Ray, 1865-1944  Search this
Browne, George Elmer, 1871-1946  Search this
Brush, George de Forest, 1855-1941  Search this
Bush-Brown, Henry Kirke, 1857-1935  Search this
Clark, Walter Appleton, 1876-1906  Search this
Cox, Kenyon, 1856-1919  Search this
De Forest, Lockwood, 1850-1932  Search this
Fenn, Harry, 1838-1911  Search this
Fraser, James Earle, 1876-1953  Search this
Granville-Smith, Walter, 1870-1938  Search this
Guérin, Jules Vallée, 1866-1946  Search this
Harrison, Birge, 1854-1929  Search this
Harrison, Thomas Alexander, 1853-1930  Search this
Haskell, Ernest, 1876-1925  Search this
Herter, Albert, 1871-  Search this
Hitchcock, George, 1850-1913  Search this
Hitchcock, Lucius Wolcott, 1868-1942  Search this
Hosking, Arthur Nicholas, b. 1874  Search this
Kemeys, Edward, 1843-1907  Search this
Kendall, William Sergeant, 1869-1938  Search this
Kimball, Alonzo M., 1874-1923  Search this
MacCord, Charles William, 1852-1923  Search this
Manley, Thomas R., 1853-1938  Search this
Maynard, Richard Field, 1875-1964  Search this
McCord, George Herbert, 1848-1909  Search this
Meteyard, Thomas Buford, 1865-1928  Search this
Millet, Francis Davis, 1846-1912  Search this
Mills, John Harrison, 1842-1916  Search this
Moran, Percy, 1862-1935  Search this
Mosler, Henry, 1841-1920  Search this
Murphy, Hermann Dudley, 1867-1945  Search this
Ochtman, Leonard, 1854-1934  Search this
Opper, Frederick Burr, 1857-1937  Search this
Pape, Eric, b. 1870  Search this
Peixotto, Ernest, b. 1869  Search this
Penfield, Edward, 1866-1925  Search this
Potter, Louis McClellan, 1873-1912  Search this
Redfield, Edward Willis, 1869-1965  Search this
Reuterdahl, Henry, 1871-1925  Search this
Rhead, Louis, 1857-1926  Search this
Sandham, Henry, 1842-1910  Search this
Sartain, William, 1843-1924  Search this
Shepperson, Claude Allin, 1867-1921  Search this
Shinn, Florence Scovel, d. 1940  Search this
Smillie, George H. (George Henry), 1840-1921  Search this
Smillie, James David, 1833-1909  Search this
Steele, Frederic Dorr, 1873-1944  Search this
Story, Julian, 1857-1919  Search this
Taft, Lorado, 1860-1936  Search this
Tanner, Henry Ossawa, 1859-1937  Search this
Taylor, F. Walter (Frank Walter), 1874-1921  Search this
Tryon, Dwight William, 1849-1925  Search this
Turner, Charles Henry, 1848-1908  Search this
Turner, Charles Yardley, 1850-1918  Search this
Turner, Ross, 1847-1915  Search this
Vedder, Simon Harmon, 1866-  Search this
Wiggins, Carleton, 1848-1932  Search this
Wiles, Irving Ramsay, 1861-1948  Search this
Wolf, Henry, 1852-1916  Search this
Woodbury, Charles H. (Charles Herbert), 1864-1940  Search this
Zogbaum, Rufus Fairchild, 1849-1925  Search this
Zolnay, George Julian, 1862 or 3-1949  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet ((68 items on 3 partial microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1905
Scope and Contents:
Biographical forms completed by artists and illustrators for the Art League Publishing Company's ARTISTS YEAR BOOK. Each contains details written by the artist concerning parentage, exhibitions and collections containing his work, books illustrated, memberships in clubs, etc.
Included are forms from: Hugo Ballin, Frederick E. Bartlett, James C. Beckwith, William V. Birney, Karl Bitter, Albert D. Blashfield, Carle Joan Blenner, Frederick A. Bridgman, Bolton Brown, Ray Brown, George Elmer Browne, George De Forest Brush, Henry Kirke Bush-Brown, Walter A. Clark, Kenyon Cox, Lockwood De Forest, Harry Fenn, James E. Fraser, Walter Granville-Smith, Jules Guerin, Birge Harrison, Thomas A. Harrison, Ernest Haskell, Albert Herter, George Hitchcock, Lucius Wolcott Hitchcock, Edward Kemeys, William S. Kendall, Alonzo Kimball, Charles MacCord, Thomas R. Manley, Richard F. Maynard, George H. McCord, Thomas Meteyard, Francis D. Millet, John H. Mills, Edward P. Moran, Henry Mosler,
Herman D. Murphy, Leonard Ochtman, Frederick B. Opper, Eric Pape, Ernest Peixotto, Edward Penfield, Louis M. Potter, Edward W. Redfield, Henry Reuterdahl, Louis J. Rhead, Henry Sandham, William Sartain, Claude A. Shepperson, Florence Scovel Shinn, George H. Smillie, James D. Smillie, Frederic D. Steele, Julian Story, Lorado Taft, Henry O. Tanner, Frank W. Taylor, Dwight W. Tryon, Charles Henry Turner, Charles Yardley Turner, Ross S. Turner, Simon H. Vedder, Carleton Wiggins, Irving R. Wiles, Henry Wolf, Charles H. Woodbury, Rufus F. Zogbaum, and George J. Zolnay.
Biographical / Historical:
Art publishing house; Chicago, Ill. Published, THE ARTISTS YEAR BOOK: A HANDY REFERENCE BOOK WHEREIN MAY BE FOUND INTERESTING DATA PERTAINING TO ARTISTS, AND THEIR STUDIO, HOME, AND SUMMER ADDRESSES, FOR 1905-1906. Arthur Hosking was the editor.
Provenance:
Donated 1958.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Artists -- United States  Search this
Illustrators -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Art publishing -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.artleag
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-artleag

Bruno Louis Zimm papers

Creator:
Zimm, Bruno Louis, 1876-1943  Search this
Names:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1907-1985
Scope and Contents:
A letter from Karl Bitter with a sketch of a male figure (1908) praises Zimm's relief sculpture at "the League room". Photographs show Zimm, his studio, home, and works of art (ca. 1923-1940), and Hasbrouck Zimm (ca. 1946). Other materials consist of a biographical account written by Zimm's son (1985) and 3 clippings (1907-1982).
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor. Zimm studied art in Paris around 1900, and in New York City with Karl Bitter, later establishing a studio on 59th Street. About 1910, Zimm moved to the Lewis Hollow district of Woodstock, New York. In 1919, he married his second wife, novelist Louise Seymour Hasbrouck. Zimm's sculpture of SACAJAWEA appeared in the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis (1904) and a frieze was exhibited in the 1913 Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco.
Provenance:
The donor, Bruno Hasbrouck Zimm, is Bruno Louis Zimm's son.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Sculptors  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.zimmbrun
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-zimmbrun

Karl Gruppe papers

Creator:
Gruppe, Karl, b. 1893  Search this
Names:
American Artists Professional League  Search this
Fine Arts Federation of New York  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
National Sculpture Society (U.S.)  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Extent:
3.2 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 2 reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1900-1978
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, writings, art work, photographs, subject files, and printed material, relating to Gruppe's career as a sculptor, his involvement with the Public Works of Art Project, and his teacher Karl Bitter.
REEL 104: A list of monuments and fountains in New York City surveyed for renovation by Gruppe under the PWAP from 1934-1937. Each survey includes a general description, sometimes a photograph, a statement of its condition, repairs needed and renovation costs.
REEL N70-35: Correspondence, clippings, catalogs, 1920-1970, including items about the controversy over New York City's sculpture. Correspondents include Robert Moses, Edmond R. Amateis, Mary W. Harriman, Reginald Marsh, and Henry Wolf.
UNMICROFILMED: Biographies and resumes; correspondence, 1930-1976, concerning commissions and organizations; letters from Karl Bitter and family, 1905-1966; 21 sketches of designs for medals and coins; writings, including a report by Gruppe to the heads of the Pan-American Exposition, 1901, and "Art and the Church" by Lee Lawrie; and files (1.5 feet) on commissions, organizations, memorials, and other projects, containing printed material, business records, correspondence, writings and photographs. File headings include Alben W. Barkley Competition, American Federation of Arts, Architectural League, Art Commission Associates, Karl Bitter, Century Association, Commmittee on Government and Art, Competitions, Ecclesiastical Competion, Fine Arts Federation of N.Y.,
First Art Film Festival in America, Fort Clinton, Fund Raising, Henry Hudson Memorial, Outdoor Sculpture Exhibition, Medallic Art Company, Medals & Memorials, Monumental Restoration Project, National Academy of Design, National Sculpture Society, Plaster Casts for Museums, Society of Medalists, U.S. Dept. of State, War Memorials, and William Rufus King Memorial.
Also included are a book, THE DREAM CITY, A PORTFOLIO OF PHOTOGRAPHIC VIEWS OF THE WORLDS COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION, 1893, [cover inscribed THE MAGIC CITY]; clippings, 1949-1978; photographs (0.5 ft.) of Gruppe, his family, and friends, including Laura Gardin (Fraser), Anthony de Francisci, Karl Bitter and the Bitter family, and of art works by Gruppe, Bitter, Daniel Chester French and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor, medalist; New York, N.Y. Studied at the Royal Academy, Antwerp, Belgium and at the Art Students League of New York with Karl Bitter. Served as president of the National Sculpture Society, 1950-1951. He worked on the Monument Restoration Project, New York City Department of Parks, for the Public Works of Art Project from 1934-1937.
Provenance:
Material on reel N70-35 lent for microfilming by Gruppe, 1970; remainder donated by Gruppe 1970-1973, and by his daughter Elizabeth Gruppe Stover, 1986.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Medalists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Monuments -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Monuments -- Conservation and restoration  Search this
Sculpture, American  Search this
Sculpture -- Conservation and restoration -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Medals  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Function:
Film festivals
Identifier:
AAA.grupkarl
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-grupkarl

John Quincy Adams Ward papers in the New York Historical Society

Creator:
Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910  Search this
Names:
Interstate and West Indian Exposition (Charleston, South Carolina: 1901-1902)  Search this
Library of Congress  Search this
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Adams, Herbert, 1858-1945  Search this
Appleton, Thomas Gold, 1812-1884  Search this
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941  Search this
Chilton, R. S.  Search this
Cushing, Robert  Search this
Dana, Paul  Search this
French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931  Search this
Herber, C. A.  Search this
Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937  Search this
Orr, Alexander Ector, 1831-1914  Search this
Potter, Edward Clark, 1857-1923  Search this
Richards, T. Addison (Thomas Addison), 1820-1900  Search this
Ruckstull, F. W. (Fred Wellington), 1853-1942  Search this
Thomas, Charles N.  Search this
Extent:
2 microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1857-1915
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence regarding the St. Louis Exposition, the World's Columbian Exposition, the South Carolina Interstate and West Indian Exposition, statuary in New York City and the Library of Congress, the Washington statue in Newburyport, Mass. Letters from Robert Cushing in Italy pertain to the supervision of the execution of Ward's marble statuary group in Carrara. Correspondents include Herbert Adams, Thomas Gold Appleton, Karl Bitter, Gutzon Borglum, Daniel Chester French, Robert Underwood Johnson, Thomas Addison Richards, Edward Clark Potter, Alexander E. Orr, R. S. Chilton, Paul Dana, F. Wellington Ruckstuhll, Charles N. Thomas, C. A. Herber and Ward's wife.
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor; New York, N.Y.
Provenance:
Lent 1973 by New York Historical Society.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Topic:
Sculpture, American  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.wardjohn
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wardjohn

Photographs of Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and Gustave Gerlach

Creator:
Gerlach, Margarett  Search this
Names:
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Pan-American Exposition (1901: Buffalo, N.Y.)  Search this
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Calder, Alexander Stirling, 1870-1945  Search this
Gerlach, Gustave, b. 1866  Search this
Konti, Isidore, 1862-1938  Search this
McGuigan, John F., Jr. (John Fuller)  Search this
McGuigan, Mary K.  Search this
Weinman, Adolph A. (Adolph Alexander), 1870-1952  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1892-circa 1915
Summary:
The photographs and papers of sculptor Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and his pupil and colleague Gustave Gerlach measure 0.8 linear feet and date from circa 1892-circa 1915. The collection documents the work and studio practice of Bitter and Gerlach primarily through photographs and a photograph album, in addition to paper records including a proposal and lists of work completed for two international expositions, news clippings, and two drawings by Bitter on his personal stationary.
Scope and Contents:
The photographs and papers of sculptor Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and his pupil and colleague Gustave Gerlach measure 0.8 linear feet and date from circa 1892-circa 1915. The collection documents the work and studio practice of Bitter and Gerlach primarily through photographs and a photograph album, in addition to paper records including a proposal and lists of work completed for two international expositions, news clippings, and two drawings by Bitter on his personal stationary.

Papers include lists of artwork for the 1901 Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, and the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition, in St. Louis, Missouri.

Photographs number approximately 250 and document the studio practice and work of Karl Bitter and Gustave Gerlach during Gerlach's tenure in Bitter's studio. Photos include images of Bitter, Gerlach, Isidore Konti, Joseph Sibbel, and other sculptors and studio assistants, and depict important works in progress such as Bitter's Alexander Hamilton and monumental sculpture for the 1901, 1904, and 1915 expositions, including Bitter's Standard Bearer (1901) and Adolph Weinman's Destiny of the Red Man (1904).

As a child Gerlach's daughter, Margarett, evidently spent time watching her father at work. She compiled this collection of photographs and papers and provided historical context in notes on the versos of some of the items.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as two series.

Series 1: Papers, circa 1892-circa 1915 (7 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Photographs, circa 1895-circa 1915 (0.7 linear feet Boxes 1-2, OVs 3-4)
Biographical / Historical:
Austrian born sculptor Karl Bitter (1867-1915) was active in New York City, New York. He exhibited his works at worldwide expositions and examples of his sculpture and memorials can be found throughout the United States. Sculptor Gustave Gerlach (b. 1866) was a pupil and colleague of Bitter's and was also active in New York City.

Karl Theodore Francis Bitter was born in Vienna, Austria, where he trained as a sculptor. While serving in the Austrian military in 1889, Bitter immigrated to the United States and applied for citizenship. Ultimately, Bitter settled in New York City and worked as an assistant in a home decorating firm while establishing his reputation as a sculptor. After working as a sculptor at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893 and as director at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, in 1901, Bitter was named head of the sculpture programs at both the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri, and the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco, California. Bitter was awarded the silver medal of the Paris Exposition, 1900; the gold medal of the Pan-American Exposition, 1901; and the gold medal at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, 1904.

Bitter offered work to sculptor Gustave Gerlach after seeing some of his sculpture. Gerlach subsequently assisted Bitter at the 1901 Pan-American Exposition as superintendent of sculpture, and at the 1904 and 1915 expositions. Following Bitter's sudden death in 1915, Gerlach proposed the execution of a memorial fountain for him in Weehawken, New Jersey, based on an original design by Bitter. However, due to anti-German sentiment in the United States at that time, Gerlach was unable to proceed with the memorial and ultimately returned the money he had raised for the fountain.

Bitter and Gerlach worked with many prominent sculptors of the day, including Isidore Konti, Adolph Weinman, and Alexander Stirling Calder who was named acting-chief of the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition. Bitter and Calder both employed the services of renowned model Audrey Munson.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds the Karl Theodore Francis Bitter Papers, 1887-circa 1977.
Provenance:
The papers were donated in 2019 by Mary K. McGuigan and John F. McGuigan Jr., art historians and collectors in Milford, Pennsylvania, who purchased the collection at auction. The collection was originally complied by Gustave's daughter, Margarett.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Citation:
Photographs of Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and Gustave Gerlach, circa 1892-circa 1915. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.gerlmarg
See more items in:
Photographs of Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and Gustave Gerlach
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gerlmarg
Online Media:

Henry Merwin Shrady papers

Creator:
Shrady, Henry Merwin, 1871-1922  Search this
Names:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Penfield, Edward, 1866-1925  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, 1848-1907  Search this
Shrady, Henry Merwin, 1871-1922  Search this
Extent:
79 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1901-1972
Scope and Contents:
28 letters to Shrady, mostly about his Ulyssses S. Grant monument in Washington, D.C., from Karl Bitter, Edward Penfield, Augustus Saint-Gaudens (photocopies), members of the Grant family, and others; 16 sketches; printed material, including 6 clippings and 12 magazine articles; and 17 photographs of Shrady and his work.
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor; Elmsford, New York.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming by Henry M. Shrady, Jr., 1973.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- Elmsford  Search this
Topic:
Sculpture, American -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.shrahenr
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-shrahenr

Players Club letters

Creator:
Players (Club)  Search this
Names:
Beckwith, J. Carroll (James Carroll), 1852-1917  Search this
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Blum, Robert Frederick, 1857-1903  Search this
Booth, Edwin, 1833-1893  Search this
Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941  Search this
Brunner, Arnold W. (Arnold William), 1857-1925  Search this
Buel, Clarence Clough, 1850-1933  Search this
Burgess, Gelett, 1866-1951  Search this
Coleman, Charles Caryl, 1840-1928  Search this
Cortissoz, Royal, 1869-1948  Search this
Geddes, Norman Bel, 1893-1958  Search this
Hutton, Lawrence  Search this
Mansfield, Richard, 1857-1907  Search this
Nast, Thomas, 1840-1902  Search this
Parrish, Maxfield, 1870-1966  Search this
Pyle, Howard, 1853-1911  Search this
Smith, Francis Hopkinson, 1838-1915  Search this
Weir, Julian Alden, 1852-1919  Search this
White, Stanford, 1853-1906  Search this
Extent:
1 Reel (ca. 50 items (on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Reels
Date:
1848-1941
Scope and Contents:
Letters, mostly from distinguished club members in behalf of candidates for membership, and some membership forms.
Correspondents are: James C. Beckwith, Norman Bel Geddes, Karl Bitter, Robert Blum, Gutzon Borglum, Arnold W. Brunner, Clarence C. Buel, Gelett Burgess, Charles C. Coleman, Royal Cortissoz, Lawrence Hutton, Richard Mansfield, Thomas Nast, Maxfield Parrish, Howard Pyle, F. Hopkinson, J. Alden Weir, and Stanford White.
Biographical / Historical:
New York City. Founded by Edwin Booth in 1888, the club had among its members many prominent actors, artists and writers.
Provenance:
Microfilmed 1956 by the Archives of American Art with other art-related papers in the Manuscript Division of the New York Public Library. Included in the microfilming project were selected papers of the Art Division and the Prints Division.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Topic:
Art -- Societies, etc. -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.players
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-players

Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers

Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Names:
Bitter, Francis, 1902-1967  Search this
Bitter, Marie  Search this
Bitter, Marietta  Search this
French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931  Search this
Stollson, Blanche  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Medals
Diaries
Prints
Photographs
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Place:
Austria -- description and travel
Italy -- description and travel
France -- description and travel
Date:
1887-circa 1977
Summary:
The papers of sculptor Karl Bitter date from 1887 to 1977 and measure 2.5 linear feet. The bulk of the collection consists of photographs of works of art and commemorative medals from expositions. Also found are scattered biographical information, family correspondence, two diaries, printed materials, sketchbooks, and sketches.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of sculptor Karl Bitter date from 1887 to 1977 and measure 2.5 linear feet. The bulk of the collection consists of photographs of works of art and commemorative medals from expositions. Also found are scattered biographical information, family correspondence, two diaries, printed materials, sketches, and sketchbooks.

Biographical material consists of one short biography of Karl Bitter. The bulk of the correspondence is to Bitter's children, Marietta (Mrs. Walter Abel) and Francis Bitter, and relates to the relocation of Bitter's caryatid sculptures on the St. Paul Building in New York City. There are typescripts of letters from Karl Bitter to sculptor Daniel C. French and from Marie Bitter to her children.

Two diaries from 1901 and 1909 kept by Bitter describe his trips abroad. The 1901 diary is similar to a scrapbook and was kept during his honeymoon with Marie Schevill. Their travels through France and Italy are vividly described through prose, sketches, maps, postcards, and a photo of Bitter and Marie. A 1909 diary is from Bitter's first trip back to Austria since he left for the United States. Written in the form of letters to his wife, he describes his reactions to being back in Europe, seeing his family, and sightseeing.

Scattered printed material includes a clipping, an exhibition announcement, a postcard, and reproductions of works of art by Bitter.

Photographs are of Bitter, his family and friends, studios, and sculpture. Also found are two photo albums containing many images of Bitter's sculptures throughout the country.

There are two sketchbooks and a print by Blanche Stollson. Also found are Bitter's commemorative medals from various international expositions.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 6 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1927 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 2: Family Correspondence, 1915-1958 (Box 1, 3 folders)

Series 3: Diaries, 1901-1909 (Box 1, 3; 0.1 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1912-circa 1977 (Box 1, OV 7; 4 folders)

Series 5: Photographic Materials, 1887-circa 1960s (Box 1-5, OV 7; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 6: Artwork and Artifacts, circa 1890-1915 (Box 1, 3, 6; 1 linear foot)
Biographical / Historical:
Austrian-born sculptor Karl Bitter (1867-1915) was active in New York City, New York. He exhibited his works at worldwide expositions and examples of his sculpture and memorials can be found throughout the United States.

Karl Theodore Francis Bitter was born in Vienna, Austria, where he trained as a sculptor. While serving in the Austrian military in 1889, Bitter immigrated to the United States and applied for citizenship. Ultimately, Bitter settled in New York City and worked as an assistant in a home decorating firm while establishing his reputation as a sculptor. After winning a 1930 competition to design the Astor memorial bronze gates at Trinity Church, he used the funds to establish a small studio on 13th Street, which he shared with fellow sculptor Giuseppe Moretti. Bitter quickly established himself as a world-famous scuptor who also specialized in private memorials and works for public buildings.

After working as a sculptor at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893 and as director at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York in 1901, Bitter was named head of the sculpture programs at both the 1904 St. Louis Exposition and the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition held in San Francisco, California.

Bitter was awarded the silver medal of the Paris Exposition, 1900; the gold medal of the Pan-American Exposition, 1901; and the gold medal at the St. Louis Exposition, 1904. He was a member of the National Institute of Arts and Sciences, National Academy of Design, American Academy of Arts and Letters, Players' Club, Century Club, and the Architectural League.

Karl Bitter married Marie Schevill with whom he had three children. He died suddenly in 1915 after being struck by a car.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels N70-8 and N70-35) including biographical material, correspondence, and photographs. While most of these materials were later donated, the photographs remain with the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Portions of the Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers were lent for microfilming by Bitter's daughter, Marietta Bitter Abel, in 1969. Marietta Bitter Abel, Mr. Michael Abel, and Lt. Col. Jonathon F. Abel donated most of the loaned material excluding the photographs along with additional items in several increments from 1970-2010. The commemorative medals were gifted in 1975 by Walter Hancock, a friend of Bitter's son Francis.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Sculptors -- Austria -- Vienna  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Sculptors -- United States  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Medals
Diaries
Prints
Photographs
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bittkarl
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bittkarl
Online Media:

Indianapolis -- Holliday Park

Creator:
Holliday, John H.  Search this
Holliday House  Search this
Landscape designer:
Clude, William  Search this
Landscape architect:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Artist:
Taflinger, Elmer  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Indiana -- Indianapolis
United States of America -- Indiana -- Marion County -- Indianapolis
General:
Further sources of information include: 1. Maloney, Michael and Remenschneider, Kenneth J. Indianapolis Landscape Architecture. Landscape Architecture Foundation, Washington, D. C. 2. Indianapolis Star Newspaper, 1958.
Related Materials:
Holliday Park related holdings consist of 1 slide (col.)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Follies (Architecture)  Search this
Treillage  Search this
Artificial ruins  Search this
Fountains  Search this
Publications  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File IN017
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Indiana
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref7220

Pencil and ink figure sketches

Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
19--
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)22294
See more items in:
Photographs of Karl Francis Theodore Bitter and Gustave Gerlach, circa 1892-circa 1915
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_22294

Bitter, Karl

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1915
Scope and Contents:
Copy of a letter to Daniel C. French.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 2: Family Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref10

Oversized Photo Album Materials scanned with Box 1, Folders 11-12, 14

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 3-5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1887-1914
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 5: Photographic Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref100

Oversized Clipping scanned with Box 1, Folder 7

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box OV 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1912
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 4: Printed Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref103

Oversized Photo Album scanned with Box 1, Folder 11

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1887-1914
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 5: Photographic Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref105

Oversized Photo Album scanned with Box 1, Folder 13

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1887-1914
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 5: Photographic Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref106

Oversized Photographs of Works of Art scanned with Box 1, Folder 28-29

Collection Creator:
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915  Search this
Container:
Box OV 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1908
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers, 1887-circa 1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter papers / Series 5: Photographic Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bittkarl-ref109

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