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Merle Schipper Papers

Creator:
Schipper, Merle, 1922-2001  Search this
Names:
ArtScene (periodical)  Search this
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard, 1922-1993  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980  Search this
Holty, Carl, 1900-1973  Search this
Hélion, Jean, 1904-1987  Search this
Mullican, Matt, 1951-  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-2010  Search this
Orr, Eric, 1939-1998  Search this
Smith, Kiki, 1954-  Search this
Spratling, William, 1900-1967  Search this
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Extent:
12.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Photographs
Prints
Transcripts
Drawings
Place:
France -- Paris -- Photographs
Los Angeles (Calif.) -- Social life and customs
Date:
circa 1930s-1999
Summary:
The papers of Los Angeles art historian, art critic, and writer Merle Schipper measure 12.1 linear feet and date from circa 1930s to 1999. The papers include biographical material, correspondence, writing and research project files, printed material, writings by others, photographs, and artwork.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Los Angeles art historian, art critic, and writer Merle Schipper measure 12.1 linear feet and date from circa 1930s to 1999. The papers include biographical material, correspondence, writing and research project files, printed material, writings by others, photographs, and artwork.

Biographical material consists of a notebook planner and professional contact addresses, as well as Schipper's resume and bibliography. Scattered correspondence is both personal and professional with family and colleagues.

Over one-half of the collection consists of Schipper's writing, research, project, and exhibition files. There are drafts, essays, manuscripts, notes, and research documentation about California art and artists, an exhibition of craftsman William Spratling curated by Schipper, Schipper's dissertation and additional projects on Jean Helion, the exhibition Americans in Paris in the 1950s (1997), additional exhibitions, as well as transcripts of interviews with artists. The research files on Helion include an interview transcript with Willem de Kooning about Helion and correspondence with artists about Helion, including Charles Biederman, Alexander Calder, Philip Guston, Carl Holty, Jack Tworkov, and others. Additional exhibition files are found for Visions of Inner Space (1988) and Marmo: The New Italian Stone Age (1989). Artists interviewed by Schipper include Billy Al Bengston, Willem de Kooning, Richard Diebenkorn, Laddie John Dill, Kenneth Noland, Eric Orr, and others.

Extensive printed materials include clippings and copies of journals and periodicals containing Schipper's writings.

There are a few scattered writings by others about art and artists. Photographs are of Schipper, artists, artwork, and places, including Paris. Artwork includes one original poster print by Kiki Smith and one drawing by Matt Mullican.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 7 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1970s-1998 (5 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: General Correspondence, 1944-circa 1998 (0.3 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writing and Research Project Files, circa 1930s-1999 (7.8 linear feet; Boxes 1-9)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1933-1997 (3.1 linear feet; Boxes 9-12, OV14-16)

Series 5: Writings By Others, circa 1944-1991 (0.2 linear feet; Box 12)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1960s-circa 1992 (0.6 linear feet; Boxes 12-13)

Series 7: Artwork, 1982-1992 (0.1 linear feet; Box 13, OV16)
Biographical / Historical:
Merle Schipper (1922-2001) was an art historian, writer, and art critic active in Los Angeles, California.

Born in Toronto, Canada, Merle Solway Schipper was naturalized in Los Angeles in 1950 and received a PhD in art history from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1974. Schipper was a familiar figure on the Los Angeles art scene. Her primary scholarly focus grew out of her dissertation research on Jean Helion, but much of her writing attention was devoted to Los Angeles artists and art world events. She was a regular contributor to many art periodicals, including ArtScene, Images and Issues, Artweek, ARTnews, and the Los Angeles Daily News.

As an independent curator, Schipper's research interests led to several exhibitions, including Americans in Paris: the 50s (1979) at California State University, Northridge, Visions of Inner Space (1988) co-curated with Lee Mullican at UCLA's Frederick S. Wight Art Gallery, Marmo: the New Italian Stone Age (1989), Being There/Being Here: Nine Perspectives in New Italian Art (1991), traveling exhibition sponsored by the Italian Cultural Institute, and an exhibition of William Spratling for the Craft and Folk Art Museum in 1997. Schipper also taught and lectured at UCLA, USC, CSU Northridge, and Claremont Graduate School.

Merle Schipper died in 2001.
Provenance:
The Merle Schipper papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2002 by the Merle Schipper Estate via Schipper's daughter Amy Schipper Howe.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art critics -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Art historians -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Authors -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Photographs
Prints
Transcripts
Drawings
Citation:
Merle Schipper papers, circa 1930s-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.schimerl
See more items in:
Merle Schipper Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9f9def13e-db14-404e-bdeb-bd0882698b5f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-schimerl
Online Media:

Charles Joseph Biederman : artist file, [photographs]

Artist:
Biederman, Charles Joseph 1906-2004  Search this
Physical description:
1 folder
Type:
Photograph
Artist files
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Image number:
VFM VF000216
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_136972

Charles Biederman papers, 1930-1977

Creator:
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Citation:
Charles Biederman papers, 1930-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8887
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211072
AAA_collcode_biedchar
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211072

Oral history interview with Charles Biederman, 1976 May 6

Interviewee:
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-1997  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Quotes and excerpts must be cited as follows: Oral history interview with Charles Biederman, 1976 May 6. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Sculptors -- Minnesota -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12068
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216468
AAA_collcode_bieder76
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216468

Grace Borgenicht Gallery Records

Creator:
Grace Borgenicht Gallery  Search this
Names:
Hokin Gallery  Search this
Library of Congress  Search this
Raab Gallery (London, England)  Search this
Avery, Milton, 1885-1965  Search this
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Bolotowsky, Ilya, 1907-1981  Search this
Brandt, Grace Borgenicht, 1915-2001  Search this
Burlin, Paul, 1886-1969  Search this
Chirino, Martín, 1925-  Search this
Davis, Stuart, 1892-1964  Search this
De Rivera, José Ruiz, 1904-1985  Search this
Grausman, Philip, 1935-  Search this
Gussow, Roy, 1918-2011  Search this
Kahn, Wolf, 1927-  Search this
Extent:
18.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
circa 1953-1996
Summary:
The records of New York City Grace Borgenicht Gallery date from circa 1953 to 1996 and measure 18.2 linear feet. The records include administrative files, correspondence, financial and legal records, exhibition files, printed material, two scrapbooks, and photographic negatives of artwork. The majority of the collection consists of artists' files.
Scope and Contents:
The records of New York City Grace Borgenicht Gallery date from circa 1953 to 1996 and measure 18.2 linear feet. The records include administrative files, correspondence, financial and legal records, exhibition files, printed material, two scrapbooks, and photographic negatives of artwork. The majority of the collection consists of artists' files.

Administrative files focus on advertising, events, gallery renovation, artists' insurance, and writings about the gallery. Correspondence concerns galleries, artists, works of art, and gallery prints and includes correspondence with the Library of Congress, Hokin Gallery, and Raab Gallery in Berlin. Exhibition files are found for exhibitions of Milton Avery, Paul Burlin, Stuart Davis, and Wolf Kahn, and several artists from Germany, Japan, Korea, Mexico, and Canada, as well as for international art fairs. Artists' files mainly contain correspondence with galleries and patrons regarding the artists and their work, and with artists. Files are found for Milton Avery, Charles Biederman, Ilya Bolotowsky, Martin Chirino, Stuart Davis, Jose De Rivera, Roy Gussow, Philip Grausman, and Wolf Kahn, among many others. Financial and legal records include sales and operations ledgers, artists' contracts, and documents concerning arts organizations. Printed materials consist of exhibition announcements and catalogs. Two scrapbooks include clippings and other printed materials. Also found are photographic negatives of artwork.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Administrative Records, 1970-1995 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1950s-1995 (2 linear feet; Boxes 1-3)

Series 3: Exhibition Files, circa 1970-1996 (1.3 linear feet; Boxes 3-4)

Series 4: Artists Files, circa 1950s-1995 (11.2 linear feet; Boxes 4-13, 16-22)

Series 5: Financial and Legal Records, 1953-1995 (1.4 linear feet; Boxes 13-15)

Series 6: Printed Material, circa 1950s-1995 (0.8 linear feet; Box 15)

Series 7: Scrapbooks, circa 1950s-circa 1980s (0.3 linear feet; Box 23)

Series 8: Photographic Materials, circa 1950s-circa 1980s (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 24-25)
Biographical / Historical:
In May 1951 Grace Borgenicht Brandt (1915-2001) opened the Grace Borgenicht Gallery on 57th Street in New York City with an exhibition of Jimmy Ernst. At that time, the gallery was one of a handful that represented contemporary American artists. Jimmy Ernst, Milton Avery, Ilya Bolotowsky, Edward Corbett, Jose de Rivera, Roy Gussow, Wolf Kahn, and Gabor Peterdi were among the artists represented by the gallery.

The gallery held multiple exhibitions for individual artists such as Milton Avery, Wolf Kahn, Paul Burlin, and Stuart Davis. Although Borgenicht's main focus was American contemporary artists, the gallery also held several exhibitions featuring artists from Canada, Germany, Japan, Korea, and Mexico.

The Grace Borgenicht Gallery closed in 1995.
Related Materials:
Also found at the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Grace Borgenicht Brandt conducted by Dorothy Seckler on January 10, 1963.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reel D112) including 72 letters from artists Leonard Baskin, Edward Corbett, Sidney Gordin, Wolf Kahn and Elbert Weinberg. They are addressed to gallery director Grace Borgenicht (Grace Borgenicht Brandt), and regard the artists' their work, travels, exhibition plans, and other activities. Also included is a photograph of Brandt and a resume. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Material lent for microfilming is available on 35mm microfilm reel D112 at Archives of American Art offices and through interlibrary loan.
Provenance:
Owner Grace Borgenicht Brandt originally lent material for microfilming in 1963. She donated additional papers in 1996.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State)
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Grace Borgenicht Gallery records, circa 1953-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.gracborg
See more items in:
Grace Borgenicht Gallery Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9a97cdc91-d409-492d-b265-0d59b0a53130
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gracborg
Online Media:

Charles Biederman (1906-2004) : October 13 to November 6, 2015

Author:
Biederman, Charles Joseph 1906-2004  Search this
Larsen, Susan C  Search this
Menconi & Schoelkopf Fine Art  Search this
Subject:
Biederman, Charles Joseph 1906-2004  Search this
Menconi & Schoelkopf Fine Art  Search this
Physical description:
38 pages : color illustrations ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Catalogs
Date:
2015
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1060283

Charles Biederman: the structurist relief, 1935-1964; [an exhibition] March 30 through May 2, 1965, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Author:
Walker Art Center  Search this
Subject:
Biederman, Charles Joseph 1906-2004  Search this
Physical description:
20 p. illus. (part col.) port. 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1965
1965]
Call number:
N40.1.B549 W2
N40.1.B549W2
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_71351

Charles Biederman : a retrospective

Author:
Biederman, Charles Joseph 1906-2004  Search this
Minneapolis Institute of Arts  Search this
Subject:
Biederman, Charles Joseph 1906-2004  Search this
Physical description:
100 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 31 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1976
C1976
Call number:
N40.1.B549 M6
N40.1.B549M6
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_90234

Alphabetical Index File, 1946-1959 (A-P)

Collection Creator:
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Container:
Reel 1446, Frame 1-1702
Type:
Archival materials
Microform [31027000115622]
Collection Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
See more items in:
Charles Biederman papers
Charles Biederman papers / Series 1: Charles Biederman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw985447c46-5aa1-4a05-af48-f5ba9e4cf77d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-biedchar-ref49

Correspondence, 1935-1977, undated

Collection Creator:
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Container:
Reel 1665, Frame 4-1397
Type:
Archival materials
Microform [31027000117875]
Collection Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
See more items in:
Charles Biederman papers
Charles Biederman papers / Series 1: Charles Biederman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw93b7a8f4d-9195-4bec-903c-a12714a85fb8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-biedchar-ref63

Clippings, 1936-1973, undated

Collection Creator:
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Container:
Reel 1679, Frame 578-740
Type:
Archival materials
Microform [31027000118014]
Collection Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
See more items in:
Charles Biederman papers
Charles Biederman papers / Series 1: Charles Biederman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9a80a1bb2-76fe-43ea-beb9-0663b3d25cb8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-biedchar-ref83

Journals, 1930-1977

Collection Creator:
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Container:
Reel 1676, Frame 7-1475
Type:
Archival materials
Microform [31027000117982]
Collection Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
See more items in:
Charles Biederman papers
Charles Biederman papers / Series 1: Charles Biederman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw96a135d49-714e-4c97-9f68-cba9abb201e9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-biedchar-ref75

Alphabetical Index File, 1964-1973 (M-Z)

Collection Creator:
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Container:
Reel 1449, Frame 1-1109
Type:
Archival materials
Microform [31027000115655]
Collection Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
See more items in:
Charles Biederman papers
Charles Biederman papers / Series 1: Charles Biederman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9cbdd53b1-d50c-4f95-bd02-8f5048e4cf01
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-biedchar-ref55

Alphabetical Index File, 1964-1973 (A-M)

Collection Creator:
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Container:
Reel 1448, Frame 157-1648
Type:
Archival materials
Microform [31027000115648]
Collection Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
See more items in:
Charles Biederman papers
Charles Biederman papers / Series 1: Charles Biederman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ffabcd17-72d8-4192-9da8-28eba6bb4212
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-biedchar-ref54

Correspondence, 1935-1977, undated

Collection Creator:
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Container:
Reel 1662, Frame 29-1356
Type:
Archival materials
Microform [31027000117842]
Collection Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
See more items in:
Charles Biederman papers
Charles Biederman papers / Series 1: Charles Biederman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9528062f7-ac05-416c-b149-f3ba6e047639
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-biedchar-ref60

Correspondence, 1935-1977, undated

Collection Creator:
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Container:
Reel 1667, Frame 4-1344
Type:
Archival materials
Microform [31027000117891]
Collection Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
See more items in:
Charles Biederman papers
Charles Biederman papers / Series 1: Charles Biederman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw98067b766-b5fe-4905-a4ca-11460c24c779
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-biedchar-ref65

Correspondence, 1935-1977, undated

Collection Creator:
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Container:
Reel 1670, Frame 4-1322
Type:
Archival materials
Microform [31027000117925]
Collection Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
See more items in:
Charles Biederman papers
Charles Biederman papers / Series 1: Charles Biederman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9f5ac2805-5823-425e-a74e-481bef70db28
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-biedchar-ref68

Correspondence, 1935-1977, undated

Collection Creator:
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Container:
Reel 1673, Frame 4-1302
Type:
Archival materials
Microform [31027000117958]
Collection Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
See more items in:
Charles Biederman papers
Charles Biederman papers / Series 1: Charles Biederman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw951bd2441-9761-4836-8c9c-1f822ffbbc16
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-biedchar-ref71

Alphabetical Index File, 1946-1952 (A-Z)

Collection Creator:
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Container:
Reel 1447, Frame 488-1623
Type:
Archival materials
Microform [31027000115630]
Collection Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
See more items in:
Charles Biederman papers
Charles Biederman papers / Series 1: Charles Biederman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw955074343-3c2b-4f99-9bbe-8af61ab6071f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-biedchar-ref51

Biographical Material

Collection Creator:
Biederman, Charles Joseph, 1906-2004  Search this
Container:
Reel 1662, Frame 4-28
Type:
Archival materials
Microform [31027000117842]
Collection Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
See more items in:
Charles Biederman papers
Charles Biederman papers / Series 1: Charles Biederman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw941be2c46-96b3-4c49-a974-dacb72e95bdd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-biedchar-ref59

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