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Warrenton -- Warrenton Country School

Former owner:
Bouligny, Lea Marie  Search this
Landscape architect:
Williams, Bradford  Search this
Provenance:
The Warrenton Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Lantern slides
Photographic prints
Place:
Warrenton Country School (Warrenton, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Fauquier County -- Warrenton
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes articles and 7 reference prints of the digital images.
General:
Warrenton Country School was a private academy for female students that operated between the years 1915 and 1950. Originally the site was a 13-acre parcel with a clubhouse and tennis court. By the time the site was sold it had grown to 16.5 acres through the additions of small land purchases. There were eleven buildings described as having characteristics of Tudor revival, Colonial revival, Craftsman and French eclectic styles. Boston landscape architect Bradford Williams was engaged to design the landscape, and the owner and headmistress of the school was a gardening enthusiast. The grounds included borders with boxwood, daisies and roses, a small stone cottage, probably a staff member's residence, with clipped tree standards and window boxes, and ornate cast iron furniture in the grape pattern. A waterway could have been the Rappahannock River or a creek in the Potomac River watershed. The grounds were open to the public during the school's operational years, but the property was closed after it was sold to the federal government and became a CIA campus.
Students at the school were required to speak in French and ride horses. The school's logo was a cartoon figure in a hooded cape known as Le Capuchon. A student was photographed as Le Capuchon and the community has been trying to uncover her identity.
Persons associated with the garden include: Lea Marie Bouligny (former owner, 1907-1950); Bradford Williams (landscape architect, 1930-1935).
Related Materials:
Warrenton Country School related holdings consist of 1 folder (19 glass lantern slides (autochromes); 19 digital images (copies))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Warrenton  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Lantern slides
Photographic prints
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA473
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6a79a3db9-9165-4d73-a846-9548052a19c3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18923

Arch Cape -- Hieronimus Garden

Former owner:
Astbury, Robert  Search this
Shank, J. M.  Search this
Price, Kent  Search this
Stith, Eleanor  Search this
Provenance:
The Portland Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Hieronimus Garden (Arch Cape, Oregon)
United States of America -- Oregon -- Clatsop County -- Arch Cape
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and abbreviated garden plan, detailed plans for the entire garden and the garden railroad, a plant list, and a photocopy of an article about the garden.
General:
This small garden near the sea has been under development since 1990. The main garden is in the informal Pacific Northwest style, using native plants combined with non-natives. The plants include those known to do well near the sea and experiments with others of unknown salt tolerance. The front of the house has a foundation planting of various Rhododendron yakushimanum hybrids, and there is a large collection of hydrangeas, both species and hybrids, many of which were propagated by the owner. A moon-gated arbor, copied from one in an old Chinese garden, leads to the enclosed portion of the garden and the prime attraction: the garden railroad. It is a miniature landscape featuring rocky cliffs and ravines, roads, bridges, dry-laid and mortared rock retaining walls, alpine plants, and dwarf conifers as a setting for scale model (1:24) buildings and a G scale train, which is battery operated and radio controlled. In addition to a steady stream of individuals, the garden has been visited by the Rock Garden Society, the American Conifer Society, numerous garden clubs, and landscaping and gardening classes. The garden is open to visitors by appointment.
Persons associated with the garden include: Robert Astbury (former owner, mid-1800s); J. M. Shank (former owner, 1932-1945); Kent Price (former owner, 1945-?); and Eleanor Stith (former owner, ca. 1970).
Related Materials:
Hieronimus Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (18 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oregon -- Arch Cape.  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OR040
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Oregon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6c62ff66b-2160-444d-b240-2b4b678afa21
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10111

Aurora -- William Case House

Landscape architect:
Huntington, Wallace  Search this
Former owner:
Case, William  Search this
Provenance:
The Portland Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
William Case House (Aurora, Oregon)
United States of America -- Oregon -- Marion County -- Aurora
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes site plans, copies of articles, and work sheet.
Former Title:
French Prairie.
General:
The property of 1,500 acres in 1846 included a ravine, stream, forest of tall trees, and a prairie. By 1976, the new owners formalized the flat fields with flowers, hedges, and trees. The garden, on 7 1/2 acres, is formal with boxwood hedges and unclipped box specimens. The gardens of Sissinghurst & Hidcot influenced the design, but it has old growth Douglas Firs. It also has a collection of magnolia and Michaelids, six Stewartia species, Eucryphia, Heheria, Rhododendron, Azalea, Fig, Pomegranates, and Davidia.
Persons associated with the property include: William Case (former owner, 1844-1903); and Wallace Huntington (landscape architect, 1976).
Related Materials:
William Case House related holdings consist of 1 folder (10 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oregon -- Aurora  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OR013
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Oregon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6a1708a0e-e232-4c65-aa46-a27462c3f0df
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10113

Portland -- Booth Garden

Landscape architect:
Huntington, Wallace  Search this
Provenance:
The Portland Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Booth Garden (Portand, Oregon)
United States of America -- Oregon -- Multnomah County -- Portland
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes site plans, article, and work sheet.
General:
The garden, established in 1976, contains annual borders formalized by a lawn and manicured hedges. According to the owner, the garden was designed to produce flowers for cutting.
Persons associated with the property include: Mr. and Mrs. Frank Hart (former owners, 1890-1903); Mr. and Mrs. Jay Smith (former owners, 1903-1935); Mr. and Mrs. Robert Summerville (former owners, 1935-?); Wllace Huntington (landscape architect)
Related Materials:
Booth Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (18 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oregon -- Portland  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OR015
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Oregon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6d33c3e66-5866-4228-8031-149843683f18
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10118

Portland -- The Jane K. Platt Garden

Former owner:
Platt, John, M/M  Search this
Landscape architect:
Painter, Richard  Search this
Architect:
Bulluschi, Pietro  Search this
Provenance:
The Portland Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Jane K. Platt Garden (Portland, Oregon)
United States of America -- Oregon -- Multnomah County -- Portland
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes site plans and work sheet.
General:
The house was built on the site of an old apple orchard. "There are two and a half acres of sweeping lawns surrounded by beds containing many rare plants, trees and shrubs...The garden is primarily Ms. Platt's design. Emphasis is on a succession of bloom and color throughout the year. Alpines from all over the world are included." (The Garden Club of America Annual Dinner Medal Award Program, 1984)
Persons associated with the property include: Pietro Bulluschi (architect, 1938); Richard Painter (landscape designer, 1958-1962).
Related Materials:
The Jane K. Platt Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (10 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oregon -- Portland  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OR016
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Oregon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb687c1b50d-61dc-4cc4-b37e-1f1ae86677a4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10119

Portland -- High Hatch

Former owner:
Whidden, William  Search this
Kerr, Thomas, Sr.  Search this
Kerr, Thomas, Jr.  Search this
Architect:
Whidden, William  Search this
Marlitt, Richard  Search this
Case, Carter  Search this
Ladd, Thorton  Search this
Sculptor:
Jellum, Keith  Search this
Hillman, Henry  Search this
Gardener:
Miner, Jay  Search this
Landscape architect:
Ladd, Thorton  Search this
Photographer:
Jones, Sally McIntosh  Search this
Provenance:
The Portland Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
High Hatch (Portland, Or.)
United States of America -- Oregon -- Multnomah County -- Portland
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes plans, information worksheet and a press release and article from "Traditional Home".
General:
"The house is 70 years old with an estate size garden. The garden is formal with a rose garden that has been redesigned. The carriage house has rhododendrons and other plants that soften its look. There is a courtyard and reflecting pond which has a spring display of plants. The rock garden is divided into a wet and a dry side."
"The garden itself appears to be designed by Mrs. Mabel Kerr, Sr., possibly influenced by Olmsted's work at Elk Rock garden."
Persons associated with the property include: William Whidden (former owners from 1910 to 1923); Thomas Kerr, Sr. (former owner from 1924 to 1944); Thomas Kerr, Jr. (former owner from 1944 to 1980); Willam Whidden (architect from 1910 to 1915); Richard Marlitt (architect from 1960 to 1970); Keith Jellum (sculptor); Henry Hillman (sculptor); Carter Case (architect 1993); Jay Miner (gardener and artist); Thorton Ladd (architect and landscape architect); Sally McIntosh-Jones (photographer).
Related Materials:
High Hatch related holdings consist of 1 folder (20 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oregon -- Portland  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OR003
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Oregon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb62a0c24bc-2b5b-403f-9154-dcfbf7fb1293
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10123

Portland -- Untitled Garden

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Untitled Garden (Portland, Oregon)
United States of America -- Oregon -- Multnomah County -- Portland
General:
Two 35-mm slides from Horticulture, March 1989.
"The garden features terraces, herb gardens, rose arches, swimming pools, greenhouse, lath house and perennial borders."
Related Materials:
Untitled Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (2 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oregon -- Portland  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OR027
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Oregon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6db3098f0-c2cd-4ab8-8098-aafd76ae320b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10133

Portland -- A Plant Collector's Garden

Former owner:
McDonald, James Sir  Search this
McDonald, Anne Kerr Lady  Search this
Bates, John  Search this
Bates, Susan  Search this
Landscape architect:
Tucker, Ernest  Search this
Matschek, Clark  Search this
Lord & Schryver (Salem, Or.)  Search this
Architect:
Voorhis, Charles  Search this
Meyer, Ernest  Search this
Storrs, John  Search this
Landscape designer:
Matschek, Marsha  Search this
Head gardener:
Hahn, Conrad  Search this
Cole, Echo  Search this
Miner, Jay  Search this
Engineer:
Meigs, Gilbert  Search this
Garden designer:
Miner, Jay  Search this
Price, Withey  Search this
Galaher, Megan  Search this
Steel garden structures:
Schneikert, Martha  Search this
Tree pruning:
Buttrell, John  Search this
Thomas, Blake  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
A Plant Collector's Garden (Portland, Oregon)
United States of America -- Oregon -- Multnomah -- Portland
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, a photocopy of an article, a printed description and plan of the garden.
Varying Form:
McDonald Garden, formerly known as.
General:
Since 1940 the gardens of this 1.75 acre property have been designed and filled with unusual specimen trees and flowering shrubs, then redesigned by a second owner equally committed to plant collecting who wanted to maintain the early gardens as much as possible. The initial design included a broad brick terrace behind the house that overlooked a sweeping lawn bordered by beds containing perennials, shrubs and trees. A rock garden marked the transition from the cultivated gardens to a native woodlands on the steep slope to the Willamette River. Behind the brick wall along the street there was a hedge of arborvitae and rhododendron had been planted along the brick wall at the far end of the terrace. A glass and brick gazebo stood in the front courtyard, topped with a hummingbird weather vane by sculptor Keith Jellum. When the property changed hands in 2002 all these features were changed too: the overgrown arborvitae were replaced with large-leafed boxwood, too tall rhododendron that blocked the view from the house were relocated, the crumbling gazebo was removed, and the hummingbird weathervane was mounted on a stand in an island bed of seasonal plantings where it can spin with the wind. The mature specimen trees including paper bark maple, Ponderosa pine, several varieties of magnolia, Garry oak, dawn redwood and a wheel tree remained but new beds were designed and planted with hellebores, hosta, fuchsias, clematis, rhododendrons, peonies, dwarf conifers and arum varieties. A new shade garden called the grotto replaced failing grass, a new green house and four bin composting center were built. The rock garden was augmented with steps and additional plantings, and wide gravel paths were laid for touring as well as working in the perennials beds that border the lawn.
Originally the 1.3 acres that were cultivated were conceived as parkland and featured rare plant material. A garden room in a warmer microclimate known as the Chilean garden was kept and included a windmill palm, swamp cypress and other semi-tropical plants; a crepe myrtle and pomegranate were espaliered on the garage wall along one side. Three copper bowl fountains of Greco-Roman design placed in the front and side courtyards were connected to a recirculating water pump in the basement of the house. The brick walls surrounding the terrace were perforated, a signature design of the original landscape architects Elizabeth Lord and Edith Schryver and the gazebo built on a curved brick wall in the front court was a stand-out feature. The parkland was planted so there would be open views from the house and terrace of Mount Saint Helens and the Willamette River.
Persons associated with the property include Sir James and Lady McDonald (former owners, 1940-2002); Susan and John Bates (former owners, 2002-2015); Elizabeth Lord (1887-1976) and Edith Schryver (1901-1984) (landscape architects, 1940); Ernest Tucker (landscape architect, 1977); Marsha Matschek (landscape designer, 1975- );Clark Matschek (landscape architect, 1996); Conrad Hahn (head gardener, 1950); Ernest Meyer (architect, 1942); Charles Voorhis (architect, 1977); John Storrs (architect, 1960); Echo Cole (head gardener, 1996- ); Gilbert Meigs (engineer, 1978); Jay Wesley Miner (garden designer and head gardener, 2006- ); Withey Price (garden design, 2004); Megan Galaher (garden designer, 2014); Martha Schneikert (steel garden structures, 2006); John Buttrell (tree pruning, 2006- ); Blake Thomas (tree pruning, 2006- ).
Related Materials:
A Plant Collector's Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (17 35 mm. slides; 49 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oregon -- Portland  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OR034
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Oregon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb659bdf4a3-b101-457f-a546-6a4ce87e35ae
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10137

Portland -- Vollum Garden

Landscape architect:
Underhill, Lawrence  Search this
Head gardener:
Senior, Priscilla  Search this
Contractor:
Riemers and Jollivet  Search this
Provenance:
The Portland Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Vollum Garden (Portland, Oregon)
United States of America -- Oregon -- Multnomah County -- Portland
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and two narrative descriptions of the garden and its sculpture, one of them by the owner. The garden is noted for its sensitive design, which integrates rich plantings, water features, and sculpture into the natural setting, while reflecting the owner's love of family (many plants were contributed by family members), dogs, and the outdoor world.
General:
Originally designed by landscape architect Lawrence Underhill in the 1950s, this is a true four-season garden. The perimeter of the garden is outlined by Douglas fir, red cedar, and Pinus contorta, while Magnolia macrophyllum, dwarf 'Ever Red' Japanese lace leaf maples, enkianthus, and Viburnum davidii fill the interior. Running water and a gentle pond attract birds and frogs, while the owner's collection of sculpture enhances the garden's design and plantings. Rhododendron, tulips, iris, lilies of the valley, peonies, roses, and poppies add color and fragrance in season, as do the Japanese maples and other flowering trees and shrubs. Groundcover plants such as Pachysandra terminalis provide a green carpet throughout.
The garden received the Oregon Gardeners' Association of Nurserymen first place award for landscape, and, in 1976-1977, the American Institute of Landscape Architects' first place award.
Persons and firms associated with the property include: Lawrence Underhill (landscape architect, 1955 to date); Riemers and Jollivet (contractors); and Priscilla Senior (head gardener).
Related Materials:
Vollum Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (20 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oregon -- Portland  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OR037
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Oregon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb68a285e50-d298-4221-9a46-d43376ab434f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10139

Portland -- Josselyn Garden

Architect:
Graham, Rod  Search this
Landscape architect:
Kiest, Craig  Search this
Provenance:
The Portland Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Josselyn Garden (Portland, Oregon)
United States of America -- Oregon -- Multnomah County -- Portland
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets.
General:
A 1922 Tudor-style house with three acres, listed on the National Historic Register, required extensive renovation by the current owners to preserve the original craftsmanship. The grounds were in need of reconditioning as well, including an original Japanese garden whose pond had to be re-dug, rocks repositioned, and plantings restored with more than 40 different Japanese maple trees. Landscape architect Craig Kiest's (ASLA) plan includes garden rooms, paths and hardscape, described by the owner as a classic design that features their plant collections. A circular driveway in front of the house surrounds a boxwood knot garden punctuated with container plantings. The uphill walk to the garden runs along a wall with espaliered camellias and is overlooked by a balcony for viewing the knot garden that has a wrought iron railing assembled from old gates found on the property. A serpentine rose border with more than one hundred plants is a colorful connector along the back driveway between the house and garage. An orchard, perennial bed, soccer field and upper lawn are arrayed between the house and the streets that border this corner lot.
Several bluestone terraces with stone steps and balustrades accommodate the terrain behind the house and lead to a formal garden that is on an axis with the dining room. A pergola planted with wisteria japonica crosses the entrance to the formal garden. In this garden surrounded by a hedge of holly there are boxwood parterres centered by a circular patch of lawn with an enormous restored stone planter with white Iceland roses and white alyssum in the summer. Large cast iron planters on bluestone platforms contain Japanese maples. The formal garden terminates in a seating area backed by a semi-circle of four columns and an old planting of English holly. Other features include a grotto with granite semi-circular steps and a grindstone, a wall fountain with a bronze frog, and an Italianate cobblestone patio with beds of hydrangea. Frogs and dragonflies are recurring motifs in the iron hardware on the buildings and in garden ornaments. Flowering vines and container gardens, climbing roses, and a rose and wild geranium parterre add color to the vigorous greenery that grows in this favorable climate.
The Japanese garden features the colorful Japanese maple tree collection and a pond stocked with koi. Additional trees from the earlier garden include copper beech, gingko, and Japanese umbrella pine. There is a raised vegetable garden for berries, grapes, pumpkins and artichokes with a custom made wooden fence, and wooded areas underplanted with hosta and other shade-tolerant perennials. A large lawn bisecting these forests leads to a rectangular reflecting pool with a colonnade that was found buried in an old laurel hedge on the property and restored.
Persons associated with the garden include Percy Smith family (former owners, 1922-1994); Craig Kiest, ASLA (landscape architect, 1997-1999); Dave Sexton (gardener, 1999-present)
Related Materials:
Josselyn Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (26 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oregon -- Portland  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OR050
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Oregon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb66099b348-e089-478c-bb8b-7203eaa24392
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10146

Sherwood -- Bella Madrona

Former owner:
Green, Dave Mr.  Search this
Landscape designer:
Schultz, Michael  Search this
Woodyard, Cynthia  Search this
Provenance:
The Portland Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Bella Madrona (Sherwood, Oregon)
United States of America -- Oregon -- Washington County -- Sherwood
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, a write-up of the property and photocopies of articles.
Varying Form:
Sampson Beasley Garden.
General:
Ample rainfall and favorable growing conditions are evident in the lush 5 to 7-acre garden that features naturalistic plantings of shrubs, perennials and annuals that blend into the woodlands of native Pacific Madrone and cedar trees. There are many garden rooms with distinctive and whimsical features, including a frog grotto, a walkway made of the bottoms of recycled glass bottles, a blue garden of shiny orbs, and a more conventional walkway lined with peonies, beds with late-blooming red perennials, a rose and yew garden, fish pond, and a shade garden planted in hostas, ferns and hydrangeas. Native rocks are placed strategically in garden beds and used in an alpine rock wall. When the garden was created with landscape designer Michael Schultz plants of varying shapes were selected to create complex visual patterns, and located where the growing conditions would be favorable to the species.
Landscape designer Michael Schultz creates gardens that feature varying textures and colors of plant material, and innovative uses of hardscape elements.
Persons associated with the garden include Dave Green (previous owner, 1970-1980); Michael Schultz (landscape designer); Cynthia Woodyard (landscape designer).
Related Materials:
Bella Madrona related holdings consist of 1 folder (15 35 mm. slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oregon -- Sherwood  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OR033
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Oregon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb685300262-5358-496c-9b23-4fffe84f9afc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10148

Untitled Garden: aerial view.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm. slide.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Untitled Garden (Portland, OR)
United States of America -- Oregon -- Multnomah County -- Portland
Date:
1930.
General:
Further sources of information include: There are two 35 mm. slides with the same view from this magazine.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oregon -- Portland  Search this
Spring  Search this
Aerial views  Search this
Herb gardens  Search this
Parterres  Search this
Plan views  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item OR027001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Oregon / OR027: Portland -- Untitled Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6b12aa2ff-bbd3-4359-82b9-88bf4abdc296
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10360

Little Compton -- Atwater Garden, The

Landscape designer:
Lawton, Lloyd  Search this
Provenance:
Little Compton Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Atwater Garden (Little Compton, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport County -- Little Compton
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and site plans.
General:
The property is composed of three lots measuring approximately 5 acres each, all bounded by stone walls, and is a combination of woodlands, marshland, areas for cultivation and seaside views. The land was part of a dairy farm until 1945, and the house (built in 1963-64 at the end of a long driveway) was the farm's old cart track. In 1964, 1969, and 1970 Lloyd Lawton designed rock gardens on the west and southeastern sides of the house. The gardens contain several rare plants as well as collections of rhododendrons, azaleas, Japanese maples, hellebores, grasses, groundcovers, ferns, epimediums, and rock garden plants. North of the house, an old stone wall is lined with a perennial border that blooms from early spring to late fall. Beyond the wall stands a row of English Holly (Molly Stevens) which borders an extensive vegetable garden, followed by American Hollies. On the west side of the house just past the rock garden, a Katsura tree shades a terrace next to a bed of mixed plantings including trees, shrubs, grasses, groundcovers, perennials, and bulbs. Further west, a path splits two naturalistic beds featuring native white viscosum azaleas under planted with bulbs and groundcovers. On the east side of the house a purple Beech towers over rhododendron beds including rhododendron "Kozan." Also on the east side is an informal row of tightly pruned Leyland Cypress. Two beds to the southeast and southwest of the front of the house feature mixed plantings in graduated heights composed of trees, shrubs, perennials, and groundcovers.
Persons associated with the garden include Lloyd Lawton (landscape designer, 1964, 1969, 1970).
Related Materials:
Atwater Garden, The related holdings consist of 1 folder (20 35 mm. slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Little Compton  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI165
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6791b8136-be75-4985-b980-e253951c0a9e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10541

Newport -- Vernon Court

Former owner:
Gambrill, Anna Van Nest  Search this
Architect:
Carrère & Hastings  Search this
Landscape architect:
Wadley & Smythe  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Vernon Court (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport County -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles and periodical and book illustrations about the garden (the Indoors and Out article, cited below, includes a garden plan).
General:
Complementing a mansion designed around 1898 by Carrère & Hastings for Anna Van Nest Gambrill (Mrs. Richard Gambrill, Sr.), this garden was the work of Wadley & Smythe. A large sunken garden with a central fountain was a replica of Anne Boleyn's garden at Hampton Court. A terrace ran the length of the house, while the formal garden was enclosed on the north and south sides by towering privet hedges. Gravel paths framed the sunken garden and also divided it into four sections. North and south of the house were smaller intimate gardens. Highlighting the south garden was a domed summer house and a small fountain, while standard and floribunda roses amidst box borders were features of the north garden. Beginning in 1956 with its sale by the Gambrill family, the property passed through several owners, and the gardens and grounds were largely neglected until the early 1970s. The mansion currently houses the National Museum of American Illustration, under whose aegis extensive restoration work on the gardens has been undertaken. Many of the slides are images of periodical and book illustrations. Other gardens associated with the Gambrill family in the Archives of American Gardens include Vernon Manor I (NJ107) and Vernon Manor II (NJ227).
Persons and firms associated with the property include: Anna Van Nest Gambrill (former owner, c. 1898-1927); Carrère & Hastings (architects, c. 1898); and Wadley & Smythe (landscape architects, c. 1898).
Related Materials:
Vernon Court related holdings consist of 1 folder (2 lantern slides; 17 slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI020
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6b612e6e2-173c-48c7-a0b7-8baff38b6253
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10554

Newport -- Hammersmith Farm

Former owner:
Brenton, William  Search this
Auchincloss, John Winthrop  Search this
Auchincloss, Hugh D.  Search this
Auchincloss, Janet  Search this
Landscape designer:
Barrett, Nathan Franklin  Search this
Kellaway, Herbert J.  Search this
Timchenko, Boris V., 1898-1975  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Hammersmith Farm (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport County -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, a brochure, and photocopies of photographs of and articles about the garden.
General:
Lying at the meeting of Narragansett Bay and the Atlantic, Hammersmith Farm was originally settled in the 17th century by surveyor William Brenton and named for his English residence. Eventually passing into the Auchincloss family, the property was landscaped by the Olmsted Brothers firm (records show that the firm was involved with the site from 1909 to 1946). Other designs for the property were developed by Nathan Franklin Barrett, Herbert Kellaway, and Boris V. Timchenko. An elaborate Italianate sunken garden was centered on a pool flanked by low mounds of flowers. Geometrically shaped flowers beds lay to either side, while the space was decorated by urns and columns. A pergola enclosed three sides. The property was the site of the wedding reception of Mrs. Hugh D. Auchincloss, Jr.'s daughter, Jacqueline Bouvier, and John F. Kennedy.
Persons and firms associated with the garden include: William Brenton (former owner, after 1638); John W. Auchincloss (former owner, c. 1887); Mr. and Mrs. Hugh D. Auchincloss (former owners, early 20th century); Mr. and Mrs. Hugh D. Auchincloss (former owners, mid-20th century); Olmsted Brothers Landscape Architects (landscape architects, 1909-1946); Nathan Franklin Barrett (landscape designer, 1912); Herbert J. Kellaway (landscape designer); and Boris V. Timchenko (landscape designer, 1959).
Related Materials:
Hammersmith Farm related holdings consist of 1 folder (12 glass lantern slides; 9 35 mm. slides)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 03794, H. D. Auchincloss.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI025
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb69cf023d3-f1be-41a9-9a2e-70113cf774df
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10559

Newport -- Beacon Hill, RI

Former owner:
James, Harriet Eddy  Search this
James, Arthur Curtiss  Search this
Landscape gardener:
Greatorex, John  Search this
Rosarian:
Foote, Harriett Risley, 1863-  Search this
Contractor:
Peckham Brothers  Search this
Hempstead of Boston  Search this
Lantern slide maker:
Van Altena, Edward  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of New Haven  Search this
Creator:
Powell, Alan, M/Ms  Search this
Hamilton, Samuel, Mrs  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Beacon Hill (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport County -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes correspondence, articles and information sheet compiled by GCA representative.
Biographical / Historical:
After Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Curtiss James's deaths, the gardens, with their pergolas, pools, and walls, fell into disrepair, ravaged by time and invasive trees and shrubs. The estate was subdivided into 3.25-acre parcels in the 1970s, and sold by developers as single home sites—with the remnants of the Blue Garden on one of the sites. Through the generosity of Dorrance H. Hamilton, a Newport summer resident, philanthropist, and garden enthusiast, the Blue Garden was rescued from its demise and rebuilt in 2014. A team, led by Parker Construction, Reed Hilderbrand Landscape Architects, and Arleyn A. Levee, Olmsted Historian, restored the garden to its former glory, using as reference original Olmsted plans, drawings, photographs, and correspondence from the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, the Library of Congress, the Archives of American Gardens, and the Redwood Library, among other repositories. As the name suggests, the Blue Garden incorporates a palette of blues early in the season and transitions to lavender blues and purples, with touches of white, as the summer progresses. Over 250 evergreen trees and flowering shrubs enclose the garden, and contribute to its designation as an arboretum. The Blue Garden is known today as a classic example of American landscape art and a triumph of historic preservation. The garden is open for tours on Thursdays from mid-June through early October. Photographs of the restoration and information are available at thebluegarden.org.
General:
"There is an austere elegance about a green garden; pink or yellow or red are frivolous except as accents, but the garden that appeals to the romantic, universal soul is the blue garden. That is why the Blue Garden of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Curtiss James was the ultimate goal of so many Newport Pilgrims. A very stately garden it is with the iridescent quality which blue flowers that really are mauve and purple and grayish, rather than true, sharp blue, impart. Its irregular symmetry makes it difficult to describe without a ground plan. At the two far distant ends are colonnades with gray rocks and irregular green plantations beyond, and the lower end is a circle of matchless turf whose boundary is rock and shrubs. The upper part is a circle, too, formed by a rustic lattice of slender split branches over which grow Clematis Jackmanii, mauve Sweet-peas and other charming creepers, backed by Cedars and Pines. In the center are two pools fed by water that trickles from beneath the colonnade."
"A thousand foot rose garden was blasted out of granite rock. A long grass allee originated by the reflecting pool, was planted with 5,000 roses of many varieties. The allee ascended several levels of stone walls and steps and climaxed under a high granite cliff, where a splendid stone and ironwork balustrade and imposing pergola were located. Mr. James died in 1942, all the roses were dug and sold and nature moved in to sow her seeds."
Persons associated with the property include: Arthur Curtiss James (former owner, 1909-1940); Olmsted Brothers (landscape architects); John Greatorex (superintendent of grounds and landscape gardener); Harriet R. Foote (garden designer and rosarian); Peckham Brothers (contractors for rose garden); Hempstead of Boston (landscape contractors/superintendent); Edward Van Altena (lantern slide maker).
Related Materials:
Beacon Hill, RI related holdings consist of 3 folders (5 hand colored glass lantern slides; 35 35mm slides (photographs); 5 8X10 glass plate negatives)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 03558, Arthur Curtiss James.
See others in:
Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection, 1900-1966. Perry Wheeler Collection, ca. 1880-1984. Richard Marchand historical postcard collection
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI035
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6c8ae0a2a-d3c7-4b67-9873-badab4bb3b2d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10568

Newport -- Wildacre

Former owner:
Olmsted, Albert H.  Search this
Greeley, Howard  Search this
Bennett, Thomas  Search this
Newlin, Lilian  Search this
Fissell, Ethel  Search this
Claggett, C. Thomas  Search this
Bove, Maria  Search this
Bove, Michael III  Search this
de Savary, Peter  Search this
Hamilton, Dorrance H.  Search this
Garden designer:
Hamilton, Dorrance H.  Search this
Architect:
Gill, Irving, 1870-1936  Search this
Spencer, Madison  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Olmsted, John Charles, 1852-1920  Search this
Gardener:
Quarry, Dave  Search this
Landscape designer:
Flanagan, Mary Ellen  Search this
Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Wildacre (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, oversize photocopies of original plans, images, and articles.
General:
The Olmsted Brothers' 1901 design for the one-acre gardens within a seven-acre seaside property exemplified the great interest in Japonism at that time, featuring a koi pond, tea shelter, and thatch roofed parasols. The landscape design complemented California architect Irving John Gill's 1902 house, described as an Arts & Crafts variation on the New England shingle style with oriental features. The site is a rocky outcropping above a saltwater cove and the gardens highlighted natural features such as rocky outcroppings while preserving the wild character of the location. Wildacre, also known as the Japanese garden, was designed as a strolling garden with both open views of the ocean and composed garden rooms. Nearly 100 years later the garden was rejuvenated with reference to the original Olmsted plans and drawings.
The restoration included planting replacement specimen trees and adding a mixed layer of deciduous and evergreen trees as a privacy barrier along the road since the property had been reduced to 2.5 acres. A dense privet hedge clipped to resemble waves that acts as a buffer against the ocean was restored, and a gravel bocce court was installed nearby. Mostly white flowering trees, shrubs, bulbs and perennials were included in the predominantly green planting scheme. Gardens include the Japanese-themed entrance garden with a momi fir planted by Olmsted, a new Zen garden, a wisteria-covered tea shelter and surrounding garden, a pond garden, iris garden, peony garden, mountain garden and mountain top built from local rock. Many varieties of hosta, ferns, ornamental grasses, succulents, mosses, azaleas and conifers were planted throughout the property.
Persons associated with the garden include Albert H. Olmsted (1842-1929) (former owner, 1901- ); Howard Greeley (former owner, 1924- ); Thomas Bennett (former owner, 1929- ); Lilian Newlin (former owner, 1932- ); Ethel Fissell (former owner, 1935- ); C. Thomas Claggett (former owner, 1945- ); Maria Bove (former owner, 1953- ); Michael Bove III (former owner, 1982- ); Peter de Savary (former owner, 1997- ); Dorrance H. Hamilton (former owner, 1998- ); Irving John Gill (1870-1936) (architect, 1902); Madison Spencer (restoration architect, 1998); Olmsted Brothers (landscape architects, 1899-1902); Dave Quarry (head gardener, 1998-2013); Mary Ellen Flanagan (landscape designer, 1998- ); Dorrance H. Hamilton (garden designer, 1998-2013).
See also 35mm copy of 1919 postcard in the Richard Marchand Historical Postcard Collection. Image number RI091_MAR001.
Related Materials:
Wildacre related holdings consist of 3 folders (4 35mm slides; 20 digital images)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 02261, A. H. Olmsted, 'Wildacre.'
See others in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection, circa 1900s-1970s, bulk 1920-1940s.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI091
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6e74218e3-7e43-4fb4-9e55-3c50ab2048ba
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10570

Newport -- Parterre

Former owner:
Belmont, August, 1813-1890  Search this
McLean, Evalyn Walsh, 1886-1947  Search this
Van Clief, Ray, d. 1945  Search this
Monroe, J. Edgar, 1897-1991  Search this
Gobb, Ray  Search this
Preservation Society of Newport County  Search this
Architect:
Bissinger, Frederick L. Jr  Search this
Landscape designer:
Purviance, Virginia Pepper  Search this
Toland, Julia Rush  Search this
Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Parterre (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport County -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles, write-ups of the property's history, a write-up of plans and inspiration for the garden, and an invoice for the original installation of the garden.
General:
Parterre comprises three acres of the former Belmont estate in Newport, Rhode Island, which had been maintained as parkland since the demolition of By-the-Sea in 1944. Mature trees were left in place, fronting the Normandy manor house designed by architect Frederick L Bissinger, and distinct formal garden rooms were installed by horticulturalist Virginia P. Purviance and landscape architect Julia R. Toland. The garden rooms are described as winter, black and white, potager, woodland and cutting, which provides material for the owner's award-winning floral designs. Specimen trees were planted as understory to the mature trees, and to soften the transitions between the different areas of the estate. The owner took inspiration from the elegant and understated garden designs of Russell Page (1906-1985) and the innovative and rule breaking style of Gertrude Jekyll (1843-1932).
The black and white garden was originally conceived as a green and white garden, to be planted in shades of white, green and copper. Darker plant materials were introduced later. An orangerie is used for entertaining small parties, while large parties are held under a tent on the back lawn. The cutting garden beds are situated near the service area on the estate for convenience. The winter garden next to the house has a reflecting pool as well as hedges and Versailles containers and a dovecote in one corner. The shady woodland garden has a fall flame border planted with Japanese maple and a developing moss garden.
Persons associated with the garden include August Belmont (former owner, 1860-1924); Evalyn Walsh McLean (former owner, 1924-1944); Ray Van Clief (former owner, 1944-1947); J. Edgar Monroe (former owner, 1947-1971); Preservation Society of Newport County (former owner, 1971-1986); Ray Gobb (former owner, 1986-1994); George Champlin Mason (architect of "By-the Sea", previous residence on property which was demolished in 1944); Frederick L. Bissinger, Jr. (architect, F. L. Bissinger, Inc., dates unknown); Virginia Pepper Purviance (landscape designer and certified horticulturist, 1999) and Julia Rush Toland of Toland Landscape Design (landscape designer and certified horticulturist, 1998?).
Related Materials:
Parterre related holdings consist of 1 folder (16 35 mm. reference slides and 22 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI166
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb681baaf62-d23c-4643-a79b-81ddcdfd59a5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10573
Online Media:

Newport -- The Whim

Landscape architect:
Thayer, Raymond  Search this
Gardener:
Brown, T. J.  Search this
Brown, Timothy  Search this
Ford, Jerica  Search this
Property manager:
Baptista, Anne  Search this
Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Whim (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport County -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles, historic photographs, and landscape architect's plans, transcripts of interviews, and other information.
General:
The Whim is a seaside New England garden comprised of flower and shrub borders and a sunken quadrangle planted along the foundation walls of demolished greenhouses, with follies, sculptures, steps to the ocean planted with lavender, and swaths of lawn. The walls and privet hedges trimmed to calibrated heights protect the flowers from the salt spray and winds off the ocean while not blocking the view. The 3.4 acre property has other garden areas surrounding the lawns, including a border of bright blue Nikko hydrangeas that are fed aluminum sulfate, a crabapple border, a shed draped with a climbing rose, a secret garden with kousa dogwood and viburnum, and a shady garden walk alongside the house. Garden areas are named for the animal and other sculptures that are featured, including a heron by Walter Matia in the heron quadrangle, eagles at the head of the eagle borders, and rabbits copied from the ones that were at Chateau-sur-Mer, a Newport mansion.
This property was once part of a larger property that had gardens designed by Beatrix Farrand for her aunt, the author Edith Wharton. The Evangeline climbing rose that covers the tool shed was transplanted from the Wharton garden many years ago, and renamed the Miss Newport rose by the owner. Friends and associates have contributed design ideas and artifacts to this garden: the mushroom shaped garden furniture once belonged to a friend, the gazebo was purchased and installed by one of the gardeners, and the steps were fabricated from discarded Newport curbing.
Persons associated with the garden include Raymond Thayer, (landscape architect, 1968-present); T. J. Brown and Timothy Brown, (gardeners, 1952-present); Anne Baptista (property manager, 1989-present); and Jerica Ford (gardener, 2007-present).
Related Materials:
The Whim related holdings consist of 1 folder (20 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI174
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6d3426fad-e24f-4a62-9083-5dbc422745e0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10574

Newport -- Warren House-Tunnard Garden

Former owner:
Tanner Family  Search this
Gardner, Samuel F.  Search this
Lawton, Robert  Search this
Lawton, Penelope  Search this
Austin, Samuel Reverend  Search this
Henderson, Francis  Search this
Brinley, Fanny S.  Search this
Lawrence, Sallie C.  Search this
Paul, Allen G.  Search this
Paul, Florence S.  Search this
Warren, George  Search this
Warren, Katherine Urquhart  Search this
Preservation Society of Newport County  Search this
Gardener:
Pleitez, Eusebio  Search this
Landscape designer:
Tunnard, Christopher  Search this
Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Warren House-Tunnard Garden (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, photocopies of articles.
General:
This Modernist garden was created right after World War II, designed by Christopher Tunnard. It still survives today, perhaps the only existing commissioned landscape design by the man who influenced many of the United States most celebrated postwar architects and landscape architects. At only 65' x 42', the garden has an extreme austerity in design with a hint of luxury in its fountains, thick hedges and sculpture. The plants are cut and trimmed into an ordained shape, and the pattern is designed to be seen from the ground, where its curves interlock and turn back on themselves. Only two kinds of trees are used - lime (Tilia) and arbor vitae (Thuja); and three kinds of permanent plants - ivy (Hedera), box (Buxus) and yew (Taxus). The lime trees will eventually be pleached into an architectural block to throw the ground pattern into even greater contrast. The ivy is in slightly raised mounds, edged in places with small summer flowers. The bedding plants are purple and white petunias with carnations and lemon-yellow thunbergias." The sculpture, 'Chimerical Font,' by Jean Arp, is golden bronze centered on a plinth in a black lacquered rectangular pool. The other pools (two circular, one biomorphic) are shallow and painted white. Of note are the unusual shapes of the pruned boxwoods in the shapes of question marks and semi-colons; the colorful flowers; and the 6th linden along the left and end wall, now covered in Boston ivy, and originally painted white to complete a design that very much relied on strong figure-ground relationship.
Christopher Tunnard (1910-1979) was born in Canada, moved to England in 1929 and received a diploma from the Royal Horticultural Society the following year. The period of the eclectic Arts and Crafts movement (which he characterized as "romantic trivialization" of garden design) prompted him to introduce his Modernist views of landscape design. This approach avoided decoration, sentimentality and classical allusion "in favor of functional minimalist designs that provided a friendly and hospitable milieu for rest and recreation." After 10 years practicing garden and landscape work, he immigrated to America at the invitation of Walter Gropius to teach at Harvard's Graduate School of Design (1938-1943). Following the War, Tunnard taught city planning at Yale, advancing to professor and chairman of this department; he did little garden design from that point forward, making this 1949 garden probably one of his last commissions. For the final thirty years of his life, Tunnard put his energies into urban planning and the preservation of historic buildings; his publications in this area include "Man-made America: Chaos or Control?" (1963) which won the 1964 National Book Award in Science, Philosophy and Religion. It is perhaps ironic that Christopher Tunnard ended up of very much the same sentiment as his American patron, Mrs. George W. (Katherine) Warren, founder of the Preservation Society of Newport County (1945). In "Pioneers of American Landscape Design," (2000), Lance Neckar notes that "by the time of his death, he had come full circle to be identified with conservation-and-preservation-oriented attributes toward city revitalization which were antithetical to the Modern movement" that Tunnard had originally espoused.
Tunnard's patrons, George and Katherine Warren, who purchased the property on Mill Street in 1933, chose a part of Newport that was then considered "the other side of the tracks" by their social set, most of whom resided out on Ocean Drive. In New York, where the couple lived "off season," Katherine Warren collected modern art and was on the Advisory Committee of the Museum of Modern Art. Interesting to note that the garden was commissioned in 1949 and distinguished by its functional, minimalist modern design in sharp contrast with its early Federal-style house. The Warrens also added two glass-enclosed rooms on the first and second floors of their home on the garden side, presumably to enjoy this new garden to its full extent. Mrs. Warren died in 1976, bequeathing her home to the Preservation Society of Newport County, which moved its offices to this location in 1977. While the Preservation Society of Newport County owned the property, the garden was heavily shaded by a large beech tree and had become overgrown. It was maintained as they found it without major renovation. The current owner moved into the Mill Street house in 1994 and restored the Tunnard garden in 2001 and has proven to be a conscientious caretaker of this rare, nationally significant garden.
Persons associated with the garden include Tanner Family (former owners, 1776-1807); Samuel F. Gardner (former owner, 1807-1809); Robert Lawton (former owner, 1809-1810); Penelope Lawton (former owner, 1810-1822); Reverend Samuel Austin (former owner, 1822-1826); Francis Henderson (former owner, 1826-1857); Fanny S. Brinley (former owner, 1857-1863); Sallie C. Lawrence (former owner, 1863-1886); Allen G. Paul (former owner, 1886-1916); Florence S. Paul (former owner, 1916-1932); George and Katherine Warren (former owners, 1932-1977); Preservation Society of Newport County (former owner, 1977-1994); Christopher Tunnard (landscape designer, 1949); Eusebio Pleitez (gardener, 2001- ).
Related Materials:
Warren House-Tunnard Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (10 digital images)
Additional photographs are also located in the collections of the Preservation Society of Newport County.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI201
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb61a6cdb7b-8abf-4457-9f57-0199646f406f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10575

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