Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
85 documents - page 1 of 5

Forrest Bess photographs and slides, circa 1981

Creator:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Citation:
Forrest Bess photographs and slides, circa 1981. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7057
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209190
AAA_collcode_bessforp
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209190
Online Media:

Forrest Bess letters to L. E. and Patricia Cooke, circa 1963-1964

Creator:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Subject:
Cooke, Patricia J.  Search this
Cooke, L. E. (L. Ezra)  Search this
Citation:
Forrest Bess letters to L. E. and Patricia Cooke, circa 1963-1964. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9619
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211826
AAA_collcode_bessforr
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211826
Online Media:

Forrest Bess letters, 1966-1972

Creator:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Citation:
Forrest Bess letters, 1966-1972. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10460
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213871
AAA_collcode_bessforl
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213871

Earle and Mary Ludgin papers

Creator:
Ludgin, Earle, 1898-1981  Search this
Ludgin, Mary, 1894-1962  Search this
Betty Parsons Gallery  Search this
Names:
Albright, Ivan, 1897-1983  Search this
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Burg, Copeland Charles, b. 1895  Search this
Fink, Peter  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Seligmann, Kurt, 1900-1962  Search this
Extent:
2.2 Linear feet ((on 6 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1930-1983
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence; financial records; writings; photographs; sketches; inventories of art works; and printed materials.
REELS 1703-1704: Correspondence, 1948-1974, between Earle Ludgin and artist Forrest Bess, and 2 letters from Betty Parsons Gallery to Bess. Some letters contain clippings and photographs of Bess and of his work. [These letters also appear on microfilm reel 3458].
REELS 3821-3824: Correspondence, 1934-1979, with artists, musicians, writers, and other individuals involved in the arts, including ca. 1,200 letters received and carbon copies of letters sent. Ivan Albright, Leonard Baskin, Forrest Bess, Maurizio Bonora, Richard Bowman, Judith Brown, Copeland Burg, Alexander Calder, Pablo Casals, Marvin Cone, Peter Dews, Edwin Dickinson, Peter Fink, Dorothy Hood, Edward Hopper, Lincoln Kirstein, Norman Laliberte, Kirk Newman, Seiji Ozawa, Dan Palumbo, Alton Pickens, Abraham and Esther Rattner, Daniel Catton Rich, Kurt and Arlette Seligmann, Ben Shahn, Margaret Tomkins, Alice Valenstein, and Max Weber are correspondents.
Business correspondence and records, 1930-1981, regarding the Ludgin art collection consists of ca. 1,000 items, and includes documentation on the purchase, outgoing loan, insurance, shipment, etc. of art works. Also included are 3 inventories of the art collection, undated, 1951, and 1981.
Also included are typescript "With Both Eyes Open" by Earle Ludgin as a catalog introduction for the exhibition, THE LUDGIN COLLECTION OF CONTEMPORARY PAINTINGS, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1954; 6 photographs of an exhibition opening, sent to Ludgin by Kurt Seligmann, 1949; a photograph of Copeland Burg; a photograph of Kurt Seligmann and Father Bruckberger; 2 contact sheets containing photographs of Earle Ludgin by Peter Fink; 12 photographs of art installations at Earle Ludgin and Co. offices and at the Corcoran Gallery of Art;
color photographs of pages from Ivan Albright's sketchbook of flesh wounds (sketchbook is owned by the Art Institute of Chicago); and 38 photographs, ca. 370 slides, and a few negatives of art work in the Ludgin collection; printed materials, 1941-1979, including news releases, newpaper clippings, exhibition catalogs and announcements (ca. 50 items); 11 rough pencil sketches on Earle Ludgin memo paper, some of which appear to be art installation plans; and a half-tone plate of RECLINING FIGURE by Henry Moore.
Biographical / Historical:
Collectors; Chicago, Illinois. Earle Ludgin, an advertising executive, and his wife Mary, began collecting art in the early 1930's and continued for almost 50 years, amassing an important contemporary American art collection.
Provenance:
Material on reels 1703-1704 (also filmed on reel 3458) donated 1979 by Earle Ludgin; material on reels 3821-3824 donated 1985 by Donald Ludgin, son of Mary and Earle Ludgin.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- United States  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.ludgearl
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c54bb640-2c63-4022-b187-f768daa02363
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ludgearl

Thomas Hess papers

Creator:
Hess, Thomas B.  Search this
Names:
Mark Rothko Foundation  Search this
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Campbell, Lawrence  Search this
De Kooning, Elaine  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph, 1903-1974  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980  Search this
Kline, Franz, 1910-1962  Search this
Milles, Carl, 1875-1955  Search this
Newman, Barnett, 1905-1970  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu, 1904-1988  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad, 1913-1967  Search this
Rivers, Larry, 1925-2002  Search this
Rosenberg, Harold, 1906-1978  Search this
Rothko, Mark, 1903-1970  Search this
Schapiro, Meyer, 1904-  Search this
Schuyler, James  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965  Search this
Still, Clyfford, 1904-1980  Search this
Extent:
10.01 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Drawings
Greeting cards
Illustrated letters
Paintings
Cartoons (humorous images)
Photographs
Collages
Date:
1939-1978
Summary:
The papers of New York editor and art critic Thomas Hess measure 10.01 linear feet and date from 1939 to 1978. The collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, extensive writings and notes, artists and subject files that also include recorded conversations with artists and others, printed materials, photographic materials, and artwork.

There is a .01 linear foot unprocessed addition to this collection donated in 2022 that includes a six page typed manuscript, "Think, American Painting," undated, by Thomas Hess and the book American Realists and Magic Realists, The Museum of Modern Art, 1943, signed by Hess.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of New York editor and art critic Thomas Hess measure 10.01 linear feet and date from 1939 to 1978. The collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, extensive writings and notes, artists and subject files that also include recorded conversations with artists and others, printed materials, photographic materials, and artwork.

Biographical material includes a certificate, architectural plans, investment information, invoices, publisher and loan agreements, will for Paul Stamm, and resumes. Correspondence is with members of Hess' family including his wife and children, Philip Guston, Meyer Schapiro, David Smith, James Schuyler, Forrest Bess, Elaine de Kooning, Barnett Newman, Larry Rivers, Clyfford Still, Ad Reinhardt, and others.

Writings and notes consist of manuscripts and drafts by Hess for Art News, Le Monde, Vogue, New York magazine, and other publications; Hess' senior essay and class notes; notes on Ingres, Italian artists, and travels abroad; notebooks on art and literature; and scattered writings by others.

Artists and subject files contain primarily photographs of artwork, artists, and colleaguesare mostly photographs of artwork, artists, and colleagues. Some of the files also contain printed materials, writings, notes, and other documentation. The file on Willem de Kooning includes a sound recording of a conversation between Hess, de Kooning, and Harold Rosenberg. There are also significant files on Elaine de Kooning, Helen Frankenthaler, Adolph Gottlieb, Franz Kline, Carl Milles, Barnett Newman, Isamu Noguchi, Ad Reinhardt, Mark Rothko and the Mark Rothko Foundation Inc.

Printed materials include brochures and flyers, clippings, magazines and newspapers, press releases, travel memorabilia, and a printed scarf. Photographs are of of Hess, his wife Audrey, other family members, works of art, travel, Larry Rivers and Ad Reinhardt, and other artists and colleagues. Artwork includes drawings, paintings, collages, cartoons, and holiday cards made by Hess and his children, along with artwork by others including Audrey and Lawrence Campbell, Ad Reinhardt, and unidentified artists.

There is a .01 linear foot unprocessed addition to this collection donated in 2022 that includes a six page typed manuscript, "Think, American Painting," undated, by Thomas Hess and the book American Realists and Magic Realists, The Museum of Modern Art, 1943, signed by Hess.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1945-1977 (0.3 linear feet; Box 1, OV 15)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1945-1978 (1.0 linear feet; Box 1-2, OV 11)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, circa 1940-1978 (2.5 linear feet; Box 2-5, OV 12)

Series 4: Artists and Subject Files, circa 1946-1978 (4.5 linear feet; Box 5-9, OVs 13, 15-16)

Series 5: Printed Materials, 1943-1978 (0.5 linear feet; Box 9, OV 11)

Series 6: Photographic Materials, 1949-circa 1960s (0.8 linear feet; Box 9-10, OV14)

Series 7: Artwork, 1939-1978 (0.4 linear feet; Box 10, OV 11)

Series 8: Unprocessed Addition, 1943 and undated (0.01 linear feet; Folder 17)
Biographical / Historical:
Thomas B. Hess (1920-1978) was an editor, art critic, and curator who worked in New York City. He was on the staff at Art News for 26 years (1946-72). Starting as an editorial associate, he was named managing editor in 1948, then executive editor in 1954; he assumed the top editorial post in 1965 upon the death of long-time editor Alfred Frankfurter. In his critical writing from the late 1940s on, he was an influential supporter of the Abstract Expressionists. He wrote widely on other topics as well. In 1972 he left Art News after an ownership change. He then became the art critic for New York magazine (1972-78), a large-circulation weekly reaching a much larger public. (He was also, in the late '60s, a correspondent for the French daily newspaper Le Monde.)

Over the years he undertook several major curatorial projects including traveling retrospectives for Willem de Kooning (1968-69) and Barnett Newman (1971), which he organized for the Museum of Modern Art. His "New York School Painting and Sculpture" appeared at the New York State Museum in Albany in 1977. Both MoMA exhibitions were accompanied by comprehensive monograph/catalogues: Willem de Kooning (1968) and Barnett Newman (1971). Hess's other books include Abstract Painting: Background and American Phase (1951, Viking); Willem de Kooning (1959, Braziller); De Kooning, Recent Paintings (1967, Walker & Co.); Barnett Newman (1969, Walker & Co.); De Kooning: Drawings (1972, New York Graphic); and The Art Comics and Satires of Ad Reinhardt (1975, De Luca Editore, Rome).

Hess became consultative chairman of the Metropolitan Museum of Art's Department of 20th-Century Art a few months before his death from a heart attack in July 1978, age 57. Already under way were a Clyfford Still retrospective and a smaller show of recent paintings and sculptures by Ellsworth Kelly. Both exhibitions, completed by Philippe de Montebello (the Met's then new director) and Lowery S. Sims (the Met's then acting 20th-century curator) respectively, took place the year after Hess's death.

Thomas Hess was born in Rye, New York, to Gabriel Lorie Hess, a lawyer, and Helen Baer. He attended school in the United States and Switzerland. He continued his education at Yale University majoring in French 17th-century art history and literature. After graduating in 1942, Hess worked for a short period at the Museum of Modern Art under Alfred H. Barr and Dorothy Miller, before entering World War II as a pilot. In 1944 he married Audrey Stern with whom he had three children, William, Philip, and Anne Helen.
Separated Materials:
Materials on legacy microfilm reel 5028 related to Barnett Newman are photocopies. The originals are located at the Barnett New Foundation in New York City.
Provenance:
The Thomas Hess papers were donated in multiple increments from 1985 to 1987 by Hess' children, Anne Helen, William, and Philip Hess, except for a file on Barnett Newman donated by Newman's widow, who presumably had borrowed it from Hess. In 2014, additional correspondence, writings, photographs, printed material, and cartoons, including some by Ad Reinhardt, were donated by Elizabeth Wolff, Hess' sister. A small addition was donated in 2022 by Anne Hess, Thomas Hess' daughter.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art critics -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists -- Italy  Search this
Editors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Drawings
Greeting cards
Illustrated letters
Paintings
Cartoons (humorous images)
Photographs
Collages
Citation:
Thomas Hess papers, 1939-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.hessthom
See more items in:
Thomas Hess papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9cfd2536a-b35e-4030-9768-bfa094d6db9e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hessthom
Online Media:

Forrest Bess letter to Betty Parsons

Creator:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Parsons, Betty, 1900-1982  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1958 Mar. 12
Citation:
Forrest Bess. Forrest Bess letter to Betty Parsons, 1958 Mar. 12. Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers, 1916-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13375
See more items in:
Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers, 1916-1991, bulk 1946-1983
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13375

Forrest Bess letter to Betty Parsons

Creator:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Parsons, Betty, 1900-1982  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1958 Sept. 22
Citation:
Forrest Bess. Forrest Bess letter to Betty Parsons, 1958 Sept. 22. Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers, 1916-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13376
See more items in:
Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers, 1916-1991, bulk 1946-1983
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13376

Betty Parsons letter to Forrest Bess

Creator:
Parsons, Betty, 1900-1982  Search this
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1958 Oct 22
Citation:
Betty Parsons. Betty Parsons letter to Forrest Bess, 1958 Oct 22. Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers, 1916-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13377
See more items in:
Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers, 1916-1991, bulk 1946-1983
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13377

Forrest Bess' "Thesis"

Creator:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
circa 1955
Citation:
Forrest Bess. Forrest Bess' "Thesis", circa 1955. Meyer Schapiro papers, 1949-1982. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13379
See more items in:
Meyer Schapiro papers, 1949-1982
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13379

Forrest Bess letter to President Dwight D. Eisenhower

Creator:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Eisenhower, Dwight David, 14 Oct. 1890-28 Mar. 1969  Search this
Subject:
Jung, C. G. (Carl Gustav)  Search this
Schapiro, Meyer  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1955 Jan. 28
Citation:
Forrest Bess. Forrest Bess letter to President Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1955 Jan. 28. Meyer Schapiro papers, 1949-1982. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art and science  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13662
See more items in:
Meyer Schapiro papers, 1949-1982
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13662

A portion of Forrest Bess' "Medical thesis."

Creator:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
ca. 1955
Citation:
Forrest Bess. A portion of Forrest Bess' "Medical thesis.", ca. 1955. Meyer Schapiro papers, 1949-1982. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13663
See more items in:
Meyer Schapiro papers, 1949-1982
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13663

A portion of Forrest Bess' "Medical thesis."

Creator:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
ca. 1955
Citation:
Forrest Bess. A portion of Forrest Bess' "Medical thesis.", ca. 1955. Meyer Schapiro papers, 1949-1982. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13664
See more items in:
Meyer Schapiro papers, 1949-1982
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13664
Online Media:

Letter with accompanying ephemera from Forrest Bess to Meyer Schapiro

Creator:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Schapiro, Meyer, 1904-1996  Search this
Subject:
Bess, Forrest  Search this
Schapiro, Meyer  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1955 December
Citation:
Forrest Bess. Letter with accompanying ephemera from Forrest Bess to Meyer Schapiro, 1955 December. Meyer Schapiro papers, 1949-1982. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13673
See more items in:
Meyer Schapiro papers, 1949-1982
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13673
Online Media:

Diagrams and notes

Creator:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Subject:
Bess, Forrest  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
undated
Citation:
Forrest Bess. Diagrams and notes, undated. Meyer Schapiro papers, 1949-1982. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13854
See more items in:
Meyer Schapiro papers, 1949-1982
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13854

Diagrams and notes

Creator:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Subject:
Bess, Forrest  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
undated
Citation:
Forrest Bess. Diagrams and notes, undated. Meyer Schapiro papers, 1949-1982. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13855
See more items in:
Meyer Schapiro papers, 1949-1982
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13855

Diagrams and notes

Creator:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Subject:
Bess, Forrest  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
undated
Citation:
Forrest Bess. Diagrams and notes, undated. Meyer Schapiro papers, 1949-1982. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13856
See more items in:
Meyer Schapiro papers, 1949-1982
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13856

Photograph of Forrest Bess' work

Photographer:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Subject:
Bess, Forrest  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1960s
Citation:
Forrest Bess. Photograph of Forrest Bess' work, 1960s. Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers, 1916-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13928
See more items in:
Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers, 1916-1991, bulk 1946-1983
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13928
Online Media:

Photograph of artwork

Photographer:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Subject:
Bess, Forrest  Search this
Lee, Amy Freeman  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1960s
Citation:
Forrest Bess. Photograph of artwork, 1960s. Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers, 1916-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13929
See more items in:
Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers, 1916-1991, bulk 1946-1983
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13929
Online Media:

View of Chinquapin

Photographer:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Subject:
Bess, Forrest  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1960s
Citation:
Forrest Bess. View of Chinquapin, 1960s. Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers, 1916-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13930
See more items in:
Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers, 1916-1991, bulk 1946-1983
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13930
Online Media:

Paintings by Forrest Bess

Photographer:
Bess, Forrest, 1911-1977  Search this
Subject:
Bess, Forrest  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1960s
Citation:
Forrest Bess. Paintings by Forrest Bess, 1960s. Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers, 1916-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13933
See more items in:
Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers, 1916-1991, bulk 1946-1983
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13933
Online Media:

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By