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Le Roi Jones and his Family

Artist:
Bob Thompson, American, b. Louisville, Kentucky, 1937–1966  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
36 3/8 x 48 1/2 in. (92.4 x 123.2 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1964
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
Accession Number:
66.4927
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
School:
African-American Figuration
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py283534ada-9ddb-4e59-8fe5-cdabf86fb126
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_66.4927

Palladio

Artist:
Franz Kline, American, b. Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 1910–1962  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
104 3/4 × 76 1/4 in. (266.1 × 193.7 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1961
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Foundation, 1966
Accession Number:
66.2754
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
School:
Abstract Expressionism (First Generation)
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py203f1d420-7a2d-4086-ac95-1b6a0a547377
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_66.2754

William S. Burroughs

Artist:
Allen Ginsberg, 3 Jun 1926 - 5 Apr 1997  Search this
Sitter:
William Seward Burroughs, 5 Feb 1914 - 2 Aug 1997  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 26.6 x 40.4cm (10 1/2 x 15 7/8")
Sheet: 40.4 x 50.4cm (15 7/8 x 19 13/16")
Mat: 55.9 x 71.1cm (22 x 28")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1953
Topic:
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Interior\Domestic  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Sofa  Search this
Toy\Kite  Search this
William Seward Burroughs: Male  Search this
William Seward Burroughs: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer  Search this
William Seward Burroughs: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.96.174
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© 1953, 2013 Allen Ginsberg LLC, used by permission of The Wylie Agency LLC
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm43bc24f76-ddf2-4407-a4e0-011669f016d0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.96.174

Jack Kerouac

Artist:
John Cohen, 02 Aug 1932 - 16 Sep 2019  Search this
Sitter:
Jack Kerouac, 12 Mar 1922 - 21 Oct 1969  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 15.9 x 24.1cm (6 1/4 x 9 1/2")
Sheet: 20.2 x 25.4cm (7 15/16 x 10")
Mat: 40.6 x 55.9cm (16 x 22")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1959
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Home Furnishings\Radio  Search this
Jack Kerouac: Male  Search this
Jack Kerouac: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Jack Kerouac: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Jack Kerouac: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.96.188
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© John Cohen, courtesy L. Parker Stephenson Photographs, NYC
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm406f4a633-9a8a-4fdd-b1e4-8a03850c1fa9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.96.188

Lawrence Ferlinghetti

Artist:
Crawford W. Barton, 2 Jun 1943 - 10 Jun 1993  Search this
Sitter:
Lawrence Ferlinghetti, 24 Mar 1919 - 22 Feb 2021  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 32.6 x 26cm (12 13/16 x 10 1/4")
Sheet: 35.5 x 28cm (14 x 11")
Mat: 55.9 x 40.6cm (22 x 16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\California\San Francisco\San Francisco
Date:
1974
Topic:
Exterior  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Lawrence Ferlinghetti: Male  Search this
Lawrence Ferlinghetti: Military\Navy\Officer  Search this
Lawrence Ferlinghetti: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Lawrence Ferlinghetti: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant\Bookseller  Search this
Lawrence Ferlinghetti: Communications\Publisher\Book  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Edward Brooks DeCelle
Object number:
NPG.94.100
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© The GLBT Historical Society
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4cff5adc6-4589-4d67-9c27-3f822ef29c5f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.94.100

Jack Kerouac

Artist:
Frederick William McDarrah, 5 Nov 1926 - 6 Nov 2007  Search this
Sitter:
Jack Kerouac, 12 Mar 1922 - 21 Oct 1969  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 18 x 15.4 cm (7 1/16 x 6 1/16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1959
Topic:
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Cap  Search this
Artwork  Search this
Home Furnishings\Drinking vessel\Glass  Search this
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Cigarette  Search this
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Typewriter  Search this
Interior\Domestic\Study  Search this
Food\Beverage\Alcoholic\Beer  Search this
Container\Bottle\Liquor bottle  Search this
Jack Kerouac: Male  Search this
Jack Kerouac: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Jack Kerouac: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Jack Kerouac: Literature\Writer\Screenwriter  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2002.97
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Estate of Fred W. McDarrah
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4e5ee7db6-bf90-4401-81c0-fa57830726dc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2002.97

Allen Ginsberg

Artist:
Robert Wesley Wilson, born 1937  Search this
Copy after:
Larry Keenan, Jr., born 1943  Search this
Publisher:
Cranium Press, active 1960s - 1970s  Search this
Sitter:
Allen Ginsberg, 3 Jun 1926 - 5 Apr 1997  Search this
Medium:
Offset lithographic poster
Dimensions:
Sheet: 78.6 x 41.3cm (30 15/16 x 16 1/4")
Mat: 83.8 x 46.4cm (33 x 18 1/4")
Type:
Print
Date:
1967
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Poster  Search this
Poster\Political  Search this
Allen Ginsberg: Male  Search this
Allen Ginsberg: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Allen Ginsberg: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer  Search this
Allen Ginsberg: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Allen Ginsberg: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2004.18
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Wes Wilson
© Larry Keenan
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm44cf23606-9223-408e-ab1c-0ada38b6f110
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2004.18

Allen Ginsberg excerpt from Global Groove video

Artist:
Nam June Paik, 20 Jul 1932 - 29 Jan 2006  Search this
Sitter:
Allen Ginsberg, 3 Jun 1926 - 5 Apr 1997  Search this
Medium:
Video
Type:
Time-Based Media
Date:
1973
Topic:
Allen Ginsberg: Male  Search this
Allen Ginsberg: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Allen Ginsberg: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer  Search this
Allen Ginsberg: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Allen Ginsberg: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Electronic Arts Intermix
Object number:
EXH.TC.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Nam June Paik Estate
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4eaa66b74-99f0-4d90-9e2a-cb28abfb3cec
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_EXH.TC.1

Typewriter belonging to Lawrence Ferlinghetti

Referenced:
Ferlinghetti, Lawrence  Search this
Maker:
Remington Typewriter Company  Search this
Remington Typewriter Company  Search this
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
black (overall color)
white (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 9 in x 11 in; 22.86 cm x 27.94 cm
Object Name:
typewriter
Typewriter
Associated place:
United States: California, San Francisco
Subject:
Authors  Search this
poetry  Search this
Books  Search this
Credit Line:
George Krevsky Gallery
ID Number:
2011.0054.01
Accession number:
2011.0054
Catalog number:
2011.0054.01
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, General History Collection
Government, Politics, and Reform
American Democracy: A Great Leap of Faith
Exhibition:
American Democracy
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-35a0-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1401496

The Beat Generation; Someday You'll Be Sorry

Recording artist:
Louis Armstrong and his All Stars  Search this
Manufacturer:
MGM  Search this
Physical Description:
vinyl (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 in; x 17.78 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1959
Credit Line:
Gift of Robert B. Campbell in memory of Dorothy and William Campbell
ID Number:
1996.3034.00219
Nonaccession number:
1996.3034
Catalog number:
1996.3034.00219
Label number:
K12809
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a8-93b6-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1015498

Reservoir

Artist:
Robert Rauschenberg, born Port Arthur, TX 1925-died Captiva Island, FL 2008  Search this
Medium:
oil, wood, graphite, fabric, metal, and rubber on canvas
Dimensions:
85 1/2 x 62 1/2 x 15 1/2 in. (217.2 x 158.7 x 39.4 cm.)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1961
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Allegory\time  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.
Object number:
1969.47.70
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk77cd682b0-fec0-47ac-b495-fd65778f4b38
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1969.47.70

William J. Eisenlord photographs

Creator:
Eisenlord, William J., 1926-1997  Search this
Names:
City Lights Bookstore (San Francisco, Calif.) -- Photographs  Search this
San Francisco Museum of Art  Search this
Berman, Shirley  Search this
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Broughton, James  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Castellón, Rolando  Search this
DeRoux, Kenneth  Search this
Ferlinghetti, Lawrence  Search this
Green, Mark L., 1932-2004  Search this
Herms, George, 1935-  Search this
Hirschman, Jack, 1933-  Search this
Larsen, Michael, 1941-  Search this
LeBlanc, Peter, 1930-  Search this
Linhares, Philip E.  Search this
McClure, Michael  Search this
Micheline, Jack, 1929-1998  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes, 1929- -- Photographs  Search this
Pomada, Elizabeth  Search this
Rexroth, Kenneth, 1905-1982  Search this
Selz, Peter Howard, 1919-2019  Search this
Stiles, Knute, 1923-  Search this
Photographer:
Nyberg, Ed  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
San Francisco Calif. -- Photographs
Date:
1953-1976
Summary:
The photographs of San Francisco photographer William J. Eisenlord measure 0.3 linear feet and date from 1953-1976. Photographs depict the City Lights Bookstore of San Francisco, California and the exhibition opening of "Poets of the Cities" at the San Francisco Museum of Art in 1976. Also included are photographs of jazz and beat poetry performances taken by Ed Nyberg in 1957.
Scope and Contents note:
The photographs of San Francisco photographer William J. Eisenlord measure 0.3 linear feet and date from 1953-1976. Photographs depict the City Lights Bookstore of San Francisco, California and the exhibition opening of "Poets of the Cities" at the San Francisco Museum of Art in 1976. Also included are photographs of jazz and beat poetry performances taken by Ed Nyberg in 1957.

City Lights Bookstore was a popular meeting ground for many people associated with the Beat literary movement in San Francisco. The collection includes one exterior window photograph of the bookstore taken the year of its founding in 1953, and fifteen interior photographs of the store taken circa 1959. The interior shots include images of bookstore founder Lawrence Ferlinghetti, bookstore manager Shigeyoshi Murao, and various customers browsing the stacks.

The photographs taken at the "Poets of the Cities" exhibition opening on January 30, 1976 at the San Francisco Museum of Art include notable figures Jack Micheline, Claes Oldenburg, James Broughton, Phil Linhares, Mark and Sally Green, Michael Larsen, Elizabeth Pomada, Ken deRoux, Peter and Minette LeBlanc, Jack Hirschman, Rolando Castellon, Knute Stiles, Michael and Joanna McClure, Byron Meyer, Peter Selz, Leo Castelli, George Herms, and Shirley and Wallace Berman.

Also included are ten photographs taken in 1957 by Ed Nyberg at The Jazz Cellar, a popular San Francisco beat nightclub. Notable figures include Kenneth Rexroth, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Grover Sales Jr., Sonny Wayne, and Bill Weisjahn.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged as 2 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: William J. Eisenlord Photographs, 1953-1976 (Box 1; 15 folders)

Series 2: Ed Nyberg Photographs, 1957 (Box 1; 1 folder)
Biographical/Historical note:
William J. Eisenlord (1926-1997) worked as a photographer in San Francisco, California. He was an acquaintance of photographer, poet, and journalist Mark Green. Together with business partner Thayne Riggs, Eisenlord opened the Omnibus Gallery in Sacramento, California in 1980.
Provenance:
The William J. Eisenlord photographs were donated to the Archives of American Art in two installments, in 1976 and 1977, by William J. Eisenlord.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Poets -- Exhibitions -- Photographs  Search this
Beat generation  Search this
Photographers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
William J. Eisenlord photographs, 1953-1976. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.eisewill
See more items in:
William J. Eisenlord photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9aa1fd276-18f5-4d9c-904a-90b5b7c24f58
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-eisewill
Online Media:

Assorted Material

Collection Creator:
Alexander, Robert  Search this
Temple of Man (Venice, Calif.)  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 27
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1960-2010
Scope and Contents:
Includes correspondence related to exhibitions, photographs of artwork, exhibition announcements and brochures, and clippings.
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Robert Alexander papers and Temple of Man records, 1938-2015. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Robert Alexander papers and Temple of Man records
Robert Alexander papers and Temple of Man records / Series 3: Correspondence and Artists Files / Berman, Wallace
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw93af7d9a0-0e85-4206-aeb3-39be2a3784c0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-alexbob-ref93
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Writings

Collection Creator:
Neel, Alice, 1900-1984  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 21
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1960-1979
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Alice Neel papers, 1933-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Alice Neel papers
Alice Neel papers / Series 2: Writings and Notes
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw99c53ca6c-d6c5-41fc-9166-e279538e4e4b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-neelalic-ref26
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  • View Writings digital asset number 1

"Beat Generation Re-union"

Collection Creator:
Sarchiapone, Cosmos Andrew, 1931-2011  Search this
Container:
Box 17, Folder 54
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1970s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Cosmos Andrew Sarchiapone papers, circa 1860-2011, bulk 1940-2011. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Cosmos Andrew Sarchiapone papers
Cosmos Andrew Sarchiapone papers / Series 6: Photographic Material / 6.2: Exhibitions and Performances / Performances
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw93b2197d7-ac68-4a31-a1dd-9c2c4ca6d63c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-sarccosm-ref520

Stanley Twardowicz papers

Creator:
Twardowicz, Stanley, 1917-  Search this
Names:
Contemporary Arts (Gallery)  Search this
John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Ohio State Fair  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Dodson, Lillian  Search this
Kerouac, Jack, 1922-1969  Search this
Lichtenstein, Dorothy  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy, 1923-1997 -- Photographs  Search this
Nicosi, Gerald  Search this
Olitski, Jules, 1922-2007  Search this
Parker, Raymond, 1922- -- Photographs  Search this
Smith, David, 1906-1965 -- Photographs  Search this
Verzyl, Kim Greer  Search this
Extent:
1.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Video recordings
Resumes
Drawings
Photographs
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks
Awards
Memoirs
Theses
Date:
1942-2009
Summary:
The papers of painter and photographer Stanley Twardowicz measure 1.1 linear feet and date from 1942-2009, with the bulk of the papers dating from 1942-1981. The papers contain biographical material, scrapbooks, letters, printed material, photographs, and audio and video recordings regarding the career of Stanley Twardowicz as a painter and photographer.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of painter and photographer Stanley Twardowicz measure 1.1 linear feet and date from 1942-2009, with the bulk of the papers dating from 1942-1981. The papers contain biographical material, scrapbooks, letters, writings, printed material, photographs, and audio and video recordings regarding the career of Stanley Twardowicz as a painter and photographer.

Biographical material consists of various curriculum vitae, a list of exhibitions and awards from 1942-1954, and typed excerpts from reviews of Twardowicz's one-man shows at Contemporary Arts Gallery during 1951.

Writings include an unpublished hand-written 70 page memoir by Twardowicz entitled "A Life with No Tears" covering the artist's early life through 1970, a master's thesis "Stanley Twardowicz, Tracing the Roots of an American Modernist" by Kim Greer Verzyl written in 1978, and a 2008 writing by Gerald Nicoisa which describes his relationship with Twardowicz.

Scrapbooks are two disbound volumes organized by years. They contain the artist's collection of exhibition announcements, catalogs, and lists; press clippings; letters advising of awards and fellowships; and Ohio State Fair ribbons for excellence in fine art.

Printed materials and related items consist of chronological files that retain their original order. Found are printed materials relating to exhibitions, letters, and audio visual materials. Of particular interest is the 1956 letter advising Twardowicz that he has been awarded a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship in creative painting.

Photographs include pictures of the artist and ones taken by Twardowicz. Twardowicz's photographs are of Roy Lichtenstein, David Smith, Jules Olitski, Roy Parker, Mike Kanemitsu, Betty Parsons, Lillian Dodson (the artist's wife), and Jack Kerouac. There also is a photograph by Dorothy Lichtenstein of Twardowicz, Parker, Dodson and Roy Lichtenstein and casual snapshots of the artist and friends and family.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1951-2008 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 2: Writings, 1951-2008 (Box 1; 0.1 linear ft.)

Series 3: Scrapbooks, 1942-1951 (Box 1; 0.25 linear ft.)

Series 4: Printed Material and Related Items, 1946-2009 (Box 1; 0V 2; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 5: Photographs, circa 1960-1979 (Box 1; 3 folders)
Biographical Note:
Stanley Twardowicz (1917-2008) was a painter, photographer and teacher. He is associated with the 1950's Abstract Expressionists of the Cedar Tavern in Greenwich Village, New York and with Beat Generation poet Jack Kerouac.

Twardowicz was born Stanley Jon Leginsky in July, 1917, but took his godfather's surname at age 20 when he married. After working at various jobs, in 1940 Twardowicz enrolled in Detroit's Meinzinger's Art School.

In 1946 Twardowicz was awarded a scholarship to the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture in Maine, his first exposure to a creative arts community. There he met Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Jack Levine and Philip Guston. Through his associations at Skowhegan, Twardowicz obtained a teaching position at Ohio State University. He taught there until 1951, becoming friends with fellow instructor, Roy Lichtenstein. Twardowicz married (Ruth) Ann Mandel in 1949 and they lived in an artists' community near Guadalajara, Mexico. Twardowicz then travelled in Europe, his work edging towards an expressionist technique and mood. By 1953 Twardowicz painted in a fully abstract manner.

Upon his return to the States, Twardowicz frequented the Cedar Tavern in Greenwich Village, New York, where he met and was deeply influenced by Abstract Expressionists such as Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline and Jackson Pollock. During this time he had one-man shows and participated in group shows at the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. He was represented in the Museum of Modern Art's travelling exhibition "Young American Painters."

In 1956 Twardowicz received a Guggenheim Fellowship in creative painting and moved to Northport, Long Island, where he befriended area artists Jules Olitski and George Grosz. Between 1958 and 1970 the Peridot Gallery in New York presented annual one-man shows of Twardowicz's work. Twardowicz also participated in numerous major group shows at institutions such as the Whitney Museum of American Art.

Twardowicz began his long teaching career at Hofstra University in 1964, where he met his third wife, Lillian Dodson, a fellow artist. Twardowicz's career as a photographer also prospered. Edward Streichen, then Director of Photography at the Museum of Modern Art, selected six of Twardowicz's photographs for the Museum's permanent collection. In June, 1967 Tardowicz took photographs of Jack Kerouac in his Lowell, Massachusetts home, which became the subject of an art book portfolio called Stashou and Yasho.

During the 1990's there was renewed interest in Twardowicz's work with a show at Mitchell Algus' Gallery in Soho, New York City. In 2001, the Phoenix Art Museum celebrated Twardowicz's contributions as a Color Field painter with a retrospective exhibition "Moving Color."

Twardowicz died on June 12, 2008 in Northport, Long Island.
Provenance:
The papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2010 by Lillian Dodson, widow of Stanley Twardowicz.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
Material created by Twardowicz: The donor has retained all intellectual property rights, including copyright, that they may own.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Topic:
Photographers -- New York (State)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Resumes
Drawings
Photographs
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks
Awards
Memoirs
Theses
Citation:
Stanley Twardowicz papers, 1942-2009, bulk 1942-1981. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.twarstan
See more items in:
Stanley Twardowicz papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9041731d9-8f44-4bf3-93e4-e3191a0777ea
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-twarstan

Marisol

Collection Creator:
Stable Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1961-1965
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Stable Gallery records, 1916-1999, bulk 1953-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Stable Gallery records
Stable Gallery records / Series 2: Artist Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b90b509a-b41a-4774-895d-c05868156a96
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-stabgall-ref51
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  • View Marisol digital asset number 1

Fletcher Benton papers

Creator:
Benton, Fletcher, 1931-  Search this
Names:
André Emmerich Gallery  Search this
Galerie Denino  Search this
Bury, Pol, 1922-2005  Search this
De Wilde, Dan  Search this
Finn, David  Search this
Jones, Lillian E.  Search this
Louchheim, Marlene  Search this
Lucie-Smith, Edward  Search this
Marquand, Ed  Search this
Neubert, George W.  Search this
Rickey, George  Search this
Sanders, Pieter  Search this
Tooker, Dan  Search this
Valentine, De Wain, 1936-2022  Search this
Wilke, Ulfert, 1907-1987  Search this
Extent:
8.7 Linear feet
1.47 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Interviews
Motion pictures (visual works)
Drawings
Video recordings
Transcripts
Sound recordings
Photographs
Christmas cards
Date:
1934-2014
Summary:
The papers of sculptor and painter Fletcher Benton measure 8.2 linear feet and 1.47 GB and date from 1934 to 2014. They document his career as a sculptor with international presence through certificates, personal photographs, legal papers, correspondence, exhibition and commission documentation, clippings, exhibition-related printed materials, broadcast materials, publications about his work, an editioned kinetic Christmas card, and photographs, sound and video recordings, and motion picture film documenting his work and career.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of sculptor and painter Fletcher Benton measure 8.2 linear feet and 1.47 GB and date from 1934 to 2014. They document his career through personal photographs, legal papers, correspondence, exhibition and commission documentation, clippings, exhibition-related printed materials, broadcast materials, publications about his work, an editioned kinetic Christmas card, photographs, sound and video recordings motion picture film, some of which also appears in digitized form.

Biographical Materials include personal photographs, legal documents related to a court case with book designer Ed Marquand, biographical texts, interview transcripts, and a home video made by the artist. Correspondence is with other artists, friends, galleries, museums and other institutions, including George W. Neubert, André Emmerich Gallery, Pieter Sanders, Pol Bury, George Rickey, Ulfert Wilke, Marlene Louchheim, DeWain Valentine, Lillian E. Jones, and Edward Lucie-Smith. Interviews include sound recordings of interviews with Benton by academics and journalists, including Edward Lucie-Smith, Dan Tooker, and Dan De Wilde.

Exhibition and Commission Files consist of correspondence with galleries, museums and commission patrons; financial records; shipping and subcontracting documentation; motion picture film, video, and sound recordings related to exhibitions and installations; and planning and design materials. Series includes a significant amount of oversized drawings and plans for site-specific work. There is a large volume documentation from the Folded Circle-Arc commission by Stanley Consultants, Inc. in Muscatine, Iowa; the California/International Arts Foundation Traveling Sculpture Exhibition; Double Folded Circle Ring in Brussels and Double Circle Folded by Cedars Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Printed Materials include news clippings related to Benton's career, as well as brochures, exhibition catalogs, posters and other printed materials related to exhibitions and commissions. Broadcast materials include television news footage, radio and television interviews, documentaries, and promotional materials made by galleries and other cultural institutions.

Photographic and Moving Image Materials include art-related images showing Benton in his studio and images of exhibitions, installations and inaugurations. Also found are still photographs and motion picture films of artworks, including paintings, sculptures, and kinetic drawings, and a series of photographs of sculptures taken by David Finn.

Artwork consists of an editioned art Christmas card created by Benton for Galeria Bonino in New York from 1969. An American Artist Moving Image Materials consist of 13 videocassettes (VHS) which document the production process of the documentaryFletcher Benton: An American Artist by Morgan Cavett. There is footage from interviews with Benton and with curator George W. Neubert, footage of San Francisco with comments from Benton about his time there, interviews with the artist's studio assistants, images of his studio in Dore street and a couple of almost finished rough versions of the documentary.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as nine series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material (0.3 linear feet; boxes 1, 9)

Series 2: Correspondence (1 linear foot; boxes 1, 2, OV 10)

Series 3: Interviews (0.3 linear feet; box 2)

Series 4: Exhibition and Commission Files (2 linear feet, 0.50 GB; boxes 2-4, OV 11-13, RD 14, FC 15, ER01)

Series 5: Printed Materials (2.3 linear feet; boxes 4-6, OV 10)

Series 6: Broadcast Materials (1.1 linear foot; boxes 6-7)

Series 7: Photographic and Moving Image Materials (0.5 linear feet, 0.97 GB; boxes 7, 9, FC 16-17, ER02)

Series 8: Artwork (1 item; box 7)

Series 9: -- An American Artist -- Video Recordings (0.6 linear feet; boxes 7-8)
Biographical / Historical:
Fletcher Benton was born in Jackson, Ohio in 1931 to Fletcher and Nell Cavett Benton and was the oldest of three children. Benton graduated from Jackson High School in 1949. After serving in the Navy he graduated from Miami University (Oxford, Ohio) in 1956 and moved to San Francisco, where he started working as an instructor at the California College of Arts and Crafts in 1959. He was in San Francisco during the flourishing of the Beat generation, where he had a studio in the North beach area and exhibited at coffee house galleries.

After travelling around Europe in 1960, Benton moved to New York City where he tried to make his living through painting and teaching privately. During those years he was supported by Jackson's local arts patron and family friend, Lillian E. Jones. In 1960 he had his first solo exhibition at Gump's gallery in San Francisco, but his work was taken down after one day because it was considered obscene for including female nudes. He returned to San Francisco in late 1961.

In 1966 Fletcher started teaching at the San Francisco Art Institute and established himself as a primary figure of American kinetic art. In 1966, Peter Selz included his work in the exhibition Directions in Kinetic Sculpture at the University Art Gallery in Berkeley, CA. During the exhibition Benton met the artists Pol Bury and George Rickey with whom he became friends. The exhibition, along with an article "The Movement Movement" that appeared in Time magazine the same year, established Benton's reputation as a significant American Kinetic artist. He also started teaching at the California State University in San José in 1967 where he continued working until 1986.

By 1974 Benton abandoned kinetic art to continue exploring sculpture in three dimensions in a style that became known as "new constructivism." The artworks were conceived in the series Folded Circles and Folded Square Alphabets and were produced in bronze, aluminum and steel. It was also during the 1970s that he started doing large-scale commissions such as the 1977 IBM commission.

Between 1981 and 1984 Benton constructed his studio in Dore Street in the Market district of San Francisco where he continues to work today. During the 1980s Benton started his Balanced/Unbalanced series, which introduced the idea of gravity using geometric forms in different formats and sizes.

From 1984 he began to show more work in Europe, especially in Germany, where in 1993 he got a major commission to create a colossal public sculpture in Cologne entitled Steel Watercolor Triangle Ring. It was also in Germany where Benton encountered the work of Wassily Kandinsky and Kazimir Malevich, and he began work on his Construct Relief series in reponse, which he dedicated to Kandinsky. These geometric constructions are flat, canvas-like steel structures that combine features of painting and sculpture. As the series evolved, the work became more like painting, constructed to hang on the wall without a back piece, so they seem to be floating in the space.

Benton continues to live and work in San Francisco and is represented by multiple galleries in the United States and Germany.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Fletcher Benton conducted by Paul J. Karlstrom, 1989 May 2-4 is available on the Archives of American Art website.
Provenance:
Donated 2005-2006 and 2014 by Fletcher Benton. Benton's wife, Bobbie Benton, organized the material by subject matter and date.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of audiovisual material without a duplicate copy requires advanced notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Sculptors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Motion pictures (visual works)
Drawings
Video recordings
Transcripts
Sound recordings
Photographs
Christmas cards
Citation:
Fletcher Benton papers, 1934-2014. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bentflet
See more items in:
Fletcher Benton papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9951bf858-723f-4f17-804b-fc250edde964
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bentflet

Wallace Berman papers

Creator:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Names:
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
DeFeo, Jay, 1929-1989  Search this
Di Prima, Diane  Search this
Duncan, Robert Edward, 1919-  Search this
Fonda, Peter, 1940-  Search this
Ginsberg, Allen, 1926-  Search this
Heinecken, Robert, 1931-  Search this
Herms, George, 1935-  Search this
Hirschman, Jack, 1933-  Search this
Hopper, Dennis, 1936-  Search this
Jess, 1923-  Search this
Johnson, Ray, 1927-  Search this
Jordan, Patricia M., 1937-1989  Search this
Lamantia, Philip, 1927-  Search this
McClure, Michael  Search this
Meltzer, David  Search this
Miller, Henry, 1891-  Search this
Patchen, Kenneth, 1911-1972  Search this
Perkoff, Stuart Z.  Search this
Ruscha, Edward  Search this
Sherman, Donald  Search this
Wieners, John, 1934-  Search this
Extent:
5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Date:
1907-1979
bulk 1955-1979
Summary:
The Wallace Berman papers date from 1907 to 1979 (bulk 1955-1979). The collection measures 5 linear feet and presents a cursory overview of Berman's career as an assemblage artist and poet. The collection contains business correspondence, letters from other artists and writers of the Beat movement, writings by others, scattered artwork by Berman, photographs by Robert F. Heinecken, and sound recordings of poetry readings.
Scope and Content Note:
The Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979 (bulk 1955-1979), measure 5 linear feet and present a cursory overview of Berman's career as an assemblage artist and poet. The collection is valuable not only for its documentation of the work of Wallace Berman, but for its documentation of the California beat movement of the late 1950s through the early 1970s.

Found are numerous letters, writings, poems, and other published material which portray the thoughts, attitudes, and trends popular in a prominent underground culture which eventually led to radical changes in America and American art. The collection contains business correspondence, letters from other artists and writers of the beat movement, writings by others, scattered artwork by Berman, and photographs by Robert F. Heinecken. In addition, the collection contains files for Berman's mail art publications Semina and S.M.S. Also of note is the large volume of printed material (2.7 feet), much of it in the form of books and other published material. Sound recordings include poets Michael McClure, Kenneth Patchen, David Melzer, and another unidentified writer performing their work.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into nine series which generally reflect material type.

With the exception of the letters in Series 1, each series is arranged chronologically. The original arrangement of the letters has been maintained, with a chronological arrangement of miscellaneous business letters and an alphabetical arrangement of the letters from Berman's more prominent colleagues.

Missing Title

Series 1: Letters, 1957-1979, undated (box 1, 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Notes from Interview, 1967 (box 1, 1 folder)

Series 3: Writings by Others, 1972, undated (box 1, 6 folders)

Series 4: Artwork, 1956-1976 (box 1, 4 folders)

Series 5: Semina, 1955-1967 (boxes 1-2, 26 folders)

Series 6: S. M. S., 1968 (box 2, 1 folders)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1907-1976 (boxes 2-5, 2.7 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs, 1956-1976 (box 5, 6 folders)

Series 9: Sound Recordings, 1962-1965 (box 5, 6 folders)
Biographical Note:
Wallace Berman was born in 1926 in Staten Island, New York. In the 1930s, his family moved to the Jewish district in Los Angeles. After being expelled from high school for gambling in the early 1940s, Berman immersed himself in the growing West Coast jazz scene. During this period, he briefly attended the Jepson Art School and Chouinard Art School, but departed when he found the training too academic for his needs.

In 1949, while working in a factory finishing antique furniture, he began to make sculptures from unused scraps and reject materials. By the early 1950s, Berman had become a full-time artist and an active figure in the beat community in Los Angeles and San Francisco. Many art historians consider him to be the "father" of the California assemblage movement. Moving between the two cities, Berman devoted himself to his mail art publication Semina, which contained a sampling of beat poetry and images selected by Berman.

In 1963, permanently settled in Topanga Canyon in the Los Angeles area, Berman began work on verifax collages (printed images, often from magazines and newspapers, mounted in collage fashion onto a flat surface, sometimes with solid bright areas of acrylic paint). He continued creating these works, as well as rock assemblages, until his death in 1976.
Provenance:
The Wallace Berman papers were donated by Tosh Berman, Wallace Berman's son, in 1992.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy. Use of audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Assemblage artists  Search this
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Poets  Search this
Collage  Search this
Art -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area  Search this
Assemblage (Art)  Search this
Beat generation  Search this
Photography, Artistic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Sound recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979 (bulk 1955-1979). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bermwall
See more items in:
Wallace Berman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw973f521c3-2c7a-47d5-8b9a-c53bf766ee89
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bermwall
Online Media:

About Lippard

Collection Creator:
Lippard, Lucy R.  Search this
Container:
Box 45, Folder 38
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1950s-circa 1990s
Scope and Contents:
Oversized material housed in Box 52, Folder 5
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Lucy R. Lippard papers, 1930s-2007, bulk 1960s-1990s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Lucy R. Lippard papers
Lucy R. Lippard papers / Series 6: Printed Material / 6.1: Lippard Printed Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9155f6f2b-1299-4add-8241-be9c27f5863f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-lipplucy-ref2954
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