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Delegate

Published by:
MelPat Associates, American, 1965 - 1986  Search this
Created by:
C. Melvin Patrick, American, died 1985  Search this
Subject of:
C. Melvin Patrick, American, died 1985  Search this
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909  Search this
National Urban League, American, founded 1910  Search this
National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education, American, founded 1969  Search this
Howard University, American, founded 1867  Search this
Medgar Evers College, American, founded 1970  Search this
The Links, Incorporated, American, founded 1946  Search this
Morehouse College, American, founded 1867  Search this
369th Veterans Association, American  Search this
Prince Hall Freemasonry, founded 1784  Search this
National Association of Market Developers, American, founded 1953  Search this
Chi Eta Phi Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1932  Search this
Carats, Inc., American, founded 1959  Search this
National Medical Association, American, founded 1895  Search this
Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, American, founded 1920  Search this
Iota Phi Lambda Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1929  Search this
Chi Delta Mu Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1913  Search this
Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1911  Search this
Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc., founded 1922  Search this
National Bar Association, American, founded 1925  Search this
National Association of Negro Business and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc., American, founded 1935  Search this
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1911  Search this
Shriners International, American, founded 1870  Search this
Cora Walker, American, 1922 - 2006  Search this
Clara Hale, American, 1905 - 1992  Search this
Alice Kornegay, American, died 1996  Search this
One Hundred Black Men, Inc., American, founded 1963  Search this
Dorothy Pitman Hughes, American, born 1938  Search this
National Funeral Directors and Morticians Association, Inc., American, founded 1924  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 10 13/16 × 8 7/16 × 5/16 in. (27.5 × 21.4 × 0.8 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place made:
Harlem, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Martha's Vineyard, Oak Bluffs, Dukes County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1986
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Business  Search this
Caricature and cartoons  Search this
Communities  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Fraternities  Search this
Funeral customs and rites  Search this
Government  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Men  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
Religious groups  Search this
Sororities  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Urban life  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Anne B. Patrick and the family of Hilda E. Stokely
Object number:
2012.167.20
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5847f7048-f171-4bf3-95e2-5945542a67c4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.167.20
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Sterling Drug, Inc. Records

Creator:
Sterling Drug, Inc.  Search this
Winthrop Chemical Company  Search this
Bayer Company  Search this
Donor:
History Factory (Chantilly, Virginia)  Search this
History Factory (Chantilly, Virginia)  Search this
Names:
Eastman Kodak Co.  Search this
Extent:
120 Cubic feet (261 boxes, 16 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Brochures
Advertisements
Manuals
Catalogs
Price lists
Financial records
Photographs
Press releases
Newsletters
Clippings
Date:
1867-1993
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains domestic and foreign advertising for both pharmaceutical and consumer health care products; sales and marketing materials for pharmaceuticals aimed at physicians, such as brochures, package inserts, reports, catalogs, price lists, manuals; the company's business and administrative papers, including annual reports, news releases, clippings, newsletters and publications, financial and corporate files, histories, and photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into four series. In most instances, original folder titles were retained. In circumstances where there was no folder title, the processing archivist created one derived from the nature of the materials. The contents of some folders were combined.

Series 1: Products, 1946-1948

Series 2: Advertising, 1902-1984

Series 3: Sales and Marketing, 1881-1979

Series 4: Corporate, 1896-1993
Historical:
Sterling Drug was founded in Wheeling, West Virginia in 1901 by two childhood friends, William E. Weiss and Albert H. Diebold, to manufacture and sell a pain-relieving preparation called "Neuralgine." The company's original name was Neuralgyline. Within a few years, Weiss and Diebold realized that expansion required more product lines and that this would be best obtained by acquisition. This policy continued throughout the life of the organization. At least 130 companies were acquired directly or indirectly between 1902 and 1986. In 1913, Weiss and Diebold established intangible assets (trademarks, patents, and copyrights) and tangible assets (offices and plants). By 1914, the company set-up proprietary agencies for overseas trading. Weiss and Diebold changed the name of the company in 1917 from Neuralgyline, which was difficult to say, to Sterling Products.

Sterling Products benefited from World War I. Because supplies of drugs from Germany were cutoff by the Allied blockade, they established the Winthrop Company to manufacture the active ingredients. After the war, Sterling acquired the American Bayer Company in December 1918. They established a separate subsidiary, the Bayer Company, to market Bayer Aspirin. During the 1930s, Winthrop made Sterling a leader in the pharmaceutical field with such renowned products as Luminal, the original phenobarbitol; Salvarsan and Neo-Salvarsan, the first effective drugs in the treatment of syphilis; Prontosil, the first of the sulfa drugs; and Atabrine, the synthetic antimalarial that replaced quinine during World War II. The company expanded overseas in 1938, and eventually operated about seventy plants in about forty countries. Sterling was especially profitable in Latin America. By 1942, the use of Sterling Products as a name was confusing and could not be licensed to conduct business in some states. Therefore, the company namechanged to Sterling Drug, Inc.

In 1988, in order to avoid a hostile takeover by Hofmann-LaRoche, Sterling became a division of Eastman Kodak and remained one until 1994 when Kodak disposed of its health-related businesses. This left Sterling broken up with Sanofi purchasing Sterling's ethical business; Nycomed of Norway purchasing the diagnostic imaging; and SmithKline Beecham purchasing the worldwide over-the counter pharmaceutical business.

Source

Collins, Joseph C. and John R. Gwilt. "The Life Cycle of Sterling Drug, Inc." Bulletin for the History of Chemistry, Volume 25, Number 1, 2000.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

NW Ayer and Sons Incorporated Advertising Agency Records (AC0059)

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series: Patent Medicines (NMAH.AC.0060)

Parke-Davis Company Records (NMAH.AC.0001)

Norwich Eaton Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Records (NMAH.AC.0329)

Syntex Collection of Pharmaceutical Advertisements (NMAH.AC.0821)

Garfield & Company Records (NMAH.AC.0820)

Materials at the National Museum of American History

Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collection

Division of Medicine and Science holds artifacts related to Sterling Drug, Inc. that include a banner, flag, product packaging, memorabilia, a colander, and a soap dispenser. See accessions 2001.0314, 2004.0129, and 2018.5001.
Provenance:
Collection donated to the Archives Center by the History Factory through Bruce Weindruch (President and CEO), in 2001.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research, but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Antibiotics  Search this
Anesthesia  Search this
advertising  Search this
Analgesics  Search this
Barbiturates  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Pharmaceutical industry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records -- 20th century
Brochures
Advertisements -- 20th century
Manuals
Catalogs
Price lists
Financial records
Photographs -- 20th century
Press releases
Newsletters -- 20th century
Clippings
Citation:
Sterling Drug, Inc. Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0772
See more items in:
Sterling Drug, Inc. Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0772
Online Media:

Military Records and Personal Information - Gen. Davis.

Collection Creator:
Davis, Benjamin O., Jr., 1912-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1964-1968
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Collection, Acc. 1992.0023, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection / Series 2: Military Career / 2.1: General Military Records
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1992-0023-ref1777
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  • View Military Records and Personal Information - Gen. Davis. digital asset number 1
  • View Military Records and Personal Information - Gen. Davis. digital asset number 2
  • View Military Records and Personal Information - Gen. Davis. digital asset number 3

Theophylline, 0.6 Gm. with Cyclopal, 0.1 Gm.

Maker:
Upjohn Company  Search this
Physical Description:
theophylline (overall material)
cyclopentenyllal-barbituric acid (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 5/8 in x 5 3/8 in x 3/4 in; 4.1275 cm x 13.6525 cm x 1.905 cm
Object Name:
pharmaceutical
Other Terms:
Drugs
Place made:
United States: Michigan, Kalamazoo
Credit Line:
Gift of Richard H. Bogard
ID Number:
2000.0137.065
Accession number:
2000.0137
Catalog number:
2000.0137.065
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-a4f1-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1215389
Online Media:

Drugs and the Young

Artist:
Robert S. Crandall, born 1921  Search this
Medium:
Chromogenic print on paper
Dimensions:
43.2cm x 48.2cm (17" x 19"), Accurate
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1969
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine
Object number:
NPG.78.TC46
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4e162c542-1c4a-45ef-8e9f-ec1e55f91601
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.78.TC46

Barbiturate Study Shows Blessings Far Outweigh Press-Cited Abuses, Drug Topic

Collection Creator:
Sterling Drug, Inc.  Search this
Winthrop Chemical Company  Search this
Bayer Company  Search this
Collection Donor:
History Factory (Chantilly, Virginia)  Search this
Container:
Box 245, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1945-11-26
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research, but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Sterling Drug, Inc. Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Sterling Drug, Inc. Records
Sterling Drug, Inc. Records / Series 4: Corporate / 4.4: Newsletters and Publications
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0772-ref1153

Barbiturates

Collection Creator:
Sterling Drug, Inc.  Search this
Winthrop Chemical Company  Search this
Bayer Company  Search this
Collection Donor:
History Factory (Chantilly, Virginia)  Search this
Container:
Box 207, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1940
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research, but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Sterling Drug, Inc. Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Sterling Drug, Inc. Records
Sterling Drug, Inc. Records / Series 3: Sales and Marketing / 3.3: Handbooks
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0772-ref4736

Treatment of Acute Drug Overdose

Collection Creator:
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Division of Medical Sciences, NMAH  Search this
Container:
Item RF12 222.13
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Presented by Eli Lilly & Company ; producer-director, Dick Ham ; script by Gordon Waldear. [197-?] 1 reel (33 min.) : sd., col. ; 16mm. positive. Credits: Presented with cooperation of the staff of Haight-Ashbury Free Medical Clinic ; George R. "Skip" Gay, M.D., Director of Heroin Clinic, Haight-Ashbury Free Medical Clinic and Project Director, Drug Detox Program ; Irving Klompus, M.D., Chief of Medical Services, Heroin Section, Haight-Ashbury Free Medical Clinic. Accompanying material states: This film depicts the effects of acute drug overdosage of heroin, amphetamines, barbiturates, and hallucinogens and illustrates methods of maintaining airway, respiration, and cardiovascular support and use of certain pharmacologic agents. This film is intended for use with medical, paramedical, and law enforcement personnel, who have first contact with persons requiring emergency care for drug overdose. Summary: The film shows the effects of overdosing, how to give emergency care, awareness of combinations of drugs used, treatment in some cases to bring the patient down and in other situations (LSD, for example) just to let the cycle complete itself.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Medical Sciences Film Collection, circa 1930s-1960s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Medical Sciences Film Collection
Medical Sciences Film Collection / Series 4: Pharmaceutical Films
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0222-ref179

RM Barbiturates 1938-1959

Collection Creator::
Science Service  Search this
Container:
Box 60 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 90-105, Science Service, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Box 60
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa90-105-refidd1e37914

RM Barbiturates 1960-1964-1969

Collection Creator::
Science Service  Search this
Container:
Box 60 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 90-105, Science Service, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Box 60
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa90-105-refidd1e37926

Viro-Med Liquid, 6 Fl. Oz.

Maker:
Whitehall Laboratories, Inc.  Search this
Physical Description:
acetaminophen, 10 gr. per fl. oz. (drug ingredient)
pseudoephedrine HCl, 30 mg. per fl. oz. (drug ingredient)
dextromethorphan hydrobromide, 20 mg. per fl. oz. (drug ingredient)
sodium citrate, 500 mg. per fl. oz. (drug ingredient)
alcohol, 16.63% (drug ingredient)
glass (container material)
paper (packaging material)
Measurements:
box: 5 1/2 in x 2 7/8 in x 1 3/4 in; 13.97 cm x 7.3025 cm x 4.445 cm
bottle: 5 1/4 in x 2 5/8 in x 1 1/2 in; 13.335 cm x 6.6675 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
otc preparation
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Subject:
Catarrh, Cough & Cold Drugs  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of ABC News "20/20"
ID Number:
1998.0252.007
Catalog number:
1998.0252.007
Accession number:
1998.0252
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Balm of America
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-0c57-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_688621
Online Media:

Preminal Brand of Phenobarbitol Tablets N.F. VI

Physical Description:
phenobarbitol (barbituric acid deriv.), 1/4 gr. (drug active ingredients)
Measurements:
overall: 2 9/16 in x 1 1/16 in x 1 3/4 in; 6.50875 cm x 2.69875 cm x 4.445 cm
Object Name:
pharmaceutical
ID Number:
2010.0213.030
Accession number:
2010.0213
2010.0213
Catalog number:
2010.0213.030
2010.0213.030
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Pharmacy
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-5b57-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1404909
Online Media:

Sodium Amytal (Sodium Iso-amyl Ethyl Barbiturate, Lilly), No. 386

Maker:
Eli Lilly and Company  Search this
Physical Description:
sodium iso-amyl ethyl barbiturate, 0.25 gm (drug active ingredients)
Measurements:
overall: 3 5/8 in x 3/4 in; 9.2075 cm x 1.905 cm
overall: 3 in x 3/4 in; 7.62 cm x 1.905 cm
Object Name:
pharmaceutical
Place made:
United States: Indiana, Indianapolis
Date made:
1938 - 1952
ID Number:
2013.0077.09
Accession number:
2013.0077
Catalog number:
2013.0077.09
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-f430-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1452406
Online Media:

Triage Drugs of Abuse Panel - PCP, Benzodiazepines, Cocaine, Amphetamines, Marijuana, Opiates, and Barbiturates

Distributor:
Fisher Scientific Company  Search this
Maker:
Biosite Diagnostics, Inc.  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
plastic (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 5.1 cm x 9.6 cm x 1.1 cm; 2 in x 3 25/32 in x 7/16 in
Object Name:
illegal drug test
diagnostic
Place made:
United States: California, San Diego
Date made:
ca 1992
Credit Line:
Gift of Larry J. Kricka and Peter Wilding
ID Number:
2014.0247.16
Accession number:
2014.0247
Catalog number:
2014.0247.16
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-5fdc-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1757109
Online Media:

Barbiturate Selector Eli Lilly & Company

Maker:
Eli Lilly and Company  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 1.1 cm x 18 cm x 13 cm; 7/16 in x 7 1/16 in x 5 1/8 in
overall: 1/2 in x 7 1/8 in x 5 3/8 in; 1.27 cm x 18.0975 cm x 13.6525 cm
Object Name:
Pharmaceutical
pharmaceutical
Place made:
United States: Indiana, Indianapolis
Date made:
after 1951
Credit Line:
Gift of Howard Kouzel
ID Number:
2002.0224.14
Catalog number:
2002.0224.14
Accession number:
2002.0224
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a8-90cd-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1003973
Online Media:

How a Polio Outbreak in Copenhagen Led to the Invention of the Ventilator

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Interviews
Blog posts
Published Date:
Wed, 10 Jun 2020 14:56:19 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_ec7b7f11eb01dc0fb18bbd925657d9f2

Prescribed : writing, filling, using, and abusing the prescription in modern America / edited by Jeremy A. Greene and Elizabeth Siegel Watkins

Title:
Writing, filing, using, and abusing the prescription in modern America
Author:
Greene, Jeremy A. 1974-  Search this
Watkins, Elizabeth Siegel  Search this
Physical description:
x, 329 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2012
Topic:
Prescription writing--History  Search this
Prescription writing--Law and legislation  Search this
Substance abuse--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1003601

A Window into the World of Diane Arbus

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Conversations and talks
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 24 Apr 2018 13:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_ef4fe374356333f69e4e89ac706bd34e

Hans Asperger ‘Actively Assisted’ Nazi Eugenics Policies, Study Claims

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Interviews
Blog posts
Published Date:
Thu, 19 Apr 2018 20:24:10 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_bd010b8333c577685b645e64d1763087

How Advertising Shaped the First Opioid Epidemic

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Conversations and talks
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 03 Apr 2018 12:30:00 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_547a1f0bc84e2ce3ac41b03214a13b83

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