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"Carrier Sequence Bar Code Sorter" (CSBCS)

Creator:
National Postal Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2011-11-10T18:46:10.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Postal service;Letter mail handling;Stamp collecting  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNPM
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNPM
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_h313LwqXSDc

Against Interpretation

Designer:
Carin Goldberg, American, 1953 – 2023  Search this
Artist:
Jasper Johns, American, b. 1930  Search this
Author:
Susan Sontag, American, 1933–2003  Search this
Publisher:
Anchor Books, New York, New York, USA  Search this
Medium:
Lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
20.5 × 28.3 cm (8 1/16 × 11 1/8 in.)
Type:
graphic design
Book cover
Object Name:
Book cover
Made in:
New York, NY, USA
Date:
1990
Credit Line:
Gift of Steven Heller
Accession Number:
1996-74-111
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq445499386-810b-4bdf-822e-392a2031d905
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1996-74-111
Online Media:

The Benefactor

Designer:
Carin Goldberg, American, 1953 – 2023  Search this
Artist:
Garnett Puett, American, b. 1959  Search this
Author:
Susan Sontag, American, 1933–2003  Search this
Publisher:
Anchor Books, New York, New York, USA  Search this
Medium:
Lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
20.3 × 27.8 cm (8 in. × 10 15/16 in.)
Type:
graphic design
Book cover
Object Name:
Book cover
Made in:
New York, NY, USA
Date:
1991
Credit Line:
Gift of Steven Heller
Accession Number:
1996-74-112
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq4f9cc3ae7-e9c0-41da-8877-6a7a6e9bb6b4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1996-74-112
Online Media:

Death Kit

Designer:
Carin Goldberg, American, 1953 – 2023  Search this
Photographer:
Peter Hujar, American, 1934 - 1987  Search this
Author:
Susan Sontag, American, 1933–2003  Search this
Publisher:
Anchor Books, New York, New York, USA  Search this
Medium:
Lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
20.5 × 28.2 cm (8 1/16 × 11 1/8 in.)
Type:
graphic design
Book cover
Object Name:
Book cover
Made in:
New York, NY, USA
Date:
1991
Credit Line:
Gift of Steven Heller
Accession Number:
1996-74-113
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq4c6e5140d-0ef6-40c1-a128-1cfd75df61b8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1996-74-113
Online Media:

Illness as Metaphor and AIDS and its Metaphors

Designer:
Carin Goldberg, American, 1953 – 2023  Search this
Author:
Susan Sontag, American, 1933–2003  Search this
Publisher:
Anchor Books, New York, New York, USA  Search this
Medium:
Lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
20.4 × 27.2 cm (8 1/16 × 10 11/16 in.)
Type:
graphic design
Book cover
Object Name:
Book cover
Made in:
New York, NY, USA
Date:
1991
Credit Line:
Gift of Steven Heller
Accession Number:
1996-74-114
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq4dda11785-93a3-4c3c-b0e4-09af47d51a14
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1996-74-114
Online Media:

On Photography

Designer:
Carin Goldberg, American, 1953 – 2023  Search this
Author:
Susan Sontag, American, 1933–2003  Search this
Publisher:
Anchor Books, New York, New York, USA  Search this
Medium:
Lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
20.5 × 27.8 cm (8 1/16 × 10 15/16 in.)
Type:
graphic design
Book cover
Object Name:
Book cover
Made in:
New York, NY, USA
Date:
1991
Credit Line:
Gift of Steven Heller
Accession Number:
1996-74-115
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq43450b9e0-1364-4a06-bf76-532ede118110
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1996-74-115
Online Media:

The Blindfold

Designer:
Carin Goldberg, American, 1953 – 2023  Search this
Author:
Siri Hustvedt, American, b. 1955  Search this
Publisher:
Poseidon Press, New York, New York, USA  Search this
Medium:
Lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
19.8 × 29.2 cm (7 13/16 × 11 1/2 in.)
Type:
graphic design
Book cover
Object Name:
Book cover
Made in:
New York, NY, USA
Date:
1992
Credit Line:
Gift of Steven Heller
Accession Number:
1996-74-99
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq469f59a50-0654-40d3-b4da-ec8ee3b49cd5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1996-74-99
Online Media:

500y postal prepaid card

Medium:
plastic
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 2 1/8 x 3 3/8 in. (5.4 x 8.57 cm)
Type:
Postal Money
Place:
JAPAN (constitutional monarchy)
Date:
c. 1994
Topic:
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
Object number:
1994.2063.1
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm884d7994f-f827-4484-a4ec-960cc8307502
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1994.2063.1

1000y postal prepaid card

Medium:
plastic
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 2 1/8 x 3 3/8 in. (5.4 x 8.57 cm)
Type:
Postal Money
Place:
JAPAN (constitutional monarchy)
Date:
c. 1994
Topic:
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
Object number:
1994.2063.2
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm814e74208-0bc1-4188-873b-ed9d1d3faf42
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1994.2063.2

Mock up, liner notes, bar codes for "Danses et fête," D8017, Barcode for "Peuples en prière," D8108

Collection Creator:
UNESCO  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 184
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1998
General note:
File was originally housed in a binder for files 183-191 with the following heading: "A l'ecoute du monde" [Listen to the world]
Collection Restrictions:
Access to the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections is by appointment only. Visit our website for more information on scheduling a visit or making a digitization request. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Collection Citation:
UNESCO Collection of Traditional Music of the World records, Ralph Rinzler Folklikfe Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
UNESCO Collection of Traditional Music of the World records
UNESCO Collection of Traditional Music of the World records / Series 1: Textual records
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5233f97c7-9a05-4bac-98c2-45aa9d5c56f2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-unes-ref501

Bar codes for specimen data management

Author:
Thompson, F. Christian  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
1994
Citation:
Thompson, F. Christian. 1994. "Bar codes for specimen data management." Insect Collection News, 9 2–4.
Identifier:
103132
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_103132

Bar Codes: Reading Between the Lines

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Mon, 01 Feb 1999 05:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_1e352e467f4dd98ca3ad5addaec4ecc6

The History of the Bar Code

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Wed, 23 Sep 2015 17:28:19 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_38de9b93076011dcd671735a8a0ea0fb

Fighting Fake Pharmaceuticals with Tiny, Edible Bar Codes

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Fri, 29 Jul 2016 12:54:27 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_b10e55eea9e0ebc67e82bd669ccff532

N. Joseph Woodland Papers

Creator:
Woodland, N. Joseph, 1921-2012  Search this
Names:
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Extent:
3.5 Cubic feet (11 boxes, 1 map-folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Articles
Transcripts
Technical drawings
Notebooks
Correspondence
Examinations (documents)
Notes
Patents
Date:
1943-2012
Summary:
The collection documents the career of N. Joseph Woodland, who, along with Bernard Silver, invented and developed the bar code.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the career of N. Joseph Woodland, who, along with Bernard Silver, invented and developed the bar code. The collection includes papers relating to Woodland's early life and education, such as exams and transcripts; papers relating to his work with IBM, including correspondence, notes and notebooks, and technical drawings; patents; photographs; awards and honors; articles.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into five series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1943-2012

Series 2: International Business machines Corporation (IBM), 1951-2006

Series 3: Node Code, 1986-2003

Series 4: Consulting, 1987-2000

Series 5: Audiovisual Materials, 1990-2011
Biographical / Historical:
Norman Joseph Woodland (1921-2012) was born in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Woodland also served during World War II in the Army as a technical assistant for the Manhattan Project in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. He earned a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering from Drexel University (1947) and a Masters in Mechanical Engineering from Syracuse University (1956). He joined the Drexel University faculty as a lecturer in mechanical engineering in 1947.

In 1948, Woodland became aware of the need for supermarket inventory control through automated checkout. He conceived of the idea of using printed parallel stripes of varying widths to encode prices of items in 1949. Woodland, together with Bernard Silver (1921-1963), an electrical engineer, and fellow Drexel University faculty lecturer, defined a system to exploit the bar code invention to automatically capture item prices as well as inventory data. Woodland and Silver were issued US patent 2,612,994 for a classifying apparatus and method on October 7, 1952. Woodland and Silver sold their patent for $15,000 to Philco in 1961.

Woodland joined IBM in 1951 as a mechanical designer and later worked as a senior planner in artificial intelligence in general and expert systems. While at IBM, Woodland identified and applied existing and emerging technologies to enhance planned IBM products and systems. He worked in store systems marketing, long-range market planning, product planning, and artificial intelligence development. In 1983, he received an IBM technical sabbatical to work on expert systems and robotics at Carnegie Mellon University and to study these systems in use in Japan. A significant portion of Woodland's career focused on the bar code in general and supermarket automated check-out processes. His work laid the foundation for the creation of the universal product code (UPC symbol), for which ), for which he was an integral part of the IBM team's winning design, in his role as the person responsible for IBM's UPC symbol proposal to the grocery industry's symbol selection committee.

In 1992, Woodland won the National Medal of Technology for his invention and contribution to the commercialization of bar code technology, which improved productivity in every industrial sector and gave rise to the bar code industry. Woodland holds six patents.

Woodland married Jacqueline Woodland (née Blumberg) in 1951 and they had two daughters, Betsy Karpenkopf and Susan Woodland.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center in 2017 by Susan Woodland, the daughter of N. Joseph Woodland.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bar coding  Search this
Numerical control  Search this
Inventors -- 20th century  Search this
Inventions -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles -- 20th century
Transcripts -- 20th century
Technical drawings -- 20th century
Notebooks -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 20th century
Examinations (documents) -- 20th century
Notes -- 20th century
Patents -- 20th century
Citation:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers, 1943-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1433
See more items in:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep89364142c-2a3c-4871-adf7-b74f0640c030
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1433
Online Media:

Holoscan bar code scanners (LeRoy D. Dickinson)

Collection Creator:
Woodland, N. Joseph, 1921-2012  Search this
Container:
Box 10, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1993
1996 - 1996
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers, 1943-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers
N. Joseph Woodland Papers / Series 4: Consulting
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep822b0eea0-7b16-4ff0-8b9c-638bb00de40b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1433-ref137

Photograph

Collection Creator:
Woodland, N. Joseph, 1921-2012  Search this
Container:
Map-folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1973-06 - 1973-06
Scope and Contents:
George Laurer, David Savir, and Joe Woodland, recipients of an outstanding contribution award for developing and proposing an optical bar code for the supermarket industry.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers, 1943-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers
N. Joseph Woodland Papers / Series 1: Biographical Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8b4895de8-a7d6-4b82-a8a3-d7d43f85cf2e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1433-ref161

International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)

Collection Creator:
Woodland, N. Joseph, 1921-2012  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1951 - 2006
Scope and Contents:
Woodland joined IBM in 1951. An early inventor in optical bar code technology, his patent (US 2,612,994) covers a bar code symbol for automation of supermarket checkout. This series contains correspondence, memoranda, patents, notes, published materials, and lectures and presentations primarily about the development of the barcode (later referred to as the universal product code), created during Woodland's tenure at IBM. Other work undertaken by Woodland at IBM is also included here.

The development of standardized product codes was underwayfor many years but was uncoordinated. Various manufacturers, wholesalers, retailers, and industry organizations made efforts to establish barcodes that could be used to track products. Efforts failed because participants could not resolve conflicts about the size of the barcode, compatibility with exiting product codes, and costs. In 1970, the Grocery Industry Ad Hoc Committee formed to study and report on the economic potential of the universal product code (UPC) along with any obstacles. In April 1970, the committee concluded that the UPC should be adopted with the understanding that the UP should have broad application, not just for checkout systems. From 1972 to 1973, work continued on symbol standardization. In March 1973, the decision to adopt the rectangular symbol was announced.

There are materials post 1987, the year Woodland retired from IBM. These materials include lectures, presentations, and seminars about the barcode. The materials for 25 Years Behind the Bars exhibit include an audio interview with Woodland conducted on August 23, 1999 by curator David Allison of the National Museum of American History. The exhibit was located in the Museum's Information Technology and Society section and showed the development of the original symbology, its integration into the grocery industry, its massive effects on business, and the future uses of the famous black and white bars.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers, 1943-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1433, Series 2
See more items in:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep809c92843-60e7-47d5-8fb7-697669ab1deb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1433-ref17

Bar code scanner feasibility model

Collection Creator:
Woodland, N. Joseph, 1921-2012  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1949-1950
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers, 1943-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers
N. Joseph Woodland Papers / Series 2: International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c4e6a8e4-6793-4566-a17b-7c4351e00f8a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1433-ref56

Bar code development

Collection Creator:
Woodland, N. Joseph, 1921-2012  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1954 - 1960
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers, 1943-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers
N. Joseph Woodland Papers / Series 2: International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8183a9244-a2c1-476a-991c-2faa9cbe6761
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1433-ref81

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